Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 17, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 17, 1845 Page 2
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sr.'TCJjr?""0' "" civil K I'uhl l"fOllMllu,i.,,, nt !V'11' 'W' I ""IB "HI Ull V 1 nil iho I ir. lira- iiJtlie cr.xipr c0l,Z i "P"r"iu". mid Hie swciru """1 IS no longer . u H , -.. 'wns, iiiiioiu was somclimes ntlcmntMl i.. ,t i '"-''Stance indeed h superior .kill he nimhen.as of tha c'u. ch, wln3u',lc, "v'0,'1 ,y bunders will, the shout of the r J, ." lliem d.nvn,' never filled to triuim.l. '" '"'"Pl'd nt, il.,ri,ned and .'p.!,"" 'y , .'u historians still trcnt these V ofTonffl' Tin w.niiftih. wrfihinw of tho worm that i, ir d--.. uirtTa 'rca&ohiiijii; instnuctions, instignted ly the hope of iundcr and rapine, and aggravated by every rrimc lli.it disgraces humanity. In nil tin se (Untitles, vvo scarcely find a tingle rcclcsiasttc nrraved upon itic sido of mercy, scarcely I ,,"l"""''.1 ni!voeale "r 'he tisliia of man. l,it .i... t.i."j ;.v, i 1M; 1 "Lrt ,a ut to this .1 .ml.., "r l'ro8'9ive, which wars will, llii. sicred. 1 .1... i. lr,i 1. . I t '-a. -."i i, mmi .i a nn nn-b n.i i.. im pulse, is not unwise merely, but unnnlurnl, uiichru lt.1.1. ft 1. 1 ... Minimi, It 19 to tlie want of nn Intelligent national pti le ino iiniveraal solvent which 1110119 and combines into a 'ntninmons wholo the otherwise chccnrdiint traits in individual and local feeling tint xvo must nscribo tlie non-exwtence of n well-defined and consistent American character. Wo have abundance or inflated complacency in Iho nresr.ni. nlmntlmnn of l,.,.,r,.l e.xpcclaiion in respect to ,,u future, but tun little of us." syuipaihotio ami reverent tf.,.n.,i r... n t... .,., i honored by iho ntlondanco of uimmWol distinguished gnosis. As soon tho ciU whs removed, The President announced tho first regular toast, ns follows : tbulc il,t ho. nono lo to pass llirouBliRJJJjJJ.'j-j, I " I it Uav Wo would nrvfr ' ,,,, ,,,. cnl (pr ' V "V . ! a t,ivc,6il y of riin, 1o. nr Sfbl11 V9 reaI ?ourcc hl'9 ''wpcr, nnJ If root niy be found in one of our promlect charurtcrisi.es. ins proper to nil frco pimple, nml eminently t nn Iy cf (nitons to which wc brlonit, t lviibi.irnc nil . , boyund initcrml sy.nU.l-. KlJ'J!f from nciniff, eu that its rem"' . . i l Till w nrrof'i Willi UlfCO CllCOrs, Uliu was rolItrt,MI j B"M," noitcc nrmcin U rnthor Hi"' " r Vrr;'' - this nronoiiKiiy m, i . V. ; ' 10 ,"r , 1 .",9 hame w ho pnr- ! li.m. -it ;'V;Vm Sana" in pceklnn fr a burn" clnil n Iamiii? renown, by dminu lo prefer the- v i " nrt'riVu " rooo o",oV tl tmhil.jrt which of h. nnmty to thu interests of lit order. VhlH -A;:i,rnrnr.fcn np,W,cnt;o,., ond to Turret, tint In this MlVfshe Driest.' ns tho -i.rn.p-' 'Y.-i' I ihn iniirnl find mt1ilip.il. rm wrll nn iho nln'oirnl wuriil. inCarCentPI . nnl in '"'--:".7...,' m. nn llinilrtlnotmn. ..r cii.., r...n i.Vr Ln uri.tti n nl but in .lliG'l(lv;;J;,Xr,r iho crime uf prenchmj? iho . izwl in prncticc. Nor is this the only, or even tin Brett SfrKwri'itrtcIiino nf cqmlity Hut neither chains, et dinner, to whieh the trmt in rjnesiiun exposes ns. nor thp btnT ot rtnth, were nMi to quell li gciurous Doctrines tied lo no form, connected with no locate tpiru, nM ne perevereo in ms nmnu, inn nn.ivtiiiniu urs, rriyina u;ton no nuiiiorny nui lii'iivimi.'il r en son, tTofts, until he sri'eJ hn lestimonv with In blood. "Nor is it Imp, tint ihest ni'C were- rennrknblo for thp eterriie nf Chti-inn bneolcncp. The nrlitiecs of the rlcriiv indeed cxt.nt 1 Urnv sums for thocrec tinn of li'iH-res for the pibinns lo tin' nuineroos shrine of i Mitrons n;n rs'in-m, mid tho religions honc iteilioiila nn:ii;ie ilol-i lo lh tarini: poor, whntn tfn'ir DAii cxnclirn h.id contnlnitrd to jin poveri-ti, lull it ni'iv t!l he iloiihunl, whellvr ihf agjn'jUf tlnritip of Cilholic I'mope err exceeded the It'cil proMinit, vhith ue are eompelleil in mike for tho outcnt nicvlie.mts nnd iinirfartor whom i the peneroux loenifieenrt of t',nrope f j'ets upon our si rt', to men 1 our inor U and ref nn our rclicioo b'cime it (,hU it cheaper to transport them btlher, IJ.iii (o numtnhi them in almshouses and prisons nt h "ni?. The peril 1 we ire caiiM'teiinc was nfM tli:in jnisli elnlonpby uniclcni.na tyr innv nn I bruial oprts ion. It wi in li'ivl enmlritieali v nn era t I MitutuM rii'tnit ("u.i.t. ifi-w tttUl-tt I hitioi!li the ulomn, u fell upon H.e fxropniit.jJuinnn.le. fnnn whom ihpy wre ns far tetnmtd s Hie h'sccpic stars fiom enrthV oroit. l oe LTt-ai aoo i; too mi no-, uhich I inir jlmr pened viion hhmc con picoous thrniritrthc murky mailt, were bnl cons m cilip-e to iheii erntcmpwj nrs. Thfy wruicnnd sptike tor cadi I'lh'T, and it was no pirt nf ihett vnrniion to dispel ths darkness tlial enveloped tho omn-i windi'nrs bentnih lliem In the m item 1 lunwns, ccn'slnl rb entiyhtens orb, ait I the resplendent fen It errs rcinwitc the rav. which one reef ivci from .inoili r, but they illuminate ttot tliectnolit vot J, through wliteli ihcy'wheel their nppnmieci ejurs'-s, tinu tlie paiitwny oi mo most radiant star ret ons no vc-n.r. i f the beams it shed; upirfiml speculators nlfeei to :ro:il tho piexnihui; rninntiD, in re-'ird to the dthiscJ con lition if soeulv in th? middle '.irfl. an vulvar rejudicc, and its!; u i;i jvmjc in? sjjirn oi ino-jg iit.cs, nai nytucgem rQi c.tfiracter ?n I fimdnnntnl pnn ip!