Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 17, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 17, 1844 Page 1
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Wvtt NOT TUB GLOnV OF OlSAn BUT TUB WELFARE OT HOME BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MAY 17, ISM. VOL. XV1I....N). ro. BY II. B. STACY. IIVMN T() THU IMiOl'Mi. BV 0. II. BTUAIIT. ' He ic'io icautd lie free, himself muitttriktlhchlou." Slaves nf a vasal land, Why do yc bow Can ye not vow And ri-c with Initio brawl, And break the lash tint makes the red lle1i qtuvrr 7 And cry from day to day, " O, Tyrant, do deliver 1" Arc vc not men nf might I Ti n as yon lord, Wlio, vt h his sword, lias riven vc of riuht 1 Nay, , lot of right j Oh, Godl Oh, precious Heaven! Still ye hive risht, though from it basely dricn Why do yc eii in chains i yc tit in wl Why wlien yo Mav thus he free. E'en a the winds, whoso reins Arc in the hinds of the stnrin-brewina sky, Loose as the cloud tint dances swiftly by. Have yc not lips of firo To pass the word 1 Have yc no' heard That ye are men, and hijher, Was never kins than nnnnf yc ! whose strength Shall clutch and smite him from his throne at length. Call not nn Hercules 1 Lift at the wheel, And he shall reel Whom ye were wont to please, Hf fawning like limed reptiles at his feet ; Then, freedom's triumph shall ho first complete! Ireland, or other land, If they have heart, And soul, to start I Need wear no more the hand Hut with their millions in the firm limit trample, All whips and chains, and warn by their example! Riso, ye generation, Who, to the rod, Dibtsc the Ood Of men, and nations ! Yo are thcr.arlh's Omnipotent, all yc And may, or miv not, as yc iff, be free ! November, IS 13. From Ihe Permanent Sabbath Documents. Till'. SAUItATII NLCKSSAUY. A distinguished financier, chit-god with an immense amount of property during the great pecuniary pressure of lS.'JO and "37, paid, "I should have been a dead man, had it not been for the Sibbah. Obliged to work from morning till night, through tho whole week, I felt on Saturday, especially Saturday ajlmwon, as if I muit have rest. It was like going into a dense fog. Kvery thing In iked dark and gloomy, as if nothing could be saved. I dismissed nil, and l..,. u.i.t, ;,, ,l. l l n.. ncju. uiu uiuimni in mv; t.i.w i-iu n .11 , wo Monday it was all blight sunshine. I could ?0e . ' i i . ,T i n ii' till UU il, .Hill l'll tlllOUII. JJUL Hill II mil linnn fr t Im s it, hit I, T liii'n mi .Linlit I ct,.,.l,l I . : hive boon in the grave. A distinguished merchant, who for tho lat twenty years has done a vast amount of btisi net, remarked to the writer, "Had it not been fur tie! Sabbath, I have no doubt 1 should have been a maniac long ago." This was mentioned in a company of merchant?, when one remark. oil, "That ! the cas-o exactly with Mr. . He was one of our gro.ate.-t importers. Ileus el In sty that the Sabbath was the best day in the week lo plan successful voyages ; showing tint Ins until) had no Sabb.ith. Ho has been in the Insane Hospital for years, and will probably die there." .Many men are '.here, or in tho ma. niac's grave, because they had no Sabb tlh. They broke a law of nature, and of nature's God", and found ' the way of Iram-grcssors to be hard." Such cases are so numerous that a Dritish writer remarks, " Wo never knew a man to work seven days in a week, who did nut kill hinijclf, or kill his mind." Thomas Sewall, M. D. professor of pat hnlogy and the practice of Medicine in the Columbian College, Washington, 1). C, remarks, 'U'liilc I consider it the ninre important design of the in stitution of the Sibbath to assist in religious de votion and advance man's spiritual welfare, I have long held the opinion thai one of its chief benefits had reference lo his physical and inld leclual constitution, allouling linn, as it does, one day in seven for the renovation of his ex hausted energies of body and mini ; a propor tion of time Minll enough, accoiding to the re sults of my observation, for the accomplishment of this object. I have remarked as a general fact, that those lo whom the Sabbtth brings tl.o most entire i est from their habitual labuis, per form the bccular duties of tho week more vig; ornusly, and belter than lho-;c who cuntinue them without intermission. Tor a number of years, I havo boon in closo intimacy and inter, course with men in public life, officers of the goiernment, and rt preventatives in the nation, al legislature, and eminent jurii-ts, whoso la bors are generally great, and whoso duties are arduous and pressing. Sumo of them have con. eidercd it their privilege, as well as their duly, to suspend their public functions, while others have continued thorn to the going down of the Sabbath sun. Upon the commencement nf tho secular week, the ono class aris-c with all their powers invigorated and refreshed, while thu other come to their duties with body and mind jaded and out of tone. I have no hesitation in declaring it as my opinion that, if tho Sabbath were universally observed, as a day of devotion and of rest from secular occupatlon,'r ;ior tcorfc if body and mind would be accnmplhhul, mid be better done ; wire health, wtnllh mid inde pendence, ami we shout I hate far less if crime, and poverty, and suffering." r i ; ; r. 'minims much as possible within tho hazlu lo what a snigul .r slate,' says M. lassy, thick.-, ho struck u course for tho Hock ' is not now arrived I In no hocking liver. 