Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, November 22, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated November 22, 1844 Page 2
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'henry clay anb his party. Wc look over "I hp reports from the varinus pirlp of Ino Uiiinn, in which t lie presidential election lias miiit recently taken plaro, ntnl (rntn whirl) enlirn return have not yet been ro. reived, to see whether thorn in a possibility 'hat the candidate of Ihn Wing p:i rt j, fur President of the United Statec, is likely In receive a ma jority nf the E'ecliirul Miles, and the painful f nil rliiHiit'i in fnrcril upnti nur minds that we hive been dofoaled j that the snm'tanonus nnmiiia' tinn of Henry Ohy, by the Whig party, and it almost concurrence by I ho politicnl opponents nf that party, han not received t lint sanction trnm the voter!" riftho United States, which Iho must it nt ion of f tin nation requires; and. f etui svrpipncp, tint James K. Polk, nf Tenncsscp, fill be proclaimed the legal inciiinb nt id It ii the duty of every republican In submit In the will of the majority, constitutionally ex pressed, mid that duty "wn aro ready to dis charge. Dili it is llie right of a republican In protest against that will, as inconsistent with flip good ofthu country, ns lending, sooner or Utor. to sap (he foundations of our institution?, by the neglect of talent, services, patriotism and p.xp'.'rience, for mediocrity of gifts, insuliieioncy nf experience, and utt'ostcd patriotism lint patriotism whirl) known how to sacrifice srlf for the republic. We arc not about to charge up m tne President elect, a want of love nf the n tin fry, or a want of tint moral standing which gives confidence In active life, and respectabil ity In retircinon'. We have tin ioion, liow ev er, to believe lhat he is cnnipolent In discharge the duties of the office nf ('residence of the Uni ted Stales ; but he has been selected In place nf Henry Cl.iy, and it is the prit liege, it not the cl nt v. of ,i Ireeman to lament the result. We, for n mii'iioiit, In-p rniiliih'tice in the re publican ilnclrinn i.f man's ability In rule him pelf, when wo sou a ml ion driven into a docis. inn such nslhat we now deploie. And wnc it not (hit wnhpoevol'rnvidonee wi!l nrtik the pro pletorolu ihvns'hei, in spite of the weakness of an Execu ive, we should think t lint the un fortunate choice was an indication that I'rnvi donce had intiuiUcd its dotcrmin ilion lo scourge the nation, at least, hy its permitting this evi dence of its inutility. We confess to Inve an unusual degree nf feeling "n this occasion a feeling, however, which those who know us will Iih eie is freed fr.ioi w h it . usually deiminiiiatcd intoiosted vrei. Wo were never applicants to President nr (iovernor, whose election we had promo'ed, for oriic.e or patronage and especially shoti'd we not have been tn Henry Clay, lint early in our nhocacy of In claims, or rather in the claims nf I lie country upon hie services, we suffered nurself to invest a debtee of feeling in, ami to have dependence upon, the remit, that we had thought would Inve been iuii'nssib'e, had any other candid ile licen named ; anil while wo la bored, " in season and mil of season," according to the measure of our loeliln abilities, wo never permitted our mind to lie disturbed by a doubt nf success; we cool I not always see how one State or another rould he c irncd, and wo ad mitted that llii!, tint, or lb"? othar Common wealth might, frnin some adcerse circumstan ce, be led iifi'fiom the support of Mr. Clay, and, therefore, required furthor laliors hut we did not, for a moment, entertain the the thought nf Defeat. Why diould wc have done so 1 Why should we have done such injustice! They had rtjht, if they choc, tn vole wrong, we had ro right to aniicipate such a fatal error ; it would have baen a syecies of moral treason to haie sorinnsly thought tint Ihey would vole against Henry Claw Nay, oven at tins moment, when the decision is be .We 111, we do believe that it was tile intention of a majority nf the people lo defeat Mr. Clay's election. The weakness which compels some men to go with a patty, men when they know that party to he wrong, dcis not always prevent them front wishing that their hearties eltVts nny be fruitless ; and a majority of those who voted for a third randidile are, we now believe, grieved at the result which their madness has w roiiL'ht, and they stand holf-rcbuked in their country's bhtinc mid loss. Why should they vote against Henry Clay. We repeat the question why should they In the long list of honorable men who Inve, for many years, distinguished them-oHes by important services to the union, there is inn one wh", under every circumstance, ln pre sented such unvarying claims to deep, heartfe t trritiUi'l"-, is He tv Cay. We; w Ihoi t exaggeration. We speak, now, w lien no vo'e is lo lie won by commend ii ion, or faior insured by service. We speak in llio faro of (Jenen and lay our hand upon our hear', when wo say, that of all the citizens nf the United States :, 'T one, all circ.uins'aiices considered, not one might challenge the favor and vtc ' f the people, with such force from claim-', smdi strength from services rendered, and gra'itudo dun ; such lofty snd constantly sustained pair.oli-tn ; such "a ready sacrifice of w elhsusiaiiied position foi party nr personal purpose, to the good nf the whole; such co'iiniand ng, w lio'esome inll en 'e; such etensive respect in every p.rlion of ihn civilized wnriil, as Henry Clay; ami with all these of the al and the present, such an es- hauslless mic of means lor future good totho country. f,o man in lids nation had the o liko Henry' Clay; nor is it likely that the events of the remainder of this cen:ury will ever qualify a man In such Ingli deervinec. They uiu-l bo great events, iiii'eri!, lo compare witli tlii-e nf the las! fortvfivo year", and onlvone tnnn nf anv the toils and perplexities of office, he will receive all the kind evidences of love and respect which could have been bestowed upon him In