Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 12, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 12, 1844 Page 2
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t qu ire yard, In 1 2 Per cent, ml valorem, On the fame 1 d iy he voted for Air. Mi D'ilhVs inutiou Id nbolisli ihtithily of 30 per Ion nn lolled iron, On Ilia pie- i wiis 1 1 vy ho voted in riilncu I lie duty on salt id 5 I cents per 50 lbs mi l toli'il n liiml the duties on boots nnil li kiIci 9, on c ihuu I unrig, Inn nnd tups, whip", bridles, suldl-s, onriiL'i'F, nnil pails of carriages, Malik bonks, i'tir lieu nml stone warts, nn I mainline tores of in it liti' ninl nlsoagimst the iluiv on wool. Willi I'us cHii'utieui of tin- liicniKlnp of" James K. I'nlk fir llio laboring Incini'n of nil class's in this country, 1 iiiiulit leave liini in their hands. I have inn referred M li s published speeches on Ihc 'I'urilV, whlth tiliva .1 lrcnlli"il the uni'l settled hostility to the wdiole p' 1 1" y 1'ohtiei in sninclinies spenk one w iv, mnl oii' nnntlier. Mr. Van I'.uren always spoke n--nnl Ihu TnrilV, but generally enttd for it. 'l'lierc were sveral p dun inn of tint school m Congress nt llic passage of lliu Iit Tarill" llnl J.iniia K. I'olk was never of lli il poliriot. lie was, m deed ns well iik in word, on nil occasions, mi iiieiny In protection fur llic laborer. 1 mean lo try linn bv his acts nnd Ins voles mnl, vi haul --'ottig furtlirr, I nimht Icavo those aclsind Dtc, which 1 haeu thus exposed, to Ihe indignant eotinneiit".rii's of the laboring men of nil classes, Willi their fi lends and employers. Hull purnose Id ilofull jusliu-Id Mr. I'olk. on this s.ibjct. 'I'ho people shall mil misunderstand the extent of his hostility to ilie domestic industry of liti country. 0,1 llic 'J3ih d lyof bchiuary, 19.ll, wilhin ruievcur nfti-r i lie passage of the Compromise, Mr. Ilnlf. ol N'nrlh Car ,lina. in the House of IlePtcsenta- live of Ihe I 'tilled Si.iies, introduced a resolution, the from the consequences of their own folly 1 ile ex' pressed the highest nullification nt the prospect of this passage of the Compromise, n the only means left of prcsminu the principle, lo llio mtintenoncu of which he had devoted a (.'real part of his own use ful life His judgment on thu subject confirmed my own opimoni nud 1 owed linn while lie lived a debt of gratitude for his assistance on that occasion, which, although I nevir had it in my power to repay, yet hive I never failed, either before or si ice his lament ed ilenlh, to acknowledge. Thus ns tired, my feeble aid was freely given to ilial great measure ; which, while it sived the manufacturing inlcre-t from sud di n nnd utter destruction, soothed nnd conciliated the nngiy passions of men, then ready to rush upon rev olution and bloodshed) nnd gate nmple tune to llic fiicnds of the protective policy to rally in its support before I ho dearest inletesl of the counlrv could I c fa tally allecled. Any nltempt to withstand and repet the ll mil then rushing upon us, would have been fruitless. It was rlcar that we should be swept nway hv the torrent. Wo preferred lo divide, lo divert, nnd to retard it. And I then thought, and slill think, that the mighty ellurt of Mr, Clay, on that occasion,, to save Ins favorite tnensuro from the danger whicli threatened it from ccry quarter, was the most tri. i tunphinl net of his life. Aflcr n most exciting debate on tho merits of the mil. a great pat t of which wns never published in con sequence of thu feeling into which friends had been betrayed, who badnlwnys, hefoio that, acted together on tins subject, the question was taken on llic engross ment oi inc , on ino mgni ol Saturday, inciju oi oh 'rt of which w is Id procure Iroin the Committee I'ebrunry, 1S31, nnd il was ordered to n third reading nf'Waysitnl Me mt, n report of n plan, accompanied in the Senate by nn overwhelming majority At this bv n lull, Jo rcpi'tl tlio proleelinii gtnrntiP'cd by the (,nnipromp, iimier llic piclcxi oi imineuiaiciy rcuu ring the levcniio t" lliu necessary expenses of llic got eminent i nml James K. I'nlk, of Tennessee, who was,nl tint '. mo, (lie olianmaiii of that eery Com inilleo of Wnvs nnd Mrnn, mini fur tint resolution. There were-GO ye is in favor of llnl resolution, nil'1. 115 nays ngiinst il. In voting for thu resoluii u, thu de li'icrilo uVsun of wuch was lo inlnte (ill the pledges riven in the Compromise, Mr. Polk was lucked by tho voles of six 'f the ntn members of lb it smni' ciimmitlee, nn I by all Xullifii'is and ultra nnti-uilill' men in llic IIoue." Tlii Movement sh"W9tlicdissit. I'.f ii'lioii with tho Civnpro'iiis.: thcrishrd nt an early period liv the ciieinii s of nrMeelion. Thev were sell- cible that Mr. Cl-iy had triumphed, by llio snlviilinn of nn itv'jniu poiiev! mil llio strcngm oi me voio iiytnin I he re"lu!.iu shows how "lent that tiiuiiinh wni. Put ono yesr pruiim lo llio introduction of JVI r. II. 'i U s res ,!i i li, ni, it wool I Inee p iel I he House bv an overw ln-linitia nniirilv. Tin" votes nn Mr. Verphnek's I ill, at lint true, prove lint eoucliisiet Iv. Hut tliefiel is. ilnt ihceeil "-pnil of the Sturm tlin spnit nf ilisuiuon -which Ind In en rai-ed by iViil I'icnlinn, bad b.Mi su'dued by llnl in isti r spint, uliifh, fortlutly vcars, In I exercised so greil nn in Jln.'iiee in our p.ililic e'onu lis That stiiio inastir spirit had q'lelled the snmc denioti, nt the great criis "I" the .'Mc-oitr; niiin(irotiiie. On both occasions, Henry t'l ty s'lwd the Uni'iii i and, in the ju Iguienl of in my, ill eaeli I'flhcin, he saved the Uubn mils list t;is-i. Hut the volen! .Itu 's l. I'.ilk an J his allies, in the var on Domestic Industry, was mil tin I hnvc desctihed, had then left the Senat;; and the swaggering of Mr. Cnlboiin was not tcbnked by them. 1 linisii tins pkuicii uy snnpiy stating tlio met that Mr. Calhoun is now un lerslood to be a friend to the election of James k.. Polk, lite peculiar friend or Gen. Jackson, who, in 1933, llirentencd to hang It i til ns high as Unman, and that Mr. C. is also the un compromising enemy of Henry Clay. it may uo tnougntuuc to mo occasion, innt, as i have touched upon the principles of all tlio candidates, 1 should devote n few moments tn the consideration of tho nrinciulos of Sir. Dallas. If llio modern Dem ocrats arc satisfied with his votes m the Senate, I do not see why tee should complain ol them. He was this father of llio bill In re-chnrter the Hank of llic United States, which tell by President Jackson's ve to. Ho voted far the bill to ilistiibute the proceeds of the sales of the- Public I.tnds among tho Stales, on nil occasions within my knowledge. And ho profes sed to bo so strong a friend to Protection nnd the TorilTpolicy, that he undo a speech nrainst the Com- p-OI1U90, because it rceluccel (tunes, nuei voted against it, on its passage-, for the awnved reason tint .here was not enougn protection m it lor urn. no stood alone by llic side of n extinguished Tariff Senator in tho debate against the Compromise, thus nnncaring not willing to yield to any thing to save the peace of llic country, une r-outnern Democratic senator spoko against tlio hill, and was burnt in effigy by seme of his constituents for so doing, although ho stage, up arrested further proceedings in the Senate, in constiucnce ol llic constitutional difncuityolorl i'lnting a tevenuc bill in that bodv. llnl we had sc cm I'll one object, by this indicating lo the House the measure to which wo were disposed in accede. Jn .ilondaVi being Ihe'ijlh of I'ebrunry. a successful mo. lion wns made in llio House to strike out the whole of Mr. criunnck s Inn, nnd substitute tho Comoro iinso in lieu i fit. The bill thus amended was ordered to he eiigros ed for a third reading on the same day and, shortly after, became the law of the land. 1 1 is loo Inlc now. nflcr theexnerience tho nation ha had of Opncral Jackson's inllucnco while President to pretend thitit was not in his power In 1333 to have crushed I lie protective iio'icv. Ilis nartv wns in llio 'oiilli of its power. It had abandoned every principle formerly professed by it, lo which he had become hostile. 1 1 hid sacrificed every institution and every me'nsiire winch it had formerly advocated, as soon ns he declared war ngatnst il. It is too late lo say, thai he Ind some friends among llio T.irifl men, wdio could hue intluenced his own course. He had friends among ihu h.iuk uico ; he friends among the in- , lerual improvement men; nnd it was mainly by their aid ihnt lie wns made a prominent candidate in 1824. mid actually elected in 1823. Hid the friends t.f the Itnuk. the in'orii-il improvement system, nnd the tarill. foreseen bi policy m 1824, ho could not possibly have o'unined voles enough in the United Slntes lo have carried him into llio House of Representatives as a can It Lite fur election. His intentions on all these subjects were studiously concealed, pending hisclcc- i ..i r.-.-ii.. .i:'..i i i li i.i , mm nen nicy wi.iu inriiiy untiusin, uiey ca i' fust e.ehilti-1 i,,k,,... 1 ,,, ; r.t,, r,,, I,-,,-,. lion ol their vlivn mi i husnhiy lo the Compromis. . j ,lsl rv,.,y dislingui-licd. lie kiilcd oil llio insiilu- . it inn ri i-i-A.. ii h i 1 1 1 j ' n- iiji- oi un- in i, nn- i . eciilive of the tTn ti-il .Si'ites Iii'tihi lo violale its true : spirit and its le'iiiurile toniniciion, fur the purpisot of bre'tiking dow n our A luetic in policy. On the '.'Dili j of April, 1831, the S.rre'arv of the 'IVc.isurv under i l'resiiijnl J lekm't sue i Ins f noniis Treisnry f'ueu I ir lo nil the ntlieeis of itie ett'.toms m the United States. Tint eireu'ar nili'iu d an I'c",ulie decree abrogating nil tli. specific duin- and the whole syi lein of vtitiitirnn in I'm extstuig tarill I ivs. Under n preievt ns torn.' u fioni liioeiewsi full the men Willi w h-iui I ncietl I'l I lie in ss ijre of ill it inw. n all v thing tho most remote, litis -t 1 1 it r.i r v ' diet ileel.ired, wilhoui i ...unjji il(. rule s innt"' m me aei id support ii, nni it was our luleniion, in II, lo rtpeal llies,. specific d Hies and minimum, lli senrccly possible llnl nny hu man lteuig ei old lnc l.oi n so unoinnt ns not to know tint n sju-!ir duw could, at nny lime, bens well nccrtnineil a nil nil villoma duty, an I thai Ihesj do tie. were eoneerlili u. My the Compromise, we sim ply provided tint all existing d dies (whether specific or ml ralorrm) shi,ti,l be re'duecd according to a liv id ratio. Tots otili age on iln-Inw, which, because I nous of llic coiinlry in detail, always selecting the weakest first. desirnehiL' that with ihc ntd of llic friends of the others, heloro be ventured to announce n iy hostility tn the latter; and never nllackmg the strongest until the friends of weaker measures, w hich h id been iiiitui7.ed, bccniie powerless. His firstai tieli was on the iniernal minrovement system, and alllnruli it wus(tiite a favorite with most of his north ern nnd western supporters, on the ehy his veto on the Mnysville road I ill was sent to Congress! vet three wtrks nfierwards it bntl scarcely a friend in his piny. I he little remnant who rinrcu to remonstrate against tin1 eelo were iiniucilntciv proscribed, and luruel nut otliis poliucal cmircli. ocoon proxt titin til." Mho Hank's turn canto next. Ilis de termined hostility lo that was disclosed immediately arier he found himself succra-iil in the destruction of l lie I'lipiovemcnl system, and not before. "ThcCen eril," sml bis friend, I'chx ftrundy, one day to me, is a stiortstnati who must always have Ins cock in the pit." lie had Iri'd bis apprentice band on the interim! improvements; nnd nllhnugh, whilo ho wns I tits otiiinge on ih'-law. which, liecauseM ,,, r,i, j , r,i,n iti,,i i,t.i llin KveentivM. evliosi. timnni-n it ei ns to r'ulk pi (lie , n 1. 1. .. i .i.. . ..i.- ' ..' ,.,," 1 " nv nn ui voic.s, i-,inieo nine sysieio 10 ine niosi e.x- e lilies hid perpetrated it, was utterly without rente- i ir'avngtnii".xtcni, nnd won golden opinions, by llio lat ily, proved of great injiiiy to nil lho nnniifieliires nude nf In consliltinoinl construction, among his which depended for protection upon the iniuiim mis dittus in Ihc west; yet he crushed llio whole of it so nnd specific dimes. 1 ell'eclinlly nt n -inglcblow, nfier he becmie President, I he ineiry mllieled on tho tmniifacltiiing mierest , (tmv, t al imlncnce with his gigantic pir did not ndniitnf legnl redress, lor the fu-iu Not pro- , u. i',,nh,cnCl) by Ibis success, by which lection could not by any possibility bring llio rpies- , iler,.,nw f internal linnrovcineiits bestowed upon lion befori" niiyt idictal tribunal, while Ihe executue ! i,,,,. rrmii all oinriers. be soimbt new laurels of the saitieMiin ma new pent; mil attnougn, ai no period olticers re'luseil ti sue for or collect tho dunes in pur suance of their uislriic linns. Nothing remained for us lodo hut lo submit m silence', iinld the lelurning senseof j'lstico lo the counlrv sho ild induce ihe peo ple to drive the enemies of I) mr.'stie industry Ironi the high places of the Reptttil.c. And bete let me p.iu-e, fur the purpose ofen'real-ingeve-ry fricin! of lloui" I.ibor, w h i Ins ever thought of votioa for J.uiiu IC P..1U, a of tiie Uni ted States, lo lake warning bv lliu example- which ) htvcnowsel Itl'ire ilieni. Iftheiohe such a man, let liini nut lay the llilieiing miction to his soul that before In eh t'tioii, had lie even venttired lo whisper liis hostility to the II, ink ; nlihoiigh during the whole penod of his service in llie Senate of the United Stalc9, hIil'O if be Ind harbored any hostility to the Hank on the giniuid of its unconstitutionality or dangerous ten dency to our liberties, liis until of fidelity nsn Sanator ought to have compelled him to disclose: it, lie never In Ml lllfwl n word 0f"! 'I , Jl uo OOWII ..o l.ul.nj ", rid of the internal improvements, he declared war against the Hank, nnd effectually crushed ihnt loo. Tine it is, that thu Pennsylvania Legislature, by a actually voted for it. I hope Mr. Dallas'tniy now share a belter fate nniong his Democratic constitu ents in Ihe same region. It is due to him to siy, that we now understand that ho has changed Ins princi- Klcson all these great measures j nnd that some of is friends insist that hois ns hostile to protection in every shape as James h.. I oll lumsell. Hut llcnrv Clav has never changed: nnd his ex crtions in the public councils, aided by his instructive eloquence, nave none more lor t lie cause ol me launr inn classes in this nation, nnd have made more pros elyles to tho doctrines of tho Protective policy than all the efforts of nnv .other man in the conntrt. At the time he commenced his labnts in Congress to build un tho American System, most of the young men of the nation were educated in llio KreoTrndo doctrines of Adam Sniilh nnd the visionary theories of others like him, whose knowledge ot Political I'.conomv was obtained in Ihc closet, instead of Ihe council clumber. I wns one of those who had nn hibed these opinions ; nml if, for the last twenty years, 1 nave been the steady rriend ol protecting Atneiieaii interests against foreign competition, it has been niiiiuiv uwniL' ill in ; riiiiviri in urn iiii'i'o on mv mind hv tho ncrusnl of those masterly specimens of nrgumcnt nnd eloquence Willi winch ho sustained ins favorno policy in llio halls of the capitol of our conn try. I havo trespassed too long, fellow-citizens, upon your patience i but nlloev me in conclusion, bv eurv consideration of what is due to the honor nnd tnicresl of your country, by every feeling which ought to warm nna animate your Hearts ns American citizens, anxious for the Drolcclion of vour own industry nnd tho welfare of all the Inboting classes ninotig us, to entreat vou not lo overlook the true issue, lo be de cided in November next, between Henry Clav, of itenntckv, nun James K.. i'ot:i, ot Tennessee, it is not a oucstion about honor, nnd otlicersnnd there wards of puliz in service: it i3 not n ntiestiou about lie payment of the .late debts; or the acquisition of 'ortigu territory : it i-, ns t nave said already, mi rihalisallv a question ol HUfCAD u nueslion whether we shall sink tho mass of the laboring freemen of mis country, wiio now gain tlieir urcul Hy the sweat of their brows, tif the level of tho l.uropean paupers, who labor for sixpence n day and find themselves. Il is an nxiom of eternal truth in politics, that a nation completely impoverished will soon lie a nation com plelely enslaved. If. hv the abandonment ufnrolec. lion to home labor, we reduce half a million of voters nl an election lei a condition "of as servile dependence and as nnjeet poverty ns our southern slaves, how long can we rationally expect lo remain a nntion of irtcmen: iwore man a Hundred anti lorty years ago, lueireaiyot .iieiiiuen, which was one ol llicprmci nil ciusesof the betrtrarv nnd want uf Portu.iral. re duced her to the condition of a dependency of Kng- latin, sirucii tiowii Iter national spirit, nnd enslaved her people'. Ily that treaty, she abandoned till right to prolec! her own industry, and ngicetl to admit Hritish woollen goods of all kinds without duty or re striclion. Nineteen hundred years ano. when Rome had con nucred the principal pert of llio world, nnd Ireelv nil milted supplies from Svrh and Knvnl into Itnli ihe industry of her own citizens was pnraljzed by the oi nun inoiecuoii 10 wtiien it was l.'lirlV entitled, poverty and want reigned where plenty had prevailed, and arace of men thcbraeestniid tiiefreest t lint ever med, wcie speedily converted into the sub jects of a despot. And so keenly 'id Tacitus, one of me gravest and most pliilos iplncnl ol her historian. feel the degradation of supplying her legion from the industry of foreign counlrie's. th it he Ins announced with nn oa(i of vexation nnd disgust, thai deplorable cnange in Her condition, l.el us lake warning from tne examples ol oilier nations. I.ct us nuird and pro tect the renl, not merely the nominal independence of our country. I He ever fervent nspirations of every true American heart will be for the preservation of has been displayed In every variety of form. No man has over been more attentive and punc tual in liis private enongenionls than Mr. Clay. Ile lias stillercd fjotnetiinep, ns others have suf fered, by responsibilities fur his friends. Ho Is not rich his public service has prevented liis heotntiino wealthy ; but no man cuuld over re. proach him fnr violatiun of nny pecuniary ohli oation nr promise. Accordingly his credit lias always Mood, as it yet slanil?, til llio niyiicsi point of elevation. 'Ind, by the way, wo may remark t tint millions of dollars passed through liis hands as Speaker o( tlio 1 louse of Itoprcsoii. tatives and as Secretary of Slate, and tlio tongue of malico has never dared to charge him with the misapplication of a sini'lo dollar. On one occasion, niter settling liis account as Spoakor nt the '1 rnasiiry, which ho invariably did upon llio termination ol every session, it ap peared that there stood to Ins credit in tho banK vhero lie transacted his business a sum of fifty thousand dollars. Ho stated to tho Secretary of Ihe Treasury that there must be some mis- take, but ho was confidently assured that there was none. Ho said that ho wns equally confi dent that he had no such amount of money, mid rctiuostcd a farther and more carolul examina tion, upon which tho fact was discovered that tho t reasury had neglected to charge him with a'warrant of fifty thousand dollars. How admi rahly does this honorable and upright course contrast with the peculation, frauds and dolin- pctuity of slavery, and tlio irrevocable pros tration of protection. Vermont Locolocoistn dont clioko much at such political doses, even though they be liko nn alkali to an acid, compared with for mer ones. Tlio conflicting doctrines, after a slight effervescence, manage to coalesce, and live very comfortably together. A cor rective is needed, which the Whigs will bo too benevolent not to administer in tho course of thu fall. JAS. K. I'OLK'S ANCESTRY. Tho Mobile Advertiser says that "the Lo co Foco orators at tho 'Polk and Texas' meeting in that cily, on Saturday evening, dwelt with rapturous eloquence on the 'no blc blood that coursed in the veins' of James K. Polk. It was 'revolutionary blood' bis was a glorious ancestry bis 'great undo' was ono of the signers of tlio famous Meck lenburg Declaration of Independence, in 1775, and divers others of the 'noble' family uncles, cousins. &.c. fought with creat qticncy which have characterized the conduct of valor, and on ono occasion tho 'Polk family' on ui.uiy intuitu strvdiiia uuuii" uiu mat iiuuuu - . lir.t i i years! I'erhans no man eve? lived who has fou8'" and defeated a band of tones of four been so often appointed an executor of deccas ed persons as Mr. Clay has been, and that by o,Ko?3 app limed by him. is hostile lo lint policy. 'I hey have thccollclioii of the duties for protection ; and ho who would c.iinniil ihe I nub to thecustody of the wolf, will justly snin-r for Ina own folly. Before I hue done wilh this subject, I ought to mention, in tins connexion, what 1 think is number s'long eeideiire of lliu hostility of James K. I'nlk and Ins politic. il nssnei.itts lo the proleeliw! pohcj, ami other true pi.netples of the Conipronuse ct. Al though lliey eonlinui d in power from 1 lie pas-agn of ih'illiw iitntl the tear Pll, icy ncrrr attempta, in n s itile iii-i.mce, lo pr-irun. eituer uy proiecnvc le-g lspilion or Py -my I.M eutne iigiilalion Joruinj or usstsig Me ditties on the Hume valuation ; nor did lliey ill (u 111)1 1 lo ! as a law r.UMUL' ihedulies. pro F.ite ivtly, after the jOlh of June, 1812, to ihe teal wants nt the tovi riimeiit ; although lliey knew, ns well lliri'iiuh ihe whole se-sston of bnngre'ss of 1810-1, ns we kn iv now, one or both of ibeso measures I'lielit to le; pro peenvely adopted, to siveihegov eminent fioni Ihe d ni-ier of h nikruptey. The prin ciple of the llouie Valuation was i ni'iif aim mm. til oi ine pas. ige nt ItieacI, won many ol llio Hank. Did mil his party fi tends in that bodv. imtne. diitelv nflcr bearing theucus of the Veto, wheel into llio party line, nntl unite m nil his denunciations of lint insinuiion 7 True it is that Ocorge M. Dallas, the present Deniortiitic candidate lor the Vice Presi dency, was the rATiicn or thk bank hill; w-as the man entrusted with the memorial of the hank itself, ihe chairman of the commune to which that me nu ml was nf, rred; was the very man who reported llic b II voted for it, nnd spoke for it through nil its stages. Did be not vote with his brother Senator tV.!,, I, .ii i, ai-l t nn! , , l,f, vnlrl in tin- 61 mo w.i fitm imorfe ' !'!"ml it llin a few'dajs afltr tho veto, and denounce n nor ' "atik I Who does not remember the predictions, at tlictnneol I hit eto, that thcie would be a great elt'sertion from tho president's party, in consequence of tint net, and who Ins forioiicu thai nearly all of those who talked loiuiestin Ins party in lavor ot llic Hank were whipped in and became clamorous against it, ns soon as us etoappc.ireo lie vetoed t lie Hank bill ill July, 1S32, and as we havealready seen, with in siv months nflcr tint he made war on the tariff. Can any reasonable man doul t what would have Z"7 ,:. been lis fate if Henry Clav. wilh nil theaflcclion of a by i n e tit ihe' un'ie. of Env, the P oie'ciiv.- nolle y. 1 pi' cut for Ihe protectee policy, had lint rescued it from We eoimh reil tin .1 vote lor the duties fived by llie fvZVTi ". 7 T c.0,,,,Pron'1?8 oc' ,"1c.,-u , March' . . .. 'IRtx? tlio in!.rnoeif tun nl sir I nv I ip nn... i.ct, to lie nssitseii on this principle, was essenlnllv ISdl? Hut for the interposition of Mr. Clay the pass ago nf the bill reported by ihe Coiinnillee of Ways and .Means iti ihe House, would, at no very distant d.iv, haeu been inevitable. What might have been thu late of the Union, I leae others lo conjecture. My ini-mess now is wilh tne limit alone, and 1 con fine myself 10 that. Henry filav w as nt the head of the committee which reported ihu' compromise net. James K. Polk, of Teiine-see, the present rieal for tho Presidency, was at the tail in llin Cominitleo of Wiys and Means in ed wilh that feeling which hec line a linn who h id 1 the House which reported llin bill to which 1 have received at our hinds a shelter fioni llie slorm which i referred. To understand .Mr. Polk, 11 is now neces-n-ilir.-nti nl 10 niinilobiti. him I 1,-iv,. fi,r I. .111 ,.,!. eh. I rv lo uuderstiiid that bill. Although he was the last era who me in the t..nnc 111 1 eg' r to determine. To ' milted mem! er on thai Committee, and in llic rear of evnltiin hi. eoiulin i I must r. fi 1 1.1 r. t.-w fuels. ! llin coluiiiii which nttacltcd the larill, there was no While the motion was nendm.. to aineiid the bill . inoic tboiough going, no niore denuncintory enemy of 1.,. ,i,,....i',.,,. ,1,., ,, ,.r,i. . i. I,., 1 llie protective policy man .lames iv. row. uui lei us value, a debute i-priing up. in the course of winch Mr. , T' 1,11,1 h-v ",0 1,111 v l,icl' l,,0,!"d. '."9 c''llc,,", on fJalboiin r.neale, Iv nrmied ihnt ih amendment wns con.tiii lee reporteo, aniioy us voies as nicy Ulicniis fir htm to all intents nnd purposes!! vote for I'rnlcdion i nnd we de tcriiiin"d, therefore, to compel Mr. Calhoun and his peculiar frieii Is 111 tho Jennie to re'eord their voles m ibo 1110 I nil. rpiieoeal form, 011 die journal, in favor of Ih 11 piiueiple. And hero 1 cannot help com pi. lining of ihc C0111J11 t of Mr. Calhoun, after the pis n:c of lilts law, and especi illy utter the pel tod when most of us friendly 10 llie Protective policy, wdio had oled wilh htm for Us passage, h-ul lelt the Setnteof tlie I'liited Siati?. How well Ills c induct eouiporl un repealed y argued that the amendment wns " V"". " " ', and dechrul thai 11 was ttnpossible 8 " ,l,e J'.'"'! of, ""' n to vole for it. A number of Tnrill r-einlor.s. I prulc.liv" Policy. 'I us bill w hich will bo found fi.endlv to .0 the Compromise Act, will, whom I was '.' 1 u "V Vi j "' "7 " e ! .,;. in concert, t.ieluding among other- I ol",,,"lY . ho 2l SP0,!IU" olb" C"rnT,, Jre' Hell, of New lln nnsbire. A. Xainbnn. .. U,. I tho duties on llie 2d .March, lo.ns follows 1- Snuncl I'ool.of Connecticut, and John Holmes, ofj all assessable, trait remetnbercel, oVhe foreign ralua Maine, had lesoued to compel all ihonuti protection isls 111 the Senate to vote for that amendment, in ev ery stage of its passage, or to defeat the bill by hy ing II 011 Ihet.ddi. Wo loresiw all tho objections which have been .luce undo to the adoption of tint 1110 le of preventing etasions of the law and fiaudson lc reven .e j nnd wo knew that the amendment tie-ces-irily cinnd with it prntection lo American in dustry. It was an tiiiple.i-inl picseriptinn for Mr. Calhoun ; but it was not ill adapted lo the peculiar disease under vlucli he lihorcd. Aflei he had Ire fluciitly ntniounccd his unalier.iblo deierininilioii to otu ng.iiiisl the nineniluii in, which he as often sai.l it would boa violation of the ceiisiitiition, and against int. conscience lo support, a uiuiinn wis undo and by himself to IkJ' the whole bill on the table i nnd on the par! of in V lijend"', 1 avowed our deterinnu lion not 10 huirer it to )) calleKl up; again during llie season. At tho request of n nullifying Senatnr, I withdrew ihnt inolioit, 10 c:'n himself and his friends lime to relied furthers but, nt Ibo same lime, they were distinctly given toundi island, ihat, unless limy agreed to vote for the nmendmen,, al every rtigeoflts passnge. the motion fehonld be renewed nnd the bill nailed to ihe table; III whl'h event ihev nilist fight It 0111 wilh the lltnernl (invern.nenl. Those who are curious enough to eousult the debates in Congress at that day, will nt, bv recurring to llieui, that, on the next day, when the lull was taken up ngaiu. evt ry itiati among llieui, eviry enemy of the Tarill'in the Smalt", including the Hon. John C. Calhoun, of h C, voted mil tiik jii:npment I His volo lor the Home" Valuation Mauds recorded on llio journals uf llie Senile, tit evt ry stage nf I ho passage nl llie lull j aim lie conieuieu linn-ell nt llie tune, ns Hon 1 on teoolltn: to 15 per cent t on nl not exceed nig .! cents thosiiuire yard, 5 per cent ; on worsted Mull in oils of all kinds, 10 per cent.! on worsted and woollen hosirrv. nloves. nctts. bindings, nnd stockt iieis, 10 per cent, j on all other cloths, merino shawls, fiauii Is, and cassitueres, carpctings and rugs of nil kinds, "'ii per cent.: nn clothing ready made, all tb'-cnptious, iO per cent i on all cotton goods, 20 per cent, except naiiMna, from India, tin which Mr I'nlk's (In I v was 15 rerceiit.: and cotton hosiery. gloves, milts, nnd siockinetis, on which Ins duty was lOpei cent.! ns well as upon cotton twist, yarn, and thread; on all manufactures of Jinx and hemp, or nil (luck and coiton-bigging, IS per cent, j on nil of tin, japanning, gilt, plated, brass, copper nml pewter, and on saddlery, plated, nrass, nnd polished steed. 20 Per e-enl.. on common Biddlcrv, 10 per, j on earthen and stoneware, 20 per cent j nn nil side nnd fire arms, rille's and muskets, 20 per cent.: on bridle bits and class ware. 20 percent. 1 on miiiuf.ieiurcs of iron slid siecl generally, a duty of ;u percent.; on salt and coal, 5 percent.; on every .1.:.. I I... .L r :' .1 TJ.I, 1 .1. tiiuu' irouiieeo uy tut lurtuer ill lite tmuuie uuo iiu.iir em Stales. Mr. Polk, who is a cotton-grower, re- commended, in this bill, one unvarying standard of oniy u per cein i i per cent, on poiatoes; is per cent, on oats; 15 per cent on wheal, and wheat-Hour, Duller, Pacini, pert and pnrli. .Such was the chnrncter of that bill, from the pas sigeof njiich Henry Clav saved llie country by the ndoptionof tlio Compromise, Had a tornado passed over all ihe manufacturing establishments of the country at that tune, il would scarcely have proved a greater curse man malt tuea-ure, which tutu niu cattt- est support of .Mr. James K Polk, ot lennesseo. Ily dee-Ian el during llio passage of 1lie Tanll'of SI2, reducing ihe duly on Wool lo 15 per cent, it put the (when this vote was invoked in judgment againii kiufe In ihe Ibroal ol every sheep in llio country. Hy g that he vond for nouivoi ,u per e'cni. on reaay maae cioiuiiie, ui on liim bv n Tariff Senator) by saying it UNDKU A PIIOITST! Il is true, thai promises made iiikNt Ihe fear of death art) not binding in laev ; but it woutd be utterly inadmissable to suppose that Mr.C.ilhniin ncicd under duress 1 mid it would be rtpially imiduussable lo suppose Ihat his vote was IPVcu with a new to procure llio voles of others, then necessary for his own safety, becauso such a vole would have been a palpable fraud upon them, if, ul tho time, he mediiated nn evasion of llio pledge given Hi Ihoniniridmciit, 'lin ilnvs iifn'r ibn nasamn nftltis bill, fnnnri-ss ndjourned ; and, in less thin threo months, we learn-1 ". nnd manufacturers of the country now answer iJ . . r . 1 1 ., ,.. 1 ...I... .1 . ...:l. ., t .1... A.niHnl. fnr lltn lral. en, 10 our pertect nsionisuineiti, ironi tun puuiic ot ni--y iiuu-, ... ,nn n, nrinls. Ihat Mr. Cnlboun was in Kouih Cnrolinn. n. tlency, James 1C, Polk, of Tennesseo ti line nniono bis fo'lowers 011 neconui of what be Itm I tmvp not ,.pt il,mn with Mr. James K. Polk called his ttiuinph over Heniiv Ci.av I In llic ses-1 of Tennessee, mid his biller holility lo the protecliya descriptions, it struck down n wholerlaea of Ihe most iniliiMnouii nun use fu incclianics of Ihe nation. II II had hem 11 bill purpo-ely designed In set fire lo most 01 llie tneclianie shops in the country, 11 would hatdty have had a worse clfecl tinon ihelaboringclasses. It would hnviifcd us on potatoes from Ireland; and at those periods, when Ihe farmers of tho Middle and Northern Sisich were suffering most from ihe pres sure of ihu times, our bread stuffs would have been crown nn llie borders of thn HalHennd Black aca, ill stendofonourown soil. Let the farmers, median sinn of IB'i'J lie even went in far ns to tell Mr. Clny, on ihe Hour of the Senate, that, at the passage of ihc Compromise, lie wns his master! It is true, thai Mr. Clay reproved ihc folly of his arrogance, unel even told him " ihat bo would not own him for a blnve." Hut those who torced linn into llie position euro some measure of immediate telle!, to taw llicin policy. Search the lecords of Congress, and you will find thai, in everv instance whero thn American sys tem was attacked, while he wns ill Congress ho was its nssnilnnt. its rnnomil nml linen. norotUISing foe. On (he 21.1 of June. 1832. bo voted lor llio inpnon of .Mr .McDiillic, of .South Carolina, In reduro lliotiiiiy on colloit coodr, cutting not exceeding 15 tuns Ihc t,,,l ill'l.l.ljuil HE EVKRLASTIXn.1 " MAY IT ON THE PEKSONAL SLANDERS HENRY CLAY. Wo find in' tlio htxbmton Observer and Reporter ilio'follotving Etlitoriil coinnicntni v on the attempts now nialiino to defeat the Wing party through tho crossost attacks on tho private character of Mr. Clay. Wo do not copy tins response ol Ins nuighbnrs ant: friends for the sake of defending the Nalion's champion Mint is needless, lint we appeal rather to tho generosity and right feeling of all men of nioderatu politics to act as they would have cilheis act if thru were thus hunted by tho bloodhounds of personal ma lignity. Wo arc sure that Mr. (Jlay onglii to gain many votes wo ti 11st lio will 0.1111 them on account of these slanders. Hear tho Observer : MR. CLAY AND HIS REVILKRS. There is no example in tho records of dclrac lion and calumny of such persevering;, ranco roup, and malignant attacks, as I host! which have been constantly directed toivard Mr. Clav du ring the last twenty vcars. Thcv arose tint nf the fact that ho did not deem it his duty, acting cither upon his own judgment or in ctmloriinty with the wishes of his cuiMitutonlD, whom he represented in Ihe House of Representatives, to cast a vote for Gen, Jackson as President nf the United States. His assailants, including the Ucneral himself, seem resolved to persist in these attacks during the CJenoral's life. Nor are they confined to his public character and conduct; but, with a fiendish spirit, watching and pursuing him wherever he ifoes. in retire ment, and 111 private and social intercourse, his unguarded expressions, his habits, and all his movements are seized for purposes nf misrepre

eenlation and malevolent abuse. It is not tum our intention to deal with thu revived raluiiiiiv of bargain, &.c. to often denied, disproved, and triumphantly refuted. We would ns noon han dle a putrid carcass. During tho canvass in Tennessee, last year, Mr. Polk, 011 several on. casions, atteinple'd to use that stale charge; but it was met and repollcd wilh such indignant spirit hy his able, eloquent and intrepid couino- tltor ((Jov. Junes) that ho was entiroly silenced, and wo hardly inngino will ever again attempt to propagate such a calumny in the gallant and patriotic state of Tennessee. But our present object relates to Mr. Clav's private conduct and character, so indecently at tempted by his enemies to be exposed tn the gaze of the world. Ueing his neighbor, having known him all our lives, and having received from those who are older than we are, full infor- persons in various conditions ot hie ; and such has been tlio cnnhduui-c reposed in bis tiidg incut, honor, probity, and capacity fnr business, that the testators who appointed linn almost al ways dispensed with the surety which, without such dispensation, the law evicts. Ile has been charged with being addicted to irnuililiiiL', nnd foul and opprobrious epithets have been npphcii to linn. Air. Ci.iy, at 110 period nl lua life, eier so far forgot thu respect duo to lumsell as tn associate with p nlessional gam biers, or attended their public tables. For up warn ot thirty years he has played at no iramc nf hazard whatever. When fatigued and op- pressed by care and business, if lie has sutight any recreation, it has been at chess, or whist, which, ol late vcars, he more rarely than ever 1 nil 11 Iocs 111. lie has resided upwards of thirty live years at Ashland, and we have it from the must undoubted sources that a game of cards was never plaved, and a pack of cards was never in his House, with Ins knowledge. Ho has the highest respect and greatest do- ferciifc for ichgum and its ministers ; and we believe that there is not a clergyman w ho knows linn that docs not cherish toward lutti cordial esteem and regard. On the memorable ncca sinn last fall of tho great discussion between the Rev. Alessrs. Campbell and llice, Air. Clay, by common consent, was selected to preside at the public meeting- lie has contributed with as much liberality as he could to the building, we believe, of every church, or house of divine won ship, thai has been erected during his abode in or near Lexington, of which there have been many. He has always IicIiL a pew in the Epis copal Church in this city, of which his lady is a communicant, ami he generally attends divine scrvico 011 thu Sibbath, when at home. Nn man 111 the community displays more public spir it, or is tnoro ready to second and succor all oh jecls of public improvement and enterprise. As ararmcr,he is conspicuous in all the tlepn 1 tinonl u of lis vocation, but especially in the improvement of tho breeds of all domestic aniniils. Nnr is theie any one whosu hoirt is inoro affected by cases of allliction nr misfortune, or whose puree is more upon to rolinvu the distressed. Such is the individual upon whose head littler, malignant and vindictive cnt'iii cs arc constantly pouring mit torrents of vile abuse and calumny 1 Hut, tn Use his own emphatic lanouai'c, "truth w omnipotent, and public justice is e'ert.iin." I hu si In j ei 1 of his cntiiiirviiien have already proclaimed, in tones nf thunder, his in nocence ami his vindication; and if it shall iloise (loll to e,c l.ij valuable life, liuioos triumph awaits him in November next, ns hon orable to tlieir hearts as it is justly merited by long, familul and signal services in Ins counlrv. times their own number. Well we havo as' cortained, to our satisfaction, that tlio 'Polk family' wore, in the main true patriots, fought well, and displayed great courage in the days ol tho revolution, lint (hero was one ex ception in llio family ono black sheep in tho flock one rank -ronr and it most un fortunately happens that this wiie exception was no ether than tho orandfathcr of this same 'noble blooded' .Tames K! We hope therefore, when next the Loco Foco orators boast of the 'noble blood' of James K. Polk, they will not forget lo tell tho peopltitliut he descended direct from ono who, in 'the time that tried men's souls,' was fighting against his country ! that liis grandfather was a TORY! !' If any evidence is wanting to show that this Loco Foco candidate for llie Presiden cy, possesses lliu feelings of 11 Tory, wo can produce it in a record of his voles against tlio Dill granting pensions to the surviving Patriots of she Revolution. Facts like theso exhibit a man in liis true character. Here is the Rccoid, which is copied from thu Congressional Debates. Read it. n n n n n POLK AGAIN.vr Till". Of.D PATRIOTS THE HKVOLUTION. March 13, 1323, on the passije of the bill for the relief of survnini; officers of iho Itovolulionary War, we should each wtilo out nnd publish our views and opinions on the subject of the Tariff, wns, that our re- .null... hl.t I Il-.t..-. I.. I . ,n. ?.i:iiitv I'usiiiuns iniKlll oe uisiinciiy le.iuwii unu un derstood by the people. That my opinions wero al ready fully and iiisl nctty known. I could not doubt. ..,;.. .)...- .... ...-..) r ...,,,.,. m D.buu.. ,, mc fciiut, j uu. 1. , ij.ii-. Ii tn Conxresibccn opposed to a protcctitc policy, ai my recorded totes and public ppeeclies prore. .Since t.t.bu .tun, uviikiups 1 unu oeiu toe niiniu i,,iu,i. In the present canvass for Governor i had nvowclmy opposition to Iho tariff act of llie Into Whig Conntcss, ns beintt highly protective in its chnrncter nnd not de signed hy its authors ns n revenue measure. I had avowed my opinion in my public speeches that tho intct csts ei 1 10 country anil csnecia iv 01 t ie produc ing and exporting Slates required its repeal nnd the itaiuiiiiioii ut ine principles 01 111c compromise tui.n aci 01 iojj. Does not litis letter directly nnd explicitly contradict tlio impression intended to bo giv- on by his letter to Mr. Kano 1 This attempt at deception only adds hypocricy to false opinions. It will not succeed. Courier, (""On our first and second pages will bo found tho admirable speech of Hon. John M. Clayton, delivered at the Delaware Slate Convention. It is a most masterly produclion, review ing at some length, nnd with all the power of that truly great man, llio principles of tho pending controversy nnd vindicating the good namo of Henry Clay from the foul asper sions cast upon it by tho unscrupulous libel lers ol Locofocoism. Read it carefully, nnd remember it. See then, if James K. Polk, this wonderful God send of Locofocoism, is not as hostile to the interests of tho North, by reason of his po litical creed, as he is unworthy of the Presi dency bv reason of his insignificance. Then decide, ye men of all parties, if ye will ho accessory to the elevation of a small man, with bad principles, rather than " the fore most man of all tho world ;" will) principles essential to your prosperity and welfare. OF fjy-Tht! True Democrat says Mr. Dil- inghani cummenced bis speech at Montpe- lier "in a calm, cool nntl dispassionate argu ment, addressed to tho reason and under standing of tho multitude," &c. Possibly ho did. Rut the T. D. does not say bow ho finished. Wo hear ho very soon left the "calm, cool, dispassionate" style, and went into tlio polkat mode of warfare, viz: mis representation, falsehood and dodging of is- j fo"jtj and do f(!C, bljuti 0 lo& j. t0 lhe'certain re'su,9 of sues. Talked about Polk's being a 'J'ctriJ i my acts, nor hope lo escape censure for such nets, if I man and such liko. ' hac 8 rfasnn 1,1 'ho time of their commission lo , , , i t i r". i believe, mat tntir eitect wouiu oe unquestionably ais- Unadulterated gammon, tho whole of it. j oiron ,0 ho cause , prelended l0 desire t0 promote. .rimfAum;) r III DAY MORNING, J U I.Y 12, loll. NT, PRESIDE HENRY CLAY. Ol' KN.XTUCKY. FOR VICK PRESIDENT, T1IE0. FUELING HUYSEN, or .Nv;ir ji: it sic v. Foil pxncTons, .IKDi:i)I Ml II. IIA111U.S, ) JOHN PUL-k", 5 1st. dist. C.U.VIN TOWJMI.KY, 2d dist. CAlll.OS COOI.IOGi:, 3d dist. I! KN JAM IN SWIIT, lib dist. KRASTUS I-'AIlltlANKS At largo. FOR CiOVKRNOR, WILLIAM SLADE. rort i.tnuT. Govr.itNon, IIOKAUli EA TON, Fou -rr.KAsmtF.n. JOHN SPAULDINO. FOR CONGRESS, GEORGE P. MARSH. THF LOCO " MASS MEETING." Locofocoism held its " Mass Convention " at Montpelier on tlio fourth, " pursuant to previous announcement," and it is represent- niation about him prior to the commencement ed as having boon composed of about 1500 or 2000 poople, drummed together with in of our own knowledge of him, wo can speii nf mm as witness who know and bolicve tho truth of that to which they testify. Forty. one years ago, Mr. Clav, without his knowledge, was brought forward hy his friends and elected to the Licneral Assembly of Kentucky. Prom that day to this, there is no office of trust or honor within tho gift of tho people of Lexington or raycito county, tiiat they w..ultl not have readi. Iy bestowed on him if ho dusireil il. And after ho becatno known, as he did to tlio wholo Mate, by Ins prolcsMonal Mine, and us servircs in llio Legislature, there is uo oflico at the d.spnoal of uniicr inu puojno or mo Legislature ol ixen tucky which ho might havo sought that would not have been readily conferred on him. Ho never Inst a popular election in this btato when he waH candidate. The attachment of tho peo ple of Kentucky to Mr. Cr.AV has not been ono of cohl, personal respect, or mero admiration of ins talents, but it lias been warm, constant and enthusiastic. They have borne towarels him tlio anectimi ol a Iriend and bruthor and father. 1 hero is not a more moral and enlightened community in tho world, to the extent nf Iho population, than thai of tho city of Lcxiii"ton and Payetto county. Is it possible to bohevo that Mr, Clay, if ho wero tho immoral, dissolute and dobauclicd character which Jiin bitter and malignant onomics represent hhii, could havo lived in tho midst uf such a community for near ly fifty years, and enjoyed throuchout that who!.. lime, in an unexampled degree, its constant friendship and confidence I This confidence finilo pains to hear tlio sage of Watcrhury and tho bolter of Middlnbury, prove tho anti-annexation and TaiilT orthodoxy of Polk nnd Dallas. The procession wo hear, num bered about 1200, and dealt as much in out ward demonstration ns thoy have over accu sed tlio Whigs of doing. After this " im mense concourse " had got through walking round town, they got together on tho old Stuto House common, to hear the lucubra tions of tho aforesaid worthing, whoro hard thing', as usual, wero said of " tlio coons,' and u groat many humbugging speeches made, to miiko Vermont Locnfocos believe lliey were upholding tho good of tho North by voting for candidates pledgedo Southern policy in direct antagonism to the prosperi ty of the Northern States. How thoy made out, of course, wo can not tell, hut prciiumo that tho ancient gam mon proved abundantly capable of quieting ihe consciences of the " Democracy," and tilling them with patriotic ardor for tho elec tion of thu advocatos of annexation, the pcr- Mr I'o'k IN Till: NKGATIVH. Con jr. Pib. vol. 1, pirt 2, page 2(170. March 18, 1930. be voted AGAINST the Uevoln nomrv Pension Hill Same. vol. 6. Part l.pagefi'29. March 19, "Mr. Polk spoke some time against the hill." nnd voted nniinst il. Same, mr-c G3. Teh. 17, 1831, bo voted AHAINST the bill tor Ihe relief of ltevolulionary Soldiers. Same, x ol. 7, pace 7;iu. .Mnv2. IS32. bo voted AGAINST ihe Itetolnliona rv Pension Hill. Savie. vol. 8. part 3. pace 2713. In the lauguatio nt the Albany livening Journal, "we ask for no better evidence that i man is without a tiiuk American iir.Airr than is furnished by such Voles as these, Nor would we vote for such a man for Pres idenl, even if wo hud the misfortune to be long lo the Parly that nominated him. There is something so cold, so unfeeling, so heart less, and withal nf such black insratitudn tho refusal to smooth the pillows of tho Sol diers of Revolution, that wo can never for give men who refuse them a mere pittance fioni our abundance. Wo owe all wo pos scss to the patriotism nnd gulllantry of men who served through a long War, enduring hardships nnil privations to vtlncli we aro strangers, and then received pay in a cur rency utterly valulcss. And the idea of making un Migrate who has steadily opposed the payment of a portion of the debt wc owe to our Revolutionary Fathers, President of tho United States, is absolutely revolting. It ought not to be endured for a moment Give us a man for President who has some hearl, who can feel for others, and who is not like Van Burcn and Polk, all for Ihomsolves LOCO FOCO ATTEMPT AT DE CEPTION, Wo find in the Journal of Commerce tho fullowing letter from James K. Polk, the Lo co buco nominee for tho Presidency : CotCMBlA, Tennessbr, Juno 19th. 1SI1. OcirSir: I have received recently several Idlers in reference lo my opinions on llie subject of the Ta riff, and anions others yours of the 30th ultimo. My opinions on litis subject have often been civen to the public. '1 hey are to be found in my public nets, and ui ihe discussions in which I have participated. I am in favor of a tariff for revenue, such n ono as will yield a sufficient amount to the Treasury to de fray iheexpenses of the liovernment, economically administered. In adjusting the details of a revenue tarill', 1 have heretofore sanctioned such moderale dis criminating duties as would produce the amount of revenue needed, and atthesatuc time attorel reasona ble incidental protection to our home industry. I am opposed tea tariirfur protection mere'v, and not for revenue. Acting upon these general principles, it is well known that I cavo mv support to the policy of Gen Jaikson's administration nn the subicct. I voted ayainst thctarilfact of 1823. I voleel for llie act nf 1832, which contained modifications of some of tho ohicctionable provisions of the act of 1S23. As member of the Committee of Ways and Means of llie House oi Representatives, i gave my assent to a Pill reported by that Committee in December, 1832, mak ing also discriminations in the imposition of the duties which it proposed. That bill did not pass, but was superseded by the bill commonly called Ihe Comprom ise Hill, for which I voted. In my judgment it is the duly of the government tn extend, as far as il may be practicable In do so, by its revenuo laws and all other means within its power fair and juil protection to all the great interests of the whole Union, embracing agriculture, manufacture, the mechanic arts, commerce, and navigation, I heartily approve the resolutions upon this subject, passed by the Democratic National Convention, lately assem bled at llaltimore. 1 am, wilh great respect. Dear sir, your ob't servant, JAMES K. POLK. J. K. Kane, Kso,., Philadelphia. This is a delibcrato attempt to make tho pcoplo throughout tho Union buliovo that Mr. Polk is friendly lo Protection. Wo hail the effort, deccptivo and unprincipled as it is, for tho undoubted testimony it affords nf thu overwhelming strength of this great principle with the American people, Mr. Pot.K appeals to his public acts and public discussions for tho cvidonco of his friendship to a Protectivo Tariff. Wo havo already cited somo of his declarations of uncompro mising and steady hostility to such a Tariff, and shall frequently find occasion to refer to them hereafter. For the present wo must content ourselves wilh tho following para graph introducing a letter which Mr. Polk addressed lo tho people of Tolinesseo whilo ho was a candidate for Governor of that Stalo : WiNciir.sTCR, May 29, 1813. To the people or Tennessee ! Tho object which 1 had in proposing tn fVorntor Jones, al Cartollvillc, on the 12lb of -A pi il lusi, ihttt COMMUNICATION. TO THE ADOLITIONISTS OF VRU- ' MONT. A crisis has arrived in tho political affairs of this nation, which demands, and ought lo receive at tho hands of every man who desires its prosperity, a calm and dispassionate investigation, wilh reference to the part which duty calls on him to act. Contrary to universal cxpcctalion, by ihe 'sudden and unlookcd foroction of one of tlio great panics represented in Convention, tho isstio to be tried at the approaching Presidential I.lec Hon has, within the snaco of forty days, been totally changed. The old issues, upon which that party met so signal a defeat in 1810, havo been completely abandoned, implying a tacit confes sion of the justice of that defeat, and the necessity of assuming new ground in order to do battlo with any hopo of success ogainst the party who triumphed at that time. That party still maintain Ihc ground they Ihcn defended, with the assumption of such positions only as aro rendered necessary in order to take issuo with tlieir opponents upon the new points so sudden ly thrust into the e-ontrovcisy. Under this altered state of things, it becomes ne cessary for every freeman to tnke position again lo review as well llie old grounds of difference, as the now articles thus strangely interpolated into the po litical creel which he is called lo subscribo. If elements aro now found in the political contest, which present a new phase of the momentous subject to which your attention has been so strongly awa kened, such a re-ult, surprising alike lo all porticf, cannot bo attributed to any desire on the pari of ihe Whigs to reap benefit from its introduction. The simple fact app ears before you, with the most perfect distinctness, nnd in deciding upon the course to be pursued in this emergency, I have the boldness to be lieve that you will not disdain to hear the friendly words of ono of your own number, however s'ight may be his claims to publb nttenlion. for ten yoirs 1 have been an earnest and I believe a consistent opponent to tho longer continuance of Slavery in ibis Union. In all sutlablo ways I have , labored for its extinction, nnd il I have been compel led to di'cr with very many of my brethren as to tho manner of attacking this enormous moral and politi cal evil, I have had tho consolation to agree with ma ny others, whose sincerity and patriotism 1 conld not permit myself to doubt. I have looked upon the abo lition of Slavery, in a political point of view, as a practical question one which demanded in the pros ecution nf political measures, the same prudence and the same wisdom whicli are necessary in the effort lo produce any other political result. And 1 have not fell myself at liberty to take any given coutsc on ihia subject, without having regard, nol merely to what ought lo be its result, but lo what in' probably be such result. 1 hive not felt that 1 had a right lo pur sue mcisurcs which obviously and certainly tend to retard abolition and perpetuate slavery, merely bo e'atise such measures may be the ones which ought to be crowned with the desired success. In short, I havo Mn. Stacv: Hearing there was to ho a j These have been my reasons for the course which Fourth of July celebration at Vcrgcnncs, and in all sincerity mid honesty I hnvc felt compelled to wishing to lake a ride on " Independence day,' I went to that famous little city on I hitrsday last. On arriving there however, I was not a little surprised to find a orcat concourse of peo ple, and without inquiry, very soon learned by ocular demonstration, Ihat instead of an old fash ioned cclcbrajinn, it was a County Mass Moot ing of the ever faithful Whigs of Old Addison. In the centre of the square a staging was erec ted, similar to that used here at tho Stale Con ventinn. All the tokens of a largo meeting wero visible. Waggons, fil'ed with Whigs bearing banners wilh appropriate inscriptions ami a bevy of thirty very pretty girls dressed in white, re. presenting the States and territories. These were seated in a long waggon, and at the ap pointed time during the forenoun. were drawn along side the stand where they were most elo quently addressed by F. R. Woodbridgo, Y,t. The delegates from tho towns continued to come in all the morning, until by noon I thouhl think the crowd could not number less than two thousand. The Whigs of New Haven present ed an emblem, whicli in the appropriateness of the hit, exceeds any thing of the kind ihat over fell ntuler my observation. In front of a lonir waggon, on an elevated platform, was displayed a live jnx, with a pole on ! Poor Uoynard strug gled very hard lo escape from the humiliating confinement in which his captors had placed him, but all in vain ! It had been fived on by hands sronger than his, and well fastened round his neck .' The allusion was so plain, and the quandary 60 lud'crous, that he was greeted with the most uproarious applause, whenever he came in sight. In the afternoon, the Convention was called to order. Hodman Chapman, Ksq. of Vergcn ncs, was appointed Chairman pro tern, and K. J. Phelps. Rsq. of Middlebury, Secretary pro tent. A committee appointed for the purpose reported the name of Hon. R. I). WnoJhridgo for l'rcsi fie nt wilh a Vice President from each town in the County, and Rdward J. Phelps, Rsq. as Sec retary. The Middlebury hand, with their delightful music, added greatly lo (he eiij'oymont of the day. The multitude was most ably and eloquently addressed by Hon. D. Woostcr, R. J. Phelps, Rsq., William Slade, Jr. Rsq of Ohio, and our excellent Governor in futuro. These gentlemen wero all listened to with profound attention and grecled with repeated cheers. Mr. William Slade, Jr. especially, who is an accomplished stump speaker, well trained in tho Western school, was received with great zest, and his oloqtiont and humorous delinea tions of Locofocoism excited general admiration. The day was a proud ono for that staunch old Whig County of Addison, and the earnest faces, and cheering words which I saw and hoard there gave token of any thing hut a Locofoco triumph. Look with a faith that trembles not to that un flinching county, for noble deeds this fall. The Whig latch strings of Vcrgcnncs were all hanging out, and I cannot avoid the tempta tion to improve this apportunily of returning to Mr. Cashier Scott and his family, my pre.found acknowledgements for the generous hospitality and kind attentions, which I had tho pleasure to receive at their hands. S. PHILADELPHIA. Tho news from the City of Mobs is rather bad. There was a great celebration of tho Na tional birlhdciy. Both parties held meetings. Tho Whigs wero addressed by Reverdy Johnson of Md. E. J. Morris of Philadelphia, and W. L. Halsted of N. J. Tho Locos by Charles Hrown and Win. D. Kolly. A Steamboat was run foul of and sunk. A large quantity of arms wero carried in to St Johns Church. Object unknown, but shrewdly guessed at. Tho "Niitivos" had a procession, and af ter il was over, n fow persons remaining on the ground were uttucked hy about 50 Irtshs men, and beaten, a woman abused, and the American Flag torn up. This is a sorry account of" Independence" nt thu "Cily ofbiotliiily love." take, nnd 1 have ns yet failed to mcel nny nrgnments which were sufficient to convince mo thnt I ought lo abandon my course I could not feel liable to tho charge of dereliction from duty, while the admitted resul i of tho measures I took, was clearly promotivo of the end I had in view. I havo net cither been ablo lo sec th"! appositeness of the assertion that, in order toelefcnd the course I have adopted, it is necessary to call in tho aid of that pernicious doctrine that " the end sanctifies the means." For it can hardly be seri ously contended that all persons are open to the im putation of using unlawful means, who fail lobe con vinced by the arguments of those who deem it their duty to pursuo n certnin course, although ihat course should directly tend to the perpetuation of Havcry in this Republic. But whatever may hive been tho justice of holding such a doctrine hitherto, when the benefits to result from political nction were more remoicond uncertain, I apprehend I shall not be accused of pre-uinnlion in seeking to set fonh in order the reasons, to my mind conclusive nnd unanswerable, which call upon every man who desires the extinction of dip curseof slavery, and Ihc downfall cf Southern preponderance in Ibis union, at this time and without delay to unite with the Whig parly in the election uf Henry Clay and the defeat of James K. Polk. Up to the period when the census of 1810 revealed to the nation the rapid and disproportionate advance ment of the free States in wealth, population and re sources, and the corresponding relative diminution of the weight of .the slaveholding Stales in the federal balance, the slavoeracy, content with the possession of present power, or fearing the effect of a premature movement lo ensure its future stability, chose ralher for Ihe furtherance' of their own ends, to blind as far as possible the people of the North to Ihe real stato ofthoshve influence in directing the machinery of government, nnd when charged with controlling our national nfl'iirs, they uniformly, or with few excep tions, repelled ihe charge. Thcv hnd always up to that time managed, by presenting nn unbroken front themselves, and by gaining to their interests for a consilcration, such portion of llie Northern democra cy as their necessities required, to exercise" an over shadowing, resistless influence in the nalionalgomn mcnl, on every question cither immediately or remote ly connected with iho "peculiar institution." The I.ocofocos of the North needed Southern help. This was ready upon known conditionr, and the aid of the South camo soon to bo so essential that the lest of true democracy was understood to be an unreserved subserviency lo the demands of the slaveholders, and a reidy acquiescence in tlieir plans for the " security" of their ow n section at the expense of the rights and interests of the North, Hut the census of 1310 displayed n stale of things which demonstrated that something must be done, and tint speedily, to avct; .lie impending prostration of the s'avc interest in Iho Councils of the Nalion. It became apparent that the North, with interests every day growing in importance, and political power strengthening in proportion to the increase of it pop ulation and resources, could not be expected much longer to send representatives to Washington who could be bought or w heedle I into a shameless betray al of its rishtsand its prosperity. Tho tide was rising loo high for the old dikes lo withstand it. The South ern scale wns dangling in the air, w hile the Northern sellled firmly with a weight which no human ami inuhl withstand. Instant resistance or speedy destruction were the desperate alternatives presented to the proud oligar chy who had so long ruled Ihe nation with a rod of iron. After surveying the ground, they came to ihe conclusion that the only prospect of salvation lay in foisting into the Union that vast country al the South west, which, having been settled by adventurers and desperadoes from lha Slaieholding Stales, and hav ing partially thrown offtho .Mexican nllegiance, for the 'notorious reason that its laws forbade the exis tence of s'avery, was looked upon as the welcome weight which was to restore llio vanished ascendancy of Ihe South. Tho tool selected lo break the ico in this nefarioui transaction, and to bear the first burst of indignation from iho friends of justice and freedom throughout the nation, was worthy of the work lo which he was deputed. Having falsified all tho implied pledgei which could bind a man of honor or decency, by turn ing round and reviling and thwarting (be men who had snatched him trom obscurity and placed him in the lino of succession, whence in an evil hour he rose to tho Presidency, he was the finest of the sons f men lo take tho mosl conspicuous pari in consum mating a fraud upon llio nation by whose voles ha had risen lo power, Weak, obstinate and vain, he wos a lover of lavery for its very enormities, ralher than its supporter from the force of interest nnd pre possession, and beseemed to court the opprobrium of the virtuous and the pure, Ihat he might the better in grntialo himself with the slave drivers, who loaih.-d while tho used him. Hut when the initiatory step was taken, an I lh firsl peal of astonishment and anger had died away, and had been Miccecdcd by the stern note of resis tance, the use for this creature, had gone by. Ii then became necessary lo call lo Southern aid some stron. ger ally than iho powerlex, parlyless Tyler. Who that ally should be, past experience left ihc slxioers cy hltlo nerd for pausing lo consider. Had ihey"r called for a racitfice of principle from the LcccW