TOR PHBSIDBNT, HENRY OL Y, Of KHXTVCKY. TOR VICE PRRStDKNT, TIIKOIMHIH FIti:r.e.Ci!IlJVSEX, o1 .sKWJtiiisur. "THE RULING PASSION STRONG IN HEATH." Tlio following "Card" from Grn. Jack- ion, which makes its appearance soon after Ins communed uiih Mr. H. F. Butler, shows him iilrapablo of doing justico even at a pe riod of lifi! when most men desire to atone for injiirii's and wrongs done to their follow nicn. Jm'mtsiiN, thu Elder Adams, and Madison, after their retirement, while llieir years mid momlis and weeks and d.iys were 'hawing to a close, found enjoyment and so lace in correcting mutual misapprehensions hikI repairing mutual emirs, liui (ien Jackson is vindinivi; and malignant to tin last, as will tie seen by his reiteration of a w anion and exploded calumny against John Quinkv Adams and Iln.vuv Clay : Tothe ICdilorsofthe Xas'irillc Union: Grsi LCMtv . ,Vv n 1 1 em i hi tins lii'rn called tn va- nous ne spnper nr tries rclerriug lo a letter said to have been winten by me tn Gen Hamilton, recant inis i lie ob irjje of bargain made a,; linst .Mr Cluy when h voted far Mr Adams. 1 325. To pnl an end to nil surh rumor I feel it to be due lo myself to state, that I liaie no recollection if ever hiving written such a letter, and do mil believe there l n letter Irnm m In Itenenl Hamilton, ot nnv one e's '. that will bear such n c instruction. Of the c In ru ts brmmlil against bolb .Mr Adams and Mi Clival I H time, I formed my opinion a theeniintrv nt large from faeia and circumstances thai wue indis putable and conclusive i and I may add that this f nmion has iinderiiono no change. If lien. Hamilton, or any mi' else, has n letter from tne on tills eiibi-'Ct, which the ftiendsof Mr (7!a v do- rnrr In be made public, oil ihev tnvoto do is ic apply to bun for it. Ah for myself, I have no sccicts, and lui not icar lti publication nt nil r li.it i have, ever writ len on his or any oilier sul ANOHHW JACKSON. Hermitage, May 3, 134-1. Thu foregoing "Card" wo copy from the Argns. The niter falsehood of I Iks charge tins demonstrated not Ions: after its original , nblicalion, and since that time slill furl her nnd most decisive refutations of it, have hern laid before the country, and especially hy one of thn persons who was onco anion;; the busiest in giving it circulation. Under these circumstances tliis card of Andrew Jackson can be regarded only us the evidence uf his own vindictive malice. .But besides thu falsehood of the. main charge, this card contains another, now for the first time put forth by the author. Gen. Jackson says, in this card that, of iho char ges brought against Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay he formed his opinion at tho time, as the country at large did, from facts nod circum stances that wero indisputahlo and conclu sive. This is not true . Gen. Jackson did not form his opinion on such ground. He ex pressly staled, under his own h ind, in 1827, that he made tho charge, on the testimony of a particular witness. To ho sine, when lie named his witness, that very witness con tradicted him. Nevertheless, that was the specific ground, according to his statement at the time, on which he made the charge. Besides, neither the. country :it large, nor i-itlinr of its political parlies, had made up any such opinion as tho card alleges, until after the calumnious accusation in question, had been put in circulation by its author, the writer of the card. Then, and not before,! accusation against tho friends of Mr. Clay and through them against Mr. Clay himself; uid taking this statement mado hy Mr. Bu chanan in connection witli Gen. Jackson's own statements, in his letter of July 28, 1S27, they both demonstrate tho falsehood of tho Card, as to tho ground on which ho therein pretends now to havo formed his opinion of Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay in 1S2j. Again: Carter Beverly, tho person to whom Gen. Jackson originally communica ted his foul slander, and through whose igenoy it was industriously propagated, was, luring thn past year, summoned to another stale of being. Belore his death, however, his agency in litis calumny against Mr. Clay, pressed loo heavily on his conscionco to al low him to pass to his final account without an effort lo niakn some reparation for the in jury ho had done in litis very matter. In his hist sickness, therefore, Mr. Bnveily ad dressed a letter to Mr. Clay, in winch ho con fesses the compunctious of his conscience, ind says ns follows : f Although the time is nnito fir cone since I became verv innocently usirunicii a ill circiun ing inrnug r out the country n lerv great nttnek on vnur charac icr ana virtue ns n gentleman, and certainly a very lieu y one n3 a pidibc linn, 1 feel cvcccdingly desi rous lo relievo you, ns far as I can, from llio slander, mil my own feelings from ihesciere compunction that is within me, on haling been, though neither di rectly or ndircttle, your pctional accuser, yet that 1 was drawn m recti y nilo the representation of an at' nt'K upon you. - - - r " I again say, thai I am mist thoroughly convinc ed that you were most untruthfully, and. therefore. unjustly Mealed ; f r I have never seen any cvilcnco iu suDsiuuirnc in an me ennrge. I liis is hy no means all. When tho charge was first concocted by Gen. Jackson, (who was then, 182o, in the U. S. Senate,) and his paili7.au fi lends, and broached in tho shape of a Card by one of those partisans by the name of Kremer, a member of tho House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, Mr. Clay, who was then Speaker of that House, instantly and indignantly denounced Iho charge as a foul slander, and demanded an investigation, defying his calumniators to sus tain their accusation. A committee was thereupon appointed by tho House to investigate the mutter ; and thai committee reported that Mr. Clay was inno cent. The Richmond Enquirer,moreovcr, speak ing of this malter, under date of February 10, 182G, says: "As to the other Questions unon which we nubllsh this day such copious debates, we do not hesitate to saj t'-at Mr. ('lay has met the change ns a man ought in mcei u. ins icnnrss promptitude and open dell nice