Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 18, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 18, 1844 Page 1
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rote NOT THE GLOllTf OP O 23 S A n DVT TUB WELFARE OF ROME BY II. II. STACY. From tlio Southern Literary Messenger MAY BAY. A VILLAM TAtX, rOUNDHD ON TACT. On ! I am so glad, I am so glad !' ex claimed Lucy Ashly,n lovely, blooming cirl, willi groal animation ; I am so glud to-morrow is the first of May !' indeed,' said Harriet Love, tlio rldost of a little coterie of boarding misses, pettish ly, ' I don't earn about it wo shall liavo no coronation, and so I don't care. I wondor why Mr. Thornton didn't let us have one. You know how delightful it last year. Mary Harris was Queen how beautiful slio looked, and I was ono of tlio maids of hon or.' Who besides?' inquired Lucy Ashly. Tbero was myself Oh 1' said tlio little group laughing, 1 you bavo counted yourself.' Well, I'll begin with Susan Jones.' ' How many wcro there V said Lucy Ashly. Thero wcro eight; let mo seo : Susan Jones was ono,' at tho samo timo pressing her thumb, successively, on each finger, with j a corresponding nod nl the, liead, C.irolmo March was two, Helen McAllister was three, Ann Prim was four' Ann Price died that last winter?' said Lucy. ' Oh, yes but don't interrupt mo. Juno Smilh was five, Catharine Hope was six, Eudosia Fay seven, and I made eight.' ' Where did you have ll ?' inquired Lucy. ' Oh ! in t'at delightful grove that over looks tho village, under thoso tall oaks that seem almost to roach tlio skies. Wo had n beautiful bower, covered with all kinds of llowors, for 1 bolievo Mis. Hume and Mrs. ' Wise sent every one in llioir garden so did all tho other ladies; and wo went in pro-1 cession, with a band of Music before us. Mamma said wo looked so pretty as wo ! wound around the hill and we bad such aj long table filled with every thing that was good. I thought I should never cat enough, I and I carried home my bag full to little Bill anu sum. " Well," said a lillle girl who had hilhor to been silent, ' I wish we could have a cor onation. I do not caro about eating, I am always too much pleased to think about it, and Mamma will never let inn car ry home any thing in my bag, but I lovo to see (ho company, and hear the fine music, and we always dress so prolly, yon know. ' Well,' said Lucy, ' if we can't have a coronation, wo must bavo some fun.' I 'lam sure,' said one of tlio girls, ' wo ' have no holiday to-morrow, so I must get my lesson. Hush talking, do hush gills, and let us pet our essons ' iiV. V , . . . . , . W I l I U in mil inr mods nn mr nnra and waving lo and fro, began loudly to con . ' - , iier nioruiou s tasit. 4 Oh !' saul Lucy, after a pause, as if she had been pondeiiug on soinn ummi uuil weighty mailer, and with the vivacity, of one who h is suddenly lilt on some now pleasure, lot ns Irv our fortunes.' 1 Oil, yes,' said all, with rapturous delight, do let us try our fortunes.' ' But, how can wo try ihcm 1' By taking a looking glass and holding it over the well. Ma says she tried hers when a gill and saw Pa in tho glass.' ' La mo ! I never heard of such a thing,' exclaimed they. ' Well I bavo, often enough,' said Har riet Love, but bore is Miss Julia let us ask her to joia us.' At this timo a young lady enlcuid tho room. Sho was two or ihreo years their senior, tall and graceful in her movements, and with a face of peculiar sweetness and expression. 1 Miss Julia, Miss, Julia,' cried they vociferously, each trying to bo the first to speak, ' Will you try your fortunn to-morrow ? Do, now oh ! please do, 'tis the first of May, and you can see who you ar" guing to marry.' 'You sill v things,' siid sho, with a good humored smile, ' let me go you b id belter bo getting your lesson ; and she essayed lo pass on : but they ronlinued with slill great er pertinacity, Oh, do, Miss Julia, please.' Being unable tn overcome their importu nities, and anxious tn gratify their childish whim, she tacitly consented by asking what was to be clone. Thoy were all in raptures at her good-natured compliance, and thoy kissed her ropoaiedly. Now girls,' said she, ' you must go lo bed. Papa (llieir preceptor,) is quite un jvcll, and says ho must dispnnsn wilh pray ers. You mtisi not niako any noise as you pass bis room so good night,' kissing each aflecti jnalely. As sho retired they bade her remember lo get up very soon, as their success depended on their early risinp. Thoso gay creatures weio up witli tho dawn, with the samo buoyant spirits, ns on tho preceding night. Thoy dressed them selves quickly, in a tumult of delightful anti cipation, llinn gently tapped at Julia's door 1 Miss Julia,' said thoy softly, but eagerly, aro vou ready V ' Yes,' said she, at tlio samo time unclos ing the door. Tlmy silently descended tho steps for fear of waking thoso who slept. As thoy opened tho largo folding doors, the air was Iresli and balmy, and touched tho cheek witli boaulv's breath. Tho early spring flowers wero shed ding their sweetest odors ; tho birds wcro making compensation for iho long and drea ry winter, and ushering in with their ninsl melodious lays, ibis sweet nionlh. May, beautiful May how typical of youth ! Just merging into life, when first weaving lliosn fantasies of hope, thoso hurts and blossoms of the heart, into every sweet and varied shape, lilllo dreaming of tho ranker that preys upon the tender germ, and blights tlio opening blossom. Thoy pursued llieir way blillio and gay as young fawns, laughing and jesting on their coming fortunes. Ai last, thoy reached tho well, encompassed by a fow tall trees. Thoy continued talking but snmowhal less volu bly, and drew closely around, their voices gradually subsiding to occasional whispers. Each sobered into seriousness. ' Hush, girls, hush!' whispered Lucy Ashly, 'speak not a word. Now form tho circle, and I will act the Sybil.' Shu left the spot a nto- mem, but quickly returned, bearing in her hand a branch, which was to servo ns a mag ic vand. All was now profoundly still. Lu cy waving her wand, walked slowly and so -emly around tho well several limes. At length, in a low but imprcssivn voice, she re pealed tho following lines, still walking slow ly around : Sacred, sacred, ho tlio well, And potent In) the charm, And wo In iy sic, Whalu'cr it he Whether of good or harm. Omnipotent spirit, appear, appear 1 And show ihy vnunlcd power, And ope to us life's quaint payc, At this swell morning hour. This is tho morning of our life How quit t anil serene I lint ere tlio Noon, or Kvcning sun, What clouds may intervene! Sacred, facred, bo tho wo!l, And potent be 1 lie cliaim, And wo may see, Whnle'er it lie, Whither of Rood or harm. Sho reascd a solemn stillness pervaded snot. Each took the glass in succession : sumo returned it with a gleam of satisfaction, wliilu others looked indifferent, or disap pointed. At length it canto to Julia s turn g,(, m,i t,0 mirroi with u firm grasp, and 0(jl;cl on its polished surface with great in tensilv. alio continued gazing longer, mucii longer, than the rest, her color heightening to a beautiful glow. She suddenly became deadly pale. 'Miss Julia, dear Miss Julia, what do on sec ?' exclaimed the astonished girls, in alarm and expectation ' do tell us what J ou see.' She tremblingly handed the mirror to tlio ono nearest her and silently illn tired now, dear mother, but then I and dejectedly walked away. Arrived at ! shall sleep so sweetly sweetly.' She clo linmrv I':mnv Thornton, her elder sister. I c... I lu.r i.vns ami sleiit forever. home, Fanny Thornton, her elder sister, made some inquiries of tho gills respecting their morning's adventure J then turning lo 1..1:., ,.,:,' ,, smile. 'Well, Julia, I expect to hear something quite romantic from voll prny what did you see?' i" Nothing,' said Julia languidly, 'nothing pannv,' 'I know Miss Julia saw something,' said Lurv Ashlv, 'sho turned so pale.' Funny looked at her sisler attentively, .,, perceived she was wan and agitated. a id perceiveu sou was nun inu She Lrefore foibore further remarks; but I OUO licrciore luiuuru lunuei ioiii.iiins , irai when at i.igl.l she mis alone with Julia, in ! their li tilts sleeping apartment, she impor tuned her lo tell her what she had seen. ' ' I know, dear Fanny, you will think me very absurd, but nevertheless, I will tell you. , I saw, dear sister, a grave yes, an open , grave and I know you will soon bo alone, in this luilo room we shall no more lie side , j Yes, Fanny, vou will s in ..onr j;,,. room) nlt sn simtiJcr) . .j l, j my little t soon lie alone she said with a ii.ii i u nu nc. i ... ,,,'; ,, ,. ,l,n,n. cold earth: no s(.tnr 1)nf ,,, c.,nony 0f heaven. Say,'i,s uoou-.srrpur lor i iu im-i. . . , , .i i I.,.,- t I'annv, when ho moon shines sweutly, as it1 . ,. . . ,.. I ,j siiitiinrr. nn m v one v e.iau, any wi V(1 m ,7,';,,,. ,.-,., : - - " J una, said fanny re roac.uui y, uu.. i talk so. I am surprised that vou should suf- for su.b tritles to weigh on yoorminrl Ii .. , ii. r .. . , .-. , r II.. I w.'is. i ;ini li iiii . i ui i i" iiioiu inuii uu u- lusion of your sensitive imagination. It mav bo so.' said sho deiocledlv. I have not been well lately. Alihough I an gav, sometimes too gay-l often think or, dying. I seize innocent pleasure will, avid-, il V. I lovo to visit my young friends ; and c"uco u uuureo a,,.; .. R-,ms. x. , ,u oh ! bow dearly I love vou all ! but a cloud, j "t few months alter their '"i'rrnge, Mars a mist dims the future, that futuro which "n conduct bade fair to fulfil Ins wife s you, my dear sister, think strewed wilh flow-1 prophecy for tho futuro; but again, strange ers. Tfonn no such anticipations. n.faiualion ! he, w.ll.out any particular cause , ... ... ,, 1 or inducement, tried auollier lirst glass, anil, Nonsense, Julia, nnnsAso ;--.t is "1 t l)V vv,,v 0f i...le.....irin2 himself for past ab nonsense,' said I-anny, with a gaiety she did Jm); ,,,,. ,0 j, ,.xcess as t0 hso not feel. U hat would Sine air say to this ? , , ,..,, of louk-kepei-, and once more you know Ins visits aro intended for .vou, and, hu c, .mi) C0,iriI,,,n.0 r lis wo shall soon have a wedding. ' Lei mo ,,.,,,., vo ',.,,:,; ,., M, pil,j(,llti see,' said she laughingly, ' when will ,; he? n(tW llllC0u,p!, wilb-sAc slill re- Never! never !' said Julia emphatically, I , , ,i ,i ..,, . .. ,. . T , . I.... no iray ue yours, or uixxy s, uui never ' Well, well,' said Fanny with a yawn i' we'll say no more, I am very sleepy, so good night.' The sisters were soon quietly slumbering, with Inows as calm as iho glassy lake un touched by the summei's breath. Julia awoke the next morning, rheeiful as usual, and with tho charming elasticity of youth, busied herself with her customary occupa tions. Oh! happy period! when tliu tear i is soon chased by a smile, when the foun- tains of sorrow aro quickly dried by the .epuyrs oi nope; or wnen siinneams soon break through the cloud, making all sunshine and gladness. One dav, a few weeks nfler this, Julia was singing those sweet lines of Mrs. Dana's, ' Shed not a tear o'er vour friends early bier, When 1 am aone, when I am cone. Smile, if the slow tolhni; hell you should hear. When I am gone, when I am none.' Fanny remarked a tear stealing down her fair and rounded neck. Discovering that her sister had seen the emotion, Julia said smilingly, ' you know, Fanny, I am going from homo to-morrow, perhaps to stay a week or two. I cannot help feeling a lillle sad when I think of leaving you, although 1 anticipate a great deal of pleasure.' Yes,' said Fanny, ' I know you will en- ioy vour visit ; llin rounlrv is so beautiful al this season ; and Betty Grafton will make your timo so agreeable I 1 wish 1 was go ing with you.' Tho next morning tlio carriage stood at tho door. Julia kissed Iier family circle, bidding thorn a warm and affectionate adieu ; sho slept gaily in, bowing and smiling on the loved ones, until lliey wero lost to sight. A sho was farther and farther removed from tho village, sho throw off tho shackles of morbid anathy-inbaling the morning breeze ladon with the fragrance of many flowers, listening to tho song of manv birds, nnd marking tho rich and varied landscape. She fell a renovated boing sho indeed felt tho wild delight of a bird lot loose. Hor tasto was decidedly rural, and nsshnaligli'cd from the carnago at JYlr. Ornllon s door, sue ex claimed willi artless animation, ' Oh ! how I love, how I do lovo, tho country !' Timo flow on angel's wings she rode, sho walked sho laughed and sang with all her heart.' How blithe, how merry was sho ! Sho returned to her home, redolent with health and joy, tho gayest of tho family ' .... . ... . ro'u'p "Tho impion-sinVhad id on r, i . ', i i.i.-.i ....i 1110 lirstoi ;viay, liaa omire.y v.i.iimiu.., uim she was unconsciously weaving thoso gay BURLINGTON, di rams so natural ill the spring timo of life. ' Julia,' said a lady who called siortly nfler her return, ' will you walk, it is a charming evening, it is also tho Sabbath, and I love on such evenings to visit tlio grave of my dear, my angel child.' ' I loo,' said Julia, ' lovo to walk there on iho Sabbath, when tho heart and nffeciiiins seemed subdued and refined by its holy calm, its consecrated stillness. All seems in unison : it is u nielaiicholv plcasuru to visit tho mansions of tho dead.' Whilo talking over the graves of those whom they had known, and sadly comment ing on their fate, Julia complained of a head ache. Thev icturived, but Julia's indispo sition increased. The next morning found iier seriouslv ill . a uhysiciuii was called in, but slill sho crew worse. A consultation of several eminent physicians was held, but still sho was no belter. A week passed, and but little hope was' entertained of her recovery ; delirium ensued, and often she talked wildly anil incoherently of the warning sho bad re ceived on the first day of May. She awoko from a pleasant sleep, and seemed refreshed. ' My dear child,' said her mother, ' I know you nro better ; I know you are, tell me, iny child, my angd, tell me you are better.. "'Yes, mother, am better 1 bavo had such a sweet and pleasant dream a dream of Heaven. Your Julia will ho cold, cold, when yonder setting sun shall have risen v...i ...i : ..:.. : ...iii ii again, aim wiien u &i-is, ,n .,,,. its farewell glance on my new made bed. Mother. I shall slern then so sweetly I M. It. S. BEWARE OF THE FIUST GLASS. A Title of the Middle Walks of Life. I1Y J. i. n., or LOUISIANA. "Taslc not iho wine within the cup not that curse bo thine; 'Tis rich and red, but ixricf and woo Are liiJ its rosy depths below." Willis. r.,, r- I....I ,l, , . mnm .J - - ' LJlZ . . . . ,.., i, 1,,, ,,1 U,,,,,', '"j'1' ' 0 '" " 1 ' ""r J a a enled inougn oissoiuio oun man, m slender incomo 'and expensive habits. In vain her relatives argued that such an union could promise nought save miseiy; but the waim-licarted girl had pleaded so earnestly, 'that since Harry Maislon had seuarlited himself Irom Ins former gay companions, lie I) no longer fioqucnled theatres, bar-rooms, c ubs or btl lard-rooms,' as to draw a rciuc IW H IIIIIU-, - , , . , . i taut consent from her lather, though iho old ( . . . . g'MiU'tirin milieu mat uie .oss u.o.s .......... ,,..,., c lnril nn as unoK-.M'rpur lor uiu exien-ivo commission nuusu ui mu . , ... 111'' 10 Ills Sad propensity s was ow- his sad propensity lor tippling, ' hum, i !. ion rmiiii noi ueiomi tun nasi, s o , . , r ., .... . " ., i : c.i... r. :.. S 111 il! 1WUI liutlll sr.iilli uiii.vj iuium, in , , j 1(, a Temm ",0 ,'', ' .... ..... J P"a ncc boccly , pa a. Alas, poor gill! she knew not that ho . . whoso cause she was so warmly pleading . ... . ... . ! . "ilu oiienueioro s.g. cu.uo ten ,LUK and aS 0r.en, unable to resist lompta ton, b.tck-s.lid.lfn Iron, his promise, al hough he it eslrangei! h.m l.oin tho esteem and I ... ..... tn. o...... c .i . i , ,i . ,....,,., Soon they were reduced Irom a respecta- , , - i I h u competence lo poveilv, and, hv as rapid ... .. ' , , i.. f.,. ........ a transi ion, rom poveilv, to alisolule peiiu- . '. J . . 1 rv : and Ellen, with an infant daughter, was al last compelled, by .ho fear of seeing her babodio from want of Iho caro and comforts sho might secure to ll linnealb Iier f.Hhni'J roof n.Tcent for il and herself thai im Ion, which was not extended to her druukaid hu baud. Although Mr. Canning refused to admit .Marslon an inmate of his family, still for Ellen's sake he furnished tint miserable and now thoroughly repentant man with respec table clothing, ("'veil his clothes had been pawned at the cabarets for drams,) and in consideration of his onco moro signing ihe temperance pledge, under a solemn promise not to violate it, ho furnished him also with letters lo a mercantile house tn Cincinnati. Ho h.'fl New Orleans immediately, and was shortly after his arrival, installed in Cincin nati as book-keeper lo tho firm to whom ho was recommonded. For a year bis conduct gave entire satisfaction ; out of his salary he sent regular reiniltances to Now Orleans, lo pay off the debts contracted during bis terms of inebriety. During tlio year his regular up right conduct nnd attention to business so pleased Ids employers that, unsolicited, they raised his salary, inasmuch that ho ventured to write lo Mr. Canning, to whom hu bad promised neither to writo lo his wife nor by any verbal mnssago endeavor to induco her to join him. Ho now wrolo, confident in his present upright course and tried abstinence, praying that Ellen might bo permitted to como to him. A kind answer was returned, and in another month Ellen re-joined him in Cincinnati. Another year passed, and Marslon was left comparatively wealthy by tho death of Ins father, (a coffee planter in tlio West In dies) and had enlereJ the commercial house of which ho had been a hook-keeper, as a partner. During thai year his family had re ceived tho addition of a boy,- a beautiful, healthy child, and Marslon might cvor bo seen, when returned from his nfiico, carrying the rosy boy in his arms, his favorilo pride and plaything. What though lio lelt all a father's pndu in his eldest child, the beauti- i fill lilllo Allhea, wilh her deep blue eyes and dark curling hair, slill was sho to him more as a stranger, and ho novor replied to a ques- tion, of her ago that sho was four years old, without sighing invnlunianly at iho thought r an. nil n nArlinll nf I limn of how .mill ."portion of ;ha, time sho Wl hrw.n i,nr,iiii.rt in bnnw i m. NnnnnfiUii v"""", I""""-" . 7. " harrowing; recollections were his, as ho tossed VERMONT, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1844. tho rosy, laughing boy on high, or nighty whistled him to sleep. And Ellen was happy happy in tho af fectionate kindness of the man whom sho bad never upbraided in bis folly and degradation, now that ho was restored to her, to himself and society. She once more, ns tn tlio days when grief nlono by name sho knew, fell thankful for his reformation, and dreamed that halcyon days were yet in stoio for Iter. Alas! that tho brightest dieam of a fond wife and mother's existence should be bro ken, rudely and forever, by that fatal curse one more first glass. Yet so it was witli poor Ellen's dream of hope and happiness. On returning from his office one evening, Marslon, being caught in a stinwrr, slopped in a tavern, where wcro assembled manv of his acquaintance, somo leading tlio papers, others talk! g publics around the bar. Mars ton complained of being wet, and was nd vised lo talk a class of brandy: he knew foil well his propensity, and dial lobe temperate he must abstain entirely, yet be was now no longer iho depend nit clerk, whoso inebrieiy might bo punished with instant dismassal and loss of character ; ho stood high now ns a merchant and man of wealth ; whom could it possibly injure that one. glass. Besides, to whom was ho accountable 1 Man! Marslon! ask. to whom accounta ble ? to vour wife, your children, and our i God! Had ho not showed thai be could keep bis woid when necessary? Had ho not abstained totally for tho last three years? Then how could this one glass injure t Tho sequel showed. Wb"n Marslon returned homo later than usual his wife hastened to meet him with his infant boy in tier arms. Pushing past her, lie complained of headache, but Ellen was not deceived, the smell of brandy, though of lato unused to it, was never to bo mistaken. She had seen him thus before. The babe clapped his rosy iiands and crowed for joy as ho stretched out his little arms to bo taken, but Marslon complaining of his noise, put him rudely back. Tlio cbihl affrighted put his head in bis mother's busoni and sobbed himself tn sleep. The o. i a. i :.. i.... .1.. t"1" "'"'K iul"i;cu III mil niviiraiiui- sir() for more, and the next dav '.was will, unspeaKalilo Horror mat Ulcn saw, by Iter husband's manner on his return to dinner, that he had been drinking, lint sho know not bow deeply. Seeing that sho was afraid to Irnst the child in his anus, as was her wont, Marslon, wilh the obstinacy peculiar lo inebriety, in sisted upon taking him. Put the lillle fellow , . .. , , ,. I I IIILIHUVI 1.13 II IIII3U ,l ,M- 1FI1I..UIII!' , - , ...i..,D r... i ,..t ." . ' ' I iiiiiiii. his ,., d1 ,. c)(1S(.r , moll. (,r M.,,-stoI1 !IS )ils .,. S!1i,l, bad been drinking more deeply than his wife suspect r.d. The fumes of the liquor ho had swat loved, bid risen In his brain, nnd maddened at what he called " the brat's obstinacy," ho snatched him from his mother. Ellen clasp ed her bands as she saw him furiously swung on high, and called or rather screamed, "Oh, hurt him not, Harry !" but rro tho woids were ended, the helpless, unoffending babe was dashed to the first landing on tlio stairs. A scream from bis wife so wild and heart i rending that tlio agony of death seemed lo have passed in il, roused Marslon to a full sense of what bo had done. Ho ran to raiso tho quivering form of that boy, lato so much his joy and pride, and bore him bleeding and t mangled to a bed. He was complcteli so- i bercd ! I Finding that life was not extinct, lie turn ' od his attention to his wife, while a servant was despatched for a physician. Long and , fruitless seemed every effort used to recall lliatlili; wliiih from that young stricken mo i ther s-.emed forever fled. But I pass over i uu, noi i or won mum sue s ll i iik irom s .. . .... . , the horror with ...i ..i. i . i. i. .... i . . in i nn i iiini iiii iii i'ii nir uer c u, i u i o 11 . . , ! . , , , , agony with which sho beard hat though ho , . , ,, . . , , ' I,, li.Itl llV'fi. ll IC Gnlnil I ... I ti.t.. iiiKirm ..Mil , "." "IS ! " " "'J"rt I hc ""W hc a. c,r'Pi'lc. f"r l'fe' I, f1"?"" "! ing ihr u lu" m,om 111 ",s amis, out now iiiuereiii ins l.. I i . :.. i.; - i. . i l!rr i i '". " ' "uw " " n" l"r"" r f-':,X V,,,u i l. I. I -I. C .. ol his voice. Ho now no longer called on tho rosy, laughing boy lo noliro all that pas sed around but stilled the plaintive meanings of the little sufferer on his breast, with a ten derness anil soliciluilu mat spoke Hie deep feeling ilnt lav in tho father's heart for his crippled boy. I hu patient luilo victim was six months old at the time of tho accident, that act of. t1(3 power of tho sword, but by the silent influ. violenco was repotted lo the physician and once of virtuous and culighleiid principle. Tn servants to be, and he lived till his hii'th-day ' educate a people, then, hccouiej an iudispensa camo round, when his fringed rvelids closed , bio pirt ol legislation an appropriate and ne- r.ilinh i.. :. nil,i'u r,.,.neo' l!l.i. flmvnrt co-sarv instrument tor executing the laws nn at set of sun" and he hrealheil his last. Marslon never again lasted of " the winn wilhin tho cup," business prospered wilh him, and hu was accounted by llie world a prosperous and a happy man. But they saw him not when tears full fast upon iho upturn ed face of iho lilllo Allhea, as sho asked ' why lillle brother died!' Not long after the deatli of her lilllo dar ling, Ellen returned home to her father's, in New Orleans lodio. Doctors called her malady consumption, liut Her linsliand alonn Knew Wat Her sun oirlhly happiness had set forever when his' arm had, with maniac force, lore from her breast lis cherished darling, and hurried it lo ils grave ! Hu asked not, hoped not for her to livo, alihough witli the sacrifice of his own, gladly would ho have bought the life of her ho had so injured, for lie felt that though young, amiable, and loved, still must death now bo welcomed by his Ellen as tho kind friend who would terminate her earlhly sufferings. And when, a few weeks after, a letter scaled wilh black was placed in his hands, ho read it through with the settled calmness of despair, and bowing his head down on tho fair brow of his living child, ho murmured ' Allhea, your mother has your Ijttlo brother, my child. God's will be dotted Fkencii Novels. Look at that young, lady, with Iho last novel of the French school in her hand! Vou know what it is. anil therefore you know where her thoughts aro, and what her I la to is. And if purity, ihe stainless whiteness 'of an angol's breast, is the bosom whoso com- S rolSS fcT r..i. . 'i .., . o f t... -..i. . eon inena wuose iovomie o, tui n been profaned by such communings GOVERNOR MESSAGE. Fellow citizem of the Senate, ami House of Representatives ! We aro assembled in I he character of Hep. rosonlalivcs of Iho people, to consult upon their interests, ami to execute tliolr will. It becomes us, on entering upon our duties, first of all to carry our minds up to the Author of our being j to acknowledge llim as the rightful source of our authority, and to malto his will the measure and the motive of our duty, ll, in all our ways, we should acknowledge Him, we should cspe. cially do so upon becoming invested with pow ers, wliofo appropriate corrlic requires, emi nently, t'ic wisdom that comes from above. Our responsibility is--, immediately, to tho people whoso servants wo are, but ultimately, to llim who will judge both the people and us. Wo come together under circumstances of peculiar favor. Tho season ban been crowned with blessing. Our field have yielded an abu'idnnt harvest, and our people have been ex empted from wasting disease. Labor lias been protected and rewarded ; and peace reigns with, in our borders. Wo are blessed with Iho steady ami impnitial administration of justice, and con tinue to enjoy the invaluable'privilege of select ing, by our tree sufiiages, thoso who shall make and execute our laws. Among the liist duties you will be called on to perform, is that of selecting men lo fill the judicial and exec.utivo offices of the government, which Iho constitution has wisely committed to vour hands. Prom among such a people as '!, there can he no difficulty in selecting men of upright mind., of pure moral.", of tried integ' ritvandnl Founil intelligence, to hll the various offices wilhin your gift. Tho power of office, nnd the power ot personal example and influence, can never he separated ; and he bears tho mvord ol justice in vain, who counteracts by the one, ho endeavors to enforce by the other. Bat your principal labor lies in the broad field of legislation. We an selected and font here, from among tho people ; with who-'C wishes and interests wo "tight to be thoroughly ac nuaioted, and whoso wellaro should ho the end and aim of our legislation. The government winch, by their sullrages. Ins been committed to up, is their government ' instituted," in tho language ol the bill of rights, "for the common benefit, protection and security of the people, anu not lor the particular cuu luinent or ailvan tagc of any single man, fannh', or sot of men.' The highest good of the people, and of all the people, llicrolorc, it is our great business lo se euro. The establishment of justice, in the perfect protection of rights, is the primary end of gov ernment, anil, ui Us broad and comprehensive bearings embraces a very largo portion of all .inproiri.itc legislation. But there is a field be- yond thi. 7'ho beneficent action of govern ment nny and ought to he felt in the promotion of virtue, in tin: suppression of vice, in Hie dif. fusion of intelligence, in the ilevolopetneiit of inuid, in the encouragement of iniluslrv, and m the drawing forth from the earth, which (Jod has given for our temporary habitation, its teeming riches, to make them subservient to Iho purpo ses of llieir gilt, in the wisdom anil goodness of their great Author. In short, it is Iho duly of go eminent to perfect by wise, discreet and timely action, the great purposes of tlio social organization. In surveying tho field of our duties, there would scorn to hu no subject claiming higher attention than that ol Munition. I lus subject 'ias been repeatedly brought to tho notice of the Legislature hv mv predecessors, and several legislative reports have been made upon it. The result ol' a report t iade in tlio year 1SI1, was the appointment, by tho Governor, of a commit tee, who presented to the legislature, at tho fol lowing session, an elaborate and able report containing lacts and suggestions ol great impor tanco. I commend that report to your cousid oration. Improvement is the great law of our individ ual and social existence. The means of it aro furnished, in a greater or less degree lo all ; nnd all. whether luuiviilualH or communities, arc ac countable for the right improvement of them This accountability lests, with peculiar weight upon us, in connexion wilh the subject of cdu cation vitally connected, ns it is-, not only with our individual well being, hut with tho prefer, vatinn and perpetuity of the institutions we ar; permitted to enjoy, and required to transmit to nur children. These iuMitntinns will, inevita bly, take the character of the people, whatever that character may. Tlio best constitutions of government can interpose but a fooblo harrier to tho corrupting inllueuces of ignorance and moral debasement. Their beautiful and solid structures will sink and crumble, when they shall ceas-c to rest on the found itions of public and private virtue and universal intelligence This obvious truth is full of instruction to thoso noon whom rests tho rn-no'isihlhtv of ma king laws. Their duty is hut half performed when they have made laws to govern Ihe peo ple. It is a higher and more difficult duty to adopt a system uf legislation which shall have the effect of making the people a law. and a goeil and safe law to themselves. I bo most ..nt.-inii, 1.1LV., nrn llinn u'liiot. rrftiorit nr.t hi. instrument far mure clfiVicnt than the str ingest military force; while at the same time, it gives to a State high-miudedj virtuous, intelligent men, to become its strength, its dcfcuccj ami its glory. But w hat is education 1 It is not merely the learning which lumbers tlio brain. It is the discipline of Ihe mind and the heart develop ing llioir capacities, strengthening llioir powers, and training them to practical usefulness. Our children should be learned to think to discrim inate to feel the conscious power of cultivated intellect, snd the purifying and elnvaling influ ence of Christian principle. And this eduna- ol,,;,,,, should ho universal: reachin.f the humble jiovol as wollas the spacious mansion, and thus bringing out the children uf the poor and tho rich, to urlult together at tho enlarged lountaius of knowledge which we should open fur all. To accomplish Iho purposo of educating thi whole people, in a manner suited to sustain our freo institutions, wo obviously need a more ele vated standard nf common school instruction. There is loo wide a chasm between a liberal and a common education. The higher should not be brought down, hut tho lower raised. Great political responsibilities rest on our pcu ple, involving the necessity of a high state of general intelligence. They aro to judge not only of tho personal qualifications of candidates for office, but of tho character and tendency of measures, and tho forco and bearing of gioat principles. They must lis able to delect errors of fact, delect falso reasoning, and put dema gogues to silence. And the road to distinction should be made broader. Wo want in high public stations more men who liavo been trained to maturity amid tho scenes of ordinary bfa. Industry, pplience, ncrseverancc, common seiifc, sympathy for the ii.. . . - .. . laboring classes, contempt lor the mere distinc CT ' 1 civos the power lo accomplish theto are amonir jv . , a ,ntBllectal and moral trumina 1UI 1,1' I . LLBJ-mTni-l..J'J,L'-JjLl! aiilL'JSJllJ J-UJ ainidsl the labors and trials nf common life. The mass of mind, as it comes up lo maturity, tuny, by a proper system of education, bo disciplined to a vigor, and furnished with nn amount nf knowledge, fitting for almost any station, not involving the necessity of profession.! skill for lis success. I do not undervalue Ihe higher siiminario!". They must bo sustained eslabhhcd upon fo. id foundations placed beyond the reach of em barrassment and want. No ndeouate system of education can bo sustained without them. Thev iro important, not only lo train instril ilors, and fit men for Iho learned professions, but to main- inn a lugli standard ol education in a cnminuni- I hey arc like the sun shining in his strength and communicating light and heat to the bodies by w Inch he is surrounded. Dot if wo would sustain them, lot us elevate the standard ofcom- mon education, for in proportion as that Is dour; will the higher institutions he morn valued, and more liberally patronized and endowed ; while there will he, throughout the community, a greatly increasing thirst fm the waicr tlia comes from those deeper and purer fountains. The great desideratum in regard lo comntnti education is, improved modes uf teaching, modes by which the hitherto great waste of lime may bo avoided the mind stimulated to activi ty trained lo habits of seli'.relying elfiirt, and learned lo " go alone, as it shall ho thrown up. ou its own resources, amid Ihe labors and res- ponsibihlies of practical life. Time waits not the sluggish arid inefficient movements of false methods of leaching. It hears our children rap idly onward to manhood, prepared or unprepared for tho great duties of life. Hut ns we double the power of human energy by new processes in agriculture and the mechanic arts, so may wo double the value of the nlloted time for ed ucation. e are eager to avail ourselves of Ihe augmented power to gain wealth through the wonderful discoveries and improvements of this age. Kail roads augment tlio value of every thing they touch or approach, and wo are, there fore, nwako to their imparlance; but arc there not more wonderful devolopemonls lo be made of intellectual wealth by improved modes of cd- ucat'onl Miould oilier improvements goon, while this stands still 1 Arc the mind and heart of a people of less importance than the materials of wealth in the earth thev inhabit hhall we carefully improve the breeds of our animal while we neglect tho improvement of man 1 If ho is esteemed a public, benefactor who mikes two blades of grass grow where one grew bo- lore, is not he a greater, who devises means for doubling the productive power of the mind of a people .' And now is presented the great inquiry Ily what means shall Iho needed reforms bo effoc- ted in 'he management and instruction of our common school'!! This is, practically, a diffi cult question. The first thing to be ilono evi dently is, to ascertain the nre.-ent condition of our schools in regard to tho oreciso defects in the modes of instruction, tho character of tho books used and tho genera! standard of qualifi cation of teachers. I'hough we have doubtless many good teach ers, there is, in general a manifest deficiency in this respect. Nor should Ihia surprise us. It would rather be surprizing if, undurnur present system if system it can be railed the stand aril of qualification did not fall far below w hat it should bo. I caching is, generally, but a tempo, rary resort, either to obtain tho means of an ed. ucation, or of embarking in other pursuits. It should bo a profession, as honorable as it is res. ponsible. There will be good teachers when we f hall mat ii re a common school system w Inch shall create a demand for, and furnish the means of rewarding them. There should he. furthermore, an examina tion into t io condition of the school house, in reference tn their size, scaling, ventillation, warmth, location, and the grounds connected with them. Information on all these points should be em bodied and brought out, in order to awaken Ihe public attention to the necessity of vigorous am! systematic efforts for reform. And this must bo done under legislative authority, by person competent lo an inspection, and In Iho makim of us results intelligible and useful, as a basis of future action. Such investigations have been the lirst in the prosecution nf educational nn, provement in the States of Connecticut, Massa consults and New York, producing, within s fow years, great and beneficial results in these States. Will Vermont longer hesitalc to follow their example On you rests the responsibili ty nf deciding this question. I would not urge lo hasty and headlong clfirls at improvement. Gradual progress is the law of advance to pound and vigorous maturity In every thing. Bui there can ho no advance without a beginning. How sIhII this beginning be made J is a ques. linn for immediate consideration. The explora tion suggested, to be of any avail, must ho uui. form, universal and thorough. To mike it such, compensation is obviously indispensable. Wo have once tried it w ithout, and Tailed ; and with. out it, wo shall fail again. There must be an efficiency which the responsibility of accepting a trust witli compensation, can alone seeur;. By what agencies the work shall be done, it will be for your wisdom to determine. It will be worthy of consideration whether they may not be such, in part, ns shall be needed for the general supervision necessary to Carry forward and perfect a system of educational improve, ineut ; such, for example, ns a hoard of commis sinners ns in Connecticut, or of Education ns in Massai husetts, or a general Kupcrintendeiit of common schools with County Superintcrdonls, as in New York. There may he advantages worthy of consideration in the direct and Cndi vided responsibility of a single gqnefal Supeiin londeucy, while the County Superintendents may well bn supposed, from the range given for their selection, to bo fully competent lo exer. ciso the rigid supervision, nnd make Ihe sugges tions of improvement indispensable tu progress in the reform. This corresponds somewhat with the Prus. sian system of supernilendency, as described by Iho Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Kducation in tho lalo report of his visit lo Eu rope, for purposes connected with education. The kingdom, it appears from Iho report, is di vided into circles or districts, in each of which there is "ono or more school coitini's's'mners or inspectors, selected from the most talented and educated men in iho coiiimiinily--such as would be appointed presidents or professors in colle ges, or judges of tie higher courts. The whole Prussian system " says tho author of the report, '' impressed mo with a deep sense of tho vast ditlerenco in the amount Of general attainment and talent devoted to i he cause of popular cdu. cation in that country, as compared with any other country or state I had ever seen." Over all the other functionaries entrusted with the execution of (heir system, is tho .Minister of; Public Justice, who is a member of (he King's Cabinet. "Such has also been the case in Franco since tho lalo organization Of their sys. tern of public Instruction," Under the New York system,-il is tho duty of tho County Superintendents tn visit the schools in their respective counties, consult with tho teachers and town superintendents, deliver lectures on education, and endeavor to awaken an increased interest on the subject of common school education. I hose latter requi sitions form a very important part of that iy tcm ; as it is obviously vain to attimpt a reform VOL. XVIII.-.X". i Lum-iu juj i i...iaL.iWiigiginsjnf3l unless the people can he brought to lake a deep interest in it. 1'here must bo the co-operation of an enlightened public sentiment, or nothing will bo dune We tidy legislate, and must leg. islato ; but after all, htlle can hc effected more- ly by the pressure of legislation. It must bo adapted to awaken, and concentrate, and give ollbct tn the energies of tho community. And what cannot v crmont, accomplish in this matter if sho shall undertake? nnd what motives to un dertake, and to persevere; can be compared with those which aro connected with Iho vast results; of the mental and moral training til her children! The carrying out, and perfecting, of an ado. quale system of educational improvement will; of course, involve ultimately a considerable ex ponditiire ; bill ns Ihe necessity for il shall arise, will Iho gradually Unfnlding benoli's of the sys tem make the contritiutions tn sustain it, easy; and their burden light. The expenditure on tho' part of the Stale, necessary to commence Ihe system, through Ihe agency of a State Superin tendent, nod Count Uupui linuoileois, necJ not he great not much greater; in the language of the report of the coinniittcc lo which 1 have re. forrcd; than f'lhe people of Vermunt have paid annually for killing foxes." Vermont has an enviable narrio abroad. L?t her iminlain it. I.04 iier emulate the efforts of New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts. Shu ought, indeed, to go bevood them. Nd Stale in Iho Union has such a "material to work upon, none that can be wrought into more beautiful and durable monuments of public be nclicenco nnd liberality. In respect to the illtinlr.lo expenditure that may be needed for Iho purchase of district school libraries, and chemical and philosophical apparatus and globes; for making provision in Ihe colleges and academies, or in seperate insti tutions, 'or the lunching of Instructors; and for aid in tho repairs and construction of school houses we may hope that wo shall at no dis tant day, possess ample mean, in our distribu tor share of the proceeds of the dales of the. puiilic lands. It would be an appropriation wor thy the noble inheritance of freedom which, with a largo portion uf those lands, was bequeathed to us by our revolutionary fathers. It vva, in deed, a benevolent and fitting arrangement, iri the order nf Providence, that the same sever ance from the parent country which gave us in dependence, gave us also a great domain, capa ble of dispensing so widely Iho olessings of ed ucation, and of rendering this nation a model nf virtue, intelligence, and good government, for tho world. I have dwelt longer or! tile subject o'f educa tion than nny, porhi ps, be deemed appropriate' for an executive message ; but its very great importance must be my apology. It is, in my judgment, nf more impor ance than any other subject tint can possibly engage tho attention of iho legislature. A consideration nl the ttleans of developing the mind ef tho Stnle naturally suggests tho idea ol developing the riches ol Us minerals and its soils, my predecessors have Irequently recommended a geological survey of the Sate; in which I fully concur ; and invite to the subject your special attention. If we would developo mind, and apply it to its great purposes, we study and analyze it, that we may understand 4 capacities and powers. 1 hus should we do witli the sod we inhabit: Here we Efo in ils daily cultivation, drawing from it our support ; and shall w e remain ignorant of its properties, its defects and the means of supplying them, only as tardy experience shall disclose them to us ! 0 want a somnific, thorough,' universal exam ination of the various soils of the slate, involving; a complete analysis and classification of the whole, and such an exploration as shall reach, If possible, all the feital.zmg substances which can hc undo available for the amelioration nf our soils; and the stimulating them to llieir high est practicable pow er of production. There aro' localities where the discovery of a bed of lime stone would b'e more valu.iblo than a mine of gold. The same miy he said of n'arl; gypsum,' peat, and other substances, appropriate, either singly or in combination, to supply deficient clo uients in unproductive soils. It is hardly necessary to speak of the probalila' ilevclopeiuout of mineral resource's, of which we have an earnest in our iron, copperas, copper,' uanganese, and other mineral treasures. It is needless to say that such result will not he brought nut, except under examinations ef ecled by legislative authority, and at public ex pense. Such examinations have been made by other States; and tho results are before the world. I mean the immediate results; for the reat results are yet to come forth in a mingled mass of benefits, spreading themselves over the' surface of our country; while there is a soil to yield ils fruits tfj Ihe labors of man. By enquiries made two years ago, I learned,' that, at that lime, geological surveys had been lulho'ized in every State in tho Union, except ing Vermont, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana,' rkansas, and Illinois. The lone position of Vermont in this classification, is soino'vhnt strik. ing. It is for you lo say whether we shall rC main in thin position any longer. This subject derives great additional impor tance from' a ennsiderab'e of the emigration, which has, at somo periods,' rapidly, and still does, to a Considerable extent, drain the popula tion of our Stale. If we would train nur peo ple at horn'1, let us show them what Vermont is," and what she is capable of becoming, as an ag ricultural State. If Iho people could fully perceive tho' impor-' lance of a geological survey, I daub', not, lliey would esteem jt a privilege to be taxed at once' an amount sufficient to complete tho work. The vvholu expense of completing, and publishing tL survey, would not,' probably, involio a burden' exceeding three cents upon each individual in thc'Stato; which might he spread over two or more years should it be deemed expedient. This subject is invested wilh still further im portance Irom the fact, rail roads arc approach ing our Stale al no distant day, wo may hope' to pass through it which Will greatly enhance' the value of our agricultural; as' well as our min eral productions. Let us prepare to thro v into' these improved channels of cnininunicatinn with' the great markets nf the world, the productions nf a soil, quickened by the application' of agri cultural science,-to a doubling of ils present power, and cultivated with the augmented en ergy which these facilities cannot fail In excite. In the exercise of that care which regards the' interests of all, you need not deem it inappro. priato or uunecssary, to consider, whether addi tional legis"litfnii is not required for protect ioW against the exactions of unlawful interest. Our law relating to this subject declares,' that mfer est shall b'c limited to the rate of six per centum per annum ; and provides for the recovering hick, in action for money had and received or goods sold and delivered, of any amount paid! aboVe" tha' rale. It is worth of consideration' whether the remedy ought not tn 6'o extended, so as tu authorize a recovery of the amount thus" paid,' by a proceeding in chancery. The law tins, in effect, declared the taking of interest above six per C6nt. lo be a vvViing ; but it. Ims provided no adequate remedy for il. The remedy,' by the process provided in the' statute, is practically no remedy at all, for in no cases can it be niatle available, excepting those,' in which accident shall enable a borrower whose necessities have compelled him to tiuhv mit lo the illegal exaction, to prove by common', law evidence, what eo mueh earns aro always

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