Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 19, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 19, 1844 Page 1
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fant frit fp) NOT TUB GLORY OF CJBSAK COT TUB WELFARE OF HOME. BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1844. vol. xvir....'. l. I'roiu tlm Dcmncrnlic Review. THIS MAN Ol' TOIL. His duelling stands ill yonder dell, It 19 a plcnsint place In dwell: The bubbling brook ninshv the door, Mho ferule plnin is aprrnd before llchmd, the forest nml the rock Are shelter from the storm's fierce shock ; While nVr his roof an .iced n.ik Slniuts sacred from the woodman's stroke, And in its fohaiie urccn arrayed, In summer spieails its ample shade. And there, in filth lie guides his plough, In giatiludc he fills his mow, And reaps, ere winter cnincin cold, -His harvest of an hundred fold. It is an humble life he loads j He little cares, nml little heeds Willi what events the world is rife Where dwelleth peace or rai;ctli strife Of war he lisieth not to know. Where Mood and life unheeded flow j lie tames not lo luar men tell, Who conquered yesterday or fell j And has no wish to learn to-day, Who rule, rebel, nr who obey, lieyund the valley of bis home, lie never hath been known lo roam: The vianr of bis life is none. But there he livcth and toileth an. The king may live, and nile, and leign, Throughout iin'cmpire's wide domain ; His armies on the ballle field, In war's arrav, with Imcc and shield ; Ills llivies, on the llowina Hood, At his behest may shed their I lood, And bona a foeman's limner down, To spread hisempiru and renown i The world Ins royal power may own, And pay its tribute to bis throne; A hundred slaves obey bis call, And seiveliimin his banquet hall: The crowd applaud bis nimbly name, And history record his fame. " Hut lie who rises with the sun, To seize the moments as they run, Whose labor makes the desert bloom, And banishes the forest's gloom, An I cives tlie liill-eidc anil the plain Their rich array of ilowiniiirrain, An I tores the pro Inets of the soil, The rich reward of faithful toil, Tor divs w hen want shall be at hand. An I winter's fros's shall bind the laud, Is is'r, worthier, and mote free, Than monarch of a world can bo! That simple man who tills the soil, With duly bread of daily toil, With darkened brow and hardened hand, Help the full harvest of the land. May stand before the lonsimf earth, Wh mi crowds have honored from their birth, And with severe contempt look down, Upon the monarch and Ins crown! Ife is the monarch of the soil ; l!n ruaii, the work of manly toil; His empire is the fertile plain ; His wealth, the sunshine and the rain : No lli'irn-lincd crown ion his brow, III peaceful scepire is the plough; His people are ihe lowing herd, T e UK alone attends his word. A'l I ail around his throne nreiher Wti love, and honor, and obey. CLOE LI A; Till: VIRGIN HOSTAGE. nr nr.Mttv wii.i.iim iir.niir.T, author or ' uisuwoun tub nuvr.it,' ciiomwkm.,' etc, 1 . . I. ill. . in tnosi! ihh, as Din ijvy writos, wore were vast solitudes anil mighty woods in nil lliosii ns;5 mis. Tim city, which was desti ned in after d tys to overshadow a conquered world liy teiror of her eagle wings, was then hut it sin ill town, built upon two of the seven hills which it encompassed with its mighty circuits a century or two liter than llie period to which my narrative relates. That period was to Rome as the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries are to the histories of France and England, the dtthatcahle land as it were, the disputed frontier between the realms of fact and fahlu the epoch of ro mance, of poetry of action, as opposed to that of words, in either and as in the latter times knight errantry and the chivalresque attach all eyes, so in the former do heroism and the old heroic present themselves in the most brilliant and attractive lights. The cossiping old garrulous historians of those days, Heaven's hlessing on their cre dulous simplicity ! revel in their descriptions of these worthies; they tell us not only what they did, hut how they looked, and what clothes they wore, and what they said, and all admit them and nnvv-n-days came a whole trihe of learned Golhs and" Samartans and tell us that we must not believe one word about the old familiar fiieuds of our schoolboy-day that there Has no such wolf as suckled Romulus, and on such horse as car ried Curlins into his gulf, and no such wo man as Lucrolian, no such avenger as the el der IJiulus. Rut, on the other hand, hath not the poet taught us that, ' whore ignorance is bliss 'tis folly to be wise!' and is it not bliss to believe to luxuriate in the belief, that those glowing portraits in ' L ivy's pictured page ' are real likenesses of real men and women I Is it not therefore wisdom? There were then in those days vast soli tudes and mighty woods, where, if things go on much longer as they havo been of late years doing, there seems every prospect that there will be vast solitudes again in tlm vj. cinity of Rome the empress and 1 the Nm bu of Nation!' Rut mai k thu contrast ; those worn the solitudes of Nature-llio fresh ness of the iintamud forest the youth of the world, virgin yet of empires! These are the wastes of effective civilization the sad sterility that succeeds over-culture the im becility of ago worn out by its own greatness! Ami as the last is stem and terrible and soul depressing so was the fiist lovely and gay and spirit-stirring, and full of hope and pro mise. Tlio o was a vigor, a glorious, hardy, bold vitality about those old hardy days, t'.i.it, despite their