www Memo j Titsday, Tcb. II). The House did nnl n( to-day. In the Senate', iho hill iiinMng compensation In pension nactils was discussid at tiittch Irhclli, and was finally ordered to liu cnctossed lor a llnrtl itmN ing, by a vote of 17 to 12. 'I ho hill for repairing and repaying a iortinii o( I cnnsvlvanin avciiuo was pas. d hv a vnteof 22 to". The' hill providing tli.it thn m' ting-, of the United Slates courts for the ilis'iict nf Ohio shall be held at Columbus instead of (.'mem nail, in tint Statu, was pielt .nid the joint tc"olu tnn nerritiii ihcsvvord nf Washington mid iliu sialf ef Franklin, was passed. ssillsoro:, YVcdncsdav, Teh. I. In SrATn, nfirr the tircrnlilion uf pi-titiuns, in ftivnrof llierediiclinii of postage, Sic. Mr t-'.vans, from the Uonimitteeon finance, report ed (i lull to provide for the remission of diuies on railroad iron in certain case?. Mr Archer's resolution i-nlling on the lVr!dent for any inforniitioii from the accredited nircnls nf (Joy ernmnt, ahowine nny abuse nf the ihjj nf the Uni ted State- in subsi-rvencn to the African slnv-tiale, nnd in violation of the lawi and policy nf (Invent inent. Also, fur any rorrespondeiicn between this CSovcrnmcnt and Ihn'Miniser of Portugal in relation to the taking away nf s'aves, the property of I'orin gnee subjects from the territories of that power in vessels owned and emplnrcil by the citizens of the Ihiiled States, was adopted. Mr Tallinn's joint resolution for an amendment to the Constitution in limit tho terms of tin: Judges of Iho 8tiptetne and inferior court, on his motion was made iho special urdcr fur the 'ii Monday in March. Mr Semple, on leave, in'Milneed n bill 0 re model tho Consular establishment of t-,o Uiwcd States. Mr Dales addressed the Sena'e at length upon the TarilT. This whole discussion is of rputn -i novel character. Acknowledged by nearly all tho Senators not regularly in order, mid conducted with no expec tation of ro'iiliingl in action upon tho subject of the Tariff, it partakes of Inn little inlprcsl. The House resalulion aeeeptina ihe sword of Wash ington and the. stall' nf franklin, was concurred in ytstcrdaj, (nnd nvcrbnked in my litter.) In thn House Mr Withered, another N hi;r member from Matyland, was qualified ami tool, his scat. The vacancy in the I'oinmtltce on rnrcigti Affairs, necasiomd by lbs resignation of Mrffiloier. is sup plied by the appointment of Mr Hnmniit.nf Ml.) and that on tho Naval Committee by the resignation of Mr tVc, hy the appointment nf "Mr llertick of Me. Mr Parr- -iter. Ion:,' a member of the latter commit tee, siicco Is .Mr Wisa as its Chairman. On iiv ti m of Mr Duncan, and with no serious ob jection, the vols was reconsidered by which the lull to provide for the appointment of a uniform day of hilding Presidential elections ilitouahout thel'iiiied States was referred to the Cominitleo nf tho Whole on the Union! nnd the hill was made the special or- Her for two uephs. fn.m ti, il;if. IWInnen.. Th- discussion of tho 21st 'tula was continued du ting the morning hour by Mr Hurt of S. C. Here plied to Mr lleardslcy. noticing particularly bis dee liration of tha universal acknowledgment of the evil nf Slavery as an abstract question, mid deuiountmi! t th utterance of all such soniiments as an impertinent 1 interference with tin concerns of the South. I Mr llear-lslcy cv lamed that he had cautiously ah. stained from meddling with the domestic concerns of tho South -not that lis had fiared or supposed he had ( no riqhl, but becaache hail chosen so lodo. Ilehad I spoken of the o'lc-liiin ineielv in the nbstmet. Ii 1 was really singular in ihisage nnd m this place if for the excrcisenf the freedom nf di aissiou one member was to attqmpt to characterise another as impertinent, Ifa threw back this epithet to tho gentlemen with whom it had originated. Mr Payne interposed to stop Mr Il's explanation, nnd Mr H. resolutely maintaining his right to the floor (violdcd him by .Mr Hurt,) some" warm words passed betwpen the two gcntle'ucn. Mr Kurt, rrsuinins, ma le a disclaimer, partial at loist, of any design of gcrsonal reflection upon Mr Bearsley. He proceeded strongly, and with much warmth, to argue Ihu Southern siJeof the question j denying that ihe right nf petition was violated by this ru'ej urging its continuance to avoid giving any en couragement to tho Abolinoniats, whoso whole prin ciples and action he denounced in most unsparing termsj arguing against the power of Congress over slavery in tho District of Columbia! threatening if tho debato upon this subject should ever arise, it would bo Ihe last one ever engaged in by the American Cnngress ! etc. if-c. In Committed of tho Whole on the Union, (Mr Campbell, of S. (!. in the Chair,) tho Indian Appro priation ni'ls, after some conversational discussion, were passed. The House adjourned. Argbs. Thcrsdiv. Teh. 22. Mr. Merrick reported with amendment his Post Of fice Kefo'm Mill. Probably we shall not have the 1 1 o bateupiln this I ill until the Tariff resolutions are dis posed of. Resolutions which were offered yesterday by Mr. Tappan nf Ohio, calling for papers Ac, in the case of t'oiimander Mackenzie, of thn I rig Somers, were again brought up to-riay. .Mr. Kingof Alabama, was anxious to know what object was to bo gained by 1 this enquiry vvh.'n the Senate could take no action in I the case. It would only revive excitement upon this , most unhappy affur, an I arouse unkind feelings vvtih out effecting any object. The Court Martial had do-, cided upoe it and there it ought to rest. .Mr. Tappan j replied mat no iiiiiiii'iuiu iiceuimi oi ini- an ur nan ev er been spiead before tho cooniry. Tho pci pie had learned nothing of its merits, Fave what they had gathered from newspaper reports. Ho wanted to prevent tho recurrence of a similar scene, if, on en quiry, it should tut n nut that the Commander's course was justifiable. At the lequest of Mr, llttchanau of Pennsylvania, the subject was laid over for Iho pre sent. The ioint resolutions in relation to the nceunation of the Oregon Territory next came forward, and Mr. Atchison of .Mo., addressed the House at length on the necess.ty of immediaio action nn the part nf this government. He conten led that this was a question in which we had no right to enter into a negociation. r.very foot of ground that we claimed was justly nuts. And the proper position for us to assume was to give immediate notice to Cireat Britain that at theexpira tion of twelve month- from dale, wo would proceed with the occupation of the territory. He was follow lowed hy Mr. t-'hoate nf .Mass. who argued strongly in favor of negociation and slid that by that means there was no danger of our getting every inch of our rutins without n war, whereas such an intimation as that proposed by the Senator from .Mo., would be the im mediate signal for arms. At the roo of Mr. Choale's speech the Senate adjourned. FainAv, Feb. 21. In tho Senate, to-day, the discussion was continu ed on tho resolution of Mr. Semple, instructing tho President of tho United States to give notice to the Hriiish government for the termination of biicIi pro visions of thetrealy with that power as allows her to occupy, jointly with the United States, the Oregon Territory. Mr. llannegan occupied the floor for up wards of nn hour, in a masterly, elonncnl. and natri- otic speech, in reply to the