Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 17, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 17, 1845 Page 1
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' . V "--. mi , , . T nn or noma- BY II. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, J A N U A R Y 17, "isie. vol. xvni....o.:w ANNIVERSARY OF THE NEW ENG LAND SOCIETY. Tlio anniversary of dm Landing 0f llio ilgrims nl Plymouth, ,wns celebrated hy llio New Eng,,nil Society of New Yolk, on tlm 21st tilt., willi even morr than its usual inlcf est nml enthusiasm. Tl exerci ses at llio Tiiliyrnnclo, notwithstanding tlio extreme Inclemency of tlio ueiillirr, nrn'i fltlcntletj hy ii very lurpo -issemtily, nml were of tlio ileepost iiti'iost. Hon. Mosr.s II. Ghinnt.i., 1'irsidi'iit of tlio Society, occu pied the ilmir, anil mi openion Prayer wik nmdi! by llio Hev. iIr, lirure. Several Odes were sunn in an HtluiiraMo manner liy Mr., Airs ai,, JSS Pearson. Mr Timm presJileil at the orgd'h, mn nvtril oilier gentlemen nnd Indies lent tlieir aid in tlio luutitx, ,"n- lion of the exercise. The Oration by Hon. Gr.otton P. M.nsn, of Vermont, was one of tlio most powcifiil and polishi-il productions to wliicli it has ov er been our good fortune to listen. It dis played an almost matchless eloquence, a scholarship at onco most extensive and phi losophical, and the most fnnily rooted at tachment to the principles, both civil and re ligious, of the Puritan fiith. With n very distinct recollection of the most impressive addresses heretofore delivered on similar oc casions, wo do not hesitate to say it has never been surpassed, if it has boon etpiallcd, by any oration heard in this city for many years. It was listened to with the most intense in terest by tho huge assembly, and the speak er was repeatedly Iiilennpied by vociferous and long continued applause. iV. 1'. Cottr. and Enquirer, MR. MARSH'S ADDRESS. While Now England was yet united to our pirent land liy lies of i.n'otiial elepen leticc and golden links of fib.il nlTucliiin, which Ihe harsh a.climy uf trans-Atlantic oppression wns fast transmuting to fetters of iron, our lathers- were wont to speak of a oy lge 1 1 r,'i.r!.ii. a, a visit to their home. TI12 iu,iiior rutiniry, 1111natur.1l as she bid proved, was stil I legardod as the proper home oven of thn-o of her children whom the unsparing rancor of priestly tyiranoy ai.d 10 ligiuns hue bad forced to seek a now abode in an unknown wildoriios-, and It) exchange the domestic cruelties of ihe parent for the hospital ities of the stranger and the tender 111crc.es of the ravage. ISuttho outcast colony has become herself a melrop ills, and in turn sent furlh swarm, whom Itn political sevor.iii'-e, no incnmiy of ui'iintor nal wrongs, yet forbid to call her mother. To her scattered anil iiudogenerato sous New Hug- 1 u.u.te. .010 up. 1 this day, when too hoar1- of all her clnldion are turned to that inagnelic rock, I am hero to invite yon to visit your primeval horn". J.it us, llien, on this her natal d.iv, renew our homage to our xenerablo mntlier, kindle anew the tires of our patriotism, by recuiring to the memories of her' youth, and animate and lefresh our spirits by reverently listening tu tlio counsels of her inn turer age. The home to which I invito yon is nut our material hirth-plarc, nor shall I aim to touch your sympnino--, nv pic uring in your i.iucy ine the plain, or the riwr, w hich frowned or Mailed , '"U'V "' fureboduiL's 0 this nw- on the mansions of tour fathers, or the cottages ful l,lc"f' cvc" 1,lu (-'rP:' ',e.e,f -'S " ' of your whUmcd mothers, bv lennnding voll f J"Cl to thin fame mmersil law, and liaj lis pen the elm tint bent over von r cradle, and the Ms of 'nulalmn and oata-lrophe, all lending to nines that f bed bv the "raves of vour kindred, i or by describing our aguish eliinil'e, with its al-1 tcmations of rhill ami lever, when the lervnl beat of n briof anil Infill Miimner sorves hut to malic more; sou-siblu llio cold ol a lontr anil riiror rous wiulor. iN'uillior w ill I dwell on tho institu tions of our nalivo land, tho district Iroo school, the humblo church and issiiniio worship, the si. lenoeoflho iinbrolion Hibbnh, llio freo elec tion, lui equal rtjjhls and equal lovol of nil her ieop'o ; for these, ovou more than iho local matures, the mil and tho climate, 1 lie lull nnd the valley, the ntro unlet and the ocean, charac terize tho material bebt of New lln'huiil ; but it is to the fundamental principles on which thoso imttlutio'iii red, and Iho inbred trails of character w hich mark us as a people, th.it I shall call your atleiitinn, and, so far as the brief hour to which 1 am liuuled by the proprieties of tbu occasnn, will permit, I slnll duvelojie lhne principles and anil tufer Iheso ch.iraf.rlir! trails to the n.Morn.il mil unices which haw nu. planted nr strcuiheiii'il them. ' ii... i ...... .. .,it , ., ,. i. . Jllll I III. i . .n,t.nil'llll II-.UIIIII ThanUs!.'iviii visit, not the ile.-cend.iuls of tbu Pilgrims alone, but all who slnro tlieir priuci lilns, and especially those toothers ol tlio same blood, twin scion-, of I ha ancient (iotluc stock, with whom you aro now domiciliated, anil whose ancestors, alter bavin" theui-tiUos nobly fought and triuinphcil in the same, olonous btrulu ajjainst tho crown and tho mitre, icceived and cheered with kindly sympathies your exiled forefathers, as limy rested on thoirway, to gath er strength fur the lour; and luzirdnus pilgrim' aga that lay before thcui. Nor do 1 adjress myse.lf alone to tho Chris tian philosopher, who knows that tho integrity of his religion depends upon tho cardinal doc trine of the Puritan faith, tho recognition nf both tlio authority and the sullicieiuy ol tho revealed and unsophisticated word of (Jod ; to tho'stalcs. man, who is able to perceive the indissoluble connexion between his country's weal and her adherence to thuso principles of civil and ecole. siastical polity which Now Testament Chris, tiauily sanctions ; to tho merchant prince, who is conscious that ho owes to Puritan impulses those enterprising energies of wliich bis well earned gains urc tho just and appropriate ro. ward, to him who boasts a nobler genealogy than that of a Howard, because ho bears a name that is subscribed tn Ihe covenant sealed Iu the Mayflower's cabin, but alo to the humble and hopeful youth, who, having been bred in penury nnd ignorance, ran bnpo to be emancipiled from those shackles, only by tho favor of such institutions as our ancestors have founded, and whi) cherishes that decent pride, which Impels bim to rely on bis own energies, to despise tl.o vanity of birth, and tn minis imn mat tun cur rent of bis veins 3 tainted by nu drop of royal or of noble blood. In discussing the only tuibjert appropriate to tho occasion, it is not my aim to pimneror cx cito a feeling of sectional or disdainful pride iu the descendants of those to whom tho ciuse of civil and religious liberty is so deeply indebted, but to anaKon in ynu a conviction mat your vir tucs and your liberties can bo maintained invio lata only by a steady adherence tn the giouiul upon which they are founded, ami in thoso d lys of evil omen, when the principles of your fatli- era aro every where spoken agann, nnd t no nereis oiinen oi cuuuinuiujt i jciiuiis, uiiu mu iusi are our I troninnmir ic. ...n,t il,. ..rv Ir.ininwor k of our social fabric, to nui'it to action some of those' heroic spirits, whosp .'lory it is to deserve well I of their country, by hoping, when other good men see cause nnlv of despiir. There is a theorv which loaches, hnth as a fact of observation, mid as a uiiHorsal law of nature, that all lhiii".s into whoso r..Mi"!ln material biibstance outers-, whether Ihoy bo animate or in.uiliiinie, organized or inorganic, iiulit irliiil r a gti regale, have their nocenry periods of inception, growth, maturity and de cay. Tins general law in its application to organic, or at least to sniuiil life, fcoiih to he neu-ssnri, ami deatli is implied in the verv idea of animated be ng : but in rccard to inorn-anic. thing l'i.hiii Mir.vri!uie, ic is uui arcineniai. In Ihe inorganic neation, origin, change and dissolution alike are brought about by Iheagen. cy of external nnlerial causes, v oiling turon junction with ti,'o las ol ppoiitari' oils chemical action, uravitv, attraction and other mecliaui cal force indued wi brill" into juxtaposition, solislanccs various afliiiilies, and the rhriuiiry ui-VW'm.ilc nature combines them Into forms, I which me eTTTTl-'r-.'