( s of their instil u lions, or their nMu tl nnl icoee on the phjsieil and moral well heiiri of mm. but 1 v the lives and onm ioniof thn fe-v L-nli-ihteni'd Men, who were ihstin- f.tushc.1 raiher hv ih ir relalhe superiority lo the con temporary -lindirdof tin ir niro. ihnn bv their iittrin b'.c excellence. Hut her the error lie ih a supposed nnalocv bdwecn tliti3t times and our own. Tmrc is in our div t cl iss of ''le f.ieliiio'i5 nrent win follow. rather thin lead publ'r opinion, a, id whose whole wisdom coombs tit nn in-tiucliw sineity, lint em I'Ipi hc:n to pp-diet nnJ anticipate the chances n " llill'sliirtniif clirient, ai d thus to npp ar to cutde it tuovcmeol", when in fict they arc but the hrst Ij yield to its unpuNe. 1 tv bes nf such arc indent sure index to ihe temper of time1 ant! countries, where public opinion has any 'Ulmrmtive existence Hut in iIip aires uf winch wchncdt, there was no rec onized public, no co nm ui uasm, in short no com. niunny. athcl reneh m inarch sitlnf himself, the Tiller wis tl c Mat, and the prieM wns the rhutt h. The lean cJ of the middle rues had no vmpithiP! no common hnai'nire. no eoinmnn intcrcMs with the ma of the r o tem;ornri s, and in Lf' neral exerted nninflueneeo-i r the r own nc, unless it were by the mere sup Ton y of mtc'lurt over brute force. Hut man can benencially Iiiilucnce man. onlv through the medium of sy pithenc rchiions, and wlnn this nl" den chain ii severed, tho ttathtr becomes a tyrant, an I the pt pil a slave. Kiom 1 1 thee horrors, iho Ileformation was the one in b'penT1 le, ami only sufficient means of de liverance, ns its piiiicplcs oic s ill our only mfeguanl. ll is vet too ionn assume, tint its results nro fully developed, but lis fiinflnincti.il jirounds ccin lo in volve all llntt is necessary for the erection of n Inr munions but independent svMimii nf :iv nnd ecclesi astical polity, which shall be as perfo t as human na ture win aumu. nttrncliini no sacredues t) aimhl cusmzihle by iho tn(!, nrc more casuy nvcrturown inau when thfV nstuino l!ic shape of belief, entrenched behind tho bulwaiks nf form, prejo heuaiid opinion. In Kurope, wheru every rock ha its name, every landscape lis InMory, the love of country and its institutions is nt onee "trengtheued by ihoiisinds of venerable associ ations, and tnrrowfd to thchiimbl' shape rattier of attachment to loeah ic, linn of eiiliuh rued nncl cx pimlid patnoiism. !ul wnh us, who have no dim iraili'mns, no hoary fables to pive. not individmhty nnlv, but alinnsl life, to plain and iiinunnin(and rock nun river, patriotism, tnonan a larger, noimr, nnu inofctntellcetuil uitunent, is yci a Icteinci-ni- im pulse, ll is therefore a duty inosi solemnly incuin- honi on every man who prizes mMi'utious (lepeii'icnt like oursnpo'n an abler securitv than n sound puldie ipimni,nnd who fetls liunelf conipeicnt lo appro i nir iiif umiioos upon w men iney are unni, jn cxiti ill it 'una Inlimt whlfh is ilonih In lniW' in tilnlinn i riff, (hlenuiuiiaii'l nonulari7.inii their principles. iJur tnniicin liberties are menaced, not onlv by apathy atvl ignorance, but we have too many pronts of Hie xisience, even nmnnjf oureics, oi a oeternuneii uus tilny lo the cardinal principles on which they rest. Nor lot nnv tlenv the nnnroach of danner. beenus ns rot lie liea rs not the uiu. ami sees not uie sntoneni ino encniiiK., The earthquake, which upheave moun tains, ami the lemnpst ihat Bcatiers nn armada, are invisible lorcos, but iln.,a nre tokens whereby wise mim forece the shock. Such i. -i lions nf danger to our dearest interests we may find nmoiiin elm tif ttr own citizens, who glory in a 'truckling 8ubuiiion to i.nropenn toichings, in nn unnatural alienation from all that is great and good, and reverend tn o-ir own hutmi. in udigmllcd nfl'eclatnii of supercibous contempt for every inainfeslatioii of conscious Amer iem pride, in a wrouu healed perveruyt that lives io dwell on inoiiarK sule ui our nattouai cltaiacier, eloihi a in the bvery of an anio is fear the wishes of an nlitii heart, and fdgns lo tremble for the siabill'y oi' those iusiitntions which it is doing iN utmost lo un dermine. We have too much of that