Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 16, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 16, 1844 Page 2
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www ipibisss NATioraAvwnio ticki3T, ron pium.NT, Of1 A' MA' 77 VAT. for virn riM'.smr.vr. THE;). FI!:i,iX(iiIUVSEN7 ro:i Ft nci-oas. JOHN' IT. I, .Atlarjo. ,1 ,1, CALVl V TOWV'I.KV, 21 iiNi. 'aiii.o-4 roor. 11)01!, 31 iiin. iii'n.hmiv swiit. 4iinim. nmsius i-umiiavks. FOR fiOVlIRXOH, WILLIAM NIjADE. FOR I.IEUT. GOVrtlNori, noii Av;i-; ha ro.. ran Tr.KA't'r.rr. JOHN SPALDING. for congim. GEOhGE P. MARSH. r.m scNATnni ron eiimrvpni coi-mtv, I)AVI!) SUMO i.tri'tiris s'i'ovr. Tim n ine: systbsi. lion. Hu tins in effect said let uj strengthen nod consolidate nur present Union, rntlier than linzntJ its i-Tistciiro to cslend nttil pcrpetunlo the institution of Slavery. Mr.Clayllocsnol w-rsh lo pcrpclunte slave ry, lie li.ii no synipilliy wilh the nhul nnil moii mrous sentiment, that its perpetuity is essential tu the perpetuity of republican institutions and whatever tiny In In views in rt-annl to iuimeihilo enrineipa lion, ho stands, in reference, lo the (treat Issue on which ihe question if slavery Is now turning, on the nidi" of freedom tiudof his counlry. , Tim Whur mllenceunv. nt tins moment, n nnsittotl of unparalleled interest, llestdes their advoraey of itie incisures to wlneli Itiey have inm.' neen cninnui led, thcycoil-liliito to all picsrnt, practical purpose-, ihe true "l.iherty ni ty because, with their creat leader, thev are ennum; to the rescue of the I'tuott hy nsisinu the eiiniinini'itiou of n scheme, whose avowed ohjnet is lo nimmeiit the power of slavery and fasten iia lull irrevocably upon tho counlry. I re spect the motive", and eoneur in the main vi'li the ullinnte aim nfmv friends of llie "Liberty party,' however I nny deem llieir ormnizatnm imdeqnale. and unpnrnprnle, to tho entl pmposed I hut 1 slioid I do violence lo my own feelitti's, and di-rceii! ihe dienies of my most drl.licr.rr jtulcinetil, if I were to wiihholil my'suppi rt fiom the Whnr piriv sineo it is not only j'ledeed to the policy ot Protection to the beneficent luo i-nres connected with ihe ih-p' snon of the Piihhc Doiinio, anil lo the iff! cling of relorm londlv demanded hv n suA'ciinc anil niis.'OMtned co'inlrv. hoi stands at this in mienl us the only i fli e- sonl hi'iticr.iL'iiusI th" sneedy ninsunimitian of I lie d i?oernus nud suicidal scheme of Animation fiir the pMipfMcnf pcipi'iintiui! si n ry. I tenihvriuv silulitinns tn my fellow citizens, who tniv aenrVdi' at vour meetina, wdule I lennin, Verv resnecifullv. vour obeibcn' sirvnnt. vv 1 1, 1. 1. .u L.ADr.. tt will I e seen that the pcnplo in this meeting declare for the larifTofiati-llin ideniieal uround on wlneh Mr. Clay stands) whilo James K Pnlk was not wil ling to allow the lilllepiotection nfl'mlrd hy the Com promise Act, tint rated to repeal it. We tall the at tention of every reader to tho proceedings of this I.o enfoco meeting- rest assured that it is ihe precursor of a tremendous nietlhrow to Lncnfocoism It is the brewing nf a storm. Will Mr. Polk answer Ihe ques tions put In him hy these Pcnn-ylvnnims 1 tin has declared tha the is opposed to the inrilT of 194?, hill will hu tell his I'ennsyh an'n friends sol There's the ruu. Dnmr.vcM. Cit.wtM'.H, youngest son of Enos P. ittul AsnN'.vni Hurniiam, of Nm lit Chnilcstown, N, II., ugnd 8 years iintl 8 months, was di owned in tin; pnml near Now- ton's Mills, in Wntpnle, N. II., July lSlli. Wliiln sporting in tho water with another young lad iiliont tliu same age, liu slopped into a deep holu in tin; channel. Mis little co m i;i n lit n on disrovoiing his situation nt- tonipted to resetin li'tni, lint in vain, on uc- iiiinl of tlin depth of the water. lie iitinm dialelv ran fur assistance, lint mrived ton late, and h lien tins I oily was recovered every (Toil lo losloro life pioved fruitless. nomi labor, work nt liomr--!niy at home--pciul at home employ otirnwn rniintivmrii In preference --hrlp Americans first protect American Intnr ns!f American ludtislrj - l. i,n ntith r.,l fin, Voflh. nnil tlie Vnrttl uMpply tin snuMi w'ut w lo i't want we vtill . nf his pat ty, respecting I'olU's tatilT opin- altlti nwnv v.nar vto rain inoi r or im n; i . 1 .... . ... . , .r.i.1.. t. , 1. .. c l I... II11IS. LOCO l-'OOQ COM.M RNTS ON I'OLK'S TAIHTF LETTER If there aio any Lnco FocoVji' this recion win) wish In yet at the Irnlh nrrdlhe riiihl concernina ihe t.irifi' opinions of llieir GJanili- d ite, let them lay prejitdiee aside fur a if tnenl, and give a calm heating to llieir hreth ron nf 'entity Iviinin. The follouing fmni the All) my D ill v Advertiser, sliows that the democrat nf that Stale, or some oflhein, an not to lie hliniled by an equivocal letter w hie comes out on the eve of eli.clton, nor diasoon ed into tiio support of any man who is hostile to the prospeiity of Pennsylvania. Let every democrat read and consider well these pi o ceedings of a ineetiiic; of democrats, and we imagine- it nny help him in interpreting some of ihe statemenls he finds in the papeis ivc irllt Inn fi-mi tiifplctir!. Tllii is tile Willi: M-tlem tlili I" II ie It V fI,Y'S Iilicy.--Wc love our own dear country, anil our own coiiutrvmen. hetore nnj lorelsn nation anrl mean flrst to t.iice rare of Anic-iran m-ti and American linys, and American women and American ;ii Is. U'r arc lint an Idle pnple tve miistand lvevtlll live !iv our lalmr. It feeds us anil II rlnllirM us. and v.e mean to take rare rf lint l ihor In pi-efcrci r" to any veto, or any power, f ireUn.oriilomi'stic. tSener iviMvant a domestic and protective tariff. Annt;iclis lis-publiinn. 5'Ol.IC I'X TISi: TAKII'T. "In fixini lh ratns nt" a 'firill. uiv 0'iiniio is tint the o'-j -e' in i"w should lie to rai-'e the revenue need fd lv i!int,m,ii',nt ; leniivr die inierest r nnaL'ed in Inmufu't ires lo enj v tlieinei'lenfil pioteeliun ulueii ihe leu olsiicli duuo will afl'ird ihem. JAMl'.S i:. 1'0! IC. Colum'iis. Miv lSlli. 1S-14. l-'rom fie IHchmond T'.nq , July 0, 1S1 1. " AJy opinion I tlml M'ml should hr rliilufrct." (Couuicasinnal di'liatc. id D, piuo 1171. "A PnOVr.CTIVH TMUFF it a menvire xc'r!i I cmffZ:e ritln ;ih ') interests nfHie tnun' rt."