Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 19, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 19, 1844 Page 2
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I'Olt PKKSIDKNT, OF IWWCCKY. for viok pitnsmHN r, T1II50. FRKLINUIIUYSEN, or xun' jt:tisi:v. KOU KIKCTOI1S jr.nr.niMi u. n.uutis, JOHN PBCIC, At largo. lei. dist. CAt.VIN TOWNI.KV, 2,1 ai. CAiu.08 coot.incii:, 3d diit. 1IKNJA.MIN SWIIT, Ithdi.1. r.lUSI'lJiS TAIRHA.VKS l'OU GOVKItNOU, WILLIAM SLADR. fob ur.tir. anvnitNon, IIOIlAvJK EATON. run TRKATnrn. JOHN SPALDING. roi; roNORKss, GEORGE P. MARSH. roue on Tin: Tahiti-. " In fixing the rates of a Tinll'. tnv opinion is that the olg.'Ci in mov should be to raise the revenue need ...I hu mni.rtimiMii : leiin.' tlie interest engaged 111 maniif u ti le t,i cnj.'V th" ineidentil protection which the levy of such duties will afford them. j j.mi:s K. P01.K. Colmnhn. Mav ISt't, 1611. i From the HUhmamt Fur; , July 8, 1311. I "My opinion is that Won! ihnuhl hejlnlyfret." lCnncrtsional debates. ol. page 1174 ",i I'noTi'.cnvi'. T.unrr is ohmsmmi ir'uWi I "mmlilrr ruinous In the interests o7ie Kmif n."-.Ias. K. Poll;, at JiuL'-on, Tcnn., 3.1 April,, ' TO THE IIBERTV MEN, &C, OF vi.'U tin VP I3H J It is our snliiiiiii conviction tint upon tin cr SlMvi-r)' is or is not to be porpptimlntl on tlio Anifili:;in cnnluipiil. Wo altiMiiplcil, I to admit Texas uto the Union, or to proceed poiuen-f.n-lily indeed, to iniproM tliis e,nnl trull, tip- Snha" nnkln""" ' ",! ICr",S f " d,930,u,ion on our mailers in uur lust lo sltntv tltnnt '"w, wc nk, can "his convention bo proposed and (I,., i l,.r,, ,.;,,, I,. . i 1,11. i.i B,.cl intliinmitnry (ubjecls choen for its discussion, tll.lt locolunnsii! has ahsol illol V ln'lriiV;d llm with a uew to the annexation ofTevis. or m t,n..U,- North utter 'y nnd iinronditionallv tinon this ,. , , ,. Clth,OI't ,111.1 tl.lt Mi.tli.i... .,nll..n ...ill ........ suhjt'ct iiml tli.it nnthiiii, nothing will save lis hut iho ulnciinn of Mr. Cl.iy mid tho sup port of tho putrintic Whis of thu South who resist niinexnlinii. This wo regard as truth n truth of tlie utmost moment to every lover of .liberty, nnd we consider it our duty ,o urge it, , wnrn nr fellow n.i.ons, thottoh we know (hut cominn fiiimtis truth ihoiigh -, , .i i II no It I1I.IV 1)0 111 Vitlii. K.Uier 111 111 to pursue tlie matter in our own w;iv, lot ussnv, ' , , . i some of tlio most eminent and ardent ami shivery tnun .irn tak'nvj tin; suite ground with n. n...: i ' ., ..-j., .".. ".iwi i the Ami-Slavery Standard, has taken the field in support of Mr. Clay, hs the first and only way to meet slavery, in llie spot she has chosen to make her last tinied assault wo mean anno.x.ition. Tho same view im pelled Mr. FoivliTj of Otsego Co., to em brace the Whit; cause ; and now wo an nounce th" co-oper.ilion of a prominent, in fluential and able advocate, hillieito, of tho . liberty I'd1 IV Charles Ihirchard, Esq., of Hamilton Co., N. Y, We shall eive his let ter in our next. In the meantime wo call thu intention of every reader to the follow-1 c v..: I r .1... I r... I 111, lllllll liiu iiuiiuiiui ui'iii ui uii; lueuiueu party : From the Globe of June li. cniT-rrr ejitm.tvi vnnE op .ixr.vtT. tp.va.?. I The Richmond nnqneer copies from llie Chailr s- ton Mercury pirinns ol tin- proeei dings of public m.elinss held in liarnwell, Sumter, and IMijrlUld counties, toiielnng tho Texian Treaty. Tho Rnouinr with iniieh pie isure. marks the favor wilh w hich all thesemeelingsieetivel the uon,...nM..,o ..fiho tin. Haltpnoro t.inveiitin". Ml " meni V p us ino seal o icnrobanon on ceriam pas ages in the iransieiionsol these assemblies of nidlifiers, by omiltmg such reso. luiionsand remirksassqtuut.it a dissolution of the Union, For instance ihe liarnwell meeting Ins this passage in the preamble, the whole of which is pro perly suppressed by the Knqnirer as evidence of its disanproh uion. I he preamble pun tlie dissolution of the Union m issue with iho Texian question, and siys: "We believe tho very existence ol his blood-bought nnd blood cenien'ed Union will bu determined by ii. The fifth resolution takes the ground, in regard lo the annexation of Texas, lhat "ii final rij-clion is an evi dence of that increasing hostility to the insliliilionsnf the South which his already shaken iho confidence nf our people in the patiiotism and fidelity nf our Northern brethren, nnd which may render it necessn. rv for us (in tho words of our own declaration of In dependence) 'to provide new guards for our futuro se curity."' Tho ninth resilution attempts to identify the ttnme nt General Jackson wilh the new design of rcvolniion, 'to provide newguirds for our future security1 beyond Ihe consliliiltnu. It reads thus ; 9. Iltsn'retl. Thil in relation to tlio immediate an. ncxition of Texas, we vievv vv Itli prulo nil, I miUrnc (t.i'u tho conduct of ihe vcimrabb Andrew Jaekton, who" heart (though thn hand of lime nnd sllhction has fallen heavily upon him) beats (rue lo Ihe inter sisand honor or Ins country : and we rejoice that. his days have been so lengthened out thlt he uiiglil unitn his mme with our third great strugglo for Hide pcndeticr." mittce to prepare the preamble nnd resolutions, after ihey were reid, explained them in a speech, Iho sub- siincenf which is thus given wilh tho proceedings; butis omitted by the F.nquirer,a well as the ninth re- Uoi. rj, vv. irom, wuo vvnsni me ueao oi inccniu nlnlion t "Afier iho preamble and resolutions vvero read, Colonel Trotli rose and addresed thu mceling in their support for more lhan nn hour wilh great tloquenco and ability, and was interrupted in the course of his remarks by frequent nod long continued plaudits. He dwelt with great force and earnestness upon the importance of thn immediate acquisition of Texas as a measure of National defence, nnd exposed the de rfitfuIpoMtion of Lord Ahndeen and thu llrilish gov ernment on the subject. He cinclosively demonstra ted that the safe'y.if not the very existence of llie in stitiitein of slavsry is ih pendent upon the success nf thn mev lire, nnd roniendrd wilh orenl power nnd ability thuTllF. ON'I.Y TIIUK lSI'K Ill'.l'OIlK THR OUTII SHOULD 111'. Tl'.XAS OH DISU NION." The Sumter meeting is nnn f ihe same east; and the rcsnhit ons are