bliml zeal of fie pupil, which outruns the precepts of its foreign tench ers j loo much of that questionable Protes'nntHin, tint trembles with sympathetie fear when ymi attack the corrupli ms of Popcrv ; to) lnmh of tint crcven nnd traitorous spnit tint is ashamed ofit birlli pheo. u'ltrmurs agium the I'rovileufe which appoint! d its fithcil ind, nnd grieves, because it nontv thronah the Pilgrim that it can trace lis lineage lo th i;r titled and imtml oppressors Nav, nine (Inn tin, .Sons of New r.nnhud hive dared to insult iho memnry arul b'aepbeme the (tod of their fathers, by denying to that rongtcirntion wIupIi Mo eathcrrd in l)' wilder nes ih" name and attributes of n Chri'hn Chnrth. It mav indetd he doubted whether it ne posihlj now to construct a Im minions ivpeof 'ntuunl Amc nean character out of thcd.scorihiit !.nl( rt ds which hive been assembled, and whi'h an mnvue and sIiort-M'hied policy rs lo be kept in perpetual fer mentation, he llie infusion, not of new ingredients onlv, hul of hostile clement. A nation, hkc an or game h'-inj, must grow, not by accretion, hot by dc velop'uni nt. anil houII receive into its svMem noth ing meat able of assimilation, I!m fnou this nn 1 ma ny other i'llluenccs pernicious lo the symmetry nf our niiional character, New Inlaud i," happily, in a ureal measure cxemnt. I arromto not for lit r a j mo np ly of nil the excellence? of American genius , nor do I msi-t lint she is the snledenusilorv of tlie i- lal principVs of American life, hut her populaiiun is horn 'gcueoiis in ils origin, her component parts Inr- m ihur organization, nnd she poetesses the 2 ' The UtnerofU Itonanucrs ino biiciut give to ihoXew England Pilgrims is part of tho fame of tho Pilgrims themselves." Till" won most Imorlily Hterml. nml Mr. .BNDnrv, o f tho Vlco Irr.1.l..i followed it Uy n rw romarks, complimenta ry to llm nddrrss, to whirl, tlia Society had liMcneJ nt the Taheniriclo ; an nddicst he s;iid, which called for a public acknowledge ment on this occfiston. nnd from all New Ctigl.ind men. Ilu said allt for ttllhrmgh thrrn might nnd doithlless would ho dine- ronco of opinion ns to some of tho senti ments ndvnuced, tie thought ils fundament"! principles were such as must meet tho heaity appiov'al of every son of Now England wotthy of iho name; nay, ho thought that man nn apostate to the piinciptos and feel nigs of Ins f.ithets, who could not most heartily welcome tho snnthnrnts of that must aide and eloquent address. Ho alluded lo the ficl that it came from a son of Ver mont, tho youngest of tho old thtileen States, hut who had placed herself in nearly every respect on n loved with tlio old Hay Slulo herself. It comes, too, ho said, from one of the youngest men in public life in this conn try; atiu ho refened to these diets ns ovi riencu of what New England and Vermont could do, when emergencies called for great nnd heroic spirits. Ilu alluded to incidents in tho history of this country, illustrating lliu adherence of New England nnd her sons, to truth and principle under all circumstances and in every peril; and lie wished especially to pay tho tribute of his tli;wi!s to the exhi bition of the same trail in tho address which had been delivered before tho Society this d iy. Ilu concluded his remarks by offering as a toast The Orator of the Day, This was received with tho most prolon ned and lumultttoits applause ; nnd when it had somewhat subsided, Hon. Guorgu V Maikii rose and said: Mr. President You certain! v cannot expect that I should respond lo the remarks th it have been made by referring to matters personal to myself; nnd tnereiore i Mian only state, uy way oi excusing my self if I have manifested too much feeling in the re mail; I have mad on this occasion, or it I lnvcex pressed too decidedly toy opinions, that it is a family trmt. ll wo in v trust the statement ol "gooit eiiii Maister John Kox,' one of us, one bearing my own name, had the honor of being burnt on the 21th day of April in for hresj, nnd I must confess that from that period to this, time instead nf subduing Ins only confirmed our oImuhcv. (L'hccrs) 'I he wine rnceofus nre desperate heretics tothisdav Hut I will not dwell upi n the?c mailer, personal lo mjS'If. I well remember llie first Dutch words lever he ml from the mould ofn veritable Knsekt ibocker a poor insane man a ho many years ago had wandered from the banks of the Hudson to the foot of the Green Mountain'. Ho was very commonly thought to le bng to a class called crazy by the world : but I teg leave to quote the rem irks to w Inch I refer. lie was might he tho icsul could nssriftf jlJ that if she was (lie defence of th? chiuf motives of the ughind wein conne'l" oi rtmgiuu. ' foPnrom hoM.liiy to limn, nn mot'?