rcmarksof Mr. Choateof yesteriiay. .Mr. I) tyton followed in opposition to the passage of the resolution. His argument went to show thai the title of this government to the territory was not so clear as held hy the fnendsof the resolu tion; that it was impolitic to determine tho joint oc cupation i that the territory was a worthless waste, and must remain as a great American Sahara. He maintained that ihe true policy of ihe government j. to diseourase tho occupation and settlement ol that country! Ihe contrary policy would weaken the bonds by which thegovernuient was held together. He did not conclude. He will resume the subject on Monday. The Senate then adjourned till Monday. The debate on tho report of the Nelecl Committeo on the Itulcs was continued in the House, to-day, by Mr. Rogers of. Vew York, who opposed tho retention of i " 2lst rule, and contended for I ho power of Con- press to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia On his concluding, Mr. Drnmgonle givo notice that lie-should withdraw his motion to recommit iho re- port, nnd otlered an nmeiilinent instead. The re mainder of the day was spent in Committeo of the Whole on theciineiderali'.n of private bills a number of which, nfie-r being acted on, were reported lo the House. The question on thn en'rossuie-nt of these bills was pending when Ihe House adjourned. (Hale Wisiiinotov, Saturday, I'eb. 21. When iho subject of the rules came up this morn ing Sir Schenck rose, and after comuicntini; upon tho (rrent length of lime iho matter had been dicuBed, said that befora he sat down ho should demand the previous question. Mr Cnvo Johnson asked him to yield tho floor fur a moment, lo enable nim, Mr J. to oiler nn nmend tnent, which upon being read, Sir Schenck said bo could not givo way for tho purpose of in reception. -The resolution declares that petitions relating lo tho slave question may be received, hut Hint theyshallbe laid upon the table without debate and without refer ence. Mr Schenck aid lint hy this time every member must havn made up his mind as to the vote he should give on ibis question! wh'ch, ns he had befuro re marked, had not only occupiel days and weeks and months, but years ihu subject having been debated year after year upon the floor. The people would dr man 1 of lliem why it wis that three tnoiiihs of I ho session had passed and they had not yet agreed spun their rules of proceeding, arid why thegrrit Interests of the country wero postponed for a discussion upon their rulest the main object of which was for parti nn purposes and parly efTec!. The majority bad limited Iho debato, upon a most impbrtant subject, by previous arrangement, to ono vnto. This was all tho lime that the exacting decrees of Caucus has allowed for the discussion of Ike great constitutional question involved in Ihe right claimed by the Stoles, nnd by the Home to nullify a law ol Oongrersi and surely if six (lavs was s ilfWenl for a proper discussion nf that subject, three months was rnoroihan enough for the consideration of iho mailer ihcy now had before them. He wns prepared to vote and he prf "'lined every member hid aUo long since made up bis nnl fts t.a thn volo he should Rive. Ho lliorcforo deman ded the ptevioes qui mum. Mr Holuiei,abK(d MrSchenckto withdraw the de mand lor n few moments in otih r to allow him nn op iMituiiily lo submit n few observations. Mr Sehcnek b uine H.cnlcd. Mr II aid that tl was now lime the Ilniisii slut dd come In n votciipon the question. The d .hate had, Mills mind, bien a useliss one, and con illicit el on wrong principles, especially by the South, Ho was In fivurol the tight of petition he would to lerate it lo its fullest extent, but he would not tolerate crime nnd petitions of the character of Iho.io which it was the iibject nf iho rctrictivo rule let exclude were criminal and should therefore not he entertained by the House, He, however, would not dictate (he sub ject. Ho wanted gentlemen should show their bands be wauled to see how the Northern democracy would meet this question t lor upon the manner in which they did lliat depended the lesolvcs of tho South, Mr Slieenrod moved to lay the whole subject upon iho Inble. I. ist ayes BJ navs 120. Amotion was made for a call of tho House which wnsenrricd. After ihu call had been nolle through with, thn Speaker demanded a count to ascertain if nn re wns a seconil to tlio ilctnniid lor tno previoi' s question, when it nppeared thai there was for th, de mand r,9, against il SO. Si) the demand was P.ot sec onded. , 'I ho next question which sroso was fpon the mo tion nf Mr. UromKoole to postpono Iho subject till Tuesday next. The nyes and noes wrro taken and were for postponement 93 1 nge.!,nst it 102, The amendment offered liy Mr. Drotngoolo was tni-M tn, uiiu nitiiiiMi mm:,, n man in mti,m nient, which ts very l(v,,2) f ,nl,reing nil the tides, for thegovernuient of-',,0 House but thofirt thirteen ns ttported by tho Committee, printrd. The motion lo print was caf'.cJ oud the House adjourned. an onsnuvr.ii. Prom the Madisonian. IcavC nf .Mr. Vox l'rrsrntntloti of Mtr. I'ack' ctiliam. At ono o'clock tn day l lie corcmnny of taking official leave!, on tho part of Mr. Fox, lato fin. vny Kxtraorilinnry and Minister l'lotiipotonliary of the Ilritisli Government at Washington, and nftlin prcsnntationof the ltt. Hon. Sir HtcitARD I'ackenham, ihe new Unvoy and Jtfinlpter, look pUcc in llt-j I'resident'ti roceptioii room. The President was attended by the members of liis Cabinet, and Sir Uicli.ird by tlin j;onllcmcti at tached to the Mission, 'i'ho following is tho Address nf Mr. 'o.r. In presenting yon this letter from tho Queen, ni Sovereign, terminaling my diplomatic, functions a Her .Mail sty's Ucnreseiitative in the Uniltd States, il becomes, n welcome pnrt of my duty to express to nu tlH- sense 1 entertain of the kindness and courtesy whicS I have uniformly e.xnericnced both from vour- iclf and from those who have pteceded you in the tui'li oiiice ol rrisiduit ot the Itepublic. It has nlw.ns been mv wish, as it has been tnv du I ty, In labor lor the preservation of peace, nnd for the c-iaousiinieiiioi a uurnnie national nieiiusmp ueivvecn the two countries i and whilst it has more than mice fallen tn mv lot, during the period of my service here, to treat with theUniied Stales of matters that involv ed very serious dilleienres nf opm on I am happy tn bearing testimony to tho fact, that lhoe contro. erie have been coiiduclcd on the put of the United State, ns 1 hope they have also been on my part, ill the temperate nnj re-peclful form which best befits tho ofii ial rcpiesenlativesof powerful and 'enlighten ed iiaiions. In taking my official leave of you, Mr. President, I hope you will allow me to add the assurance of Iho s n ere interest that I shall always feel for your own persjnai happiness and welfare. 