Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 11, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 11, 1844 Page 2
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V K4' NATIONAL WHIG TICKET. FOR PKI.SH)I.NT, HENRY C&iLY. OP KliSVUCKY. FOR VICkImIIWIDKiVT, Til GO. PIlHLINttHUVSBN, or xt:u'Ji-:nsjy. I'Otl Kt.CCTOtlS. .tnouoi.vii II. IIAIMIS, i .. ..,. JOHN IT.CK-, M l!,rs' 11. dist. CALVIN TOWNI.KV, ai din. caiilih coot.inoi:, 31 ilist. Ill NJAMIN SWIIT, slhdUl. UllASTUS I'AlltllANKS. LETT BUS FROM MR. CLAY. Abiit.ANO, Sept. 23, 1914. Tii i Editor of t!t Xatiunal Intelligencer i IIknti.kmgn : -unco mv nomination nl lla'timoro m May hist, hy ihe Whig Convention, ns a candidate fur the officu of I're idclit of IheUtiittd t-lnUs, I have received nnny lelt'ls prnpi muling to me questions on public nfl'urs, and olio rs nny have been addles ed to me wliii h I neicr re cived. To most of thus e which havui aclied ine, 1 liaiu n plied ! hut sonic I luitie ".tit, because cillur the mlj-i Is of which they trealel were such its tint, in rtpii t of tlivnutry opinions, I thought, had beens illicitnllv promulgi t.'J or that they did mil possess, in invjiulg moil, su' ficient importance 1 1 n-quire an answer Irnm lite. I ile ire now to s.iy In the pnhlic, liiough von, iltfit, considering (he near approach of I he l'n sideniiaj Klccli in, 1 shall hi iiccfurw.iid rcspeclfu ly ilei I tie to transmit for publication any leiti r from me in ousvvir to litqti riis upon pnhlic mallets. After in v uoinin iiioii, I ilouhied the propriety. as I still do, of answering nny letter- upon new questions of puhlte. pidicv. One who may ho a emttida'e for the Chief Mrgisltncv of the Nation, if eleclid. ought to enter upon the .discharge of the huh duties con neetid with thai office with Ins mind open and on mmmilted upon .ill new q,ia lions which nny nne in the eoince of hi nduumstiaiinu, aitd leadv to avail himself of nil the lights win. li hi' mac ih live fiom Ins Cabinet, ftoiu Congress, and, above all. from the pnh lic opinion. , If, in alv.mee, he sliould commit himself lo indi viduals who ui.iy think pinper lo a.lilri-s luni, he may deptive the nuhhe and himKilf of the benefit of those ereal tiuidis. I'litcrtainiuc ihis vnw, it wn mv intention, nlur my I'oiiiinalion, to dieiine an swcriui for publication all questions I'nt iiujht he propounded to me. lint, on nirthir rrfl'Ttion, it ap priren to me licit if I i-noo-id ibis silence upon mv wlf, I niiitht, eontnr to I lie unif mi tinorof inv life, p. em lo lie unw-dlmt franklv and fearle.slvto uulituit iny opinions to the public j idntenl. I therefore so far devinted from tnv first putpoe ns to lesponil to lelters addressed lo ine, unkiuL' mnuirirsi i recaril to subjects which ha I been mcch.aat'.-itid. OTt'e an swers which I mi transmitted, some wire inienih d exelus'ivciy lor the sat.sf.ielion of mv coriespondenls, without nny e.xpciation oti my part of (heir bt-in ' deemed worthy of puldi-; 'lion. In regard lo ihosL. ( which have been pres mled to lhe nulilic. miseiuicep- ; lions and erroneous constructions have been uUen to S some of them, which I think lltey i!i I not authorize, ! nr which, til all events, mm contrary lo my inlcn-1 Hons. , I In announeinir my dcterntinaion to perini. nooth- I rr letters lo he diawu from uiu "n piib'u: alVors, I , think it rislit to avail myself of the occasion lo cor- , reel the erroneous interpretation of one nr two of those which I had previously wtilten. In Apitl last I addressed to von from Italeih. a letter in respect to ! the proposed Treity annexing Texas to the Tinted Statre, and 1 It ive since addiesscd two hnters to Al- nhaiiia nnon thn same Mihi.'ct, .Alost umvarrauted I allegations hale been itvole that those lellets nr in rnnsistent with each other, and. to m ike h out, par ticular phiase.s or e.xpri ssinns hue been torn from their context, and a mcauiui; atlnh ilcd lo me which I never entertained. I wish now distinctly to sty lint ihcreis not a feel inn. a sentiment, or an opinion expressed in my Ra il iah letter to whicli I il i not a llicte. I am decide hy o-ipnsed lo the immediate, anncxnion of Texas In llm United St lies. I think tl would ha dishonorable, liiicht ininlvu them in wir, would be dansisons lo tlieintiL'iiiv and harmonv of Ihe Union, and if n'l ttiaso nt.ji.ot! in.) iv. rn ri.m.ivi"l, mull I. it 1. rtl'iii'i'l. nceordiiii In anv informalion I pii' siss, upon just and admissible conditions. II was not mi intention, in either ol the two let ters whteh I addrcs'cd to Alabama, to express nnv contrary opinion. K"prcseutatinns had been made lo ma that I wa' coni lered as inllexihlv opposed to the annex inon of Texas under any circumstances nnrl lint my opposition wis so extreme thai I would not waive it, even if there were a ceneral consent lo the nteisiire by all ilia Stales of thn Union. I replied in my first letter to Alabama, that nersoually I had no objection lo annexation. I ihnneht ih.it my inranin? was sufficiently obvious, that I ha I no per sonal, private or individual motives for opposing, as I have none for espousing, llm measure, my i nl ;;nien; liuiilj Altogether influenced by "tneral ami nolnical conyidcraiions, which have ever been the "luife of my public conduct. In mv second letter to Al ibaina, assuming that ihe annexation of Tex is inijltl bo accomplished without national dishonor, without war, with ihe yencm! con sent of the Males of the Union, and upon fair .ind rea sonable terms, I stated that I shou'd be elnd lo see It. I did not suppose thai il was possil e I could he misunderstood. I iiii.uined eicry bu ly would com prehend me as inteudiue lhat, wdtaiever niight hu my parlieu'ar views and opinions, I sliould I e happy to ste what the whole tuition might concur in desirimr under the conditions stated. Nothing was fiuiher from my purpose, ihau to iutiiu-iin anv change of opinion ns long as any consi 'crahlo and respectable portion of iho Confederacy should continue to stand out in opposition to the Anncxaihai of Texas. In all three of iny leiiers upon the m'lj'cl of Texps I stale! thai Annex uim was inadmissible except op. on fair and reasonable terms, if every other objeclion were removed. In n sei cxh which I a Idtessed lo the .Senate of tbo Unite. I rttajes, moie than three vears njo, i avowed my Apposition, lor too reasons tltcre staled, lo the assumption, bv lite General Govern- inenl of the ddils of llm States ll was bnrdlv, therefore, 10 he presumed lhal I could bo in ftvor of ussuining Ihe unascertained dele of a foreign Slate, with which we have no fraternal lies, nnd whose bad Mill or violation oflls eligageinentk can bring nu re- pro iches upon us. Having llms, gentlemen, made the npnlnrv which I inti-nded, for my omission to answer nny letters of tnriitii y unon nuhhe nlliiirs w hir h I may have receiv cd t announced my purpose to decline henceforward trnn'tni'ting answers for publication in any sti.