- I . , it .....Arrliv. almn 10 t10 lllCmrcllV i Rlltl llC I 11 hollovL'il llnit Enghnti oiinl In llie cxt-rlions uf llinso Piiriliini whom like Uampohn nnd Uui).ivi:t.i,, slio 'would nut sulTur to lunvo liur aliorcs ns llcy wished to do, llin great measure1 of liberty which slio now enjoys. Civil freedom, hi declared, had its 1 irlh in 1620 ; it was bonli,ed in Mood in 1775 ; it bo buried, said Mr. Warren, just when wo forget iho principles of our forefathers. These principles ho defined as, first, thai nil tmo freedom in iho country must find ils root in cultivated a id educated morality ; and second, that, litis condition observed, the -ippiness of a nsoplo will bo just in proper lion to their inlel'eclual and physical activity Ilo a uded. l ien, to tho sneers thai nro cast upon tho New. England character, aiu especially lo iho reproach of Sir. McDuflie .1.... i. ' ..;....! l..l t...T?. Iilrlti In tin inai us inMiiiiiiuus uuu w unnat.triil ni!iocraor."t" 1,0 lo bu rightly nanieil, siuculustcad of having been "rocked in u cradle," it was cradled on a rock, nnd dared to lift itself, hard am; coarse featured us it was, from digging, nnd chopping, and fishing, among gloved hands nnd the fishers of men. Ilo spoke of tho groat names of New England of old John Adams, of II.it rlsun Gray Olisofl'rescolt, ancestor anil spn,-flh6"TVTIilliros, ltul'u King tllld others, and said that in new Hampshire was born a Ind, who uas denied the three months schooling, to which, as an pprentico, he was entitled; who peace, sued his employer for this neglect, i lid received a piece uf hind as ilimiges, innmmi unity ofclnrnctcr llm lirloti2'o.n rcnrilr, wliiuh ocs i nrriisiouuil to iinlulj:c, in n mil very clis'ical ilhlcct . ....p..M i.mi Li.nn-Kn.il my uu nwn.-i i oj in 4 vcniT'iinr, 111 in iiienia noni upon me iieciino d cinl lint cm iiifpiri! ponil mm llie injiyii.ciil of, ,,0 Duirli sniril nml the f urrctcliiiirnls nf llie Vnn cml ami nliiiin.i. Iiliprlv. Ari llicn tlm chtrartrr U-p. Um'p'ini- lie Inil pernotinlly in his mouth, ... ... ... . . - .TU. i-i 1 1-j i , 1 1 " ii , -;iij5i uc pwuwi tor inns HI 11" 11 ! "'e ""iuopmemni i pnncif.its ins received r.r.-Fr,iiu I . Tins is the nr, question, which :.:w , fr I feai that even here in New Amsicrilnni it wniitil cnecn. irniii i i rencimi iui in mm inc iner-1 i.na'niul anil her sous are called ujim, now lo nn- ,10l otherwise lie n iite inielliihlr. It wis this: "Ih n nil nanni 1 ill v in lli.ll rnnntr . uLs ... .,V. . P ' 1 . ") I " ! IHM ',r 11 IIISli- llll,imHrs nfClUdtl. Hir, illlf.'n V,llllfflO TC fUn . ' .' ii- i 1 1 win iiiii - ii. in. itr.i i vc p r i.v n v iiirn u r.in ,i 'an puiiiic.ii ss ri-iKunio the viioluv wcliave Miienl.ilk- siirreuilereil nnilcsnoiiillv in Hint conntrv. senl pi.icea at the l,c-i 1 nf fie 1" i iciii. wiihootiloiihiins whether kociciv be not in fact Tin alchemists prnfiE-ed to he alio In cunsiiuio iho rptrnTraintlif. llls'c.nl nf ni Mm-mn niisi.ri'r. tho ..v. ' .... 1 :. . r .. , retmsramnir, ins'eail nt nilvaneniE, elusive iievoiinn ol llniisii iniell atC7i irtt'i Ihtir tlnnsfiters." d.nizhti r and cheero 11 wassini hy those acijininted will, die pour nnn mechanical nnl malenn nnnrotenitnl. t!i. hnmhle clnraciir. wiili few cxicpii ms, of her pliilosnplue.il writers, the sli illow lone of her ftsiliriic.il crilicisni, Iho unnersil iJnhiry of ran'i anil wcilih, llie nilH-r-in; nnd ' rulifled loni'iinn of llie iunss.s, consider Ihn Iho d iciors of her rriisimi are revivina old and efftlcmipiTsiiiiuns, elosinn their eyes In lhohe3iii-.nl Ilia nnin.il.iy fun, nnd crnpinu in llie dnrknes- of die ir.lMlo.l'ts furnmlleil I ilu. nnl vmi em seirielv resist th" conclusion lint, to uso iho qnainl winds nf uni apocnryi ini iraciiieui e.seriueii lo air I nntnas llrowne, "fhe is grown nlilivimis, and dnldh. Her oarienl civihiy is yone, and her f.ue hceoino wrinkled nnd tetric!(." Wurdsworlh beeuis lo h.lc deeply lelt all tlrs, when, in thru noble honm t, he invoked iho tpiril of the nu'ily l'ntitin, ulmse " s .ill was hlio a Mar, and dvwlt npari,, in wnrds tnn hnrIi for me to quote, too true, pcilnps, f.ir turn neic In dire to nltct.t 'Hij "dishone I ietor," of Walerlnn, neerssary, pcrh ips, fir the n scue nf I'urope from the temporn y iren rule ol a unhiary depnti-iii, enme full ten veai's Ii o -nn, and unhappily nrie.