Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 27, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 27, 1844 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Ci- '' 'J V & 6" 1 t . i J 5 ; rj J ii I m SJ (i! ' x. "toi tox J '- -r -z. FOR rill'.SIDRN'r, Of KEXrtJCh'V. VOit VHUjTIlRSIDR.N'r, Til 'HEO. FiUJL.XfilllJYSE.V, r.n tir.cTons, jnnrcniAU ti. haiikis, ) ., ,, john it. k. Al '"Jo in. 1 st. r.U.VIX TOVVV-i! t:v, 2d dit C'Utl OS fOOMHRU. 31 dit I!' NIW1IX SWIFT. 4th diet lriVSl'US I'AIKUAXKS. WEBSTER'S SPEECH; Aii.'io 32 n.;. Convolution, in tlo-ilois, on BOtti hist. Mr. Wr.uw.n, tho 'resident of tlin d iy, tlii'll (.Kile i'lirivritil nml whs received with till ,'e III' H'tV 'ilMtllW glxi S I'lDillfil , I'!' clli'i'i s, .i, -HI I mill " llireo more, vlinii tin) greeting ioUt ns lollows : ' lbs of ATass-ichiisi't' i! 's, Winds nl llii' thn bw of our -i onneiion cans". n n ioi'I'mi. .mr itU-cnmi lor t'l" mstiliiii ins nf o 'r ni'iirv -- r which uelivo and ri(l"ip.and . c in i'o cf ir the preservation "of these instim ''i an I fts iti- r i ti ii'iitr of ilic jrcat interests uf ' aouni.imin I Me lrmii h t in hoio tn-dav. ! h"h,ii., i .''i- I'Seinhlv, inielhrcnt fellow cili 2". it, peis -a . . i tuiio'dly deured In ilu "reat ratij l (lift eo wt'tu! t if ivir 1'ouiitrv, finni every Stale i.i tin Uni mi .1.1 : ' j hchil' rf thi' Wlns of iI.n?a . . .Stuia ! li'J v.'ii ad nf loo, n e.iiilnl and hearty ur'ieij'ne. (f'hfi'M. 1 here 'iVtii'jrioin Georgia, a.V ma - '0'ii tjO'if-nn i, Whi frnui jMi'Uiii, from il'o wlioh' mil, na Krll a- from t'ia nearer fjillant .'ale of U'do Island, (ohei'if') frnm the piotirt'r M.ite of Vernw-u, and Knn WhL'f-far tni" hearted V bigs there nre,ev"ii from New Hampshire .ami Maine, (chrei'). t' h not the cauc of Ma9 ae'iu f Its n'one, ii ia t'v" iiase ol nil -tali", the cause of .natiliiliAnl WUt-rtU rttt ii.iimI ihiMriiminl nhixli vearenil nttn.'hed to. for win '7 wo uiu ae'cmblcd I nereion-y. i.wr" r'i cnee j f (.'ntli-m'il we lo-dii; lay no oiFeri'irr nn the altar j rt nfsonnt- nr locnt ft.inrili m vn would lo-d n- lnrr I t'.'Ul our hearts a iv vidcar hBameiit tint ronnoets i.s wiihrmy ot'm plaen ilian our eounnv and mir "' aniiinrra new itrntory lo one pari u in.uuiiu nun w'inV rw'itrr 'ill ew-iv : utiun lit t'.Vt nn-ns in n another put. If we heai-i lo di.-lrut llie nc- them lint done iioileaeli iw thai wo oie Americans, tual state andbilance of die diHerint parts hv Ihend r.n I Auieri an" a!' i;eiln-i. (Cheer-). I nu-si m of new lerruorv. while are we cud f I can- We have v t ' J Tof'"v', ci I'.'.le'iieo, ininy scenes no' examine th" matter in detail at all, but then; are celebrated, almost mn-iificih by rei'olii'iou.arv occur. ' nn.'nr iwn thincs to-which I would call your alien rencet. What we bav.' soph In3 eani'd us back to . n a' i'im time. .... , thndavi of our fnlhe's, when ihev Wood for their . And, firsi, nentlemrn, it is aid everywhere, tint if 1 e.a and Idim'i.'S, mtainst thn cieatcst nmvi r in ihu worl I. 'v;'h h"nHs and -irona hands, i I those (hysn! of the Vnrrie in lleioluti'.n. X'hatn f, nn i f t'loitir'it nri" s.-m: I will forev, r aiie in the he-rts i.r sil tn.e lovr-s uf bhtitv when the mind is 'nrri'd line': to ihe iirat (.vent nflhe a?e th" Auieri an R-iVC-'Mo in Til re nre -ome thine0, neiitleuten, w'tieh nie lc-"si'd and rendtredol lt-ssi.i!poit.t!i''ebv iM-lance i l li ne and in space The Comet vvhieli (lianccs ova; our lieniiph"i-e, fillius.' naiio'i". with i cad, nVappears and 1 fori'otten. Huai iho (real fi'.c I !i"ii'ii nies of o ir sysleiu are h ilf o'ls-oied by c' Hiiuee, nu I arehardly seen tint bv np'ifi -id li'iht. Ion i' is not ) 'villi ili rreat aehievenieiils of men; n .! no especially with iho nous of the American If'vo'ution. Thel.irih.r we ei from them tho more Oisiinct appenis fs dik m the spher- of hi-ttry, und a bUoas inelflnraer nnd I iriier as it is oo.ilrnip'.ntcd from a "renter and treater di'lnncc; and it will not b. r...i. .... I. i...n' , , I., nl. unsl eotemnoraiy willi iho early tirii'L'b's and the fiit riinvcnienl1' of mil hbuty, that it will appear h r.ll ii-" yjory, and with all us eon"q-iennes. (Cheers.) That we hive thus lefnshed oursehes by thee revololi'..nrv leine'tibtnoces. lhat we have drunk ri ip.;r of these i m.luiinnai y -p'ine, is biiler lor if, lo.ikei ii" tu Her men, beilei political men, belter ci't-v.'ii-. And I bid you welcun.. in llie "pint of tho c i-'iaioa liheiiv which llie "old ilurleen " nuhiewd, (chtiers) in the spun of Ihe union which makei us one i rial peijde, under which we liv ruder we wi'l d e, an I which 0'i and I tu defend, Willi tilt our uwer r.nd lo the list rasp. (Cheers) To nil of yon. ciervuti", all lrindi"j"n I inisnl the Woijj f 'ith, (ivinji under the union and the'iiim n, com I le Irom the an I cans- nf the llevnhnion, once i no re I say, welcome, wclcume, welcome! (li.m I and lepoaied chier.) Hut, uenilem-n, I have fari'i'Tio ray. lhat we meet love tod iv, in Ihe seirit of 17T3. to re-tut nil nttitnp te I icvnl'jtian of 1:1 !. (Cheeie.) Wo have come, in i'. e spun nf the ol 1, i proti'st ainin-t a new revolo ti n ; we have coiilo in the fpiril .,'f the w ir itso'f and ol tho ins'itiili.ins wh'eh nfier tile war our aneesiois is.ahlished fur us, to pioiet naiii-t innovation, ne linit reeklt s ixpetinienl nn I viol, nt change, lo I r.'sci le Hie mhcrilanti' .i q'.rnilird lo us oy our tain ion- I' I fl'il 111 ill u III n "y "in i. ii ii- i ns, and lo gu.i e 'mi Km uiiiiuns ami our government i I . . ... i t nurstianee ot ihe nriuemlis of 177j. nriiieio.. p ol 1 1 1 ow, gcni'euien. if ihere be nov leason for this vcotassi nilds'.-e, if lb. re is any thing s'tious tn tho I oiilieul condti'on of iheeounti y, i is because in this nor day there " so ieth'iig attempted which amounts to a chance lyiivah nt lo a rcvobni 01 in our affair; pot of ihe for n nf th government fo V hi nil Know ilnl a form of Kt.vernmenl miy leui.iu imch-.ilgfd, V'hiieiis whole si'irii nnv ev ipornie, and lb" objects i f its enemies ari.nccooiihs'.ie I. lint we nn- he.c be la'UDthereis befire ns inn d ii'gerons form, llinl i. Inch n.irlimls n dang, .-nn revoluiion nl our nation r,:.L."sf . ","t 2" " :'" ,,lc fi'Stasto ihi evtinl :inl Inundnry of , I lent priuc pies and policy which have annulled l,.ii'erninBiil from ihe din. I do not propose to go nl any lengih into ih" cna r deration of ilu se fy' j ids, but 1 cum I nvn d saying n word or two on each of th p-op ii nis ; Inst, lo i Civ a new trrrilni'j to llie l.ulul Mans, anil see-; r.nd, that which wo know lo be ihe senluuent advnn- ...11 ... .1.-.J !. .......!....,. it.-. ..-I,, It r, uy n ,,.. m ';"""- taeOovermneiuhas been 17fc9do'.vu- " n'llM w01' ""' m" VZ ''ZZ. i tuiv, her own municipal nnd uiiernal regulations. We nre now on the eve of n Renera! clecion. Tlicre ,pThero nro said to be urea, ntl.aelions in parts of rre .sndnhles nlreidv before if. propo-id by those , Tcjis forpcr.nn from Kngland, and nl. o for nno I, .-Wiwng one and." colter S'deo ihe-epropif-iiions; er cl.s i,r persons from the sou her .Mates of ibis -nT 7k i for the eo. miry nod ihe people io say which eoi.niry. Between Ihe-e classes ihere t.s p ope com r.b a., i.. Is be-i r, nlil- i e'eu-d. for the ! pei i on io bo Irifd. Wo can leave her m tins lo per BTb'.q.3 n.Vi .he ifJinalion f- her own desliny, by the wotkui'. out ot her own nflhe nniioivil h mor oud interest. As tn Texas, I' is wi-ll known lhat llie Union of llial .vhole terriioi y l" ihis eonnirv was nniong ihe Ftir. ''Ut nri'jeets prtf ined in llie last Cimgn-a which i, is thus fir fai ed, baling lm n dcfeiited in ihe Sen- i!svin!.s in ihe inietrntv of that b nly bin which s mi nliaiulonid nud is s nil one of llie proi'eis nf ihe i. mv bv whnoi il was first tnlio .uceel I shall not leu nnt'ai this lime upon the evils of this project. Tli.