Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 15, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 15, 1844 Page 1
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WOT TUB G. L O It Y OP C S3 S A n BUT TUB WELFARE OF HOME BY II. C. STACY. II li EAGLE'S AUDUESS TO ENGLAND Mother, how sm.ill you are I You nl.inil is but n nest! A kind "f good n lit easy chair Where theer imbling K""t may rest. Your ell l' liy thenrean stand, And your battlements ftet the sky ! Hut knu.v yo not of that western land Where the free hearts never die 1 Come sit on my airy hciaht, And loi k on the hnst below When the m luntain smiles in tho morning s light, And Ihed.irk old rivers clow. Away to the misjlily west I Wheie the hunter makes liis bower, Where the father of tempest takes his rest, And the trembling liahtnincs cower, Tell not of your ancient might. Nor boast of vour callant dead, A nation sits in its armour lirinlit And laughs at your pallid trend. Vour runes on a thousand fields Mav htcveh in the noon-Hav sun, And sol tier-, shake their blazo.itd shields On the plains of I'umpe won. I'll call to the crimson p'nins, Where the patriot s ildtcr rests, And the vales shall echo a thousand strains Ami ilie hills put on their crests. No Indi m laurel blooms O'er the irraves of thepilirim sirei, Hut this Iind shall furnish thy soldiers tombs, Or seals bv our cottage fires. In peaco she will urcct tho kind In war, ns her men nf ol ! Hut ere your battle-flaa taint the wind, Remember your Island bold. A day I an I the land lint dares To shackle a peaceful world, May find that the western stripling bears A fl n; thai is never f irled. Then sleep, in thy doiase steep, Nor strive to molest the free t The hahe thou cast on the stormy deep May hollow a crave fur thee. Then, m 'ther, no lonier foam, Hut sport w th your titled thins) And drink yoir potter and stay at boms To nourish a brood nf kings, The d tys of the olden time, And tho deeds of the Huron hold. And the curfew's knell nt even time, Are memories to ha told. The dark old aje lias flown, And the feudal towers decay, And naught remains to support your throno But a dedt yon ne'er can pay. HOW TO TELL A STORY. nr ains. sr.m smith. Nn character is moro gonial In a child titan a good slory-toller mm that with a serene fullness pours out iiici.Iunt.il narrative, peril and " linir-brc with 'scape," tali' of t'linritiniu serpent or, deadly Iieasl, of wild or chivahic adventure, till t ho old clock behind the door is heard to tic!; with a solemn loudness, and tho I'lJurs begin to yawn and stir tint ashes in token of weariness. Most heartily do I pity either man or woman who has no such delicious reminiscence. It was my Rood for ttinn when a child to pass much of my time nt an old country f.inii-honse, whom tho ma ny retainers, this priuiitivn and exact order ing of tint household bad in it much of the baronial style of which wo read amongst our Saxon ancestors. Tho principal npirtmenl for ordinary occasions was a lung hall, or dining-room, in the centre, of which was spread n talilo capable of holding the whole family from the head down to the youngest ser vant. Our New England gentry are exact Observers of precedence, and in the old fam ilies where any degree of state is observed, a single glance at the ordering of the table be trays the lelutivo position of each member. At the head sit the master and mNtrojs, then occasional visiters, next the children ranged according to the ago of each, and then come tho upper domestics, as they might be term ed, old, respectable retainers, who sometime? join a few words in the conversation at the bead nflhn table; hut always in a subdued and respectful voice followed next by the younger servants, " to the manor born " ns it were, but as yet too young to share in its dignities. After tho morning and evening meal, which is announced by tho blowing of a horn, each member plan's his chair to the wall, and the patriarch of the family reads a portion of scripture from the " big ha' bible, once his father's pride," and then, "Tho saint, tho husband, and the father prays." At night, when the household arrangements wen; completed, this long room with its dim recesses, its antique furniture and quaint or naments, was the place to give impressive noss to a story. Hern might one shudder at the supernatural, stare at tho marvelous, and thrill at the bold and magnanimous. Here Was tho place, too, to bemoan tho cruelty of " Queen Eleanor " to " Fair Rosamond," to weep for tho lover by " Yarrow flowing," and to rejoice in tho retribution of tho proud and " cruel Barbara Allen." These and ma ny othpr ballads, such as tho " Milk White Doe," " Fair Margaret and Sweet William," Lord James and Fair Eleanor," ivere pre served in redo manuscript and learned orally, and most have been in this way preserved by tradition and brought over to this country by tho first settlers ; thu writer having nevnr seen them in print till ho found them in Per ry's reliques and long after ho had been fa miliar with them as chanted in tho old farm house. Tho city is no place for story-lolling no thing is tn harmony. A story to go well must bo either in a rich antique room, orold rasbinned farm-house, where things have an air of quai.itncss and permanency ; in our rough cottagn with smoky rafters; or, hotter still, in some rude cabin upon tho wild fron tier. In such places wo atiandon ourselves to any fantastic illusion, and aro not ashamed to yield faith, nor to be swayed by the omn ttons of tho tale. A sea story need be told by soino weather-beaten tar by tho sea