Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 14, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 14, 1844 Page 2
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llii' productions nf uurlnditslry which, would hive led lo lhe opp Milii resull bul it w is the evecs-tvo nil i irtntmn ot f n iv' n productions, In an extent trans scendriit our nioinsofpiyiuunt. Our cxpcu littiroh 1 it exceeded our inciniL'i mi iinii.-tio firoign ilulit wns contracted, i.i In.1 pud, tint in our 1 1 w 11 productions, b.it in spjcie. It hiis Ihu debt which pressed with rcsiitlesj weight upon Ilie banks, niiltlrnio them In llm nltornuiiu ill' bankruptcy or siupi'iisi in. It won t'us pressme which nmiiiul'ited the currency, destiny. cd conii leiieo. niul urn-sled die It ind nf labor. Sir, could tint foriigu cli'lit have been nl any in mieni wi.ied nut is Willi a sponge, the oll'd would li ivt liei'i, to ill. r.n iseil.-ui in, now hfoaiij vigor. - It would hive resulted ihu currency instantly. Much hisbocii .nl herofornic of llic Stale debts, as ihoo.-iini'tifiiiicouib-iir-is iieiits. II ml tlicniiioiinl nl' Hi h il.ii'n been lirmuht nun the country i.i gold and silver, it would hive been n cipital oil Iniul In iiijfi your i ug.i.ti'uicnt.s lli.i, unfortunately you had tii-glccicd your u. vn in lusirv and your own resour ces. Tin! in i r 1 1 1 f n' 1 1 1 r r - of I'.ampu Inil compete I Ion vuirc sfullv with your own. The enormous am mill nl llioj" lints wn received in foreign fibncs wool lens, cotluits, iron, ,Vc Inch in a lew months wctti us-dup, consumed, and gone, and yoiiliul nothing In show a . Ids comi lor.itioii ol'ynur indcntcdiicss. Von wore in clrhl lo i lio extent of two li it ml roil mil Iimi und for wh u I Literally, for nth. ad hurso. Tim rem n-.il uf llm elcp t-il.-s li is al-o Iron sssign id is I hi" cause "f ilia rrvuNijii. .Sir, although ihal huh hm Icil measure was a ilatiguous experiment! mi I mischievous in lite lit degree, jrt I c.uinol ad mil thai il wa the might ol the evil. No, sirt It was o.ilv I It is shock In Ihu crumbling edifice which first disclosed to von. and In the win Id, ill it ihn founda tion of y n r credit hid been already tin lermined. Sir. tho cans'.' of the inisehii f is very i.ii'plo and in telligible. Tuo reme'dy is or;ii illy h ). ' Vour cxpendi Hire h.is t'xc -o d-d your income. Draw upon your re- iiirce., stimulate, protcc, and cucouri.!c your do in -slii' in lustre, add to its tirodudion ami imir wi illli i-ietease v tur inen ne, and curtail niir expenditure. Tl i n tlti- srimlo rem.' lv ml itiled lo th" evil, ntttl llii in the lusts of ihu prukiMiU' policy aiiduflho acl of IS IV. Tint ac! i.x dn'is."tcd to clll cl lioth nlijVcl" to in ercJ thu v iluu an I the production n( l.ili.ir. by di vrrsifytn.' tl- pnmns i and lo ilitititiih cxpiiidiluri f bv supril vitm hv our own in Iihtv tu.nuiii in asuici wlnt wo have bci'll .iccustoitu'd to pitriha-ofruin oili er . Sir. we need lite aid nf no xtihlh' peni!.uinn of thro- rettral tifti ih iiiltcn. no into irti'd .lu'ortcs from for i-in it.iliotiM, ho-.i. 1'oinliti.m in ilitr-ient, and wltosu inferc-M au.l p il it! v ate ainnonit to ours, In teach u Mir irue rcououty I i tin pitlteul.ir. I ehnose rtithri In b irrovv mv nrutu in froui the iound i 'di'iiu nt and priclu'il kisiriiv of inj anei.mr. in 1uijI lo my native Ni'tv IVwh'id for the eli-iienu ofau i-rnnouiy whieh In. been lliero w 'uect"'fltllv pratlicd to e-ii'ratt in n.m int ni l cone, whn, thoiiuli loeittd mi mj hrr m 'k ami hilN, upon a burcn sod, and be- netlli a wintrv bit v, li up vet edtuiilml In t lie wnrlu on example of nidiMiry and eeououiy, mid ot eomforl, co npeleti' n anil iliiin, uoriliy llio ttuulaiion of any pi iplo upon earth. Sir, the r,i heal p'iunple of llieir e-nnomy. a princi ple tit lallv nppliciliio lo irilions a lo Inilivt n ib. li iimnpriwl in lliix si-tipl,. niaxiin I'loduco if lunch n4pi:tiif lie tlte ill irli o vottr I 'iinsiry, nnil Kiep viur exn Mi.liiuni uhin vnur inennic. While tin unpin .ind intelligible mi.xim is observed, e cannot lull lo prosper. To cIl'iM'l l!ie lii si of tlfse ob.'el. iheoreat desil eratitm i a nrnner distribution of labor. Tne L'renl iliirie-tltv l. lint we are ton eveluively nyrietdttiral. Ol'ninnv arli.'les there ia an oer nroductiiii nlreadv. wln'u the disparity is daily inenainj; by the lido of r. mention rol.inu -o ra; nllv In the fertile rc'dons of llie West. In llii stiltief thim.'1, von add iioiIiiiil' I i the value of tl'H -ull.ir-il prndueimu by increasiim" the quantity. Win u ilie in lxm.uiu ol deiu.iud is readied, furlhrr siiniily is aluelis and aildittnnal la bor is throw n away. I'y iliv. r iu a poruou of vour laoor inin new eiianne's- -in ui.in ilarliiriiiupurMiiis VOU Inlin n.ilbinu l'r..,n uurtciltttr.., . lull r,.u mill 10 the m'Eteante alue oT hbur lo lite amount of your innniitacturtu production. At the same lime ynii di minish, t i ihu suite extent, vour expenditure the lax upail your Agricultural industry. Sir. I'rei leni, I will now nrorcd to notice sonu of the objcciims to this puhev. The first in order and in i niorlaiice is, ihal il disiroy cnuiuierce. greater f ill-i'-v linn thtscannot be eonceiid. (3cn tkmen a k. wiih real euiph i-h, "Hill oti ilolroy cminieree ? ' No, sr, ue ilcsijcn no suclj ihin e antu-ijnte no such tiling we aritrJicntl it nut. Our i irnose is mi lo rrculite it as in make it subset vieut I I'm ueiienl pro-jierilv, rather lb in a perpt Iti-it ifr mi nf vour re-sourer in cut" II a d. Hi rem icmiIi in lim it nur ininor'aliou to theaiuiunt nf our rxporlaliun mid pieveni the over 1111101 niton of forcmn f.ibrics und the e iiicii tenl btiid-n ol loiceju debt Nor djes thy policy Inch wo advocate tend toucli H lesult. The extteri'Miee uf tht world shows ihe con Irnrv. Look at I''ii;land. She h.is steadily, pere veriuclv. nhsliinielc. adhered lo her protective Policv Shi hasp Heeled her .'uriciillural iujii-try ill home, nnd ii-Ilic,I her itianuf.icturiugtutcn sts lor centuries What is the result 1 She i the most couniicrnal na. lion upon cirlh. Her itnnuf'ictinrs hac been the bxsis of lur cn in iiitcc. She has been llio workshoji of the world. Ilcr insnuf iciuri s have found their ray into eury civihcd an I many of the uncivilized nations of thu earth ; and in llii' way the rt source und th energies of lln' civili.ed wntld have b.i n made irtbulnry to her propentj and her dory, '"ir, we nre followiiii! in herst. is. Tne cxn rlalion nf collou I'ibrics lia already commenced. We formerly sent nrcm lo China, in exe haniro fur her teas. XXenow b;n I cotton cnods. Does nnv man imagine tliat our trade with ( lima will hndimiiiMicd bv Ihoclnnjei Tliesiuie fabric is sent to South America to lit Eistnnd Wri Indus. The amount of this ailicl exported in the vear 13 12 ex' ceded ihree millions of d illars. Kor this the proditclious uf foretiin conn tries are receive.l m exchanges or tl not, Ilie icrv re nreseii'ativit of wealib, the aolil and ulicr, is remit ted. The ab. bty nf every nation lo sustain lis font; romtneree depends upon tta pro Jiiclinu at hoiiic. A pople who export tioihiu cut import uothini;. This Ins been ilie expi.riemc of lite world, and such it cv cr will oe. It you woulj purchase, voit must secure llio means of pavmcut. (ino lo youi peoii'.e lh in jin nf i'iij iyin' llio luxuries ol turtbu importation nnd you nnv rtsl assured that ilie liispo-ition will riot bo wantiui;. Ily adding tn the (uniitity and vail ctv of vour domestic production, yo i ndd lo x our t a- pacity for expor atim and nf course fur importation your mijiorialion will correp mil lo your exporla n..TT i . u. mass nt Mie rxpirts nf Hits iniion inns' an.i anviv win no reiuriicj in lucprnmii linns nl oilier countries i tms vnur com t.crce will lie in creased, inciii ibly incMM--id , iinilthil upon llio In us, n it nfyour credit, but uf your domestic pro lue lim. This i- lb" Ill-is upon which voir cinuiiKrci sh j dd rest. Sn Ion j as il rem tins uttn this fuotiuc II will be prosp.