-y baie been fully biid l.i fore ihe public nnd will -!,. si tlii'inst-licn incifn- tii'iti'f mind. The ones lion n. if wedi s'retn keep IheUiulid Suites r.s Ihey nie, I'.iihont (liininu'i ui und without niigm-nlatinn, lo piewrvo f.nri oliserui their siao'isiieu iiniiniiniies, liow lire we lo necoinnbsh it? There sro before in Iwo ranibiln'ee for (be Presilency. Duo nf them is not only a Texas candid lie, but he was selected for tlioverv reason that he Is in f.ivorof nnnei itinn, nnd not only without ibis would he never haie been I'lousiht'nf. but exefpt Ihrnugb ihennnex.iiiun nf TiX 10 l.e will never bo remembered. (Laughter nnd cheers.) Any man who surrorts James K. Polk, jnrans to nimcx Texas lo ilo United Slates. In cannot deny i'j ns v.'eM might the man who, with n deadly weapon K'n' es n deadly blow, d.nv lhat he intends in strike n deadly blow. The act Fpcuks Tor itself. No gloss can cover it. nn coinmrntai y can cxplnn it nwny. It is cither Polk and Texas, or ntlthtr I'olk )icr Tex ns (Cheers. Jiow rentleim n, on ihe other side wo have Ilenty Clay, (Hearty cheers, long nnd luud ) Mr. (.'lay's opinions on ihesuljuciof'I'exns hnvebeen .I....I.. .......J S!n. nenilfincn. 1 do not know nnv maii, in public or in nrivate, who took ground n-ainst Iho annexation of Texas earlier than myself ii Un l,or.,,..niil ihu some ncven venrs ago, neing n man neicr nfini lofcomuiii-nl I look this ground on cenernl principles, nnd on principles in my opinion ns r.. :.i ,i,-n. 'i'Iip nnnnsiiion in aiiiu xaiion is therefore n i l llie 110 new senilllieni, Uliu l i"i ion- l ay gentlemen that mider the present e'rciunstani e I'give mv votebrnrlily for Mr ( Inv, (cheers) nn 1 1 m give n uecnile among oin-r ioint' e" "--(d ngninsl Ihe nnnexnlion or Texas, nnd I would not give it if be wns not. Wiih other opinions nf Ins I shall not nnw hold eonlrnversvi but I bold Willi linn on Ibis poinr. hem' se I Iwl.l llinl Ihe nnnexnlion of Texas would be the perpelna'ion of African s'nvery and lh Ivrrr.n.iv" ovc ra,.,.ul Ibis contmeiil, nnd ihere'ore I will have noibuig in " wnh it (rheers ) If there nrn persens who think lhat m the i,rogress of natural causes Texas wm ld become n re gion of rreo sta'es, if nevertheless. Ihev agree with ine, thatlisnnnexatiin is lo be nnr.oscd firmly nriil liol.tly I po willi them on ihnnpiis'uon. Now Mr. I lay fins told us lhat in bis nninion nnnexalion is to lienpnn. j 'd iiulcsJ t meets wnh tbeinminuri eonrent of die c1""l,)'t that a new partner i not to bo admitted I witfititii n (iciicral national consent of iho pnrlncr- -dnp, nnd I hold that he l bound by thcsti opinion". . J Inko Ins pledgo nml I stand upon it, (Cheers.) I ' I ueueveum no is a man oi nnnor and 01 irmii, nnui I sunn upon it. We take him al his word, nudhoil.iies not forfeit ilmt word. (Chrein Tim a question in rei;ard tu vvhieli t' ne is rv?ry tlniiir. If Clay is elected, it remains m It is for four V"ars. Ihrre is mm h to bp done m four years. There i lime tu rally ihc aoo.l sons i of the enuntry, to exJiiiine the snhji'c) in nil Its beatinup, and nil u p irtiiruty in ee how Ti.x.aa may be nnnexnl without violence, w th sirn security for liiiuun liberty, and Mii'iout war with Mexico. Weniotheii in thin position. Tlni-o who really wtli to oppoo tlin anncT'ition of Ti'a have no ehoiee w halt ver, 1 Itnnw that there will Ii local and personal prelcrenec, hut I say that thcie is no preai KOod lobe done without cntirr union In tho Whu par tvj no' w.ihout meet concession on this part and un that part, not without njiieemeut to iliff-'r on thine not cs, while it cues forwerd unilcdly nn thn rjrrat object wbieh nil drsiie to necoinphsh. Now if wo urn Turcot on the result, in this rcpect in in oilier-, our cause is, our union is perfect. Loud cheers. I Oentlemen, il is not thessntimenls lhat I oiler that make me hoarse, cheers and Innliter nor this as sembly about mo that embarrasses me I ut mv ma bilitv iiriea from mifortunatc causes connected with mv health, lint I must proceed to say, lnw.iver, that this is a matter that t wish lo presem to theean dor and i'onsii"nee of cveiy man in this assembly ami in lh" coiniiiimity, who'thinU- that the milieu lion nf Texas is nn evil lo bo ilepreeatid, nnj Who neveitheless hesitates or doubts whether il is bi duty in November next to cio his vote for the Whia ticket 1 h )ld llti lo lie a qiestionfit foi every man's eon -iileration in Im own eloreti in rutiremeiil, and btfure the p'iver he expects lo .i'ldjio him. Does any man mean so to exercise his ele.'live fianchiseas to pre vent tho annexation nl Texas 1 if he do"s so, is there anything in the world for him loilo,in tbc ulmlo eopi of lnnian rea'on, but lo vote tho Whia ticket 1 M it tinquestionablv her-imht not to vnte for the oth er tickdi hall he throw aw.av his volu upon the third nat tv as it is railed, -that is a question for him to consider. Will he sav lhat ho will not vote at all 7 Is 1'iere an American, with a true, bold and li-arlrsj American heart in Ids lunnm, who is wi'linn to skulk awav in a c irnrr and not vote for any h idy? Shoui" of " No, no, no," fin in the crowd, No I 1 siv. The elective franchise is a trust j hew!ioports wiih it trifl not willi his own inleiest ' nly, but that nTeverv inemher of the cninniunity, w-itli a llusi we are all h mid toex-cute with all nood fi bdiiy to our eo'uilry. It is a finncliise lhat wo ae linutid to ex ercis.'j and I siy then lint it isilufitst diilvofthe ciliz'i In inrorm Irs concineo as uellas lie ran, ncd ilien cive his vote, acrordins to his consiienee, nnd leave the eonscq lenecs lo MoJ. ''an lie eve an bonesi vole, if lie believe the annexation of Texas to be an evil, if ho nive nidi a vote aa will ind.ieelly lirinj nhnut that annexalian J II liny not he mailer f much moment herein our own ante, but takeiln etate3 around us where iho plurality tisiein is in f Tee j il ho votes for the third party I'oea be not mvu lo the Texas parly that which alone niiehi have pie vented the icsult whi 'Il he d ploies? I wisli 'bn tpiest'on lo bo put lo every voter ihroiuliout iheco.m. try. I wili men to examine llitiiieln9, I'u'isted ol parlvexcileinent, and j tdae in llieir i-wu eonsi ti-ivts w hat they nre called upon lo ilo ( And I leuo il to them to reflect what would he Ihe coiire of llieir sen'i'iieiiis and feelinja hcreafier, in lookiimback up on this net, an act to be dono bin once for nil, if vil should result, if what thov d nrecate shou'il Ink place, because tin v have enihraeed the cause which is the nnlv rlniiee of llie success of tins project. An I "bat would be llieir fHinirs if they Inv, have llirovMi away their fianchisc, an I left thi.iga to tako llieir own rntifc lo iiilFchievoi's rrsults ? O.'iillcmei', I do not propooe lo a'liiJe to aaii"Xatian as i concerns ourse es pariiciuaily of addinrr a new unitary lo one pan as H concerns ourse'ifs paritcnlailyj to the ifancers !!"' Uniied Stales do not get Texas, I upland w.ll. an bv llii" argument a disiiust and j'.alonsv ol Knalaud n appealed lo lo foster the project of aunex.iii'm Nowr.llow nie lo say thai tlieiu is no moiealj"'iid s ajcslnn that a man can make than thai nauhnd, . the aovcrnment of Htialatul, seeks lo ncqoire nr ihnsto'eek to acquire, any conneeuin wrli Texas or ill it Knl ind would confer upon', orie ciive from her, nnv privilege, eomineriial or oilier, 'while Texas lemains a slavcboblinr; counliy. Cheer-. If Sir Robert Peel should stall a pr.'j.'et in ; ihe lloiibe of (lonimons in procure nriantiiiicots fa vorable to Knl ind with Texa-, on llv basis of her ' remaining' a blnveholding country, there is not a man ! on hid nvnijterial benches holdchouL'li lo unliold him. j There is nothtiig so ih ur as that the novcrnment ot i Knnland, and more especiitly the people of Thuhind, nre tkterminel lhat S) far as depends i.pon tlieiu bh- vcrv shall no inane to cca'e. Lioes not everyone know that in the recent leislalion of thai country 1UI O I CUlll 11 I" 'II' lltlJIM.ia t UN l.,M. I. ...I..,', j'l."