Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 1, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 1, 1844 Page 1
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uc V s NOT THE GLOnY OF C 1 S A K BUT TUB WELFARE OF ROME RY II. B. STACY. I Hit LING TON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MARCH l, 184-J. VOL. XVII....N0. so. ; TII13 SOXCS OK Til 13 SUIHT. Willi fingers weary nml worn, Willi eyelids heavy nml red, A woman eat, in unwoimnlyrag.", l'lyins her needle nncl thread Stitch I stitch I stitch ! In poverty, hunger, and dirt, And still, with a voice of dolorous pitch, She. sang tiio "tfong of the Shirt I" " Work work work, While the cock is crowingnloof! And work work work, Till the stars shine through the roof I It's O! to bo a slave Along with Iho barbarous Tuik, Whcio woman has never a soul to tavo, If this is christian work t " Work work work, Till the brain begins to swims Work work work, Till theevesaro heavy and dim! Seam, and gusset, and band, Hind, and Kiisset, nnd scam. Till oicr the buttons I fall ssleep, And sew them on in n dream I "O! Men, with Sitrrs dear! Ol Men, with Mothers and Wiics! It i not linen you'ri Swearing out, creatures' licsl Stitch stitch stitch, In poverty, luingct nml dirt, Sewing at once, with a, double thread, A Shroud as well as a Shin. 11 But why dol talk of death Thatl'liantom ofcrisly bone, 1 hardlv fear in terrible shape, It seems so like my own llecau'e of tho fasts I keep O, Rod ! lint bread should bo so dear, And Mesh and blojdso cheap! " Work work work ! My labor never the : And what aretts wascs 7 A bed of straw, A crut of bread and rairs t A lalter'd roof nnd this n iked floor A table a brnki n chair And a wall so blank, my Fhadnw I thank, I'or sometimes falling thcie! " Work work work ! I'rom weary ehime to chime; Work Cvoik- work, As prisoners work for crime ! Hand, and gusset, and seam, Scam, and guset, nnd band, Till the heart is sick, and tho brain benumb' d As well as tho weary hand. " Work work woik, In the dull December light, And work woik work, When the weather is warm and bright While underneath thecaves, The brooding swallows cling, As if to show me their sunny backs, And twit me with tho Spring. " Oh ! but to breathe breath Of the cowslip and primrose sweet With the skv above my head, Anil the grass beneath my feet! t-'nron'y 0110 hoit hour To feel as I ued 10 feel. Ueforel knew the woes of want, And the walk that costs me a meal I 'Oh! but one !inrt hour ! A respite however brief! No blessed leisure for I.ncor Hopoj liut only time for (iricf! A little weping would easo my heart, Hut in their briny I ed Mv tear ni'ist stop for everv drop Hinders needle and thread!" Willi finders weary nnd worn, With cyiilds heavy nnd red, A woman sat, in unwomanly rags, l'lving her needle an I thread Stitch stiteh stitch ! In poverty, hunser and dirt, And still, with a voice of dolorous pitch Would that its tone could reach the Kich ! .he sang this "Song of the Shirt !" I London Punch. K LEG ANT EXTRACT. Tho following is an extract from an oration delivered by Or. George IV. Itethune before the Literary Societies of Dickinson's College. Tho oration opens with the following fine pas sage : " There is a story told somewhere, of ono who came back, after a long absence, to tho scones of his youth. He had gone forth in early advon. turn to distant lands, and the hope of return had cheered his many years of foreign toil until the noon of life found him drawing near once moro to the only spot that ho ever could call home. Ilis heart boat more and moro quickly as tho mountains around tho village arose in tho blue distance ; thou, as he saw tho spire of the vil lage church, or the well remembered trees grown old hut still greon ; and then he entered tho cheerful Mrcct. .Many a dwelling was fa. miliar, though touched by time ; hut among tho groups about their throshhulds, and those who mot him on the walk, there was not a face that he know, or that knew him. Ho passed on through tho abodes of tho living to tho resting place of the dead; and there ho found graven on stones, many names tint wore written on his soul. All whom ho had hoped to moot again, were gone, or wero buried, or had forgotten him. lie was alone, a stranger in his early home. IIu paused to look around him. There stood the venerable edifice within which his young mind had been trained to learning. There was the green where he had leaped and shouted with his fellows. There flowed the little stream from the shaded spring which had so often slack, ed his summer thirst. He followed it to the path deep beaten in tho sod. Ho stopped and took ono long cool draught; his tears fell on the calm water's face ; ho lifted his hat from his head, breathed a prayer, and departed to return no more." " With somo 6iich emotions does your orator addre&a you now. A score of years has passed .: t. ir. r... ,i uueso academic sliai'cs, dear from a thousand rlneinones of happy youth. They wero then populous with his friend', and llioir classic ox dilations wero directed hy tho kind and parental 8olicitude of teachers to whoso skill, fidelity and gratitude can never make sufficient payment Ho has trodden tho college walls again to-day, andi has seen within them many happy faces in tiw bloom of youth ; but thoso whom ha loved .o greet with frank regard, aro all gone. Komo aro in tho grave ; tho rest widely scattered through a cold world, never to know again the buoyant happiness and careless wealth of affec tion that hero blessed them and him. Hut thanks bo to God ! the fountain of truth at which thoy drank, still pours forth its living waters ; tho path to lUtlll deep beaten hy youthful feet, and I have come to tako ono draught with you ; to send up a prayer to tho father of lights, who causes it to flow and to go my way." PovenTV. At a l.ito celobration, a 1 pOOri l, i. nrnm nlTm-ml ll, fll , 1 1.1 . i . . ,daro say you have, cream of tartar punch. ,nq.l Ulnar IQ a MP1lll In i'nvrrfti WeilL-.'