-Jas. K. Poll;, at Jaihson, Tciin.,' 3d April, lSIt FRIDAV MORNING, AUG. 1G, ISi4. August Elections. rtl.T. IE.IIT, MltiTII C'AKOI.IM.l! We h.ivo at length the returns fiom near- I vNill the roiinlies of the Old Nnrlh Slate, lyNdl the 1 ml whije ratify ing tile iissmraiircNtf a still lim in November. IHu," vote ii net gain C. tfo furllicr cliango would givo the Whigs 2 majority in tho house. ILLINOIS. The election hero is for members of Con gress us well ns tho Stato Legislature. Tho Chicago Congiesslonnl District, the slroncest Loco Foco District in tho Stnle, re-elects .lott.v Wr.NTWotmt. Tho Whigs made hut little opposition. An endorse ment on tho margin cl llm Chicago Daily Journal of Monday pit's tho Loco Foco ma jority in Chicago on llo Congress ticket tit about 200. Wo have no other return. and while thev show 11 most derisive and nirHVIiig trii limit- signal victory in fifty-three coun ties, heretofore published, stands thus : H11 ISIS. Graham, (W.) Hoke. (I.. T.) Xh'e I.oroCico. 27,793 27,337 30 3-.D 2BBI3 Wo have the fullowinc additional retains: 42. 1311. LETTER FROM WM- SLADH. TI10 following letter from Hon. Wim.iam Si.ade, was addiessed to the Mass Conven tion at Sheldon. It is a commanding expres iton of lofty sentiments and important truths : MtDDLncvnr, July 10, 1311. Geo. F. dticAon, IUrr DcirSir: Votir teller 111 liehnlf of tlicWhia Com mittee of I''ranUm County, inuliiiK mc to attend a Mass Convention at Sluldonon lho I3ih inst. has been received. I have dtlavcd an answi r fiom io irons desire to render it ailirnntive, if I could liud it possible to dispense wilh idler rnni.'emeiii lone rnnush tonllow me llicpleasuieof ineetiiiL' my fiiends nt the contemplated L'Tiliennir. Hut I find nivfdf compelled lo decline your invitation, the d ilies of my office beinj, at picsent, looorgeni to admii of any re Isxaiton. I f-hnll Ion;; remcmher the plciuire I enjoyed in mv vi-it to c-held'jn ill 1310 and should he exceed loidv happy aiiain to niinlu Willi my Idlow citizens of franklin County, and commune with them con cernitH' the creat unltLrs of natiotnl inn rest which now occupy lho pu'die r.llentioii. 1 lie contest of this Tear, I need n 11 say. rvceds, 111 importance, lho con ies! of 1810, for ihe ie me jp,r,ul led to ihe questions of thai yi ar oih of it and a'othini- interest. The questtnn of I'i otci- 01 t our Industry, llieu little discussed, ha? come to iirii" nn nuporianco wducli ririkes Ihe 1'ioteetne no1 cy .1 leadne; Ihcnie in all our puhlicdMCiis-i.iiis. Al the lernnmtion of a ionics: more severe, protncled and ha.ardcus than anv Ta- rdl'eonlest, p. 1 Ivipo. w'iumi "ie cniinlrv ever uiincs-1 fed, the Wlius ot the X.kVlIih t.oncre-ssucceidi-d in estalilislniiL' a far it", wlue-n adequaev for Pinter tioo, and whose l.eneficial nil1, n neeupon the el;-ni-l-rd Treasury and ihe deranged c;elriii.'ps of ihe cuiin. try, ihe hp-eof less than tvo vena has ahumlanlly atlcs'ed. Tint T.iiill'. 1 nerd ' a sav, is in d inei r id deslriietion-at least 111 n ' diutvr as there i dinner that our o.'ponen'., nt itmmphin ihe pi ud inixeonest. The iindennl ' i o-tiluv nf their 1'ri si denliil cani'idale 10 tl.o of 1-1' (.nuns tne noesMoo nf lisde.lrnctupi t;'."" " '', ' """ I's tuoidid. h- that l.irill stand, wilh n.nlnnn hut such as its must cautious irteiids may find, on x penenee, the iq'i.ilization of ProK 01 to all inieri -is cleuiaul"? or shall 11 he swep: fio"i the staiute liook. as was vteiuptrd at the late s, ssioii of Cott cress? are que lions wducli are suspended upon ihe discussions and dceisi.m of this very war. 1 l.ium there are not wanniiL' 1 fforts to m ike il appear oilier wise to Ihn people of Vci mom 1 fpiris, in fiet, to thow ilia1 ih very fuller of the Proieeihe iiohcj ha liccome tudillerent to ts support, while Ins 1 1 a I lot the I'm suit ney, wdioe wdiole puldic career has In m nisiltcd wuh oiuhJjuised hosiidtr 10 pt Ins heconic ils friend. The discussions of ihis year will dispel this drlusinn: and while they denioiistralc. il'deuion. iratiou can now he neede I, lho ad quacy of the ex. islina Tanfl' will show who are, and who are not, ihe true and iihalde friend-of intenst. I am el. id to see lh people awake lo this snhjeet. nd rej need :o w.tness their disposiuon to gather 111 msss ineetinis lo rhseusmt. When Ihcy come ihor, nunldy to undersland thist'rtat qoestion, diev willde cule it rijht ; and ihey will dettrmini; that 11 is s.ilei to commit tins interest In its old and tried friends, than to trust to new professions made for a special tension. Hut there is a new and Parrully important question which has heen suddenly ihrnw ii hefore the eoiuilrv, to be decided in the present conlesl. I mean the quesnon of nnnexjns a foreijn nation tnour conftde racy a question involvinir, ns it seems lo me, nnth inrj less man the very exi-tcnee of this Union. The consummation of this projeer, wducli awaits the triumph of our opponents in this ye ir's contest, will h tantamount to an art declnriit? the Union dissolv ed i and if actuildnohuioniloesnot follow, it will not he owing to anv cohesive powri in the Constitution, nfier the coniederaey shall have lot lis identity, 111 the now ami monstrous connexion with n forti;;u THE WHIG TARIFF IN PENNSYL VANIA There is no Slate in lho Union whose in terests would he tinre sensible nflecled by the success nf the Lnrofoco party at the ap proaching I' residential election, and the con- sen ient lepeal of the Whig Till iff Act nf 1812, thin the Slale of Pennsylvania. Aware of this, those whose love of officii is oieatei than llioir tovti fn 1I10 int. i.-.m of their State and llm country, omit not lo cl.iini as the friend nf ihe Pioteclivo TarifTnf 1 S 12, J. lines K. I'olU; who, when a candidal!.- f,n the Exi'cutive chair of Tennessee, openly decl.ued his iiblinriciue of the I'roteclive feature of that net. Light, howeer, in spile, of the exertions of parly leaders, will nod does occasionally break in upon ihe masses ; and we aio pleas ed tint in Pennsy Ivani 1 the people ate be coming acquainted with the true state of the case, anil manifest a disposition to adhere to their principles instead of their party. A meeting was h'dil in Dickinson town ship, Cumberland county Penn., on the 20th tilt., by men who are amongst tho most pro minent and influential of the Locofoco parly. After declaring their adherence to tho Tariff act of IS 12, and that its repeal or modification for the purpose of changing its protective features would be leg trdeil by them as an act of hostility lo all t lit: great in terests of Pennsylvania, they pioceed lo as sign the reasons why ihey are dissatisfied witli Mr. Pullt's letter lo Mr. Kane of Phila delphia. 