7Vic I'resilent's Ifcjily. It gives mo great pleasure in thi, nur as official interview, to siy that, during our residence here, you have sedulously cultivated the friendly relations which subsist between the two Governments, and that your ollieial intercourse Ins been Ine'hlv agreea ble to this Government. While I cannot but regrel the termination uf your mission, it is jet a source of much satisfaction to believe that you arc to bo sue ceole'd hy one who will bring with him the samo fikndly dispositions which you have always mani fested In bidding yo't alien, I can only wish you n rafe return to your iianve land, and many superadded davsof health and happiness. Mr. I'aclicnham'a Address. I have the honor to place in vn,ir Hxcellency's ban Is the Idler of the (lueen, my Sovereign, nccicd ning me as Her .Majesty's Knvny Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Sta'es. Your Kxcellcncy tsnlrca ly aware nf Her Majesty's earnet desire to cultivate nn I maintain tho most friendly understanding with this country. Permit me, sir, to take this opportunity of asit'ing you, that it will be the object ot my highest nmhiiion so tn conduct my intercourse willi your Kxcellencv's Government, ns to contribute, in as f ir ns in mo may he, to thefiilhlnient of Her Mnj-stv's friendly inten tions towards the Government nnd Pcopluof the Uni ted Stalc. 7Vie President's Reply lo Mr. Pacun'iam. In affirds mo great pleasure to receive the ns-u- ranees which yon givo me of the friendly dispositions of Her Mritanh'o Majly toward the Government and the People of the United States. And 1 indulgo the hopo thai your residence near this Government maybe alien led by the establishment, on a firmer ba-is, of tho relations of aunt and also trust, sir that o i will fin I your residence hero every way person ally agreeable to you. I givo you ilui assurance that noihingon m part shall be wanting to make it so. Prom the New Haven Courier. Destruction of a Dwelling-House Awful death of a Fallier anil two Children. Mr. Atieilh The following ate ibop.iriiculirscon nected with the shocking death nf Dr. I.ucien Stun ct;n, of lielheny, and Iwo of his childicn, which 1 learned to day on the spot. A few minutes aficr mi 'night last night, somo of thelamily discovered ihehoii-o to be on lire. At this lime- tho kitchen was nearly consumed, and Dr Spen cer nnd hn wife had barely time to escape, not being even nl letn save a particle of clothing except such ns was on them. Mrs. S. seized the two joungest chil dren and brought them from Ihe burning house. The Doc'or. however, nppeared to lose all presence of mini from the very moment when he discovered the fire, nnd even rushed so near the flames and stood there, that tho little clothing which lie bad on actually took file. His wife drew him nvvny, and rndeavnred to re cal him ton sense of their sitinlion, when ho com menced throwing snow upon the fire. About this time a cirl, who lived in Ihe family (and who expected thai all tho membersof the family were out of the house) heard theehildren screaming 'Odear!1 She exclaim e l, 'the children will he burnt to death,' whereupon .Mrs. S. '.who had been so much concerned at the fran tic and excited condition of her husband that she ap peared to have forgotten every thing else,) rushed into the house to savo her other tvvo'children. Dm the at tempt was unavailing as the house wn then all wrapt inflames. She returned nnd told her husband that they weie doubtless dead before that time, (which was unquestionably the fact,) but befora she was aware ol it he had escaped from her sight. Al first ho suppo-ed that he had stnrted o'l'dovvn the street in his ftenzy, nnd even for some minutes she wns not informed to tho contrary. Hut he had been seen lo rush into the house by a young man who was near. In fifteen minutes after he entered, the roof fell in, and was entirely consumsd. Nothing was saved, nssome time occurred before the neighbors rallied, and water was obtained with difficulty. A portion of tho remains of I 'r. S. and ono nf the children have been dug out of iheburningruins. There is nothing of each except the trunk, the head and hmhs being wholy consumed. The children who per ished in tho flames wersof tho age of 10 and 8 years respectively. The two that were saved were youn ger fir. spencer W4s a native nf Naugattich, at which place he has resided since ho graduated nt Yalo College, until within two vcars. He was in comforts li'o circumstances, aged about 10 years, and for some t y,':,r', been celel rated as one of the most skillful physicians in New Haven County. Wednesday, IVb. 31st. Tho children burnt were sleeping in the room in tlio second story, with a young man named Mevcnes, who sued biinsrlfby leaping from tho window. Tbe firo is supposed to have nrigini ted from hot nKhes. S.Tra tjnm.i.r ia l..n I.....I .l .. An .1 .,. n .. Salt-Hoiliw; in Yikgi.wa. The Kanawha Republican has tho following notieo of the very remarkable salines of tho Kanawha val. ley : Tho iris has sufilcient power to forco a col. limit of water three inches in diameter from tho depth of a thousand feet to Iho hijiht of about fifty feet above tho surfaco of tho earth. It is then turned under the furnace ignited, and boils tho water till it is hrritit!1it tn thn state for crys talizition, and thou conveyed to tho cisterns for evaporation, senerales the Mo.im that passes througlnxho cisterns nip produces tho heat that carries on the process of evaporation. Thus 330 bushels nf salt of the first quality aro mado per day, w ithout ono particle of other fuel but tlio gis. At these works hut ono cislorn is yet erected, am they aro unablo to uso only ono half of the water that is forced up. Anothor is in progress of erection; when completed all tho water will bo used, and 70 or 60 barrels of salt manufactured tUily, without coal, wood, or tho rays of the sun." GnAVE Punnino In the Massachusetts Lo. gislature, a fnw days since, a Mr. (Irani pro. ecnld a petition from Sir. and Sirs. Death, for a change of name. It wan referred to a commit co, on motion of Sir. Coffin. r o it k i a rv , Lath rrtoM Canton Tlio sliip Ann iMcKim, nt New York, lirings Canloti dittos lo Nov. 9, twenty-nino tluys Inter. Tlio Cnnion papers contain nn nbslract of tho Supplementary Treaty. Il declurcs llint nil Koreltin coiinlrlcs wlioso subjpcts or cilir.cns have liitliurlo trailed nt Cf.nton, shall Ito nd miltrd to tlio five pi,rts of Canton, Ftich owfoo, Amoy, Niligpo anil Ranghair, tho fivo nt which Hiitish vessels arc allowed to trade. Uri'.'ish snlijocls arc allowed lo buy orronti'rotind or houses provision is made for n mutual surrender uf criminals, A tro-1 tnctiduous firo occurred at Canton on Nov. 5th in the neighborhood of tho foreign facto ries, which in tho short space of 10 hours swept away 1500 buildings among thorn woro tho Dutch and French Hongs. A largo Cochin Chinese ship blew up killing nearly all on hoard ; from GO to 100 porsons. Mr. Cushing had not arrived. Correspondence of tho Atlas. Macao, Nov. 7, 181.1. Since my arrival at this nlaco, on the 1.1th lilt., I have made a visit to Canton, and was nt that place during tho great fire which destroyed the Spanish. French and Danish Hongs as al so upwards; of fifteen hundred Chinese houses. Tho only Hongs left at this time are tlio Ameri can, and in all probability they will soon eharo the fate of the othorp, as repeated nttemtits have been made the past week to sot thorn on fire and but two or three nights since tho mandarins, who are using all their elliirls to protect the foreigners, took seventeen hdrotics in tho act 1 They wero on Ihe shops in the back Mrcot, with matches in hand, when they were caimht. I ho chaps are now exposed to public view, in front of the Consoo house, with tho wooden collar about their necks. The opinions is, tint ore Chinese now year has passed, the factories will bo destroyed. The ladrones have done so well by thn previous tires, that they will not forsake a good business They know thit is the season of tho year when much treasure is kept in the factories, and they hopo to get somo of it. The way they got disappointed at the last lire was line upwards of three millions nf specie bolon ging to the foreigner?, was taken on board the chop boats, without tnoir iron mir one mace We were well armed, and knocked them about without the least fear of them, showing them that if they were superior in ntimher.s, we wore in courage. 