.r . - I .. toast : -near ,s . o , rcy-,t sticks by you when all other IricnUs lorsako you.", THE I.ri'TLK CHILD'S GRAVE. A correspondent of a Now Orleans paper, writing from tho interior of llio Island of Cuba, says : "Some lime sinee, I viii'ed tho grave yard nt this place. While there, I siw threu funerals ono was .1 man, the other two, children. Happening to bo near oneof the children, I looked at it, ( for tho coffin was open,)nnd was much surprised nt seeing the fai-o of n j my surprise, remarked that it was customarv to ' i may now tako potash united Willi rouge Hie face nf children jutl brfora burial. What a dose of oil of vitriol eqtialolit to tho tar mockery i What hypocrisy! A pdlow was placed j tjirio acid iii the cream of tartar, without sc m the grave, tho out of the coflin, ... ' and its head placed upon it, the shroud placed over it, . nous nijtny. and thoearth was then thrown upon it by the friends g js j, rP,.1(Br J forming ; tho acids of and then left to its last resting place. Oil its head 1 . ' .11 7 1 . , rest more tranquilly on its pillow !-Did re-r make some salts aro not only harmless, but beno- itsfice fairer or prettier, or moro aceeptablo beforo I fictal tt) plants ; others aro actual poisons. the Tl.rono of Rod 1" ,, ,, Ms(, u,p , ,)om js, pllnlSi W hy is it mockery to rouge the face of tho as common salt helps to nourish yourself; in child ! Why is it hypocrisy 3 Who tint trca- J 0IP1. cn3PS twy pis l,.,tS) just tis thoy stire.t up tho memory of tho little one that Cod j would impiir your constitution, pcilmps kill has called away from the Ib-ck, hut delight to you. Eiil it is to bo remembered, ns in our retain tho iccollection of its most pleasing looks : own enso, oven those that poison, in tt small the smile that lingered along tho lip ; the last ' dose, bocomo medicines, so in plants, a glance tho eye gave as its lid dropped in death ; ' small tloso is not only good, but truly c.sson tho gently bitdtliurr teeth, iust noeriti" through ! Hal. Now if wo dhido tho acids ittlo two the ruby of the hps ; the fine blue vein that lays , along the cheek, and swells over tho marble 1 front; the silly lock of hair tint comes sloping ' down tho temple thei-o seem marked upon tho mind with tho exactness and fidelity of Daguer reotype presentation. And if tho slight tingr, wnicu wasting sicKncss lias driven from 'In- ( from Hie , check of tho little one, is recalled hv art. dees 1 it not help the figure, and keep alive in memo- ry, the perfection of that idea, that parental fund- j ness husbands in Iho heart as ils treasures of, memory that which is to make Heaven more j heavenly, when the family shall bo ro."athercd .' ! And what hypocrisy is there in that? Dj men deceive the worms .' ' Did the mngo make tho face more nccoptn. hie before the throne of God ." What a qtics. tion for a cynic to ask ! How unpaternal, how unchristian ! Surely the heart must have sick, enod when it asked that question, lint if rottg. ing tho cheek is hypocrisy, nerhans thn doennev of sepulturo is no less so. Tho little white I roao : the crosod hands, mid nml ivliitn n robo ; the crosod hands, cold and white as wa ; tho lid drawn down to cover tho fading eye bail, whose hue is marking all tho wliito of the sur rounding orb ; the little procession that forth to tho gr.-uv, that very train that follows weeping all these are a part of the hypoarisy. And then whan the little form wa lifted from its coffin and Ia:d in its cold bed, and a pillow piaceu ticncalli its ttntlirobbing temiilo. it is asked did its head ret more tranquilly on its j pillow!!!! Who that has sat in tho broken circle at home, ,t.n all . , I,;..!, . i i speak, of the little child just laid in tho grave ; j Who Ills lint folt n rllill erpi.n ril'nr Mm nt Itm I thought that the cold earth was above, around, and beluw, their lovely le-t one; and then tho idea of pillow and shroud would bring a nvimcn tiry comfort to the aching heart, far preferable to tho chilling conclusion, that death had made the babe insensible to cold and pain. No, tho head is not easier for the pillow, and the face will not he moro acceptable before the Throne, for the rouge. Jlul tlioso who deck out the infant, mako it beautiful for their love of it bore, and their hope of its destiny horei.fter. U. H. (! turtle. PMZE ESSAY ()NSMANURE. Sr.cTin.N- Fii'Tit. Of the Action of the sails of Cattle Dung. Hero it is wo find ourselves thrown on a sea of opinions, without chart, compass, or ministers to the want of a healthy plant. i utiely with the grey locks and d.n I; ever pilot, if we trust to the conflicting theories The samo is true of tho common salt or tho Bll,,ns on either side. The base spread out which liavo been set up for land-marks and muriate of soda of dung. If it existed in j un tlw fro.un basin below in a gradual slopo light-houses. Let its therefore reader, trust larger quantities it would noison the nlants 1 "I1 which somo of our patty, both ladies and to ourselves, aided by tho little chemistry wo have learned from the precoding remarks auout the composition ot salts. 1 havu endeavored to imiircss on vottr memory, that tho leim salt is verv compiu- 1 : ii . . iii-iisive. out men, 111 encourage one, It is also to be remembered, that salts aro com- pounds of alkalies, earths, and metals with acids. Now the earths, alkalies, metals, may ho united to each of tllu known acids, I 1 .1 . . . , . . 