Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 15, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 15, 1844 Page 1
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tare or home BY- II. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT; FRIDAY, NOV EM B E R 15, 1844. VOL XVIII ...No. 21. NOT TUB GLOKY OT C 3 S A H BUT TUB WEI WHAT IS A C1IUUCH I What constitutes a church 1 Not Ko in nn, basilic, or Gothic pi'e, With fretted roof, tall spire, and long-drawn aisle ! Thcso only mock our search 1 Fantastic sepulchres, when nil is said, Seek not the living church among tho dead. What is n church indeed 1 Not triple hierarchy, or throned priest, The stolen trappings of tho liomish beast, Altar, or well sung creed, Ilites, magical, to sivc, not sanctify, Nor ought that lulls the car, or lures the eye, A band of faithful men, Z Met for Rod's worship in nn upper room, Or canopied by midnight's starry dome, On hill-side, or iono glen, To hear tho counsels of his holy word, Pledged to each other and their common Lord. Thcso, few a thry may be, Compose a church, such a, in pristine age, Defied the tyrant's zeal, tho bigot's rage i For where but two or three, Whato'er the place, in fiith's communion meet, There, with Christ's presence, in church complete. LEGEND OF COUNT JULIAN AND HIS FAMILY. 11V WASHINGTON HIVING. Ill the preceding lepomls Itns liccti daikly in ancient chronicles of the fortunes of Count ' Julian and his family; and many arc the tia-' ditions on the subject still extant anions ill populace of Spain, and perpetuated in those countless ballads sung by peasants and mu leteers, which spread a singular charm over thi! whole of ibis romantic land. Ho who has travelled in Spain in the true wav in which inn country ougm to oh travel- led; sojourning 111 us remotest provinces ; ramming among llio rugged deiiles and se cluded v.illevs of its mountains; nnd making j liiinself familiar with the people in their out- j of-the-way hamlets, and randy visits neigh-1 liorhoods, will reui.'niher many a gioup of travellers and mulalcors, gathered of an ow ning around tho door qr the spacious hearth I nC ...mini -.In vrint:, H-r:iniinfl in tlii'lr lirnu'ii ' m i in u.i 11 1 .....(., cloaks, and listening with grave and pro found attention to the long historic ballad of some ruslic troubadour either recited with the iron ore ratuiule and modulated cadences of Spanish elocution, or chanted to the tink ling of a guitar. In tins way, lie may Have ; heard the doleful end of Count Julian nnd bis family recounted in traditionary rhymes. The particulars, however, of tho fullowing wild legend are chiefly gathered from the writings of the pseudo Moor, Itasis, how far they may be safely taken as historic facts it is impossible now to nscoitain ; we must con tent om selves, therefor, with their answering to tho exactions of poetic justice. As yet everything had prospered with Count Julian. Ho had gratified his ven geance ; be. had been successful in bis trea son, and bad acquired countless riches from the ruin of Ins country. Hul it is not out- waru siici-u5 lieu tui.i.iui.- iimsiiu. nv. a . , . .,, c ' c r The tree flourishes with fruit and lolngu , ., ,, . , i ..i ..ii . i vh e basted and withering at the In-nrl. I " ' , . r .ir it, i Wherever he went Count Ju an read hi tret ,' ,,,, n. . . I,- in every ove. I he Cbiistians cursed In in , ' r ,, .. . .i m i i ne ll... rnucit ni nil tnnir won; lor, Ilos inns , . . , iv. . i i ... ti.n.ep(l anil Mistrusted him as a traitor. M. . . ., , ii en whispered together as ho approached, ii "i b i i t In the preceding legends lias been clatkly i comi!ini took hack with rerct to tho ensv! Ulu remaining lillecn took reluge in a tow shadowed out a true story of tho woes of rule of Abdalasis. IIu rocurTlml vjtli nn v"t?i ,ir" 'I'bey saw the arnnda of lliu emir at a Spain, ll is a story full of wholesome ad- j 0f distrust iho renegade Christians who had distance, nnd hoped lobe able to hold out monition, rebiikingtho insolence of human I .,1,1,,, ;,, 1(J cumpicst and who bore arms in'"1"'' ms arrival. 'I'ho soldiers of thu coun pride, nnd tho vanity of human ambition, ! , SU1V;CG nfthe Moslems; but his deepest ' lcss SMV a il's"' !""' extraordinary of- nnd showing tlio futility of all greatness that ' snSpjcj0ls jn upon Count Julian. " Ho ' '""rts 10 destroy tliese interna! enemies ho is not strongly based on virluo. Wo havo ' la5 U(;r!1) lr.,jt(). tu his countrymen," said '"ore being attacked fmm tvithout. They seen, in brief space of time, most of the ac- 10 . ii nv c.'ln wo i,n sllro tMt" ,e ,vj not made repeated attempts to storm the tower, tors in this historic drama disappearing, one provo tr:iitor' to us?" '"" WL'ru lls often repulsed with severe loss. by one, from the scene, and going down con-j A sudden insurrection of the Christians Tllf!V 1,lu idurminod it, supporting its queror and conquered, to gloomy and tin- .10 H ,.,.,, n,(un jn t1B Astnrain moun- bund ilions by si.iiiehioin.nl' wood, To honored craves. It remains to closo tliis ,ains qt,Jcutiicd liis suspicions, nnil inspired I lIlu tl'l'.v s;'1 u, '"l withdrew to a dis evc.ntful history, by holding up as a signal him with fnnis of some dangerous conspira- 1,'"a' ti,JC!,lt1g "I"' constant shower .il'mis wariiing, tho fate ol thu traitor, whoso pur- rv a,ailst t js prnver In 1I10 heiglit of his ' SI'L"' 10 prevent the Moois from sillvni" fidious schomo of vengeance brought ruin on1, i,e holhoi.Hl.i him J .... A... Man ""; 1 i"g..Kti ine names. The sluii- liis native land s:lg0 .,,, y,,, vvho lal accompanied 1 c,l,l,,ns 'L'ni '"'I'"1'? consumed ; and whim Many nnd various arc the accounts given 1,,.,, ,., icir-, ti.U n .f "sVinnri. thcv.gavo way thu tower lell to tho croiind. anil l ie 1 lurneu nwav u suui i , inu iouii r ., , ' - , , ., . , ., , ... i family away, preparatory lo a n at dnipl, by urs snatched away their chi dren wi ll horror i r J r ' ' , , ', r , ' . J. , . J ,, ,, ! force of arms, tu subvert the Moslem donii if hu offered to caress I hem. Ho w thcrrd ,. , , . ' - . , . . , ii hi. uiili ..nation. In his fury ho put to death Stsebur under ihe execration of his fellow men ; urn i , P . ' , 1 e . , last, and worst of al , in began to loathe I himsolf. lie tried in Vain to persuade him- selftl.at bo bad but taken a justifiable, yen-1 ccanco: be felt that no personal wrong can I justify the crime of treason to one's country For a time, he sought in luxurious indul gence to soothe, or forget, llio miseries of the mind. lie assembled round him every pleasure and gratification that boundless wealth could purchase ; but all in vain. lie had no relish for the dainties of bis boaid ; music had no charm wherewith to lull his soul, and remorse drove slumber from his nil low. Ho sent to Cenla for his wife Fradi na, his daughter Florinda, and his youthful son Alarbot ; hoping in tho bosom of his family to find that sympathy and kindness which he could no longer meet with in tlm world. Their presence, however, brought him no alleviation. Florinda, tho daughter of his heart, for whose sake ho had underta ken this signal vengeance, was sinking a vic tim to its effects. Whcrover sho went, she found herself a bye-word of shamo nnd re proach. Tho oulrago she had suffered was imputed to her as wantonness, and her ca lamity was magnified inlo a crime. Tho Christians never mentioned her namo with out a curse, and tho Moslems, the gainers by her misfortune, spake of her only by tho ap pellation of Cava, the vilest epithet they could apply to woman. But the opprobrium of llio wot Id was no thing to tho upbraiding of hor own heart. She charged herself with all tho miseries of these disastrous wars; tho uoaths ol so ma ny gallant cavaliers ; tho conquest nnd per dition of her own country. Tho anguish of hor mind proyed upon tho beauty of her per son.' Her eyo, onco soft and tender in its expression, became wild and haggard j her cheek lost its bloom, and became hollow and pallid ; and at times there was desperation in her words. When her father sought to embrace her, she withdrew with shuddering from bis arms; for she thought of his frea roil, nnd the ruin it had brought upon Spain. Her wrolchedness increased after' her return to hcrnulivo country, until it rose to a degree of lieti.y. One day when she 3ta-nrsfgss.-c vas walking with her parents In tho garden of their palace, slio cnlorcd n tower, mill, having barred iIiu tloor, ascended to lliu bat tlements. From llionco slio called to them in piercing accents, expressive of her insup portable anguish nntl desperate detorniinu sion. " Lot this city," said she, " lo licucc roith called Malacca, in memorial of the moM wretched of women, who therein put nn olid to lier days." So saying, slio throw herself headlong fiom tho tower, nnd was dashod to pieces. Tho city, ntltls tho an cient chronicler, received llio nanio llins giv on it, though afterwards softened to Malaga, it still retains, in memory of the tragical end ofFlorinda. Tho Connies'! Fradina abandoned this sccno of wo, and returned to Centa, accom panied by her infant son. She took with her the remains of her unfortunate daughter, .ind gave them honorable sepulture in n liiulisolem of the chapel belonging to the cit adel. Count Julian dcpaited for Carthage na, where ho remained plunged in horror at this doleful event. About this time, the cruel Suleiman, hav ing destroyed tho family of Muzu, bad sent Mil; llt'.MIUYUM II"; HIIIIIIV HI 4Jll..., Mill. 3i.ni, nn Arab general, named Alahor, to succeed Abdalasis as emir or governor of Spain. ! Till, ,, n.iiti- iic ,r :i ruin! mill SOS lllcifllls nature, and commenced bis swav with a stein soveritv that soon nude those under his .ii,,,r,,,i in ruin- -nul Innkeil ns if hn h.irl I (),ive( ,10 ,lla tprm 0f mortal life. In! tho course of his studies nnd travels to the .East, he Ind collected the knowledge and ex perience of ages, being skilled in astrology and, it is said, in necromancy, and possessing tho marvellous gift of prophecy or divination. I o this expounder ol mystei ies Alahor ap- )1;((i U) ,,,.,rn .lr.!lt,r nv st.crc, reason m,,n.lnCl,fi ,S K ,f(,tv v Tho astrologer listened with deep atten tion and overw helming brow to all the sur mises and suspicions of the emir j 1 1 1 11 shut liimsrit f .1 11 ti. rnnuitlt liic ltnnl: .mil mm. munn with those supern itmal intelligencies ! subservient to his wishes. At an appointed I hour the emir sought him in his cell. It was filled w ith tlio smoke of pel fumes ; squat es 1 ..ir..,s ,1 various diagrams weie do. scribed upon tho floor; and the astrologer was poring over a scroll of parchment cov- ered with cabalistic characters. He toceiv- ! ,,1 Alnhnruhl loom v n ml sine,,.,-asneel : ' pIL..lu!in!, , ,!1V(. ,liCove.ed I'emful porMs tents in the heavens, and lo have hud slrango dreams and mvstic visions. I " Oh emir," said he, " be on your gu.itd ! Treason is around you, and in your path : V'our life is in peril. Ilewaro of Count Ju lian and his fiinily." " Enough,'' said lliu emir. " They shall all die ! Parents urJ clnldien all shall die!" Ho forthw ilb sent a summons to Count Ju lian to attend him in Cordova. The mes senger found him plunged in affliction for tlm recent deith of his daughter. Thu count excused himself on account of this niis- f ... . .i i .i lorlunu Irom oheving ho cnmuiands o tho . . '. . . e . n om r in person, hut sent several of his ad ho- , ... . . ... rents, fits hesitation, nnd the circumstance , i . , . r .. . of Ins having sent Ins family across the straits ,r. " J, , . . . lo Afttca, were constiuud by the lea oils . . - . . . - . mind of the emir inlo prools o guilt. . 