1st, Iterance Mr. Poll; declares in lii.s 'cller to Mr. Kane, "that he is opposed to a tariff" for protection merely ami not for revenue," This language is incninprrliein-ible, hecau.-e in this country, at least, there never has boon a pro. lectivn' turill' which did nut afilird ainplo retenne anil which was not a I iriff fur rcicnuc an well as 2 I. Ih'cai'-e Mr. Polk s-avs in the same letter that he " i" 11 Irvnr nf a taii.Tlor revenue, such a one as will yield a Fiifik'icnt nuimtnt lo llm tre.t. sury to defray the u.ieucs- nf um Government cennri'iiie.illy adiimi's'ereil." In adjostuiL' tho details nf a revenue tariff, ho pays he has "heretofore siuclioiied such mode rate discriminatm;; duties as would product: ihe amount nf revenue needed, and at the sanu- time niK...I , !.l. i ,ln .I... il iiiclduut.t! prntectiou to our home industry." Acting upon these gen eral pnneip'es, ho adds, "il is well known that I gue my support to the policy nf (1ener.1l Jack son's Adni'iiislrat on upon this subject." ij.l. tifc.iue this language, if it blood disenn necled Willi all previous duel nations-, might sat isly such as in u unacquainted wilh the history of the tariff, and the policy of the d.fT.'rent Ad. iiiinistr itioiis in regard to it. lint in a loiter puh'ished in 1512, Mr. Pull; tells Ihe people nf ', tint lie i "op- nosfil to the Tariff art of li'2 and in favor ol repoa'mg it, and restoring tin) ruinprouittfu act Ib.i.i liel cving as I 1I0, says he, " Ihf Jones Co , Mnntiromerv, Rulherford,' Slatilv, Wilkes, Total, Graham. Unite. V kNL V. IT) 1.51 213 HjO BSG IU7 510 Kh 1,102 41) l,3r.G 173 Sir, fl Mlii fil 1,323 1C7 1,333 10J 3I.8It 23.2S0 31,837 30,324 23,250 0 H A O. Our opponents lose nothing by not claim ing enough. In 1840, they claimed all ihe Slates but three or four, and lost all hut some half dir.en, or so ! Nothing daunted hy lho disgrace of 1840, ihey nro again attempting 11 similar experiment upon lho gullibility of the parly. No sane man, tit all conversant with lho signs of the times, believes (hat Polk can receive one hundred electoral votes ; and yet his partisans affect to believe that his election is within the range of probabili ties. This brag h confidently relied upon, and many will doubtless bo deceived liv il. But we should suppose a comparison of llieir predictions with the actual result in 1810 would materially lessen tho appetite-fur such gammon, Thv rliimrd 22 Slates and ihev cot 7. They iliuned 211 voles and they cm CO. 'flu y 1 l-iimcd Pennsylvania and lost it by 351 mii o-i 1. : 1 ,t 1 ' ..... J X " V , . '1111,11 .,1'lllie, IIIO IO-I l OV 4 " ''hoveain-d I e'aware I ind lost 11 hv 1 nm " Tney el dined Midium-, and lest ii hv I an'2 " They I I ij lie I Xew .lel-ev, nud lost it hy 2 317 " Thev cliimed Miisipn, and lost it by 2 -,n " They iliuned I, luisum, and lost il hv 3 fiat) " Thev chimed Mirylind, no I In it by 4 77 " Thev cliimed O 'ot2ii, md lost it hv ' 3!? ' Thev cliimed Tennessee, and lost it t,v p tn " Thev chimed N t'arohni, aid lost p hv II "01 " Thev ehtunil New York, ml Inst it by ITJifi " Thev claiined Indnni an I lost it by 1 1 CiOl " Tliev cliimed Ohio, and lost it hv ' ?t3" 'fhey el iinn.l fCetiiuekv, -in I lost it by 25 37! " Mr. Slade's Letter lo lho Slieldon Cotn- nittlee, will be Imind in our columns tn-day. It is anexTellent thiciiment replete with those priiHical coninion sense views oflhings which so preiejiiinenlly characterise our gn bernalnrial camlid.ito. Wo nlicorvn ii !... i- c-.. 1 ,: " '""M -o"iies in me oiaie, it . nvlllcil.1,1;,i j,,,., ,,, i,i: t t... 11 1 1 II) Ar no.i ' J ' ' s iii iioiiiiM'i, l;.ivd iiiiu i'iilni ti i i i in i, majority. They will probably do as well Maj. fot Graham T 3,305 thus far. iticidenial prntectinn, allouled hy the twenty per cent duty, will aflord sufficient protection to tlie manufacturers, and all that they ought In desire or In w hu h they are entitled." He is, there fore, nn' he has since changed Ins mimon?, clearly hostile In the present Tariff, regarding it, he says, ".is mi highly protective, as to pro hibit the importation of some articles." 'It Ii. Uecause he tells us llwt "lie has hereto Jure sanctioned moderate disrriininaling duties," and that he gave his "support to tho policy nl (Jen. Jackson's administration upon this subject." Hut in an address of his lo the people of Ten nessee in 16!i!), he explains this very "policy" lo bo in direct humility, not to prn'oction only, hut In the whole TanfTsysteni. llo says in an addresseulogislii: nl Gen. Jackson Adiiiinislra tion, "in repealed instances he (Gen. Jackson) recommended i eductions and inodilicalions ol r.'.r- ,. n n.nert n which tins ms, ,., i, I th" Tariff, with a low to the final abandonment (nliieh il doe not portend eid: and vn I of lho odious and unjust system." there are thousands w ho are suddenly sum" for it, filh. Iiec.iuse it this is the "policy" which Gov. wiihns much confidence as thoimh they had made! k supporied in Congress, and if the revenue this cieai ques'inn-th !rraiesi, in l.irt. that eier na. 