1 (aim tneir name is legion,; yet you may not, oy tuts cnango 01 actus, utter 1110 nature ol , ttic eartii, atiiaii or metal. That always re mains tho same ; every time you change the acid, you alter the chancier of tho salt. Thus soda may bo united to oil of vitriol and form Glauber's salt, or lo aquafortis anil form South American saltpelro, or to muri atic acid and form common tablo salt. Tho sod.t is called tho base or basis of this salt ; . ,s ' ys sotia-you t.o not change its r ,nr!l.i.r In' Miti iwrmrr lit.. ..i.l '!. , . . . . another example : lime 'may bo united to carbonic acid and form chalk, or marble, or limestone, or it may bo united to oil of vitri ol and form plaster of Paris, or to phosphor ic acid anil form bone-dust. Now, in each case, tho haso of thu salt, that is. tlto lime, remains unchanged ; hut, changing tho acid, wo ehango trio nature of tho salt, and oi course its effects will ho different. Now it is plain, that where the haso of the salt re mains the same, that will always act tho same, nut inherent ellecls will ho produced by dtllerent acids. Each base acts always ono way, but each bus an action similar lo every other. Each acid acis also one way, but each has tin action distinct from every other: impress this on your mind. Reflect upon it a moment, and you will perceive that salts prodtico different effects accoiding to tho naturo of their acid. Now this may bo illustrated thus: you tako every day, probably, witli your every meal, common salt, that is. soda, a base, united to muriatic acid. Your digestion and health aro all tho belter for it. You give your cattlu a littlo salt : it docs them good. Suppose now you change the acit! of that salt, leaving soda, its base, in tho samo quantity you daily lake. Instead of tho muriatic, suppose you substi tute tho nitric acid, or, what is tho same thing, supposn you nsu sallpnlro, from Peru, instead of common salt. You need not bo 'tr.i.1 ii,..i ..r... ...... ,t.i : .ir 1 ."". j.... ..uiiiii iuisun juuiaim uiivi ' .VOlir CUltlO Oy SO (lOlng. 0IICat) UNUK, I Y() fu, bultcr fl)r it, ,( rff ' slillR( cooling, opening. Now, cio.nn of tartar is n suit of polnsh: it is potash nnd tartaric acid. You have a fever : your doctor (jives you it sweat with Silvius's suit, that is, nee tnto oC niiiiiionia, :i salt composed oC that and vinegar; or you take pcihaps an effer vescing draught, Conned of lemoii-juice and peatl-asltcs. All doe yon good : but sup pose now vou chance theso cooling, vecet- nljlo finds Cor tt mineral acid, say oil oC vit- classes, lliu liourishers and the poisoners, such will also ho the natiiro oC tho salts. When wo thcieforc attempt such 11 general division of the salts, it may bo said that all , tlto acids detived C10111 tho vcel,ihlo kint.'- tlntn are harmless : so aro tho acids called miiicral, vet whoso comiinnents aro in nail Mb,, itwwf, nf tint vi. hi. lol. I,. nei.U fur in. 1 i k t. tlioso of tli st.-mo. nnnofni iU nnuafortis or nitric nciil. Hut thn li no mineral acids aro poisonous, such aro oil oC vitriol nnd spit its of sail. Ono thing is here to bo borno in mind. It must never out of sight, in try ing to understand bow S1'ls mi'lio plants grow. Vou cast your salt upon tho ground, it lies there, 110 action oc curs. It rains. Your salt is dissolved and disappears; it seems to do no good. Cast your salt now among sprouting seeds, nnd growing toots, hero is lil'o ; well, now, liCo is just as much 11 power or Corro as electric ity is. It exerts its force, no matter bow, tint is (Mtito another consideration. I sav. liCo exotts ils forco hero to separate the .icid all iho base oC a salt, just like a chemical I c. in.. 1.1 .1 I force. Wo can and do separate the contpo- ct"'' 111 ",0 CMb' part of tho month. The nents of salts by other substances, nay, wei Cnzenovi 1 Eagio thus describes what must, do it by electricity alone. " 1 indeed, have been a beautiful sight : Now this is all which it is necessary Cor " Curious to seo liowthov had been alToc yott to know, and to understand about this' ted hv ihn fVnst. ft! action nf plants upon salts: it does disunite the components ol tho salts. What is the consequence 1 The alkali, act tis such, tho samo ns earlli, and metal , if no acid was ' !llx'scnt. ''ho acid also acts by itself ; if it 1 inn noitrislier, it helps tlm plant; it it is a J'0'8"1"-'1'. 't "nrls .t, It produces either a healthy, gremi cro, tho eliect of alkali, or i stunted yellow, sickly plant, tho efii'Ct oC acids. Now, neiitrali.o this acid kill it and you sec your crops start into luxuri ance, and you reap where you liavo strewed. So much Cor illustration. Let us now apply this viow oC tho action oC salts to those contained in catllo dung. In tho first place, we have salts of potash, of sodti, of lime ; theso aro tho most abun dant and active. Then wo have salts of iron, manganese, of clnv and magnesia. These last, existing in small proportion, niay no thrown out ol tho account, homing in mind, however, that, though wo set those aside, a plant does not ; ihey enter equally with tho others into ils composition. Let tis begin with iho sails of potash. It is fount! combined in catllo dung, first, with a vego- ... 1. 1 i .i . , . . . tame acid, mo acid o mould. is a nnur ulo acid, tlto acid ol mould. isher of plants. Secondly, with sulphuric i arid or tho acid of sulphur," called oil of vit- i riol. This is ono of the poisoners, existing i only in small proportion in cowduu": it which it might ho applied. Tho next sails aro thoso of lime, phosphalo tint! sul-! pnatu ol lime, or limn united to sulphuric and and phosphotic acid, forming plaster and j bone-dust. Tho acids here, if ahundantt , 1. 11... .l .'.i 1 , 1 .. woum nave a tieciueii utiu innuence they aro poisoners : hut tho catbonie acid in the carbouaso of lime, is a tiouiisher. Now from tho small quantity in which these all uxist in catllo dung, they act onlv boncficial- 1.. t... .1- .. 1 y. nut 11 you apply a great excess, even 01 camo tiuug, you may uo sure ol an tin favorable result. It will be produced hv the acids of thoso salts which wo have called poisonous. 