1 . b . He in' H.nm i i.iiuuiru o i i.i'iiiiz uuiit'.l nun in int. . . i ., . i , i . i recent insiirreclion, and that he bad sent his .... 1... .1....1 1 i.:. !.!.. 1 :.. .1... . J sons of Hi.. f 'm. sus- r''"'"! ""V )f lnk,.n8 ",!",t .'" llln ru,,son' ''i15 d,J ""' "I'""0, their country in the fatal battle of the Gau dalele. Alahor next hastened to Curlhngcna to seizu upon Count Julian. So rapid were his movements that tho count bad barely tinio to escapo with fifteen cavaliers, willi whom he took refuge in the strong casllo of IMaicuullo, among thu mountains ol Arragon. The emir, enraged to he disappointed of his prey, embarked at C.irtbagem, and crossed the Stails nf Centa, to make captives of the Countess Frandina and her son. The old chronicle from which wo lake this pari of our legend presents a gloomy picture of tho countess In tho stern fortress to which sho had fled for refuge ; "ii picture heighten ed by supernatural horrors. These latter tho sagacious reader will admit or reject, accor ding to the measure of his faith and judg ment ; always remembering, that in dark and eventful limes, liko those in question, in volving llio destinies of nations, tho downfall of kingdoms, and (ho crimes of rulers and mighty men, the hand of fato is sometimes strangely visible, and confounds tho wisdom of tho worldly wise, by intimations and por tents abovo tho ordinary course of things. With this proviso wo make no scruplo to fol low the venerable chronicler in his narration. Now so it happened, that tho Countess Frandina was sealed lato at night in her chamber in tho city of Centa, which stands on a lofty rock, overlooking tlio sea. She was revolving in gloomy thought the lato dis asters of her family, w hen shu heard a mourn ful noise, liko that of the sea breeze, moan, ing about tho casllu w alls. Raising her oyes, she beheld her brother, the HUiop Oppns, i inn emianco oi tlio cliamlier. Sho Tid - vanccd to embrace: him, but Im forbado her with a motion of his band j and sho observed' that bo was ghastly pale, and that bis oyes1 glared as with lambent (lames. I " Touch IHO llol. sisier." saiil In. tit'ili mournful voice, "lest then bo consumed hv the fire which rages within me. Guatd well thy son, fur tho blood-hounds are upon his track. His innocence might b.ivo secured him tho protection of Heaven, but our crimes have involved him in our common ruin." tie ceased to speak, and was no longer to bo seen. His coming and going were nliku without noise, and the door of lliu chamber remained fast boiled. On the following morning a messenger ar rived with tidings that the Bishop Oppas had been made prisoner in batllo by tho insur gent Christians of thu Asturi is, nnd died in fetters in a lower of thu mountains. Tho same messenger brought word that tho Emir Alahol had put to death several of the friends of Count Julian ; fiad obliged him to Ily for his life to a ensile in Ariagon ; and was em barking with n formidable force for Centa. Tlus Coiinloss Frandiin, as Ins already been shown, was of courageous heart and danger undo bur desperate. There were fifty Moorish soldiers in the garrison ; she feared that they would provo treacherous, and take pari with their countrymen. Sum moning her officers, therefore, shu informed tllem of their danger, and commanded tliem to put those Moors to dentil. Tho ll' If i I , Cnrds sallied forth to obey her oiders, Thirl'-fivo of tho Moors were in the gie.it square, unsuspicious of suiy danger, when ll"7 wut0 si"Sl-'1 l'y t!uii; exueulionurs, :''!" !,t 11 concerted sign,. on the spot. Sumo of thu Moors were cnlied.aHiong the ruins,. nthors were flung to a distance, and dashed among the rocks : those who smvived were-instantly put to thu sword. The fleet of the emir arrived at Centa about the hour of vespers. lie landed, hut found .tho gates closed against him. The countess herself spoke to him from a lower, and set him at defiince. The emir imme diately laid sii'go to til" city. He consulted the ntfroluger V111, who told him tint, for seven da, his star would hive the ascend ant over that nf tile yuiilh Alnbot; lint af ter tint lime the voutii would ho safe ,1'iom hU I'ower. aud winll i'lr.'ct his ruin, A', ' ",'!'l':,;1-v ordered tlm nty to he on every ,.( an, t h-nglh earned i it by storm. Tlio countess too', lelnge witn ,aM wr' " 111 1IH' L":l,,t;l l"i,11L :l u,'sl",r: , . .1 ., 1 1 , , "I? tltjltsiicp ; but the walls wen, s ,e,I and ""'""J. !lm! illl;,.s nv r.Mnnct! would ",n 1,u """VhiIihc. 'lerooly thoughts ninv " ,M u 10 c:,"ru;" oer .nun. -purely, sa.o ,,;' " ' ,V c. , i T r She led him, timolol e, into tl dark and dismal chapel. 