.-in-' all Mi cos inn we i'"- licular a.l,:actios nTJ...";''"''1 ,'llPy are built no. would endure forever, witlio inont or change, incie.ise or dur.inutioii, and would bo as permanent as the immutable laws, which give them being. A slono or a metal, protected against the. action of air, heat, inois. lure, and cMcn1.1l tncrhiliii'al forces, would bo as durable as lime iteell. Hut such protection is impossible, for nature insulates nothing and Millers ttixio of her works to be permanently withdrawn from tbu sphere of any of her inllu. eiiccs. Tie- sid d r. ck is lent by the earth quake, shiveicd by frost, and wasted by the dropping rain; the hard metal is oxydied by tho invisible inni lure suspended in the clear atmospheie, and both aro reduced from masses to fragments, from fragments " particles, nnd at last, perhaps, resoHod into imperceptible gases, lleings possessed of organic lite, on the oilier hand, though requiring the wihititary or foitoilous concurrence of external rauos for birth, dependent 011 thom fur nl.nient and growth, and cx-pn-cd to premature desti uclion or ib cay from their action, do nevertheless trtilv owe Ihuir conception, ni iitinty and perlectinn, to an internal ai.d superior vital law, not a 111010 dead force of affinity, atlractue and repulsuo, but a law or gerun lation, devolopmeut, ns-imi. I.Uio:i and progress. Hut, unlike Ihe chemical law which lends to preserve llio inoganic forms constructed by its energies, this law ot life pro. noiiures judgment ut dnith on i.., -wn nfl'-mring, and becomes the oxecutioner of its own inevi. table sentence. Organic lite requires aliment and continued assimilation. For lack ol all. inont it perishes, but the loud that siippl.es its nutrient juices bungs willi it the seeds ol death. The veiywiil processes iem', in their rniitui uo.1 action, to tin- destruction ol the fabric they have reared. The constructive powers, w Inch build up our inalerial Names, acting in strict accordance with the'r own law, even under ( ir. cuin.l.inces nm-i l.ivorablo to th" oerinanence f their woil,:-, hy new el.ibur.itiou, secieiioo and assoinl.itioii, clog up tho duels and cells, os-ily the alv e-, inak rigid the j. mils and Ilex ures, and end by slopping and surrendering 10 the lutl.ience el the chemical forfta- wbo-e controlled Ihe imc'one lhcuiehefi had created. Death Iroui natural decav is th" consequence, not of the cxnaus'ion of the 1t.1l powers, but of llieir coiitiniied aciimi, lor hie, even ns a destroyer, i-' always con-i ruclive. Thus the vital principle is il-e'f sun 1 hi. From concep. lion to niaiiir.ly, 11 is creative; but that point once pass 'd, ihe (j'enius of ,'o inverts his lurch, and becomes llio Angel of Deatli. Sal. urn devours his children, and llio vari ms ener gies to winch anionic tonus owe their miterial being, work on, until, by conflicting action, they nelllrdlzu oa(., oil,nr,aiid destroy their product " "'uunou. i.iy, is im ""'"I'micy ' '' d beings lenders it mc.a. 1 !'-"" enjoyment, bv success.uo generations of similar or allied orders of exis tence, l.iery breath forever uiilits. for rospira. turn a portion of the Circumambient atmosphere, and the equilibrium of its constituent gases is porpelu.i'ly disturbed liy vegot.ible exhalation. Kvory parlidu of mittor, that has unco entered into ihe constitution, or served tho uses of a living bcinir, becomes Ihereby loss suit iblo for fuliiro org line, co ubin itinu. Thu return to earth's bo-om of the mouldering form of each of her eli.ldron, irrecovoiably taints a portion of her soil with a poison de-trnetivo to similar organic life. The actio. i of sun and wind, frost and ram, is degrading continents, and the' ov plo'ivn power of volcanic, forces is upheaving the bottoms of oceans. Thus the rolatno pro. portions of land and water aro deranged, tor restrnl rhinites become too hoi, too cold, loo moist or loo dry, for Iho present tribes of organ, ized inlure. and earth is cimlinnally grow ing unlit lor tbu h ibi'ation nl tho living beings that aiiiin ite her stirlace. All these, then, shall tier. i.-h, the llowers of tho mead, the grasses ot Iho plain, 'tho leafy giants of the forest, the creeping worm, and the buzzing liy, Iho inh ihi. taut of the walors, tlio fowl of thu air, the beift of tho field, mm him-elf, who lords it over all, and earth is desolate', lint she shall bo re. peopled, again and again, by new creations of living beings, with forms, organs, and faculties stilled to a new atmosphere, and a new conh ' iiralinn anil consistence ot surface. I bus change shall succeed rhangc, until tho roinbi- nod action of vital and inorganic chemistry shall bring inlo conflict such mighty h stilo energies, that earth's solid frame shall sink in the colli, biou, the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the rocks become lliliii, tho waters evaporate, tho heiveiio, the atmosphere, tlio subtle medium of light, shall pass away like a scroll, and the placo now filled by this gladsoinu busy world of iilo and energy and light, bha'l bo a motionless, d irk, am. noiseless void. It is said, too, that man, in his prcial capacity, is subject to a similar law. Tho Iilo of an iudt. vidual is an epitome of the history of a .Slate. A nation first struggles into existence, as a colony ur ilepnnditit province : then fostered by care, or more probably favored by neglect, it gradually acquires strength, maturity, indepen. iloncu and power : then, after a few generations or centuries of glory nnd greatness, enervated by luxury, weakened by private and ofiicial cor. ruptioii, and divided by faction, it fills an easy pruy to domestic usurpation or foreign aggros, sion, is impoverished hy tyranny, or plundered by conquest, and, 1 v incorporation or partition, loses its political individuality, and Ins no longer a placo in tho catalogue of independent suve. relgnties. That such has been Iho genoral file of om. pirn, history abundantly shows. Tho glories ol Oiccian civilization, where, llio human intellect aclnoved its highest and most diversified In umphs, havo been Mirccedcd by Iho barbaric prulo of tho sensual Turk : mid the iron sway of heartless Itoino by the spiritual despotism nf tho unreasoning monk, Tlio inephilic. breath of Alirnnaii ims quenched tlio eternal lires of old Porsenolis, t tul tho imi"ri his blas'cd Iho flowery splendor of imperial Iligdad, Typhon's ion's Tho ciuuu uroous over i neues auu lUoinpms, of temporal nt.el nce.tnel;iiitcnl dominion I history of llgypt is studied ill her s opulc.hrcs ami the I'.lriisenn races of primeval Itnly art nod tlio Mriisenn races of primeval Itnly are only known by the gorgeous furniture of their funerals. It is n question of grave nnd oven fearful import, whether there i, in the ronstitu. lion of modern civil society, any t-nimorvnlivo clement, which pr....il' porrnancnt duration to evi.ii.'fr mrnis f Fecial organization, any , prophylactic against the corruptions of warnnd inu caniiers ol peace, any nnlhridaty ngainst the Insinuating and seductive poison of alien and null-national Influences, any corrective for that love of novelty and change, which leads men so readily to'abindoti tlio old and well approved truth, and its fruit, the venerable civil or religious institution, for the plausible, but uncertain theorv. and the sue us nnd hollow show of reform in Church or Stale, wliether, on Ihe other hind, it is llio iiiovorn hie decree of the tjri'i"i """ nnifiiis, as well nr lo.n..