0 reached its margin, ami country is tho soil bettor cultivated, and the , (urning an abrupt point ofa hill lie found a nrtsofpeaco inoro advanced, or manufac- beautiful fountain of limpid waer now lures more abundant nowhere is a moro known as thu Cold Spiieg within -i few feet noble, use made ol die force of man no- of tho river. Ilu filled his canteens and rn whero, in fino, are found so much wealth, lurned in safety to his watchful companion and even luxury and yet no sooner is tradu Ii was now determined lo havo a supply oi' slightly deranged, the cry of suffering water every .lay, and ibis duly was to be makes itself heard !' j performed alternately. n- n.-.i. I 'l'i. i l.. I ..0. f theso occasions after While had . ..: 7.1... v ..... v:.. , .. ' ruspuuuuiii ui inu nun iuiiij uuruai ui com merco writes Il is said that a proposition will ho sub mitted for augmenting tho income of dio Queen, on thu scoro v( her increasing fami ly, and that her Majesty having become po- runiarilv involved, will see : Irnm tint- fiilt.- ,1, p,m. ........... .mm, tro.n all Her present ...mis are staled to bo .100,000 sterling lb" support m herself, n,s,.lniJ and court costs John Dull .C l'O.OOO, or nearly half a million stciling a year. Il certainly must bo very difficult lo keep within such all III.UIIIU Front the O rrrlintl Heiald. INDIAN ADVENTURES IN OHIO; nakuow kscapi: of two hold SCOUTS. Tim Itlslory of ninny of tltu p'tnnccrs of tho West is loplotu with bold ad ventures and hair breadth escapes. Wo copy from the lecture of Gun. Sanderson the following thrilling narrative ofa visit of two gallant Scouts to the spot where tho town of Lan caster now stands their successful fight with the Indians upon Mount Pleasant, then called this .Standing Stone recapture of a female ptisoner and their narrow and perilous es cape from their wary enemy. As early as tho year 1790, the block hotisu and slockndo above tho mouth of tho Hock hocking river, was a frontier post for the har dy pioneers of tho North Western Territory, now that portion of our Slate Irtim tho Ilock hockiug to tho Sctoto, and from the Ohio river to the northern Lakes. 1 hen nature wore her uudistui bed livery of dark and thick forests interspersed with green and flowery prau tes. I lion tho axe of the woodman bad not been heard in tho wilderness, nor tho plough of the husbandman marred the beau ties nf the green prairies. Among the many rich and luxuriant valleys, that of the Ilock- hocking was pre-eminent for nature's richest cuts and ihe portion of it whereon Lancas ter now stands wasmaiked as ihe most luxu riant and picturesque, and became tho seat of an Indian village, at a peiiod so early, that, the ' memory of man runneth not paral lel llieroto.' On the grr on sward of the prairie was held many a rude gambol of tho Indians; ami here too, was many an assemblage of the waniors of one of the most powerful tiibes taking tounri! for a ' war path' upon some weak or defenceless frontier post. Upon one of these war stirring occasions, intelligence reached tho little garrison above tho mouth of the Iluckhocking, that the Indians were gathering in force some where up the Valley, tor toe purpose ol sinking a terrible and lata blow on one of the lew ami scattered defen ces of ihe whiles. A council was held by the g irrison, and scouts weio sent up the I I J IIUU Hill r 1 11, 111 Ullll'l III il.SCL'l 1.1 1 0 tllO 1 strength of the foe, and tho probable point of i I. it n- l it .t m , t i . I Ilochhocking, in older to nsceitain the nil ivn. .lltll.lllllllllluil.llllUlllllUtJIIUUI , till balmiest dnVS (if OUT T II ill '1 II Slimmer. lu'll ....i.i , men coulil liavu neon seen emerging out ol ., ,, . i i , ,, ,, , , . . , till. Illl'k llllttllll llllfl i:i-(. (incline c. I, tiiwr ll,.i . . . . - ....o,.i... ' nut; uiu """L ""! in.inii, .11111 Muo 1 1 1 1 1 1 v l i i' uiu eastern; ', i. . ... . - i Pi lief IV tv nl that ninst ritii:ir).!i1 In iirrmwiiitn- iy, now known as flaunt J'leasant, whose western summit gives a commanding view to I " " the eye, of what is doing on the piairie. This eminence was gained by our Iwo ad venturers ami hardy scouts, and from this point they carefully observed the movements taking pi icu on the praitie. Kvery day brought an accession of warriois lo those already assembled, and every day ihe scouts witnessed fioin their eyrie, the hoise ra cing, leaping, running and throwing tho deadly tomahawk by tho wairiois. The old sachems looking on with indifl'eience the squaw s, for the most pail, engaged in their usual drudgeries, and the papooses manifest ing all tho noisy and wayward joy of child hood. The arrival of any now party of warriors was hailed by the terrible war whoop, which. striking tlx; mural face of Mount Pleasant, was diiven back into the various indenta tions of the suirotinding hills, producing ru veiheration on revel Iteration, and echo on echo, till it seemed as if ten thousand fiends were gathered in their oleics. Such veils might well strike terror into the bosom's of ''""i "hieh nothing could avert but a brave those unaccustomed to them. To our srouts companion and an uneriing shut them they these weie but martial music strains which ' '""l "o- Hut ''l0 hr.ive never dispair. waked their watchfulness, and newly strung W'1'1 this certain fate resting upon them, their iron frames from their eaifv vontfi ,!lf!y contiiiucd culm, nutl us cjilculiiiingr, ;iiul had they been always on tho frontier, and ils unwearied as the strongest desire of von theiefore well practiced in all the snlnility, ' goilnc" 0,1 " treacherous foe could pioduce. craft and cunning, ns well as knowing Ihe I Soon M'Clelland saw a tall Mvatlhy fig ferocily and blood thirsty peisever.inco of the uro preparing to spring from a cover so near savage. They were iheiefore not likely to rock, that a single bound must reach ho circumvented by tho cunning of their foes; 'lol"! ,mlst ')ti destroyed, lie and without a desperalo