1 o continue our remarks on tho acids ol sails of dung, it is to ho observed, that they act also upon the soil They decomposo that. That is, they ex tract from tho soil alkalies.or oilier substan 1 ces, like thoso in the original salt. Now ,lullh il)pit,j .7 , ' 1 . . . be. 111 verv small doses in catllo dung, yet, hecatisu of their decomposing action on soil, they con tinually renew themselves, thoy last "till all their acid is taken up to supply tho wants oC growing plains. Let us now, reader, iC you understand how tho acids of the stilts oC dung act, turn to the bases or tho alkalies and metals and eniths of theso sails. What is llioir aclion ? What purpose do they serve in dung appli ed us manure? First, they enter into and form apaitof iho living plant : thoy form a part of ils necess iry food so much as do iho constituents of mould. Secondly, when theso alkalies and metallic bases "tiro let loose, by tho disuniting power of a growing plant, then they act as alkalies upon mould. They I lasteti decay, render mould then moro soluble, fit it to become food for plants. This account of the action of mould and stilts in cattlu dung, may appear lo you reader, long and hard to bo understood. I do request you not to pass it over on that account. A patient reading perhaps some may requite two or more readings will nut you in possession of all you need to know,! to understand the why and Iho wherefore of theaciion of mould and sails of wltatover mantiro may bo used. hat has been stud cf tiio nclion of moult and salts .in cattle dung, is equally iitinlicnhlu to all manures, If then, you bend your bones to this subject, and master it. vottr labor of iindm-sinn,lm ,1m action of oil,.- manures, will bo redu I ,, tu 10 me,o statement of tho several sub - stances which they may contain. Wo then- Coro proceed to point out other manures, composed oC tlto droppings oC animals. SrxfioN Sixth. Of 'Night Soil, Hog Manure, Horse and. ... tshcrp JJitng. Theso have not till been analysed with lite samo degree of care, and as often, as has canto dung. Sonic, ns Cor instance, night soil, liavo been examined thoroughly but once. Now, it is not quite Cair to basu our reasoning upon thrsp single analyses, and say that this or that tnantiru contains this 01 that salt in greater or less quantity than another. Tho quantity nnd kind oC salts aro mate rially affected by several circumstances, which will bo considered in tho next section. An analysts made when the animal is Ced and worked one way, will vary from the re sult which would ho obtained when the cir cumstances aro varied. It is, therefore, quite useless, in iho general consideration of the composition of manures, to enter upon the details of enrh. (Jeneral resulis, gener al expressions of facts, aro sufficient Cor un derstanding llio nature of animal droppings. It is well ascertained, however, that all these droppings, of various animals, contain es sentially tho s urio salts as does catllo dung. Thry all contain portions oC each of the substances which Conn plants. It will bo enough Cor (ho put poso oC this Essay, to present to your vy, reader, a table, showing lliu proportions oC water, mould, ami salts, which tho dung oC yourself and your stock contain. Water, ire, 7'i.SO Mould. J.i -jO 27.00 2':.50 Salts. 1.20 Night soil and hog Horse dung. Sheep dung, 71 20 C7.S0 (To be continual.) .95 3.00 A FROZEN WATERFALL. Tho beautiful waterfalls on tho Chitten ango, Conning in summer a cascade neatly ono bundled and forty feet in height, have been entirely frozen dining tho excessive on eight or ten successive nights to from two to fifteen dt'L'rees below xeioA un lUhml ihem the other dav. ami on di.srpnilinir 1!,.. long step path which leads to the stream he- low the ('.ill, wo worn by a specta- i. ii m vunii our expectations, mm more bt'autiliil than our fancy had ever painted. The whole tall, Cioni summit to base, and moro than a bundled leet in width, was completely enshrouded in ice, so thicklv as to prevent tho usually noisy cascade from being heard, save in a low "gurgle, and to hide it entirely from viow, except where, at ono point, tho" veil was so ihin as to allow the dashing water to show through. On tho ledges, it spread into" broad dtif: like masses, frozen into a thousand tinv swells and undulations, which mused a pro saic lady of our party to comparu it to a Srt'''1 Cil ower; but tho nernendicnlar itches were hung with niviiatls nf irirh.s varying in length Croni twenty feet to an inch, with which last the l.irger'ono bristled throughout their length. Wlicie these hung near a recess in tho ice, a Ciint, translucent greenish lingo was nei coptiblo : otherwise tho color was pure while, like alabaster, and l',u Pneral appeaianco of tho whole, was l,iat ol" !', K'gantic mass of stalactite like llmsu "Inch yo had seen taken from the Rreat cavern in Schohaiio and contrasted 1,'nnilcmcii, scrambled, till they could stand "'der a sot t of mvnited Gothic canopy of 'cicies, anti 101 -1110(1, 111 their many inulllings, 11 Rroup quilo in dnr.iclur with the arctic air j 'lu V"',0J" '''"! ,rui!S !l tb l. l-idrin (ion 11 wiiu iiicriisioti ice, uen Itl.o leather over all, and lormed as j could have been desired. iceCul a finish as This beautiful object was formed hv the treezing ol tho spray on the rocks at tho bottom, and tho btoad shelves above, in ; constantly increasing piles, until rising high ! er nnd higher, it concealed tho whole cas cade. Checked in some degree hv th ico. ' ms irom the stream spread out far wider 1 than in summer, anil dripping over the fro- .on mass, decorated it with thousand ol pen- dents, until the thickness of tho covering forming somo protection against llio intense cold, tho passagn below became cleared, and 1 1110 water iiowed ireely Uenealh its singular screen. CUItlOUS MATRIMONIAL LAW. A Kandyan lady had married fivo broth ers! The eldest of thorn, for what reason was not staled, had seceded from tho joint - stock concern, and married another woman; anil Having alieiwaids, liy groat economy 1 "uuriy 10 . ransom to you tor publication, In or and industry, contrived to accumulate somo ('or 1(1 correct that writer's mistakes or intention, money, ho had been able to purchase a few 1 al misrepresentations. acres ol land. Ho thon died; upon which very naturally, all ho possessed was taken possession of hy his (second) wife, fur her self and Iwo children. The lady, however, with four remaining husbands and children, canio into court, to claim tiny money or land ! l" r.'