Iho in centive station ; nothing could ho wanting tn till the measure of the nation's demonstrations of regard, hut Iho complement of gratiludo for executive fatnrs. No man advocated the elec tion o' Henry Clay, frnrn a belief that Ins oloc. linn would impart now greatness tn his charac ter. Hone, away from all adventitious aid. without a single mantle nf office, nrany Insignia of power, ho stands Iho truo exponent of self sustaining excellence, the limy, substantive ex hibition nf republican greatness. Not a principle involved in Iho tale canvass, Is changed by the painful and mortifying results. They aro llio princ.ip'cs of the nation. The measures of (lie Whig parly may ho endanger ed by Iho defeat of that party's candidate but Ihey are no less necessary to the prosperity of llie inlmn ; and with whoso nauio soever they may be horoafter ennnerted, (if the allusion. thus parly, he not nn indelicacy towards our partv,) tec shall Ice! tint Ihey nwo their slalulilv to thcellbrlH of llenty Clay, and they must bo asnriatpd in llio minds of every true hearlod Whig, with undying gratitude to that inc.ompa. r.tblo statesman. So lhat not nitty now, in the first astunlshmcnt ot defeat, while yet the name of our candidate lloils above us, do we turn awav towards his home, and connect hiu iiaiuo with our party's principles, but at all limes hereafter, Iho heart nf every Into Whig will beat in foully lo that great and good unit, and confess that to his lolly talents, and his life devoted patriotism, do we owe the means of our country s enure lit' dependence and prosperity; and while wc do homage to his worlh, and pour forth gratitude for his scivires, wn shall all true Wings will invoke tho blessings of lenirlh of davs, and un. failing happiness, to tho statesman and patriot, Ihn friend and advocate of equal laws, of human rights, the great and good lihiMli LJjAI Vu7. U. H. (laz. glvo one reason I'or his withdrawal that ho should have been apt to give on Iho same orcv sinn, to wit; that "ny man who would bo an editor when ho could bo any thing else, has a innsi uiiiiiiwinii insiu lor aiues nuu ruunaru. The editor, who appears to be a wag, thus enn tinups ; " William S. King, Hsq. is lioncnforih In bo the responsible editor af Iho Courier. Poor fello v I wo aro sorry for him if one could raise cabbages but tho market Is overstocked witli that vegetable now and after all, wdicn a man is worn nut, he will die, which is a conso lation, Mr. King gives pledges ; we don't be- lievo in pledges, and think the fewer tho bettor nn man ran satisfv the public by doing right, or oven wrong," Hal, rat. Ahandomxd IN A DF.8r.nT. Tlio Kngllsli brig Amity, Capl. J. C. Hotige, sailed from London upon the 7lh nf May last, bound to Tniutira, a port In the lied fc'oa, and arrived lipnn the 23d June in sight of tho Islands of Trinidada, near lite coast or Ilrazil ; and as it was ralm, the mas. lor landed on ono of the islands lo verify the chronometer and to shoot. In attempting to re gain Iho vessel, tho boat was upset In tho surf, broken to pieces, and a sailor drowned. 7'liits deprived of means to return to his vessel, the master was compelled lo continue upon the is land with three sailors. The Amilv was in sight during two days, but the mate mado no at tempt to succor them, and she afterwards disap. pcarod in tho horizon, thus abandoning them nn a desert island. They remained there for twcnty.thrco days, sustaining themselves nn hell lish until Iho ltiili or .ltd V, when llicv were rescued from their painful situaiinn hvtho American ship Brandt, which brought them to Km do Janeiro. 'ii(. Sun. and tho ndmlssion of Dritisli goods frco of ditty, to tho titter destruction of homo man ufactures. They have cried " British infill enco" to excite llio prejudices of ignorance, while llio whole tendency of their policy has bcn lo foster British interests nt the ex pense of thoso of their own neighbors and fellow citizens. That the laliors of Locofocoism aro right ly npprccinted by their British nllics, llio fol lowing extrnct from the Montreal Gazette abundantly shows, nnd wo suppose this is nt least ns good ns semi-official evidence of tho " relaxution" which may bo expected nn tho ndvent of Calliouno-Polkism to tho scats of power. Americans, protectionists 1 read nnd pon der : " So far ns wc can judjro from tho American pipers. of which Iho majority that we sec, beine from llie New Hntdnnd Stales, nte in fnvnrnf Mr. Clny, the Presidential eleciie n i cninu decidedly in Invor of Mr. I'olk. This is n very impnnantlevenl. ll decides the opinion of llie democracy of the United Stale- in favor of the relaxation of their commercial system, nnd ihe admission of foreign, thit is ol Ornish Manufactures, without referenco lo tho protection of the domestic producer. In nil its results ft cannot fail to haves most important influrnrr nn tho relations between Uannua and tho mother Country. INI KMIT-RANCE. A friend stopped us a lew days since, in the street, and p limed to two men. who were makings mosi melancholy exhibition nfiho weakness oftheir heads in regard to strong drink, or the stienlh of llitir np pluatiin lo llie intnxieatiii; cnp. Thev wcte drunk, very diiink ; and our fiiend nmnikcd thai be bad seen inure of drunkenness in iho streets within the lul six month", than lie bad nn'icrd for a long lime lef'ire. lie inquired Ihe eaue. nnd, nt the same time, expicspit nn opinion tint it was tho natural cuiifc q ii-nee of llie attempt to suppress drunkenness. It is difficult lo nmlers-liimi bntv nil nttemnl to pre- I vent drini inuess cn tes dl in increased inlemper ;nncei yet what we saw in the sireel, may hne re I sidled fiotn a renc'i'in nmonir the. drinkers. When j one attempts to account for nny extraordinary ctenl, , I licit first duty is toino.iire whether any such even1 i Ins occurred, because, if it has not, nr.'ument-, of . course, nro wasted. I he deductions from fuse preuii I ecs usually fall to tho eround. Is drunkenness innru I prevalent than it wis some years since? Wn siv it i is not, thouzh we. frar that we must admit