1 lie mandarins deserve crcat ere dit lor iho manner in which thev acted, and all were satisfied of their disposition lo use their host efforts for the protection of foreigners and iiietr property. A Woman BcnnAnnn. IhUnIhere. Germany. .Inn iM. An awful spectacle has this day been prcfomeu, Rticli, as, happily in modern tunes, has rarely been witnessed tho d capitation of i woman lor the murder ol her Im-dund. I ho wretched murderess was a native of Wilhelin. liold, an inconsiderable hamlet ill Odeuvvald, about two leai'ties distant from llniiielhurL'li. and was the vife of a peasant. A clergyman attempted .to offer her ihe consolations of teli gion in her last moment. The culprit exlnhi. ted nn extraordinary emotion, but surveyed Ihe apparatus of death with perfect composure. I lor countenance presented nothing of thn .a-hv paleness of fear.-.Sho ascended the scafilild f . . , vv.th a lirm slop, and took her seat in a chair which was placed in the centre of it. A troon o! dragoons was drawn up round Iho III ttforin. up round the platform 1 hv Hie clergyman, alter ., .,., .... ,.7 i r i was removed from her A snort prayer was read which, part ot her attin: lu'ck, and a can was then drawn over her face The remainder of Ihe melancholy spectacle was sufficiently dramatic. There wore two execu tinners, tho principal minister of justice and an assistant. Thn latter twisted the sufferer's hair, and held it up at arm's length. When this was done, the principal headsman advanced with a broad two handed sword. A silent thrill ran through Iho assembled multitude, who i.ovv un derstood the fatal moment bad arrived. The dreadful weapon was raised hy the executioner and a single blow severed the head from tho body. A great tlnvv of blood instantaneously followed. The head was then held up lo thn gaze of the crowd, while the body sank through a trap-door, and the dismal scene closed. TRIAL OF CHRISTIANA GILMOUR. It will bo rerollocted that this lady was ap. prehended in tho Uniled Slates, on a'chnrgc of murder, and brought hack to Scotland for trial, At the High Court of Rdinburch, nn Friday, she was tried for the murder of John (Jilinour, her husband, at Inr.hinnan, in January, 13111. Mrs. (lilmnur was Iho first person surrendered on a criminal charge by the United States, under tho j Ashburton Treaty. I lor appearance is attri.c. tive, her bearing docoroti'-. She was. thodaugh-1 terofMr. Cochrane, a substantial farmer"of Ayrshire; and her husband was the ton of a neighbor in a similar condition of life. She i was about twenty-three years old at the time of her marriage; her husband about thirty. An! attachment had been formed livo years before, between Christiana and John Anderson, anoth cr neighbor: but the girl was obliged hy her parents lo marry Gilmmtr. The Glasgow Saturday Post says, on 'unques tionable authority, that though they lived togeth er for si weeks and regularly retired to the same bed room, Mrs Gilmoiir never undressed during tho whole time." At tho trial, it was stated that they lived unhappily together. In a declaration which she had made, Mrs. Giltnotir said that she was upbraided by her husband, while he was lying ill, willi having broken his heart ; to which sho replied, that ho had already broken hers, that he was not her choice, anil that she could never feel towards him as a wife should feel towards a husband. Such were the circumstances under which, six weeks after their marriage, Gilmour fell ill, with all the symptoms of having been poisoned by arsenic, and died; it was proved that a post mortem examination of his remains detec.ied the presence of artenic ; and that his wife had purchased some. On the other hand it was mado clear that ar senic was habitually used at their farm for tho instruction of rats ; that Mrs Gilmour sedulous ly during his illness, mado no opposition to call ing in medical advice, and, in short, showing no evidence of conscious guilt, and no desiro f.-r concealment ; she herself wished the authori ties to unbury tho body. In a letter which sho wrote to Anderson, after Gihnottr's death, hut boforo sho went to America, nho complained that she was sent away, though sho did not say by whom ; she said that otherwise (-ho would have staid 'till all was settled about John Gil. tnour's death ;" and admitted that she had bought atonic, but to tako it hers-olf. In her declaration, sho said that sho hid bought it for poisoning rats. These wero tho principal points of tho evidenco on both sides-. The jury return' ed a verdict of ' Not proven ;" which was greet ad by applauso in court. Liverpool Times. MRS. GF.N. GAINKS ROMANTIC STORY. Wasiiihoton, Feb. 13. The two most important enses now hi file the Supremo Court, nre those of ths heirs of Stephen Giratd, versus Iho city of Philadel phia, and that of Mrs. Gaines, the wife of Gen. (i. lines, who has long and earnestly labored for her righlful posseion. Kminenl Counsel aro engaged in lhee cases, and it is pleasant to contrast thequlvt dignity of ihe Supreme Court Room, with the more animated Imsile of inferior Courts. Tho History of Mrs. Gaines, wero it unfolded would be escn to possess something of the romantic. For a long liino Iter parentage was concealed from tier. In early life ulie was btnugbl from New Or leans to Iho Middle Slates, and fur many ycar living in thelamily of a Col. Davis, near Wilmington, Del., passing under thn name of Myra Davis, nsthoneice or perhaps daughter of Ibis man, who was believed to have possessions of some portion of her properly. As her mind unfolded with the growth of herperton Myra naturally became inquisitive on Ihe subject of her lineage, expectations, &c, but obtained hlile sat isfaction from her reputed uncle or father. Davis, however, sent her to the best schools, thai alio ought receive a finished education, where she learned Fronch, drawinr, &c. Arrived nt womanhood, with, a sprightly mind, a food person, and n very frank nirecliontle and confiding disposition, Myra Ucainj an object of interest ia ihose of ihooihar sen, who nei not itmeniillt lo lb charm, of llm mate leader portion of our race. Probably tho air of mystery that surrounded her, did not diminish that interest. There was ono young man in particular, who wns simtlcti with hcr'charmsi Sir. W hitney, son of Oett. Whitney, nf your Slate, n lawyer by profesiion, nn nimnblo nnd excellent young man, nn l in the estima tion of Sliss Davis, to bo preferred before all others to n placn in her nfliictionr. To his proposals for a un ion. .Miss I), asscnicd. with n frankness which nre scntcd n strong contrast lo tho feelings of her uncle. He was violently opposed to It, without, it is believed assigning n eatistactory reason. Hvcry obstacle, however, thrown in the path of Iho lovers, served only lo Hlrongihen their