shore, or by a dim wood firo with a fierce tempest raging without; unless yon have tho good fortune to hear it by the forecastle itself. A good story-teller should ho exceedingly care ful never tn mis-time, nor mis-placo his nar rative. If his miserable fortuno afford him nothing better than a carpeted room, with so fas and chaiiderliers, bo suro In mako tho light dim ; let it come from behind somo piece of statuary or lieavy-stuffed chair, a rnso bush, or largo geranium, that outline and faint shadows he cast then if he have n quiet voice, and not too much nf tho detail, a very good illusion may bo produced. Children, in whom tho lovo of tho marvel ous is always predominant, and who never weary at tho twice-told talo, will adopt all sorts of expedients to hear one. They may be found in tho garret turning over musty re- br.i and old records, in the desire for sugges tion ; nnd they drag forth triumphantly n rusty sword, a cocked h.it, n worm-eaten log bonk, ortiuie hallowed garmont, any of which may afford material fur a story. The boy sits on tho.steps of thu grocer, lulls upon the pump at the corner, nr leans over the taffu rel of the ship, and he is listening to sumo history of stirring adventure. Do not call him away, he is building np tho materials for a man t man firm, enterprising nnd self sustained tho only wealth, thu only true dignity. A story-teller should never hurry, least of nil bo interrupted as for himself he should think for tho lime being only of his story ; give himself up and become a paitofwhat ho relates. Nothing mars a story liko pre occupation. 1 believo all I am wiitiug was suggested to mo when about eight years old, from tho fact of having unfortunately nsked Mrs. Smith, a respectable country woman, rejoicing in that rarest of names, to tell mo the story of a Catamount, ller husband was also h ippy in tho name of John, but as these two favorito names happened to conjoin in union as well ns many of his neighbors, it was not always easy to deteimino the individual specified. In a transition state of society, a man frequently receives soubiiquet, indica ting snmeqiialily of mind, person or achieve ment, by which ho is distinguished from those about him. It is an ancient practice sanctioned by history ,and one mode by which names were created. The ahoi igines in this way named their chiefs and warriois. Mr. John Smith of the country town of which I am speaking, was henco culled Catamount Smith. Great was my curiosity to learn why. I questioned every one. Why is iMr. fimith called Catamount John ? "Why? Because ho killed tho Cata mount," There was the fact ; but I wanted the sto ry all the details the enormous size of the animal, his growl, his tremendous leap, the fierce contest, the peril, and finally to bo in at too death. Once sr-ilir. d by the pood natured face of Catamount John", I ventured to crave the story, blushing up to the eyes while I did so. " Mr. Smith, will you tell me how you kil led the Catamount " Un turned his bland face full upon mine, placed his rough, broad palm upon my head and answered, " My dear, shot him." " But how, Mr. Smith, how 1" " I took my gun and pointed, so 'suiting tho action to the word,' and shot him through he ." I ran out of the room to hide my vexation. At this moment, Mrs. Catamount Smith passed by nie, bearing an enormous pan of butter, fresh .from tho churn. Now Mrs. Smith would nevnr h.ivn ilelnileil nny ili!..n but a chiltl iutu a belief that she could tell a story. She was entirely deficient in that quality of repose, so essential to the thing. She was a little, plump, hustling dame, for ever on tho alerl to see that all was neat and tidy. Her sleeves were always up at tint el bow, her apron wliilo as snow, and the fiill of her cap blowing back with her quick tread. Short people never stoop, and Mrs. Smith being very short and very round, tipped some what backward when she walked. That night, when all the family were in bed, except a faithful domestic named I'ollv, I seated myself beside tho good old lady, to hear the story of the Catamount. The rea der must bear with me while I relate tho thing just as il transpired. Mrs. Smith cava one keen look about the apartment, to convince herself that till was right, and then stuck her needle into a shea alhxed to her lieu, anil commenced knitting and talking at the same mometil. " John and I began house-keeping in tho log house down by the pond, about a mile fiom the place where the meeting-lioiiso now (la, Polly, theie's Jacob's buskins on the back of your chair, and they must be bound round to-night : do no ri 1 1 1 to wurk on them) wheio did I leave off? where the meeting-house now stands. 'Tw.is another thing to he fixed out then, In what il is iiow-a-days. I was considered very well off my father gave me a cow and pig and I had spun and wove sheets and kiveilids, besides nirning enough to buy a chist of draws, and a cnttplo nt cuairs. i lien my mother launched out a nice bed, a wheel, and somo kettles. Wo had n't nitirli company in them times, our Highest neighbor was over tho mountain, fivo mile off (now did you ever I liked to for got llieni are trousis of Ephraim's hu's lied his handkercher round his kneo all day, to kiver up tho hole Polly, get my' wax and thimble, and the patches, and I'Hco right to work ) Well, what was I sayin' ? Oh, we had n't much company, and my old man Hindu ii settln, with ii high back, anil bought chairs two at a lime, as our family grew larg er." " But, my dear ma'am, yon promised to tell me about the Catamount," " les, yes, I'm rouiiii along to it. Well. John