fraught with the same threats against the Union. The 5ih lesobnion. which is siricken out by the niehmonrl Enquirer, in given in the Charleston Mer cury t "5, flesolcid, That we regard the opposition to annexation by a portion of tho people of the United Stales, nn account nf the existence of slavery in Tex as an unwarrantable nllacki upon Southern rights guirnntisi to us by ihe Constitution rights which wb are determined ni all hazirds to maintain in spite of resistance pitherabrond or at home." Hero it would eni lint "npnosiiion In annexation by a porlion pf the peop'e i f ibesn I'niled Stan s" is held in be "nn unwarrantable attack upon Southern ruhi-l" The sentiments of the I'dgefie-l l counly nieeling (at which tin Hon. Mr Pickens officiated as a reso lution committee man) weto in perfect keeping wilh Ihoso spoken bv Mr II. liarnwell libel)' constituents of liarnwell. Tbodi position to dissolve the Union was snmnvvhat heller disguised, although plainly hmteil at in the following resolution, " Itnolecd, That the giomins upon which ihcan nexiiiiiin u mainly lenslid compel us to consider tin. measure ns a question as to llie maintenance of sla very, nunraui eu io us uy ino e.nnpiuuiiuui iihu avow our dele'rnunatiun In iiiimlnin lliis iiistitulu'ii acainstall Iho nlleinpls of abolitionists m our own country or elsoivlicrr ami wo thill not resist the feparaiiuii trnm the Union of such blnlM asoenounce Ilia slavcliolelinx members of tuo Uutilcdcracy as un- worthy of connexion with llicni, and as avow tne purpose of not tolerating tho adinissmn into the Un ion of niiy now slavchoTdingcountry." Tins resolution is also ouiKtcd from theproccolinzs as published in the Richmond Hnnuirer from the Uliarlcstmi .Mercury, winch contain it. meouiis sion shows the sense cntcitaincd bv Mr. Ritchie of its danccious Import. 'Iho ur.atuilous statement ;ref.i cm l' the invitation to a disunion of the Union is ut terly unfounded t not a tnenil cr of tlio Senile, nor, ns we have seen, a leading press of cither the federal in the democratic pirly, has civeti any pretence, for the assertion that " ilns anucalinn is mainly resisted ns a (pustion ns to tho tniintcnanct! of slavery, nor docs any fh.itc "denounce tlio slaveholdma members of tho confederacy ns unworthy of association with them. 1 he issue nl anncxaliouns necessary "to the maintenance nf slavery," was madehy Mr. Calhoun jiiuielrin his l'aikcnham letter, uvielcnllvfur thenar- posu of furtuHiii! his partialis in tho South tlio menus of rnllviiiL' a tnitv. and ccttinir un a sectional fei'lina between tlio Koiuh and tlio North, to answer thn very purpose to which it is now applied. Theo several public meclinns in South Carolina look to a Convention, called together from the States favorable to annexation, to suvo eflcct to the resolii' ti.ins passed by them. The Kdgcfield meeting broach es this scheme thus : " Itcsatvcd, Tlr.it tho members ot Conaress favnra hie to annexation I c reniieslcd to resort to all lesiti' mate expedients within their power for the cotisiinv inition of ih s ureal measure and tint, in the last re sort, they take steps for tho assomhlin1; a convention of the States friendlv to annexation." Tho liarnwell resolution is more precise, and fixes the place, with the xiew to iden'ify tho democratic nominee f ir tlie rrcsnlcncy an, I l.encral ..laeuson with tlieir incendiary movements, unuer the uisgui nt Texas anncxa ion. 1 is ns lo ovvs : "S. Ittsvltcd. That if Texas bo not soonernnnexed we deem it expedient lint a conven'ion of the friends of immediate annexation throughout the Union, be he'd nt Nashville, in Iho Slate of Tennessee, nn the lirt Monday in August nest, and lliat, should such siiL'ieslion meet the approbation nf our friends else where, we will meet again at this place on the first Monday m July, to appoint delegates to stud cotiven lion." The organ of this nullifying patty, (iho South Car ollan published nt the seat of Government, (Colum ha) is Mill mot!" pacific in laying down tho chart of mis new uissotuil'in move'inrui. juht a scries ui iu mirks on the probable chanco of the Texas treaty be fore the Senate, it proposes, in the event of its failure, the following- "I. To cill upon our delcgannns m Congress, if in session, of our Senators, if thevlie at the seat otuov eminent, to wait on the Texian Minister, and remon Irate with him ngahi'tanv ne-goitaiinu with other Powers until the Southern States sliall have hai rea snnibh' nine lo decide unon their course. ''I. That obiect secured, a convention ofthcpcopl of each Slate should be promptly called lo deliberate and decide upon the action to ho taken by tho slave Slates on the question nf annex ition s and lo appoint delegate to ilie cntiTenlion of the slave Stales, with instruclions to tarty mottled tlie behests of the poo- I -I, j "3. Tint a convenlion of iho slivo Slate", by del- cention-from each, appointed as aforesaid, shojhl be called, to meet at soni" cenlral position, to takointo Union, if the Union will aecrpi it; or, if iho Union will not accept it, then of annexing lexas lo tne Southern .-.tati'S. . , tidsiro tip ilie'ieneral eonvention of the slave Slates to cill Congress together immediitelyj when the li- "P"v-" 'lio Presidency? The South is unitecl in rivorofannexation, everybody knows: nnd lun U dim .!. I" J . ., v ..U..i.i.u in.li, na n ineuo 10 inc measure, nnn a hoitthern nnn, Gov. I'n'k w ill get the Southern vote. Do air. (alhoito and his friends inninp ibnt. lv pt. citing sectional feeling in the North, nnd piovoliing hostility hv fostering designs against the Union, they will be most likely 10 attain the ends lliey profess to , tin eat heart thai is, to nude the Northern democ racy in smiport of annexation and the election of Gov. Polk to the Presidency J j anyra fl'ienceSon himself, by miking thai section I eheve that i tne . orlh soughl to oiposr-il, nnd wishes to exclude a fair territory from the Union, lest ii ini..tit rive l-e"?h of l1',0 w'p',,kcr r'1!'1,10" "l0 Cnntifcncy. f can readily understand how it would as st the f;,;,.,i,,iiiif,iiiiiu scncoie in again revived) 10 arouse prejudice in the Nonh ey, to have Gov. Polk defe.iie,l,ml ih.fai',ei tils hand, placed in the Presidency. If ibis he the aim of those who have seized on tlio Texas