Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 20 Eylül 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 20 Eylül 1844 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

5 'griSSW NATIONAL WHIG TICKS T. FOR PRESIDENT, or KN.S'TUCKY. FOR VICeTrESIDENT, THE!). Fit KUNflHUVSEX, of xiurjniisiiY. ro.i Ktcciona, .tnimnui ii. iiAUitis, ., , .lUIIN I'i: IC. largo. 1st. dm. CALVIN TOWNSI.KY, : i cuti.os cooliuge, 2; dist. Ill N.t.WIIN SWIFT. tut. i::t.sTu.s fuiuianks. VERMONT & MASSACHUSETTS RAIL-KOAJ). Letters to linn. Tlios. II. Perkins, or lloston. Leitkk I. Sin: TI10 interest you have marifestrd in the yieat rnlcririj of connecting vniir city with the .V. iti' of Vermont. Iiv 11 Railroad, ns euuecd by the 1 piViii 111 ih.j mi i!m '20 1 1 , in nil tint outer I nsc, ha in 'need me to ntiuiiit in lay Wore you ..inn faela nnil ctiii'iili-intioiiM. which will. I tiusi, 'hit VMir cunillence in tint measure ii nm 'Hisplitcd. lining been , familiar with ) h i'v "t iliilrnid m litis (, ii,inwf.iltli,ini,l lm. nj rtiviwn Iho character of the cases tin- ilil): n-iii ru pint - wye ,,l,,. 10 tint, ,. .. wlirn rhpy have o it 11 ej their c 1 trt.'ri, I Ii iv- n 1 he t nicy in siv '. I.' 111 11 me pro.p t . f n profitihlf investment in ll-.i- t-i m-int and JI ii idids. ii.m Railmil l9 n(.r I'nti it i in tho f.. ,,f nnv uf the groit linos from Ih-ntviil Hi t n . when ttn-ir slock was tali on up A 11111 tin- clii is r ,,.. frosiaand sums of ;i nuiluMii chin-ite this species i.f miiTiii: 1,11. pMieuicu', were pniMein ilic il j aid tin. nmst s in 1: inn', it I 1 it il.iy, ili I 11 11 nnticipale that iuoicae of I.UMiie. which subsequent experience has shown lint thee main -tii.illy runic. I believe. alo, 1)1:11 we nil show an a nut nt business oil ibis nnil, nearly as great as eviic.l 1111 any other line, li-n tli'iir ruid wore commenced, ami a t renter prospect cifnir-n-a.p. whi'o the mid ii-elf will eni i)..t nunc thiiMnlf 13 much per iiii'o. as the Eastern. Lovvill. Providence, Worceser, or Wrsinn roads. j Tie ifen nl Dlncllou or l!o-ile nf the Hoad. ( j uii wi re in spriau ine 111 in ol ,c v i:nghnd In fore 1 yu, Willi all tin ruilmids now ro iMroeled 111 irked ; o ,t upu.i 11, nnil ncre now to select 11 poriioii ofooun- wmi 11 wasile.-iiluio nf tlio enuiiiion fietlilies of tlio'! iliy.ani! would at tho same lime sininnrl n .. ........... i;n nun uieciiv iiv uusiniss ti nnsaulions. l a Iro id. nnd .ul.l to the w(allh mul IiiiMtiess ol voui ' Verrnoni mid Masachu etts ILailrnad Unversed n see city. eve. would at once rest upon tint broad ti'iti ot'eountry now tinnceoiiiinodated bv any r.ailroail epiec wmr h lies between the 'ine nl railroul winch i f-iHIme. and that the road was locatiil wheie it would no s irrjui iwinii to ioucoro, A. II. on the one liniid, I 1 1, oil the one Imnd, I the oilur. This wdo i nun iroin nosion to .iii.inv on ;jaeeoieoiiniryis ihe icry portnn which is into s.oteil and iliudeil inlo two ne irlv t'Tial porlijns. by I'u rj-ad now propi,se,a section ol country so jm ti. riant 'hat il allia-ted ihe earliest attention of ihe l.cL'Is.aillie; ior you will rcc ret t lilt I ... I.VinL in ... , .... , nm ice. irci mat tliu i r:inklin i Kaili rlnrier, iho first rhirier 'r.iiited in the ! Stain ll.t.rul .I..- ....... . - ... 1 u none a route s i leadline i that Mr. lialcaviu, after examining ru-rv lino from I IS uton to llie Connecticut river, sfbcled It as ih best route fur a canal. This broad Unci of country H not only suflicietilly extrusive to support a I a, I I mil, but to do tt wnlir.iit iinpairniL' the business of nriy other road now m operation. The Vermunt an I ?I.issic iiisetts ltnlrnid coniiuenecs at 1'iicliburt'h. 1 nbout firiy-tiio niihs from lloston, and is at that all int thirty fiom I. nvell. the ncirest points on each of ihose rouls j and as the contemplated roa I pro ceeds weslcily, it diveririM more an I more from both nf those hne, ,, that when it reaches llraltlchoto', I" round niiaihets, 100 m.les fmin an I CO or 70 from Spruii;fi, ld. JI.. nnd Concord, N II.. the nearest, main points on the other ro ds. Thus niuated, it will be seen tint this road is dcsi.'neil lo nceoniinodatenii iiidepen 'cut lino of travel, nlid will ni: interfere wi h ihe present business on either of th' other roads. I am aware, howner, that lher may lie someper syis who nnv fiar that it will divert travel from the Worcester or Wi stein rnvl-, nnd so inj ire ihns(. eor n irattins. llut all siu.h fears are perfectly nrnand less. I hey arise from a narrow view of the tilieet I-.very man aenu iir,i,., with the subject knows that a lar.'e share of lie busincs of everv mad is found or ric.aird nlonj the line nf the mad. I am willi .. to allow (for I uilcnil lo pros .in. all tho f lets as I hclieie them !oexi-t) ihit tin- road, when eouipleteil. wou'd divert some n.avrl from the Worcester and Western r in Is. it will h'avu a rcmimeratiiiu' e(t, which wll Inl nice all the injury don.., It will lake some travel from these roads, and it will turn nm- travel upon them. Kor instance: a .'"nlleunti at llratile bom Invins b isiness at W.-Mboroii .h, would now take the stair from liiatllebom' to Worcester, and then travel on the railroad ten milesltn WeMboroii'.h but if the coiiieuiiIatc.l railroad were eoiistriicinl.lni would take tho mi I to Haston anil en up ihe Wore -s-tr-r road thirty miles to Wc-ilinrnueh. llut the L-real lemiineraiins consideration is, ilm this road would increase the business and population of your city and hence menus the travel and business 'on every Mid lo ulini; to llie city. It is a narrow view nf ib,. I' ' " '.""i iwcoiv-nve miles tiom Worcester and I fiihjeel tu oppnsd any new improvement b 'cause it ' may tiy pos,',, py irn business in .a new channel. I l.xperieneL-nli t nuariably shows that nil new f.i- ci. i irs in ciiiiimiitiic'ition ,ni-eun k..:.,,,.. ... .i... Cl.llles in COIUinutiic'itioil mrrenue hnb;.,rc.. ... .1... extent, that the whole community arc gamers in the T'lis riitrM.I i f il ;""ro i ivi.i.nny siiiiaieu m anoiner r.iiuer man nil snort nt tliu capi'al reqnircil." In re-n?ct, II Conner, icui riu-r just where il j some of tlie first railroads, the engineers had not siifli will tiring nio t tiavil and bu-ine-s upon iho mid, tpnt experience lo estimate with nrcat a 'curacy, and end so contribute most :o tho business of your mo- const qucnlly, iheeost generally exceeds thees im.iies Itop.ilis. tin-Western road striked tlio Connecticut Hut e.xp.'iience Ins enabled them to estimate with 1 1 low down, that p is unnlile tn ni rest the business more accuracy j besides, iherei-a s. on the river, and much of it tl-alsdown lo Hartford, pride, perfectly laudable in in its character, which in nnil soon to New ork : or, if it arrosis .sonic of ths duces every engineer to roier iho cost of the work by business, it is I'oinpc.led to tram-porl nl a irce so low his estimates. This would naliually lead litem to e a-tontlord mile or no profit lo the road. This rir- timale sullieienlly high. Such, nt all events, has Pitinslance nlone ibuniushes bo h the business nnd been the cao with ,Mr. Whitwell, who, I am inform, the prints of ihe W, stern road. I!ut no such nbjec- c-d. built the Concord, N II., road for less than his lion can Ho ngunst the mid in contemplation. It ' estimate. Prom these circumstances I have reason riacties tho river in the riabi plnee to secure the great-1 to believethat Ins estimates will siflicienlly (stamouiil ofirade. if n was niurli lo.ier. it could hijh to covrr the cost of the mad. Ily examiiiiiw his not arrest the bu miss down the valley. What came estimates, I find ,e has made i. liberal allowance for iro ii atioyo vvo ! I eriniiun to descend, and find its rock cms, even where the presumption i-stron" that way in .