had got together a yoko of oxen, sum sheep, and oilier cattle, and wo began to be pretty considerable forehanded. Ho was a nice, smart mm, and nobody should say ho had a lazy wife. (Polly, just sweep the hearth up.) Wo had no machines then to card our wool, and I had to card it myself for I nev er hired help till after our Jacob was" " Dear Mrs. Smith.the Catamount !" " Yes, child, I'm eeny most to it. Let mo sen till after Jacob was born then 1 hired Lydia Keene, as smart a girl she was, as over worn shoo leather. By this tituo wo had eighteen or twenty sheep, and John used to drive them into the pen and count them nvnry night, to bo suro that the wolves or panthers had n't got any of 'qui : for the beasts werepreilv lliirk about tho mountai and many a timn I've stood to tho door and hoard thorn howl and cry, to say nothing of tho foxes and screech-owls that kept up a rumpus all nigh long. (Dear mn, this snap py wood now has burnt a hole in my apron it looks jist like a pipe hole. I do so halo to see it. I'll mnnd it now, and then 'twill bo done with. nover nut off any thing till to-morrow, that can bo dono to-day that's the way to.) Now do n't fidget, child, you seo I'm almost to it ; that's Iho way to get lore-nanueo, as I was s saying. Weill, ono BURLINGTON, morning John went out, nnd found the sheep all huddled together into a corner, trembling pitifully. Ilo counted them, and nno was missing. This was a loss, for I needed tho wool for winter kiveilids. (There, Polly, vnu've forgot the apples you'ru a goiu to parn for tho pan-dowdy, now tho buskins is done, you better gel them under way.) " Well, tho next night John tool. Hover now Rover was tho largest dog I ever sne, near about aslarge as a heifer, and the know ingest critter I ever laid eves on. Well, John took him out to tho pen, and told him to watch the sheep. John II never forget how that critter looked lip in his face, and licked his hand when ho left him, just as if ho knew what would como of it, and wanted to say good byo ; nor how ho crouched down before the bars, and laid his linso upon his paws, and looked after him solemn like. Poor Rover ! Thn next morning John was up airly, for he felt kind a worried. Ho went out to tho sheep pen, and suro enough tho first tiling he see, was (Polly, you'vo just cut a worni-holo into your apples) tho first thing ho see, was poor Rover dead by tho liars, his head torn right open, and another sheep gone. Joints dander was fairly up betook down the gun, there it hangs on thn hooks, took his powder-horn nnd bullets, and started off. I tried to coax him to set a trap, or to watch by the sheep pen. But John al ways had a will of his own,. md was the cour ages t man in the town, and ho declared ho'd have nothing to do with any such cowardly tt irks He'd kill the critter in broad day light, if 'twas only to revenge poor Rover. So ho stalled oil'. Ilo tracked the critter about a mile round by tho mountain, which in thorn days was covered with trees to the very top. (Polly, jUt lake ilicm aro Ironsis, and lay them down by Ephraim's chamber door; he'll want them in the morning.) Well, John now miscd Hover (IreHiJfiilly, In scent out the beast ho moved along care fully, searching into the trees expeclinrr he might be down every minit. All at once ho heard the bark lipped up from a ireo almost over bis head, and then a low, quick grow I, I and there was the Catamount jisl ready fori hie ,-;,,ru ,.,,c,.;,. iti .1' i ' that new snap all running out o the barn into the cellar, 1 saw it had sprung a leak about supper lime, and then I foigot all about it again." Thn word " spring " had been tho unlucky association, and away she darted to the cel lar, followed by the faithful Polly. " Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Smith, do finish the storv !" " La! child John shot him !" she scream ed from the foot of thu stairs. ANCIENT NEWS PAPERS. The Romans, thnnol. . look the lad, had registers of publics and in telligence which were really nol unlike our own newsp.'ipei s, in their contents, but im measurably infeiior in the mode of circula tion. The journals of the Senate nnd Na tional Convention lung contained little moro than entries lesenibling those in our collec ted Acts of Pailiiment. These furnished most of tho materials from which, till GS5, the pontiffs compiled their annals ; and there is also pi oof that after the republic had ex tended its dominions, thosu official journals were regularly copied and transmitted to public men living at a distance. But these sources were not enough. Every man alnoad had his correspondents in Rome; and when the task of collecting news became more dif ficult, several persons assumed newsmonger- ing as a trade, taking in short hand notes of the proceedings at public meetings, and sell ing copies of lliem, as well as of the common gossip of tho day, and the official journals. Julius Cresar, in C94, established a regular sysliuii of recording the deliberations, bulb of thu senate and conventions, in a font! much like our reports of Parliamentary debates; and he allowed these accounts to be copied and freely circulated. Although Augustus stopped tho publication of tho reports, the re straint was soon afterwards withdrawn, and, ever after their introduction by Julius, these and all other archives ol tho stalo were so unreseivedly open to tho public, and their contents were diffused in so many shapes, that wo aro often uncertain whether the sour ces to which the Roman authors refer aro these ofiicial reports, or iho notes of profes sional shoilhand writers; or finally, those collections of common news that wero hand ed about with the other pieces of information But wo aro less curious to disentangle! this confusion than lo learn somo of thn subjects which wero discussed in tho news journals. The accounts of tho political debates em braced thu acts and resolutions, thu receipts of the emperors, the reports of magistrates or romiiiillies, thn names of voters, (like that of Thrasea Pu'lns, whose silent dissent was watched with such eagerness by the pro vincials,) the speeches, their reception, and thn squabbles of the debaters. Stray articles of law intelligence seems to have found their way into these collections. 