.IV0 'ml a" account of tho Merino sheep of which might have been in any way acquired I Sl,ai" an'J "f 1tn,oir, introduction into this conn, or left by the elder brother. I wits about , try' ltc" &c ' 1 l,al1 w"h l,lcafrr 't so far to dismi ihe case ; but, on refining to tho JffiXK .1 aggressors 1 was informed that, nccordmg ! 8incc Kavo much attention to tho subject, from a to ancient Kandyan law nnd custom, the de-1 conviction that tho woo! growing business in ceased having niong witli bis four brothers, tho L'uited .States would provo a source of ' na volunliirily nmrrieii the lady, all ho possess- tional prosperity. In Spain tho fine wooled ed at liis death must go to tho joint-stock f,l00l1!i'e divided into two clasps ; tho trashu. company. I was, therefore, much against T".,C9 or favcllm Kliccp and I iho estatites or n,v,v!ll ,,I,li,l ,.i..:.i i:....i..n tn stationary sheop. 7 ho wool of the trashunian- I could do, was to refer tho easo to tho iudi cial commissioner ut Kandy, trusting thin ho would call tho attention of novcrnmcnt to what appeared to mo to ho such an uniust law, thru it could only bo tolerated or sub- iniiind in hv ., ,,nn..l i,.i.nri n,l it,,. ,.l ways degrading yoku of heathenism and ,la,ll' owner forthonolt income. Two shepherds, nf LJ ...t...... ....... " u.' ' ' " d"2a alld . pach.horfo or mule aro employ. ' ofat.y kind.-CVtc Ihcuysians, fc, in Crvlon. . 1.1 , , , ... . L'.ll'iiii'iiiuijjsaii'Jiijiiic: POCT'.S DOG. the TI10 manner in which Pope, tho great En glish poet, was preserved by tho sagacity of his dog, is truly remarkable. This animal. who was called Marquis, could never acreo ' ...:.i. e. 1. ..'.. v . ' Willi a lavorito servant of his master ! bo constantly growled when near linn, and would I even show his teeth when the servant ap proached. Although tho poet was singular- ' ly attacited to tins dog, which was a spaniel of tlto largest species, yet, on account ol his extiomo neatness, ho would never allow him to bo in his chamber at night. Neycrthe-1 less, in spite of positive orders, the spaniel 1 would frequently sncuk, towaids evening, in to tho apaitmont or his master, and would not bo diiveu from it without tho greatest dif ficulty. Ono evening, having slipped very slily in without being perceived, tho animiil placed himself under his master's bed. ami lemain etl there. Towards morning, the scivant above rofcricd to, onteied tho chamber of Pope. At this moment, the dog suddenly left his post and leaped on tho villain, who was armed with a pistol. Tho poet started from his sleep, and throwing open the win dow to call lor assistance, ho beheld three highwaymen, who had been introduced hv I his servant into the garden of his villa, for the j purpose 01 roiuitng mm. wisconccttetl uy ! this unforeseen accident, the tobbcrs hesitated , a moment and then took flight. Tho servant thus betiayed by the watchful dog, was sen- leutou 10 loncn ins tile. Tho same dog, shortly after this singular event, exhibited another proof of his remark able instinct. Pope, roposiii" one afternoon in a little wood about twclo miles distant from hi-, house, lost a watch oC great value. no (no not discover lus loss until he had reached home. Two or threo hours had elapsed, and a violent storm was just com mencing. The poet called his dog, and ma king a sign, which Marquis very well under stood, he said, " I have Inst my watch go look for it." At these words'Marqnis de parted, and repaired, 110 doubt, to every spot at which his master stopped. Tho poor animal was so long occupied in search, as to cicato great anxiety, for midnight had arrived, ami ho had not return ed. Wh it was the astonishment of Pope, when fti lisiug in the morning, he opened his chamber door, and thero beheld his faithful messenger, lying quietly, and holding in his month tho costly jewel", w ilh which he had returned perfectly uninjured, mid which was tho moro highly valued by the poet, from its having been piesented to" him by the Queen of England. Memfs Museum. II . .11 . . ! I . A MAT HON OF TG. Mr. Uarto of Ferrishitrgli, a few davs since, left at our oflicu Cor inspection, n lock oC hair taken fiom the head of Mis. Mary liarto, of Ilinesburgb, who is now above 102 years of age ; and strange to say wo have been unable to discover a grav hair in it. The health of iho old lady, he" informs us, h exceedingly good, .sbu dresses and undresses herself w ilh perfect easo and with out assistance, her nppctite is good mid her intellectual faculties remain unimpaired. Sho is somewhat noted for hr sociality, talks with familiarity upon nil subjects recollects distinctly, transactions that trans pired when sho was hut four years old. Gives a graphic description of the taking of Albany by iho Indians, previous to llio old French war, relates many of tho events of the French war and thu Revolution, and tells the different ages of her own extensive family, ami a largo circle of grand children, great great grand children, ifcc Vcrgennes Vcrmuntcr. A fellow having drank loo much when mowing, was obliged to crawl homo on his hands and knees. While performing this nice operation through a pasture, tho father of a Ilock of sheep percriving a black thing approaching, lowered his head also, and making a rush, knocked tho ' corned' thing head over heels. CfSPOiii'E'A'florv Ul SlVlllXO WEATiinnsriEU), Yt., Feb. 12, IS II. Messrs. V.lakv. and Daily : Gentlemen : Some eight or ten weeks since, 1 saw an arti cle in your paper, extracted, I b3lieve, fiom tho iiuany cultivator, purporting M give an ac- j count of tho introduction of inorino shoop into tho United States, for the benefit of posterity which account savored much more of a want of information on the part of Iho writer than nf his capacity to instruct posterity. I intonded immediately to have answered it and corrected his errors, but various avocations drew off my attention from it until I received n letter from I.. I). Gregory, Esq.; and I enclose n copy of the answer, aa Hflording Information of a relia. ble character, which my official situation, and 1 1,ci"ff principally cnncei ned, amply afforded mo ! 