mutual attachment. Miss 1). lied the House nf her uncle, took refuge in a so elusion which he in vain endeavored to penetrate, nvvnitcd with a maUcn'mnodcsty nnd a love s anxiety Ihonrrivnl of hot betrothed tor lovers will exchange pledges, though it bo through stonn walls or over temnesiunus waves made a erand misinko in meet- ingnnoMer gentleman of the namoof Whitney, who Happened to arrive nt a certain place in a itnm nt cars in which at thn samo hour she ouncctcd the real Whit neybut at length, after tho eaitirso of their true love hid run with a roughness lo which their young hearts had hitherto been strangers, they were happily nnd triumnhantlv MAnnicn. Sir. and Mrs. Whitney wont to Now Orleans, tno seat nt somo minions worm ot properly, which she claimed as her own, and which alio contends i fraudulently witlincin Irom ner. ftir W. there investigated thn matter with untiring dui gcrice, met with tho usual obstinate opposition in such cases, onu was, i ueiicvo, even inrovvn lino prmuu. He was not destined cither to recover tho property, or to continue in life with his beloved bride. Sirs. Whitney became a widow, a youthful widow, and a very sincere mourner. In this stato of widowhood, she was approached by the gallant old General, who sympatniseu so deeply with tier sorrows as looncrto lime linn jiiiieu in ner niiecnouH which iiuu neeii uucu1 pied by her depnrlcd husband. Whether those sub stanlial charms in ctncctAncv had nn hand in van quishing thehcart of the old gcnl1eman.it would be presumptuous tn any ono to determine, without look ing into the intmior of his mind, nnd inspecting his motives. '1 lie frank hearted girl, however, was un dcrsloo l lo have assured the bravo soldier, in occcp ling his hand, that ono condition must ever be rcscrv cd. She wns always to have the privilese of eulo cir.in!r l ie character. Invinu the memory, nnd des' canting nn the virtues of her firsl and youthful hove, ad libitum. Who would refuso such a boon? Of lato years tho Gcncrnl and Ins lady have been engag ed at limes in travelling as the ministers of peace and good wilt to men j at times in prosecuting this claim, involving nn immense fortune. Thelnvv's de lay has for a long time held the result in obeyancc. lint at tins session of the Supreme, it lias heen Frett ed by eminent Counsel nt length, the matter is he- lore I lie judges in tun, ttte names are anxiously awaiting that decision which is to make or break. Hut if justice be done, there is little doubt that Sirs Gaines will win tho cause, nnd come into Ihe posses sion of that property which I sincerely believe has heen unjustly denied her. Mrs. G. is a lady ol ma ny fine qualities. Happily, among the lists of her virtues Is tn be found that of perseverance, nnd ever
buoyant hope, which have carried her safely thus far. Should she even fail of her obievt, fortitude will not forsake her. Resignation will then bo exnected to ndorn that mind which has hitherto been equal to every emergency. The Washington Correspondent of tho Now York Eveninc Post gives tho following parlictiliirsofthe decision ofthe United States Supremo Court in iho suit brought by Gen oral Gaines and his wife, to recover the right and title to nn immense cstato in Louisiana : Judge McClcan delivered this morning tho opinion of the Court in the cse of Gen. Oaines nnd wife. The opinion is in tho main favorable to the claims of Mrs. names, as heir nt law of Dinirl Clark. 1 he j point upon which his executors, the defendants m iho j suit, appeal"d, are decided against them, one nb-ohite-1 Iv.nnd the two others with a qualification that requires il,o rvinsn lo eft n'rnin lipfr.re the Circuit Cnnrt. tint I which will nol probably affect (ho result. This de cision makes the general and his lady, ihelord and mistress of nn immense property : some 'say fifteen millions of dollars. 1 understood last year, while the cause was under argumeat thai the general proposed ! if successful hi tho suit, to expend eleven millions of l'!0".1", TJriL"' r,lLff f".Si the avails in carrying out his plan of Naval defence-, uy uiviiin "ii iiutfu huhiii; iMiinii', n lie iiiiiiuiuci , in this mind tho govenment might do a very good business hv granting General Oaines the use of tho , Great Keii Kiver rati, with aiiiiioiny to ttoal it down Great I'eil River rnfi, with auihoiity lo float it down , ' 10 ,h,0 "'j'Ae niid the outlet of Ihe Gulf stream, at the 1 south end of Honda. One of Iho nssiv iato indies, , ,,,,, Cntroni , heiw delivered an opinion dillering in its reasoning, but not in its conclusion, from that of his brethren. From Ihe Lowell Courier. THE WHIG IlonilV. Dedicated, respectfully, to the"Ci.AT CliW ubique genitum by the Author. Hot nil vc brave Wmos ef eiL'h'een forty-lour. 1 Come j-iin in the song of' the Hobbies" onco more. 1 Our Hobby is CLAY he's a mettlesome steed, ' Well trained to the turf, and is sure to succeed, All on our (Jliy llnliliy, The Patriot's Hobby, A noble old Hobby Then "go it" boys, g0 ! 'I'ho Hobby of Locos-r-whoe'er be their man ia id love iho dear people nnd get what they can. Van HunEN, Huciisnak, or Tvixn, or Cass Tho Fox, or iho Ma-lift tho Owl, or tho Assl Put (.'lay is our Hobby, The Patriot's Hobby, A noble old llolihy, Then " go it" boys, go! How hard nnd sovero nre their labors and toils ! They ride hard for the race, but thcygrnsp at the spoils, Oh, how their "mouths water" lor plentiful dishes, The "Spoils of the vicioi" the loaves mid Ihe fishes!" Yes,thesearo t heir Hobbles, They are Van Hnre.ii Hobbies, They nre Democratic Hobbies Shall wo "go it" boys? no! Oh! tho rogues I what mad schemes are contriv'd in their lobbies I What tricks 10 deceive ti-! what humbugs nnd hobbies! Sub-Treasury, Slnte-Highlt, leg-bail and hard money, Hard cash for themselves for the people not "nny!" Oh, ibese aro their I loobies, They are Van Huron Hobbies, Tr no demagogue Hobbies Shall we "go it" boys? nol They have on hobby more it is "Repudiation" The hobby of knaves, who would ruin the nation. IliiviiiL' nothing to lose, nor in cash, nor in credit. They spungout their debt, and then swear they have pai'i ii : 'Tisa wind-broken Hobby, Tis a radical's Hobby. 'Tis a rascally Hobby, For shame! let il go! Away with such nonsencc! such tricksandsuch trash! It is honest hard labor that brings us hard cash. And the Whigs are the boys 'tis a maxim with Ciay lo my wnal ihey need and then honestly pay. O, Clay is our Hobby, An honest old Hobby, A proud, noblo I lobby, Then "go it" boys, go. Caiiiovm hasa hobby 'lis Nulificalionl" He is all for the State not a cent foi the Nation ; And yet, if he could, he wou'd think il but fair, To plant himself plump in the President's chair I Oh, he's not a Whig Holby, He's not n Van Hobby, He's a whirligig Hobby, Calhoun is "no go !" Tho bobby of Johnson oh, my "rumpsey dnmpsey," It "Amalgumation," and killing Tecumsey," Hut why mike a fuss? he's a bold dariog fellow, Having killed off the "red," let him slick to tho yel low. Oh, ho's not our Hobby, Hut Clay is our Hobby, Our Kentucky Hobby, Then "go it" boys, go ! Has rinsTONa hobby? I'll bet you a guinea, 'Tis lo minac" Missouri and live in "Virginny ?" Ho once dealt in salt,-OIiow bright wershie glory, Had he but the attic, in his rntic story ! Hut he's not a Whiu Hobby, He's a "ball-rolling" hobby. He is nobody's Hobby, Oh, then let him go! And now