1 hey were, like wise, occasional notices extracted from the local registers of birth, and iinoiincenicnls of marriages, divorces, deatns, and funerals, ns also descriptions ol no v public buildings, shows of gladiators, and siichordinary ihenict. Julius Cfesar, who read the news shecit every morning, gave strict orders that Ciceio's wit ty saying should bo regularly added to tho o'ther current matter. The journals ton, liko our own, were tho acceptacles lor all tragi cal and marvellous occurrences ; nnd Pliny derived from them many ol the odd stories inserted in his encyclopedia .uniting which llm fo owiiil' mav bo cited ; I he gazettes rela ted, that on tho day when Cicero defended Milo. lliero descended a shower of bricks ; that, under Augustus, a berghcr of Fresulae walked lo the Capitol in a procession loimed bv bis own sixlV-lhren descend.iiils, that when a slave of tho unfortunate Titus Sa hums had been executed by Tiltirius, his dog watched thn corpse, earring food lo its mouth and on its being thrown into thn Tiber, swam after it nnd strovo to bring it to land; and that, in the reign of Claudius, a Phtxnix from Kgypt was publicly exhibited at Rome which last story, however, Pliny truly an nnunces to bo a manifest invention, CacV Library, io. ,i,w.,i. iiuiy me 1 Italian Islands, ol. 1. VERMONT, FRIDAY, A CONNECTICUT STORY. Tho following is related as a fact, having actually happened somo years since in Con necticut. A man in rather indilTerenl circumstances, surrounded by a largo family, being entire ly out of meat had recourse to tho sheep fold of his neighbor, (a wealthy farmer,) for relief. Tho neighbor, having n largo fluck of sheep, did not perceive lie had lost any until olio of tlio finest of the flock very largo and fat, was missing, and counting bis sheep ho found ho had lust several. Unable to ac count frr this exlinordinnry loss, he resolved a few nights after to watch. About mid night bo observed an uncommon disturbance among the sheep by tho sudden appearance of a man dressed in disguise. Cnriosliy, ns well to observe the conduct nnd find him out induced him to lie still. In the flock there was a ram with which, it seems the man was in the habit of conversing, ns if ho had been tho actual owner of the sheep. ' Well Mr. Rum,' said llm nocturnal visi tant, 'I havo como to buy another sheep ; have you any mote to sell V Upon which ho replied to him ns in the person of the rum : 'Yes, I have sheep to sell.' By this time tho owner of tho sheep per ceived him to be ono of bis neighbnrs.--'What will you taku for that fat wetliei 1" says thn purchaser. 'Four dollarssays Mr. Rani. 'That is a very high price,' says the man ; But ns you aro very good to wait on me for pay l"iliink I will take him. 'Well Mr. Ram,' continued the honest sheep buyer ' let us see bow many sheep I have bought of you. 'If I am not mistaken, 'says Mr. Rum 'this makes the fifth.' He then went on tn cast up the amount of thn whole and after giving Mr. Ram a polite invitation to call on him for his pay, nnd bidding him good night led the wealher home, while the owner lay laughing at the novelty if tliu scene, as highly gratified as if be had received ample pay for the whole. A few nijits .ilieruuril, when he supposed llls "elgniior was ueany out ot mutton no caught the ram and lied along bag under his neck, and placed a piece of paper be tween Ills horns, oil which he wrote in large letters: I have come after my pay. Under this lino In; footed up llio whole amount nf the five sheep exactly as his neighbor had before related ; ho then look the ram to his neighbor's house, where lie tied liim near his Ldoor and then went home. When the neighbor arose in the morning ho was not a little surprised to find tho sheep tied at his door, but it is heytmd words to ex press his ns'miishmenlt when he found it was the old ram with which ho had lately been t'o 1'ing so nun Ii in mutton, w ith his errand o,ii his foiehend and the amuuiit of tho five sheep acruiately niacin nut as be hail uonu u few nights lielore. in tho person of tho ram. Suffice it to say, the obtained the money and after tying it up nicely in tho bag, find teal nig the paper mini Iho horns, set the rani at liht'ity, which immediately ran homejing gling bis money, as if proud of having ac complished the object of his errand, to the no small gratification of tho owner. 1-Vom the Wrcklv I'ispalcli. DANfl.Nf! SONG. Dance, dance, ns lontrns ye can, Wc must iraiol through life, but why make a dead march nf il TIip fine linen of State may sit well upon man, lint 'tis pleasant, inuhinU, just to rub out the starch of it. Danee, dance, as lontrns ye may,