... , ' ro-'ei nmcnt lias bein made lo make a ddli-renee in stii" respects beiwccn the products nf slave labor nd ihe product of fieo liborl Here n voice from lb' crowd iiiiciruptcd Mr. We' Mer with the excla mation: "The-.' ate all skivrs in Kulanl!" Mr. Weboier renhed : " All t laves ,o Knglan 1 1 M V friend ' did not your filhcr eouie from I'tiglnm! a fieo man? Lauelitcr and cheers. Wli it blood pray di you in. j tin il 7 All slaves in f'.'igl.ind ! No, CJeutleincn ! What liberty iheiu is in tho world out of our own country is in Ibigland. An inferior hberlv it is in deed, nnd controlled by csiabhslnnent" an i orders, bm all the great hulwaiks of l.beily nre there: Law ' nnj order, the dial by jury, the habeas iorpu, ihe I fiecdom of lha press, tho public assembly exist in ' England, ill Knglnnd where '.hey are all slaves!"' I Derisive cheeis Mr. Wtbicr remnied :-Kow genileinen il is pro- I per, having said this much, having shovin lhat in en Hi cly idle to say thai Ihere is any prospect ofTexas in anvcient I ling nniiel lo England, il is still pro per io s live the problem of the future destiny of Tex n-i for that prtblem still exists. 1 h ive an opinion ' on this siibj. ct, and it is one i f some ve'irs st in 'ing. not mienilv formed, but entertained ahv.n s tinee i T.-vas becnoir- indenendnt. 1 was eailv ill fivor of , . , . - - , - " " , Ci. ....,1 li..ten., n tnt. ti, t vnt II men I 11 11 S OO 1 " ' """ "" '" " - . fncip. mid win Iher the Kiolu'ion uf 'lexa? were insi or unn st, il 1 evns liccomes niuepenneni, n is our 1111 tv toa 'knowledgiil. Wo nil re ne ii'ier tho saprise occasioned by the result of the gr'nt baitle by which 1 Texas made hi relf independent. Tis true bho Ins not in i !c as much progress ns we h pcd j I ut ns she is indipcndent, what id the true policy with regard to ' herl It is tn rt'eogriie her independi nee, to ac I I nowli-dgo ihe infant n nion, and lo see lhat no oihi r nation should obtain, or seek lonhinm any peculiar privileges wnh regard toll, rimer politienl or eom- mcrcial. lier muepenoence migiii ne iiiii.inooeo oy .begenernic incurrence of nations, n, is .hit nflhe ine generni c incurrence in n-iuon.s. u- i m u m nn I m:n..niin,.!.DnM.'iir,ina Wloil in thiit ntvus s.jcii riiv lo those r.uropeau nations? 'I heie any many of ' them whose neighbors inighl crush them in nn hour, if thegencinl sinlhnent (f mankind, nnd national , honor perniiilid. Steurrd by iho generni enn-ent nf 1 n-nions. ihe national independi nee nnd nnbli" inde pendence nf every nation is iipholrien again-1 theag eres'lve torce ot oilier nanoiis. ji l'eas lakes this , " . , .,,, ,tUI,r .. co,,rs who could couudain syslem. , Mexicoiloes not ss vet admit the independence ol , Texas. Hut II is now many years since Meieo has ntteinptcd lo re-sub lue Texas, bv any invasion nf nn , imnn-ing or determined chaiaeler. Ilut the world , is somewhat marked bv anoinih.'S nf ibiskiod. Thus , we have seen llie independence nf Texas is not ne- knnwledeed bv Mexico, while lhat nf Mexico is not ncknowledgeil by Spain, and Spain hoi3ilf is not ac knowledged under hrr Constitutional govcrniiieiit by Itussia and nlhcis of the norlliern nalions Under Ihe law nf nations their ambassadors nro perfectly . cipnl before our government, nnd fo lliey ouglil to be. While we acknowledge thai .Mexico lias n tight bv freh pursuir, as wo may call n, to re-sub-juimto Tevas, I deny for one lhai she has n right for nn indefinite timo In disturb tho relations of com merce, nnd the natural slate of things, by n war without fighting. If she wishes In re-conquer Texns, lei her try il, nnd if she fail, let her acknowledge it Iliii a w-irof resolutions lhat she will rur.i'igate her, n war of miurnnding cxciiis.ous which disturh-the peace an Iconif nieiico of the coniinerciil world, nu I yci a tuoooK ss war, is n siaie ui iiiutas oi wiw-n wi luive n right lo complain. And I tiny say fartlur, llmt if my ju Igment had been taken in limes past, n movement would have been made lo couse the eov ernmcnls of all civilized nati ins o represent to Mex ico tbnt she rnti'l fight out her claim or admit Iho in ilenrndiiiee nf Texas. Cheers J Now. eeiitleinnn, ufier thi -e hulls nnd generni re ninrks. I haie only n word lo say upon aiioibrr lopic. nterc lfr. Wehstrr wns interruiiled by a loicefrom I the crowd, saving, " , Uni'ed Stales nllow 1 'i . .... i .i it -.i... :.l....,a ..ui.lw. II iwr. i uiy in i-ii-nn, "in inf Terns tn massacrn Ameiicnn cit- Then." responded Ins interrogator, "I will give Clavinv vole." 'Will I tal.e you nt your word, taid 1 Mr W.. " cue bun your vote, nnd I will answer for hsrrs, r.f I lie cnnsennehei s Mr. Wchsier resumed ! Iwih lo sav n few words on the principles hereafter lo be adopted with regard in llie iiroteeiion to be nfTordcd to Americnu labor. We spenk of protection; lhat implies protection of sonirbody, nnd soinelhing lobe, nno some holy in bn prnteclid against, I hive but n few words tour upon that point. What do wo mean when we speak of protection ! Who is lo bn protected, nnd iiL-'iiost what is he to be protected ? Now gentlemen, if tl. o be any I'"" meaning, nnd there is a true meaning if tstWsr We mtnn to say tbnl Arnerienn labor, iho oil and labor of our own bands, is to bo protected ngninst iho chenpi r Inbor of I'urope nnd protected by kerning for our own laborers a maikit for mi' own prndiieiions The theory ts founded in n broad principle 'there is such a slnte of things n fur I, u iviiiilrii s that la bur is much cheaper than hero, ntul the I Omrcr n de-1 Rmili - d licirm, nnj not tU-vatfJ to Ilia rank cr n frcu- nun. llo has no paineipiijcjn m the giiurniiien1 un- (I 'r w Inch he lives ho is nancre hiboirr s lie lavs up uoiiung ueyouti hit; lucre uppoiloi Ins f mull lor 111) niy I lie mis no meanso! iiluennuj; III children) tin iius oor, aim uies poor, nml hii iluliliun coina niur him wnh iho stiiio biography. great laughier. 'Plus is I nroiioan lalor, nml lo tin icrnlan I il ri q nics ii J livi'stijtntiuu of h'stnrv, mi thcoiy ol c. iitalur property. This U the foci. On to nnv p ut of r.u- nilio, look nl any oil. door labor, and there question llinl our people cannot live on it. Tbcv enli not feed and clothe theinsi Ives and families nnd edit cnla their children upon it. They do not mean lo submit toil, nml will not. The wanes of many I inds of labor in Unaland, nnd it is worco on ihe eonliuenl, aro one nhillinu sterling f J I cents per d.iy, for the nblolndied laborer hoarrinc limiEi'lf. One tlnllint; nnd six penco per da v about 33 cents is a hbcrnl pru e Hi harvest time, when labor is in demand Ihrnnali ihe arealcrpart of England and of nil iMirope. Now ihu ipicstiou is this, whether we, the wnikinrj people of Iho United St lies, are willius lo puloiirsehes in competi tion willi labor at this rale 7 ctiesof not no I 1 say no I myself. And we ask nnl'ninr; unreasonable. IJiery man say- tn his ncmhbor, if you furnili me willi whnt I want, I will furnish . von wiih tho productions of mv labor, and both nnd all establish Ihe maxim of live and let bye. 1 believe we nro competent to provide for ourselves, by the interchange of commodities willi most of ilia essentials nml luxuries of life. Il is the univeisal crv. and loudest where the facts are least known, that tliis system is useful to corpora tions onlj , builds up ureal fortunes, nnd depresses la bor. O.i this ground, even in this community, tin re arc tho-e evil spirits abroad whoso business il is to excite war among the classes j who mo full of hatred, envy, malice and all tinehaiiinbli ness. Tor 1 do say, on my conscience, that since the tune when Ihe ser pent enttrcd paradise to beguile, nnd destiny our fiit parents, a more wicked spirit ln not manifested ilsi If in tho shape nf man or serpent, linn instigates those deniagngnes who preach llinl one clas must be bos ti'e to nnotlipr, .and foster enmiiies between the near