-lid hefnre Ins ta.k was clniie. th it crell usurper, w hn, inuiEelf u depnt ntul a tyrant, as uiiennscimisly welkins mil hie huh nea. tinu of pn paring men for llm acq lisiiinn nnd enjoy, mem nf natininl freedimi, hy halierina don mild nnd niisehief-wnikin.' insliiu'i'ms, praciic.illy rifuunu hoary f ilsehoods. nn i ihfpelhn.' the nusls nf nnliqm" led prejudice. The tnineip.il aim nf those w hn hive administered llie governments nf Mnrnpe pinee Ihe tlownfill uf Nnpnlenn, serin, tn hue heen to e irry hiek the shadow on ihednl, m reconstruct ihe .Inf. lered ua'lii,aiid replace the nuicn fiauuwiik wlreh ho hid ileiunhfil Its itution, nut repirannn, has been their motto, nnd ihe el, rcy nf those. emmtrie, which h lie a le uioi nf Si it , enn-ilerinn liiemselies officii! memheis nf iho hilv poline, lulu emulated nnd mitiirippcd iheir superiiirs in 'his Ind w, ik nf ie fiLfu ..itiiti tn, I inn ...uiiut.i ...Hi. k, i.. nrc seeking, w.ih innrenr hss of npenuess, tn rehuiht not only what A'ipoicun, hut e,en wlut Luiliiruver-ihrew. r.,cii with u, loo. the ml leaven is a! work. The rc-ac Mil, winch, as .nine ln'.en.s li'iuerullv indicate, is well niahi'iHnt ni ii sourie, liasnt lenaili exlended hither, and a retroi'ra.le ifrnt is snea hna mnons us, unlnppi'y unieenmpinied hy the eorreelite, which in lIuruiiH, deiirivi's it nf Inlf ns nnwer nf iniseim.1". 1 mean Hi it intense niiinniliiy, which now pervades eery r.um.ein p-siple, from th" hiro iVorlh e.ipe in the votitherni'isl li.'iiihud nf suulini; (treece. The nalim.il pride ni me plrenuiaue. Nnrtherunn, I ie ardent kon o'' llie lervid nuih, Hie iilnlusophii! Oer nun, the mereuriil IVrni liuian, nn I Ihe seuii-miental SI ivnninu. nas been rnuml. nnd e.ieh is runiT. wnh rnliehlened and hourly ioeie.icinr.T...l i,, mnnr. il.n vernacular innipie oi im native land lo us aneirnt punty, unu uiexeiieeoteiiinoraryeniiiliiiou liylirinir. nuinlo Ihe luht the hislorv of ils earlirr nurs. nnd thus lo awaken ihai hue of eounirv, which the cos mopoliia theories nf French philosonhv were llirent. rnini; with cenml ixiinciion, while iho progress of innii , s .mmn in jii( lenu inr raris snpremi. ey line uni cu iioiue, wnen even inn i.reek pinned ir being a native pf a (itv, In whose rln'drin lliepri,e leges uf Roman CJ.ix 'iiblnp had heen vouehsafi-d. Knowing that ihcre can neilher be privale virtue without a generous pntriolitm, wise men everywhere foster this spirit, and leach tin; even the hardy cner Cir.cf tlifceitly stiireaofs ini.linrhirotis soejeiv arc not to lie uesniscd ns vuel of instruction. In ihem we see tho rernis of more etimndrtl nml euliivntcti virtues. They deposited in llm enrlh Ihe pabulum of nciter iriius, even as ny tne ifenernus economy ol tm teriil nature, wild antl upoutinenus veselalion fe"ds, nm rjnaums, inn iruutuine.s ol llie soil nnil liynller- mte Krowlll anil tlceiv. elnhornli-s frnm earlh. writer. air, and lavs up In .tore for future nres, Iho materials ui irinuiy inr puma oi nomer crowin. . Tht. love of country, with all iho reverential svmni Hues it implies, H nni'itiu llm slruuiiest impulses in i ery iiirnuy cunsiiiuieii iniitu, and next to sell-re-spiel, i. Ihe most impotiint ingredient in tlierhirae. lerofn virliinnj nnn. The menial eve, unlike Ihe natural, misniles nhiecls a. lllev ret ede. nil I even- Irne man eheiishea for his ntieesiry nn nfltclionate pariiihlv. that Icds Inn, lo r0 in ihem the iriues r'f the tnlden, eotnhineil with iho w isdom of llin iron !!. II is In Ibis fculiiijr, llin wo find llm mot of irue conservatum, onu very inotetnrnl, whother relro Froissnrl (Lord llerncr's Ironslalion ) Vnl.I.cap.331 t" Milton I limn should.t he llnnir ni this hour i Knglnn,) ,alh nted of ilirei the is n fen Of stagnant waterst n'lar, sword, nntl pen. Kiresi'e, ihe hemic wealth of hall nndhowvr, Have fmleiled lluir ancient Knali'h dower Ofinwnrd happiness. We are selfish men Oh I raise us up, return In us attain And give us manners, virtue, freedom, powir, Thv soul wns like n Hisr. nnd duett nnnu , Thou lijilsl n voice whose sound was iile the sea . ruij) njiiiena.eit ueaveiis, lunjrsiic, inc. ,,So iliili'.thn i trav.el on life's common way, In cheerful g-dlincs j nnd vel thv heart T t'lwlitk duties on birself did lay. Unserve lliees- flower an 1 rniseit nsiin out of i's nshes. I!ut ii was t to Ec'it-mes r.t nt b st n shndnwy n.urrictiun, nnd iho visible iunirc hail ne'ther firttrancv. color, nor life. A ntttimi hns but n fringe life. ntid tlie people tltat;.pcrishes because it isjecreinl tit itself, can hope for nn pihnirenesia. Wo nre then eitininoned by everv eonsi Ication of present interest, nf eiihuhlrneri pi'rintism. ol decent respect for the memory of niir fathers, of revtrcneo fir Ih" relinion of our Ood, in do our eimnst to keep r.live ihe factetl fire, nnd lo transmit iu.inlete nn.l tin. , impaired In ftiiine aires die heirloom which it is n crime to nlienite. 