See the plumes of the pine, how they dance on the mountain ; Sec Ihe ocean Moods' danee while the winds pipe and play. See the radiant bubble-drop dance in tho fountain. Dance, dance, let no cynic rebel, See ihe stars ns for evei nil danrins nnd twinklings 'Tn iho music of spheres lhat ehev dance so well, And that music is ceaseless, though soft be the tink ling. Hnnee, dance, rverv one, The cnais round our heads dance in end'ess gyra raiinn ; The erv worlds fool it awav round the sun, Keeping up Iho old figure first led by Creation. Danee. danre, sec the sweet rose Ilcnd to tho hlue.bell in liuht luinuetlini?! Summer leaves fall when the autumn cust hlows. nut incv cianceanu uio merrily wildly pousetnng. Dance, dance, look nn the hill, The white lilies noil, nnd ihe bulrushes ouiver ! Tli'lientiiifnl wnter-flas! when are ihev still I mi I .i :n i .i i '.... i m-y uiiiii-vin iiiuiiiiii.punu, iney uance in trie river. I'unee. dance, see over head. How ine c'ouiis dancoalonc, with their gauzy robes striaininir. Look below, see Ihe leirinn of dancers that sprend in itieei.in-ears inai snake vrita tlieir golden crowns gleaming. Dnnee, danee, ihe wisp-lielil will try Willi jtahnrlrniiin dan' illL' in lemnt the lost ranreri The flame of the innle-loj dances on hudi, .e.. d.na ;x ;n ,i.d i....cai.i.i 1 1 . luc.ku juj ,,, , ,,v ttwuBWIUlU, UilU UCtltUU lie B, Oil- ger. Dnnee, danee, ihe savape is found Dnnrinir in furv. in triurnnh. nnd Isnphters The child from the illnco school, trammels unbound, Dance, danee, ns lone ns ye may, Nature gels upn ureat " ballet" about us j ller stnee-ronm is vast, so come trip it away, for Life's Opera cannot be perfect wihont us. F.L1Z.V COOK. PETER CHANCERY, ESQ., AND HIS riVB DOLLARS. Showing the blraslnga that may follow the settlement or the smallest account. BV riUFEFSOIl INCnAHAM. ' Sir if you please, boss would liko vou to nav this little bill to-day,1 said for tho tenth time 'a half crown boy in a dirty jacket to a lawyer in his office. The attorney at length turned round and star ed the boy full in tho (ace, as if he had been Mimo newly discovered specimen of znolosy, gave a long whistle, thrust his inky fingnrs firM into one porket and then into the other of his black clntb vest, and then gave another long whistle, and completed his staie at the boy'c face. Ho, ha, hum! that hill, eh !' and the legal young gentleman extended the tips nf his fingers toward the well-worn bit A paper, and daintily opening it, looked at its route, ,ts. 'Hum for lapping and heel-tapping, siv shilling!' for foxing, ten and six pence, anil other iwnndrie, eh ho, vour master wants me tn cclle this bill, eh ' repeated the man of tho Uriels. Yes, sir, this is the nineteenth time I have come for it, and I intend to knock oft" at twenty A ..II l,-,lf ' MARCH 15; 1844. ' You're an Impudent boy.' 1 1's always Impudent to' lawyer?, eor I can't help it it's catchin 1' ' You've got your eye-teeth cut I fcc.' 1 That's what loss sent mo for, inilead o' the 'prentices as was gettin their teeth cut. I cut initio at nine months old with a hand saw. ltoss says if you don't pay the bill he'll sue you!' '.Snom I'm a lawyer !' ' It's no matter for that 1 Lawyer or no law yer, boss declares he'll do it so fork over !' Declares he'll sue mo !' 'As true as there's another lawyer in all Fil delfv. ' That would be bad !' 'Wouldn't it!' 'Silence, you vagabond; I supposo I must pay this,' muttered tho attorney to himself. ' It'p not my plan to pay these email bills! What is a lawyer's profession good for, if ho can't get clear paving his own bills ) Ilc'll sue me! ' lis Just live dollars ! It comes hard, and he don't want the money ! What is five dol lars to him J His boy could have earned it in the timo he has been tending him lo dun me for it. So your master will sue- me fur it if I don't pay!' 1 Ho says ho will do it, and charge you a new pair o' shoes for me.' 'Harkce. I can't pay to-day ; so if yourboss will sue, just be so kind as to ask him to employ me as hi attorney.' ' You V 'Yes; I'll issue the writ, hav; it served and then you see I shall put tho costs into my own pocket instead of seeing them go into another lawyer's. So you see if I have to pay tho bill I'll mako the costs. Capital idea !' The boy scratched his head awhile as if striv ing to comprehend this' capital idea,' and then shook it duubtingly. ' I don't know about this ; it looks tricky. I'll a6k boss though, if as how you say you won't pay it nohow without being sued.' ' I'd rather be sued, if he'll employ me boy.' But who's to pay them costs the boss !' " The 'awyer looked all at once very serious and gave another of those long whisllos peculiar t hnn. Well, lam a sensible man, truly ! jlfy anx iety to get the costs of suit blinded me to the fact that they wero to cotne out of my own pock ets before they could be safely put into the pock el ! Ah, well my hoy I suppose I must pay. Hero is a five doilar gold piece. Is it receipted it is so dirty and greasy I can't see !' 'It was nice and clean when boss gin' it to me, and the writing sliinod like Knapp's black in' 't's torn m of a dunin' so much.' 1 Well, here's your money,' said the man-of-law, taking a solitary five dollar pieco Iroin his watch fob ; 'now tell your master, Mr. Last, that if he has any other accounts he wants sued I'll attend to 'em w th the greatest pleasure.' 