Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 5, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 5, 1844 Page 2
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5MIIB IPtBQBI ABOLITIONIST READ I The following letter of Cassius M. Clay, communicated to the Now York Tribune, requires no comment. It addresses itself to ihe common sense of every fair and candid im n, with convincing force. Tim well known chnracter of the writer, for philan thropy, mid emphatic anti-slavery views views, the sincerity of which have been test ed in no common degree, by his noble eman cipation of his own slaves, at an immense personal sacrifice, add to his letter a weight and potency that attach to few other politi cal letters. Mr C. M. Clay is a namesake, but wo believu not a relative, of IIuNnv Ct.AV. The satisfactory, frank, mid manly reasons which hi! assigns, for preferring Mr. Clay to Van Burcn as a candidate for the Presidency, and his reasons for voting for the former, however much ho may regret that he is a slaveholder, and why that single objection, however potent it may be, is not enough of itself to outweigh his other noble characteristics, deserve the serious considera tion of every anti-slavery voter in tho Union. Wo give tho letter with tho comments of tho Tiibunc : ANTI-SLAVERY MEN ! HEAR CASSIUS M. CLAY! The following letter from Cassias .U.Clay In one of tlm many who lia c writle.i him fur an expression of hi views respecting the Picsidr-n-cv has been transmitlcd us fur publication. We ask all opponent.-! ol'slaiery to cue it con siderat on to which tho character, ability, and well known, omphalic anti-sla' cry sent nicnt of the writer entitle it. He has just given a new proof of I In; sincerity anil depth of his conviction liy emttncvatinjT ali his oini slnics thus dives. tin? hum-elf nl legally entrenched Rights of Property worth some 810,000. Let the man who has done more, risked more, sacrificed mure, for Enniicipation than ("nsuis M. Clay roiidemn the decision announced in the follow noble declaration : Communicated for the .V. Y. Trilmne. I.KX1.NOTON Kv. March 'JO, 1811. V. J. McKinnkv, E-q. Mayor of Dayton. Ohio. Dear Sir Your letter ol February 15th last, was in due time received, and I haie waited thus long vil' the intention nf not answering il at all : because, as I am a private citizen, not set king office at the hands of the people, it might seem to place mo in the presumptuous attitude of attempting to influence, by mcie weight of opinion, the votes ol inv countrymen in tnoir rhoirc of President : when neither my age, ex. porience, nor fame, warranted the assumption Hut since the reception ot your letter, I taie received many of similar import, from Liberty men and Ami-Slavery whigs in most of the Northern States, pressing upon mo an epres mm of opinion, in such a manner that I should prove false to that spirit of candor winch 1 proud )v cherish as characteristic of the principles which I advocate, did I, through any all-ictatton nf humanity, remain longer silent. You ak tnc, 'Will you, if you live and are able to vote at the approaching Presidential election, vote for Henry Clay lor President ! II t Me Third IMrty or Liberty inun, should have an Electoral Tick et in your State, would you vote that ticket in preference ! Were you a citizen of Ohio, which of these tickets would you vote !' The l.ibttwo questions are such as would require arious nth cr suppositions to be made, belore I could give a tiilable answer in justice to myself and all the parties concerned, which would bn too volu minous for the space of a singio letter : and, fur all practical purposes, they will ' e sufficient It answered in my replv to the first question : tliat, il is iv moat llllnuiuai '10 lute for Henry Clay fir President." Men never have and never will, in all cases, think alike : all Government is necessarily a sacrifice, to some extent, of individual will : thai is the best Gov- eminent to each individual which fosters or al lows the most of what that individual believes to be conduce e to Ins best interests. 1'ho ques tion then is not, 'Can I find some man to vote for among seventeen millions, who thinks in all respects as myselt ! but, 'Who is the man, a! things present and remote causidered, that will most probably be able by success to give nflec tuation to those great measures which 1 deem conducive to my welfare, and tho welfare ofmv whole country V This question every voter in the Republic, must determine for himself. For myself after looking calmly upon all ll.c eur- inunding circumstance, o mcience, patriot is in and (if others prefer the term) etil.ghtcncd telf. interest, constrain me lo vole for Henry Clay The Tariff the Currency, the Lands, Economy Eecutive and Ministerial Responsibility, and many other interests, all depend, in my huinb e judgment, on Mr. Clay's election for beneficial determination. And it he is elected, the decisii n uf 1S-I0 passed bv the People, will be confirmed and the policy of ihe Country settled. Then and (such is Ihe anarchy of the publi ! mind) i.ot till then shall wo have tune to lool.about us, an project that other great reform, the reduction ef American Slavery to its coimiitutional limits, and to concentrate the united condemnation of Ihe civilized world to its final and utter extinction. Mr Clay is indeed a Slaveholder I wish he were not. let it noes nut tiecnine me, wh have so lately ceased to be a Slaveholder my self, to condemn him. It is not my province lo defend Mr. Clay; Ibis he is abundantly ablo to do himself. II remains will) posterity to Ueler. mine how much shall be due him for the glori ous impulse his fervent spirit has given to Lib orty throughout the world ; and with them also to say, how much shall be subtracted from th appreciation, for his h iving only failed to do all tint could be dime in this holy cause. Cyrus, ThemiMocle, Plato, Cam, Aristides, Demos, tbeucs, Cmriunatus and Cicero racnfit cd lo base liertthcn gods : yet no man, because they knew not tho true God, will say that they were not religion", groat, good and patriotic men. T. H. MacauUv, one ot the most acute and enlighten rd men of this or any era, in his review of the lifo of Francis Il.irou, justly says : We should think it unjust to call St. Louis a wicked inan became, in an age in which tolera tion wan generally regarded as a sin, ho