'p,lnrw Inch In- nuw professes to ho in favor id l.l.;..n,.Mn il.aa,iiil.,nrili,rvi'lwil..l,t.i.a In. . .. ' lintru in ti.MiiMi ..........j v. " -- , . . .., i.n ,,r,, ,,-,1 v cut llown lltf "noioalnil now I Iholicihiy of chance thus exhibited, upon a quesiion of the 2ie'alel eoneeivab'e mntneiit lo ihe country, there i nroitnd of nhrin, cMenihns fir bevond the limits of ihe question itself What may not ihe now fie.itiiiiis and reduction?, with a view In the filial abandonment id the odious system," ihen wo sav that we cannot understand how he is in favor ol er of pitty accomplish, irit can work, the wonder of i 8llr, a 'p,lnj;(,n such a "policy" as tho interests suddenly "iinp up. n by .mere, f.i. nds lo such a , ,, , ., v j because mcisiiress thisl What is lo become of our i nut,'- , ,. ... . ,, ' ' ,, . trv.if its hirhcsl inieresisare Urns to be nude the 1 n 'in,1 ho would sanction would he iport of parly I if men cm no inns uuned in masses ; 'siiusi.iiueiiij u.itou iijiuii nuu ir.iuu jiriucipiux. ml moved inin line, al the biddins! of party leaders? i '1'liorefnro I do not asl; this quesiinn in lho spirit of pirly, No! ffctotf'il That we aro in favor of the T.aiifl' bill of no! 7iuis a inainr wuuii rises i ir anoye an ; 1 3 1 w tut 11 s a 1 Hill lor proticiton anil lor revenue etolctil, I nil .iionit'niiiery wnnalitsou, i,.q Henry l.vncb, Hen. T. .Miller, 1'iancis lluiclusoii tin coosideraiinns. and nnpenl lo n h'ldier senli ment than eier found place in lho nf a nine pirtizsn. Opiiosuian lo ibis cieanlic scheme i tmi n Minns the things which'niay hu jincn up for ihe sake of sc'-nring some cood wdiieh a party may aim to ac complish, nnd wdiieh can only he accomplished by mrtr union. To hold on to a parly union, wilh nu d John .Moore, Josluli Writer, John lyeis, I'.sq , Jacob Hryler, anil .Martin Miyucr lie at iotuieii ncoinuuiiee lo tuluress a leller I'- llie noil. nines k. I'iiik, iiskiii; him lo sia e exiilienlv w heiher if lected he will sus tain the Tariff"! IBI'.'.'aiidifnni, then lo slate in plain fur Graham now, making his majority in lite State ft inn TiiiitTV-i:ivi: IIu.Niirtr.n to Fntm TllnUSAM). In the Li'gislaluie our ti iuiupli ts not less .signal, kust year the Lncofueos hid 10 oinjoiily in Ihe Senate and 14 ill llie House. Nuw i he- Whigs have cariied hoili branches nf tho Legislature, the Senate hv two majoiity and the llonsu by Timtrv ! The following letter, which we find in tho .National Intelligencer of Satutday, tells lbs story : Raleiciii,X. C., Aug. 7, 1311. Gent!omnn : Did I not know lint you will placo implicit rihineeon anv statement tint I unite to vou. I s'loiiid be reillv afraid lo hazird the lho nilelli- ceneeoftho itnpiralfebd victory wducli ihe Whigs I or ISORTh Cahousa hive just aehievid. We yt.1 wait fur returns from thirteen counties to the vole fur Cimornor ; but, taking Graham's present majori ty, nnd computing die tcsidne, I have no doubt ilia n will fully leach .MoannnAD's vole in 1312. Hut ilis'with reuird to the l.eidshturc that 1 wish now particularly to call your attention. I informed you in my first letter tin! tho Loeofoeos hid. nt ihe last sission, ten majority in the .-enate and fourteen tn the House. Having this majority, ihey not only airangcd the Congressional di-incis, bit also fixed the apportionment of the Legislature to the best ao- Mintage lor iiivmsrivus, Ann yet. in the nee ot suen odds, ihe W lues hive o'"- ' 'V"-1,, ,"p and s.enrei! Mr our piriv a mijoriiv on joint ballot of TIIIIITY-TWC) to THIItTV-l'OUIl! Of Ibis mv joiily hueif) cerlain in llie Senate, wilh the pros. peet ol another gun, ana iMriy in ineiiousei i ro clanu. ihen. in ihe W'lugs of ihe Union, that North Cirohin, ilio birth p'nv of James K. Polk, Ins, in sruloof lexi, and of Ihe most desperate rxcrlnns ever mule hy nnvpanv, Ins elee'ed ,i Whig fimernor! a WhigNtiiilL't ami a 'v liouseoi i;omnions! Will not ihis nniry tin't on Ihe put ot a jiiniflfrn State aniimte and cue ntrae our friends all over die Oonfedcrioy to do iheiriluly, lb. ir whole duly, inbe Inlfof our sjloiio.13 Constitution audits gallant de- lenJiis I KENTUCKY. The election came on in this State nn the ,5th. and continues three divs. The first day's voting, so far as we hive tli3 returns, J looks auspicious, and promises an old fash ioned Whig triumph. A Louisville corres pondent nf the Cinrinn ili Advertiser s ivs : " The Whigs have thus fir carried tin- City "and County by storm. The Whig majori "lies afe fir nioro overwhelming than they "were in IS 10. Owsley's majority will e. "recd 10,000 Clay's will reach 30,000 in "October, as the Locos have made their last "sp ismoilir effort, and will never rally again "in this Slale, while ihe wliigs will vote lo n "man in October, and give the coup de grace "to the ramp lign," We h ive lho Louisville. Journal, of the Gib, which speaks very confidently of the re sult. Hut wc shall have the full returns for our next. INDIANA. The election in this "tne wis for members of ihe I.eisliture only. We hive aitlicipited soineihing of fdling nll'in ihcslrong Whig lounties of Nnrlhetn Indnni, from the fact that theebeiion hcin only for Slate Semlors anil Representatives, no Governor nor Congress lieu to bo chosen this year.has hardly ex cited interest enough to dnw out a full vole, nnd in resard lo general po'iiics die people of the North have been less stirred up than in the south. Prom that quarter we expect a strong nnd decisive vote, hut we shall be agreeably surprised if, in the north, we gain very much upon list yen's elecimn. In Harrison county, lho W lug victory is complete. The nnj mty isnbiut '.'00. Washington county, which was supposed lo he Lo. ciforo, has, it is slid, given a Whig maj jrily of aboui 100. Jmnings county has elected a full Whig ticket. Decatur county has done he same. Itiplev county (luiherlo locofoco) ha elected n Whig Senator nnd probably a Whig represenl.ative. Il.irlholomew coiinly his elected a Whig member of die r.eai-t.niirc i Whig eain, In r.vnnsvide, (Vnnderbergh co.) the Whig major ity is slid tn be 152, 'I he county not heard from The passengers on tho strainer r awn lieanlal ItocK- port lb it two Whigs are e'ccled to the Legislature in Spencer coiinly. Jilf-rson county, Whig, hy 513 majority, Deirborn and Ohio, repotted yesterday, I.oco ns uiiil. rioyd an I Switzerland, hoib Whig Ihis )ear, Inst yearl.oro. Wo believe, however, the Locofoco rep resenlative lirket is elerted in S i itzerl.and, llentv County, whig. Nuchangc. political papers, and highly complimented. As an intellectual man, AlrXSIade stands second to no man who has cvets. filled the Executive chair in thij Slate. WESTFOIID MEETING. protective tntiif, or lit the slory that tfio tin licxiition will not bo pressed if ho is elected. They read holh sides, nnd either conclude lo go fur Polk becnuso he is ti free trader nnd intiexalionist, or in spilo of that fact, or else they determine to support Mr. Clay, lo pre serve the tariff nnd proven! iinncxalion, or remain tietilral. Upon this large and influ ential class of llieir parly, the Potknt wlie pullers tiro bending all llieir energies, prac tising all their blandishments. To convince them, every species of plausible falsehood is promulgated, witli the most impudent gravity imaginable. No pains nro spued to make them believe that Polk is orthodox on every point winch they deem If such men would do themselves justice, if they would ponder well the army of wriilen nnd spoken proofs adduced hy tho Whigs from Polk's own pen, and I'olk's own lips, that hu is and always was, and always will bo n firm nnd steady opponent of protection to American industry, in whatever shape, and this on the ground that it is against the interest of tin planting States, and for the interests nf the northern States ; that ho was nominated out of tho obscurity of two sue cessivo defeats ns 11 candidate for Governor, solely because ho was the man w ho happen