rudeness, their want of delicacy, their ferocity at times, to my t loughls pre., gents a leatitifol contrast to the effeminate and characterless debility of our boasted nineteenth century. Viilues were then bold, If crimes were attrocious ! There were no gentlemen and ladies in thoso days ! No! they wero men and women. Poor vulgar wrl'fJmsi they were contented to bo men and iv on I'" - al"' I'"'1' 'lu''' "leu tlioy were ! and very vpry women I lOticeive a lady l m,.in a modern lady aye ! if you will a repiil'1"11 '"dy a thing of tottriiurts and winnW'"' n creature redolent of mousse line and, pnchouli, the mother of a Regulas, or the iil,r"vil,g matron of a Hrutus. Fun-cyfan-y " 1'idy Clmlia It was" c'l!i,r' cn'"' c"l'' autumnal day cold for tV' shores of stinhrielit Italy ; the wide rich woods that rovered all the bills and half 1 1 10 ,.,ampaigiio country were dvod in the rich uv,Vescoiit hues that tell of coming winter the uilli of the year, Tlio liar- vests all were reaped tlio vintage was all gathered, hut not housed with the blithe har vest homo ; nor pressed in the foaming vats with the rejoicing chorus of ' Evoo ! Evon ! Liber ! ' Joy t to tlm good Racchus ! llie god who unbinds the heart and sols it free from sorrow I From the first timn since Rome had been a city, wero her fields harvested by hostile swords, her abundant vineyards n prey to the rude spoiler for the fust time had her hardy sons been shut tip within their rampi red fastnesses, thanking their strong walls and the broad river that swept round them for that security which they wero wont to owe to tlio square shield nnd the short broad sword, to the stout pilum and the stouter arm that wielded it ! The Thiher had saved Rome ; had not been saved hut frr Iloiatius and his flies! Rridgeh-ss it now rolled and free between the Roman city and the great Latin ramp ! And on this was triumph, and loud mirth, and revelry, and song, and feast ing ; and on that, shame and despair, and si lent sorrow; wailing, and wo and famine ! Rome's bravest chiefs were penned up in the circuit of their wall.-, to perish ingluii- ously without a blow for the base commons had revelled, had refused to lift lance, or buckle brand, or muster in their centuries at trumpet call to battle. Rome's fairest maids were captives, hostages basely yielded to the insulting foe ; Clcelia, the pride, the beauty, nnd the boast of Rome, and fifty more, the flower of the patrician house! And how should Rome go forth to battle, when at the first lance hurled, the blow stricken, nnd all these must perish, or endure worse outrage? And yet, and yet so vast was the patriotism, so high the national pride of those pntiician houses, they offered, knowing the consequen ces to those de-tret to them than life ; they offered to lead on for Rome, regardless of their own, their children's doom ; they offer ed, and had followers been found, they had not been found wanting. Tlio sun was at its height, the sky cloud less the Latin camp flaunting with bravery of I) i liners glesiiuing with brazen armour, ringing with symphonies of joyous music Rome sad and stern, and wasting day by day that the old Tarqilin aheady had begun to count the hours that should elapse ele those rebellious gates would open to readmit their exiled sovereigns. Lars Persona, the king, rode far in bis ivory car, inlaid withbeaten gold, reining his snow-white chargers, as if he were a pod, down the green slope front the Prretoiian gate .of.liis huge camp to the clear river's hank, where erst had stood the Suhlician bridge, now prostrate fortli he rode in in sulting pomp. Two and two went llie Lat in heralds in the van two by two followed theEtiiiscan augurs tiis lictors stalked be hind him, proud of their rob round axes old Tarquin sat beside the king, with hair snow white, and snow white beard and eye brows, all armed from head to heel, wilh his crown on his casque and the eagle sceptre in his rjght hand. Sextos and Aliens rotle be side him, full nf exulting hope. Daily rode forth that pageant. Down they swept to the verge of that sacred river; and then loud rang the augural trumpets, loud pealed the herald's summons ; and there were display ed lo the yearning eyes of mourning mothers, lo the indignant gaze of stern, heroic sires, to the downcast aud panic-stricken glances of the false-hearted commons those fifty vir gin hostages ! Wo ! wo ! for Rome. And then, aye ! then to vex their patrician lords, then would the commons have submitted to the tyrant, to the ravishcr then would they have cast open their gales to the proud king, have bowed their enfranchised necks under the yoke of slavery for what knew they, or cared, of liberty and virtue? What was it to the crouching, fawning artizan whether a king or consul sat on the curule chair, so broad was cheap, and wages high, and holy days and pageants frequent ? Nothing. They would havo yielded but there were men yet within the walls bravo men though half heart-broken who would have seen Rome sink unmoved into the pit of Tarta rus, and sunk within it tlfbmselves trium phant, rather than loose one bar or turn one bolt to admit any king, unless he came a captive, to tread the sacred way up to the capilol in fettered pageantry, thence to the block lo die? Aye! and without those walls there were women young, lovely, delicate, aud tender women, who, rather'lhan those gates should have unclosed, would have en dured lilt: worst extremity of ill ; who would h ivti suffered as Lucrelia, and as Lticrelia died ! Such was the force, the all conquer ing force, in tlm heroic ages, over the Mm- pie, antique unman lieirt.ol the lirst