Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 16, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 16, 1844 Page 2
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if mm alias's rfisosi vasih,gto;v. Wajiiisht n, Stturday, Put), n. T:i tlio IlntiP, yoturilr.y, Me Cdding" nccu. Pl the morning ticnir in a speech advocating ' .i rofclmhng of tli'i lo.ilriclirn ruin, am! in ( ,in'tlei.illiiii of llif lint tution of tdavcry. Af ' r lie concluded, Mr .Slidell rosu Id add rota the IInuro upon t ho resolutions which c.inin Wn Hnnato in relation In tlm recent !;- Ii i ; M? Porter, Senator Irnni Louisiana. Whon M' yinli'll had onnoluJoiI thu House adjourned. Immediately alter the leading of thu journal li iv morning Mr Hulsor called tlm ntlcnlion id tlio Homo to n statement in the Boston Atlas. 1 1 ili Washington Correspondent, of tho alTi-ny liolwiuMi Mr AVeller and MrSehrivor, which he characterised as f.i li and malicious, as far as it referred lo his ictiun in that matter. Othur gentlemen, who ivcro implicated in that disgraceful transaction, hy the corrcspoii. dent, also rose and denied the trulli of the stale, mont as far as it related In them, after which the I louse proceeded with the usual order cfbmi nc. Mr I.nvy asked that the rules might be sus pointed oas to allow him the opportunity of of. fori riff a resolution calling upon the President fir information in relation to a violation of the tenth article of the 'I're.i y of Washington by a British armed vessel. '1'ho House refused to suspend the rules, Tlm orders of tho chy wore t'icn called for, nnd Mr H.immett, who was entitled to the floor rose to address tho 1 louse upon the report of the Committee on rules, hut ho cave way to Mr Chaptmn, who moved that tlio discussion I'o postponed till Tuesday nevt, on account of the indispm'itioa of Mr (laiiinioit. After 6omo de bite the ayes and noes were called, and tho rostnouemsnt was agreed to, tint hnvevcr, till tho'vhulonf tho morning hour hail been thus uselessly consumed. Mr Chapman remarked, Incidentally, that there were not loss than thir ty men within own know ledge, who would yet uddress tlio House on this suljoct. If Mr Chapman knows thirty, there probably arc as nnny more whose purpose he is not acquainted with, who will nnke speeches upon this subject, Amounting; to si.ity in all. Monday is devotud to petitions am! resolutions so that there arc but five days in each wee!; when th.s subject can bu debited; which mikes thn tune yet to bs ocuu. pied in the discussion of tho rules at least twelve weeks ! Tiieio is no question but those opposed to the nsrht of petition will make every effort to probing the discussion, so that there shall bo no definite action upon thu question nt this session. Un ler tli.s aspect of the ease the friends of the constitutional right wiiVf they are wise, do noth. ing to prolong the discussion, but permit the op ponents of tlm right and those who wish to make p.iliticil capital out of the question, to proceed uninterruptedly with their violent and windy doclannlion. Upon motion of Mr Vance, the House resolv ed itself into committee of the whole and took till the private calender. Too bill making an ap. propnalioii to the widows and orphans, &.C. of tl.u purs mis lost in the Grampus was lirst in or-1 der, and occasioned a debate which consumed tlio whiloofthe remainder of thu diy, and tho cunmiittuu 1030 without perfecting the bill, and thu Hotifo adjourned. There is much anxiety felt hero as to tho re sult of tlio election of Senator from Louisiana, to ti I the vacancy occasioned by the death of Judge I'orler. ''he Whig nnjority in the Legislature of that State is Email, and local causes may, it ii feared, cauo the election of a Loco Fuco, or, s would bo moru proper for mo to say in refer ence to that Slate, Democrat. Wa4Hi:!GTom, Teb. 0. Mr Levy of Florida, made another incflectu. nl effort this morning to have the Rules suspen ded in order to introduce his resolution, tatting incipient steps for putting an end to the tenth article of the treaty of Washington. The rules were not suspended. Petitions wore the order of the day, a memo rial presented by Mr lleardtloy of N. V. from Oneida county, praying- to free the officers of the Government from the operations of the law of 179.') in regard to fugitives from justice. Tho pending motion was to lay the motion up on the table, and upon this the yeas and nays had been ordered. .Ifr Beards y moved a call cf tho House, which was not granted. The motion to receive the memorial was then hid upon the table, which was equivalent to tho rrjjction of tlio petition. The volo 97 to 70. Mr Ueardsley then presented a second peti tion which was 1 ejected under the Ujth rule. .Ur Hunt ol aow lork, presented memorials from citizens of Lnckport for tho abolition of 1 ti.s flanking privileges and tho reduction of , pestage Also a mmmrial praying Congress to pass a declaratory net that thu principles of tho ordi inncu of 137, touching the institution of slave ry, fd;nuld bu in opera'ion over all the territory west of thu Mississippi. The Speaker derided, after' long delay, that the memorial did not come within the o'A ltule. .Mr F.sh presented a memorial from about CO citizens of Now Vork in lavur of an interna tional Copy rigi.t. A memorial was presented for the erection of a permanent l.'glit House at the mouth uf the Xew Haveu liner. Also, from citizens of Norwich, for reducing the rates of postage and the ubuhtioti ol thu (ranking privih-gc. About UK)'.) friends of the Navy in Boston, llm iklyn, Now York and Philadelphia, presen ted four several memorials for the abolition ol the Spirit It ition 111 tho Navy The memorial ists gite their opinion thnt'nine. tenths of all the crimes and abuses in the Navy, s-pring from the abui-es of the Spirit Ration. Mr Campbell of S. C. raised tho question of reception whio'i he withdrew to oiuble Mr P..yne of Ala. to submit a motion to lay on the table. Mr Hudson railed for tlio ayes and nr.ys, anl the memorial uis iaid 0,1 tke tuble. Ajer, 113 Noes ijfj. Mr Campbell ron'ettdod that this memorial cau.o under tho iio'.h rule bucause it proposed in abolish Slavery in i,ur 7'erritorv of Texas. This claim excited a Millie considenng thu quar ter from whence tho 1 emark unlimited. Mr Seynnnr of Conn, presented a memorial preferring rhargos again.-t certain military otfi. rersaud atdiiug judicial iuvestig ition for an in fringeinent of a Patent right. 7'iio memorial was referred lo a select Committee of five mem. her". Mr Adams presented Ilos-ilutijiis from the Masf.irhusotts Logisdaturn, (the corrected copy adopted this cession at UjsIoii) and asked the House lo ron.