Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 2, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 2, 1844 Page 2
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FOR PRKSIDUNT, HENRY CLAY, UP KllXTUCHY. FOR VICE PltHSIDBNT, T1IK0. FRIiLIiVfiHUYSEN, or ,i: w juisk y. ron ei r.iTiins, .IK.I)i:i)lH II. H.tltlUS, ... JOHN l-Hl'lv, I At largo. 1-1. dist. C.U.VIX TOWNSI.KV, ai c.vni.o-i cow.iihii;, 31 iiisi. wiin swirr, Illicit. KRASTUJi I-WMIIANKS. FbTt (SOVKRNOlTT"" WILLIAM SLADE. J'Olt UOVKl'.Nnn, llOUAiJK HA TON. nil! Tisr.AH'nr.n, JOHN SPALDING. FOR i;o.(jrbss, GEOhGE ?. MARSH. r.u h:vtiihs ron ciiitti-.xdi: cocntv, i) vii irt:,i. 1'0,.1C 0. THK TAltiri'. " In fixing iho rule? of ,i Tiri'l", in v opinio 1 is tint tin object in t iew should be to raise tlw rotenuc need ed by uuvernmcnl ; iti j lliu interest cnitngcd in nianufict .res tn enjoy the inciileui l pioli'uti'jn which the levy of such tin I los will afford llu'in. JAMI-.d It. POI.K. Columbia, May IS1I1, 1311. com the icimona I.nq , July v, 1311 " My opinion it that Wool s'lanld he duty free." , w', fa?nul ",'.'!,t'l't'".'1- 1 hl.'e representations are ICoiiL-rcsstotial dibaies. vol. D, pice 1174.1 , 1,11 ,i,dlJ f"r. polilical coVcl, and not from any regard ii . ,.,,.,.,.,...,..,. ... I .ir mm ' ,...,.. I" 'e public morals. Mr. Clay has never I ecu in-i-A,!!' ';1'- ', ''', , temperate, I am assured on the best authority; and I " eonmler rwinaiM la the mttrttt, aflht luun- jn (, )i9 feluins n8 ,.,. lu.jalla tl) fa,,er, try. '-Jas. h. I'olk, nt Jai kson, Ictin., Jd April, h0 j, ull0xeciiional.e nnd rxeninlary. As a master ls" ' ho is prov -rbially kind and indulgent. : - ' - - - - -: I Unless we aci upon llie principle that we will voto Krom the Hamilton I'.illa limn. ( for no ma i who is not n Chtisiian, it is not eay lo MR. BURCHARD'S LETTER. Riviil ilic fiillntvinnr uliln nnd Inillilul letter of Mr. ISuiti'ii.vitt) ; you till know him ; von liuvu Iiuikiu'iI him tvitli marks of your confi dence, iitnl lie was tvorlliy of llicin. Now givu liis luitur n cniiilid penpal, an J weigh well llie Irullis lie so forcibly presents lo your consideration : Hamilton. June 21m, 1311. MK-!.ns. l.uiTOBs: Hating, aller inaliirerelleeiion, arrived at the conelusion lint il is my duly locasi i my vole for IIksiiv Clav at the neM fic-idenlia election, I deem II duo to ihc friends with whom 1 hive noted in tlio Liberty parlv, and who hate been pleased to honor uiu with a public mark of their con fidence, frankly to stalo llie reasons which have brought mo lo ibis conc'u'ion. It is unnecessary to premi-e licit the contest lies m holly between Mi Clay mid Mr I'olk. None aro so siuguiue as lo expect that Mr Hirney will carrv a "iiiL'Ie slate, or even that ho can couecnlraio the present sirenitih of llie Liberty parly, lunru Uay or .'unit! A. I'all; will lie next .resident of theso Uuitjd Slates. This is morally , parly. Ihnry Clay or .'amt! A. I'olk will bo next President of these Uniud Slates. This is morally certain. What then is the great is-uo to bo decided by the contesil To mv mind it is clearly and indubitably this : Whelher Texas as she is, w ilh her slavery and her dehts, is lo lie immediately annexed to this L'nion, or not lumber words whether slavery in ibis coun try is to bo placed, humanly spi a'.inr, hopele-sly bo yond the reach of anti-slatcry efforts, and forever or indefinitely porpetinied, or to bo fell as it is, exposed to the opposing mil lenccs which are now so actively nuci powerfully at work in basleniilgits overthrow. I say. this to my niiti I, is llie qreat Ume. There arc oilier issues which are in llieinsclves important to the best interest of llie country, viz. Whether tie Tarill' or Anli-TanlV policy is to prevail whelher wo ato lo have a s um I and uniform, or an iineeilaiu and fluc tuating cur'ency, iVc.j but they all in my humble opinion sink into iiiiijnilicanco compared wilh Ihc 'lexas quesiioii. Thai I do not mistake or overrate iho issue. I am convinced from a serious cnni It-ration of iho declared opinions of Ihc opposing candid ite-s, and iho special reason of Mr I'olk's nomination. Mr Polk has de clared biuise-lf uncipitvocally and unconditional!' for immediate annexaliaii. He is uudcMlnnd lo have cordially approved of ihoTjlcr and Calhoun Treaty, the disgrace of our country, and the scorn of the world. No one who has conidered llie history ol the hte proceediiiL's of the Democratic nomunling convention, can for a moment doubt that its decision (urned upon Ihis rery question of immediate annexa tion. iS'o candid man of party will deny litis. Thc.-iotnhcrii Democrats made this a test question. They were resolved lo have no man who did not go for iinniedielu nnnexiliou. .Mr Van Huron's niitcrsu btier (ihe ablest and best document which ever came from his pi-n) scahil his doom. Tho Northern Democrats s'rangcly yielded, and yielded on this very ground. It is as-ericd, and nut denied, that Ihey held a consultation ns lo their acqui escence in I'olk s iiomuiit on, and in tiewofan anno ipated popularity of the annesation scheme, which 1101:111 carry linn in, uoluithsi.iiiding ihc contemptible feebleness of his personal claims ihev sacrificed llieir veteran and cherished fatorite upon ihc altar nf Texas war and perpetual slavery ! Mr Polk is tho candidate emphatically of Ihc immediate and unconditional an nexationists ! and If ihclcd by the people of these United Slates, be would regard the result as an en dorsement of bis avowed opinion on this subject, and onenfthetfirst acts of his administration cantd be a determined movement loconsuinmale t'lis most ncfa nous scheme, irhtcn would meritabti turalrc im hi iror mill .Uuiio. awl perhaps milt viigniirf, nnii place, as I Ii irealrendy said, the Institution of Slave- ry in ponlmn to drfy ibe efforts of its enemies to orriroic 1 for fenerations to come. Whu nuw is Iho position of llenrv Clav on Ibis question t Ills noble and sfalesman-hkc letter leaves us in no doubt. That letter however it may have been received in the oouth, is regarded a8 entirely satisfac tory to the Norlh. The slrongest abolitionists can find no fault tvuh it. I eonfn-s, mv friends, when I read lhal letter, so decided, clear, able and satisfacto ry, breathing such a spirit of lolly nnd disin'crestel patriotism, g..nrrously and impartially regarding the best iniere-ts of every section of our country. I niusl say I considered ii a mantle lorge enough lo cover a multitude, of sins. Whatever faults belong to Henry Clay, open heart ed honesty has not been denial him hy his bincrest ene'iuie-s, who knew him or had any h'onesiv them selves. I do not thertfoio have any fears of Mr Clay on llie'rVx is question. The noblo scnliou-nis of Ins 1st er will govern him in ibis niallcr, and lliat villain ous scheme of tho advncaics of perpetual slavery, and swindling speculators and land s ript owners, lo hang around lha ne k ofilus nation, ihc slueholduis;, insol vent, lloiany hay of ihe Auieijcan Continent, can find no favor while, he stands at Ihc helm of this t'overnment. Here, Iheu, I repeat, is Iho issue before the American people! I'olk, Teras, liar and ;r pelual slavery, at Henry Clay, nt Texas, no War and slavery, (at llie worst) left as it is. However others may feel, I confess, at an hone-t abolitionist, and a sincere, lover if mv country, and an ardenl friend 10 iho union of these Stales, 1 c.iiinol hesil.Ho as lo my duly at ihe next election. I dare not, by any act of mine, multiply the chances of Polk flec.lion, and tho consequent catastrophe nf annexa tion and war. To throw my vole for Mr Ilirney would, in mv candid opinion, under pxisiinz eireuni stances, be doing this - and I feel uiiuillui? lo share in the responsibility of such a disastrous result. This, then, is my posi'ion. Hut Henry Clay is a slaveholder, and