Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 21, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 21, 1844 Page 2
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Thaleranrcmcnl of tlio currency Vim teen otltn assigned ns the cams of our inlaiiiiltcs, but what derangtd the currency? Thnt deinrnjcnicnt wasan effect rather than a cause, nltlin icli in its turn it be came an iflieient cause in nsjcravatinn thoiiiisforiunis of the country, by appending the operations iif liibor and depreciating ilo productions by nddinj! to the weight of indebtedness and tiua civing additional force to the original cnusi; of all. Mad not your iof porta vasily exceeded your exports, no fureicn debt would have been created, no call fur specie for expor tation, no pressure upon your Iaiikiii2 instituiion, and of course no dernncemeni of v ur currein'V. The Slate dcbis, too, have eoino in tor their share of the obloquy, Hut ihn conttnclinir llitse debt did not cnnsliltile lie eld. It was Ihe form ill whieh the loins were received in perishable fabrics, winch fur nished no litems nf rrpavinent, to the di-pnragitmnt of your own dmni'sli industry. You had. to n irreat exieni, abandoned inur nroleciivo nolii'v. and thus inviled Iho inlrmlnciinn of foriijin fabrics instead of nisi wnicti would have irvrl as a oasis 01 ynur cur rency. The whole amount of Stale loans added but tulle, if auv thuiL'. lolhubasisi and when lluiday of payment arrive I, ilia pressure transcended the ability and the menus of your monetary institutions Here, in this abandonment, was tlio primary and rmucni rrror. How, then, is the mistake to lie rcmcdird I The remedy is n'ltiousj reJnco your importations, not merely 10 the standard of your exportation, but you must, lor the present, to below it. in order that it por tion of the pro luelioii of ynur industry, the only true source of wealth, may be applied to the c.tineuih ment of your debt. Sir, 1 freak with particular reference to tl-.o cotlon planter of the South. Oite to him 'he Advantage, rnjiyrd by the wool grower of my own State, of a domestic market. Save him from the cons'-ipiiMices nf this univrr-al indebtedness, bolh individual and national, which tends, more than nny thin else, to ilcprrcnie Ins rrrat staple; fornothtno has a more derided tendency to depress agricultural produclion thin a distressed, embarrassed, and neces sitous condition of the whole class of producers', nnd save him front thee overwhelminc revulsion, oriinaiinsin lite toreiun market, whieh fall with such tremendous and peculiar force upon linn. Sir, this free liade pohev, the fnuitiiorcmedy of the Senator fiom South Cntoiina, will only aucravalc the evil. We Itavo imported too nineh'atrea ly. The Senator says, exiptid vour impni unions still furlbet. You are in dibt i hi. advices to cotiiracl mote. You ned all your means to meet tins ilcbi ', lie advises to anticipate thusu inejus, as you have clone heretofore, by tree importation, winch' shall swallow them up, and leave your debt where it it; his policy is to ndd to your incoma by increasing sour expenditure. He dv'eits to the laws of trade and the theories of w ri ters on political iTiMio.n v , ne iiihIsih mat you lannnt export unless yr.u import; and argues that by in creasing your importation vuu inc.- ase your cxporta trail. I am aw.ire, su, that commerce n but nn ex change of roHitiioioties. but circumstance" may and often do destroy the cq iihbrium of foreign trade; and the nation Vhich find ilBtdf cmbirr.asvd from that caus- must take tits proper measures !o restore it. He will fin I no writer who lays down tlio doctiine that a nation can extend its exportation in lfmiiely by increasing its imports ; or that it is necessary, in order to preserve your foreign trade, that you exceed in your importation the amount of your exports, or who recomni'.-nds it as a mat'erof national economy. Tim SenaH't insists that the Souilt ale the exporting psriion of the country, and therefore the importers; an.i mlers iro.n tins (.nut very accurately, in my ju.ig ment) lhat they are the principal consumers; nnd he n!is thai ihev be permitted todo as they plcne with , their own. I o this certainly, "'"c cm be no ohji-c- , Hon. It is expected by the Inends of protection that thsconimojoliesof oilier countries will be received in : exchange for our own productions expotted; but we know that your exportation mini be limited to the . demand abioad ; and wo desire that your importation should be graduated accordingly. And hero, sir, is the answer In the objection that we desnc the exlinc- lion of foreign commerce. We do not desire to de- , elroy our foreign Ira Jo, but to restore ils cqunbriuni I to p'aco it upon its legitimate fooling, as nn inter-1 change of commodities to make it conducive lo na- . tioml wealth nnd prosperity lo Ion oil lis excesses in lite article of importation, which experience ha nown lone so talal to our pro-peniy. Nor docs the protective policy, properly minimis lered, lend to the destruction . loreign commerce. Tnere wilt always be n competition between the do mestic nnd foreign manufacturer. Coul.l you throw the wholo American market into the hands of the former, and make Inm the exclusive producer for I American consumption, twelto months would not copb! Dcioro nc woum encounter a compenuoii iroin abroad. Thai competition would ruw out of your fuieign commerce, necessarily, inevitably, and oul of the necessity of receiving the commodoin.s of other nations in exchange for your productions exported. And here, eir, permit mo to ad veil lo the very falia eious apprehension which has been presented, a a i sort of bug! cir, that the tendency ol the protective system is touiiiia up an aristocracy oi uiiuuiaciiiring wealth, to which the whole country shall be subject. Such a result cannot be brought al out. It wi:l be prevented by foreign coinpetilion. The duties impo- nd by the act of IS 12 are little more i lan an equiva lent for the relative cheapness of ptodiution in Eu rope; and should tho timiutncturcra of th.s country sue1; to accumulate large profits by mean of unrea sonable r c.-s, thoy would bo t once unJtrsold l-y those of Europe. This cause co-nperaling with the domestic competition, so ready to start up when nny invest nent becomes profilnlil, will be effectual to keep down prices, and prevent an undiio accumulation of wealth arnjiig the in miifacuring class. Mr. Picfident, n was not my purpose to discuss the merits of iheacl of IS 12, cousilcred as a mere reve nue incisure, nor the edict lo bo produced upon the finances by its repeal. 