-idor them nt this time. The lluusc declined by a vote of 01 to 71. SKNATH. Memorials wcro piosonlej to abolish the of. (ice of Profefror of Mathormtic? 111 the Navy, and th.) establishment of a Naval .School. A'l mi, for an allerafou of the law re-pcr.ting Coast Lireiicof, for tho redurtiun of postages, for a drawback on spirits distilled from foreign molasses, in lavor of taking immediate militu. ry possession of tjie Oregon territory, and forci bly, If necessary. Also, lor a free bridge across the Ohio Itiwr, from the Ohio I.eg.slatiiro. Mr Kvans oretipwd Iho attention nf tho Son ale to-dy in reply lo Mr .lcDufiin. He com batted, Miccersfully, ),e frco trade theories of that gentleman, and fortified li.s own positions am! arguments by lads. Ii) sliownl that uhile tho theories of Mr Ii'cUufda allnluited as a nei cr-sary result of a protective larifij a h..nkrtipt treasury, by which tir.'ro would bo a nert's..ity for a resort to di. reel taxation a diminished value to our domes, liu products and an enhanced rust to those that wo might impoir, by which the bunions of ths people would be greatly increased, the e.. jieiienroof the country had falsified ihcsu ihe. )iried lo thn fullest oMunl. On the cou'rary till tho goi.il tint the friends of protection had (orelolj ;a I.kaiy to flow frotn !hu ador.lien oil lliutHys'eni hud been moro than realized. Tlw National Trramuv was Lf injf rfplcn r!id ;i commerce, bo'h fmo'gti and domestic) bid iui- I provnu, tne business ol the country Iml revived, capital was actively cmployud, and tho labor and industry of the country stimulated into proutatjle and ilsutul exertion. I no staples ol tlio country bad appreciated in value and the entire i.bility i'f tha country to consunio had livrTf.Jy increased, while tli8.1ver.130 of imported dutiable articles had been furnished at a diiiiin. shod cost. Wo cold the products of our labor at higher prices, and ptirchi'cd such articles as wu required in exchange for loss now than whin tliu duties on importations were at llicir minimum. Mr Evans ncctniird the whole of the day and had not concluded when tlio Senate adjournnd tie took up and examined tho theories and ar guments of Mr McOufria in their order ; and, if he shall proceed to tho conclusion of his remarks as lie Ins commenced, ho will have iiirnithed a most conclusive exposition of the fallacy of these theories, and a perfect demon stration that the arguments by which free trade seeks to establish itself, aro not based upon fuel. Washington. Tuosdav. Feb. 0, In the House of Renresontattves. ihenuestion of the claims to seats of the members elect by general ticket, made Ilia special order two or inrcewcoKs since lor to-day, was lirst announ cod by a motion from air I)rningoole,to discharge the Committee of the Whole on tho Union ! and bring the question directly into the House. This as will bo sccnbolovv, was effected by tho omnipotent fiat of parly, and this with a wan ton an ! tinblushimi disregard, even of the usual fnrmalties of procedure, ths consideration of tins vitally important constitutional question is entered upon in circumstanced restraining tho freedom of discussion and involving the liability at any nomont at tlio pleasure ot the majority to terminate debate and formerly to pronounce and register the judgment already and long sinci! determined on in tlio counsels of the party. The question of rules first came up, and Mr Hamlet of Mi. occupied Ins hour in a spirited and bitter speech in favor of theUlst nils and on the South side of all tho collateral questions. He denied the right of Congress or of the Slate legislatures to abolish Slavery, and the right of the People to petition for any thing Congress hid not the pmver to grant. Ho instituted a conipirisoti between the situations, moral and physical, of th slave at thu South and the free black at tho North, or the laboring classes of any other country, claiming a decided prefer once in the former. Ho denounced the World's Coinention (and its President as a German beggar pensioned on the nooplo of England) on account of its reprehensible interference with tho domestic institutions of the South. He suv in tho papers that a person named Ilrougli am, an Hughs!-. Abolitionist, an upstart aristo crat, a mountebank politician, a traitor to his principles, and a uegraucrot lumselt by assail ing every thing which had brought him into poivcr, had seen fit to assail tho President of our Unite 1 States for oppressing his opinion favorable to the cause of Irish Heneal. This could not bo tolerated, while the proceedings of llie World's Convention and its President were passed over in silonre and without disapproval Hu defied tho Abolitionists, and endeavored, by oxiiitnimg 1110 natural resources ot the south. thu aid it was receiving and could receive frou oilier States, as well as from la. and III., adja cent ones, which wore with them in interest and feeling; and more than all, from Texas, which, once swept from us wai willing to come home, and which was identified with us in soil, climitc, interest, feelings, and which, t litis mir ried by God, nil tho fanaticism of abolitionists ould not separate to bhow that tho South wore as well prepared for a dissolution of the Union as any portion 01 the country. lie, how ever, disclaimed a desire for it on their part unless compelled to it by tho disregard of their rights, ccc. The subject was laid over. Me Dromgoole inovo.i to discharge tho Com mittee of the Whole from the report of the Coiimi.llee on Elections, in favor of the claim to seats on this tbor of tho members elec ted by general ticket. It being a question of privilege it should be decided by the ilauso itself. Mr Scliencl: opposed Ihis.o.vprcssing surprise that with so little notice the recall to the Houso of the resolution should bu attempted and in quired why it was ! It was in vain to endeavor to shun a full and freo debile in Committee of tho Whole ; it would be discussed by the Com mittee uf the whole people and be determined upon according to truth and justice. MrDivisW Ky. concurred with Mr S in ths injitstness of this unprecedented proposal to take from the Cnminiltea without any consid eration thereon so important a question, and requiring the fullest Ircedom ot discussion alluwed in Committee, 111 order to bring it into the House. ,) 11 11 tvaei iitu iiul.i;siiv lor u ui present whon with their two thirds majority the dominant party could terminate deb.itu at any tune 111 committee or could dj tho same as was now proposed ! Mr Barnard earnestly opposed this motion, insisting that thu full consideration would be restricted in th; House, wherr, to the power under the rules, would suoi be jmiod tho dis position to act upon tho subject, &c. Mr lltlmes was not prupared to act on the subject, and hoped consequently it would con tinue in Committee. Messrs Campbell of S. C. and Halo of N. II. advocated the motion ; tho latter moving the previous quostiun. Mr Scheuck raised tho point that the general tii'kat .Members could not vote, (the rulu pres cribing that no .Member shall vote un a question in the event of which he is immedi ately interested,') The Speaker pru tern. (Mr Rjardsley) over ruled the point of order ; ami Mr S. appealing, tho derision was sustained: Yeas 117, Nays 02 tlio members interested thus, with others, their frieuds, deciding that they are proper judges in their own case. Mr Dromgoolc's motion was then carried: eas 107, iSays Ti; and thus the subject brought Ironi the Committee into the Ilous. Some confusion ami delay nrofo in addition to the uxeitemonl which had attended all thes-s proceeding', and an ineflbctual attempt was made by Mr Hliiier, Chairman of the CominitUo on Lloctious, to postpone the subiuct. 