-,ew orl: j or, if arr.sied by this road, the no rock will be found. I bavcal n compared his esli ttisiness must lie d inn nl rates which could furnish males in several piriieul ns. with llie nciual cost of no prohtsto tlie rnvl. And if the road struck tho the same items on other roads, and all these cnnipiri Uoiinee unit nine. i hi-licr n.i, it would bushlm luui. sons urengthen my confidence in the safety nf his nr'Sli low. The topography r.f country shows nt estimates. I will mention a few items, illustrative of oner, lb it the business on Ihemer will naturally de- this point. Mr. Whitwell esiinntrs land ilamaeesnnd fcenil mat valley, unless turne 1 nsids by some miill-1 fencing nt nn average of S1300 (I drop the odd dollars) mulleins. lillSUiess thlrlv llll'lS ahoiH Itrnll!!,. n.' I ner mile fr.,.., l.'oel,!,.,,,. ... 11..., I..I TI...... i ,1.1111191 nei es.nruy rou II I. h and if von were reduced to thn necessiiv of in'.ir i! fiom Connecticut river, and were desirous or obtain. ng the largest possible quantity, 1011 would dim the stieaiiial the lowest point nt which you mold com ma ii I the water, knowing tint if you struck ihe river too high yon would lose ihe water of the tributaries which fill in below thai point ; and if vou siriieh il ton low, you would not have sufficient heid In bring the water tn the city, I'recivly the fame principle upphi s to this railroad. If the Concord road I e con tinued lo the lake, il might supply tho wints, nnd tike Ihe b 'sine's of iheupn" pari of iho Connecticut river va'ley, but you would Insj nil the business r.f tho southeastern portion nf the Slnto nf Vermont; whi-rrns. by inlerfeciing the valley nt Greenfield or Northfield, vou not only secure the business nf the lower, but of the upper portions: of I lint State, tin. I nl the sime tiniii nccennimnrlate the maiiuf.icluriiij sec linn, l.elwren rilebhiirgli nnd the river, nnd s'cure the trnde nf i'ran' lin county. Though the people nf Ibision cannot be rrgardrd ns selfish or local in their feelings, yel il must , nn additional recoininrnda lion to this line, that it will nrconiniojale our own peon'e, aad ilmt il irnvcr-es our own Stale, nnd is subjet tnour own nifo nnd slablo legislation j where ns a line lo the Like, via Concord. N, II., would fur-n'-h no faeililies lo our own citizens, nnd would be subject toiha narrow mid illiberal policy of the slate a policy which would greatly enhance iho cost of the road, and render tlieinvestmcnt insecure after the roid was constructed. The proposed road is nut only so situited ns not to unci fere with nny other road, hut th topography of Ihecounlry s.eme to forbid the cnnslriiciinn of nny other mad which will interfere with this A roid in this di eetinn must necessarily follow un the stren ms wldolifall into Iho north branch of the Nnslnia, nnd en ss iho summit in We-tminsiernr Ashbnrnhim, the Inwist portions of the White Mountains in this sec. lion nf Iho counliy. On the sooili the high lands in 1'rinceinn. and on the north the Monndnnck rmige in N, , , .1 ew Hanips lire, render nny other passage over the summit Hilary iinprnclicable 11ns is nifTiriently ' obvious from Ihe general face of tho country, nnd is ' rietnonstrably shown by the surveys of naldwm and others. I have presented this point more distinctly, 1 hieauso no prudent capitalist will invest in a road , which may in a short time be .uperseiled by another. nJZrZL 'b"e,,'fef ,h:,,'?f'-- come in lint place, if tl.e Hens, nn llie road from W orcester inSnrinefield. cost I were COIlstrucleil, WllllO I Usllless I lirlv miles SlfiOd ner note NW.,..,n.r.,. ... ,.i,.,.i ...:.i. low would sctk a man by some other line of titivtl the two mutes, must see lint 81300 per mile, on this iwcr down Ihe va lev. The oood nnml. r.rili,.. mint , ni L,.i kl..l. ... QIHin,.. .Uit ..r.l.- , . ' . : i wc...... ir,-, u ,,i v i u, u "ii i ii 1 1 i. o iioii iii ine ave a nrniert of hnnsinis soil .-ii..r ... ,t, tv,..,.,n .....i i.. .i r. i... .i !i :'' - ' " tun or ni p'nsreot of nnnllief rond which will take tlio same I1110 unravel. Tho only lines which could lio llioiiglil of, tire the line 10 the lako frnin Concnrd, N. II , nr.d the line fnini apriiiiifield tip Iho Cniinitlicii:. Hut iiiilhniBis to bcfeaitd from tithtr of Ihrte routes, If Hie ttni Ii is at once Ulirn up, mid the load cotisttuct eil to llralllekiri null, till the cnercies of Iho mlcf ptisiiiL' stale ol Vermont, and ol Hie pcoplu of i Mon treal, will be put in riipiisition to ejlrnd it to Lake Uiainplain. When tin? U done, there will bo no in ducement nt present torxleiid llie Concoid road to the Lake. The il iticrol policy of New Hampshire reu 'ers it certain that 8 irh a incisure rannot lie nc coniphvlied nt prrHrnt. Nor would tho hii'incss nl prcsiiil support two roads. One rnvl would be am ply siifli' ii tit to oerotiiinodate the lung Irnvi I, nnd if at nnv future period llie local busino s nnil Irnvil sliould call for the cMeiitun of the Concord, lei It I c ciiinnuclcd. It would bo from seventy-five to one hundred miles nisliiiil front ours, nnd the business which it would rrta'e, would increase llie'biisincss on i llier roads lendmir to the cily. Tho only other road that would intersect, or could bs supposed to afl'ct this, i one up the river I ruin Northampton to Vermont. Them i. in mv .Ion 'but little prospect of iho ejten-ion of the road nhove ixiriiiampiiin. nut uppnse that road were extended I tn Grecnrield, or Hraltleboro.' or nnv other point limner up the river, the Vermont nnil Massachusetts road would experience no injury. In llie first place, this corpotntion i nnthnri7.ed by its c''atter to locate lt rood to Greenfield, if lint route shall be thoiiahl 1 es rabli. IT tins hi: done, ill ro will I c no s iflicient in iliircnicnl to extend tliu road ahovo Notlh.iniplon. Or if the road should be I icated through Notllifield. the pcopde of Gtcenlield could conlruct a branch to unite w ith this road, nt niurli less expense than they could construct