'Thank'cc, sir,' answered the boy, pocketing his fix e, but you is the only regular iluuniii' cus totner boss has, and now you've paid up, he han't none but cash folks. Good day to you.' . Now there goes five dollars that will do that fellow Last no good. I am in want of it, but ho is not. It is five thrown away. It would n't left my pocket but lhat I was sure that his na- tenco was worn out, and costs would come of it. 1 like Intake cnsls, hut I don't think lhat a 'ATI'd'eVly'i aucery, licq. dm nol believe in his own mind that paying his dehl to ,1r. Last was to hoof any benefit to him, and nas of opin ion that it was-' money thrown axvax ,' let us fnl low the fate of this five dollars through the day. ' He has paid,' said the buy, placing the money in his master's hand. Well, I'm clad of it,' answered Mr. Last, surveying the money through his glasses, and it's a halt eagle, too. Now run with it and pay ,1r. Furnace the live dollars I borrowed from him yesterday, and said I would return to. mor row. But I'll pay it now.' Ah, my lad, come just in time,' sa:d Fur nace, as the bov delivered bis errand and the money. ' I was ju&t vunderiii2 whie I could get five dollars to pay a bill which is due to.day. ' Hero, John,' he called to ono of his apprer.ti ces; ' put on your hat and take this money lo Captain O'Brien, and toll htm I come withinone of disappointing hiui, when some money came I iiiiiii i expect. Captain O'Brien was on board of his schooner at the next wharf, and with hnn w.-s a seaman with his hat in his hand, lu.king very gloomy as ue spoue with mm. ' I'm sorry, my man, I can't pay you but I have jtift rai.-cd and scraped the last dollar I can ret above water to pav niv insurai.ee money tn. d iv, and have not a copper left in my pocket to jtngie, out Keys aim oiu nails.' 'Hut I am very much in need, sir; my wife is ailing, and my family are in want of a good many things just now, and I cot several articles at the sturo expecting to get monev of you to ta'te 'cm up as I went along home. " We han't m tin house no Hour, nor lea, nor' ' W nil, my land, I'm sorry. You must come to-mnrrnw. I can't help you unless I sell my cnai oi my oacK, or pawn me schooner s Hedge No liodv pays me.' The sailor, who had come to cet an advance nf wages, turned away sorrowfully, when the apprentice boy came up and said in Ins hear in ' : ' Here, sir, is five dollars Mr. Furnace owes you. lie says when lie told you he couldn't pay your out to.cl.iy. lie eliun t expict some money mat came in alter you loit his shop." Ah, that's my fine boy ! Here, Jack, take this five dollars and come on Saturday and get the balance of your wages.' Tho seaman, with a joyful bound, tnok the piece, and touching his hat, sprung with a light heart on shore, and hastened to the store where he had already selected the comforts and necessities lib. family stood so much in need of. As he entered, a poor woman xvas trying to prevail upon tho store keeper to settle a demand for making; his shirts. ' You had best take it out of the store. Mrs. Conway,' he said to her, 'really havo not ta. ken halt tho amount of your hill to-day, and don't expect to. 1 have to cliarco everv thiiiT. and no money comes in.' I can't do without it,' answered the woman, earnestly; ' my daughter is' very ill, and in want of every comfort r I am' out of firewood, and in deed I want many things which I have depended on this money to get. I worked night and day to getyour shirts elonc.' ' I'm very sorrv Mrs. Conwav.' said Ihe store. keeper, looking into his money drawer ; ' 1 have not five shillings here, and your bill is five dot. tars anu ninp pence.' The poor'woman thoueht of her invalid child and wrung her hinds. 'A sailor was here a while ago and selected full fivo dollars worth of articles hero on the counter and went away to get his wages lo pay on uki.n, i.ui ijuuciiuii ii no cnnies uacK. il he does and pays for them, you shall havo vour money madam.' At tins instant Jack made his appearance in tho eloor. 'Well, ship mate,' ho cried, in a' tone much more elevated than when he was discovered speaking wild tho captain ; 'well my hearty, hand over my freight. I've got the document, o give us possession ! and displaying his five dollar piece, he laid hold of the purchases. The store-keeper, examining and seeing that Ihe money was good, bade him take them with him, and then sighing as he took another and Uet look at tho piece, ho handed it to tho poor widow, who with a joyful smile, received it from him and hastened from the store. In a low and very humble tenement, near the water, was a family of poor children, whose appearance exhibited the utmost destitution. On a rot bed near lay a poor woman, ill and emaciated. Tho door opened and a man in coarse patched garments entered with a wood saw and cross, and laid them down by the door side and approached the bed. 'Are you any better dear ! he asked in a rough voice, but in the kindest tones 'No have yon found work ! If you could get me a little nourishing food, I could regain iny strength. The man gazed upon her pale face a moment, and again taking np his saw and crnss.wenl out. He had not gone far before a woman mot him and said, sho wished him to follow her and raw some Wood for her. His heart bounded with hope and agralit ide.and hewent alter her to her dwelling an nbodo little betlor than his own for poverty; yet wearing an nir of comfort. He sawed the wood, split and piled it, and received six shillings, with which ho hastened to a store for necessaries for his sick wife, and then hurri ed home to gladden her heart with the delicacies he had "provided. Till now he had had no work for four days, and his lainily had been starving, and from this day his wife got better and was at length restored loher family and to health, from a state of weakness which anolher day's- contin uance of would probably have proved fatal. These six shillings which did so murh good, was paid him by the poor woman from the five dollars she had received from Iho storekeeper, and which the sailor had paid him, Tho poor woman's