est ami dearct rilalives. (Cheers.) If you find such a man maik him! stigmatize as Ihe law stigma tiz"s pirate, as enemies lo Ihe human race. Turn him nut of ioorj he comes lo intigalo evil, nnd i worthy nfno society but that of his early ptololvpe. (Great cheers and laurhtcr.) No, gentlemen, it is false lo lake lhi ground against corporations. What nre they in effect? Any fuc ni"ii may l.nvn a corpo'iilion if they choosot ii is on ly a form lo tiniio capitals where there nre no great capital', ns there are in IViropo, .Men may own in I'.uropc, wheio capital" are lareer, many inamifac. lure'. With us, where there is not this nlulity, they unite in a "Ot t of panneishipnnd nntliiiig else. I say. thrtcforo, that whatsoever r.ii-rs the price of labor is exprrs'Iy fir tho benefit of the laboring mall nnd to the injury of capitalists so fnr as it goes, for so much is taken from capilil and addel to the wages of labir. And of every tiling, lhat whi"h tends moi to ibs. e uiraL'e thoarisioemiic accumulation of propel tv and diminish poierlv is Iheninple reward of labor. Where ttiero is n reward sufficient lo teed and clothe the la r, nn,l f m,t . ,,. ' . V.. I , ,1,,. nnblie worshi,, nfihe de tv. ile. n'r w 'r ! can on overgrown loriunea on mo one Iiaiiu, or po erlv and beggary on the oilier. The distinguished Ketitletinn who represenio this District in f'nngn ss 1ns wrilten a Idler to a Iriend in . ... .. . ' . . . the South, describing the persons who own slock in niiia oi inee i;orpornnons. u e ec trim ilns, for inianee, that in the Merrimae Printing Works there are 3C0 pr iprieiors, of whom 4 are luerchanis fiS fenyi!c, (Wi lows, &,;). 52 in.liinhials retired from liusinessi PO administrators. Ac s Ci lawyers, (1 did mil know sa many of my profession wi ro s i fortunate); IS physicians) i firoiersj if) eh rim and secretaries i and 15 inechanies nml iinnu'aetiircrs, including a num ber of individuils aelti illy employed in ihe mi3. L'ould nnvlhing bo morn distributive than this? Here is onl V a con lenient mode uf invc-inienl of large and nf small qoaniiiies uf miney. There h no len dencv to accumulate here; and our fiauie of govern inenl e'ltirely nh dishes iho whole system of cnta Is nnd piiuiogcni'nre. And bn ho cries out Aristocra cy here, might as well cry out scatccrow, to frighten men out of their S"nse3. Vhen the q lesiion nf ad'iptins the C insi'tniion was lb bated in Iho Old Sonili by the great men of Hut time, nne nf the pro'ieneiit arguments in its fnvor was thai it would pmiecl the mechanic oris Til s was the n mil men t of Paul Iloiei1 and of Judge D.r.ves This w a- the sum and snbsiance of thorisoluti n a loplcd by the M-'chamcs' b'oenty nt the Green Dragon Tavern, whu-h you pa-ed lo-d iy, nl n meet ing where, ns p,ml Rewre told Saurul Adams, iheie were mare mech ones than tl ere are st irs in Heav en. This power wn- then engrafied in the Coiisiim tiou in fivor of the artisan w ho works wilhujl in i chincrv .and without cT'ital. Our opponents routine their ilhi-tratims to the gnat establish men is of I iw ill and Ainnsl.c.ig. They say nothing of the shoein ikersnf Lynn, and the hat ters nf Huston, n ir of tho-e ih uisand-olher lb in thus a who hie by the excn'io of Ihe mei lianie al Is in their own Imps, l inlarmer is sain lo Pe llie iiupc, M" sacrifice, the vicim. 'I li"V say he until I l.e littler oil i if free trade should be rstabh bed. 1 nis is sii fre- queii tlv. Hut the f u mer knows tint lhat -'ale of things is the best for bun which L'lvcs linn the best market (er his prod ice, which elves him the greatest uuuibci o! consumers of his pro lucls Mr. Stewart, a member ol Ongrces from Pennsyl vania, has said that in the liiilis'i hroidelo'h inpoi led here, the wool nnd the breadsuifl's consuinid I y those who have made it, has taken the place of the product ofngrieiili re of tho American firmer, lie has said loo, lhat he is an iron master, anil lhat ho hishaimd fiom his own expel ieuce, that for every ten dollars paid for m lmif.ictiired iron, ei-'ht dollars has been paid for produce and labor lo his neighbors about bun. And in every Ion of imported iron, so much of fireign 1 iburnnd s ich a proportion of llie products of fortign agriculture is paid for. Is any farmer nuilo certain that without the pioteclion of his wheat ami rye, thoso articles would nut ho imported from tho fiallie, from Poland, nnd from oilier pins of I'liiopc. Il is a fict lhat rve Ins a'reidy hem imported in inrgocs from Ihe lllaek Sea; and hut for ihu duly ofa quaitcr ofa dollar a bushel, who i an say how much larger impor tations might be mode. Docs any one suppose lhat vo co.ild cover oar heads w itli our own bats, but lor protection enough to work exclusion of hat- from lvnglanl? Takeaway th" tariff an I all f dls to the ground. Tho numcious ililegation sent here from Plymouth Comity will tell you lhat in iho shoo trade their prospeiity depends upon iheduty which Ins been laid upon dial article of trade. Take away the t uifl", nnd their business goes back to what it was two years ago So would II bo with 1 he blac'.sniiths, the white smiths and the brass founoers. Then as to the nut ation of ibo dea'crs in leather. Hero are gentlemen from the Cuiinlv of Ilssev, who aro mist eincerne I in this trade, ask them what ffl"cl Iheabo inon of the land' would have upon their immense trade, mako ihe inrjiiry and submit lb" result lo jour neighbors. Thev will say llieir whole business would fid and go down, bill for ihe protection nflhe custom house. Ilefore I tic ndoplion of the Constitution, any man in fifteen minutes, beforo breakfast, might have cloihed himself with ready made clothing imported from Kng and. nnd this slate of things wns sufficiently unpleas- j ant lo tho craft of draper- nnd tailors. And no.v take oil iheduty oriitly per cent, on such articles, an imoro clothing will bo imported from Franco and Hngluid in iwn years, than would cover two sueh popuUtuus as that of the United Slates. I'xamino this question for yourselves, and stale the results of your investigations to your neighbors. And then net in such a way as will promote your own in terests, nnd in such n way ns wall promote the inlcr- eri of your country, which is hero tho same. On not I c misled by in timed party learluna see wlem you own true interest lies, nnd I am wdliii'! tn abide the result of your judgment. Intcnrliiiij these only ns mgrest'ons of the proper course to I c pursued, I will conclude my observations, j by n few remarks of a inoro practical nature. 1 We havo come here, not merely to enjoy the show and iho festivity of lids occasion, not merely to saline , eich oilier as friends nnd fellow citizen, bill to inko ' counsel together, in strengthen nut resolution-, and j forlify our purpn-es lor Ihe iiiiung cnnicsl. 1. very thing is useless, illusory nnd vnin which does not tend to streiiglhed tho Whig cause in November. 