arc iho surest indications of his innocence This, combined with avowals from almost all nunr- tern of the House, and the iimfiam information in the last letters from thai city, can leave no doubt of the result of ihet ivtstigatiou. nor does Mr. Ivernier shrink but v suspect linwillsecl. lo escapebyn sortofspe cial pleading such lis Mr. McUuflie has thrown into his amendment, licit ns it m iy, iho inquiry is begun and 11 ought 'n be prosecuted with energy j the whole maiier soouin oe prnucu lo i lie iioitom -, no loop Hole ought to be left lo Inngn single doubi on, form linns like these the people will expect their Representatives not only to berhastc, tint free from all suspicion. lfr Clay is innocent afthis chnrse. We are fully ptepat ed to see the coiiuiuliru accpiil htm of ibis imputation of bartering his vote for nil oflici;." lako tilensuro In complying with this rcauctt. that tho public may bo apprised of the sentiments of another distinguished Democrat upon Iho interesting subject la. i our compliance will to wliiih Iho letter refers. iniicli oblige yours, if-c. V. T. OOl.tUUTT. Tho committee, its the Richmond Enqiiirn anticipated, did declare Mr. Clay innocent. Again : Thomas II. Benton, the U. S. Senator from Missouri, also horo his testi mony in this case, in which he shows that as eaily as the forepart of December, 1824, Mr. Clay had informed linn (Mr. B.) of his deter mination lo vole for Adams. Mr. Bunion's letter containing this testimony, is dated Dec. I 7, 1827, and it makes the statement in these express terms, lliat lie "was intornieu hy Mr Clay, in the forupail of December, 1824, that ho (Mr. Cluy) Intended to vote for Mr. Adams.' To this samo point on which Mr. Benton speaks, the illustrious LaFayello, who visiled tins country as all the country will remem ber, in 1S24, also testifies. In iho course of his intini icy with Mr Clay, he had, in De cember, 1821, put tho simple question lo Mr C. as to which of the candidates for Presi dent he intended lo vote. To this Mr. Clay II...I i ..!. r..n ... . I lUIIIK'U, S-IVS LJ.1 1 it fill , il lUllllUHi " Vour answer wis that in your opinion the actual Demon-, May 10, 1311. l)fn Sin tn answer In vour ninuirv. whether I mil favorable lo the immediate nnnesntion ofTcsn lo the United States. I reply that I am. As you de mand my opinion only of Ibis measure, nnd briefly tho reasons which inllucnco me, 1 shall confine myself to tbeso points. ... 1 shall nut cl wen upon ino poncy oi mining comer minous countries, siliinleil like ours nnd Texas, with no ttiarlic I ceoitrnpnienl feature lo divide Ihi-m, nnd with naiisab'c strcims penetrntin? the territories of boilii nnr upon tli" common oriain of Ibepcoplo who inhibit lliein, upon iniir common iinuinae, manners relipion, institutions, and, in fuel, llieir identity ns a branch of Iho human family. Nor shnll I urge Iho tnnterial interests involved in the measure, by the free inlet eourc it would establish between Ilia various sec tions of n vast country, mutually dependent upon, nnil supplying one another. These considerations nro so obvious, That they need not elucidation from me. Hut, in a military point of view, Annexation strikes ine ns still more I nportnnl, nnd tnv mind has been the more forcibly impressed with this idea from rend' ins II"' nlito loiter of Renernl Jackson upon this sub ject, wdi ch his just come under my observation. Willi the intuitive sasncity which makes part of the character of that greal man nnd pure patriot, lie hns foreseen iheuse which n Kuropesn enemv might make of Texas in tho event ofn war with Ihe United States. A lodijmcntin tint country would lav open our whole Southwestern border to his devastations. We could establish no fortress, nnr occupy any favorable post linn ; for Ihe iininensi frontier may, in n vnst many places, be era. Red as readily ns n man passes from one part of hi-farm to nnotber.' The advantages nn ac tive cneinv would enjiv under such circumstances, it requires no siijirity 10 foretell. These consideration recall to my memorv nn nrti etc which made its nrpenranrc just before 1 left Ku rope, in a leading lory periodical in F!nland, which is understood In sneak 1'ie sentiments of a powerful par ty. This is I'razer's Maeazuiej nnd a more nefarious nrtirln never i.a -ril from n nrollieatc press. II outrh t lo ho stcioolvped nnd circulated from one end of our country lo ills oilier, to show the desiens which are in mnta ion ninmsi ns. nun m eacn ns inai our saiciv in that mi;hty contest winch is rnminc upon us, is in a knowledge of our dinner, and in n determination, by npnn, and by a wise forecast, lo inert il, and defeat it. The spirit of Ibis arliclc is sufficiently indicated hy Us title, which was "n war with the United Stales a blessin" to mankind " 1 cinnot refer lo it at this mo ment, but must soenk of it from recollection. I have often been surprised it has not attracted more atten tion m our country. II ntoect wns tn prmnlte a wat xiih ibn United Sintrs nnd to lav down the plan of a campaign, which would soonest brine it ton fortunate conclusion for Knulind. The hlsis of ihis plan was iSn ormniniinn of ihe ncessiry I lin k lorce in the West India It-lands, nnd its debarkation upon our Southern coast. Tho conscnuf-nccs which our enc mies fondly honed for. in such n case, hut wilh nncn tire innornnre of Ihe Irno slate of the country, were foreiol I wilh n rare union of philanthropy nnd hatred I wish I had the number nt hand, lo cull someihoice mssnes for vour relpcimn. The result was lo be ihe destruction of the Southern States, the ruin or depression nf the others, and the dissolution of this areal nnd elorinus Confederacy, on which the 1.131 hopes of freedom thrniish the world now rest. What tivife favorable position could be taken for the nccnmtiiin of l'.ni;lth blick troops, nnd lor letiin them looe unon our Southern Slates, thin s afforded iivTexis? Incapable of resietini; in the event of n w'.ir between us and Hnsland. she would bn taken possession of by the latter, under one or number of those nrctenees which every nnee of her history fur nishes, and the trrritory would become !!; depot whence she would