1,10 lneans of obtaining-, nnd which I tako tho Respectfully, Vt. JAKVIS. WEATiinissnrxn, Jan 31, 1311, I.. I). (iittGoitr, Fsq. Dear Sin : In reply . ..,. tnii... .,r ,i, ir,,i. ' to your letter of tho 15th inst., renuestt'ns mo owing, undoubtedly, to tlm superior euro and attontion which is givon to Ihem, Tho trashu. mantes aro owned in docks from fi.OOO to iiO.OOO ; i tundenco of a mayoral, who has tho wholu con. Jtrolovnr the llock nnd annually accounts with . mo tarter nocKsnro n arpo iiiuior hip niir....;... ... - - ..... w mi.,, .,.,! ZXnZlnc i.rincipally kept, viz the Leoncea, which are hy far tho most numerous and aro universally esteemed tho finest sheep in .Sp'iin ; tho Hero. vian, which are considered thu next host, mid tho .Sorian, which are deemed a little inferior to f .... iiiu i.uier. i never saw any oi the Seyiivtan or Striftftll clinnn ...,.t ,l...r.. .l. ..c .1 r. D..iv. .nil. iiiuiuiuiu hpu.'IK 01 lllClll IIUIIl their (fonoral character, dprivod from .Siianiards tho best informed nn the subject. 'J'ho Leone, sa aro pastured iti the summer on tho tiiotin. tainous and hilly country of Imiii and tho two Castilo--, and in tho fall arc dm en into thu plains of I'stratnadur.t to bo paslurud tlimuh the winter. Many of llioir flock aro driven two hundred tivlos frnm tho summer to the winter pasture anu r(cs rersu. r-nmo explanation wni lnj no. ccssary for tho better undorstandni of the cattio of this managompnt. 'J'ho p'.u't.s of Span, ish l',--traiindiira aro subjected lo an almost in variable drouiriit from the latter part of April to the autumnal ccjinnn.v, Jaut Iho rains commence about tho "1st of 'joptember am! contimio to fa. I every two or three days hi vrv heavy showers till the I.Ttnr part" ol March, when they srradually fall ufT till ihe end ol April. In st or seven week.. Irom tho lirat rain, from nn apparently ar'd waste. Ihn'o plains are covered with a beautiful coat of verdure and so contin. uo Itll April, ax tho thermometer rirolv fall h'jlow Hr of r.ihrenhcit. nt ninrise. U'hilst til ! llblihS nro tlllia ivircl.n.t tin ;,, ,,, I... ... .... ... , tll ,,r ,,, y droupht in the mountaino'is and h;l!y re 'inn-1 tl nv l,s, ,,pnn.-..,.ntl.. ,f...i.: i ' J ... w. i.ijf I c-il L".IIII r.lillF, W.IIUO there keep their pistures good thrmiirhotit thi u,.i,.,r.i. 'tu...:. O...I ll.. . ............. ..I..! unlive ,iru npii.iiiy bi.ii on n: the tinnihof April from the plains of Ivdn nndtira lo the;r sunimor pisltirex, and in Octo. her hack again. 'I'hpy are penor.illy sheared in tho latter part of M iy and tho wool is .-out to St. A micro and Iklboa, the two nn.irest sea. ports In their Mitnmor pistu.-cc, for file. Tho propriotuis of the flocks always own latidrf in tl,i; tnnuntniiis and m tlm t,t,i,a .,,mntn.., r... both thoil-HUinmor and winter pastures.. IVom tue circutnstanco ol llmir sl.cep bointf fed the year round tip-ut green fodder, it w.uthe genor ul opinion in Spun, tint thy merino would not succeed in any o'hor country. Hut the expert, ments made in S i-.onv, in "170."), hv the intro. ductioti in that year of tin Spanish merino, it has been proved beyond all question t with pmpcr i ii o a an management, wool can 1,0 grown q iito as lino as'lho Spanish, when fed upon dry fodder 'fVur lo ffl" in the year! In fad they have succeeded in all countries , , : , in iiiiiauu and their deterioration there must, undoubtedly ll. I II I ITJI lll'.IU IllUOtf llT.tllUl(,'Ul) bo owir.jj to the ctrcmc humidity ot that cli 0 extreme humidity of that ch- 'J'ho orig:n of tho fine wooled shoop of Spain appears to be a question of much doubt. It is certain that Columella, a Hpiuisb writer on agriculture in the diys of Al'UsIus Cesar. speaks of lino wooled or covered siwep. It is prohahlo they were carried into that country by the Carthagenians or It- mans, an the name marcno, implies in .Spanish, fiom or beyond the i-e.l. liut it is of I ttle nnrn L thr,p km. liut itisofhttlecuence to thoso who wan a soft, warm, handsome garment, whether those sliocp wero natives of .S'pstn, or tvt.i.ltinr ll... nA.T. ! .-!!... " ""S'ihi cium was iiuporieu lino ll from another country. I shall now call vnnr nttpotinn tis ihn fii-ct tn troduclion of them into tho United States. "nn after tlioacco sum of .Mr. Jcllbrtoti to tio Presidency, Ch incellor Li ingston waa appoint. ed .lmi.-tor tn T-Vmcn. ntwl tn l.'lll n.. 11.11-1 I,. obtained from that Oovormnant three or four mermns of tho n.imbotnllet llock, which ho cent to New Vork and nut on one of his farm. This llock was obtained hv tho kinrr of franco from tiio kinj of Spain and wero undoubtedly pute Ldcudod sheep. A little beforo uen. Ilumphrevs loft .Spain ho was enabled to get two hundred itioep irom spam into t'oitugal, aim thoy wore mill in Purlin! rn ll,n .. ,l.n M.'....... . w... ... . ... ,..,.u.i, u. ,uu ilAUlllH.' II, and thence shipped to tho United States, l-'ioni what llork he ootaincd them I never could learn, thouyh'! enquired a number of times; but ns Soaninb I .ivmi linrilnnit. !,.,,,,. ,tal frnr.i .T5 J .,f Inl tln.ln l l... I. .... I .u., .,, i.imi.ub iiiu u.'iiiiviil uiui'i" daryof l'ortugal, and as no other than tho Loo. nrsa trnshumanlcs aro found in that part of .