'Thou nit not ufrniil lo ho alone in this darkness, mv child?' ' No, .uiolher,' replied tho boy, ' daikness gives siloncu nnd sleep.' She conducted him to the tomb of Flonnda. I'earest thou the dead, liiy child ' ' N.o, mother, the dead can do no harm and what should I fear from my sister ' """ " The counties opened the sepulchre. ' Listen, my son,' Slid he. ' Then, are fierce and cruel people who hive como hith er to murder thee. Slay here in company with thy sister, and he quiet as thou dost val ue thy life!' Tlio hoy who was of a coura geous nature, did as he was hidden, and le- iued there all that day, and all tho night, nnd the next day until the third hour. In tho meantime the walls of the citadel were sapped, the troops of thu emir poured in at the breach, and a great pait of tho gar rison was put lo the sword. The countess was taken prisoner and brought before thu emir. She appeared in hn presence witli u h nighty demeinor, us if sin had been a queen receiving homage ; but when ho de manded Tlier son, sho faltered, and turned pale, ami replied, ' My son is with the dead.' ' Countess,' said thu emir, I am not to bo dereived ; tell mo where you h ivo con cealed thu boy, or tortures shall wring fiom you the secret.' ' F.nnK,' replied tho countess, may the greatest, torments bo my portion, both beie and hereafter, ifwh.it I speak hu not the truth! My darling child lies buried with tho dead.' Tho emir was confounded by tho solem nity of lier words ; but tho withered astrol oger, Yu 1, who stood by his side regarding tho countess from beneath his hushed oye brows, perceivud trouble in her countenance and equivocation in her words : ' Leave this matter to me,' whispered ho to Alahor; ' 1 will produco the child.' Ho ordered strict seaich lo hq m idu by tho soldiery, and ho obliged the countess to bo present. When thoy came to the chapel her cheek turned pale and her lip quivered. ' This,' said the subtle astrologer, ' is the place of concealment." The search throughout tho chapel, bow over, was equally vain, and thu soldiers weie about to depart, when Yu.u remarked a slight gloam of joy in thu eyo of thu coun tess. ' Wo are leaving our proy behind,' thought he, ' tho countess is exulting.' Ho now called to mind tho words of her asseveration, that her child was with the dead. Turning suddenly to thu soldiers, he ordered tlnjii lo search lliu sepulchres, ' If you find him not, said ho, 'drag foith Iho bones oflliat wanton Cava, that they may bo burnt, and tho ashes scattered lo the winds.' The soldiers searched among the tombs, and foumlithat of Florinda partly open. Within lay tho boy in tho sound sleep of childhood, and ouo of thu soldiers took him gently in liis arms o boar him lo tho emir, II IIH ' J.. Wl.ll.u lll'l, IIUI U.II.U was discovered, she rushed inlo tho presence 0f Alahor, and forgetting all her pride, throw herself upon her knees before him. 'Mercy! meicy!' cried she, in piercing ..rcmiti: mi. rev ml mv son. mv iinlv rlnbl I When tho countess belield that tier child O emir! listen ton nio'iher's prayer, und my tips shall kiss ihy ltd. As thou alt meui, fill to him, so may thu most high God have mercy upon thou, nnd heap blessings on thv head"!' ' Hear that frantic woman hence,' said lint emir ; 'but guard her well.' Tho countess was dragged away by the soldiery, without regard to her struggles and her ciies, and confined in a dungeon of tho citadel. Tho child was now brought to the emir. Ho had been awakened by the tumult, hut ga.eil foailessly on the stern countenance of tho soldiers. II id tho heart of the emir been capable of pity, it would huvo been touched by the tender youth and innocent hi ly of tho child ; but his heart was as the nether millstone, and he was bent upon the destruc tion of tin; whole family of Julian. Calling to him the astrologer, he gave tho child into Ids charge, with a secret command. The w ilheri'd son of tho desert took the hoy by the Ii and, nnd led him up the winding stair case of a tower. When they readied the summit, Yu. 1 placed him on the battlements. 'Cling not to nn', mv child,' said he; ' there is no dangei.' ' Father, I fear not,' saiil the undaunted buy ; ' yet it is h won drous height I1 The child looked nrnnnd with delighted eyes. The breize blew his ceiling locks from about his face, hud his cheek glowed at the boundless prospect; for the tower! was 1 oared upon lint lol'ly promontory on which Hercules founded 111111 of his pillars, Tho surges nfthe sea were heard far below beating upon the rocks, the sea-gull scream ed and wheeled about the foundations of thu tower, and the sails nf lofty, c.iraccas were as mere specks 011 the bosom of the deep. Dost thou know yonder land beyond the blue waters V said Y117, 1. ' It is Spain,' replied the hoy ; ' it is tho land of my fuller and my mother.' ' Then stretch foith thy hands and bless it, my child,' said the astrologer, Tim l.'v i... !! until 01 me wall, and, as he stretched forth his hands, the aged son of Ishinael, exerting nil tin; sliength of his withered limbs, stiihlenU pushed him over thu h ittluments. Ho fell headlong ft 0111 tho lop of that tall tower, and not a bono in ins tender I'.amu hul was crushed upon the rocks beneath. Alahor came to the fool of the idiog stairs. ' Is tlio boy safe?' cried he. lie is safe,' teplied Yiizi, "come nil'! behold the truth with thine own eyes.' The e'ltir ascended the tower and looked over the battlements, and behold tho body of the child, ; shapeless mass, on the locks far below, and tlio sea-gulls hovering about it ; and he gavu oiders lti.it it should be thrown into the ea, which was done. On the following morning, the dilutes was led lot lb from her dungeon into thu pub lic square. She knew of thu death of her cluhl, and that her own death was.n h,iol hut she neither wept nor supplicated. I'1'1' hair was dishevelled, her eyes were haggard willi watching-, and her cheek w.is as the monumeiilal stone ; hut theie were the lo onies of cumin Hiding beamy in her counte nance ; no, I the majesty of her presence awed own the i.ibhie into ic-pe. t. A multiludo of Christian prisoners were then brought forth ; nod Alahor ci ied out: ' Behold tin, wife of Count .lull in ; behold one of that traitorous family which lias brought ruin upon yom selves and upon your country.' And he oidered lint they should stone her lo death. 15ut the Christians drew b ick with honor froui the deed, and s ml : ' In tin, band of God is vengeance ; let not her blood bo upon our bead' Upon