carry on her operations aj:iinstus, ami attempt to add a sert ile war lo tho other calami ties which hostilities brine with them. He wdio doubts u helher this would be done, has yet to learn number trait in the nnnnls of nntional antipathy. It would be done, apd be called philanthropy I'verv day satisfies mc moio and more, that a mi joriiy of the American people are in favor of Annexa tion. Were they not, the measure otiaht nut to bo elfectcd. Poll ns tbev are, the snnner it is eHt'Ctcd ihc belter. I do nol touch the details of the ncgolinlion. Thai must be left to the responsib lily of the (iovern mcnt ; ns, also, must the beirini of the question upon, anil ns reception liy, other countries, These are points I do nol hero enter into. I am, Deir Sir, with much rcjar Trulv yours. l.r.W. CASS. Hon. E. A HfNsnms, Washinjto i D. C. Sj!I.I. HY DkURKES AM) Br. M'TlflH.LV Lt:ss. The Albany Advertiser enjoys a hearty laugh over the Post's successive an- nounremnnls, day by day, showing the (jrail Uril decline of the politieial barometer, from " Set fair" to " Cloudy." By the way, the Post has not yet ascertained the result in Virginia. Probably it never will. quer estimates a balance of nver!l millions stcr Imp; upon the receipts nnd cxpnncp of the cur rent year. The duty on foreign rofio is In ho reduced from 8d to Oil the lb. Tho reduction on the stijrar duly is to apply to t!i'ie countries only (hit do not employ slavu laborer?. Thi, it is expected, will lirinir eujrar in abuniljnr.o r..-. rl.- t 1 .1.- r ,.f 12.,,.. t llnn mini vjiinia, .lava aim uiu "i vj,... .u. tho United States, without the remotest shad ow of sanction from Congress, undertaken, on his sole authority, to wago sudden nnd open WAR upon n nation that has adhered to her friendly relations, and has committed no offence against us. Tho evidence of the I'lm elections cnncimitcnt upon tho recent fact, thai Tvlnr has taken this stnii of actual law chamres have terminated in favor of Gov. ( , Country into n War wilh Mox- eminent. ! , . , The Great Britain steamship had not got out coi s "crivett irnm ins own admission. of dock. There can he but little doubt that he has conn The news from India and China ts not of much f . . , . ,.., .bows moment. , , . . ... . m . The most important military news relates to "no. mat no lias, ns tlio Now i orK in the refusal of one Madras and two Bengal regi- nune supposes, not only ordered two rrgi monts tc i proceed to Scindc inn find ng that they mc,, 0f Troops lo the Texan frontier, but wero not to bo allowed full batta. J ' There is nolliins of importance from I.ihoro actually placed them under Iho orders of tho an I Anvhanistan, but it is supposed that these President of Texas. two slates will shortly come to open hostilities. thatiwo retriments of 1150 men The nrice of iudiifo lias advanced a little at C.ilru tn, and the'liiisinessjin British cotton piece goous lias been large. have been ordered to rendezvous at Fort Jes' sup and that a fleet of observation, consist ing of the frigate Potomac, the steamer Uni on, nnd other vessels, to the amount of nine Wo certainly think it is the duly of Con- FRIDAY MORNINO, MAY. 21. 1844. tho parti.ins, who, like tlio Albany Argu had rongraliilnldd the country on iho election ttalc nflifilth of Mr Crate ford hail limited the contcs ,. . i .," . . ' ( i it choice Let irten Mr. Adams and Gen. .ltikon in i.ir. mains, aim ireaieu too pretensions 01 that a claim founded an mililortj achievements did not Gen. Jackson with contempt, and shortly af- I meet tjonr preUrence, st that you had concluded terwaros siipponi'ii nini such partisans nt fueled lo believe tho slanderous charge and labored lo propagate it, and a portion of the country was finally induced to suppose there must have been soiuu foiiiidalion for il. But even then, after nil the unscrupulous nnd disgraceful labor lo poison tho public mind on litis subject, only a portiun of the American people ever believed it. 1 Ho witness named uy Vjoii. JacKsnn. as tlio person on whoso special testimony he professed, in 1S27, to found his charge of a eorrupt bat gain between Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay, was James Buchanan, the distinguish ed United Slates Senator from Peunsvlv.i- Tho origiaal accusation in question, was made hy Gen. Jarkson in a letter lo Carter Beverly, of Virginia, in which he stated that ii member of Congress of high respectabili ty, had informed him that tho friends of Mr. Adams had made overtures lo the friends of Mr. Clay lo make thn latter Secrclary of Stale, if they would make Mr. Adams Pres ident. This statement was repealed by General Jackson in his letter ot tho 28lh of July, 1SSJ7, addressed to thu public, and now be fofo us. "When Mr. Buchanan found himself na med ns the member of Congress referred lo In: also published a letter, dated the 8th of August, 1827, thu uioro material portiun of which is as follows : "I called unon General Jaclsnn nn the reension which I Invo mentioned solely as hlsfricnd, upon my nun individual responsibility, nnd nol ns iliengenl of Mr. ('lav or any other person, Jneterltaee been the political p tend of Mr Clay, since he became n candi r..r 'il, office of Presidi nt. ns ion very will know, Until I nw Ren. Jackson's teller lo Mr. Iliverly of thn sib nllinio, anu ni ine Mine nine wa imoriiiru ny . l.nur rrnm the editor of the United Stales Trie- ..,-,V, ibsi I wns the. nersoii to whom he alluded, the conception nr on entered my mind that he be. lievrd ine lo bnve been ihe nsrnt of Mr. Clay nnd his friends, or thai 1 intenilcd lo uropate Ifrmi oj anv ii,.,t r,.r ilu.ni. or lb it he could have supposed meca- pnblepf txprresiniiun 'opinion lliat it wo liijlit lo fiaht sucli mtiiiriicrs wilh llieii own weapons.' 