-h let ters lhat I may herenfter receive; nnd itidieaied some of ihnsn which I have forwar Vrl azautst the erroneous constructions lo which ihey have been ex posed, I have accomplished the purpo-e of this note, and leinniu, respectfully, your obedient sr-rtanr, II. I I. W. Messrs. Gales &: Sesto.v. Mr. Clay o'l the Assumption of State Debts. Tho Courier nnd F.nqulrcr gives the rpu 01 us to tho slander whicli has been set n lion I hy Ely Monro and oilier of the least scru pulous Locus, that Mr. Clay and tho Whigs lire in favor of an Assumption of the State Debts by tbo Federal Government. Some body thought this of sufficient iuipoilauco lo wriio to Mr. Clay iiboul, and six weeks sinco Mr. Clay leplied : .Vsiilam), Aug. 20th. ISM. Mv Dear Sut, I received your favor of lite fl'li inst. If you will huso good as lo turn In my speerh nn the I're-i'tuption hill, pages -iS'i aiid 'lYJ, Greeley & McF.lralh's edition, you will Iind a stiong and decisive expression of my opinion against iho .assumt.tion of tho Stale debts. I have never entertained or exprcssetl any other opinion. The only relief which I have thought ought to ho alVirded lo Iho States, in the payment of their debts, was that which would incidentally arise nut of a distribution of Ihe proceeds of the Public I.mds among all tho States. Hut that distribution has no necessary connection with Iho onislenco of Stalo debts. Il was proposed hy 1110 prior to the cool r.icl ion nf most of them. It is proper to add, that for Ihe sako oflhe credit of our common country, 1 fervently desire to see every State liouordbly fulfilling all its obligations. I nut, with great respect, Your friend and oh'l serv'i, II. CLAY. KXTIt ACT.j -" And here lei me say, lhat, looking lo iho patriotic object of thesu Stole debts, and ihe circuuis'anci min der which they were coutmcti'd, I saw wilh tislou- Led and indignant Mings, a resoluiiou Mihniuied to Ihe .Stnalc al ihe List cuimi, declaring lhat llic Gen- i-ral GavcrniAcnl would not osiuunn tho payment o (Item. A more wicked, malignant, Dantondrkc prop osition was never nlKrnl to llic coiisidcrntiun of nny .1. t.l .!. I I.. I. uin' muvi1 ussi-iiouy. n was n neeorire pruposui"iii not a ncirntireof nny anirmn'ivo resolution presented to the Senate t for no such affirmative resolution wns fennl summits passed over on tins route, one in Ash ever offered hy nny one. When, where, by whom, biirnhnnt, oncinWincliendon1oneiiiI'',itiwilliam1nnd vva9 lite rxtrnvngaW idea ever entertained of nn as- une hi Surry." munition of the .taie dehls bv the (Jencral Govt i n itienlT Thero wnsnnl n solitary voico raised in favor of such n measure in this Senate. " Would it not have been time enough to have de nounced assumption whciitt was seriously propo-cd 7 Yel, nl n moment when the Stales were penerallv einliarrossril, when lluir credit wns sinking, nl this critical moment, wnsn measure bronchi forward, mi nece saidc. wnutnnlu nml urn toil ouslv. londn ihe sub- ! jicl of sn claboralu teport, and exciting a protracted ! debate, the incvttahlu (led or nil whih must hae , lictn to cteatenbroail dialrusl in llm ability and gtd I foilli oftbe diblnr Stales. Can il bo doubled that n serious injury was inlhcted upon litem by thi-tunpre-ccdenled pioceedittg 1 Nothing is itn.ro delicate limn ' cretin nr eharaeler. Their credit cannot fail lo have i sulielcd ill ihunniypl ico whete capitnl could be oh- laiueo, nun wnen at mat vcrv lime some 01 incngeois of the Stales were negotialihg with foreign bankers. About that period one of lliu Senalonof lhi body bad in 'person cone uhroad for the purpose of obtaining advances of money on Illinois stoik. "My flit mis nml I made Ihe most slriinious oppn silion lo the resolution, hut it was nil unavailing, and i majority of iho Senate adopted the repott oflhe com milliclo whom Ihcrei-nlulinn had been tefcrtcd. W'c urged Iho impolicy an I mjuslieu of the proceeding j that no titan in his' senses would ever propose Iho as sumption of Ihe State deblsj lhat no such proposal had, in lad, been made; lhat llwnlebts of the Slates were tun quit in amnion contractu! by Slates ofunc nital population, and that some States wete not in dehl nl nil. How ihen w.is it onssilile to think of n 1 eeneinl assumption of Slate tit bis ? Who cntild con- cine 1 1 sin li a proposal 7 lint thero is a vnst tinier ence helwf ( n our paving their dibts for them, and paying our otcn debts Co lluoi, in eonfoitnily with Ihe trusts arising out of llm public dnmain, whitli the litntral Guvci nmctil is bound lo extculc." Sir. Clay and Sir. Iolk on the Tariff. The Lorofucos of Ciniiticrliititl Cminiy, FV'nnsvlvaniii, who wioittli) Mr. I'oi.Ksonio two niontlis since, lo nsrcrliiin his viuns in ruliitiiiii to ihu present TnrifT, hnvo us yet ri'i't'ived no mistvur. Di'spnirini; of pclliiig nny exprrssion of opinion from litis " nitiiti" e.iinlitlaU', llicy ntltlrrssod to Mr. Ct.AV tliu s.iniu intpiii'u.'s which thry IwiJ previously proposed lo Mr. I'ol.K. We Imvo iihendy pnlilislird Mr. Clay's frank reply. But we it-publish it lo-ilny mid nsk the rrnder lo con trast with it Mr. I'oi.k's determined uuiwk dent iilence on tlio same sniijecl : Jill. CI.AV'S AXSWKlt. Asiihsd, 9ih Sept., ISIi. (Ins'TI tMi'S. I this day received ovr Idler, ad dres ne two inquiries to me" 1st. Are ou m faot oflhcTaiilTncl of 18I'J1" and "2d. Would yon, if eleeied, suppoti thnt net act ns il is, without tnodifica lion, or would you be in funr of modifying 11 f 1 bac so olien. L'entletnen, eprestd my opinii n in lavor of the Tardfof 1313, that the only regret I ftel s ill it joti sdiotild deem it nt all necessary to it qoest my renewed e.xpicssiun (if il. N'everllit less, 1 lake pleasure in complying wilh nur ri quest. in say ing ihnl 1 am of opinion that Ihe T.uilldf 151'i has been eniineullv sihitarv i Ihnl lum ittiidully opposed to its reveal ; that I should regard its n iealas n great na i mal ealanu'y i and th it I mil unaware of the ne cessity of anv modification of it. A tixtd nnd stable policy is what Ihecoontrv now most needs, ind I sin ce nil v hope thai ihe Tariff of 131'' may be maintained, nnd lints ntTiril a urity for that desideratum. I am, rcspccifuliy. your obedient seivaut, H.CUAY. Mil. l'OLK'S ANsWr.ll. " I'til Master Silence to bed !" From Ihe Iloslon Conner. VCIt MONT AM) M SA'CIlUii:TTs HAIL. ItOAD. Hon. Ar.niTT I.Awncscr. : Dear Sir, ilatmgbccn detained nt Illy lodgings by indisposition, nnd so prevented from nllcudiug the til'leriioon session nf ll.c rnilrnad no'eiing over which vou had ihe honor lo preside on Friday last ; nnd learning thai the claims of the Keene route were pre-s-nted with gteat earnestne-s and force, I lake Ihe liberty of starting in Ihjs no'e, the points which 1 should have urged in imposition to thai route, if 1 had been present. In the first place, they have no char ier for a railroad lo Keene from our Legislature, and the i-Mini of tlint route in vistuallv a claim for delav for one year, and lhal without nny assurance Ihnl n charier can 1 e otiiaineil ; -o mat a postponement toi a year-may nroe an indefinite ttostnoocuicnt. Ilul there are four other disiincl reasons, whicli, il 1 had been present. I should have fell couiptllid to urge against the Keene loulc. 1. 'I ho llrattleboro' route is designed to accommo date our own citizens, anil In build up inleiests in our own ftt.iic. I licugli I have no ilcsiru lo miure. Inn a w s!i to lenefir, the good people of New Hampshire, when their claims come in competition wilh lliu claims of our own citizens, and all other ihtngs nre muni. 11 is no want of patriotism, but Ihe diclale of that 1rtt1e to provide fin t for the wants of our own people. The roule from Fitehburg lo lirattleboro' will accommo date at least 33,000of iho population of out own -tntej whereas Ihe route to Jvtvnc will not nceonimodate n single town in Mnsgachu-Lits. which cannot be ns will accommodated on lite other route. The only town lhat could be thought of, ns nn exrep'ion lo this remark, is inchemlon j but if the Hrnltliboto mad should be conttrii'Med on ihe most norlbely 10111c, 11 would accommodate lhat town jusc ns wtll ns though Ihe road were continued thtoiigh Keene. Theionln to Hra'lb-boro' is to lie preferred, because it will ac commodate a large amount of our uw n people, which the Keene rrjll'cwill not. '2. The Uratlhboro' route is preferable, because il will furnish the grenlest amount of business, liy striking ihe Connecticut ns low down us Greenfield I or .orihtieul, you will secure the trade aboe; where I as, if vnu mlerseel ihe ruer nl llellows Falls you lose I the business of tlratlleboro' nnd the towns below. There H also mure popu'a'ion on Ihe Hr.illleboro route than on ihe Keene; more business at present, nnd asily more water power unimproved, whicli would he bp tight into use by Ihe road. 3 The laws of New Hatnp-lme aru n great o'jec- linn lo the Keene route. I hie nothing to say about ihe policy of New Hampshire; it may be wi-e. lint 1 so far ni it relates lo enlerprisis of ibis eharaeler, 11 certainly llirows vet y great obstacles in ibnr wav. ' In 'he first place, the dinner of ihe Keene road in New Hampshire, forbids the corporation in occupy or ' " e nny lands for the road, without Ihe consent oflhe I owner. This would put it into the power of anv indi- ' vidunl, w hos,. Iind should lav across ihe route, loslop the enterprise nl together, utilese iheenrprirn'ion would pav hiiunnv evboibitaut sum which he might choose to exact. Iti sides New Anmpshire laws, n I under stood, hold the private property of the stockholders hahln f,,r nil the debts of iho corporation. And add to nil this, ilm Krene charter conttinsn provision, that the legislature nf New Hampshire mav alterorrepeal cue charier, whenever tney pten-e. vxtti laws crea ting Ibis unliinitrd personal liability laws which pill ihe corporation, in the first place, completely into Ihe hands of ihe landholders on the none, nnd ever nlier, nl ihn mercy of iho legislniure, I think prudent enpi- Inhsts wou'd he unwilling in lake lbs stock. Suppose Ih it Ihe legislature of New Hampshire should take il into their heads 10 impose n lax of fifty cents on one tlolla per head upon evr ry passenger passing over Ihe road, ns the stale of Maryland has done on Ihu rond between Hallimore nnd Washington which, hy ihe. very terms of Hie heene dinner, they would havo n tight lo do ibis would destroy Ine income of Ihe roao, ny suujecung ine corporation to n nenvy-inx, for which ihcv could havo no heller remuneration than bv nn increase of their fare, which would drive travel from Ihe mail, I east no rifleciion upon ieiv Hnmnshire legislation, They nrc sovereign, nnd can do ns ihev please. Out when ibey invito us to become sunieci tn ineir taws, we nave nn unuouuteu ngiu to deehne the invitation. 4. There is n serious nbjfctit n tn the roule itself. The friends nf that roule have published a renorlofa survey nl the route, which I confess deals more in vineralilief than any report of the kind I have ever seen. Hut hriif as the report is, we learn thnt the roino eonl ains many had features. Speaking of the Fi zwillinm summit, ihe report says, "some rock ex cavation will he encountered in passing round tho points of ihe hills on Ihi.parl oflhe route; the largest amount, however, will lie hinn'l ill cutting through lint ridge near the house nf Abel Algier. The cut through Ibis ridge, is about 700 feet long, varying fiom four In sirttrn feet item : licarlu all lliit will lie. rnek." Speaking of I'll route below Sibley's Faetnrv,in Troy lo itie Keene valley ; the report says, "n orge portion nflhiupiil oflhe route pnunt orer very rough, bro ken qround. requirintr n henry amount of excavation and euiharl.-inent ,- rorl:cnltinrill ht encountered at several vontalonc tint line.' Of IhcMirrv summit il savs, 'nho cut ot ihe summit vnries.inm 25 tn -10 t"t iteev.Jur a ilmtanre of .itIUU feel, atul from w lo 'Zifrct for about 1000,''. some portion of which will undonhleillii be roil;.' Thttcut it rendered difficult and exp'nsice in comerpience oflhe tart amount of . woier wntcit co'ieritt irom tut timt on eacn nine, ana 1 pntiea of Ihrniiuh llimralley, Further on, lhareporl i savs, "from Granger's mills, the line passes bun we- teuton of 'turret. alonr iho hieh 'rounds. Ac. This part of Ihe route is rendered erpewire ill consequence , of ihn much, broken character of the "round over wnlcn il pattet. The line in Us course from Ihe sum mil, crosses several deeti rarincs, renuirlnp high " bankmenls, andn greater amount of eipcnslrc mason ry than anv other vorlof Die route." If the foregoing dc&ciipiiiin he eorircl, ns wc have 110 reason to doubt, the rouie is iitr Irom being, a dc- firablootic. 'I In' rcpurt tells Ms, in cnnculsiun, thnt. "Oi about tin ee-fourtht of tlic whole distance, curt til lints will bereauirid t the radii of eurvctute rarin 'from one thousand to three lhautand feel, and gtne- ni inuii-uni. i ..iittn.i.. rttlly exer wis fourteen hnudicd No nerson ncnualnlcd with railroad surveys enn rend lltlf document without seeing thnt Iho route is highly objectionable. Hut the publishers of the pamphlet seem deleiniined todo awny lire ctirrts oflhetoulc. Thnttrih I lie engineer admits lhat three, fourths of the wiiolc tun! is uinao tip rn rurves, varying ironi one ihoiisnnd feet radius, the friends nf the project have connected with his rciottn map, with the route Itiatk td thercun, drawn in nearly n slrnight line. Ilul the rjra lea on tho road tire ns ohjeelionahle ns the curves. According lo the teport of tho 61 ttules, the whole length from the reservoir to llellows Kails, 41 T'2 miles are inclined t ami of the 4-1.72 miles inclin ed, more than SS miles have nn inclination of from 5.8(1 lo G3 feet lo Iho mile. It also appears lhat there nrc B 72 miles of 69 feet crnde, l-8."i miles of 60 feet grade, nnd two miles of 63 feet. This glance nt the grades shows nt once that the h'ecne route has a much larger amount ol high grades than tho Hralllehoro', nnd lhat Ihe maximum grade on the Kecnc is 10 fect per mile higher than on Ihe oilier. Ilul from the engineer's e-lintate it would seem, thai though the Kecnc route in moro rough nnd rocky (htm the Hrattlchnro,' it can be built for about jhb same per mile. Whether his estimates are loo high or ton low. it is itnnofible to tell, ns the crnding is nil put down in gross; but nssonn ns weeotne tonrlicles siiscepiii lo ot a companson, it can be demnnstratcu lhat his cslimales nio much lower than Mr. Whil well's on thn Urntlhhoro' route. I will compnio n few ileitis. On the Urnttleboro' route the estimate for depots is 870.000 t)n Ihe Kecnc, SU.UUU I.and damages and fencing on tho Hrattlchnro', 90.000 On the Kctne, 40,000 For contingencies on the Brattle born', 100.000 On Ihe h'rene, , -17,954 This comparison oflhe estimates will show nt once lhat the Hralllehoro' is estimated too high, or the Kecnc lo low. There is no reason in the world why the depots, land damages, and contingencies, on the Keene route, should be sol down nt one half iho sum nt which tho same ilems nre rslimatid on the Hrallle horo' route. In the single articles of land damages, the esliuiatc on the Kecnc route is Ices than half the sum put down Tor the Hralllehoro', when every man tirisl see at nnco thnt the law of New Hampshire, which gives tho land holder unlimited power over the corporation, wilt vastly enhance the amount of land damages. On the whole, I think the good people of New Hamn shiro have nelcd wisely in not giving their pamphlet a very wide circulatinn in your city fori confess that tt beats strong marks of being got up to suit their par ticular case. These facts and remarks I have felt it duo to my slf, nnd the Hratilebnro' route, lo lay be'orc you. You may use llicin as you please. I am, very respectfully, Your obedient servant, CIIAUI.r.S HUDSON. AltttlVAIj Ol' TUB CAI.UIOMAl fifteen Days Later from Europe I The royal mail steamship Caledonia, Capl. Loll, arrived at Huston on Thursday, lliu 3 I insl., at 11 o'clock, after a passagn of nearly 14 days. She brought Liverpool papers to the nioinitig of tho 10th of Sept., and London lo iho 19ih. inclusive. The intelligence brought hy her is of importance and great interest. A treaty of peace has been concluded be tween trance and Morocco : thu dispute between Spain and Morocco has been ami cably adjusted ; tho Tahiti question has been finally settled between France and England ; Louis I'hillippu is to visit England ; and Daniel O'Connell, tho great Irish Agitator, ami the other Traveisers, have been libera ted from prison hy tlio decision of tho House of Lords, reveising ihu dechion of tho Judg es of tho Irish Cutnt oflhe Queen's Bench. A ctif iritis mixture and perplexity of justice eimies upon this decision, doing upon the substantial merits of the ci-sc, Mr. O'Connell has confessedly been condemned justly: going upon the legal question, the majority of the law Lords say he Ins been condemned unjustly ; and he has already actually suffered half of his sentence. lie can proclaim Iho injustice of a now so decideil illegahsenlence of imprisonment. On the other band, an opponent may tell him that what was prospectively illegal was not pre vented by that circumstance from being actu ally at tho time legal. The law put Mr. O'Con nell into prison, and the law has taken him nut. The livv is his enemy and his friend ; but it is law in either case. A legal interpretation acts subsequently lo its promulgation, hut cannot antedate itself. What was done belore wns done then, nnd not now; and Mr. O'Connell' imprisonment is present illegality but rentropec live law. There continues to bo the same abundant flow of capital into thn English Monoy Mar ket as ever. Tho bill hrokeis were doing hut very lilt Jo, although rates were from 1 l-2d to CJ per cent, only, generally 1 3-4d toGl. Tim hank continued to discount at 1 1-2 lo 3. Dock Warrants commanded 4 to 4. On consols (ho roles were 1 1-2 to 2, and on foreign funds 3 lo 5. Thu British Parliament was prorogued hy commissions appointed to represent her Maj esty, on Thursday, ihu 5lli ull. lo ihu IO1I1 of October. Thu Queen made a speech but thero was nothing in it. INDIA. The India Mail of the illst July, from Mar seilles, brings letters and papers from Bombay to that 1! ite. The intelligence is of much interest, although the rainy season is not generally the period of exciting events in India. 'l'hu removal of Lord Ellenborough from the Government Iind produced a modified declara. lion in bis favor, 111 some quarters, hut general, ly it was regarded with indiflorence. Ilis Lordship was expected to leave Calcutta in the Tunasseriin steamer in Iho beginning of Au. gust, but of this nothing positive was known. Tlio monsoon was exceedingly favorable. Forty inches of rain had fallen at Bombay with in three weeks. The fall had been general in the country. Various reports were circulated about the indigo crop in Bengal, which was said to havo suffered from drought and locusts. Tho tobacco crop at Manilla was represented as having tailed. The shin Cameo, from Liverpool to Calcutta, wilh a cargo valued at X'fiO.OOO, was lost oil Kedgeree. I lie Caucahar, from China, was totally wrecked near Bombay. A Calcutta price current of the 20th July says, reports up lo that time from tho indigo dis tricts were not quite conclusive, but upon Ihe whole, no doubt vvas entertained that the crop would reach from l'JO.OOO to lUO.OOO niaunds. It would bo morn unequal in Ihe planting dis tricts than last ycaf, somo of the plantations in liengal having sullereil considerably from the drought in lliu early part of tho season. In Bombay public attention was drawn to a plan for making a railway to iho Thull and Boro ghauts, two great passes in tbo mountains of the neighboring Concan country, by which all tho trade conies to that port. The cost is esti mated at XiioO.IXX), and a large number of shares were takeo there. CHINA. The news from China is to the 21st of June, Sir Henry I'otlinger left Hong Kong thai day, in her Majesty's sleatncr Driver, touched at Singapore, Triconialcc, and Gallc, whence tlio Driver sailed for Bombay on the -Jid of July, and Sir Henry I'otlinger intended lo leave Bom bay for Suez, by the September mail, in tho Alihbir. Tho Driver brought no particular news from China. Hong Kong was healthy. Turkey opium had advanced 111 price, owing to iho Alalwa proving interior; but as next yearn crop of Malvva is largo, and will bo ready for j Ono of peculiar virulence, and it has been sus shipment partly m November and December, ! tabled, on the part of ouradvernaries, we regrot no arrivals of I urkoy later than thu end of the jto s.,v, by efforts which will neither redound lo year are likely to benefit by the advance. I rado 1 1 to b'unor nor to ihu future strength of their in general vvas languid. 1 he 1 rench Lmbassy par(y. This city has been Iho point upon which proceeding lo China had anchored at Singapore the exertions of I lie enemies of thu Whigcauso two hours before the Driver left lhat putt. The , were cluellv directed. Il was obviuulv llivtr new Governor of Hung- Kourr, Mr. J. F. Davis, with his suite, landed thero on the 8lh of May. I In waa immediately sworn into tiflice. Some disturbance!! hail occurred at (."anion between the Chinese anil the Americans, but (boy were of trillinj; import. Piracy prevailed nit Iho Chi nese const?, especially of small boats. Tho loiters reroived from China slain that thero is a complete glut of coltoti twist, and "real diflicully is experienced in obtaining ru- inuiicratini; prices lor other arllt'loa wnen are in demand to a rcrlain extent. The fuels seem lo be, that many articled have boon sent out above iho reach of lliu great mass nf the people, nnd not adapted to tho litir cnitliriiicil Irihils of the wealthier classes. The payment of the iiw demnity to Kilobaud, and the constant drain of siltcr made by tlio opium t ratio, has, al thn same time, so much reduced the circulation; medium, that biisiiii'sH to any ex'ent cannot bit done tin. less hy barter, whilst the couimoililies suitable for European consumption tire exceedingly lew. At the s.iino lime, whero duo discrimination was exercised in Ihe description and quality of the cmnmodilics sent out, living- protils h.ivehccn icalized. The pressure of our good, however, on the means of consumption generally has ad vanced the price nf tin; return articles, such ns tea and silk, which will in ton in my instances end in a loss, both on the exports anil imports. The Imperial Commissioner Kevin?, says Iho Hong Kniij (jazetic nf Iho lOib June, " ban ar rived frum tlio North, eu poweretl to treat with tho American and r rctich Al misters', iwr. IJ.f vis and Sir Henry l'oll iigcr have both had in. tervi.iws wilh keying, at tho Hogue, where they proceeded with Ihe Castor friy.ilc, ami the. Spiteful ami Driver steamships, keying visit ed Mr. Davis, on boar.tthu Cts'or, when ho wns received with n salute, and manned yards. Il is said the negotiation with tho American nnd French missions will be nt Macao, where bis Kxcullcucy, M-. dishing-, lias been residing for a few mouths. Tho Ficnch Plenipotentiary has not yet reached China, but ho in almost daily expected. Tho precise objects of these mis sions, and whether they will proceed to the North, is quite unknuwii. The commercial in terests of lliu United Stales in China aru very great, and Iho appointment, of i. special mission at the present juiiutuio has nothing in it extra ordinary. French commerce here is a mere trifle. FIUDAV MORNING, OCT. 11,1311. MARYLAND ERECT 1 ! Victory! Victory!! Victory!!! I'lrst Whir; f.'nvernor ever chosen hy the I'co. inr. nn niajcriiy on joint uaiitu. Whig United Slales Seuatop secured. Kv cry County In the State Will? hut three 1 TOTAL OVKitTIinOW OK I.OCOFOCOISM I ! The last vestiges of Loco Focolsin have been eflaced from Old Marvi.axd. She is onco again Whig all over. The Whig strength in tho Lrgid.iltiri! is as great as il was in J840. For iho first lime has a Whig Governor been chosen hy the people. The farmers of Mainland her honest, unpur chased, and iiiipiircliasablo yeomanry, havo proved too mighty lor the fraudulent voters, and the corruption lliut swelled tho Loco Foco vole of Baliimoio over fifteen hundred beyond their lawful strength. Enormous and monstrous as their frauds havo been, they all have been in vain. Tho i-coi'Mi have nobly triumphed. Beyond thu pollu

ted atmosphere of Baltimore, wilh but a sin gle exception, iho Whigs havu swept every county ! A most unprecedented triumph, when we consider thu obstacles with which they had to contend. Temporarily over clouded ns iho Whig cause may have been in tho ctowded nnd corrupted populace of Baltimore, in the purer atmosphere of tho couniry it was never more triumphant, Honor to tho iVhig yeomanty of Maryland. The old i.i.nc is invincible either hy fraud, or the power of the Government. Tho following statement shows the result of the ballot fur Governor: ) Baltimore city. Hallimore county, Carroll, I'rincc Oeorcc's, Motitsomcty Harford Anno Arundel Charles Frederick Kent Cecil Calvert Alliiany Washington Dorchester Tn hot Caroline Queen Anne's Worcester Somerset St. Mary's Majority for Prnlt Both branches of iho Legislalnro are Whig by largo in ijorilies, notwithstanding tho loss of tho delegates for tho city of Baltimore, viz : Gl Whigs In 21 Democrats in the House, and 1.) Whigs to C Democrats in tho Senate. Whig in ijoritv in joint ballon 49 ! ! Tho following address has been published nn litis occasion hy tho Whig Slate Central Committee. TUT. STATU MARYLAND UNION. 0 l-'NTRt L COMMITTRK Ob' TO THU WHIGS Ob' TUK Wo send you "lad tidings from Maryland. Wo have realized our hopes, and fulfilled our promise tn you hy the election of a Whig Gov ernor and a Whig L"!r's!atiire. Thomas G. Pratt, our candidate for Governor, is elected by a decisive majority, and lo tin; Legislature we have elected members from seventeen counties out of twenty composiiii; the Slate. In addition to the groat triumph nf redeeming tlio Executive of tho State from tho dominion of Locofocoisui, to which it has been subject now for rix years, we havo secured the fullovv. ing result in the Legislature : Whig. Locofoco. S7 Senate, House of Delegates, lo 01 70 Whig majority on joint ballot, -ID votes. Securing' tbo election of a WHIG U. S. SENATOR. This victory has been achieved in a contest characterized by obstacles such as tho Whigs of Maryland have never boforo had lo encoun ter, anil which, for Iho honor of Iho State, we hope wo shall never again have lo contend with. Tho election, cvnryvvhere beyond tlio coiiliues of the city of Hallimore, has been conducted in a manner whicli satisfies the most sanguitiu friends of tho Whirr cause. The questions at issuo havo bono fully discussed by them, and tho people have spoken their sentiments through the ballot. box, with an honorable and enlightened appreciation uf tho great interests' involved in tho election. Our opponents havo exerted their utmost strength, and have been most signally defeated. In thn rilv nf It.illimnrn llm contest ban hnnn Pratt !W.) Carroll (L F 7M3 BirifJ 2153 -2001 IRil 1730 10 7 740 IOs'1 D03 HHO llll 1730 1650 761 EGO 3131 3101 7CJ 511 LV.'l 1W 461 maj. SO JC'H ri73 13.H 076 777 ?.',7 fi--o ma 760 715 40 1 maj. 301 tint. 761 492 31,403 30.U61 532 plan to FCdiro a majority hero which should I outweigh Ihu expected successes of the Whigs of tho co miles. All tho means that monoy, n,.,..i -I,,!,..,,.. .in,.. , .. personal endeavor, dil'gont misrepresentation, promised rnvor, II tltory, or foreign interposition could etipplv, were at their coinntitid. Under Iho combined operation of llieso tigoucics, our nnnnitit itt a !,.,,. ....... it... ..it,, 'rn, ,.. it. i. success akinn It. no im.lorion, dovtnnlv In Mm . n , i practice or tliose arts by winch the pnpulaf vmco is suppressed and tho popular will over thrown. l'hu largest voto ever taken In the city nf Hallimore, heretofore, was that which wa, Lt in Ucloher, last year, upon the occispni of the ' .Mayors election. Iho whole number (hen I mens her son, I would not exchange thuproul satis .w.tu.l t.icaa Mr .1 it. tin.:.. rnnit...i .. i.tt. i t...t.i r... it. i. ...... ,.r u ii. I (II. lull a 'i, j.i j, , IMI'BU IIIU Olg VOIU. was 7,000 : that nf our opponents, 7,209. Tho vote cast at Iho recent election amounted to I lo- f ...I : 1 r iirj .1 .1 trt ' ' U.I8.), of which 7,1)113 were cist hy tho Wings, iinu a,imi iiv me other pirly, showing an 111. crease of Whig Votes In the amount nf .1(13, anil of opponent votes to tho amount of 1,S0'2. This statement speaks for itself. We bne no hesi tation in expressing our belief that of those l,VH votes, full 1,300 were falsely and surrep tlttously introduced to the ballot box ; that they Imvo been the product of a skilful ami diligunt. ly perpetrated fraud upon tbo rights of tho real voters of Il.ill iinorc. Casting those aside, Ihe majority would havo been for tbo Whig candi dates, in ncrnrdnnro wilh Iho best estimates which wo had previously boon able to mako of I tic election. The artiliccs nf our opponents, however, havo been frustrated by Iho devotion of our friends throughout tho State, and we can afford to take Iho disadvantage whicli tho miscarriage of this city lias thrown upon us. The Slate of Mary, land is firmly nnd immutably nlrnted in the Whig line, aiid she will assuredly increase tlio strength of her pnsitiou in November. Tho bat tle has been already fought, ami an honorable victory the moro honor.ihlo from Ihe b.iflled stratagems of the enemy has perched upon our standard. We give tho results of the contest throughout tho Slate, from authentic sources of information, such as havo been despatched to us in the first inoiiients of victory. Upon these full reliance may be placed. Let our brother Whigs throughout tho Uninn confide in this communication, and imitate the example of M iryl.ind. .t.uir.-s n.vitwooD, HAC MUNIlOi:. (i. 11. nicii.Mtnso.v, W. II. COLLINS, l'l-.TF.Il LKUlV, THOMAS ICI.LSO, TRUMAN CltOSS, W. O OATnilF.LL, JOHN 1'. KUNNHDY, OF.O. .M. OILL, ALI.X. MURDOCH, WILLIAM SCIILr.V, S.VM L jo.vr.s JR. O. V. I.UKMAN. SAM'L IL T.UiART, T. V. WALSH, JOHN L. CARRY, FltANt'lS HURNS, O. V. TIFFANY, oi:o. a. v. si'iiKcicr.t.' SUN. W. II. I). C. WRIGHT. 'LAST CARD' IN Mh. POLK'S GAME. Tlio " Democratic Association of Wash ington " have played iheir " Last Card " in a most iufl immatory appeal lo iho South, uiging t!iu defeat of Mr. Ci.av ns the only means of perpetuating Slavery. Wo havo not room, of coui.se, for tho vvholo of this Tract, but will givu suolt extracts front it as will unable the public to understand its chat acteratid objects. It commences tints: Tin: south in danger. ItP.AD DKFORP. YOU VOTF.. Address of the Democratic Association of Washing ton, P. C. There ncvir vvas i liciiud hen the Smith was in so much daniicr as nt tins moment. To procure ihe Abolition vole for Henrv Clay, we will show that the 1 Whig p trly of the North, ibtir leading presses, legis- I lative bodies, and statesmen, have denounced tho i Smith, they have held up slavery as n crime, they I have promised a speedy union to cllect ils overthrow I vv.th tho Abolitionists, nnd have joined vviih ihcnt in ! holding U. Ihe South tn obloquy and reproach. The I means used hy ibis new coalition are to represent tho people oflhe South to their sislcr Stales nnd lo the world ns disgraced nnd degraned bv Ihe institution of I slavery and as unworthy of Christian communion ' and social intercourse. Already this demoniac feel- j iug has dissolved the Methods! Church, nnd oilier American Churches nre threatened wilh a similar I f He. The object is lo taboo it Siut'i, o render ns infamous, to put the mark of Cain upjn our forehead, and to dtprivc us of character fir-t, ns the means of i despoiling us of our property nfierwnrds. Men of the j South, ihe effort U lo disgrace and degrade you and I your clnl .'reii forever. That such a parly exists in the North is conceded. They denounce you in their presses, petitions nml speechc, as inan-stcalcrs, ns robbtrs. ns IK'sh jol hers, ns slave breeders, as vict criminals ns vi'e and mf.mous, as unworthy of ni.:.... ' ... .. i .-..-il.. ioiioao, or suci o coioooimoo, iinu, iokoiv, as ex - ismigoniy oy suiii-ranco ns a pan ot inn i.nion.- Now if, ns we shall demonstrate, lite parly which thus denounces the smith is courted hy the Whig parly of the North, if Ihey nre nssured.'as wo shall show, hy Ihe Whigs of the Norlh. lhat iheir views are ideniical with those of lite Abuhtionisls, lhat Ihey nrunnlv using different means to accomplish ihe same object, nnd lhal lite abolition of slavery will be mro cettainly effected by the election of Clay than thai of liirney, surelv vnu cannot continue umled as n party with ihe Whigs nl ihe Norlh, who thus join with your cncuii-s lo disgrace .nd degra 'eyou. They llicn proceed lo show that John Quincy Adams, Daniel Webster, William 11. Seward, William Sl.itle, Georgo N. Bris, Trinn in Smith, C hristnpher Morgan, John Mattocks, John Ileetl and other dis tinguished Whigs'vvlio support 11 i:iiy Ci.tr, oppose ihu Annexation uf Texas to the Un ion, upon tho ground that tlm extension and perpetuity of Slavery is sought to he tints ac complished. They refer, also, to tho fact that tho Whig Legislatures of Massachu setts and Vermont " adopted Resolutions against tho Annexation upon lite very strong est Abolition nnd Anti-Slavery grounds.'' They then say : "The doctrine of the Whig Legislatures of the North is, lhal slavery is n crime and a disgrace, and that the shveluldiug Slates are not fit associates fot the free States of the Nurlh ; and Mr. Clay adopts unequivocally these resolutions, by giving them as nn insuperable objeclion lo the annexation. And now how stands the case? Hy lliu last census, the North has 135 Itepresentaiivis in Congress, and the Soullt but S3, being a majority of 47 in favor of ihe Norlh, which is slill increasing at every census. The Senate is still equally divided, but Wisconsin nnd Iowa are bolh to be admitted ns frco Stales; nnd if Florida were admitted nt the same nine, it would make- a majority ngninst us in Iho Senate. The only hope of the South, then, is the annexation of Texas, which would pivo tho South a majority in the Sen ate, whilst Iho Norlh maintained us preponderance in the House, and thus give ellei lual security to the South, and greatly tend lo preserve nnd perpetuate the Union, which, wilh iho growing spirit of aboli tion in the North, would be greatly endangered by giving to the .North the unrestrained majority in bolh Houses of Congress. Kven if Mr. Clay were not op nised to annexation, the whole Whig parly of the Norlh are, and iheir success would be tho defeat of annexation, whatever the views of Mr. Clay might be." Here is an open, distinct avowal that the Annexation of Texas is demanded for tho purpose of securing n Slavu ascendancy in tho Senalo of tho United States. Mr. Van Buren was discarded as a candidate for Pres ident, and Mr. Polk nominated, to effect this ohjecl. And now thu Slaveholding States aro called upon to consummate (he scheme. Will the People of thn Free Stales assist in electing a President thus thrust upon tlioin I Tho Washington Association then proceed to show that Mr. Ci,Ar, like Patrick Henryi Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison, re gards Slavery ns a National evil, and looks torvvard, as those illustrious Statesmen and Philanthropists did, to ils ultimate Abolition. Upon this point they say : In the life of Mr. Clay, by his confidential friend and chosen biographer, Air. Prentice, of Louisville, ho says s "Ile (Mr. Clay) has bicn the slave's e ..I ilirMiit.li lir.i. In nil slntions baa hn nlculcil the cause of "African freedom, without fear from high Or IOVV. Ill lllUli lUOIU iililll lu uujr uiiici niuiiiuil.il, U uwiii" that great revolution which has taken phco on this'subject-a revolution who) "diccls must ln... T.i him. inure 1 inn lo anv olher indivimml. continue 10 movo ouvvaru uuiii incv reacu in goal of universal freedom," Ho also endeavored In dis- ,- .. i .). ..!. I... n.n... i. :.. PCVCr IMOIUCI y IHllll HID .-UlllH, I'J I'li'l'i.ailli; I'. l. sul m her Constitution j cIjuc fot lite prospective eradication of slavery front the Stale, by means of n I prouuai emancipation ot tnoso noiu in uumtage. see hi' bre bv Ins rriend Lpej Sargent, pp. 6, 40. Where. tho South won d havo been wilh Kentucky ngninsl lhem 011 ti,0 question of nbolitioii, let the present pos- turo of nfTiirs and tho mtnls of the Inst few tais nn- swer. Nor has Mr. Clay changed his opinion on Ibis subj-ct, for ho would not only lake Kentucky, but Virginii also, from the South, nnd leave them a !Va.an,i 'lncelesj minority. In his spec, hi pf 'Iho I January, ion, in mo noil oi ino House oi iiep- rcsenlntivcs, Mr. Clay said . "If 1 could boinsliu- mental in eradicating (slavery) this deepest itai upon Iho charackr of our couniry, nnd removing all causoof reproach on account of ii U foreign nalions) .-f..irrre".1;,; I'lfrfaet' bS or ,,. not c59 beloved Slate which kindly adopted I'li - uwu . iiii.ii ft oimiuiu fciijuj iui hi. iiuiiki ui a u triumphs ever decreed to the most successful conquo- nTraV"ttS.J fin ui i'ijium, ioou, iccoroeu in unics uuu neilloo s ii,..i,irrnf l),lntrs v.,i 19 1 in-rir. Mr. Cl.iy sanl ( " lie coutendtd, lli:il, ns nuiner VirKio ia nor Maryland, nor both combined, could abolish slaiery m the District of Columbia, tho power, with out limitation or resrui'yn, e.xilid only in Con gress," And in the debate in the Senate, January II, 139, ' .Mr.iClay Ihottght tlio Senator from South Caro'tnn would not declatc thai it woutd he uncon stitutional lor Congtess to abolish slavery 111 Ihe Dis trict or Territories." Hut tlio Scnalor from South Carolina did deny Ihe power, ns docs Mr. folk nnd every Southern Senalor. It is said, however, Mr. Claydeems it inexpedient to exercise tho power) but, ns hu opposes the excrciio of the veto power on ques tions ni expetnenev, w nni snteguaru wouui ino ooutii 1 have in his views tin ibis subject, when ho distincily informs the Abolitionisla llml f?nntTrnss lines nnssnss .. : - llinnnn.li 11 iiinnl imi,,.. InnW,. . . .nr.ru in linll,.. irtciot uotumuia nna in Hie Territories ol U10 united Stales! On the Dili March. 1836. Mr. Clav vote! in the Senateof tho I'nitcd Stales in favor of the reception oi .inoiiiiou petitions. ainaio Journal, p. ziu. un Ihe 2 1 of June, 1836, ho vnled ortainst tlio engross ment nf the bill preventing ihe transmission of incen diary Abolition documents through the mail j and on the 8ih June, 1S36, ho voted nsainst thn parsaee of lhat bill, so important lo tho safely of tho South. SecScnatu Journal of lhal vcar, pp. 400 and4I6. In Ins speech nt Lexington, Ky., in September, 183G, printed under his own eve, in nno of his friendly pres ses, the Lexington Intellitrencer, and also printed in Nile's Resisteruf llic 17th .September, 193G, Mr. Clay says j " I consider slavery ns a curse a curso lo tho master j n wrong, a grievous wrong, to the slave. In the abstract il ia nil vvronp, and no possible contin gency can make it right." Hero Mr. Clay deliberate ly denounces slavery as "a curse," "n wrong," "a gricroH wrong to the slare ;" and, to cap tho climax, he adds, " no possible contingency can make it right." What stronger encouragemf nt can Abolitionists ash than this ? " .Men of tho South, tlo ynu consider that you, ns i barged by Mr. Clay, arc offering "n grievous vviotig lo the idavc !" If so, write the irrevocable pvnlcncc nf your own ncknovv bilged emit and self-degradation, by electing lo ihe highest office in your gift Ihe very man who has thus condemned, rcbalml and denounced you. Anil when ynu havo done Iho deed, and Iho rejoicing shouts of Vermont and Massachu setts, nnd the oilier Whig Slates of tlm North, trium phant, hy your aid, over your friends, the pro-lrale Democracy of the Nunh, "shall proclaim lo you, in the language of your President, AC'ii.tsn slaver v , whicli you yourselves will thus have declared "a OIlIEVOfS Wr.ONO TO THE fcLAVE," "AND NOtOSSInLE CONTINGENCY CAN MAKE IT RIGHT," what Will 1)0 VOtir answer, antl how will you escape the scnlcncc of your own self condemnation J Itt fleet ilien, Whigs 1 ,.f c;..ii. i .... i i i.-ii , of the South, our I rcthren nu I lelluw-cilizcns, pause nml consider well nil Ine ilreatllul consequences, be fore you sink us all together into one common abyss of ruin and degradation JAMHS TOWf.r.S. Chairman. C. I' SK.(i STACK. Secretary. Washington Citv, St pi. 25. 1311. i Such, Fellow-Citizens, is the character nf J the Document which Loco Focoism sends I hroad-casl through the Slave States, to rnllv i i I that section of tho Union in favor of a Can- j didalo nominated expressly to strengthen, 'extend and perpetuatu iho DOMINION! tOF SLAY Ell V. I , What, then, is tlio duty of tho Not ill 1 I Whal couisu shall wc take? How should j Freemen voto 1 Wo le ive intelligent, pa-' I irtotic, libeity-loving Electors to answer! j these questions nt iho Ballot Box. Jour, FOU WHAT LS TEXAS DESIRED? , Hear John Lct the documents unsw C. Calhoun : " The United States, in coucht ling the treaty of annexation with Texas, are not disposed to shun nny responsibility which may faiily attach to lhem, on ac count of the trans teii in. The measure wis ndoptid witli the mutual cousin', nnd for the mutual and per manent welfare of Ihe two countries inteicstcd. ( wasmadcneccsiarvin ordcrto I'lirSnlVr: DO- MYSTIC IXSVITrriOXS, placed under the f ''rvaiirf;;.eny."-A .Vr. 1 ( ulttoitns rlcsvutclt to Air. I'ackcnhcm. dated Ann i 0(.,. . - - . Mill. 1H1 1. 1 Now hear Father Rilchie, of the Rich- ntond Enquirer : "It is evident that after the laps0 of n few more tacks of all the rest will be directed against lhem. in vvnai win ineir security consist out in ineir own strength I They should hate all the elements of a poicerful and extensive empire. The Gulf of .Mexico, where lucir mierel principally lies, sliould tie panic-. ulatly guarded j above nil should Ihey prevent Texns ' from becoming n non-slaveholdtng Slate, or filling . under ihoi'onirol or influence of a government which l is hostile lo their iiisiitmioiis. The slave-holding in- i Icrest should be p-iwer'nl enough to protect itself. Had lliu ISntish West India Islands n white popula- ' lion of five millions of souls, l'mtland vvu!d never h ive atlempl-d eua-c;p , n He.. IZnq. Richard K. Mend, who has recently left the Whigs, and joined tlio Loco Focus, pub- j li.shcs Ilis icasons at lcngih. He changes be cause the Whigs go fur the Protective policy, , and oppose Annexation, and thus concludes' hear him ! , ' All thce reasons (why ihe Whigs cf tho North oppose annexation) mav bo summed up in a lew vvoius a uecp nno noiumg nosiimy to ine existence ofslaveiy. Tney will do nothing thai will c.xlendlhe territory or increase the power or influence of those i States in vvnicli It exists, li i-nnnni escape our narlicular observation, lhat the Northern Whips speak, not only ol preventing lite extension, bul also the perpetuation of slavery." Mr. Turner, ono of iho Polk candidates for Electors in Tennessee, in a speech before tho people, declared us follows hear him ! "If ever any civil commotion should grow out of the ngiialinn of this question, he for one would lie found fighting for Texas nnd against iho II nion ! He nlso stated that if he was now n member of Congress, liH would vole for a bill lo nnnnmriate mnncv out of our public treasury, sufficient lo pay nil the debts of I Ihe Texas uovernment, vnnhtr I exas were annex edto the United