how, it is mid, can a (rue abolitionist consistently vote for him 7 I bate well considered Ibis objeciioii, nud am convin ced thai il is not valid in llin present altitude of polil ical a'tiiirs. Thai Mr. Cloy holds slaves is a I Inn whHi I sincerely lament. It constitutes a strong personal otijerl.on lo ihe man. Hut I do not vnicfor the mm merely, wnen 1 cieicise my elective iranciiise, I look -it ibeu at the great principles involved in th contest, and when, si in the present case, I be lieve that a slaveholder will do ami-slavery woik, or rnlher. ttint he will prevent iho ronsummalinn of a great pro-slavery scheme, while bis opponent ii com mitted to in determined prnseculmn, I ae.i in tho slrictcst conristciiev wilh my ami-slavery principles in irivino hi in mv vote for (in. special reason. As mi riboliiionist, l"fet I bound to ninko everv nci of my life ..u ' ':.:.. .e- r,..,i . r i : 'oi. IPII in OppnblllUI! III IHC VU j-etlll ui rtlliuimuil QUI. I am no theorist, but a plain man. accustomed lo look at things in a practical lizht. A man ia not to ho hslil enrfortin" all ihe opinions and practices of n fiian for whom he voles, lie must decide in view of circumstances, how he can no mosi grind by Ins tote. I have iriod lo act upon llie principle to do all ihe pood, and prevent all ihe er' I could hi litis worj I, nnd shall continue In do o white I live in il, This lit UOUnU lO C4KV III 1I1C UUHS HS IVCI1 BH every ttlicrcclsc. If Slavery or Anti-Slavery was to be Ilic ilitcd, picdoiiiinanl, and ubsoibiiiB issue in n political con lest, I lie success of one cnnuidnto being llie overthrow, nndnf the other, tli consolidation of tho system, Men indeed it woull ho grossly an J shamefully inconsistent for n professed abolitionist, fur any reason, to vole for the pro-slavery candidate. Ilul when the cxistcnco and non-existence of slavery is not the direct issue, but another question, which has a most important bcariiiR upon tho prospective des tiny of this insiitulion in our country, .'ten lliccon-is-tent nboliliutust must ninkcliis election m view of iho real issue, nnd conlriliuic to the success of lhat'eandi Into who will make tho most favorable disposition of the ureal question. 1 do no more cndorsc,or in tho least countenance Mr Clay's slat choldiim by voting for him for the reasons nbove.stiled than I should endorse and counlcnanco Mr. Ilirncy's or Mr. .Smith's senlimcnts and practices on the subject of religion, by voting for tbnii because they nio iiboliliornsts. Hut am I not actiniroul tho renrobated doctrine of choosinc the lend nf two evils, and tint on tho safo princifile of choosing neimcr I muni not. 1 cuoose a pmmre good in this case and more, I choose the jjreatest possible Rood wiilnit my reach, t do what in tneliis to avert a very crcal nud threatening evil, in the only way in which my effort can bo effective. If we should wait until wo found a candidate cnlirely uncxccplion ab'o in every resprrt, before cnsliuu our vole for him, tliroiiitji fnir of endorsing what is tvronp, it tvouldbo exceedingly rare in this imperfect state, that we should feel it our duty In go lo the polls at all. Wc should virtually disfiahchise ourselves. Ilul Mr. Clay, slaveholder as ho is, has given ai tin tlant evidence, through n long life, by many public declarations and acts, thai he is at Irast no friend to slavery, and would take earnestly hold of any scheme which ho should see to bo praclicablu and peaceable for its removal. 1 am not without hope of yet seeing him before ho dies, an ardent advocate emancipation. 1 am aware that ho is opposed lo the present aboliliou movements, nnd am sorty for it t iiul he is honestly opposed tons, and I think when lie iiccntncs heller to unccrslanJ llie t tews anil pur poses of the great body of anti-slavery men nt tho north, lie will think belter of us, anil sympathize in our fri lings and doings against slavery. Ilul it is asked ajiain, how ran a Christian voto for a man so morally corrupt as Henry Clay 7 1 put but little eonfi leneo in tho representations of a man's character by c.taspcrntcd political opponent, whose interest it is tn magnify bis defects, and hide bis ex cellencies. That Jlciiry Clay in years past has been deeply iufccU'd with the fashionable vices of the sue j. etyvtfii'ic be Ins hud, is probably but loo true, and if he suffers for them now it is but a retribution of which he has no right lo complain . but that Mr. Clay's char.acii r is note nnd has been for cars a good as lint nfiuost of our public men, who are not pro fessing Chiislittis, I do honestly Inline; and when I hear strh pure mid spotless men as John lltuney Adams and Tliei dure l-'iehngliiiysen, who have for years bco'i in habits of tho closest political and social intimacy wi'h him, speak nf him as a patriot and as a man in tho most eulogistic strains, 1 cannot be made lo believe by tho cvict.'eratid representations of bis political enemies, lliat ho i so very corrupt. It doc not stan I lo reaom. It is a uioial inconsistency i araw ino I neilr liiinig uiuexleni ul mora! quaiiiicaiion which omlitlo salifv our conseiencu. It is clear. however, ihc's duly to withhold bis vote from every man obviniisly wauling in moral intturi ty, and volunlarilv nddieltd to tire. To put Mr. Clay in this clas-i, would, 1 have no doubt, I e a foul sl'in der. In III! ruining conlcsl, lionet er, llie ureal issue tthirh 1 thi lk 1 hivi-furly staled, sinks the n speelive candidates as iniliridunls tcry much out of tho wny Thrt" are to he regarded rather as the exponents of two widely dill'ercnt and adverse pjlicies. If one fueeecds, we are lohatca slati holdmi: nation whose inhabitant; rebelled from their rightful government, ami conquered a tree country, ami ctirseil lis tir in sod by rihnliti!' u'non it Iho foulest svslc.ii of opnres- "'"'" "oieuuie sun ever suone, voueo 10 mo ii "!lr desluiy: by which act wo shill piimgo into ti , ' ' n ueoi y . u- the polilical relations between tho norlh and south , changed ihc demon of slavery placed upon a throne "hih and lifted up," ttherehe can laugh to scorn our ( punt' efforts to ; deihrone linn i and our country made a hissing and a by-tvord Ihrnugho il Iho civilized world. And all this to please the unblushing advo- , caicsofp-rpeiual slat. rv. and a set ol unprincipled 1 and selfish speculators in" Texas land scrip. The no- ""' suuiiiom um cviumu-np ;t """ .- It i' to extend and perpetuate llie " peculiar in-1 siiiiiiuu. me counecicu wiui uu corrcsnouJeiico connected Willi ino 1 r.ealv negotiation shows this bevond contradiction. ' This view r Hit question cannot he blinded. I If ihe oilier succeed', iheu all the evils wc hate enumerate! tvi'l be averted Wo sli ill Int o n i Texas, , no war, no enangem me cons,,,u,,on, no uai or . "rnp... .iml Ihi. nnn-Vlifir inlilutinii in nnr f-nonlrt- IlII 7 . . ! , o .i . . i . i,.; , -s i is, to Ma,l or f i'I upon ihe tern o v it has a - , readv cursed and withered nnd exhausted of life, sub i i r o.. j-ct lo ho inouences which are now successfully n:-1 sailine' it. What baler of staterv what loterof Ins wintry, can licsilalo as to the course of duly in ibis criis 1 Thus I have imperfectly set forth my views of per sonal duly in tho approaching canvass. I fell il due lo friends wilh whom I Invepo'iiically arte I for some timepasl, to bo thus frank, I ihey might under stan I an I appreciate my motives. I wish tn act openly and honestlv in nil that I do, an I refrain from ' every thing which I should fce-l ashamed lo be pro- ' claimed from iho house-tops. A great and fearful cri sis, in my opinion, prestos upon this nation. I tvisb so In discharge my duty in reference to il ns tn pro- ' serte a conscience void of nlTi-nce towards find and . man. CHARLES millCHARD I A NOIJLE LkT'TEuT ' Wo havo lioim politely furnished hy Mr ISurchard