virtue, without which no other can exist, thu indom itable love of country. Hehind that train of maidens, who daily weio marched down, each in her spotless robe, each in her virgin fillets, to aggravate the sorrows, and try the stuhhorness of the beleaguered Romans, there was drawn out a troop of fifty Latin knights, the bravest and (hi) noblest of I'ersena's court, thu guard of honor of the hostages, each answerable with his bend for the safe keeping of one no blo damsel and, soolhu to say, noble was their deportment, noble thir treatment of the captive damsels. There were, it is true, none of the becks and bows, none of tlio honeyed words and flowery courtesies of the false modern days ; thero was nonu of their holiness ! Hut thero was grave decorum and self-respecting honor ! So that each one of those patrician maidens looked lo tlio Latin knight who was her guard us her protector likewise. Tlio insulting pomp was ended-back sped the proud nrocession hut now those youthful knights dismounted from their war steeds, and walked fiiendly wilh their lovely captives. Now tlm procession halted nl the I'r.ulorian gate, it was perhaps a mile from the river hank, and on the altar the priests made sacrifice to the great gods in gratitude for Rome half conqnered and the while the maids are toying, are, pnstively toying with the gay Latin youths ! Can this bo Roman virtue This the austere and proud deco i . . . . rum. "'(Hi must not even be suspected, of V laid or matron f What wild and flip, .' words fall from the lips of Cloelh, whilom so dignified and stately what soft uyuuarts urg shot liom those dark orbs cold of yore and haughty. Lo ! thu high crested Lucumo, to whom she flings her jests, intoxicated wilh his fancied conquests, strains every nerve to please ! Lo 1 now she pats the frontlet of his superb gray charger, admires the bosses of his bridle, admires the leopard skin that forms his simple housings ! See, sec ! she has vaulted to his back, and sits queen-like there, while the proud beast tosses his crest, mid champs his bit of gold, as if yet prouder of his fair burthen. Her comrades follow her example they are all mounted, they all grasp the reins, all at sig nal from their leader wheel their proud steeds into arrav Lo ! men of Tuscany, and knights of Laliiim ! filter are we, llie gills of Koine, In be llie guards of I'orsena than ye pusseant warriois.' Loud laughed the joyous yntilhs. loud shouted ihey, 'Ride, ride, ve virgin wariiors ! Ride forth, ye guards of Persona ; but no, ye (I ire not. ' Dare we not? Dare we not ?' answer ed Clceli'i. 'We who are Romans! Tell me what Romans dare not V ' Bravely said, beauteous Oludia,' answer ed the knight n hose (-longer she hod mount ed ; ' that would have told well once, but il is loo late now to talk of Roman daring, i the entrance of his den, the cub put one fore when not a blow is stricken in your behalf.'! paw into the hole, nnd lolling go the other, ' llaik lo the braggart, sisters,' she ex- turning a little round so as to have a look at claimed, ' hark lo llie braggart ; follow me, Jus.- We have seen ' humans' whoso faces girls, and we will show them that Romans at j lacked the intelligence ol'thal bear's, as pin least daro to ride,' and with the words she cing his loose paw on the side of his snout, shook her rein, and put the proud horse to ho plainly said by llie gestures, 'you can't his speed, and wheeled him to and fro amid i exactly come it.' We should have instantly the crowded ranks, with all her sister cap-1 convinced him of thu falsity of his proposi ttves following in her train, now they swept lion, had not the head of another individual oft" into the plain, now they dashed straight' precisely similar, except in size, to our wag- Inward the river, now they wheeled at a vord like to a flock of circling swallows, and drove back at lull speed toward llie chariot of Laos I'orsena, and now they halted abreast ; or dcily as a lino of warriois, in front of his tall cars, and at a sign from Cltelia all saluted the victorious monarch, while the plain rang with plaudits, and I'orsena smiled gently at their beauty and their grace, and the proud hating a while on the novelty of our position, Tarquins looked on in wonder, so strange ' n long ways from home and nobody close was the demeanor of thu maidens, so indec-l by' hut a family of bears, we bethought our orous and unroman. Once more they broke selves of our horn, and forthwith sounded off into single files ten lib's of five girls each the notes' want help,' most lustily. Smith and, wheeling once again through the tu multuous and applauding ranks, they gained the open plain. ' One more feat now,' cried Cloelia, waving Iter hand aloft ' Hurrah ! girls, for the Tiber, for Rome ! for Rome, hurrah !' and down the sleep hillside Ihey dashed amain, and over the green meadow at ils base and on lo tlio abrupt and cliffy bank of llie broad and ford less river! Iter words were heard llirougliall the Latin hosts, so trumpet-like and clear did she I forth her silvery accents, and downed lushed one and all, archers and spent man, Lucumo and , slave, in hot and desperate pursuit. King! I'orsena lashed out his fiery course! s, and they responded the scourge, and thundered down the hill precipitate Sextos spurred out, and Aliens! they only mounted of the Latins ! Rut vain vain was tho chase and fruit less. Clcelia has reached the brim, and. lashing her fierce charger with her loosened ' rein, plunging headlong darkly the yellow stream closed over her but instant sho rose buoyant she stemmed the wheeling lide, silling the war-steed gallantly sho is halfway to