one to Norllnnipioii. Hut If tho Northampton road should lie extended so as to inter seel llie rrmont and Massachusetts road, it could not diveit nnv consnletnhlo nmotinl of business from llie mail. Wherever ibis rnul may be located, it will crntlie Connecticut from folly to fifty miles nhove Sprinafield, mid nl n pnint as near ihe city of lloston as Sprinefielil. Theteci tild, llicrefore, be no induce ment for the traveller to en down the river to Spring fiild, if he were noinc In Hos'on, ns Ibo distance would he forty or liftv miles more, nnil ofroursucost int.' Irinii one In two ilnlhits innro and rcrpiirmsr two or three additiuinl liivrrs nf time. In Inet, ns the route ihrmiuh N'nrlhlield reaches the Connecticut riicr 111 nini'lv-five tuilt h from llos'on, while the Wes tern at Slirinefie'd is one lininlrf-il tnilfc: it u-nnU l,n live miles nearer tn L'n to lioston from Sprinsfl-ld, by w-iv ofNiirllifii'ld. Mnn In go in Hostnn fiom North fild bv way of Sprni!!U"l I. I inentinn ihi fact, mil l.ecau.e I suppose lint the road in question wn ild draw the Ini-Hnrr s from Sprinvfieltl, if a road were coiislriicted up Ihe river tn Vermont, but In show llut this would be just as prebablc, ns that a roa I up the 1 hit would lake ihe business from our road at North ficl ind cam it down In tlie Western toad. at Sprint;, field. Such n road up the valley miirlit aecnuimodate the travel to New York, but ns Northfield would be one hundred miles nearer to llosinn than in .New York, no considerable nmoiiut nl luiiii( ss could be rii vericil fiom our road. Anil it n road were couslriietcil from ritifit-UI nr llr.altleh iro'. up the river to fal lows 1'" il, or Windsor, 11 would hrinc business upon the road. Krnm tins new nf the subject, I think it will a 'pear lint tho teneinl location of this mule is ju-t what ih piiblti- mid th slnrkliold.-rs wo ild de sue. nnd lint no other road can. with nnv nrnsripet nf 1 e-s, ne consiriicieu win 11 can eouip ire with 11. There may mil pmhahlv would 111 a few vears, be branches eonstriieierl, but these w mid benefit rather than impair Ihe buinesnf the road. In 111 v ti"i, I will en leavor to lav before von ihe dniactci and cost of the mad from Fitchburgh to ""ttlcboro1. I am, very respectfully. 1 our obedient servant. CIIAIII.KS IIUHsON. IIl'll. TllCS. II.PEtlKlNS. I.nTKti II. 5?tn ln n,, lid I ... I iA !,... ,1.-. tt... tn'ercepl Hie lar.:cst aniounl if trnirl i tint it would tn'ercepl ihe lar.:cst aniounl i f trnrl tint it w-oub not interfere with llie business of nny other road, nm! ;1 that no new road co il l bo constructed which would tal.o the Itnvcl Irom tins road. 1 now proposelo Hike n npwof the clnracier nod cost ol the road. Tho rou ena.- Ii, en Miricxed fr I itchbutt' lo Umlthbn- roni;h anil an cstiuiaie of the cost made by William nm-"1 '"ui an csuuiaie ol me cost tnaile by William S. Wlutwell, i:sn.,nu experienced enL'iueer. Ilapiieais I... . I.: . . . . 1 1 . "f lll's oTe). uiai ni mo upper end ot the mine, three distinct hues wire run: one bv way f Greenliild, "n1 inu the distance from I'lti'lilnir" lo Ilratileboio', 7.) niihs; one tlirrmsli Warwick and Winchester. N. " i makim,' the distance 53 miles, and one throimh Norihtiel I, in ikiu,' the distance C3 miles. On this l"l lino the rstiuntrs are presented to iho public. '''he c'nrler recognizes each nf these lines, and it is h'ft to the corporation to decije which of these shall 1,0 niloptcit. Hv an exaniina'ion nf ibis snrvev. it will be found lint the rn tle i peculiarly favorably The highest arado nseen li ig westward is only 53 feet lo the mile, and Ihe highest tiradeaseendinseistward only JSfeet, mid surnoni-nt surveys have shown lint ibis can be reduced lo Sor 40 on th.i umt important part of tlie load. In Er nies, tins road Ins the advantage nvcr siuio nl the principal mads whMi have been eoiistrui; led in tlie O unuinnwcillh. Too Western Railroad has one arade 83 fret in iho mile for nbout n mile nnd n half, and one of 79 feet for four miles, nnd one of 78 feet for two inles, and oneof7l fiet for five nnd n half. In a word, it Ins a L'rade nffrom GO to S3 feet per mile for more tnin ciqlitccn miles. Thus it will bo sieu that the Vermont and Ma'sachusctis K.nlrnad has an a IvantasiMii its maximum nrade of nt least eTifecl per mile. This is a areit advan'.iur, particularly on n road where a laruc amount of freiLdit is extiected On this road, as well as on tliu Western, tho Irciuhl eastward will lm much morn than tho fr,iu;ht west ward. Il is highly important, therefore, that the cr ides eastward should he lower than the tirades west ward. And tho survey shows that about 10 feel per mile is the hiehe-t crade ascendiiiL' eastward, which is 20 leet per mile less ihan ihe nrade eastward out of Spriimfield on the Western road. In curvatures, also, this road has iho ndvanta.'e nf i lie Wes crn road, whosrj creates! curvature isnf3?j feet radius. These f lets are imp iriant, as they show the capacity of the ro id, or its ability lo do the most work with the least power ami expense, The cost of the road irs'imaled hv the cnainccr at 31,15 j,303, licini; S3 1.300 per mile, including depots, ensincs, cars, aud all the fixtures and appurtenances ofllinroad. The first question that presents itself is, whether the mad can be both will.,., il... ....... ,i, It would not become me to question ihe skill nnd judgment of an experienced enL'iueer ; nor do his stale- inenls require nny corroboration from me. Where be ;ui,r, i.: :u i t- j ... IS known, bis esli nale.s will be retieH iinun Mr. Whitwell says, in his report ' It js surficientin UK. ill .l. Y I I... , . , " ; l" iiii, i iiae aunill in exceed, more valuable on that portion i f ihe Western road than On this mill I mid. Ill ihe nevl nine, llm rnlannil fills being much greater, n grenter width nf land would lie required for the mail, nnd mom land would be damaged by hnrrn'iing and wnstinc enrth nnd other iuiiciias and add lo this, ihat limner is inme nbun dant on this road lhanon thai portion of llie Western; nnd hence, fencing would cost less. Taking these cniisi leiaiions iuin ihe ncenunt, Mr. Whitwcli's esli mate may be considered as perfectly safo on these items. We have nlrcady said ihat the estiiinted cost of the road, with its aiipurienaiiees. is 1,300 pi r mile, Thi is nbout one half llie cost of the other principal roads ; the Western coslinir 813,500, the Worcester SuI.EOO, he Providence ,SI9 100, ihe r.nwfll 870 000. and llm Eastern 8I7.R00. On the Lowell and the Worcester, the cost is enhanced by their having n double Irnek. nnd nn additional n'mnunt of motive pnwer 'n enable them lo nccomodnte the other roids with which they are connected Kit bo asked how this road can he built so much i heaper lhan the. roids mentioned nboie I answer, on the 'same principle that Ihe Nashua wns built for S?3 COO, the Hostnn nnd Maine for S?G 