1 leave those subjects m abler nnd belter hands :ho-e of tlio distinguished chair man of the Coniimtico on Finance. .My design has been to vindicate the pioticlne policy, n exhibit! d in ihetarill'aeiof 1812. And whai, in substance, does that policy propose? Sir, It prosposes, m view of our recent disasitrs nnd the cause whit h lias produ ced them, lo biing back Ihe trade of tins country to lis Icji un ite fooling to li mt o ir expen litiiro to our meins to increase the piojocuon of labor nnd lis vlin by unersfyiui; lhat labor, nnd I y diverting a portion of it from u pursuit already overstocked, io oth.-r and ill ire vnluablcnnd useful employment, and thus developing more fully the les mrees. d the coun try. It propo-e3 to our expend. lure, and of coirfuilie ii.- upon do uu tic iudusiry, by crtnting wiihin ourselves ton ret tain extent what wo have li u lit r to p nclu-d.l fiom nhioid adding nt ihe sanio tune to ihe pro lueiitn uf our own labor precisely in proportion as wo dimmish i liportnlion employing our own labor, instead of making it tributary lo for eign nations. It prop jts n it to snh-tnitio inanufac loMiifitnfriiiwiff eo htltJ" JcKf'toW Mlllg1 anit'dner. sifyiug our pro Ii eti m and oiir ilueclsi.f ex toria- tiod, an J iho.s enlarging the commercial capacity of the nation, li piop-bes. in (-hurt, thnt s)Mciii of economy wmcii, ns individuals, we approve nnd nJojit to produce a much as possible by the eiTtrttf of our own indu-iry, nnd (o keep our expen iiiure w-iihin our income- going upon ll.e assumption that national and tieisotnl economy nrc based upon ihe earns principles, nnd national prosperity u but thenggregaieol individual prosperity. In regard to local an 1 sectional rontidcrntion, il forgets not tho great variuy ol interests ntsounnd iliin ito ofpro diictiou and resource nf occupation nnd pur-tut, in this our wilc-ly exiendid -ouutry, but very juslly de termines Mint the pruuction an I the pro-pcriiy of each section are the ptotcction and tho prosperity of nil. For Xevv England, destined ns she is lo I e a man ufacturing people, it proposes lliu encouragement of doous ie man laet ires giving to lhai piople a re s nirce lij- which their prosperity nnd bappines may be perpeluntC'd, and saving that fair portion of our heritage fiom ruin nnd deso'nlion; nnd this, not by a tax upon olher sccti in of I he country, as is very crrnneniisly supposed, hot by simulating pro duclion and uiiguicniiug iupply, nnd thus, with lb rid oft reign nnd domes ie couipetiflon, reducing ihe cost of thu fabnc to the consumer, while Ihe increased nnd cheaper production makes amends lo the produ cer for the diminution of price. To the people i f ihe Northwest, the producers nf lireadsluTs nnd other provision, it proposes nn nd li tioml market in the manuf leturing reiion nf tho Kisl. not a lossof the foreign market such as it, if but in aid nf lhat very limited market, and infinitely sutio- rior in importance to all the foreign markets in the ' I US Itl. DAUAS To the planter at the Sonih it proposes an addiiion- jvn A TlWeT ur tup !7!.'ITI-"n 5TA'IT3 nl market Tor bis cottnn-a market at home, not sub-1 A UANK OF T,IE jetlo lbn lluelualions nnd itiicertaint'es of foreign Is THE SKNATE or Tltn United STATES. operaiiin and it proposes lo reduce the demand r .. n lio.i m rv nbroa 1 only in proporli .n ns n demand .s created at ' M'?'J January 9, li:.)2. Mr. Dallas pre. borne, lint ibis is not nil. It proposes, bv rivalling snntcd the niuinnri.ll ol the Ihuk of the United Great Britain in oilier marl cis of the world, in Ihe Stales, praying for a ito. charter, and said, ' ho supply if Ihn cot'on fabric, to secure ihe planter could not not but fool ntrnimlv impressed by the nirmnst comp, lition from olher countries in the sup- recollection tint Iho legisFaitire of I'ennsylva ply of lb' ravv material, nnd to protect urn ninmst ;,-, i ...i :.. ,r . . '"""" thi steadfast policy of Enf-land, .hould the article be i nl'1 roce' " 111 KWt """""nous y had re. produced by her own dependencies; in short, to so.-1 comiivmdrd the re-charier of the Hank. He be. lain the planter while nt the same tiinn u renders ciir.e there a it-iVi'ig-, as lie was virtually an in- ntlv' countries triiiulary to our innnul inuring inrius- t-v. instead of leaving u ; tributary, as heretofore, to tnetanoierani i-.urope. auove an, ii proposes io pre - servo Ihi people from tho inrseofa foreign debt, i which sua'! again lay us pressure prostrate our cur rency, piralyjn our industry, depreciate property, di mmish the value ol iheeamings of lat or, and scalier insotvetey nn I pecuniary d.stress nnd ruin throu It out 'he laud. In this list consideration the people of the Souih rn jiseuliarly iolercsted. They should have leaint, if ih -y liav not from past experience, lhat the revul stons whit ft follow excessive impnrlations fall first and heaviest upon them. Let them bewnre. I-' a re. currence to thin vi'ionary policy of free trade should give them another taste nf its fruiis. One cxperi ment of the kind is enough for one generation they can hardly desire ns repetition. Such, sir, m brief is the protective policy lhat sys tem of politic d economy upon which Iho whole abu sive vocabulary nf the l.nglish language, copious as il is, has been exhausted. Such is this "ncew-jco"' policy, which hasdrswu forth from a certain quarter threats of a disssolulion of the Union. Mr. President, I di I hopo that this nibj-et, of such titnl importance, would bo diseased with calmness, with col deliberation. It is with Infinite reurel that I have wilnessed appeals to Ineal interests end local rr'JoVe, and pr -1111101111 in rtferenc to our present happy Union, which no true friend of hii country can coniempinio without pain. Sir, if honorable Sena- iors vatite too union, ana uesiro to preserve 11, iei tlieiu legislate wilh a catholic spirit consider them selves the representatives ol a irreat and united peo ple, hating in charge their gtcat and common, al though diversified internals, nnd not n representing local nnd conflicting interests and opinions. While 1 have the honor of a seat here, I cannot be brought to consider myself the mere representative of a State, having in charge its peculiar interests only, to be re garded ns nntagonist to those of all others, nnd pro moted at Ihetr pxnensm but mv di si'-n nnd mirnnsr shall be to act for all, to legislate for the welfare of each and every section, and thus promote the prospe rity ol all. It is this sort nf union, carried out in har monious notion here, which I wish to preserve an union cemented by n community of interest and pur pose, and perpetuated l.y mutual good will nnd mu tual confidence. Let tbn oi-milp ol this country, and every portion of them, understand and feel that the interest of every