perse cuted heretics. We should think it unjust to call Cowper's friend, John Nun inn, a hypocrite and a tnmuter, because, at a when the Slave trade was commonly considered by the most respectable people as an innocent and ben rficial traffic, hu went, largely provided with hymn-books and handcuff-, on a Guinea voyage. An immoral action being in a particular sociuty generally considered as innocent, is a good plea tor an individual who being one of thai society, it ml having adopted tho notions which prevail Bmnng his neighbors, commits that action.' I cannot, then, because Mr Clay is a Slave holder, in a community where the whole Chris, tiaii' Church of all denominations tho only professed teachers of morals among Ihe people are also Slaveholders, proscribe him, for that single tjiingof dilforeuee between us. In saying thus much in justification of my course in voting for Mr Clay, 1 should be false to my own reputation, ungrateful to that large portion of Anti-Slavery men who have sympa. thiz-'d with ine in my feeble efW's in tho'caiise of Universal Liberty, and recreant to that glori. .ma r.Hiii-e itself, if I did not avow my belief that the time is near at bind when public sentiment wjl) nol, ou"hi not, and cannot hold the slave. LAltW miittress ves. I will no yet farther, and declare, in the name of the Christian Religion anil our Reuubliean Institutions, based profess. cdly on tho principle ol the greatest goon in the greatest number,'' that no man, after the next Presidoniial Election, when so much light shall have bee., shed upon this subject, should be deemed lit to rule over a Republican, Chris, tian People, w ho shall violate, by holding Slaves, th'e, only two principles upon which either nhriiiiamfv nr RcDublicantsm can stand the est of jihtliijoplilCdl bcruuny tor a single inn. tho Washington Globe, which aro over harm, loss where that print Is known. Injustice to Mr Clay, and in vindication nf my own self-respect, you will allow mo to say, that my opinions and my action upon tho subject of Slavery, aro nil my own; that, however much I may esteem Mr Clay as Mnun, a statesman, and a friend though I may regard him as one of tho most frank, no ble, practical, wise, elotpient, and patriotic of those who, hi this or any other age, have assu med to govern a great Nation, tho editor of the Globe but makes exhibition of his own ignoble spirit, when ho Insinuates tln.t Henry Clay would play a double part to deceive tho Ameri can People, by dictating to me ; or that I, hum ble as I may bo in the estimation of my country, would be used by him, or any other man, or set of men, for any dishonorable purpose, or be treat, cd with upon any other terms than those of ab solute equality. l rusting that your wishes, as well as the pur poses of those persons who have done mo the lienor to address me by letter upon this subject, will be best subserved by making this answer public, I sstul it at once to the press. uespectlully your obedient servant, C. M. CLAY. P. S. Reform, in Jcremv Bentham's day was termed "innovation;" this owl-faced ago has improved in this respect now "fanaticism is tho word a stronir word vet, when will Americans learn il ! there is a still htrongor word than this "Truth." If there bo really in all this wide Union, a singio man of the Mc- Dufiio school, of iood sense, cool, calculating, quick in the discernment nf the " pith o' things," and above all, no "enthusiast," let him read 1 homas Carlvlo 8 " Sphinx, in tho "Past and Present," and then tell us whether there be a "Sphinx" also in America: and solve us the riddle! I he description covers four pages will not "the laud ol tracts look to it C. M. C. TO T!I13 WIIICIS OK THE UNITED STATUS. The Committee appointed bv the Ratlimoro Cilv Whig Convention fur iho purpose of preparing " an -ipprnpmie ijanneii, io le presenicu io such Statu tVlncntinn (Maryland excepted) in I tic Vuiimr " Men's Whiff Xntional Convention of .itificulion, "lo assenil Baltimore, on Thursday, the second " day of May, 1911, ns shall on that oceasian havo "tliti proportionality tamest number in aiteniiancc. "bavin? in view iho WIlic population of the. several stales as tested by the election of 1310, and llieir resDectiw distances from this cilv." res pectfully inform lluir I'rothet Whis ihrmmhout Ihe t'ni.m llial the agreeable duty thus assinid lo ilistn is now nearly completed. A batmen- in preparation, which the commillec have endeavored lo niako wor thy of ihe occasion, worthy alike of the donors nnd of ibe gallant Whit's who ore lo be the successful competitors for its pnsesMun. It will hear upon tts frunt an admirable likeness of him upon whom iho eyes of tho Union nre now filed in hope and expecta tion, anu who lias always uceii u use ine worus oi tho motto upon our Banner) "In all assaults, our surest signal." It Mill bo supported by an Asu STArr, cut al our request uy ino nanus oi ncssr i lav lumseir, from the soil ol Ashland. It is the ookcI of th's address It) umte on behalf of the Whigs of Baltimore! on earnest and energetic com pcti'ion among the Wlujs of the several slates liir the possession of this Banner. 'I he Commilli c 11 Uler inemseives inai iniiiusieaiiy n win nm oe iioworiiiy It of regard but ibev feel assured tint hereafter It ui possess a lar higher value, ns I uc menionai oi an oc casion hallowed by the interchange of hnie-heatted fellowship nmong Binibers of the same political hulli, and which, for the importance nf tho transitions there enacted, and tho benefits resulting therefrom, will lie entitled to commemoration. The Committee desire aNo to stale m nihance llie principles upon which the Banner will be awarded. It will he observed, that by the Itrms of ihe resolution under which the Banner has been prepared, it is to lie presented to the proportionality largest .Mate Delega tion, im-in? in ritvs the Whig rote of Si0, and the ict.ititedi'tancejrointhe t-ilyoj llallimorc. Tile first particular ol ino calcination, tine mug vnli'A has been easily ascertained, excepi in I ho rasi of two slates, South Carolina and Ithodu Island. In Souih Carolina, Ihe l.lectors nre meted hy Ihe I.e- islature, nnd ihere has ncter been a test vote uy me people. In Rhode Island, under the old Constitution, winch has been altered since tnciasi rresiueniiai elec tion, the qualifications for snirrngo were so limited as lo reduce the vole below that of Delaware, although Delaware is entitled to but half her representation in Congress. Under llirso circumstances, tho vote of ls.O being manifestly an uni ur test, the uonimiuee ll.l.t. .lw..'r...!..J . ) il. . i..inn njyun in refe. rcneo to Rhode Island as well as to South Carolina, until more (Infinite information can he had direct from some of their Whig friends in ihn3e staKs. They were desirous of obtaining the necessary particulars before the issuing of this address, and had postponed il fur that purpose : bat the 2d of .May hing now so near nt hand, they deem it advisable lo defer its issue no longer. Beforo the meeting oi' tho Convention, they will endeavor to ndont a rule which will bo just alike to iho gallant Whig? of tho Mo slates na med, nnd to those ofollier stales. To determine tho relative distances fiom Baltimore of the several slates, iho Committee have come to tho conclusion, that Iho fairest ami most equitable Gene ral rule they can atlnpt, is lo take the mail route to the capital of each state, and to make the Post Office books the standaid. t'pon this bais tho calculation is as fillowsi .Hake Delaware Iho starting point, lit r Whig popu lation is 5SG7 Dover, her capital is SO miles from llnllimorc. The ddcgalion from each other stale should be cither larger or smaller than tint from Del aware, in proportion to its sre.ilcr or less Whig pop ulation, with a proportionable reduction for an increa sed distance, or a proportionable adiilion for a de creased distance. Thus : Tho Whig population of New Jersey is 33 331, which is 333 ner cent, of tint of Delaware. There fore for every 100 delegates sent by Delaware, if the distances were equal, New Jersey should send 539 Bui the distance fiom Delaware being only G3 -19 per FttOM WASHINGTON. , Monday, March 25. In the Senate Jlr. F.vans's resolution far adjourn ment wn adopted, fi.tfng Iho 27lh May ns tho day. In the House Mr. Hughes ollcred n resolu'ion do. daring tbnt il was Iho imperious duly of the Gov ernment to Inko possession nf tho Oregon and that Texas he annexed to the Union. Mr. J. R. Ineersoll moved In lay iho resolulinn on the table. The motion prevailed. Ayes 103, Nays CG. .Mr. Kennedy, nf Md., odered a .resolution appro ving nnd ndopting Ihe opinions expressed by lleti'l Jackson in his lelter of April 2G, 1824, in favor of a protective tarifl. The question being on striking out the sentiments of Oen. Jackson. Mr. Hardin supposed, then, thai nil who were op posed to Gen. Jackson's views would vote to strike out. The motion to strike out was lost, 82 to 81. , Tur.snAv, March 2G. Tho Houso backed out of its posnion of ycsterilay ) reconsidered the vote refusing to siriko nut, and Iho whole subject went over to next resolution day. Mr. Darrngh, tho new member from Pennsylvania, tool; his scat. In the Senate memorials were presented by Messrs. I'tieips, iniiuiaitge, iiioretieaii, Wright and Huchnn nn, upon tho subject of Iho Tarill'. all rotuonstralini; ngainst the passage of the now Tarill' Bill, reported in the IIouc. Tho Senator from Mo. concluded bis speech upon the subject of tho Tarill'. Texas. .Mr. Buchanan presented a memorial from James Lynch of Pa., in behalf of Iho annexation of Texas. Mr. Tnppan said ho had received a rcmonstrnnco neainsl Ibe nnnexalion ol Texas, which ho was doubt, fill nbout presenting, because no such proposition had yet been submitted. Wr.nsEsDAV, March 27. In the Sennte, tho Tarifl' discussion presented one nt ha most interesting scenes of iho session. Mr. Simmons of Rhode Island, whose acquaintance with tho prineip'es of tho TarilT is of the most thorough kind, took occasion le pounce both upon Ihe theories antl statements of some of tho Krco Tratlo Senators ns made during the discu-sion ol Mr McDulhVs Bill. Mr McDufiio would make no concessions, ibounb ob viously wrong In nil ho ha asserted of Homo Valua tion in connection with iho Compromise Act. .Mr. Benton pronii cs explanations of bis facts, but Mr. Woodbury, late "Chancellor ol tho Kxehcqiier," as Mr ("by was wont to ea'l him, was in an unenviable pisjlinn. The erroneous statements made in hi- lat anli-Tnrifi" speech wero many nnd so important that Senators and strangers wen-alike astounded with the exposition of llicm, and especially in reference lo certain enumerated al tides, which Mr Woodbury had made nearly ihe entire texts of hi speech. Mr Sim mons literally sheared Mr Woodbury s and having exuoserl his niisstn-cnienls of (act, which had led lo erroneous conclusions, ho told him ihat if be was an honest man he could not rest contented until ho had sent forth the correction of his statements along with his mischievous nnd erroneous opinions This was plain speaking, but it was Just. Mr Simmons had not concluded at Iho adjournment. I hope his speech m IV ho published. The Iloueo, you will see, have decline 1 to take up the Senate's ro-olulion fiving a tlav of ndiournmcnl! Thi- is singular, after all the zeal displayed upon the subject in the House n monlh -ince. I still think, however, ihat there will be an early adjournment. Mr licntou, I learn, is likely to spilt with the Cal houn men, both upon Iho subject of tho TarhTnnd the nnnexalion of Texas. Tho Cnlhouo men nro for Free Trade, with discriininaiions for Revenue only, and duties fixed hy a horuonlal nnh". Mr Benton is for "a judicious tarifl" and incidental prolcclion." Mr Benton is too skilful a politician lo bo shipwrecked upon the theory of l-'reo Trade, or to bo stranded bv hurrnini for Texas. Tho 'cohesive power of plunderi' ns Mr Cnlhoun had it some limo sinre, may keep a farced union between tlm opposite parlies a while longei,but tho rupture will come by nnd by, nnd with -uch n terrible explosion llial it will not again be easy lo unite the scattered fragments, TiinnDAV, March 2?. In the Senate, numerous petitions from Now York and Pennsylvania wero presented against any modi fication of iho Tarifi. In the Ilnusoof Representatives, a report was made iroi l 1110 bomll t-c on .ltetrenr orient (or etitttn down tnc nay of officers of the Navy. Sir .iiclvay moved that the t ariff dtslroijim; hill reported by him, be made the order Hf the day for 9ih Ap'tl, and bo so considered till disposed of, nnd moved the previous question. It requires two-thirds to pass tins resolution. The motion laile I til to 7U. Mr. .McKay then cave notice