- .' -a.!K.. NOT THE GLORV OT CSAR DUT T I! E W E X. r A R 12 OT ROME fpnwarwgJL'jr,rmi'ff"! BY 11. U. STAGY. BURLINGTON, V B !l M 0 N T, III DA Y, J UL Y 20, 1S4-1. VOL. XVHI....X0. 8. A KRAUMKNT. Thu heart knowctli its own bitterness, And pmirclh out its woe inlho s ccrct place, Where no tar but God's dolh hear the voice Of agony that cries up from the deep Tumultuous soul. Oil 1 who can give a form To the chaos of unworded wretchedness That struggles up from the fathomless sea Of bitter waters seeking, but in vain, To burst the floodgate of expression, And tax the meagre powers of human speech Kor garb in which to clothe its nakedness 1 It cannot bo. No suffer on, And groan and agonize, until the lime Of thy deliverance conic until tho chains Of sense bo broken till the spirit-hfo Within, shall rise above its thrall, and ting The jubilee of ransom. Until then, Thou sufl'eiing one, endure. 'Tis patience's work To make thee sit in silence, and (live u'er Thy fulilo sliivings to undo thy burden, And rid thee of its load. Pear on alone Dear on. The Ood of Heaven soi 111 and He In his own good timu shall solid thee help, Or tnke line home where nil the weary ones Shall bo at rest. Then sit thou down and groan (If groan thou cansl) willun thy secret soul. Look not to earth for help nor seek to stay Thy soul on tho cold-hearted sympathies Of those whu look and wonder at thy pangs. No powerless is tho help of man in this Thine hour of misery. Then trust it not Kor, like a broken ned, 'twill pierce again The bleeding heart that Irans upon it Hut load a pra.vcr Willi all the weight of woo That crushes thee anil on tho wings of 1'aitli Fly up to God, nn.l Iravu il there. Let no eye save His bcho'd tho deed No car sue his give audience to the plaint. 'Twero profanation of a holy thing That aught of earth should come in contart gross With sueh. Kneel at the Mercy scat there pour Thy dcpih of micry out in silence Gad shall hear thee, and the halm of grace, To heal thy wounded heart, shall surely come From Him who irivcth liberally to all, Nor casteth ofi'upbraiJingly. J. I'. V. Johnson, July 12, ISM. DIRECTIONS FOR TIIU RECOVERY OF DROWNED PERSONS. The following diroctions were reported to the American Sltipwrucic Society, tiy Valentine Mutt, M. D., tho celebrated Sur geon, and printed liy order of llio Society : The instant it body is loinovcd fiom the water, the Itinss utighl to lie inllafed. No thing cm compensate for the neglect of this. I ressing forcibly upo'i the chest, uowu w.ird and backward, will cause more or less' air to rush into the lungs. lilts is to uo continued so a, to imitaio j.ljatiiral breathing, until u pair of common Fbellovvs can be procured. As soon as these are had, tho nozzle is to I., , .1 . i i hr Mitt-.irdiec'f I, tint, llto liittcntn. mill !t line.'- cl handkerchief thrown around it, in older more effectually to close the mouth, and thereby to prevent tliu escape of nir, Before (ho bellows nro used, no assistant should press firmly upon the most projecting part of the front of tho neck, (called Adam's apple,) by which the passage leading into the stomach will ho closed. Tho action of tho bellows is now to ho used, and the lungs distended as suddenly us possible. To aid in thu removal of this air from the lungs, an assistant should press sud denly, as before directed, upon thu chest. In this way an attempt to imitate natural respiration can best bo made. To aid in tho great object of resuscitating life, any kind of indent spirit maybe tlitovvn upon tho surface of a bowl or pail of hot wa ter, placed below tliu bellows : or as a last resort, spirits may be set on fire. In this way, spirituous vapor will readily bo introduced into tho lunys. This will greatly aid us in rousing the action of the heart. If tliu primary and all important principle 1)0 to infl iln tho lungs, nnd thereby unload the right side of tho heuii, wo must continue tho artificial respiration for some timu cer tainly from half an hour to an hour. While this is being done, tliu warmth of tho body is to bo cherished, and increased, if possible, by warn! blankets, bottles of hot water, hot bricks, u hot hath, etc. During the time the inflation of tho lungs is going on, the head may as well have a lit tle elevation. Until natural respiration begins to bo es tablished, wo would not advise frictions at the extremities or any pail of tho body. If tlioy have any effect, it must bo a bad one, as tho venous blood may bo urged on more or less to tho heart, and keep up nnd increase tho over-distension of tho cavities of the right side. Soon after natural breathing has begun, frictions may no proper to promote tho How of venous blood to llio heart, to aid in con tinuing its action. Frictions may now, also, augmont the animal heat. At this stage, warm toddy of any kind, warm water and sugar, with 13 or 20 drops ot tno aromatic spirits of ammonia, or com mon arms ammonia, (hartshorn) may bo in jected into tho stoir.ach, by means of the tube and stomach pomp. To aid in rousing thu action of tho lungs and heart, while tho artificial respiration is persevered in, shocks of electricity or tho galvanic current may ho mado to pass direct ly through tho heart and lungs, nnd directed through tho courso of tho Pneumo-gastric and Phrenic nerves in tho nuck. Kino George the Tiiiiid ani tub Scotch Divine. II is Majesty, after thu close of the American revolutionary war, or dered a thanks-giving to bo kept through his Kingdom. A noble Scotch divine, in tho presence of tho King, inquired, ' For what nro wo to givo thanks that your Majesty has lost thirteen of your best provinces V Tho King answered No !' ' Is it, then,' tho divino added, 1 that your Majesty has lost 100,000 lives of your subjocts in llio contest?' 'No no!' said thu King. ' Is it, then, that t o.i, inuii, in. ii . i i iii: r WU I1UVO l!X IKIIUOll .1 IlllllUIUti IIIIIIIUIIS l) money, and for the doloa. and tarnish of vourl Maieslv's arms V ' fin curb ihinn ' said tl.n Mijcsiy s arms I lo such tiling, sanl tlio -I .1.. . iir, . ., -., ,. . that it is no worse. . ofi.i , . , ... P . . J Tr ii ,n i Wi"or ln "' Mississippi had frillun 1-niches at St. Louis, ixing, p.o.iiiiy, - vv nai inen is tno onject crnrnorii capable of performing tho duties, and , from the 10th of Juno lo tho 16th of July, beln of the thanks-giving ' Oh, to give llianks ' fuiniling the obligations ot an independent the close of tho session, gave, for the timo bo. U .t Ic on u-firvti.1 i on W fir. . .r- 1 ....... .t SPEECH OF MR. SLADE, AT Till: ntlO STATE CONVENTION, OCT., 18 ID. Tho resolution to which I shall next call the attention of tho Convention, is the following: Uesolved, That wo deprecate the contempla ted annexation of Texas to the Union. We regard tliu inuvcniont to that end as originating in a purpose to perpetuate the Slave Power ; and doom it our duty to declare that such an nexation, if effectual, will ho a virtual tlissolu. tiuu of the Union introducing, as it will, into tho confederacy, parties entirely beyond the an ticipation ot the Constitution thereby abolish, in;; the old, by the constitution of a new polit ical family, ami thus breaking up the founda tions of our federal Union. Tho moiement is of no recent origin. It was among tho first acts of (ionoral Jackson's Ad lumisirution to sec!; a cession of Texas fiom the government of Alexicrl. 'I ho ticgncialion failed. Texas could not ho obtained by cession , and thenceforward it was to bo obtained by revolt, and .innovation. To cIToct this purpose emigra tions wi'io encouraged and increased- Compa n es were formed upon tho bisis of pretended grants nflargo tracts of land by the (iiivoru tnoiit of .Mexico; ami rights, in the form of script, wore disposed of to adventurer;, by agents in Ntw Urlcans, INuw ork, and oilier cities ot the Union. In 15:)!), tho movement became no far ma tilled that a revolt was proclaimed. .Samuel Houston, formerly (Jovornor of Tenne-sco, and subscipieutly lucuibcr of Congress from that State, was its leader, who gave out on his atri val in Texas, Hint ho was "in tho po.s-css.on of the private views of the President oi the rioted State--," and openly invited aid from the United -Slates. An invitation for aid, and a disclosure of the purpose of the revolt appear m 'lie follow ing cMracl from Ins letter to (ion. Dun! lp, of TeiiuesM'e. I lawns spoken of tho loicp neces sary to 'rout' tho Mexican troops, he says, "l'nr a portu n of ibis fwee wo must look to the Ui iled .Siiilcs- It cannot naeh us too (.ooii. Tln.ro is but one fading in Texas, in my opinion ; and that is, to establish rlie ludtpeudence nf Texas, and to be atlachid to the United Stales. .March as speediiy as possible, with all ihu aid you can bring." Hero was an open invitation from the Commander-in-Chief of the Toxiau foices, for voluu tccrs to aid in wresting fiom Mexico this por tion of her territory, in order to nxnrx il to the United Stales. The fo'iowing from a Missis sippi paper, (the Vu ksburg Register,) will allow how this imitation was responded to. " 'J'hree hundred men fur T-ias. Gen. I'tinhn. of Tuini'ssce, is about lo proceid to Texas Willi the above number ol The whole corps are now at 1 Memphis. Kvery man is eonuililtly aimed, ihe corps having bem orm mlly rai-ed (or tho I'lorida war. I ins I iree, we have no dou doubt, will bo able to carry every thing before it." .Similar responses to similar invitations wore made oxtens.velv' in Ihe Southern and Western Slate--. With Ihe aid thus nfiurdod, tho revolution vent o.i. On the second of .March, ISM, the , ueciaraunn or n iiepenu. nee was issued ; ami on H'10 J1'1 nf the same month a constitution was formed. Invitations to embark in the project of '"c;'t TT- ?.,e,xi2! i'"'1 ,an"ex" il !'or,io" ... niu v inn.-,, .jtaiu.s uut ,i iju u' t neu . .... .... .. . ' ami urgent. i no miiowmg from a North Car- ohna Journal is a specimen : "WHO WILL GO TO 'iT."AS 7'' ".Unj r J. II. Harvey, of r.incolnlon, has been an llionznl hy me, with the consent of .Maior tic n. Hunt, an acctit m the Western counties of North Carolina, to reei i tt' mid emol volunteer emigrants to Texas, and will conduct sueh as mav wish to emigrate to Ihal Ht public, aliuut ihe first ui" October next, at Ihe expense of llio Republic tf Texas j. p. iii:.iji:rkox, Dug. (Jen'l of ihu Texan arm v. Anjust 10, l?iO." These efforts to e.vitc tho War spirit in aid of the Texian revolt wore st'comied hy Texian Land Jobbers in various parts of tho United States, and by the universal sympathy of those who wished to extund and po'i pel into slavery. Associations vveio formed. Contributions ol money wore openly invited ; and arms and ot ti er munitions ot war puichased and sent lo Tex as. Viiluutcers lor the war were dei-putrhed under the name of " emigrants," and heavy guns ship;.cd under the denomination ol ",irjf .o.v waioj" win1..- many of both went without any d,.-guifC whatever. F.agrai.ily as tho movements woro in viola tion ol our laws of neutrality, no serious otfirt was made bv our public authorities tu arrest thorn. Official connivance vva.-, every wheic, the order ol the day. Nor vvms this all. Under pretence of a no. cossiiy ol rei-traming tho Inihans in Texas from cainnnitipg ho'ihties on our frontiuis of which .lime u.is no danger Con. Games was ordered with a portion of thu United States troop.-, to march into Texas. lie obeyed, and took post at JS'aoogdoche, lilty miles beyond tho line. Tho character of this expedition was thus do. scribed by an oflicer of that army, in a letter da ted at Nacogdoches, and pnb'ished in the Aunv and Navy Cnruiiicie. Referring to the object of tho expedition, ho says "It ii to create the iinprcs-ion in Texas tint llio Government of Ihe United Slates takes a pari III the controversy. It is m net 101111111!.' to llio cause of le-xns all the aid and support which it cin derive from iiiu i-uiinu'iiniico anil upparml suppurt nf ihe uiitteti .Tiaits.ijfsuiespiociii!-otirtrnr.ps in a situation tu iuim; mi uttuui iari i.t aiu ol llio Texians, In ease a rcversoof their alluira should render aid necessary. The prelext of the iinticipalud invasion nf ihu Indians in that quarter, is unsupported by thu least probable testimony." The order for this moveircnt upon tho Moxi can terrilnry became the subject of a corrospoi,. i ttwio.u ..mnwuii iiiu .iiu.ML.tl! .tl I II IS'Or atlU 'uvernineiit, in which Uc comnlainod of its mi i .- 11 . ' " friendly character. "llio nrosenco." said he. "of a body of neutral troops in tho very theatre of tho war, cannot fail to embarrass tho opera- ot tno war, cannot fail to embarrass tho opera- lions of tho Mexican army, to favor the Texians indirectly, ami create a cunstant risk of oollis- ion." Rut it was in vain. Tho order was rxe- eillf-il 'I' .o mat, It tl.-t .1... ... 1 1 , , .. . . I cuted. I ho result was that the Mexican min-. .ster demanded his passports and returned home. , Grosser perfidity novor marked tho policy of anv Covurnmunt than characioricil ihn nr.lie., or ours towards Mexico in this crit'cal crisis of hor contest, vvith Texas ; wlnlo to perfidy w s , added tho meanness nf ,ln,n toward e,n,,,, 1 ,,.! ,. T . , 1 .""' I power, Wliat WO Shollllj not have uaretl to ilniowards one capable of inflicting on us tho chastisement which such a course meri- ! ,. ' . . . y romoinbers tho mirked con-. trast to all this in tho conduct of our government 1 towards Ureat Hritain, in connexion with the .v..,.u,.. ,,,..,. ,,,,1 fcuo was strong, while i jMoxico was weak. That was thu dirt:. .,... Tho battle of San Jacinto, which resulted in llio capture of tho Mexican President, look place in April, ISIKi, a short timo previous to Iho order to (Jen. Gaines. Tho tables of Con. gross wore soon loaded with petitions asking lor tue immeiiiato recognition ol Texian Indo mi uu.iuu. i llcy uer rcierrud, in uio lintiso 1 rut . . ...... o neprcbcmauves, lo the Lomtnitteo on For. i . . , , : . : ei"ii juairs, wnn onortci 1 hat l ie indenen ,1'. f ; , ".. . , , , . . Utl" bo "chi.owlcdffcd. h , , n . ' ' """ oouum uu io - ceived that it had in niccessfu oneration a ov. . 