sti ii""le. would not i fi-'lt tint all depended on one advantageous j '"'H viclinis lo ihe scalping knife. On seve- ral occasions, small pirlies of warriors left the prairie, and ascended the Mmim nn which occasion our scouts would hide in the fissures of ihe rocks, or King by the side of soniu long prostrate tree, cover themselves with the soar and yellow leaf, and again leave llieir hiding places when their uninvited vis iters had disappeared. For food they depended on jerked veni son, and cold corn bread, wilh which their knapsacks had been well stored. Tire thev dare not kindle, and the report of ono of llieir ifl,-'s would bring upon thorn tho entire force of ihe Indians. Fur drink thev deiieuded on some rain water, which still stood in thu ex cavations of tho rocks, but in a few days this store was exhausted, and M'Clelland and Whiih must abandon their cnlerpiizo or find a new supply. To accomplish this most hazirdotis all'air, M'Clelland being tho elder, resolved lo make dm attempt, with his trus ty lillo in his grasp, and two canteens strung across his shoulder, ho cautiously descended to thu prairie and shining die hills on tho ,"!" 1113 "teens, i,u s it a finv 1 tin ills. watching tho limpid element, us it c.iinu enr oling out of thu bottom of dm earth the light sound of footsteps caught his practiced ear, and upon turning round, ho saw two squaws within a few feel of him ; these upon turning thu jut of thu hill had thus suddenly como upon him. Tho elder squaw gave one ,.f ,los(. f,.r r.,n-i,n tvl,nnn. i:" ' ni,iilIls. Whu ' ' " ' . I . ! , : V. nnr1illll ,,. r ' r ., T . ' . perilous situation for if the alarm should roach tho camp, he and his companion imisl inevitably perish. Solf-preservalion intpell - od him lo inflict a noiseless deat i on the sqtnws, and in such u manner as to leave no trace behind. Ever rapid in thought, and ) New, for the first timo was the girl mis prnmpt in action, he sprang upon his victims , sing, and the scouts supposed that through with tho rapidity and power of a panther, terror she had cscapetl to her former captois, and grasping tho throat of each with ono or that she had been killed during tho fight. bound he sprang into tho Ilockhockiug, and rapidly thrust the head of the elder woman I under tho water, and making strong efforts to i submerge the younger, who, however, pow- ei fully resisted. During tho short struggle, tho young fe male addressed him in his own language, thminli iiliiincl tn :i rl ir tit ril n snttml. Helens- inghis hold, she informed him, that ten years j i...r t... i,. ,. ..plciw.i. n,., SHU ll.ii. "ttn .k. .. Gravu Creek flats, and that tho Indians in her presence, butchered her mother and two sisters; and that an only remaining brother had been captured with her, who succeeded on the second night, in making his escape ; but what had become of him shn knew not. During this narrative, White, unobserved by the girl, had let go his grasp on the elder squaw, whose body soon floated when: it would nut, probably soon bo found, lie now directed tho gill hastily to follow him, and with his usual energy and speed, pushed lor the Mount. They had scarcely gone two hundred yards from the spring, before the alarm cry was heard some quarter ofa mile down the stream. It was supposed that somn warriors returning from a hunt, struck the Ilockhockiug just as the body of the drowned squaw floated past. White and the gill succeeded in leaching tho Mount, wdiere M'Clelland had been no indifferent specta tor lo the sudden commotion among the In dians, as the prairie parlies of warriors were seen to sliike offin ovoiy diteclion, and be fore While and tho girl arrived, a parly of some twenly warriors had already gained the eastern acclivity of the Mount, and were cautiously ascending, carefully keeping un der cover. Soon the two scouts saw the sw.irlhy faces of the foe, as they glided from tree to tree and rock to rock, until the whole base of the Mount was sturouuded, and till hopes of escape cut off. In this peril nothing was left, other than lo sell their lives as tleaily ns they could; this they resolved lo do, and advised ihegitl to escape to tho Indians, and tell them she had been a captive to the scouts. She said )(J j J . -j j j yJ 'll ill lrCSCUCO of I1IV POO n? ' an ''' l"'esi;licc 0 l,t0 pie, is to me a thousand times sweeter that captivity furnish mo with a lille, and I will ..! .1.... i -. .!.. it .l:.. S UW YUU 111.11 L Cilll 11 ' II L IIS VI' ilS U U. snow .... . " . , , .it i in 1 Ins s put 1 eave not here my I ones shall .. .. 1 .. lie bleachini' with viiiirs! and should either 1,1 i. i ( .t . i ol von escape, von wil carry the tidings 1 1 J . . r 01 my death to my remaining relatives. Re monstrance proved ft uitless, tho two scouts matured their plans for vigorous defence opposing craft to craft, expedient, and an unerring firo of the deadly rifle. Thu at tack commenced in 1'iont where, from thu narrow hack bout! of tho Mount, the savages i. . .i ..... i - . ' i .