that it has been rithrr nn an increase twelvo monllis past ; and Ihenuseuceofi vil, lorn lomr limeprevious, luaue ' the ins'nnce more nbs rvible. more teinarkable. I Wo incline lo Lelino that this new slateof thinssis ' partly owiii-' to a relaxation in therft'iris of the active ! mentis ol temperance, some ol whom nave, peroaps, erred in seeking to mike the cause n mems or occa i sion of Kodaluies i effect other purposes than tcmtier- ' mice, or tninl nbstinence frem sltong drinks. This error led tlioeonvcrts nun newsccnes nnd now excite, ments, nnd induced a re!ape. I S ime of thoj.i who exhibit weakness, and mrrv nils. Ot, "t least, 1 UIO(IU-ly 111 (he boltlv, ln,,ii couiu ' iato m'luhood.s.nceihcdiminu'ion off fiorts to reclaim ' the erionrous. The q'leslion will be not so much ! whit errors have bcrn cum mil led by tbenclivefiicnd- ; ol temperance, as what means are to no ntiopien lo i clicck the evil, nnd preserve our cilizms, our ciiv, in , deed, from the shameful exhihiibn of drunkntds in the slreef, and our fitnilies from llie di9lresi.in2 exposure or firrsidp drunkenness, e.vnuplo is much, fa Inon is nineh : but nn en'nrsed sense of duly, n nroncrdesree I ofself resjicei, early inculcated, will he nn excellent me ins nf nreveniinir the growth o! tins evil, nnd pre vcnlioc, indeed, the prevalenceof most of those faults lint d.dnse llie rhiiacler of ilme who commit them, nnd chilurb the harmony of tho domestic and social circle. The errors of the leaders in the temperance cans wbi'e tliey arc confessed nnd especially ihoiise of limt c.iite, as a political engine, mn.t not he used ns nn nrsnincnt lo deprive ihem ofcretit for much pood accomplished, incalculable benefits conferred on fam nbes and individuals; nor. indeed, must these errors be pleaded nrnins! tlui renewal of f fl'irls to check ihe evil. ''Nemii-t pirdnn much to thespinl of liberty sivs a ereit writer. We must pardon much to those who, wiihoiii an extensno knowledge oT buinnn na ture, exhibit an enlireed loveofhuuian t-ind. bv sct; ini to re lent the'r fellow men from iho debnsmn practice nf intoxication, nnd to save to society minds and bodies calculated to brine to ii crcnt honor. We ho-ie lint lempernto measures will be adopted liv the friends nf order and onnil morals, loelicen ui previtence t f inteoipernnce in the use of iolnxiealin O'lnrs : nnd we hone thai the virtue nt -nhrii ty i come, ere lone, lo he pracliced from hii:li motives of remrd to nur .'tiltes towards cielionir-r. and our mail er de.trs to Go I : lint i will not consist in a conlin ned pcjtv wirfire beiween a depraved ippeote, and a fear of indiiljence. Wo bnpe lhat a' some time. rea sm (ind reliuion) will be nllowed to sway, and that the abstinence from inordinale indulgence will be throughout our e.iinmnni'v, the copimon, result (f well eovcrned nppel'ies, nnd w.-II poised minds. Meantime, ibe rvil lo which we icfcr is, we fear, on llie increase, ( K. Guztltt. (SuHtUfAtoa.' -J jr C FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 23, 134. VERMONT OFFICIAL. The votes for Electors of President nnd Vice President were canvassed by tho Cotin ty Clerks nt Motttpplier on Tuesday last. Tlio following table exhibits the result, by Counties : Cl.iv. 1,517 The h'sl JoKe if Ihe Campiign. In a neigh boring town, at tlio la-t electinn, a wealthy D'Mn.icrit tuok the lead of the Texas troops, lie encouraged the wavering, had tho grog shops ransacked, and then inquired if all th" ''rlantling army" were marsh illed and readv for action ! They went to work and all voted tlM regubr ticket. Towards the close of tho contest it occurred lo this good Democrat that there was a fi Idler, who was supported at tho peiie of the town, in the poor house. The Democrat forlr.vilh repaired lothoTo.vnTreas. urer nnd paid the fiddler's la:;, procured a re ceipt to tint effect, and despatched his servant and a carriage tn bring the fiddler to the ballot box. Ah Ihe musical " snxerev'n" approached rgn is h!iey to l,e vouchsafed by Providence, to h's rarriige, the crowd made way. As he improve bv such high teachings, and bring nwav from a school like lhat, the instruction and the n'uhty which a great na ion nny rujuuv, and which Henry Clay Ins atta'nd. Yet these attainments, there means and qua! ifica'ion? for lofty rervice of our candidate, have, we fear, been, in some degree, fatal to the par ty. They have been urged as dangerous quali. tie, and the ignorant have been taught to dread nn r,ecutivc with talents for his stirtinn, above ihodiclatiri'i ofinteresteil parlizans. They have been assidiously taught this by men, whose in tcreils foib.ddmg their elevation, they look to the plettinnnf nn Incentive who will share with them the labors nf his nflice, while llie pontic chest may supply llieire.'iiii'oinents. The stan. dard of qiMldicaiieit for tho plan! which Wash ington nnlij liUcd, Is reduced lo the humblest es timate, lest the head of the nation should be more elealed than its heels. " Woe to that nation whose kins is a child." It is for the nation, for a high. minded nnd sound-principled party, that wo grieve. The triumph of Iho latter, in the election of Honrs Clav, would havo been llio la-ting glory. Ihe perpetuating prinnplo, of llio fnnncr. lor Henry Clay, considered as seperale from parly nssnciations, and patriotic aspirations, (if it be possible thus In consider him,) we hive little to grieve. Those incomparable qualities, which recommended hiin as a candidate for llm I'resi dency, and which would have been Ihe pride and glorv nf the nation, are clill his, tn command the cdmiration of the world, and continue to hiin the love and esteem nf millions nf friends, Thoy would have thrown lits-tre around the Presiden cy, and ni'dn the abode of Ihn Chief Magistrate nf the nation tho storehouse of political know! rdge, the laboratory of palrintic measures ; but tint Ibe less will they pour light around the quint home nf their august fissessor, and niiko the retreat of Ashland llio Delphosnf poll teal truth Tii'H hi'lh qualities have blessed iho country, Purl saved