Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 13, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 13, 1844 Page 2
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mm &nmm Xi'j Ic-seJC NATIONAL Wllta TICKET, roll IMlMSIDUVT. o.' k i:xTrciv. T II 120. P 11 K LI N (i 1 1 U YS EN. or .v;n .;. s;r. ,l large. ron r.i.r.cTnits, .ir.DI'.Dl 1I II. MAURIS, .11)11 X l'H IC. lt.dit. OU.VIN' TOWX--I hv, a I hi. c i!i.os cDni.iDCii:, :m iii-i r.i.N.f miv kwiit, llliili-l. r.HASrfd IWIIUIAXKS. Mil. CLAY (T THE TEXAS QUESTION Tho rultoiviiin are abstracts of Mr. Cl.iy's Kaleigh Letter, under tl-ito of Apiil J7, IS44, un tlic subject of lliu proposed annex ation of Texas lo tho United States: This narrative hnvs Ihe present act lal condition of Texas, so far ns I hive int irnialion about it. J! II holourreot, Mexico has not abandoned li.it jiei ovcrc; ni tho nsseitinn of In r rights liy ite-unl force nf :n ms, which, if suspended lire inn tided to be renewed. Un der these eitcitmstanccs, if tin.- finvciiiiiicnl nf the lTniU'il State xxero to ncipuie Te.xns, il woulil nc rjniro along xxuh it the incu.iibnucos winch Tt xn is under, nil. I among then tho acni il or -iip"inlul war between Mexico nml Texas. Of that cons 'qiicncc llierc cannot tic a doubt. Annexation ami vv ir willi Mexico are I'll utiril. Xow, fir one, I certainly mn not wi nii'j to invuKc ibis conn ry in n for ago war tor the olij. ct of acquiring 'I t xas I know tin re ate lhose xvho legard stub a war willi iii'hlli ronce, anil ns a trilling itllnr. on aeioniitof lliu woaknesgnt Mexico, anil her innhilily to inlhct s, nous injurv upon 1 1 1 is coinili y. Hut I i)i inn look upon it llius hghllv. I reiSTi'il all wars :ii grett cal unities, to ho avoided, :f p i"ihle, ail'1 honi rnhlu pence as tho wisest ami tru est policy of this country. What iho Unitcil Slates most ikc'I arc iiniiin, peace anil pat'ctiee. Nnr ilu I think tint the weakii' ss of a Power should torin a motive, in any cae, for iiniucin us to engage in or to ileorecnle the evils uf war. Honor ami good faith nml ju-i ioc re equally (hie liom tins eoitnlry t iw ml I n d eonntry oinilry. anil not called for hv anv nrnorn cxtircss'ioll I of pnhlic opinion. i am, respectfully, your obedient servant, n. ci.ay. Subjoined is Mr. Clay's recent letter, to two gentlemen in Alabama, on tlio same subject : 1'roin the North Alatiamian of the 1 Hi It tilt. W11LASP, .lft.v 27, Iflll. (Seutlcmin 1 havo rcci ixed your favor iiifonuini! Inu that 111 v xicws. as disclosed hv me in til V letter from liahih 011 the question ol the Aiinexalinn of Texas, am luicoiif(ieil, II nut misrcprcsento 1 111 your (purlers ami that it is s 'ppncd tint 1 have chaneied my opinion from what it was in IP1!). I en ileavoreil to" express myself ill tint letter as 1 xpheilly n 1 coulil, nml do not think now that it can he fairly niisuilcrpK ti (I, In HI!), when 1 addressed the ttnuo nf Hoprcsen talncs, llio I'.xt'cutivo had negotiated the trialv Willi Spam, hv which Texas wa ceiled 10 tint powir, hut Congress had not then given any stnclion to the cos sin 1. 1 hehee now, and thoughl then, lint tho trea ty imUinir power is not competent, without the eon eurrenee of tonirress, to cede aw ly iiuy territory he liiliKiiiu to the Hinted Slates. Hut Conaress, hy re pealed acts, Fiih-eruenlly manifested its approhilton of the treaty t nml llieso acts rendered it 11s valid mid oliliL'itory iipon iheUiuml States, as if Congress had jtiuti its as nipitor to tho eonchifion of tho treaty. At lint period of IS19, Te.xas, as claimed liy us, was unpeopled. IX'o hosido inclusions had heen made into 11 hv lliu nil. Mis nf tho t.'in'eil Slates. In lS'i." and 1317, Iheru were hut few liihahitant of Te.a, roll istnia of some colonists, planted there under theiiti thoiity nf .Xlexico. Ai neither ol I lie three period ahovo mentioned had any t tic or section of this Union, manifested any op position to Texas composim a part of it. It has heen .iid that Jlr. Adams' administration ollired to iicl'o li He ilh .Mexico for Tex is notwithstanding the ( .x is'eiicc of a war In tween Spain and .Mexico, and that it could not then fore have lieheM'd lh.it tlic n-quiitinn of Texas, at that tune, would have lmnlved tho Uiii ltd Stales in a war with Spain. Hence it is ntL'iiul that the lalificnilnn of the late treaty could not have coinpiomtteil our peace. .Ml. Ail-mis ilioiiehl 11 desirahlc In nhtam Te.xas. Two fori iirn poweis el iniieil it. Mexico was in pos. scsimi, and Spun wis doiiiL-nolhiim lo asseil and enforce her chum, llir rcpres -ri t itivc had even L'onc so lar as to sti olatc in a convention, to ac 'uiinile'lsrcthoiudcpciideuce ol" M, .xico, although that comi n 111 111 was mil ratilhd hyHpain. Mr. Adams had a rijht to nulhorie tho necn'iation of a treaty lor the acquisition nf Texas with holh or eilhn of the powers rlainiiiii; it. It was intnral that ho 'hould lieain with that power which Iml posses si in of Texas, .'.'pant had interposed no ohstaclo. She h,n ni.ide no declaration Ihat she woulil rteard ihe acquisition of Te.xas as an act of ar. In point of fact, no oM'Hiirc was formally inado to Mexico lo pure1 ae lca, no ueg Iniion was opened, no tri a ly was concluded. 11 a nnintion hail commenced or if a trea'y had lut 11 n;neil, and .''pam had protest' ed, 1'ie prii'tetit ami e.iiilious policy win n cliaraeter ied Mr. Aihims' ailinin.stralion would iilidouhlcdly have iromp'eil him to qaiet Spain, and accotuinodate the 111 U'rr. prt ious to ihe nnnexallou of Texas lo the United Niales. and without nliini'ins them into war Willi Spun. Ilow totally dilli rent are all Ihocireuni st inccs under which, w lih .Mr. Adams' nulhoriiy, I authorized ihe oveilurc lo Mexico, from those which atteudiil then cent In aty of Mr.Tj Icrl So far from Mexico hi ine silent, hho icneatedlv and solemnly dcclaied Ihat she wo ild consider aiinexal'ou as war with her. Texas was no lonaer an iiinuhahi- ll had het 11 uicstii fiiiui the diiininlon iho weal, as tow.n ds the siroiu. And, il an act of , nf Mexico hv citizens, nnnvof whom went armed. inj istice wen to he periielrate I ton-inls anv I'ow r, I'mui the I'mti d Stales. Tlio war between .Mexico it would be more co'iip-iuhh w nil the iliirmt v o! the ' and Texas had not bicn ti run' ateil by any treaty of naii 111, and, in my j 'il'uienl, It's dishonorable, tu peace. .Mr. Tyler not only did not ei nult Mexico, i'lllu t it upon a poweil'ul uisleatl of a wtak lineian hut he announced thai her as-sent to iho annexation nation. 1 was altojicihcr miiuees-arv. ud he pio ceded lo Assuming: lint the annexation of Texas is war with , conclude a treaty, embracing a larce cx'rnt of terrilo .Mexieo, is 11 coinpi lent to i he in atv-oialtini: p wi r j rv, and 1 nuuitrous p ipnlalion, not cooipieheinled in M pinnae llus couulry nun war. not only will t the To.x.