-spatn lucre can no but little doubt tutu thoy bo lonired to that race. I attempted, in 1S00,' also in 1607, to obtain soma from tho most celebrated docks, but tho laws wore so strict against their pxpor'atiou without roval licenses thit I faded if t.ucci?r. After tho French invasion in ISO:?, the laws became more relaxed, and in 1S0L', by special favor, I obtained two hundred escttrials. At the sccund n:asion of tho French, under do. -oph lionaparte, the rapidity of tho inarch of tha Fionch troops hurried the tJiiprcmo Junta Irom .1idra! and they retired to li.ul.ijos. l!-;ing .v.ihout m-.tioy and being afraid of disgusting tho F.stramadus, by levying a tax upun them, they wero compelled to toil lour of tho !irt tlocka in Spain, which had been confiscated in conse quence of the proprictoia joining the French. I'heso wero tho l'aular, previously owned by tho l'nnco of Foaee, the Negretti' previously owned by the Coude Del Catnpo de Alansc, the Aguetrras, which had boon owned by the Guide of the samo name, and tho iUontarco, owned by the Conde de .1nntarce, and were such shoep ascnuid nut have been got out of Spain, had it not been for lliu inviibiou of tho French and the distracted stalo of the country growing out of that invasion. When the Junta cold, it was up. on tho express condition of their granting lie on. ces to carry them out of tho kingdom. Four thousand ot tha raular llicK wciotent lo Fin, land f.,r tlio !., il ',.1 Il.u-ni,. u . I. " .....,m, ,-iuilii ifficer in the Ilritisli service, but who tlmu held tho rank of General in the Spanish service, and i ... ..i...' i.i.. , J", .' . ' " " ,, fuiu cu mil -nUii i-r oi me hoc;, uplweon ... .. ... ...... ,...,., ,,,,3 jlllr. chase I took fourteen hundred, and ho sent the rost to S.'iitlain' wuli ilm n.n,;.. ,.t .... ... iron ai ii innr in kiiiii i.wirn ..r ,i. ..... . . ... .... w ...... ...11,11 ,. LIlJll..l , . ,.'ll,-l!UilUUr91 three hundrod, which he sold to come lo this M enXV citntrv. Sir Charles Stewart nrchaa,l . V?1 ' 1.0.n.JV..,l",',fil,":, "'ink then, i, a Nogretti llock nnd sent ihem to FnM.m.l with tho exception of about a hundred I got out of his llock after thpy reached l.trbon. I purcha. sed about seventeen hundred of the Aigueirras Hock of the Junta and tha remainder w-as sold sent to England. The Moutarco (1 ,rk bought by a Spaniard and a Portuguese and uiivi,,. ...ii inuua.i ct i.u.L'1. i.uii.iroa woro snin. ..... v.. . ! nni in i i a rrtiiturv. i wi,ii.n,i t,- i.r. it.,:. .,.11 States, the fourteen h. iiddT.. Zr L .. sami vcveu iiunureii . :ttpirra, two liundrid lis-. Cllrial. OtlO llUlldr.'d iVoirrolli j ami fil.m,l 1 , , , . . . ... hundred Montiirco. Of this number alnut one hundred wero sent to Wiscasset and Portland, one thousand ot.e hundred to lioston and Now buryport, one thousand fivo hundred to Now Vork, threo hundred and fitly lo Philadelphia, two hundred and fifty to ltiltimore, one hundred to Alexandria, and t'wo hundred lo Norfolk and Richmond. Iieaidos thoso which I plumed to th" United States on my own account, there worn nbnitt llirnn luii,,lrn.l (!,,..lnl..nn . ......1.. ...... ....... .....w ,,.,..,,WM . U,lll.t.l.iUS llllll'l sed hy others and two hundred to three liunJri'd of tho l'aular thick sold by C.'en. Dnwme, ship- puu 10 uosioti ; and ol llio .Moutarco llork, ship, pod hy other, about two thousand fivo hundred wero tent to lioston, Providence, Nmv Vork, Philadelphia, Jliltunnro and Savannah. Tho Guadaloupcs, Paulars, and .lfontarcos, which wero shipped lo lioston by o'lters, wore for tho account of Oorham Parsons, I'su.. (5en. Huinnior. I Ilea. ItClienor, and II. II. Derby, Isq. 'theso sheep wero slnpped in tho latter part nf 1601), during. HID and. ho early part of ?18U, and wero the only Leoiietatrii.l.uinanti-s. if n.. ,' ... .. .. . : include, (an. HumnhrexV and I'liaucelli-r ingstonV, (which I liavo no doubt wore "f 'h-' Mine utorlO that wero sh'ppcd to Iho Uorrd Sllnln. I. .!.!.. !. 1. .. I .. .....u.-.-. mwijii-iis oai nine one hundred from Lisbon, and all the !ieep I'urci t-ed there and m that vicinity, wCru flopped tro .1 l.'sbon. I wbs then f.'onsii' thorp, nod fiom nt. nee was accurately ncquain'ed with all tho t-hqi. inontf, ns cort-firalos of property from mo al ways accompanied 'hem. I have "bom tins 1,1 . tiutc, because a wr tor, without ifiiatlire, m 1 to Albany agricultural piper, within two it Ihreo month". Inn pretended with much flourish, togivo a history of tho importation of morim- tn'o this mimtry, for the beii"lit of pos enty 1 wo qui Cfontial for an histories writer. I'lio first is a thorougb knowledge of hi" subject. Iho second great impartiality. Rut so fur li-oiii correctly informing posterity, tins writer h is hnnolf diKu'aye.l great iL'.mrnn:, or a ernes want of impart a.ity, as the above facts, nr stly taken from papers in inv nossesMon. when rompared with his statements, will cleat !y show. I rhall now, in omplhnne with ynnr wishes. c!v you ademption of the sVi-o nf tho diflcrcnt ll.r'.s -ent to tin, ,tr.. -ty p,ltl!ar, ,vue un,Imi,,tI.u r -1 J 1 7"""" "'r '." t.nin. They w, ofmHriinirh.iL-lii, roan ! b,vl,j, wt ,pfeai strai-bt on tho back, the nock of the liiiii-' risim; in mo-Ir-Jile rurvo from .he withers to the set 1.13 011 of tha head, tln-ir head handsom-) with nrjuilino curo of tho n.w, with Bhort. firm e ov hiir on th0 face, nnj Kcnernl v ln,r on thebj.., Ihe kin pretty smooth liat is, not mlhniMip or doub inir about ih tiei-k and bodr as in somo other lloelo, the crimp in the wool wai not n Miori m in many otbrr (1 ck, the wool was somew 1 ,t lonjKr, but it was close nnd compact ard wi soli ami silky to tho touch, and the surface not o mum covers with c,. This llork wason-i-in ly owned by the fVilm.nn Prmr.,0,' I'.iulnr, who ucrctl.j-I.Mtiirrir-ii'iiinsi, in Spain, nnd was sM b, mat ordrr to the Prince ofPeac!: v.l.c i came 1, t . IKnycr. Tile were Pip nlkst merino .11 hpun. bnt wero not InnrNoim ly formal, hnn inlnnr !!-.