it nt limes irom uiscont and civil turtle, hut they could not insiiie to (heir admirers the ratification "f Iho highest of patriotic wishes, The talents and attainments which wo admire, Ind given the noblest u.xamplps of senatorial and 1'iinisterial services tint Iho heart of an Ameri. ran nmld contemplate ; but recent events have f.trb ddenlliat Ibev should, in an executive sia linp, come hdwpcmlho people's admiration, and iicared the pi ice nf voting, tho ricli Democrat came up and handed him tl.o regular "frco trade and Texas" ticket. " Here," said he, ' is the r" ticket." The fiddler tool; tho tick rt, and, looking at it. s.tul lo him, ' Captain, I am a very sh ibby fellow very shabby indeed. I am good for nothing except to play the liddlo ; but I am mil quite low enough yet to vote the I.ocnfocn ticket." and look tlio Whig ticket Irom a by slander, ard put it into the Portsmouth Journal. Ar.r.icui.TUiui, ExntniTioNs. The various Agricultural Societies of tho country havo gen. eruily hold iheir exhibitions the two last months, Wn have received accounts from the following County Societies in this State, viz: Erie, On. tano, Onondaga, Chautauque, Monroe, Madi son, Oswego, Cayuga, Herkimer, Saratoga, Ken. sclacr, Columbia and Diicliess, and also aecnunls from in.inv Societies in other States, but nur limits only permit ttslugtie a general notice. In most instance tho shows have been much more spiritedly attended this season thru for several previous seasons. In the iew England htates, as as we have learned, this has been particularly tho case. Nearly all the accounts Irom that quarter inform us of the improvement in the character nf their exhibitions. Wo re- gard this as good evidence of the advancement ol Improvement. Wo believe the Agricultural Societies and Agricultural papers li.ivo already tieen tho means id greatly ituprnv OUlt POSITION. It is now evident that Mr. Polk lias secu- inil votes; enough in the Electoral Colleges to led htm President of tho United Plates for four years from thu fourth of March next. Ho will be elected with a popular majority against linn of from thirty lo sixty thousand voles, nnd upon the strength of doctrines, nnd by tin; use nf nipans which cannot fill to give tremendous power to the opposition to Ids adiiiini.slraiinn. Hu comes into power without personal weight with anv portion of his constituency, anc divested ofnny strength except what arises out of tlio mere fictitious position into which lie has been unexpectedly thrown. His course will necessarily be sha ped by the Southern clique who caused his nomination fur their own purposes, and to 1 lie: in and their pernicious political heresies, the north owes nn uudeviating, hearty oppo sition, which we opine, it will never be slow to pay in full. It is only by industriously blinking the real issues involved, and pretending to occupy Whig ground, that Locofocoism has made n show of fight in nny of tho northern States except Maine, New Hampshire and Illinois, which arc slave states in nil but tho holding of slaves. That n vast majority of the peo ple of tho free stales arc opposed to tho doc trines which seem to have triumphed with Polk, and in favor of thoie apparently de feated with Cl.iy, wo havo no manner of doubt, and yet wc have heard of n few men who talk of the dissolution of the Whig party nod of slill others who entertain the chimeri cal idea of merging in Nativeistn, and giving color to the base Locofocohe that the Whigs need to change their name often to conceal their principles! Conceal their principles fursnoth ! As if there over existed a parly fioni the beginning downward to this day, that ever so fairly, so cleaily nnd so unflinch ingly spread out their principles to the public gnze as the Whigs have done dining the can vass of 1844! And now, by base fraud and illegal voting, and bv the still baser moral frauds of claiming protective dortiines for the free trade Polk, and mystifying Mr. Clay's position on llie subject of annexation, to make it seem us vile ns Polk's, the Locus have. sqticezetl nut annul live thousand majority each in New York and Pennsylvania, which being reversed would havo elected Clay, and upon this stupendous result, men talk of a decision against tho principles of the Whig party, and stem prepared lo lio down nnd icquicsce in this false decision us tho real expression of the popular will. Awy with such pusillanimity ! Is protection worth nothing t Has it suddenly become nn " ob solete idea," not worth contending for? Ate nnvoflhe Whig doctrines rendered heresies by such votes ns Polkery gets in New York and Pennsylvania ? Havo men been honest iti conlcndiur that ilteie was something mnre in tho dociriuo of Proleclion than n shift to catch votes 1 Are the lies of the enemy on this head to bo veiified 1 Or is tho system atic opposition of the North to Calhoun and his sett nothing but fume nnd vapor, which,a paltry majority of 5000 illegal votes in Ne' York can transform into love nnd admiration Men must havo given themselves over to a strange hallucination when they talk of dis solving thu Whig party, bound nnd cemented together as it is by a community of sentiment o'l great and enduring questions of public interest. Our opponents expect no such good luck as a dissolution, and we can assure our friends that they are making up tliuir faces to witness an opposition to their Mister Poln. which will find no parallel either in numbers or moral power, in the history of parties. Let no ono then, give himself over to inglorious despair upon inn sirengiu oi sucn a detent. The principles we contend for are indestruc- Addison, lie nuinclon, Caledonia, Chittenden, F.ssex, Franklin, Grnnd Isle, Lamoille, Ornnce, Orleans, Rutland, Washington, Windham, Windsor, 1 CVy 1 7f)2 1,920 392 1,572 339 43) I,07i3 1,192 3591 1 630 2,642 4,669 Polk. 772 1.451 1.730 1,449 331 l,l:3 lfi'i 7.19 1,910 F33 1.573 2 033 1,703 1,313 Bin. & Sc. 314 175 18t 390 13 201 413 417 247 3)4 207 333 C39 3lii MASSACHUSETTS. Yos, old Massachusetts has exceeded her self in tho great Whig cause. While other Whig States havo backslidden, Massachu setts has only been inspiriled to slill moro in- dominnblo efforts, nnd tho results are trium phant beyond nil former precedent. Whig Presidential Electors, Whig Slate Executive, and six Whig Representatives in Congress nnd nn overwhelming majority in both branches of tho Legislature nllests her pa triotism and crowned her with laurels never before so brilliant. Tho Loco-Focos havo not been nblo to elect n singlo member of the Stale Senate, nnd but a comparative small number of Representatives. Thoma- joiity against Polk, Dallas and Texas is an nounced at 25 000! The majority against Van Huron in 1840 was 20,000. The Birney vote is 10.SG0. Clay's majority over nil 3,712. Robert C. Winihrnp, Amos Abbott, Geo,