-H w liich the United Slates ceded to Spam ill 1. c incurrence of. bin wnhoiit di iL'iium 10 consult 1320. -1 to winch, hv tlie coii'liiiiiioiii btlonai e.x-j Inthoniean lime, loo, a powc.rf il nppo-iiiou had tin port, r ol if I'l.uiu.: war ? arisen in Ihe United Stale aaatusl the nnnexali 111 of .11I1 Tin considered the quo-tinn upon the Texas to iliem. Scleral Stales had dee'arcd, lino' .1 th it ihe aiiiiex.ilioii is iiilempied without tlmr IcaL-lalurts. aaainst it, mul otbeis, if not whole i"., IT "I M Xie.t. 11 sill' Vlelils her eollsent lll'lt seeuoosoi uie toiiou wetu oeuevt eau . I i''v -ill 'el Ihe I neian a-p. ei of the qiles. ' It. , 1 1 1 11. 1 1. 1, lie all I'lireinn 1I1 111 ( i a. (In 111 II1V in u ,, 1 o ns. cut. i,ic ij'i 'i 01 would he I cousMeraiue anil repeeiaiue p it 1 ton 01 ill e cm 1 'ucvii cunl'tii d 10 llii-do'ii' sue coii-ider iiioii- which lielmij 1 ''J'. 1 did 1101 rtftr lo persons, but lo stati s or see- j 10 it, cutbriciiiff I iii- ti . ni- 'iml condnitins upon inns. j which anii'-x 111 hi upm, o-'d 1 do not llun'c thai Under such circumstances 1 con'il not hut regard Texas onaht 10 be rtet tied mm ihe Union, is an in- theannex Hum ol Texas, at this tune, as eoiiiproinil- to.jr.il it t of it, in ilecid, d oppo-uim lo the wi lies inj tlic honor ot my counlry, iiivoUni: it in a war 111 of a cuiis.dfr ible and respect di'e portion of ihe eon- I whu h Iho svuipatlues of all ("htisleiiiloin would ho federaev. 1 think it hr more wise nnd important lo against us. and ciiil'iugeiing the inleerily of the Un conuioso and harmom.'.e the present ennfedi raev, as ion. 1 thouuht ilicii, and slill behexe, thai naiioinl 11 noxv ciists, thin lo introhice a new element of . dishonor, foieign war, and thsiractiou and division nt discord nnd distrac'ion into it. home, were too great sacrifices to make foi llio acqm- In niv liutnhln opinion, il should bo the ennstant 1 s-uion ofTexas. nnd e, 11 lies' endeavor of American statesmen to erad- Hut gentlemen, you are desirous of knowing by leate preimiices, to cultivate and fo-ti r concord, and what policy 1 would-bo guidtd, ill iho event of my 10 pro luce a gencial conteninitnt among nil parts of election a- Clin f MngMrate of the United Stales, m our confetlcraev. And true wi-dom, it seems to me, refeieuce lo the que-non of annexation of Ti xas I points to the duly of rcndenng us piesent lueuibi rs , do mil ibiiili it ri.dn to annouute 111 adxam-0 win happy, prosperous, and s.i i-licl with each other, 1 will bo the course of a future a liiiini-iration til regaid rather linn lo attempt In mtro luce alien meinbois, to a qui iioii with a forcgn power. I Imo, however, agiinst the eoinmou consent and wuh the eert.miiy . no hcsiialion 111 sajing thai, so far from having unv of deep disatisIielion. I cr-onal ob)eetious to ih annet nnvi of Icas, I I should be fhnl to sec it without dishonor, w ithout It is useless to disguise that there .are tip so who war, wi h Ihe commnn consent of the Union, and tip espouse and those who oppose iho annexation ofTe- on nt and fiir terms. ns upon Iho ground of the influence winch it would 1 do not iliink the subject ofslavcryought 10 allect exert, 111 the In. mice of pohlical power, between two the question, one way or the oilier. Whether Texas great sections of the Union I conceive that no mo- ho independent, or incorporated 111 the Uniu.l States, live for lliu acquisition of foreign lei ntorv would ho I do not bcliex-e it will prolong or shorten the dura more iinfnrtuiia'e, or pregnant with niorefatal cotiso-. lion of lint tusli'iition. It is destined lo I, come c quenecs, than that ol'obt.iiiiuig il for the purpose of Itnet, al some ili5lan( day, in my opinion, by I In-snenglht-ning one pari ag-unst nnoiher part of the ' operation ol the ineviiabo laws nf population. It confederacy. Such a principle, put in practical opo-1 w-onld be unwise to refuse a p-'rmancnt acquisition, ration, would menace tho existence, if it (b I not cer- which will exist as long ns ihe globo remains, on ac tamlv sow ih s,e I-of a dissolution of tho Union. It count nf a temporary institution, xvoul'd be to proclaim lo the world an insatiable and , In the contingency of my election, to xxh'.ch you unquenchable lliu-t for Ionian conqm st or ncqus. have advet ted. if the all'iir of acquiring Texas should lion of territory. I'or if lo-d ly Texas be acquired 10 , become a subeel of consul, 'ration,-1 should bo gov strenglben 0110 pari of Iho confederacy, to-moirow ' erneil by ihe stale of fact and tho stale of public opm t'nnada may be required to ad. I strength to another. I ion existing at ihe tune I might be called upon to act. And aficr Ihat tn.ght haw hen obtained, sod oilier Above all, I should be governed by the paramount nnd further neti'ii-iiions woit'tl become neee-sary lu , (buy of piesening the Union t ntire, and m harmony, enunhze and ailiust the lei nnec of nobiieal oower. leg'irduiL' II ns I do ns the great guaranty of every Filially, in Ihe progress of this sprit of uniieisil do- i pohlical nnd public blessing, under l'rox'nh nee, xxhich st iled lliiit It wan a fact wtdl knmvti in Wash- inotnti, that when tho I cxan treaty wnq lirst sent lo the Senate, tlmro wore !t:i or !HJ Kona turn in favor of its rnltllcnlinit. Hut on the pub lication uf the dictator Clay's letter, disapprove iner nf nnnc.xation, 1") Scuatoru tiirnctl rijjlit about at his word of rouinunil and wontaoainst the treaty and only 18 Snnalnrs could bo found to sustain tho treaty on tlio lin.tl Voto of ratifi cation. At tin? 'moment, tlio linn. Henry ,IiiIiiisiui, U. S. Henatiir fiom Louisiana, who it aiipu.trs, was unknown to the I'ontlein.iti from Winchester. ioo and denrindcd the sneaker's authority. Mr. M. was nnito diitnbfotiiidot'. .Mr. .Inhnslon went on In slate that liu was t ineinhor nf the Senate, and that upon his re sponsihility as a .Senator, nnd a man of honor, be declared that every hou.itur who nail witeil iiirainst tho treaty had determined to tin so he fore the appearance of Air. Ulay or .Mr. .111 Huron letters. Al. iI.inn nrKnowiuili'ii tint he had made the statement from commnn rumor ho was happy to he collected by tho hoimr.i ble gentleman. He then retired irnm thu btaiul Aithction. Thnio's nolhin;' in tills world so seiisltH'i ns ntli'etion. It leuls its own han niness too much not to Humble lor its reality, ant! starts cwi and anon, froin its own delicious consciousness, to ask, is it mil, indeed, a dream! A word and .1 look are enough to tepress or lo eiiciiiirai'e. Nothing- 1-. ,1 t r.llij in love, fur all is seen through an o,ig;iir.itt'd medium. Tim National Intelligencer tints happily il Histr.ites the manner fn w hit li Mr. Clay has out lived the attacks of his slandeicrs, and the (tie wated position in which lie now stands ho lore the country : " The poet Keats is said to hac died of crit icism ; hut for a st.itostn 111 to perish in that way is Fiiniethine; now. Wo ourselves know one that has stnod that sort ot thini; more than thir ty years, Ihe last twenty of which has heen an incessant slorin of falsehood and 1 f hate. Vet, when has he blenched bnfoio it all! And In I what oiiiuetli at last ! Something- for which it was worth while to withstand unbent the pop ular lueath, the ilem ik"?"0 roar, the lioud ol slandeicrs, the very thunder of an almost utile sisted tyrant. Thu tempest has blown awav its own breath, mem helming; in my that aided to raise and thoiioht to rule foreter on it : the winds hue sunk into hut the j;IbiI murmurs of a people's rt-t tirnitiir admiration; the forone skies look out unco more ; and thoiioh tho croak of in my a democratic, fro still attempts to chide the reluriunir sun, far above the llyinir clouds springs up to sight, once more, the land mark of the nation which they haxo assailed and huh en in vain "As some tall cliff that lifts its awful form Swells Irnm the nle and midway leaves the stnrm, Though round itshiso the rolling iloiuls are spread, Klerunl sunshine settles on its head." ing sights, tintotig which wcto a liti(;o hall I pose lo lonvu tint subject for lliu present, for fiom Keesovillu l!l feet in diameter, nnd 11 wo-caniioi trust oursi'lves lo comment on tlio threshing floor in full operation. A wneunti ntmciom vill.tiny which sought tlio (listruc- wns lilletl with finn looking bo swearing- Ctiy ttnn ol the licit 111011 ninoiig us, titcroly to badges, nnd cart vini: n Inintier inscribed, scinen Iho htiito'.s prison convicts anil ti 11 - " Co tiheatl Wliigs, we chips lire coining "! rtiiit-cl scoiinilrels who figured in thisdia- Theso noblu little fellows were every whom "olical trnnsaction. received wilh In-arty entlmsiasin. " Hillv tho rigor " was " on bund " with tho brig on wheels which figured hero on tlm L'filli filled with our Huilinelnn Glen Club in MR. CLAY AND ANNEXATION. Tho Loco Foco papers are making a st lull cd effort to misrepresent tlic langiiago and sailor dress. A Glee Club from Wadhani's scnlimonls 0f Mr. Ci.ay on tho Texas ques' 11 1 I'ltlDAV MOIINIXO, S ICI'T. 13, Ifili. THE I2LKCTION. Wo have not yet rereived returns from the whole State, lint eiKiiigli is at bnnd to settle the result defiuilivelv. And a nitM This waslheopposiuonlolbeineasure.tow'lucb.i cliril)1IS ,.,.,,, i( j j m!1jmj,v ayliabigb lit It r, 1 rill ink ct. when I spnke ot a ... over an opposition will tie niiove VUUU, pro bably nearer ,'SOOO. His plurality over the Locofoco c.indid.ito is 7 or SOLK), and 1 1 it: innjoi ily ao.iinst Locofocnisni, of the Whig nnd Abolition vote, will be from TWELVE TO FIFTEEN THOUSAND ! Mr. Col lamer has about fifteen hundred majority; Mr. Foot about Ihe saute, and Mr. M.itsb from ten lo twelve hundred. In the fourth, Dillingham (loco) lacks "S3 of an election, and leads Chandler (whig) only G33 ibns far. The Senate will stand lints : Whig 21 Loco 9 Whis Maj. Vi Tlio House as fir as bead fiom will be composed as folio .vs : Whole number of towns entitled to send Mills, N. Y. composed of hulks as well as gentlemen, were in alleiulancc, and of course, with such help, tiiado delightful music. The Convention assembled on the battle ground on the south or American side of thu Saranac, about 11 o'clock, and began with a splendid speech from our accomplished rep resentative the Hon. Gcoreo I'. Marsh. After dinner Governor Slado delivered an able and most convinctnj: address to the Lib city parly men, and their duties in tho ap pioacbing struggle. He was followed by Er.istns D. Culver, Esq. of Washington Co. N. Y. who m a speech of about an hour dealt some of the h.udest hits tit Locofocoism, that it was ever our fortnno to witness. Ho kept tho vast assemblage in the best of humor (lu ting the hole of his speech, and when he bad concluded and the enthusiastic cheeiiiie had subsided, notice was yiven by C. D. Ilaiton, Esq. of KecM'villo, that a mass mooting- would he held at that place on the S.'itb hist, at which GOVERNOli SEWARD would he present, and then the Contention idjourned. The Whigs of Pittsburgh were iinhoiin d 111 their hospitality, and all we believe were amply provided for. A barbecue ox was provided near the speaking ground, and an interminable table stitead lor the visitots. I'he Locos held a convention in front of the Court House on the Itiitish side of the river, where by advertising Silas Wright, and evety body else, they got together quite a convention, but it was not so large as the Whig gatheiing- after all. And this too in spile of the call for a " Convention of the De mocracy of NORTHERN NEW YORK"! Hut Silas Wright was not theie, Major Da- vo7.'icwas not there, (iafl'iiey was not theie, and they had to take up with Preston Ki the Ogilenshuigh infant, Gen. Vielo of Wnt ei ford, Augustus C. Hand, a bag of wind from Essex County, and last nf all our demure and chop-fallen fiiend, the election-wanting gentleman ftoin the fottilh Disliict. They doubtless bad a great linio of il, and looked over to the old Auieiican battle gtounil with as linn a determination to fight the foe theie assembled, as did their fiiends and allies the red coats in ISM. which lio lias thcro acquired, thu effort will m unavailing. Our information from the State justifies us in entettaining u strong ex pectation, that tho Whig party will overt tile this nomination. members No choice this year in Members elected Locos " Libetty Parly" men 22S 2!) 19!) tion, and to persuade their readers that tho opinions expressed by Mr. C. in his Alabama letter are totally inconsistent nnd irreconcile- ablo willi those of his Raleigh letter in Apii last. There can be 110 more effectual tefula tion of this impudently false chargu than is offered by the letters themselves, and no have therefore published the two in jitxta-positinn in to-day's paper. Wo havu omitted tlio first portion of tlio Raleigh letter, which 10 lales to tho cession and settlement ofTexas, ns revon iroin iuoxico, iVc, as unnecessary to iho comparison. In this preface, howev er, Mr. Ct.AY uses the following language: I regret that I have not tho nilvanlat-e of.n eiew of the treaty itself, so nt to t nahle mo lo ndapt an ex iiression o' my opinion to thenetiial conditions nnd stipulations x hich it miliums. IXjit possessing that opportunity, I am couslraini d to treat the question acc inline- to w hat I presume In be Iho terms of iho Itealy. If, trillion! thr Ion of Snlional ('.Intruder, xcHlimtllhr. Iimaril of htrci;n ll'ir, with Ihe qene rat rnnt urrtuce qftlip. utttni, irillmttl tiny ...nt-.r In Ihe Villon, unit irithmit Firing an iinrcasonnhlc prive or cinitincijienlion 0 nnnemtion irerc