thamn the 9th April. or at nn earlier day, if the state of iho public business would allow, he would renew this nolico ana continue lo make it daily until siiccee-led. Mr Ingersill hoped it would not prevail, until the voice ol the country could be heard, as to the propos ad measure. l-'niDAV. March 29. .Mr Hopkins introduced a bill lo punish nil those who should carry mail mailer for pay outof ihe mails read and referred. Too Army Retrenchment hill was ngain taken up. Tho motion to abolish the office of Major General, aa it-jcLiuu uy a laii' iti.tjoiliy. .Saturday, March 30. The Senate did not sit to day. In tho House, a eommtinicaiion was received from llie Secretary of vtnr, in reply to a resolution inquir ing for what reasons I.t. Brigg was ordered lo his post, whilo under summons lo give information lo ibe Committee of It-trenchuient. Tho reply exonerates Gen. Scott nnd all others from anv blame in Ihe ttriltcr. Tlw Bill to regulate the pay of the officers of ihe Army was taken up, and lunhcr debate ot great length. Mr Pcllit, of In liana, moved In dispense with the s-rvires oiijinpiams in ino Army. He contended that prayers or sermons ought to be selected and read lo llie soldiers, bv the iunior officers. Mr Holmes strenuously defended tho practice of uniting iiiarmtis orisons to itcavrn wnn too souno oi reveille ; and of ming'itis evening prayers with the tattoo. MrPetlit withdrew tho amendment, nnd nftcr do- bate on the general merit- of the bill, the committee rose, anu me House adjournal. Jnur. Com. nt. of Ihat from New Jersey, (which is 12G milcB.) New Jers-jy would he requited M send only 03 19 per cent, of tho number shu miisl otherwise send, that is, 03. 19 per cent, of 539, which is 335. Adopting Ibis method of calculation, the Commit tee have preparetl tho following lablc fur iheir gov ernment in making the award. The first column gives tli3 Whig population as tested by ihe vole of 1810. The sjcoud column m'ves the distance from Balti more lo the Capital of each State. Tho third column gives the proportion which llie Whig population of each Slaie bears lo that of Dela ware. The fourth column gives the proportion which ihe di-tautc from Delaware bears to that from each oilier State. Tho fifih column gives iho number of delegates from each Stale required to equal one bundled dele gates from Del iwnre, after Inking into consideration their relative population and clism ncj that is to say, the per cenlage upon tho delegation from Delaware, T K ' ,"5 s. e S - S'S'-S 3 wt: n r, a -M -i rp-nt or o 2 5. ia'ialisis.gli" Ui a) s S - r I'fpg mile per ci per ct. per ct 5DG7 80 100 100 I 100 4(5,01-.' 533 781 11,11, 112 211,153 411 433 KOI 79 32,440 470 514 1G.81 01 72,874 4 00 1221 2000 211 360 22,22 31, GO I 29G 530 27,02, Ml 223,817 330 37Ri 21.21 917 33,331 12G 550 G3.49 3.33 111,021 70 2111 11 1,29 2759 42.501 157 712 50,0.3 363 40,370 :m 777 21,39 1E9 51: 14,45, 40.2oll G3? G75 11,03 78 28,1711 853 477 'J.32 44 19.518 1030 327 7.G2 25 ll,2nr. 1212 189'l li 5.IG0 1012 Pfi 7 75 7 22 972 903 335 8.BG 31 Cf.391 G3I 1012 12.27 121 53,189 600 9-0 1.3 71 151 148,157 300 2133 22,22 552 G3 302 533 109 1 14.P7I 163 45,557 713 76 10 70 82 22,933 491 331 1G.29, G3 Delaware Maine- New Hampshire Vermont Massachusetts.., Rhode Island... Connecticut New Vork New Jersey..... I'ennsyivanm... Virginia- ?urrii Carolina..' Soiuh Carolina Georgia Alabama Mississippi houisiatta Arkansas Missouri Tennessee Kentucky- Ohio Indiana Illinois Michigan To enable ihem to obtain nn accurate report nf tho iiuiiiiTi ,i, uri,-j;'iic in niii-iiiimirL' iroin cacn oiaie, Ibe C'ommiitea rrnuest thai each tletefaitun stmnlil form n distinct organ zalion ns early as practicable uner uieir amiai io i.iiumorc. Arrangements lo fnelllinle ihe procuring nn ncru rnto return win no mado Uy the Coinniutee, nnd an nounccd in due lime. I.I'.VI IWHNP.VroCK, J ORIKVF.3. JOHN A. HOBB, ISAAC G. ROMHRTS, ft. C. F.GI'.ltTON, jr., W.M. It. JUiNJiS, JOHN R. MATIIIOT, lll'.NJ. O. ROSS, HOWARD V. WARD, CIIAS. R. IIARDUS-I V, W1. H, BROWNING, A!. KR ISO I.. MOOIIH, .1 (', IH.ACKBIUIN. no'vr. m. proud. Diltimore, tit .lfi h, 1314, ErTlie W 'hljftdi'nrs throughout the Union are rts- THK DANGER PASSED. Wo shall probably hear no more of Mil erism now. Tho Brand calnstroiihv did not come ofl" on tho day which was fixed for it, "positively for tho last time." Tho follow ing is tho loiter which Father Miller wrote last year when some of his more impatient followers had fixed tlm 23d of April, 1843. Dear Brother Dimes : At the request of nu merous friends, 1 herein transmit to them, through you, a brief statement of facts relative to the many stories with which thu public are liuinbujinc'li by the pulpit, press, anil barroom declamations, concerning the principles I advo cate, and management ot my worldly concerns. My principles, in brief are, that Jesus Christ will come again to this earth cleamc, purify, and take possession of the same, with ail His .Saints, sometime between March 21, 181.1, au.t Marchtil, 1811. 1 have never, for the space of more than tttenty-threo years, had any other time preached or published hy me. I havo nev er fixed on any month, day nr hour, between ihat time. I havo never found any mistake in reckoning, summing up, or miscalculation. I havo niido no provisions for any other timo. 1 am perfectly satisfied that tho Bible is true, and is tho Woiid or Goo : and I am confident, I rely wholly on that blessed book for iny faith in this matter. I am not a Prophet ; I am not sent to prophesy, but to read, belt'evn ami pub. Iish, what Ciud has inspired the ancient I'roph. ets tu administer unto us, in the prophecies of tho Old and Now 1 estainents. I heso have been, anil now are, my principles j and I hope 1 shall never bo ashamed of thrm, VM. M1LLKR. Philadelphia, Feb. 1, 1811. Tho "Midnight Cry" officially announces that its views of the "time," which closes with in six days, are mistaken, it will henceforward wait patiently ; viz : Oun Position as to Iime. Wo have no now light on the prophetic periwls. Our time ends willi this Jowish year. If time continues beyond that wo have no other definite period to fix upon; out iienceinrwaru, stian inoi: inr ine event every hour, till our Lord shall come. Others can givo theirvie-vs on that termination of the noriod, on their own responsibility. If it " . . : r..ti .i bo necessary, we snail give ours in iuii on mis point. Let us all bo ready ; having our loins girl and our lights burning, that when the Alas tor coineth we may open to him immediatelu. J. V. 11IMKS. Now-Vork City, March, 1811. RHODE ISLAND LEGISLATURE, j A special session of this body commenced nt Providence on Friday, called by the Gov ernor, pursuant lo n reposition ofn large

