Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 23, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 23, 1844 Page 1
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NOT TUB GLORY OF OjQSAB BUT TUB W X. P A B B OF BOMB BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1844. VOL. XVII....N0. 38. LINES TO A CANARY 11IHD. ' Written during tho difficulties of the bounda. ry question in Maine, when Sir John Hakvev, Governor of the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia was deterred from actual hos tility by the judicious conduct of General Scott hii personal friend. Phescott's noble work of " Ferdinand and Isabella " had just appeared, and the " Crayton Papers " were in course of publication. God bless thee! and thy joyous throat I Thy trill, ihychurr, thy piercing note, My sweet canary! Thou gusn 01 tone, tnnu waicroroon Ofjoj, y, thou poem, doctrine, book, Vocabulary I Thou ciged-up treasure of delight) That know'at to make a prison bright Through music's mystery! To swell the rich notes in full tide, Or highest reach of sound divid Like Paeonini!' Where dHst thou sain this wondrous lore ! Wherelhat, (which I admire much more,) The glad Philosophy, That smiles at iron bars nnd doors') Ihloncliness a spitit pours 'iCmirihful minstrelsy t Whateve- old? or broken-hearted? Hast eve.from thy mate been parted To neet hereafter 7 Jtcannnthe; that glcesome strain Sprinjs torn a heart that ne'er knew pain 'Tis t'.most laughter ! Nawihai art still; thy chnunt is o'er i Thu aeeu'st intent on tomcthing more Impn tant to thee. Hast anv thing to !- 1 or frainl What th'nk'st thou of the war in Maine! Ant Sir John Harvey 1 Woulr'at Srott or Prcscntt, rather be! The folton crop is't nuaht to theel Ihe '.'rayton Papers! (tVAuh at heart? or yet lohnow But hark! thy strain again doth flow, Again, in music, stirs! Ah Rogue ! I see thee, hive thee now That leap from nffthe transverse bough, That knowine look, inspires ; The souitd thou Inv'sl shall now I e heard : ' Fresh seed and water fur my bird, And sugar for his wires!' 'Tis done and here' King, Cawdor, Glamie,' Not more to Macbeth were, than this Thy stock of seed renew'd Is joy to thee! would I mightdraw, From thy bright giycty, a Law Of confidence and good. Forget my bars, forget my cage Liktthee; my wants, my cares, my ase, A lone and widow'd bed ; And raise to Heaven thy masic song In word, that might to both belong, "Thanks for our daily bread." A REVOLUTIONARY RELIC. From the Citizen Soldier. A SB MM ON. Preached on the ere of the battle of Tlranihjwine, by me itev.joao 1 rout, sept. iu, un. Messrs. f. cj- A. flitter : Gentlemen Not long ago searching into the papers of my grandfather, Maj. J.-hu Jacob Schcefmyer, who was out in the days of tho Rev. olutiun, I found tho following discourse, deliv ered on the eve of the battle ol llrandywine, by the Rev. Joab Trout, to a large portion of llio American soldier?, in presence of Gen. Wash, ington and Gen. Wayne, and other officers of the army. Vou may use this discourse for the columns of your valuable paper, if you think proper. Your friend A. HAMILTON SCHCEFMER. BarwEWOoD Farm, Chester Co., Aug. 30, 1813. Revolutionary Sermon. " They that take the sworJ.shall perish by the sword." Soldiers and We have met this evening perhaps for the last time. We have shared the toil of the inarch, the peril ol the right, and the dismay of the retreat alike, wo have endured the cold and hunger, the contume ly of the infernal foe and tho courage of the for eign oppressor. We have sat, night after night, betide the camp fire ; we have together heard the roll of the reveille, which called us to duty, or the beat of the tatoo, which gave the signal for the hardy sleep of tho soldier, with the earth for his bed, and his knapsack for his pillow. And now, soldiers and brethren, we have met in the peaceful valley on the eve of battle, while the sunlight is dying away behind yonder heights the sunlight that to-morrow morn, that will glim mer on scenes of blood. We have met amid the whitening tents of our encampment ; in time of terror and of gloom, have we gathered togcth r God grant it may not be the last time. It is a solemn moment. Brethren, docs not the olemn voice of nature seem to echo the sym pathies of the hour! The flag of our country droops havily from yonder staff, the breeze has disd away along the green plain of Chadd's Ford the plain that spreads before us glitter, ing in the sunlight the heights of tho Brandy, wine arising gloomy and grand beyond the wa. tsrt of yonder stream all nature holds a pause of solemn silence, on the eve of the uproar of the bloodshed and strife of to-morrow. "They that take the sword shall perish by the sword." And have they not taken the sword ! Let the desolated plain, the blood. sodden val ley, the burned farm-house, blackening in tho un, the sacked village, and the ravaged town, answer let the whitening hones of the butch "ered farmer strewn'along tho fields of his home stead, answer let the starving mother, with her babe clinging to the withered breast that can afford no sustenance, let her answer, with the death-rattle mingling with the murmuring tones, that mark the last struggle of life lot tho dy. ing mother and her babe answer. It was but a dar past and nur land slept in tho quiet of peace. War-was not here wrong was not here. Fraud and wo, misery and want, dwelt not among us. From the eternal solitude of the green woods, arose the blue sky of the ettler's cabin, and golden fields of corn looked forth from amid the waste of the wilderness, and the glad music of human voices awoke tho si. Jence of tho forest. Now, God of mercy, behold the change. Un deride shadow of a pretext, under tho sanctity of the name of God, invoking the Redeemer to their aid, does these foreign hireling slay our people I They destroy our towns, they darken our plains, and now they oncompass our posts on the plain of Chadd's Ford. " Thsy that Isle Ihe sword shall perish by the sword." Brethren, think me not unworthy of belief when I tell you the doom of the British is near 1 Think tne aot vain, when I tell you that beyond the cloud that now enshrouds us, I sec gather ing, thick and fast, the darker storm and u black, or storm of a Divine indignation ! 