this tlio emir swore, with horrid impreuis linns, tint w hoover of the captives refused should himself In: stoned to death. So the cruel order was executed, nnd Countess Frandina perished by the hands of her coun trymen. Having tfeis accomplished his barbarous errand, thu emir emh.iiked for Spain, and ordered tho citadel of Ceiil.no he set on fire, and ip'ossed tho straights at night by llm light nfthe towering flimes. The ill,' nil of Count Julian, which took place not long after closed tin, tragic story of his f miily. How he died remains involv ed in doubt. .Sumo assert that the cruel Alahor pursued him to his reheat among the tnouiiiains, und, having taken him prisoner, beheaded lino; otheis, that thu .Moms con fined him in a dungeon, and put an end toj his lifi, will, lii.frt.r.ntr t i r , I . . . . . I tvli'.lt, f.tlt. . ers affirm that tho lower of llm cnstlu nf, Marcuelln, near Huesc.u, in Arragon, i which he took refuge, fell on him nnd crush- ed him lo nieces. All agree that this latter und was miserable in tho extreme, and his death violent. The cmse of Heaven, which had thus pursued him to the grave, was ex tended to the verv nlae.. which hail Liven I.;,,, dii.lw.r f,.r in. -jr.. ,l,l .1,,. il. ,.:.il., is nn lnmrnr inhabited, no nccmi.H nf ll.,. Mlr;imrn nnd linrrili! nnicna itial urn Imnril in it ; and that visions of armed men are seen above it in tho air ; which aro supposed to bo thu troubled spirits of the apostate Chris tians who favored the causu of thu trahor. In after times .1 stono sepulchru was shown outsido thu castle, as the tomb of Count Julian: but lliu traveller and the pil grim avoided it, or bestowed upon il a male diction : and tho namo of Julian has re mained a by-word and a scorn hi tho laud for lliu warning of all generations. Such is over Iho lot of him who betrays bis country. An KxTHAoitniNAnv Duiuiam Mii.kri:. Mr. Hewer ol Charlton, near llrackloy, North amptonshire, Ind a cow from which were undo nineteen and Ihrcc-quaitcrs pounds of butter last week ; lliu cream i-kuniiii.'d but twice, with, out second butter. It U sunnnse.l. bv vonineteiit judges, that this cow will produco twenty-four pounds of butter a week, it i-cconu butter is churned. She is of the Durham breed, and a remarkably fin.) heaM, six years old." Her feed is tfrass ami a little hay onhj ! She gives eight gallons of milk per ny. Sorthajlipton Herald. .1inistehs V'tWr care fitiie effects of their P rpnf)iivtir 'PliikO ,..lm I, ,bn nrnr hnrl I tin rrna. pel, should visit those to vWfoin they havo preach ed it. As wo must look'afler our praying;, so we must after our' prcrfching. laithfiil minis ters cauno; but hnvca particular tender com passion for those 'to whn 111 they have preached the gospel, that they may not teftuw labor up on them in vatn I'OWER OF GENIUS. 11V C. C. llUlttl. "Xo tears for tbeol tho hncering plnom is ours Thc.11 nit for converse with all glorious powers, Never to die." A pretty story ntiough is related of the wild hoy of N'uwstuad Abbey, who, by the death of the grandson of an old man at" Cor sica, was left with the title of lord. On hear ing of this, Geurgo ran up to his mother, nnd asked if aim perceived any differencn in him silicu bo was mado a lord, as hu could per ceivo niinu in himself. Tho next morning, when his namo was first culled out in school, it came with the titlo of ' Doudnus' prefixed to it. Unahlu to. givo lliu answer ' adsiim.' ho stood abashed before tho comical gazu of ..! I... I i 1 . ..... . " 111s scoooi-ienows, an-J at last liuist into lours Hut what could the title of ' Dominus' do for that talisni.uiic genius which was slumbering (here jn the soul of young Myron I It is liko 'planting May-flowers around Trajan's col umn.' Whit a merry-making sound that would le, the title of Captain Shakespeare and Lord Newton ? Genius is a title higher than kings can confer. That title co'nies from tho Creator. Thu wot Id cannot take it fiom him who wears ir. We know there is a wondrous pity in this very sympathising anil extravagantly charitablu world for the fito of genius; (hero is so much of it which is never heard of compelled to die in ob scurity held down by poverty poor geni us, to live unknown nnd die itnhonored ! All this is very clever in thu good world, no doubt, to be so sincere a mourner that so much genius dies in obscurity, But there is somewhat of ignorance in that weeping. Genius never heard of! livo in obscurity! die uniamenied ! talK ol lliu sun sh lg "nd , never being seen, ol'the blazing comet pour ing itself through thu heavens, anil never arroMing the gaze of mortals ! Talk ofthal J , ,.,..11,. ...rffii., .. ikh woman s hand bold Niagara in its palm, or crush thu swelling surges of an Atlantic storm, as poverty can extinguish tint fires of genius. In whatever soul God kindles those fires, they burn unex- 1 tiieMiishahlo excenl bv death. r,nk at that boy of Stratford-on-A von ; H .,.,t ()f- ,;ln V.rv 0i)SCIlr(, (jjr,v iioinlerestlng lad the rascally little deer- straler of hts native village, prosecuted for the thefi who cares for him ? He will teach you to rare for him ; he will teach this wot Id to In, still lint ho may speak. Sliakspearu is in Inn, ! The fnes of genius are tliere deep down in the soul of that despised and ragged deer-slealer, and his