1 1 edo nothing lo tint end, we do nolhing nbsolim ly. This is tho the appropriate lime for action for im portant, iheisim nciion. And now gentlemen, ns emylhmg is nb-ohilely vain and worthless cxicpt so far asit inspires us to go on energetically in the com ing i lection, there arc three things I mean lo propose tn ilm Whigs here in day on their f it II nnd honor nno allegiance to their principles nnd their country. I ex pect from vou no more huzza assent, bn' I put it In eicry oneot you on your conscience, your nnnur auu your fidelity. I aBk you gen'Ieinen. Whigs of Massachusetts and of the Uniied Slalea, Will you and evi ry one of you, Go I sparing your health, laving nsido nil perso-aj pnferenecs, go to the polls in November an I support the Whig ticket? (Immense cheering and shouts of ay.) That's recorded. Will vou and every onn of you, with equal sincerity and fidelity, pledge yi urselves so far n depends on your ulmosi power nnd nbility to bring eicry Whig within jour knowledge nlso lo the polls? (Shouts of yes, yes, yes.) As I hnvesnidnn former ocensions, many o' our adversaries, who iheniselies really mean tn do right. aro misled by disiening and selfish men. If wo lake pains nnd succeed in gelling near Iheiu, nnd enmpnr ing notes, ns we say in regnrd to the general interest of nd. wo mny bring ihem bark with ns. Will you nnd ench nf you pledge yourselves lo Ihe ii most nf your enrienvnrs lo pem trnto with light wherever there is ''nrknese, nnd to bring ench of you ono new born Whig lo the polls in November, (Cheers, nnd cries of ves. ves.) f,3 nmnng your neighbors, young men of the Whig Clubs, Clay Clubs nnd of nil the various Assiehtinus berore me. pur ineqiiesiinn limine in every ooiin ing nr ndverf" individual, put it to them nnd lake ihoiespon sibilily nn vonr conscience, not here only, but every where, nf coving lliftn nil needful liL'ht. Would to nod llinl I could Feenoihinc In bo litnrnt. rdin iheslalenf nninion even heroin ihiscood old Unle. Ilut while I see whnt I never expccleil in sen here, a w hole party turning at ihe mere waving ofa banner, moving like n feather stirred by the mile brenlhof patty. 1 led th it (hero is indeed something P lament, though fellow litems, tlieri-is nothing In bo di span oil of. Vo mo bound by llioso before us, uy iiiomu wiiosurroiinii us, uy the whole world that Is looking to tis, nut to follow, but lo set a good exam plewoof old Massachusetts. Iobcied upon n baunir In tho procession today, Iho winds, "millions arc behind us." They wcro do'iblh fs intended vci y nppiopri itely ns n proini'o of the numbers whu would follow the bad of the Whigs wliohor" jhe banner. I! I iho words snggesled nisu n del per toned lei ling. Millions nru behiuil us, nlong the iratl: of luturo time. Millions are behind us, lo reiise our condui t, to judge uf our patriotism and o'ur isdoui in Iheenlm liglil ofa dislanl period. Wo a nnd ihen, fellow citizens, in view of the judg ment of inilliinsofiiurpostciitv, who nro coining be hind us lorejndgo iisand In form their opinion of our palil'iiivui nnd MUdom, I,ci us then do ourtluly, not fiivoloii'ty. bin soh'.rlynnd solcmly, that we maybe

sure of tin irnpptiibiiKin and respcit. Ocnlli'inen, cm neier i oifoto feel that in llie pres ent s aloof llie (ouiili y thcie is sinieihing of n crisis. II we succeed ihu dangir is nvcitid, but ifue lad coiids and daikncs test upon Ihe prospect, whiehiny vision cannot penetrate. Let me niljnio vou one nnd all lo do your dulv on Ihe piesento.'casion, a- by the blessingnf Cod I in tend In do mine to the utmost of my nbdity. Mr. Wulistcr llion introduced Mr. Cnssiits M. Clay of Kfiilncky, who had linen several limes loudly called fur, nml who was receiv ed willi disliiioiiislind !ipiliinsf. Mr. Clny siol;i! its fnllims : .Men nf iMassachusqitp, AmcricmiF ! Tlinitah this is inio nf tho proudest moments of my life, yet, limvovor much il may nOonil my vanity, I am constrained to bolievo that it in 'not in 'mi; only th it tins cxpro-sirin nf respect and cnidinli. ty id eMemled ; rind indued I would fiin coii. strut! lunch, am! Ihe i;re,'iler piirtliin nflhis man.' ifosl.alinii nf iippl.itMe as the mr-.vl of ntiollicr nd ;t greater pnrson b"ariii2 tho satnrs name w ith my own; Henry Cl.ty of Kentucky ; (diners) and also ns h.niii'.' linen trivon tntny ow n native gallant State of Kentucky, which Ins ever slnnd ailirm'y by llmsida of il itfachutetls as now. (Cirent cheering'.) I mtil renvmher as I stand here in Ior.rm, that I ntn near tin walls of F.meinl Hall, in sight of ihe illustrious scene of Uonker Hill, in the immediate iniiolib'irlioiid of J,i;inirtnn ,iud Concird; and Iho n-socialioiH connct'ted Willi Ihi'-n names I chim as mv own property. And I h.iv.i cninn hither to ofl'.'r lip in unison w ith yon m v devotion ti those sacred piinclples which thn-i! names will hind d rvn and conso er.ite, to the romo'e.'l po.-terity. I have beloro " "."'-" " ' "',,.11! u u, ,U HIITO lias reuni lieu, nnd 1 n."1 boon ntul c.iunnt he,,r llie nitions of in ii i inn i . .., uiu uiu win in, .i pageant micIi as is pic-entet. nere on mis occa-i'iii. flu; ctvilizalinii of age-, I all Ihe pageantry of nubility I'fre, eaiinot equal ' the scene of today, l.onlc nt the men around' you, their clothing, 'vhich is comp iratively a I trilln indeed, hut a .-iguilieatit one, the intelli-; gnuce he.iiuitig in llieir face--, and then my if liberty i- not indeed a boon to unit. " I If we have any advantage mer n'her nations, I it" lie am the fiisl nation on Ihe globe in nune-i respect:', it is lo this- liberty alune we o ie our ! nro.einiiiniK e. huice Muni iy ist I nmnimn fno hundred mile, from ihe Tall of Niagara, ai.u aitliough eim'tuiiis (, u,u llnst --uhlinie character weie excited in toy boom h- I looked upon tint grn.i'est v.o i.Jur ol the world, yet the gieat Hail Unid along lint mute eutleil, I freely ennfe.--.- a greater degree of admiration in in." iiiiuil llian even Unit btupendoiu v. oil: of the (ire iter. And to whit is owing this subluno inan.festa. tion id bum in energy and power ! To free l.i bur. (liiim 'use cheering.) This and a lluui sand iiiiiro .--iir,,iiir pheiiumeua urn the lei'iti iii ile i ciiufccrpiQucnd nf fiendoni of heart and of opinion. I' is in us Ainuricatif, that the wnrhl is indebted fur ihe im s' brilliant developeiiiL'tit of the p'r-am power. This Innor belong.-) tons. lint I nm-t coti-jtrain myself to be Inief, and to close by saying to yn'l tint I have com.' here as an Ainorican Citizen, as a Whig ol l?7(j, il the Wings now are hhe iho.srj of 'To, and il not, then not a-- a Wing. And if am indeed a Whig of 1770, or nf that ca.-l, then I go with you, gentlemen, when jo'l sjy tint a" foreign government cannot conic into the fjlluwsh'p'o! fri'ouen, I.Jcau e, I say, 'h ,t Iho principle.! ol that gri.-einino t nie nut in unium with th" pvinct;il"s which governed ojr f,.lhers to 177(i. ..,,1 .el,,,.!, t ,,.. -,,, ,,,, , ,.:,i,,, . , ... " . ' . , . o. i n.ti ii ii, .too ii,..- U'J.H 13 uni in iuJ. i am for tho IJmo.i as it i- I s.iy alwav--, in the words of Andrew Jickson, ''The U nne, it must bo pre-erve.l." An I it ni'i-t be preseived from tho acce-.sio'i of foreign tnrntO'y, unless the ol hheily skill hj bnuiid in ino.. tricih'e links with th" e:: nusi nt of territory I core not "".0 whit whit uny be 'vi private opinions of Mr. Clay or .Mr. We lis: ur, or, if I may inonliii'i bis ninu oven in the rain? con. nexion, of Mr. I'olk ; bjt never by my vole, mv influence, or uty voice, sh ill .-Livery be spre.t! in these UiWml States by the aiiue'citi'i t of inv foreign enuetry. I take M-. C ay on i.i Ins pledg es I hold linn In Ins pledge 111 il unless bv the cniireiii of ovety member of this gre it put-noiT-hip of .State.--, Texas sn w,t, , , u-sein nevirhe annexed lollu.s Union. Without I hit consent be due not, nnd no other man shall dare, to give his influence to forward such a ne farious scheme I will clon hv saying lhat tin lor sush a lead, er as Clay, professing such principles nn wo do, we must conquer in '-11. If wo are indued Whigs, allied to those who made Ihu classic, ground immortal in the mem irv of man unless we aio false to ourselves, unless we are false In our country, unless we are false to the priori pies fnr wlech they bhed their bloo I water in 177(1. unless wo aro traitors to ourselve- and to all in inkind, we are Whigs good enough to light Mieees-fully for liberty and independence, ami to achieve fur these a victory in 111 again, 05"" The following beautiful prayer was niadi) by tho Itev. "Mr., of W-isb-ington, I). C at tho gre it Whig; githoring on the 4lh of July last, at Bl.idousbiirgh : Wo adore thee, O ! thou God of nations, that thou hast spired our live and poruii'tud us to nee the return of this glorious anievrrsary of our Nation's Independence. Wo thee biiug our Pilgrim Fathers out from under the despotism of the old world, to this land of broad rivers and fertile plains-, and didst cause them lo lay hero the foundations of a iii'ghtv nation, on the pillars of law uiu! order and cipial rights'. Wo thank thee for tho brave and noblo men who rallied around the standard of liberty, and ' pledged llieir lives, their for tune?, and their racred honor," to suppmt tho, principles which they considered " ina'dewihle" and indicpen.