question, the drift of the lite South Carolina conventions is easily explained. Hut to identity Gov. Polk and annexiiion with nullification is not the way to carry either. This every sharp-sighted mm perfectly understands, and none heller than the politicians of .South Carolina. Gov. Polk and his true friends in the Soiilh will shun all commitments to such n scheme, nnd will bo true to the cause for its siko and tluir own, and for the sake of Texas. Hero aro itch and ample materials for comment, but wo must condense. Mark First Tlio Polk meetings at the South adopting ANNEXATION OR IMSUN- , ,w ) ' 5 ,r !,n" lnng tins tlie I r nt it i i . . ONLY TRUE ISSUE Second That "tho SAFETY if not Mho VERY EXISTENCE OF SLA VERY is dependent upon tho success of Ibis measure" of annexation that it is " a question as lo the MAINTENANCE OF r '.rV'i , aL, x ' l"u ' I Third Tho (lishnnesly of one of tho . .. . e , - , ,,,., , lomliiifj oracles of Locofocotstll, (llm Rich- j. , , honest as the 1 "V """'5' " - average,) winch quotes wilh pleasiiro the proceedings of Polk meetings, but leaves out the most important part. Fourth The cold, calculating-, heartless Globe, which sees nntliiti; in these proceed ings to condemn, save that lliey may injure I'ollv's prospects. Fifth Tho declaration of iho Gloho that Mr. Polk, "AS A FRIEND TO AN NEXATION, nnd a SOUTHERN MAN, will tct the Southern vote." Sirth The declaration of the Globe, that the object of tho South is " to unite the Northern Democracy in support of AN NILYA TfOiV and the election of Gover nor POLK to the Presidency." And Seventh Tho declaration of tlio Globe that " tn nrnncn il,,. r;,i:, (; .. ' "Ui 10 lr01,S0 11,0 prejudice (l. o. lo awaken them to tho true issuo in this con lest) in tho North anione thn Northern Du- I mocracv, is to havo Governor Polk dcleat- , ,.,., uu,,ai r, AND THE I ATIIER OF THE PROTKCTI VF SVSTKM fir .PI. i - - ' - .-, .a...., j svil.J j with his TARIFF MANDATES in his hand, placed in tho Presidency." What think you! Is not Slavery llie grand object of annexation; ;s not tho tri umph of Polk ond Locofocoism identified with annexation T Wo appeal to every hon est and candid Locofoco in Vormont, to look at this matter : hero aro iho avowals of tho creat organ of your party in tho Nation ; the distinct avowal lhat you aro to bo wheedled inlo thu maintenance of Slavery and the support of Annexation, by voting for Polk tho avowal that Mr. Clay, if elected, conies in as the father of the Protective System, with his Tariff mandates in his hand. Turn now lo your leaders in Vor mont, lo your editors, lo your men fresh from Washington and from the Huliimorn Convention : sen tliom nrf-ini' you to vole forJimiesK. Polk, studiously keeping an nexation out of siht, or disguising it, seo Jhem attempting; to convinro you that Polk is for Protection : Who, who'aro your do cciversl Gross deception lies lielweun your oraclo in Wnshineloii mid your oracles here. Judge yo between them. T.iko this arliclu from the Globe, ami deleriuinu h.it vour duty is Vermont Watchman. MB. JARNAGIN'S SPEECH AT NEW AUK, N. J. The Chairman announced Mr. Jurnagin, thu Senator from Tennessee, whose appear- uicu was liailctl by cheers loud mid loop. Mr. Jarnasin 1 must soon leave New Jersey, and wend mv way home liLthofar West! and what do count shall I eivcmv ncoolo of the sentiments of New Jersey 1 shall noer, wlulo mv heart bents, forget the reception given to inc, aim 1 will lell llie people oi 1 enno-see thai 1 leave a prosperous, industrious, smi ling Deoulo, with generous hearts and trunsand ifnnv of you travel lo tha West, wo hope to give you the siine teciption wo will take you by tho hand as btotlters and uivu you tho lienrty welcome that be suits that relation, not ns citizens of a tiou-slnvehold inn Slate, but as members of ono family ; and if a iy one of you, Iho humblest though he be, shall come nmoiiLt us. lie wu nnd it so. ii r. a. said lie Had addri'fl e-d many puniic meetings nd never met nn insult. It wns in nart. lie honed because lie never wounded, if he could avoid it. a siir glo human being. He entertained Ins own opinions nnu was wuiuig oiuers ciiuiuu ineirs. ivu were no of the i -nine country, with the same destiny nndhoias, nil fccKin tuc snmoend, only uy unicrcnt roads, aiy constant aspiration is, let us come and reason to gcthcr. .air. .1. t ncn went in o an examination M no on iius of iho candidates presented for the Presidency prcmisiii his linpo that he talked to freemen, sons of revolutionary sire, and not men Hound nt ni: hazard-. io pariy usages nnu pany names, mr cuoice, sniu Air. J. is for Clay nnd 1 rclinhujsen, because they arc men of historical renown. No brighter nago be longs to our records than that which embodies the ......lei.......l i....l:.. nr. I .1 r.. aiui y ui w i.iy 1111,1 r 1 eiuit;iiii,uii. vii iiie'lli, iiie'i 1 ii'i s-. 1 sav no more, and proceed to sncaK o James K. rout, tic is 01 my own oiaic, nan 1 mean 10 Fpcaa 01 mm with liankncss. He i. I freely admit, a gentleman in Ins private and social intercourse. I allude only to ..l.. ! 1. 1.- . .. I .. .I..-...I ! I wuai is puuuu pioperiy, 111s pouucui opinions uiei conduct. Did any one of you rvcr hear of James K. Polk before the, lialtunore Cnnvcnlion 1 (No! from the crowd.) No, said Mr.J. nor had the delegates them selves. Alter b moling some a or u times lor every body, lliey bit upon James K. I'olk, and thereupon tho Convention that wns theoretically convened to embody public sentiment, instead thereof, issued or den to tho democracy to support n certain man. .Mr. Polk Iris been manufactured into a hero, as one that spoke from a ritlo's mouth. Now, sir, in Tennessee we Know that i not so. tils only weapon is a doui. lo barrelled shot gun his game, nines and auails, and yet the Democratic song hook not that with the yellow cover ailempl-to make a hero of him 1 He never mustered in any ranks I speak with knowledge, for we are both of the same age, and when I entered the army, lliat, at tholrginn ing of the war. went into iho Creek Nation under the command ef General Andrew Jackson, I did not seo Jas. K Polk. Iho song book says he drove back the Uiilish Army, conquered the savage foe. spoko from the rule s moiitn. vvny 11 mc ridicule ot cloth ing this Voting Hickory