name shall bo Sliak spone, ringing in all thu cailh. L'oveity hath no power nn a sool like that. Then those names that will bo gieat forev- er, I'upe, linrns, i,iiatioiton, and a long nt like them. They may make learned men, '. " "ffe ''" k""s at .Mahomet, horn in the desert, and coming up to manhood without a book, and with no in in to teach him. This in in is doubtless to die lier I.' ., t I .1 : I in mis sanuv Miiiiuuo and i,u lorgot- Forgotten Never ! there is genius K ilt . uij;"iHii. m;,. i IIIUIU IS gull in lino. I h it man shall build a shrine, and more than one bundled and twenty millions of men .shall how before it. Tliuv have til te.iily worshipped thero twelve centuries; and all the rest of mankind stand back in ter ror at his name. But still wu aro told in newspapers and commentaries on history, that circumstances mike great men, do every thing for genius,' call it out from obscurity, wheio it would I otherwise) die, hut for these gracious circiim- I stances. What circumstances called out ' Mahomet? What could tho Arabian desert do for him? It is belter asked, what could! Mahomet do for the Arabian desert. Thu' , i. ... .. ... . gnni rocKs ot .uouni iinra the wild, voice less sninuuo mere aim llm rudu Hemes wandering up and down, with no speech of lehgion on their Inngues-tbeso called nut alter in- name ot .viauomel-tliero was no favorable circumstances (, tins man but hn bailee after them. I he voice was hea.d, nonnutng irom i no rocis.nmtini.iins, over llio away, mi n.o siuou ereci wiin a new inipulsii there. That was the voice of geni us crying in the desert. What could circumstances do for Shak speare 1 Ho was greater than circumstances, and against circumstances he came out un hidden and filled the wurld full of himself. Who called out Franklin, that sun of lliu soap-boiler? Doubtless it was those enviuus friends who ridiculed thu first efforts of his B' 1 '''""'venturo it was thoso three rolls ol baker s bread bu ate in tho streets of 1 " ' 1 ''lull'''"' Si,v lnmselflrom starvation? I is" ,llcro was B'""!s 1,1 that Hoy ; and w hen in, il is spiiKen, wu nave sain unit tie win go nut himself when that is lulu, it is revealed that philosophy is lo appear in tho sky of I Columbia. 1 lial Hoy will play with lliu , lightnings, nor will ho wait long for circtim I stances to invito llilll to moddlu with Jove's 1 lIllMl!cr-l)oltS Tl,is world has not yet forgotten Robert Bums, nor will it while tho stars shine, that uohlu peasant who came out from behind his plow on thu mountain's side, and stood with brow unabashed in lliu presenco of haughty splendor, because bo felt that 'Tho rank is but the guinea's stamp, The man's the gow d for a list." And defying the circumstances of writing in llio provincial dialect of a rude northern land, still made himself thu immortal representa tive of a nation intellect. It will he a long limu before eirruMsaiccs .will make a Robert Burns. Circumstances may mako small men ; but gieat men make circumstances. They fill this wurld full of events, und create tho circumstances wherein they win thoir laurels. Did nol Cyrus direct the energies of tho world at Babylon ? So did Caesar at Rnmoand Constantino at B z mtiiini. These men called upon their times, and their voice was board. Voltaire, Rousseau, Helvelius, Diderot, Condorcot, Raynal and d'Alemberl, laid a train of circumstances which produc ed an explosion thai shook tho world to its centre This was tho work of genius its awful voice thundering there, (ill the times awoke und gave back a deep answer. Thcro is a voice coming down lo u, over the pages of history, showing us iho power of genius striving with thu tide, struggling loose from tho trammels of pauperism, boldly, as set ling its rights to be heard in defiance of nil circumstances ; and let it be lienid to re bukn the falsehood, that vcctls'wm mako and call out men of genius. 1. ll.r Allium .Mil .ft. III! ii:,,S, I.IU.'ll.- ' i,i, p , ,,, ,, 1, 1 chnly youth of whom Shelly was proud to Who cullnd out John Keats, that mclan sing "Till the f.lturc dares For the put, his lato nnd fnino stnll I c An echo ami a light unto eternity f nnd whose namo is embalmed in his own Endymion, where ho has himsolf sung in tones of deathless rnpturo " A thinq of beauty is n joy forever, lis loveliness increases s it will never Pass into nothingness 1 t ut still will Keep A bower ftiict for u, nntl nsleei. Pull of sweet itreams, mil health, end quiet breathing." Tho blight and pleasant genius was born at u livery-stable in Mom fields. Fiiendless nnd unknown, his soul struggled loose fiom , . , , , . - , lis obscurity by thu vitality of lis ow n pow-1 ers. 1 he circttnistditccs Mltendiug him was a livery-stable ; but no mutter there was geni us in him, and ho has written "Hyperion." Shelley's m iluhluss hymn to intellectual beauty applies In genius "Tho awful shadow ofnn unieen power Klmlc, llniu'h iin-ren, nmnnir us; vision:; This vnri'ius world with as inconstant who; As summer winds that creep fro'n flower to fiowcr; t.ike ni'ionlieams tint behind some play mounlcin (.bower, ll visits wiih inconstant plnnre I'.ich liiitnan heart nnd countenance; T. ike hues and harmonics of rveninjr, I.ilto clouds in starlight widely spreoil, Like meniory of music flcil, I.iko anslit tint for its grace may he Dearond yet dearer for its mystiry." Such tsgenius. A pervading, fiery spirit, burning within the man, flashing mil its light nnd heat in all the earth, never to hn quen ched ; enthroned and invisible within tho ,1 ti,..i : 1 EARTHQUAKE AT LISBON, 17o3. From an article on 'Portugal,' in Black wood's Magazine, which