'In our PeriMtuus i pallidi itn is eoinmiiml. To New Knilind our eoiiimi'n country tn st look ns thcn'irest sonrre nnl surest mierrnri. nfihose irue cmiservitive principles in Chinch and Slate, without which both Church and Statewill soon become nn Messina, hul a curse. The "re iicst ufhiin'' nocr- Ins lohlusthil Ihe Ian- guaijc of freedom Ins twu prnuipal dialects. " Two vtticcs are there i one is of tlie sea, Orio nf the iniiuiiliins: eaeli i mijhty voice: In both from aire to age iho i thd'st r'ej lice, Tliey were ihy clioscn inusie, I.iluriy!'1 These vnices ore enmhl'l 'll'v ihe nnrserv livtnns ofour ancient mother. The infant ear of all her sons in tuned lo the 'Kmr Of ocean on n wintry shore,' or the how lings of the storm, whoso wings ntelteivy Willi frn7.cn misisfroin the cavernous reees-es of her ruifeil moiimains, ,n alien sml iutereents ntir morn. itigtlnin. The enihe-i leitns nf the orient sun, emerg ttg from the neean's bed, arcshnl foil upon our nltl me irnpnlis iml his w.'iiiiiil' r.ivs later linger nn the snting pe-ik-i.f nur eierh-tiug lul's -fit emblem nf tin light of Christian freedom, whrhfirM I'linni nated o ir nnn 'ttrav fithers,' nnd sli ill litest mi I the graves of iho IMgriius, the cradles of iheir children. After iho Oration was read and as tho audience began in retire, JosniMl Ilnxin, Esq. arose nod said tint ho was unwilling n single individual of iho mtihiiudn present should leave llin house without nn opportu nity In voln upon a motion ho was abnul In submit. He hid listened, liu siid, u ilh the ollii'is present, with feelings of Iho deepest and most overwhelming interest, lo llie powerful address which hud just been deliv ered : anil he rose to move, "That tho warmest thanks of the assembly bo presented In Mr. Mab.sh, llie Oralor of ihe diy, for his able, iloqtieut and must npptnpriiio discourse; and that he bo requested In furuMi a copy for publi cation by Iho New r.ngland Society." " J;ir would tn (Jon," added Mr. Iloxu:, " mi il could ie seen, and read, and fell, wherever the name of a Pi'cw England man has erer heen uttered throughout the length and breadth nf the land." It is needless lo add that tho motion was adopted hy a loud nnd unanimous Aye, nnd thai tho announcement by tho President was received with tumultuous nnd protracted applause. The Dinner took place nl 5 o'clock at llie Astor House, uhon some ihreo hundred gen tlemen sat down lo a feast prepared in thn most approved stylo of those unrivalled hosts, Messrs. Ciu.r.JMN' iV Sti'.tsox. An admirable band was in uttcndani'e and " dis coursed most excellent music" during llio ceremony, (which was far from being like many olliers, n mcro matter of form,) and tho presetted of the " Orphean Family," of .Air. Hrutigh, Mr. IVobinsoo, Charles Stetson tied others, who gave, during iho evening, several capital songs, added greally to the nllraclivcness of tho eiilerlainiiienl. Tho clul'i was remnved a till To nfter 7 o'clock lion. M. II. Ci'iilNM.M. in the chair, Messrs. lusiory, lint he bid some sneen! lei-on for bcin tender on thissuhpei of mixed nnniaces. Hut, how ever ihN nnv be. it is true without doubt, thai the old Ilnllinderp nrcallcnnc and ihe Vmkees lnc enlercd into their itilu ritanee and allitd ihem-tlves with iheir posierttv: and fur a I this ihere ire nnotl reasons. In the first place, the llitniin ind Attain Saxon races are descended frnm tho sitne pireiit stock, arid our mother tonaues arecngmlo uulcets, llesides Hits Ihev hive been conterminous thrnutth iho whole his inric-,1 peiiml, nnd hiveleen united by neiahhorhtfld rililimsiiiil mutiul Mad timccs, as well ns Ihe lies of hlnii.l. Ml is uie lint that e"libratrd Dutch Admiral Van Trump, in allusion tn htsnw-n mine, cirrtetl a brnim al Ihe iml head of his hi;,, nnd Ihrcatenett lint he wool. i with it swrep the I'lighsh from Ihe elnnnel; and it is alsi re.-nrded in a jtr.ive an 1 cncinus bisto. ry, ihn ib"Ut '.'00 yeirs aao or thereabout, for nt lhi lime cfiliy, or rather nfilinnt r, 1 won't he pirticuhr annul mie-, iney nt l ;nnneetlt'Ut aive a tilnony enx eomli to one Ile. t Puvekinek. nn hottest Dutch bur a her. and lit ihe wnrds nf the hw, "other w rungs then and ihein did to I ho sud Kvert, lo his dimairo nnd naiinsi the peace." llm, notwiihstamtina these ex ecpitins, we Angh) Rixons, nntl ion ll.ilavians, hue generallv heen upon iho best pnssdde lerms. An I we of .Sew l-.m:,in I have sirona ehims upon voufor nn ecslral hospiljhly. Homer nnd nil llie old poets, you know, mike much nf hercu'tarv hnsnitalitv. ntul son. were hell to pnss-ss the slmnaest eliinis upon (hose wnnniti nnwn liindntss to iho fathers, even gene ran ins i ee re. n true Yankee Ins foraollen. nnd I am sure New Amslerit liner Wllleier rettenl. the hnstntnlil V which the Dni'-li in Ihe Seirnlccnlh Century showed lo ihe Knahsh I'llgrims. Without tint lins'p.iahty, I will not say the cms! of , New K iglind ennld not ji.ive neen ueeiiiieu. nut nol liv lint siere I colony; it would have been left tn nipre ciiminereiil enterprise. We nf New F.ngland nre indebted In the Dutch for an indispensable condition ofour ngarcgalo nauon existence. Iml tlii.su not nil. Not only nre there these com mon Itesol tilnnd, and net thhnrhond and hnspiiihlv there is between us. if I miy so speak, iconstiiiciiiii ilyoffcvlinir. There are two elernenls btiih indis pens thlc In social progress ona is individuality of cliarneter, and anoihcr is a dispassionate adheranee lo principles wiiunui regain tn conveniinnal Inrtns, these great elements of snenl progress seem toper vide iho w holo history of hoih. As I hive sud ilu twn races nro allied, nntl iho nrosnenty of Ihi' areat city, whir h cives laws to the w holo Union, and I IitI almost sill lo ihe world, is dim In ihn comhin el inll.iencenf Yankeccnlcrpiisc and the solid judg ment of ihe Hollanders. Hut the-c remirks must not run into a speech ; and I iliiuht not ihatafier Iho experience of ilu clay, you win siy you une nan n tjnauium tui ol my coeila lions, for one diynt least. I will detain you no Ion iter, nnd beg leave in sugatM a sentiment, prompted ny uiu mo. uk oi ino person to wtiom 1 ursi aituueil I oivo vou. "The llniviin'Duleh ol the Sevcneleenlh.and llie

Nnvanglian Duleh of the Nineteenth Century i -iho filliers entertained our ancestors, nnd the daughters Ime espoused thtir deecendants. The I'residont then gavo tho fullowing as iho third regular toast:- 3. ".Yrie Ungfandt Wo nro willing to sliato her loriunes, nnu lo niuue tier desnny." To ihis lion. Mr. W.sniiF.M of Hoslon replied in a most happy and liumernus nd dress of sonio lliirly minules. ilo said ho camo from tho banks of the Charles ; and ho feared tho Company might think him ihosamo predicament with the person from the hanks of the Hudson alluded lo by tho Orator of iho day j but if hu wcro crazy ho begged them lo behevo that it wns on upon this particular subject of tho cclcbr; linn of t lie INuiv England anniversary. II did not mean lo talk much about his an res Inrs, bocauso ho feared ihe roady wit of the gentlemen by whom ho was surrounded would call lo mind iho old joke, and would say ho was Itko the potato plant the best part of it was underground. In behalf of Massachusetts ho claimed lo say that there was no association in which slio would more warmly sympalhizo than in that of tho Nn England Society of tho city of Now York Society, to stand by New : iifl.iiul, mid ,,,it destiny bo culled hrr destmu, ii (. mil can toil, s"" , . IV not say : but lie of this Society, i lull, it would uu Ilu thought tho cf.ithcrs of Now ,i with civil, instead ft rtfi-ir fulhcr S'tie Yorla tt lavs tlie trosurc of every land nl her feel, nnd innU-j nil na- nun iriuttt.iry to tier civilization." I o Ibis J. Depeysler Ogdun, Esq., rc- ponded in a brief and vorv perlinont speeclj. Ilo closed by giving ns a toast, " ThtCommtmtnr tmr rmtnlrv ! New Knolnnd furnishes wings fur its enterprise it claiiliS lo heat home, at all tunc, upo.i the deep." rile closing regular toast was as follows : 13. " A'eic Hnnland Mjlrnnn Like Unman mat rons, they glory in no jewels hue Iheir children." Mr. GniNNELt,,tho President of tho Soci ety, then said that it might, nol unreasona bly, bo expected that he should make at least n fuw remarks on this occasion. Ho spoko in a humorous strain oflho minding of Iho descendants of St. Jonathan and St Nicholas, and extended lo llm Snnnlo l,i. Imarlipst congratulations on seeing tlmm assembled ngain on such an occasion, tin trusted iho day would forever bo observed hy thoo who gloried in being descendants of tho Pilgrim fathers, and exhorted them lo remember that il was only by adhering strictly to tho mor al character impressed upon them by their mothers, that they could preserve tlie pecu liar glory of their institutions. Ho gavo us a toast "The A'eio York Co'onistn ;-F.xmplir nf the unos cntatiuus but slcthng virtues, honesty and hos pitality." There were hero loud cries for " lloff man," and Mr. Guinnki.i. remarked that lie bad thnuaht his toast would call out Mr. II. in response ; if it failed, ho slio lid feci call ed upon lo enter n protest against all lie had said ri nraiso of the Knickerbockers. Un der tho influence of this threat Mr. Hoffman roso nnd made a most beautiful address of somo fifteen minutes, closing with litis toast : Iho Union ; may tiitaaiiw-Ai-fnTy continue to ,4aric lcrue i's ,se, m kindred annals, a she has shown in lecoriung her own immortal slory She lefl hero in July or August last, for Mexico, via Now York, where she obtained a license, and was uiitlcil in marriage lo (Jen. Forrora, by his representative, the Caiioral not being able to leave Mexico a step rendered necessary, as Iho parties were hoth Protestants, nnd could not bo married in Alcxirn, a (..itiiniic. cnuunj Ferrera'is now PrcMdent of Mexico, having Id" head quarters at the national pilace in Ihe cilV, and this Keuneber " Pielciry trtrl" now "reuis in the Uiills of the Mnntcziimii" Uen. I