in the cast oil' military car incuts of llie Old Hero were attempted, we should sec tins utile HicUor) little, not young over-shadowid with a cocked hat. a world too large, with ciinuletles. lliat weighed him down, and with n pair of boots lhat held him up in tlio crotch without his feet reaching tne soies. Mr. J. then told a humorous story of the manner in which Mr Polk was received in Tennessee when he lell Congress lo run as governor of tho State. He added tint J. K. Polk cinvassed the Stat" as a fiee-Irade-nian an uncompromisinq free trade-man-On the stump, Ml Polk was asked if he was m favor of protcciinfT domestic Industry nt'.ainsi foreign labor, tihti.Ur Polk answered, In-was against the TarnTnf U. against the principle of protection in every shape, and that ho only wentfora revenue Tariff; and nny I.Jitor in .New Jersey or elsewhere, who. with these facts beforo him, cilfs Mr Polk a Tariff mm, pre sumes eilher upon the ignorance of his hearers or up on something else I will not mine. , Mv neighbor .Milton lirown took the field aainst .Mr Polk on the ground nf a Protective Tariff. Mr I) was sustained, and Mr Polk was defeated. A biography of .Mr Polk wis published in Tennes see, and at iho South, in which ho was lauded as a free trade man. When that biography reached these regions, a new edilion was isued, and all about free trade was left out. So Dr Duncan, of Ohio, anatomi zed a coon, and insisted that in it ho found anion" other V. Iu? principles, n Protective Tariff. When this reiched Marnsburg, in Pennsylvania, a TariffState, the words Proteeiive Tariff were struck out, and Antt- Uj.cjun was substituted. This edition, thu- amen ded, was conveyed back to Washington, ami hem shown 10 the Dr. he s.niply said it was a mistake of the printer! And this is the mode 111 which Mr Polk is to be commended' 111 different places, on different grounds ! .Mr Jarnagm gava a ludicrous account of the argu ments by which .Mr Polk was endeavored to be ad vanced. Ho said it was in this wise: Well, neigh bor, you aro for Polk 1 Ves, to bo sure, he is our can didate. Hut whit is,hM.clai'ri'u.'A': -irink admit ted; against ull lhat Whigs arc for admitted. Hut, pray, what is be for? Whv, he is the friend of Gen. Jackson, and did not Gen Jackson fight tho hauls if New Orleans I True, but James K. Poik did not. But he's young Hickory. Ave, hut that will not go, for believe me the hickory cannot be grafted on a poke stalk. It will never do. Mr Jarnagm then adverted In the Texas question and declared emphatically that Tennessee had too much virtue, 100 much political integrity, too much intelligence, to go for Polk and Texas ; and inasmuch as lie had Ix-cn represented since he had been in this Stateas hiving virtually given up Tennessee on the question of Texas, ho hern declared his untotiblin conviction that Tenne'sco would give to Clay nnd I'rtlinghiivscu, a vole as great if not greater than that given for Mr Jones -and lint exceede I -1000 Whto majority. Gentlemen. I hone 10 see soiha ,,r again, nnd I desiro lo bo taxed with this declaration if 11 Mini noi prove en reel, Mr .1. Then proceeded to explain iho Texas nego tiation wo refrain from reporting that part of The speech, becmsn we aro told it was in some parts a reiteration of arguments used by .Mr Jarnagm in a speech in iho Senile, which is now in the press, and which wo shall therefore soon see in its authorized vcisjon. .Mr. J. denounced the lieatv fiaud and and as in every shape objectionable. AN " J'XCKP HON." The Observer di-poses of llie materials for a biog raphy of James K. I'olk, wilh which wo have fur nished it, very stiiiim inly, dcsignati'iimbcm ns "..rnsfc iinsrepreseuialions and siale slanders," vvliicn, if iic-iimi .Yumi Hi-urn, ,iiiu uceai reiiiieu long tmce," and " declining to follow iho wide range taken bv the Gazotte," wholly omits noticing n single fact which we Aace furnished with regard to .Mr. Polk, and lakes up a clnrgu against linn which ire hate never mide ' This worshipper of tho swearing, fighting, duellin,', murdering Jackson, thus manages lo lug in iho sub ject nf duelling, by the head and shoulders, for the purpose of reading a pious homily upon it to the in habitants of Ouedia county! Using a iangua-'o wilh which tho editor of tho Observer is most familiar, we mint "except" to its answer for insufficiency, "for ih it Iho said Observer hath not to iho best of its knowledge and belief answered and set forlh," 1. Wheiher James K. Polk's giandfathcr was not a onin iho American devolution. 2. Whether James K. Polk is not the owner nf a GRKAT Nl'MDnn 01' SLAVES WHOM HE HIKES OUT ruiiocoiniiE Siateoi- Tennessee, thus pocketing all tho earnings of poor men, except what buffices for their bare and mifcrablo maintenance? 3. Wluilier ho diJ not on. fire several occasions vo'o against I lUsfor the relief a? the surritine officers and saldien of the flceolution 7 if 'v'1,ell",r l' did not speak and vote ngninst the bill for tho occupation of ihe Oregon territory? 5. Wheiher ho did not volo against a resolution for the effectual abolition of the African Slave Trade? !. Whether he did not, during the sessions of 1827, 1823, nnd 1830, repeatedly vote and speak against the protection on Wool ? 7. Whether iho custonnry resolution of thanks to tho Speaker "for the able and impartial manner in which ho hai discharged his duties," was not in his case opposed on ilia ground of his naninliiv nn,l n. just decisions and lor tho first time in Ihe history of .ouiress, carneu uy a parly cole ayes Vi, nays 577 B. Whether he was not in 1811 difeated when a candiuato for Governor of Tennessee, by some 3000 majority 7 9. Whether he was not again defeated running for the same office, in 1313, by about 5000 majority ? 10. Whether ho was not, in 1840, presented as a nuisance by n Grand Jury of his own Stale? 11. Wheiher ho has not recently. I.itt in favor of reducing Ihe Tariff lo a uniform duly of iv per cent., and as tlio steady opponent of Distribu tion and a Protective Tariff! 12. Whether ho is not lit favor of the immediate annexation of Texas J 13. Whether ho was not, in 1825, an adroratenf ihe constitutionality of Ihe general government's making internal improvements ill llie States, and afterwards an opponent? 