number ot tho members of both Houses, to ndopt measures ndeipiiito to thu emergency in tho nfT.iirs of tho Stuto growing out of the intcrfori'iico of the Houso of Roprescnliitives of thu Congress of the United Slates lliero Vtilh. Gov. Fonnur, in his nii'ssueo, denies lo iho Congress nf tho United Stales tiny authority, under the Constitution, to intcrli-ro with tho internal tiffiirs of it Statu in iho manner, in iho form, nnd for tho purposes assumed. Ilo is of opinion, thai llio nllitudo ofthn Stuto on this occasion, should be indi cated by n silent contempt of nil the efforts mado to dislurbo its pnaco, by persons in or out of tho Houso of Representatives of the United Stales. Dtit anticipating tho most salutary result from thu deliberations of tho Legislature, he confidently commits to its wisdom and patriotism, tho protection of tho rights, tho honor, and llio dignity of tho State. Kor iho Burlington Free Press. THE I'll INC ETON DISABTEH. Twos on tho broad Potomac's breast That iniahly ship, Ihe Princeton lay, Her massive bulk, nnd spars nliest What art can build in this our day. Here on herdecks and round her sides, A numerous throng nsscmblod sland To see tho mammoth weapon tried That mighty gun by Stockton plan'd. The hamlets round, the city too, Tin capital where Congress meet, Turnout their beauty to the view To cheer Ihe scene with smiles so sweot. Hero too nro met tho Inch in rnnk, Tho Nation's honor'd bead is here, His aids in council man the flank, And l'btlpsond Benton too arc (hero. Such nre Ihe throng ho line the ship Attracted hence lo Mew the scene, And tnatk the bullet ns it dip'd As thence discliarg'd it sought tho main. Of the cay concourse hero that stood And with iheir presence checr'd ihe tars, Not ono had iho t of death or hlood Here secret bidden among tho spars. Twice had the thunder of that pun The prince of ordnance now been heard, And still unharin'd us yet each slood Upborne abovo tho riven flood. The gentler sex, the fair ones turn'd Escorted to tho cabin room, Savo ono or two who still remain'd Unconscious of tho coming doom. Again the mishtv iron rung: With loud explosion shook the ship While siilph'rous smoke a curtain hung To hide the sight 'twould fain have kept. Hut lo 1 a shriek hurst on tho car, Kic eye the smoke could penetrate, Which when tho mit away did char, Ruvcnl'd the dreadful stroke of fate. Tho murderous nun itself had burst, lis scitler'd fragments dcalh had dealt Gilmer and Upshur, laid in dust Cause weeping eyes in tears to melt. The first had jitst received in charge The care of all the force marine, The second of the stale nt larse, Chief Minister, and scribe was seen. Nol hero nlone the nation mourns This sad and suiltlen strokenf fate, For tbre was one that o'er his urn Laments a dear and loving mate. "Twas she who came with him on board Wifoof his bosom, fond in hope Nol dreaming de-tih stood near with sword To dash from her her only prop. O what a sad and gloomy change, On board Iho Princeton here was seen E'even corpses there were rang'd, As victims of the rent machine. Whi'e somo more fortunate wero but stunn'd, And live lo thank their belter lot, But minnlc tears with those around Who sought their friends but found them not. Fhozen to Death. Tho body of n man named Lewis Stone, was found on Tuesday last, on llio farm of Mr. Gales, in Charlollo, Vl., much putrified, nnd beiiting evidoncn of its having remained In tlm position in which it was discovered somo two weeks or more. Mr. Gales ivliiln engaged in foddering, per ceived, n little distance from him, what In; supposed to bo u giirnmnt, partly coveted with snow. Hu went near il mill on cxtm inalion, discovered the body, nnd by llio side of it n bug containing pork tintl bread. Mr. Stono was u resident of Charlotte, and his family nsserl that about u month previous hu had crossed the Luke for tlm purpose of turn ing out ns n wood-chopper, and since his de psirttiro had not been beard from. It is sup posed that on his return, ho lost his way, and overtaken by tho night, being fatigued, sat down upon it rock, (by tho side nf which he was found,) becamo benumbed with cold and being tinablo to exert himself further, perished. Flu has left u wife and three small children. Vcrmontcr. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 5,1614.: t I" i : r.i. .i.j.i Pallidly nnuestid lo piibluh the obove, logethtr , , V i, in fi-iuu inn ui utv p.nuutp w whji 11,1 nnic. i oay jdbi Sisr.ur.AR Death. While Mr. Jonathan Burnett, of Jamaica, Long Island, was selecting o mnl in liio famllv htirtfllii. .rrillllllt. for tlin I grave of a dec eased relative, the rail in a picket I t.ltnr nn ti'titrli tin triid mfir,-fil tiia f.inf. anil I produced, a fuw days afterwards, convulsions ! with him as far as the 80 mile nation. and lock jaw, terminating in death. Willi lightsome hearts ihev came on board, T'enjov the scene and calch the breeze, Excliang'tl full many a joke and word And for tho time all seem'd well pleased. Alas! that Fato should prove adverse, To scenes so pleasing and so blithe, And in their place supply a hearse, To boar from thence tho work of death. Tho White houso dcllin of the Chief, Receives tlio mournful tiatn within, Where now o'erwhe'm'd with general grief Tiiccily meets in funeral train. Hero two departments vacant stand, R ibb'd by tills dispensation sore, Anil hero a servant al his hand Thv President beholds no moro. Thus in a nnmont was beheld, Wives of llieir hu-bands robh'd by death, The slate of Iwo who office lill'd With others who rcsign'd their breath. All bv the bursting of thai gun, Which mado but only for iheir foo Like traitor ihus has friends undone, And ktll'd ihem Willi a singio blow. Ah 1 little like the gentle name, Willi which 'twas chrislcn'd nt its birth, Thus lo belie its martial fame And prove a Judas hereon earth. Go worthless fragment, pig of iron I No more our navy lo disgrace, Go nnd somo oyster bed adorn To some more harmless toy give plsce. While