-i i . ... i .i. . iiau in auvaiice in single uie, inn wueru iney could avail themselves of ihe locks and trees. In advancing, ihe warrior must, however, be momentarily exposed, and two bare inches of his swarthy form was target enough for the unfiling lille of the scouts. After bravely maintaining tho fight in front and keeping the enemy in check, they dis covered a new danger threatening them. The wary foe now mado every preparation to attack them in flank, which could ho most successfully and fatally done by reach ing an insulated rock lying in one of thu ra vines on the southern hill side. This rock once gained by the Indians, they could bring the scouts under point blank shot of the rifle, without tho possibility of escape. Our brave scouts saw ihe hopelessness of their silua sl""i although but ono inch of tho warrior's noiiy was exposed, and liiat at a distance o 1 100 yaids - he resolved to lisk all coolv he 1 1'ised his liflulo his eye, carefully shading thu sight wilh his hand, ho drew a head so sure, lhal he fell conscious it would tin hu touched the hair trigger wilh his finger the hammer camo down, but instead of striking lire, il crushed Ins flint into a thousand frag incnls! Although ho felt that tho savage must reach the fatal rock before he could nil- just another flint, he proceeded to the task with the utmost composure, casting maiiv a fin live glance towards the feail'ul point. Sud denly lot saw thu warrior stietching every muscle for thu leap and wilh tho agility ol a deer ho Hindu the spring instead of reach ing tho rock he sprung ten feet in the air, and giving one terrific yell ho fell upon the earth, and his dark corpse rolled fifty feet down Ihe lull. Ho had evidently received a death shot from sumo unknown hand. A bundled voices from below ro-echocd the teirihlo shout, and it was evident that they had Inst a lavorilo warrior, as well as being lulled lor a lime in the most important move incut. A very few moments proved that the ad vantage so mysteriously gained would ho ol short duialiou ; for already the srouts caught innmuntary glimpses ofa swarthy warrior, cautiously advancing towards thu cover so recently occupied by a fellow companion. Now, too, the attack ill front was resumed with increased fury, so as In requiiu die in cessant fire of ho 1 1 1 scouts, to prevent tho In dians fiom gaining tho eminence and in a short timo M'Clelland saw thu wary warrior behind the cover, preparing for a leap tit gain tho fuaiful rock tho leap was mado and tho wairior turning a summerset, hiscoipso rolled down towards his companions again a mysterious agent had interposed in their behalf. This second sacrifice cast dismay into dio ranks of tho assailants, and just ns tho sun was disappearing behind ihu western hills, tho foo withdrew a short distance, for the puiposu of devising new modes of at tack. Thu respite came most seasonably lo 1 ''.l0 scouts who had bravely kept their posi- linn, and bravely maintained the unequal fig'1' f,om middlu of die day. They weie not long left to doubt, for in a few moments the girl was seen emerging I'roin behind a rock and coming to them with a rillo in her hand. IJuritig the neat ol tue fight she say a woriior fill who had advanc ed some fifty yards before the main body in front. She at onco resolved to possess her self of his rifle, and crouching in the under- growth she crept to the spot, and succeeded to her enlernrise. heintr all tho lime exposed to tho cross firu of defenders and assailants , , . her practised eye had early noticed ihe fatal rock, and tiers were the mysterious hands by which the two warriors had fallen the last being the most wary, and until ing and blood thirsty hravr. of tho Shawnese tribe, lie it was ten years previous, had scalped thu family of the girl, and had been her cap tor. In the west, dark clouds were now gath ering, and in an hour thu whole heavens wore shrouded in them ; this darkness greatly em barrassed the scouts in their contemplated night retreat, for they might readily lose their way, or accidentally fall on the enemy this being highly probable, if not inevitable. An hour's consultation decided their plans, and it was agreed that thu gill, from her intimate know ledge of the localities, should lead the advance a few steps. Another advantage might bo gained by this ariancement, for in case they should fall in with sumo nut post, the girl's knowledge of the Indian tongue, would pet haps, enable her In deceive tho sentinel ; and so the squel proved, for scarcely hail lliey descended one hundred feel, when a low 'whist,' from the girl warn ed of present danger. The scouts sunk si lently to tho earth, where by pi iviuus ar rangement, they were lo remain till another signal was given thom by tho girl, whose absence for more than a quarter of an hour now began to excite tho most serious appre hensions. At length she again appealed, and told them lb it she had succeeded in removing two sentinels, who were directly in their route, to a point some bundled feet distant. I lie descent was noislossly resumed the level gained, and the scouts followed their intre pid pioneer for half a mile in the most pro found silence, when the balking of a small dog, within a few feet, apprized them ofa new danger. The almost simultaneous click of the scouts rifles was heard bv the girl, who Ml I....I ,. "l 1 ,1.... liipiUIV illllU'ltill'll lllL'lll, .UIU Milll'll Ill'll they were now in the midst of thu Indian wigwams, and their lives depended on the most profound silence, ami implicity follow ing her foolslepst A moment afterwatds, tho girl was accosted by a squaw from an opening in a wigwam. Shu replied in the ndiaii language, and without stopping still pressed forward. In a short time she Mop ped and assuied tho scouts that the village was cleared, and (hat they were now in safe ty. Tint knew that every pass leading out of tho prairie was safely guarded by the In dians, and at once resolved to adopt the hold ...i i -.. .i...V. i. .i auveuiiire ui passing iiiruugu uie very ceo Irc of their village as thu least hazardous. The result proved tho coireciness of her pidgniont. I hey now kept a course for the Ohio, being guided It v the Ilockhockiug riv er and after three days march and suflor- ing, die parly arrived al ihu Dlock-IIouso in salelv. 