7 -v.-.m. ....., u jjm.. i power. In tl.n n.nan .In... .1. tl !J. t . . , 111 niv iiimii inuii mil remount naa appoint- , t'd a 6Pecial "3"' 10 proceed loToxab fur the1 purpose of ascortairimg its political, military and civil condition, with a view to tho question of recognition. On the livid of December, 1SJU, ho communicated to Congress thu report of tho special agent. The message accoinpinymg the report contained a full and explicit declaration of tho inexpediency of recognition upon the fol lowing ground, That 'the acknowledgment of a now State as Independent," was always "an act of great del icacy and responsibility especially when such fcstato hid forcibly separated itself twin another, of which it had formed a put; and which still claims dominion over it;" that "u premature recognition under such circumstance, is always liable to ho regarded as a proof of an unf.-iondly .spirit to one of the contending parties," anil would he "equivalent, under some circumstan ces, to a declaration of war ;" that tho recogni tion by us of the independence of the Spanish American States hid been delayed "not only until the ability of the new States to protect themselves was fully established, but until the danger of their being again subjugated had en tirely passed awav ; that such was not thu con dition of Texas !n lofcrcncc to .Mexico; and I hat, as tho Toxiau revolution had been oltuctcd by " emigrants from tho United States," and tho acknowledgment of independence hid been sought by theiii " with an avowed design to treat immediately of its transfer to tho United Slates, and its admission into Ihu Union as one of tho Federal States, a too early movement mitrht sub ject Us, however unjustly (!) to the imputation o! seeking to establish the claims ol our neigh bors to a territory with a view to its subsequent acquisition by ourselves." Hero was a conclusive argument against tiie rocognition, oithur f iri ed Iroui the President by a conviction of its conclusiveness, or feigned to bo sati-.f.icloiy for the p irposo of quieting ap prehensions in regard to tho ineasuie. Tno n.ojs.ige was referred to the Committee ol Foreign All'iirs, who, on the 13.li of Fobrua- i ry, S'17, lep irted tvvu resolutions to tho effect 'that "tho independence of Texas ought to be recognized!" and taht "the Committee of Ways and .Means be instructed to provido in the bill for tho civil and diploinitic expenditures I of the government, a salary and out tit for such I public njrent as ths President mav determine to send toTex.it." February Xil.-t ihe resolutions were taken up, and on motion, were laid on the Utile, by a vote of ()j to Sfi ; and a motion to re consider the voto was lost by a vote of 107 to DO. And now mark what followed. Although the Ilnu-o had relived to s.iy tint the independence n TiXas otiirht lobe acknowledged, ami had re fused to duect the Committee oi Ways and .Moans to report an uppiopnal'on for a .Min.Mer to'tliat country, yet seven days afterwards, wln-n the public apprehension hail been thus allayed, there was suddenly sprung upon the House a proposition to amend the civil and diplomatic ap propriate 1 bill by adding an appropriation -'lor the outfit and salary of a dinlnin ttic agent Hi Ik sent to the Republic of Texas whenever the I'icsident may recc.vo satisfactory evidence tint Texas is an independent piwei.am! sh.nl deem it expedient to appoint such minister." And what, think you, was the fate of this proposition ! Though a direct proposition for recognition, and an appropriation for a minister was lost, 0110 week before by a majority of -12, yet tho whole was now 1 oversell by a majority ol -IH the amendment being carried bv a vote uf ll'Jlo 70! And what next 2 The President, notwith standing his conclusive argument two months before, against tho mea.-ure, and not with r-taiidmg tho decided vole, a week before, agtiust it, and notwithstanding the suddenly reversed voto left the expediency of consum mating the implied recognition by Ihu appoint ment of a Minister, entirely within his dis cretion, upon rectiiin satisfactory evilonco that Texas was an independent power, the I'lesidout, I say, notwithstanding all this, sud denly lost his scruples, forgot his own argu ments, and without watting " to nrcice" satis factory evidence, or any evidence, instantly! perceive! that Texts, was an independent power, and instantly became satisfied that it I teas "expedient to appnnt the .Minister ; and thereupon, in tho voiy same hour in which ho signed the bill unking the appropriation, sent a nomination of the minister to the Sunato; and the Senate, in the same hour, pissed the vote of continual ion ! Tims was carried the recognition of Tex ian independence I And by .some such spring vote Mime such Logi.slative sleight o'liand, and Executive second s giit, will unnixalhn bo ef fected, il ell'ecled at all. The sudden abandonment by the President, of liis objections to iccogui'iun, without any change in the condition ot Texas, or any e'l-a-vowal by her of an intention to seek ',uhii,.-.-..i,. into thu Union as one of the Fedeial Stales" was, of cour.-e, logarded hy her as an invitation to such union: and accordingly, the limt act ol her minister, Mr. .Memucan liiint, was tu make a proposal to that ell'ect. As the Jlxecutiie could not add a now Slate lo the Union, ho was obliged to dechiiu thu proposal, liut, in tho moan time tho appropriate machinery had been put in motion, and numerous petitions, together with resolutions of State Legislatures, in favor of annexation were laid upon tho tables of Con gress. They wero met by couu'er resolutions fit the Legislatures of Vermont, Ma-sacliusotts, Rhode Island, Ohio and Michigan, together with the leir.onstrauces of more than one bun. dred thousand petitioners against annexation. On tho ','5tb of March lbbW, all these rc-olii. tion? and memorials wero referred to the Coin. inlttf.n uf Pnroiirn 1 1 el it lime. o-Iim ,1... I'lil.... Juno asked to bo discharged from their further ' rniit.iilnr.it inn. 'I'fittj ntn .ntrt-tll in, nt-Am -n0',n , t.m. t, r,.rtl i.J "i.e. .(.t-fc ii it w le-Vi'llllllH 11113 JUllUMi ,eitt, in.tmetirtMu i, i.. c.n ... .i... merits of the question;" and this was' proposed to bu amended so as to instruct tho coniuiitteo t Lo amended so as to report a joint reso whereupon .Mr. Aihi t0 tho effect of instrui resolution for annexation ; Adams moved an amanduionh tl.nr.IVr.ef rr i nt rit el 1 1, fl.n .......... ., , ... ... - s,..v. v. t.inuuv.... ii.u iuii,mii.-i; tu IC- port the following, viz: olWr, That the power of annexin3 the People of any independent fortisn Sialo lo this Union u a power not de-legated by the Constitution of ihe L'ni. 'f1.s',(!S iheir Congress or to any department of l TTT T Y ''7' "''""Iced, 'that any ., lunpl by ne of Concress, or ny ire.uy, to annex tno Kepuuno ot Texas to this Union w.mtd ho it ustirinlinn r,f nriit'er. tnil.ittr.il row I voids and which it teould be the rihtand the duty of Ibcree I'eojUe of the Union to resist and annul. Upon these resolutions -Mr. Adams mndo a speech, which will long l.o remembered by those who heard it; in which he exposed and lieuoun. ced with scalhing seventy, tlio whole Texian movement, and thu duplicity of tho adrninistra tion m regard tu it Tho sudden and extraordinary recognition of loxian inilepundence, lollowed tiy the respon sive application nf Texas to thu Union, had aroused tho peoplo tna&onso of tho danger. 1 ",a ... l ins waKOtuiness ol the public iiilml suggested to tho niunars tho expediency uf a non-com. I mittal nolicv. for a tcasun : nn.l tl.n Ifnrn.rt nf me uoiwnuiet.' oi roroin iieiauons was the re. cult Mr. Ail'iinti rticnhil I'vnu InnL- kn k.. ..owt ibttiiiHitiiis luwn IIJG uu uy nno linrns ; ami ins bpeeen vvnicti was cout n. i r.H ,l,.rin.r fra.rmRr.in nf tl,.. morn!n i,r.r ueu uun: iig, an tiiectuji yuitius to uio piujec.i a; annex. ation. The scision cloted, pending Mr. Adam' anon, j nc BusDiuii wuttu, puiiuiu iui. .-tuanis i-peech and no action was evor had upon his res. olutions; nor do the Journa's of Cmgress pre. sent any trace of tho annexation movement fur three years after ! Hut tho project was not abandoned. The Pandora's I)ox, as Mr. Adams called it, was again opened by tho presentation to Congress at the session of Hll-'J, of resolutions of Ala buna, .Mississippi and Tonnosee in favor of an liu.ralion. No action of Congress followed these movements; but they wero accompanied by n sympathetic movement on tho part of numerous Southern presses, Rnd followed by an extraor dinary speech in Congress by Mr. Wise in fa vor ol annex itinn ; and an equally rxlraonliua ry letter from (Joy. Gilmer, member of Congress from Virginia to the samo effect both of which I shall, hereafter more particularly notice. 1 cone now to the purpoao of tho annexation movement. From its commencement to this hour, it has obeyed a single impulse that a de termination to sustain the slave pnicer. Ol this I will as briefly as possible, present thu evidence. liy the Constitution of Mexico, adopted in ISi!, it was declared that no poison should thereafter "be born, on introduced, as a slave into tho Mexican na'ion." The abolition of slavery thus made prospective only, was render ed abMilute and complete on the" lO'li or Sop. tembur 1SJU tliu anniversary of Mexican Inde pendence. The abolition of slavery in Mexico brought in contact with the South, another Inmticr oP nee dom. How should th it frontier with all its anti-slavery iulluunce he removed! and how should the harrier to emigration with slaves, be thrown down? were questions which couu to agitato extensively, the Southern mind. Atimxation furnished the answer. And it furnished an an swer to another question where shall be louiid a territory tor Vie vuuuiracliuv of ,VW iikiles fur this t'liinii ! l'i'ioin-is II. lictiton, Uni'e.l States Senator from M.ssoun, participated in thu disco-sio.is of the su' ject ; and in a .series of ess iys, under the signature of "Ainer.caniis," publi hod at St. Louis, urged the imor!ance of the aequi.-itinn of Te!;as, expressly on the ground of I tit; spice and advantage, winch tho county would afford for "the future existence of slaia slates," nitf of winch, ho said, might be formed from it, "as large as Kentucky." The juxtaposition with the slave holding stales of a nou.slavohulding Uin- 0.10. WHS n!.si) llr. rod liV him -la M iuiii-. l.ir tin. acfiuisition. Those essavs. to ini- ih.- I.in.m.i.ro I of a South Carolin i paper of that date. " uncra-1 ted upon the public mind in the West, with elci - .On nlis i trical force and rapuhtv." The whole S uth was moveil by the sime impulse among the tinny evidences uf it. paper observed. " It is not improbab'o that he (President J ick son) is now examining thu propriety and prac ticability of a retrocession of the vast terr.tory ol Texas; an coterpnzu lo,i.lIy demanded by the welfare of tho We.-!, and winch could not fail lo exercise an important and favotable in. fliicucu upon th,.' future destinies of the South, by increasing tho votes of the slave-holding Stales in the Senate of the U. S." Rut the addition of nine slave states vvith the augmented votes in Congress were not the only motives tlisclo-ud for the acquisition of Texas.
'I'n the cravings for more power was added a lust for the gains nfslaie breeding. Thu follow ing are samples of tho evidence")!:! this point. Judge Ciishur (now secretary of st itc) slid, in a speech m tin: Virgimi Convention in IS'.'il, that if Texas should ho ob'.nnnd. which he. strongly desired, it would ruiie ihe price if slaves'1 anu uo a a grea aaianlage to slave hidden in the state. In lb3v. Mr. Gholson mid, in the Virginia Legislature, tint the price uf slaves loll twenty live per cent, within two hours alter the iievv was received o( tho pissige of the law of Lou isiana prohibiting thu importation of slaves ; and that he believed tho ac(pnitien of Texas would raise too price liiiy per cent. '10, I . f.l . . f 1 ,' I l ose r vi.h nces of the state of pubhc soul,- inent at the Si.ith, sho.v the leiduiL' imnulse under which Texas was f! loded with armed "em. igrants," and her revolt Irom Mevico urged to its consummation. Tint consummation was the r : ' ,,;,, ; " . v1:.. t; i-rovisioiis exninus mo monster which had been s i long undergoing the process of Hero it is, tucubi'tioii. ' SeC. 9 All oerS'lll nf color who Were, staves fir life previous lo their emigralion for Texas, and who, ire now held in b tnd lire, shall remain in tlt.i liknstain ...II t . ,., . . of servitude; provided lliesud slaves shall be die. banajide piopcrty of tho persons so holding said slaves asofafort.iid. Congress shall pass no I iw lo prohibit cmmiants Irom ihe Uuiieu riiaies of Ameiica trom bniiaiii" iheir slaves mio the l!t public with lliein and hol.lui!; llieui bv the im lennte hv whi-'h such slavei were held in thu Umied Stales ; nurhhall ihe mast, r h tvo power to eut.meipale Ins or lur slue orslavt.-, vviiheut the cnn.eni o! (.'ont'i.s unless he or slit-ih ill send his or lur slave or .slaves, without! the limits ui tho Ifpulilie. -Softie per.-on of African tleseeiit tuber ui vviiolitorin p irt, suall be permiiied to reside urm inemly in the Republic without the consent of Conqre-s, and ihu imp irt.ili.in or admis sion of Africins or negroes inlo this Republic except ing from the United States of Aineiiui, is forever pro lubiiid, and declared lo be piracy." Such is tho fundamental law of Toxa. Men . , . .1 reduced again o bondage who l,,yu hocouie, of n.r it Iron if t lin furrn r.f l n le-i .. I.. ... . .I.r..... right, free by the forrc of Mexican law ; the free importation of slaves from the United State perpetually secured ; emancipation interdicted lo Congress and lo slave holders, hut with ihu consent of Congress, or tho h.in,s!inv!nt of ihu emancipated ; free Afr.c. ins foibid l n a perma nent residence ; and a tnoiiop tiv of nlavo breed, ing for tho Texian "market" granted to "the United Stales if Awtriru .'" A constitution worthy of the (Joths and Vandals who overrun tho territory of a friendly republic, in ihu face of a solemn treaty of ''universal tieace. ami a true and sincere friendship,' for tho purpose of oversliatlowmg nor lair Holds wit i tlio perpetual eclipse of slavery, and dooming her suil to its everlasting curse ! It is too obvious to nood renin I:, how prccit-o. ly this provision of thu Texan Constitution placed her in a position lo become, without shgh. test change of her fundamental law, a mem her of thu slave holding brotherhood in this con federacy, What an appropriate foundation for thu 'nine slave btatus as largo as Kentucky !' It was soon after the promulgation of this Constitution tint Iho groat movement w.ifi made upon Congress to obtain a recognition of T '.van Independence, which finally resulted as I hive show ii in smuggling through Congress at the last hour of (Jen. Jackson's administration, an appropriation for the outfit and salary of a min. istcr to that country. And thnn came the for mal application through tho Texan Minister, for admission into our Confederacy ; with the presentation to Congress of numerous petitions of slave holders, and resolutions of the Legisla. tures of slaveholding states, in favor of iho so. licit .vied admission. From among the numerous evidences of tho continued operation at this period, of tho motive for annexation to which I havo relerred, I select tho following : The Mobile Advertiser held tho following Ian. guago : "The South wash to have Texsi admitted into tlm Union for two reisons; First toetjualizc the South with the Xorthi and, secondly, as it convenient and 1.3 fe place, calculaird, from itiipeculur good soil, and kahibnous climate, for a ttave population. Interests! fadures of tha non-6laveho!ding State !' Not and politiezl safety both nh!m prompt th action andia straw unlets it be connected with additional fntonx.hearsumant'' security to aior spesits of nunufaciure-of Ins foiiowing toast wan ibout the eamo tlma wh.t-h it dtc- nut spak t'n rrnnufat-ture, the given at a public, meeting of distinguished men U Columbia. S. C. ; , " Texas If muled lo our government as a State, It will prove an invalualilencq.iisiuon to Ihe .Southern otatesand Iheir Domctlk Iintilntion." From the resolutions of Statu Legislatures, it this period, in favor of annexation, I lake the following from .1,ssi.,3ippi as a specimen: " flcsottcJ, that the nnncxitinn of Texas to this Republic is essential lo the futuio safely and repose of the Southern Slates uf this Conltderacy." The report of tho Committee who reported this resolution to tho Legislature contains tho following rnnifiikablu pat-ige ; "Tho Northern States have no i u tr -est of Iheir own which requires any special safeguards for lluir du lence, savo only their domestic manufacturer s and Ood knows they have already received proieciion mm tho government on a most liberal scale, under which encouragement the v have improved and flour ished beyond example. The South hare very new liar intrrettito preserre interests alreadly violently assai'ed, and boldly threatened. Your C.inim ttc'o are fully persuaded that this protection to her I., st in Uresis will bo airtrded bv the annexation of Texas. An equipoise of iiitl.inneo in the Halls of Congress will be secured which will furnish us a permanent guaran ty of protection." Thus wo sen protection otliii-rif claimed as a compelis itiou for protection to free labor; and tint not by maintaining Ihe right of the s'atcsto perpetuate slavery w ithin their hunt--, nor by according to theui the right of defending it, as heat they may, ag.iin-t the moral power of a re deemed and purified Chrt-tiauily ; hut by dis membering a foreign country introducing into it slavery from our own making il perpetual by tiio constitution and I'.oii adding the whole terr.tory. slavery, Coiistitut.jii and all, to this UcDub'ic ! Such was the srlmins, and such the motives. Too project then f.uleJof accomplishment ; but as wo have seen, was not abandoned ; for, to nothing Ins the slave power clung with more tenacity than this. Tno purposu of the great movement so Hilly described in the Mississippi Ueport, has been, since, more strikingly mani fested in a speech of Mr. Wie delivered in Con. gross in January 13 1 "J, from which 1 make a short extract . In considering the subject of the equation of power between freedom and slavery, which, it seems, must bo maintained at all hazards, Mr. Wise said "If Iowa be added to Ihe one side, I'lorida will be 1 'tl tu "'a other, ihu there the equation must siop 1. o mm lite equilibrium is gone forever nunc. The balance ol in terest is L'ono tile S'tfe'.u.trd of American torment- Here is one of ihe American Conslii '.iion, of the American Tnion, , Charleston ! vanished into thin air. This hum hetheinevr. ihlo re sult, unless bv i tretlv vvith Mexico, the South can add mire Irtish' to her end ofthelecer. Lit the South Hop at llio S il me while the North may spread, un checked, beyond ihcltochv Mountains, and the Soul'i em s-alt must hirl. the beam." Ileio stands forth the whole purnnsc, tindis guisod. And what a purpose I Texas to l.o united to the Confederacy, to leinfnrco slaiery in Us contest wttiiy"iWi .' The Constitution goii", -h' Lin mi gone, when tho "eijuitibi-iiim" between Ircedom and sLvery .sgune !-as though tint equilibrium was an essential clement In" the Constitution, the comer stone of this Re public ! Why the truth is, there never should hive bean an "equilibrium" between freedom and slavery in this Confederacy : and there ncv. or would have been, but fora violation of the Constitution in th? add. tiou of slave states from tornt. ry not within our origm tl hunts. 'Vhat has undo an equilibrium, which did not crist when Constitution was formed the proportion of slave to free States, being then, but as (i to 7. Ant. woo then thought that rlavtrtj would con l.nuo lotiv.-i in any of the Slates to tho end of lu'l" a c.Jtituiy, or half ol Inifa century horn that luii!.1 Whit constern ition would have seined the Convention that formed the Constitution, h nl it been revealed to them th..t slavery vvou.d survivu the first Inlf century of our existence, and much more, tint vizn hualnd thousmd i 1,1 ... ..... c ... '"'-s oriuuill, ,ll l III.- O-O llllllrtl.lMI HI lilt If- r 0.1, ,,,MU icrL,,sr;i, . ,,,, .....-.. and ,W(! ' ,. ' the nuuihor of slave slates from 0 to K), and the number of Representatives upon the slavebasis one, to twentv-live ! And what vw.u d hive been llio sonsaii.ui m Virginia, could it have - ti,n 0...,.,,, ,,f i,.,ifa cuntury, a ui-prescui.iiivi' iroui mat (oinmoii l weaiili wo iltl ri-e in tltc Hall ol th-; Ilou-o ol Represent itives of the United St ,tus, and clnni an aiiguifiitatioii of the slave power bythoae- Olllsitlott. lor that mriioseitf n m-i. tnrn.M, I... vond our ori'inal limits. I.ir.'o nnninrli f, ,l ' dilion of iiiiik st.r.os to this Union! Ami all this to keep nil "eouitibrium" between slavery and freedom; to keep slavery from "kicking tho beam" to hive tho Constitution--to prusprvo the Union from 'vanishing into thin air!' Free d t'n prty, Urvhx-!; d spre id beyond Iho Itucl.y .Mountains,' .md tlieruiure slavery must permit ted lo cross the Sabine, and move onward to the 1'acilic Ocean ! I!ut 1 forbear ; and proceed, to another, and liter evidence ol thu continued aim of auuexa tlon, and tho motive by which it is guided and governed. It is the letter of 0 iv. Gilmer lo which I havo ahoady referred, dated at Wash- ingtuu thu 10:h of January, ISlll. T.io impor. tauco of the letter nf (iov. (Miner as well as .'o-. mi tuv n...i .it .i,t, v.iiiiiui iln well Its tho tpeveh 1)f j,r. is el;te,., bv 0,r .. . . . ' l"wr wull known relation to tho administration. well as by their standing as Southern men. The letler was written to a privato individual, w ho accoribiig to tho annunciation of the II illnnoro Itopublieun, in publishing it, regarding P as " placing Iho policy of the annex itiou of Texas lo the United Status in a iery ttrihing and im posing point of vieu;" and thorelbro communi. cated it, with the Ic ive of Governor Gihuer, for publication. A few extracts will suffice lotnow its clu racter. Un thu subject of stroii"ihnin.r thoshvo power, it is loss hold than .Mr. Wise. 11 was uviuuntiy written tor publication, and su. gars over llio deadly dose, in a manner to make it as olVensivo as possible to tho people of ihe North. " You ask," savs Ihe letter, "if I havo expressed myui 1111011 that Texas w ill he annexed to the United States. I answer, yes-, and ibis opinion has nut been adopted without rttleclionor wiihuut a cartful exinunalion of causis which, I believe, nro mindly brigius about ibis result, I do not know how far these causes may have inadu the same impression 1111 others ; bui 1 am persuaded that llio time is not far distant when they vt ill ho felt with nil their force. Tlio exciieineiit which you apprehend, may arise- but it wall he teinporarj , and 111 tho end salutary." ' "I assume what no one will deny, that under iho jurisdiction of tho United Slates, ihe large and uiiusii. ally fertile territory otTexns will be rapidly peopled s nnd an iinmeusonecession will ho made to our stren"ih and productive enemies. The strcneth anil produc tive energies of slarery! The settlement of Texas under theso nuspiecs will open n market at hoina for the manufactures, and ajiicultnml products of all tho uon-slnvehotdng slates a market which, olhervvisp can only avail them under the restrictions nnd ihsad vnntngpa firfirrign competition. Tho means of nip. ply for iheso Stiiea will bo increased in Ihe same manner." How ready is Mr. Gilmer lo urgo Iho great argument for tho protective policy, when it can ho usPtlto fav or tlio protection and extension nf slavery. The annei-ation of Texas will 'opan a market for the manuf irltires and agricultural products of the non-slaveholding Stales !' And hero istaeAait tKrownout to Sorlhern cupidity! 'A homo market tor manufactures.' And how much does this anti-tarilf nullilior savo for mo encouragement anu protection nf the mapu price of which was asserted, as I Imvu sdwwn.in thu Vii'gnii,i'L'gij!ature,cluvuu years ug , would he raised lifiy percent, upon tho acquisition of 7'ex.is. It is truu tho Constitution of 7'uxas gives lo the slavo breeding States of this Union a monopoly of its market lor thin kind of inatni factun ; but annexation, alone, can give per niaimut security lo ibis monopoly. "liul," continues Gov. Gihuer," )ou antimpile objections in tcgard to llio subject of slavery. This is in lecd, a subjQct of extreme delicacy, but It is nno on winch the annexation of Texas will haven palulary influence. Homo have Ihouht that the propoMtioh would endanger tho Union, t am of a dillerent opin ion. I behevo it will bring about a better understand ing of our relative rights and obligations. Slavery i one of those subjects whu h the people of Ihe slave holding Slites are content to leave wheru lhs (Jonsti- ! tulion of Ihe Union has left it. Thev ask for no new concessions to Iheir rights, guaranteed bv that inatru mcnt." The Constitution of the Union, Gov. Gilmer might to know, left slavery to live as long as it could and iodic, as it must, in the original Stales of this Un.on. liut there. ho fiiemls of annex i t io n aru not 'content' lo leave it, but woukl ex tend it over 'the largo and fertile territory ol Texas,' &1 then add the extension lo this al ready sl.ua ridden Union. And Mis is asking 'no now concessions to their rights guaranteed by the Constitution I' I would gladly in ike further extract from tins Idler; and indeed give it entire, hut I mint forbear. It is an artful attempt to glvu to an nexation the character of a na ion d measure iiiq ofiaW, oven, to give permanence to the Uni on land may bu regarded as a sample of the manner in which the North is to ho addressed to secure ils support to the measure. Having considered tho innvem.nl, and it mo tive, I will dvvull a fuvv moments uu.ui thu odbe's of auneation or rather of an attempt at annoj;. ation. I sav attempt, bemuse I consider lute annexation, as entirely out of the quo-lion. Texas will never he united to this confederacy. There arc principles of repulsion which lorbld the possibility of a union. There may be an at tempt, either by an abuse of the trea'y making pew or, or an act of Congress, or both combined. Rut by whalsover moans it may ho attomtited, by how many soever agencies," direct or indirect tho moment the deed is done, there will be domon-trations of feeling winch tho mad-cap movers ol the scheme little dream of. Gov. Gilmer nlfecls to think tiiat tho excitement will be " salutary." He behoves that " it will bring about a better understanding of our relative rights and nbltgat s. And so do I. Such an uuuursianuino, imiepti, as snail reaeu lire but. torn of our Federal Compact taking hold of the foundations on which it rests silting thorough ly the whole matter of ihu " compromise of the Constitution " showing the extent of their vie lation by ih.) slave po.ver exposing the ctior mous encroachments of slavery, and its utter in capability with freedom and, above all, pi oviug, to demon.-(ration, what is assorted in the Ue.o lution I am considering that annex ition will "hImIisIi the .!!, by Iho constitution of a nw political !.,ui:!v. and thus breal: up thu fouud.i I'onsoi'our Fed.'i.il Union." This last point has not received the conside ration it deserves. It seems to bo taken for granted by in my, that the queslion of annexv tion is to bo treated like any other question of mere expediency. Cnv. Gilmer thus treat- it ; and ho'dsotit to the North and Ve'. ihe hire i of pmf:! as though, if Ihn advantages in Mar re- sped could bo established, tho whole question 'Yes, my love, you will tee him in a would bo settled. Tins is a fatal error. There brighter world than 'this.' is a deeper question tlnu tint of pecuniary pro- (j,,, ,,is U ., flllr WiU. .h(J ilt, 111 and los.s. Annexalion won d hi, i;so lacto, I ;,i tti it . ., a d,struc.ion n' the Union. T.,e in-roduof'm of I ? , ' 1 '"," ) ,'"'-V ",U W? SU,"- "nine States" or ono State, fiorn bovoml Us V"nP' nml . I"f l: "'"t'r crovs rr01" present limits I will s iv, from beyond its ong. 1 llrook ' ' Hllltj war- mil limits m.tkps it a new political timily, or- i ""-'r' ' s'1!l'' K" ""d gaiher tho bluu oyud vi ginizod or ailcnp'od lo he rr'an d upon a'olut, that fa sail was like me.' now basisnot tho b.is.s nf the Constitution I 'Too like, 1 fear,' sii J ihu mother, as thu not the basis of tho will ol the f im.ly with which tcar-dioii trembled on iho droopin ltd. ' bin. J .. ."Tn,?;";" , f' UP,","'ti ''t"";,0' ai '' ' C,'ilJ- '' ' f-iT 0,ld that treatv, or an act o Congress, w nc 1 the 1'resi- .1 : 1 .1 .1 r 1 . dent-and Senate, or Congas have , no ,,oro ' ' '"' l"'",,u ,l,.e. "" ""Vfr fade ; whe, rightto make orouitct, tlnu they havo totloclaie!Clu" s."L'vl'r lllllu ,llu 01 l,,lt glorious that these United Stales shall bu annexed to, ! sli' ' 1'10 c'i;r.V "f 1 vvhou name is and form a p.trt of, thu Dntish Umpire. It love, boaiiis brightly mid foruvur in ihusa would not hi an ordinary violation of the Con- golden conns ; ihu trees that glow on tho stitution, to bu corrected bv lhoniihnarvi.ro. banks of the liver whitdi u-ntprs tlti Mr.tc.il ces ot judicial decision. Tnu disease would not be fuw.lioiialbm organic. Itwould change the structure of our Federal System, or rather thu parties to the Union so tint it would ce.i-o to bo tho Union lormod by the Constitution ef 'o7. In the langiirigt) of the Iteiuluiioo, " the foimihtli.ns of the Fedeial Union would bo bro k'Oll up." lf.iii,iexati.in is to be iir-eled al all, it must be lha act of the te.ipe 111 thu exeieisB (,f iheu- original sov eaignly. To form tint new Union, the same, process mual be 1:0110 throjh vvuh, that preeeni 0 the Inrnia lion of the old one. ,o delegatLsl power miner the old. can be adequate to t lit- furui.vi.ui of lilt new. litis ir-asopiii!', wircli would bo cone tisivu m lu- said to the aiieinptetl aimetaiion of any kind of a l. an exotic in the soil of freedom. It was filt to be ''"alll ; hut she was iilonp, when in thu twi sucli when IhoC.msliiuuon was formed. Tl.e "self, light shades shu s it upon thu gtussv uioiliul mvvh'i: l,,ro the deep and vua.ning hopes of llut Union, and the Con-itutuns of the Sian s that orisji- , '"'id lieail was g ilheioil in obvious silence, nally composed 11. 'I ,e preamble even 10 the Con- Oh no ! Tho soft nnd silvorv tones of buri siituliou uf I iftriitit express v upserled that "teal it 1 1 .1 1 - .... lruth. 1" ,(v" vvhisppred 111 the lupp.u that lifted liut s'avcry existed; nnd, for the sake of ihe Union, 'he drooping flowers, ovorcliarg. il vvilh tho it was sttirered to remain; not. however, as a eh, r- dew v teals of night. Tho diamond stars. l-lll-t e Client flf Our sVStitlll. hut as n I Unrr 1,. ... ..;. . si-..., erated during the brief period which it was supposed vvoitiu mint us cM-ience. vyillmh I'ivcksev spolva the si iiiiii.cuts of that tl ay when he sai t. in lite Maty, land House of Delegates, in I7S9-" The lily and the bramble may qroir in social proxiuxitii, but liberty and slavery delight in separation." The extension ol si ivery was mil dreamed of, even willun our orui mil limits much less by the nddiuon of Siatis be yond lliosu limits 1 and still less by ino milium of stales obtained fur the nroireti purpose of sinhcv tension. The annexation of Texas, with its slarery, would ihrrrfuro cive ihe lund imental violation if the Constitution of which 1 havo spoken, the !isrnvaluui of an attempt to mike slavery a perminent ileuieni of power, a quarter of a ceniuty, nt least, after tho men of '67 thought it would cease lo be. Hut it is said llio Constitution expressly provides that " new Stales may I u admitted Ly Conjjresa into the Union." Viry true; but is tlusio be laSni vvuh out Imiilaiioii' Il'therulnd been no territory with in our original hunts upon which this provision could take ilfeet, il would have been conclusive of ihe question as to tho power to iidmil new Slates beyond those hums, l!ul there was such tei ritorv. Wo had tho Territory iN'orlh U'esi of the liver Ohio, which had heencedtd hv Virginia ; and ui regard to which the Ordinance of 1787 had provided fur its admission, as not less than thnsvior iiiorelhanj.ivo States,'.nt 1 the Union. And new Slate-, it vva conlemplaied, mcjhl be forunVI out of llio existing Suites, sonio uf which iiti nireo uiisfiiiea territories. Hence it w.13 added to th -clause amlioruin the admission of new States," Hut no new Stales shall be formed nnd created willun the juris liciion of nny other Stale, nor any Slate be formed by ihe jiincliou nf two or more Slates or pari" of Slates, without the consent of ihe Legislatures of the Stales concerned, as well as ihe Congress." Here, then, 'n. nn ample field for ihe exercise and exhaustion of ihe pmver of ndinitiin; new plates. Il vvaswuhin tho immediate view, and ev idently m the contcinplatmn.'of ihe Iramers of ihe Oonslitiin.) I. Il mneroHble, if the ntmission of Sntis beyond these limits vvai contemplttfsj, that oilier and more specific lannuine should nni have teen f-mpluyel to crnnt ihe power a povvtr w hich, if construed lo extend to the admission of fireign Siaus without hunt and it Is without limit, if at nil it would not need the sagicity of very wise, men to seo would involve a nower of ad- dine Slates to Mich nil extent na lo overshadow the wliolo ot thn old tlnriron wnh all iheir territories, and make lliein a mere aDnjnda?a lo the added foi eion Slates. And all this phcei widi'a thipawnrof Connie;, which, thoiifh tt emnnt altur a Ima of tha CoasiitC' lion, would thus be in veiled with power tobfin lhl innrurneni. wh:..li wrt expres.lv ordabed " to wur the Mer.sin s u.r I.' e-t- in rut'te'vu ana ii- -'-s.'A-i'y" willun ihu annihilating- pjvvt..- i,f the whole Norih Ainencan (.untinent. Hut the precedent nf tho peNline o t.oul inrm, rid Hie admission of thu .jlniti lurmed from it into tho Lniun. is relied on. It is n sufficient reply to iliis, il.nt .Mr. JufTersjii hi nself admitted tint, In tmkinr tho treaty, the power? of ihe Constitution were r-xecrded Thi is fully de'Iared in the p' .i huineus publication ol h.3 wrttmjr", n will oppuar by the following quota tion from them ! " When I consider that the hunts of the V ?tatcs arc precisely fixed by the treaty of 17S3 thnt Iho Gons'iiuiion cxprrssly drclarcs itself to be midc'for llio U. States,' 1 cannot help bel.uvinzthat the intention was not to permit Collates to admit inlo the Union new Suites which should be formed without Iho tit tunry fir which, and under whoso authority alone, they were then acting." 1 Jefibmn, 'i Again. "The Constitution hoo made no provision for our holdinj fortim territory 'till less for inrer vnra'lnr foreign uclior.sinto our Union." (3J.filT son, 512.) 'I he purchase of I.ou..shna was the result nf whit was fL-tancd an oven tiling' necess ty f t the acqu'sitioil of .'-v Drlmns, vvuh !t out'et for the commerce o! the Mic,.;tnp!, incladiiii! 113 fie; nivigaii'tn to thi ocetu j no acq uailion ctrtnialv of verv Kieat impor ranee, as was a'so the removal of forn'.'ii j'irisdiciion from the cuunlrv vvest of lltol river; and jet thi vio I il on nf the Conslitolinn in the purchase tif ihe torri 1. 11 y, w iih iis uioie niirriiiit violation in the siipnlaiion for its admission a a Jitale or S.uirs into iho Unii.n, and 11s aJm'ssioii necordinL'lv coustitules i very kics , il not a lutpiinderniina vvemht in the nppniic'srnlc. Ii.u the piccedf nl does nul cover this case. That neces-.ily doe- not exist unless the extension of sla very, to enable it to maintain a sucrfjsfiil eoinpetilion Willi j'rudom, is to be compared vvuh the purpose in die iiet.iis,ion of Louisiana. That was a purpose nt o.ico n tola and iriiional in its character. This is a detest llle ;i3 s'.aterv. and a.s seciinml as its endsnnd ai nsaiu at war with the sp.nt of ihe Constitution, It i-t moreover, not tht-tre-re ;!-). 'rise "fa territory, which, in ihe pr i..r--a of lime, nii'rhi bo moulded hv Ihe IcL'isliti'.n of Conriss into a h'llmsr condition lo beooniuii sja(. in our cunfjderalrd 11. public; ! ut it is an attempt lo inim luce at mn-o into iho conledera cy, a Sta'r, 11'h.ind into exi-tenef; in the acl nf revolt from a I. ircmu "ovtrnineiil, with Slavery made per petual by Us orenuie law. 1 will only add. that t'ie annexation cf Texas would mct-iiainly vvoikn dis-.liiiitin of the Union in tact, as it v.ould he, in theory, a vmloti ,:iof the Constitu tion. Il is lmpnjibe. utterly impossible, ihnt th-j free 6'ia'es should submit to the measuie. Tncvhave been I1K13 enaujh ruled by slavery. In the nbseneo ofartifiei.il means t-.ehecK tho Growth or balance ihe power of fn edom, 11 will one tlav obtain its just as cendancv in ibis r,nion. The attempt to check or control Ibis mutual leiulenev, by colonuina slavery in a fouin Fovernineut- ifilciinrj a rcvnli from that sovernnient, and then annein the revellers to this Union to perpituaie s'avcry's delestr.ble and detested rule, is an outiaje ton llaianl 10 be submitted to bv , aliempl ibis. Tlnre was a time when it mmht havt. liiu sous ol the iMsrinis. IS til Slavery must not been s.ihmil'ed ft whtn thu nauon waa draneed vvuh ihe opnle of s'avcrv. to sluiehellou. 1'ut tiiiv stupor is pasiiiii away. The -Nurlli is 10 'sejn0t an much as 11 jlioulJ he, hut si much tlul il trill never slecjr apain on this subjrtt. .Slavery is omwing old ; while Fact!.im is bount'lin; onward with the vior of you Ii , in her glorious caicer. The Xorth has no moiivo fir a coni'.n'innce of thi t'nion which can oitwe.t;li 1110 lrn.der.r le nirso of sl ivory'-ieud'ess rule. Hut the davs or that rule are 1111 oh red i and no fi'cfd cfl'ort to oi.smcnt the po.v er of slavery tan avert its doom. THE .MOUUNKR. ' I am very lonely, mamma,' luuniuirfd a fair haiiod, lovely girl, as she rested upon a sola one evening, ' it is very lonely now anil thu night seemed verv long. Shall I never sco P "ny mnn; V ' i,,,ci. never f..dH ;is rhev lt. it. i,U .vnrlrl a( .v1(. ,-ri(.niU ,,,,,, bw, thev will be' pai ted no more, hut will sing hv inns of praise lo (.oil and the Lamb forever.' ' And shall I go lo ll. it happy place when I die,' said she, 1 urn! will you go lliero vvilh inn V ' Yes,' slid the :iiut!ior, ' vvt shall lioth go in ( 1 od's own nnie; when he culls us fruiii fins life, vvu shall dwell forever in his pics uncp.' Il was a liltle vvliih', and ihe mother bent over the grave of this little frail flouur of in- 1 !llal 0,lu " L''IIIH' lurl1' "'01 their shin ing vv.itrli, seioiieil lieaming vvuh the light nf that deathless ll.imc, whiih hiiini'd iiiiiliuim- cd, upon ihu inmost shrinu of her heart, nnd shu enjoyed in iho holy bonis of solitude, that communion of puro spit its, which our exulted faith iilniio ran bestow. nvr.NiNt:. I thing them nro two periods in the lilb of man in which the evening hour is peculiarly inleiusliug ; in yonili mid old nge. In youth, you love it for ils mellow moonlight, ils million stars, its thin an( suothing shades, ils still .serenily : amid thesu we can commune with our luvvs, or twinu thu vvrealhs of fiiuiidship, vrhilu thorn is nonu lo bi'iir us witness hut the heavens, and thu spirits lhat hold Iheir endluss Sab baths there : or look into thu deep bosom of creation, spread abroad like a canopv above us, and listen till wo can almost sen nnd hear thu waving wings nnd mulling songs of other beings in oilier worlds. Ti youth iho evening is delightful ; il accords with tho flow ol his light spirits, ihe flow of his fancy, and tho soilness of his heart. Evening is alo the dulighl of old ago ; it nf. fords hours of imdislui bed contemplation; it seems an emblem of iho calm nnd tranquil closo of busy life, serene, placid, and mild, vvilh ihu impress of its gru.it Creator stamp ed upon it : il spread its quiet wings over llio grave, anil seenw to prumiso that all shall bu peace beyond it. Franklin. Sensjbix Advice. ' If you ever marry,' said a ltonun Consul to his son, " let it "bo lo a woman who has judgment rnonpl, to superintend ihu gelling of a meal of victuals ; taste twmgh in dres herself; pridu onouoli to vv-ish ht-r tVit bnfore breakfast ; dndsapjo enough n bold her tenjut- u non jht. his nothing to sty."