safelyone by one, in they drove not a girl feared or faltered one by one, up they rose with their rich locks disheveled and their' while garments dripping. False Sextns reached the bank he spurred his steed as though he would have followed, hut on tho very verge his base heart failed him, he drew upon his bridle hard and halted. Curses ! a thousand curses on his head ! he brandishes his javelin, he hurls it the pon derous missile Imrlles as it cleaves ils way through the autumnal air. within a foot of Cluelia's head it gleams ; it falls, it is buried in the shuddering waters. Lo ! ihey have passed tho stream j they strain in triumph up tne sti'ep uanK ; lliey smile serene scorn on the baffled Latins! Ye gods ! with what a roar of joyousexullation Rome rushes from her gates, to greet her rescued daughters, to hail thu virgin hostage, A THREE DAY'S HUNT IN ALA BAMA, nv Johnson j. iionrnrt, esq. Wo determined some time since, that at the first convenient oppottunity, which should orciii r during this foil, we would be lake ourselves to the woods wilh a gun, and endeavor lo get out of nor Mood a Utile nf the fever which two ears without exercise or the bracing excitement of. i Imiit, h id gen crated. The ti-uo at length nriived which wo had appointed for our lluco days' fiee doin. Our fiietid Johnson, Smith and Jones, drove slumber from our eyes on Wednesday morning last, at earliest ilawn, with the loud est ami shrillest whoop thai ever come by concert fiom three mortal throats. Each man had his poney, his saddle bag of nrovi- sions, his frying pan and tin cup. It was a morning that only tho man who loves tho woods and free sports, could appre ciate. The sun was just beginning to touch thu brown side of the hills when our trail dashed precipitately down tho rugged side of ttie iviltlu iMooutnio, bringing us at once into the dense canes and hamhuo thickets of Oakchttn Swamp, which looked so much like the wilderness dwelling of real game, that wo could not resist llie impulse to give an honest, hearly, hound-inspiring halno. We made every thing ring again, and naving done, so fell relieved. Our live dogs mean time bad been creeping through tho cane, and very shortly after our whoop was given, scared up a turkey which perched in tho very top of a lofty pinu almost out of range, hut we were never a creeper, so clacked away in continental ami miiscil. Tho Turkey, however, was not permitted to leave, for as ho was endeavoring lo got his steam up, lo clear the tree top, Jones brought him to the gruiinu. We now sought a convenient sunt for ram. ping. In the bond of the creek about a mile m-iuw i in iiirsey tree, wo louud il. A half acre adjacent to the creek, with no oilier growth upon it than n Tow straggling reeds, and half a dozen huge walnuts" and sweet gum trees, was the spot, The boy kindled a file and cooked breakfast, which being swallowed, the poneys were hobbled and turned into the cane." The next thing that claimed attention, was thu arrangement of tlio day's campaign. This was settled by giving Johnson ami Jones both side of the creek upwards, Smith the swamp on thu left, and ourself that, on the right bank, down wards Four of the dogs followed Smith, and ' l'u lit' uf course was with nie ; the other other two said they were ' dogs enough' them selves. Well all burst off, every man to his range. And now comes the tough part of my story. We have often been told ' that thai' -irar bar,' on Oakchiin, but wo have never given credence to the story. Judge our astonish ment then, at beholding define we had gone half a mile through the cane (lo occompllsh which consumed more than an hour) a stout block animal, a good deal like a black hug, dart out of the ciuie helbie us, and make for a huge hallow popular? It was a bear a cob of about six months old a real, live bear. There he was ascending the tree, and un with the 1 trembles' so bad, that we couldn't keep llie gun on his broad at forty steps! Wtisu't il provoking ? Arrived at gisn ciio, snowed tlsell in the hole. ' Halloo' thought we, ' a family concern, eh ?' And with that wo pushed another bullet down the barrel of our gun, for we reccollect some very terrible stories of the ferocity of the hears when defending their young. Pru dence was always in largo proportion lo the oilier conslitiilenis ol our valor. Alter cog- ind his dogs wero soon on llie spot, and th rest followed pretty soon. Johnson went to llie camp and returned witli the boy mid axe. The tree was a tremenduntis one, but it was resolved to fell it, which however was easy work as it was a mere shell. When it started to fall, such a rumbling and tumbling as were made within, none but a ' bear hun ter,' had ever heard. Il could only he link ed to the sound pi educed by a half dozen school hoys gamboling in the bowels of an old steamboat boiler. Down ramo the tree! out popped thu old lady, next a cub; the dogs cover them. The bear give a oentlo sling with one of her paws, aud simultane ous therewith, old Troup's 1 clock work' comes to view through it gaping wound ! Another sling the 1 fan pup' finds himself yelping and bleeding, ten feet off in the cane. Cries of ' don't shoot,' 1 mind the dogs,' ' bring the axe,' ' come away Point,' ' como away,' are mingled wild the crash of dVy limbs and the cracking of tho cane. It was not long before the bear disposed of both men and dogs; and although three shots were fued at her, she managed lo get out of the scrape followed by the cub. Suddenly all was silent, and dissappnint