14. Whether he was not, in IS3l-5an opponent of ino .Tin-1 rcnuiry nnu nnerwarus an aavocale for It I "In all winch particulars the said answer of the said Observer is jmpeifecl, insufficient and evasive f1 Tlie Observer inliinates that these facts havo been repeatedly refined. Wo deny this, nnd challenge it to show a singlo refutation of any one of them, past, present or in come. As for iheir being furnished by thn Whigs for the twentieth lime," it knows lhat Mr. Polk was never before considered of sufficient consequence by any on to have tho nets ol his life published. We refer this matter lo tho Master in Chancery to report upon. Ontdia Whig. MAavi.ANp, Tho Whig Rlectoral Ticket of llns Stile consists of Sena- ( Wu. I.inqvn Gaitiier, of Maritgcm'y Co. tariil. I James II. Kicavd, of Kent Co. Dtsl. I, Thomas S. Alexander, of Anno Arundel, ' 2. Willi m Piuce, of Alleghany. , " 3. Ciiabi es 11 SrEWAnr. of Howard Disl, " 1 AcocaTt' W. HiiApi'onn, of llaltimoru. " S. Hemiv IC. Wbii.ht, of lneen Anne's. " li. Samull II aucllici.v, Jr., o 'lalbol, OlUTOll PUFP HAD TWO TONES TO HIS VOICE," Tho nosilion which llml.ocofocn Candidate for the Pretidcncv occupies relative 10 thu Tanll'is certainly an unenviable one. So lone as his views on this sub ject were to bo applied to Ins own State of Tennes

see, wiiere tno i.ocos one anu an nruopen in ineiruji position to that measure, he was safe enough, Hut vvuen, Willi great unanimity, no was nominaieu mr tho Presidency on the ninth ballot, after all the other Candidates hnd.beeii pitched overboard, it became necessary ior mm, line ins ure-ai nuuii)ie, ui .ijji Hill, id assume " two tones lo 111s voicu - on 1110 suu icct of thn Tariff. 1813. ho said 11 1 am nnno-cd to tho Tariff net ol the in ins ni dress in inn neon a 01 aicc l enourgu, 111 lato Congress," and " 1 am in favor of Rcpealini that act." The llanisburgh Union, a I.ocofoco print, says I'olk li in favor ofa larill'ihat will afford the amplest incidental Protection to American Industry. Tho Charleston Courier says, "that Iho trowjis tor tree trade, ivc The llarrisburnh Union savs. " wo happen toknovv that ho (Polk) holds the doctrine of free Undo ill actu al abhorrence. He has never advocated it, and ho never will." "A Protective Tariff." said James K.Polk, ut Jack son, Tcnn., in April, 1813, "is a measure which I con sider ruinous to the interests ol the country." "James K. Polk," says tho Harrisburgh Union, " is onnosed lo tho di.turbaneo of tho present tariff.'' "The provisions of the present tariff," cays the Nashville I'nion, "nio viewed vvith abhorrence by Gov. Polk nnd bis friends." "James K. Polk," says the Harris! urgh t'nion, "is opposed to tho ilisturhain e of the present tariff, believing pcrmaiirncc in our laws to bo of incalcula ble value." " Mr. Polk's views on tho taiiffare Southern to tho hack hone," snys the Charleston Mticury that is, lie is for Krec Trade. "Mr. Polk holds the doctrine of free Irailo in actu al abhorrence." savs the Hanisburgli Union. "1 nm opposed lo tne tarill act i am iavor oi ns repeal I view its provisions with abhorrence -I am ,...f . ! f ...:a.. ti..inA,:.-n i.;iv. nt... I.i- nil li i u li iiuu i uuiisaii i .1 I iuiii.ii i ,. i hi u.j.i i-....- to the interests of the country," says James Iv. roll? " 1 am in iavor ol a larill wiiu rcasoimoic inciucn tal protection I hold the doctrine office iradoin un qualified abhorrence I never advocated free trade am never wi I am opposed lo I no insiurnance ( the present tariff, believing permanence m the laws to I e of ininlculablo U'lue 1 am in livnr of tlio am jilest incidmtal protection toilomestic industry I nm 1110 speci.n iriend ol ine con nnu in icresi, snyf James K.Polk, through his I.ocofi co oigansj nnd say they, ' we state these lacts uion iiterery tiesi an Vionly, am caution 1110 democracy agamsi iisitmn, to the mis-epre-enlations of the Chops " Hurrah then, for Polk and tree trade ! Hurrah for Polk and no free trade 1 1 Hurrahfor Polk and a Protective tariff! I! Hurrah far Polk and no Protection 111! Albany Daily Adeertiser. IMUUW MORNING, JULY 1!), ISJ1 Cill TTEXDEN C O UN T Y MASS CONVENTION ! Rally, Freeman, Rally ! Tho WHIGS of ihe Countv of Chilton den, one and all, nre requested to meet County Convention at tho Hotel of David Frkncii, in Willislon, on WEDNESDAY, tho thirty-first d,iy of July instant, at TEN o'clock in tho forenoon to uominato candi dales for Senators and tako such other inea sures as may be deemnri expedient to secure the election of tho Whig candidates, and the o All men friendly lo the cause of good gov eminent, and tho election pf Clay, Frclin huysun, Slatle, Luton and Spiildinr;, are i vited lo leavo tbeir hiisiness, and devote one day to their country and tlieir cuise. letus nave a rally winch will do honor to iho proud fame of Old Chittenden. C. 1'. IT.CK. ) W. IIAK.MON, County T. F. STRONG, I Comm L. SIlEltMAN, July ISfi, 1844. THE CONTEST. Tho glorious spirit of 1810 is more th aroused in every quarter of tho connliy. Every where tho Whigs are flocking lo iho standard of Clay, Ficlinghuysnn and thu Country. Gatherings aro now witnussi: oveiy day, such as only look place on gre occasions in 1840. The least notice is suf ficient (o bring out tho indomitable Wlti by thousands. In New York, especially, the Tiro burns nrigliily. I ivo or six nieeliiios have lately been held in different parts of tho Slate, in numbers varying from live to fifteen thousand. In Michii!.in, a meetiii" of 15,000 met at Detroit not long ago. In Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Geor gia, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and Massa chusetts, thu people havo been gathurin to hear thu words of noble and truo cliampi ons of tho great cause. Every wbero the most unyielding confidence, hacked, howuv or, by a determination to leavo no effort un tried to ensuro success, characterizes the Whigs. They know and feel lhat their cause and their candidates are safe before tho people, especially when opposed by an ocxaiion, free trade, radicalism find disunion led on by so puny a whipster usJamcs K I'olk. In our own Siato the Whigs aro " mar. shading to arms" with on alacrity that sets doubt ut defiance. County Conventions now call out as many people as somo States could muster in 1840, on Stale occasions. All