-ron. ami pionrr.ile, tint nnert'lh system of fue Hade, anil nf excessive importation nn. I tlicrcuit will tie. as il In iiecn. your enuimerci will ue iriiicriniiic i n v tn.. i:r.nM u exn iu-ii in "I vnur mean, your currency will hn pro-trafel as il has b?en, vour credinl.r.-a I will he s icriliced ; and, wli iswors-. yo ir n I'ioual clriractcr and hoiiui will racrtliced wilh 't. Wlivisiithat vour forcii;u cimmcrcc Ins fallc nfT? f it nol Hi it yo ir people h iv hi come iiupover is'icl, nn I mi nun lo puretns. .ir' iii no iijs. iai iinportaiio.is hue been nride, and ihe pi ids reship p.'il reiurneil w hence Ui.-v came lor Itu ria-on Nuw.if you will rc-lnre vour cnuiuierce and vnur rev I'tiilc, von imist restore tile ability uf our peotile. Di' vr fv v uir lab ir. a Id lo ihu virnlv of exnoitib1 pro.l iciioii, briti foreign uaiionsiu nur debt, and ou may receive wini vou p'tnso in payiueni. Mr, in v own observation Ins saitlie I mo nn thi point. When ilie prn luet' of ihecou-nry in which I resilu bore a sood price, and nu I Willi a n a ly sile, Ihe penplenf ilnt sjction mdult;ed freely in the con simplioii off in lull imports, lint nn sooner did lint prod ice f.ill. than a ceueral rediiLlion look tdace. The de tiers in foiei'n yoods will le'l you, lint alter t'la falling ofl'of ihe prices of aurieullural iiiodueiion, not moretlian lUlv per lent, nf Ihe aiiiauut of fortun yonds was co'isuuic.l, Mr, if you would 'n-itcr commerce, you must diver sify Ihu purs'iits, of labnr uivo it a reward m all its walks, hullic,ent nol merely fnr bmIis'Iciicc, but to I nvHti surplus lo be e len.led upon the comforts or Ihr luxuries of life. This done, )our commerce will prosper, and otir revenue will be abundant, Vour own experuiico leaches ibis. While vour ptotecltve poll 4y w-as in nperalion. comuierce 11 juris.li, it ; bul when you ileinMiil from it, commerce wasdcslruycd, and rovcmiH f.iih'd. Onoof ihe rules adopted bv linnnciers, ill cstinia- liu ills sources of revenue, is iliat die nmounl of vnur cxponali n tleteriruiies ihe amoimi uf your nu poitsj ihe irrcilir Ilia iiiiinunt nf vnur exports, ihe nrrtier w ill be vnur importation. Tliis is a orreel rule, because, m a he.illby stale of f.iremn trade, it is but an exeliaii'joot cominoiiti-s. x Hat wo ilesire is, In bruit: Ihat Hade back lo I proper fooiuii;! lo prune 111 excesses ; lo hrini! up vmir ine ins m vour Impor tstion, or, what is tho samo thins, nrna Unwn your lininrntiu lo vour means. P.i nol irentieineii tee ihe ineviublu cousi nuencn nf ihe ttrntrclive system '1'hi.ioire vou divers, fv lalmr. and the irreater vani ty you produce of articles deui inded nr s drabln in a f.irci.'h unrkci, ihe morn you increase jour ab.hty lo rxporl, and couscr)iiciilly your ability lo import. And what eonsiitulis commerce but exportation and importation 7 Sir. if vour forci'-n Irado ha lakcna wrnnadircc ti in. and Ins li.-emne iiutirofilable, tliimntsli it llio less you h ive ilia 1 clicr j hut when you have made it prnfitsble. extend il a much as vou please. The Senator from Smith Carolina complains lhat we have reduced our imp. iris lo Ihe extent nl lorly millions. Well. sir. if we havo iiiipiir'cil more linn w can pay fiir. w by should Ihey lint be reduced 7 If a forei m debt has been eon'raeled which Ins prnslra led Iho bank", destroyed ihe currency, depreciated nrnneriv. and ibreati ns ecneral baiikriirilev. is it not ill" pari of true i eononiy Inrelrenchl If vn i havn reflliceii vour impoil.llions inity niiiiini, y,,it tl, e rcduct-l llm lax upon vnur pro ti-iiv industry lo lint nmo iiit. Hill llii isnolxll: vou have een'ctl lo im port beiusi vou snpnlv yoor wnn' al lioine by your o mi labor, nnd have thus added forty m 'lions in your own wealth, from the true and leiplimale Bource nf weal'li. your own lalior. In nne case, you lax Ihe la bor of this country tn ilie amouni uf forty millions, to ' mployineiit, (a branch nf tndnstiv already over stocked, ) lull jou have diverted tho surplus and use. ss laMir linn ti ttsiiiil mm profitable channel. Sir, if wo wcru n iiurelv nuneulliiral ncclilcllic world would not furnish a market ft r nur productions. U'. I ., . , I l I..'. I ...i., it tvtj escecucu lliu uemanu nireaoyi lino nmii will be Ihu statu uf ihinus for ihn fiilme. willi nil in- crcasini: production winch no inorlul can ctlimalc, 1 icavo aeiiattim lo coiijccltitc. .Mr. I'rcsiditu, let us look al the cllecl of our policy upon the ureal articles of protl icilon ami e.xpotialioti. The .Ven ilor froni Srw ll.iinp'hiru looks to the njiri cullural inlcrist, s tlctly siicakini! lite production nf ireadstulls nnd other nitidis nf humiiii siisteinnecl au.l Ihe Senator from .South O.iinlina In the plnulme tnici'esl, or the crowiiHt uf collon and lolnccti. The Senator from iSevv Ilauipsluro asks, will you ex- Innce l ieutcat foreurn maikel for iiericii tnrnl tiro luce for 1 lie paltry nnl msipnificnnl inarkcl crinletl iy n tew in iniii icliitirs ( .xo, sin wo ncsieu no uch lliniL' but wo intend In cri nto mi mliViliiinnl iimlutnt Ikiiiic, in aid of the foician imilkcl, for the coii-uuiplioii nf our nuricnlliira prodiiettou, Tim as sumption lint Ihe creation uf this domestic market w.li tlft,ny thelorcin, is one nl those erroneous as sumptions which have misled Ihe .Senator, and civcti I lo Ins array of facts a wron" direction. Asa ucnernl ru'e, each imtou prodncrs within tisclf ciiouau nl ag ricultural production fut its n Il subsistence. Mosl ililioiii have a surplus; nnd lliosu who have not, all supply Ihemsi Ives to a very ureal extent The tie. m ind for foinjn commnilitits is even with litem con fined to Ihe deficiency. Il is limited lo their necessi ties. IJcvnud th II Point llicv will not co fall shoil nl it they cannot, Tho market, linn, ts one which innot bo enl irired bv nnv ncliun nf nnr. nor call II asily be diniini-hcd livanv economical reciilaiion im tin ir pari. I he iireat error of the Senator riiuii in supposin? that the foreii'ii tnnrkct for breadsluirs dcpenils upon our impuriallon of foreign f.ibrics in stead of iho neccsilics of n!her nations. Experience Ins lauclil us soiucihltiL' nu this bend, Duiini! Ihe period when this whole cnunlry wa prostrate iindt r the pressiite nf nur ininii n-o debt tn Kutdand the Iirotlueo of llio Northwestern farmtrs 'the clas uf til ti to wliuin the .SVnator uppeal, and to whom his nriMimcut was addrifid) was roltmu on llieir hands, unsilenllc at any price, pecause it wmilil notluar triiii'pottatiou to inarkcl. If there wt re ever a stale of.lhiii", lavorable to ilie opetalion of tlie .SViialor's llieory, it was this. Our inipnrtnliocs lime been luereat-ed. We had incurred a vast dcbl, which we could nol pay except 111 our ptndiicc ami that they woulil nol like i yit tliey couiil ttel iioltnno clc. Jl Ihe impel latum of m.iniif.ictiued nrltcles Iroin lCnir lend would create a eoriipondiiii' luaikcl for nur iroiluce iheie, surelv the imporlnlion in advance, and upon a credit, would have that (lltct. Our indibted mssto them would have a powerful tendency to re- luce to Ihciii the price uf nur productions, while the iuipo-sili,liiy nl satttlviug the ililit in money woulo furnish n silting induct nit lit to rtccivc Iho'-e produc tions. Vet their necessities did not call for It, nnd their policy forbade it. Does the Sinalnr imagine, that it' the cxpt ritnenl were tepeateil the result would he dil1eiiul7 I nes he suppose ihat even if we im porlnl the vcty Inls and shoes wluih we wear from l.nijl.iud, she would la,c from us an article winch ?he tlocs not warn, nun wtitcti she will not sulh r lo iJ imported except under the inessttre of necessity? Sir, the theory that we can extend our r.xportatiott in definitely, bv mereami nur imports, is nucnf Ihe str.in.M'st f.illaeics vvluch cvir found a Indenifut in Ihe hitman brain. 