ment was on every face. Hist ! what noise is that? There's somelhing in the old tree yet! Another cub ! watch out hoys, at the end of the log! Here he is, just mid-way of the log, and waged so that ho can't move except to turn round ! S tiro enough this was the fact. Sam was instantly put to woik to rut him out, aud in a dozen licks, the black coat of tho imprisoned cub was visible.. The opening was then a little enlarged. And young hioin then contrived In turn round so as to bring his head lo the hole. Sam's axe is poised 'sleadv Sam! hit him light be tween the eyes !' The axe decends the bear's head is clefl he quivers and (lit s. In the morning wo found our way to the camp, after day light. During that dismal night, a circumstance occurred which may appear incredible, but which we solemnly avert lo he as true as any oilier part of litis .story. About nightfall, immense flocks ol ducks descended into llie little stagnant pools around us, aud excited gayety the admiration and astonishment of Pool, who had a niorlol antipathy for ducks, growing out of the til treatment ho liequeiitly teceives at homo freni several individuals of that species who help themselves out of his dish, when at meals. Hero was a chance for revenge, which llie sagacious animal did not let slip. About midnight he awakened us, and giving us, to understand that he had something on hand, ho silently crept into tho nearest la goon, and with stealthy Head caino upon a flue flock as they 'rodual anchor,' near tho shore, like a fleet of littlo boats. Ho gently touches thu tail of one, wilh his fore paw the duel; takes its head from under ils wing in, an instant, Pout seized the head in his mouth and crushed il before tho nolo of alarm can bo sounded. Thus he despatched ouu by one, the whole flock! In thu morning he piled up before us, twenty-seven fine fat ducks! Wo instantly voted him a silver collar. Upon our return to the camp, we found that our companions had killed fifteen ducks, which with thoso taken by Punt, make the respectable number of forty-two, Thoy had also killed u couplu of young turkeys and u small doe, Sam arrived about ten o'clock with tho pack-horse, and thu wealher ihieatniug rain, il was agreed that wo should break up our camp aud return home. Hut as wo had not yet killed a single thing, the rest of the parly consented lo tramp with us up the rreek lo the Upper Ponds, whuro tho 1 old trail' cros ses the swamp ; leaving the hoy to make the best of his way home, with two ponies and 1 1 io game. Wo saw no game, however, un lit just about leaving thu swamp, then Jones fired suddenly into tho cane, killing a young wild hog. Quick as though, ' Patriarch' ol the drove, a ferocious old black boar, rushed op to his fallen cunipanion, with gleaming tusks and foaming mouth, A shot from Jutmsun damaged tlio uld fulluw's snout slightly, and so nrrnuscd his anger that he plunged at his enemies in the fiercest style, his bristles awfully erect, and his oyoso must emitting sparks. Jones was nearest him, nnd upon him the furious animal rush ed, hearing him to the ground, to the great terror of all. It was a moment of interest and agony as the immense beast stood upon tlio body of our poor friund ! What can be done ? tho'l every one ; the poor fellow will certainly he destroyed. Just at this perilous moment, Smith, with a presence of mind truly admirable, seized the hog by the tail, which lit; twisted so skillfully nnd vigorously that the old hoar, instead of ripping Jones, set up the harshest and most discoidanl squealing that ever shocked auditory nerves. Here was a 'liitimph of mind over brute foice !' The hog struggled with the strength of a giant, and Smith standing in thu rear, quietly nml smilingly twisting his tail as neat ly and effectually as it could have been done by a patent spinning machine! Hog flesh could not stand it ; but his cries brought up within ti-n steps of us, several of the drove, who formed a semi-circle about us. We made Smith keep his tail-hold, until we shot four of Ihem, aud then ' knifed' llie old one. This was the finale of the Hunt on the Oak chunhalchee ; a hunt in all respects, we will venture to say, successful as any of the sea son in the State of Alabama. NOVEL AND MAMMOTH STEAMBOAT. The Ocean subdued ami Olstancc Anni hilated. In a late London paper wo find the following project of a steamboat by which it will bo seen that wo arc to have great times on the Atlantic bye and bye, and that any one, however limited m Ins circumstances has a chance of travelling lo foreign parts. New S-rn-uinoAT of Gi-.kat Sited The in. credible rapidity with which ttiace can be trav. ellod by means of railroads is well known It is thus that we luue teen the dirtance of 118 miles Irom Loudon to Jtnstol by the Ureal Ostom, pasMMl ip !Jll minutes, and wo all know thai our celebrated Newcastle engineer has of. lered to construct machines capable of going 1UU miles an hour. Until now, tho steamboats hao been incapable ol realizing anything like an equal speed; and sea oyages are always made with a laligaiing slowness which too olten presents their being undertaken, hmveicr use lul they may be. Uur best steam packets still putUO da) slur the voyage, out and home, he t.ieuu Lucrpool and New York; in all about 7,bU0 inilus, which gucs a speed ol" only about 11) miles an hour. To place sea on a level with land travelling, as to speed, has been a great desideratum ; ainJ Mr. Newtun, uf Chanceiy lane, Civil engineer, as agent lor an iiitelhooiit foremenr. l,. i-. I ken out a patent lur inlioduciug into the United Kingdom, a new kind of steamboat from which we augur the most important results; as likely m laci to opetate the same revolution in steam ers as the invention ot thu locoiuutivo, ol