daughter also was revived, and ulti mately restored to health ; and was lately mar ried to a young man who had boon three years absent and returned true tn his troth. Hut for tho five dollars which had been so instrumental in her recovery, ho might have returned tn be told that sho whoso memory had so long been the polar star nf his heart, had perished. bo much gnoi did the five dollar piece on W'lr.li l'eler Chancery. Ko.. so reluctantly paid to Mr. Last's apprentice boy, thouah little credit is due to this legal gentleman lor the results that followed. It is thus that Providence often makes bad men instruments of good to others Let this little storv lead those who tliinl; a 'small bill' can stand because it is a small bill, remember how much cond a five dollar bill has dono in ono single day and that in paying one bill iney may be paying a series ol twenty bills, and disposing good to hundreds around them. A X A S PRIZE ESSAYON MANURE. Tltr. QUANTITV or DUNG. It is affected first, h t!ic season ; second, by the ago ; third, by the sex ; fourth, by the condition ; fifth, by the mode nt employ ment: sixth, by tho nature of the beast; seventh, the kind of food. 1st. The season. It is liecauso digestion is worse in summer than in winter, n general fjri. lhat slimmer manure is best. And where cattle are summer soiled, it is said the manure is worth double that from stall-fed winter cattle. I do not think much is to be attributed to the worse digestion in summer, but the cause of this great difference in val ue, it is In bo found in the facl, that soiled cattle generally (jet a large proportion of ijlood-tiirnnng tood. Tho wear and tear of their flesh is lillln. ami Hence, reciiining littlu ol their food to keep up tlieir tlesh, a greater poition goes off in dung, which thus heroines rich in annuo, nia. The green plants, rich in nitrogen, af ford abundance for milk, which, being rich in all the elements of cream, shuuld jrfbrd largn returns of butter. 2J Age. From the fact, that young and growing animals ri-quiru not only food lo form flesh and blood, to repair the incessant waste and change taking place in their bodies as in older animals, hut also a further sup ply to increase the bulk of tlieir frame, it i.s evident, that their food will be oioro com pletely exhausted of all its principles, and that also less will be returned as dung. All experience confirms this reasoning, and de cides that thu manure of young animals is ever the weakest and poorest. 3d. Tho sex. This is one of the most powerful of tho causes which affect the strength of thing. From tho remarks which have been nln-ady made, and which I trust. reader, aro now fresh in your memory, of tliu important part acted by nitrngen in dung. it must bo plain why sex should exercise such influence. 1st. In all food, ns wo have explained, that only which contains nitrogen, can form flesh nnd blood, or substances of similar constitution, that is, requiring a large proportion of nitrogen, as milk. Hence an animal with young, that is. a cow before calving, requires unt only materials for its own re-pair, lint lo Inula up and porlert its young. Jlenco Hie food will lie most com plelely exhausted of its nitrogen, and conse quently tho dung become proporlionablv weaker. 2d. Tho young having been form ed, llien milk is required for its sustenance. Milk cantainsn largn proportion ol nitrogen ous or blood-forming elements, and so the causp which originally made the dung weak, continues to operate during all Ihe time 1 1 it animal is in milk. Sex, then it is evideiH. sr. .. .. . aliens materially the cpialilv ol the thine. mi 1 ..." . . . . tin. i no c.iuciiiiou. ii uiu animal is in good condition, and full grown, it requires only food enough to supply materials lo re new us waste. Hence, the food, fmnnosint? thai nlwavs insufficient quantity,) it is less exhaiisti-d of its elements, than when tho animal is in poor condition. In the last case, not only xvaxio, but new materials must bo supplied.' If the animal is improving in fesh, (and here, rea der, I would havo you bear in mind the elis tmction between flesh and fat,) if tho animal is improving in flesh, then thu manure is al ways less strong, than when ho is i-ained f.n. There is no manure so strong as that of fat tening animals. An animal sla .fed. kern in pinper warmth, requires but littlu of his breathing food, to keep up his heat. All the starch, gum, sugar, &c. go to form fat. Having little use (or his muse es or flesh, ebai sorters little waste, nnd tho nitrogen which SIIOUIU go 10 lomi Mesh. IS Voided in dnni. If it is a she, no milk is given during this pe riod, for a cow in milk, fats not. Tho dung, then, offattoning animals, eon tains moro of all tho elements of food for plants, than at any other period, and i pe culiarly rich in nitrogen. I trus), reader, it If not fb long -since you have met the word vo;,. xvii..Xo. 41. ammonia, that you havo forgotten that its source and origin are duo to this nitrogen.' Now iho source of this nitrogen is in tliu food, mid as, during fattening, grain, is supplied for its starch, &c, to make fal, and very littlu waste ol I lie body taking place, tho extra nitrogen of the blood-forming materi als uf grain, is nearly ull voided in dung. 5th. Tho modu o( employment. Your working beasts suffer great wear and tear of flesh mid blood, bono nnd muscle, thews and sinews. Hence tlieir daily food sup plies only tins daily waste, the food is very thoroughly exhausted, and of course the dung is weak. It derives its chief value fro in the excretions of those pans of the