1 hey may conquer us to-morrow. Might and wrong may prevail, and we may be driven from this field but tho hour of God's own vengence will come I Aye, if in the vast solitude of eternal space, if in tho heart of tho boundless universe, there trobs the being of an awful God, quick to avenge, and sure to punish guilt, then will the man George of Brunswick, called King, feel in his brain and his heart, tho vengeance of the eternal Jehovah I A blight will bo upon his life a withered brain, and accursed intellect; a blight will be upon his children, and on his people. Great God how dread the punishment I A crowded populaccpcopling tho dense towns where the man of money thrives while the labo. rer starves; want a striding among the people in all its forms of terror; and ignorant and God defying priesthood chuckling over the miseries of millions; a proud and merciless nobility ad ding wrong to wrong, and heaping insult upon robbery and fraud; royalty and corrupt to the very heart and aristocracy rotten to the core ; crime and want linked hand in hand, and tempt ing men to deeds of wo and death these are a part of the doom and the retribution t'lat came upon the English throne ant! tho English people! Soldiers I look around upon your familiar faces with a strange interest ! To-morrow morning we will all go forth to the battle for need I toll you that your unworthy minister wi'! march with you, invoking God's aid in the fight we will march forth to battle ! Need I ox. hort you to fight the good fight, to fight for your homesteads, fur your wives and children ! My friends, 1 might urge you to fight by tho galling memories of British wrong. Walton I might tell you of your butchered father, in the silence of the night on the plains of Trenton ; I might ring his death shriek into your cars Shelmire I might toll you of a butchered mo thor, and a sister outraged ; tho lonely farm house, the night assault, the roof in flames, the shout of the troopers as they despatched their victims, the cries lor mercy, the pleadings of in nocence fo.r pity. I might paint this all again, in vivid colors of the terrible reality if I thought your courage needed such wild excitement. But 1 know you arc strong in the might of the Lord. You will march forth to battle on the morrow with light hearts and determined spir its, though the solemn duty the duty of aveng ing the dead may rest heavy on your souls. And in the hour of battle, when all around is darkness lit by the lurid cannon glare, and the piercing musket flash, when the wounded strew the ground, and tho dead litter your path, then romeoibn "Miors that God is will, you. Tim eternal God lights for you he rides on the bat tie cloud, ho sweeps onward with the march or the hurricane charge God, tho awful and the infinite, fights for you, and will triumph. "They that lake the sword shall perish by the sword." iou have Uken Ihe sword, but not in the spt- it of wiongaiid ravage. Vou have taken the sword for your humps, for your wives, for your little ones. Vou have taien the sword for truth, for justice and right, and to yon the promise is he of good cheer, for your foes have taken the sword in defiance of all that man holds dear, in blasphemy of God they shall perish by the sword. And now, brethren and soldiers, I hid you all farewell. Many of us may fall in tho battle of to-morrow. God rest the souls of the fallen many of us may live to tell the story of tho fight to-morrow, and in the memory of all who ever rest and linger the quiet scene of the autumnal night. Solemn twilight advances over the valley; the woods on the opposite heights fling their long shadows over the green of tho meadows ; around us are. the tents of tho continental host, the suppressed bustle of the camp, tho hurried tramp of the soldiers to and fro among tho tents, stillness and awe that marks the eve of battle. When wo meet again, may the shadow of twilight be flung over a peaceful land. God in heaven grant it. frayer ron THE revolution. Great Father we bow before thee ; wo in voke thy blessing, we deprecate thy wrath : wo return thpc thanks for the past,' wo ask thy aid for the future. For we are in times of trouble, oh, Lord, and sore besot by foes, mercilet-s and unpitying. Tho sword gloams over our land, and tho dust of tho soil is dampened with the blond of our neighbors and friends. Oh ! God of mercy, wo pray thy blessiri" on the American arms. Make the in in of our hearts strong in thy wibdoui ; hies?, wo beseech il.oo I. I. r.. ..-i ... ,i i ...v, .....i wiiu.v iiiu unti onuim' , nur none. . . n ' and thy instrument, even George Washington, Shower thy counsels on the Honorable, tin; Shower thy counsels on the Honor.