my Whig brothers, what more shall I say? Wr. Wmos hive our hobby lhat bobby is CLAY! As a Patriot and Statesman, how firm he will stand III elefence of our RtniiiB, both bv sea and by land! Yes, he's the Whig Hobby, Kentucky's proud Hobby, Tho whole Nntion'a Hobby, Then "go it" boys, go I See Benton's famous salt report, and documents, SurrosFD MunnF.r.. The body of a young man was found a fow days since in his father's barn, in Topsham, with a bloody faro, and other signs of outrage. His narno was Eastman. Ho was found in tho morning. Tho evening pre. vious ho went tn a (pulling school, against tho wishes nf his paronts, ill feelings wero excited, but ho was known to return to tho house. Mrs. Kastman, step. mother to the young man, had not lived on friendly relations with him. llis school mates called upon him in tho morning on their way to school and found him upon the hay in tho barn. His boots wero off. nnd tho' tho last of th week ho had on a cltan shirt and m ent nrt.c les of clothing than he wor th previous evening. His parents nro supposed lo be his murderers IVrmonf CaMonian. THE HARBOR DILL. A Memhor of Congress writes to tho Al bany Argus that tho Committed on Com merce have r.grcod tn report a lull making Appropriations for Internal Navigation ns follows: Ohio tivcr abovo Louisville 830,000 vjnio, vooiow i.nuisvinc.J mississippl, Missouri, Illinois and Arkansas Harbor ofSl. Louis 180,000 ..2i,000 . .10000 llreakwater nt Hurlinglon, Vt ao at riaiistiurgn, iV. Y ,..10,000 ion uniatto " ri.uuu " 20000 " 10,0110 " 5,000 " 5,000 " -10.000 Osweco Harbor Oeneseo Oak Orchard " Big Sodus " liullalo " Dunkirk ' Kris ' s.noo Pa. . Ohio,. ,...40,000 5,000 5,000 ....10,000 5,000 ....15 000 ....20,000 ....20,000 ....25 000 ....30 000 ....20,000 20,000 onneaut " Ashtabula " Ornnd Hiver " Huron Harbor " Sandusky " Hiver Raiscn " St. Joseph " Michigan City " Chicago " Mich.. In. .', III. . ruilwauKio Wis.. Kor preservation and repair of other bar- -1 uorson tne L,aKci, not enumerated Total (inland) ..S5S0,00li IIOUSINH A ROAD. tj FsASKroBT. Kv.. Kcb. 12. A novel nroiect is now pending I cfore the Legislature. A company of gentlemen in acott county are necking an net ol in corporation, empowering them to construct n road on a plan so old that, we daro say, it will seem new to many of our readers. It is Ihe old plan of a high way, graded, and covered by a wooden roof. Tho corporators do not ask tho State to take any portion oi tno biock t nnu ns t lev nro tiriucina v tanners through whose land the road is to run, wo suppose the Legislature may be inclined lo grant the act. The proposed road is to run from Georgetown to iviarion, ntioul livo miles. Io atone wil lie used on the road, as Uic grading it and covering it by a roof win protect it irom ihe iniiucnco nt water, so that it is supposed il will never become muddy. We remem ber n letter of I'resi'ent .Madison in favor of such roads t hut we apprehend the revival of such a pro ject will arouse the ghost and the Scoteh temper of lUCAimin. FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1844. HISTORY OF FINE WOOL. The reader will find in another part of our paper, an interesting letter from Hon. Wit. mam Jauvis, giving an authentic account of tho first introduction of Merino or Saxony sheep into this country, and other matters of interest connected therewith. Tlio imjior tancc of this branch of our industry is such as to render cvory thing connected with it , lustory. procress, and future iirosiiects.of ab 1 sorbing interest ; and asido from immediate interest, Mr. Jams lias rendered tlio public very acceptable service, in thus placing on record facts for tlio fiituro historian. To tho sagacious foresight and prompt energetic action of Mr. J. aro wo mainly indebt ed for tlio carlv introduction of fine-wooli' sheep into this country ; nnd of its practice importance In the prodtictivo industry of New England, and Vermont in particular, it would be difficult tn form an estimate. Wo ven ture tlio usscition, liuwover, llint, to no indi vidual is the country more indebted, than to the Hon. William Jarvis. And it is but (lie moro fitting that this acknowledgement should bo made, inasmuch as ho has seemed to claim no merit on account of it ; but on thn other band, has uniformly declined office, and the highest honors ofthe State, which have llirico and again been offered him. Only occasion ally, when tlio architects of ruin havn sought to upturn the foundations of our prospeiity, has ho left his retirement to mingle in party conflicts and do battln for llis favorite system of protection ; but on those occasions, ho has always heen the "strongman armed." Long may a green old ago realizo tn him tho rich enjoyments with which a philosophic mind has invested his sunny location on the beau tiful banks of the Connecticut. THE TARIFF It is very evident that tho protecting poli cy is to bo subjected lo a fiery ordeal before the adjournment of Congress. It lias got to withstand tho assaults of its open enemies, and the treachery of northern locofucoism A private letter from Washington, of iho 24th, says: "There is a storm browing " hero against tho Tariff. Tho Calhoun " men and the Van Burcnites aro secretly " projecting nnotlier Compromise. It is a " bold game, and must bo mot." This is Mr. Van Huron's last, desperate card. The Calhoun men aro in tho market, and the surrender of a protecting tarifl' is their price. Van Duron is ready to yield it, and the recent reiteration of his nomination- by the locofocn mem hers of Congress, but too plainly indicates what their courso is to be, uur oui y nope is witn tno senate. vc havo a small whig majority there, and on that wo rely. A part of thut majority, to bo sure, nro Southern men, but they arc whigs: and the tinio has couio when protec tion has got to depend upon Southern whig votes, or fall by northern Van Ilurcnism " BY AUTHORITY." Tho Washington Correspondent of the New York IMchian announces that the Loco Foco members of Congress held meeting at tlio capital on WeUiipstlav last and decided, 1st That .Martin Van Huron was to bo their candidate, and 2d, that ho was " bound to bo elected.1' They like wise " determined," according to tho IMebi an, that Henry Clay was never to bo Pres ident of tho United Slates. Antl this tho Plebian regards as decisive of tho contest. It is natural enough that the Van Huron presses, which reposo implicit faith in parly machinery and look upoi) tlio I'eoplo as merely of uso to register the decrees ofthe caucus, should persuado themselves that tho Presidential contest is tlocided by this "olli eial" announcement of tho Van Iluren lend ers, that tho country must tako up with the " Sago of Lindenwold" for another term of four years. Theso gentlemen havo yet somo lessons to learn about tho nrgnni.ation nnd working of popular governments. Thoy seem to bo ignorant of tho fact that tiik People of the United States choose their members of Congress to mako laws, rcscrv , in ,0 themsth'ts the right of mak hie Pros - ,, ,. b . '"'"f,""" """ 1 '"' rll11 "lp.v Wl11 Mfrnso in No- vnmher next hy electing Hr.Nnv Ci.av to tho Chief Magistracy, thn " decreo" of thn Vnn Huron Congressional Caucus to the contrary notwithstanding. Eve. Journal. Thn Agricultural Society aro engaged in arranging the list of piemititns, and preparing inntters for tho coming