(in.iis, slnll liave I lie t r ages ol infamy and giowlli, ll.c.r oi.iii,t of foil 111 1. turitv, and their period of sudden convulsion, I chronic, disease, nml decline or senile decay. . A'y we hope to liml, 111 the iinonlion of print. log, the progress of science and the mechanic 1110 111010 iniiiinie relation" 01 mieinalional """Tlce "!'J K"0."""""'. !lie oxteusion of the oualitvol indninrrri'W.verH and duties, the 111- creased respect for Ihe rights of man, ili.'J their more general recognition by hereditary rulers, the growing reverence for law, and the conse quent lepiignance to war the negation nf all laws the wider diU'iision of scientific, political and religious knowledge, or the dissemination of sounder views of Christianity, any barrier against the possible encroachments of uiichris tianizod barbarianisni, the line of conquest and spoil among the powers of Christendom, and Ihe internal corruptions, which lead lo dissension, rebellion, and revolution ; or aro wo bound to believe, that the fortunes of the future will be but a repetition nf tlio history nf the past lint the christian world will again and again be soar ed with fuo and drenched in blond, that it will still be a theatre, whoso shifting scenes shall exhibit perpetual change, tho alternate supiein. acy of might and right, mnv force and arbitrary will boudtorinu over law and reason ; no.v the brief triumph of virtue and pission, resistance to tow fill authority on the one hard, oil the oili er usurpation and contempt of hum m rights! Aro law and anarchy, tyranny and freedom, like tlio good nnd evil principles of the .M.iniehrean syslotu, to wage perpetual war, or shall the rea. son of Slate at length achieve a find victory over Ihe rebellious passions of social man ! These great quetionc, indeed, admit of no prospective sublimit, nnd it would be but an idle speculation lo attempt to r.ii.e llio veil with w Inch an nwi iitiblo Providence lonceils the distant future, or even to seek to resoKe the 11 irrower piiddem, whether, as soin' wi-e men li.no believed, our particular Ang'o-S 1x011 civ- .lizition is iieaiing ns .'nitii, an. I at so no not distant epoch of I lie earth's grf. tot lo give place to oilier forms ol sn. 1,1 1 rlc-'iiifil 1 I ile ll'it I thoro am ciupf-l'on-' enneoro iw u.o present ho-o. and prohib'o filo of tli-tMi ii.i.' 'utiousin which wo of .Now liir.iuil h.ui; lieon niirluroil, ill it ileinind our .tlloution bnpaiii'e they iovohe init tors nl cniKM'ii'ntiuUo duly and luiineiiialc inlur- In ordrti- well and nl-Ji dicharcrp th do. in ihn I in. I id In- Inrlh, ly wt..eli fiery mm owe it is indis;.' ii-dilo that h i f her in .millions and i know the trilo naturo co'nnri'lieiid how tlu-y have been shaped and mod. tied by tho predomi nant traits of in! i mil ch tractor .- for free gov ernments aro never tin re-ull of accident, but always deriio their original from the intelligent exercise of the national will, mil, in their struc ture, conform to llio genius of llio people. TTpnn every homogenous nation, Providence impresses distinclivo moral and intellectual traits, through the agency of nitural causes, am! of those, Ihe inllinuices of cbniale, soil, and tlio configuration of tho earth's surfare, is the ine-t active and conspicuous. To such influences llip great raco from wliich wo aro remotely dom ed, owes lis most strikiu ' characteristics, and (he same trails.'thnuL'll modilied by the enjoy, ment of Albion's milder sky and nmre genial soil, fur a period often centime, were roii'ed into distinct nronimcoco iu our immediito an ceslors, by mo-al c.iti-es, and havo recovered I heir original sharpness an I consistence in us, their descend mis, bv our transfer lo a harsher climate, a ruder landscape and a more unthank ful glebe. What, then, are the fundimental traits of our hereditary ch iracter, and how hive they been formed by the action of the inlloences around us ! The word home, which I havo so often used, and which is peculiar to our ancient tongue and I's ci.gnatc dialects, suggests Ihe most prog, nant traits in the character of the ancestry from whom we sprang, and these traits, wilh their progeny ef social virtues and intellectual excel, loncies, aro more unequivocally traceable thin almost any other lo the influence nf climate. Itil I, the word and the feelings which aroc.ltis. tered around it, iu their strength anil llieir ten derness, aro llio very "h.ulgn of our tribe," and it is well that a wi-o Providence has compens.i. ted. by a daring and restlo-s spirit of enterprise, an iiu'pnlse. whose excess might detract from Iho energy which the necessity of a uevor-cud. ing struggle with tlio elements imperiously ro. quires in tlio sons of the frigid and Irugal North. In tho sunny climes of Southern Uurope, whore a still ry and relaxing d ly is followed by ab tlmy and refro-bing night, anil but a briel period intervenes between the fruits of Autumn and the prnini-cs of Spring, life, both social and iiidustri il, is chielly passed beneath tho open can opy of heaven. The brightest hours of the hie. longihy aro dragged in drowsy, listlcsss toil, or indolent repose; but tho evenng; but ihe evening breeze invigorates the" fainting frame, rouse tho flagging spirit, and calls to diuce, and revelry, and song, beneath a brilliant inuou or a starlight sky. No necessity exists for those household comforts which arc indispensable to llio inhabitant of colder zones, and the charms of domestic life ate scarcely known in their perfect growth. Itut in Iho frozen Norlh, fur a large portion of tlio yo i r, the p.iloaud feeblu rays ol a clouded sun but partially dispol, fur a few short hours, Ihe chills and shades of a lingering d iwn, and an early and tedious night. Snows impede Iho closing labors of oirvesl, and stilll'iiing Irosts aggravato the fatigues of the vyalarer, and thu toils nf the forest. Hepose, society and occilpa. tiotnlike, must, thorelore, be sought at tlio do. mestic health. Secuie from Iho teiupe.t that howls without, the father and tho brnlhur hero rest from their weary tasks ; hero the family circle is gathered around tho evening meal, and lighter labor, cheered, not interrupted, by sociil iniercrnir.se, is resumed, ami often pro. tracted, till, likn the student's vigils, it al. most "untwatcb tho Hoar." Hero Iho child grows up under Iho over watchful uyo tf tho pirout, In thu first and best nf schools, where lisping infancy is taught Iho rudiments of s irred and profjno knowledge, and tho older pupil is encouraged to con over by thouvon'mg taper, tho lossom of the diy, and seek from tho father or a morn advanced toother, n solution of tho prob lems, which juvululo industry has found too bird to mister. Tho members nf the diuiieme circle are thus brought into closer contact: parental authority iisumestlio gentler form of persuasivu Influence, and filial subons.ion is elevatud to all'sctioiiiito and respectful nbserv.iuce. 7'ho necessity of mutual aid and forbearance, and tho perpetual in "change of gon,f ,-,nices, gonorale he tende est k Indhners of feeing, and a lasting a Tin I. o a tarhment to home,,,,,! its inunlos. thouglnut llio paliiarclnl circle me'sVlii,",!'' V'tr i",'!Jor!i"'t'.il of Ibis do wi ll 7, r ' VlUo '"'Itet appreciation of iv 0 lb of the feiuile character-woman's higher m ""."re", not of pasiaa. hut of rover. tico, and the reciprocal moral mlluenco which the two sexes exercise over each other. Thev aro brought into c.,fe com.nui.iou, , under cir". ciitnslancrs most !nm.Mo t .,.e,orvo ,,0 p. nty.of woman, and t,0 decon.in of man, . and tho character of each is modifiid, ,and its ex cesses icstr.nned by the oxatnrle of the other. Man s rude cnore.os are sof.enod into some thing ot tho ready sympathy and dexterous heliilnliiuss of woman. nl ur, .1... learns to pnza 111. 