-,!,!,.. H. Continental Congress; visit tho tents of our ' ' n-"r ... sm,,,a-1uiur u,c ur u, uu.ti ii. And in tho hourof dofoat, God of Hosts, do thou be our stay, and in the hour of triumph be uiou ourgume. Teach us to bo merciful. Though the mem. ory of galling wrongs be at our heart,-, knock ing for admittance, that they may fill us with the desire of revenge, vol let us, oh, Lord, spare tho vanquished, though thoy nour spared us, in the hour of butchery and bloodshed. And in the hour of death, do thou guide us to the abode prepared for tho blest; so shall wo return thanks unto thee through Christ our Redeemer God prosper the cause. Amen. NOTHING MADE IN VAIN. Tho Creator has made nothing that is unusc. ful, nothing so insulated as to havo no relations with anything else nothing which is not 6er viceable or instrumental lo other purposes be. sides its own existence-nothing that is not ap. plicablo or convertible to tho benefit of His 6cn. tient creatures in some respect or other. The mineral has a connection of this sort with both the vegetable and the animal kingdoms, and these with each other. The samo principle has been pursued throughout the animated classes of nature No one species of living being has been formed only for itself, or can subsist in ab. solute uselcssncss to others. This is one grand purpose for causing so many races of ani mal beings tu subsist on each other. By this system each enjoys the gift of life, and each is made to contribute, by tho termination of that gift, to tho well being of others. Fishes are thus useful to each other, to many birds, to some animals-, and to man. Birds have their period of happiness for themsolvos, and are serviceable toothers of their kind, and to man, and to some quadrupeds, in their mode of death, instead of mouldering through corruption into their mate rial dissolution. Quadrupeds havo the same double use in their existence ; their own enjoy. mcnt, nnd the benefit of their death, to those of their own order, and to the birds and reptiles, worms and insects that havo been appointed to derive nutrition from their substance. All the kingdoms of nature havo been likewise so con structed, as to bo bencficiul to the human race, not as nutriment only, hut in the thousand con. vonionres to which they are convertible. The amphibious order of nature is no exception to these general results. Its various genera con tribute their proportions to the common stock of mutual utilities. They havo their own gratifi cation from their personal existence; they con tribute by their substance to the maintenance of others of 'heir fellow. creatures and so'iie of their genera servo to multiply the conveniences and pleasures of man. Ho derives advantages from all that exists in as much larger a degree to any other animal as ho is superior to any in his in- tellectual exertions and universal capacity. Sharon turner. The following song was chai.ted by the Sa crcd Musical Society of New York at the close of a late lecture at the Tabernacle, delivered by the Rev. George 15. Chrever. Till': PII.CIUM'S LEGACY. Tho May Flower, on New England's coast, has fur! i-u nur i.iii.-rt-u s.ili, And through her chafed and moaning shrouds De- ceml er's breezes wail, Yet on that icy deck, behold I a meek but dauntless band, Who for ihe right to worship God havo left their na tive land ; And lo this dreary wilderness this glorious boon they bring, 'A Church without a Bishop a Statetcithouta Ktng. Those daring men, those gentle wives say, where fore do they come? Why rend they all tho tender tics of kindred and of home ? 'Tis Heaven as-igns their noble work, man's spirit to unbind They cuine not for themselves alone they come for nil mankind; And -to the empire of the Vc3t this glorious boon they bring, 'A Church without a IJishopa State without a King. Then, I'lineo nnd Prelate, hfpo no more to bend them In your '.wny. Devotion's fin- iullmies their breasts, and freedom pomis their wnv, And, in ilieir bravo hearts' estimate, 'twere better not to be. Than quail beneath llio despot, where the soul cannot be free; And therefore o'er the wintry waves ihoseexilcscome lo Ining '.1 Chunk without a IJishopa State without a King.' And 'till llicir spirit in their sons, with freedom walks abroad, The Ml lll.H is our only crod nur only monarch The hand is raised tho word is spoke the solemn plfdire is give n An I b ully on our banner Moats, in the frco air of Ilea veil, The motto of our sainted sires, nnd loud wo mako i rim; '.1 Chunlncithoula Ilishopa Statewithouta Kingf I'or the Commonwealth, CULTIVATION OF MELONS Di:ak Sir: In compliance with a promise I made some iiino since, 1 herewith send you such information as I havu in relation tu tho cul tivation of ihal truly great luxury, tho Wa termelon; about which I do not pretend to Know anything save that which I havo found to he true from practical experience : am wiuioui i.'inering into n uciuii ot nil tho ex periments which I have resorted to for 20 years past, I will in as short a manner as I can, givo you tho conclusions I havo come lo, as to tho proper mode o! cultivation, the kind and quality of soil best adapted to their growth, and its preparation ; and also tho manner ol selecting and saving seed. I ho blue grass pasture on which much feeding of stock, fur sniiiii years, has been done, 1 consider the best. The next best is timothy meadow-, on which the crop of hay, preceding its cultivation it: vines, should not ho cut, but let remain on the around. Tho third best is tho richest now land which our country nllords, from which nil the limbe should have been cut at lo.istone year previous to Us cultivation. In ench e.:ie tlm s mo ninrln of cultivation should In, adiuited. Tl if hiiul "u m"P"''1 "" ddle of Feb- t III I . . ' .... - :,, .inn inn Mjniwr. II till) .mi whii i , .1 r n . . . . 11 Mill' loll I If.! Mr....,,,,B t... 1.1 I... I r - I' "H3, ion ,i(hi iyuoiu ill, ' , '"" ' I'"'1 ,mi rotting ot ....... i i . i ... i .i . ., ... . I11MSIIM JIIIM limn in.r ., t '" fc.'""Mit; HI lllll t III! should hit r. Th;:';,,-,;-;;-.,,:;:, ll tilt v:inifi tin.. tl... .v.... C... .:!.... .1 uuciuno no deeper ihan merely lo turn ihe ,, s I V nlm ,w. , j1r(,s jn ( , after vv hicli the ground should rmioiio in ,li:it 'condition till pUming iiie, except ihal tho ing narrow siioiini no run over t sunn, iwn r 1 ,l,ml ''"ifs, and perhaps tho application of llio roller would bo of service. This will pro vein inn growth ol vegetation till abnul tho '.Jlli of April, al which lime I(, planting should be done. The ground should then ho laid oil" crosswise ; the first ploughing with deep furrows, fifteen feet apart, tho lands between which should ho nlouffhed deen with a sharp plough and strong leant, turning under tho sod as much as possible ; which forms at onco a sort of warm bed over tho wholo ground, leaving it in open furrows and ridges, fifteen feel np.irl ; it should ihen be laid oil crosswise, llio ridces with sinnlo fur. rows fifteen feet apart : tho hills slioolo then ho made in tho top of tho ridge, where tlm last open liirro-y, or laying off, crosses the ridge, by filling tho bottom of tho furrow with tho fragments of sod, and ireading idem in well with tho foot, over which fino soil should bo spread some two inches thick, and nre. ed down hard wiih the hoe; the surfaco of Ihe lulls should in all cases bo about on u lev el with the top of the ridge, winch will bo above tho general level of the ground, to pro- vent me naru rains Irom sen mr almni ib,. root! of the vinei, during the whole of the season. 1 no surlnce of the lull should be from eighteen inches to two feel in diameter, ver which tint seed should no scattered, from forty to fifty in number, nnd covered with a sufficient quantity of soil to produce germi nation, anu no more, i preter the seed be ing soaked in warm water, nnd kept nuUt till lltoy begin to sprout, before planting ; caro should bo taken to cover with no. more dirt than will ensure their coining up, as the length ol tne stems Irnm llio roots to the fust leaves, are always lengthened or contracted in proportion to the depth ol soil through which they have, to pass in coming up, nnd that stem being the tender part of the plant, upon which almost nil the mischief is done by the worm and other insects, of course it should bo as much contracted as possible. oo soon as llio plants begin to romo up, gen erally tho surface of the lulls should be loos ened up with the finger, taking away the crust ironi uie inns, una leavinsr t he nliints lo take root downwards, so that in the course of sumo three weeks, at intervals, a portion of dirt taken nwiiy will leavo none of tlm dirt wiui wiiiLii me seuu was lirst covered re maining, nnd which will leavo nil of tho stem exposed from its leaves to the branching roots. 1 his particular process is tho great secret in Watermelon raising, as it is on this part of llio vine that the small, white, red headed worm does its mischief. Care should be taken, however, not to removu the dirt too speedily, as it will retard the growth of tne vine, ana in very dry weather, tr too speedily removed, will very materially injure them 5 in wet weather the taking away of llio uiri is less apt to injure the vino, and the worm much to do harm. During this working the hills with the finger, which is all that is necessary for two or three weeks after planting, the vines should he thinned at each working, taking out those with the lon gest stems and least llirift, till you have re duced to three in each hill ; the number, how ever, should not he reduced to less than four or .'ve, nil they have run from a foot lo nigh. tainttfia fltt .tnf.l limn .1 I 11.. teen inches, for until then, ihey can hardly, in ordinary seasons, be considered safe from the ravages of lite worm, nd in very wet seasons, never safe, but must, e"ery week or ten days, bn worked about tho root wi!.1! the finger, or tho worm will kill them after the ground is literally covered with vines. Tho finger work is soon performed, as one hand may go over an acre of vines in two hours. which should always be done in the evening. al which time, and early in the morning, the worm may tie destroyed, as it generally de scends into tho cool, moist uurth, in llio warm part of the day. I much prefer working vines always Into in the evening, as tho inju ry done the m will not be made worse bv the warm sunshino, but will have the benefit of Ihe dew ol tlm night to recinit lliom. The Watermelon vino is at all ages a very tender plant, and should ho handled as little as nos- sihle ; limy should be kent entiielv rlnnn nf weeus anu grass; care should bo taken not to chop the ground too deep about the run ning vines, and particularly nearer ihe roots than the points of the vines, for of all the roots that grow, those of tho melon vino are 11 . " '