section is here considered nnd pro tected, that no' sacrifice is be made by any except when demanded by the common weal, nnd that a patriotic and catholic spirit guides your delibetntion nnd vout action, and von have, in their confidence in 1 he utnernment ni Mipir choice, the stroncest assu rance of its stability, lint satisfy them that each Senator on this Moor acts for bis own section only; coniince them, by your arguments nnd speeches here, ihat the interests of different seelionsof this country are conflicting nnd irreconcilenhle, or if nnt, thai you in your legislation will so treat them ; that Congress is but the arena upon which iIiifc riinl intens's nte brought into conflict and the weaker section, which ever it may le, will soon talk of oppression, and soon threaten dissolution. But, -it, attached as lam to this Union, I cannot eonrnl thnt Congress, in the exercise of its legal and constitutional powers, shall be driven from n policy which it shall deem essential to tbn prosperity and happiness of this people, by threats nf dissolution from any quarter. If, in the honest exrrcisc of its discretion. Congress should deem the protective policy a mista ken policy, and see fit toabindon It, I would stand by the Constitution, nnd scikn remedy in the forms n prescribes. I wou'd appeal to the sound Judgment of the American penp'e, nnd look to a future Congress frn wiser and better policy. Hut, sir, it we are to act hrrcunder duress if we are to bo detained from ultpiing puch measure, ns we diem the only course of policy which can resuscitate this people, anil re alms their fillcn fortunes if this policy or the Union must be abandoned, let tlio Union go the policy I will not abandon. When the peri'd shall arrive that I (lis body shall be driven trout the disehnrge of its duly by such an influence, vou will have neither Gov Crmnnl nor Union left. The one will be a lifeless form, the other but a name. You will have no mo live to keep together, hut the wretched consolation of companionship in misfottune and disgrace. If the honorable Senator from South Carolina will advert to the appal'ing picturo which he presented of the deso lation whi- h is to I e visited upon New lngUud when this pohey of protection I- abandoned, nnd will pre sent to inc the nlternativc nf dissolution on the one hand, and the urrendcr of the constitutional powers ofthia Government, nnd the niter ruin and dcs'dalion of my native i.-ud on the other, he wi I pardon the de claration thnt if the Union is to be preserved only at such sacrifice., in God's mine let disunion come. Hut, sir, I have no fears on thie subject. Much is said of a certain spirit prevailing at the North. This, too, is said to. threaten the integtlty if tins union It IS s li I llierp is finnliexm nml full t tin rp. If so I I regret it. Would to God there were' fa in lie sin nnd folic no whetc rNe in this country. There will be every where periods of excitement and extravagance. It is idle to alierunt to preieu! II, and it is uscles to henlarmcd. Sir, I profess toknow something of the people of tho Noith. They nie n people not to tie miurled. The peculiar institution of the Pniiih. nnd the peculiar iiistdulions of nny oilier people in which ihey take an interest, thev will discuss friely and boldly. Thu enjoyment of their own opinion, nnd the. free expression nf that opinion, upon any i:rent question of moral right, of philanthropy, or political expediency, is a right which they will never surrender, Hut I know, nlso. lluir attachment in i lie Conslilu- uon and the Union. It is nn aitac'nnent which no spiru of fanaticism can overcome. They are a propln devilled to law and order. They know thirown right.-, and they know nnd respect the riuhts of othi r. 'I here will be no unnutlimizcd inn-iferenen wilh the powers of self-government, conceded to the people of the South. Thev have n veneration for the Cnii'titu- tbn, and willnol violate its guarantees. And I asuic ;h0 Senator lhat he need fiel no alarm from ihn source no saerilegi ills hand from that quarter will be laid upon the altar. I have ns lilile fear, ft, of threats from another qnaiter. I know lint patriotism nf the honorable Senator himself. I know the pitiioiim of Irs con- sliluencv. They ate not yet prepared lo dissolve this i...:. i , ,. l 7ho period of returning sanity will nrri've; they will iuiiwii uiiciii. r.vciien itou uasiy inev inuv ne. nui pauae ticiore ine ratal work is commenced. I have full confi lence that they will submit to the will ol ihe majority, constitutionally exptessed. Tne Senator will permit meto go furdier : I am confident tint the periol is not fir distant when they will bo satisfied that iho policy which I now ndvocatei the true policy of the coiin'ry, and when they will unite wilh me in sustaining it. -ilr niicitif involution, cotnn Irom what source they may, are but idle wind. We may talk of dissolution we may bluster nnd threaten, hut tint man does not live, nt least in this country, who dares ba tho first to lift hi- hand to execute the threat. Ii wa with infinite regret lhat 1 heard the declara tion of the hnnninhlc Senator from South Carolina, thai if he f liled in his cfTirta lo proslralo this system of nolxf, he would hlinke off the dust of hi feet as a tesliinony ngainst us, and leave these Halls forever. Sir, I trust ihn Senaiot will reconsider that resolution. I innl he will not withdraw from the public councils the aid nf his great tah-nta and long experience, sim ply because his own peculiar opinions cannot in all respect be adopted. That he will remain nt his post, .and none with ine in sustainina the Coniituion and the iii'litutions of Ihe country. We will shake off thp duM of our feet only when we shake oil tin 'morld coil ;" and even then wo will leave our dying injunction upon our children, lo Bland by theConsli union a we have done, nnd our las', prayer shall be thalil may tmlure fortvr. JIMMY POLK OK TRNNI2SSEE. ay . GneiNF.ii. Tcsr.-"Aitin, .Jim of Caroline." O, every day brings somcting new, The I.o'co-Focos find it so, And sjrnnffeevcnls have proved In Marjjt Cnoncs At l.indenwald the Fox is holed, Th t'oons all laugh lo hear it told Ila I ha! In 1 such n nominee As Jiminy Polk of Tennessee. O, nnexalion was the voke Thai fixed Van hko a "pie in a pokef 1 hey jiokcilh tn the cunning (If ' Ry poking Jimmy Polk himself? Al l.indenwald, 4te. And"Oas" poor fool, his chance has ft iwn, Like tlio "1 me star." he stand alone; III "Texas Ictler" prov.s lhat he Should w rile his name without a C. And Col. Johnson too, whose z-al Horned bright for "Texas" and "Repeal ;" Tho I.oeos tho'i Dick "did'nt know beans," And so they poked up Polk lor greens. Hut Polk fur greens won't save his bacon, The parly lo its centre's shaken; r.Vn Tyler and Texas now do say, Tint Polk can'i ;io.-e it into CIj) I And Silas Wright ('twas a good joke,) Declined he was not fond of Polk ; Hie, Kiln, we won't trouble yon, You're "rg'if" without the"W." Next George M. Dallis they persuade, Allhough he worn Ihe blarh cockade; And tliou:li he went the Hank nnd liiddlo. To Polk he plays the second fiJdle. Now "choke" and Polk will always rhyme, And Dallas nnd gallows i very sublime; They do-cd ihe I'ox on Poke-root poison, Huzza for Clay and FiiELtrtaiiurscNl struck I AtifJiN I in iiriiinottn" to the oxlent ol hjs ability, an object winch however ilaiioernus. 1 u ,im ts i,r,.linn ,:, ., imi in ii- silfen'illedtncierycoHsid-nitinn and favor." See Register uf Debate. Vol. viii. Fart 1. p. 03. .rn. 10, 183'J. Mr. Ileiitnn asked leave to introduce a resolution to declare the branch drafts of the Hank drafts of the United Slates illegtl. Mr. Dtllas teplicd in favor ofthe Hank and said; "Tninolho llinkof the United I Slates i nothing but a haul:, a more bank, enacted tin. dor the influence of 1 lie purest motives for ad- nimble purposes." On granting leave the yean were 10, nays 2"), Dallas voted against granting Mr Ronton lenve. Fth. 9, 13'J. Mr. Dallas made another spcet h in f.tvor of thu Rank and in reply to Mr. Ruiilou. Ahich 13, 1S:U Mr. Dtl'is. from the Sc lera Cominiiiee, UHI'dRTKI) A HILL TO RKiNKW TIIBCHARTF.R OF 1 1IU RANK OF TIIK UNITKD K'IMTKS ! ! ! Miy 2a, 16a5.-.Mr. Dallas made a speech 111 fatvr of Ihe Rank, a ctmslilulional and ex. pedient. Mr. Webster followed on the same side, and tut the 2fiilt of May, Mr. Benton re plied to Messrs. Webster and Dallas. June 11, 1B32. n.tnl( Dill finally passed, 23 to 20 i Mr. Dallas voting for it. July 10, 18-12. Andrew Jackfon vetoed the Dank of the United Slates as uticonsd'lud'otia and inexpedient. July 13, 1632. Mr. Denton spoko In favor of the vein, and a vole was taken nn the passnsc nf the Dank charter in unite nfthe Veto, nnd Mr. Dalian VOTED FOR THE BILL and aeainst the Veto I Mil. n.l,T,AS ON THU If. 8. ItANK. June 7, 1830. Mr. Dillns wrote his memo rable letter, in which he said: "Of the Constl tulinnal power nf the National Government to crcitoa Dank I DID NOT then, NOR DO I NOW, ENTERTAIN A DOUBT I Of the ability of Congress to create such a Dank as would he a safe machine of finance and a servi ceable agent in preserving a sound currency, J (ncti teas, as 1 a I Ibb AM t:UN VINtJKU." This is the mini who tlio Nashua Gazette says has always hecn opposed to every thing federal I Of course wo shall hear no more ulioiil the unconstitutionality or the United States Bunk nor thnt it was and "o-l-djcd-eral concern." MR. DAI, I, AS AND DlSTKIflUTIOV. The Baltimore Convention that nomina ted Polk and D, ill is passed tlio following : llttolreil, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought to be S'credly applied to the National objects specified in IhcConstitutiun : and that wo are oppos ed to the law lately adopted, nnd to any law for the Distribution of such proceeds among tho Slnte", as alike inexpedient in policy and repugnant to the Con stitution. In the Senate ok the U. S. April 10, 1832. Mr. Clay, from tlio Com mittee on .Magtifacltircs, renorlcd Ins hill for the distribution among the States of the proceeds of the ptiunc lands. May !), 1832. Mr. King, of llabama, moved to reler Mr. Clay's bill to the Committee on Public. Lands, Shown to be hostile to the bill. On this cjtirfction there was a tio vote 22 to22; Mr. Dallas voted with Messrs. Clay, Webster, Frelingliiiysen, die, in tho iiegalive.' The Vice President. Mr. Calhoun, gave the casting vote in the affirmative. HAM, AS & 1NTI2H. IMPIt'lVESIENT. Resolution at tint Baltimore Convention that nominated Polk and Dallas : iViof , Thai the Constitution does nnt confer "I""1 1 be General Government the nowertu commence nnu carry on a system ol internal improvements. In this U. S. Senate. ;ifflt2., 1932 Mr. Chambers' motion to con sider a bill to subscribe, on the part of the Uni ted S'ates to tho s-lnck of tho Baltimore and Ohm Railroad rejected 18 to 21. Mcssrc. Ilen'on, Marry, tf-c, voting against it . Mr. Dallas voted for it. June 22, 1832 Internal improvement bill ordered lo a third reading and passed. 20 to 13. Mr. Dallas voted for it. with Mr. Clay, Webster, Fielii gliuysen, &r., against it. ANNEXATION AT TIIK SOUTH. Tin; iiiiiiiiuiiity of tlio South in f.ivor of Imnifdinto Aiiiicxulion is continually harp ed upon nnd the Lnco-Foco clamor on this subject has been so loud that wc do not know hut some of our friends have hern induced tn put fiith in it. Nothing, however, can he f.11 ther (rom the truth. Tho Columbus, Gn. Enquirer, of May 2fJ, contains a long and able article, written in the spirit of a genuine Southern Whig, and denouncing the scheme us one eminently injurious to the South and to Southern interests. The Enquirer also contains a Letter from Mnj. J.s. A. Mcrri wkthcr, of Merriwellu-r C..iii,y, on this question, Hum wlnUi u extract tho follow ing pointed paragraphs : The recent movement in regard to tho Texan treaty ha truly des'royed every prnapect and blasted every hope fof tho L' ro-Focos 1 They must even quarrel on, while we, undistiirl ed by faction, wilh no perso nal ambition in view, looking nfone to our country's good, will gather new energies and numbers as we advance. Il is now settled that Messrs. Calhoun and Tyler will not permit Mr. Van Hurcn to be elected. If they eannot defeat his nomination, they will bring out a third candidate. 'Ihe lexas treaty lias neen gotten up for the express purpose of defeating Mr. Van flu ren. Il is true, thai it is a desperate alternative. It involves ihe fate of ihe nation in its treaty stipulations it may involve us in war, and will, if ratified, in vnlveus in national disgrace and dishonor; but they care nothing for all these things, if Tyler and Cal houn can defeat their opponent. Yet it i n f imily quarrel, and the Whiss should so legnrd it. Wc can take no part in it. Our position is clearly marked out. O ir treaties with Spain and Mexico have guar nnleedTe.xni 10 litem so long as Mexico shall refise the acknowledgement of her independence we can not do otherwise ilnn observe our treaty simulation in good faith. If a foreign natinn should attempt her conquest, (iifwhicb th - " ."'H-'-' wo win mc and loftv position one which elevntid nattiotism and common honesty dictate. Then let our opponents quarrel on ; we will not be led oil' from our purposes, by their overweening ambition anil selfish ends. We shall subdue them, and united we shall gloriously triumph over them. Lot every Whig, then, bent his post. Let no de lusive hone or confidence of success relax our ener gies. Let every man do his duly, and Loco-Foco-ism will be buried forever. None of their devices should he allowed to nllure us from our duty for a moment. Let them be well watched, for Ihev can bear it well. They have deceived the country so mm h, nnd so long, that they note wish to change Ihe issue Iroin their pt and present conduct to ihe nc nnisition of Texas. Hut heed them nnt. Let even- Whig aenrn thi oaltrv bribe for bis nrincinles. nnd determined to conquer, let his watchword be 11 On ward, and we shall signally triumph. Your ob't serv't. JAS. A. MKRRIWF.THR. Thus speak the Whigs of Georgia, HONEST ABOLITION SENTI MENTS. uur r rco uoiorcu umzens have never failed in discriminate between the true and the false friends of Abolition. Willi this class of citizens the cnuso of Emancipation is too sarred to bo trifled or trafficked with But it is widely different with thoso who es pouse the cause of Anti-Slavery, as somo do to get n roxing commission and a living, ant with others who orcaniso a "Liberty Party" to obtain, if not office the honor of running for office Nobody fathoms thn objects of these men so readily as tho Colored People, fur tlio reason lhat nobody elso watches their movements so close or are so Deeply inter ested in promoting tho real principles of Emancipation. The "Northern Star," a paper published nnd edited hy men of Color, closes an arti cle in relation to the course and objects of iho "Liberty Party as follows : " We have now briefly examined Ihe mean: rt far as we hnvobeen nble lo discover llicin, bv which Ihe Liberty 1 any nuns 10 abolish slavery, rorthc ren son civrn. we do not b-slieve the means ran accom pliih the aims. One word ns lo ihe measures of the Liberty Parly. Ve predicted, in the columns of Ihe Colored American, some years ago, thai litis political partv would fail, as a pol ticsl parly, to abolish slave ry. Our icasons then wa, and now is. that ihe patty mut fail lo abolish slavery, becaute it has cbain.ed the issue, baa firsaltei nini-slavcry. and ndopteloe -.14- Tt.r. nt ..nt .lw. .1.. lull 1110 poi session ofoffie, as us primary object wiib ibem. Office, hems the nriinarv obieei. rily nbiorbs their greatest labor, onii iran pretenti toemjrom getting nia njjicc,i ine iinmeaiaieor acc oudary field or ilietr labors. 'The whig parly, because it has had the good for tone to do some anli-slivcry work ihenby forestall ing Liberty party work has come in for tho special favor of the i.ineriy rarty, vva believe lhat ihe 1,111- oii. mhn date Will f err t-. more I line. thfi'hsti.t.ivrri I M.W.. l.-.w S. I W .....

and they love office more than the lova anti-slavery. " We fear these office-seeking Liberty men." We doubt the sincerity of men who can make the bleeding I ., .1- - ...l!t. ncaris ei sunering slaves, ann me syinpainies wnicu those slave excite, n meant by hied they shall grati fy their vaulting ambition. And wo sneak in this mat ter, tho views ofn very largo proportion ol tne free colored pcoploof the free states. Four young ladies, daughters of a Mr. Hor ner, living near Lebanon, Ohio, were instantly killed by lightning, on Thursday last. Mr. Horner was severely stunned, and It's wife was seriously injured. This Crow. The Sunbury (Pa.) American, speaking of the crops in that quarter, says: " In, this and the neighboring counties the crops have never presented a finer appearance than at present. Fruit will also be abundant. The season appears to be three or four weeks in ad vance of tho usual time. The Wheat Cnnp. The farmers along tho river below havo been engaged in harvesting for a week or more. So far tho 'vcather has been most favorable to all the operations, and we hor,o will so continue. As to Iho nature of the crop, we have no general information ; but may fairly conclude that as the complaints have been few and very far between, the crop is a good one. Richmond Compiler, of 4th. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 21, 1944. DISTIUCT OCNVENTION. The Whigs of ihsTittno Co.vosessIonal Distsict are requested to m-et in Convcnlionat HuntlNOTONon TUF.SDAY, the 23th ofjune, 181 1, to select a suita ble Candidate to represent said District in the 29lh Congress oflbeUniled Slates. Kach town in the District is requested to appoint three or moreileleirntcs to said Convention. StMUF.L A HAMS, 1 IIAHVY District CSSHJ.S P. I'KCK, Commitee. GEO. W. FOSTER, J WHIG STATE AND RATIFICA TION CONVENTION. AT BURLINGTON, WEDNESDAY, JCNE 2C, 1844. The Whigs of the Slate nf Vermont, (and all others without regard lo name.) who are in ftvor o HKNftY OHYfor the Presidency, and TflKODOKK FKF.- LIN'lillUYSF.Nforthe Vice Presidency oftheUniteil lntes, are requested to meet lo Convention nt Uttrhmr ton, on WI-:DiKSDAYlhe20ihnfJune.nt lOo'clock A. M.. for ihe purpose of nominating Candidates for Slate Officer and Electors of President and Vice Pres ide.".! of Ihe United Malest also to confirm l iennimna linn made hy the Natio lal Convention held nl Ital- timore the first of Mav mst. for the Presidency and Vice Presidency ; nnd for I lie Iransaclionof other mai lers deemed necessary, preparatory to the annual Sep temher F.lcctinn. A ftovetnnr .Mattocks declines heinty considered ti candidate for re-election, (which will he seen l.y hi icner Herewith maun putilie.) n new cnndiitn'elor that oTice is lo be selected. Tin circumstance, together with matters connected with National affairs, must render thi Convention a very interesting one to the nii pariy. The i.omnuttee flutrcest. theref ei. that Ihe Wht-t of Ihe State he not represented ' 'es, but thai theifioe wlngparlv npp nr t ' 'i A numbei of distinguished uemlcm-n Irom abroad it is expected, will be present, and address the Con vention. CAI.VfN TOWNSLY, 1 II I LAN O II U.L. ihmdrx currs, I. W C. CLni. I State Central C.KOri'tr. A AI.LF.X, ( Committet. .. P. W.U.TOX, J. S. W. KEYS, A. O. CI1ADWICK. , ORDER OF ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE iVIIIG STATE CONVENTION, AT BUIU.INGTON, On .Wednesday, the 2 (till of June, 1814. 1. The Committee of reception will bo in session at tho Town Itoom, from Tuesday noon until Wednesday at 10 o'clock, A. M. 2. The Marshals will be in at tendance from Tuesday noon un til Wednesday, 10 o'clock-, A. M. to conduct the delegates arriving, to the Committee of Reception. 3. Preparatory to the forma tion ofthe procession on lhc2Glh, deputy marshal will conduct tho several County delegations to the street designated for such del egations, where a banner with the name of the county will be placed, and where the several county del egations will await the moving of tho procession, and fall in as di rected hy the Marshals. 4. Tho procession will form at 10 o'clock, Wednesday morning, on Main stteet, and move in the following order, under the direc tion of Con. C. P. Pjjck, Mar shal of tho day : MUSIC. THE STATE COMMITTEE. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE & COM MITTEES OF A lilt NGEMENT AND RECEPTION. INVITED GUESTS. DELEGATION FROM BENNINGTON COUNTY. WITH MARSHAL AND BANNERS. WINDHAM. RUTLAND. WINDSOR. ADDISON. ORANGE. CHITTENDEN. WASHINGTON. CALEDONIA. FRANKLIN. GRAND ISLE. LMOILLE. ORLEANS. ESSEX. Tho procession will movo up Main street, to the upper street on College Square then to Pearl street, down Pearl Mreet, and re turn to the Court llon-i Square, where tho Convention will organ ize and proceed to busines: JOHN N. POMEUOY, JOHN PECK. IIAURV HUADLEY, TIMOTHY FOIjI.BTT, CARLOS BAXTER. THE CONVENTION. We liavo hardly dared to hnpo for another rally liko that ol 1840; but if the accounts that reach nsfrom somo ofthe principal coun ties of the State aro to bu taken as indica tions ofthe whole, we shall see moro people hern on Wednesday next, than we did on tho memorable 25th, four years ago. Not that we anticipate the samo display of log cabins, nnd olher emblems, which, like Jonah's gourd, sprang into existence at the bidding of Loco-Foco insolenco ; but the same lion hearted spirit which prompted thu American people to rise in their majesty and vindicate j tho " log-cabin " dwellers against tho taunts and snoers of supercilious cormorants who know not Joseph, still remains. Every man who buckled on tho sword in '40, slill wears it upon bis thigh, and is determined, ready, e.igrr for the fight, which is soon to realize to the country those rich rewards of patriotic action which have been lost lo us through the perfidy of one man alone, whom lo name in comparison with Judas Iscariot, would bo down right slander upon that ancient imper sonation of treachery. Tiie masses are mov ing, and the people will again march to vic tory. A friend at Brandon writes us that they are all wide awake in that county, and will rally strong. He says, We had a meeting "of our Clay Club lust evening, (somo hun " drcd ladies being present,) and your paper " of tills week was read with the finest effect. " Tho proceedings of your public meeting "and your courtesy have probably " had the effect to add half to our delegation " to tho State Convention. We shall turn " out stronger, much, than wo did in 1840, 11 ns they will also in the towns around us. " From Leicester, where thev sent but fuur " or five in 1840, they will send now from " 30 to 50." A similar state of things exists in Addison county, nnd we have good tidings from the battle field of Bennington. The following appeal to the whigs of Windsor County will indicate something of tho spirit of their ope rations on tlio east side nf the mountain. WHO TUCF.S THE BANNER? WittGs or Wivnon foi-NTv t The tunc fixed up on for Hie IMMENSE GATH EKING of ihe indom itable Whiu.'fof Vermont, is rapidly approaching, nnd are you ready for anion 1 The present is no time for slumbering on your pout t An enemy mint invete rate tn your cherished principles H in Ine field and on the alert. Awake 1 then in ihe impnrlanee nf ihonn ensinn. nnd remember lhat the TAIIIFP IS IN DANGER 1 ;'B.4yHthe wnteli.word nf our opponpnisj nnd will ihe Whiss of Windsor County be indifferent to the d-inirer that threatens their most vital interest 7 Farmers, arouse I for it f, yonr interest that itlhus ipantonty assailed by the sell'tttyltd democracy and their new luder, w'tatt opinion it is " 'I HAT WOOL SHOULD BE DUTY F11EE1" Ate the F-irinera of Wind or County prepared for the adoption of such a ruinnii9 measure, the inevitable result of which woullbM Wmy'ifer nfuour Sheep for the take o'7'ir- 'allow! Come out inrn in vnur i. 'in me lurruw, ana uevnie a J a to vour rnun rvrrtue Tn WHIGS OF WOODSTOCK hive takenjlje field in earnest, and oledye themselves to their Wbie fiiends thtnuehmit the County, to present a front at trie lliirhnzton Convention, on ttte2rya of Jane, inr , le'iici cannot be beaten by any o'her town in the Coun ty. It is mnsl earnestly fmped that Ihe Whiss of ev. rv town in the County will nsseuihle en masse at West Helhel, on Mnndav. the 2llh nt 11 n'clni k, A, M preciseli. nt which place thev will be tnpt by the Whins nf Wnndsinc1.'. Miether wilh the Wondtnrk Rami, hose f icrvices ?;'.S)Wf,.,irVo.ltrTc"nl;l,,y"e"e"ry consideration which iniired u ns Whise, to battle o itloriously in 1810. to rally in your slienclh; nnd nnt only will Ihe VVhiis of Windsor Countv tnke ihe BANNER iMi'cA is gcnrrouihj offtred by the WhWs of Uurlinrton, but exultinstly sound the death-knell to loco toroism in Vermont! fly order of the directors of the U'oodstock Clay Club. There will be a warm competition be tween Addison, Rutland and Windsor conn ties, for tho Prize Banner. But suppose Grand-Islo or Franklin should enter (he list. That lono tinklcr might become our " northern star." THE BANNER. Tho Whigs of Bmlington, through the kind assistance of the ladies, arc now pre pared with tho banner which is to he award ed to the County which makes thn best turn nut at the Convention, nnd their enly regret is that '.heir utmost efforts must fall fir short of tho deserts of thoso to whom this noble emblem will be given. The County which shall outstrip ils numerous competitors in rallying to (he glorious standard of the in comparable Kentuckian and the noble Jer soymanto the standard of prosperity, union and good government, will deserve and receive the hearty congratulations and warm thanks of the Whigs of Vermont and thn Union; and were the Convention elsewhere, and our own County a competitor, we should ask for il no prouder title than that of "the banner County of Vermont." To bo a whig of that sole State that hath never blench ed before tho poison simoon of Jacksoniau ism and Van Biuenism, is enough alone to make a Vermnntcr proud, but to have outstiipped all its competitors in such a stalo, in noble and disinterested enthusiasm fur tlio triumph of the right, will bu a distinction which we shall almost envy the successful County. Wo bid our brethren come como in crowds in wagons, in carts, on horse-back, nn foot when you get here we will see lhat you are fed with good food for body and soul by day, and shelter beneath our roofs by night Can we say morn 1 We can in ad dition to all this, you will find and meet here, hosts of strong and warm whig hearts, burn ing with the desire anil determination lo leave no effort unexpended for (he triumphant vin dication of tho noblest and purest Statesman of our limes, and the permanent establish ment under bis auspices, of a governmental policy which will ensure the stability, the prosperity and tho glory of our beloved Country. Wo say then, again, Whig brethren from every where, come to lo us on the 26th. C7-WHIGS! Are you wido awako ready for a grand rnllvl Our fiiends from the far parts of the N a i ale abuiu to givo us a friendly grout iiiL', and will of course expect to meet every tchig in Chittenden County. Disapoint them not i but rally in nun. hers correspond ing to tho kind partiality with which wo are regarded by our brethren. Let the unturn cd furrow, the quiet hammer, tho hush'd note of ordinary industry bear witness that free men havo something else to do than merely hew, and dig, and draw, for those who seek to rule. GAKD. TO THE OLD SOLDIERS. JOHN STACV, lenders hi compliments to liis brethren of I tie Revolution, nnd requests nil such who may attend the grand muster on the2Glh, lo break bread with him at ihe residence of his son, a mile north of the tnwn. June 20, 1914, Most cordially do we join in this invita tion, and beg to assure theso gray-haired sires, one and all, that it would afford us in finite satisfaction lo minister lo the enjoy ment of a goodly number on this occasion. Of thn one hundred who honored us wilh their presence four years since, one half, doubtless, aro already enrolled with the il lustrious dead ; and the infirmities of four score and ndd years, admonish the writer of the above, that few, at most, aro the oppor tunities of this kind which remain to him. To him, to us, and lo all, therefore, would it be a most happy consummation to enjoy the presence of every old so'dier in the State. The committee charged with this subject acquiesce in llisi arrangement, and will con duct the veterans to their quarters. Those who may arrive during the forenoon, and not join in the procession, will please to as semble at the Reading Room, under the Free Press Office, whero carriages will be in wailing for (hem. FARE ON THE LAKE. We are requested to givo notice that only half fare will bo charged by any of our Steam-boats, to persons attending tlio Con vention on the 2Gili. THE FLAG-STAFF went up in fine sljle on Tuesday, under the superintendence of that whole-hearted whig William Kane, or "Billy the Riger," us he is moro famil iarly known along the borders of the lake. Tho exactness with which every thing was arranged, nnd the ease and facility with which the ponderous stick was finally lifted lo its position, afforded a beautiful illustration of the triumph oftnechanical principles over in ert matter the adaptation of means to an end and at the samo time demonstrated lhat "every ropo in the ship" was under stood by the commander. The pole is 101 feet above the ground, 16 inches at the but : tapeiing in suitable proportion, and surmoun ted by n splendid liberty cap, carved out in excellent taste by that accomplished artist, Ilc.N'nv Seam.. The public are indelilrd lo Mr. Daxteii for thn noble tree fiom which thn slick was wrought, and to the cnterprize mid snirit nf nnr vnnno frinnd Wll. 1.1AM HAn- nt.NCTO.v for a leadinr- a2encv in tho whole i j n -- matter. It is doubtless tint finest fl.ig-stntl in the State ; an ornament lo (he Park ; and highly creditable to all concerned. Let it bo consecrated to lhat noble spirit nnd lofty patriotism, of which it is the peculiar and fitting emblem. io you nwil THAT BOYb I Moses P. Jewett, formerly a resident nf this place, now a distinguished citizen of Cincinnati, has written a letter to Horace Loom is, Esq., of this town, in which he says " We shall give Clay TWENTY THOU SAND MAJORITY IN OHIO rely up on il." Mr. Jewelt has heretofore been a staunch supporter of Jackson and Van B li re u, but, we take il for granted, repudiates Polk. This information but corroborates our other accounts ; but it will be doubly gratify ing to Mr. J's old friends here, to be thus cheered from such a source. BOLTING IN PENNSYLVANIA. A large meeting of tho Democratic parly was convened at Philadelphia on Monday week to consider tlio subject of the Presi dency. After full discussion, tlio following preamble and resolutions wero adopted by an overwhelming vote. " Whereas, it become every Democrat fearlessly lo speak his mind in relation to the creat questions connected with the approaching Presidential contest. Whereas, the Democratic party have nominated Col. James K. Polk, of Tennessee, for Picsident. and ask for him the support of the Democracy of Penn sylvania. Whereas, Col, Polk, we hive recently understood is opposed to the great interests of Pennsylvania, which is a proper tariff for the manufacturers, me chanics and laboring daises of our country. Resolved. That this mertine'bcin; Democrats, whn supported Martin Van Buren in the vear of 1S3G and 1810 first elected nnd in the latter negated, by the lareest vote ever nolb'd bv the American people, deem it their duly to sav to their Pemoeraiielnends through out the Suite of Pennsylvania, that they cannot sup per Col. James K. Polk at the approaching Presi- aentiai election io ue ueio in itns aiaieon ine ursiaay ofNov. 1SII. Rrsolved, That in the opinion nf thi meetinc, Col. Polk CANVOT CARV THE ELRCTOn L VOTR OF THE State or Pennsvivania, snd that - -oir-ns hp iaL,illLV BCUIT.11 ED TO WITHDRAW HIS NS.ME FROM THE PRESENT I'BESItlES'TIAL CAMPAIGN, I'NIEsS THBV mEKEH DEFEAT TO V1CTOSV. Similar accounts roach IIS from all parts of. the State, and there remains no shadow of doubt about tho Key-Stone. The Harris- burgh Telegraph says : From our position at the seat of Oavernment of the Slate we naturally have superior advantages for po litical observations! andean tell more accurately, perhaps, than others elsewhere, 'what the siens of promise are.' It is wilh no ordinary satisfaction, iheiefore, that we say In our fiiends in Ihe Slate, nnd nm nf the State that the nomination of James K. Poik bv the I.oeo.poeo National Convention has driren the lailnait in the roHn of lhat party in Penn syltania. The spirit of lc40 is aroused with rednub led enthusiasm, nnd shouts of Mown with the 'en-ness-e Ften Tratb-r down with the enemy of tho TnritroflSI'J down with the enemies of our dearest inlercs s' are nscrnding in thunder Innes from the Mechanic's shop, the force fire, the deep mine, and the firm-fiel I. We hive no hesitation in declarina it is our firm ant dehheinle conviction, from all the sitns, thai our Presidential nnd Guhernatnnal candi dates will be iri'impbanilveleeted in Pennsvivania by from ?0,000 to 3i 000 majarityl This, indent, is ihe opinion of candid men of all parlies here. The leap ess of I.oeo-Focoism are trying to produce a contra ry impression by loud and entravnoanl csowin'o, nnd by a show of unanimity ; but ihePEOPiE are not iih ihem, and iheir emrnvnL'ant boss's arc only tnei with derision. Set down the, votes from Penn sylvania sure for Ciav nnd FatLiNaHVTSES. FLYING THE TRACK. R. D. Davis, ono of iho Loco Foco mem bers from New York in the present Con gress, has bolted tho Polk nomination, and declares that it ought not to, and will nol, receivo any general support from the party misrepresented at Baltimore. Moro coming. PER CONTRA. Got. t an C. Verplank lias avowed his Intention to support Polk. Ho puts it on the ground that the issue is now fairly made be tween protection and free trade ; that tin is opposed lo tho principle of protection, and shall thcrcfiiro ontinso Guv. and cast his . . . . vole for Polk. Right. Let every man in the country act up lo tho same principle. IS IT ON RECORD, That James K. I'oi.k ever, tinder any circumstances, expressed a sentiment f.ivor nblo to protection, either lo wool, woolens, or any other branch of northern industry. NO. Hut IT IS RECORDED, by Mr. Polk himself, when defining his po sition before thn People of Tennessee, on the 3d of Apnl'43 "tho difference between " the course of iho political parly with which " he Mr. Milton Brown acls nnd myself "is, whilst they nrn tlio Advocales of Distri " nnd a PROTFCTI VE TARIFF "measures which I consider RUINOUS " to the interests of the Country, and cs " pecially lo the interests of tin, planting "states .1 HAVE STEADILY AND AT " ALL TIMES OPPOSED BOTH." And furthermore, the records of Coimrtss BEAR WITNESS that on tho floor, of thu House in 1833, ho gave free utterance to hislionest convictions in this language ; "Tlio Wool-Giowcrs consider tho duty " upon foreign Wool as important to their " prosperity. This opinion is founded in "error!" " My opinion is that WOOL " should be dutyfree " James K. Polk. It is not to be presumed thai Mr. Polk misrepresented himself, nor is it pretended that he has changed his views. And now, should tho DEAD ARISE, would they believe il, gentle reader, that tho exclusive "friends of tho wool-grower," tho peculiar champions of protection, the doublo refined democracy of N. England, hnd selec ted tltis ttinn honest and honorable though ho may be as tho great exponent of their principles, and were now seeking lo invest 111 tn with power to impress his own peruliir views upon the policy of tlio nation ? Not a dry bone in New Enaland could lislen to the absurdity. No, it is reserved to latter day sninls aiono to witness the utmost stretch of human credulity and gross imposture. to the Itiistillsht. Our opponents lire in a bud fix. The r: I t' . r.- .n rr i.t niiiiiiiriteil, and are trying to elect, n inn Of course thev art! tniiiii about " wool .... . . .. . . 1 ",!V '",eU at U.ilttmore Hint opposition to ill it old monster the United Slates Bunk was tho cardinal point in their democracy, and yet, strange lo say, nominated for tho second office in the government one nf tiie most strenuous, unyielding advocates of the Bank, lo be found in tiie United Slates! Here again they are diiven to the wall, rt'iliud, l:iio nnd impotent ; and witness their halting peihaps we should say ticing apology : Bin D.iLtse asp the nNi:. Il is true fiys iho Albany Ari!ii) lint Mr. Dnllns in '31! ili.t vole undir instructions from the Leeislaturp nf I'r nnsylvann, m f.ivor of a I'ink,. Inn it is nlso true thai lie tnted nt the time, in his place in the ."enn'e, that ihe an s not bis own, but of ,hoe who had nppi anted bun, nnd whose will he felt bound to carry out nnd that his own convictions .and views were against a Bank. liurlinxton Sentinel. D SI.LA9 os the IUvk. The reiteration rf the Wh'g falsehood thnt Mr. Dallas was to favor of a United Stales Hank has called from thai eentleman a nen al nf ihe nsserlion. He voted for the it ink under in struc'inn?, but immediately look srounils asauist it. a ml siwlaincd.l ickson throunh thp mnt i renin nerio.t . of his war on the monster. True iJcmocraU Unfortunately there is not a w ord of truth in this, except tlio f.iet lhat tlio Pennsviva nia Senators wero instructed. NEVER, on any occasion, during tho great stinncle on tins question, did Mr. Dallas entertain or j express sentiments adverse to tltn Bank ; I but on presenlino the bill fur its ru-clwter, ihe explicitly declared himself not only tlio instructed, but (we quote his own words) tiio " willing agent in promotinjt to the cx " tent of his ability, an object which, bow " ever dangerously tuned il might seem, was " in itself entitled to every consideration and "favor." But if Mr. spoku against his own measure, as tlio Sentinel asserts, the fact is doubtless on record, and we invito our neighbois to produce it. But lest they should feel no stomach fur tho research, wo beg lo refresh their memories by the follow ing brief leferenco to the jacts, as embodied by a contemporary. And first as to Mr' "instructions." Here they are, rrr latim ct literatim, as adopted by the Penn sylvania Leaisl.itnre And be it further nsolccd, ,S-c,. Tliat connected al the proipcrity of agiicullurc and mauufatturts arc with the successful Jinaneial operations and sound currency of the country, we xiew thespeedyre-rharler- of the bank ofthe United States, as of rital in- portanceof Ihi public icelfjrc. It will bo seen that they are not very stringent nor particularly specific ; and that Iho Pennsylvania Senators are neither "in structed," nor even "requested" lo vote for tlio re-charter, doubtless for the reason that Mr. Dallas and his colleague weru known lo bo in flror of the measure. That .Mr. Dallas was so inclined, is apparent from the reniaiks he made on presenting ihu me morial ofthe Bank, praying for a re-charter. Hero is tlio record : In the Senate or the United States. Ajntny, January!), Pallas presrnted Ihe niHi nor al oflhe Hank ol Ihe V '.led Males, pray ng or a nnd said, ' be eonld no, bu. ,el st?onlv impressed by Iho rcollccnon that ihe f.latuTe n ' nnsvbnnia reeenlly and in . fieri unnm mi iislv hi d recoinnii oiled .he reelurler of ,he auk. w , . , i ten a WII.IJNl' nshe was urtunlly nil lie became t enn ni , ! eel "hub however dansrerously l ined "W- ? h, on n eb seem. WAS IN ITSP.I.F i:N MTA "t0 1VMY CONSIDI-.UATION AND A VOU " (S Insist" of Dibatcs, Vol. viu. Page I. pJgc25.) As such "witling agent" Mr. Dallas, on llio 13lh March, 1832, iepnrle.1 a bill to re chnrier the U. S. Bank for fifteen years. On iho 23J "f M,,v f""""''"?' ,,IB v,n" tier discussion, Mr. Dallas "addressed tlio Senate for about an hour in its pa von." Was this the speech rcfered iol On tlio I lth of June, the bill was finally passed by tyet j ynniviif, ...v." .

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