1 reverence the independence, me liero'c Hrui-.. ,u patriotidm of man, ac quires and tpjiriip-Vilei unno lingo of his pe culi,irMiriu... Mm., t;10 i.,',i..n.,i.., loruieo llio henilTil.-l.i.v.., pooil ili.li"hler of apostolic. John Knox, who bcauled that tru culent pedant, James I , and told him she would rather receive tier husunnu s noau 111 nor lap, as it fell from tho headsman's axe, than to consent jihit he should purchase his life by apotacy from the rebgwn ho had preached, anil Ihe (iod lp had worshipped. Tu tho same noble school belonged that gi odly company of fi'io" Alolhors of Mow England, who shrank neither l7nHUjmhardsliips of the tempestuous sea, nor llio liarilsli.ps -"ttows 01 1 mi nrst awful winter, lull wnro ever at man's side, en couraging, aid ng, consoling, in every peril; ov ery trial, every grief. Had that grand and he roic uxouiis, like the meio caininerci.il enter prises to which must colonies owe tlieir fun 11 -datioii, been unaccompanied by worn 111. at Us first outgoing, it had, without a visible miracle, assuredly failed, and llio world hrd wanted ils fairest example of the Chrislian virtues, its most unequivocal tokctiMhat the 1'iovidente, which Kindled tho pillar of fire to lead the wandering steps of his people, ycl has its cho.-en Iribos, to whom il vouchsafes Us wisest guidance and its choicest ble-sing. Oilier communities, nations, races, 111 ly gloryjn the exploits ol their fathers ; hut it lias been resorved to us ol Mew Dnglauil to know and to bo i-t, th it I'ruvidciiro h is made llio v rtues o1 our mr.lhors a yet more ind.sjeu. bio condition, and certain ground, both of our pi-t prospent) and our futuie hopes. The strength 1 f llio .imnesiic fueling engen dered by ihe infliieiues which I have de-enbed. nek tho truer and mure intelligent mutual re gaid between Hie sexts, which is attributable lo the same causos, are the piuiciplo re.i-ons whvtho-e iii-it.'-! n iiisiiuiliou-, which strike at Iho vciy loo! of tho toeial Lcbric, ami aro aim- I uoiitly Imtib to tho iir.iclice ot iho iiobiet ind l.nuliol ioblu: nnd pm.ito viilur-, h.nc mot Willi !ps Mjcct'ss, .mil uiimbitrod lowor oln i ion in Xnriliorn Ihau ill Sunt lu-rn (.'hrisii'iiili'in, Tho coiiba. v ol tin. c-itMjv w .ih lal a 'opted, am liirt hh.ii ilmicil. n II v Mni'b : Iho fnllics of the ''i tho h'lioiy hoi iiii'ajcs nf tho 7'nub.i.d', iho silence ol l.i rnope, ihe lows, v.h'cb, seoiuiiig to ioouuco ihe pleasuies ol llio world, do bin abjure ils bpiiersunirithicsmiil, ill fine, all the sulii.s'i axstentie ol that corrupted Chris, tiauily wliich .oehly sdoks lo compoiiiid by a morlilied body lyr ae uirsiihdu I heart, origioalCjl :n commas 'JoiiTtiii; lioe -101"- n'.u::cr- Ci.cui ine tinuceiH-iu virtues. Tho composure and concentration of domes tic. Iilo nic peculiarly propilioii- to iutelieclii.il neenp it ton, to habits of p'tticnt mental labor, and lo spiritual contemplation ; and all thoso louden (irsare slrengilii'iied, and tho tmiiil is predis posed losoiiou- thought, by Iho mournful si lence ol tho woods, the imprisonment of t lie IHely curient il the streams, the rolteat nf tinny tribes of animated being, the solitudo ol a sparse populaiisii, and iho want of nov elty and incidents which characterize the repose of nature in most co'd clini.Hr;. Tho e hereditiiy propensities our ancestors slnrea Hi common with all the des eitdants ol the 'ijllnc I sloelv Tho c.iciliutaiicc3 nf lluir emiitratlun would I mutually inclciii them lo tbeiil.ii'-cal specnl rtou, and llio wautui mums tor nuiro irn-u men ni cumin ibey coul I scarcely see. elsewhere lu.nl lor a nicdi- l-itne -pirit, than in lite one b ink which was tnund bcuiaili the mot ol ihe hiinible-l cnbin, and which ine, In Id tnconiaiu a unfitl moral precepts fur this hie, nil lutdf d giinhueu lor lh.it which is lo conio. 1 1 was bin ir 1120 si d. Ill il the mo-1 c Oicient ment il trauini is Ihe ihoiiiiiyh and bniij continue J study of soino one pruduriioif of a matter iiuiid,nnd it has becoiiie movcibi.il thai tho most irresistible of mill Iec1ii.il gladiators is iho intin of one boul , he that wields I.. il a in:u wc-Vu. H siu-b be the ctlect of I nppropti iiiiu, aid ns il were, nssiuiilaiiiif.' nnd ina i king coiiatuial vvilli oiirselvcs, the fruits of a fellow ruuluru's menial i Ifnrls, whit liny we not expect trom the study in d coiiipichens.ou of that book, I which is a revelation, nay, n rilleciion, ef tlio mind of our JInLirl Whnl inn withsta id n e Initi.uon I who wii Ids a na'ii'd lal hion, drawn from ihe nrmo I ry of ihe most Ilijh. Willi nur I'unian ancestors, the ll'bl" was the It t I oo'. of mrenlal inslriiclioo : il wns regardi d wuh font an I reverenl partiality, ns I the choicest cl isie of ihe-schunl, it wns ihe cninpiu ion of llio cluset, Iho pillow of ihe lonely vvnjfaler, 1ii nnlv Buide lo liaiinuiess beyond ihe tomb. Of nil , (Jhrtstaiu seels, the l'urinns were most profoundly ve.rcd tu iho sacied vohinie, of nU men Ibey have best exeuiplified Ihe spTU nf ils doi'trines, of n'l reh i.iinn cimtniinilii's. thev hive most ahtllldnlltlv en j jyed those blessings n herewith Ood lias proiniscd lo criovn ins eiriniy cuurui. lt is loeirly fainiliuily wilh iho Itible. to its perse vciiK sludy and ils d.iily use, tint we niiist clnellv ascribe the great in'i-llccluil power of Iho Hnehsh I'uiinns uf Ihu scv entei nlli ccnlury, and llio remark able in.-inpliyii-al lalciil of many of their American descend urs. Inlclleciiial philosophy, the knowledge of Iho spiril nl in imn, is blcnlh, ns well ns fii-ura-lively, n iiri'nc science. Il can be siiciessfiilly pur sued, nnlv when ihe divinu woids, imdis urbid bv nny gloss nl liiiinan iiiiihiiiityinaybebiiih fitely read nnd openly ducus-cJ, and when llio relalunis of man lo Chid and olluthe'r divine tilings nre subject In mvisii. gallon, Lluckcl j wry n ofTc.il rcsirnmls, ihe conJciiiiialion of councils, or iho nnilheiiia of Ihe priest, When ilieiloclri.ieofeiverrtihiig human juris diction in matters uf faith It recii-ed, lluro may be S'-holastU'subilcIV indeed, bill no melaplijsical acme ness or depth. The nine nnd character of abstract speeuhiliuii nre always iiillnence-d ! ihe su' jects vv ith wliich it is conversant, and ihe nun I, which through r.- ..r irnn.l.nir mi l',i r lii Ii leu LTO'iiul, isforcod lo ex- ert lis busy energies on niry Inlles, or iucstmns of :i.i i. ....II anon liet-iinie ns fro olous. or ' '::J,",:" r I . ,.m n, ihe nuzzles ll idly umilles or ,he problems it vainly scks ,o resolvJ. All hihe-r philosophy is essenimlly lelivtlous, nnd ils fearless, yet reverent study nsa scieuco implied, if not revealed in ihe scnpliues, is " Not hirsh and crabbnl as dull fools suppose." bill il is Iho htie-t preparation, both for nchievinsnnd nppreciiuug Iho higbcsl iriuinphs of human lie inns, whether in Ihe siibhmesl Ibsthls "f poesy, or ihe g.o rums cieinons nf plnsnc nnd pictonal all. It has been f iMy charged upon I'uriianism, thai it i3 hosiilo to tas'e. to refinement, ami lo art nml Ibis because Us cquil polity, Its humble limplcs, nnd ils simple tiles, minister noi ri llio nmbilioiis p.-sious of ihiise who serve nl the altar, or of ihoe who only stiml nnd wait, nnd I remise il finds Iho lufuesl poo liy, Iho most Blowing eloquence, Ihe most uirible suHiiiiily, the tenderesi pilhos, nnd Iho must rivisli in" beauty, in Ihe vi'sunn nf tho PsilnuH, nml llie I'riiphels, the promises and menaces of ihfl "1.1 nnd new coveninl, ihebrs.iiid in?si,mo the Saviour, Ihe go pel ilelinellion of lha hippuiess of the blessed, nnd prefer, such lessons lo Iho vpul eloq lenco of iho F.iihers, such leaching m ihe shnllow liouiilclics or ceriiiu llriiish iheolognns, who aim in unlearn lluir neophyte, how In think, that ibey nny then securely dieialo vvlnl he shnll believei my, we nre. even lo d, lint pine chrHii-mity ilsclfisnn y iinpmpiliiius Iu the nrn, nnd lint they ein attain iheir most pcifiei de vel.ipmi nt. only as auxiliiii''s lo idolatry nnd super sMtioo. ns if there w ere a necess if y connejiou belvycen Iho filse in nl'gioi nnd irne in ml, llul .if it be ns'.e l whit hit inn spiril Ins Inni most kfsnly alivp, In fee l, and mu-' nMinilmilvendnweil wilh the crea tive power in reihso in tiviim nnd iinperisriihle forms, all tint is lovely or lerribleiu namie, all ihii : if grand or beautiful In art, all thsl n noble or refined in feel- injf. nil tint U n'orioii") in liumnnttr nil mnn iinlmml.T tini'ly nn".vrr, the soul nf John Miltuv, the fluiH tian nml tlio Puritan. Tlio sotirro uhenco Miltnn drew Ins iii"pirntton n tlio Sarrcd Uoolt. Witlumt n ilitTOURu fn.nilinrity with ihnt numi( fuch poctrv nnil such prosn na tlmt of Micton cm nciiliT I.p prndtirrd, nor comprchendod, for llio Unnwlt-lio of tho Ihhle is not merely FUppvptivp rf ihe lofijcat oon rnntinn, tut T in fHvnhnninjj llio mind to iheiticnof tho infinite it copfern the power of origiimting aswtll ns of fipprrchtina thctn. Put I Imo not yet folly dcvelopo-l tho intlucncc of climnto upon the diameter of our fathers. JUr.n nfWteJ bv tli't) inllnoncp. .is well in hia porml n n hU domestic relations. Tho ppnrso population or cold chmnlc?, ol hyc their inhfhilnnta tt rrrtrlrl thdr poriil rnjoynie.it lo n smn'Ifr circle, while Ihnr rrl'i lionnttho snmo time-, nr cxtondtd over n widr ppnre. Snriil intcrrouro is nt nil tim3 difllrult. often Impoihlp, nnd it 1 vnlue.I the more hccr.uc it ii comrr.rnlHcly r.nro, nr.d inconvenient o n t lain men t. Tho Ro'itfiry c"ltngrr wid"lv separntid from even Ida ntnrct npiahlorp, lipinmcd in hy snow-tlrlfif?, or im prtonetl hv rtoorifl. in jt on mnnv oecnaiora of trinl. di'psnin 'villi nid, hirtt 'inn In ut hnji't to Irnd, nnd 10 ixinicni.utti no w1Jr cy irjiaihics, ttian thoo or Ho ihu coutrncla n feeling of irdcpendnrirp nnd srlf-rehanco on tho dexterity, strength, or fortitude, whisli In vc homo him unnided find ume.ithcd through nnny n peril, nnd nt the sanic time, when occasion offer", hcts nil the readier, to yifld lo others ihe ntc conr, wiiieh experience Ins t.iusht l.im how Inrd it is to niH, ntnt lo twcreire tlio liospitality, (or who?r nil t-iiiiiii iviiiniifrf ilia linen nlnlv lonjjrd. I lie 8ini0 fceiins ot ccncio mnJpendence more ' cisiunu inni rtiii-iigim-urn uy me nccesst V oi wising a perpetual wnr wilh a stenlo rod mid an 1 nn'TV UKy. neiu:; inw-iyn viciorini3 in :nis Ptrile. tl lie tclaK not hi llort", ind depending neither tiini the caprice nor the uncmni jnnee or -J(t, the hardy husbandman ncquiics llio confidiMico of certain uc cw. nnd fP'irrtd bv tho plini? of necc"itv. and cheered hy thcure hope, tint the patient toil of ear-1 inn- will bo rewarded bv the iovous labors of Inrvcst. ' he contracts n fixed habit of untiriuir indnlr', and . renhze that fine pentimcnt which Plutarch acribc5 to I Cnnol.inu, tint U is not foMhc victor lo tin- of the , Intlle. And if sometime, in thi imrqitit combat with the element", ho win but n doubtful triumph, hi pint is not hr'kcn, nor are his cnert'i''s cruned, for he aeeepls bi temporary chrelt ns a dipenntion t of (he Providence of (lod, or tho csult of some in tlexible, but rnrclv enforce I law of inline, nnd I tie ' humihty, which Ibws from the conaou!! P3 of his iinpoieiiee to contend with infiiifnees, dt-trncls no whit from hi pi'ir-rc--neet ns n nnn, or bis indepen dence in his relations with UU fellows. lt is obvint, tint a character oenn titnti d is peei lnrlv aihpted to llio reception of llio teaehmifs of the Hefornntion, and in fact wilh few 'eeptions, th- pp doctrines were most readilv nilopp-il liy ihetrt'is mo?t exposed to the in ft icnceg l have ilesenliod, nnd th i co-mite rimil-, which had not been b.na i-nonsli i "'"v seareclv dared tn hope, thai llio Jlussclmaii separated from the parent stem, tn Iw ui prcduini- wainot tuaiv.-hw to the Chrislian, and that iho crcs innl trails. In these races, the pr-aehen of the "'in was n 1 furcdoomcd to sbino upon ihe prostrate Ki'fiirinatuin Imind prepared hearts In the thinly i cinss. peopled ic-'tnns nf iho cold and sterile North, wdiere I !" I pass over other eMstins and n:ilalin;itiflucn churches and minivers of rehainn were bm pparimili c". rcr1' 'n,'"! ?lw an,'l beyon- lliem all, an hstrilnited. men Iml already learned that no lemnlo is more faercd iban the douieslic nltar and 'hat nn j. r I I... ,,,11.. 1,,,,.! ...I, II .,,, r ,,.. 1. ncecntabK-ofll red! ilimizb aneiioncl hv the presence of no priest decked in the borrowed trap pings nf old idnlitr.es. nnd they who wcro wont to reci'i:n!7e the voice of -od, in the du by terrors of the wintrv tempest, the bellowmijs of iho trouble 1 ocean, the avalanche, the torrent, "Mm thunder ro-cclioin; from llio ll inks of the mountains, ic quired not to be told, that lluro nerds nn nnoinled inlerprelir between earth's childten nnd their Heavenly Father. Such nro the constant nnd nbi lini influences which net upon our character, nn I so long as tho prent fea tures or naltire nre tinelmiircil, su long ns the samo mountains nnd plains nnd stormy shores, shall bo ex posed 10 ll p siiue fierce cxl rrmes of cold nnd heal, so lona will the character of New Knglnnrf bo con spicuous for Ihe traits which now ili'linituisli i:. 1! it br-i Its ibn -pocnuneiii nnd iiiiriiirufimr iniln- enees, llioic wi rn t.mporciry but harmonious caiijcs in nco-in, winch give n peculiar, ntiu u may ne no. pnl an nidi hblc stamp lo the mind which vve havo lnherued from mu imiuedin'c nnce-ln's. We nrc ac- ciisin.ucd lo spea', or Ihe present as eniphatieally nn better r.'itnrcs nf Ihe lierediiorv Ii pe ifuld r.nsYi h nse of exciieincnl, nnd iho last half century Ins in- character. Th" i.niiinnni ofiluii c fiViupon ihe I'.ri deed In en fruitful of ureal events, prcuinnl nf uneasy ' people was nn' reach'-1 until the reltm nfr.li7.i cxpteialnni, lint hive alternately paralyzed wuh fe-ir , ,, The sun of nimlind's qlorv, iho diwu of her ami intiAtciled widi hope, the mind ol llio f'hrisiinn trne golden ntte, then ruse in splendor, and nfier n world. Iluimnily has taken a lour; stride. The course nf a bun 'n.l jeirs. dimmed only hy royal principles of ynverumenl have been tveiy vvhere du- wriin"s,ii set m s'l'i'iv weh ihn lie ofiho haleliil ciiised, nod its forms here mu 'ifi'.d, nnd llicre tutilly cvvnina stir thai herald, d ihe elevatimi of the vilest rcviihilinnucd. I)ymlies Invo been iiverihrinvn of ISniisb hull's Spencer s ins the maun uf thai cen and rcstoicd, sninilnues under iiM'i appihuig nr- j tnriil chv, nnd Miltnn, cumsianccs nfbliiodslieil, violence nnd crime, some-1 n dullness and wilh dangers compassed round, limes w ill. s"aroely the h.ssof.i life, or even in hoin's (,hlim j ,h , even-sniia of iho dj in? s an. The l!ri disturi nnco ol ihe pu1 he pence. Vv ir Ins been w.i- , , ,1e n0, ,t!. eeomplice of us rulers, sre I on a 'cale of einriency. compired wilh which a I u,nj )0 , mtho mri,.r 0f FJizibsth's nual ...nest, former military operations are but the einies of did-1 n hwi j miiisnan, fohiesnf ihe crazy .tames, drcn. I.anaiiise-, whoso very a plnbet hid been far-1 , ,.f tho ,.,..,, i iim ,rnte. Mtrafl'ird, ntim n thousird veirs, hive b"eu lauirht asiin to speak, nml the leirnuii of toe I'.syptians, bite llieir mummies, has heen cMiiuneii trom tucir cinconi'is. The natural sciences, nn 1 their practical application Id the arls of nnleriil life, have m ide astoinshintj proirre-s. rue means ..i loconinuoii nave neen mui tinlied nnd improved, even hevimd the lardy dream of our l.iirging inniriinti m. lliel.il.lc, vvlii.-li some Iranshlcd into a hundred barb irons tnnunes, nnd llio L'osp.-I preached lo a thousand heaihen iriln a. 'l'bn fir stretched nrm of cniiiinerei'il enterprise Ins un locked tho trensures of remotest 1 ml In Iviropeiu cu pidiiy, and even decrepit, immutable, impenetrable Chun, has been opened by llio svord's point, her irovermneiit I'ureul to reeonnize ti.ihiicil ic'aiiens wilh tho chris i iu woild, and her iliree liunilre I mil liuiisiif human souls, lint Inve slept nncntinird ecu nines, arc roused to Iho b'tmnlalinj iulliienetsuf I'.u repean etaniplc. lint a moderate knowledge of his'ory will suffice lo leich us, ih it all these intlucncc nre tune, in i-oinpir-isnn '.villi lhoo which aeied on tho cenins of Ihe six leenih ceniiuy, and tho intelleciiiil nnd even nnteri nl ncliiinof our own time, except s i fir ns the Inner depends upon machinery, is leilnrmc, when contrast ed with Iho light and energies of that mosl meinora- bb ... , The nrt nf printing, then pisi invented, perfecled and dilViised, was lU-pi-llms the mists nnd nbscunty nl Inim mu of eiiiimeri'iii ihrl.ness. which iilo la. WOI IW UCIIV i e,i ) nil .i.i.u.c.i, u ..t pers, whose fcebla inf. piled in lboill'.ileuco of this risuia sun, had vainly striven lo penelrnlennd illu mine. While ihe whole learning and hi-lory of the pist were thus uiifnliled, an I the ethereal splendor of (irec.iaii .cuius, and the borrowed lusiro ot Hoinan t.ire. were levi'a'ed lo the dazzle1!) e'Ve of lillll, lie vv.s stiriled hv strange rumors, ihat Ihe conquerors of Ihe Spinish Moms hid limed vvtl.l ocean, nnd re discovered, bevond llio illimitable vvcslern sea, the lona lost renlm of old Catlny, nnd llmi Iho celesiiil sciilhcro cross, prophciiciill)' nniitined by the cified Ilahan seer, had nl leiiKlh uilded the prow of the I'lirliignete pilot, vvhosu rival enicrpnt bad passed the ll mini it bounds, lieu nocient error raised between the Arctio'nnd Antirrtic worlds, weathered tho Cnpe nf Sinrms, nnd found n new and easy path lo spicy 1 nitrotiane nnd golden upiur. Jinn now firsl knew the bounds of bis empire, nnd was summoned lo tide solemn possession of lint visi patrimony winch Iho superstition ol Hie limes declar ed lobe Ihe riahtful hcrilnsoof tho flntliohe rhtisihn, unlaw fnllv withheld from him by l'nyiuin intruders Kvery dayreveiled new discoveries. nnd in-pircd new dreams. Tho I'.ist nnd the XX est ciisct'scu stores nl. I -nl th snrpass,;;H , o visions onho vv, x n new field, vv hern cnnqiic-l nnd rapine wciecnno bled, if not sinclit'i'-d, liy the enihnsiisni ef n funtie zed for the disseuiiinlion of iho Chrisihn fiiili, and the lust of go'd wis masked even lo ils votaries, hv n show of concern for llio soulsof those they nlundiTcd. 'I lie conquerors oppressed, rubbed, murdered, tint bc'plcss nn I timi I siv.igcs, but mibjnant infiileN, it was bin n lawful spoiluii of the F.gvntiins, if ihev appropriated to themselves their jewels of gold and Iheir ingots nf silver. The siganlie ntrnrillcsof Tories, nnd the vel more mirnciilnus, nnd equilly crnomil ep'oi'nl Ih" leiri ble Albuque-rq i, were lheref.ro iv I nieri'lv excused, but leennled wnh reverent ndioirairon, ns true ex. iire.aions nf iho snirii of Cbrisiini chivalry. Noble and i-oncrous men niiaht, wiihont iinp'nchineiii of sordid nvince or wanton cruelty, engngc in nieir ur nlT expeihlions of priHlalntyt ctisrnvery, nnil! n new nnenecl for Ihn snirii of heroi" enterprise. which hid previously found in feudil war ils sole ilar1-path lo power and praise. KKm SnW leV of i-npean warfare. Hn. -he hn?o and unwield - ll 'T ,VnS I"' '"ffiKflWra more or le 'definilely recognised by all of In mi vnlsi n man destra, a posj mento All' allrn point xi'li q'liltro siella Non viste mai four ch' alia prima gente. fiodfr parei 1' ciel di lor fiimnielle. Oh setlentrional vedovn siln, Poi cbe privato eel di mirar quelle! Purgatorio, Cnnto I, rntCofn lhin. irlrntusil tm... il,. I. I.I.. i .I I iter. I no roar or Hid cniimm ilniv.u.il tlnMii'iriiiiw clonir of Ihn b n liler, nml the inipcm triitjeinc,kniib scuii'd the ilipl.iv of personal prow. n. ' .e rohh-r eonlil nolonijrr rily on Inn ihsicnl urrnaih, bn im ili'inaycd coiirnup, Inn painfully eirncd dexterity in llio inamcciiicnl of liiih.uee rnd bit iviapnu., for -.uriv ur riaiown. i trim fiirlroba n...M l. I ill noW the Ktii'jh, secure in Ins i ninIi;ition of grunt truth- arc often for n tuns equ.vo Imynnquislicdnn y hy t foemnn i Ci, nnd even pnrndoAicnl. Tlir wci3l.t nt the end of worlliy of his utl :' but noukill in d mo could narrv the iniisiblo Inillri. lint, F.cndin! on tho vcrv winai ol ieotii, ii-erctd iho stout corsiet, from winch the , quarrel rebounded. . . Cnnnovdcr lisd hrtutiht Orlnndo to tlte Irvrtof the nier.ii'fit vnr!u,nnd nllaynrdcrn Sydney nurltt fall hy the rand":n shot ofn craven Imor. .Soldiers lician to net in nnFen, nnd in Mind ohed.ence to the will of their louder, they moved llini'yh clouds of rulphu ro-iasmolip, they Unw not why or wlntlrT. 'Ihoe luimbla quahiiffi, unquer.:iomng oheili.'nce nnd pas .ivocta,, v Inch now bream l thefirstof mi'unry virtccd. wjt-diata3leful to Ihe proud independeneo of lhohe!ti.l knight, rnd tho un.t.ctinsiiithniy crjiiahiv to which Hro .uinareduco th" lriL8t nnd tho wcal.ct, thel'tin ni,. I lUn rn-illp.Lif. ....... fntflt m tltc rensM nlo the martini nna rtfartly pportp, uhtei were na aiiiu;i,jir.u u. c youiuiiii nnd (.nimil Knitit miihl no Ioni;er prove heforo tho adiniimi eyj"' of Ins mis tress, in nuimj war, how will hementrd tUf cohfrn purs which he hnd wen in tiir mclce of mortal com hnt. Thefo chnufrt, the t lnvnlw-u spirit ol the poN 'J.xr of fortune, nnd the individit dity of thousht, f. i N of lhat nff could not hrook. nnd Upw nun ncnon wi.icn wis eiiiniennv ch.rncte''l', Mtiiiiht to new pith rio hy merit, I ej in; driven to-iv cut lor luq on n iitlvam cmcr ,.')oirn to timl, in di-"ovp ry. eonqueRt. v.d cohnuziti ni, a new nnd invnin? li'.m, wide cno ieh to rMnust Us utnio! cntrffies in us iu ii c uiM ii iu it Mil in tf in ni-4iin ni i nil i it rp Z nr.nm! Vnt:J - '""""co 1 "'f,' l?s' ". " ,har1 . . . nt itshcishf. bv chrisihu i iuiiii mil it-ii'JU. 100. 1110 wiiounn power n" 1 he in he of I he Infitii were rnwrd chrHihu , l,veVd .be chn of ...oTiirk,.., eym- hal dflnrhcd the dreams of the Wett in pnnriM. Christ Unity ltpelf was ihrcntcned with exlirictmn. and iho Ixdilcst fenrfd the itio of the doubtful sunia-jlc between ihe MmlriTi nnd (hoGndiir. TI:o colos.it power of half civnlyed Ilusfia hnd not yr t i'iterpo?d its impTiMe hnrrier n2aiiit tho incursion of 'bo Inrtnnan, nnd even nftrr the Athntic fdmrrs of our own continent were fiin.(ed wilh colonies rxut tins in tht'oecunty nt ChrKtnn freedom, tbu I'.ipe still irem- bled in Ihe VatKii, Ir.Ft the iniauni of .Vi. .Sophia Pliolll'l expel llie monx Ironl Jit I'eters, and Ihe pray er of lalain he chanuted where mass wns sunj. .Ml Kurope tani with iho " Ilumora loud thnt clannl remotes! kinff?," and Slahrcnibe-2 ennld have held out but one clay Innrxer, when John .Snliiesltt canio to the relief of the lainiins city, nnd tannin, by one final Iesnn. what cvcili v 1 1 irn ui 1 1 v in ui ioi mince miii inn i;muis uj lint aire, and i.iinliinat -lv connected wnh u" l-y rcla tinnsof nciton and reaction, that one is nt a loss to Know whether ie partakes inoro nfthe eharnetpr of cause or cli'ecl. I mean ihe elonnus Uet'ornntion which set free from moral anJ intellectual slavery a world 'hat bid groaned in bundairo for a thousand years. The Reformation Have permanence and con sis'enec to impressions nnd impulses, wliich miahl ntberwi-c bate been ns lieetinrj ns the causes which produced I hem, nnd tho continued prevalence nnd more full development of its clnctiinc mu-t ho con sidered ns the principal cause v.hv the -pirit ofprofircss which clis'inmnshed die sixteenth cennoy, iu nt ibis hour the jjnntprt blcsseie; and the uiosl obvious chnr nctorUli: of those nitems where ils principles arc most cloailv apprehended and most c irdiillv adopted. Great Dntain, from hor insnlalqj position, wns later in celiAK the various inflcenceluo whic h I hove allu decb itl 'nnny eonljnaiinl acniiw, ai;d thcr came to her Kvo-e ir lr"iitmi(l by itlhn nralalice, nnd othir rircionsuineps. Partially connielinc ne Ibey were witti rncti other. Iliey ve: tended to the s-ime common re-ult, nnd finillv hnrmnirao.l and blrnde.l jnma general impi,ls, closely coim-idenl will ihe f.in.l and titinrt. Hv one single noblest act, it uis- nu-ned nn I aveniTcd iheni all. ' Up in liienect, of ero.vncd rortitnc proud Did reir Ond's trophies." an 1 having liy a nrcit example shown that the people po.si ss not t' e pit v icil power only, Ivil the ruhlfn! cstal,li-ln il llio Drin. iple ilialit iin crime in a Chn auiti'intv, in dtpuso nii'i suiernttiy j'iiijd ineir ruiers ... ,, .., ... h ,,,,.,., It'ider such iminls.'s ns I have dese- b-J, Ihct'Olh- ic ii, mil nit lined lis in isl perieei lien i.ip-meni. in on chiraetcr ' f the greil sc.-i In which ihe IMjnius be longed, nn I pirlno'i of ill lln Inly, purifying, nnd enniibhng inlbi-ncrs of the 'iuie. Happily for iheir nostniuv nu I for humimty, Ihe truly kingly argument ol liny d .lime- prevai'e I, mijesly executed its ting nanilllnlis tlirell, nnil our t iremniers were inniitu mil of ihe Im J," before tint divider In I become enervated, or Us l )U em rules spelli, and tliev bro'.lgtlt wnh litem the im Til virtues of the naid Puti'in, com bined v.uli the intellectual elevation of unfettered (mrisiiin philosophy, nnd ihe chivalrous heroism of !. -iiineri.il Itni'tlilltOOil. Of ihe concurrent infl lenees which enntrihuled to r.rm tin I'.u . isli e nr icier of I nt era. ItlP Itelormi- linn was iii'h-ptitibly ihe most tin ortant, nnd it i ilic.riiieessenii'il tn tnv nieiiose brietlv ti examine ihe irae clnriclTof tint strait cent. Iissre.it char- nctens ie wns iiuhvi hn it v of ll'iitudil nnd aciion, ils greil piincipie, die n.d-.t ind duty of pruaiejinlgnient it. i,r..,ii initiiednfe vv rk. lite ovci throw of that idle phantom, which "the hi.eness of a kinglv ctown had on," Ihe reputation of iho claims of the v isiLlo church lo reverence, ns uselt n continuing reveinuou, or raue er it diviiie.ii.enev. nossesscsl of n ntlnttlicd persoualitv a spei les of inearnaiinn of the Deity, and a fit and I-,.. r..t ..t..nnt .irci,,rlnit. It is tins rh ir.icieiisitc of individual action which so str. kingly duunguishes the reform tionfrum all other grcal religious moiemenis In Iho firsl promulgation of thochri-inu rihgion, where human ly was passive Oon sDike.nnd nnn had hoi In heir cnl obe. None ol mo fiin.liiiieniil truths ot'ehristiiniiy onginaied in the intc'tect of luan, bat iho oraclo being pnmoiinced, ii was nun n tied lo iinivers il human rensui In ex nmtn.l o. nnd ibis la.-l. before unknown or Ions for- ciiiiii.n Ij the oreii disenverv of the reformers. Fif. ?ccn ceoiiirics llius elapsed, before ihe line key was applied Iu llie inieriwirniinn oi ine priim si ui m-peii' silions, nnd iheucelorili human intellect wns freo to pur-iie its highest study, tho relations between man n.l I... ,,,L-r 1 cannot hero pause to develop in cietiil the spirit of the llcfnrimiion, or 10 PJII11 oui lllf inc ncureue nn pniianc of ns res tits to the nionl and intelleeiuil i nrinin. tun I must not omit ti) mm -e i w ii great doctrines, equally inseparnb'e from Ihe principle of iho IheoliH'ical d '8011 of the solTi. iency of the seciplurcs, ns n rale of faith and practice, and iho other is thepn. iiii,.,i il, ',-. ,r il,, nntiirjl euinhtv of aMuien: ronnl- ml. it nnd i i tv ni irivnee iiiumir. mi. i .iv w" ." I,,. I,. I ,-,; ihnii,.h bv reason of dive'stlv of gifts, lint in ccerte, uf righ'ts and diilies. The doctrine eif the sufficiency oT llie pure worn ni hod inn mui en net-n i,u.i ni mi ear her iti v. I ut it was brnoglil into dis tinct priiminence, by llie sect which ihence look llie tnmenl I'uriians, nnn n mn'ini "i i'i"" ehr sinniiy ftnin the burden of ntbitrary forms, which ...,.. -.in.. ,if it,., vnression nfahs'rict nrinciple. doal i..,.. i.... ... ,i,,., a truth, wnh doubtful obsceriiv. and from ihn.e fr volous suin-Etiiion!, ami reinninls of ,.,a,ui ...s.r.1,1'. c.liieb iii inanv nnimnntlv I hris- lint countries, mike the inielliirnt infidels, and the ignonni tdnliters. The Ihemv ol ninira' equality is r.,.i,iinn r,r ihe diictiuicnf self gnverrimenl. which is indeed ils nceessirv cnrnlliry, nnd thus our civil as wi ll as our re'tgious libenics nio mainly one lo ihe Hi formation. , 1 ""ven d ,,,ni,yPprehe,Hed by everv li-her of the Tint these- iloeltines wrrenni nivvnvs ce-ni) i.neu . p'.'Sr IK 'Z WXi 1 nny lie panloneit, ll t nerepau.e n numr ...,u ir ; .i'.. .t' n ni.:t..an.l... .. l.isl, ind ie.. .eets or OtlKR 111 ll sirjuu.v iiiiii'9"'ii . , ...... j , nnrl'eshvlhosingloocunrdeclnratinnsnl individuals whose errors ate often the fault of ihe are, or the lenipernmnnl nfthe' man, or the mcrcexeissrf reoc linn lalher than by iheir fundamental principles, which Iving nl the bisee of ihe system, must in the end make themselves fell and acknowledged, and ndber tore Intc notendcneytoronvic ,1 J ;,d;,f ""; wlnln llHMntoierniiee nnd t otry or tUlr nppnenl ire the ncci-Mnry cln,''I," nconf iho ett'lusiQ pnmw ., yriiri).m in? Hf.,rmra . ,,c ,., ;,: ' U nn r.iltawa tho hand that drawn it ilKfirh movinpln n contrarydircclion. Tlio true rrn.llts arc ilowiv doveloncil, nnd it is snrnctiniea a full eenturv bel'vccn scc.l time nnd linrvcai. . ,i prinuplcnovcr produce? its IcmmmUc rrtnts, unui u cc urv un-vixii ct.M .. i preciaeiv nnti ui-um-n j im" - ,;- net in partial accordance with truth from fonto dnrt and hnll'unconsoious npprchcnion of its point, ln2 brforo nny master mind has clearly developed and proclaimed it. ..... i , If then the chancier of the Puritanical py?icm( fl4 fairly dedtieiblo from a priori cAamiuation of its a! . tract principle", he compared with its octual ten d icici, nn ilevclcped in praeticp, it will ' r found thnt it-ftTonca hajtnoit nmply ronfirn1' d tho promises ol iu ihetiry. Po wiiero hns i Im ro hren more of liberty nifl lwtif l,ne. iirmlit-r-. rr.ort of pddic ihanty r.:-.( Jess of private osientaiion, no win re more p . liruiinn rnllu -nrc and left of priesdy nr ther1 more of lleavcoN best l)-n'ii,' and frwtr of It judgment, tlian wV'uTTicnt cw Ilnsfonil Nor, nn thefurttu), nrc we nuifiorizftd focon rlude, tlril iWiioefririfnh'e nnd i'chi5ie .v5feni, Mio nre t'dt-mteil ntnonir im, nre h.irnifes in tbeif K'nueneit, beratie thev have not yet here produced tho rnLehrer- which lui'vr ll nved fioin then in Kuro pt'nu i-iuntiifjs, nnd ulucb ecrn to lo involved in: thcirverv principle. Here, tbey .ire lldJ in check and mndjfiivlm their nciion, by the wrint of nnmeri a I force the ?c paratinn of ehurrit nnd sfife, the rn- a i r .1 . 1 1 . 1"0''' Hut I"- ho would lumw- iheii ronl rharac cr, " dpvelopod in lluir nMin,nni.i .tinlv their work- )rj ,:,(. ,,.,,1 , ,,,,- ,.(,..- .1 ' 1 ii.,... i... t. .' 1.. rTi . J. rVeie , "Z en , ' "1 v of rnurnrnillv w II ns.nre.IW mini.. Ii ,1,,.,. he feeU ihnt he cot sikly exercise llio power. It k nl Invonlre.uh' hinied, n trt-it error to sup poso tlnl tho U-'forinntoii w.o. Im: a chim;! of rtlt "ion. Il was eo'i ill v a reform Hi in in tbu Mine, nml iinili.il nn iinni'iEnl politic-it rerohiiinn. The iloc nines to uicu 1 Invc nlln.leil eame lo bo ronjulered iu equally tru'lis nl Chri Inniiv and if civil polity. Thev neces.ar.ly hi I Iho nv nt'tho mot nfansiocra' ry in the nio a3 well as in tho church. The priest hood, which hid pto'en the insijni),and profmely ar ro nlrd the olliee of In i'i .tmvih and l'au.in hUrnr- hy. bain been l)iinri to be all usurper.. Jawfr4 chiming it3 great privilege, nciihcr by grant nor suc cession, it wis nitural Hnt men rhould inquire by wlnt liilo thebiion hi Id bio prerogatives, and ihtt consequence was, that both lay and ecclesiastical lords were stiipped of their ehgnilie-, or resinctcd ut their assumed privileges, in every common wealth. which adopted ih" reformed religion, nnd iho Rifor' malion thus tn.ik Ihe firsl step lo ,nrds iho pr.iclic.il abolition nf abuses, lis it revelation had abrogated fif teen hundred years before. fly one of tlmsa -Iranrjo pncti;al piradoxep, of whih Insriry furn-shes so moy cxamp'"?, ihe b'j.ist cJ clnmpions of the lire;1;! hberlv, nml Ihonnriowcst nppugner3 of ihe rijht of privale j-j Igmcnt, are now1 exemplifying ihe tendency of extremes tn meet, by uniting in a jirring alliance, and warring with common hate, leu incongruous zeal, ngninst Ihe princip'cs of Ihe Ilofornnii-in The firmer teach lhat the mental shvery ofth(lnrk rrges is strictly compatiblo with the ino-t unbounded freedom nf personal nction, and the Jailer, that ibis simo moral and intelleciiiil bondage? tsthacnlv means of suppressing or controlling the destructive and anarchical tendencies xxhich. Ihe tiisily as.-tihe to their allies in this unhid? cnose Thecomerv alive and destructive parlies then lecfrl nhke. Moth aim to overthrow nil lint is good and venerable in our civil nnd ecclesinsiieal polity, nnd while llie one proposes to rrcct, on the ruins of ouf present Fclumo of rntionnl liberty restrained by law.et nsw v.'iT.der '.-e-kinv nyateiu, vvnrciii cic.i shall cn jov im1 mit"dpertnnr;'i"heeiti , trrlraculocslv combined wnh tupreino conirol o-.cr the netir.n of his neighbor, the oilirt ues eltia democracy a-- n bngl.ear to fiiglit en, nnd pretended conservahon as a lure to per suade us into npesiaey from our hereditary principles, an unqualified surrender ef our reason into the hands of those who claim n chv ine rijht lo oveirulcit. If rcqtdres not the evecif n prophet to dis -crn the ulti mile common tendency of these discordant teachings, ,i,w ii.. inn- .cise-ci in iniorv can nouni mat the tri umph of either parly would alike invnlte the final destruction nf every valuable feature of American So. el'dy. It -hgioiis conservilisrn asks us 10 iidmii thnt Ihe Aho'chlv hns b icaled Iho reins nf his mural nnd spiril al govcrnmen', nnd ihn princes nnd prelaies ire the llghtful successors lolhe vncanl lltrnne. l'rogre-s, nrrivmg nt the samo result by n chneient route, lirings us In lha I an-irchy of rhe uullli'iidc which is the euro piecitrsor of the cmrieuais urnnnv of the despot, nnd ihe unrelenting rule of the priest. it wi.i n 11 tie amiss in cist n glance- nl llie oIifciiis nnd distant pis. nnd to inq tire w hit we hive lo gaiir uy nbiiuiming me veueiniue in-tiititious ol our tiro rs nnd resmring the dirl: nnd mnitldering fab'ie, that Heaven's ow n vengeful lightning long s-mce over throw, Tho vaunted period who-e characterislic trails you hid asked to revive, exn n ' 'Irum iheelevenlh to i he -ixieen'h ecntnrv. Iroui Hi ' brand to I.iober This wis the hoasieif age ol ih.- thy ; th" Men fra cl "Jathulie rhr'stisniiy. w! . j. e leoipc, .il supf-nncy f llie cherch vvas nlinosi nmvcrsilly o know ledged lings siihiniiiid ti fl t '-.Ilnti.in at th-- hands of a monk, and emp-rors Ie 1.1 the siirrup of the ltnnnn aontifTs. Tht istl'e-i'e in which il has been made mr reproach that , . m-i hid no pvt. the ace lo vbich the roniant.i and the novclisi reft rus fer ihe 'races thai odorn hinnn.iv i ihu hisiorini for ihe 'itghr-1 examples of civ il and political exe'dh-nce ; t he 'lomnmst, for the most perlect firm of Cnristiin lift'. Hut whit was the reil condiiion of rurope during ihese five centuries of refinement, loalty, heioism and Clirisliun devoiion ? It is a matter i.r some chlii eulty lo penetrite the thick obscurity lhat shrouds the popular history of limes, whose only chroniclers were tho ham lily noble and the; unsyinpalhi7ing monk ; 'iut even from these imvvi'ling witnes?es enough can be extracted to prove lhat humanity hi", nnd nt no lime, and in no land, groined under heavier burdens linn those imposed on its suffering shoiilciers by the priesthood nnd ihebarons of fhriiiauKurope in Ihe urd, il" ages, The critical student of midieeval history beholds a scene, lo use those dreadfni words of Mil ton : 'Willi dreadful faces thronged nnd fiery arms,' ind ihe lurid light, lint glares from the pile o'f the martyr nnd the incendiary llames of feudal warfare, officers tn show, tint behind the glitletine- curtain of knigtly and baronial life, thero lay and w rithed a world of woe. The right of mm ni imn found no advocate the right nf eon-citnee no defender, ll vvas nor ftt di.covered, lhat the ruler Ihe law maker is bound by the law- he promi'lgntes, and lavy itscll was known, not as tho dictate of reason niniing.it lee common good, bui as number name for organized oppression or nrbilary will. Municipnl low indeed, except in cities nnd boroughs, vv Inch had bouqhl ih'ir hherties existed only ns a meas.ire, noi of cnmmoi. right but of piivih-ge, in derogation of right, and llieie was no enntrohng authority, but ihe canon, of ihe churchy ami llie willef the stronger. tSociety was n pandemonium, where every unholy', passion rcvciled without restrain', nnd tho rights of the ruler knew nn limits, but thai of his power tcr enforce them. Tho vassals of every feudal lord vvhethir liy or ecclesiistical, were bound to till hi tic-Ids, to minister I be means of crsiifj ine every r" eion ond supplying every wont, to adopt hisqnatri-1 lo follow him in bun in' his wars of glory. conque-C or revenge, tn live m his servici-, lo die iu his cause. If befell into Ihe power ef his enemy, they fnrntshecl fvrih the ransom, ifbe nnrried n daughter, Ibey pro vided the dower, if he made bis son a knight, ibey elefriyed the experses of die eqnipige, the feast and Iho toiuinmcnl If he tle'sirel lo slrrnplhcn his ens ile, or en'orge h.s dungeons, ihey laboreil, unpaid, to build the fortress, which was designed to awe them intn unresisting submission and ihe prisons in which Ibey were dunned to pine, if ibey incurred his lordly d-spleasiire. The crave, even, vvas en reension ot new exictions by the nlliecl wilitms nf Church and Sine, nnd when death releisid htuiled victim frorrf the grasp of his oppressors, the priest, u ho fi-tva shrieved the dying sinner, fingered In c-hnosr from the liltle herd the fattest beast, while tfie luihtTwns ran'ockinc the house ef mourning, to select for his lord Ihe rhohest treasure, for their lawful perquisitev of mortuarv nnd heriot. Such were llie iinivcrsilly conceded rights of Ihe lord, such the undisputed duties nf iho vassal. But Ihese were not all, Ihese were not even the worst op presion. Pevom! all ihese, the Chrisrinn baron claimed ond exercised rights thnt wo cannot name, on I trom Ihe assertion of which, even Ihe SIopvl of" Ihe t urns wnutcqrecoii, nnci it, net sati.nel with the eniovinentof all Ihpsoepnressivc privileges, herhnso lo resort to force, la exhort what he could not lawful- , , , , , ,, . . Iv exact, vel ihe law, which nonunnlly icatrainer bun, provided in sanction SMinst in own violation, nnd the wronged and injuieei vassal was nttetly with- out redress, Thee outrage, were snnclioned SRef aggravated by an rvrry where present.. orw. wg, unresaontng, onaympalhising inflntnee, vyhich

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