Ste vciison, has operated in our stages. It is nothing less than railing it on water, and thai with more facility than on land, in any pos. siblo direction, by means of a "floating rail, road," or ' rooltng boat " apparatus ol'the"great est simplicity, tnd which presents over the or dinary steamers all the advantages which a coach can have over a sledge. This boat, named in the patent, from ils in v entor, Mundohau, is nothing mure than a large horizontal cylinder or hollow drum, entirely empty, having from 2i lo HO feet ot d.auniler, I'ruin ;J0 to -ID leet in length ; constructed in sheet iron, with iron fastenings, and with lur nisbcd externally lluit buats-, like an ordinary water wheel, liuth the ends ot this drum or cylinder are closed, except at the centre, where circular openings or port holes, about six feet m diameter, are lelt tor the purpose of adiniltin' air and light into the interior ol the drum. The apparatus is constructed of sujiicient dimensions .-o as to cause the lowest p.irt of the aperture ilvvays tu bu considerably above the surlace ol ihe water. Inside this cylindrical boat, and extending all round it in tho lorm of rings, at equal distances rum the two end?, is disposed an endless irmi railroad consisting of two rails, on the lower part of which is placed, as on an ordinary rail, way, a four wheeled locomotive engine. The luuvement of this engine when in motion is sun il.ir to i. squirrel's in its cage, thereby making tho boat revolve and advance along the surface nf tho water; the engine itself, however, al ways remaining m a hurizjiit.il position. The looouioiivo engino supports a horizontal platform, furnished with about ,'H) easy chairs and several tables, nnd other conveniences for ho passengers. The fuel and other materials that are required for tho engine are contained m receptacles arranged under the flooiing The chimney or flue lor conducting the sumke issues through one of the port hides. The iron plates forming tho external covering of the ends are put together, so as their diameter oxtends a littlo beyond the outer edge of the floor.uuaids, which are thus placed, as it were, in a mill, course, Tho spacn hot ween two consecutive floats boats is thereby enclosed al the ends, thus firming an open box ; so that as the vessel ro. volves, these boxes retaiu'the air and carry it with them under the water, and thereby tend to support the vessel ; and by being thus held it also provouts the sheot iron vv Inch envelopes tho tho cylinder from coming in contact with, or resting on the surface of the water, as belli" supported upon a bed of air, it rests above tlio water, but tho floats or paddles plunge sullici cutty in the water, so that its rosikt.tuco may never permit a movement of rotation without at the satno tune being accompanied with a inuve iiient of place, lly this moans, tho resistance of friction on the part of water, which Ihe ordiu try steainers are obliged to overcomo by throwing an iuimen-o wave behind them, in order that they may ad. vance, is entirely destroyed. Tho platform, or flooring, placed ahovo the locomotive may bo prolonged on tho right and the left through both portholes; from each of thoir extremities the zenith and half the huri zou is seen, I he vessel is steered by moans of an oar, which projects through one or other ol the portholes. When in use, this oar must bo plunged nioro or less into tlio water, aud bv bearing it against tho odgu (if tlio porthole or opening, il Will answer Iho pirposo of a rudder. Thu weight of tho cargo beiilg id iced as bal. last in thu lowest part of iho cylinder, tho length nl which is equal lo ouco and a hall the diame ler, tho apparatus possesses naturally great sta. bihly; ami there is noyor any danger that tho most violent transversal wind can make il unset. or ovou give it an inclination which can disquiet; it can only in iku il go to loward ; ami besides, as tnero can no no piiciiing, tiiore ought lo be no seasickness. jn rasu of tcmpent and tho impossibility (1f navigating, all deviation Irotn the right course and all danger is avoided, as well as all fatigu. ing rullmg, by putting 'inr head to ihe wind, ox. Unguishing the lire and, Iqckinj; the wliopf For greater security, llie porthulcs may bo part, lyrhxed, In order to prevent tho possibility of getting ofl'tho rails, Ihe rims of the wheels arc ha low ed in their middle, in the form of a pnllv, to ihe depth of three inclio?. Those wheels havo the form of two rones, applied base to bisetothe vertical cirnumferanco forming tho ring; and the nave, measured .elween llie euuiiiiiIs of the cones, is in length equal to the diameter of the wliceH, that is losay, from si to eight loot : so that in tho greatest rolling there can never be any tendency to overturning. The apparatus is fnrui-died with two boiler?, so that during the voyage there may he always one, at leas', in function, and tha', when noces. sarv, a double propelling power in iv be ti-cd. i. "i. . I . . . I , .... I : i.acn currespouus in iwn cylinders, nun nuprinis a movement on one of the pairs of wheels : it t a draiblo locomotive mounted upon four equal wheels. At tho mninent of departure, the quantity nf i air engaged under the boat is as its minimum ; the speed is slow : but at each lurn, the volume of air engaged augments; the boat emerge; its eclcrry rapidly augments-, and it soon takes its normal speed, un making function only one of the locnino. tives, tho steam arrives at a pressure ofUH-1. atmospheres. It imprints on tho boat a speed of iil miles an hour, tho water being cur-entless and the wind calm. At this, and even at a much less speed, the boat is almost entirely em. urged out ol vvatei ; aud rolls on its surlace as it would on the land. The -0 ton of ci al is sufficient to in ike a voyrge of 1311 miles in 93 hours. In mnking function w ith both locomotive?, the steam has only a tension of two atmospheres', and each locomotive furnishes only a force ot 0'3 horses. The two united are only capable of giving to the boat a speed of miles an hour in water without current anil with the wind calm. Tho fuel will, in that case, only permit making a voyage 610 miles ; hut it may be duno m 23 hours. This speed of 21 and HO mile? an hour will nece.