-ablo to their country's wellare. Wo thank thee that lliou hast been tha waflt fill Guatihan of this nation, from the days of '70 to the present hour. Thou hast made us a great, a mighty, and a glorious people. Thou hast placed us on an eminence among tho na tions of the earth, in order tint thou iiiighto-l make tothein an example of the truer and scrip tural form of government, and raise high a tu nl ol for all iho'h to behold, admire and copy ! Wo implore thy blessing up in tho multitude assembled here, an I upon our whole land. May wo copy the lives-, breaihn the spirit, and carrj out tho principles of the early patriots', who no lily s.icnlieeil their all fnr their country's good May the thrilling assoi lattons, and hallowed recollections which cluster around tins conse crated day, awaken in our bnsoim sentimenta nf the purest i itrmtibii'. May all the excerci sosoftbis day lend to promote thy glory and advance the welfare of this land. l)o thou give success to tho cause and principles which line brought us together. Sparo thou Ihe lives ol the two great ami pitriotic. men whom wo hope to elevate lo Iho highest offices in tho gift of a iingh'y peoplo. Oivo tlieiu good health and prosperity and grant that they may increase in inn tavor anil esteem ol our lellow-citizens Tint the cordial huo and tho hearty support of uiu iN'ortn ami tho ri.mlh ami llie liist and the West may slill r.nnliniiu to gather and thicken around them, until thov shall fool, when placed in their ingli ollices, hey aro tlio avorilo choice of The whole tieonle. and lhat Hut .lis. tiuctivo principles which limy embody and rep. resent, aro the established principles which are over to control this " land of the free and homo of iho brave." May wo havo rulers who will I rule in righleolisiiess. and In the fear of the liid. Myy tho principles and rulrnitiit-tratinn of the ffotutntnent ever be fast anchored in the doctrines of tho Bible. May every foe to civil as well as religious liberty bo removed from our beloved country. May the ri'lng generalioil he educated in the pure patriotism r,f the doctrines of Christianity, and may the institutions of roll g on shield oiir tieo of liberty, nnd gather bo nenth Its ample boughs our entire nniml.atmii. We ontrent llioe, O I Glorious Father, bless tho nations of tlm path, "Let thy kingdom route, and thy will ho done." Let the world ho converted otto snug employ all nation, and about go up from all people, oven alleluj.ih, for the Lord (3ml Omnipotent roignotli. U'e beseech thee pardon its our many tins : guide ns by thy counsel whllo hero below, nnd iillerwardn receive ns to glory, and thine shall be the praiso forovor. Anion. Archbishop Moiintnin, who bin! raised himself fiotn tho son otu beggir In thn See of Dtirhnin, was usUed by George 1 1, for u fit pei son lo uppoint tn the Sen of York. Tho doctor replied, " Il.nlst tlmn f.itlli like it groin of iiiusl.iid-set'd, thou wouldst say lo tho iiioiiiitniii(l,i) ing his hand upon his breast) bo tlinii removed nnd cist into the sen, (see.") lis Mitjesty laughed heartily, und guve the iirefeiiiient to ihu Doctor. f'i 's).-. ..I... v . r R I D A V MORN I NO, S RP T. 27, 1341. CATTLE SHOW. Wo nro very much in tho predicament of the country boy, who, on Ids return from a first visit lo tliucity, being interrogated ns lo what ho thought of it, replied that he was very well entertained, hut the " tnrnul houses weio so tliirk ho could'nt sen much of the city!" So with us. Wo wero so enliiely nnd cnnst.'tnlly employed in iho business tiiiiingenieiils of ihu day, ns lo bo hardlj competent tn spenl; of the ihlng ftoni per sonal observation. Dot, judging from what wo sit v, and tlio goncrnl impression in regard to it, iv n nie warranted in saving that it went oil exceedingly well, nnd will tell well in its influence upon the industry of the country. The d.iy was fine, the nssenibl ige huge, nml iho collection of animals, &c, very icspecMlilu indeed. Wu shall next week give ;i dct.iiled acrount of the whole, with a list of premiums awarded, reports of commtltees, nnd, also, tho excellent uddiess President Wlli:r.u:rt, which wits listened to w Hi ll ked nttciilinii. o t.iko tins neension lo express our nc kliowledgiiieiits lo J. A. Cliuoiliei l.iin, Esq. of Grand 1-le, for n niai;iiificetit .Squash, weighing 100 His. Ii was exhiliiled nt the Cittle .Show on Wednesday, und, h.iidly mill, was the "ohseived of Vers," in the vegetiiblo line. Wti me also indebted to Vice we need all obsei- P resident U.MiTo.v, of Ch.ii lotte, for tho snpeib Cheese, winch look the first pieiniiini at ihe Fair. It is n licit sample of what our dailies nto are doing in Vermont, nnd wo shall propose to the bielhren to discus j its qualities over a mug of "old Ocluher," at the annual meet ing, in Jiiuuiirv. GEORGE I5EATTY. Wo alluded two ivcclis. since to the deatli of this, individual, nml the circumstances at tending it. Wo staled the fuel, that a jury uf inquest was called a postmortem exam ination undo by our loading physicians, .ind a full investigation of the whole matter gone into. Wo further staled, in brief, the facts ns proved, judicially, at the inquest. These fuels O' has not attempted to travel se or explain; hut attempts to dispose ol" the subject by pronouncing tho whole ar ticle a fahiiciitiuii, and us " a liur." He denies even the fact ofa jury ! the examina tion ! the inquest ! and the recorded testi mony elicited on tliu occasion ! Coming from another source, this would indeed excite surprise ; but wo have ceased to be surpri sed al any thing from ono who falls bach upon his " indulgence," ns a protection against the most imperative demands ol ti nth and honor. Wo slr.ll not, 'liitrefore, bandy epithets with such a miscreant, nor dignify him by tho cognomen with which lie is so familiar. To the public, however, wo deem it but just to say, lhat we leassert and main tain tho essential truth and fairness of our first article ; and in support of this wo refer to CiiAiiixs Adams, Esq., tho officiating magistrate, who tool: minutes of the tes'.imo ny, and can iiilornt any individual as lo th f.ictsr"C(. Wm. A. Griswold, John Mer rick, T. F. Strong, John 15. llollenbeck, und a full panncl nf respectable jurors, aro relia bio witnesses as to the facts upon which lliey rendered a verdict; uhilo at least iwo bun died of our townsmen wero cognizint of tlm whole transaction, beard tho testimony, nne can ueciuc w nether our statement was " a fabrication from be sinning to end," or not. If wo havo mistaled the fuels, let O'llnllo procure the testimony Irom Ilio magis trate, und publish it. That will tell the slo ry, and convict us, if wo have misrepresented In the mean time, wo again assert llio sub stnntlal truth ot our statement, and appeal to tho magistrate, jury, and an hundred wit neses for its fidelilv. CONVENTION AT KEESEVILLE. y-v .! S- I . . , ... uur now orK urettiren lielu a mass meeting al Keesevillo on Wednesday and mustered in imposing nunibeis to hear Mr. Uanloy of Buffalo, and GOVEKNOU W II. SEWAUD. A Loco meeting was called ut tho same lime nt tlio same village, but was slitnly nt tended. Wo shall endeavor lo givo nn account oi tlio Wing meeting next week, wiih the speech of Governor Seward, of which note wero taken by a person present. Gov. S. staid ut this place on Tuesday evening, nnd went over in tho Ferry boat on Wednesday morning. Statu Elections in Octoiilti. Ohio ' i, .. ,i., ,i v t i. i ""sylvnn.a and New Jersey each on tin second Tuesday, 8lh dav of tho mouth, Aikansa?, 1st Monday, Till