7 i.e reports were llien taken u,i for consider ation, (that of tho majority of the Committee, viz: .Messrs Elinor, Chapman of Vs., Ilaiiiiiu of Me., ilili?, Douglass of la.,and A. V. Brown, (.Locos) arguing tho unconstitutionality of the District law and closing with a resolution de claring thu rights of the General Ticket Aleut. bcrs (from N. II., AIo. .Mi., and Ga.) to their .eats; and that 01 .Messrd Davis of Ky., Schenck and Newton of Va. (tho Whig minority) con taining counter arguments.) Mr lllmer had not progressed far in his re marks when hogmu way and the House ad. journcd. In Senate, .Mr White presented resolutions of thu Legislature of Indiana, for appropriations for iinprmoinent of the .Mississippi Ohio and Wabash rivurs; for a canal at Ihe (alls of the Ohio; and to mloiv the name of tha sender tu be written on newspapers without subjecting them to loiter postage .Mr Tappan presented resolutions nf the Ohio Legislatures for n rcdueiiou of tho salaries ol all public oliicers Ii:) l.il pr cent. Various petitions were presented ; among which was imo bv Air Ibrnan from the Phila. delphia and Reading lUilroid Company for leavo to import duty ireo the requisite iron for the road. Mr li. reported from tho Judiciary Committee a bill to amend the Judiciary act ol 1787 ; also, with amendment, thu lull to increase the salary of thuJudgoof the West and imddie Tennus sou District. jir.Mlen proposed taking up tho bill to refund Gen. Jackson's fine, urging as ouu of thu rea sons for speedy action ihereou, the precarious etjle of thu (isneral'd health, and the desirable ness of J asking it dur.ng Ins lifo.timc. Aitt'r ,no coinersatioii, thu t-ubjoct was poj'poncd tij TliursJsy. The bill appropriating for ihe Insane Asyluni in tho District ul Columbia, after jduu farther oViuMioii, was again la.J over. wr livatts concluded his rejoinder to ur tc Dullie on the Iluvotiuo bill of Mr McL). After an lliccutivc Session, tho Senate ad- journcd. WAstllitmox, Feb. 7. In Senate, tho bill to transfer Naval Appro, nations, and which passed somo days finco in the House, passed the Senate, and was returned for the Speaker to sign. Mr Jiernen presented resolutions from tho Georgia Legislature against those pissed by the Massachusetts Legislature relative to slavo representation. A resolution to institute mmnrien into tho expediency of abolishing the ollico of Solicitor of the Land Office, was adopted. A memorial was received from some Oreiron emigrants complaining uf being forced from their lands by tho Hudson's Bay Company. John urown I' rancis, aenator Irom It. I. ap peared in his seat and was nualifiod. Tha dis cussion of Mr McDufiie's Tariff Bill occupied the rest of the day. In the Housr! the question of nnvileiro under wnicn lour states havo sent members to Von gress contrary to law, underwent a long discus sion. Tho nomination of Messrs Towlo, McKibbin and Dillon wcra sent into tho Senato. Washington, Thursday, Feb. 8, In the IIousk the question of privilege, viz. with reference to tho validity of tho claims to scats of the General Picket Members, again came up, and was considered during the day. Mr Ueardsley occupied his hour with an argu ment against the District law, and in favor of the claims ot these members. Ho acknowl edged that Congress had full power to "alter" the State regulations with reference to elections but contended that a constitutional alteration must be such that the State systems thus modi Med would bo perfect and provide for tho hold ing of elections. 1 Ins was not tho caso here but the passage of the District law, in order tu be complied with, rendered necessary further legislation (and that not voluntary) by the Slates. If it was left tothe Stales to act, they possessed entire power over the subject, and Congress had no right to command or require legislation by them. This law doing it, was null and void. He signified his preference for the district system as more just and equitable, as a matter ot expediency; but that vus irrelevant to the question before them. lirO. W . Jon, of Tennessee, took the s-itn-j ground advancing, among others, the argument that Ihe Constitution contcmnlated th; election nf Representatives by the people of the States, and not by a few or by a portion of mom comprised in a district. Mr Caleb Smith of la. expressed his regret that a question ot this magnitude should be considered on party grounds and that the Congress who passed the law should be abused The day was coming (if it was not tho caso to tlio lull extent now) when their ardent m triotism and unflinching devotion to the inter csts of the whole country would receive that need of praise so richly deserved. He consid ered it quite extraordinary that this law so ex actly in arenrdanco with the loiter as well as the spirit of thit instrument, should so conli dontly 1)3 pronounced unconstitutional, and briefly but clearly brought forward some of the arguments in support of the law ; deprecating the revolutionary and dangerous tendency of the example of its entire disregard and tieat ment with scorn which tho dominant pirtv seem- ed disposed to set before the nation ; inciden tal'y mentioning and justifying the protest to which tho reason that his name wa3 not annon- ded was his detention from his scat by indispo sition &c. &c. Mr Newton of Va- eloquently and forcibly advocated tlio cause of 4 law and order,' replying to Mr Ueardsley and other gentlemen, and de fending the Constitutionality as well as the Ivxpediancy and Justice of the District law. He considered the questions involved and the decision to bo pronounced of deep and vital in. terost to tho whole country. It was not his in dilution to war upon tlio dead; ha rather re cognised and felt the force of that principle of our nature di mnrtuis ninil nisi Imnum; but he might be pnrmiltedto say that if the present ma jority who had been to ready to applaud the Pres idunt in this as well as in other thiugs.wotild give to the question the benefit of such doubts as had troubled the conscience of the President, their decision would be quite different from what it was likoly to be, &.c. Mr Cobb of G1. one of the general ticket members advocated tha validity of their claims ; anJ Mr Grider of Ky. opposed them. Tho House adjourned. In Senate, Mr Bates mentioned tho fact that tho resolves of tho Missachusetts Legislature, presented by him, tho Senato had refused to print, while those in reply, from the Legislature of Georgia, had been printed. Ho undo no motion upon tho subject, but brought to notice this discrimination that-the Senate misht if il.sp'isci:, do equal justice to the States Air Wrijihl presented Resolutions of the Legislature of New York presented in tho House some days since by Mr Seymour of New York for the passage of a law to coiitiutlo in force th? Pension Law of IS33. Several petitions for the reduction of postage and other objects, were presented. i Hills were introjuced by Mr Evans, to author ize, the pay mo 11' of equitable allowances to the agents or attorneys of persons in whom favor awards have been made under three several treaties with foreign powers ; and by Mr Merrick for the transfer on certain conditions of tho Uni ted States Etock in the Chesapeake and Ohio canal. Mr Allen moved to postpone other business and take up tho bill to refund Gen Jackson's fine ; and pnrsistmg in the motion against the requests of several Senators to waive it for the present it was rejected : Yeas 18, Nays 20. Mr Woodbury concluded his speech in opposi tion to the present 7'ariff, in reply to some of Mr Evan's arguments, &c. After a brief Executive session the Senate adjourned. FaiDAr, February, 9. Is Sk.n'ate, Mr Sturgeon presented petitions in fa vor of a ship canal around the lulls of tit. Mary's. .Mr Henderson presented resolutions of the Legisla ture of New Jersey, instriicling Ihe Senators and Representatives from that Stale to vote for the bill to refund G neral Jackson's fine. The bill making appropriation for thelnsano Asy. turn of the District, was taken up, debated, and order ed to be engrossed for a third leading. Adjourned to .Holiday. In the Hoi-se, the (tenorl of the Committee on Rlttclion corning up, Mr Thompson of Miss., look the floor, and said llial the question before the House was one questioning his riyhtloa seat on the Moor, a doubt to which he u-iver entertained t but, 09 it was n ques tion of vast iuiponance, and one which this House has Ihe judicial power lo decide, and from whoso judg ment there is nn appeal, it should be met in a spirit of fairness. He contended lliat the Constitution ravo him a light there and that iho precedent which a de cision in favot of the law districting tha States would nuke, would be a dangerous one. Mr Stephens believed the law distticting the Slates was constitutional, and thai the Slates were bound 10 obey lhal law. This was h s individual opinion i but the qiestion was now before the tribunal to w hich tho Cut slitution has submitted this subject, and by whose judgment he was willing to abide. Messrs Urown, ,1'ayne Newton, and Hunt, took part in the discussion. Sir Sykes, from iho Committee on P.nroIIed bills, reported tint the President had sizned und approved iho bill making certain transfers of Naval appropria tions. The Speaker presented several Executive communi cations, which were appropriately disposal of. Mr U.J. Ingeisoll presented a bill in rr Lilian tothe Treniv between I'orlncal nnd I he United States, which was read the tirsi and second time, make the order of the day fur to-inorrow, and Ihe report and bill printed. Adjourned. Srar.r.T STur.r.T Fight. A fracas occurred on yesterday ir the railroad depot, in which a Mr Fowler, renor. near ler for the Globe, and Ml Hart. 11 corresnondent of the Now York Kveniug Cost, with some one or two others, vh'isn names we I "l. .:tta".m Kutves ware drawn nnd fromlhenppeirancjofthocombatantsafterlhaaffrayi it Is said, to import all thu requisite workmen but nothing serious resultedmm it. Wn hare not ' from England, who ar to ho K'tlled on the leaned wlnthiT the police hsvodiechargnl.hfird.ilyl. . fJ. . n 'honrr.i't 01 ui' so uisiurucrs 01 ue puouc pecgpjffakiyiJBL: .....- i- j DEATH OF A SENATOR TUB OU , IMIAN BOY. Tito donlli of Senator Porter, which we announced n fuw days ngo, was communica ted to tlio Congress of tho United States on on Friday, when Mr Slidull, of Louisiana, mude tlio unne.xed remarks, which will bo read with interest. Senator I'orter was n distinguished representative of the self made men of our country, and his history is a striking illustration of what an orphan boy can accomplish hy industry, perseverance, tcmporanco and upright deportment. .Mr Slidull said : Tho me'sazo which we hivo iuet received, com miinicnlilii! tho inicll'ccnccnf tho death of n asnmar 01 i.wuMiun, ncvoiycs upon me, ns ono ni me rcpre nunuiliMUl I 1111, UlU, IT. Ill UUII1III IllilV .Villi HI1 f'HIIlll hsncd and salutary usage, tho duty of makinp; some brief observations on the vhnracler nnd history of tho deceased. It would, pothsps, be sufficient to say that Alexander Porter had twice been cboson to discharge uiu ungual iiiiiuiiuni 01 rcprcfccninune 1 11c sovereignly of one of the States of this prent rnnfi.nVr.1rif. (ton. stitudrd as tho Senate of the United Stales has hereto fore always been, (and as I trust it will be,) of tho men must uisiinguisuni inrouynoui tno union lor intelli gence, virtue and patriotism, this fact nlone affords his most cmphatic'eulopium Hut in that body, among the very elite of the nation tho intellectual giants ol the land Alexander I'orler occupied a conspicuous place. He ofiered a striking illustration of tho happy working of our free institutions, for he had attained mis proim eminence unaiuca by any ndvcntilions ad vantages or fortune, connexion, or education. He was the son of an Irish clerayman, who died upon the scaffold, n martyr in the causa of liberty, in that memorable strupglo which, enduu; unsiicrcs.fuijy, has been sliumattzed ns n rdwllinn 1 Imt wlllrll. Iinri it resulted differently, wotiM have been recognized n? n giunous rcvuiuuun ior an revolutions ore out for tumte rebellions. The orphan child was brought to the United Slates oy an uncle, ni a very tender age. Ho rcrcivcd in Tennessee such an education as could then he nlnnin. cd at a common country school and while attending during tho day to the bu-iness of a village shop, he acquircu ni msni, in ine nonrs devoted by others to auiU'Cment or to slecn. such sirnnle rudiments nf tun as be could glean from n few clcmenlary books loan ed to him by those who fell an interest m tlm young student.. With this scanty outfit of learning, he, soon alter arrivinc at manhood, about thn vmt lffi'l rmi. crated to Louisiana, and established himself in tlin practice of law, in the western part of the State. The Best evidence ot tne rapidity with winch lie established himself in popular fivor an! consideration in n land of stmngnrs, was his election in 1811. at a member of the convention for framing the constitution of tho hiatc. He soon attained distinction in his profession and after some years of arduous nnd wcll-rccoinpcns' ej devotion to ils practice, ho nccenleil a sen nn tin

bench of tho supreme court of Louisiana, the reported decisions of which, during histifieen years' service, attest tho industry nnd ability winch lie brought to tlio discharge nf his judicial duiies duties requiring from the peculiar character of our jurisprudence, a greater range of lejal studies than in any ofoursister 11. ...i.. . 1 ' t oi.i'e-. iiu us iiiutiimi-iy iicquinnicu Willi 100 110 linn, French, and Spanish law. and recurred with fa inilmrity to the original sources of informilion in those liiiL'uagps.Hc lesigned his Judgeship about the year 1830, nnd was soon after elected to tlio Senate of the Uni-cd Stiics. His carter while there is familiar to all who hear me. His health became so feeble ns to induce him for several year- to withdraw from public life; but ho was agiin elected to the national Senate at the last session of the legislature of Louisiana. Tho disease which Ind long been prcy.ng upon his body, without impair ing die energy of , lis mind, assuming grciler intensity hewas unable to take bis seat j nnd hediedon the 13 h ultimo, at his plantation, altera protracted nnd painful illness. Alexander Porter wns a learned lawyer, an eloquent advocate, nnd an upright judge. His ct'en sivo and varied reading, his great colloquial powers, ready wit, and social disposition, fitted him lo appear to advantage in the most btilliant and refined society. His temperament was ardent, and ho was zealous in his political rrced : but he did not permit roliticnl dif ferences to affect his relations in private life. Widely differing frpm him on r.ll 51 cat party ; questions, 1 have been for mnny yearn honored bv his intimacy! and knowing him ns 1 did, I can with ennflrirnco assert, that tho manifestations of respect which I am now about 10 propose, could not bo bo-towed more fitly. When liis death wns annoum-cd in the Senate, the Hon. Thomas II, Itcnton, Senotor from Missouri, imdcji feeling address, from which wo quote the fol low ing: Honors to the ill'istriotis dead go beyond the dis charge of n debt of justice 10 them, and the rendition of consolation to their friends : they become lessons nnd examples for the living. Tho story of their hum bio besinning, and noble conclusion, is an example to be followed, nn incitement to bo felt. And whero shall we find nn example more worthy of imitation, or more full of encniiraeeineiit, iban in the life and character of Alexander Porter I a lad of tenderaie an orphan with a widowed mother nnd younger chil dren the father martyred in the raitsnof freedom nn exile brforo he was ten years old nn ocean to be crosscj, and a strange land to be seen, and a wilder ness of a thousand miles, to be penetrated before he could find a resting place for the sole of his foot : then education lo bo acquired, support to bo earned, and even citizenship to be gained, before ho could, mnko his own talent avail lblo to hi- sunoort : conquering all these dilficultits bv his own exertions, nnd the nid of nn a.ccliomtr uncle (I will name him, Tor the nenc f ictnr of youth deserves to be mined, nnd named with honor in'lho highest places) with no other nid but that ofnn uncle's kindness, -Mr Alexander Porter, sen., rncrchsnt nf Xashville, also nn emigrant from Ireland, nnd full of the generons qualities which belong to the children of lint soil ; this Ind, nn exile nnd orphan from the Old World, thus Stirling in the S'ew World, wiih everything to gnin before it could be enioyed, I 3'iu utfiiu.-u cm. . .linn, iinj.:ui, iiuii-i IJIIIIUllll VI soon nliained every earthly object, cither brilliant or substantial, for which we live and struggle in this life, Awful Case of Poisonino. The Advertiser, pub lished at Lewi-ton Fads Me., states that a nainlul af- fiir occurre 1 in Danville, about two miles from that vi!ii;e, in tlio family of JohjIi Petily. Mr P. is ihe husband of a beautiful wotmn and the fither of four fine e 11 dicn. On llie morion;: of the 13th he lift for Urunswi -k, and in the afternoon .Mrs. P. wrotoa letter to her sister, residing with her lather, about two.miles distant, st iting ibai that nisbt was the last sbo had to live, and she intended to take her own life before nxt I . . L, .J, morning. 1 111s iciier sue save to a nenoor, iu ueuv. er iho next dav : but suspicious of difficulty, ho car ried it immediately. Her sister nd father hatened lo the house and found her in grert aziution of the mind. She soon lifter sat down bv their side and gave to eac's of her two yountest children, one about a year and a half, and the oilier threo years old, a t r,r -r i. i 1..: .1.!- : !-T 111 I nunco 01 muuiiiiiiii 1 reiiyui 10 uieir inquiries, that it was medicine left them by tho physician. Soon after she left the room, and was drinkinz the lauda nuin she had Drenarcd for licrselt when her si-terdis covered her. It was supposed 1I111 she drank more lhan two ounces, having reserved about an ouncofor the oilier I wo children, who hid not yet returned from scbod. Dr A. fJarce on. of Lewiston. was imme diately sent for, but more than an hour elapsed before nearnven. rorninaieiy inn cxeuemenr, which pre cedes stupor, had not passed off. She declared her determination 10 take no'.hin": said it was the reull of long deliberation i and pointed to sores on her head nnd neck, said lln-y wero caused hy lucks and blows from her huibind, when she remonsiroied with him for his gross violations of decency, wiih an abandoned woman, whom ho had kept in his home for some months. As ie was deaf to entreaties, Dr G., by force, poured down a powerful emetic, and in one minute she threw up nearly the wholccontenls of the stomach, lly ihe continued skill and exertion of the phvsii-iin, she and iho children wero kept roii9ed, and all finally recovered. Tho family sepatated for a time but have again united. DaEAnrt-L Accident. On theevening ofThurtday week Mr Charles I.oekwood, of Camden (Canada W.) went with his wife to a friend's house, a lew miles di-tant, leaving six children in ihe bouse, tbeol dest about 13 yeirs of age. During the absence of iheir parents, the house by some tneins look fire, and all tho children save one, the second oldest, who crept into u kind of root-bo se, that communicated with the house, and was saved before that part of the house was burned, although scorched on her , (boulders. Mr Lockwond returned homo alone, having left his wife behind sick, and in nearing his houso'saw the fire. He then gnlloped on shouting the alarm ns he pa-sed, and arrived in lime to save the ono child in the root house, but all the others were consumed. On asking her why they did not follow her, she said that 8he railed to ihem, but ihey weresoolarmed, and scream ing so much that they could not hear, Tlio houso was a log house, with onlv one door, near which Ihe fire seems to have begun, thus the children's escape was cut off before thoy knew their duuger. , The children wero in bed, nnd ihe one saved can give no account how the fire began. E.vru.isH Speculation. Tho Washing ton (Wilkes county) Nowssas: " A rumor which wo believe to bo true, ns it conies to us well authenticated, says that a wealthy English company ltnvn purchased a large tract nf land (about S,000 acres) in South Carolina, seven milus ubovo Petersburg)!, (jcorci i. on tho Savannah river, including great water privileges for tho purpose of miterillf larculv mtn tho business of inantl- ' facturi. cotton goods &c. It i, intended, forming 1111 netlo butc ' TURB12 DAYS LATER FROM ENG LAND. Tho packet ship Europo arrived at Now York on Stindny with Liverpool dates of lGth ull. Tub Onnon.v TnnntTonv. Mr. Pnknn. ham, the iicwly-nppoiiiiod Uritish Envoy to thu United States, curries out with him, it is coniiuuntiy slated, lull instructions to nr-go- tiato a settlement of thu Ornpon territory dispute. London Morning Herald. Tho trial of Mrs. Gihnour for tho murder of her husband commenced at Edinburgh on Friday, and was oxpocled lo occupy tho whole of Saturday. Tho Edinburgh papers of Saturday contain no nortion of tho evi. donee, as tho court desired that no part of mo procceiimgs snouiu ue published until the conclusion of tho trial. It was vorv generally expected that tho verdict would bo ono of not proven. Dreadful Coal-pit Explosion Wo stop the press to announce a dreadful oxplo sion of fire-damp, which took place in Duke in, tviinonavon, on 1 nursclay nltcrnoon, between 3 and 4 o'clock. The whole of Hie men in tho pit at tho time, 11 in number, were killed. There wcro also 11 horses killed. Chartistc Jour. Ireland. The Stato trials had not nro- cressed sinco our last. With rcrrard to tho C4 excluded jurors mentioned in our last dates, Iho Attorney General has slated be- toro the duel Justice that only 14 or 15 of llieni were Catltoltrs, and tlio declaration that nearly all were Catholics was made to create excitement. Tho remarks of tho Attorney General wero made on the application lo the Court of Queens Bench on Iho part of the traver sers, that the panel ol special jurors bo quashed nnd set aside, or cancelled, and that a mandamus, or order in tho nature of a mandamus, should bo issued, directed to tho Right Honorable the Recorder of tho citv of Dublin, commanding him to place on tho list of jurors for tho year 1844, in the coun ty of tho city of Dublin, in their nrooer or der, the names of divers persons to wit of twenty-seven persons, whoso qualifications respectively, to bo placed on tho list, was legally proved before, allowed by the Re corder as special jurors. The Judge refused to grant the applica tion. A larco mcetinz was held in conso quenco by tho Irish, and resolutions passed remonstrating against tiio decision of the Chief Justicc,and urging that petitions should bo forthwith sent to Parliament and the Queen asking attention lo this act of injus tice on tho part of the Government of Ire land. FRIDAY 1G, 1SII. Tho Senate has confirmed the nomination of Mr. Wise, as minister to Rio, and sun dry oilier minor appointments ; but ours are not in tho list. Tho Tribune says that a cabinet mooting was called on Saturday, to consider the subject of the Judgeship. Upshur, Honshaw and Porter, favored Van Ness : Spencer and Wickliffo took ground for Nelson, the present Chief Justice of New York ; but no decision was made. It is added, however, that the locofoco members of tho House have unanimously petitioned for lite appointment of Nelson. They have no faith in Van Ness. Wc notice also that tho Now York Bar, at a lato meeting called to consider this subject, took occasion to re pudiate tho idea, that they wcro in favor of placing this cosmopolite upon tho bench. But this, perhaps, will constitute the very reason why Ty ler will nominate him. But there is a Sonate. AN EXTINGUISHER. Tho suggestion that Mr. Van Buren might possibly retire from tho prcsidcnlial contest, has for a few weeks lit up now hopes for loco focoistn. Demonstration were at onco made iu various quarters in favor of Cass, and our opponents with ono accord agreed that with Van Buren for a candidate the contest was hopeless. Even tho Truo Democrat has broken ground, and a correspondent, in Wednesdays paper, after taking a survey of tho field, comes lo this conclusion : " Unless " somo other candidate is presented, it seems " but too probablo that tho combined cle " ments of dissatisfaction' towards Mr. Van " Buron would conspiro lo defeat him and "elect Mr. Clay." As "an individual, I would sooner see Mr. Van " Buron re-elected than any othur man ; by " him wo full, and by him I should bo glad " to rise. But tho signs of (ho times pre "fraught with evil towards him. And ought " we not as one man lo join in placing Lewis " Cass in tho breach, if thereby wo can avert " 11 dire calamity." This is n very sensiblo view of tho subject, and the question is well put ; but, alas, what availcth it ! Mr. Van Buren is a Jcffersonian democrat " few die, and nono resign " and ho lias given notico that if he declines a nomination for the Presidency, it will bo af ter thij, sometime. Tho bare suggestion has niado him restive, and he lias taken mea sures to put tho matter at rest. From the Richmond Enquirer. We have seen a letter from Mr. Van Ui-uen him self, in the course of which he refers to the unfounded Ti nnrl I ll, it ho was about lo decline ihe contest for Ihe Presidency referred to in tho preceding article. He presumes that hisfriendsareloo much accustomed to rumors aiiu nnsrcpresenamoits iu uiiuct in, nu est importance to such an idle report. This settles tho question. 1 lio issuo is now mado up. Clay or Van Buren ! And within tho circle of our acquaintance, wo hear of no man, of either party, who docs not concur in iho convictions of iho Democrat's coirespondent that " the combined elements " of dissatisfaction toward Mr. Van Buren " will conspire to defeat him and elect Mr. " Clay." And ull tho people say amen. "dough faces. Tho Albany Evening Journal says that Van Buren's Southern friends, after timo for consultation, havo demanded fresh guaran tees! touching tho Tariff nnd tho 21st rule They require iho adoption of tho 21st Itulo and an abandonment of a Protective Tar iff; and Senator Wright, with Preston King, havo engaged lo accomplish both ob- . c' Jocl so far at least as tho Houso of Kepre (cntatives is concerned, wo snail waicii he irogrc5 of theso movements, which wil ' MORNING, FEB. furihrr illustrate dm means used and tho sacrifices required to adviinco Mr. Van Dure 11. Let it bo remembered, that at iho com mencement of tho session, tlio efforts made to adopt tho 21st Rule, tind to disturb tho Tariff, wcro succesfully and repeatedly re sisted by thu Northern Van Btiren Members who voted, upon llioso questions, with tho Whigs. Tho South now demand tho adop tion of tho 21sl Rule, and tho passage, through tho House of Representatives, of a Revenue Tariff bill, as the consideration of their continued support of Van Buren. 1 ho saenfico has been determined upon, and thn agents aro at work carrying it into effect. Let tho Peoplo look well to their Representatives. There is a curious game going on. Mr. Van Buron is playing away Northern rights and interests for Southern Votes ! Atlas. Coming down a little. Our neigh bor of tho Democrat, who, a few weeks sinco set himself up as a critic, has lowered his tone a littlo of late, and now seeks pro tection against somo very egregious blttn dcrs, behind tiio fact that even the Free Press is not always classic ! O, ho ! you are there, aro you ! 'Tis well ; you are safe in that position. But bear in mind, never theless that wo make no pretensions. We never went to college, but had even to forego the pi ivilego of a woman's school, to allow our elder brothers tho opportunity of dotting tho " 1 s" of your countrymen, and kindred perhaps, on tho frontier during tho last war, Wo pretty generally succeed, however, in making ourselves understood. But our co- temporary ought not to allow the Uni versity lo bo scandalised on his account; and wo would suggest inter nos that hereafter when ho has occasion to speak of his " lengthy editorials," ho substitute the phrase wordy at windy, for that of "lengthy." It would bo better English, and doubllrss quite as truly express the fact. Wo can relish n good thing, even from an adversary; and we copy the following, under tho conviction there must be something rich in it. O'Halloran has been to collece. and ho would not resort to the African dialect, except to convey somo idea which iho English language was too poor to express. tcants to ax V one Columbian. Why am niassa Stncy like a niggar's skull 7 D'ye all guv 'em up 7 "Wcy, kaso 'em, kase 'cm whv, ka9e 'cm brack." N-o-o. "Well, kase 'cm, kase 'em y-e-s, all guv 'cm lip." Kase'em htardto beat. "Chaw I Chaw I any niggJ see dat from do last Free Press." Dcrll Democrat. SENATE OF THE U. STATES. The election to the U. S. Senato of Hon Henry Johnson (Whig) from tlio State of Louisiana, in place of Hon. Alexander Por ter, (Whig) deceased, enables us to present tho following accurate and complete List of the members of the Senate. This bodv consists at present of 29 Whigs and 23 Loco tocos, as follows : 1" Senators uAoe tcrmt txpirt in 1S45, Wuics 13. Locofncos 4. I'ennonjSani'I S Phelps. .17issu'i..itufu3 Choate. 11. Itl'ndfJchn I! Francis. Conn.... WHunlincton .V. VorA-.N PTallmadge. .V. Jcrsy,W 1, Doyton. Delate re.It. H. Bayard. Maryl'd, W 1) Merrick. 1'i'r'na, W C Rives. .Kiiis'i,J Henderson, 7Vnn'if,.nph. II Foster. Intliina,.A S White. Miihign,& S Porter. Maine, .-John Fnirfiod. Penns'a, D Sturgeon. OWo,...-B Tuppan. Mitouri,T H litnton. 18 Sexatoiis teiose termt expire in 1547. Wins 12. Loco Foeos G. -lime.... (ieorge Evans. Mass...-. Isaac C Hates. A. J.tand J F Simmons. XJcrsty. Jacob WMiller. Dcl'icare, Thos Clayton. SHimp. L Woodbury. S C'lina, D F. Hueer. Alabma, Wm It King. It J Walker. Illinois,'' -fas Seniple, Arltan's, W S Fulton. rirfin a, w a Arcncr. XCarl'a, W P Mnngum. Gcorsria. i M Berrien. Lous'na,, Alex Harrow. 1 enn se, S Jarnagin. Kentucky 3 T Morehead. Michfs'n, WWooJbridge. 17 Senatoes whose terms expire in 1519. Wines 4. Loco Focos 13. Vermont, Wm Uphnm. S'Hamp. C G Atherton. Conn.,... John M Niles. V York, Silas Wright. Penn'a.. 3 fluchanan. Maryl'd, Jas A Pearce. Lous' na, II Johnson. Kentucky3 3 Crittenden. .VC'ra,wu uavwood jr. S Uarla, ti .ilcuullie. Georgia, W T Colquitt. Alabma, A P Hieby Ohio.:.. Wm Allen. Indiana. E A Hetmegin. Illinois, . sinney nrcese. .1i.souri, !) R Atcheson. Arkan s, A II Sevier, Astiointd bv the Governor, but will nrobobly be elected bv the LcgiiUturc, or if not, somo other Loco win do cnosen. liecapilulalion. Whim Locos Senators who go out in 1845, 13 4 lsii, u o 1349, 4 13 Total, 20 23 To secure a majority in the Senato when Mr. Clay comos in as President, in Mnrch, 1845, as only 16 Whigs then hold over, it will bo seen that tho Whigs must carry a majority in tho Legislatures of 10 Slates, which will give them 26 Senators, (including those who hold over,) and lcavo party ques tions lo be settled by the casting vole of the Vico-Prosident. The Loco-Focos have al ready gained two Stales from us, viz: Mis sissippi and Michigan, and will confidently expect to carry Now York by their present largo majority in the Stalo Senate, which will probably control the joint ballot in tho Legislature, unless we carry tho City next Fall, as wo must. On the other hand, tho Whigs havo chances to gain Senators in Maine, Ohio and Pcnnsylvauia. Wc urge upon our friends in all of tho Slates where U. S. Senators aro lo be elected lliii your and next, lo strain every nerve to carry their Legislatures. Tribune. Louisiana. Henry Johnson, whig, has been elected to tho U, S. Senate, in place of Alexander Porter, deceased. Ho re ceived a majority of ono, on the 2d ballot. This result, it is said, ha, sadly disappointed ,' . ' . ur i . i tho Van Buren men at Washington, who wcro confident of carrying their man. Hut ' there is a tido in tho affairs of men ;" and with Mr. Van Buren it is " ebb," boyond u doubt. Of Mr. Johnson, tho Atlas says: He is a most excellent, lionorablo, and high minded man, and a sound nnd true Whig. " tnisncur, mo I'rcsidont has none nothing do The choico of tho Whigs of Louisiana i clflV0 Hboul "upp'yle Ihe places of Porter and A could not have f.tlcn on better man. Fin. A building used as a store hutuo by Iho glujs-fncltiry company in this village, was totally consumed hy firo last Monday morning. Tho imiiiediutu loss was not