with tho following excellent teller from a gentleman in Pennsylvania. It was called out on seeitiL' a notice of Mr. IPs let cl' tor. Tho writer received a wrong inipres- sion from tho Tribune" notice, that Mr. U. " had abandoned the abolition party ;" ho does not deem it an abandonment of that party to voto for Henry Cl.iy, but tho true way of carrying out the Liberty principles. Ken.nett Squ.tni:, Chester Co., Pa. ) July 7th, 1611. S Dear Sir I see it slated in ihe .New York Tribune, t lint "Charles Hurclnrd, of Hamilton, Madison Co., has abandoned tlio abolition parly and come out heart- i ily lor t lay." tvim "aiioiuion parly you may I have abandoned, I know not, bin in my nimble opin ion, lo vole for Henry Clay, under present circmnsian- 1 ccs, is no .ahaiiiloniucnt ol llieahuliliou cause. suppose you find yourself placed in a predicament similar lo my own. I 11 ive for many years past re- gii,,. slavely as n niiesliun of more inoinentous im- ,)url ,,an nv f t10 ,larlv ,iriecls of llie day. and . I iad, therefore, ceavd lo act tvuh either of ihe pro. sla very parlies. Ilul a new l-suc has been formed, to which the Whig-nud Democrats have been gradual ly tcrging for several years nasi, vizi tho Union, or more propeily, whelher Ihe Mexican empire shall bo rent asunJer,'and a poriion of us terntory seized by lobber hand", nnd dragged into the Union, for the solo purpose of fortifying, perpetuating and cxlindiiig llie slave power. Kor one, my humble ellorta havo been directed against litis piratical scheme for ten years; ami snail I now g-round arms and remain neutral, be cause Henry Clay and Iho Win,' parly are disposed Ion sislmoi No,no I cannot gratify the Southern slaveholder so much. Hut 1 am told mat this same Henry Clay is a slave holder himself, and therefore I am snciilicnig my niinciplcs to vote for him, although h will serve my long cherished purpose- lhal of keeping Texas om of the Union. This is a species of losic which is entire ly below my comprehension. Suppose Micro was a gradual emancipation patty among ihe slaveholders 'of ihc South, and Henry Clay was one of such a par ly, mid In' were nominated for llie Presidency, upon Ihe ground that he could bo ve-ry efficient in promo ling their grand object the gradual, ihoush fioal and complete emancipation of everv slave in ihe Union would il be a violation of principle, or consistency, for one in favor of immediate abolition, to choose bet ween him and one hko James K Polk, nominated for tho sole purpose of sustaining arid perpetuating slavery 1 Who will say yes to this question ? Our tvorlliy friend, Oerrtt Smith lliat truly great and good man would, without iho least hesitation, answer no. Well ihcn, ifnn abolitionist may, under such cir cumstances, volo for n slaveholder lo put doirn sla very, can he not wilh equal consistency vole for n slatehotder.,0 prerent the extension of slavery ? Hut ihe annexation of Texos involves not only its exten sion, but its very existence in the present slave-bold-ins Slates. Such is the declared opinion of many of iho most sagacions men of iho South ; and in my judgment, ihey are coricet. Viewing iho mailer in this light, what belter call 1 do than to vole for Hen ry Clay? Hut my only design on taking up my pen, was lo request you lo do inotho favor of sending ino o paper containing your reasons for your present course. Mv desiro to see ihein is increased by the faei that I am nniive nf Madison county, nnd am personally ac quainted wilh somooflho pood people nf iho villain of Hamilton, who were mo loveo companion-, oi my boyhood years. Ilcspecifiillv yours. ' HUMNKR STKIIHINS. Chatles llurchard, T.rq. NOT HAD. A Wliisr nnd I.ncofoco of this citv. conversing lo- Briber a few days since, iho Whig remarked, " Well, if you succeed in eb etinir Polk, I hope you will have l-ocoforo principles cnrriid out lu your heart's con lent." To which lic I alien tcry ingenuously replied. "That's Whigirery I If vou can't elect Clay, you eant to ruin the country," 'Ibus allowing il lo es cape bun lhal ihe very docinnci be advocated wcro Minions nnd rtisliuclito, "Oil nf iho abundance ol the heal t Ihe mouth speaktili." .VtiraiV Adr. MR. POLK'S LATIi ANT1-TAIUFF LUTTKIt HKVIKWKI), AND HIS POSITION DEFINED. BY A. STUTrT, OF PA. From tho Uniontown, Pn. Democrat, July 9. Tlio following clear nnd illstinct viow of tho positions of tho two presidential candi ilates on tlio Tnrilf question was prcsrnlcd by Mr. Sloivarl, in a discussion which occur red in tho Court Houso on Friday evening. Mr. Stuwnrt coiiiinenced hy saying (hat to understand llie subject, it was necessary in tlio first placi lo ascertain what tho rnxsENT views and opinions of Mr. Clay unci Mr Polk wcro upon tlio tariff ; and that to see what would he tho practical upcralion and effect of their principles upon thti inteicstsuf tho country, if earned out in (lie administra tion of tho government. Mf Clay's position lie said, was well under. stood he is fur tho Vhij; tariff of 184'i, lie has so declared liiiuclf repeatedly ; in proof it is only necessary tn refer to his llarnsburgh loi ter of the lltlint May, trill, in which ho says : "'IhcTarill'act of IS 12 lias bicn billerlv denonnc- "I'.'ti, and gross epilbcts applied lo il. Its repeal was ' pronounce I lo bo n favonin object of our polilical ''opponent. I hey havo n majority nf some fifty or "sixty in the House. A bill I o repeal that Tariff has "been pending n great part of the present sesson of "Congress. And yet, jeslerday, on u lest vole, a "luaiority of Iho House limited aiainst the repealim" "tearing Till; TAKII' I- UK ipyi in.iiand SAI. " U I'ARV operation I This deei-ion was an involun " tarv ffiucf ksioi of our pnhnrnl oppotinits to Iho "WISDOM aiidlill.NKI'lCKNCl'.of IIVnV Vin, "proilnecd by the n toriunii piosperity ol llie country "and Ihc enlightened opinion of the people." 'I'll us you son .Mr. (J lay decUres himself line qtiivncallv and iluoidedly for the Wliiu t .in (F of 1812. Fortunately tviiliin the last hour, said Mr. S., I liato boon furnished with Mr. Polk's late letter tn .Mr. Kmc, of I'lnladclphi.i, on the subject nf the tarill"; he pronounced it hy far the mo-t important dt'cuiiiuiH that had appeared since the l're.-idenli il Humiliations important, he. citit-o it duplies and Jixcs .Mr. Folk's position, heretofore m) uiiuivocal, on the tariff question it fi.vcs him now and nt nil tunes distinctly fur tho repeal of the tnnlFof 181'J,and for llie ;ii!op. tinn ol a horizontal tariff of 'JO percent, ad valo rem, diseiiuiinatin bolotv that amount for icvc line. In a public discussion in Tciinctscc, as late as April, 181H, .Mr. Folk says : " I am in favor of repealing the act of the last Con gnsx, (the act nf 1812,) and n storing the cuiiipioin-u-e larill'act of M.ircl. 2d, 1S33." Which, .Mr. Folk says, will afford siiflicicnl protection to the nniuif.icturcrs, and is nil they ought tn desire, or to which they are entitled thus 'JO per coni. is what Mr. Polk, in tho lan guage of his letter to Mr. Kane, considers " fa ir. AMI JUST ITOrr.CTION TO AM. TIIK fit: RAT INTEK- n.-Ts or Tin: wnoi.c Union, embracin,' agricul ture, iiiaiiiif.u'lures And the niccliinic arts, com meice and navigation." In this letter Mr. Poll. says expressly, ' my opinions upon tho tarill' hate nfien been tjiven to the public, they are to ho found in my itiilic Acrs and llie l' dis cussions in which I havo participated" and here thev are. "I am in furor nf the repeal of wc en if; 13 1., fiiid o; rimmn llie tjimtwom. ;u acl ,o, Mrch lj;!:j." 