going right, and Vermont should bo as she is, looked to wilh a confidence and hopo proportionate to her unsullied Whig reputa tion in by-gono days. theTand distribution. We apprehend that sufficient importance is not attached, lo this question as connected with thu stability of protection. Thu chief reason why tho Whig party in sist upon this measure, nsido from tho un questionable juslico of giving to thu Stales tlieir own properly, is this, that it is insep rahlo from tho safely and permanency of the Tariff. No certainly can exist as to what revenue may bo needed from duties on ini porU, so long as it is left dependant on what may bo required ufter applying thu land rev eniie. And this very fact alone will coutri buto to causo tho fluctuation so destructive to the interests which lean upon protection. When tho Tariff is high enough lo piolecl domestic industry, thu country prospers, and men earn money lo buy public lands with, and 1 1 icy yo and lake them up ; then the hind revenue swells to a largo sunt, llm rovenuo Increases perhaps beyond tho wnnts of tlio Government, unci then tho unti-turifl' men exclaim in great dudgeon, " hero you aro, in order to obtain your protection, actually ex ceeding tho required revenue." Tho tariff must como down, all thu branches depen dent on it aro prostrated, nnd forthwith I ho sales of llio public lands dwindle down lo nothing, leaving tho Government without cither duties or land revenue to pay its debts. Then perhaps under the pressure of want an incrcaso of iho TnrifTis effected, only to ex- cito nnow the hopes, which aro doomed to ho tigatn changed to disappointment. This is tho effect wo claim for the conlin- inco of tho present pernicious system Inch does a great injury to tho industry of the country, by perpetrating un infamous wrong upon tho States. Wo want this land rovonun put where it belongs, in (ho hands of its owners, that it may no more infest the public Treasury with ils incvilahlo injury to tho protective policy Locofocoism demands a Tariff laid with cferenco lo raising tho most revenue out of every article taxed, and ihcn wnnts this re duced to iho lowest point admitted by the wants of government after applying the land revenue. Tho Whigs on iho contrary want a tariff liko tlio ono of 1842, which shall afford as high protection as possible lo those branches of industry which need protection, compati ble wilh the principle of not exceeding the wants of the government, without tint pro ceeds of tho lands. And ihev want a pro tective duly on those articles which compete with our manufactures, and the balance rais ed by a rovenuo duty on articles not raised or manufactured here. This is what the Whigs want. This is what wo have, and what wo want to preserve from tho Vandal hands of Locofocoism, which every where Uneaten ils destruction. Wo repeat, the land rovenuo is a nuisance in tho public Treasury and the question of its distribution to tho Slates to whom it be longs, is a vitally important one. Aside from ils connection wilh protcclion, its importance to tho States cannot bo over rated. Many ol tlie states are invoivcu. Hero Uncle Sam owes ihcm money, and will not pay it to them that they may pay their debts. They own it, nnd on ever pi in ciple, ought to havo it. Then there nre States lucky enough to be out of debt, liko our own. They want their funds lo inves in education, internal improvements and ull the various beneficial uses which enlightened policy will suggest. They have a right lo claim it, for it is theirs, and il is a wrong lo withhold it. fX1" Thu True Democrat of last week makes a grant flourish of trumpets witli ref erence to the attributed opposition of his foundling candidate In a Tariff, and defi us to meet him n rnrm. r-:... icfVr euro to tlio matter. Hero is our answer : " By their fruits y shall know them." Mr. Clav. I Ma. P. Lit. " I had re.'ned mypeal "I AM OPPOSl'D TO in Ihe cnat when Iheaell TIIK TAHITI-' ACT OF ol 1812 passed. Vithoui;Tlir.l, TUt:OXGIli:-s-intending to express mv ii-onsiileritii' it in I e in ma opinion upon every itemhiv respects of this charac- ol iho Tnriir, 1 WOt'1,1-her I A.M IN TAVOIt SAV THAT I TIII.Mv'OT lini'T.ALINO 1'IIAT Till". PROVISIONS IX ACT, and reMoiinu' the TUT. MAIN. Wli: AM),' otnproinie Tarill'of Mar. PltOPT.lt. "-A.eer to a 2, 1931" llcply to citi Com. of Georgia Vhis, reus of Tennessee, Mnj Sept., 1313. lj, 1313. Ina letter lo lliu Whigs of Ilarrisburgb, May 1 1th, Mr. Clay says : "ThcTarifl'of 13 has been hiiterly denounced, and (in 59 epithets have bee ri applied to it. Ils repeal wan pronounced lo ho a favorite object of our poliiic.il opponents. 'Ihev havo a majority of some fifty or sixty in Iho Home. A hill to repeal that Turin" has been pending a ijreat part nf thu present session of Conirress. And yet, yesterday, on a tesi vole, a ma jority of Ihe Moui' decided aiaint the re'peahnir bill, leaving the VariJ'nflSll in full and hivtabv or EaATios. This decision was an involuntary confes sion of our political opponenls to the ici'dom nnd be neficence of ITifs policy, produced by iho returning prosperity of the cuuutiy, and the enlightened opinion of the people." Thuro it is. Mull may arguo and theo rize and talk humbug till they aro lired, with out settling any thing, but when two men aro proposed on account of favoring or op posing a given theory, wo want them to tell us openly, not what doctrine in general they believe in, but what ACTS lliey intend to do in carrying out practically tlieir views. Mr. Clay says ho thinks thn present tariff " in tho main wist: and pRoren." Mr. I'olk says he is in favor of itr.i'r.Ai.iNi; it and "RESTORING THE COMPROMISE TARIFF OF MARCH 2, 1833!" Although Mr. Clay admits that thoroniny ho some defects in tho present tariff, ho is well known to bo opposed to repealing il, bul in favor of remedying such defects by " supplemental legislation." Not so Mr. Polk. IIo " views ils provisions with AB HORRENCE I" and is in favor of repeal ing it at once, and throwing every thing into tho wind again, wilh a Texas majority lo re-adjust ils details. Wu presume the Dem ocrat would consider tho matter very safe in such hands. Tho present Tariff is doing wonders of good every whore. Under it the country is recovering from iho debilitating