season. Wo shall publish tho schedulo in our next. Tho thing is coiiiL' ulioutl finely. HANDSOME COMPLIMENT. Uishop Hopkins has recently published nt hiliidelphia, a series of Letters addressed to tho Episcopal Church in tho United Slates, touching certain points of doctrine, with winch that communion has been acita- ted for the past year or two. Ho most un equivocally repuuiatcs I'usyism in all its spocts, and shows up its inconsistencies in point of view but poorly calculated to aid its extension among protestants. Ho then proceeds to defino the true position of tho Episcopal Church in roferenco to other de nominations ; in doing which he disavows the exclusiveness which that church has been supposed to assert, and extends tlio hand of liberal fellowship to all christian commun ions. These letters nro having a wido cir culation, and cannot but exert a wholesome influento at tho present moment. Wo alludo to them here, however, moro for the ptirposo of copying the following very hand some compliment from Iilsnop Mc.tnn of Virginnia, which has just reached us thioiigh a southern religions publication, than for canvassing their merits; for wbilo wo aro happy to note this derided stand for the doctrino of christian liberality, wo cannot but regard with much satisfaclion, the deci ded and warm-hcarlcd rccention Bisbon Meatlo has given it. To the Ilishop nf iho Protestant Kpiscopal Church of me 1'iueee ui vermoru: Rt. Rev. ANO PE.vn llnoTltcn i I havn reeenlW received, and with great pleasure read your four printed letters to the bishops and clergy of the Kpis copal Church in these Umled S ates, on ceitnin points in uui-inne nun ufcipiinc now agitating our uelove-d Church in Kngland and America. -If it be lawful and expedient for you thus to make known your senii- nieuis, nnu seen 10 mil lenco oincis lo adopt what you think must likely to conduce lo the peace nnd welfare of our .ion, nnd I can sec no reason lo the contrary, it may also be to one, such ns myself, con scious oi inability to follow your examp'e, at least to toko ibis public method of acknowledging the receipt tf your communications, and lo thank you most sin cerely and heartily for them. 1 desire also in this public manner to do, what I have done in private that is, to re-nde-r ihanks lo the Giver of all grace, that he has granted to you the talents, the learning, the opportunity, and,' above all, iho spirit, to perforin tho task you have nn lertaken in so able, so learned, so judicious, temperate and courteous a manner, as iiiustcnsuro the respect of the candid, the wise, and pious, even though some of them uiny not in every thing agree with yon. You have set nn example to tli-ten luli-i u-mM .,, ,liimit.,,l .......... ?.C nn.t.. ...I.;-!. eaters into tho feelings and iireiuc hce of both nar- ties, and makes all due allowance for their influence overlhe judgment, while, nt Ihe same lime, vou are entirely free from the weakness of indecorous re serve, or ambiguity prevailing ertors of oiird.ay. You havodone what it seems to trie the bishop and clergy in their several degrees and stations nre now called on to do, in s ich manner ns may seem mol suitable that is in reference to the doubts, winch nre but too prevalent, and Inequations that aro con tinually asked, to assert m terms not to be misunder stood, the Protctant character of our Church, in op position to all the glosses and pervers ons of her iiiiiumniiy ilio.e wlm fivor Ihe party which, within the last few years, lias spuing up at Oxford. You have, as I conceive, set forth ths true, moder ate nnd scriptural views of our reformers on the sub ject of the ministry tho ( liureli anil sacraments, in opposition lo thoc extrav igant ones which some very few, at iliffircnt times since the Information, have held, and which, I am persuaded, ever have heen, nnd ever mut be, injurious lo the cause of trua pio.y within our Church, and opposed to her outward extension. Thus estimating vonr letters, I rejoien in their pub licnlion, and mist heartily re omuieiid them to nny willi whommyopini'in may hive the slightest we'ght. especially to my hrethran ofthe clergy and laity in Virginia. WHIG MEETING. Wo would remind tlio Whigs of Burling ton, that tlio meeting for the formation of a Clay Club, stands adjourned to Monday afternoon, -lib inst., nt the Court House. Tun I'AKrtcas ano tut. Cotton- Milk It nears bv some ofthe statistic in a lato -pe-ech by Mr. I'hclps, of Vt., ill the U.S. Senate, that the rt-ocn l-SEB IV STAKCII MADE TOR SIZtNO V MASSACHU np- SETTS os-lv, is equal ill amount to Iho whole quantity of I 'lour ttil.cn of us in England. Here is another most striking I lustration of the value of a home market and the great benefit tn the farmers of a flour ishing condition ot the niiniif icturcrs. Wo shall publish this excellent spcecli next week, if wn can get hold of an million tic copy, llio umbo report of it, omits entirely the statistics and documentary evi dence will) which it was fortified. But even this report is very creditiiblo to our Senator, and reminds us of tho brilliant intellect nnd sound logic wo wero wont to adiniro the bench. upon FtnE. The large yellow house direelly north of the College, was entirely consumed by fire on the morn ing of Sunday list. The house had not been inhabi ted for several months, savo by the birds ofnighi, and no explanation has 1 cen as yet afforded of ihe ori gin of tho fire. Il is probably one of iho-e instances of spontaneous combustion w hich we sometimes .iolice in the city papers. Dan. On Tuesday afternoon tho fins saw-mill on tho Colchester side, at Winooski City, took firo from the gudgeons and was entirely destroyed. Tlio largo machine shop, which stood neat it, was barely saved, through the prompt und persevering efforts of our fire companies, all of whom were upon the ground. The mill was of recent construc tion, and probably second none in tho Slate. The upper loft was occupied by the Plane ing Machine of Messrs. Smiths, which we aro sorry lo add, was also consumed. (7 Wo havo sent on to Capt. Tyler, re questing that Winslow should bo allowed to finish up his quaiter. We had to break oil' in tho middle, nnd know how inconvenient il is. We never intimated that he was a prin ter, however. Marvianh. Tho following statement of tho ma jorities given at tho lato election for llepresontalivcs in Congress, rolls up a pretty decent majority. There being no opposition in iho Cth district, ihe majority of 1S10 is inserted t 1st District John M. S. Causin 1131 '.'nd " Francis llren 'le 435 3rd " John Weihered 323 lih " Jh p. Kennedy 593 5lh " Jacob A l'res-on 17 Clh ' Thoa. A. Spenco (voto of IS10.) 