'n,S j3 Mr. Folk's positi(11, !1S ,,ufinei ,.. ,ii5elf there can uo "" dispiito about it. This letter settle the mi.ttor. Mr. ('lay is then fur Ike tariff nf l"j V-i, Mr. Polk denounces il as ruinous, and says lie js fur restnrin-j the couiproi'iite act of 'JO tier , .il(, rile nfilnie- cc"'; as -"L "' " 'l " L. 01 "' , , J 0 remove all doubt from Mr. Polk s position, here is Ins letter, word for word. The loose uume-.ioiog si.ioy in loo uuouiuuni para j,,-,,,,!,, ilul)Ut ojlst ;,, fair pro'ection," call imil. ..nt,,,.!,, ,, ..r... 1 i t.. .i... . . i .r.. "- )-"' l".r"Bl'"i rete.r .ig l" "ls llllu.lllr -" a'11' I1""1"' discussions, tor Ins present eipiiiiiiu--, sett los the question hoar him : Coi.oicia, Tens., June lOih, IS1 1. ncir sir ., -iuu , .cj , , , J . . - . in reien-nee lo mv upiuions on ino siihjcct o I no tar .. j others yoursof the 30ili Alt. My opin ... . -, '.. . . ',' luusim nits sun eel unto iii-eii oiie-o uivi'ii lu l ie- pun . . . . . , .. . . Thev are to be found in mv Duhlic acts, and in ino nut lie iliseus-ions in wlucli 1 have iiarlieinatcil. I am in fivor of a i irifl'for revenue, sueh an one as will ttclil n sumutiit ainoiiut lo llin Treasury lo do fray I lie expenses of iho tioverumeiit economically administered. Ill adjusting the dilads of n revenue tardi, I havo hereloforc sanctioned such moderate di: criminating duties ns would produce thu amount of revenue nee-uio, and at uiu same lime nltonl reasona- lite iiiciUciU.ii prnte'ciiou lo our home industry. 1 am opposed lo a Mi ill' lor protection merely, anil not for revenue. Acting upon theso general principles, it is well known that I gate my s ipport to the policy ol Gen. Jackson s ailimm.-irallou on llus sulject. I voted ninuisl ihe' act of 1323. I voted for ihe acl ol 1S32, which coiilaiuid modifications of some of ihe olijeetlonaUlo provisions ol llie act ol ISii. As n member of iho Committee nf Ways and Means of t tic House oi itcprcscntaiitcs, i gave my assent Ion I ill reported by lhat Coiuuiiltto in December, IS33, mail ill'' further modifications of the acl of 1323. anil milk uig also discriminations in tho imposition of ihc du nes wlneli it proposed. 1 lie lull did not pass, hut was supers ih d hy llie bill commonly called the Com- promise nth, for which I voted. lo cxlenU, as lar as it may he practicable to ilo so, by its revenue laws and all oilier means within its now- er, fair aiufjusl protection lo nil the; (treat interest of llie whole union, cmhrnciug agriculture, inanut.ic lures, the mechanic arts, commerce and navigation. I hearldv approve the resolution unon this subiect passed by ihe Democratic National Convention, late ly asst-niuied at ii.iiinnoic. I am, with great respect, Dear sir, your oti'i servant, .1 A M ICS K. I'OLK. John IC. Kane, Ksq., Phi'adelphia. The letter intimates no clianjjc, but refers to bis former acts and ihcliialinns for his present opinions. fSow, sir, might not George iMc.Duf- fie, John C. Calhoun, or tho veriest anti-tariff milliner in the bouili, sign this letter without the slightest cuiiinromitment. In fact Mr. Polk has uniformly gone wilh the South against the proleclue policy, he is with them now, ami they are with him. During the whole of his M years service m congress no never never once vo ted to increase, but always to reduce the Tarilf. I defy his friends to point out a sni"le instance to the contrary. Mr. Polk says ho is for a tariff for revenue sufficient to dolray tho expenses of g;nveriitnotit so is Air. Calhoun, lie says, "I have hereto fore sanctioned such mtxhrjte discriminating duties as would produce the revenue needed ;" ho voted for tlio tarill" of leU'J, (the only tariff bill he had ever voted for in his life, except the compromise bill) and why did ho vote for it.' Ho tolls you in Ins I eiini'ssec speech because it reduced the t.inll'of IS'-ii ; not as much as he wished, hut us much as be could, and quite loo much lor me, for I voted against it, said Mr. S. as did eleven of my tarilf colleagues. Mr. Calhoun is a better tarilf man than Mr. Polk in 1810 ho vulcd to increase the protuc. tivo duties : Mr. Polk has never voted lo in crease, but always lo reduce lliem. Next Mr. i'olK says lie sustained llie lull roporleu Uy the Committee of Ways and Means in December, 16.T.', (Mr. Vcrplanck's bill) 'making still fur ther reductions from tho act of 18'J3. This fa vorite bill of Mr. Polk's reduced every ad valo rem duty after 1633, down to 'JO-lIi-lO and 5 per cent.- -except one the duly on coach Lire was loft at iii percent, wool and woolens to 15 worsted to 10, anj certain cloths, kerseys and blankets, 0 percent. A hill which would have crushed at a blow every manufacturer, Libert r, farmer and mechanic in this (oiintry worso than Iho compromise bill when it had run down in 181'.! to 20 per cent, horizontal, ami infinitely worse nof half as (jood as McKay's bill of the last session; and tins is the bill tint Mr. Polk boasts of having "assented to," and which ho says made "discrimination in tho imposition of tho duties which it proposed." Yet it dis. criminated with a vengeance. On wool and woollens after 181)5, from 20 down to Ifi, 10 and f per cent ! ! " small by degrees and beautifully less." Thin is Mr Polk's brag-bill. This is what ho rails "fair and just protection lo all the great interests of llie whole Union" "fair and just" and who is not for "fair and just I" Who will say that ho is for what is unfair and unjust 1 Mr McDulliu says 15 per cent, is "fair and just." Mr Poll: says lfi per cent, (lliu avo. rage of Vorplank's bill) is " lair and just" pro icciinn in "ii "ir multcm Mvt.iy j6t winter Mid that an avorjo ul IHI per icnt. was " fair and just." Hvcry man says of course I that Ins own views are "fair and just." ftlr I'olli's (lolinilinn of a "fair nnd just tarill," Is worse than Uen. Jackson's "judicious tariff." lint Mr Polk in his first paragraph has fixed and defined his own position. Un tlio !ld of April, 1813, ho said, " I am for repealing tho act of 1812, and reducing tlio duties lo the rales at which they wcro on tho SOili of June, 181U," (20 per cenl. ad. valorem) and according to his letter lo Mr Kano ho is for it now. Thus wc havo Mr Clay and Mr Polk bi th fixed as to tho precise amount of duly they aro for on every article on tho whole tariff. Take tlis Whig Tariff of 1612 and you have Mr Clay's hill, and take tho tariff as it stood on the flOth of June, 1812, (20 per cent, horizontal) and vou have Mr Polk's bill. Now let us ceo how they will operate when brought to bear on the people and their inter ests. I sec a great many mechanics ami sonic manufacturers presont. Well, gentlemen, give us your opinions of Mr Clay's and Mr Polk's Protection : i'rr Cent. 1'cr Ceu. Shoemakers, Clay gives you 60 Polk 20 Halters, Clay gives you B"i Polk 20 Tailors, Clay gives you f0 Polk 20 lllackstnilhs, Clay gives you -15 Polk 20 Tanners, Clay gives you -I'.l Polk 20 Tinners, Clay eivc you il I'olk 20 Ironinas'crs, Clay 325 per ton Polk 80 33. Wool nianufac. Clav cives you -10 Polk 20 Cotton do Clay gives you 140 Polk 30 tilass do Clay gives you 120 Polk 20 Paper do Clay gives you 60 Polk 20 Carpet weavers, Clay gives you 15 I'olk 20 I'uriners, on wool, Clay gives you 40 I'olk 20 On spirits, Clay gives . 