11 hnd no HutiorUu I ram Mr Uitv or his friends lo propose any terni to General Jackson in relation lo their roles, koo Din I evi: make A.sy seen :mio- ,.iTinm nnd I trust 1 would be as incapable of be coiniui! n mesfifiiuer uion bucIi nn nrcarion, ns il was known lien jacusou woum uo iu i.i.ciu mu .. inesiSire." This statement of Mr. Buchanan, it will he cen, is a flat contradiction of Gen. Jackson's Amtul Excitement. Wo learned verbally vesterdav from a irontlcman on tho Dr. Frank lin, just from New Orleans, that when that boat sail, have been ordered to tcmain off Vera passed Vicksburgh, the greatest excitement Cril7,( wil, in,trctions to oppose) by force, cd the Hon. S. S. Prentiss, in his absence, and any Mexican fleet sailing for tho coast of Judge John J. Guion, Prentiss' partner, took it Icxas up; a duel ensued on Monday morning insi ..Mil, ittcfnla n,,t.,n ..no mnrtfillu w-nlindoil in the bowels. After Ibis, the seconds of tho par- gress a duty which wo see not how they ties met in the Blreot, and quarrelled, when one can avoid to piocccd immediately to the of thorn drew a pistol and Bhot the other dead. i.tpEACIIMPT of ,iin Arlil, Prsl(" nt. Sn I'rnnlicc nrnvrwl nn Mnnitiiv nvnninir. Irnm o New Orleans, at Vicksburc, and on hearing larasJottN I Yt.r.11 Inmsell is concerned, ho is what had happened, immediately challenged altogether loo mean and contemptible a per .moons, an, niey were 10 ,snl .... -y . to bo worthy of an v serious atten- inurning. I he pcope were helling, wnen 1110 ' Franklin left. that. Prentiss would be killed. lion uut the salety ol our country tlio pre The greatest excitement prevailed. Prentiss Uervation of our freedom tho maintenance has fought two duels wi.li Uen.l.ootc, and snol lfotr pr)liticaIinstitmionS) appcar ,0 (lemanj P. S. Since writin" Ihe above, we learn that tne prompt and decisivo action ot Congress it was llnhbins' second that was Killeil, in the on ibis subject. The Constitution confer; street, l.y Chilton, tho second of Guion. Conores, iIip orchmvn nmvnr 'm ,1,. & dare War." If the President is to be al lowed to usurp that power, and to exercise it against a peaceable and unoffending nation, the fundamental principles of our government aro violated, and nothing but its disfigured nnd lishonored form will remain. Contempt for tho individual who is placed nt the head o our Government, cannot relievo the Nation from its responsibility for bis acts. Zt will not bo n sufficient answer to Mexico, for these overt acls of aggressive war, that the person who has instituted them is universal ly despised throughout our land. Other gov ernments are concerned in this violation of the universal Law of Nations and it will not bo enough to tell them that nobody but John Tyler has done this tiling. We think it is duo to tho honor of the Country, thai Congress should disavow these acts of usur pation and that they should proceed forth wilh to the Impeachment of him who alono is responsible for them We agree with tho Now ork American, that unless "tho Constitution is as blank parchment, and the provision respecting im ed it as a public nuisance, mid it had literal- peachmont a dead letter, here is an occasion ly become n byvuiid, and it reproach in tho palpable, urgent nay, most imperative for mouths of nil. Two veats ngo the legisla- Us application to a 1'resident who lias prov- tnro assessed a lax upon tho County to liui'd ed himself false to every obligation of per- MIl. MARSH'S SPEECH. Wo have received in pamphlet form, tho very able speech of our Itepresentalive in Congress, on the subject of the Tariff, nnd shall publish it entire next week. It is char acterised hy that clearness, vigor, sound Injic, nnd withering rebuke, for which Mr. Marsh is distinguished. John Quincy Ad nms listened to it with marked attention, and is said to have pronounced it ono of the best intellectual efforts of ihe session. Those of our friends who may wish extra copies for distribution, will please notify us in season OUR JAIL. We have had frequent occasion to allude to this subject, nnd to speak of it in terms not particularly gratifying to our local pride Year after year had the Grand Jury indict Hxlracl .Vo. 1. The Virsinia Htclion, We feel confident lint ihe democrats will retain tluir acendancy in ihe .State Legislature. attract sso. I. Vu havo a few additional returns from Vinrinh. Iho Whins have a net "ain of i-mlit membeis. so fir. but wo are still coiifi.lenl thn tho Democrats will re- tain their ascendancy upon joint ballot m the Legislature. lUlract So. 3. lot: oi"s o;ivo " iiou'i eiiroi, us we siaieu vmer- , , . day, iii tho bouse of d. IcL-alcs, nnd if they make n wunt on Willi II on ms account not cam ot nine in nll.it will eivn lliein a bare majori ty in mat lirancii ol iiu- Legislature. lixnuit .o. -i We may still preset va our majority in the House. Wr Ibmk it most t robnble wilh our present maioritv ill the Senate, lint we shall control thejoint vote, and of course Ucct thu .Senator of the United States. l.xlrac .No. 5. Virsinia. The political nsrendnncy in the I.ejiis hture denends unon the detciiale from Wood nnd Hitchie he is claimed by both parties. This is " too close for our peace of mind." a new piil, and appointed a committee to supoi intend its erection. Two of tho com mittee reside out of town; ono of them was unable, nnd tho other disinclined to trouble himself about the mutter, and tho whole re sponsibility was thrown upon the third mem her. thu Hon. John Van Sicki.en. This centleman "took the bull by the horns lie spent some lime in travelling through N. England lo examine iho best models, corres ponded wilh persons competent to advise matured his plan,issiied proposals, but fina and with sonal honor, of public duty, and of constitu tional limitations. Surely, surely, there will be found in the House of Representatives, some man who will step forth in this emergency and vindi cate the sanctity ol the wrilten charter of our liberties, and rebuke most signally the ming led knavery and folly, the wickedness as well as audacity, of this accidental President." Will llie People of this Country sit still, under this great and grievous violation nftlin Constitution ? Will they be satisfied if Con gress does not proceed to take this matter up, " good name of iho Nation shall not suffer." A passenger reports, that both at Mexico and Vcro Cm, tho most determined hostility nx- istcd, andjit was apparent that it would be resisted to thu last extremity. Under thoso circumstances, it can hardly fail that a rup ture will bo tho result, and tho nation shortly appealed to to uvengo some constructive in sult lo our flag and under the smoke of tho war excitement smuggle Texas into tho Un ion. Such is the reckless project. VAN BUREN ADDRESS. Tho probability, daily increasing, that Mr. Van Buren will not obtain tho nomination oven of the Baltimore Convention, has not been unnoticed by his friends. Tho Demo cratic Central Van Buren Convention of the Stalo of New York, the body to tho careful management of which Mr. Van Buren owes the homogeneous and friendly character of tho N. Y. Democratic Delegation to Balti more, has published an address to call back his wavering frionds to their allegiance. Wo find this address in the New York Eve ning Post of Thursday, it had been adopted