2031 1733 Alabama. Tho Calhoun men nf Mobile held a hrsa meetintr on Iho 11th, and resolved that tho Northern Van Burcnites must t-a the mark on tho Tariff and Abolition questions or the party must go to pieces lint thoy will not givo up tho support of Mr Calhoun for ,lnnt.m, n. .i,.. .,...!. . .. V. " V I" ritnental' tho vo o, of ll, vZ Z " ZZV ami Iho courso nf tho .Svracuso Convention on I - til" "KM the I ariir. iVc. (f-c. A (Jul. H'm .j lliiin. ,.r furod as a substitute sundrv resolutions dcclar. injr that thoy would pros.nvu the tinitv nf thn pany and support Van llurg-i if nominated, hut tliCFn were promptly laid on the table, n ml tlnj original resolutions; passed with only b!x dissent. ing voicoe. rwunc. At. a recent meeting hold nt Tuscaloosa f Ala) to invito Mr. Clav to visit that city, tho lion. II. V. l'orlor took occasion In explain the courso ne ion it ins duty to pursue sinco .Mr Uallioun, his first choice for tho Presidency, had with drawn his name, antl delivered a speech in which ho avowed his determination to support Henry Clay in tho coming contest, against Martin Van Huron. A Vote. A vole of llio'nassnnrrnrs In nnn of the cars of the Ulica rail way compiny w.ib ta ken on Friday, and resulted thus : O.AT, 33 Vav IIchr.v i Ptnvf.v, Jo.insu 'i TOO LA IT.. The following letter from a "distinguished Republican," in the west, is published in tho Washington!, Spectator, Mr Calhoun's or"an at tho Federal Capital. We rather think lbs writer has spoken too late, as tho man said, when he swallowed tho chicken, and it peajed in his throat. Sir Cannoi some feasible plan be adopted to savo lhoM.ot.o Foco party from deleatl Our foes are en thusiastically mifteef upon Clay, and ice ore erery lehere divided upon Van Iluren. The Loco Tocos in the Western Slates, who prefer another than Mi. Van Iluren, if this man is nominated, will be lukewarm, nnd tnnny of them will absent themselves entirely from the polls. Whilo Ihey stand aloof from iho Whigs, they will justify themselves is nol voting rv third time for a man who has niter been their first choice I Can we, under these circumstances, triumph! Al lenst one hundred thousand Democrats voted in 1310 for IlAnniso.v, nnd is there nny probability that Ihey will come back now ? There are also another hundrsd thousand, nt least, who have already voted the last time for Mr Von Iluren. Can wo spare tro hundred thousand men from our ranks, and then put to flight tho Whig army 1 The thin is impossible t' HENRY CLAY AND THE TARIFF. A few of tho Loco Foco prints are juit now busy in a hopeful attempt to prove that Mr. Clay is opposed to a Protective Tariff or if not opposed, that he is but half commit ted to such a measure. Wo commend to theso journals (and among them may bo nam ed the Rochester Advertiser, Buffalo Econo mist, kc.) tlio following extract from last Tuesday's Plebeian ono of their most ap proved coadjutors: Now, wo say to the peop'e of the South and West, and thefriends of Fnu Trade everywhere, tlio policy ol .Ur Clay is well d'Jined. There is no ambiguity. He is in favor of protection, exclusive of revenue, and all he asks is, t'tat if the virions interests of onrpruplu want a higher prottction than icill be nfftn dcil by a retenueduty to slate their case, and il sl'uil be grant ed. He would in order lo win the South, a Ivoeale a pioteciiviidulyonsugar, and in order to satisfy the centre", he would pr ilcct iron. So nfl'ie different see Hons of the Unionh-itin different interests. Theso opinions tho Plebeian, of course, denounces as heterodox, nnd it contrasts them with those entertained by Mr. Vnn Huron, who goes fur a revenue Tariff "w itli dUcrim- i in ilion for other purposes than protection." j We are content lo leave to the People tho ! choice between tlio two men and tho two measures. Eve. Journal. CONNEC TICUT IN MOTION'. Tlio Anniversary of the Birthday of Washington was kept by the Whig Young Men of Connecticut by meeting in Conven tion nlllartford. The Springfield Republican, to which paper we are indebted for llic fol lowing account, represents the Convention as a most grand, enthusiastic, and tmblu one, equalling any of tho similar meetings held during tho memoriablo campaign of IS 10. Tho number of strangers in the city is variously estimated at fioui TEN lo FIFTEEN THOUSAND ! ! Excepting tlio great Bunker Hill Convention of the lOlli of September, IS 10, this surpassed any tiling ever before held in New-England. In the miming of Thursday, the Convention was orgiuied in the City II ill, and the busi ness committee appointed. A letter was read from F. Lawrence, Esq. of Norfolk, heretofore a leading I,ocofoco of that town, renouncing Locofocoism, and giving' in hi adherence to I1HXIIY CLAY. In tho afternoon, the On vention met in the Cnurl Hume Yaid, arinl Charles W. Kockwell, of Norwich, uai chosen President. A series of able and eio. quent resolutions wns reported bv a remimi'tre, and tho Convention was then addres.-ed hv Ex Governor E'Worh, Daniel 1. Tyler, of Wind ham, Win. K. U-i'-.nsiin, nf New Haven, K. C. Bacon, of Lut'uiieid, and Hon. W. W. lloard inm of New Haven. While Mr. H. was speaking, Kv.fJov. More, head, of Kentucky, armed from the Seitith, (agreeably to engagement) was introduced to and addressed the a-seinbled multitude in a most capital and eloquent manner. The Prize Ihnncr, a very splendid one. was awarded to tho Whijfs of iln.-tnl, (in Hartford County,) they having presented a delegation of 29:1, that being the number of Whig votes cast in that town in Id 10 ! In the evening, the City Hall was crowded to excess, and Governor ' Morehead, and Mr. Brooks, of the N. V. Express, made glorious speeches, which were received with great ap plause. In regard to tho banners, of which a host were displayed on the occasion, we take tho following Irom tho Courant of Friday : Nothing has ever been amons us. which compares with the procession which came into mo cuy jesteruay, ami ii.iy uelore, to attend the Convention. limners, borne on lush by good and true-hearted Whijje, told the purposes and the determination with which they had come, banners (jaily and beautifully trimmed, on w hich were inscribed in various ways, the principles which govern the Whigs in the present contest. Nearly all these mottoes contained ihe prouu nent sentiment now ruling the Whig party, the doctrines of protection to America Labor. " Protection," Clay and the Tariff," " Clay ami Baldwin," "Our fathers left us free," " Our Rulers shall not enslave us," and so on in a variety of ways which time will fail us to enumerate. There wero a multitude of tucse binner?, and the skill and bcautv with which they were c.ecuted, showed that' Fair Hands Mil viruu'-ui uieili. lor nan cr lianils In i pibih w ".".--i itnm , iiiusur was wrnion sentiment which seems to be pretty un.Yersaf in tins ataie, just now. "The StuOhle L..(d again on lire." From nreeent nnnoarai.ceA, wo lliink it can bo burned over again. Witlh tho Hauliers lloatmg and tho musiAmimpaiiy- illir HOIIIO of the delegation?. It was a yranJ tn awaken anew the enthusiasm of every tnuo tVlinr Imirf 1 I .. J 7 the outward wall." t. ..u. in hce'ii -our runners! on A number of fine Bands of Music were ent at tho Convention, which discoursed most excellent Music, and Clay Songs were sung. litany vmv oi cour.e was nominated tor tho l'residoucy. In the evening, three resolutions were unan imously adopted 1st. notion itino !,,, Ii,w of Now England for the Vice Presidency. 2d, expressing tho pleasure of tho Convention -n me assura .. e, that Danieu Wfemir is firm and steadiest in tho maintamanre of Whig Fr.o.M IIakrisiiukoii. Wo learn on the au. thority of a privato letter, which has been ro. I "cu lron "arnsuur ceneu irom tlarnsburch, that Ihe cunmiitiro "'' ?3 o'clock yeMerday re. Illiril'II n ill In n-..;,l,. il" .mm ported a bill lo provide a sufficient rewnue, with tho aid of t-oino retrenchment in expen. diturcs, for the payment of Iho annual otponm of Ihe Government, together -iili'lic "hole of thenirriiit interest ot the Warn Petit. 'ku0. (lax.. VJue im.