Ashman, Julius A. Rockwell, John Q. Ad ams, Joseph Grinnell, six Whigs havo been elected. in tlio rrmcnler District there is no choice, Mr. Thompson Whig, leads Parnicn- ter, about 400. In the 5th District no choice, but Mr. Hudson Whig, is 400 ahead. In tho Dili District no choice, but probably Williams Loco, will succeed. COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. TE MAY0R qF new YQUKi A notice having appeared in the papers of T(() Anicricffln R ica)1 sn,.,( 0 may. this village calling n Convention nt this placo nr . llllrnrln,i . mllrl, ,!, . MUVP ,1... oo.l t... ...... . !..... r r I ' - un tuu uu iiiaituii iu iiuiiiiiiuiu inutility sjuni- missiuncrs under the new license law, which 26,770 18,011 Scattcrinc, 30. Majority for Clay, 8t729i GlorU otis Vermont ! Amid the faithless, shn is always faithful ; and on no former occasion has her high renown been moro gloriously vindicated. To have voluntarily marched to the polls with near nine thousand majori ty, under thu certainty of defeat elsewhere when wo were borne down and oppressed with every day's report, that, ono after an other, the great States had faithlessly aban doned us, and that Polk was then in f.icl uluctfjtl incliunlra n flAfllliiad of ti, m.-c, ii high moral appreciation of the duties of freemen, and an abiding patriotism, which challenges anew our local pride, and fur nishes to every Verntonter the brst consola tion that so ingloiiotis and disastrous a result admits of. Oilier Slates may prostrate them selves before the heathen gods nf free trade and slavery northern lorofncoisni may vote itself upon a par with the paupers of Eu rope ; but ns for Vermont, she worships no suc'.i idols, nnd thus solemnly, emphatically protests against the unmanly degradation. PRESIDENTIAL IX EC I IO.V. The following are the results of this im portant contest, thus far : CLAV AND Flir.I.INGHUVSnX. Electoral olc. Pop. Mnjvitv. TENNESSEE. Mr. Polk is likely, after all, lo losn the vote of his own State. Tho Albany Daily Advertiser gives returns from 54 Counties, which give about 1,450 majority for the Clay ticket. The remaining 17 Counties gave only about 550 Loco majority last year, and will not probably give more than G or 8,00 for Polk. DELAWARE. Liltlo Delaware, which Major Noah once threatened to " put in his breeches pnrket," has done nobly giving Mr. Cl.iy 210 ma jority, nnd electing a Whig Governor, Con gressman, nnd Legislature, and securing a Whig Sunntnr thus giving tho Whigs the ascendancy in the next U. S. Senate. Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode I land, Connecticut, New Jeney, Delaware, Maryland, iNorlh Carolina, Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, G 12 4 6 7 3 3 II 12 23 13 103 POLK AM) DALLAS. 9 S.729 14,000 2.400 3.500 1,000 210 3,r.oo 5 000 9.000 7,000 6b0 55,139 llAitrnn. Mayors let them hu ever so effi cient, tiro rarely complimented beyond iho limits of tlio city. Tho dry of Now York was never so well governed, never so orderly nnd quiot, so cleanly nnd healthy so well managed in nil public departments us under Mr. Harper's Administration. A correspondent of the Indiana Free Press printed at South Bend, la., writes as fol lows : I havo had the pleasure whilo in New York, of becoming acquainted with James Harper, Eq. the recently electcil Mayor nf the rity of Now York, and the head of that new but powerful parly known as "American Republican" com monly railed Native Americans. With the pe culiar party viows ef Mayor Harper, you know 1 have no friendehip or 'affinity ; but nntwith standing my prejudice against the principle of mi pariy, i must, conlei-a that I havo been no gentleman In whom were so fullv combined all tho nobio attributes nf a man none whoso com pletely nnd quickly won my friendship and es teem as the unassuming but kind hearted Mayor of Now York, Hois rich hut instead of driving tip to Ihe City Hall every morning in his car riage, he goes I hero on foot regularly, quelling breaches of the peace by his own unaided effirt, wherever' ho notices llietn, and administering lehof to Iho distressed wherever he sees that it is needed. He is the head of a great party, ant! yet while talking with him his friendly and af lalilo manner is fucIi that you could hardly re allze his position nnr behove that he was real ly Ihe Chief Rxccutivc officer of our greatest city. And to soo hiin walking through the slrcets unattended you would tako him indeed for what he calls himself, "nothing bu a hum'ilo printer." I had thu pleasure of goingihrough his immense printing establishment in Cliff street. It is sit uated nn both sides of Iho street in double five story buildings, connecting tinder ihe street haa in it thirteen pres-cs constantly at work, propelled by steam power and :3."U hands, (60 of them women) nrTV nf whom have been with him from ten to twenty years. Thus is he and hi brothers situated now. Hut the history of Dixbv & 1 18 lm!et!'J inMructivc and encouraging lo I an young men, wno, nuo nun, commenced poor but resolved with determined to succeed if 't wt.h within the rnnge of possibilities". In 1910 the picfout Mayor came from Long Island to this city, friendlers with a bundle of clothes una stick, all Ins worldly goo Is m.l 25 cents in Ute pocket, his entire capital. Thirlv-four I vnars fif tl tilt ifrrriniT inrlnct r, cni