at a meeting held the night before. It is one of the most curious nnd significant documents which has over been published hy such wary partisans as Mr. Van Boron's friends. It can hardlyhavo been meant to heal the breach in tho Democratic party, and on the other hand its simple confessions of political princi pie or want of principle, joined wilh tho utter contempt w hich it evinces for all general ex prcssions of thu popular sentiment, nro such as would ruin the hopes of any party which relied less than this docs on electioneering tact nnd strategy for its ultimate success. Wohopo it will bo largely circulated : Mr, Clay's friends can hardly find a document more to their purpose. It is addressed " to tho Democracy of tho Union," and begins hy informing that De mocracy in firm language that a few months since it was almost vnantmoui in its prefe rence of Mr. Van Buren for the Presidency ; that apparently the whole subject of tho nom ination was at rest. Without pausing here lo tell why under such circumstances any Na tional Convention was at all necessary, the address proceeds to say that this happy una nimity which had risen above all personal partiality, had been opposed, by certain " politicians at Washington." On litis topic the letter proceeds as follows, under tho some what alarming title : IsTniovr.s t Wasiiisoton 1 Tho facility which iheCapuol affords for such intrigues nnd for support ing them by nn imposing show of factitious Dutdic opinion, has been made known lo you by nccumula ted experience. Kien when you possessed the nd ministration, nt every great pohticnl crisis you fell the ell'ects of the social nscendnncy of llie Whigs at Wash ington, their superior control of the public press, their organized system of leiter-writins, by which a few pei sons, each corresponding lor several local newspa pers, interchaniiini; work, and easily cnmhining for n specril object, brought back upon tiie political centre innumerable echoes from every part of the Union, en couragins the disaffected, terrifying the timid, and fil- hnz tho Capitol with pan.c. In the nrcsent instance, this machinery of alarm and disturbance has been rrndercd more efficient by pecu liar circumstances. The ambiguous poiiion of the administration has enabled professed democrat- to lake office under it without abso'ute inconsistency with their parly connections, and Ins thus given It n control over needy ambitious and unprincipled men. most of whom neteil villi me ntiws in laru. anil who. without power to injure hy open opp isjiion, nre nMe. wbdn reco7ni7ed ns members of the mrtv. lo keep up a snow ot uisiiieciion. rur ine puipo-eoi dislraetmj lbs democracy, and compelling it to nbam Jon Mr. Van liuren, and support .nr. I yier, nn ho e influence of Ihe "nvernmnt, ltsonicers anil ile pendents has In en employed : and lo cfT cl that resu t tbrnnnb our discouragement. iIib administration ha nvowcdly endeavored lo cnuse our defeat at the lucal elections jusi preccuiui; uiu iiuuuuuiiun. who support tho Democratic candidates whom thn writers do not favor. -Whether ono of these candidates or Mr. Van Buren obtains iho nomination, such languago will not ho forgotten, among " the Democracy," or their leaden. Wo trust that the Whrgs of tho country will observe also that Mr. Vun Buren's best fiiends speak of his abili ty as that kind of " strength which is shown hy resislanro to the current." This idea in words is twice repnated,and appears through out in tho general lunor of the reasoning of tho address concerning Ihe popular move ment of IS'10. Mr. Van Buren will never havo a better opportunity to show this kind of strength than in meeting wilh composure the current of popular enthusiasm which this autumn will show him. We trust that he has the samo philosophic view as his Ncir York adherents, who in iho paper before us say, distinctly, thatlhny do not wish for suc cess beforo them. Dost. Daily Adv. "THEADORE FRELINGHUYSEN A. SLAVEHOLDER !" We aro done for ! Mr. FnEUNOiiuvsEN is " a used up man." Tho Emancipator has finally extinguished the Whig Party ! We have nominated a Slave Holder for Vice President ! And if you don't believe it, read what Mr. Loavilt, the Editor of the Aboli tion Emancipator, says : Mr. Frflinoiiuvses is still n NKW JERSEY" SLAVEHOLDER On l his point we do nol speak wilh absolute ccrlninly. We know that within few yenrs he had upon hi- hands nn old woman who hail b en a slavcof his father.nnd whom he wnsmninmin hi in comfort, ns it was j'ust he should, but nolhinc seemed to persuade hun lhat he could be just, nnd just ns kind to old nunly after giving her free papers, as he wns now. None of his neighbors believed it neeesta ry for bun lo keep himseli under the slrinpenl coercion of the law lo nuke bun do right in Ine mailer, but ha seemed to think it best Ihnt Ihis pious mother in Israel should live nnd die slave.