prcirnrctl, il lconltt njifiettr in quite a tli'fimit livhlfrom ttiul in which, I npprthiml, it is now lo be rcmtuUtl. lit his Alabama letter, which Loco Foco- ism ptctcntls to think inconsistent with the onu from Raleigh, Mr. Ci.ay, refetring to the circumstances under which thu latter was wtillen, says : "Under such circumstances I could not but regard the Annexation ofTexas, at tins time, ns compromil in" lb'' honor of my country, involving it in a war, in winch ihu sympathies of nil Christendom would ho againsr us. and t liilangt ring the intcgru v oft be Union. IhoilL'lil thert, find still hrticve, that Xitlinnol fi-i-honor, forcizn rar, and distraction nnd division nt home icere too great sacrifices to make for Ihe at-fui-sition 0 Texas. These two extracts shows what indeed the MODERATE QUITE. O'llalloran calls tho board of civil author ity a set of " perjured scoundrels," for re fusing to rucogni.e tlio Popu's indulgence, winch it would seem had been granted lo certain individuals who were destitute- of tho legal qualifications of votets. This Ian- minor, le niinllntl In coclt liwtn na 11 i-tcx..!.! O B' l l " - ... ...i.M.. CJ.. re i r,... 11 I, , ei I , 1 st.mis ii c .i-e-i ri.ii y (M o.llt'. 1UI. VIIV Adams, Ponictov, nnd men of ike years and ., H t - . . - '. answers, show mil' that t ho circumstances aro ,........!.... ...i i I i i.. .. r. : ... T . 1 1 woiiiiiuii I , MR. CLAY ON ANNEXATION. " f'annnl the Trihui, gnetis its op.iuon of this last letter of .Mr. Clay? Speak out, neighbor let us hear what you think of it V'I'ltbinn. Tho ahovo retptests appear, with signal boconiingness.ln a paper which does not pub lish tliobtief letter on which it solicits our opinion, hut quotes a part of il, surrounding il with such cojntnents us mako it mean just the opposite of what the wholo imports. Mr. Clay had publicly and solemnly declared himself opposed to the nnnexation ofTexas to this country under present or any proba ble ciiciinistances ; whereupon some gentle men wtile him, requesting him to reconcilo this position with his former efforts lo acqniro . I I I t t, . r ' s, ...v. ,xnu oy wnomi uy a toreign entirely chanced, and that he is nerfectlv adventurer, who still smells of bilge-water t consistent in favoring Annexation then, and no is asked why ho onco an aptiaiiagrj of Louisian- a sago of 21 years, rich in second-hand les- 1 opposing it now .u. ,,f ,w.ln!r..l fr V.,..r tvr,,. . considered i exas iii, . , and wrongfully snrrendeted by thu treaty of lughan.und whoso setv.ces to tho country , 1S1,J( !ini no. rt,g!ir(s it i r , o vo cf,bl v ro may bo summed up in having kissed trio linquishod, and not to bo reclaimed. This L'opo s great tool Wo hopo no one will also bo answers thoroughly. Rut all this is cut his straps ; for the Popinjay would sure ly go up, despite his prestations againsl Millerism. Tlltxns at Wasiiixhtox. Letters from Washington assert that President 7'ylor and his advisers aro slill proposing to call an e.xtra session of Congress early in November, and it kept from the sight of the leaders of tho Ple beian, who nrtimnde lo believe that Mr Clay has written another letter to change his posi tion on tho Texas question ! Is this honest, 01 even decent ? A candi date lor President is annoyed with till sorts of questions about his opinions, views, feelings, not only in existing; circumstances, hut inev- erv imuiMnuhh. rinitimmnri- If Iin .nncu',... is said that Air. Calhoun is desirous of bringing f, .,U v, j, 1, easy to pick "a paragraph hero tins about. A cabinet mouling, said to Imc , nnd another there w hich will involve him in t,ct;n . iilled for thu considcrntion nt thlH project, soeniint; rmm ndictlOUS. Hut Wo defy any was bold last Sunday, and lasted Jive hm.rs, but man, by fair quotation on a full comparison it is understood that no definite decision was of his w hole letters, to point out nnv incons made. A correspondent of the N. V. Tribune ' sisleticy in the positions of Mr. Clay. In says that a majority of tho CVhinot is opposed to 1 Ids Raieigh letter of April 17th, Mr. Clay tho measure, and ihat it will in-l ho adopted on s'v s tho re.-pons,ihility of tho whole administration. ".Mexico has not abandoned, but nersnv ores in. Ihn nssertion of her right- by no ital fori eof nrins, which, if suspended, are intended to be renewed. Tndcr these circnni-tancts, if Ihe Cioxernment of the Ciutecl Slates were to n finre Texas, it would acquire nlonsj xv, in u mi me me uniirancc3 wineii Texas is under, manifested by your pohlical Inends ihi- side of 1 tic letter ns a whole, establish beyond cavil, (hat I scc flt,' ' j Mr. Ci.ay occupies now precisely the sumo On tho morning of the fi'th, being the day appoint position on tho Texas question that he ilid in I cd" for tho meeting, I took an early start for I'loas-uit M,...i i. , . .it ; i I Valley, xvilh tlie xiew of being on the spot xx hen the nil last, to w it : tliitt In licvuui Annexation , , , , , , ,- , ! several delegations should arrive, nnd of unking such to involve Aalwnal Dishonor, l-orcign II ar an c-tuuaie of the number, as eirc nnstanees would rr Domestic dhlraction and division, nr. is allow. Tlio conditions of lime and placo xvero well I'hey show too, cl'c"m 10 excite a wliolesome eiilhusiasm, and to iil,,l- ii..., - ....... ,,. ..iii.jtii- iinfsi- iei.ii on. lie lie CU.M.MIJNIOATIOV. Kssex.X. V. Sept. Gib 1811. M n. St r.v t Sin rn u il n ssinir tho trmintili'in t cur. ccs of Whig principle in your town, I have had the ! T1 "lnon-1,""" ,ho :',;''7I "r suspended war between , r .. , ,, ,, . . . . 1 i oxico and lix.as. Of that consrouence, ibere can- picnsurcuiaiicnuinsra .wass x onvciiuon ol me wings not he a (b uht. Amiexaiion and war with Mexico nfl'.ssox County, and thinking that somo noli( o uf nre identical. .Vow, for one, I certainly am not xx il thoallair might bo interesting lo a portion of jour bnn to involve this country in a foreign war for tho readers, I have taken the liberty of sending you such 'TrSLTlS"? '"''".i, ' i ir""' ""'r0 1rB 'h'- ' ,, , , , , " bo regard such a war xx uh indillerenee anil ns a Iri an account, as will t.xln1 it in soiuederee the mlere-t i )lng all'iir, on account of the weakness of .Mexico UTl T.Itt.V OI'POM'.tl TO IT. with qual distinctness, that Mr. Ci.ay will scciidenlst f the w lugs of seveiily-six, who xv, re than, xv Inch annexation is and her inability to inflict si nous injury upon this country i nil i i cio not loon upon it thus lightly. I regard all wars ns great calamines, lo be avoided, if possible, nnd htinora le peace as the xvtscst and truest policy of this country. "I have hitherto considered the question upon tho supination that the annexation isnilempled without the nssi nt of Mexico. If-lie u Ids her consent that would m.itenallv nfleet Ihe foreign aspect of tho ijiii'sTi'-n, if it did not remoxe nil foreign difficulties. On the assumption of that as-tnt, tin question would be confined to the domestic considerations which be long to it, cue racing the ttrms and con litmns upon never lend his sanction to the project until it coming together to sanction and eufoico the enlarged propos, ,J. I th, not think that DEATH OF GEORGE I5EATTY. We havo seldom seen a malicious attempt moi o lighteously iccoil upon the heads of its prnjerlois, than in the ( irciinistances attend ing the deatli of this individual. Aware thai iflefl to himself ho would vote the whig tic can bo effected, to use his own language, " without dishonor, ivithuut war, wilh the commnn consent nf the Union and iqion just and fair tirmi." What stronger or more satisf ictory pledge than this could we ask or expect I A nil how difieiont Mr. Clay's position on the ques tion from Mr. l'oi,tc' ! The latter nomina

ted for the exptcss purpose of carrying through the Ti'xas plot, goes for " immedi ate annexation," war with Mexico, the sanc tion ofTexas slavery nnd the assumption of Texas debts, without consulting the wishes of (lie North, al the risk of the dissolution of the Union and with the ceitainlv of National t and hi era! xievvs of their foicf.nhers, The counly of Hssex is one of iho most irregular and billy ones m the Stale, and therefore I had made but little cab ulation upon xvitucsing a very largo colli'etion, win n in ist who wore to be present must necessarily come from a great distance and over very uncxen roads. l!ut I was soon compelled to ac knowledge ihat I had formed loo disparaging an opinion of them, and of the power and nnportaneo of the principles by which they were actuated, for at an early bo ir large processions began to arruo from tho several districts, with their accompaniment of iiiu-io, and banners, and emblems, nnd mottoes, w hich served to ndd much lo tho clnrmes of that little val ley, which is not only in name, hut m realili pleasant. The lime until two o'clock being taken up in rece v- Texasmtghi tube received into the Union nsnn inle. gralpnrtufit in dec did opi osiiion 'o the wishes of a t onsidernl.le and re-peetable portion of the confeder acy. I think it fir mote wise mid important to com pose and harmonize the present con federaev, asp noxv exists, than lo introduce a tie x element of discord and distraction inlo it." After stating other obstacles to Annexa tion, among thu Debt of Texas, Mr. Clay concludes : "I consider tho Annexitim of Texas, nt this time, without the ass uu of Mexico, as t measure comprom ising the national character, invulving us certainly in war with Mexico nr Jinhlv xvnb other tort n noxiers. dangerous to the integrity of the Union, inexpedient in the nresenl financial condition of the country, nnd not called for by an y w neml cxpif smn of pul he opinion. 1 am, respectfully, your obe'ient servant. II. CI.AY." el, some twenty hicofocos l.iitl seige lo his j lhonor. Mr. Ct.xv, on the contrary, re guiding all those as " Ion great sacrifices to ,,.!.. ,,. ,t, ,.,:,, i ,,,,, i,;, ,.,,. iiiai.c or un; aiioisiituH nj i cias, sierntv with liquor, narcotics, and other doses, till Tuesday, when ho was taken to the polls, bx bis locofoco' keepers with the palsy of d, -lib upon him, and his vote icceived outside, f r ti...- .t. -.... i ...I .. and piovidtng for the del, gations, xve had ample ,, ' p, '"""""" osiuniis oi , .i .,:.. .i... , , Mr. Ld.iv. lias he since uttered one s bi ble adverse to or inconsistent xxitbtbem? II so, orodure it! It cannot be done. Mr. -10 8 a frrn ne'-nle wo are nernutted to cnioy 1 am geni'cineii, respectfully, your ub't serx't, II Cl.W .Messrs. Thorns M. I'etcrs nnd John .M. Jackson. IMPORTANT IN V ENTION. The conversion of wood inlo iron am stone fur inihoad purposes is exciting much interest in England. If the e.vpeiimenl bears iho test of tliotongh tii il, il will add immense Iv In the f.icdiiv of construct!!!!' railroads. s, from the nature of iheir soil ehm ite mid pro- I y(, engineers and lliose ronrnrned ions, xvtutid not adimt of lliose iiisiituiions. n , , 1 ., ,. r ., , .,, . i i ml, iheieforo, ibeie would he iwo slave an I ibrce ' 'ho building of raihoads will not delay in testing too value ol tins new Discovery. I lie ol a letter from I nil. luinio'i. Ihn tnrl ot the conlederacy which is now xve.ikost would find itsell still weaker, from tho iin possilniity ofsecuimg new theatres for those p cubar institution-, which it has charged wilh hcin' desirous to extend. llni w mid Texas ultimately, really add strength to dial which is now eonsi lereil Ihe weakest pall of the confederacy "1 If my uif.iriuanon be collect, it xxotild not, According lo ihat, ihe lerntnry of T' .xas issu ecplihlo of a division into five sirees nf eonxi tin lit size ami form. Of these, two cnlx would be adaptt d to lliose peeu'iar institutions pi which I haxe referred, and the otlu r ihree lying west and north ol San n- tonio, henig oulyailapteil to l.irnnug ami gr.i'mgpur poses, duetii; Iho en tree slates proti inlv a incu lo tlie tuuon. It ilnsxiew oi .in, sou nun geogr-.nv in t . mis oe , o, reel, n ,,,,. , extract ill a letter oppose nnd those who are urging annexation. ""'l-'ht, Dated London, . I lino lb, lb 1-1, and Should Texas be annexed to ihe Union, the Untied , published ill the Uostou Chronicle of Juno Sintes will as.-iime and become responsible f' r the' If) will sliotx-linw tlin matter is regarded bv debt ofTexas, be Us amount what il ninv. What it . . r. ,i.,,i . is I do no. know certainly j Iml the least I have se, n I ' I 1 1 1 y II t men ol England : it stated w thirteen millions of dollais. And this re- Utit lately, a good deal is said about wood, anil sponsibihty will exist, wbciher Ibero he a stipulation a ,,atent m's heen taken out for converting it in. ui I "be treaty or not express v n-su,,,,g . he paynient , , ,j , . , a)s of tho debt of lexas. I-or 1 suppose it lo lie ututcni- . . ,,,, . , ., -r- , nblo lint, if one n iiion becomes incorporated in an- of 'bis mctahzul. or rather fossil i: d other, all ihe dolus, and obligations, and iiicumbran-' xvootl, has heen tired III constructing the terini ces, nnd wars of ihe incorpoiated nation. Income the mis of the Dover railway, and it really seems to debis, and obligations, and incumbrances, nnd wnrs mo 1(,t, ,M, prp0rtiP, f stouo anil iron cf the common nalion created by the incorporation, j ,U)s ,lf K (imn) at Vau.xb.ill, for cxporiment If nnv r.nrnpean na'ion entertains any ambiii' us ; endured a travel equal to that of a year on tho .lesbns upon lexas, such ns thai of eolonizing her, or lt,n t (i rnrocl railway, without any perceptible miecrnd ..1,0 tuehor Sintes to oppose lo meh designs ihe most firm nnd being removed. It is supposed that timber thus determined lesistance, to the extent, it necessary, of prepared will not be subject to rot or decay of appealing to arms in prevent the aecoinnhshment of any kind. 'Ibis, time will lest. If this proves nnv such desi.;ns. The l'.xeeutive of ihe United States .,;,, ,), nv0l()n x, he (, imineiise luipor- ought to lie informed ns to the nuns and views of for- ' , , t.,,, .i,.,r,. ,,,!,- ij ,.ni rien Powers with regard lo Texas.and lint, if there j '" 'he United .-late-, whore timber h ct benny of iho exceptionable chnractir which I have p'cntter. anil iron scarcer than hero. Iho pro. indicated, tho Kxecn'ive will disclose to the eo-ordi- cess of preparing Ihe limber is simply this : the nntn departments of lite Cox-ermtient, if not to tlio pieces, after h iviiu' been lilted by the carpenter public, iho evidence nf them. From what I have r :,)lK,r f,)r ,(,ir pac0!l nr0 introdured into an eenV'forJlnll " n,!d ''emnW cyh.uler xvhlch is .I.e., exhausted ,im.n,nn.,.l,.. ,l.elnr,d (Iml she is ,l,.slr,,s UV ail air DHIJ1P. A Sol UtlOII llf SlllpliatC (it Imll only of the independence of Texas, nnd thai elm lias j is then injected, which immediately enters into nu intention lo interfere in her domestic institutions, the e.xh lusted pores of the wood. Tlio wood is If she hns made such disavowal and declaration, 1 ' i,Gn withdrawn, and again plared in a similar prcsiimeilieyareiiiihepossessioiioflhel.xeculive. ,,,. ., Sl)i,(,n of muriate ol lime, which, In ihe future progress of events, it is probable lint comillg-tif contact vvtb the sulphate uf iron with there mil he a voluntary or forcible st partition of Ihe I ;., ,t... T,.,t , I..,.,,, ,,...., ,t nml fnroia no iosol Ilrtlisli is'iirlb Amerienii possessions from the parrnt I , , ,i i ', , r i, ., ' , .il,!n il,n country. I an, slr-ngly inclined to think that it w.ll Mo fllpbato of lime, or gvp.siin, within the be bcM for the happiness of nil partu s ilnt, in tint , wood ; and the muriato of iron, Iho other now event, ihey should bet reeird inlo n stnarn.e nml in- coinii inn. I. eoes about its business. So the dependent ltepnbbe. W'nh ihe Canadian Republic on ! wood becomes thoroughly impregnated with on" sine in mo i exns ., ntiier nml the I. mice ,.,,, ar) llfl a r0(.;, ,) yet as Intlgll as II .. . .. .. -, .... - , ...... ,. .si, ,, i ., , r 'e.n Whins elerted All opposed Whig maj, in the IIouso do do do .Senate .it 115 il 91 12 iK'-nen lis own bappiness by such eoiisli'ini-ins. id tnens'ires, ns w-( re be. ndnptetl to us ptcu f - . I'ldi'ion, 'I'hey would be natural nllies, ready, i opern'ion, to repel any I'liropenn or foreign nt i U noon either. Hich would nflbrd a secure n fugo n ilio persecuted nnd oppressed drum inloexdehy (tier of the others. They would emulate each other in ihe science f'f s lf-govrrnrnent. Whilst Texns has ndopied our eonsiuuiiou us die motif I ol be rs, she has, in sevcinl important particulars, greatly unproved upon it. Although I havofi'lt compelled from the nature of Ihe inquiries ii'turesseil lo me, to extend this eomniii. Ideation to a much greater lent, lb than I could havo wished, I could not do justice lo tho (-object, and fmrly anil fully expose my own opinions in a shorter spare, In conclusion, they may ho stated in a fexv words lo Whig niupnity on joint ballot! 103 This is ton large a majority for conve vience, 1 nt we must put up with it, sinco the people so desiie. One thing xve opine, is shown conclusive ly by the election iu Vermont, and that is, that Loco I'olkisui is dead and buried for ever among the Green Mountains. IJuried beneath a popular majority of fourteen or Itlteen tliousaiiu votes, il can never uwaue to vitality again in its present shape. Many of its votaries, disgusted with tho scenes al li.illimme, anil too sutisrepient events, h ive come out and joined the Whigs, while a still larger portion havo sought tefuge in the Liberty L'arty organization. They havo given over their party and its pernicious doctrines foiever, and shown their wisdom by a timely escape, even though they could not all reconcile themselves to tho idea of joining their old advetsaries at the fust They x ill soon seu that tho Hue Interests ol Vetmont aro identified with tho policy ad vacated by the Wliigs, and nothing further will then be wanting to induce them to join in a hearty and straight-forward support of that pulicy. Vermont lias found "where sbo is to go, and has proclaimed tier determination in thunder tones to the Union. Let her sister States follow where sho has so often and so unswervingly led, and tho cup of our nation al prosperity will bo full. was before. Tho expense of preparing yuiiu sleepers. en"iigh for a mile ot railway, is not lo exceed !i 100. Some of the greatest engineers have oxtiro'seil their confidence in the invention and tho process i employed on many ol the gov nrnment works. What an invention for our Mississippi Valley ! It.iilvxays built of light, porous wood, tho more porous, tho better, proha- i.i .. , ., .i - i .I..M my may, tor less in i o a i uousai ti no i.irs pt-i i ,, r pe, , , .,, le. ho converted into mnd.s. nearly, if not Tho nsspmbUgu from Clinton, Essex and quite, as durable as iron. Yankees, I think, will I'ranMiii Counties, and front this State was nut Do long in Ioolinii; into this manor. the reason that he was too far gone lo leave the vehicle in which he rude. He was then retui ned to his w il'e and cbildien, and died on Monday follow iug. I!ut the infamy of this ffiir remains to be told. No sooner was his esperale condition known, than a concerted ttleiTipt was made to father it upon the wliigs. To this end, sonic half dozen ttn nointod scoundrels weto employed lo circu- report that the deceased hud made a dying lecl.iration of his conviction that he had liiioii poisoned by the whigs, as he had drank al three w big shops the day previous to the election! This was lo bo foitilied by the de claration of the attending physician that be vidently died from the effects ol poison. On this capital locofocoism for a few hours did a largo business, and really gloated over the pro-pect of loading down with eternal inf.iuiy thieo of our tuosl lespoctod towns men, who were as innocent of the transac tion as thu child unborn. Hut truth is om nipotent, and public justice cet tain. A pub lic investigation has proved ibis p.ut of the story to bo a most fuul and malicious fabri cation. Realty nover made the statement alleged ; ho had not been at tho places allu ded to for many days previous to tho election ; nor does it appear that ho bad ever, under any circumstances, drank at either place Early on Monday a coroner's jury was cmpannoled ; a postmortem examination mado by our first physicians ; and a thor ough investigation of tho wholo matter gone into. Tho result was, a unanimous verdict of death from excessive use of intoxicating liquor. The facts proved before the jury were in substance these. Realty was taken from homo on Monday, in a statu of intoxica tion, and carried by Mr. Jenner to his house on Waler-st. where he was treated, fed, and kept during thu day. About seven o'clock an attempt was mado to gel him into a wag gon to carry him off; but finding him to wary for this operation, ho was again invited up to .Tenner's bar to dunk, where a largo dose of laudanum and brandy was sectetly pie pared for him, of x hich ho drank a part, but detected and ifjerted it. Ilow many other doses wero given hint, does not appear ; but thu bottle of laudanum was procured about two o'clock. Tho next wo hear of dually sets his lace against a piojecl xv hich coinpto mils the National Honor, involves us in an unjust and iniclii isti in war, endangers thu in tegrity of the Union, ami destioys, at one blow, the peace, pnisperity and reputation of tliu American Republic. Albany live. Jour. THE I'LATTSRURGII CONVENTION. Again, as in 1810 have tlio Vermonters accepted an invitation fiom their brethren in Maltsburgb to join them in celebrating tho is about an hour after this, nt iho house o iinniveisary of the glorious fight of Septem ber 11, 1814 on iho ground consecrated by iho valor of tho citizens of both states. A fMTNi: at -mi: It nu Si'i.finm Spuinos. ftvuto eight thousand. A stand was erected MM... CO.... t t.. r..l-..n.l It. it... .l. n......1...r mul nnnlhni- for tlin nr-ennt- ....... - , . - - I III! II UH IIS I III- l IS I I' I II tt.ll III IIIU Or U J l-IHUl,l,,.M i.mu.mv, ,.. ,u .ti.uu,- be, tint I consider the annexation of Texns, nt this1 , . , ,, ... ,. ,, n. 1 1 , ,. ,. , , ,, , time, witbnm the tissent of Jlextco.nsn measure enm-1 yhai lesion ( a.) Republican ol Iho L'Ulh ,1I0(1 ;i 1 1 uti of 500 ladies, which last was filled prnniismg mo naiiouni cnarneier, inv uving us cer- llistiini, n j 'i'i.n rwuhMexiro, prnhibly will other for. Jamei M. Mason, r.f Winchester, m a politi. Dan Spalding, whoro he was guarded du riti" the night by five or six locolocos by them conducted In iho polls in a (lying con dition by them leturnedto his family and ho is now in Ins grave. No Whig had aught cry largo, being variously estimated at from j to do with him, at or near tlio election. Ho was proved to nave neen exclusively in inu hands of thu locnfuros; by them guarded ; by iheni dosed Ood knows how many limes and by them rent to his long account. These tiro tho simple facts, anil here we pro- to ovei flowing. imposing, and presep procession was very erous interest. NEW YORK LOCOFOCO NOMI- N TIONS. A Democratic Convention of County del egates for tho State of Now York, was held on Wednesday last, nt Syracuse, for the nomination of candidates for Governor and other State Officers, and for Electors of Rtesident nnd Vice I'lesident. The selec tion of a candidate for Governor likely to command the united support of tho patty, has evidently been a matter of much difli- ulty. Gov. Rouck, who has held the office but a singlo term, was entitled to expect a re-nomination, but iho parly appear (o havo been satisfied that they stood no chance of success, but by bringing into the field a tnoro popular candidate. Mr. Wright of tho Sen utu of tli3 United States, was named some time sinco through the public papers, as the most available candidate, but tho nomina tion thus made, was declined by him, as per- iniptotily as was that for the Vice Presiden cy, liy tlio li.illimoro Uonventton. (to lias twice formally declared his unwillingness to boa candidate. Tho Convention have, not withstanding, formally nominated him and Il hough his acceptance has not been re ceived, ihe Albany Argus says, that his ac ceptance " ought not to bo doubted, and is not to be doubted, for a moment." One accustomed lo trust to Mr. Wright's posttivo asseveration, might, iiottriilistmidiug this assurance, perhaps be justified in enter taining :t shadow of a doubt, whether, after the declaration contained in bis Into letter, he will accept. On tho fust ballot ho re ceived 1)5 votes, and Wm. C. Rouck, iho present Governor, 30. " Whereupon, on motion," fcc. " Silas Wtiglit of St. Law rence, was declared lo be unanimously nom inated, by tho Convention, under cheers loud and long continued." Addison Gard ner of Monroe County, was nominated for Lieut Governor. The Convention then by ballot, nomina ted for Electors at large, lieiijamin F. llut ler and Daniel S. Dickinson, and confined iho nominations of the delegates of the seve ral Cougicssiouul Distiicls, of n candidate for each district to the number-of !M. Candidates for Canal Commissioners were then nominated, viz. Nathaniel Junes, who is now Surveyor General, Stephen Clink, Daniel l llissell and .lonas Kuril. Tho ihreo last named aio present Canal Commis sioners. Wo trust that notwithstanding tlio despe ralo effort of (ho paily, of taking a camlidaio tune to examine', nnd enjoy the Hems of interest xvhiel. each was contributing to the common s oekj and 1 I xvas paiticularly struck wuh tho compn In nsivencs of lite idea, as slndovvi d forth upon a very large ban ner, born iu front of a large delegation from San ly Hill. The device i-onsiste-d of a pair of sca'c, by means of which the two panics were being xx, i lied m iho ert-ous uf Iheir rtsurclivo leaders. Henry Clay had borne Iin extremity to the ground, xvhtlo Polk standing upon the other platlorin xv is lifted in the ntr, although old Hickory was hanging onto it b'licaih, and Van Itiircn also, Ik wailing in a pitiful manner th" publi. ation of his Texas Idler. lVIk xvas holding in his baud a tlag, on which was xviillen "Annexation or disunion," also, "woo! should be du ty free," nnd "not one farthing for protection," which were iu ficthisovxn words, whilst n little nbove him xvas as near ns I could judge-, n xery good represen tation of i lie Devil, xvilh hi- uncouth wings, and sca ly body, mul bushed mil, hissing f, rth as the pohti cil aduser of I'ollt, "Nulifieuion," "a larchy" and "war." Tho banner iu the hand of Clay had in scribal upon il, "Protection to American Indus! rj." 'Distribution of the funds arising from the sale of the Public Lands," and " no annexation," while over his band flew a Dove bearing in its bill an Olive liianch wilh the mono ' I'ence." There was a large proce-sion liom the valley of tho Ausab'e consist ing of liG7 and rolling in front of them, a ball ixxelvo feet in diameter, beautifully moulded, on which were written the leading measures of whig policy, nnd the slates which tho wings claim for themsilxcs in the pending contest. It xvas certainly a most splendid affair, both in design and execution, and indicated xxcll for the mechanics of our land, who need but tho protection and patron ago of government, to enable iheni lo compete suc cessfully w ilh tlmseof any other country under heav en. Jloriab also furnisheil a largo delegation, xxnh a good h mil of miisi in front, followed immediately bv a largo waggon, in xvluch xv.re twenty-six beautiful young ladies, represenuiig the States of tho Union, (not fighting wuh e'ach oilier, mind you,) bill singing harmoniously ihe patriotic songs of their country. Another elelegationiarrivi'd, headed by n team con sisting of 23 yoke of oxen, drawing a load of a hun dred persons, most of xvliom were smiling ladies, nil heartily responding lo ilie'motio on tho banner xx-av- iug over their heads, viz ; "The ladie's all go for union lo a man, but not to Texas" And a comprehensive one it was too, in that involved not only one of the most indispcnsablo coin'iuons of our national pros perity, but the ground also of our social existence. An encouraging idea it was indeed, that tho females of this rugged region would ihen come together in i r der to sympaihizo w ith us in our laudable dibits, re minding us uf tho Indoniiiab'c spirit ot the Spartan dames, who formed bowstrings from their flowing curls for'their fighting heroes. At about two m the afternoon tho Contention or ganized under the direction of Hon. Henry H. Hoss as Chairman, and xvas a Id res si d by fieu. Heigers, .Messrs. Northrop and Colter, by all of whom the leading quc-tions now agitating our country were discussed xvilh uncommon candor nnd force. 3Ir. -Northrop confined himself inoie definitely to the claims otaprottttite tariff, and succeeded in present ing its merits in such a way as must have tli-pelled from every unbiassed mind the forced and flimsy ob jectionsof its opponents. Mr lingers enlarged upon tho topics already ptesentrd, more particularly Ihat touching the annexation of Te.xas, nnd the important relations flowing from it. That iiiii'ical Culver xvas on hand, whose fiunliarity with all the greatmics tions.and ready wit, enabled bun lohold in equilibri um for more than two hours " an ocean of upturned laces." His address was interspersed xvith numer ous tausuauie illustrations, somo ot tlic in in a manner trite, J ct all set foith nnd applied in such a xvny as rendered them interesting and happy illustrations of tho subjects advanced. The aitcnlmn of tho niectui; was afterwards occupied for a tunc by other speak era, xk hen they adjourned, nlf well satisfied with the aelucveinentcot the day, and nll'ording by their uni led ell'oi Is at that tune, a sure promise ihat iboconi produre it 1 Clay stands inflexibly opposed to anv such Annexation us Air. I x Icr necniiaieil and Mr. I'ulk nidentlv advocated and slill advocates. He is immovably opposed t Annexation while Te.xas remains at war it ith Mexico, anil nt any lime without the deliberate assent of that power. This obtained, be is still op posed to il so lone; ,,s finv considerable por tion of the States composimr (ho present Union shall resist it. Tli.il is onoiigdi. Tho rest will take cue of itself. On the princi ples laid down by Mr. Clay, there can be no Annexation fertile purpose or with the effect of extending, fortify ing and peipetuating Sla very. Hut we never understood ditl anv man 1 that Mr. Clay's objection was to the ac quisition of the territory ofTexas per st ? All know that he tried to acquiie il while Secretary of State. Under a gteat, a total change of circumstances, ho now resists it. Te.xas, her virgin soil public property, ob tained at a trilling cost by the amicable ces sion of Mexico, might have been an acquisi tion ; but Texas at war, deeply in debt, her lands become private propel ty, and her ac quirement cet lain to plungo us at once into foreign strife and domestic convulsion, is a different affair. So thinks Mr. Clay. What intelligent, considerate man can think other wise 1 Mr. Clay does not think and feel, as wo do and must feel, on the subject of the Sla very of Te.xas. This was manifested in his fust letter, as well as in his last. Our dis sent, and the ground of it, shall be fairly sta led. Mr. Clay sax s in bis letter last pub lished : " I do not think that the subject of Slavery ought to atl'ict the question, one xtay or the other. Whether Texas be uidepi ndtnt, or ineoiporaltd in the Ui ited Suit s, I do not beheic it will prolong or sbortt n llio duration of thai institution. It is desuned to I ecomo extinct, at some distant tlax. in my opinion, by iho oroiaiion of the inevitable iaws ot population. It would be unwise to refuse a permanent acquisition which will exist as Ions as the globe remains, on ac. count of a temporary institution." Now we concur heartily in the assumption that Slavery is a temporary institution, which inevilaldu laws nre now tending to abolish. Ilul wo see in ibis Texas iniquity, from its first seriut and fraudulent inception in Ten nessee and at the Whim House ten years ago to its piesent daunting maturity, a conspira cy to ciieumveut "tho inevitable laxvs uf pop ulation" and theteby secure a proloncrd and unnatural duration of Slavery. To this con spiracy, the Free Slates cannot become par ties, even by a skulking connivance, without fearful guilt. They ought to have taken iheir stand against any extension of their re sponsibility for Slavery when Louisiana was acquired, but they neglected it, and thereby prolonged tho existence of Slavery in tlio Union at least half a century. When they did mako their stand, in IS 1 9, on the admis sion of Missouri, it was too late, and they were woisted, as they deserved lo be, though their efioit had neatly destroyed the Union. Now, with tho Past as a beacon, if they con sent to caive out a new empire for Slavery, thus securing It a wider lange, afresh soil, a quicker market, more power, and another half-century of superadded existence, they will be guilty of it great crime not merely, but of driveling idiocy and suicidal madness. Tho end and aim of 'this whole Texas plot, from tint I'lll.itnmis cn.r ailed IteVollltlOll (0 plicated afiairs of this country will in iho course of I ,is momplt nr0 ,1()s nvoucd by Mr. Wise tmeo inouins unuergo an nnporiani suupiioanon. ,en ho declared that ''Slavery shall pourj .rrririliiir In tlm itirttsi (vtiKiirnlA unhiniiliilinn I ,.t 1.1 " " "w vvttt . ,.;, :T itself across the Continent wtiiioui rcstrl arrived, I should say th, y could not have vm d much 1,hI '.,0 , ''"''Vm , r CI lbs intk fiom 1.G00. xvbnh ,sa n - .i,u. , .., Tins is ttli.it our .ni nro I lul.s ami .-. tt t.:,...:il f. loir, 'her from a couniv e,n..,l ..i Knilers mean "nf" "". ' ;j II U 11 1 1 1 HI Ul-lliliu iHIII3l ins ii ill, 1UI nil' OH- (- '- - - . .. . ( !-,., .1.1,11 -iiwl f Iv , iii.. . .i. ........ i ct ....! tent ol em , .Minni i t y oi'iab- iho blesstUCs t)l I let liom liui nose oi ax iiiing iiiifinsi-iii-s ui in" I'l'iiiitnii' y , ,Un to not us. we uo uiu ij