na..,,l o.irt l.n duct of some of the Connecticut abolitionists ja now tlio heTdtfa ricli house which does bus- and Loco Fnco opposcrs of Annexation at lncss tn ''ia amount nf upwards of half a million 1 1 ...An.. ., , .i . notico docs not appear to havo been issued by the opponents of llio sale of intoxicating I drinks, and there being no County Tcmpe ranco organization by which tho call enn be officially made, (his method is adopted by u number of the citizens of llio county, who nru against tho granting of licenses, to invito nil who agree with them in opinion, to as spinble in County Convention, nt the Eaglo Hall in Williston, on Thursday the 28ihday of November instant, nt 10 A. M., for the purpose of nominating threo County Com missioners favorable to their views. All the freemen of Chittenden County who have scon enough of the manifold evils which follow tho traffic in intoxicating drinks, and aro disposed to assist In tho manner pointed out by law, to eradicate them, arc earnestly invited to be present nt tho meeting. Burlington, Nov. 17ih, 1844. DAGUEIlItUOTYPE MINIATURES. Messrs; Dixiiy and Doanr, having receiv ed instructions and purchased nn apparatus fiom Meadu and brother who have spent some lime in this place, nro now taking cap ital Daguerreotypes. They have nil the la test improvements in the nrt, and have been eminently successful in taking a great num ber of likenesses. Nothing can exceed the delicate nnd faithful portraiture of this won derful invention. It transfers tho features and expression with tho exactness of u mir ror, nnd by the new process ot gilding as it is called, fastens the impression inefT.icebly upon the plate. We advise all who desire lo preserve valuable mementoes of themselves or their friends, to call on Messrs. Dii.ine, over Cole & Robinson's, where they can see tho liknesses of their neighbors, and satisfy themselves as to their correctness. The Il.irtfuid Cnuranl makes some very apposite and very just remarks upon the con 10 000 9,000 5 SOO G500 5.000 i!oo 8 ono 3,000 '-',000 R.000 1.300 7.C0O 3,500 E00 Tfcoo mg tho husbandry of the country and of largely augmenting me protiuria nt the Held and garden. ,j,0) !inJ i,.y will sooner or later bo adopt- no iniriiii'oi uoiiuuiiian, uev. niorrin mien, oi t ,, , ... i .i , I II l,Jf ,,. ,. .V t,(l,.b Ultljf till which our Government can successfully nil v.ince in the long career of usefulness nnd glorv which lies before it the county nf Plymouth, Mass. observed to us m i on v crsat ion the oilier day, that bo felt conn dent Ihu agriculture of that county, though the so I was generally not of tho best miality until rally, mid had been considered by many as worn out years age, had been, within tho last fifteen years, impioted from twenty to fifty per cent. I'o th"? interest created by Iho well. managed Agricultural Society county, wo think in to be mainly attributed this improvement, and wc doubt nut that situ'lar efTects have followed and will c.onliiine In follow Iho organi zation anil proper management of tucli Societies tenacity with which Locofocoism in its slrug etcrvn Utite.Cultiia'or. i ;.- r REJOICING TOGETHER. Who that has watched the course of polit ical controversy in this country fur ton years past, has failed lo observe lite obstinate per gles for power and its unscrupulous warfare ... ii,,. , i. . . f. r.Jitorlal Lif,.- Richard Voadon. IW. after ngninsi ino, mis soogui 10 lasien on the first earthly nbjct of every American's love. ' an able and hoiiorabln career of upwards of 12 them the chargo of being (he allies of Great We know not what rrovidnurc has in store ' years, ban retired Irom the editorial chair ot I lie for Henry Clay, ihiough the agenry of the pen. I Charleston Courier. Tlio future management p'e. Rut this we know, that nn puticle of high . of this popular and pmfital 1 1 establishment de admiration fur les merits as a statesman, which1 volves upon W. H. King, I'isq., who ia remark was unmfestcil during Ihn reennt canvass his- ab'y well adapted In the arduous service 'flic tieen iliiitin'u'heil by the rcult nf Ihe election, iilitornf Ihn Chtidcs'ou .Mercury, in noticing 'iml In the'in ui hir family, far aay fnuii Ihe iclneiuont of Mr. V tjtf he ha untitled to Britain 1 The term British Whigs" hat been a favorite watchword of Iheso falso hypocrites, whilo they themselves, with scarcely an exception, havu labored openly or sccielly for the ovei throw of proleclion, Maine. New Hampshire, C .New Voih, 35 Pennsylvania, 2(5 Viruinii, 17 Kouih Carolina,t 9 Georgia, 10 Alumna, 9 Mississ ppi, fi Arkansas, 3 Missouri, 7 Indi.nn, 12 Illinois, 9 Michigan, S Louisiana, 13 "no estimated from partial re'urns. t Electors chosin by the Legislature. Tho whole Birney volo is estimated nt about 80,000. Mr. Polk is thus a Minori ty President. WHAT IS HE I The inquiry so often propounded con cerning Mr. Polk Who is hoi is now en tirely swallowed up in the question, What IS HE1 That he is President to nominee we cannot well dispute ; but who the power behind the throne is In be, is slill matter of conjecture : Is it Mr. Calhoun, Free Trade, Texas, and 20 per rent., or is it the old iron Jacksonian dynasty, or, as they aro more elegantly called, Old Hunkers t Under which King speak Beznnan I Wo fancy we see the Chivalry and Ilunkerdont both behind llio Chair of State, striving for the mastery, both growing warmer and more clamorous as the perplexity of Mr. Polk ren ders tho claim of each moro despairingly until private differences breaking out inlo open and avowed animosity, the administra tion of Mr Polk either fails from internal dissention, or is overcomo by tho force ol increased opposition: - What is now fancy, unv in limo prove reality. There is want of coherency (unless it be that of uhich Mr. Calhoun spoke) even already apparent in the party which has cat lied the Presidency, or rather taken it bv storm. In all candor we now ask that the uncertainty which veil ed this question befoio the election, may he now dispelled, and sinco lltero is no longer any occasion for it, wo shall bo told what tho principles of Mr. Polk me. To which party, lo what interest is the profit lo enure ; We again in sincerity ask WHAT IS HE 1 Richmond Whig. THE EFFECT. A gentleman from down country came into our County n fow days since with mono in his pocket to purchase 400 good Sheep to slock his fit in. lie purchased loO at a good price, but hearing how New York had vuled, and the probability nf llie election of Polk In censed further search fur sheep and carried lioiiui the b.ill.inru nf his iniiiiev. Why is this 1 He knows us dues every body nut de luded by partisan feelings that the fact of the election of Polk destroys the confidence of the business men of the. country in the con tinuance or permanency of the protective features ofthu Whig TarifTof 1842. Wheth er repealed nr reduced ns the last Incofoco Congress prnposrd In reduce it, it will make hut veiy I it I Iu t'ifl'ereiico in the business prospects of those who buy our wool, our beef, our butter and cheese and nur horses. Instal ilityand uncertainty are nearly as fatal as would be a right down repeal according to Polk's declared wishes. Tho more sober ind reflecting of our opponent feel this : ind we havo witnessed us much sorrow upon sonic of their l.ices in view of the result of tho iccent electinn since their excitement of feeling has subsided as upon the faces of Whigs. And, i i tho taunting language of some of their numbers in our niids', if" the chins of the Whigs hung down ," they have the company of sumo such Incofucos as aic not cemented by feeling nnd know enough to ronipiehend the difference between black and white. It may bo that oven llmsc who proclaim that " llie chins nf the Whigs hang down " may also feel something hanging upon them before four years expire, nnd they may learn that under adverse circumstances gibes and taurfcs tire not altogether so pleasant. Calulonian. the recent election. Some twelve or fifteen of them in Colebrook, says the Courant, who wcio opposed to tho Texas project, cased their consciences by putting on the back of their tickets " Tho depositor uf this ballot h opposed to tho annexation of Texas." A part of llicin then added "and dissatis fied with tho decision nf the Baltimore Con vention which sacrifietl Mr. Van Biiren be cause ho would not bow down to Southern Nabobs." It is a rare thing to find among annually, and Ihn presiding Magi-ltate nf the most populous city in t lie L'ninn. And so meek ly does he wear ita honors, that one is almost tempted to think he does not realize the height of the station which llie unsolicited sufnages of his felluw-c.ilizcns conferred up..u him tho lirst ciflicc indeed that ho nier held or that he ever was a date for. I am much gratified that my visit to New Yuri: has enabled me to become acquainted with tins tmble specimen of an honest man lies, genuine Republican. CANADA GfiNRUAL ELECTION. It will bn recollected tho session uf,hoisnutreadytosac-l,llo provincill, p,,,!!,,,,,,, 0f Canada was rifice piituiples for party, nnd it does not re- winl(;r bruigl ,0 ,,rtlpt lerillinnlon. to per-J, 1ld10 l,lri,lmiMlt ,IS Usu-mly dis dive the class to winch these Colebrook Ll)Wcl j,, conM,qilonco of disagreement Locos belong. Ihey had better openly between the Legilativu Assembly and tho a. up loriueir mono x u,,y, no. princ- Governor-General, in to. he selection which the latter had in ido of the members of Afiwirs in Canaiia. Tho Provincial Parliament will meel in Montreal on the 17th instant. This body will be composed of eighiy-fotir members, of hoin sovenly cicht aro already elected. Of these 44 oto conservatives, 24 radicals, and 1 1 of do ibi ful position, pies." 1 lie iNew ucdioni iMercury lias inlellt- his Cmlncii Tlcre WM ; c,)n,qt,ne() no gence of llio death of Mr. Kean, one of the cis,ltivo business of any moment transacted English missionaries nt Tahiti. It seems , ,JS, vc.lri A nBiy t,,l.c1;)n ,wf )(l(;n that on the 20ll. of June, the natives assem- ,,lU,y and he now p.irn,1Ilielt 1H bled nt Point Venus; this being thought too bci.n 51lmmniu.d to meet nt Montreal for the .it i m r t . I near me nay ot t ..peite, tor general sateiy, j,.-,,,.!, of ilsin(,ss. The Quebec Gazette the French Governor, nt the head of 400 ' ciV(,s ,lu f0!0ujn3 statement uf the political ttoops, marched against them. Tho natives .jrac,,,,. 0f,10 SSL.nibl : received intelligence of Ins approach, nnd , iced themselves in nmbiiah. The natives (CTTlie third partv vote in Now York is probably some 17,000. Niito-teulhs of these were Whigs. Had 5,000 of them voted for Clay he would have been elected. Yet, vote as they have, but for the strong rally of the Catholics and foreignets against tho Whigs, Clay would have carried the Stale by 15,- 000. .The Birney men in some parts dis tributed Polk nnd Birney tickets when men would not go for Birney, Polk was next pushed upon them, according lo the tenor of Birney's public advico to his parly in that Slate on tho eve of the election. J. C. Cal houn nnd the slave dealers went against Clay because he opposed tho Annexation of Tex as. Tho Birney men because (as they falsly allege) ho would go for Annexation and Bishop Hughes and tho Catholic Prints he cause Frelinghuysen's name was on tho Clay ticket. Cn edonian. allowed tho main body to pass, but ns the rear guard were passing in fiont of the En glish Missiuu House, they opened their firo in tl direct line with the house. Mr. Kean, one of the niissioiiniies, who was walking in his verandah, was slruck by a ball and killed instantly. Touch old Tucriinuck. The sturdy old Whips of the fat-off i.slet of Tuckeriiurk, situated someeight or ten miles between sun rise nnd Nantucket, were promptly nt the pulls and gave their votes for Whig princi ples cntly on the morning of the day of elec tion, several of them being upwuids of sev enty years of ago. How thoroughly should such conduct as this put to shame sonic of effeminate brethren on the main land who aro unwilling to travel a few miles over a good road lo thu ballut boxes, if tho weather chances to he n little nnnlensint. Villainous Fiuud. Tho