body which are voided as waste materials, imong the excrements. There is a diUuc- tioti lobe noted here: excretions aro thu worn out flesh nod blood cli'inents excre ments, the undigested and unused food : dung includes both excretions and excre nients. Now tho chief value of the dung of work- ins cattle depends upon the excretions. Oil'. Tho nature ol the beast, it nn coat is wool, he requires more sulphur and phosphorus, the natuiiil yolk or sweat of his wool, more lime and ammonia, than docs the hairy-coated animal. Hence sheep pro duce! manure less rich in manyof the elements of plants, than cattle; but us al the samo time it contains a larger portion of nitrogen, and is very finely chewed, it runs quicker in to fermentation." It is a better manure, quick to eat, quick to work, and is soon done. 7lh. The Kind ol lonu. xv e; nave aircaoy poked of this as affecting the quantity of dung. Its nflects lire no less marked on its quality. Now all that requires to lie said on this subject, is to remind you, render, of tho two divisions of food, the fnl-forniers, and tho flesh and blood-formers. It must he evident that the moro of this last the food contains, that is, tho more nitrogenous is the food, tho richer the dung. Hence, grains of all sorts, peas, beans, efcc, will always given tidier dung than fruits, as apples, cc. Tho ninro nitrogenous the hay, tho richer the dung. Meadow cats-tail ami rye grass aro nearly ix times stronger in ammonia than oat straw. Red clover is twice as rich in nitrogen as licards-ginss ; wheat, bailey, and rye straw, green carrots and potatoes contain only about one-third to one-fifth the aninionin of herds crass, and turnips only about one-sixth. The quantity of ammonia contained in thee different grasses and straws, shows at onco the effect they mint have in the compost heap. The kind of litter must have no small effect upon the value of manure. And xvhilc we are upon this subject, it may not be out of place lo mention, that the kind of a green crop lurned in, materially affects the value of tin; process. While the straws' nf the grain hearing plants afford for everv ton of green crop turned in, about three-quarters of a pound ot ammonia, green cnru-stalks ami herds-grass, about five pounds of ammonia per ton ; red clover affords about seventeen" pounds of ammodia per Ion. The very great value of clover in enriching land isthusmado evident. Hut to return to the quality nf tho dun!:, as affected by the food, it has been proved, that animals fattening nn oil cake, 'jive manure in value double that of commnn stock. Hero abund inre of nitrogen is sup plied where but very Utile is required, and consequently much is voided in dung. 1 hu point to winch ue have arrived is a breathing place: the remarks which havo been offered upon the action of sails, have prepared the way for our e'litering upon tho next section the second class of manures. (To be continued.) A WoNuniirL't. llonsr..-A rather remark able occurrence transpired a short distance from this town a few days ago. While two young men, apprentices niih Mr. D. Lee, grocer and lea dealer, in Deusbury, wero taking a short walk down the side of the river Calder, tlieir master's warehouse dog, which was accompanyieg them, straxed into nn ad joining field, and on seeing an ass, winch was grazing, suddenly fell upon it, worrying il in a most ferocious manner. A number of men being at a short distance, and seeing the dog likely in a short time to wony the poor as' to death, went and commenced a fierce at tack upon tho dog with hedgo stakes, but without succeeding in gelling hnn offthoass, which he was mutilating in a most shocking manner. A horse, belonging to Mr. Geo. Fell, of Earlshealoii, had witnessed tln sb pro ceedings evidently under iiin-,t agitated feel ings, and, as if conscious ihe pour n;s must perish unless lie interlined, matlo a rush llirougli the hedge, cleared off the men who were trying tn liberate' th ass, iind in a most' furious manner seized tin; dog with his teeth, nnd dragged him uff, nnd aimed sever! blows at him witli his fore and hind feet, and' had not tl e dog nude, oil', it is supposed hu would havo despatched him in a few min utes. When tho horse had accomplished this feat, he, with head and tail itccI, pranr-e-d about thu ass in a noble and most digni fied manner, as if proud of having pained a' mighty conquest, and manifested evident' tokens of pleasure, as if sensibly feeding lhat ho had do-io an art of benevolence. AIT who'bi'held this wonderful deeel of .Mr. Fell's' horse, were powerfully struck wiili his evi dent intelligence and sympathy for hisfelloW brute. Waktfitld (ktig Journal. A country paper ailverlises for a ntamifac Hirer of or'uin il anecdotes uf Washington, in cidents of ihe revolution, tab's of deep anil thrilling interest, Fourth of July orations, nnd patriotic poems, anil first rate dunning ancles" for thu benefit of delinquent subscribers. To any person capable of doing up a satis factory run of business in this line, he offers' hoard, clothes, privilege lo spark his eldest daughter (33 ) ears'of age') and a glass of cider twice a week. A grey hair was espieel among the raven locks of a fiiir friend of oars, a few days since. 'Oh ! pray pull it out,' she exclaiui ed. If I pull it out, len will enme to tho funeral,' replied the lady who made the un welroine discovery. Pluck it out never iheless,' said the dark haired damsel it is no sort of consequence how many come lo the funeral provided they come in hUck.' How dependant a thing is hunus tvA. lence ! Wbt is beauty without soup I