day, Maryland 1st Wednesday, 2d day of tlio ntoiilh South Carolina, second iMonduv, Mth dav COMMUNICATION, Mn. Staov : 'Will you permit me, through llie columns of vour paper, to call the attention of those who study tho French Language, and particularly those who are otijjaged in teaching il, to my System of Tuition. Although I am fully awitto that an author can seldom ho justi fied in obtruding his own affairs on the reader, yet thoruaro so Intitn itolv inter woven with tho Plan which I have tho fionorto propose, that I trust I shall bo forgiven for say ing as much as may bo necessary to olucidalo my system. I havo been many years a witness of tho wonderful cflecls of my plan of educa tion : uy Us tni ueiico I havo seen the youthful uiitiil dart upwards, ns It were, at one bound, to knowledge; and when I contrast lis gr -at com parativo benefits wiih the perfect simplicity of lis origin and operation, I am not surnrised if observers regard my enthusiasm with a Minle. J hose, however, who recollect that a filling apple first awakened Ihe exploring powers of Newton to the wonders of the crea tion ; and that a more verbal difference, nl a convivial party, directed the acute mind of Locko towards tho mysteries of the human Un derstanding, will not need to bo reminded that the greatest effects may Fpring from the most causes. Il is of groat importance that those who study the French Language should heroine familiarly acquainted with Ihe Alphabet and Accented vowels; indeed, so much so. lhat it is physically impossible lo nialin rapid pro gress without it. Poriun itely, however, it is of easy acquisition, and it is much to ho wished that the scholar m iy have the whole perfectly at command in the very outset, a circiiinslanr'n allogo'hcr in their power by constantly icpeal ing after the instructor the alphabet and ac cented vow els, and writing tlieiu until they are thoroughly familiar lo the ear and the eye, after which the scholar is to form Ihem into syllables, and liirm the syllables into words, beforo lie cointnciKCS to read ; ho should also ho rblo to pronounce every word distinctly befure bo com mences lo translate. It is also of great impor tance that the scholar should tako five lessons a week, for sixty lessons taken in the space of twelve weeks would bo better than ninety les sons taken in the space nf twenty. four woekc, In order losavo time, and bo sure of acquiring a good pronunciation, the student should lint study alone for at le i-t four weeks. In transla. Mug, he should commence by translating the Kuglish tt.t i the French, for in doing so ho does not only leatn to translate, but at tho same timo incroises his know ledge of French sounds, which is the most important po.nt of the French language, aflor Ihe student has inquired a tol erable knowledge of iho oerci-es given for translation in Holmar's I.evizic Grammar, nf Ihe 11th edition, (which work I have thoroughly evntiifne,, and have also used to better advan tage I ban anv cither work of the kind published in the United Sia'es.) he should roimnit lo mem ory the verbs that nro in it, fnr a thorough knowledge of thn s.aine I consider one third of the acquisition of tho Ficnch Lmguige. Whilst the student is engaged in lea transit ling exerciser, the master should make him write exerci-os in Iv.-nili once or twice a week, and these exurci.-cs to bo cop cd from the rn Ktci's voce, mil not from the boo!;, and the same e.nrri;e?, alter the in.i.-ler has corrected them, and explained the defec's to his pupils he should have Iheiu tr.uisla'o the same literal ly into I'ngli.sli ; and after the scholar iias be come acquainted w ilh these psvrcises it tstlien fur Ihe master to continence convers ition, with out neglecting now and Ihen to review the for mer exercises, even to the alphabet and accent ed vowels. At the cnminenccinont of thn ex-erci-es given fir translation, the student ought to practice frequ"ntly the cardinal and numbers, not only beiause bo should under stand counting as well as toiling, &c, hut be cause it is a gieat aittaco ill the pronuncia tion of the From h language. Iljloro (om. inencing com i i. -at mn the student ought to ci. phcr in Fiench until he can ad I, subtract, tliu! iiply mid (buflo williease. Willi this system nf iti-lriiclion, a person can acituire a ''nml knowledge of reading, writing, and sneaking; the Ficnch language in about one year, by d voting one hour a day, live d lys in a week, and I no other home study than whit i roooiru.J ) 1 j , j i conim l llie I'jnm in llientory. I luiuixu l nave above memioneil the name of a Grammar which I use, it is nut Iho Urammnr if our angnn"e, I hut ninre n enllnctinn of Pi-netienI lAerci-es. I which the student will understand without com- milling to memory. II is of great importance that after tho student has crmine'iiced iculing, the master should make linn acquainted with a number of Rules that wo have in our language, lo know why words, although f.eoue.ulv ahuu.-t . . '. . l - . . .. pelt alike, varv much in pronunciation 1 Sll.lll iv nothing 'iere about the liquid 1.,hs l'roies- sor Rolniar has fully explained it in his Fables, and ("ollnt in Ins pronouncing French Reader. -hall only renuest tint tnose who are engaged in teaching niav pay a l.ttlo intention lo il, ho that their pupils in iy not contract a habit of pronunciation. Having spoken ol tho Liquid L, it tnav be well to call the attention ot some to the , when it is mute and when it is spiratcd. Spoiling should also bo attended to as soon as tho pupil can read and havo a small knowl- Igo nt the translating exerch-es. It is also necessary that llie scholar should, as soon as his know ledge of the French ill justily it, to re. d l'oetry, and observe tho rules for the same. I'he Met is that language is natural. It is only bid methods of learning that haie made it, as it were, oral, that is to say, complicated, perplexing, and of almost impossible attain ment. Having now partly explained my sv-tem of teaching, 1 eMail enumerate the (injections whid'i 1 havo toother system-', and cfTer, I trus', a satisfactory refutation of them. That fro o the number of pupils exercised simultaneously, the pronunciation ot individuals cannot lie at. tended to, and that the ordinary mode nl com mencing tho Language by the study of Oram mar should bo entirely d scarded, and the Grant rendered merely an accessory and not a principal. In considering this objection, it is necessary Inst to inqniie what is llie naiuro oi Grammar. Docs Gratnmir contain the materi- alsof Language ! Certainly not. Phrases con htitijto tho 'material of Language, without which it in itnpotsiDin to speau or to wrne. Dues Grammar teach Orthography, or Spelling Orthoepy, or pronunciation, or the (l.tlorent meaning of words apparently synonymous, with nut the knowledge of which neither accuracy nur correctness can exist ! Does it secure Irom barbaris-mf, or modes of expression foreign, and of course hostile lo tlio Genius of the Language on which it treats ! Unquestionably not. Ought not, therefore, the man ot common sense to ue itstonUhed that grauriurs should havo been called " Books that teach tho art of speaking and writing coirertlv," an extensive faculty which they neither contain nor can impart. To confound Grammar in this way with Language, and n'ce tersa, is a strange perversion of ideas. Instead uf saying that Language is taught by Grammar, we i tight to say that Grammar is taught by Language. The real value of gram mar is principally to teach tho accidence, and how to avoid eolicisms or false constructions. Language was made first and Grammar after wards, and henco the rules of Grammar, or tho particular principles of a Language, aro only a collection of observations upon cu.-tom. Iho knowledge, therefore, of custom, or ot Lan guage. which is the same thing, ought to pro. cede the knowledge of rules ; for, otherwise, thoso rules aro ub.