1 oil can export what is ileuian- 1 abroad, whan the necessities of other nations cnll for vou can co no farther. If you have luxuiii s. su perfluities in spare, you can cxchauite t lietn. 1 admit, lor ilie luxuries and superfluities of other Pinions, ami tu tint way find a inarkcl but I am speak in-; of the Hour, lite heel, a tut pork, ol the vies I nrlic ( s nl ne- cc-,!tv, not of luxury. II luxuii'sare added, il would onsil Mlhcr of wines linn E illed potlt. I ho truo rule h, lo uradna'e your importation to Jour cx oris; but Ihe Senator reverses Ihe rule, and would I tty what we do not want, ill order to dispose of our produc lions. lie l'ocs upon iho assumption lhat a diiiiiuu tl m of nur iniports imisi necc-arily iillict our ex ports. To delcrtuine whether this will be the case, it Is necessary to advert lo the state of thu trade. Thu creditor nation may in tonic cases find il diflit ult to restiict its inipnrtaliun, w ithout produeuii' llu elli ct. If I In- lie 'tile with whom il deals aiu taxed alrtndy bv their imporlati n In ihiir iitmott cap.iciiy, a rclusal lo rect ive their pro luctions will diminish lhat capaci ty, and disable iliein from purcliastui' foreion comino diiii't. Such hisbien the condition uf ICiiglaiiil, in relation lo this country, for u few years na-t. Our enormous debt to her disabled us finm puri'lia-m" btr fabriesas we Ind been aceiHtorned lo do. niul hrr ic- fusal lo receive our bre.idstiiU's Ins iindnuhiedly di nimished her exportation lo lh:s country. Hut with llietleb'or u ilion il is otherwise. Whenever it linds itsjll'einb'jrrassod vviili a debt frnwim out of its for- ei!;n Irade, II miit necessarily iliiuiiiidi its importa- tun. I mil awaro ih.it an unfavorable balance nf trade wilh ono union may be met by a favorable state of Ira le with number; but whenever lint bal ance transcends die ability nf the nation, rcneuch mcnt becomes indispensable; nnd that retrenchment may be made without tiUcclim- lis exporlalton, until the fepiihhi'iuni of Irado is restored, and its imports bronchi down to ihe stand in of Ms exi oris. ir, when tlie-vn nor drew i lecomiiarisou between the r.njhsh market and the piltrv home maiket nf New l-'nuland, it would have bet u well had ho staled llieir lel.mve value As ho professes to tleal in facts, I wdl furnish him some w li i h I commend lo his spe cial consideration. The Spite of .Mass i husells con sumes more of the lloitr of the Western States linn llio whole exporlalton of lhat article amounts lo ; Ihn bti'o Slate of Vetihonl connines from l.iO.OOl) Io200,- 000 barrils annually nearly as much ns is s lit to i.ncianu ; inin ine in inin icmrers nt .vcw ).iiLi.inii Use a much ed iho same for starch for sidnr alone ns is exported lo (treat llritain. Il is ascertained that they ue annually, for that purpose, 200 000 barrels We exported lo ICnuland in 1312 about -'O'i.OOO bar rels. Oar exporlation t Ureal llritain and her de pendencies for that jeir was ns follows: r-Locn. Harrel. To r.naland and Scjtl.ind - - 20s,n'l Vo Cana l,i .... OT.OH To lint'Hh We-t In IKs - - - 217,17!) To all other dependencies - lf.SJU aitririitiural to olhcr employments. In this xvny a ninrket has already been created, nf more importance to tho Western firmer than nil the lorrign markets Pill lot-clhir. Vil this niaikct depends alloKclhcr upon your policy withdraw your protection, nnd prosirnle the iiintiiifactiirini! interest, nnd it is cone. r The nrpiiiictil in rein I ion tu wheat nnd Hour is cipmlly nitpltenblo lo beef mid pork, nnd other produe ttonsof llio West, and to the producoof the dairy, ciimmnii to both tho North and West. It need not he repealed, .Mr. l'ri'Sidcnl, tho protective policy lias met with violent opposition in a q mrtcr which 1 ndniil i, from its (,'te'al ox por tat inn of cotton, deeply inlcreslid. Tlic planters seem to think lint Ihe manufacturers could nut bo true lo their own interests, without being nl war Willi thu collon (-rower, nnd to iissumo that llio ninntifaelurini; interests nf Nuw r.ncjnnd nnd in consistent wilh thiir prospeuly. Thisi-,iu luyjudg nient, n rmlicnl error. Il iscaily dcmnnslrated lhat the tlemand for cotton will bcincri'ased by llio exten sion of the nnniif tetnrc. There is a ileinand for cot ion in (Ileal llritain for three purposes i I. Kor her domestic. I'onsuuiplion. 2. Tnx Aincricnn coniiinp lion. And X for the supply of other mat kits, foreign both to lliem nnd to us. In regard lo her domestic consumption, Il is difficult to perceive how the nianufectiirn nf the arliclu by us, for our own consumption, should nlled it. Cotlon f ihrie have beeutne ibere1, ns they nro here, nn nrliclo nf necessity. There is no substitute for them. Tlnx lias been superseded. To the extent of her own nc cossiiiosat home, she tniit haveitt nnd if she can not supply herself elsewhere, she must take it from u. If she can obt'.in her supplies from her ow n de pendencies, she will do it. Hut competition from abroad in the growlh of the law material we cannot avoid. No financial nr economical regulations of nur nwn will prevent il. It hnsbeen represented thai the cotton used in (treat llritain, for the supply of Iho Amtrieatt market, is very small in comparison with licr domestic consumption. If it be so, lite difference produced by maniifictutin! lor ourselvc win no tri vial. So far a our own consumption it concerned, ihe wanls of our ow n people must be tho criterion j nnd llii! S'tine amount nf ihe taw material will be re quired, w liotht r llio fabric is mnniifactuietl here or abroad. Suppose ten millions in vnlueol the fabric is wanleil lor Ihu American maikel, woiini nni mo snmi: amount bo rcuiiired if manufactured nthuinc 1 Sir, ilie demand for collon would bo increased bv tho inaiiiif.ictiiro of the fabric in this country If the nianu'actiirc could be distributed throughout the conn- lie. and a cottnn faclnrv established in evcrv county in'lhc ITnion. the consumption of Iho nrliclo would be increased fifty per cent. Place it within the reach of every agriculturist where Iho surplus produce of In film would enable linn to nurclmso il. nnd he would ii'-eitllu! more freely. There nro many nrticles nf tirnduct'on. csneeinllv in the Northern States, which will not bear transportation, nnd sonic nrcofn perish- nblc character. Tho establishment nt nnniilaclures in every section creates n home market in every neigh borhood, and thus enables your people tn purchase. ihe fabric in exchange for productions which would nth T' -e bo nf no value The manufacturers become consumers, nol merely of vourjreal staples nf expor lation, I tit nf lhat species nf agricultural production w hich is never regarded n exportable. (Concluded next week.) Jlciolrcd Thai wo trust il may be our good for nine to renew on tho same spot the glorious scenes of Juno 2,")th 1810, anil that tho great whig brothcthixid of xcrinont will ngntn meet in council, lo pledge anew upon the altar of our country's welfare, tho same patriotic enthusiasm which animnled us on that day, Ittsoltcd That we hold out llio tight hand of fel lowship lo the whigs, not only of Vermont but of ihe Union, and promise them a hearty welcome nnd tho best accommodations that our homes will afford. Iletoltul That ihcto resolutions bo signed by ihe Chairman nnd Secretary and published in the Krco I'rcss, and that all the Whig papers of this .btntobc requested to copy the same. TIMOTHY KOM.KTT, CAoirman. K. A. STANSI1UUY, Sccrchrv. STATE CONVENTION. V II I D A V 31 0 II N I N (i , JU N K 14,. I8JI. DIsTIUCT CONVENTION. The Whigs of ihoTitinn Covanr-ssioNAi. Disthict nrereiues,,, m meet in ('onventionat Huhlisoton on TUr.sDA V, Ihe 23lh of June, 1R1 1. In scleci a suita ble t'nnditlate In represent said District in tho 29th etiii7ress nl ihe IJimetl states. l.'ich town in Ihe District is requested lo nppoint tin oc or iiit'rctiiieiraies In s.-mt (.omen Hon. SA.MUfU, A DA. MS, 1 I1AHVV HKI.I., M'trlct C SSIUS I'. I'lriv, y Commitce. (iKO. W. KOSTKUJ It fixes thu botinditrii'SofTuxiisqnil ttiinuxcs it, oti certain conditions, ono of which is tUi assent nf Mexico. Annexation uiiliotit tho payment of tho linglon is tho place npiointcd to hold thepeo- ptc. Wo Iihvo not forgottoti tho reception pivon tho Whigs of tho State in 1840, by Ittirlincton Whigs. It wns enthusiastic and hearty, thrown Addison" will ho found on hand nt that time, Tim settlement of the limits of Slavery. ns sho wns in 1810. Unity yo yeon.anry to I' ' ""1 probablu that it will puss nt this the gathering. Choico spirits will meet you session, (hough a different opinion is express there. Wo haVo heard it suggested that M " article which appeared in Friday's John M. Bolts, of Virginia, Danial Webster Glubo, and which was generally uttriuuted and Gov. Win. II. Seward would bu present. 1 Mr. Ilenton. Their hearts and houses were public debt which has now grown up to open. Wo ardently hopo " Old twhntv two millions or not.t.Ans Po Hnghnd I'n Cinatl i To Wet Indies In a'l If we cnmpulo the bnrcl nf Hour to icqmre i uusiieis oi wneii, me ass.jii barrels nro equal to 833,331 Huslle's. in:iso G'ii.oIH 1 1.U.'O sr.t.T.n ! 750 211 Whole exportaiion to fireal llritain nnd her dependencies, in bushels - . . 1,303,0(37 The Senator -tated thai f!rcat 111 iia n and lit r de pendencies look two fifths of all our siirpln and bread-lull's. If he h id Mid of nur e rportjliun, he w liould have a.proai.'hed nearer ihe truth. His cal culation is deceptive, a-, he lakes tho nmounl actually exported as con-tiiuiing 1 1 il- surplus, selling dow u llio lesilue for liouu consumption. The into mode is to nseeii.un the iiinoiint produced, nnd deducl fioiii it ll.o amount neiv- iry for home ( onsuiiiplion, nnd the dil" ferencc in ihe suiplus, nr win! we are capable uf ex p irlius Tlie relurns uf the last ecuiu show an nu mini pro luelio'i nf ethly. four mil nns nf bti-hets uf wheat. 3Ir. Kllsvvorth co iiputes it in bis annual re porl, made at this session, al one hundred nidliotis, As. inning thai our populaiioit at this tune is 20 000, OOiJ, I ctloiHlu that Hxly iiiiIIiuiis cf bushers will meet the nceefS-iry lioine eimsuinpnnn, Imving n sur plus n! forty in.lhons. Of ibis, (Jitat llritain takes a nine over nnc-icitih. The iimducliim is incrcasmc rapid v. but the cxnnr. tatinn nf 11 uir lo Canada ha ceased. Iliavubtcii und.-r Ihe impression thu Ihe Hour cxporled In (.'.in h I.i found its way In r.rii'liiud, bill such is not now the ea-e. I lie pooplon! t an ula ilemitriuccl prnto -tion for lli' ir ind 'rv, und dlscrmiiualing tluliis have beiu impose I nub lhat view. Our wheat it admitted al a lo.vluty, In bo tnanufjclmed there; but 11 jur ia sub- j-cteti lo a heavy u ily, so thai Ilie exportation ofit lo tint cnunlry In ivastd. Thu tho protective policy, so long adherei1 In by I'nglandal home, lias been ex tended lo her remote depen lencies. Il is worthy ol ponce, also, thai iho small nmoiiul nf ibis in tic b ex ported lo Kuol.iiid tlocn in I l'o iulu her'Joiiietrtie. cup- Mimptiou. Il i mauled and storid, mid re-exported, for ilie supply uf her in irtne, c uieieial and uuhta- ivt nnl III i, n I suppose, t lie dolus ihu nvoidetl. ' To the liiittsh Wen Indies wp send nbiut 210.000 barrel. Thi market, such as it i, is one of neceesi lv tbn3 l-l mil not piodocill!! the arllcle. Our Irndtt viiib these island. furnished n striking illustration nf Ihelallacy tu the Seiiatnr s ihe'ory, that reducing our importalio'n will neetssaiily destroy uiircxpuil Irade. ivu inrmeriy iiupoiiui irom ineiu sugar, moisascs, rum, it'c., which are now inado lo u great extent at home; yet nur expo-i uion has not sensibly fillin nil'. I he exnorlation lo those ts'atids in 1312 iiinounted to S1200 0CO our iintiortaliou llicnee 10 8320 000. or one dollar for every four exported, leaving a balaneo of Ihrco tu our favor. Tin Itrilish inarkcl. whether in I'.uropenr Iho Wcsi In es. is n martlet of necessity, Shtt takes from us only what she is compelled lo lake, lonvot starva linn, li is reL'iilated bv the demand, ami that tlemand is liniitu I In iho Hino inl ncccssiry for iho subsistence of her people. She steadily protects her nvvn indus try, nnl never permits the agriculiural production of other countries lo cnino in compcliiinn with her own. Should she nb indoii lh il policy, and )ou silk a mat kec ihcre, yon would then encounter a coinpelilion from ihe north nf Kuropc. who could nnd wt old un dersell you. Sir, v hat was our experience nn ilnt subject, when llio fiilureof Ilie corn crop in r.nghind m ilia sirucn flown Ihe price ofcnllou there nnd pro ducedn revulsion in lliiscminlrv. Thocapilal usually liivesled in collon was diverted lo I lie purchase of breadstuff end where did il go? 'l'o the continent. Had il come here, fnr the purchase of our llour, we should Invecxpeiienced no revulsion. Whetherlbcy look nur collon, or nur wheat, would hive been im in iteml ciihcr would have served ns n means of re inittniiec. nnd ssved nt, fmu eiubnrrn Hiuenl. Hin, when seeking that investment, it unfortunately look nnoincr iiirecnnn, Sir, iho farmers of ihe West can never rely upon tho irvl WHIG STATU AND UVriFICA TION CONVENTION. AT HCnLINGTON, WKPNESDAV, JCNK 20, 1311 The Whigs of ihe Slate of Vermont, (and nil olhers withniit regard to name,) who are in favor of I II -Nil V tn.Wfor the Presidency, and TIIIMDOIIK I'Ki: UNlillL'VSKNfortho ice Presidency ol iheUnued Slates, aro requested to meet in Convention nt Hurling ton, on Wr.DNi:SDAVlhu20ilinf June.ot lOo'clock A 31., for the purpos.i of iioiuiuatiiig Ciudidates fnr State Ollicers and I 'lectors of Picsident and Vice Pres ident of ihcUniled Slates j also lo confirm the nomina tions made by the National Convenlion held nt Hut liutore llio first of 31 iv inst, for llio Presidency nnd Vice Presidency; nnd for the tiaimction of other mai lers deemed necessary, preparatory lo the annual Sep tember r.lcetion. A fioioi nor .Mattocks declines being considered a can lid-iie for re-election, (whit It will be seen l.y his letier here vvi tli made public.) a new- ca ml id ale for that olficc is to bo silectetl. This etrcuiiistiiuce, together with matters conne-cled Willi National alfatrs, must reu In compliance wilh tho invitation given some months since by the Whigs of Burling ton, tho Slate Committee have called a Mass Convention at this place, on the 2Gih Juno i list. :i nd it iiflords us no small satisfaction tn believing that wo shall on this occasion be privileged to rcnow the happy acquaintance wo niiiile witli tho democracy of this and a sister Slnto in 1840, and at the same linio extend our hospitality to a still larger num ber, (if such thero be,) who were not so for tunate as to participate initio exciting scones of that occasion. Wo aro nol unmind ful uf the compliment involved in this ar rangement. The committee had pretty much decided to call a convention of dele oiilcs at some other point ; but since tlie Ualtimoro Convention, they have been so overborne with calls from all parts of the State in favor of accepting our invitation, that they felt themselves no longer at liberty lo disregard it. The 2jiIi of June '-10, is

gratefully remembered by thousands, who, as the campaign opens, feel irresistibly impel led to renew liicir patriotism at the same altar, and tinder the saino l !u-; si.y, that in 1810 they pledged their counlry'a redemption ; to light up anew the same ardor that then nerved litem for victory. In the name of our towns men we thank the committee ; and in behalf of every whig, hid the whig hosts of Vermont and Nuithcrn New York, a hearty welcome lo our town, to our firesides, and a participa tion in the bounties with winch God has crow'r.ed our boards. Never did our citizens perform a more grateful service, than in be stowing tho poor entertainment they were enabled to yield on a former occasion of (lie kind, and in view of the kind spirit in which that was received, and tlie glorious assurance of realizing that "brighter day" whicli then but dawned upon us, wo need hardly repeal the assurance of a cordial, hearty, welcome to all nur friends. Wo learn from different parts of the Stale that there will ho a general rally. Addison andlttilland, will maishal their hosts; Wind sor, we arc assured will Icavo 1810 in the back ground ; Franklin and Grand-Isle, aro wide awake ; Chittenden will rally in mass ; and wo hope lo sec a similar response from other counties. Tho notice, to be sure, is rather short, but let tho action be prompt and energetic. Agrcoablutn a pledge given our delegates ut Baltimore, Mr. WEIJSTEIt will be here, untl ni-'ilrcaa llic- people. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS has been invited, and there is rea son to oxpect bis attend, nice. Messrs. UOTTS of Virginia, and CLAYTON of Delaware, assured the committee of their de sire to meet tlte people of Vermont, and we shall probably be able tn announce them next week. Our wholu Cnngiessional dele gation will of course be in attendance, and the occasion can hardly fail to bo ono of thrilling interest, and high intellectual enter tain men!. We shall publish a programmeof tho whole proceeding in our next ; and perhaps send it to our friends abnad at an earlier day. It would bo worth going 60 miles on foot, to hear from such men upon great national questions. It will be a treat that every Ver mont Whig will relish. Tho battle has Tho President, it is said, has determined to veto thu eastern harhnr and river bill : ibis includes tho appropriation for the Hudson rivor. It is also supposed, us a matter of commenced. The parties arrayed with llieir course that he will veto tho western river und chieftains. Henry Clay, tho friend of the harbor bill. Tarifr,llic peoplu's champmn leads the band of glorious Whigs, wliilo Jas. K. I'olk, wilh Ins black flag of Free Trade shivering in tho wind, leads South Carolina nullifiers and Vermont Loco Focos. Galaiy. A TEST VOTE IN THE SENATE. Tho Whig Tariff which triumphed over all tho assaults of ils enemies in the House of Representatives, lias also been sustained and by an emphatic vote, in the Senate. I'end- FLAG STAFF. ing tho discussion on Mr. McDulTie's Frco Tho Whig young men of Burlington havo Trade propositions, Mr. Allen of Ohio, wilh been engaged tho past week in preparing a a view of getting a vote on tho principles and splendid Hag Staff, which is to be erected details of tho present Tariff, moved a reso in tho I'ark, some day next week. It is 106 lutiot: declaring " that the duties imposed by feet in length, and of dimensions sufficient existing laws on importations are unjust nnd to stand a " November frost." Congress will adjourn on tho 17th. This will bring our delegation home just in time for the Convention. THE PEOPLE AROUSING. Whitehall, June 10tht IS 1 1. Mb. Stacv, We have had such a wonderful Whig gathering in this village that 1 feel inclined, with your consent, to give my numerous friends in your neigh borhood somo account of it through yourp-iper. Smca lliel.oeo Ilalttmorc Convention, there has Icon an extensive ami must amusing "kick from ihe srs. Hiichatiiian iind Slurgeon, of Pennsylva traccs" of thai parly in this region. The present po- nisi.) This vote shows (hat the entire Whig shion of the To question nnd the determination of n.trtv ,.f .t.,. it,.;,,,,. an.... .....n rv which side are the the Tariff! IC. I'olk, who was understood to bo opposed lo p tccting American Inbor nnd ciiletptise. lie wished lo know if such wcro llio fact, nnd if, by selecling such n man ns their leader, thai p ir IV intended In annoimco ins principles In ho Hit Irs ( Il was important Ihal llio people thoiilil know, that they mi jhl teo w hat ihcr principles of thai party wcronl tin's tune. Mr. Morris spoko with pungent frcc, and drew tho general at- tciiuoii m memucrs. Mr. l'nviie, of Alabama, replied lo Mr. Morris nnd "defined (iovcrnor folk's position." as tho rihrnse is. in regard lo ihoTnnH'. He staled Mint (Iovcrnor I'olk was for rnismu rcvenuo fur the surmorl of i n- fin. eminent by duties upon foreign goods j but lint ho was opposed tn protection even niei lental When nked by a iiiombt r some fuestion, ho replied that e.ov. r. woiini noi nttow one latin ng lor protection. Mr. Hardin, of Illinois, followed .Mr l'ayne, and favored llio House Willi n complete political portrait ure of the new candidate of Ihe f.ncofoco paMy for iho Presidency, by reading from Ins speeches in Congress nnd while' canvassing; llio slaloof Trnniwo in 1813, nnd also from his ri pons as Chairman of llio commit tee of ways and menus in tho llou'c. I-'roin the tal ler il appealed lint Mr I' was ihe friend nnd ndvocnto nf STATU HANKS, and 'ho uncompromising oppo nent nf the siib-Ticnsury scheme. Very good very Wlugi'h. It appeared from n pamphlet speech of Mr I'olk, delivered last summer, nnd wrillen out by him self, that ho is in f.nnr nf a horionlal lanfTof 20 per cent., tcttfujiit nuw iliscrimiiuititm forprolution. In lhat speech, sptakmg of the ihsiril iiiion net and llio protective policy of tho Whig", he says, "I havcalead nnd nt all lune, upposi-il both." Well, how will the Democrats nf I'etinsylvnnia, Now S'ork, New Jrrevt Connecticut, Ohio, nnd other norihern -Intes, like this tletlnratiotiT How will they hko to rote for a man who makes it a boaM tint be has steadily, nnd, al nil times opposed measures whHi they deeitr of vi tal imp.. nance lo llio country? Does such a man embody llieir principles? Dii they expect through Uim lo promote thoe great and important measures, or do they not know- that Selected be will do all in his power, exercise fill the inlluence which the hiirh sta tion would giveltim, loilesltov lhoe mcaures, repeal iho present tariff which liasnfTirded such relief to Iho country, nnd given such nn impetus to business nnd enterprise Do ihey not know that his nomination was procured by ihoo who nvow their deadly nnd neer-cenmg hostility to Iho protective system, and who n vow- lhat if he were tint a rKKHTKADIl MAX they w-oii'd have t ppned linn 7 Surely Ihey must know itu. If Ihey tin not, we tell them that seich is the fact, known to be s i to maUmiltcd by them to be so here, and ibev glory in the fact. Why should ono mm nny more than another bo notninnlol by n party ns a candidate for Presidency? Is it not because bo is n linn of nbiliiv, experience, statesmanlike qualities, nnd I ecausc be holds opinions in nccordince with the great body of the parly which nominate bun, upon all important questions of policy? Wo have always supposed so; we know these were the reasons w by Mr ( lav wns nominated by Ihe Win? parly j nro wo then In infer lhat the VunocralU psrty nre npposi d to protection, nnd that, if ihey shall elect their candidaie, the preeut tarilfis to be repealed I .Such, e-ertaiulv, is the inference. Mr Morns nked Air I'.iyne, of Alabama, distinctly if Mr I'olk was opposed to the larill'of l&t'i Ihe pre sent tariff! niul bis rc-tdv wns nrumnt nnd esrincit that ho i". Wo put it to Democrats, then, i f the Norihern v nre prcpo ? Do Ihev suppose that II Anrs woulil o far tielrav their princi ples as to support a man for I'rfident who is an avow ...l r, ,.r,t... ,,,,,.,. ., ,,., i v... !.., .l People, jar or against , not suppnso any such thing. They A-noir lhat I17ii will not suppose u inni opposed to the great cardinal measures thev advocate: thai llieir can 'idatc must bo i- -ri.i--.- in favor of llieir wicosircs, or ihe will not be m favor I'OLK AM) 1 LXAS. ofiim. Hut how is it with ,'iem .' We shall ses I ut preelict that ouoiit to nr. itmiucr.n. 1 ho question be ing taken tho resolution was itcjucrnn by thu following vote : Yeas Mcsrs. Allen, Alehmson. Haahv. ricnlnn. Hrecsc, l'iiirfi"bl Kullon, Hannegaii, Ilavwnod. lin ger, Lewis, McDuflie, Nile", Scmplc, Sevier, Tap pan, Woodbury, Wright 13. iNnys .Messrs. Arcuer narrow, nates, llaynrd, Unilmnnn. Cliontc, Clayton, Crittenden. D.ivtnn. F.vans l-Vaneis Henderson. Iltiiiiiuginn, Jarnagin, Manguui, .Merrick, Miller, Morehoad, I'orler, Hives. Simmons, Sturgeon, Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge Affirmative 18, all Loco-Focos Nega tive 2o, viz. 23 Wmos and 2 Locos (Mes- ocranc icauers 10 go uir immcoiaio .nncxa- , , - . y , ... .r. , ., ', ' . ,V. i" ' " ";-"! - -"-. --. whom have ' "f 1 "ff' "hlle nnd Middle S Me. lo know sacrificed ninth for thet.oco Toco party, to 'lle l'nco tocos, with scarce an exception, 1 mM!K (iat If'nVs would o far belrav tl are committal against the 'laritF. On I the Democratic leaders lo go for immrdiato Anncxa lion, has hitherto sacrificed come out nnd declare that they prefer trtn Clay to I'olk and Annexation. e thought, in view of this mighty reaction, that it was a proper time for us to mal.c u special efijrl. Accordingly we made arrange ments for a genernl nns3 meeting nnd procured the services of J. . I-'owler, Ksq., of Otsego Co., that powerful nnd magical Whig orator who is pouring confusion into lliel.oeo I-'nco ranks in this state. We with praiseworthy firmness, to expose and . tinned, who believe the preservation of ihe protective ni. v vi. i.- !.. n 1 nideriiiL' nf the luliire hv l ie nasi, wo c "uw 1 ' '-vi'iinio i-ost continues, , ,,..1(S ,,r lieuiocrnls in the sta'es we have men- had an immense gathering, flon. rowler spoke for rL,slst , f,audu,.t nnd inCimom Trralv bv "'TiLi" nearly four hours, and such eloquence, such logic, such pathot, such a torrent of irresistible thought nnd feeling, sweeping all before it, I never witnessed He unrnvelcd the Texas question in a manner lint I rough! several Abolitionists nnd even some of the leading I.ocos nt the close of the meeting to a public declaration that Ihey icould role for Henry Clay. They felt lhat the results of the Baltimore Convention had presented entirely a new issue that if they had nny regard lo llic inlcrcs's of llieir country or the slave, Ihey could not merely refrain from sttpporlin theirown tickets, but must vole for Clay nnd Pre lingfiuystn. li has been a glorious day wilh us, and for our cause. General F. produced a sensation here that will be the occasion of grcnt good to the W hi cnuse. Ilcisa masterly, a thundering advocate for the truth. I never witnessed such a scene. Penio crats went awny from the meeting determined lo go against Texas nnd for 1'rotcclion. Ladies, who were present in grcnt numbers, wcnl home in extacies, giv ing vent tu their deep sympathies for the Whig cause and their admiration of Henry Clay. In hasto. Yours, (to. T. I10SWORTII means of which Tyler, Calhoun, ifcc. seek 1 ,1,,rrcl,v l0 a" '" ,f",ir t"'"cr '"' nitn mio otneu J ' ' ti l,rt u.,11 nn nnnni-r itlilrtin nniwr titn tlint- iilt KSrv 1 ., I I .... . . 1 . ... ' to enlarge inc oiave nouniiary uy nu muting tl to repeal llio very act to wni.-n ine conn try owes ti Texas into the Union. Wo copy the fol lowing iirlicle from lite Post uf .Monday : Forour tnrt, wc arc very sure that the sooner Tex as is lost lo the Union iho heller. Nothing but mis chie f has Ihus far proceeded from llio proj-ct of an nexing il tins cnunlry. An infamous irealy, nn offi cial correspondence disgraceful to thermion, the in troduction nf a n -w party lest, which sets aMdc ns tn coiiipetcnt for public office llio highest talent nnd ino"t cxatlcd virtue, if Us possessor bo m t in fnor nf the project or millennium, these nre tho liuitsof the lex as question, and the sooner the root of bitterness from which they spring is plutkcd up nnd inst nut iho bet ter. Kor our nait we hone iho lime w ill bnrllv ar rive when we shall hear ns little uf Texas as we do of regenerate! prosperity, life, niul nclivttv. Here is iho bomtiful consistency uf lhat fhmpcracy whiih pro fesses to go for measures, and nol men. Mr Dougl ts, of Illinois, undertook ihe task of de fending Mr I'olk, or lalher nf withdraw ing him from the field where be was receiving such rough usage. lie stirnial!7ed Mr llatdiii's examination of his pnn cip'es, acts, and opinions as clap trap. Clap-trap to cxiuune the princtpbsofa man whois placed in nom ination for the first office in the gilt of i he net pie.' and of whom no one out of five Ihuus-ind nf ihe people ever heard, or knew tbeie wis such a I ling in exis tence as .Tames IC. I'olk. till the II iltimore ("nnvenlinn nominated linn ! Mr Schenck, who replied lo Mr Dougla-s, Ircatetl this sneer at thee xaminatinn nf Mr I'olk's opinions in n proper manner, nnd followed up Ml llartlin s examination in n way loeive Ihe io-odio Venezuela: or bear ofher only asa quiet neighbor fl nn,i comuletc pnitrait nf this candidate for ihw mindin'' her own business without nur mtefcrcncc and occupied in thoec peaceful cares which best suit tho genius of Republics. Olhcr tidings wo pray may never bebrouulu lo our cars. Meantime there is no do ibt tn our minds lint tho Texas question, being no longer useful lo the purpose nf personal ntitb'uion, w-ill lose us interest for inaiiv persons. A lew eaiiiiiu lies lor the nigueroiiices, ami thousand for the inferior uiicolotid armed witli their pans ami nil pots, nrnuntl the tl lines nf the Texas ngi- tatton. ai ling lo inane llicni tiurn mureti'-rcetv-. Aovv lhat llio question of ihe democialic nomination lo ihe I're-s deiioy is settled, and settled tn a way with vvluch neiihcr .Mr. Tvler, nor, if wo can trust to report, his I'linsu. shell rccrelary e t Mate-, nor several uttier ns MAINE A State Convention of tlie Whigs of Maine lias been called to meet at Aueusta on Wednesday, the 2Clh inst. for the purpose of niringmcn of the democratic ra'rtv. nre exactly satis neti ; ine maze win wo suppose n ' auowcii to su siuc, I ,l. ...nl,nPa o...l l.,pLnrnt .....Innr,., i two candidalns for Electors at lari'e of Pres- powerful siimulant to patriotism, and it is wonderful special notice occurred nt the ident and Vice President ; and adopt stub ten lan'es into indifference! I'resitlency. It ts cus'oiinry w ben ri man is nonnna led for the first nr second nllien in Ihe gifi uf Ihe pco p'c, lo publi-h lilhogrnplnc l.ktnesees nflhcrn, that coiiiinnn foil. s may see what kind of looking men they are. Wo think Mr I'o'k's political " pluz" wns lithographed jeslrrday. nnd Ihe likeness is so exnet lltnl in UoUmg al tl he will think be is looking into a mirror al iumsell. II athintun &tint,irtl. MR. VAN 15 U REN. The meeting of ihe Loco Focos of Ner Yoik City, to ratify the doings of their Bal timore Convention, was held in the Park, on Tuesday afternoon. Nothing worthy of meeting, ex- I'KIZE BANNEIt. Wo arc pleased to announce that tho com mittee havo decided to disposo of the splen did bjiiner purchased for the Vermont dele- uder Ibis Convention a vciv interesting ono to tho nation, at an expense of one I ill ml rod dollars. Win., parly. . ,. Pn,,VTV .. ..... .... ThuV notice suggest, therefore, that the Whigs ' "J """"""6 " """" "nn-ii i.n- of ihe Sinie ho not represented by delegates, but that ;,., stront;est at the Mass coiicnliiin on tlie theirioi wlngpartv app nr there in mass - A mmiher uf ili-iiugnishcd gciiilcnn n Irom nbroad 2Glh regard being had, iii reference to pop .".'r'"11, ",lll",,riM!"1' aQJ nJJre- iboOaii-1 uiion a)d dislalicei ,0 the same rule upon CAI.VIN TOWNSI.Y.'I 1111 AND II M.I., I n.MD!-:. CUITS, I D. W. C. CI.MIIv, I Slate Central (IKOltC!-: A. AI.I.KN, ( Committee. I'.. P. WALTON, Jl!. I S. W. KT.VS, A. (i. CIIADWICK, J May 30, 1311. aoVI UNOIl MATTOCKS' t.nTIHIl. To Calvin Town-sicv, Rsq, Chairman of the Slato Whig Central Comnutlee; Sin: As a Whig Convenlion is soon lo be called lo nominnlo Stale ntriccrs, and as I may again bop-opo-sed for (Stiver nor if I remain silent, I iako llio liberty tn inform you and Ihu Freemen nf lh Stale, tint 1 most respectfully decline being a can lidatn for re-ele;lioii. The rea-ou for doing this, having held ilie offieo bul one year, ulihsugh undoubtedly anticipated, should bo slated. Tho overwhelming nflliclinn villi which ii has pleased (iodlovUit inn ha rendered mo unfit tobo ihe Chief Magislrnle nf this intelligent Slate, vvliero there nro so inaii v of far supeiior iiualificiitinus, nnd whoso minus are not tmpairnj uy ou n.-cand mental sutler-ii"r In leliring forever from mibbc. life. I dcsiro to ex.. preas my gralilude In the people nf the State for the offices which, by llieir reprcMiilaiivcs, ihey havocon- lerreii upnn me. Puling the canvnss fnr the office which I now hold, Ihe support nf my political fiiendsnud especially llio Whig press, deserve in v wannest acknowledgements! nnd my opponents, including their Presses, (with n lew sunn exceptions ) gave me initio in n manner lhat was fair nnd honorable, for which 1 oiler them my thanks. People of Vermont, ndicu ! 1 have known you long nnd love vou wi II and may the Almighty havo vim in his holv keeping. JOHN MATTOCKS. l'cachnni, April 10, 1811. how nuicUly, when its motives are withdrawn, zeal ol- . nrrsr.nlalion ,,f.lu full,,,.;,,,, !,,., i tic speculators anil inviicd meet in". measures as the interests of tho party may ,ho ,e l050 a'"hni.nt to slavery is f,,,nt,cal will from iMr Van Burcn. He had been 1 ' ' do llieir best to keep up the agitalion, but unless tbey ' , , I . .1 demand, preparatory to enterinc tlie Presi- have iheheln of the politicians tiny can do but little. . tn 1)0 pr'sent, ami to prrsiue at llio i dential campaign. A Mass Meeting of tho The Evening Post cannot fail to seo.though To this invitation lie returned tlie following Whigs of Maine is to be held the same day it may not feel at liberty to s iy, that the cold reply cold so far as applies to Polk, and at the saino place, fur the nurnoso of question of admitting Texas into the Union but warm and enthusiastic enough, it will bo . t -i- i which tho award was inado at Baltimore. Chittenden County, of course will not be a competitor. In the meantime, the Ladies of Burlington havo kindly volunteered their services in decorating it wilh somo addition al fitting emblems, and thus by their handy work demonstrating tho deep interest they feel in tho country's welfare. When com pleted, it will bo a splendid trophy, indeed. DISTltll T CONVF.NTION. We learn from goodi authority thai ilic Convention for nominating a member of Congress from this district is lo be holdeti ut Burlington on lho'2jlh idlimo. This is the day preceding lhat upon which the Stale Con venlion is lo bo lioldeu. Wc hopo ''Old Addison" will boon hand wilh llic people from every town. Wc shall give Iho regular notice next we.k. 'Ily the way, we would like lo know if our lliirlmgion fiieutis, put llic string of llm door latch on theoutsidetn 1311ns in 1310' In 1SI0 iheslnn,, vv-j t n . I wo bebevo in many instances Me latut if t if a 'C the doors teide open. Knowing llieir liospttality wo presutno Ut same course win ncpursiuei imsycar as -l years ago. Miaattburtj uniaxtj. Friend Bull but docs us justice in presum ing thus much upon tho hospitality of Bur lington ; and wo beg him to assure the good people of Addison County, one and all, that now, as in 18-10, every whig latch-striug bungs outside, and uniformly a yard long, with a knot on the und. Send us three thousand from old Addison, if you please. responding lo the State and National nomi nations. GEOIIGIA. The Columbus (Ga.) Enquirer of the 29th ol last'montb says: "The Democrats ought not to havo expected that tho Whigs would bo drawn from their candidate, or turned from their principles, to go in search of any such potato-patch as Texas. Tho whigs want it distinctly understood that they will nol jeopardize tlie success of Henry Clay to advance tho pecuniary interests of any set of speculators, cither in this country or elsewhere." The , observed when speaking of himself. I.iNnr.swoLii, June 3d, 1S14. onnr lo rcceite bv ilie hnnds of Mr. tlansevoort Melville vour romnu nica- tton riepiesling me, in behallof a convention uf dele gates from llic several Wards nf the City and Cnunty of New Vorklo prrs'de at a Mass Meeling of the De mocracy .hi be ipMd nn I hi- 4 1 li m.-t. tn respond lo lbs nominations of the Ilaltini' re Convention. Upon retiring from the Presidency I thought it would best comport with the respect which wns due to tint high stale n nnd lo ihose by w hose favor 1 had been raised to il, to restrict my participation in the political contests nf the day to ihe faithful exercise of the right nf suffrage, with unreserved expressions ot my opinions upon Ihe public qucsuons lo ihose who deemed the Idler of siifiirien! impi.itnncc to call for them. The adoption of llus rule was nl this tunc pnb lielv .announced by me to my polilicnl friends, and has eve since been scrupulously observed. Subsequent , . .i ci .. . ' events nave ouiv cuniirmtti inc proprieiy or ns enu ring preponderance to tlie bl.no over the tiimej anj permanent observance. Il is iherefor. is now to be decided by the People recent B.illimore Convention, by .ejecting a -KVTLnj,rN.n,ai DhE 1 resiuetlllill canuiuaiu wnu is ,il;iiiisi, tutu designating one who is in favor of " imme diate Annexation," lias made that the issue. This qucstioucannotbo dodged. It has been forced upon us. Nor can ils objects and pur poses be misunderstood. They were avow ed by tho late Secretary of State (Mr. Ur- siiim) and by Mr. Cai.iidux, thu present Sec retary. Tho Annexation ot 1 exas is de manded, distinctly and unequivocally, for the purpose of securing a certain and endu Free States. Mr. Polk was nominated for ., i i Jamf.9 K. Polk ox the Taiff-.-"TIic wool-grow- "lls poniy avow cu inn i.uao PUBLIC MEETING. Al a meeting of the Whigs of Burlington, held persuant to nnl ivu at tho Hotel nf John 'Unwind, on Monday evening Juno 10, 1814. lion. TIMOTHY FOLLETT was called lo thu Chair, and EmvAKti A. SxAKsnunv appointed Secretary. Gr.onnt: A. Am.f.n Esq. then introduced tint following rssulutious, whicli were unaui piously adopted. Itesolted That tho Whigs of Hurlingtonare highly gratified with the decision of tho Slnto Commitlte, which has designated llus town as the place fur hold ing tho Slato Mass Convention on the 2Gth of June instant. Hetoteed That now, as in 1610, the "latch string par lor foreign coniinodiU-t in lltenthcr, win not llriiiah market and, should ihev derive from that is not pulled in, and thai we rejoice al ihe prospect only avoid Ihe tax, but you inercuso your protlucii.tn fll ,rt(.r ,.r ,i,.,nMrticiiircil nriieles, ihey wnu'd never of Hgnm-wi-lcomiiis and cntcrlaining crowds of our al homo to llio same extent. T ho dillerenee latfgiy be nble In pay for Iheui in llieir ngneu turn prndiic- .... .. urc.irell .... ,.,.., ,. - ,i;,m.. And. In Droduce lli.s resit t. you have la- i nns. A 1,.,-nn ...r, rt. ... ,i l,n erenied and sustain. " '" UICl"rel1 "" cvel7 coutuy nd lowii in Ihe en nothing from the value of labor in agriculiural cdj and ibis can bo done only by diverting labor from State, crs consider the duly upon foreign wool as important lo llieir prosperity. VVn's is founded in error!" .antes yv. 'of a. with unfeigned regrel lhat I find myself constrained by circumstances, which I cannot arid ought not to disregard, to decline ihe request to preside al a mret 1 ing of a portion of my IVIIovv Citizens, than whom no men nos.-ess stronger el.altns In mv r, sneer. m posing tliat tlie 1 exas question " win lusei ns commence ami my esiecm. Ilnt In, nn nnnt.ir n iiinn,. Tlie Evening Post errs, therefore, in sup- I. Vlni,n nnlnlnn tilnnl .nn, .nn,,MI,.,l f...ll .. , . .1 1 I...1- Hill let 110 One llH O IllOllieill StinpOe IllUt, IO Ih'lS -1, , W. K K ,nte,est." Ull 1110 contrary, in mo nanus oi , yie,hng lo the proprieties of my position, I am in the Wu refer tho reader to tho account of a dubuto in tho Utilise, a few days since, in other men tho danger is far more imminent John Tvler and his miser; I have known Messrs. Polk and flaf- the Texas lever ; but when a povverlul po- i las long and inlimatclv. I haie had frequtnl nppor , i ,i. ,i, I .i i tunnies for personal observation of ihctr rondiiti in luteal party consents to maKo tills the leau- ihethschnrgenf high and responsible public dories, inn clement in its organization, wo deceive The latter has, by my appuioiiiieni, rcprrsimted Iho ourauivcs in euppiisiii iimi -iti...-i .nu , nrenotii renueinen posse-stoni mgn cn.iracier, ot un DISTIUCT CONVENTION. This it will bo observed, is fixed for tho 25th tho day before the State Convention. This is a very good arrangement, us it will save a journey to some unable the District to disposo of this matter without interfering with llio proceedings of the 2fjh, and allow ihu delegates an opportunity to participate in both meetings. Bear in mind District Convention on the 25th. I . ... .. ..i. .1 l c snond. which Mr. Payne, of Alabama, the personal -''ianes wore; impuim - ,-. cefp; and puliticnl friend of Mr. I'olk, declared that ho (Mr. Polk) is in favor of a 20 per cent. ad valorem duty, discriminating only below that point. That he is in fuver of a tariff for revenue, but not one cent for protection. This avowal was niadu in reply lo llio en-. quiry of Mr. Morris, of Pa. as lo what Mr. Polk's present views wero upon this question; and must be taken as decisive of this point, if any doubt beforo existed. Mr. Polk is 1 slightest degree influenced bv liikewarmnes.s. mneti , less ltos;Jtre lnrh siiccxiiiil ihe nonniiinon lo able band ol liter- ; vTmcli it is thcrruTroseionnoe vmrfeTrt'iSenl lo rc- F.ir, very far isltint fropt !.e-,pg ihe ffpe will subside," or that tho embers will cool." Wu neither apprehend the election of Polk nor the Annexation uf Texas, for we havo too much confidence in tlie intelligence and question' d nnd llliqtieslionntile patriotism nmi inirgri. ly, nble lo discharge ihe duties nl lliesta linns for which lliey have been resrecuv. lv nomunlfd wilh advan tage in the country and honor lo themselves. Con curring with Iheui in the mam in the political princi ples bv which llieir pulilii-lives naie he. n In'licrio dii- ' .. itt. 1.. I. ...... 1, l nlnr. .,, e. ......... . iirvrT t tit r... fitiriut-riiefSLiiuuiiiv liu i isii,iui still ul npmion inai v uui, siiouiu uo 1JU- ' . . ' ... . TY FKEE." tul vigilance." A convulsive ellort will be made to enlarge tlie iioniinioti ui oiaivij, Tho effort will bo aided, now as heretofore, I,., ,,li-,.nioreis and demacooues in tho Freo Mr. Hellion's Annexation I) 111 Haibor and , n.,, i. . r,r ..,., Hlver Hill Vetoed. ptates. iwr. i .... . i.:..r..r .1.,. .i ,!, ..,,.1, .I-.-.,.- n r. The Senate of the Uniied Stales, a, 9 years uee . ........ u. .... v.BB..-.-v, naliy got ids ruwaiu. uui n-tuiuiuss ui mu D . iin,Ttiibetl 1 am smeciclv tlesilnus for the tr succr 11. patriotism of tho Ballot Boxes to anticipate i am by no uitau- imappriAxi of ilferccuirenci s Tt , , .. i, , , ,,i,,, i,.,, i motelycnnnccictl with these nominations, which have such calamines. But wo must remember tliat , , nnd lntficnllon . lhe i,...,. of ..,. REJECTION OF THE TREATY. sincere friends throughout the Tmon, who have hon ored me by llieir continued and disinterested friend ship. liul I am very sure that I can also rely on their past fidelity and honor forn rondv concurrence in the sar in? principles nf our pohncnl creed, eh"' nn Pprort). or privnie Ah lings shonhl t'vcr.i".4'!? to wnhhnkl aur , support frnnT' iiouiinaqjas. the Vee-s of "vlm(i vou 1 1 tie conducive to Hie uarmaneii! iiiirfi-sfstifih eniinirv. 'LlUeliert pire, wtiompia as I lifi. Ihal o'clock on Saturday evening, camo to a vote on the Texas treaty, and tho question of ra tification was decided in tho negative, as rollows : ilsiuuire weltarcTsTu t gri-ul Ht'oiee iTcpenilcnl upon Ihe success of ihose great principles in Ihe admtnis Irnlion nf Ihe l'Vtlcral Ciovernment. which we havo l..sciiii bis f.ito loaches, thousands will again . hiihcrlo espoused, nnd in lhe respect lo which the ,, i i i i i ,i c a ., ... i 1 Iwo gr-al ( at-iics of lhe country have for years seen rally around tho black Hag of Slavery und Texas. Alb, Journal, Yeas- Messrs. Alcbinson. Ilaghv. rtieeso. fluehan nn, Col'iuit, Kullon, Haywood, Henderson, linger. Lewis, aiciJuiue. nempie, oevtcr, sturgeon, lv alKer, niul vvoonnury 10. AROUSE WHIGS AROUSE. Nays-Mess,,. Allen, Archer, Alher.on, Harrow, 1 T,,1" wl hv. 't " lcs, llayard, Hetiton errien, Ch. ate,' Claylon ' f ,'f, 1, , ( !r"i W ! proiSm'bdl!) X Miller, Morehead, Niles, I'earcc, Phelps. Porter, Itives, Siiunions, Talbnadgf, Tappan, Tyhain, Wbitc, Woodbribgc, and Wrigbl 35. In another column will be fuund tho call from tho Whig State Central Committee for tho Whigs of Vermont to meet in Council at Builington, on the 2Cth inst. for purposes ' tho first tinio. therein specified. We arc hcurlily glad Bur-1 Its provisions are in subslanco those. MR. l'OI.IC-CONGIlKSS. A verv shnrn. snicv. piouent debate sprung up last week in tho Mouse, unite uncxpi'Ctcdly, which nccu- 1 UOllgll UlSCOI.lll-l-llKI Willi II. U :ie Civil and Diplomatic Ap- JohnsoiOMang,.,,,', .Merrick: : "3nl,r Mr. Pollock, of Pennsylvania, idlored .an amend ment, in Coinuulteo of lhe Whole, lo n section of Ihe bill, to the effect of directing lhe Secretary uf iho Sen ate and Clerk nf llio House, ut Iteprcscnlalives, in lhe future disbursements of llio public moneys for ihcuso of tlie Senaio and House, in confine their purchases exclusively 10 articles lhe growth and manufacture of the United Slates, province trio same can oo pmcum. of such growth and manufacture e f milablo ipiahty and at reasonable prices. This amendment was op posed and ridiculed by Mr. Hamlin, of Maine, who iliougni proper in stigmaine .. u .ii.u.. Mr. Morris, of Pennsylvania, replied lo Sir. Ham, lin in terms of just reproof, and took occasion to al-v I udo lo lhe nominalion by iho Locofoco parly of James divide-il, cahno'. I am sure, fid to mcxgiJJjijjaor Sl;lemll0ns,)p smcero inil.i: JtlC DcTnSTan Mr. Ilannegan, of In, was absent. So that instead of procuring the assent of two thirds, tho treaty is rejected by a two thirds vote. Mr. Bonton immediately introduced a bill for the annexation of Texas, which was rcud "I