1 heir escape I mm the Indians, pie- vented the contemplated attack; and the tes cued girl proved lo ho the sister of tho intre pid Nuil Washburn, celebrated in Indian his tory as tho renowned scout lo Captain Ken ton's bloody Kenltickians. The principal facts of this narrative were given by the biolher of M'Clelland, lo a citizen of Lancaster and tho adventures te lated, prove that "truth is sometimes stran ger than Jictinn,' Curious Si'.umon. An Knglish paper contains the following curious discnnise, s.ii,! to havo been lately delivered by an ..-centric preacher in Oxford. ' 1 am nut ono of your fashionable, fine spoken, mealy mouthed preacheis, I tell you tho plain truth. What are your pastimes? Cards and dice, fiddling and dancing, gnz .ling and guiding I Can yon he saved In dice? No! Will the four knaves give ,ou a passport to Heaven ? No! dn ).iu fiddle yourself into a good berth among lite sheep? No! You will d.iuco yourselves lo damna tion among die goals! You may guzzle wine here, hut you'll want a drop of water to cool your tongue hereafter ! Will the prophets say, 'Come hero gamester, and teach us the long odds!' 'Tis odds if limy do! Will the martyrs rant and swear and shufllu and rut wilh yon 1 No! Thu mailyrs nic no shuff ler. You will be cut in a way you lilllu ex pect. Lucifer will come wilh his reapers and his sickles and forks, mid you will hu cut down ii ml hound, and pitched, and curled, and Housed in Hell! I will nut oil my lips wilh lies to ploaso you ! 1 will tell you the plain truth. Amnion thu i Mammon and Mo lock are making Dothoron hot foi jou ! Pro fane wretches ! 1 have heard you wrangle and brawl, and tell ono another before me, 'I'll sen you d .1 first! Mill, I tell yon ihe day will come, when you will pray to Deelzebub to escape his clutches. And what will hu his answer? 'I'll see you d d first." DUELLING IN KORDOFAN. A recent traveller gives die following mo dioli of settling an 'affair of honor' in Korilo fan. How much inoru rational and 'satis factory' than thu fashionable assassinations of our own couiitiy. 'When a gentleman of that nation con ceives himself aggrieved, ho sends tho offen der u formal ch.illango, which, it is presumed is always accepted. The duel takes place on somu open ground, and all the friends of Ihe combatants resemble ns spoctattus. An angureb,or couch, is then biought forth, and the two combatants pl.ico each a foot closo to the edgn of thu couch, thu breadth of which, alone divides them. A formidable whip.i made of hippopotamus leather, is then plac- vl m the hands ofeach, and renewed attempts aro made by their friends to r.iconcilo them, If, howover, they are bent in carrying out 1 diu affair of honor, Iho signal for battle is lit last given. Mc who is entitled to the first blow, then mllicls as hard a l.ish as ho ran on his opponent who stands peifoclly still to leceivo tho compliment, and then prepares J lo return it. I hoy then continue, turn and i turn about, to Hog each other's bucks and shoulders, (thu head must on no account In struct,,) while tho blood flows copiously al every stroke. Not an acknowledgement of ol pain escapes the lips of either, and all the spectators remain equally mule. This con tinues until ono of the combatants, generally from sheer exhaustion ill ops hi:; instrument of tot tin c, whereupon the ictor immediate ly does the same. The livals shake hands. ls, declaring that they havo leceived sufficient . ...! I. .! ... .1. i- I . I .i S'liiM.iuuuu, uieir melius congratulate mom on their reconciliation, their wounds are washed, and sundry jugs of meriss t, the na tional beverage, provided befotehand, am produced, and emptied by the spectators in honor of the gallant opponents.' THE DATTLH OF SEGAO'N. Thu loss of die enemy was great ; they left upon iho field of bailie from four lo five hundred killed and wounded, while many moro were slain or drowned in tho pursuit. A few prisoneis were taken, amongst them tlirou mandarins of inferior rank, one of whom stated himself to belong to tho impe rial gnaid, of which a detachment five hun dred strong had been engaged on that day. Front information given by the prisoners. and front soniu returns and public documents found in Ihe touts, die total number of men who stood on die side of die Chinese on the heights of Soguon was estimated al between 7000 and S000, of whom a gioat piopoition were iroops from die northern provinces, men of more hardy and wailike habits, ant) of greater sinew and muscular power than tin; oulinaiy Hoops of die cenlial and iitaratiino districts; theey had never hefoio encounter ed the Dritish forces, and their confidence in the result nf dio contest appears to have been unbounded ; for, on examining iho camp, il was found that the whole of llieir baggage, including every movable aiticle of their kit, had been loft behind in their flight, nothing having been removed save die arms rallied on the nelsons of the soldiers. A good deal of syree silver was found secreted in thu hel ler class of tenls, but no military chest was discovered. An officer has reroidod that in crowning the right of tho enemy's position. tho troops mingled wilh tin; Chinese, and passed through sumo lines of tents on thu si nil of the hill, as (hoy drovu them out ol their entrenchments. In his progiess hu was arrested by tho groans of a wounded man. who was stretched on a couch in the corner ofa tent ; ho gave the poor wietch, who had the button of a mandarin, some water, or performed some kindly office to hint which humanity dictated, and' tho man catching him by the arm as ho was leaving iho lent, point ing eagetly lo a heap of clothes near him, made rigns that he should lift them up. lie did so, in thu expectation lhal hu should find beneath some victim oflhe fray; but lo his surprise, his eyes fell upon a heap of glitter ing aveeo silver; he looked to the mandarin for oxpl illation, when ho gesticulated earn estly that ho should take il, which he accord ingly did, and assembling die men 0f his company who weie wilh him, shared the prize amongst them on the spot. They did what they could fur the wuun led man. and hurried on to oveitnke the colnum. When tho fight was over, the officer went back with a low men lo look after the grateful sull'eier, when he found die lent consi d, nod the mandarin scorched and blackened, and quite dead. 7'he Chinese War, by Lieut. John ()ucliterlon!. THE IMG THEN 1'UIM'Y. When I first commenced preaching, an old miiiistei lold mo ihu follow im. store which has been of use lo inc. It may he oi use lo otheis. In yeats past and gone, lived an old litpttst minister by the mine of I'lace. He had moro than a common " gift of gab," and was very desiious of pleasing his hearers. An old biolher, by die name of Wiusor, was fond of die company of Elder Flace, and used lo fetcn and carry him on his preaching loins. Ononooccasion, as E. dor Place came near the place of his appoint ment, ho asked ,U biolher Winsor what die penp'o generally believed wIltii ho w.ts go ing to preach. The biolher told him dial il was mum of his business, hut il was Ins duly to piearh what hu believed himself. !t tier. Place made inquiries, and found die peo ple were mostly Unitarians; so ho preached dial which would not Inm any Unitarian. On their way home, brother Wiusor said to Elder Place he would tell him a short story, as follows : On a ceilain holiday a man of good prop erly wished lo givo iho minister a pig. Ho caught a pig, tied his legs, put him in a bas ket, covered Inm in id directed his negro hoy lit c.nrv him lo die minister, and tell ihe r. ..... .1. .. i ; ,i.. i :o : i . . IHIIII3I1.-I mm ou iiii'iii ism ii iioo eai ii, or no might raiso it. Tho black boy on his way slopped to seo the military parade, and some young men, wishing lo havo a joke, slipped out tho pig and put in a puppy. Tim hov went to iho minister's house with iho puppy, and did hi? eirand to tho minister, saying thai his master h id sent him a present, dial hu might kill it and eal il, or he might raise it. Ou iho minister opening thu basket and seeing iho puppy, he says to dm hoy, "does your inasier wish to itisuli mo? " do not wish to raise a dog, neither do I wish in em a puppy." Thu black boy looked at tho puppy, Mured, and told tho minister," lie bo a pig when I stalled with him." On his way home ho sal down his h.iskei, and Iho young men diew oil' (ho alleulion oi l tho boy, while ihoy slipped out the puppy and put in die pig again. When the hoy gdi Inline, his master asked him how die minis ter liked his present. The hoy says, " ho no like it ; when I get llieiu hu turn into a pup. py." Tho man opened tho basket, and lo ! .i t t....... ti... i i i. , . . uiu piy "in nu il.-. nn miy million al IIIO pig, slated again, and said, " well, if you ho a pig when on mind lo, and a puppy when you mind to, I fetch and e.iriv vein nn'inon I" This stnry is a good rebuke lo maiiv min. islers. Them is much pieachiug ihu is sometimes pig and sometimes puppy jut-t to suit tho times. A Capital Jour. A good naturcd lattg has run around our village lately from a sto ry that is loo good to confine to such narrow borders. For several weeks past a largi white owl Ins been seen from day to day living in this vicinitv. His "Wisdom" has attracted many shots from marksmen whiih whether ton small or loo poorly aimed have been inefl'urlual. One day not long since he wits seen perched upon a wall a few rods west of the village, and several 'good shots' among 'our first young men' started in pur suit. Creeping waiily behind walls and through bushes ihev would attain a desirea hie proximity and 'let fly.' The grave and i 1 reverend president of night was impertnra ... . ' - . . ' . hie howev. r. Some filed two or three limes but the great eyes still glared unmoved. The maiksiuan would retire satified, and another would succeed. Tho result was tho same. Some canto back boldly laughing, and others slinking, with 'covered arms' for the vil lage was in a roar of laughter. A stuffed owl had been mado lo pi'ison.itu the livo spe cimen that had been actually seen, and those eager to do execution had learned that it was not well lo shoot whilo owls very early in April, l'arrc Gazette, i'OLITICAi;. TIinonOKB FDKMNGIIUYSRN. The nomination of this distinguished son of Xew Jersey (though now a citizen of New York) for Vice I resident on the Whig ticket, is every where hailed with approbation. II , , , g. I, , ,, , was the last proposed of all the candidates lor that high office, and very naturally not the first choice ofa great number oflhe ac tive politicians ; but on a comparison of notes, he appeared ihe second choice of al most every body, and the first of many thou sands who usually stand aloof from political contests, and would hardly have been drawn out lo vote by tho presentation of any oilier name. As an eminently just and true man, intimately connected with and ardent in ma ny of tho Literary, Religious and Philan thropic enterprises of our time, Mr. Fieling-liuy-eu enjoys the esteem and admiration of thousands who have first resolved to vole since thoy heard of his nomination, and who will bo most active and efficient supporters after our opponents have fairly opened upon him, as it is evident they will. There are elements of great strength in his nomination. Dot Mr. Frelinghuysen is not merely it w ise, philanthropic, good man he is a firm, decided, devoted Whig. He is of on hon ored Itovolutionary Whig stock, and has never been any thing else hut a Whig. He was a Whig U. S. Senator from New Jersey during neatly all of (Jon. Jackson's admin istr.ilion, and fought die battle of (rue lihcity against all his mad encroachments and ty ranny sidu by side with Clay, Webster, and Lwing, as ardently and fearlessly as any of them lie resisted the destruction 0f ,K. Dank, tho Removal oflhe Deposites, and ii the evil measures which brought down gen- oral paralysis and bankruptcy. He stood up ,. .. , c lianlnlly lor Clay and Si:iioi:axt in 1S32, as he had hefoie done for J. Q. Adams, and has since done for IIaiiuisox. In 1832 he i "-.Hum nn uj iiuuress uis leitow-ctlizens of Essex Co , N. J., in regard to tho then pending Presidential contest, and thu briefly reported summary of his remarks was so c, -ii , . ,,,, . e ,. . . ,1 that tho lugs of this city reprinted it as a little tract tor general circulation Wc now insert it verbatim, as follows : Mil. Fnr-MNdiiuTsKN's Testimony to the charac ter and qualifications if IIknuv Clay in lSIi'J. A meeting wa3 recently held in F.ex Co., Nsvv Jersey, by the National Ueniihlicm nartv. at which .Mr. I rolingliuv.-en, the Senator Irnm tint State, was prcsou', sn I made a very olo. quent speech in favor of .Mr. Clay, which is thin epitutnized in the Newark Diily Adver user : Mr. Frelinghuysen, in support nf the notnina. lion of Mr. Clay to iho nfliro of Chief .Magis trate, said ho was happy in tho occa-ion That enabled hint lo bear his testimony to thu fitness of this eminent citizen for thu station to which so many voices were calling him. He was die more gratified at this opportunity, because lie had at one period entertained some doubts mi the subject bin a careful investigation nf Mr. ('lay's political history, and a personal inter, course with him for the last protracted session, had satisfied his own mind that no man belter understood the interests of iho country, nor would pursue them with purer intentions-, than Mr. Clay. Mr. Frelinghuysen said ho look pleasure to say of him thal'lio behoved him in bu an upright ami much injured slalesm in. Ik is emphatically the child ol Liberty and our free institutions. Ho possessed no advantages in youth, but poverty ami as hlmsell unco moro eloquently expressed ii, ' lie was die child of indigence and dependence his only inhcritage was rags and poveriv." lint ho saw tho free open way lo famo anil honorable dis. thiclion, tint the spirit of our happv Republic presented lo all Iter sons and he entered die lists nf manly enterprise, and by the energy of his genius-, and iho lorce of his persevering el. furls, ro-u lo the very summits of nfliciaf d's. linction. He enjoyed Iho early confidence of his fellow-citizensiii Iho Soiia'leand House of Representatives of the United States is a Minister abroad on a most difficult and eventful embassy and as Secretary of Slate, he has ro. reived unequivocal testimonials', Ihu in public .'Munition, ho was filled In till any civil station, in the gift of a free and enlightened people. Hut moro than this as Speaker of tho House of Itepresentalives, it has often been said of Mr. Clay that ho wielded more influence than any nnn lint ever occupied lhal chair. What was it, sir, that gave him such iniluence 1 It could not bo mere sound lor lei it bo roinombcrail, that no political body of men, in any country, possess moro of talent, intelligence "and inde. pendence, than Iho House of ivos. No, sir, said Mr, Froliughuysou, it was die weight of leu rlnrartcr, tho splendor of his ge. nuts, and Ins deep acquaintance with the prin ciples of our government. His whole lift) Ins been a political schoolm!? into n i ncinnes. His inuid is untitled wilh the very spirit of lepublt. i joius'i iy. Until tho late Mruggle for tho elevation of tieneral .lackson, no man filled a larger t-pare linn Henry ('lay. Kvery American honored his 'a'euts, and none il -trusted his uprightness. As a Si c nf the I louse as a imt able ib-bater ill Congress as one ot tho lepreseiilalives of bis rountry, in the critical negotiations wilh Ureal Ilrilain, wo ran all remember how he was admired and esteemed. Sir. said Mr. 1'., what hash c i his offence ? Ono thing. Mr. Chair man, he could not do. lie could not proclaim (icncral Jackson to bo t lint which, in lu con science, ha knew hint not lo be eminently qusl. ilied for, Ihe disulargu of the high ai d difficult duties of President of these United Siato. He dared to dn-pute and deny the pretensions of tieneral Jackson, ami f r Ibis he has been pur sued and hunted, as if be had been a Initnrous viper, anil Hie cresses of Ihe oiiiin'ilinn bivu been crowded wilh Ihe most cruel aiul hitler imputation!?. Sir, these wrongs of Mr. Clay form a strong reason fur your countenance. Let us raiso a shield around this favored son of the country, to repel thu darts of Ins persecutors. Moreover. sir, said Mr. F., the public conduct of Mr. Clay entitles him to our riniiideiico. He. cur, for a moment, to a few of his measures, and you will find in them all the same characteristic marks of a great mind looking with enlarged and liberal views, at ther relations and resolls. Trace his course in the ipiei-tion of South Amer ican Independence when her patriots were struggling for that precious boon winch our fathers, by die ble.-Miig nf Heaven, had gained fur us where stood Mr. Clay then! Sir, ho well knew how gratefully it would cheer the hearts of our Southern friends to learn that there was a pulse in American b..soms ilat bett high in sympathy for their cause and hetlue.v the whole weight nt his character, and power of his talents, into their interests and who ean I soon forget tho re-nnnding plaudits lhaterhiod null! ill': mull il i.t I ii linn ititiiiii in nil' ouiiii;, in , ,,,.. , ,.is fru,, f ,reP(om i S,r. ho loved hb'jrlyir its men sole -with the idnlait thropv ofa great and generous mind, he hailed its aspiration', no matter where, or by whom, they were bteathed forth. Again when the scheme for establishing a colony for the liberated children of oppressed Africa, nn the shores of that benighted ron'i nent, was commended by the late and deeply lamented Dr. Unhurt Fuiloy to a few friends at the City of Washington you know, sir, how deeply it was denounced, as a vis unary and Utopian enterprise. It was scouted as a brain sick chimera by the groat mass of the Ameri can community. Not so by Mr. Clay. His penetrating eye perceived, in this derided char ity, bearing- of a large and hopeful character. He saw what momentous connexions it would hold with tho deeply interesting subject of sla very heic; and what fullness ol light it prom iscd to s ,cd on the millions of degraded men in Africa. Sir, there was nothing about die pru jert to engage or interest a mere demagogue. The venerated man who disclused his views to Mr. ('lay was unknown to fame, and his cher. ished obj.-ct was almo-t umver.-elly ridiculed and yet this great Matesmin, by an ardent con secration nf his best rUbrts, vindicated Its claims, and bore il in lofty triumph above and beyond all the obloquy and scorn that availed it. To come nearer home consider Ihe princi pies of Mr. ('lay's political conduct, in the pro. tccthm of Domestic Imlustiy. Ho had olten heard Urin.-h statesmen discoursn most elo. queiilly upon the beautiful theory of free trade: but when he looked into Dritish' statute books, ho found a policy that restrained all commerce, but that of their own goods io British bottoms. Our corn, wheat and flour, our ti-b and inami- I ltnrc--, wore all excluded front their purls anil Hiiiiiinx wu.srrir uui uie pruoucis 01 llieir own industry. He readily nerceived where such ' a stale of things would lead us, and to rai.-e us a ,I(,P'-'"lle"'l; P" 'he worksl o,)s of Cu- roie ,- to encourage American indu-trv and en. 1 torprice, he has insured a system ol 'measures 1 has hap,nly developed the great resources I "fr lllc.c"u,"tr-v. a" 1 -treallv enlarged the means ' nl IVklllltl'll O MIj b l 111 Milt V 1 1 ii i 1 1 iiim'j I Irilinis and Uioomfiuld, llullevil e, Paterson, and New- ark, mi'V be in die scale of prosperity, but for the iiiishriusing labors of this pa'.ruu of the American system. uiieriiai nn inn u-ineui aisii claims .nr. lyiav fr a steady friend. S.uiie hate hope. to decry T .. . t ! . t I t. r-l... thi-', as a point nl vulnerable policy, .and have exhibited w h it they iIouiiipu a very .starthng piC lure, in tho vast expenses and gigantic nature of these improvements. Now, Mr. Chairman, in tho light nf what Mr. (.'lay regards as internal improvements, this is about as wio as to obj-irt agains- a lele.-cnpe the lenglit of Us lube, or the co-t of the bras. It is not the inero length if the Canal, or the expeiisu of Iho It ulway, that constitutes either its recoiuineiiihltiin or objec tot; but it is iho great national consequences lo follow these public facilities oi intercourse, that commend them lo iho patriot'- con,-'dra. lion. U'e have an overflowing treasury how ran tl be so well applied as in bring ng distant sections of Iho rountry near as by facilitating the of re.i.ote settlement-, and there by wearing away local asperities and sectional distinction! Mr. F. adverted to Mr. City's great measure bis bill, repurl, and speech on ihe Public. I, mils. Ifo insisted tint Mr. CiayV conduct his ability developed in Ihe report and ili-cus.-ion the fearless and in inly frankness with which he met a crisis almost furred upon him, all tended lo clench iho confidence he felt in his integrity of purpose. You will recollect, sir, said Mr. F, that dim was a duty altogether unsought by Mr. ('lav. lie was a member of the ('uuiuuttt'u of Mann larlures. ami insisted that a reference of the I'ublic Lands lo his committee, was not lit ac cording to parliamentary rules, the tufcrenre, however, was mule, and Mr. Clay was charged wilh a most difficult and delicate service. There stood the West, with extr.iv.igmt ralcu. latiuiis ; many of her citizens had persuaded them-elves into tho not tin i that this nob u and public domain belonged ill exclusive propeity lo the States in which H is si uated. What a line iheiuo was hero presented for an art I ul and in triguing policy lo manage : lo (latter and soothe Ihu warmly rlierihed expectations of Iho Wes and yet keep in good humor the watchful old Thirteen! Ititt what did Mr. Clay .' Wilhlna habitual honesly of heart, he indignantly repel led Iho unfounded pri'lension of exclusive claims by any portion nf the Union, demonstrated by Ihe mast ..inclusive reasoning, that iho Public Lauds were Ihe fruit of common blood and trca. sure, and therefore wore, and ought lo remain, a common lutid for the benefit of the whole. In conclusion, Mr F. repealed his conviction, that vvlnlo .Mr. Clay was subject like all men to faults, ho was worthy die confidence of his country; and to iiso Ihe lauguigo of a pu i'ical opponent Ihero was nobleness about dm iiiau, for you always Know where lo find him. Retrace hir whole lite, sir. In many trying exigencies of the country, vvhon, or vvnere was it, that ho betrayed the slightest symptoms of an equivocal or temporizing policy It cannot be Inuml. Ills opinions', and feelings, with all Ins views of national prosperity, arc ol tho nature and prin ciples of our Ciiusliliili in, aie befuto his i nun. i try, i;vrry man ran rca.l lliem ; and it is ar. ' dually hoped, lint bv a decided expression nf iho nation s win, ii nn oir. t lay aim ins insa. tures will bo suMaiucd.

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