tho most numerous and extensive, which, if cut, will always bleed freely, and injure tho vine. I have traced them to the distance of 'JO feet without finding Ihe end. The next mischievous insect to that of the worm, is llio small yellow bug, against the ravaees of which I have succeeded by plant ing three hills in a careless manner, around tho first planted ; tho first of which should bo planted in about one week, tho second in two, and llio third in about three weeks after the first planting. So soon as these replants begin to come up, tho bugs commence on them, and leave the first planted, preferring to feed on the young, tender plants ; care should bo taken to destroy all these plants, to prevent their mixing with tho good slock. You havo no doubt observed that vines never do well in very wet weather, and when you havo taken great pains to nut nice moist dirt about tho root of the vine which seemed I to be vvitheting, instead of its recovering, it only seems to hasten its death ; (he cause is, it furnishes moisture for the worm lo re pose in, which is its natural element ; and if you will lake llio pains to examine about the roots of tlm vino thus withering, you will find hundreds of little holes nnd wounds, and in some instances you will find the worm in habiting the inside of tho vine, near tho root. I havo tried many experiments in order to drive away tho worm, by tho application of sulpher, soot, ashes, tobacco, drugs, solu tions of herbs, but all lo no purpose; ihe only remedy is by working away tho dirt from the root, as I Imvo hoforo describ ed, and which, if propeily dune, llio vine, by ihe lime llio melons begin lo ripen, will havu formed a trunk between the branching foots and first leaves, (as I havo often seen) as large as a man's finger, and tho branching roots, some four or five in number, as large as a man's liltlu finger, which will prove siifiicieni in keep tint vines alive and bear ing, till tin-v nrn killed by llio frost. I consider the selecting of seed a very im portant item. I have had quite a fine melon crop this season, and in order to prove lo my friends the great difference in sued. I plant ed two rows with inferior seed, which hud been saved for replanting ; the consequence win, that these lows had comparatively no melons on them, whilu iho vines wero quite as fine, and promised as well as any part of the patch. Tlm saving of your seed should bo from the first crop, which is always found on the main vino, and often as near tho root as two or three feet. I select the molon most like tho original stock, with the largest blossom end, which is an evidence of its thrift, while ono that is largo at Ihe stem and tapering to Iho blossom, shows a want of nourishment and early maturing; both descriptions I have often found on tho same vine, but almost in variably the best nearest tho root. Water melon buyers would do well lo observe this rule in buying the largo blossom end always for a good melon. In adhearing generally to tho foregoing rules, in ordinary seasons, yon will, I think, find no difficulty in raising, i follows : To every hill of three vines, nine good melons ; a vine patch ought to produce three crops the first crop one to the vine, the second from one to three, the third from one to four. The first if ilwayi best J the second is sometimes quite as good ns the first, but not always ; tho third crop, the greatest portion inferor, though I havo seen the last crops, in some few cases, when the season suits, quite as good as the first. The summer of 1841, I had a patch of about one acre, the hills were thirteen one way by fif teen tlm other, und closer than I generally lay them off. which iiiulinQ in nil nn hundred and ninety-five hills, and so verv nrnniisinir whs me prospect tnai we concluded lo keep the count as they were brought to tho house, .1 " ... . .V n which was by tho cart load, and found the number to bo about twenty-two hundred, the majority of which wero excellent ones. The vines in that patch continued to grow und bear till they were killed by the frosts, and it was quite an interesting sight lo see the vast quantity that remained, from the sizo of a patriugo egg up lo Ihe size of the full grown melon. Accompanving this document, I send yon some of my best seed, hoping that you will preserve (hem utiani.ilgamiited with others, as I consider them the best in tho land, and it would give me great pleasure to be often with you whilu vou are eneaeed in the culti vation of your vines ; for, while I feel that an apology is duo for the very great length to which I have spun out this document, yet I am satisfied that the subject has been treated with too much brevity in some particulars ; but, upon the whole, I indulge the hope thai it will prove satisfactory. With much re spect, 1 am, Yours, truly, NEWTON CRAIG. To Mr Joel Scott, near Frankfort, Ky. Kroni the Albany Cultivator. DEMAND FOR LONG WOOL. Wo have great pleasure in laying helore our readers tho following letter from Samuel Lawrence, Esq., of Lowell, in answer to one we addressed him, 'enclosing samples of wool from some Leicester sheep, owned by Mr. Howard, associate editor of the Cultivator. It will bo seen from this letter that rapid ad vances aro making in this country in the manufacture of such goods as require long wool, such as is produced by the breeds of sheep known as Cotsvvolds, Lniceslers, Lin colnshire's, and that the increasing de mand for this kind of wool affords encourage ment to the breeders of these sheep, which they havo nut heretofore enjoyed. It will be seen, also, that Mr. S. expresses great confidence in the belief that the prospects of tho wool-grower are fully equal to thoso of any other branch of husbandry. Lowell, Jan. 10, 1844. EpiTons or the Cultivator My nu merous eiKMrremont at tlm finpniofr nf din Veill. have fireVenlffl .'111 ourlif.r runllf In vnnri j i " I'V ,M J respected favor of the 28th nil. 1 havo ex amined the two samples of wool, and am of opinion that they aro admirably adapted to IJ W enmuing Mauslin ntirnnenc lor ihr. m.n, if. r.f iU A.;.c Tt, : i., strong and lustrous, qualities not desirable for felting purposes, especially the two latter. I judge theso samples to be from Cotswold sheep, a breed which it is very desirable 0 -- .-... - i. 0,f,j,u ia tunc. propagato in this country, ns the worste led bus - mess is just coming into existence. The se cret of England's advance of all the world in the manufacture of worsted goods, lays in (he fact of her possessing better breeds of sheep for the production of combing wools, and not from her superior skill in working them. The worsted business in its various shapes, is lo be of immense importance in this coun try, and it affords mu sincere pleasure to be able to say to you that it has already been commenced in this Statu upon a liberal scale, by parties whoso means and intelligence are a guaranty of its success. A great deal of talent and skill have been brought to bear upon tliis branch of industry, and if I am not greatly deceived, l!io time is near when old Lngland herself will be astonished at our suc cess. A number of hundred looms on inous- linesnre already in operation, and more in progress. In addition to the works already projected, a company is now being formed tn Uoston, with a capital ol a million of dol lars, for works on Mouslin do Laines, &c, In reply lo your enquiry about the kinds and quantity of wool used in the Middlesex mills, 1 have to say that we use about a million pounds yearly, of such kinds as arc consid ered in tins country tho choicest produced say full blood Saxony, and Saxony mixed with Merino. Wo aro very fastidious in tho selection of our wools, both as regards ihe blood and condition ; nnd in consequence, we are in llio habit of paying prices which many manufacturers think absurd. I am clearly of ihe opinion thai no branch of air ricultiiro promises bettor than tho culture of wool, and I sincerely hope more attention will lie given lo u ihan has been paid for the last tow years. Yours, SAM'L LAWRENCE CAnnAGE Heads from Stumps. James Bales, of Norridgevvock, Mo., writing to tho r armor s Journal says: " 1 do noi know ull your Boston gardeners aro up to, but I do know that, if cabbage slumps of any variety aro set out in ihe spring, in good order, ono, two, three, or even four good sound heads will grow on them ; and this ihey will do vear after year, until they die by accident. They are managed in iho following manner : Tho upper, narrow-leafed sprouts, which would bear seed, aro carefully rubbed off, and likewise all the lovvor, round leafed ones, which latter will form heads, leaving only so many of theso as tho strength of the stump and the soil are capable of bringing tn per fection. Al our caillo show, Mr. John Drew presented several such stumps, with 'one lo four heads of low Dutch cabbago on each, which havo borno for three years. Ho sets them out in earth in thu cellar in autumn, cuts off tho heads vvhon required for uso, and places tlm slumps pretty thick in thu garden in the spring. Thu labor is trifling, tho cut worm gives no trouble, and the crop sure; and abundant." Do voo want plenty or Eogs I Corn given to fowls should be crushed and soaked in water; ibis hfllm Hinenlinn. Hn u;i!li Uy in winter that are io fed that vould notllhat he hat altered so muchsinre he left home, -.1 .! ' I.!. nl,la Aitnv fnaulll Uo LnftUl AIM.' UIIIDfWJpo. OLD GRIMES IS DEAD. Ephraim Grimes of Ilubbardston, whom everybody in ull this region knows as " Old Grimes" or as " Eph. Grimes" and whom thousands have coupled with the subject of Ihe trite song " old Grimes is dead" died at Iho Alms House in that town on Thurs day of last week, aged eighty-five. Few individuals have ever attained a greater no toriety in this nnd llio adjoining counties, and none ever deserved it better. I here aro a ilinosand traditionary tales of his merry and mischievous tricks which are true, and more deviltry of wlncn l.R was probably never guniy is ascriueu io mm u.-.n to any necro mancer or unearthly spirit of old. Ho had a brain filler than was any other man's r,r iho devil's work shop, and the great conjurer was always busy there. From high lo low, from the clergy to llio crockery shop, from even the courts of tusticn to church deacons in their seats, no one was safe from " one of old Grime's tricks." The pillory, the slocks and even the House of Correction wero ul lerly insufficient to restrain his niischiof-mn king propensity. Wherever he went, i seemed as if tho devil wero let loose. Not that his tricks wero malicious, but in ingu nuity of device and power ol annoyance, Ihey rivalled the capacity of tho father of mis chief. Wo well remember when crowds have been taken with the sido ache, from laughter at the narration of hts exploits. During tho latter part of his life, old Grimes was a dependant on the pauper sup port of his native town. Tho " light of his . ,, , . . , , . ,, j c, , genius" had expired, Ins ight l and gm cunning and thu lie , no longer oiled gl, b y I Irnm lite nitmin nl llm rrn lltiltinil fit IIS former deeds vet survived (and long will) "'S sdav ot crystal, plate china, ,1c., daz . . .:. v ' zle our vision. Our neighbor is particularly and rendered him object of curios, . .v.- W,M , 10,Jing as his own, for the time be- even wncn lite sn nr. uau uuii meu .mu nu' i , r ,, , . i ,,.,. I good people of Ilubbardston had seen mm "safely" underground, they left the grave- yard looking over their shoulders, it is said, lest this last scene of his eventlul lite might piove to be but "another nf old Grimes's tricks." Barre, Mass., Gazette. HABITS OF GREAT AUTHORS. Shelly usually ate a baked potato previous to sitting down to write. Hu has been heard to assert that some of his finest ideas cauin whilit putting in llio butter. Whether he purchased his potatoes in the street, or had them dressed at home, does not appear. Fielding wrote the whole of 'Tom Jones' in one night, after a debauch with Hogarth, and sold it tho next morning to procure him a meal. Such is the fato of genius ! Kirke Whito was much admired for his red hair, which ho allowed to go down his back in two plaits. He never would suffer any allusion to be made to it ; but when writing ued it as blotting paper. On this account all his MSS are tianscribed in red ink, as may be seen in the Library of tho British Museum. Cuvior always wrote with n pail of water at his' side, in which he alternately ,, , . . , , , - . . , , I uipiiuu ins nu.iti .iiiu jeui, in iiusnuii oia lunus. I He has been known lo do tins upwards of . . . . . ..l.". ' ... s,Itlv llmes.,n olle "'"i "'i'011 preparing his I Hegnc Animal. It was his boast that hu had never been up in a balloon. Dr. Johnson ' could never see a post without jumping oyer 1 uosvven reiiiHritiii ujiuu us jiutinu, Johnson observed : "Sir, what a boy does in sport, a man may do in earnest. Upon which Boswell replied : ' Then you mean to say that I might play at chuck-farthing 1" " Sir," returned Johnson, "any man might if he had a f.irlhing to chuck." How brilliant are these sallies, when com- pared to the insane ansvveis of modern limes the empty retorts of exhausted receivers ! A slight c.as2eration, no doubt, as it would lake several expert pensmen lo make a cony uf it m twice llio time named. .Vs. Cour. A Singular Hauquct. A society ha been lately formed in Suabia, with the object of introducing Mid encouraging the consumption of hori-e-fle.-h as an article of food. At a " hno. flesh supper," took place at Ivoeiiig.-liad on the 17ih November, more than a hundred and til'y person?, of all elates in society, participated. The principle dishes were soup, corned hor.-e, and liorfO a-la-mudr; audit was the general opinion that the meat was extremely tender and pleasant taMcd, and not to be distinguished from beef; and that tho soup, which had been prepared from the same annual, was entirely free from any peculiar flavor. As a proof that no prejudice existed agiin-t the now dishes, or that if any had existed, it was soon dissipared, it is slated that the table was speedily emptied, and tho guests who were be. hind the time were obliged to put up with simple beef, iX:e. A general wish was expressed, that another feast of the kind should ho soon got up. The New York "Schnellpost." from which we gather the above, is puzzled to know what, in the present times of general peace, can be the object or advantagesof this new movement. It certainly cannot have the recommendation of econumy ; and it might throw tho stables into a galloping consumption. K iting horses is only oxcusdble in thoso who wish to get along fast. Closing Tiir. Gash:. Two fellows wero onco wending their way homo from a billi.ird room, in a glorious state of fuddleoruin. They hung together nslong as tho could, but in crossing a deep gutter, whero pipo-layitu' operations wero curried on, they made a heavy lurch the ono capsized by hilling the lamp'-post, and tho other fell full length in llio pipu hole. "Hollo!" said tho fellow in the gutter, "how do you mako ill" " By thu rubbers, 1 havo cannonea against thu" " That's nothing I havo pocketed my- sclf'uHH iho Irench." " Then," said a watchman, who happen ed to conio along, "fie game is up, and you must walk along, and settle with thu gamu keeper." Some literary ladies being asked how ihey could bo sufficiently interested in astronomy to spend so much linio in watching inn lira vens, replied 'tnai uiey uau n ciem "w ly tu see whether thero was really a man in the moon.' A gentleman writing from the West, ays that he has altered so muchsinre lie leu noiiio,,Bri ie rema.ked. with all the gravity of., phi that his oldest creditor would Hot know Jre0pher " Captain, 1 Mint til gnenkerr t" From ihe Now Mirror. OUR NEIGHBORS OVER THE WAY "Wo must keep up appearances, and by a hold effort force ourselves into society, or whero is tho Uso of living in Waverly-Place. The neighbors know that we rent the house ready-furnished ; und it is only by giving a large party now and then that we can hope to retrieve our former position. I tell you, my dear, I cannot afford it. There is a great diffbren-lo between the financiers of nations nnd a second-rate Wall street broker. My position now is scarcely tenable ; u single false step would ruin me entirely.' " Others havo been in as precarious a state as ourselves, and still attained a good ranK in society by assuming the appearance of that wealth which, In reality, ihey did not possess, lioldncss on your part will create confidence in the minds of others; at all events, I am weary of seclusion, and by giv ing a general party early in the season, we ensnro to ourselves invitations through the whole winter." " Eve gave mo the apple and I did oat." " Neighbor, whore is thy boasted firmness, thy integrity, thy manly endurance of pre sent privation, because thou canst not hon estly paitako of luxuries and festivities I Whero lliy practical appreciation of thu du ties between man and man ?" No parade of preparation is visible in our neighbor's domicil : rather an unusual influx of boxes and baskets induce us to suspect some timngu in iiiu internal arrangements. h ,d ,.f , f .( , d b fe , .... - ' , . - . . , - ,. , ing only, those costly articles of display. ur ?' ,,, ,., . ,, iim,' ' . Wo opine the twenty yards of Willon car pet, spread from the illuminated hall to the curb-stone, could hardly be obtained other wise than by an actual payment of one hun dred and (en dollars. Most tradesmen hold in especial abuiuiuation notes of hand for mere, luxuries ; and a Wilton carpet, spread out for the uso of the canaille, as well as the dainty font of fashion, cannot possibly be construed into a necessity. " These rooms look very well to-night, do they not l Costly furniture, rich draperies, fragrant flowers, mirrowed walls, the brilli ancy of countless lights, lead the mind from sombre earn to elysium." Cue ! who thinks of aught but enjoyment in a scene like this ! Wiser than the Eeyp tians, we shroud this skeleton of pleasure in our hearts ; the veil is only lifted on pay day, and then tho hideous monster stands con fessed, the embodiment of creditors ; one bony hand thrust forth, presenting notes of hand due this day of our Lord, and not an asset forthcoming. The other, shaking be fore tho eyes of memory bonds long since due, and thu unauthorized pledge of state and country fur their redemption. Neighbor, while playing tho host to this galaxy of fashion nnu beauty, while parta- king with them of the choicest delicacies that . nature and art can furnish, hast thou no j compunctious visitings of conscience, when i memory again brings before thy gaze the . iviuow renuereu penniless, tne orpuan oesu- tute, the confiding bondholder bankrupt and , desolate by lliy mechinations 1 A time of reckoning will come, and thy dainties shall be ns gall and wormwood ; thy pyramids of ice, burning coals ; thy refulgence of light, tho very darkness of despair; and the bou quets of rare flowers spread beneath the feet of thankless and mocking guests, thorns and briars of vexation I Neighbor, bo advised and let "well enough" alone ; it is better to plod on slow ly and surely than to da..le until the eleventh ullr .,, ,j1L,n j,,.,, t,y escape, clothed in . ., , c . i i l . tun ashes at repentance, and leaving but a brittle name behind. " Hurrah tor old Keiituck." Tho Concordia Intelligencer telle a pretty good joke of a fellow who was walking ashore from that splendid boat, the "Harry of the West," his bundle in one hand and five dollars in specie c'enrlied in the other on a single plank, and heedless of Ins way, he tripped, and Icllsous in to the river. loan' instant, recover ing himself, he strurk manfully lor the shore, waded nut in full view of the boat, shook him. self like a huge water-dog, opened his hand and found but two of tho shiners left he was anger ed at the plank, mad vv illi himself, furious at the loss of Ins money, and more than fmious at the monstrous Mississippi. He looked at the plank, the river, the boat, his money, and wound up the survey by venting his spleen ns follows : " I've got five dollars in this iiero bundle, two dollars in my hand have jist been ducked stand live feet ten in my storking feet tolerably stout for my age rather mad and dog my cats if I can't flog any man on that boat, for fist fight or rugh and tumble! Who'll ay yes! Whoop I whoop ! whoop ! Hurrah for old Kentuck !" Importance of Dally exercise. All nations which have proceeded us and havo been notable for their bodily strength and ability to enduro fatigue, were those who habituated themselves to bold and manly ex ercise. The Itoniaus, Grecians, Spartans, and other nation of antiquity, which are re nowned for strength und robustness, hud iheir games, and gymnastic exercises, which were daily participated in. Tho ancient Britons paid as much attention to phi,iual, as we now do to moral education, nnd ihey were a people capable of accomplishing aiid endu ring nltnost anything within the scope of physical exertion and endurance. !olii Ashore. A very clever anecdote ,s told of a Yankee who unco tool; passage on board of a Lake schooner Soon after the baique had weighed anchor, the wind began to blow, and in a short lime it was found necessary lo take jn every slilch of canvass; and with bare poles ihe schooner flew over the waves with lightning rapidiiv. Tl o schooner was now fifteen miles from shore the wind was blowing trcmendu. ousy, and ihe night was "dark as a stark of black eats." Tlm danger was Imminent ; fear was legibly written on every face. At this mo. mniit, the V.inknu came on deck, with Ins ha", ago strappeil closely to his back ! Walking iTp lo tho Capiain, his face as long us a yard Hick, aim injioK 's "Ku on mo shoulder of the lat.

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