Luco Focos of Louisiana seem to have resorted to frauds more stupendous even limn were practised in any oilier section of the Uyion. It scents lhat the night before tho Ek ion, :i number of Whigs learned that a steamer had been freighted with Locofoco voters for tho parish of Plaquemines. They accordingly hired a steamboat to ascertain the truth of the case, and on reaching tho wharf, found that tho steamer had landed about 150 persons who were then taking out certificates of qualification. They soon pioceeded to the polls, nnd another boat of Locofoco voters soon arrived. The wholo mass, making Of the 4(1, including seve i nx.ininisterr, who voted on the 2J December last lhat Ihe resigned ministers were entitled " lo the confidence of thu House," Have been re-elected, including 5 ex ministers, 27 Have tu.t been re-elected, including two ex-minister.", viz: Mr Dunn, He coiier General, and Mr. lliuck--, In spector of Accounts, 1940 Of the 23 who uiled againtt them, lc been re-elected, 11 Have not been re-elected, 1223 There is only one county the election of which is riot Known, but it will probably be against the PX-minUters. The whole number elected or to he elected before the meeting of the Legislature nn the 2ith November, is 63 ; one peron being elect ed for two places. Whether any of the returns have failed is uncertain. There aro tniny pro. tests, but all tlio' uitmhor. sit nnd vo'e on tho returns in ido indue form, till ullier.vire deci ded by the House. Ol the eighty. three ; Have publicly declared themselves a giinst tho pretension? ol llie cx-miti-lalers Upper Canad i, Lower Canada, In latorul the pretensions o! llm e.: ministers, including all whoo opin ions are unknown Upper Canada, Lower Canada, 30 15-43 10 2339 Certain majority, if all elected are present, 7 'l ite first act of tlio Assembly, which meets mi the 2Sih November iutaiit, will be the choice of a Speaker. -We believe the parha mentary usage in England is never to choose as Speaker a person who ban taken an actite part against the majority of the Uoiisp. It would be conidored as a consciousness of weakness on the part of the majority, an en couragement nf factious opposition, in Ihe hope of being "bought off." Indeed, llie only safe maxim for men contending, as they conceive, for law and right, is, "be jul and fear not." Ttntb oarties have lost by the laic dissolution i .... snmo UOU persons, men aejiusiicu ineir pnme men ol note ; tuit there are enough nt able ,.,., fnr I'nlk A' Dallas. Great numbers 1 mn on both sides lor Ihe transaction of tho r.t. of them wero hnoicn by the Whigs to belong Tho Rev. Dr. Robbins, one of the most distinguished antiquarians nf the country, has entered upon the office of Librarian of the Connecticut Historical Society : which now has tho benefit of his aluablo library and collection of medals and curiosities. Tho Couraut says: Among the raro works in his Library, is n copy of the Bishop's Bible, published 15G8, which was a present from the Duke of Sussex a Polyglot Bible, in eight languages, 8 vols, folio Acts Eurudi lorum, or Transaction of the Learned, n pe riodical in Latin published in Liepsic, from 1C82 to 17C0 ; 88 vols, containing contribu tions from iho learned of all parts of Euiope, who lived during that period the Universal Magazine of London, a periodical published fion 1748 lo 1783, coniploto in 70 vols. Hume's History of England in 10 vols, folio, published in London in 180C, splendidly embellished, and the uholu forming the most beautiful specimen of typography and the arts connected with it of thai age. The sub scription pi ice of litis woik was four bundled dollars. to New Orleans, and yet not tho slightest objection was mado to their voting by tho inspectors. The votes were opened and read by the Sheriff, beforo they were re ceived, nnd the vole of a HVn'g, who first nsked if he had a right to vole, and was an swered in tho affirmative, on being read was rejected by the Sheriff! What a perfect I rflsttfiru nubile business, moo of siiflirioiit pr. Iierience not to countenance "experiments." Fewer talkers and more worIcri is an ii iprove- IllCIlt, HOW IT WORKS. The following paragraph from the N. Y. Courier will show our readers how the busi ness of the country will be affected by a lo cofoco administration of the Government. farcu must elections be when such enormous The Philadelphia papers repot I the same re frauds can bo practised with impunity. stills itpun the sock market in that city. Coiir. and Enq. Death or an Indian Ciur.r. The Que bec Mercury of theSlli records tho decease of Nicholas Vincent, chief of the Huron Iribo of Indians settled at Loretle. He had attain ed the nge of 75 yeais nnd was much re spectt'd. Vincent was ore nf the four chiefs who visited England in 1825, and leceived from Georgo IV a silver gilt Few Americans visit Quebec without making nn excursion lo the little vitiligo of Loretle, where this tribo is settled. It is but a few miles from the city nnd is ono of the pleas autest villages in Canada. The Indians themselves rIso attract niBny visitors, who usually come away loaded with their handiwork. "There was a ery general belief in Wall street yeslerday, that (lie Whigs were defeated in tho Presidential canvas?, and that Polk's election was nearly certain. The effect of this apprehension was speedily fell in the Stock Market. Slocks ol nearly eveiy description fell considerably. Stale blocks were depressed from one to three per cent., and in many descriptions nothing whatever was tiered. Vlie only stork which susHiincd a decided improvement was Tu.vas S' which sold at fourteen nuA Sfteen a nro of six- and per cent ! Tins ,jmw, conclusively "bat Iho capitalists rnd money dealers anticipated as the certain result of Polk's election ! It will bo teen by our money report (bat Ohio fell off 1 2 per cent., F.irinnrV I-oan 1 1 B, btontngion 1 1-2, Illinois 1 3-4. Long Island -I, Norwich and Wnreci-lcr3, Mohawk 8, and Morris Canal 1 per ci-nl., while Terns .SV ipl ro.-e m'.c jrr rent .'"

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