000, llie New It.dford for 821 OOO.or the Tnunion Branch for S22 900. Mosl nrlteles can le nbtaintsl now nt n less price lhan when I he other roads were built, nnd experience has Iniighl the an of doing tho same thing nt a liss cost. Hut ihe main diner ence in this r.ise is the grading of the road. Il is mnnifcsl. at first blush, that the cost of one road can fiirnih no criterion by which to estimate the cost of another, so far ns grading is concerned. Nor can an inexperienced eye judge with much accu. rncy bylltcficeoflhe country. Il snnieiines happens thai nn open country, comparatively level, presents gentle swells, requiring deep and long cuts and em bankments; while n country, rndo and precipitous, presents valley, ihrooeh wdiich a railroal may be nnde wilh the greatest ease. The topography of --"M' Jtir, llHIIIIy ( II1IIVCB II" VUll I',," ni ,,,.., Worcester.nssaon ns vno nassihe Prince, Worcester county changes as vou nroceed north from ,n, South of that point the streoms run in a snttih. Pry direction, so thnl iho Western Ilnilrnad must pass transversely across hill and vale, requiring deep cuts , ,cvV embankments. Rut when you pos lo the north of the Wnchusel. tha faceof ihecounlry changes and the streams run in an ess'eily or westerly direc VHlhes, through wiaich. road may be ........ ., ,,, ,,,r iiifi inner, ineiv,,, is uener.a v nndHu. l i hni in I. -in or n i. The vermoni ana Massachusetts road passes throt gh o ic of these val leys, and in fid Iho only one which will mnhle you to cioss the summit, From Kitchburrt It posers up one of the Iribtttaties of the Nnshim lo thu summit, wluro you immediately fall into tho valley, through which now the waters of Miller's river, down ..Lid, the load pas. cs. So thai, though the general face of uiu roiiniry is roiign, me pnri'cuiar route ofthe 'nil road is very favorable. The cuts ate grnern ly short, and Iho embankments nre of tho same character, re quiting but loinparativily little haulage. Thu char ncler of the country will lie seen in the fnct that, on Ibis road, the average nnioont nf material, to be remov ed pir mile is only 33000 vatds. whiluiin the Wi stern Hoad it is 5:000 yards, f ho Western lt:ad, cast of lyottnrriinil rurr, lias work much heavier than nny thing found on Ibis road. They have ten cuts of from twenty-four to thirty feet deep nine cuts oftroni thir ty lo ihirlvlHc feet drip ; three of from thirly.fiveto forty feet deep ; one entli of forcv-thrre, forty-seven, fifty-two nnd eighty fret deep. They have rmbnnk menl'Oflho following diameter! Nine nffrom twenty-four to thirty feet high j seven of from thirty to Ihnty-five led high ( two of thirl y-rizht feet high t pnrcath of fnrly-iight, sixty, and sixty-tl.rre fret high. Compare these cuts nnil fill's with what you find on the profile of the Vermont nnd Massachusetts Railroad, and vou will sec. at once, the ililU renee be. tween Ihe two routes. I mention these facts to sustain the estimate nf theengineir, nnd lo show the compar ative cheapness of this route. Another comparison between this nnd the Western Uailrnad, east of Connecticut River, will go to sustain his estimates. On the western road, their cars and engines, for tho road east of iho rier, cost 8100 000. Wlniwell's estimate fot this road is 8KX) 000. Whit well estimates $70 000 for dipots. On llie casiern section ofthe Western road, 85HI2 were expended for depot buildings, furniture, aqueducts, wells, ma chine shi ps, &c, and tho directors apologized for this grrit expenditure, by saving, thai ihoexpensiie depot arrangement nl Springfield, are designed in part for the road west of the river. Thus we see, ihat in nil things, whtdi h. nr nnv analogy in oiher roads, these estimates of Mr. Whitwell nro as high as llie actual cost has I ecu nn oilier roads; nnd in the great item olgi ailing the road, hi estimate is lcs lhan the cost of o'ln r roads, for the plain reason, that the route is more tavoiauie, and tlie quantity of excavation and embankment i foily per cent less than on the Wi st ern road. In ibis comparison we have selected Ihe WYstcrn road, because it Ivears more nnnlimv tn ibis than nny other. It euinniences snme forty-five miles r ii . .i . . a . . . ' . irom iiusinii, ni ine end nt anoiner roan, nno passes over tin; s line sii. nmit ransre. I havo not instituted tbi comparison, because I Fiippnrd that the rsii- m.ncs oi ,nr. mtweli nee 'nl anv contirieaiion Irom me; lint because his isiiinalu being less bv far than the cost of other mads, it might be ihnug'it by some that it would not cover Ihe .nst of the road. 1 detained jnn longer, perhaps, on this branch of tho subject, than wn necessary ; but no put 'enl plan will engage in nnv enterprise, nnd invest fiis cap ital, withnnl first conn tin q the toH. We nM knnw that nfler the most careful estimate, there will be ex penses which no liuninn wisdom could foresee. The en'mierr was aware of this, nnd hence he has nd 'ed SI000C0 for coniingr ncics. It nnlv remains tn spenk of the character nf the structure. This wo will give, in the language nf the engineer. "Thesiipsrsitiieiure." siys he, "is similar lo ihosc in use on the Western, Jlislon and Worcester, nod Kiteliburgh roads ; hav ing a rail nf fifty. ix pounds In the vard, with heavy slerpeis mid sitb.ils. The bridges will he limit with snme nbutniculs nnd wnoded tress work." Hnvim given ibis general iew ofthe iharacter nnd cost of Ihernnil, n nnlv remains tn spenk of llie amount nf liusiness, nnrt consequent income ofthe road but this I shall reserve for my next letter. I am. very resiec.tfnllv, Your n1 edient servant, CIIAIILK3 HUDSON. Hon. Thomas II. Perkins. Fit 1 1) A Y M O R N INC., SC P T. 20, 1344. CATTLE SHOW AND FAIR. Tlio first annual F.iir of tlio Chittenden County Agricultural Society will lm holih-n at this pliiet! on U'liilncsdiiy next, 25th insl. Tlio spot selected is the Batlery, or Camp Ground, at tho foot of Pearl-sln-el, where tlio necessary pens and fixtures will bo erec ted for tlio occasion. Farmers, Fruit Growers, D.iiry-mcti, Florists, and others engaged in rural pursuits, am requested lo send specimens in all branches of their business whether horses, ratlin, sheep or hogs grain, vegetables, friiils or flowers boiler, cheese silk or woollen goods, firming implements, itc. Mechanics and Manufacturers, in all branches of business (especially in those branches most essential lo the comfort or convenience of tho farming and laboring community,) will find their inlerest in trans mitting specimens of all sorts of goods and implements manufactured by llicitt for exhibiting which u building will he provided The Ladies will find provision made, fur tho display of llirir industry and taste lor needle work, silk and other home-made cloths for flowers, fruits, butter, cheese, honey, kc. No pains will be spared lo ren der this branch of the Fair satisfactory, and Ladies from tho different towns arc inviled lo favor tho occasion with coir.iibutions of the above description. The annual atldress will be delivered by Rev. Joii.v WitLELnit, Pres. U. V. M. at Iho ringiti" ofthe bell in iho afternoon, (say 3 o'clock,) at iho Unitarian Church. At thu close of iho address and other ex ercises at the Church, iho Commiiiecs will announce the respective premiums awarded ; and ihe Treasurer w ill pay tho same at lite business office. The F.iir will open nl 9 o'clock, A. M. on Wednesday j and tho Ctiiiimiiieo of Ar rangements, and officers of llie Society will be in attendance al the Business Office, on llie ground, from 4 P. II. on Tuca'luy, mall the close ol llie day following. Tim following ar thu committees to award premiums: On Grain and Field Cropi Messrs Tru man Chitloiidun, of Willistnn, David Cook, of Charlotte, and Peter L. Allen, of Jericho. On Honsea Messrs. Mahlnn Cotlrill, of Monlpol errJetl. P. Clark, tifSheldun, and Wil. iiain II. White, of Vergeiuies. On Cattle Messrs. Ilenj. Field, of New Haven, John Tliomaf, of Orwell, and J. F. Scriiiucr, of Sheldon. On Siiekp Messrs. Loivis Mn'.t, nf South Hern, Solomon W. Jewell, of Wcybridjje, and Win. Ilazzird, of Ferrisliurgh. On Swine Messrs. Kirn Mecch, Truman Chittenden and Ltilhcr Lootnis. On Mapi.b Suoar and HoNEr Messrs. Solomon Walker, Stephen Whitney,a.ud George Peterson. On Cloths and other articles manufac tured or Cotton, Silk, Woo , I.inf.n, &c, Messrs. Guy Cnthn, and Clirisl'un Uoolnfsnn, nf lliirlinoton, Samuel Fletcher, of Sliplhiirn, E. H. Whenler, of Charlorle.Georije Whilnoy of Essex, and John S, Patrick, of Hincsburgh. On Horticulture, Fruits, Nursery ad other Them Hev, Mr. Htnuhain, of Williston and Messrs. Charles .McNeil and "Charles Adams. Committee or Arrangements Messrs. U. II. Penmtnan, II. B. Stacy and S. E Howard. U. B. STACY, For Com. of Arrangements. Burlington Sept. 1814. u nfrlumtiiiw) .-s'5-C- BOOKS. Ziiduck Thompson proposes lo furnisli tlio Agriculliintl Society with u few copies of his Vermoni," Ht about cost, for tlio pur pnso of distribution as premiums. Individ mils, therefore, entitled lo two dollars awards, may, at their option, have in liett of tho mo ney, n copy of litis work, which retails ul two and a half and three dollars, according to the binding. A samplo may bo seen nt tho " Business Office." FARMERS ATTEND. Wo nro informed, on good authority, thai, should iho weather ho favorable, Megrim, Binoiiam, Esq. of Cornwall will exhibit at our Fair on Wednesday, a flock of fifty pure hlooded Pimlar Merino Bucks. As Mr. B. lives out of tho county, ho will not, of course, be a competitor for premium ; but ho will nevertheless bo a very weleomo visitor. It will nlTord n fine opportunity to contrast our own slock wilh that of our neighbors, and perhaps enable some In improvu llieir flocks

with Mule trouble. Wc are also happy tn learn that there is reason lo expert some oth er improved stock from abroad. DISEASED POTATOES. Complaints similar to those alluded lo be low, reach us from almost every quarter, nnd wo regret to learn that most of tho (owns in litis county arc suffering to a greater or less extent. Tho disease, however, is not alto gether a new one. It has prevailed, more or less, for three or four years past, in Con necticut, New York, Now Jersey, nnd Del aware, and wilh nbout the same characteris tics. But the consequences have not been very serious. Liko tho Hessian Fly, iho Weevil, (he rust and the mildew, it has ils day, nnd passes on. Caution should ho ob served, however, in the use of the diseased article, as it is manifestly unwholesome, and in some instances has proved fatal to hogs and cattle. St. JoitNsDURr, Sept. 10. -Wo learn that in some parts of this town, and at North Danville, as well as in other quarters, the potatoes in some fields are all or nearly all rotten. This is the case where in the same fields ten days ajn the potatoes wore fjnnil and sound. And in some instances where they have been dun, and to all appearance sound and pood at Ihe lime, within a few hours after they have become soft, in fact, rotten. This i-'entns to be a stranjie nr. currenrp hpre, as the liko has ncier been wit nessed. Last year, however, in New York, and other places, such was the case with notatoc ; and when eaten, whole families became sick. In some instances swine fed on them also died. People should be cautious in the use of them. Caledonian. Veroennes, Sept. 18. The disease railed the ilnj rot, whirli last year prevailed in the state of New York, to the great detriment of the farmers, is beginning tn make its appearance in tho northern part of Vermont to an alarming ex. tent. It is said whole fields that a week since were perfectly sound and fair, are now in a state of corruption, and great fears are entertained that the whole crop will be destroyed. The d sease is a new one, and little light has yet been thrown upon it. The cause of it has gen erally been attributed to llieir not ripening per fectly and having been harvested prematurely. It is more probable, however, that it is caused by the superabundant mo'sturo of the soil in which they were suffered to remain too long. A farmer who has suffered by this new evil, 6ajs, " Tho potatoes, when first dug, appeared to look as fine as usual ; but when put in heap in the field and covered, they became a rotten mass. In a dry cellar they held their usual ap. poarancc tolerably well, except somewhat dark cued, and a little shrivelled ; hut on cutting them open, it was found that their surface, about a quarter of an inch in thickness, was of a dark brown, and some of them entirely through were of that color." On feeding his hugs with them, he coon observed that they began to cough, pant, and appear as if worried in a hot day. In about a week lliey refused to eat, and finally died. JYrmonffr. RAIL ROAD. A convention lias been called nt Boston, on the 20th i list- to agitate this subject, and tin influential delegation wero in altnnd,iiico from this place. The call was signed by T. II. Perkins, Abbott Lawrence, and soiuit hundred and fifty of tho first business men aud capitalists in Boston. Tho Boston! ins nre taking hold of llie subject in earnest, and the enterprise must go. Wo copy two able numbers on this subject, from the pen of Charles Hudson, which will be read with interest. THE ELECTIONS. From the exultation exhibited in sonio of tho Democratic papers at iho result of the election in Maine, one would supposo thai this result was unexpected, and that it was a real triumph over a parly which had been previously in Ike majority. So far fiom litis is tho fact thai llie Democratic party lias bud a strong majority in that Slato for the last three years, and lew Whigs wo believe cither in or out of il to State expected the success of their parly in the present election. The most that was hoped, was, that they might mako such a show of strength as would en courage them to a vigorous exertion, with a better prospect of success in iho election of next mouth. Tho result was such as usually happens to a parly which goes inlo an elec tion wilhuut anticipating success. The gen eral expectation has been verified, and it is evident ihat llie strength of tho parly was not brought forward. This failure canllnl justly bo regarded as having anv unfavorable bearing on llie pros perls of tho elerlioti in iho oilier Slates. Maine is not one of llm Slates which has been relied upon with any confidence for aid in iho election uf Mr. Clay. All the Stales which are so relied on aud in which there has lately been un election, have fully answered ihe anticipation which had been enlerlaiued of iheni. Nothing hat yet occurred to dis appoint llie expectations thus formed. Thcro will bo no other Statu elections ihe present month. In tho next month there will be several of great importance, particu larly IhosoofOhlo, Pennsylvania , and Geor gia. Until these tnko place wo shall have litllo further ground than nt present on which to rest our computations of iho relative. strength of parlies. But iudointr from llm most recent elections in iho several Slates, ami from oilier Information before tlio public, tho Whig parly havo never for many years past had heforo iheni n more flattering pros pect of tiro triumph of llieir principles in tho impending elections than at the prescnl mo ment. A Little Awkward. A Convention of Loco Foco Delegates lo nominalo County Officers, met in Clinton countv. P. Inst week and in tho cottrso of tho deliberations it was discovered that several members ofthe Con venlion intended to support Mr. Clay, but would adhere lo any resolution lo support the ticket except jor President. This cau sed sonio excitement and a motion was mado to exclude the Clay men, but tho President of Iho meeting in the course of remarks upon tho subject observed that he was also a Clay man, ami that if tho olher Clay Delegates wero lo be turned out ho would also retire ; whereupon they concluded to let all remain. We think it likely that, if a Iruo expression wore lo be given, a good many Clay men would be found in all tho Loco Fnro Con venlions throughout the country. Whether they express themselves before or not, how ever, their voles will tell for Mr. Clay in November. Locofoco BLAsrilRMY. The Colombia Observer, published nt tho door of Col. l oik, gives an account of a Locofoco meet ing held in that county, (Maurj) a few days previous lo tliu 15. h inst., at which iho must revolting blasphemy was perpetrated. A man was taken into iho Locofoco Church, and immersed in tho regular style, the nd. miuislralor of ihe ordinance uins the follow. ing ceremony : havtise thec in tlie name of ANDREW JACKSON, the Father! James K. I oik, the Son!! and TEXAS, the Holy Ghost!! ! Thi3, bo it remembered, was done in Polk's own county, at a Locofoco meeting." The above is from the Jonesborouch (Trim.) Whig, n paper published tn llm vi cinity of llut horrible profinalinn which it re cords. We commend it to the consideration of every person who has ever hern deceived, for an instant, ly llm Loco Foco clamor tiL'aitist Mr. Clay's moral character. Blas pltemy never look a more revolting shape than this: nor was hypocrisy ever more open anddisotisting than as exhihiied by the parly underwliose auspices it was committed. Journal or tub Fii.ixki.i.v Institute. The Si'liteiiiber number nf this useful journal, published at Philadelphia, nnd edi ted by Dr. T. P. Jones, is received. In this number tho analytical list and description of American patents, in the order in which they aro issued, is resumed, and it is lo bo continued in futuro numbers. A list of a portion of those which have been issued du ring the period in which tho list has been suspended, is also to be supplied hetcaftcr. The list in the present number occupies more than twenty paces. LADIES' SALE. It will bo remembered ihat the Ladies of the " Female Aid Society " of tho Metho dist Church hold a sale at Strong's Hull on Wednesday, the 2oih inst. at one o'clock, P. M. The object wo believo is to complete the payment for the neat parsonage house lately purchased by ihat Society. Wc trust the Ladies and their good cause will be remembered by all who come to at tend tho Agticullurul Fair, nnd wo will war rant purchasers a double return fur their money, in iho value ofthe articles furnished, and tho consciousness of doing a good deed, not lo mention the smiles of lots of pretty women, who will at lend in person to llie dis position of their useful and fanciful mer chandize. Go and see them by all means, and when they get a sight at jou, you will buy some thing " for sarlin." Virginia Ftm Ci.ay. There is certainly a good prospect ihat Mr. Clay will obtain llie Electoral volo of his native Stair. The old Virginia spirit llie prido of ihe ancient dominion is thus summoned ftirlh to his support, by tho Richmond Whig : " HENRY CI.AY. N'nt fallen I nn. ns well the tall And pillated Alleghany fall ! As well Ohio's giant tide Roll backward in Us mignly track, As he. Columbia's hope nnd pride Tho slandered and Ihe sorely tnel, In his triumphant course sink I nek I Generous Virginian! l-ote ye not Henry Clay, oiipbi ye not to love him, b.,vnll lisinff men nlioie nil ihe dead, sive alone the Father of his Country, I Who like him has contributed lo the prosperity of his whole country ? Who h'e him has made Virginia classic pround, to be reniimhcted in story, nnd lo be visited in futuro ngrs in llie spirit in which Cicero ought the tomb of Archimedes? Who, like Henry Clay, who sraicely but him sustains the ancient re nown of Virginia 7 Who but Henrv flay, ihe bold, fearless and Hue, can ernso the reproach which a de generate 6nn has brought upon ihe name of Virginia, nnd imch our own sons nol lo blush for Virginia nt the name of John Tyler, because the association will also suesest the name of IIKNRY I LAY 1' A CAT NL'RSIN,G CHICKENS. We have heard many whims of cats but never before ono like the following. A lil lie daughter of our friend Mr, Goodrich, of 1 1 list village, had a ronplo of young chickens which she had kepi some days in n small basket in her chamber. Hi-aring a greal nuisii from ihem she ran lo discover the trouble, when she found her pet rat had taken ihem frum tlio basket hail tliem on her bed licking and purrino over litem, trealing'ihem every way hko killens j while tho chickens wero loudly objecting lo being brooded by madam puss. The Tarifp Repuiiiateii n Locofo coikm. Tho N. Y. Plttbi in in an article on iho .Maine election says : HAVE YOU HEARD THE NEWS FROM MAINE 1 said Democrst to a Who No! what is it 1 Whv, Texas, is ANNEXED and the Tariff ii REPUDIATED. REVEALED INIQUITY. TAMMANY HAU BLACK MAIL. Tho "democracy" iho modern democ racy, hate levied n Tux of ten noi.LAns upon iho office-holders In New York, in or der lo meet tho current expenses of iho Parly. It will ho seen, by iho Circulars be low, that " thn Parly" is very short or funds indeed, and henco tho pressing dmnand for ten dollars from each and every office hold er, or immediate dismissal! " Franco wants money, nnd sho must havo it" and every recipient of" iho spoils" must " down with the dust''forlhwilh,or bo decapitated. None of tlio Locofocos should find fault, because tho demand is mado in accordance with " THD LONG ESTABLISHED U3AOES OF THE Party!" Year after yrat.hus thousands and tens of thousands of dollars been raised, by a levy iijwn the salaries ofthe office hold ers, lo aid the Party operations in llie Statu nnd National Elerlions besides llm person al services nf Custom Uouso officer., let loose upon the conimtinily, lo vilify, slander, and abuse their betters, in order lo advance their own inleresls. Who does not, recollect tho disgraceful manner, in which llie Loco Foco Custom House officers prowled over thu country before ihe last Presidential Elec tion, and scattered llieir slanders and false hoods far nnd wido iimoiig tho people. These nre the class of men who nro selected for such stations, by tho Locofocos, because of their activity us leaders, and llieir pecu liar aptness lo advanco the cause, by neg lecting the duties which they are paid to per form, and giving their personal exertions lo electioneering among iho people. The system of laying n lax upon lite re cipients of the spoils," originated some siitcen years since, at the commencement of the Jacks. dynasty, and has been in suc cessful operation ever since. It is, lo use Ihe language of the Circular, " a long es tablished usage of the Party" and, wero it not for the resources thus obtained, Ihe parly would havo died long ago, from a want of the necessaries of life, or else from its own corruption. By fulfilling the requi sition of the " General Committee," every office holder becomes "a good democrat," as this modern democracy is defined by Binwn.on, viz. 7Vic Supremacy of Man over his Accidents." But to the Circulars. They were published in tho New York Cou rier and Enquirer, a few days since. The Courier says, " No matter how they came into our hands, that we know of, since they certainly came honestly." Here is a Reso lution, passed only u linv days since : "Tammany Hail, August 13, 1914. At meeting cfihe Democratic Republican General t onimutee, held on the Ijili inst , i,c. followin" res olution was unanimously ndnpted : " Jlcynlcrd, Thai the Chairman and Secretaries of Ihe General Coininiltee (.; INSTRUfTKD TO 'iff l,01l..jlND mnF- Til R REMOVAL OF A 1.1. IM'.ltfiOXS HOLI-ING ,a iniments un- der the present adminiiration of this Stat,., trA0 do not pay to the Finance Committee their assessments an shall be repot ltd to them by the Finance Com mittee, WITHIN rlFTEES- DSVS FHOM Tills DATE. ABRAHAM HATFIELD, President. Isaac V. Fowieh. 0 . . Wm. A. Walkes, j srctanes. Now, in accordance with the above reso lution and circular, another circular has been issued and signed by the Chairman, and wo presume every office-holder has now, or will hereafter receive one. It is in these woids : The Democratic Republican General Commilteent Tammany Hall, requiie funds to carry on with vigor the present polnical campaign in support oftheircan I'idaies, POLK and DALLAS, for Presidient and ice Pre-ident of the United Slates, nnd lo mantain ihp nsrcnitinct, nf ihn .. In o . . , .1 . ..... ,.,,. 11, inns 01. ue, unit me lona established usages of the parti cites the Com- v.'..l,f ... II . I, ' r , . , . .......fc . , ,u cm iipun si , 1 persuus nnioing nllice under the Stale Government, or bv election of the party. for cnntiihuiiiins. Tllti (.'ninn'ITI.!-! pv. PRtrr FROM YOU SI0, WHICH YOU WILL ll.lOLl iu 1III-. '1 KlvASUKEU. New York, Aujrust, 1B-14. So, it will be observed, there is to bo no dallwng no postponing hut the amount must bo handed in " within fifteen days from dale," (Aug. 15,) or immediate dismissal is Iho consequence. This is "Democracy," as understood and practised by the Locofo co parly and litis is the party that has such an exclusive regard for ihe rights of every body, that it furres and eompels its oflit i! holders lo contribute funds, liberally, or lo be dismissed, ihat it mav carrv fnrvvnul ils Glo rious designs fur llie Reliel and Benefit of " tho whole Human Race !" Should any ofllce-holder be found, who dares to disobey the edict of Tammany and should ho be decapitated we presume the Morning Post will displ ty the guillotine, that used lo grace ils columns, whenever justice was moled out to any of ils political brethren. Boston At- las. CHF.F.niNG NF.WS JAMES K. POLK ABAN DONED IIV THE DE-iOnilAT.S W CUM UEItLAND COUNTY, PENN. I Highly Important James K. Polk has refused to answer a letter on the Tariff! lie is acknowledged to be a Free Trade man by every honest Democrat ! Wo briefly referred a few doys since to the fart that tub resolutions of iho Dickinson (Peun.) meeting not having met a response from Mr. Polk, the meeting had taken Iho matter into llieir own hands ami cm loose from all support of Mr. Polk as a candidate for the Presidency. The course taken by theso parlies is nol in tho least surprising to us. Their inter ests aro identified wilh iho mainlenanco of the TurilT as it is ; lo iho support of which Clay has plcdued himself -and for lite re peal of which Polk and iho whole Locofoco parly will most assuredly go. He, Polk, never, in the whole course of his political life, voted for raising, but always for re ducing the Tariff. The Carlisle Statesman, from which pa per we publish tho annexed proceedings, is u devoted supporter of James K. Polk, Geo. M. Dallas, nud Francis R. Sliunk. This paper, huwevrr is honest enough lo avow its fieo Irado notions. In itilvoraling what il calls " iho true doctrine," it says : " It is so utterly dishonest aud ridiculous lo attempt to support Mr. Polk as llie friend of the Tarill nf 1S42, or anv Protective tariir,that wo hope to see every efTorl of llie kind discontinued by our deniorralir. friends." tD" PROTEC TION IS NOT THE DOCI'IUNE OF OUR CANDIDATE, ANY MORE THAN OF OUR PARTY J3) and none but dishonest, sneaking politicians, and designing hypocrites wno nave not ine courage 10 avow tru demo cratic principles, will attempt to crealo such an impression. Since the accession of Gen. Jack son Dip democratic parly has gradually receded from the protectiie doctrine which it held prior ! m liir'1'' al"' i3 nmv' essentially, a Revenue "'il P,ar,y; Tll tt ,'0, collr''0 ,,f G"ver nor I oik, whilst in Congress, proves him to bs HOSTILE TO PROTECTIVE DUTIES, Slid in favor of approaching as nearly as practicable to Freo I'rade.xil Let every New Yorker, New Englander, every ono whom iho Tariff prolecls, bo ha consumer or producer, mark ibis. From the farlis'e talesman, irpt. 4, 1844 At a large and respectable meeting of th Democrats nf Dickinson township, friendly to tho laritl i.f 1812, held pursuant to notice, at lecgos I avern, no Saturday, ,e 31st of Au gus , John Moore, President ; Jarob Clies. I l il. I enry l.utch Jicnh Plyler, Peter U.i. Phil. i. Par el, Job,, McKmney. n, I!o,,rv sjmil. Vice Picstilenlsi Martin Snyder, Secretary, the f) UU'llMf nrnrpf ilin.rj, 1.,.!. i n", 1 he cnimnittoi? :iitiiitinfn1 nt n.n r... . no, .In address a letter to the Hon. James K. Polk, made re, nnrt tl.jt llm,. .l.i i ., .. It mv tut inrr mnnr. iniiiivi nil. rnmiiiiitiii. ji ... I.: . , e. x;i-nB Mute eia )seu. and no rrn v ha UbUII IWLblttiU i Carlisle, July 22, 1844. Hon. James K. Polk. Dear Sir At a meetinir of the Democrats at Dirkitison township, nf this (Cumberland coun. ly, I a.) the uiidcrs.gncd persons were appointed riimmitlen to atldress you on the subject of the I arm, and inquire i i .Arrc y"u '" favor "f 11,0 TaritTof 1342? 2d. Would you, if elected, support tint act as it is, without modification ; or would you bo in favor of muddying it. W,th every desire to support and uphold the Democratic nominees, we urnst respectfully re quest a distinrtanJ positive answer to the above interrogatories. Very sincerely, your most obedient, Humble servants. THOS. C. MILLER, JACOB IH.YI.ER, JOSIIU SELLERS, FRANCIS I1UICI1INSON, JOHN MOORE. HENRY LINCH. MARTIN SNYDER, MONTY DONALDSON, HENRY T. WILSON, JOHN MYERS, BENJAMIN PEFFER. Whereupon the following striking rcsnlu. lions, preceded by a spirited preamble and fol lowed by an able address, were unanimously agreed lo, as tho declared sentiments of the meeting : Resulted, That we cannot support the elec liniMif James K. Polk to the Pies'deiicy of tho U. States, because he is opposed to a TarifTof protection. Rcoltut, That we feel the most earnest ds sire and anxioiia wish to preserve the purity of the Deniorralir. parly; nnd that wo are most firmly convinced, Ihat designing men have now placed the party in that false positiun of giving support lo a man who is hostile to their princi ples and llieir interests. Resohed, That wo call earnestly and anx iously upon the Democratic parly of Pennsyl vania, individually and c.olloctiLnit in I....I- ously at the altitude in which they are placed, onu mm nm uieiiienis in uest nut inn winch now threaten to prostrate them as a parly, and tu sac rifice the interests of the country. From Ihe A'. Y. Express. INTERESTING LETTER FROM Hfcl.NRY CLAY. The Hon. JuluiM. Clayton, of Delaware, in Iho course of a speech delivered by him. a few days since, in Lancaster, Pa., at a great Whig Convention, took occasion lo read tho following letter : Blur Lick, August 22, 1844. My Dear Sir Your supposition is right as to the progressive estenl of my correspondence. Il is utterly impossible tn answer all Ihe lpllera which I receive. I am afraid that I rannot re. ply to many that deserve it. Mr. Mad. son once remarked to me that Mr. Jefferson's correspon dents were killing him; but they were turiush ed by a population of about ten millions. Mine are supplied by a population of near twenty millions. I can feel and conceive the onssibili. ty of a homicide, committed in the mode which .Mr. Madison suggested. I request you to attribute to the above causo my omission to impress to you before, the satis, faclion I derived from the perusal ot your adtni rable speech on the Compromise law. No man knew better the motives and considerations which prompted its pisage than you did, and you have ably and truly exposed ihem. We were upon terms nf the most confidential inti maty and friend-hip. You, d uly, in the Senate, sat near inc. You knew of my miiKultations with the practical manufacturers, and llieir coin cidence in opinion with us. I believe it was upon your invitation that the lamented Dupoiit rauie Irom Delaware and rtuiteried wild us. 0 poo more erosions than one, whilst gazing upon the care-worn c uinlenanie and hagard looks nf some of the delegation ill Congress from South Carolina, yoti said lo me, "Clay, these are Ii' e follows. It won't do lo let nid Jackson hang them. We tnusl si Vi them." Vou lued in a mess of some seven or eight Senators, and it wis your mesa that insisted upon the Home valuation as a sine qua nan. Mr. Cal liotiti ni o-ed it. Your mes perreiered. The file of llie bill was threatened; but he, at the last moment, withdrew his opposition, aud the hill finally pushed. I have again and again asserted, on the floor of the Senate, that two principal objects were aimed to be accomplished. One was to avert a civil war. The oilier was to preserie ihe policy of protection. It was threatened by Mr. Vcrplanck'H hill with total subvereion ; but I believed then, and I beheo now, that if the compromise had not passed, at the next session of Congress-, all traces of that policy would have been effaced from the statute book. You ami I both niu'iitained that the measure of protection preserved by llie Compromise would be sufficient until about 1842. But w were taunted by our opponents, lo know what would ho its condition when that period arrived. We replied, there were tho home valuation. rash duties, a long list nf free articles, &c. But I said, also, let ns take rare of ourselves now ; the peop'o of 1842 may he trusted to lake care ol themselves. Pubhe opinion, iu the mean time, may uecotne more enlightened; and the wisdom of Ihe protective unhev mav be demon- rlrated. I have not been disappointed. My piroii-uuos nave oeeti luiniieii. I he people of 1812, tho Whigs, at least, every where, and ma ny ol ihe Democrats, are nmv fully persuaded that the industry ol this great country ought not lobe preslrated at Ihe leet nf lore gn powers. Every where Ihe rrv is for a Tariff tor Ketemie with discriminations for protection. Every where the preservation of tho TaritT of 184?, which has worked so well, and is delivering us from embarrassments, is loudly demanded. The circumstances which led lo or aitenu4 the enactment of the Compromise, may be eu. rious and interesting as mailers of history ; but, in respect lo ihe policy of protection, the great, practical, absorbing question is, shall the Tariff of 1842 bo presorved or repealed 1 That quea. tion is lo be solved in November next. I have repeatedly expressed my opinion UNEQUIV OCAI.LV IN FAVOR OF IT. wtl,:,vw, I thought we achieved a great triumph in placing tho Prolerlno policy, by the Comprom ise Act, without Ihe reach ami lievnnd the term of Gen. Jackson's administration. And wo availed otirsehes of the lact that Ihe South Car olina delegation were much more anxious that the difficulty should be settled by us than br Gen. Jackson. You tell me Ihat I am accused of having abandoned the protectiie policy. That would distress m exceedingly, jf were not accused of all sorts of crimes and misdemeanors. I be. liar l nara DaaUi r.hrm4 -