very extensive, but it will causo u serious incon venience, and probably suspend tho opera tion of llit; factory for sotnu time, 11s tho build ing contained tlm pots used in tho factory. and none other can bo obtained under a con siderable delay. Democrat. CTJWo regret to learn that tho dwclline houso occupied by Dr. O. II. Saxtou in Sliul burno, was destroyed by firo last week, and all tho furniture was consumed nlso. Tho family were on a visit away from homr, tho house being left in charge of a servant girl. Still another. Tho dwelling house of Mr. Jcdediah H.utniNOTo.v, at Winooski City, was burned down on Tuesday evening, and wo aro sorry to add that little or none of the furniture was saved. It was a two storv wooden building, and insured in the Mutual for $350 j but this will cover but a small por tion of tho loss. Tho vcncrablo old " Box er," which is now stationed at the Falls, wai promptly on the ground, well manned, and efficiently directed, and was instrumental in, saving a largo amount of property. But for ils aid, Mi July's establishment would unques tionably havo fallen a prey. Ono of the Di rectors of tho Mutual, from Monlpelier, who happened to bo present on tho occasion, ex presses himself fully satisfied with ihe wholo management of the affair, and awards espe cial praise to the Engine and its company. Tho firo is understood to havo originated from a Frenchman's pipo in tho barn. TACTS AGAINST THEORIES. Pins are among the articles instanced by tho Fr Traders as exorbitantly tajed by the present Tariff over 50 per cent. What has been the consequence! Are Pins dearer than they were under a low duty 1 By no means, but the contrary. Although there are but two or three Pin Manufactories in the Country, (the oldest, of but nine years' standing, only mode ils first dividend last year) yet Pins are cheaper now in this country than before. A gentleman whose name is with us gives us a striking illustration of this fact. Ho is tho inventor of a machine to slick Pins in pa pers, which docs the work with great rapidiu, and fanciedho might makea spec, by 1 uying Pins without papers in England and sticking them on papers hero. So he sent over to enquire the price, and wns surpri sed to find tint he could buy Pins in papers at an American factory as cheap as he could buy as good Pins before sttcmng in England. There are inferior qualities to be bought cheaper in England, but a richt good article cos's 97 cents a pound, there, and hocoild buy Ihem for thai here. Sad Irons are set down in tho Hardware Impor ter's Memorial as taxed 140 per cent, by the present Tariff. Let it go nt that. They cost 4$ cents per pound in our matktt under the low Duties of 1841, and they can now be bought here for 35 prr pound- reduction of 16 per cent. That horrible Tariff soems to have an odd vvs.y of laxingonr People. Cut -Vm'i were 4i cent" in '41 ; now- -1 cenls. Shovels and Spades are 10 per cent, lower than in 1311. Axes (Collins if. Co.'s) 10 percent, cheaper-, oth ers, 15. Aucrers are 50 per cent, cheaper thin in '41. Copperand Brass Wire are lOper el. chtaper. Iln'l and Sheet Brass 10 per ct. cheaper. Norfolk Latches, 20 per ct. cheaper than in '41. Iirit.mnii 7ihle. Spoons, 20 do. lirass Headed Shorcte and 7'oti?, 15 do. IIMotc Ware, samo price as in '41, Cut 'Packs, do. fr-ythrsand Sickle, 10 per ct. cheaper lhan in '41. Plate and Hook Hingci, do. Hooks and Staples, do. These are mainly the articles on which it ifclsm ored by the Hvening Post, and ineimnted by the Hardware M inoriil and tho Journal of Commerce that tho Farmer- are enormously taxed by the Tariff to enrich the .Manufacturers! But every farmer who remembers and ihinks must hnow better. He must know- tint ho buys them now as cheap as he ever did when the duties were low. The duty is raised. Tri bune. THAT WHIG T.VniFF -HOW IT " RUINS OUR COMMERCE." At ihe single Port of New Vork, in the dull month of January, there was collected not quite 7'iro Mil lions of Dollars! We must certainly co back to tho Hetcnue Tarifl' of CO and 2j per cent, ad valorem, which in 1511 and 1642 produced some 13 or 14 mil lions per annum in Ihe IHio.'o Union! The um of 133,000 was paid as duly on the cargoea of three ships at Boston on Tuesday last. lb. WASHINGTON GOSSIP. W.isuiN-nTON, Teb. 7. Vv'e had a most de lightful srene in the Houso to-day, and oh ! how ditTerent from the disgraceful brawls that havo lately disgusted every decent member of it ! During tho delivery of Mr Belser's speech, tho esteemed and venerable Mrs Madison, leaning" on the arm of .Mr Hopkins, was observed walk ing down th" centre aisle of tho Hall, in front of the Speaker's chair, followed by two ladies in black, escorted by Mr Cave Johnson, (the gin tleman who has walked Pennsylvania Avenu with a long nine in his mouth and a lady on hie arm.) Those latter were Miss Lcgare, sister of the late lamented Attorney General, and a very beautiful young lady named Miss Payne. Thejr weie handed to sets placed for them on tho right of the Speaker's Chair, on a level with tho Clerk's seat; and there tho charming, clear old lady sat with her two handsome young friends, facing that, at other times, noisy body of Loco. Focos for half an hour, listening earnestly to tho history of tlio formation of the Constitution and the part her husband took in ceding the povvero of tho States, in regard to the election of Con gressmen, tothe General Government. It wm a most charming Bight, and intensely pleasing from its novelty. The dignified widow of tho framer and finisher of the Constitution miht well havo been taken by a stranger for the pre ssing officer of the Hou.-o. She looked uncom monly well, and was in tine spirits ; she loft in company with Gov. Gilmer Judge Wilkins and Mr Holmes nf South Carolina, both younger, handsomer and gallant men, acting as squires to tho young ladies. H'hat shall we see next on the floor of Congress ! A strange transition thi from a fist fight. Mr M'ICay, Chairman of tho Ways and Means, informed mo to.day that the statement in the ' Courier ' of Tuesday is un true. The Committee do tint intend to report ti Horizontal Tariff. They will report a Kerenuo Taritr, with discriminating duties, seme time next n eel;; and such a Tarift', Mr M 'Kay be lieves, will pass both tho House and Senate. J T1'rv intend lo rcJuce 1,10 dulics wnJerWy 00 WotoI!o ,CI"t'1'' ,!ron' Co,to" 'ware, fic. In fact, they mean to ' touch every Idiffar ttilh wortliy Cha, I caus0 j ,;now lliat Bllcl a bni wi not pjss t)fl I Senate. It would havo done a Whig good to j ,aVe seen the long faces of the Iaco-Focos at the news from tho Louisiana Legislature this ' morning. They begin lo despair already. Up Henshaw. Gov.tinmcr can go into either pho