effects of tho quackery of Jacksonism and Van Burenism, and thu people want to sec it placed in other hands than thoso of thu gentry who havo piisillanimoiisly dropped on their marrow bones at the beck ofa knot of open and avowed free traders. They prefer also to judge of tho Tariff principles of this latest found great man, from his ex pressions and avowals while struggling for llie Governor's chair of a Southern Stale, rather than from tho deliberate falsehood which ho has just given birth to, in order to make Northern capital, now that he finds himself, to tho unfeigned astonishment of all mankind, seriously talked of for Presidont ofllir.se United Stales. Wo over that tho stuff in Polk's lato letter about his being in favor of protection, &c, is proved lo be to tally false by tho extract above quoted. Per haps, however, Iho T rue Democrat will con tend that a horizontal duly of 20 per cent., wilh ii little "discrimination" btlow lhat poml, i piulettion enough. If so, let II go to the people of Vermont honestly, and make the avowal. Wo aro for a eontimianco of tho Tariff of 1842. So is Mr. Clay. This is thu Whig ground. Hero wo stand, and wu tisk the True Democrat if it can say ns much. Toe tho mark, gentlemen. Do you advocate a continuance or a repeal of tho present Tar iff! And what do you prelcnd Mr. Polk's views rioio to Lo on that question 1 Let us havo no dodging, no gammon about " inci dental protection," " revenue Tariff," and such stuff, but give us your views on the present slato of things, and those of your leader. If our memory serves us right, your party, almost in a body, went for repealing tho present Tariff last winter, but wo sup pose you claim to bo released from the re sponsibility of what you did then, because yon have been forced to right about faco by your Southern masters since then. What wo want is the present standing of the Tariff of 1842 in your political thermometer. KENDALL THE LIAR. It is the fate wo believe, of ull parlies to bo occasionally infested by a class of men to whom tho decencies of lifo present no bar riers in tho prosecution of partizan warfare but who seek to redeem in tho eyes of their fellow partisans, the otherwise unmitigated baseness of their characteis, by an ostenta tious show of zeal for thu attainment of the common end. Among iho butler portion of thu pai ties thus afflicted among those who ought to set tho example of scouting such wretches fiom their fellowship and commu nion, these poisons are too often tolerated for fear of their malice, or winked at for tho hope of political gain. And thus while they pursue a course which should subject them to tho cat-o'nino tails or the penitentiary, they are often able to gtory with impunity in the cuunlenanco and confidence of their par- And it is only when a party has so de meaned itself as, for the hopo of capital, to recognize and endorse its basest wretches in tlieir violations of thu laws of honorable op position, that it can be justly held responsible for tlieir villainy. i The course of that unprincipled scoundrel who, having in early lifo shared the friend ship and generosity of tho noble and high hearted Clay, has now crawled to a position of safety, whonco ho spits his malignant ve nom at his former benefactor, is a fit theme for him who in arming himself for tho stern conflict of tho world, feels ihe necessity of tracing to its " lowest deep " the fiendish malice and damning ingratitude of which ex perience tells him the human soul is capahl It should bo selected bv him who would see lofty honor, unsullied purity and heaven-in spired gratitude, brought into the most bril liant lioht which contrast can alford. The shameless, persevering and diabolical turpi tudo of this villian has proved so revolting, that even a violent Loco paper in Virgin!; uses this language conccrnum two of hi fit my puuncaiions : It i ueles3 lo n-h us to publish Kendall's tracts 'Clay's diiellina." and "Providential disnensa. on ' lions ' llie ono is exaEsTLEMANLY, the other is BLASPHEMOUS 1" But alas! for the frailty of humanity, lo cofocoism generally endorses the libeller, and some of ils presses evince a disposition lo outdo him in falsehood and calumny, if such an exploit were possible. His vile slanders aro repeated and enlarged upon, and be himself, festering with the accumu lated baseness ofa lifu of infamy, is held up as a model for democratic spiouls to copy. Missives from his quiver are the favorite arms of tho polkats, and shafts are levelled at the fair fame of Henry Clay, which weru fur nished to the assailants, by tho miscreant who in his day of poverty and want once enjoyed indisputable proofs of the noble generosity of that great man s heart. Such is llie reptile whose falsehoods are relied on to defeat tho election of tho orator, iho statesman and tho man, to whom the ad miring eyes not of his native land alone, bul of whole continents, 30a, of die world have for thirty years been turned ! Will iho people of tho United Slates heed the voice of iho vilu detractor Wo fancy not. fXT'-Read the following from the Rich mond Enquirer, the leading locofoco paper of Iho Union : James K. I'olk on the Tariff" and Direct Taxation. Sound Sentiments. olh, Are you in favor ofa Tarill" or Direct Taxes for Ihe support cf the Oenernl il.ivprnnio.il 1 "elih. If a Tarill", do you approve of such a Tarill" as vyouiu givo protection lo homo industry against foreign industry!" I answer, that I am opposed lo a system of direct taxation, and I am in Iavor of a moderate scale of dunes, laid by a Tarifl'on imported goods, for the pur pose of raisins iho revenue which may be needed for Ihe economical administration of tho government. In fixini; the rates ofa Tarill; my opinion is, thai the object in view should bo lo raise the revenue needed by Rovcrninenl i leaving the interests engaged in manu factures 10 enjoy the incidental advantage which the levy of 6uch duties will afford lo ihem. JAMES K. POLK. Columbia, May 15th, 1313. Mr. Polk is a friend lo a protectivo Ta riff, is ho Mr. Democrat ? You perceive ho says lhat " in fixing iho rales of a Tariff, Ins opinion is, that the OB JECT IN VIEW should bo to RAISE THE REVENUE needed by government j LEAVING THE INTERESTS EN GAGED IN MANUFACTURES TO ENJOY THE INCIDENTAL ADVAN TAGE WHICH THE LEVY OF SUCH DUTIES WILL AFFORD TO THEM! " Wo havo no doubt of il. We have al ways claimed it lo bo so, and yet you and tho whole herd of Locofoco papers, just hero in Vermont havo tho impudenco to set up this Southern Frco Trader as a protectivo TartlTnian. Wo wish it specially noticed that iho Rich mond Enquirer, heads tho above, " SOUND SENTIMENTS "! Certainly ; they are locofoco sentiments, and Polkat sentiments to tho back bone. Hurrah ! for Polk and tho Tariff. ffT"' Wo intend to koep at tho head of our colum 1 views on tho Tariff, as a slandiug monument I of Locofoco falsehood." deceit, dunlicilv and , depravity. THE GAME OF BRAG. Locofocoism at ils harmonious pow-wow in Baltimore, undoubtedly agreed that in tho hopeless state of tho parly, the only way of making capital was to brag loud unA assert fiercely the certainty of the election of the " jewel ofa man" just then exhumed to the public gazo. Such is iheir lino of tactics, and you Inay hear them any fine day pro tending with windy pertinacity lhat they consider it no job ut all to elect the mighty and puissant Polk, over so small a man as Henry Clay. Wu heard a loco tho other day, declaro with pretended seriousness, that ho believed Cl.iy eoitW ;io get more than TWO STATES ! Vermont and Rhodu Island, and tlijtoftheso Vermont was very doubtjul. Now, such stupid, asinine bragging as this, is tho best eviduncc, at o'neo of the precon certed game adopted, and of tho real despair of locofocoism. No man ever madu so bold a boast ns that without doing it us tho boy who whistled, going through a church-yard, to keep his courago up. But since estimates are so one sided with our terrified democracy, let tho lion turn sculptor for a moment. We tell thu polkat cry they will probably carry Maine, Nuw Hampshire, South Carolina, Alabama, Mis sissippi, Missouri, Arkansas and Illinois. By possibility they may carry Virginnia having an till scventy-fivu electoral votes. And there their list ends. Not nn inch out of it, can thu most tremendous and spas modic struggles carry them. All tho lest are going past all redemption for "Old Ken tuck and tho Jersey blue." Why, only lliink of it Messieurs Polkats : who have you got lo whip Mr. Clay with 1 A Ittllo mousing youngster, a fifth rate man, who was all of twelve years old when this same Henry Clay was elected to tho Senate of tho United Slates ; and ull of nineteen, when he went to Ghent to conclude a treaty wilh thu plenipo tentiaries of England. Do vou imagine tho people of these United Stales will over reject HENRY CLAY fur such a wt;i They will give an emphatic solution of your doubts in November. LOUISIANA. Tin) fust gun is fired. The people havo spoken fur tho first lime since tho Baltimo- rean farcu of the 27th of May, and wu pie- sumc our polkat neighbors will comprehend the significance of their language. For ourselves, although we gave place to a promise fio.n a Whig paper in New Or leans, thai the Statu wuuld go Whig at this election, yet our settled opinion has been that the Texas fever, backed by the Texas scrip, would sweep it like wild-fire. Wo looked only to certain defeat in a Slate which from its position must certainly feel deeply interested in the success of any can didate who would promise tho annexation of Tenia, vvlili whom she was on terms of tho most intimate intercourse. How much wo undeiraled the sterling Whig firmness of Louisiana, and ovcrmted tho vitality of tho strange ticket resorted to at Baltimore as ihe last resort of despairing Locofocoism, the icsult shows clearly. Last year the city of Nuw Oileans went against us, and the Locos elected all four of the members of Congress. Now, in spito of Texas, Polk &. Co., we have earned the city, elected two out of the four members of Congress, carried belli branches of the Leg islature, and a majority of the Constitutional Convention. This opens tho campaign with glory enough, and wo only ask a continuance of such demonsirations, to ensure a complete triumph to our glorious cause. DODGING. Impudence, especially fiom a Loco Foco editor, sometimes readies a point which ab solutely verges on tho sublime. Tho Truo Democrat says the Free Press itVirv not meet ils stupid falsehood that Polk is as much Tarill' as Clay, and ibis because no reply appeared in this paper, which went to press Thursday afternoon, lo a challenge in thu T. D. published Wednesday morning. If the sapient factotum of the " Democracy " will scan our paper carefully, ho may find evidence that his challenges are not very ter rible things to Whigs. His gammon about Polk's tariff orthodoxy is absolutely no go, let thorn swagger never so fiercely, IIo must bo excessively verdant to imag ine that wo would lake tho electioneering twattlo of bis insignificant candidal, as evi dence in deciding on his opinions. No sir, wo look somewhere else, and decide on his tariff principles by what he said when ho was trying to make headway among a peoplo whom ho falsely supposed were free traders. And with what grace does the assertion come from tho enlightened child of democra cy and learning, that the Whigs are a raco of" parly ridden, humbugged partisans." hat a pity that they wont go for instruc tion to the stripling who honestly goes about to prove that Polk, the candidate of iiii fers, is a friend of protection ! Tho latest form which the expiring agonies of iho Polkats in this Slato has assumed is tho attempt to make out thai Polk, a real d is siple of Calhoun, McDuffie & Co. and who was used by them successfully to beat out Matty's brains, is as much a Tariff man as Henry Clay. This is highly probable, front tho notorious fact lhat the free trade gentry, ono and all, aro extremely "hearty" in this Mr. Polk, and aro fighting with might and main to elect him, although they openly de claro tho question of protection to bo a vital one to ihom. Docs it look very likoly that Mr. McDuffio and the breed of politicians who back him up, would go for a man whom they suspected of the protection taint! And how docs this circumstance interpret any stuff which Polk puis forlh to help himself, in tho agonies of inevitable defeat! We say to tho friends of protection, juitgo of Polk as he tells you to, by his acts, speeches and voles, nut by the avowals of his "lu,i Cdrd."