-ervations upon iiothiti";, a description without a subject. I have thus distinctly established the position that grammar cannot precede the acquirement of Language. Is grammar then 10 bo laid aside entirely 1 No! corUiuly not, when the mind is sufficiently ttorcd for Us reception, when it has, ns it w'ere, a small nation of l'hrakcs lo govern, then let the code of Laws bo put in practice. At such a stage, grammar will im provo and ihciplinu tho knowledge which shall n un hnon idit.unnil nlnwlv ! 1 will even UU" .Inrlnhn ti, say that tho student ot my mcwiou will come to the rules ol iiramniar, u ...n.l n-,,1, irenHiiro of cxainulea and o.ccptiotist,which will givo him incredible fac of . ,!CtCriptioii,conn'aiiilj; "' "''' ,"";! titty in the acquirement of the rules. I ho great fMmct( ,0 order, of good fioo.. nd suj er.or woru dtfiiculty in learning granunar arn-ef fiotn tho inar,.hT , want of the awocwtioiib requisite to iuinrefs it lJ, M IBM. pormanontly upon the memory ; hence the nn morons nystatin of artificial memory rocontty applied to Grammar. Ilut, by my method, tho student Is enabled to spply the rules ns they arise, to tho examples which belong to them; ho sees In Its application tho reason of every rule ns it arifes, and tho rule and tho reason go ing hand in hand, his memory never Innes it. GF.OIt.GE SAMUEL I'HINEAS. Sept., 1811. COMMU.MCATION. Mr. Editor: Allow tnc, if you please, through your columns to call Ihe attention of my friends and other ladies who miy visit Ilur liiigton, to tliu Evchango Ilolol.on Wnlorstrool, kept by a Mr. Hart, it is a beautiful house and is now gelling newly papered and painted, wiih the addition of another Ladies' Parlor ; and is situated in nno of iho most pleasant parts of the town of Burlington where you havo a fino view of Lake Clninphiin, the islands that aro in it, and a number of vessels sailing everyday, willi mo arrival nml departure of every steam, boat, besides tho very good table and politeness of its I eepor ami ouicrs tn tlio house. September, 1811. Gnor.otAN. C.unn into tlio onclosrirc of iho subscriber an old White Iforsc, tScc.Advt. Sentinel and Democrat, Wo think this must bo tho poor "old white horso" that was lately turned out to grass by his keepers at Syracuse. It was bad enough to be cast out at nil, hut to bo turned into the road, lo stray inlo tl.o neighbors' enclosures, instead of being pro vided witli a pasture, is absolutely insuffera ble. Poor " old white 1" wo Utile thought your twenty ono thousand majority would dwindle lo such sad conditions. Tlio Speeches of Mr. Werstcu, and Cassius 31. Clay, at the great Mass Con vention, nt Boston, on the 19tb inst. should bo rend by every Ameiicnn citizen. They may bo found in another column. Ths Kentucky Stale I'ris.m, at Frankfort, was destroyed by fire on the night of tho 30lh tilt. Uy great care and exertion all the prisoners ICO in number, were retained in custody and saved from the impciid'ng danger. A .MOTTO KOrt VERMONT. " Ask yon brightly beaming star, In the Norlliern naeo afar Whether he would cease to burn, Should the Richie needle turn And to oilier siars incline i And his answer shall ho mine. Alb. Daily, WILLISTO.N CLAY CLUB. Tho Williston Cl.iy Club is adjourned to the first Thursday in Oclober, at C o'clock, at the Eagle Hall, after Inch the regular meetings of the Club will be hidden at tlio Eigle Hall every Thursday evening, at G o'cluck. By order of iho Committee. Clay Club. Tho noxt romilnr iMeeliim of iho UU R L IN GTO , Y CLAY CLI'B will l)t;lnil(ltfi nl thoCourt IIoiko on HON DAY EVE NING next, Srp'r.iubrr liO. Tlio members nro rcmicstctl to . . USSOinlllt! )tlllCttlil!!y at Si'jVI1 " ..v.iopi- E. A. STANSBUUY, Secretary. 3D ii c3 s In Underbill, Ana. 231, Jits-LACn.v Anx ntcoE, in the'Jth year nf her a 'e. 'I he record ol I,.'-i't'.ith i- only the record of a eh il cf (toil cone home in slniy. Hit fricii'1?, and iho Church nf Chii-t, Inyo met 'with a prcat ln-. Po ' f"3""- " "'"" " ' . i i ",v!'!" Fe",",m ur', til-sol. iti IM w a lll 'lil i h-nr u i - ncn-enl nn-nt ! ,p,i,lt. .,11. 1 (unlink its i'. Imlil in lrnr,...l,-ln.. Hrm m ,im crreat doctrine- ol srace, which -he nnVntly Imc I, ciaiti linu, a Vc'innate, k'nil, -be h nl u -iromr Ind 1 upon the ulTtciioii-of all in tbt-cir'le in which -he move I. Her i -kiie wa- Ions, but endure I wi tlene and patience. Ilerla-t lueir- were peaceful, r.nth vi a- triumphant. Vlt'ii -uikinuiti (tea'b, tho excellency nl thepowci ol Hie r:os,icl of .les i- Christ w.i- ma 'e manifc-t. The dyin 1 ceonie- the -n'nfort-er. Shu I e-o'isht her K-lovc I narent- an I brothers not to n otirn hoi lo , a urin? iheiu lhat tho -epara-tion would le hort, and ihev -ho-ill soon meet to li.irl no mere. " Hle-.-ed are llie dead that die in tho Lord." J-. Chron, Farms in Milton For Sale. rl KSIPINfi in Ohio, ihu -iih-cri' cr i- de iron- of C selling hi- land- in Mihon, an I nnw i fl'er- fur -ale one I'arm r.f 130 noes, one tn 'e nur b if iho I'.ill-, c.i-t if Drake lull, ofou'vi la 'c.t sod f ir crca or irrai.., ha- two g od barn-, an orchaid, water, and ordinary ho i?e. One K.irm nf from 130 to 000 acres, one ini'esO'iih ea-t ( f the Fall-, an I we-l of Mr-. PIuil-, of -nine 30 aeres interval, an I balance til plain l.uid.-ioin! I arns, nl h-h hni-e, nn I jrreat advantage for raisin? our Mihon s'ap'e, Itv e. One Fnrin 3-4 mile iiorihwe-i of the Pall-, 130 a re-, pun I I inldui nri-hard, nnd convenience-. Oilier paM-1-of 20, 30. nnd 40 acre-, for uch as may oho i ea -mailer pireha-e. Al e, ihe Stone Uou-e and lot at casf end of lha Undue, where, wt'h the uiiprnvemeni- at the I-all-, I- a veryi'e.ira! le location for one wi-luns to open any bu-'ine--. Also, some Village Lot-, with and without dwel lins house-, in the ino-t plea-ant part of ihe vdlare. llv immediate npplicaiioi , .ome 500 yard- el dome-lie cloth may I e hppli"d, or any of the parcels will I e Mil I fur a -mall portion of the purcria-e money down, well annual instalment- for the I al ince, SOU r-luvp, Vo'iiiB Cattle, Hay, &c., wi.l biold wnh either cl ihe farms, if de-irod. I -hall remain in Mdinn a' out Iwn wee1;-, tiller which aoply lo (."corse shley, at the I-all-, or to A. G, Whim ok re, We-l Mtlion. Tl- better to traue willi the priiieinal than wit ti an in-cnt. 1. 1. .11.""""" ".Mi'ton 1'all-, Sept. 25. IP4I. 17 I5ciiam!n t.rlllit!i's C-tatc. Wi; the -ul'fcri'cr-, lems aiipomtulby the iion ornblc the Prolate Court lor the di-tn't of 1 Oran I Me, Ontruni-aioner- to receive, examine ana ! a Iju-f all c'-aims an I deman I- of nil per-on- aiatn-t 1 ibee-taie of Heniunim Ori'lith, late ol firand J e, in n id di-lrtci, decca-ed, repre-enie I in-olifil, and al-o n ..i.i... ..,i .l..,,,n,l. .-Tlniiiteil 111 otl-ei therein. and ix moiiib- from llie 20 h day of Ausu-t, lsJ4, I emu allow cd bv -aid court lor thai pornp-e, we do Ihorefhre herclv'pue nolice that vie wd n-tend to Ihe I ii-inr- of bur appointment at tliedwellinc -hnme nf Widow Olive Orillilh, in (.rand Is'e on the la -t Tucs lay ol Dtivm' cr next, 1mm nine o'clock, A. il. , fouroVloek, P. M,. nnsajd dav ( I1F.MIV SMITH, 1 sioners. Grand Me, Amr.20 b, IS 11. I'"3' rritUS i-to certify ihat I line llii- dav civen mv son, lioxai ii. iciii, in- lum, ouw "in ibcrcfnre inv no i ef I- of hi- coniraciin?, nor claim anv of hi earnings, after tin-date. CUAKLKS TEFrT. Huntington, t'ept. 10, IS1I. SEW HOOT AND SHOE STORE. II. E5ATCBIMLLiD30lfi. HAS removed to the new 'hop opposite the old Uank, where he i prepared ,t meet the call, of hi- cu-tomer-, on lha -honest nonce mid in llielnte-t and tni.l f.i-hionnblo H le. lie ha- no cmpiy I oa-t in make, nor can he cay but lhat hi- work may home tunr panakfof the imperfection which cliaraciernei nil llunss of human Mruciuie; Imt tin-lie will m, lhai 30 year- experience has iriven him nine i-onn- ihy- V,",:" ,", or he will ma1 give good ali-laci'pn. """? "l,mr:s

Other pages from this issue: