Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 26, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 26, 1844 Page 2
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warn wmm If It EE T It A 1) 13 . Tlic March No. of H'.iekwnoil'a Magazine miliums si powerful essay upon the subject of Free Trade, in which t Jin fully of that system, its utter watit of adaptation to lliu present cir cuuit,ancrs of tho World, ami t lie misery and nun certain to follow its adoption, are portrayed in a m i terly tityle. Il is a lamentable fact tint while all the World is becoming d uly more sensible of these impor. taut fact, the People of the Unitrd States alone are expected toc.lnso thcireyos to tliom. Hug land advocate Free Trade it is trim ; tint she docs not practice it. fslio wishes all the World tn throw onen its ports u her, but she es. poriil care to rlote hols against all the World. llor reasons for tins attachment to one sulcil Tine Trade are well ''iven in the following Ml ran : "le is related of thaT.icvtcmnnitn", lhat while all the oilier citizens of Unccc were careful lo surround their .i. n with walls, ihcy alone left a pari open on (ill ?id". Thin, superiority in iloTulil render, tl tlmtii imhU'cicnt to the adventitious pritccinui ofinmparts. Il is fir a "miliar nason lint Knjilnnd is now williiiL' tn ihr.vv down the barriers ofTiirill's, and the imped iment of I 'utium lui'is, st and tint all oilier nations nre fain t rat- them up. It is a secret scne nr sin pcrionty on tile oil" si le. and of inferinrilv on theotb rr. which is the cause of th difieirnce WI". ADVO (lA'IT. ntUKDDM OP TIIADi:, IJRf'AU.Sr. wr. Kill: OONS'JIMJS Til T. I.V A FA I! ITNUKS Timnr.n coMi'r.Tino.w wr, sitori.o sue- rur.n in nr. vn.N'cj turn oitp or their OWN MAllKHT. Til TV W'.SIST IT. A'f i.oiri'i.v m.uiou roit phowjtion. nr. C M'SIJ TIIl'.V AH!'. AWARE THAT SI 'fill KKSn.T W(U'l.I) KI'kr.DII.V TAKI". l'l.AOr., and that tiiu srpr.itiourrv or tiiu old (OMMHRH U. STATU IS r-UHI. THAT OX as oi'i: tiu u. or sTiir.vr.TH. it must a r o.vt'i: l'uovr. i'atai, to it.s YonNt.r.ii RIVAL"'. A tlnself-i is ihu thi result of perma nent eaii3cs iilV.eiins both s.des, it may fairly bo pro n ned ili 3 1 it will be hislinir: and thai the more nn.v iuly thcnld mmufvlurnii: S atomlvoeate or nets upon' freedom, nf cnmrnciciil intercourse, the more strenuously will the younger and rising ones advocate protection. Reciprocity, therefere, is nut of tho que, lion helwei'n them; foi it neer could exist uiihmit the destruction "f ihe manufacture of lbs ynuncer States, j and if llni State Ins begin to cntcr'nii tho psth of ununfieturi'ig industry, it never will bo per liiiriptl bv it" CS ivernm ut." Here we. have the s-eiel of Kitsl v lid's intense nlTec lion lor Free Tiailc She is perfec ly well convinced that if she he allowi d a fair competition in our iiiiikct she. will lie able lo ilrive nur inmuf.iclnres to the wall break down Ihe tuanufieliiicis nnd nhtv.n undis puled possess on. It is tins la'" of iIhur that the Alvoenie nf I- reo I rude m tins e e.tutry ato preparing for us, ami into this cor.dit on they most assuredly force, us, if the irluo and inlelh::iucc ofthe People, di not toll rfere to prevent it. n her: a pooiercrtatengiecs to sdmit. at very low duties, the products of one su- peri tr in wealth, an I therefore enabled to give longer credits ruin must follow. If two men, one with a esnit il of SlOO.OfJO, nn I number with tho capital nf R1000, enter mln the same I usme s, ma Minll village, tho nnn v. ith th" lueer eipital, bcingable to give lnnger credit, will swi dnvc the poirer nnn t r, the wall. Hy the treaty of I7';? ' elv mi l'nne" and I'.t Claud, the porlsofboih rotnit'-- e-i'mnst thrown vpt n. Thoconsrq eiief was, tb il w !id" I'Vani'e sup plied I'tHaml wi b only wines and brandies, r.nelind supplies rrancc with every species nf imnuf.icturc, utterly destroiins the mnnufiet'.iresnf ihe hller. ami producing such a scone of misery as tho Woild has rarelv ever seen. lUclprocittj between a "rich old State" such as Hn c'aad, and a (compaihtiu-ly) p'ior one, such as this Union, is abs dulely hnp'issiMc on account of the dif ference in the prtt at which it can bo raised in tho ounaml in theolher. "This ay tho writer in Blackwood J is tho deci sive circuinstnice which renders reciprocity between them impossible. Tho pcli old slate is as supeiior lo tile vounn one in the nro.luction of manufactures, n th? poor youne slatp is to the rich old one in lhat of subsistence. The sleam-enniue. capital, and ma chinery, hayn co enormously increased the power of inanutnr itirt'ti production, tney tiaio renncrcu tho old cfimni2rei'd stito nnnipotciH in jhc foreign mirket in ihe sunnly of its nrti-lc. Nothins but fi- cal re.oilations and heavy duties can prolecl the voiinrj sntofroin ruin in those branchisofindii'lrv. Heavy tate, lush wares, costly rents, dear rude produce, all nrc at once compensated, by the edsautic powers of the stfam-enHine. Colt n soo Is aro tsised now in Great Britain at a fifth of ilu- price which they were during the war. A "own, whit h formerly w-as cheaji nt '2, 10s., is now fold for ten slullmcs. Silks mus lins, and all other nr Hides uf female nf parol, have been reduced in price in tlio sanio roporlton. Colo-sal fortunes In ro been madehy the master manufactur ers, unbounded wt'alih d liusod throuh Ihe operative workmen in l.ancibiro and Lanarkshire, iven at those etlrcmely rcdueid pri -cs. This is tho real rea s in of tho uiniersal cli'irl made by all nations which have the least pretentions lo commercial industry, of late to exclude, bv fixed duties, our slaolc man ufsctiircs; of which ihe president of ihe I'oaid of Trade so fic'iuijly complains, and which the advo eatesoffrce trade contider asso inexplicable. A very clear p inciple has li'd tu it, and wi'l lead toil. Itis the instinct of .Si:Lr-l'ni:sRRV.Tios." It is irmarkable that w hile we arc loudly clamoring in ibis civinlry (iir n k duciion of the TtiruT, hopiur.' that it onv lc 't mean nf inducing the British Gov ernment to rd.ix the r'mdity or ihe Com Laws, the writer of ihisantcle has never once noticed America ns a country from which r.nslind is to expect "ap plies. IIi views nroenlirtly turned upon Ihe Uka rine, tho counirv around tho lliltic in peneral, and more particularly on Poland. He says: "Wheat can b raisid wilh as cood a profit tn the cultiv itor for sixteen .tiillinjs per iparter in Poland, as for fbrly riiiht shillings in I'nL'iund or Scoiland." An Kn;lish n rarter eoniaiua about ci"ht lnis-ht N. so that iho lo- lih I'armer can alFird lo rae Wluat for two slul- Imis, (that ii about fi.riy five eenls ier buhel ) and we are expected tn come in compeiiiiuo Willi him in siipnlyini' Ihe l'.u:ish maiket. We would nsk our lea lers in ihe cnuulry, if liny find it convenient, nr even p-isrihl,. to raisj wheal at thN frie, nd if they do not, how ihev can expect lo s-ctiie the Lnh'h market even if the Corn-Laws berutiiely nbnlUbcd? Il will be rt-c Heeled that when ihe tarill' was net lini; to its l.Tvcst under ihe to'opTf,li', xct, (iltnui the year 1SJ7 wc IhmU it wa-) a nnifi.lerable rj-nnti-tyofi-rairi wis actually bruujht into this counirv fro n Ihe lliltic ihi sp-e'es of traffic c lntmueil as it wiu'd ti'idiul.ieilly bavn d'ine but fir Ihe gen eral exidosinn whieh took place at lhat period, nnd rendered it necessary fonts io look neaicr hoine for suloiblcnce, it is imposbihle to conci ne. what d saster it would not have drawn in it- train ! I'toni ihe ve ry same cause may be da'cil the decline of ihe Ho man L npire. lint wewill let ihcwrilcr, wdiose es say is under coik'i b-rnlion, speak for him-i'f ; " Allism is the first mo lun aulhor with whom we are ac'iiaiiiti d, who Ins tracrd the decline of the lio man io crcat part to this source. In the tenth volutin-of his' History of Ibiropc," p. 752, we find the following passage : ","o nalion can pretend to independence which rests for any sensible portion of its subsistence in or dinary reasons on foreign, who may become hostile, nations. And if we would seo a memorable example of the manner in which the greatest and most power ful nation may, in tlio course of aes, coma to be par nlvz'sl by this cause, we have only to cast our eyes on -imperial lloine, when tho vast extent of the eiu; trc bad piaclic I'ly esialdfhcd a free trade in grain with the whole i ivilizid woild j and the result was, tint cubivation disappeared from tho Italian plain, tint the race of Roman Agriculturist, the strength of the empire, became extinct, that the fields were lahound only I v slaves and entile. The lemons could no Ion- cor be recruited but fioin foreign banas, vast tracts nf paslurai-e overspread eicn the fields of Louihnrilv end iho Cainpagna of Naples, nnd il was the plaintive confession ol the Rinnan annalil, lhat the tuisiress of Ihe world had come to depend fur her subsistence on the floods of the Nile." This observation Ins cxciled, as well as it might, the vehement inmgnaiion ot tno tree Irndo journals. The examploof Ihe srtatest and most powerful na tion that ever existed briny weakened, and at length ruined by n free Irade in corn,nfl'ordtd loo cogent nil orginncnt, nnd was loo Mulling a warning, not lo r x nto the wrath of tlioc who wo dd prcctpraio (Ircat I!' nam into a umilar coiirsnnt policy, iney have at Inched the author, nccordrigly. with tmw mled apn. tily : nnd, white Ihcy admit lucrum ot Italian agti culture ioibe later Mages of the Roman empire, en clenvour lo ascribe it lo tho gralnitiio 19 distribulinn o sr.ain lo the Roman populace, not the tll'-'CI of a free i importation of gram from its Egyptian nnd African provinces. The vast impnilanco ot die suhj-cl has induced us to look inlotheoiigionl aulhoritieei 10 w horn Allison lefeisiu hupport of his observation, and from among ihcin wo select three Tacitus, Gibbon, nnd Miebclel. TacilliR S1VS. " At Hercule olim ex JlaUa Iccionibus longinoiss in prni'incias commealiis pnrian antiir, vec nunc uie ruudiilnle lubornlur 1 ,ed African! pnliiisel r,vpluiu exerecinus iiavihnipm et casibus ila popuh Roiiiaui pernnssa est," Tacitcs ,1nno xii. 43. ilntirpii'y does not contain a more pregnant nnd important passage, nr one more directly bearing 011 llmprcMint policy of tho l!ritih Kinpire, than this lldeiiioustrntcsi 1. Tint in fiumer limes Italy hail been an 1 xporiiugiouiitrv "ollm cx Ilnlia cninmen in in loiiL'innuns r.roviucias porlabantur." 2. That nt the nine when Tnciius wrote, in lliedays of the r.mnernr Trnian. it censed lo be so, and had conic 10 import largily from Africa nd Lybia, "sed mine Afiicuin potius el I'lvptuui exrrccmus " 3 Thai tins was not the result ot nuv supervening sterility or unfruitfulncs, ' nee nunc inieciirinnte latnirniiir, inn frnm cniisca which inulo il more proliiablo lo pur chase grain in ihe IWyptioi or Lyhian matkeu, "sed Afrlcnm p HiiiH et I'. -vpti xeriicmns." Oflbecxtcol to wlu h lln decay of nsricultiire in iIa urnl nrovioi-ihof tho Roman empire went, in the latter Mures of its history, we hnve the following Irikiii2 account in the nuthenlia papes of Gibbon ) "Kincp tho 7 of Tiberiusllin decay of cneiiiiirfl 1,-dU.n Mi in Hall) ! "nd it wna just suinm 01 cninplninl that tho life ot tho Uomnn people ilcpen- o'o on 1 lie accidents or the wmdsaml tno wave. Ill the division and deelinn nf ihn einmre. iho tnbllla- ry harvests of IJjjvpt and Africa were wilhdrawn t the nuuiners ot tno inlialntanls cLnlinuiliy uiininisiuii with the means of snbsisteneei nnd the country was exhausted by theirrcirieV.ihle losses of war, pestilence aim t'opo Oelasius was n subject ol Odoa cer, nnd he affirms, with slroan exaggeration, lhat, in .111 iiu, 1 u suuy, anil 1110 imj lueu 1 pruviuue-., niu ,,, man species was nlmust extirgitcd." (ImnoN, vol vi. xvi., p. ub. Of the progress and extent of lln3 decay, CJi'ibnn qtves tho following account 111 another parlor Ins t'tcal wotk t "Tho agiictilturc of Iho Unman pinvin-ca ir7s , iit stnsihly ruinrdx and in Iho priyrrss of despotism, which ttinis lo disannuinl Its own liurpore. tile cm- perors weie oh'i rcil to dotixo some merit from the forgiveness of debts, nr tho remission of tributes, wnc 1 Hieir sulitccls were 11 er v incana 1 0 o paying. According to Iho new division nf Italy, th" ferldo an 1 happy province oft 'auipann, tho scene of the car- V victories ol Ilia dclieiius retirements ol 1110 citizens if Homo, extended between the sea and ihe Appen- tries, from tho Tiber to Iho Silcrius, Within sixty years after the death ofl'onstantine, and on the ev idence nfan ncinal survey, an exemption wns granted m fivour of 330 000 IbiLdish acres nfdesett and uocid- tivated land, which nmnimtcd to one-eight of the whoh surface nf the province. As tho footsteps of iho barbarians had not vet been seen in lln'v. ihe cause of litis amazing deso'ation. which is recorded m the laws, (Cod. Theo.l. li., t. 33, 1.2.,) can ho as cribed only to thoudininistration of the Roman Hm perois." (iibbun, vol. ui., c. xviii., p. S7. Udidon in z volumes, Michel"! observes, in hialatonrofb'indand able His torv of I-Vanco "'Iho Christian cmr.ernrs could not reat0( y tlio 'rowing depopulation of the country any mnro linn their heathen prcdeccssots. All their ifi'jrts only showed the iiupotenco nf government lo artcst that dieaJful evil. Sometimes a'armod at the depopula tion, tbcv tried lo nnligato the farmer, to shield him ngiin-t tho landlord j upon this Iho proprietor cx claimeil he could no loiv.-cr pay tlio taxes. At other times tney aoamioned inclnriner, surrendered linn t the landlord, and strove to chain him to the soil j but tho unhappy cultivators penhcd or ll"d. .and the land becanio deserted, Kven in the time of Augus tus, ilforls were made In airest the depopulation nt the e.xpemeof morals, by cucmiragin concubinage. I'ertinax granted an immunity from taxes lo those who could occ 'iiy ihn diverted lands of Italy, tn the cultivators of the distant provinces, nnd ihe allad kings, Aurchan did the same, l'rohiis was obliged to transport from Oerinanv men and oxen to cultivate da d. Maximi-on and Cnnstantine tranporti-d the l'ranks nnd licrmnng from Picardv and Hainniib in. to Italy; but the depopulation in the towns and the cnunlrv alike canttmied. rPhe peop'e siincndered themselves in the li Id-to despair, aa a beast nT bur den lies down 1 encath his load anil ri fuses to raise. In vain the emperor strove, by. nil" is of immuuilics and exemptions, tnrceall iho cultivator lo bis di sorted fields. Nothing could do so. The desei t extended duly. At tho commencement of the fiflli ceiriu y there was, in the happv Campania, iho most ferule province nf the cinpiic, 5(t UUujugeia in a state or na turn." .iltcitniET. ll.slorie de I'rance. i . 101 101 I'ursi'od lo 11s viry grave bv the same dup. routed cause of evil, the strength of Italy, even in the last st tges of itsilecay, wastil ptnsifntcd by Ihe impor tation 01 cram irom cgvpi nun t.vnii, 1 lie 1 am- pagniot Home, says IjiI, lion, "about the close ol tlio itli century, was reduced to the siale or a drea ry vvildi rness, in which the land wasb'.trcn, the w.i tirs impure, nnd the air infectious. Vn the number of citizens still exceeded the measure of subsistence i iheir precarious fi od was supplied from the harvests nf I'.gvpt and Lvhn i and the frequent lepetilions of fun. tie b'dray die inattention of the emperors to a distant province." t,"innos vol. v ui , c .lv. 1GJ. Nor was this dcsilatmg scourge of foieign impor Intion coufine.1 to Italy; it obla ned nlso in (trecec tijually with the Ausouian held, ihe abode of early Holies and opulence, and prosperity. In the latter stages of the empire," avs Michilet, " rtreecc was al most entirely supported hycorn raised in the fields of I'od dia." I Poland J-MtcnrxcT, i. 277. The author enquires vvh it It was lhat produced ibis ly nllached by Mr Poller, nnd in that form tho prolpst was sent tn tho Clerk's ib.'slt, Mr C.itislltl haviiio; been previnnsly denied nn opportunity to inve his views on tho Rhode Is land (jiil'sIioo, wliun that mitiject was before tho House, obtained the floor, and was nbmit to pro- rceil with Ins remarks, when lie (r.tvo way to Mr (jranstnti, to inako an explanation, who was followed hy f,everal ueiitlpinon, in telalioT In the proper course of procccdinc. These sub jects having been pass-ed tivar, Mr Catiin re- Binned Ins roinark?, vlnt:li worn cniilincil to tlio prayer of the memorial of the Dorr members nf tlio Rhode Island Leoislnlnrr, anil which had been referred 'o tho liurlsev Committee. Th k pr.iyor is, in siib-tance, lhat as llio Dorr rebels lia I not boon able to force their protended coil- Ftittltinn upon the people of lihodo Iland, tliey asked Ihe llnii'C lo impose it upon that Slate, anil to fiiaraulpc its support. Mr Cauin ex amined the cotlitiition.ii powers of this givern ment in reference to the prayer of thn memo rial, and ilenionstralrd most conclusively, that it had no such power. Tho ('onstitii'iou provided fortho intfrforonct! of the General (internment in the airdrs of a Slate in the following cases only : to protect thcin aoainst fureign invasions, and against insurrection or domeslic violence, and to guarantee a republican form of govern tnont. There was no pretence that the gov ernment of Rhode Island was not republican ; lis present constitution was trained by the pen pic tinder all the sanctions known In n ennstitu tioual government : by that constitution all the ollircrs In carry il into effect were elective, am tho elective Iranchisu was of tlio most liberal and enlarged character. I Io contrasted in this particular tho constitution of Rhode Island wilh that of Now Hampshire and other stales, and showed that the civil rights of all citizens wore much mnro extended anil better secured in tho former than in almost any other slate nf the Union, Ho dwelt eloquently, anil with great power, upon the dan our "I tlic precedent estab lished by the House in its inlerlereiico with the doinuctic relations of Rhode Island lo the South ern Slates of the Union, against which, it would, were this precedent to be of authority, only be necessary for the abolitionists to proclaim that Ihe toleration of slavery by tlio constitution of a Slate was, and, if l hoy should bo in a majority in Congress, that body might pro ceed 10 annual such constitutions. If Congress had a right to interfere to regu late the right of Millbr.ijjo 111 Rhode Nland, it had a right to make an intinoranl tour of super vision into every Stale, and to examine its con slitution and to regulate its domestic concerns, and make them again conform to its nu'i. no tions of individual rights. Ho regarded the power assumed hy this Congress a a power not to sttpprc-s, hut to foment itiMirrcc.linu and to investigate and promote domestic violence. Mr Caiism, in the course of Ins remarks, was repeatedly interrupted bv l.nvo Jiihusou, Mr llurke, Mr McClcrrand, Mr Houston, Mr Well, er, Mr I'nyne, and others, so tint much of his hour was consumed intentionally, hy those un worthy efforts lo prevent a just exhibition of tho course of the denngogues who constitute a ma jorily of this Houso. The motion to reconsider was carried in the affirmative, when Mr Cranston withdrew the pal crs that h id been attached to the protest, and tho pn t"st was then ordered printed by a vole of 117 to 'JO. Mr II irko then submitted a paper which he moved should lie laid on t'10 table and printed. Several gentlemen objected, and others rose ami of the Maysvillo rnad bill, ho cared nothing for I ch"tls nbout tho size of a medium travelling trunk, rapid nnd a-loiusliint' deeav of agriculture, in an I'm pire containing 120 030 Oft) souls J The country 111 I wuicii n occurre 1 en nraceu 1 e its rr c nun in 1 , ... ,,, ,, 1,-1 ofthe canh I The period, at whieh il took place, was enquired what the paper ; the speaker said thai at which this fair nnd hixuiiant country enj lycd R a protest ol the minority ol R. I. Log under the reigns nf .crva, Adrian, Trnhu nnd the An- I is'atur against the protest of thn majority. tonines, irnnquihty so piofound, ns 10 have been tin- Mr Cranston a-I.ed that the mines appended broken dining llie space of SO years by the invasion t0 lt ppobt be road, when it appeared that phfiphicaVmmli'o'f of'ihc I thou, were some ten or t'welvo names long ir.ictof ninopist ns the happiest the human race ', "I persons who had been loft at homo at the last had ever known I et at this very lime agriculture election, and who wore no longer members ol 111 (trecec. and Italy wns rapidly decavtng, and the the Ijoo-isl.ituro. sturdy race of (.'11 livalors enlirclv disanncared M. lt.,,.,,,,,1 1 ,1.,, ,i. ,.. m:,.i,i 1, 0' his.itrina.iondijeJtionswero-inade -dieted what the rapacity of the Pio-Consuls nnd t"" 'ho chair decided that it could only be road ihe tyranny of the Osars had nhko been unable to by a vote ol the House. I lie previous question vvasdeminded by Mr Houston, and tlio demand ' sustained. The ayes and noes were ordered, ' and bolore they were taken, Mr llernard again j asked for the leading of the paper, when the I " Democracy" again objected, nit upon the ayes I and noes upon reading being ordered, the ob jections were withdrawn. The paper was then read. It is without endorsement and addressed lo accoinD ish Such must bo Iho inevitable result, cvrn in this land of plenty, sh uld tho a I s.ird dogmas of thot'rec Trade ehool of Politicians become again a part nf tho -el-tied po icy of this country. I.-t not tho Agriculturist inia.'inc lhat tlussystem is to be of nny ultimata ben fit to him. The example of 1337, vvhtn I'omgn Wheat was actually introduced into the counirv, from a region canahlo nf suunlviug the whole world. and which only wanla the necessary inducement of , low duties on its products in ordir to" do to, n warn- j nig enough against the encouragement of any such deceitful hope ! We close our cslract from this nldo paper with ihe j fol owing remarks upon tho grral itoma ofthe Hce- 1 naders, that low pitcis are 111 nil situations a great ! blesing. - 1 " Cheap prices are a real blessing if that died con- ' sists wilh prosp-rily lo the producer, as by unprovid I a"ainst it, 75, uifiliods ol cultivation or manufacture or the bunj- I s,eS,m mY0, t0 ro-consider tho vntn by "oc'Ibe'talreXand io'nonemre "hicl, rtny Appropriation 11,11 .as passed, than tho consumers if ihev niclho rtsult, not of iho I "'Inch motion prevailed. iiiagnitu 'e of domestic production, but of the maeni- 1 Mr Tibhotls then moved lo insert fifteen thou- Hide of fori ign imporlaii in. It was that sort of heap 1 sand dollars for the Military nost at Newport, no one, and purports to ho a protest which Ihe persons signing it had offered in tlio Rhode Is l.ind Legislature and which that body refused to receive of lis be tig disrespectful lo it. Cn..n t lie aves and noes being taken on the motion to print, there were for printing, Uu prices winch ruined tlio Ionian empire, from ihe de-1 j-..., vVllc, after tlebale, was lost and the bill srucnonn. incngrcui, 11100; it is.iiai son 01 - . ...,, ,,,, ,.0 .... ,,SI cheap prici s which has ruinrd ihe Indiin weaver from tlie disastrous ronipeiiiUin of iho llrilish steam engine, it is that sort ol low puces vvhich lias so griev- oaslv depresscii iinpii, iuppmg, fiom the disastrous eoiiipetilion of the llallic vess'-lsundcr the reciprocity system, II is in vain lor Ihe consumers lo say, we will siparateour casefiom thai nf the prod icers, and cue not, so we get low prices, vvh it eemesof lliem Whe'e will 1 lie consumers be. end thai ere long, if Iho producers aictlcslroyc n Wh it will bo the con diiioo nf the landlords if ibtir farmers are milled 7 or nf bondholders if their ibblnrs are bankrupt! or of railway proprietors if traffic coasts? or of owners nf bank slock if hills -ire no long, r presented for dis count I or nf the 3 per cents, if (umrnmcnl by the failure of th" productive industry of the country, is rendered bankrupt 7 Tho consumers all rest on the producers, nod must sink or swim wilh them." Ft SO. 11 1V.iS?II.(3TO.V. S.mmnAY. April 13. Hofsr. or RrrnrsnNTATivrs. Mr Summers, of Virginia, 1 ll'errd a resolution, calling for the correspondence wilh Com. Perry, commanding on the Coast of Africa, in relation to the Colo nial settlements on that Coast. Adopted. Aruv H111- .Mr McKay moved that Iho rules bo suspended, and that the House resolve itself into a Committee of tho Whole, for the purpose of taking up tho Army Appropriation Hill. Mr Vance said that the private calender had not been disposed of, and as this was nno of the days devotcjil to business of that nature, ho wish, ed the private bills not to bo passed over. The yens and nays were ordered on Mr Mc Kay's resolution, and Iho rules wero suspend ed. Ayes 1)0, Nays 57. The House then took up the Army hill, and an amendment ollerod by Mr McKay In reduce thu aggregate pay ol llio nluoers of the Army Irom WI,ull(l,l)l)U lo y L'.'lll),tll)ll, gave n.-c lo considerable debate. Thu object ol this amend ment was to make the appropriation bill con form to th; retrenchment bill heretofore passed, hy which tho salaries of the officers aro very materially reduced. Messrs Hale, McKay, Mc Dovvrll, and others, supported the amendment, anil Mr White and others opposed il. The discussion gradually partook of a party character, 1111I1I almost every subject connected wilh tho politics of the djy was lugged in. Without taking a vole the Committee roc and reported progress. The llouo then adjourned. SkNATl". There was no session of tho Sen ate lo. day. 'I he body adjourned over on l'Vidav lo Monday next, for Iho purpose of accelerating business 111 Ihe Committee rooms. (Dr Jacob Martin, former lMitnrof tho Spex. tato.-, and said lo he a very worthy man, has been nominated as Secretary of Legation lo Franco.) Washington, Tuesday night, April 10. Mr Duncan this morning moved that the rules be suspended to einblo hi 11 lo move that the House go into Comiiulteu of the Whole, 011 the one day electoral lull. Tho aves and noes wero taken, ami there wero 'or suspending 71, against 03 ; not hoiug two-tlnids, the ninUou was l-ist. Mr llurke moved a rc miiMduratinu of tho vole by winch it had yesterday orduied tho pro. test of tho LegisUuirn of Rhode Island printed. It appoars tint when Mr Cranston wis about to pnv.enl the iiieinorial, his mllcaguo Mr I'ot. ter, sit ggn.iri! ilm p ivnrly ol allaching llio message o! the Couimnr iiicornirg the Legis. lature, and some o'lior acts of llio Legislature, to thn proles'. This without reflection Mr Cranston accede In, and they were nicoriliiig. In the Senate, the day was occupied by Ihe now I'ost.olnco lull. A groat number ol amend menls wore offered among tliom ono bv Mr Wi brlu, to abolish the (ranking privilege, which was lost by a very large majority. It is almost certain that there will be no material change in tno IVst-nflicc laws at this session 111 Congress. Itis stated hero tint a delegation friendly to the annexation of Texas has gone fuun this place to Mr. Van Huron lo ascertain his views 011 the question, and to cither get Irom Inm an expression of opinion in favor of annexation, or in case of failure, to defeat Ins nomination at llillitnnro. Tho friends of annexation believe that they can control the nomination of that convention so as loeusurc a nominee t lint shall bo favorable lo that measure, and if Mr. Van llurcn shall not sodeclaru himself they are con fide nt that Mr. Calhoun will ho the nominee of the " Democracy." Wednesday night, April 17. Mr C. J. Ingersoll from the Comuiittco on For eigh Alfatrs, submitted a bill providing for tlic creation ol uotiimisiouers to examine and de lerminu upon iho claims for French spoliations prior to n01 ; and appropriating twelve llious and dollars lor that purposu Mr Harden from the committee on Miliatary Allurs, reported a bill appmprnting tit I v thou stud dollars fortho erection of an armory at Fori Massac, Illinois, Af'er the reports of committees had been gone through with, the lull fortho improvement of Western rivers and llio harbors of tho lake: was taken up. Mr Douglass addressed the House 111 behalf of tho bill, and principally with tho view to show to tho Ilottso that tho lull was not liable to any constitutional objections : and lhat it was within tho rule laid down by (Jeno ral Jackson in Ins volo of tho .Maysvillo road bill. Ho also referred to the opinions of all llio Presidents, and showed that from the formation of tho Government, tho right to make anprnpri atious fur the improvement of hirborsandof tnvigable rivers had been insisted upon hy all 01 tiiem Mr Illicit rose, and denied lhat such was Iho fact, and asserled lhat prior to 1821 I hero had been 110 appropriations for the ininrnveinenls of harbors and rivers, lull that the lirst law inakin appropriations for this purpose was pased ls'-it, which was a law provided for Iho surveys. a 1 id which was 1110 father ol tins system. Mr Douglass rejoined and showed that the very first Congrc that assembled under tho constitution, in.ido appropriations for the iiu provetnonts ol harbors , appropriations had nls been made at a very early period for Charleston Harbour, ami Ho demanded il gentlemen consid ered lhat uiicoiistitutional ! Mr Holmes replied that he did. Mr Douglass said, and "yet that gentleman in an argument undo at tlio lore part of tins (ession admitted that we had the power to appropriate for West, cr.i rivers!" Mr. Holmes assented; but ail. ded, that llio power was derived from the ordi. nance of '87. Mr Dooglass regarded it as groat absurdity that our constitutional power on this siihjuet vv.asdoii ed from that ordinance and nit from the constitution itself. He limn resumed and concluded his arguments, nnd was followed hy Mr Rhett in oppn'inon to the bill. Mr Rhott bel.evcd that Congress had no such it it was not worth tho paper it wns written upon. I to asserted that if the princinlo insisted upon by tho gentleman from Illinois was good, it was tlio duly of tho (inncral ttovcrnmont to assume all those debts nf the States that had boon incurred lor Internal improvement. Mr Douglass said that thn distinction was that iho works must ho of a national importance and not limited to Slate nurnnsos. Mr Rhett replied that the most of the works of internal improvement wnro of a national character those of iNovv lorlf united tno it laulic with tho Likes, when tho link was taken up by Ohio and Illinois, and a connection there by formed with tho valley of tho Mississippi, and wilh tlio illimitable West. Those of I'ennsyl vania wore of tho same character; so wero tlio rail roads of Massachusetts and Ihoso of the southern states. All these improvements nartonk more nr loss of a National character, and if tho doctrines of tho gentleman from Illinois wore correct, tlio money expended in then construction would no a lust chariTo unoti thn United States. Ho said thesu opinions wero llinso of Iho Federal nnd tho Protective Tariff parlv, and if llio gentleman adhered to them ho would find himself with that nutv. They wero such doctrines ns Mr Slow art, 'of Pa., would assent to. Mr Slewart said " certainly." Mr Douglass said that his opinions were those of General Jackson. Mr Rhett replied that ho would not attach hini'-olf to ntiv man's opinions, and ho would scorn himself if ho was capable of it. He then proceeded lo argue tho constitutional question, and closed with a general denunciation of the bill and of thnso who support it. lie charged thotu with log rolling and with colluding with tho protective tariff-men lo increase the cxpon diturcs fertile purpose of continuing high duties, Ho then, as ho alwavsdocs, when ho addresses tho House, threatened disunion. This system said of general appropriations for internal improvements and of universal taxation, would

convert Congress nitna llrilisb IMrliamcn, ties, potic. in its power. It would lead to cnnsnlida tion lo which tho State would not submit, and tho remedy they would ho driven to would bo disunion. He despaired nf the Unii n, when llio youthful West consorted willi tho North, in carrying out this system of internal improve- menls, by winch the taxes wore to be increased and the tariff perpetuated. Mr Holmes followed on the same sido. lie said the gentleman from Illinois, in vvi.nt of nr. guinent In sustain Ins position resorted to the authority of men, nnd because General Jackson said thus and so, crgn it was thus and so. Mr Douglass said ho would quote J. C. Cal houn. Mr Holmes replied that he cared not for An drew Jackson or J. C. Calhoun, when he w-as called upon tn act upon a constitutional ques tion. He then proceeded to enforce his pecu liar views power on this subject and insisted that as the proper right of tho Mis sissippi and of tho Ohio, lies in the General Government, it was its duty to make tho appro pri.ition ncces-arv to improve their navigation. He then proceeded lo discuss the general objects nf the bill, and concurred with Mr Rhett in Hie onin'on lint it was designed to increase llio ex. pendituics, wilh the view to make a largo rove line necessary and thereby preserve tlio present tan II. Tho discussion was continued bv Mr Mc. Clellan nf Michigan, in favor ol Iho bill, and bv Mr Kennedy nf Inilianna, who gave it a nims support and moved to amend by striking out the original lull and inserting a now one which hould not include the Wabash and Illinoi river--, and ho demanded tl.e previous nue.-tion ami the main question was ordered. The chair ended the lirst question would be upon agree ing with tho committee in tiioir amendments. I'll c House then proceeded to volo upon the several amendments, till that of Mr Konnodv was reached, when In expressed a desire to modify it which the Chair decided lie had not tho power to do, and before any vo'e as tascn on Ins amendment the House uhjnurned. I he debate on tins hi 1 111 the House has been confined to tlio "Democracy," and is altogether a family quarrel. In the benale, the day was spent in the con sideration of the Post Office bill. It Is stated wilh confidence that tho treaty of annexation contains a stipulation tint it shall he finally acted upon by the Senate within thirty days after it is sent to that body. It was so ru- nioreil Irom the lirst, hut the stipulation appear ed so improb ible, and so incompatible with any provisions looking lotlin assent ol .Mexico, that I could give it 110 credit and did not therefore communicate it to you. It is believed nevcrthe- less, by those who protend tn bo well inlormed on tho subject, to ho in the Treaty. The rea son of this compciled haste probiblc is that tho party purposes ol tlio treaty and the sollisu views of Air Tyler will ho best sub-ervod by having the final action of the Senate upon its ratifica tion lake plaro prior to the assembling ol the Loco-Focu Raltimore Convcntii n. and contained the utensils necessary for a camp table nnd nlso writing mnterials. In llio trunk were the veritable plates of "tin turned into iron," to w hich the (iciicrnl nlbidcd in his playful Iclli r of invitation in n few friends, to n camp dinner nt WCst Point, nnd which was tend nt n recent meeting of tho Historical Society in your city. Tho Idler waaonoof lliodocu menls submitted to-day with tho chest, nnd when it was tend Iho plates, that nre now "iron," wero taken out of tlio trunk nnd exhibited, T ho nddro s nf Mr Adams was brief, much nf the ceremony consisted in the rcadin? ol tlio papers nu- ll,"nllr.t,nra llnnl.r,al Hl.nan el,nt.,..,l tttftt lltn (r,,nt.- wns purchased by Col. Mnynecicr nt the silo of the effenls of Genl. Wasbinetnn. nt Mount Vernon, in 1E02, nnd presented by llio purchaser to the falher of Win. ftyduev indcr oy vvhnin it was bcqiieaiticil 10 Congress. An extract from Ihe will containing this bequest was read, In which tho devisen designates Hon. J. II. Adams, whom no characterizes ns n rni- riot nnd n Sage, ns Iho person to present this relic lo Coneress. Aeconinnnviuff llio will, was n letter dic tated by him in his last moments, nnd vvliith ha bad not tno strength to sign, nddrcsscd 10 ,nr. Anatns This letter is authenticated by his daughter. Mr Ad nms c oseu uv 611011111 ng o e 10 ow ns " ni rcso lotions, which nller n briefbut impressive response by air wcincrea 01 .viaryiand, were unanimously auopi ed. Rtsolrtrl bit Ihe Senate nnd limine nf Henrestntn tires nf the tnitcd Sttitex of Amerlcn in Conere's anKenwIeu, Hint the enmp chest oniencrnl ireorge vv-. 1, ,,.,.,., .. i.t.i. i, ... 1 .!...: ,l.o. l, ,,;.,.,. war. bcniieathcd by 1 tic last will of Ihe lalo William .Sydney Winder to llio Congress of tho I'nited States, bo nnd iho same is hereby accepted, nnd that the same bo deposited nsn precious relic to bo preserved in the I'cpirimeni 01 state. lltsolred, Thnt tho Scnnto nnd House of Rrpresen tntives Inke pleasure in recognising to the family of Iho Into William Sydney Winder Iheir high sense of the value of the bequest eoninincd 111 bis will, nnd in expressing Iheir respect for the memory of llio donor. The Post Office bill still occupies ihe Senntc. A Mr Crocker wns nominated Collector nt Uoston, in place of linntotl njectcd. clutching nt this Foreign Territory. Uut what carts Tyler. What cures Loco-lo-coism 1 Tribune. Washington, April 18. Lat night tho Democratic members of Congress hold a caucus for the purpose of discussing tlio Presidential nomination and oilier parly questions. 1 lie meeting was prolonged till near midnight, when it broke up in a row and In a complete confu sion. It was soon discovered that nearly ono hundred members of Congress wore opposed to tlio nomination of .1r Van Huron, and that only some twenty-fivo wero strenuously in his favor, and even most of that number could ho shaken S01110 of tho leaders of tho party (Ingersoll of Pa., for instance,) declared boldly against V an Unroll, and although no substitute has yet boon offered, public opinion points unerringly to Com tnudorc Stewart. cl ,t. nt v tiTnlfiitJ l . ' V ,' FRIDAY MORMNG, A P RI L 2G, 1811. fjy Wo would call ntlcntion to Virgil St Co's advertisement of Summer Arrange ments. THE TEXAS TREASON. constitutional power, and as it regarded the 1 "V lhe ho,lr if" 1 7T,Vt!. iheCe.ei "J f C.OH'jr.ckH,.,, as contained in his 1 JfiJ ;fnr:op,h,eCo,f,(7Jn,.r fflng'lS"-1 Thursday, April 18. It being understood that thoCainn Chest of (wen. Wnshin gton would be presented 10 the House, this morning, bv Mr. Adams, the (5 illery was filled with ladies even before the Speaker had taken the Chair; but, the Journal having been read, .Mr. Adams staled that on 1110 occasion 01 n similar occurrence, nt the last Congress, Iho House adiourneil immediately up on tho ceremony of presentation being concluded, and 1 bo referred mat sucn would lie its course now,nnu lie i would Ilien lore suggest lhat the presentation should take place ,11 1! o'clock j vv hieh suggestion was unan imously acquiesced in. Resolutions of the I.egislalureof the State of Maine in relation 10 the injurious effects of our l.iwsupon the coasting trade I ctween the United Stales and the Bri tish Colonies, nnd 111 f ivor of nn nlteration of these laws wore submitted and referred to the cuinmittec on Commerce. Mr McKay gave nolico lhat he would on Monday next move lhat ihe House go into Committee of the Whole on the Tarrff bill, nnd lie remarked 111 doing this, ihat hc hoped there would bo a lull nllendanee as be should regard the vote nn Ins motion nsn test one, nnd should iho House refuse 10 take up tho bill lie vvouiu ninsiutr 11 a, uviueuce 111.11 ine iiiiijoiny linu determined not 10 act upon it at this Session j nnd would not again niakenu effort to obtain ihe action of llie House upon it. Cries rfngrfed, agreed.) 'I he resolution directing the prm ing of leu thousand extra copies of the rcpor' ol" llio Cnmiuitlcc on Man' iifac'ures then cimc up lor consideration. Mr. C. J- ingersoll moved as nn amendment to print ten thousand extra copies of the report ofthe Committee on Foreign Affairs upon tho bill to indem nify theowncrs of llio Schr. Ainislad. Mr, (Ii Idings mule a violent nholiiion speech ngainst the amendment, ami ind dged in remarks of an excit ing and cxlreinely injudicio is character, nnd vvhich were ca'ciilaled, if not designed, to create seclionlnl feeluitr, nn Idis'roy the harmony nf llie Union. Mr Oidduigs did not conclude his speech, being cut offhy the epxirniion of the morning hour. Tho Ilou-elhen look up ihe Wc-lern hirhor bill. The pending question being upon the amendment sub mitted by Mr Iv'enmdy of Indiana The arcs nnd noes beintr called there were for the nincndmint G5 against 112. Mr. Cobb of (la. moved tn lay the bill on llie table whieh wns lost by n vole nf S3 to 120. The nmendineii's havinp been pone through with, the queslion v as put upon llie engrossment of iheb II tr Wellcr niked lobe excused, nnd proceeded lo give bis reasons, which rilateil mainly in the merits nf ihe hill; his particular objection lo the bill lestoig upon the first lint ihe Illinois river vvasrc tabled. Thrones tion being put on excusing him, the House was nb ml In grnnl li s request, when he wilhdievv his motion, Mr Douglass followed with n similar request, iinnn which heengrafled n speech in defence nf llie Illinois river, nnd in whieh be chnrced collusion and cotnbi nation, upon the Ohio nnd Indiana members for Iho purpisofilef ating iheapproiniuion for llio Illinois Mr 'chenck nlso rose "nd up 111 n liko request wns proceeding in inflict n rndier severe chastisetnenl on the imj irilv, when he wns ntrestedin his remarks, nnd not permitted 10 proceed. Hut Mr Douglass nnd Mr Schenck, before nssitming iheir eeal, withdrew their requests to be excused. llnrliio the discussion Mrs Midisnn w as escorted ti Ilia Hall nnd look a seat in front of llie Speakei's ,'esk. The question wns then ta' en nnd tho Ilousa rep s ed lo order llie bill lo be enjrossed by a vole of 81 lo 101. Dr. nnnean moved n reconsideration. The prrvi n ,,eiinn wns demanded, but being withdrawn. Dr. Duncan proceeded In inase a speech in fivor of Ihe recommittal 01 ineoio, unirrinsiituB ni ,,s provision, parnciinriyinnapproprnoou mi uu- uiuhoh. wero opposed to the principles of the "Democratic" parly. The Dr. wns frequently interrupted by gentlemen who fell tbenisi-lvts implicated by the charge of com Inning lo deleit the npptopriaiion to the lllioo;s river, nnd il was but a few minutes before three lhat he was ab o to nrojn ss with his speech At Ihe hour of three thohammer of Ihe spenKer leu prcsenis- 1 lie Tho Tvler organ in Philadelphia, edited by a gambler in Politics who, if a citizen of the United Slates at nil, has very recently become ono, roundly declares thai none but a traitor to this Counirv can omiose the Annexation of Texas! Ho will find the number of hi 'trnitors'somewhat overbalanc ing that ofthe Annexationists. Wc liavo already said that wo boar no ill will to Texas, and thai, were she at peace willi Mexico, her independence acknowledg ed by that power, and tlio Slavery question satisfactorily adjusted, wo should have no strenuous objection even lo her Annexation, except that it senilis a clear violation of our Federal Constitution. Assuredly,' if there ho any practical limitations to tho power of our Ferleral Government this forming a uni on with Territories lying entirely without our geographical boundaries must ho nn unwar tanled act. Il is a matter of undeniable re cord that Mr. Jefferson, though ardently de siting it, regarding the acquisition of Louis iana as unconstitutional, albeit that Terrilo ry was essential to tlio secure and comforta ble existenco of three fourths of our own Country, commanding llie only outlet for its produce, the only inlet for Foreign products. Now Texas may be convenient to us, its possession may bu advantageous, though certainly is not essential ; but wheio is tho power to acquire it in tlio manner proposed? It seems lo ns that only an organic Conven tion, or a Constitutional Aniondment, can give lhat power. Then consider tho circumstances : Wi chinned Texs. Upon full discussion, we abandoned our claim and accepted ilieboun dary of the Sabine. That lino was settled hy solemn Treaty, in which wo obtained 111a ny valuable concessions that of Florida for one. Mr. Adams, who negotiated llio Trea ty, insisted on the boundary of tho Ilto Del Norte, but was overruled hy llio unanimous opinion of a Southern President and the Southern Members of his Cabinet. And now tho Annexationists como forward and say, " Texas was ours hy right ; wo had no power to surrender her ; she is therefore ours still, and wo will reclaim her I" This is th' staple of Mr. Senator Walker's argument on the queslion of power. If ibis be sound rea soiling, what farces are all lieatics ! What a bubble is public faith ! Great Biitain mas- to-morrow put in a claim for our whole conn try, on iho plea that it once was clearly hers and thai her Government had no right logive it up! What universal confusion, distrust, collision and war must grow out of such de moralization ! Good Faith ! llio Nation which violates that is poor indued, though it thereby wins empires. But consider in what condition this Texas is, by her own admission and acts. It is but a little while since her Government negotia ted an armistice with Mexico, in which ar mistice she is treated as and styles herself Department of (hut country, and proceeds throughout on that footing. We all know thai Mexico had original claims on her at least as valid as ours on Oregon. Now sup pose tho British trappers and traders in Ore gun wero to bo greatly augmented so as to outnumber our own seniors there, and were lo overpower them, decluro Iheir indepen dence, successfully resist any forco wc might send against them, and then nsk to be annex ed lo Gieal Britain. Would tve .admi't (he right of Great Biiiain to comply 1 If she should, would wo not regard her course as perfidious and rapacious 1 Would we he likely to submit to il Make the cusc our own, and all would see lhat the courso now urged upon us is in palpable violation of hon esty and good faith. And yet, we perceive lhat this project of Annexation is lo be pushed lo the utmost, by all the force ol Tylerism, by every appeal to Southern pride, Southern (mistaken) in terest, and Southern feeling. Not merely by Tiealy, which is safe enough lo fail, but it is new clear thai a desperate attempt to be inn Jo to force Texas upon us by a Joint Resolution of Congress, which a hare ma jority in each IIousu will suffice to pass. And every hair-splitting Abstractionist in the land, who is shucked at llio idea of pro tecting our own Labor from ruinous compe tition or clearing tho obstructions out of our noble Rivers, as unauthorized by the Federal Constitution, will eagerly support this sub version of all barriers against tho exerciso of ahsoluto power ! Not ulono wilh Mexico, but with England and oilier nations, wo ore morally certain lo embroil ourselves by Death ot' Judge Baldwin. Tho Hon Henry Baldwin, one ofthe Judges of tho Su preme Court ofthe United Slates, died at his lodgings in Philadelphia, on Saturday evening. CiiAnAcTF.ntsTtc. Some time ago, tho nolo. rioiiB Dr. Duncan, (who was considered the chief blackguard in Congress until oulshunethis winter by tho lustre of a new member from Alabama,) made a speech abusive of tho Whig party, into which was thrown, among all Ihe odds and ends nf Loco-coco scurrility, a filthy picture purporting to bo a disserted conn, his various istestines incribed with the reputed principles of the Whig party. Prominent among theso was emblazoned 'A High I'rolcetiie Tariff.' "I ho Loto Focc a if I'ennsy 'vania have printed a largo editinn ot this work, but have struck out tho 'High I'rvUcl'ne Tariff",' and in sorted ' Anti. Masonry' instead I Why can't this skulking, dodging, counter foitino party resolve to die with decency 1 A'. 1'. Tribune. MYSTF.ntous. Tho body of a female was found recently in Buffalo buried in tho sand. I lie body it was supposed at tho timo, had been carried tbero from somu dissecting room, lt was without a scalp, hut, on trial the scalp that was found some days befurc on llie steps of a boarding house 111 that city was found to fit it. A few days ago, as we earn from tlio Buffalo Adverti ser, a trunk was picked up near wbero tlio body was found. On opening it a few uni tes of female apparel and two pillow cases with blood on them wero found in it. These cases are marked Louisa (I. Ilaydcn, and numbered -1G and 47. V.xi.UAiii.n It i.t, tc. Wo saw at L. Ctir- lis's watcli and jewelry store, 13 1 Fulton Miecl, yestetd.iy, a watch worn by Mrs. George asbinglon, it has been handed lown through her connections, and is now owned by Mis. Webster, daughter-in-law nf Ibu lato rSoah Webster, under the dial is ingraved 1741, showing llm watcli to be 103 years old it is cylinder, horizontal, canned. jewelled, and gold case, very plain, and re sembling 111 shape the ordinary small" bull s eye. i. 1 . ami. r o it 1: i . . ARRIVAL OFTnE ACADIA Klglilccn days later from IJuiopc. The Steam-Ship Acadia arrived al Bos ton yesterday. She hail a rough passage, j and encouiiture.l much ice, by which she lost ' nearly two days. Mr O'Connell is holding " Monster Meet- , ings" in England. Will the Ministry try I him for n 1 iiie conspiracies I lie addressed a multitude at the Ampithcatre in Liverpool. : Mr. O' Council had not yet been senten-1 eed ; but was prepared to appeal to the ; House of Commons, where thu battle will bu fought over. A great triumph has been obtained in one 1 House of Parliament for llio operatives of England, in reducing the hours of labor from 12 lo 10. But tho .Ministry, it is said, will withdraw llio Factory Bill rather than take it with tiiat provision. The Cotton Market has declined. Redu ced prices had been submitted to. Tlio Stock market wns buoyant. The English wero investing money in French Rail-Roads. The King of Sweden, (Bernardotte) is dead. Soult is now the oil! v survivor of all Bonaparte's marshals. The steamship Iliberni.i performed her passage out from Boston in 12 days, and from Halifax to Liverpool in 0 1-2 days. Unusually largo shipments of goods had been made lo Canada. The Queen of Belgium is on a visit to Queen Victoria. The Corn and Provision Markets were dull, but without decliue in prices. From the Halifax Post, K.xtra. The Steamer Acadia arrived this morning at half an hour past noon having been d taincd about four and twenty hours in the ice. Thero is nothing very sterling in the com mercial, political, or national relations ofthe Stales of Ihe Old Wot Id. Parlies are comparatively quiescent in England. O'Connell is slill agitating, but in a more subdued lono. Tho British Government, it is said, intend to reduce 1 lie duly on tea. Tim French government have refused per mission lo open an hydi uphatic establishment al Paris. Captain Matlhews, lale M. P. for Shaftes bury, has been appointed Governor of the Bermudas. Elforls aro being made to obtain a repeal of tho duties upon tlio raw materials of wool and cotton. Al Atlriannple, an inundation lias de stroyed about 2,000 houses, the Europeans being severe suflerers. A bill is before Parliament for making a new suspension bridge across the Thames. Tho report of tho conclusion of a treaty of commerce between the Zollvercir. and the United Stales is again revived. A magnificent steamer is being built at Brest, by llio Frenrh government, to convey lliu Royal Family to England next summer. Sir Robert Peel has given an authorized contradiction to Iho rumor that Hur Majesty intends lo visit Berlin it) tho monlh of May. New Edinburgh, St. Mary's Bay, Nova Scotia, is lo bn a fieo port after tho first of Alav, under our colonial law. Her Majesty's brig Childers is now on her passage from China for England with 1,000, 000 of dollars. Accounts from Copenhagen confirm the news front Washington, that iho Americans threaten to interfere bv forco in llio ol the Sound duties. Wo hear lhat Great Britain and Russia have been rrquesjed lo intervene by diplomatic nogociatiuns in this matter. Tim Queen contemplates n profound res idence in the Isle of Wight in llio ensuing season, bbo will resido al Usliorn llousu near Cowes j nndBiighton Pavilion will ho sold. Il is rumored tint tho contemplated visit of his Majesty King Louis Phlllippo lo tins country will take place caily in June, nnd lhat his Majesty will be accompanied hy the Queen and Ibu I'rincu and Princess do Joinville. A question ofsomo importance has arisen upon the last advices from China, vi,. wheth er tho Celestial Government, in imposing internal duties upon lea, fcc, is not infring ing on the treaty with iMtghind. Tho American dwarf, Gen. Tom Thumb, accompanied by his guardian, Mr. P. T. Bnruiim, of New York, had tho honor of at tending al Buckingham palaco on Saturday evening, when Iho General exhibited his clover imitations ol Napoleon, Sic., which elicited the approbation of hur Majesty and the royal circle. Woolwich, March 1. A detachment of fourteen intelligent non-commissioned offi cers and piivates of tho Royal Sappers and Miners, nre under orders lo embark in tho next royal mail steamer for Halifax, N. S., to join nnd assist a party already employed in determining the boundary line between new Brunswick and the United Slates. Mn. O'Co.v.nt.i.i.. Every arrangement has been made for the appeal to tho House of Lords ; and Sir Thomas Wilde, Mr. Kel ley, nnd Mr. Sergeant Murphy 111 0 retained for the traverse. There was some htllo de lay about allowing the usual license for theso Queen's Counsel to appear for Mr. O'Con nell, but all this is now concluded. THE STEAM-SHIP cheat wnsTr.nW. Our readers in the United State', and Can ada, will learn willi surprise iui' regret that the Steamship Great Western will not again visit New York. She has been purchased by tho Peninsular and Oriental Strain-ship Company for ;32,000, and w ill immediate ly undergo a complete repair a ml refuting nt an estimated expense of XS.000. She will, at first, bo placed on tho si ion, I in order lo cive time for repairs Io tin1 On- and Great Liverpool, v'vhich h.ivr iow I been tunning a long time ; but ultlT,,, 1 is intended to place her on the Borneo ' if-s' ' tion. Tito Great Western and bei-tflo- commander, Lieut. Hosken leaves this port ! and New York wilh a character that will do honor to both 111 every part of the world, llcpcal Association. The weekly meeting of the National Re peal Association took place on Monday, .March ISlh, in llie Conciliation Hull, Dublin. A letter was read from Lord French, who asserted that tlio fisheries of Ireland were in a declining state, and alluded to the distress existing in G.ilvvay, effects which he attribu ted to tlio union. Two letteis wero read from .Mr. O'Con nell, in one of which he announced his inten tion to ho in Dublin in a few days ; ami thus described tlio new Irish Registration Bill about to bo brought in by Government : " The bill to extinguish tlio counlv franchiso I,, lrl ,,l ...., ...,,,,.....,.,1 1.. .i... ,,, ,. ,o 11 iiiiuu ,iii,,iiir-i ii'iuiu by Sir James Graham 1,1st nioht. Itis, I understand, founded on a poor rati! valuation as to amount hut on tho Cli-iiidos clause ns tn principle. 1 hive had this information from a quarter of such authority as to induce me lo believe it. Thu account I have got ofthe bill will, if accurate, make it one of the most undent instruments to take away from the Catholic people of Ireland all contiol over the so-called Irish Representatives. We shall have it in print before E ister. The greatest mis chief of il, a mischief indicative of insinity 111 its contrivers, 11, 111. it it will render llie poor-rates infinitely mote detested lb in they nro at present, which, indeed, mi. hi havo been considered difficult. I do lliink this bill will convert souieof the hestvmeii amongst the Irish Whin into Repealers." Mr. Smith O'Biien announced'th it the Re peal rent received for llio week amounted to .G01 5s. India. The intelligence is unusually inleiesting ; two severely contested battles have been fought at Gwalior, which have terminated in the total discomfiture of tho enemy, llimizh intended wilh great loss on our side. The fust of them was fought by the rinhl wing of our army, under the immediate command of Sir II. Gougli, at Maharajpoor ; and the oth er at Piinniar, hy the lefi wing, under M jor Gen. Grey. Both took place on the 29th Ueceiulier. I bu lirst liitiuialion ot these vielories reached Bombay on January Clh, and had been some ten days in circulation before tho official accounts 111 rived, n delay ascribed to tho non-coniplt'tiiin .f th ibuu inents by tho cnnimunder-in-chitsf.and winch has been u good dual censured by the joul als there. China. The Chinese Government having contin ued unrelaxing in its eflbrts lo extort from tho Hong merchants payment of iheir allejed debts, tho unfortunate traders have, as a der nier resort petitioned tlio Imperial Commis sioner to make provision for the liquidation of Us claims by levying an additional tax on cotton and lea. Ko-Ying lias, in conse quence, ordered an inquiry to bn made into the matter, and promise to decide after duo deliberation; but "llio deliberation," says tho Hong Kong Register, " appears Ijlhavo rclerenco to the amount, and not tho propri ety ofthe additional dulv." Tor Ihe llurhnglnn Krre I'rcss, TIIU CAIMTOI,. Tiling a minority Iltpott by a member nf the Conf mittee on the Public lluildings and Clroundi al iasltington,in the Pittrict of Columbia. What time the sovereign people of our land Simula1 he informed nnd made lo understand About the public bui'iliogs thai .abound And rise majestic o'ct the public prnund, 'Tis well contrived on mailers so dnunincd Thai each should make Report as he may find. To those nt distance, curious to know (So far as true Heport may me to show) About tho Capitol, of which llie cars pears Have beard and fain would know what thciesp What is within without upon the dome, Where playful fancy may delight lo roam I lly whom 1 reeled by whose curious nrt I'mhcllislied and adorned in ev'ry part On this 1 make Report ns I may find, ( t task though onerous, jet well assumed,) Nor shrink from duiies thai 10 me bflont?, Thousth my Itepori bhould burst inloa Sonj, And o'er llie Cap.tol in mists distil 'Til fogs and haloes nil llie region fill, Itul leave to others skilled in epic lore, Tollip iheir broad bold pinions as they soar Who o'er llie ballle-field delight to brood Like Vultures, linv'rins; o'er a feast of blood : For while my fam-y views the awful heicht. My humble uum forbeats llie giddy fli-hl. Nor shr.nld ihe Muse be more inclined "in show hat t-iddv joys may from tho bottle (law 1 Or seek lo lavish graces on Ihe Fair, And ivo to those who always havo to tpsre. flat while I thus neglect, and e'en refute 'T implore the cods, or 10 invoke Ihe .Mute, luiiuniino uicmi mini ,1,-3 nip. ,.c,ui, The god of arts, and hero of my son?. For none but Vulcan, whom us Poets tell,