heic the victims we lament, With grief unfeiL'ii'd deploro their fats, Let us to whom life yet is lent, Tko lesson bciiccund incditalo. How weak nnd slender nro the lies, That bind us mortals to ibis world, How suddenly doth death surprise, And man headlong from benco is hurl'd. E'en while we fancy we nre safe, And ruddy health alow s thro' our frame, Tho bow is drawn, charg'd with our fate, And the sped shaft our end proclaims. Bo humblo then, ye who seem great, Biware ye rich, ye thoughtless gay. And learn with truth to estimate. Things ns they are, death's lev'ling sway. Tho' wo may proudly lifl our heads Ami on our fellows look disdain, The tomb will soon bring down our pride, No such distinctions there are seen. Farewell ye honor'd dead who met Your falcon board the Princeton then, Peace lo your rest, your last estate, And let Ibe nngels say Amen, Huntinglon, March 31, 1814. litis would cover the country willi blessings pick the pockets of our Farmers, to calclt a nild tinnnfitat I.ntr'i Vtrww1tn,f , in lih ltil fmv Vtifne mi,iI. nC t.,.ni, .C. ntvn..f- T.!.. uv. . . uiiuuui j , d i wuu, ll w I .illlUt, IK. 1IAUII 9 UlllC. I hey prnposo lo miso llio duly on wool tho cost uf which is less than 7 cents a pound, Irom 5 per cent to 15.. This kind of wool docs not emtio in competition with any rais ed in this country j consequently tlm I wising of duty dues not e ffect our wool growing at all. It was raised merely us a blinder or npology for reducing the duly on the kind of wool that comes in competition with American. BALTLMORE CONVENTION. Tho Whig National Convention meets at Baltimoro on tho 1st day of May, lo make a presidential nomination ; and on the day next thereafter, a host of young men, too numerous to estimate, will assemble nt the same place, to ratify tho nomination, in case it should meet their approbation. Great preparations nro making for the occasion, and the convocation will unquestionably be the largest over witnessed in this country. Pennsylvania alono will muster twenty thou sand, and some other states in like propor tion. Tho Haiti morcans mnko their citv free on this occasion, and tho Whigs of the Union aro invited It) lest their hospitality. And as an additional stimulus lo tho Whigs of the several slates, a mugnificient Banner, wrought with consummate skill, at vast ex pense, has been prepared, and will bo awar ded to the State that sends the largest dele gation, !u proportion to its population and distance from Baltimore. The principles on which this award is to be made, are fully set forth in the card of the central commit tee, which will bu found in another column. How is it with the whig Young Men of Ver mont? Are they wide awako on this sub- ject, and preparing to rally in numbers cor responding to tho reputation of our State 1 Let it not be otherwise ; nnd let no one doubt public considerations aside that he will be more than compensated for all his time and trouble, by the loud, long, and hear ty welcome with which the assembled nation will hail "the star that never sets." Let us bo first in the field : the world knows we shall be last out. nnd benefits! anti-tariff speech in tho United States Sun ale, which was revised by himself nnd pub lished in tho Globe, used tho following lan guage : "By which means (protective duties) llio workmen "aro enabled to tax tlio homo consumer by great pri " ces, while the higher wages they receive, makes "tiiijm NEiTiicn UApnr.n .von nicur.n, since they unly drink jionn Milt wontc trss, his outrageous insult to thu workmen of our country, shows tho feeling of Van Bu renism'and its contempt for any thing like honest industry. For many years Levi Woodbury has been fed from the public purse and while at thu expense of the Nation, ho diinks expensive foreign wine, and feeds at the pampered tables of aristocracy, he dares offer as a reason why a workman should not receive higher wages, that ho will then rn';iA more and work less. And now, to demonstralo llio fidelity of this expositions of of Mr Van Buren's sen timents, let us call upon Mr. Van Burcn to speak for himself. Wo copy from the Rich mond Enquirer. 11 Aluany, Feb. 23, IS13. "My Dear Sir t I thank vou verv M'ndlv for your friendly Idler, I HAVE AT NO TIME, NOR ANV WHI-llE HESITA TED TO EXPRESS MY DE CIDED DHAPPIIOBATION OK THE TARIFF ACT OF THE LAST SESSION. AS WELL I.N RESPECT TO THE PRINCIPLE UPON WHICH IT IS FOUND I) I), AS TO ITS DETAILS. In good time you will have my views in re-pcci lo llial and otlieK subjects before the public. In the mean time, believe mo to be, Very sincerely. Your ftiend antl ob't rvant MARTIN VAN BUREN." But why is Mr Van Burcn opposed to this tariff, "as well in its principles as its de tails "J Because, in tho language of Mr. Woodbury, " higher wages makes tho la borer neither happier nor richer, since he " only drinks moro andjicorsless." Accord ing to this philosophy, tho true way to make men " richer " and " happier " would be to make them work more for less wages, and keep them so poor they could not afford to drink ! What say, Farmers, Mechanics, Manufacturers, Laborers, of Vermont I .Do the increased prices and multiplied employ ment which protection against foreign com petition gives, mnko you " happier or rich er"'! If not, go in for Van Burcn, Wood bury, nnd Free Trade j and you will bo speedily poor enough for all practical purposes. CASSIUS M. CLAY. What do wool growers say tothis?-la. LAKE CHAMPLAIN STEAM BOATS. Wo arc requested to stale, that the arti cles published in the Whitehall and Pitts burgh papers relative to the manner of fitting up and running tho Steam Boats on Lake Champlain, are in many particulars incor rect. 1st. Tho Company havo not yet made any definite arrangements as to the hour of leaving Whitehall, It is intended, however, after the 1st of June, and until towards iho close of the season, to leave that place at 10 o'clock, A. M. if by so doing tho lines of stages on thu routo can bu brought to meet the Boats. 