comprises a short biographical sketch of the celebrated Mai - nnis of Ponihal, wo quote a description of the gieat earthquake at Lisbon which took place, it may bo remembeicd, during tho 1 administration of that enlightened statesman On iho morning of All Saints' day, the 1st of November, 17oj, Lisbon was torn up from the foundations hv iho most teirible , earthiiuake' on European record. As it was' a high festival, the population were crowding lo llio churches, which wen; lighted up in j honor of tho day. About n quarter before , ten, the first shock was felt, which lasted the ,ti,,i,.. I, .....it. fJv r c..v.. ,,,;,,, O,,.,. w hich "the shock was renewed, lasting 1 about three minutes. The concussions were M) VM)lM ; I,,,,!, jnsl!lnci.s ,,nt m.;,rv all ,i. ...i:.! M,jhjn,,s ,v,,m dbed to moond. mii.1 tint iii-iii. Mit il n-irf iP llwt ritxr ilin.ict wm.. ,-ltit-. The terror of the nonubi rlml ,,rongh'lhe fallen streets, gnth- eied in the churches, or altempling to escape into tin, fields, may bo imagined : hul (lie w hide scene of horror, death, and ruin ex ceeds all desci iption. The ground split into chasms, into which they plunged in their fright. Crowds (led lo the water, hut the Tagus, agitated liko the land, suddenly rosi lo an extraordinary height, burst upon the laud, and swept away all within its reach. It is said In havn risen to the height of five and twenty or thirty feet above its usual lev el, and to have sunt; again as much below it. And this phenomenon occurred four times. The despatch from the British Consul sta led, that the especial force of tin, earthquake l seemed lo bu directly under tho city ; foi ,. i,;i i :i, .,. i;r.,l iV.,. .i. t . jfl)V ,,u explosion of a gunpf.wdoMi.ine, tin' ,,itl(,r :,I)nv or below was not so eonsiileralile. One of the principal quays t. uhidl h ls silil ,w, .,nv )eo,u h;l(1 cro,. tV-safety, was plunged under the Tagus .) n,,.,. disappeared. Ships were carried , hv tho shock on tho river dashed to pieces against each oilier, or flung upon ihi shore. To conipleto the cataslropho fires broke out in the ruins, which spread over llio face of llio city, burned for five or six days, and reduced all tho goods and property of the people to ashes, r or forty days the shocks continued with nioro or less violence, but they had nuthing left tu destroy. The pco plu weru thus kept in a constant state nf al arm, and forced to encamp in the oueii fields, though il was now winter. The Royal fam ily weto encamped 111 tho gardens of tho palace; and as il all llio elements of society had been shaken together, Lisbon and its vicinity became tho hlace of gathering for banditti from all quarters of tho kingdom. A number of bpanisii deserters mado their way lo tho city, and robberies and murders oftho most despcralo kind were constantly perpetrated. During this awful period, the whole weight of the government fell upon the shoulders of tho Minister; and he bore il well. Iloadhp ted '.hu most aclive measures for provision. ing tho city, and for repressing plunder and violence. It was estimated that the loss of properly would amount to ,7,000,000, and that no less than eighty thousand lives wero lost. Some conception ol lliu native mor tality may bo formed from that the English, of llm comparatively small numbers of whom resident at that time in Lisbon, no less than twenly-eighl men and fifty women were among the sofferers. Tho Royal Family wero t tlio palaco of Belem when tho tre mendous calamity occurred. I'.imhal in stantly hastened ihore. Ho found every one 111 consternation. What is to lie done," ex claimed the King, ns he ontered, ' lo meet this infliction of divine justice V The calm and resolute answer of I'onibal was 1 Bury thu dead, and feed tho living.' This sen tence is slill recorded willi honor in the mem ory of Portugal.' iV. lr. Sun. A clergyman, In a recent discourse, was p.iliing of the practice of pointing to the sins and follies of the members of tho churches, as an excuse of others, when he thus illustrated llio ovil of such an argifincnt ; 'Ah!' said lis, ' this is tho common device of llio devil, to blind the eyes uf his disciples with the dui-t. shaken; Irom tl.t (Ciltd gurmenis nt (;,lristiac. Tun I'owrn or Evrr.nssto'i. Dr. Johnsnn, as reported by IlosweH, ohcrvcF, that from his earliest years" hu had inwanl y rasolveil to excel in conversation ; ami to tins end ho never utter- I ., . . , . , oil a sentence w.t hnnt first eni.ivnringto inaiiri ;t ,9 Kh,mul , cnrrQct , WM , ft, rnwcr His unrivalled nkill an .1 converter is undmibN cdlv to bo attributed to this habit. Sir Siuinel Uomilly has a somewhat siurtar practice. Ho say?: "I was anxinilv to acquirrt a irrnat facility nf elocution, which I thought Indispensable to my niece". Ins-torn!, howev er, of resorting to any nf '.hose debating socie ties, which wcro at that time much frriiiniilcd, I adopted a very useful experiment, which I found suggested in Q, lintilhan, that of express, ing to myself in the het l.itigmgrj I cnuld, whatever I hid boon reading ; of using the ar guments I hail met with in Taeitiw, or I.ivy, and unking with them speeches of my owe, nut ut tered, but conpoed,and existing only in thought. Occasionally, toe, 1 iittuuilud the two house-) of Parliament, and us-ed triysnif to recite; in ii,,, ... ... . ,1... ...,..!. t 1. ....! ut, .uiii, in 111 i.nni.i:. tui.