ed to hu hit upon by llm Soulh, through whom lo thrust the annexation issue upon tliu northern democrats; tint ho is pledged to that me.isnie, and in fart to that alone, for tho reason that it caused his astonishing tinmiiiutiiin when nothing 0U0 could have wrought that p ditical miracle if, we sayi such men would consider these things unbi assed hy might hut a sincere desito to do their duty tn their rnunlry, they mult! not fail to mine to llie just coin lusiiin that Ihe niiiiiin itioii of Pnlk is lacking in a single r 1 i-i 11 1 ri 1 t nl 1 1 i i 11 that can atni.e for ihe in consistency it demands nt ihe hands of 1101 th em ileiniicials, anil the preset vatinn nl our ini'stiinahle t.nifl", ami th" inteetitvof the Union, nie ruii-idoralions sufficiently sltong to tear all potty ties asunder and call lb with earnest nnd pati iotic zeal lo the suppoil of the noble and gifted Statesman of Kentucky. NO GO. was any hotly foolish enough not to read in the Louisiana election conclusive proof that tho Texas humbug was a dead failure even nt toe South, when) ahinu our opponents hoped lo piofit by il, we presume Hjic result 111 N01 th Carolina will have settled definite nnd explicit that it can hu no longu direct rouicfrom IJur'inpton lo ntchburEh by Rut- ,!..,,, niisumti.i-.tnnil or niisreiireseuleil 'l" Vi.bellow Tal s and Keene, Is deeidi dly Ihe mint mistaken, misunderstood, or niisri pri stiuco vhaMcln ,),.,,,,, ,, pro'iabloainoinuofh i-mess. if even by lltoso who (lustra to put sentiments 1 a suitable charter cm ho uM.iinel from tho I.egula - ' !,.. nl V,.,. II I into his mouth he never entertained. Tho Nashville paper contends that Mr. Polk always has been and is now opposed, not lo a high proleclivo tin iff as claimed hy tliu Onondaga Locofocos hut to ti pro tective tariff: OTTto tiid Wiiio T.uitrT or 18-12. The following is the nrticlo alluded to ; wo copy it fiom tho Nushvillu Union of July 27, 1811: The lianner nretends to show the difference, exist ing boiwien Ciov. Polk and Mr. Chy on the Tail if. .very word it inters about (5ov. Polva position is nntiiie. Tno whole paragraph is entirely the revtrso hi iruiu. Tliu true d (Terence is thU : Gov. Po k is in favor of n IIevbncc Tariff. Mr. Clay is in favor of a Protective Tin iff. Tho object of Oov. Pulk's Tar.ll is tir.VEScc, ( hat direct taxation may he averted,) wh.le I. or and just IMlOTECTli N 10 ALL THE OH EAT INTERESTS OP Tit E whole Union, without parliahly, becomes imldcntal. Kevenuc is the oicv rroiei lion is tne incident. 'file vbleit of .Mr. Cl.iv'.s Tariff is Photection. tf.'itci mus inevitably foster one branth nf Aineruan tntluitry at the crpcne nf another, Willi linn, the ubiect is I'i'otcttion Herenuc is hut the incident. llcru ihey are wide as the poles, asunder. tiov. Pol , occupies llie same posiunti that he occu pied ten teir.s ago, when he stood lip in Congress and defended llie pubey of Gin. Jackson on the !ub- J' t'' .Mr. CVay neeupies the same position that ho then oeciiiuil, when he uniformly opposed, step hy step, every 1111 asuroof Geo. J icllaon's adiniiiUlration con cerning tho Tnrdf. Governor Polls has not changed. If Mr. Clay has cliingrd. it must have been cn lately. Here then 1. the issue : Gov. Polls is for a llettnue Tariff. Mr. Chv is for a I'rotcttive tariff. Tim former is a snbstanli il and feaiihle tniasiiro' of nilion il policy, winch has nlwavs winked well. 'I hu latter, if not the fmcv of a mere politician, is a( besi a scheme 10 rob one por tion of our eoiiuti ytoi'o for llo- biucfii of anottur. Heboid tho iruu dllfelence." We tpiote, s.ivs lho U. S. Gazette, the language of the Union just as it appears in that paper, italics, stn ill caps and all, anil beg our readers to mark it well. The Union We beg lo call the reader's attention to the call fur a muss meeting nt Westford, on the 30lh inst. Let ns respond to il. Then H no spot in the county wo would sooner visit on such nn occasion. It is just a cood lll'Ion ni'fil" MM ei.-i.t .lint !f it,. . ' ,, ,' '. J canvass in the Southern States, nnd there town is tatilv represented hv that portion oil , , , , , ihexpie slion in every mind, nud that pietly conclusively. Wo have all along, since the nnnexuliuits(uestion was raised hy the nom ination of Polk, anticipated some slight inju ry lo our cause rtrn ils introduction into the nciiliee, would not Ie "union for the Hike of tho nnd unequivocal terms (without rifcrenco 10 any past U' ion." tun union with the certainty nf ns destruction. I jiiieis or speeches or the measures of any other per- Jjieed not siv mat ine success 01 our opponents in Bon) hnt kind of i l arill ho would sustain, anil wtini .,. , il,..: t.l 1.. .1 ... r.i ' 1 :.. InIS rresioeineil ee-rnon v,-uiu im lor iuutmihi nils i extent Ol protection Ilw WOUIU UUOW IO native IIIUUS mcifiire. Their candidate has I en selected for llie , in. SsWOT The Washington Standard accompanies and opposed for reasons nf pefptim force, Tho net'1 (Im publication of (lit so proceedings with the II IIISIIII; "nuu ,' - ...... i,pnn,, . gut n hnn new rlmm In th confidence of the m- lollowing remarks ! its population with whom we have the pleas ure of n personal acquaintance, we can as sure our friends that they will he welcome guests within its borders. Within our re collection, Westford was regarded as one of the hardest towns in the stale, and almost without the pile ot cultivation ; hut it is now in population and wealth one of otii first farm ing towns ; and, lo one accustomed lo dwell with satisfaction upon scenes of rural beauty, it... unnrovoil co.-.tton of ils noricnltiire af fords a beautiful illustration of the triumphs of industry and enterprise over a lugged soil and an tingenial climate. Elder SARIN is well known to most of our readers. Without any pretensions to oratory, hu has a " come let us reason to gether" way ofaddiessing an assembly which always commands respectful attention, and he usually gives such excellent reasons fur the faith that is in him, that his friends ate fortified and sustained, whilo those who fail to concur in his conclusions, nio compelled lo ground their unbelief upon n conviction tint there is some mistake about the facts. We never heard his iutegiily called in ques I lion, nor his motives impugned ; nnd the j concurrent testimony nf his whole life whether as a piivate citizen, a legislator or inllii! higher relation of a teacher conjoins to attach deserved importance to ; what he siys when occasionally, as in the present instance, he feels called upon lo dis cuss the political topics of the day, in respect to their hearing upon the cause of morals and the lights of man. Mr. Rrjimisi.r.Y our readers, will bear in mind, belongs lo that unnumbered host w ho, within the. last few ninnlhs have left the ranks of loco focuisni. IIo will givo us the tchi and because why he was a loco, why he left them, and why ho is a whig. Altogether, it will bo an interesting occa sion, nnd there will, wo are confident, bn a fine rallv. was certainly ns much lenson to believe that North Carolina would give tokens of distress, as any oilier Southern State. Uer interest in the question, according to sl.iveliolding ideas of interest, was not less deep than thai of her sisteis around her, and it is but fair to suppose that she would risii in vindication of klhut interest if she thought it worth ns much lo her ns the success of the Whig pnli cy. Her vole therefore carries with it great moral power, and cannot but exeit a widely beneficial influence It proves that though (he gallant Whigs of the South may think the annexation of Texas a pecuniary, or even political object of itnpoi lance lo them, yet they are loo noble, disinteiesled ami patii olic lo obtain il by the elevation of a fifth rati! politician to the Piosidency, and the sacrifice of a great and noblo man. They are determined that tho North shall not alone enjoy the honor of adhering to ils piinciples and electing the gieat Statesman who embodies lliem ; and for this determi nation ve honor lho bold, unflinching incor itiptible Whigs of the South. says, " Gov. Polk occupies the same position that lie occupied ten vcirs ago, when he stood up in Congress and defended the pnliry of Gen. Jackson on this subject." Il farther says, " Mr. Cloy occupies the same position that ho then occupied, when ho unifiii inly opposed, step hy step, every measuie of Gen. Jackson's nduiiiiijlralion concerning tho Tariff. Gov. Polk has not changed. If Mr. Clay has changed, it must have been very lately." ' Very well: now let its hoar what Gov. Polk said lo tliu people in 1S3). At page 7 of his address to the people of Tennessee, A pi il 3d, 1839, Mr. P. says : " In rcpeitrd instances ho (Gen Jackson) recom mended luodifirniioiis and reductions nf the Tariff, tcit'i a vieic I 1 it Ii v.dnt view 7 to the final nhindun meat nf that OLIOL's! AND I'NJCST SV&TKM. S rffulnal Were the- recommendation, an I so rapid the e'i tnze of public opint n, that liie frienth of IheTarid; nnd even Mri.'LW, us imputed i'THKH, seized nn n f irorabte moment to w l'ie ic'inl from I)F.sfUUCITO. by A TIMELY" COMl'IlOJ- isn." This settles lho question of Mr. Polk's opinion in icgard to a Protective Tariff, and in such a manner that he who shall hereafter claim bun as a friend of Protection, will do it against light and knowledge. lore of New Hampshire, G. flail tert. 'I hat if such charter cannot hi obtained, nfeasihlo route fnrn road can lunbtauied to Brattle boru,iithcr by Mellows. Palls or by tho W9l River. Tho following individuals .constitute tho survey committee ! A. L. Brown, Iltitland; Tiniolhy Pellet!, Unrlinglo'i ; Samuel Par ker, Vergennes ; Austin Johnson, Middle bury j John A. Cnnant, Urandon ; Abrain Adams, Ludlow ; Thomas T. II irreit, Ches ter; Henry F. Green, II. Falls; G. W. Strong, Holland ; Win. Nash, N. Haven ; S. W. Poller, Springfield. THE VEPiMONT CENTRAL KAIL II OA D. Tho survey from Liiirlinglon to Connecticut River, via Northfield, has been completed, and the route proves to bo in every respect favorable. The distance is 102j miles ; 70 miles of it is neaily level, nowhere ex ceeded a grade of 20 feel ; 9 miles gives a grade from 40 to oO feel, being tliu highest ; and tho leniainder of tins distance no where gives a grade exceeding 30 feet to tho mile! In a woid, this loute is feasible, tho grado e.Vit'ontdinui ily favorable for 11 mountainous legion, and the facilities for constructing lho exceedingly good. Let our southern neighbois now produce their survey; wo are ready for ilium. Watchman. 'I h-i public, who a "pointed iho nndercii.'ncl a co n mi leu t" ' nose a survey to he ma le for the Central II ill ltoad, may dr sire lo know the ris'tlt. Toe ur vev has heen linde from th" inoitlh of White It vrr to Like Ohamplitn on the rs'uriufielil rout. The engi neers have not marie up anything like a rep rt, but from tin ir minutes it is fo mil thai the entire distance from I. alto Chiinplain to the mouth of While Uiver la 103 miles. The 1 ievanon at Roxlntrv is 012 feel above I udi watrr at I,il eChnnplim, C7 1 tndts distint and GV) feel above Conneeli ill R'vcr, distant 4i"; nines. in runnini from Like Champliin to the Onion Uiver, it was found to rrqmroi erode oi from 10 lo50 feet to a mile fir sonir- four miles. The Erra.'e ' n On ion ll'vi r to il iln n I'a'l" is must nf 1 lie way kui, and j in no phce r.xceedin'r I" feet to the mile, j II dion Kills will he ascended with a -ln fe. t rrritio j eisilv, and that no morn than one and a ln!r in ie 1-roio tnenee to .uiuotp-ox is nearly level, in nconlv 43 feet in 9 mile', and at Middlesex for a 111 '1 w 1 be a r-rnde of 10 feet. Prom thence to MontpcWer, or tho mouth of On; River, 405 miles from the I1U1 s n ar ty levd. Tin l)o;r river is in easy erade of 4 miles, aod thence to Gov. P one's Factory, in N..n fi, 1 J, is 40 fi.ct tn a miles for 4 mile. Prom llvin'e to lho summit is n distinceof 7 miles, three of wh h wal he a crade of from 20 to 30 feetjo a mile, and 4 miles will not exceed 50 feet to a tint1, winch 13 the highest rifle on the route. From tho summit to Connecticut River i- riim! '0 be a mni easy 'route for a rail roid, in no place on Wh'te liner exceeding 30 leet to i tnde. There are no heavy cuts on ihe whole ron' ; al tho summit therp is no cut, it bernr; a I002 le'.cl. A'lOMt TO miles nf the route is of easy grat'e var)ing fiom level to 20 feet per rni'e. Hie I'naineor are of ili opinion lint it is a vo'y fivo'able louteas 10 tveose in IniitihnS One pirt of tho ro lie has h-en mveved by Mr. Adims ard the other by Mr. Snrk Mr. Carter bavin; the su pervision of the whoe Tiio commrtec havp not can"d a survey to lie mido either throush the l.ulf n Vi!lnmlown "r t r - sh Topshntn to llradford, as thev hive not ben furnish ed with funds; but ihey are on their pait re l' to da so at any time. cii.rtr.r.! p mk. j n.iMH, nw.rm'ijf.C Comm K. P. jr.Wf.TT, ) July 17, 1311. fXJ5 That staunch Whig, and most able and successful Polk-hilhr, Governt r Jo.vr.s of Tennessee, has written llie lollowing let ter on tho subp'ct nf Polk's tariffisiii. If, as bo says, " on tnoto than one hundred anil fifty iibjs," Polk Ins met him by denoun cing prolVction, how prob ibbi it is, (is not it rentier?) thiKjhe iltiiiioio fi.nndlioa u protectionist ! N. ?v VSIIVILLC .1 !y 2, 11 !. Chirks OiV.ions r.s?ts D ir k: liv the 111 nl 1 enelos.) sou two pub'ici ifios of t'ol. Polk's dm ins die last summar's canvass onNlw suhj-jet of ihe Tar iff, eic. Trout these puhheinoHs voo will percano lint ihe f?olonel is dr id out n-uiKt Protection, in I p inieulirlv oppo-eil 10 the. ih-trihiiKpn ot ttie pro- I fori moment. ce.-.isor the puoln nnil-; lieevise, Ih-naiv. it 1. a . -T,,,tt'. ....nee... lie, I,.n.,.l 1...... been accustomed to heir C d. P ilk, lo he-irX slued i P1r"'' PrPn'e "f securing' 1 second vmi from 1 it, tint bets a Tardfiuan or in fivor nl ProiceiMn. I or of furni-h 112 nn upolocv for an cxnrbiunt hi'!, hive i.n t him on nioie thin one hundred nnd tVhv fir nt no public houe which I hive ever . inrd at, lields. nnd I never heard him mike 1 speech in nVI ar(, ,,, crirr9 m,H,,ralH. ,, Ar. rolE.s on, rinvaes with him, thai he did not I'ciounre ihcX . , , , , ' principles (.1 Protection, bubo I ilus was iho miin I "1'lv0 ln keeping it senns 10 be to add to the Mcas irroiind nn wducli he and his friends relied, to defeii ureXand crilifieaiion of his visitors. Ii is nlw.ivs a (lommuuicatioit. Mil. r.Drron : Having passed a few days at High. galu Sprmc", recently, I cinnot deny myself the pleasure of calling the alteniion of your readers to one of Ihe many circumstances which render that place an attractive resort to those who have the leis ure to copy it. 1 rtfer to the excellent Hotel kept there hy Mn. ("Van. I know not where I have st p P"d at a public House in the country, where such constant an I unweiried efforts were made to minis ter lo the criuficatiiin and comfort of bis ciiests. Your ta'de is 2irns!ied with evirv 1 urv the coun- Irv i.r,..ti,eos v. , or rooms ire kept Willi such in Itrv neatness that vou always "leave them wnh rcsrif," Pirrhaes are in leidmess for you tit nil e us; 1nJ boits and ''fi-h n2 tickle'' are nlwiys provi e ' for Ihosewho delight in anclinj w hile nn one nf tha ten ihousind little at'entions whirh bespeak the ar- comp.tshrd and cenllennnlv lindlord, i rvcr lanilted Xor are the civilities I haver 'erred to thev arc in many ca--es. fir the oni- I'ninkliii " Clark " rayetlo " Wayne " Rindolpli " JMnrioii " Union " St. Joseph" I.iporte 11 I.oco, do Wilis, do do do do do do do do do do do do I.oco Inst year. No change, do Klkbart reported Whig. If these luajorilira nre to he taken nanny indication of the Itcprrtentilivn elected, the lints gain in Jtf- for so 11 I, Randolph 1, Harrison 2, flarlholemew 1, Spfti 'tr I, Washington 2, and lose 2 in lieirborti THE GAME OF DECEPTION. The Polkat parlv, in every quarter where they think the game will In Ip lliem, aie diiv- iug with tho energv nf ilesperalinn the inf.i minis falsehood lliul Polk i friendly to pro tection, TlieV oiienlv bla.iui il III their pa pers and send them into every mink nnd corii'T that can be reached, and thuiioh the lie is pioinplly exposed, refined and turned against lho perpetrators, by the Whij pi- lieis, they seldom reach the men wliouie deceived by tliu Loco lies. Tho emissaries of Locofocoism are every where secretly in stilling (hu idea into their followers, that the present Tarilf will not bo disturbed in the event of Polk's election, nnd that his annex ation project is after all, merely to catch votes at tho South, but will never bo pressed when onro ho is elected. Such gammon as this satisfies rt great many, especially whon ihey suffer themselves to bo so prejudiced ns not lo read tho proofs furnished hy the Whigs, of the true print iples and purposes of lho Polkat leaders. But there is a greal mass of tho Locofoco parly, who cannot be thus nose-led by tho little petty schemers who are sent to keep them in order, nor convin ced against their common sense by the im pudent falsehoods of the Locofoco papers. They aro men of decidedly too much sense and too much integrity to proless lo believe SOU I'll CAKOI.IN' A, 1MM.K, Tllfi TAR. I V V, AND NUI.I.II'ICATIO.V. We h ive published the recent extraordi naty letter of lion. Isaac E. IIoi.mi.s, ex pressing his apprehension that Mr. Clay would hu elected, and calling on lho South to prepare to nullify the Tat iff again. Mr. Holmes has been courteously railed on by some of his constituents to explain letter. The requisition closes with tho following questions : 1. Are you in fivor of the e'ection cf Mr, Polk and Mr., ihe Democratic candidites for the Presi ih ney and Vice Piesidencyof the United S1.1I1 7 n nil lire you. or nm, of ihe opinion lint the voles of Soulh Carolina should be civ en in ffood f 111 h to them? 2. Whoever nny be vour opinion of Mr. Polk's abi ity, in the event of hi- ilecnon, 10 1 Heel a repeal of the find' of IB 12. and to bleak down the protrc live system, haveyou aiy doubt nft'ie sincerity of his opposition to the tiili-e system qfpioliction, and thai Ihe influence of Ins h'gh office will belli ood faith exerted to subvert ii 7 We ate, dear sir, With the highest rr?ird and esteem. Your obciheni rervmi. V. II. IXMORR, 11. It Al KV. II, W. CONXF.X Tn this letter Mr. Holmes replies : GcNTiF.MtM I I hueju I received your letter, in vvliu h 1 wo q 11 s nie nislmellv pui, aim ns uisunci It. ...,ll renle. 1st, 1 am in fivor of lh 1 leclion of Mr. Polk and Mr Dillas, nn I am dei nhdly of upiuijn that sioiilh Itiirolmn Hindu 10 vole for ihl'lll. 2 I, hnte no doubt nf .Mr. I'olk't sincerity, irhen hetterlarett ai apposition to 1 1- nrir system ar tiro lection, and if tie-'' I he w'-'l c 1 leavir to 'iibrert it. lliuiiu answi i, d van n " I 011s, I niudii hi ie slop hoi I 111 iv he 1 run ic I to xnie-s my urniise ill it anv douht shou'tl h i- exist. I if my wislmie success 1.1 ihe " Annt.mtion ( undulate as ileent the 111 eorpontion of Ti is 11110 lite Union 1- ril it, and the onlv hope I now eieeruiin of ndilinir nn-at and vnluil.le Teriimry lo our I'onfedtraie F.mpire, is through the success 01 Ihe Demociaitc pail)', I remain, iienilemen, With great respect, your ob'i serv't, I. P.. HOLMES. Wo call tho attention of Pennsylvania to litis development. Nay, we ask all who believe that some sort of Protection of our Industry is proper nnd beneficial, to consid er what this advocate of Polk says of his candidate's position nud opinions. Head, Men of Newark and Lynn, of Low ell and Pittsburgh! read, Laborers, Far mers, Arli7.ans, every where! nnd jntlne whether they are not perpetrating n most im pudent fraud, who tell you that Polk is in favor of Protection ! Tribune. Tho Nashville Union, the organ of Mr. Polk in his own Slatn of Tennessee, has nt length defined tho position of Mr. P. on the I was for Protecti in ; he azainst it. I for Disirihetion; -he asainst it. I won!. I sav, no vour ilutv; we will tlo ours. fenncsseo will maintain her p ism 111. tu'spectl illy vour sprvinr, M. MRS C. JONRS. PROTECTION TO AGRICULTURE. There are n class nf Polkiles who are con tinually shouting at the height of their lungs, thai llie present tarilf does not protect the Fanners. Nothing can be more false. The present Tariff, as fir as possible, protects nil isses, all portions of lho people. No branch of industry is left unprotected, least of all. llie Formers. Tlii! following t ible shows lho duties upon lho leading unities of agiicultuio accord ing In lite piesenl tarilf: Coiton, cqiul to 31 per cent ad va'.otani. Wool 40 " " llecf Cl " " Pork 31 " " Picon 5'2 " " I.ird KO " " l heesa ISO " " Mutter 51 " " Potatoes 31 " " Floor 30 " " Wheat 2 " " Ons 31 " " Hemp SO ' " On these thirteen articles, which comprise tiio great staples of agriculture, there is an iver.ise duly of 50 per rent. How false, ihereforc, is llm rliuli;!-, lltat llie Tlirlfflloes not protect the Fanners. Dm, mind ye, the protection which Mr. Pnlk proposes, in lieu of the above rales, is the hoiizontal 20 per ti I . of ihe "compromise act, as tho whigs found it in 1842." If any fumer regaids 20 per cent, an improvement on tiio above rates, hu should, of coutso oto for Polk. pleasifii duty to me to acknowledge such civ '5, and ihoseHiho have not hem it the Springs may bo assured lhahwdint I have siiil fills below Mr. C.'s merits, while toxtjinso who h ire slopped at Ins h uss no cer'.iftcat; of nftnc can be necessary. x VI T' )R. DR. RELIS LECTURE. Wo hail tho pleasure last evening of liear- ing lho inlcoJiirloi'V Lnctilen of Pe..f. Ilr.l.l., on Gouraud's System of Mnemonics, or ibn Art of Memory. Tho lectine was extremely interesting, and made its acquainted with facts relating lo lho subject, to which we were before en tiro slranerrs. The facility wit!i which tho system may be applied to Climnnlorry, s tronnmy, Si-, w is fully proved by llie aslon isliing accuracy evinced by two young lads who wein publicly examined, after lint two or three days use of tho system under tho Professor's instruction. Wo have no doubt of the usefulness of this ailificial memory, in preserving impor tant ftcls of every class that lho pursuits of life nny require. It lays hold of the princi ple of association, and with this lever per forms ils w millions operations. To all, this arl must be useful and convenient ; lo some It would seem lo bo almost indispensable ; and wc liearlly recommend to our citizens to avail themselves of this opportunity to learn it from n gentleman every way competent to teach it to advantage. Polk's friendship for lho prevent, or any, subject of the tariff in h manner o clear, RAIL ROAD MEETING. Wo nro indebted to tho Middlcbury Gal axy for tho proceedings of llie rail-road con vention al Rutland, on tho Slh inst. Geo. T. Hodges Presided, assisted by Josiah W. Hale, Asi Chapman, Chester Granger, Asa Wciitworth, Slephon Viro Pres idents, and F. W. Hopkins nnd Philip Bat tell, as Secretaries. The deliberations of lho meeting resulted in lho appointment ofn mminilteo of survey, nnd the adoption of lho following resolutions : 4, Hesoired, That rhr-Committee this day appoint el 10 procuron survey i f the route from Hurlmslon to the Connecticut River, be instructed to rnnse ihn route from llurhniiicn through Rutland tolltllows I'nllslo be surveyed also 10 rnnnerl nl or nenr I'nlwn Cross man's wilh the north end of Hinrinson's survey,,IUlnn -n.Al,.i',nnk inlrntie cl hv Mr. Orins- bee nnd wnrmlv discussed hv Mr. Oimsber. Mr. COMMUVICATIOX. Ms. RniTon, I dunk the I.oeos have been quite happy in their emblem on ihe Pol l if- Pnlla pole. It cannot be exactly made out from the srotind with Ihe inked cs'c, hut without a glass, ns near as can he de termined, it represents some l.irse and s.ivapo bird landing upon a negro's head, with ihe claws clutch ed in his scalp. Not being skilled in the interpretation of such mat ters, I applied to a witty neighbor of mine for a solu tion. Why, slid he, it means, "(Mt It the protection ui gice to wool." Do you give it up 7 JUSTICE. fj?DANir.L the sneaking traitor who was bought in by Locofocoism in Itidi nun in 1SJ2, "d by wlmso oie Senator Smith "'tis defeated, and Hannegan elected, has been peppered this time. IIo is defeat ed by about SO majority. Good. Tho Globo says tho election of Polk se cures tliu Immediate Annexation of Texas. nnd Mr. HU, were passed. 1 ,,tcttan of Polk. A . irxbun. S. lltsolrerl, That lh "nf of this meetmj, the