-s.irdy be augmented or diminished acenr. ding to the force of tlio w ind?, and whether the ctirreu's are favorable or the contrary. For transatlantic voyages, a boil of !!0 feet diameter by dO long, furnished with two locomo tives, having pistons of IIS inches diameter, is necessary. A speed of 20 miles an hour is ob tained with one locomotive, and of'2 miles with both ti "Other ! sutllcient rnnl fnr a vnv.H'O ot ' 1G0 huurs with one locomotive in function. During this time a voyage of 1,01)0 miles will bn performed, always supposing that the wind and currents mo neither lavorablo nor Iho contrary. In linking function both locomotive?, a voyage, of U.OfJO miles may ho done in SO hours. In taking advantage, however, as is usual of winds and currents, the voyage from England to Ueston maybe easily performed in five or six days at most. Such are tho indications of the most careful calculations. We wait impatiently the result of the experience which is now preparing. ONE DROP TOO MUCH OF THE MILK OF HUMAN KINDNESS. We cut the follow ing from one of our ex change papers. It is about the richest joke we have seen for some time, and deserves a hearty laugh : An old gentleman with an old wife, and no children, who lived in a town not a hun dred miles ft dim ibis city, was aroused from his bed one night, about four weeks ago, by a loud knocking at the street door. The an cient pair had always manifested a great fondness for children, and not being blessed with any of their own, were on the best terms imaginable witli those belonging lo their more fortunate neighbors, and whenever a chubby Utile hoy or gill chanced to bo in their com pany, il was stuffed with sweetmeats, and overwhelmed with their unpractised, and consequently awkward endearments. Tha neighbors loved the old couple, because the old couple loved their children, and enabled them to. save many a Christmas penny tint would otherwise have been uselessly buried in their bowels in the sltiipe of gingerbread horses. And for many squares around, the peculiar propensities of the ancient pair fur nished inexhaustiblo material f.;r gossip. This venerable couple had long since com mitted themselves tothonrm ol bomniis on a January night, fiom which they weio dis turbed by a loud rap at thu street door; the old gentleman did not know w hat to make of the knock, but knew that it was a noise not usually heard in his house til 1 o'clock in the niorufng and so he pinched his wile's ear, and asked her what it was. I ho old lady thought he had better get up and see. Ho slipped out of the bed into his slippers ami pants, ami went down staiis to the door, which he opened, and in it traced a female form with a bundle in her arms. The gen tleman asked her wh il sho wanted, nnd the voting lady, (for such by her voice she seem ed to be,) said sho was an iinforlnnato wo man, the modern meaning of which thu old gentleman did not undeistand of course. He said ho felt sorry for her road her n brief moral lecture from memory and said that Heaven would never desert the viiltioits. The night was cold tho old man was thin ly clad ho shivered, ami his voice was tre mulous, which caused theiinfor'unato woman to sob, believing ih.it in tho goodness of his tender aud pitying heart, the old man was weeping loo. She said she had a child a lovely boy just five months old j thai she was poor ; that her seducer, (the old gentle man said oh!) a drunken, heartless villain, on whoso head thu vongoaoro of Heaven would olio day fall, hud iclurucd with a pis tol aud three bowiu knives, like Herod, tn massacre the innocent ; tint sho escaped while bo slept ; knew vv hero logo a great way off but was too foeblo lo carry the child any fuithcr, and said sho would bless llie old gentleman if lie would Inkcll. He was over joyed said be would get a light ; and was about doing so, when the ntifortiinalo gill faintly shrieked, and slid, " I hear him com ing ! Take tho poor h iho ! Illess you !" Hurriedly placing tho infant in tho old man's arms, sho slatted swiftly off, and in a few mi it n les die last echo of her footsteps had died away, Tlm old man dosed the door, and hurried up stairs, pressing tho louder blossom to his bosom, " Wife." said lie. " we'vn gol a lil- tie son at last." The old lady was aston ished, and wanted to know what meant her ancient lord by wo - us according lo her lim 'iled ideas of things in general, tho HHroiloc llion of a I' young 'un " into the family was la matter of "which sho had a right to know something. Hut this was no time for urgti moiiti Thy tuny was put lo bed, and (hy old lady hugged it lo her bomin ; " (he littlo dear " expressed ils gratitude by n genllo grunt, which the old gentleman swore, ns lift rijhhed a mulch upon thu wall, sounded more, like fia than any thing tli.it came f,om tho lips of a moi till baby. The candle .vas lighted, and the happy couple proceeded to an examination of thu innocent and long de shod sharer of their domestic comfoils. First n blanket was lemoved then no old shawl then u flantiej unmentionable and then then a liandkeichief was raised, ant) the head of a en; appeared, half choked wilh a wad of shivings, which the " nnforlunalo woman " had .-rani nod into its moiilh,to pies Vent n squeal. The old gentleman, victim!-, zed and humbugged, dropind thu candle; the old l.nly jumped out of bed and run do vu staiis in a flight : ami tho little nig moleil it-. self into a warm place nnd went to sleep. With this disposition of tho Uiararlors-, in this ridiculous iltania, wo drop llm cuitaiii. I his actually occurred, and we know thu young man who represented the " iinforlu. natu woman " on that eventful night. PRIZE ESSAU)NhMA;URR. Stieno.v Et.f.vi-.NTit. Of Arliticial Nitre Jhds. But there is n fashion in manures as well as in other thing.?, and saltpetre is now s fashionable, that von may bu inclined lousn it. Be it so. 1 will show- you, reader, hovy lo m ike it for yourself, nnd nt the same limo form a large pile of capital mould. But as you have begun to inquire a littlo into the leason of things, lei n, gn u titlln into tin; rea sons why the eat ill under nil bainswheio cattle Ml ii kepi, w hy the plaster of old lion, ses and ee'lar walls, always .dloid saltpetre. You well know that this is thu case, and why' We have aheady told y on thai the acid 'of saltpetre, that is, the aqua furlN, is funned of the air wo bie nhe. Now alkalies and po rous bodies compel tlio constituents of air, under certain circumst inces, to unite and form aqua funis, and this immedialely unites to tlio alkali and forms saltpetre. The best alkali to compel this union is ammonia. Hence, wheie plenty of animal mat or is fermenting, or lotting, or where plenty of urine is, there, porous bodies being ptesent, saltpetre will bo formed. Now thi, is enough for you to understand the principle upon which I propose lo you to form an artificial nitio-bcd fur your own use. It has been found that the manure ol twenty-five cows, asses and nudes, in layers of about four in ches thick, with layers of the sinie thickness of chalky soil, first one and then the other, and now and ihen dampened with the urinn of llie stable, produces fiom 1000 to 1200 pounds of sallpelie in four yeais. The heap is formed under cover, and occasionally-shovelled over. At the end of tw o yeuts, it ii a muss of rich mould. Il is left two yeuis longer, wilh an occasional turning over, but it is not wet with mine for the last few months-. The dung the farmer has always; ho wants the porous chalky 1 udy. This may he furnished by spent ash c'S mixed up with ils bulk of loiim. llenco llie following nile may ho given: One coid of clear cow-dung, one cord of spent ashes, on coid of loam, ur .swamp muck. Mix tho ashes and the swamp muck well, and having huid-rnmnied the ham cellar lloor, or thai under a shed, lay a bed upon it four inches thick of these mixed materials; then a layer of dung, three or four inches thick, and" so on, till the pile is two or thiee feet Ipgr,, lopping oil" with Id un. Wet il occasionally wilh mine, keeping it always about as moist as gulden t dd. .Shovel over once a foit- uijit for two v ears. The pile now contains, about fifty piiimdsnfsovfr.il vuiictios of salt petre, nnd mixed throughout with nearly thiee coids of excellent muntne, It may therefore ho now ued acemdiug to the far mer's jiiiLinent, By thoughtful manage ment, he may, after ihe fust Iwoyeais, an nually colled as many ftfty pounds'iis m- ploys coids of cow dung. Dm, however pre pared, nine nfioids, by its elements, nour ishment In plants. All its pails act. Its aU kali acts, and its acid nets, To bo cunnnui.l ) CULTUtE OF THE CUCL'MBEIJ. I will Male a fact relative to tlio planting; of cuciiniheis, which camo under mv obseiC vation, and which is worthy of being known, I shall at least give a fuither dial myself of its reality ; though 1 cannot ronu ive'there is a doubt lein.iiniiig on the subject. Last spring, a fiiend of niino and mvself wero planting cucumbei s at the Sillm) t i rise. 1 was jilanting mine, ns is iisu il, in gardens, bv mir ing a small poitiou of stable intuitu p vv'ilh thf. earth, and i.iising the hill an inch pr two above the surface of the ground. Obst-iving il.hu jocosely icmui ked. " Let ie show vnt how In raise cucumbers." Never haviou much luck in raising them, I cheei fully agreed to his pioposilion. He c. ncJced" by ma, king holes in the faith, al the distance hiteii ded for Ihe hill, that would held about H peck he then fil'od them vviihdiv leached ashes, coveting the ashc, Vv ih a yen smal quantity of faith. Tlm sec) weio then plan, led on a lev 1 1 with the smface of llie giimnd, I was willing lo see the cxpei i,m.,lt ,, j,,, Mll had no expei'lation of any tiling but a hiss, of seed, labor and soil. B'm imagine iny as, lonislnnent, (nnivv ilbstatiding a diiei season never was known, and almost a utiiviin faihne of gulden vegetables,) when beudfl vines rem irkahly lluifiy, ami as fine a nop of cuciiniheis as any ou'f c.mld wish In iais(. and thev continued lo hear l',.,- ,,,,.,.,. .11.. long time, I will not phirosf ph17.11 on tlm subject hut say to all, 11 y it ; and instead of thinning your ashes away, apply it vvheio it will he of use, ami you vvil reu'p n ijch ,u, ward. Ohiii Iirmr Upon Iho forfL'oinL'.lhnediiiirrril,n t,.:., Cultivator say s ; " Wo last season made trial of tho above plan, and found it tu suca-d ad. illll.iuiy. An Atiour tiik Eve What part of tho eyo is hko a rainbow The inr,-Wha pan .a hko,hoGlobP;lThC.;aV:,W,,a;uk: tlio ton if n rlWt! Tl,., I -I un ' . ' " hko a piece of whip Tho lali, What nan I'M? t!V tmni'int o a pll ' The- brow