- nt-n i iiu.iii. lJl0rn. TMl niij,,t 0JB tllm snl,erally 1 reserved theo exorcises fir tlm limu of mv I riding or walking, and bef re long I had fo well acquneil the inbil of it, tint I could think cmn. P'witintH as 1 wad passing through tho u.es'. I crowded strectr. C.vMrnci.i. Tiirc I'oct. Mr Campbell was in statu" small hut well made. His eyes were very finc, in I such eye as l,w renre tuel: delight in painting, when ho drew that line picture of thj poet winch will preserve his looks to tho latest posterity, llm lips wero thin, and in a eontant twitter ; thin lips are bail in marutei ai d Chantroy refused to do his best because his lips would never look well. lie was bald, I have heard nun say, when only twenty-four, and since that age had almost always worn a w ig. ! There was a sprucery about almost every tiling that he did. Me would rule pencil linen lo write on, and complete a MS. irmru in the manner of Davics orlIcrrv.nl than Jtlllu last W'"V'r ' MMMerYceiion. Ho toW a story cur! ..riiiijiou, $famof an,, ,m, mucI, .ft and art in Felting oli'an anecdote that in othurs lolling had gone for un'.hin. Thu story of tho mercantile traveller from Glasgow was one nf his very best, and his proposing Napoleon's, health at a meeting ol the authors because ho had murdered a bookseller (Palm) was rich in llio extreme Vus Mag. Or.r. I!i;i.t. OiHrutn. In glancing over a pa.. per fro.n Calcutta, wo find an account of a Irav- "Ibng from tl.e inoiiutains ot iSorway, wtio nai 11 inn, ml lit liiai-i ind ia a n mill nr.nl :ie n wonder.' being a bnnatido Norwegian runner, who was about to attempt the di-covory of I hej .source of tlm White Nile, on foot and unatten ded. He expects to bo absent from India only about four months, and ho is to go in a direct one, crossing desert? and swimming rivers. Hn runs a degree in twelve liourp, and can go three days without food or water, by merely taking a dish or two of syrup of rapbcrncs, nf w hich ho carries a small' bottle, nnd when lie dues pro cure food a very nn ill quantity will fiifiice ) but who., ii ' plentiful he cats enough for three days. This wonderful man carries with him only a imp, a c.ompas.s, and a Norwegian axe. He ban already in ide some wonderful journeys, having gone fiom Constantinople to Calcutta and bark in .")'J day, for w lech the Sultan gave him 8-.(IO() ; and Irom Paris to Si. Petcrcburg in l.'l day.-'. I le h is certificates from the au thoring al Calcutta and St Peter-burg, verify, ii'g tliese vorv extraordinary facts. IIu is about W years of age, and slightly made, lie trusts for safety in his perilous journey to his speed, a he says neither droiujdary or nnu can uvei' take him. The Itov.it PiU'ltrv Y.u-.d. Those resi dents at Windsor who are 111 the habit of taking m early morning walk, 10 enjoy 'the cool, the tragr.int, and the silent morn,' in the splendid lemene, proudly crowned by its ancient castlej oust hive often scon two persons in plain at ire tripping lightly ncro-s that pleasant mea' iiiw called 'D uchet's .Me id,' in order to visit a inn at the extremity uf the Home Park. These lersons aro Her .Majesty and Prince Albert, mrsuing their way 10 the dairy and poultry ar.l ; and in their progress sporting with their . fantf, who aro cither mounted on their pic i.ald ponies, or driving their well trained goats 11 a pbo-'on. It is impossible to witness the inali'.'cteJ enjoyment of the royal couple in thi loinestic. excursion, unalloyed as it is by any estraiut ol utlicial etiquette, without feelings; .f extreme pleasure, as a bright pattern lo peo ple of the highest lank. Farming J'r Ladies. Cr.osn of da v in the East. It has often icun remarked, that, in southern latitudes, thu twilights are of short duration; but- nowhere have I seen the phenomenon no marked as at llassnra and Bagdad. In India, when the sun rises or sets, ulouds are now and then perceplt 'ile. This is never the c,io at Bassora ; day light ihmiiiiseiug while the sun yet remain;) above tho horizon; the orb is entirely visible, but assumes a reihsh hue. As soon ns his last ray disappears night comes on, but not the night of Uoropo where thu stars, even after the (incut .lay, can scarcely break through the hazy atmos phere ; but a night softly illuminated by tho firmament and rendered brilliant by falling stars shooting across the heavens in all directions. Seated every evening on uur terrace we enjoy ed this magnificent s ght while retting after the fatigue uf llio day. Xarratire uf a mission to India. The man of mere mouth charity, such a 0110 as the apostle James describes, instead of sub. stautially helping his neighbor, thinks to lick linn whole again with his tongue. Dr. S'uuth. Romish Funds. 'I'ho Association for promo. ting Horn inisin, at Lyons, France. In" sent to America during the pa..t year, l)U,80o franca i. c. more than 8200,000 to aid jn tho estab. lishinent of Popery in this country nearly much ns has been received by the American Board for evangelizing tlio entire pagan world ! The Chkhiian Minister. O study pot only to preach exactly, but to live exactly: let the misplacing of one action in your lives trouble vou more than the misplacing of words in your discourses. I bis is the w ay to succeed myour embassy, and give up your account with joy. - Floirl. Echo is represented as a female, because sue will have the last word, A lady, on hearing this explanation, said, "Surely Iho lords of the creation ought not to have both the first and tho' last." Whatever you undeitnke persevere In ; but consider well beforo you do undertake a thing.- Liberty is to the collective body, what health is to every individual body. Without heahh no pleasure can be tasted by man without lib. ortj, no happiness can be enjoyed by society. -i 1 .:. '- ': ' 1 -,' : I',) j How glorious that religion which exhibits. It ) tc.u excellency Avhoro ovory 'tbimielM rillf..