155 Polk 20 On wheat, Clay gives 40 Polk 20 On beef and pork Clay gives 120 Polk 20 un cheese, ulay gites i) font ai On coal. Clay gives -10 Polk 20 :nd lo all others in the same proportion. Thus those employed in every branch nf industry can now iiiogo lor themselves. Claii secures the lineiicaii market for 1 lie American farmers. manufacturers and iiieclnnics, I'vlk gives il up to the Uritish, or compels tho American to come low n ami work at cheap as the pmpers ot l.n- rope, (Iroui 1J to JO cents per day.) t,i.iy i for the dwiencrtii system. Poll; for the Uritish Ibis is the true slate of the question and it cannot be disguised or evaded. W hen the n lish and slrncricrins are contending for the Intercan market, the question is, which side will you take ! htich beiiirr the trim s.ato ol the question, which should wc prefer for President, James K. Polk, the champion ol the "Uritish system" or Henry Clay, the illustrious champi on and advocate of the ' American system V Ulav is lor the tarill of Is 12, Polk lor 'Jit per cent horizontal. This is settled bv their late letters Mr. Clay's of the tltb of May, to liar risburgh. and Mr. Polk's of the 10th" of June, lo Mr. Kane, of Philadelphia. C'ui Pknssvi." vama, unanimous with Clay lor the tariff of Id 12, hesitate in her choice. Politicians and of-llue-seokurs nnv the people, tlio enlightened, patriotic, unsophisticated people never. They will never commit suiside with their eyes open when the great principles in issue the Ta rill dish tlulitm and lexas questions arc clearly ami rightly understood by Ihe people they tvi I go against Mr. Polk and his Uritish 20 percent, tarill--Ys anti-distribution, andliis slavery and 1 exas annexation policy, by an oicrirhcimini; tnaiorily. Mark the prediction mirk it. Mr. fj. pioceeded further to discuss this and other topics, hut our limits will not permit a more extended report at this time. Messrs. McCandluss lllack and Magraw, of Pittsbiiri;, spoke in reply, but they utterly failed to shake a single position taken by Mr. SPEECH OF Jilt. BENTON, Of Missouri, in Senate, .fmu'lo, 1311, in reply to Mr. McUiijjie, on the Texas (Quesiioii. Thus I spke of the mourners as well as of ihe ex ecutioners, eight years ago. And bow did iho Sena tor from South Caroli la who reproaches me fur a suppo-cd misdirected hum. only, how did fie then speak 'I To llus question let a certain message from a Governor to bisntato Legislature, of tlio contempo rary period let lhal message answer I II was loo notable to bo forgotten; ami comes into play now, like a many edged swoid, culling many parlies, and even its master ! and cleaving down iho treaty for which be now stands up. That message repudiated Texas and her cause; saw nothing hut aliens and in surgents in her struggling patriots; and rebellious subj'-cls in her massacred prisoners. To lliat mes sage I remit him for llie state of his feelings, (so dif ferent from tins day ! J t lien the ea I unities of ihcTux ans were recent, and llie names i f the iinbuned dead were crying to heat in for mercy, and lo man for com miseration. Tho fellings of that luefiL'o coutiasl strongly with Iho laiiienlations of this day; ami read us a nun; lesson in the phjsioloey of iho passions, laotc, it is said, has agenis in iho heart, careless ami

deceitful creatures! that belong dormant, ibriig noth ing; and then, on some sudden, unexpected occasion, or no occasion at all, break oul in a tury am conquer all before them. This is said of love, hut I never heaid iho same uf grief. Sorrow. I had always un derstoo I. was nu extemporaneous passion, briaMng out on iho instant, and djiug out in time. .Not so wi Ii tho Scnacoi's new dociriuu of the passions, and of bis Texan grief. It slipt itnid the calamity was old, and then broke out wilh the violence of a sudden ullbcliou Hut there is anuiher part of that same message which it is good mil to look upon; and that pail in which annexation was repulsed, hi cause it vi olated treaties, made war, destroyed commerce, nud planted enmity between the neighboring nations which ought to bo friends, lu nil this I lie senliiiienis of I be message were so msl lhal il nulbor's nresenl position would be perfect, if he only spoke now us he did wnen lie ueuvereu u, II it I advise the contrivers lo give up ihis scheme. Polk and Texas are strong, and can carry a great deal, but lib! every lliiug. Tho oriental story informs us lhal it was the last ounce which I rokc tho camel's back ; what if a mountain had been put first upon ihe paor animal's back? Jx'iilhficalfoii is a mountain! Di-uninii is n mountain I ami whit could Polk nnd Texas do with iwo mountains on thiir back- And here, Mr. President, I must speak oul, Tlio time has come for those to speak out who neither fiar nor count consequences when their country is in danger. Tho country is in danger! .N'ullifiu.ilion and disunion aro revived, and revived under circumstances w hich men ace more danger than ever, sinco coupled wilh a pop ular question which gives to iho plotters the Iwncsl sympathies of the patriotic millions. I have often in timated it befoie, but noiv proclaim it. Disunion is at the bottom of this long-concealed Texas machina tion. Intrigue an 1 speculation co operate; but dis union is at the liottom -, and I detio nice il tn ihe Amer ican people. Under llie pretext of gelling Texos into Ilic Union, tho scheme is lo get ihe South out of it. A separate confederacy, stretching from the Atlantic to California, (and benco Iho secret of iho llio (iranib d.-l W.rte frontier. l is iho cherished tisiou of disan pointed ambition ; and for this consummation every circumstance has been carefully and artfully conni ved. A secret and iiitri"iiini' negotiation, concealed from Congress and ihe people : an abolition quarrel picked wilh (ireal ilrilaiu lo father nil abolition quar rel at home: a slavery correspondence tuotiliage the North: war with Mexico: thucl.indt-siiuo concentra tion of uoops and ships in the southwest : the secret compact with the President of Texas, and lliosubjec lion of the Anieiican forces to his command : the fla grant seizure of llie purso and Ihe sword : ihc contra dictory and prcpos.crous rctiscnsou which iho delec ted military and naval movement was defended ; all these announce Ihe prepared caiaslrophc; and the in side view of tho treaty belrays iia design. The whole annexed country is to ! admitted as one territory, with a treaty promise to be admitted as Stales, when wo nil know that Congress alono can admit new Stales, and that ihe trenly promise, without a law of Congress to back it, is void. Tho wholo to bo s'ate Slales, (and with iho boundary to the Rio Orande, there may bo a great many,) and tho correspondence, which is Ihe key lo the treaty, and shows tlio design of itsframcrs, wholly directed to tho extension of sla very, nnd tho exasperation of Iho North. What else co ild bo dono to gel up Missouri conirotersies, nnd make sure of the non-admission of iheso Slates? Then tho plol is consutniilatcd I and Texas without the Union, Booner limn lha Union without Texas al ready the premonitory chorus of so many resolves, receives its practical application ill Iho secession of Iho South, and lis adhesion lo lha rejected Texas. Kvrn without waiting for llin lion. admission of lliu States, bo carefully provided for in llie treaty and cor respondence, secession, and confcdernlion with iho foteig I Texas, is already llin scheme of llie sutiallcrn disuiiinnisls. Tho subaltern", chorged loo high by llieir chiefs, aro ready for llin i hut Iho inoro cunning chiefs wanl Texas in ns a territory in by treaty the supremo law nf tho land wilh n void promise fur nd-mis-inn ns Slales. Then nnu-ndinusioii can bo call ed a breach oflhn trealy. Texns call be assumed lo boa part of iho Union; and secession and coupinc lion wilh her, becomes die lliihlf'd remedy. Ihis is the design, and I denounce il I and blind is ha who occupying a position in llus capitol, does not behold ill I inenlion secession ai the morn running inelhod of dissolving Iho Union, It is disunion, and tho more dangerous because llin less palpable. Nullification bcanl it ; and, (fallowed, there is an end oflhn I'limn, Tim Senator from Soulli Carolina complains lhal I havo been arrogant and overbearing in llus dibalc, nml ihelalorul to ihoso who were opposed to uiu, So ,nr -i... .,m,.,l. . ft.tMi.lril. inv nuhl it. u,l to iuU pinion v( llio .Sumir (iiul "1 Mo mnultUH, I 1 may bo in soma fault, 1 have, indeed, been labor ing tinder deep feeling and while much was kept duwn, something may have escaped. I marked the commencement of tins Texns movement long before it was visiblo to the public cyo and always fill it to be dangerous, because it gave to Ihc plotters the hon est sympathies of Iho millions, 1 saw men who never cared a straw about Texa one of whom gave itatvay another of whom voledngnlnst savingitt and all of whom were silent and indifferent while the true friends of the sacrificed country wcro laboring lo get it back I 1 saw these men lay thcr plot in the winter of 1812 43, and told every person with whom I talked every step they wcro to lake in it, All lhat Iks taken place, I foretold i all that is intended I fore sec. The intrigue tor the presidency was iho first acl in the drama : the dissolution of the Union ihe sec ond. And 1, who hale intrigue, nnd love Iho Union, can only speak of intriguers and disuntonists with warmth and indignation. Tho nidi si advocate for the recovery of Texas, I must bo allowed lo speak in just terms of Iho criiuinnl politicians who prostituted ino quesnon ui ns recovery to llieir own naso purpo ses, and delayed its success hy degrading and disgra cing it. A western man, and coming from a slate more than any other interested in tho recovery of this country so unaccountably thrown away by tlio trea- lyoi loiu.inaii must uo allowed lo leel indignant at Atlantic pnliiicians seizing upon it, and making it a sectional question, for the purposes of ambition and disunion. I have spoken of these plotters ami iulrig tiers, but I hate not permitted their conduct to alter my own, or lo relax my zeal for tho recovery of llin sacrificed country. I helped to reject tho disunion treaty s and that obstacle luing teinottd, I have broughi in the bill which will insure the rccntcry of Texas (with peace, and honor and with tho Union,) as soon as llie exasperation has subsided which iho outrageous conduct of his administration lias excited in everv .Mexican breast. No earthly power but Mexico has a right to say a word. Civil treatment and consultation beforehand would bate conciliated hen bin the seiz ng of two thousand miles of her uiidipuled territory, an insulting coricspoiiilence, breach of Ihc arinsticc, secret negotiations wilh Tex as, ami sending Iroops and ships to waylay nnd at tack her, hat u excited feelings of resentment, which tnul bo allayed bifore any thing can bo done. The Senator from Soirn Carolina ronitin.s iba, sn- jeeted ire.ily lo the slain Cicsar, and gives it a ghost, which is io niece meal some liiture day, nsthespec Iro met llriilus at I'hilhptii. I accept llie compari- sin, and lhank Iho .Senator for it. It is holb classic and just; funis Ca-scr was slum for Iho good of his country, so has been Ibis treaty, nnd as iho spectre appeared nt Plnlbppi on tho side of Ihe nmbilious An lony and ihe hvpocrilo Ociavius, and iho palriot llriilus, so would Ihc ghost of ihis poor treaty, when it conns to meet me, appear on llie side of lliu Picsi denl ii ti J Ins secretary, nud against Ihc man who was snuggling to sate his country from their lawless designs. Ilul hero Iho comparison must slop ; for I can promise Iho ghost nnd bis barkers that if the tight goes against ma at ihis now Plulhppi, with which I Jin threatened, and the enemies of Iho American Un ion triumph over mo as llie enemies of Roman liber ty triumphed over llriilus and Cassius, I shall not fall upon my sivoid, ns llriilus did, though C.issi is bo killed, and run il through my own body; but I shall save il, and sate myself far another dry, nnd for ano ther use for ihe day when thu battle of the disunion of llio-e Slates is to bo fought not with words, but with iron and for lliu beans nf tho traitors who ap pear ui nrms auaiusl llieir country. The comparison is just. Ctowrvvas rightfully Kil led for conspiimg against hiscounlry; bill it was not ho thai destroyed the liberties id Koine. That work was dont-hvlho ProlliL'ale nohlienos. without bun. and before his time; and his death did not restore tho republic. There were no more elections. Molten pol iticians had destroyed them ; and the nephew of Clo ser, as heir lo Ins uncle, succeedi-d to the cmpiie on llio principle ol licieuitary succession. And here, Mr. President. IliMorv appears in her gran land instructive character, as Philosophy leach ing by example : and b t us nu t lie senseless lo her warning toice. .iupcthcial readers behove it was Ihe military men who ileslrated llin Unman republic. No such thing! 1 1 was the pohlii-i ins who did il ! Iictious. corrupt, intngiiiii'.' politicians ! ilesiroiiug public virtue in ihur in id pui -uit after office! du troying their rivals lay i rime ! dictitiugnml di lunch ing the peoplo for tines and bunging elecltons into conteiniil bv Ibe frauds and tiolenec with which thev conducted. I'roni the luneof llielir.lcclii ihercwcrc no elections that could bear Ihc name. Confederate nun rot ten politician bought and sold the consulship. Inirtguc, and llio daggir, ihspnsid of rival". I'rnud, violence, I ribcs, terror, and iho nhiudir of llio public treasury, commanded votes. Tiin people ha I no choice! nnd long b. foru llio lime of Ccser nothing re mained of repu1 beau goterniuciil, bill the n line, and ihenbue. Head Plutarch. In llichfe of Cir er, and not ihrcc pages befoto iho crossing of llio llubicon, he paints the tumid stale of.lhecltclions ; shows lhal all elective L'ovcrniiieiit was gono; that the heredita ry form had became a necessary i otic f from llie con tests of ihe corrupt ; and lhat in choosing between Pompey and Cn'er, many pnferrcd Pompey, not be cause ihey Ihniuht bitn republican, but becau-c ihey thought he would make the iu'ddi r king, liven anus were but a small pari of Cicser's rehanco w hen be crossed llio Ilul icoru. Quid, slill more than llie sword, was bit dependence: and he sent forward llie accumulated treasures of plundered C ml. lobe nour- o.l into Iho laps of rotten politicians Tticio was no longer a popular gnvernincnl ; and in Inking all pow er to hinisi If, ho only look ndvantago of llio slate of things which profligate pnliiicians bad produced. In lliis ho was culpable, and paid the forfeil with his life; but in contemplaiiiig his fate let ns never force! lhal llio pnliiicians had undermined nnd destroyed Ihc re public bifore hi' camo In scizeaud master it. It was the siino in our day. We havo seen ihe conqueror of Dgypt and llaly overturn the Diricioty, usuip all power, and icceitu llie sanclion of llie peo ple. .Villi why?'e llio government was rot leu, audeloi'linus had become nfitce. Tho election nf forty-eight dcparliiu ills, nt one lime, Iho year 179?, wcrennmi'led, lo give llie Directory ii majority in Ibe legislative councils. All sorts nf frnud and vi i b nco wcro ("111111111 lid nt iho ilcclions. The people had no confidence in them, and submitted to Bona parte. All elective governments have failed in ibis man ner; nnd, in processor lime, musi fail here, unless elections can he taken out of iho hands of the pohti eians, and readmit In llie full control of tho people. The p! in which I havo submitted this day, for dis pcnsingwiih intermediate bodies, nnd holding n sec ond election for President when llio first fails, H de signed to nccomph'h thi-greal purpose; nnd will do much good if adopted, Neti r hatn politician", m so young a ronnlry, shewn such a thirst for office, such disregard ol lliu popular will such readiness to de ceive nnd betray the people. The Texas Tiealy (fur I inii-t confine myself tn iho ca-o before u) is an in trigue for the presidency, and a cunirivanco lo get the Southern Wales out of llio Union, instead of getting Texa- into it . nnd is among the most unscrupulous in Irigues which any couniry ever beheld. Mr. Calhoun, in Mr. Monroe's cabinet, I.Mr. Tyler, on Mr. Clay's resolutions in 13W. LOOK OX THIS PIC TUHH Ton the Soi'th. Mr. Ivlwoo I I'Vher, in a recent speech nt t.ou.s ville, Kentucky, said .- " The- Whigs accuse us of not being willing to go before the people upon our principles of being afraid lu avow our naked princi ples and discuss litem fair ly nud openly, unaided by the nun-pott der populari ty of n Jacks in, or the se cret power of n masician. Wo havo now nominated a man who is niilher a he ro nor a magician, a citi zen compaiiilittly tindis- AND OX THIS Kon rue Xoiith. A h-iier -from Mnunch Chunk, (Pi.) lo Ihe Phil adelphia l'ennsj Ivanian, closes as follows : "Put doitn Caibon Co. unanimous for the Tariff and three to one for Polk. Dallas, Muhlenberg and Ilarlshornc. Truly yours, CAnao.v." Only a shot t time since, Mr. Payne, of Ala., in re ply lo a question of Mr. Hardin, staled openly and emphatically, lhat' .Mr. Polk was opposed to the Il7iig Vainf olB12! thal bo was in favor of an ad valorem duty on im ports of 20 percent., nnd discrimination I1KI.OW THAT I ! Thai ho was in favor of a Tariff for Reve nue, 611 nof one farthing for Protection III Mr. Polk addressed the peoplo off Madison, and llio adjoining counties, at Jackson, on the Ibird of April, 1613, as follows! "Distribution and a Pro tective Tariff aro meas ures which I conside' m inocs lo the inleresls of the country, and especial ly In the inlere-t of the planting Slales. I have steadily and al nil limes OPPOSE!) IIOTH." ilumusiicii, .-and beaten Iwicoin his own Stale in tho Governor's cauvsss, hot a man OUT AND OUT for rill.K TllDi:, OPI'.M.Vnnd f'.VCO.V i'VfJ.V.t.VOPPO SKDTO PIIOTKOTION AS l.XKXPKDIUXT & UXCOXSTITU T I O X AI,. We nominate n man as the exponent of our principles wo flght on our principles, nud we ex pect lu conuuer on our princip'es tyiihout any ex Iraueous aid. Tho Lnrnfoco rrv at llio Soulli is " Polk and Free Trndo," " Polk and Texas," and at llm North Polk and Protection," " Polk und the Union." I'ipress, Asiilanp, 20lh June, ISd), Dear irir I have rereited your lavor, naiing lhat our polilical opponents represent inn as being n friend nf protection nt llio North, and for free trade ai the Souih and you desite an expression of my opinion, under my own baud, for Iho purposo of correcting llus misrepresentation. I am afraid lhal you will Und Ihe ellorl tain in correct mistepresenlaiions of me. Those who choose in understand my opininns call have no difficulty in clearly rompirhending ihem. I have repeatedly expressed lliem r.slaie ns lliisspiiug, nud sever il times in answer lo letters from Pennsyl vania. My opinions, such ns ihey ore, bate been re cently quilo as freely expressed nt llin South, ns I ev er iilletcd Ihem nl llm Norlh, " I have every wheio miiiitnincl lhat in adjusting a land" fnr revenue, dis. criuiuiaiions ougni lo ho made for Prolcrlion f!IP TalniL't aMl IRI'1 1 1 ft. ft ,t..,.n . . I f THAT hv.'.P.,.,..1.l"".1.AM '"'"I'lvI.VOI'I'OSKDTOITS nunihiieniccuu III South rainhna, Xoilh Carolina, and in Virmnia.', ) oui lilt ml nnd nbd'l si it'i. Ml. r. l.Coi i CLAV. MA UK THE DIFFERENCE! The locofocos labor to persuade llieir rea ders lliat (he views and positions of Mr. Clay nnd Mr. Poi.k, on tlio TurifT question, nro precisely identical. It would bo it suf ficient answer to this absurd pretension, lo point to tlio fact that Mr. Ci.ay, from his first cnlrnnco into public lifo up to tlio present hour, lias been tho earnest, unchanging nnd eloquent champion of the Protective Pol icy, while Mr. Poi.k, if his own word is to be credited, has at nit times steadily oppo sed that policy. But wo can furnish recent and conclusive evidence on this point. The ------ 1-oi.k, iiiiko explicit anu uircci, leave no hardly be answered or resisted. The tinal room for further doubt or cavil as to the rel- lerablo alternative is, Polk or Clay ; nnd ative position of these two gentlemen on tho the question for every abolitionist to d'ecido Tariff question. Wo publish them in pa- ; in reference to it is, whether ho will imlircrt- rallel columns that a comparison may more conveniently be made : Mr. Ci.vv Mr. Pour. Winchester, May 20, '13 Asiilanp, Juno2, 'It Dear Sir i-l have re ceived your favor, staling lhat our political oppo nents represent me as be ing a friend of protection nl'lhc'Norlhi and for free trade at the South ; nml you desiro an expression of my opinion, under my own hand; for the purpose of correcting Ihis misrep resentation. I am afraid that ynti will find iho ef fort tain lo correct mis representations of inc. n the people of 1 enn : Tho object which 1 had in proposing to Governor i Jones. at Catrollvile, on the 12ihof April lasi, that I we should each write out I SJmffS iho Tariff, was, that our rcspectircpositiens mifltl be diitinclhi known i ana i understood bo the 1'covte. That my opinions wcio! already luiiy and itistiuct- I hose who chooe to un derstand my opinions can have no ddliculty in clear ly comprehending ihcm. I have repeatedly cpre scd ihcm as late ns ihis spring, nnd several limes in answer to utters irom Pennsylvania. Mv opin ions, such ns ihey are, have been recently quite ns freely expressed M the jotith, ns I ctcr tillered theinal the North. 7mrc everywhere maintained, that in adjusting a Ta riff for revenue, discrim inationsoimht to be made for protection : that the T.tnirt- or 1BI2 HAS l I'E- ItATEn MOST IlENEI-ICMt.- i.v. nnd lhal I AM UT TKIII.V OPPOSKD TO ITS IlKPKAl,. These opinions were nnnnunced by mo at public meetings in Alabama, Georgn, Charleston in Soulli Car olina, iVorth Carolina, nnd in Virginia. I am respectfully, your had liuin ino same nnin- i ions, vnss for Governor I HAD AVOWr.D MV OPPO SITION TO Till'. TA Itll't'' ACT Ob' THU I.AT WIIKI CO.- Gltl-.SS.ns being buhly protective ill Us character and not designed by its' authors nsnrertniienica- sure. I nan avoweu m my public speeches lhat the interests of tlio coun try and especially of ihe producinc and exporting States-It KQUI IIKI) ITS ltr.PKAI., nnd the restoration of iho pnnci plesof iheconiproniiseact ol"13 33. J.iMKS K. I'OLK. fncnd .uiu oli t sen t, II. Cf.AV, I Mr. l'red. J. Cope. Nothing- can bu inoro lo the point than is not more llicso two letlei Mr. Ci.ay frank in avowing himself in javor of the Whig Tariff limn Mr. Polk is in declaring his conviction that this Tariff ought to be iir.pi:.i.r.i. They hold diametrically oppo site opinions. Mr. Ci.ay is for, Mr. Polk is against, the Tariff of 1842. This fart is at length established beyond dispute. Men of all parlies can now voto understKiidiiigly. Those who believe that the present Tariff is unjust, oppressive, and that it ouplil to bo iti:i'C.tLi:i), will vole for Jami:s K. Polk. Those, on the other hand, who think that the Whig Tariff has conferred and will con tinue to confer innumerable 1 ononis upon the country, and who hold to the doctrine of encouraging American Enterprise and pro tecting American Labor, will work and vote for IIenhy Clay. Jour, I'MII DAY MOIt.N'INO, AUti. ISU. Mil. CLAY'S SPEECH. We publish lo-d.iy that portion of Mr. Clay's speech delivered at Raleigh, N. Car olina, in April last, which relates to the sub ject of protection, and the tariff. It is a clear, statesmanlike, bold and manly avowal of principles which ho has ever upheld, and a powerful argument in favor of a policy which is fust winning Us way lo the heart of every reflecting man. And this speech, bear in mind too, was uttered, not in tariff Pennsyl vania, or Vermont, or manufacturing New England; but in ono of the C.irolinas at tho very threshold ol free trade and nullifi cation, where, politically, it must inevitably Injure him ; but what of that ! When did Henry Clay ever stop to calculate rouse niiences oflhis kind It is characteristic of lliu man, to speak out his sentiments on all occasions, regardless of consctpionces ; to preach his tariffdoctrincs where converts aro most needed ; and leave those to write let ters to tariff states about " incidental dis crimination," whoso whole lives havo been devoted to battering down the protective system. For this wo love and hor.or him ; and this trait it is in Mr. Clay's character lhat has given hint such an enduring reputa tion with his friends, and extorted admira tion even from his enemies. Hut read. We shall treat our readers to further extracts. COL. BENTON. Don't fail to read Col. Bunion's remarks in the Senate, in reply to McDuffio, on the Texas question. Seo what ho says of tlio real designs of tho party leaders who have forced Polk and tho Texas issue upon tho couniry. Col. I), is an orthodox Democrat, and is, of course, as good authority as can bo had, with his party. But there is atlic salt about the tiling, that will bo relished by all. MR. BURCHARD'S LETTER. IlisKSDCRou, July '12, 1811. Mr. Stacv, Sin In passing over your ullage last Saturday, I was induced lo call uilo your Itrading Room for a few iiiominls. While llirie I had ibe good fortune In read an address of Chatles lluu-baid lo bis fellow .tbelilioiiisis, found, I lliiuk, in the I'hu Ion County Whig. Hating pietiously fell II ill) ilutt lo ncl in concert with llm l.itmty I'.iifv, I l .l not perplex myself much nboul ihe coming ebvon bill when I read llie "sound senlimculs," cnn'id icason ing, and iiiniiKiavtiiiSa'i' nigumenls ol Mi Ihnchnnl in favor of suppoiung Unity Clay, I tn rti.'fy con vinced ns lo tthnl com so I onjlil to puisne, nnd thai " Harry of llio West" sboujd invito my tolo next fall. Since leaving jour tillage, I have thought lhat the Addiiss alludial tn might bo a bencfu tooAr, as well as myself, who are constant readetsof youi pa , Ii is with this bono that I lako this (ppoiluiiily per, lo rrnues, you to publish that .rl.ele. 1 do ,!,.,, feel inR thaHurft fscls ouchl In be " Lfpl brfouUmt p,v " lint nur ll'Afc abolitionists lint IIJIC list I ,.r duly I'limi cut) mmitct I lull tf liuut Icaving tho WnVd Party ranks, and taking a bold stand in favor of Henry Clay. Should you feel dis pose! to favor my request, I would here tender you my sincere thanks for thus obliging a humble farmer "d ""'I WHIG AIIOMTIONIST. Wo very cheerfully comply with llio ubovo request, and refer the render to another col umn for thu document nlluded to. And us an appropriate append, wo publish in con nection the noble lutior of Mr. Stkiiiiins, addressed lo Mr. Diircluird, in reference to tlio same subject. These letters compre hend the wholo subject of christian duly, as applicable lo the present crisis, and make an appeal lo the good senso of honest nbolioiiisls wanuu, ii suunis to us, can ly uid, or even permit, tho election of Polk, and the consequent addition of three ncto Mace States lo the Union ! Willi six new Senators, and a corresnondini? slave renn.. ,,; ;,!. ,.,t.,. n ...i . . .. -n i " " ",u '"" win oe- coino of your petitions and the cause of . ,. , ,.,. emancipation f 1' illy years will not agnin r.L'TU ll,U ',rCSCm re,B,ive I,0jiliu'1 0fll'"1Ss' And as to any iiduqualo protection lo North- J.,,1,,,,... ... . ... . r, , -i j '"s ...... H. Iiul rend the letters, antl pass them round. ly known, I could not " ' doubt. I had STEtnav DON'T FAIL nunl.s-o the that ' T,. ...... 1 c, .... ,i ..- r ri n t i .. I w.ts a llEmESENTATivE 1 0 " !,d Stewart s review of Polk's teller in Conojiess orro-1 to tho Peiiiisylvniiiiins about " incidontul" seotoaPhotectivePol- t . , ,. icv, as mv nr.eonDEn protection. Ordinarily verv hltlo weight at- nol?" : under duress; 1 retired from Congress I 1 partictiluily where it conllicts with all llio olher testimony in the case ; and under oth er circumstances, we should hardly consider this impudent humbug worth the dissecting. Kut inasmuch as our opponents rely upon it, as the only evidence on record of Mr. Polk's f . , , . . . , ,, lNcndslilp lor protection, it may bo as well m digllifv it with ii decent annihilation. Whether Mr. S. has performed this service, the reader will judge. THE IMIESIDENCV. The office of Chief Magistrate, by what ever name or title such office might bo cal led, has always, in all countries been ro- n 1...I ... .1 a- I . I 1 i a liuui:u ns uiu post oi iinnor, ueyonu which i could see no tvorlliy object o ''''ca' aspi''atioii. Tlio simple fact of of 110- orcit- pying ii position which officially look rank of all others, has invested the sovereigns of thu old world with u sort of factitious impor tance, which has produced in the popular mind a deep veneration for the persons as well as the stations of llieir chief rulers. Hence, in spile of the innumerable proofs of the frailly of kings as well as of peasanls, there has always existed a sort of romantic credulity, which cither saw or intanined in llie person of royally a collection of all llin virtues and talents which could adorn hu manity. The faults of the mall were con cealed beneath the splendois and thu digni ty of his relation to tho people over tt hoiii ho ruled, and t io wish being father lo llio thought, tho sovereign lias been generally supposed to bu what the true theory of mon archy made him, tho greatest and the best man in tho nation. But that'lheory was the offspiing of un sophisticated times, and thu history of llie race is every day demonstrating its total want of adaptation lo llie necessities of man. By its own blind mode of succession it has visited the nations tvuh despots, idiots, ruf fians nnd sensualists, instead of wise and vir tuous sovereigns, and the insolence of irre sponsible power has too oflen ovei borne the good intentions of men suddenly elevated beyond the reach of human constraint. Safety therefore requires lhat instead of an arbitrary rule of succession, the potter of regulating that mailer should be placed where it will be least liable lo abuse, and bu oflen called into exercise : that instead of possessing irresponsible power, the chief of fice should be limited nnd hemmed in by safeguaids against the frailties of humanity, nnd that he should, as fur as practicable bo selected for the actual possession of those qualities which have long sinco ceased, in Cent' ml, to be even supposably attached to the hereditary rulers of the old world. Such is the wise plan originated by llio fiamcrs of our incomparable system of gov ernment. Who is lo bo our Chief Magis trate, is not n thing to be determined by the accidents of a certain family. When a vir tuous father dies, we are not obliged lo tako his stupid und depraved offspring, and set him to rulo over us. When any man be comes our chief magistrate, wo aro under no necessity of retaining him till his second childhood, lhat a regent may rule while iho old man is loitering to the grave. All theso humiliating concomitants of hereditary pow er, wo aro spared from enduring. Oul of all the wisdom, all the virtue, all the experienco of a vast nation, free antl untrammelled, that vast nation itself chooses its chief man. What qualities then, ought lo be looked for in tho fortunate man, to whom the eyes of such a nation aro turned for an occupant of iis highest post, the receiver of its loftiest honors ? Should he bo a small man, of limited ex perience and capacity, with prejudices boun ded by the lines of a petty section of the nation over w Inch he is to ruin Should ho bo n narrow smiled stickler for the ascen dancy of ii parly, nguinst llio welfare and puisperily of the whole people 2 Should ho bo nit obvfiiiii man, whose fame was not fa miliar throughout iho land ; obscure not for lack of tho opportunities of fame, but for lack of ability to improve them Should ho be n falso-hoarted man, who could descend lo tho infamy of pretending to hold different opinions on tho same subject in ditl'i-u'iii regions of the lam), to court the popiiUi la vert Should ho bo u man chlvilt letoui-, mended to notice bv beit'i! iho pet of wi . llu'lttn old nun ttlui 1mi bclyit-v bv.U vt',y ch.of -SuU nv i J.,,,, , , M .K .110 i y a 'v kvJitu auj tJ