-Whether she is still living, or whether Mr. has ceased in ben stive hot. der by tho irresistible providence of God, we are not advised. There it is, right out in meciin ! Mr Joshua Leavitt has exposed this wicked, abominable, inhuman Whig candidate for Vice President, who, instead of allowing sn old woman who had been a slave of his Fath er, to go villi " free papers" to die in tho Poor-House or starve in tho streets, barba rously "maintained her in comjnrt!" Oil the monster ! And et the Whigs have nom inated a man for Vice President who fed and cloihed an old negro woman, instead a turn ing her, when loo old to work, friendless, helpless and destitute, upon the world! What will Alvin Stewart and Gephit Smith sav to such "soul-killinz" enormities 1 Albany live. Journal. in six months the work was completed, nnd protect the Government fiom the effects accepled by the county, at an expense a tri- of ".,is i"f'"0 Trewnn, by the condign I flo less than tho estimate, wo believe. The P'"'''''" ' 1 " 1 ' . . . ....... owrv direction, is eal liiirr unon Conorcss to result is, we nave now tiie ocst put in llie J e i r Stale, if not in N. England and wo ilr(. protect the violated honor of the Country, .1.1 ... .i. r .i... -i. i and to nunisii tins cuiity ruier. i uu i una- Ull IIJ UIU If SltlllUIIV Ul VJ,!lU I Our readers will leeollecl that in Novein 1 her last, iho venerable John Quincy Adams visiled Ciiicinii ilti,Oliii,to deliver an address til tho laying of tho cornerstone of an As tronomical Observatory in lhat city, and that iu all tlio gieat principal places on his jour ney, ho was greeted by thn people, without hsliiiclion of party, wilh testimonials of re pect. When at Maysville, Ky., some nl lusion was made by tlio genlleman who de livered thu address of welcome on behalf tat community, to tho charge tu question mil iu his response Mr. Adams took tho oc- asion to speak as follows: " I llnuk you, sir, for tho opportunity vou have hen me of sneaking of llicgrcal statesman who was ai-sociilcd wilh i no iu ihcndmiiiislralioii ol the Gen ral tun eminent, al my earnest solicitation who be longs not to Kenliiekey nlone, but to the whole Uni on ; and is not oulv nn honor Iu this State nnd lhi gallon, hut to mankind. The charges lo which you refer I have after my term of service had expired, and it was prupcr lor ine to speak, denied before the w bole country; and I here reiterate and reaffirm that deni al; nnil as expect slinrlly to appear lieiotoiny God, In answer fur llie conduct of my whole life, 'should those charges hare found their eay to the Throne of Internal .lattice, 1 will, in tiik riiEsesce av Um- NlrOTCKrC, rilOSOCNCF. tmkm false." Not long afier his retirement from the Presidency, Mr. Adams had borne similar testimiiuy to thu samo point, in his letter to a New Jersey committee ; and ho has done so, on several other occasions. Much more might bo added to this testi mony hut we h.ivu nut spaco for it, at pre sent : nor do we believe it to bo necessary. Gun. Jackson, has, iu truth, furnished the means of Lis own confutation ; and any man of oidiuary understanding and common can dor, will find in what he (Gen. J.), has writ ten, or signed, at diffeienl times, and in th" positive assertions of Mr. Buchanan, abound ingin proofs to show that his, General Jack son's assertions iu this mutter are utterly worthless. Albany Daily Adv. GEN. CASS ON ANNEXATION. Tho following is the long-expected letter of Gen. Cass iu favor of the Annexation of Texas, which appears in tho Globo of yes terday. To the Vditor of the Globe t Wasiiivoton, May 1G. 1644. Sirs The following It-tier having been submitted lo . niindirt In had not benn raiifirnt my dirposal, I ask ol'you lo nive it nn immediate pub- 'V "J u"fa ' haa. " t "ed ucation in your piper, i am satisucu mat you win i F01JE1GN. The Biitnnia ariived at Boston on Satur day morning. She lefl Liverpool on thu 4lh instant. The Liverpool Corn Market on tho wdiole, had been dull and heavy sinco tho departure of the steamer of ihe IDtli ult ; but there was a slight improvement in tho feeling of the Iradu the last week, and a moderate amount of business wns done in most of iho leading articles. No quotations aro given. Tlio supply of American beef, being ox tensive prices, havo given way. The British funds, until within a day or two of tho departuro of the steamer, havo been up to par. Lord Bilenbnrnugh, Gov. General of India, lias been recalled. This produred a great ex- cilciiieut tliroimlioill l.ni'liuiil. Affairs iu Ireland draw their slow lenirth a In riff. A new trial has not yet been granted to O'. Council. Business has not been very brisk. 1'ortiiLMl is still afflicted with seditions. Spain and Morocco arc going lo war against earh other. All is quiet in Circece. Italy is in a feverish state. , France in tieareble. (Jetton was a little firmer. There has been no actual chance hi prices, however. Iter Majesty s accouclinicnl may be expected about the beginning of July. Mr. Th mas Ihrinn;, the unsuccessful oppo limit of Mr. Patterson, in the recent city of I,nn on contest, Ins boon returned without onpost Hon lor tliiiitini'dou. It is expected that the Ltnpornr of Itussta will arrive tn tin country, on a visit to licr Majesty, about the second week ot this month. British Parliament. On tho 2UJ ult., l)r Il.iwtnnff asked whether Government had any official knowledge ofa treaty between America nod the (ierinan Zollverein, signed on the 2-1d March last, by which tobacco, the produce of Ainerics, was to be admitted into Ijcrmany nt duty of four dollars per cvl., raw cotton free of duty, and other articles at In v duties in con sideratinn of Iho admission of German m.inufac lures on more favorable terms ! Kir II. Peel said it was true that such a trcity had been stgncu, uui u uau uoi yet been rati fled. Mr. liibourhore paid that eistin2 treaties rendered it impossible for Iho Uniled States lo admit the productions of lierinany on uioro fa vorable terms than ours, and consequently that any reduction in favor of German manufactures must be equally lavorablo to ilioso of Great I Uritalii. Sir H. Peel said a few words to tho samo ef fect, but thntiffhl it would bo bettor to abstain from any observation just at presunt, as tho trea- ippy to ad ury, out own conviction that it is admira bly conducted. We therefore perform but grateful service, and an act of justice lo thoso concerned, in publishing the following port, on this subject. STATE OK VERMONT, Re il remembered, thai l lilltcnili n Uoiinty, ss. ) al the Go inly Lour! houriniz Republic, with which vveareorsliould ton wiimn ami lor ine . . . . ..... County of Chittenden, on iho second Tui-day of te at peace, ll impeachment will reach llie Mnv, in the year of our Lord one thousand eiaht bun- author of this outrage, wo trust the process The Gtand Jurors within nnd for iho body of the I niav no instantly besiin. What is this uov yiunty oi .,iii ei men nl..reaiu, now t rro m w". Lr,t rmni in if in cc;,lDi,.t l..l duly enipanncllc'l anil sworn, upon llieir oath present, " b " that they hove examined ihe situation of the common mi,y uponllisown responsihilil V.order Iroons Jail, in said Oountv. nnd find il not only perfectly su ltcienl oral llio leunl nurnoses lor winch it is ile- sisncd, but they also find that the plan of the huildins is no uncommonly good one; that it was creeled in most substantia! manner and with economy : that it reflects mat credit nol only lo llie County, but spccislly to t lie agent who conducted tncercction of tno same. Ann tne wanu juror luriner report, that llie said Jail bouse is now kept in excellent condi lion. TRUMAN GUI.U.SIIA. i'oreman. TEXAS AND JOHN TYLER. dclphiu North Americrn, in an article on this subject, says "If impeachment will reach the presumptuous demagogue, who has dared, without awaiting legislative deliberation, without consulting popular will, to place the country in a warlike attitude towards n neigh The budget of tho Chancellor of the Kvche. The injunction of secrecy on tho subject of tho Treaty for the Annextinn of Texas aving been removed by the Senate, that Treaty and the documents accompanying it havo now been authoritatively made public. The publication of llieso documents presonls tho Acting President of the Uniled Stales in a new position of presumptuous and high handed villanv. Nol satisfied wilh llio un paralleled course of negocialing a Treaty for tho annexation ofa foreign Stale lo our Uni on, without consulting either House of Con gress against the provisions of the Consti tution, and against tho known wishes of a largo portion of the people ho has under taken to use tho land and naval forces of thn Country in overt acls of War against a for eign nation. It appears thai, in nnswer lo n resolution passed by the Senate, in secret session, the President, on Thursday last, informed the Senate that, in anticipation of tho ratifica tion nnd execution of tho Annoxalion Trea ty, ho had undertaken TO ORDER A MILITARY FORCE TO REPAIR TO THE FRONTIER OF TEXAS, AND A NAVAL FORCE TO VERA CRUZ Tho object of thu forco phicnd on tho bor dors of Texas ho slates lo ho, to open com munication with the President of that He public, and act as circumstances might re quire. Tho Naval force, stationed at Vera Cruz, was to remain off tint pnrl, ami pre vent any naval etpedition of Mezico, if any such should be attempted, from proceeding against Texas, Thus, then, has the Acting President of and vessels to be placed at tho disposal of a foreign power, and fur the purpose of sus taining a war with a third power, without the semblanco ofa rightful cause !" Tho New York Tribune, in Bpcakinz of this darinir act of Treason, says : " The Country is electrified. Stocks fell veslcrdar. and there was that fener.il fciliiii; of apprehension and insecurity which is the forerunner of War. This is no illusion we are in tliis moment in imminent danger of War a War un- dertnken in dt fiance of the opinion of tlujucitdized world, nnd lor objects winch will sm ject vsr io gener al abhorrence into which a step may prfcinitnte us. For suppose Com. Conner shall tnko no ids position off tlio harbor of Vera Cruz, nnd n Mexican fleet or single vessel orwnr shall seout lo we'gh nnchor nnd siallil oui, w nni is ino consequence i our iumman' der bails, nnd demands ihe destination ofihe.Mcxi can. Of course if iho Inner believes himself stroll" enough, he will nn-wer that it is none of our business or something like it ; and then our Comuiandei has n i.l.i. :- no cmuc oui tu niu lino i ii i ii. uu ii is i in. ur t uvt i himself, his flap, his Nation, with universal ridicule and disgrace. Hut suppose the Mexican force isyvcnk, nnd its Commander answers that his destination is Cuba, or Cnrlhagenn, New Orlcnns, or nny where nlaA fnn Pnm f!nnnpr bp sntictlpit with lliisl Most be not insist that llio Mexican send his papers on board lhat he furnish convincing eiideuce that ho is not bound lo Texas, and meditates no act of hostility ngainsl Ihnt region I Is not here tne clearest iNntwn al insult and humiliation 7 is nol here the most exns nerating blorknde orihe chief port or .Mexico I Jlnke ibn case of Mexico our own. oml suppose it were En nlnn.l which thus belengued New York, is there an officer in the American Navv who would submit to such an overhauling so long ns ho had a pun on its carriage? Islhcreone manin our Navy who would noi i ir sooner no la ine tiouoin man nca uis coun trymen after submitting to such n degradation ol t lie Nnlionn ensien He might Irike. his flig, indeed, lo overwhelming force s but this is submitting to the fortunes of War and War it clenrly is. tho moment our Iteet lias formed the blockado ol a .uexicin pori MEXICO. At tho last dates from Mexico, the rumor of tho contemplated treaty with Texas had just reached tho city, and wns tho causo of much excitement. Tho government paper, however discredited tho report, and says " It " cannot bo truo, nnd wo havo reasons for " believing it not so. Our Government has " received its official correspondence from " Washington, the contents of which is just " tho contrary of what tbeso papers say. " Out be it as it niay.our Government is do " termined not to lose tho usurped Territory " and to that end she will use her best effort " to recover il.lhal the honor and digdity, and Having disposed thus boldly, of Mr. lien shaw, Mr. Nelson, Mr. Porter, Mr. Calhoun, Gov. Shannon, Mr. W. R. King, and oilier Democrats who Invo ventured to act under Mr. Tvler " needy, ambitious, unprincipled men," tho address goes into detail as K) the abuse of public patronage. This lias been used, it says, witli fervid tautology, " as an inducement to crowds of office-seekers throngs of mail-contractors, and multitudes of solicitors of governmental favors to cry lown Mr. Van Buren as unpopular " and thus to ro-act on Members ot tongress, to issist them. " It is not strange," it conlin ties, "lhat this new instrument of lamor. united with the old Whig machinery of panic should generatu alarm among a few of your representatives, some of whom, already dis affected, were predisposed to lavor it, and others of whom wero too irresolute to resist it or lhat it should embolden the false and mis lead the weak to countcnanco the intrigue which it was designed to accomplish." And from this dark picture of " intrigue " and " irresolution" among the " irresoluto and falso and weak," by whom the Democracy has unfortunately represented itself in Congress it turns lo a bright prophecy of what that De mocracy itself will do Fellow Citizens: Wo nnlicipaio your judgment upon llio wholo affair. The well-meaning timid you win oui reuiu iiuin iiiomiiniiiii.u,i.ri"."i nnitnl in iho nure air of their constituent, which knows no fear or doubt orchanse.and th-re teinspire themselves with Ihe manly spmt ot irceinen. ine attire acnts in Iho disaffection, who seek lo control Ihe nomination or yi'ur convention, wiinom ever nnv. l.A.,.l tl,msi,1ves In nhide lis result, vou Wl 1 in dignaiillv tell lhat you scorn their odvice and resent il,,. r inieirerence. lii tnose w no naie voiuireereu to certify, in the face of llie enemy, that under tho leader whom you have thus far preferred, ond for aught ibcy know may continue to prcier, youi over throw is certain s wlio, ifiou happen to bo lessumid .t ,.i,-,,,im,r ihni ihei-' bnve thus prepared them selves lo lead on their bands under n prociamaunn o ilw'ir own i ereat. nnd WHO call nils ejecuiiog in mum rih llm ilpeision of the council of war ; lo these vol. mil otricers-ternble only lo their friend', you w ill say lhat not of such matetiais ate uiaue ine men oj wiiom. or by whom, is lo be chosen a leader lit lo conduct Iho democialic hosts to victory, loone ana an you will declare lint you nave not neiegaieo 10 tnein 10 speak or act for you at nil upon the subject i that you have entrusted the whole miller lo representatives fresh from nmoncr vou. nnd hearing the uuthnritative expression ol your will; men who will neither be se duced to nei ray vour wiu,t nor inumiuaicu uum va cating your selllcd determination. Wo havo said that this address is signifi cant, though coming from a quarter from which wo generally expect little more than words. Wo have made the extracts above, iho whole. It is a plea for Mr. Van Buren, nnd it docs not turn from its personal object, for nny consideration of national principlo or policy. It implies, distinctly, that no other democratic candidate has any hope fiom his fiionds in New York. Such titles as" tho hangers on of tho camp " CONGRESS. After three days spent on business con nected with the District of Columbia, tho House on Wednesday llio loth, resumed tlio national business. Liltle of geneial in terest was done however. The Standing Committees presented n number of reports. Tho most interesting of lliose were two wilh new postage bills. We are sorry to see that only a minority of the Committee on tho subject, favor any great amelioration in tho rates of postage. The discussion of Texas Treaty slill con tinued witli closed doors in tho Senate. If any proposal was made discus il in opi n sussi in, as liasuccn rumoieu, it is prouauta lli.it il faded. (U Hon. Joan M. Nii.cs has been ad mitted lo a seal in the U. S. Senate, the Committee raised on his case-having drcided lhat his infirmity does not amount lo insani ty. Ho lias been treated with respectful kindness, though llio Senate very naturally paused befure admitting a member who came there straight fiom a six months' sojourn in i lunatic asylum, and who shrunk from tak . . ... i . . i : i lug tits scat lor weens aner ins auiiiu i Washington. A silly story is told in some of the Loco-Foco journals impoiling lhat tho Committee's Report was delayed by a de murrer from Mr Berrien, who had not timo to look into the matter, and who refused to havo the case rcporled on until he could bo satisfied. It is only necessary to say, in re ply to this, that the Loco-Focos had a clear majority on that Committee, given them by the Whig President of the Senate, and of courso might havo reported when and how ihey chose. VAULTING AMBITION. Gen. Cass has sold himself cheap. Ho first wrote a letter against annexation, but finding that ground already occupied, has como out square footed for it. But it will not avail him. Read his letter. Woodbury is also out with a long letter in favor. TALLY ONE. Tho True Democrat exults over the al leged fact that Mr. Briggs has renounced " whiggery !" Will the Democrat allow ut to cut a nolch in the other side of that stick. Dr. Coun, who has heretofore voted for Jackson and Van Buren, thro thick and thin, has renounced loco fncoism, and de clared for Clay. Witness his late Eulogy. Though his enemies may scandalize and his character berate, Yet his talents are valuable both to the nation and state; r al (bam bluster nnd fuss nnd sav svbnt they may. Let us sludy our best interest, and nil go for CL.AT. Whoso turn is it lo knock? MR. WET HER ED'S SPEECH, A friend at Washington has sent ns a pamphlet copy of the Speech of Mr. Wethered on tha Tariff. Wo thank him for his present. Al though we had read the speech in the Intel ligencer, we have givan it a second perusil in its octavo form, and found fresh cause to approve of thesoundness of its doctrines, per spicuity of its statements, integrity of its prin ciples, and propriety of its deductions. Mr. Wethered treats the the subject of protec tion to home industry, with straightforward honesty and common senso. The proposi tions he lays down, and the facts ho adduces in support of them, aro rendered familiar to the business and bosoms of all, because the . t ,ie UllSllirss mm I'uaifina ui an, u politicians who como back to us on stipuia- , firs( aro jus,j(-10j uy ,l0 praciiciil operations .! e... il.ot Ixmnfit ." ' ' t i in il friends." I .1 .i .ti.. i. ,.,iw. ciiher tinrtici- ... . - . . nrnf,.ed Democrats, needy, ambitious and smls, and the last aro sustained by truth, tha unprincipled men,"aro f.eely applied lo those peerless gem among the virWes.