Stales or uot."ash. Ilanncr. RAIL ROAD. Wo publish to-day another letter from Hon. Cliuiles Hudson, discussing tlio com parative merits oflhe Keene and Praltlcboro' ! routes for the contemplated road. It will he j observed lhat the prominent objection lo lhe Keene route is, the ultra radicalism oi Hampshire, and the certainty lhat a charier, if obtained at all, would bo so loaded down with lestrictions as lo forbid the idea of cap italists investing in il. Sooner will they in cur the expense of 29 miles added to the dis tance, than run tho risks of N. Hampshire legislation. Had locofocoisui had its way last fall, our chatters would havo been de stroyed in ihe same way. Bul lhank heav enVermont has nol been given over to tho buffeting of Satan, and lliero is a way to get round New Hampshire so wo shall have a road, and that right speedily. The Foki'.ign News hy tho Caledonia at Boston, will bo found in another column. Its most striking feature is thu Liberation of O'Consei.1., hy a decision of the Houso of Lords that his conviction was unfairly and ( ' in,,.,!!., nrocured. Tho news of this deci o J 1 .... I . . , I . ' ' sion, and the manner III which It was given, u.:il l10 received with nrofotilid and clad sen- , sation bv tlio Irietms ot nceuoin uirougnoui ( 'I'" "otiu. Maryland Election. Tlio result of ihe Maryland election is a highly grulifyin;; event, nnd it realises (he most fivornble an ticipations of tlm Whigs. It not only con fers on Ihu people of tho Slnln the benefits of si Whig ndinitiBlration, mid secures to ihu people oflhe Union lliu election of a Whig Senator, hut it removes all reasonable doubt, thnt tho electoral veto of tho Siato will be in i favor of Mr. Clay. All this is m ilter for hearty congrutululiun. Hut this is not nil. A careful observation . , ol tlio course ol lornier elections, when llioso of several Slates follow one smother at short intervals, has taught us that n favorable re sult in the States which take tho lead, justi fies a far more confident anticipation of a like result in those which follow, than could otherwise bo safely entertained. The Slate elections at tho present limo turn almost ex clusively on questions of national politics, and theso havo been so thoroughly discus sed, that the same facts and arguments which ,,. 1. ,-,i ... ,. crnal a Ullls of,llc Pt,ul'c sentiment on 0110 ei.tn il.n t.. ...... C. I .aiuu ui uiu utnoi, in iinu Ulilio, UIU luonu ' ' usually lo produce a similar effect in other States. This is more especially the case in Stales in which parlies nre very nearly divi ded. Thero are, indeed, some exceptions, but this is llic general rule. Thus far, in ull the State elections which havo taken place the present autumn, in which tho Whigs entertained any confident expectation of success, 'that cxpeciation has been fully realised. As wo nre now draw ing very near tlio period in whicli the chotco of electors is to begin, every indication of tho sort is of greater value. On this account the election in Maryland was looked to with great anxiety, and the result is justly regard edwilh grcalisatisfaction. fly Read Mr. Clay's letter to the Na tional Intelligencer, on I he subject of annex ation ; und also his communication on the subject of State debts. It will bu perceived that he disavows the interpretation which has been put upon his two letters to Alabama, by which an attempt has been made to givo them a meaning inconsistent with that of Ilis first letter on that subject, and vv Inch vvas J so uniformly satisfactory to iho people uf lliu northern States. Hu shows clearly, that thu opinions expressed in the more recent letters are not inconsistent wilh those declared in llic first, and he asserts lhat he had no inten tions nf qualifying tho opinions first express ed. Tho language on this subject seemed to bo clear enough for the comprehension of one who wished to understand it. Il is now so cxplicil, as hardly lo admit of misinter pretation. THE FOLK GA mT Ti.i7l AM'LA YHD. On Saturday two men drove into Pough kecpsio from the East and announced that they were fanners from the country who wanted to bel $2,000 on lite election ol Polk and Dallas. The news run round the town ; and soon a Whig came forward who happen- j ed lo have S2.000 by In in, and was very ! willing lo waive his sci utiles about betline lo accommodtto these anxious gentlemen. But, in bringing the braggers to closo action, it was fuund that, though they wauled lo bet, -I il i . ... ... ""-7 W'OIIIU not risK SO lliucll as fc2,UUU I Tho Whil' would not lot Ihnn. nlT Inn il,., ,n ornnn s-,nn J .1 . I .t fell to S1.000, SoOO, and at last said ihey i.i ...i.. i . -k wr i . .. vvuuiu imiv 00! Jlie JlUtUlt'Clt JJOlltlrs i j Tl,u rlie,' ""'I'-'d them on this, and got tho i money put up. The braggers hung round town a couple of hours, evidently ill at ease, ad fin "-nt tl.ir Whig customer and ' offered lllill five dollars to let litem lake back their money. Ile refused, telling them that he was quite in earnest throughoiit,aud if they were not they should have douo their brag ging somewhere else than in Poughkeepsie. This is a sample of good many such scenes which have taken place ihu past week. Tho Pull; party hereabouts, upon the nomination of Wright, set up a concerted shout lhat New York was safe for Polk ! It will cost litem something before they have done with it. iV". 1'. '7VtW. Immense Whig gatiicking is Missis sippi. The Whig Mass Meeting at Natchez, vvas tho largest lhat has eter taken place in lhat state. Amour: (he sneakers was S. S. t iieti.. Es(, . ...i.n rnl,rl.nl,i . .,.. I ing on this occasion excelled even hitnself.- The ceremonies were opened with prayer, and there were fourteen distinguished Ci.er cvmen present, who joined in the proceed ings. This meeting was characterized by ono of those impressivo incidents which un fortunately for the Loco Focos, is of fre quent occurence in the South Dr. Samuel A. Cartwiugut, univursally known through out the Stale, and ono of ils most distinguish ed and influential cilinens, who heretofore; has been against us, openly renounced Loco focoisui and gave his adhesion to the Whig cause, and mako a most effective speech in favor of the Whig principles, including a TarifTfor Protection. Locofocoism in Mis sissippi is terror struck us if conscious of its appr0aching doom Good News fhom Delaware! We have thu full reports of iho election for In spectors, throughout litllo Delaware, on Tuesday, The Whig cause has triumphed in every County In New Castle by 92 majority, where there was a Loco majority of 130 last year. Suisox, 130 majority. Kent county, 1G0. The majority in Novem ber will ho much larger. War in the West. Tho St. Louis Now Era of Sept. 23, reiterates the assertion lhat Governor Ford has ordered out 2500 of the Illinois militia, lo operate against iho cit izens of Warsaw and Hancock counties for the alleged protection oflhe Mormons. It was reported at St. Louis, thai tho militia i wcr0 acmuy 0 t,cir march to Hancock AHat, Gen. Dull' Gieon, Bearer of Despatches to Mexico, arrived at Pensacola on his way thither on the 21st tilt. Ho was to sail tho following day in the U. S. steamer Union, Licul. Bell, commanding. The L'nion is to touch at Galveston.