2d. The Boats will not Icavo St. Johns un til after tho usual hour fur the arrival of the Montreal cars. 3J. That the Ladies Cabin upon the Sa ra tin c is not upon lite forward deck, but at is usual, upon the nftcr deck. 4th That when the company mako their arrangements, the public will be advised by advertisements. The statement, that llio fare through tho Lake has been fixed at three dollars, meals extra, is correct. PICTORIAL BIBLE. The second number of Harper's Illumin ated Biblo lias made its appearance, and it I fully sustains tho high reputation of the first. This No. has been delayed, by reprinting the first, since the 10th March ; but arrange ment aro now made lo securo iheir delivery regularly once in two weeks. For sale by Edwaiids, SETTLED, AT LAST. SHAKESPEARE. Wo are indebted to Mr. Harrington for the first number of Hewitt's pictorial edition of Shakespeare; and we can do no less than , . ,, i .,.,.-, , ii express the high satisfaction with which wo It is now well understood that Col. IIvdf, 1 ' , ,, . ... , , , ,, . , have turned over tts pages. I his work is is, or will he, confirmed, as Collector ; and, , ' - , , ... ii sr . .-ii got up upon tlio p an of Harper s illustrated that Mr. Nodix is lo bo our Post Master till f .. . , . unite, anu lias engaged upon it some oi tno best talent in llie country. Tho editorial management of it is entrusted to Gillian C. March next. If these offices arc lo be filled 1 witli our opponents, we are content with this arrangement. Tito gentlemen aro both competent, and will doubtless servo the pub- , lie acceptably. Bui if otherwise we can j bear it, for the timo is short. And hero we i will take occasion to remind tho Colonel of the Secretary's circular forbidding Collec tors tics. letter. encc to President Tyler's circular, nf July '42, that Post Masters nre required to bo Wo beg llie particular attention of every Third Putty man to the letter in our columns to-day. This distinguished philanthropist lias recently given an earnest of the sinceri ty of his professions by emancipating his own slaves, valued at somo 840,000 ; and political eunuchs. Observe. moro recently ho has electrified the whole Union by his soul-stirring appeal to the Ame rican people on tlio subject of slavery. But s iys Mi. C. " The question is not, " Can I find some man to vote fur among seventeen millions, who thinks in till respects as my self" but, " Who is the man, all things present and remote considered, that will most prob lbly bo able by success to give ef. fecliialion to those great me.i-.uies which 1 deem conducive to my, and lite wel fare of my whole country ?" This question every voter in tlio Republic must determine for himself. For myself, after looking calm ly upon all tho surrounding circumstances, conscience, patiiotism, and (if others prefer the term) enlightened sclf-interost, constrain mo In voto for Henry Cl.iy. Tho Tarill", the Currency, tho Lands, Economy, Execu tive and Ministerial Responsibility, and ma ny other interests, all depend, in my humble judgment, on Mr. Clay's election for bene ficial determination. And if ho is elected, tho decision of 1840 passed by tho People, will bo confirmed, nnd the policy of the country settlud. Then, nnd (such is the an archy of the public mind) not till then, shall we havo timo to look about us, and project that other great reform, tho reduction of American Slavery lo ils constitutional limits, and to concentrate iho united condemnation of the civilized world to its final and utter extinction." But read tho letter, and pass it round. IIU .JUll I. lUI V 3 VIIUIIlill IUI tliuu llli; Ulll.l.- , -. i , , ,. nr. , . , . , ,, . , ,. i Mr. Knight s splendid edition of S ors or thoir Deputies to meddle with poll- ,. , , . , , ... ' . , ' and to the last part of each phiv w ics. We expect to see it observed, to Iho i .,, . , , . . 1 ' , . ,' , , .,, - , , . i an illuminated frontispiece, lo b etler. And Mr. Noble will find bv refer- . , ., ., - , , . TEXAS. Mr. Henderson, tho Texan Minister, has arrived al Washington, and the treaty will doubtless he shortly presented to thu Senate, but will fail of tho requisite majority. The iittumpt will then te mado tocairy it by nn act of Congress, which would only require a majority in either branch. But we feel en tire cinifiileiici' that ii majority cannot bo ob tained in the Senate. There is good reason for believing that even Senator Benton will oppose it. Against this opinion, however, wo have that of a gentleman just returned Verplank, who is confessedly one of the best scholars in the country, and reputed to bo tho best Shakespearian exponant in Ameri ca. The first part of every play will con tain an illustrated general title, selected from Mr. Knight's splendid edition of Shake spear; ill be given be bound in with the titlo of each play, from a design by Robert W. Wier, Esq.; nnd in addition to these, each play will contain from 30 to 40 engravings, till of which will be executed on wood in the very best stylo of the art. Price 12.1 cents each number, BROWNSON'S QUARTERLY REVIEW. Mr. Brownsoii has been long known to the public as a bold anil vigorous writer, arid the present, fully sustains the reputation which he had previously acquircJ. Mr. 15. is one of thu few metaphysical writers, who is able to make himself clearly understood by or dinary readers. This fact may bo regarded as proof that he is a shallow thinker by those who consider a metaphysician's profundity to be in- icrsely proportional to his ability tu make him self iindorslnod. Hot this is not nur rule nf from Washington, who is quite strong in the ( juil(;in;?. On tho contrary wo have been moro faith that the annexation project will carry; ,,, uf disposed to reverse it, and to consider J. J Att Onn SuGonsTinN. The legishtors sit. t'ng at Frankfort, Ky., are terribly in fear of tho small pn.v, which prevails in that town, and a resolution to protect tho members of the I.cgis. lature from tho contagion, was offered on the iiOt li nil., which was, that the doors should be shut by the keeper, nnd none permitted to enter but those having business. Alter some consti tutional objections, anil a suggestion from Mr. Speed, Ihat tho members would protect them selves by putting a little tar on their noses, the resolution was adopted. Mail. Finn in RvF.nATn. Wo learn that on Thursday, tho 21st inst., a shed, some 50 feet in length, partly occupied as a dwelling by James II. W. Anderson, of Rvrgate, was entirely destroyed by lire, with all thu turn I lure, and a I urge quantity of grain. Loss estimated at $500. - S7ar. MR. VAN BUREN ON THE TARIFF. The Plebeian, in tho course of a long leader on tho Tariff", authoritatively states : " Whatever doubts may have heretofore existed in certain fictions of our rouniry, ns to ihe dearce of prolcclion nuvocateii nv .nr. van nuren, uinseilouols are now happily removed. '1'ht free Trade l)e- Mr. Clay's DErAnTurtr:. The Savannah Republican uf March Kitays Mr Clay left this morning at six o'clock fur Augusta, accompanied by a delegation of gentlemen from that city. A number of his friends in this city also proceeded Mr. Cai.hou.n arrived at Washington on Fri. lo hi brr.lhcr. He will return home in course of a Sew days. mocracyofths Soulhand West are note perfectly sat tnca mat on mis au-imporiam Question, .wr i or Uuren is, at least, equally sound icllh Mr Calhoun." Well, the noxi thing will be to "satisfy" the Farmers, Mechanics and Artisans of the Nurth, Middle and West. THE SOUTH. Senator McDvffie, in a letter to Mr. Ritch ie, of the Richmond Enquirer, says, tliero is but one motto under which Loco Focoism can successfully rally, and that is " FREE " TRADE AND UNCOMPROMISING "WAR AGAINST THE PROTEC- "TIVE SYSTEM AND ITS AFFILl- "ATED MEASURES." What says the North lo tins declaration Tlm Mobile Register eays that "tho free " tradu party cannot havo a safer, sounder, " or worthier exponent of their principles "than Mr. Van Buiu:n. Those of them who " aro not satisfied with his Indiana Idler, " would not believe though ono rise from the "dead." The success of Mr. Van Buren is icafi to the Tariff. NORTHERN VAN HURENIS.M. It is well remembered that in 1810, Mr. Buchanan and Mr Tuppan, two Loco Foco the Senatois, advocated llie reduction of wages y lo the standaid of about leu cunts a day! as but he has been so long basking in Execu tive sunshine, it is but natural that he should reflect tho hues of tho court. The Execu tive influence is al! that way; but tho "folks,' re It's no go a person's thoughts to bo deep and clear in di rect proportion to the clearness and force with which they can present licm to the minds of others. Or, in other words, we are disposed to ason, and common sense, ato against'.it.- l,'ink ,,,sl 0,.USC' !' e.annt eXprt'SS !heIr nielil ptl,oii..ll lliiliutio neatly, tiatt. tiu Liuai u tiu physical notions. Many persons, having enter ed the margin of tho ocean of metaphysics, and having stirred up the tediment of the shallow waters sufficiently to blind their own eyes and to couceal themselves from the sight of the by slanders, imagine to themselves, ami make tlio gaping multitude believe, that they havo plun. ged to "depths profound." But we did not tako our pen to w rile a desertatiou upon metaphysics. , Far bo that from us, Our object is simply to direct attention to Mr. B. and his Review. Mr It. is a son of our own state, and one, of whose talents we have reason to bo proud; and we are glad to perceive, by an article in the April number of his Review, that he himself e.ult in having drawn his first breath among our green lulls. Yes, he is a native of Vermont, and a graduate "from my own mother's chimney corner, where I pursued my studies by tho light of pino knots "--as ho facetiously replied to I gentleman who inquired of him respecting his Alma .'Taier, In 1S3S, Mr. Brownson commenced the Bos, ton Quarterly Ri view, which was continued five years, and, as w-ti learn from the introduc tion to the present work, nearly all the article in it were the production of his own pen, At the closoof 1312, he was induced to discontinue tho Boston Quarterly Review, and to write as an independent contributor to Ihe Democratic Review published in New York ; but finding that his opinions were not in accordance with those of the Editor and the mass of the readers of that periodical, at the close of the year 1813 ho relinquished his connexion with it, and in January last issued the first number of the pro sent work, bearing his own name. In the two numbers of Brownsou's Quarterly Review, which aro beforo the public, all iI.q principal articles aro from Mr B's own pen, and are wrilten with his usual ability, originality and independence, and we havo read the great or part of them with deep interest. Not that wo admit the corrccttiCfB of all of Mr It's views far from it. But wo admire his clear and manly stylo and vigorous thought, and we find much to approve hi his views of the principles of civil government and of tho church. His exposition of Dem.igoguism and of the dangers to be apprehended fiom parly machinery, arp deserving the most serious consideration, snd also thal'diMinction, which ho so clearly poins WIIAT DO THE WOOL GROWERS SAY TO IT I The new Tariff bill reported by Mr. Mc Kay, from the Committco of Ways nnd Means, and designed its a pence offering, to induce the Southern free trade Calhoun Lo co Focos lo vote for Van Buren, proposes among oilier things, to saciificc one of tlio must important of tho agricultural interests the wool growing interest. For tho last year, tho locofoco presses of Vermont nnd Western Now York, havo beun filled with the grossest misrepresentation of the Whig tariff of 1S42. They have pretended that wool was an article not sufficiently protect ed, anu havo eniioavoreu to niaKo tne tar- ino is belle vu that their interests had been sacrified by a Whig Congress. Their charg es wero false were shown false, by tho ope ration of the tariff itself, llio increased de mand, and the augmented valuo of our do mestic wool. Now, what docs a locofuco Houso proposo to do Tho Locos of Ver mont and Nuw York liayo denounced the Whig tariff, because it was not protective enough ; what havo they to say now lo their own party friends in tho Houso, who have reported a nnut'CTioN of twulve rnn cent of the present duties on foreign wool 1 Tho present duties aro on wool costing over 7 els a pound, 30 percent, 3 cents a pound. Tho now bill leaves off tho 3 cents a pound, and places it only nt B0 per cent, on the prico paid for it in the country from whence it is shipped ! This is not all ; the reduced duty on wool even to 30 per cent, is a mere cheat, for tttcio is a clause, beforo you gel through the bill, slating that all duties which exceed 25 per cent, are to be reduced lo that standard on the first of September, 1845. Consequcnlly, after tho next Presidential election is over, tho duly on wool is to bo re duced five per cent more ! This ouirageons reduciion is made to meet tho views of tho free trade clique of tho South to get them to voto for Van Uuren ; or in other woids, lo