( tula, roach backed and i,p i,e, k inclininS to s.n.t down from the ither, the wool un, ,,.. whit shorter than the 'mlnr nnd mor camped thu slim was more looe and inclined to double. ml manr ofthcmweic wooledon their f-,eM and Icd.iwinu their hi'..N, il the ,rae fanned sheep had lar-'edcw- np. ry Utiiurras wero than Icjiircl, r. und, broad borhe I, with loose in., and wero more wooled aboul their face, and le-Mlnn nnv other it ck I ever ,w, the wool was more erunn-d ih,, p,1unr , j , ' linn the IWrctn but was ,Mck ami soft. This llock formerly bcloncd to thn Moors of Spain and nttbeit The V01 ,n I-.nidand was known n it, irr. ZZ MfePB tall as i,D p.,hr. but not .,n':so ro.mTnnd L. --s ... ...... , mint, untrni 111 tneir make. h"rwool was enniped but not mm o thick as tl.a , '"'17' ''V'ri 'mr wpro tin ir skins so looso a mi. 1 . . ucirra'. nor ii.ti tliey so much wool en Iho face and lc2. The Mon'areo bore a con. iio rocmiilancetoihe Icutnj. The IVuml llock n, formerlv hc!n....l ,n .1.., "J111 l'lldlm lll-(l bmlt the KZo..rl, V,,1C" to the Triir.,. r. ,jn.. . .. . 1 l; lncnl at'ac ho! to thcpalaee, a, a sonrecofrt venue. Theu fmir (locks w-js raiher larcer in the bin than the two fmir (locks wa rather'larc'er in t preeediim, about the same bei: handsomely formed, their woof 'nr0"".'1 f,loub,,in i"0'. n. ? lr ? lv. "'1",! from the .......11 u rMinr neianiii, Mil not ou to so V firmed. Ihnir .l.l.l. .. i ti-- un. -. .inn crimp ....i' 1 ina nun iptra ,pr,, Vheywi 0 1." l,KiS: other flock,. 'In poin-of linen, , here wis v ry u difference between tbcfo six Hoc! 3 and as I , been t (ill t Ii t t oil T..... -.1 . .. 1 .' U-IYO , i n- .' """I""-'! iTson, wier is very lit- .""I'-fueo in this respect amnna ihu I.eonesa tnii'illiinnlAa 1.1 n.nA.n n.i. .. i , T " " " , , , V. r',' ' ""- '--urni, tne jmnljr cos and the fiuadalouros were not in sencral to hew nr nVt-' ...:. ':ni' ,!,L1 i",out onoin six coral, an I the other ei;!hlh Montarcos and .erettii The.e l put on the firm in Wrathersfield, v tha I bounht after my return to the United Slates, and lso dnnc i up about a hnndrerl, the r.miim-ler of ,, "., f Ind shipped to lioston. fn ennijiinnco with the invn- nn I p nnnlirn in S!.,o 11 I .1.- . . .... ..n. iu.ii , - "i U...J . uiru mo re.anccnve tljckq ZPr,?. " i'' r W M '' f?rn'" h,"""l. is called in : 'V,'"' v. lnln inwnjcjtstod from t mo llnmeniiiriiit .r .(.. i i.:s. . .iwiii uinu fiV".e.?".'.nilc,i,ic -.,n!c'l,t'r: "-' n.l in, but in " "r ' ""seo tiled tterent flocks to-elli-er, and have so bred my merinos ever since. Abo t .., .,,.l,M,iJ llulll , v sineen annul as manv anir-IcH jiit an ihev came to hand.I was satisfied that Whether l,u 2 , "e sa lie optnitin. ii i,. . .i iiiK io inixinc t -e rcvcral L, n?e"",r i 10 .'' vcr' '',0-e Mention to the s" leciton of my bucks I cannot say, ,t ,,e f' 1 we'l knod- aJ y , lly lh" ""u. Mmny funning niin'it tit?rottnfrv ! "'"f,"!' l"'Th sl'?r !,,f'i" "I""1 '"nulnr,. w".cU ra t7 " "V " " ne. .... ...... . .,,, i uuiar ic: carriLd tho heaviest tierces, but n th the ctc,.,; .,f .r.i.. "? fbZ:'r:!,,"l"r 1 lvesold" ,,hiu ; , ,v ". ""ii ii'iv pi e i iod mer no te,t Sn,,. ,;.i:.o"r ""nnomincunl. . .. , .. ,,., .iiu-e niuni i own I ho reason for thn on,.i ,s, that from 13 ,0 if3a ,he ra" for . ,i,r u ii. n iii prices or wool wcra more out of reputo until we "are" final) y,.Z i",o Wcei, T!hSi" 'r''r.Sl'r anJ nnd heau-est m,,.,!. , ' r.... ' "'0 .woo s i,... "... i . '-.'lor-a pounds weunc ... . ...,. Kiinvn oi one, sop, silky m0, non- s.-ss,,,f! tliBfe ling property , the areate-t de" ,.e a . : " jru tuny r.vo pounl- nntl a quarter to two pound, and a half a ileoce . ",, JS fj averv .tell,eeni London wool-broker, who 4nt ,anrcl, In 11, 1 .' . .' " " 'V V c r n 1 I . , , a , s h. : . 'I.', v, iiicn h a pr.nctiial v uiera I ,r ile, lining that vt ir, m .-onseou, nco , '," ',!?"? 'T.,,n. 'rT,r,u" 01 north of simii, itif.irimd me ill it the I.e. 11 lbs nrn,. , . Z. " " l"'"CO the property m a ili ,n'Z inn.. .... .. - . .. . ..j, i i-eneraiiv imu ln Hn-land for ' ' manuf.ictiire of supeinn- clubs in prficmiee i thn buvnuy. .Smce tlini limn ,i,a v,,,.. wool.' l'.wh i.-.i " ""V considered as synonym,,,:,. , nr oheVo ' ' dl ild ihiec pounds of wool by b.m-evenly Ca' e S'b v'lnn" l,n'"tel;,.ar"! fc''t',1 '" ,w elofk wm.Vr "iTp'1,, ' ftv"' .lh um.'nr nnd no ono who knowj nnythin? ahout wool wili ,? dtako to contend that this half et.ari-pd and si.kly crow.h of wool W.II nmko a, Z rZ Oil I ,( .., ... . ...rtu a Mrnn-T Hr,,i nurntilpfi (,lrt. . n. ...j.l l.. .t.L - "Uituii-n !." "'e ' ? """m i.iuuiii 01 u-i " iiriiiuiy troivin 01 woo from llio same sheen! nor II 1 -I...I j. r. . .. 1 " elm . wool handle so soft nnd well , that n ado m the lieahhy wool. SIv-, m. ,,,, h,ve ,e n well na-tured in summer nadhalf starved in winter wbieh ts no uncommon case, by keepm ninre , lf"u ,2 our wintir fodder will maintain, have aTery m" equal proiMbof wool, ,e fn,nmer cr.mth " ill n itron.. and liable while the winter B,w, Ibo i'h a liner in the fibre, will hedry iind "m er ami sj.el. wn., will no. makeeloih which is sm m an l soft to the tone , The Savon m3nuf"c7urer", mh-r. stand tin. nrineip'o w, II and select acco.dinel ' and henro mako moro durable cloths than t!.- n 'li, h 1 ind Ih.-v l,andl?1. well, nc.twuh.tundine the superi or fiinshof iheKiiulisl. , wehe.ruur wool- .uy. or- cryin? out. fine, wool sir ! two pound and a quar ter, two poun, .. In half, h,ch seems lo bo their prinripi snndard Tor lin, woo! and according i0 ll, i tandird the wool of a ll ck of ,ickly ttar "m c. a J hmtlans rotten s.iaw, would ba the acme Vf pe'reel I Ibink l have new angered all your oivnon. and ,f hae t.o.p,sSP.l too far upon vourTatiem-e' I hope to tin I npoloavh tho so ,,,tl,de ;h7eh ton si,:':;' . '.:,-,:i:,.,f,,lli letters nml papers, liiucbiiiff the nimiher if mein-'i. "LUT! ' ' w,wt'y hieh ha en ,Med mem 57,;;', Z'''' V- ' ...... j ,,,,, ,iltr , invo ,.,1 ovnr 5nm lettem nnd papers, lueh,jr the nnineer r.f mem exnor ed to thu ' ' , ",ym TM1V Is 1'Hf.' W- i .f

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