er ror is of (leiiniii e.xtriietion, and we are given to understand it. an ardent admirer of the insti tutions of tin country, and would not ho oppo sed to the Union nf 'Mexico with the United Slates. A Riicictv. exiensivt! In its ramification, already oxiMs in Mexicn, with a v.ew to tho accomplishment uf such a pr'joct. C3.Q: KRIDAV MORNINO, JAN. 17, 1915. Anotiii:u Scnatoii in TnotJiii.i:- a'lie Hon. Jacob C. Uuvis, nn Illinois Senator, was arrested by the jherilTor Hancock coun ty, on an indictment ch irii'mir hint wilh the murder of Joseph and Ilium Smith. Ho aimed thu pioleclion of the Senate, and they issued un order for Im discharge. Gr.N. Jackso.V. At the laic Presidential eclion, according lo llie Missouri Hepubli- , . .. , t.; :ni...i tint! can, lien, jiicnsoii presnnieu iu u" "i" said in ns emphatic a tune ns bo was flpablo nf assuming, " I vote for VM, Dallas and Tczas." Tho manner mid iho intent wero not lost upon a stern old Whig who stood by, and who imnioiliulcly presented his lick: el, s lying as he did so, " And I, Mr. Judge, vnte for Clay, Freliiighuysen, and the Un ion 1" MARSH'S ADDRESS. We have given up our columns lo-day to iho publication oflho Address of iho Hon Gnoitot! P. Maiism, before tho Now-En eland Society, nt Now-York, on tho 22 Lecrmucr. v o were liardlv nvvaro ol ils length when we handed it lo tbc compositor for, of a truth, the unflagging interest wills vvliicli wc round ourself "telegraphed" through tho refreshing atmosphere of its profound, its brilliantsentenr.es and polished periods, rendered u quite oblivious to tho idea of solid columns and folio naffe. H,n readers cannot but sympathise with us, as Iho source, the subject, and llie occasion, bring It homo to tho heart of Englander. IsWfWicij lo Mr. Marsh, it is but duo lo say, however, that, since the address was in type, and our first sido worked oil", wo have Mr. Dtt.irr.it, onu of the Vice Presidents, received a request not to publish it fiom the followed with this : j newspaper report, as lli.it contained iinny " .lmeri'crin'jm : that which nnkis every native uross blundeis. Hut iho caulion came too ntv aliin'el emen i- ti-t tn l in t tu'lritws nf v ns i. 1 . I.ile. Our readers must niako due allow ance, and correct thu in liter hv procuring alter tlio (,,, ,,,.,,,1 .,, ,, r,,i r .. I.l.-I, u I.. " the n nnn del edilitin. in u liieli sli.nu. It w ill at iho loud call of tho company, Cu uti.tis , shortly appear, Kino, Esri. respondeil. Ho spoke of the i lnS- vmiui uu iiiw.ijs uLLiijiieci ,i int. iiuiiK si.-.tii . , .(,ss ;i, ., t nst rtiiiio ti t ol in.ii, v lonnties. ho took a comp my to West Point, received iimj m 11)V nes soiueliines discord mt, hut the thanks of Washington in person for his .,rt.,.,vs (n f vWCr, for good or evil : for igiluuco. That man left a worthy son J ji, 0f .,.,.,. s(, r(M, ,lal ., ,). ,cl01,. 1 lie lallier s name was ljcu.zer w enster n'lnii an 1 ihealnrtous Deel iratiou of In Ic peti'lence, A great number of volunteer loists then It will boar a second read- COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. We were miiuforni"d as Jlo Or.insn and Rcnningtnn Counlies. lioth these counties iho laws .ind iho pulpits of llio land, failed to have cone iinainst liceiisioe-. Tho countie s Pliu loud and long applause nf tho ntidiuncu counteract ,n evil which that instrunii.nl ' now stand aved him llio necessity of pionouncing llio when corrupted too often excrled. On llio . For ticenumr Windliam. Windsor. other hand, bo begged to say, as tho oldest , Rutland, Orleans, Lamoille, Washington, member present oflho fraternity, tint it was and Essex. 7. an instrument of great power for good ; and Against licensing. Ocnninnton, Addison, the highest aspiration any one connected Chittenden, Franklin, Grand-Isle, Otunj. with it need entertain, is. to know how to and Caledonia. 7. name of the son. For further exhibition of New England character, lie refei red loher churches " with bishops or without bisu- , , i ops ;" to tier poetry, lo nur exenange, nnn er counting rooms. Ilo spoke of her cli mate, which like that of Russia, was like a chccaui dc frieze lo her enemies ; and exul ted over llio fact that though New England hud much of Jack Frost, she had much less uf Jack Cade. Though she had no fair ivunnnhs, she had some highly cultivated marshes; nnd though Burku said a certain weed would grow everywhere, New Eng- nd falsified lliu saying, for lior soil never would bear llie weed of slavery. After some further remarks, hu gave as a toast . Tht In gtiMcc ofour P5rtfalUf&. llicll 'spreads uuJiviiicti, ami opcraies unspent." The President ordered a bumper, and the Orphean Family, in capital stylo, sung llie original of ' Yankee Doodle," The fourth toast was then given, as follows : I. " Tht Clerpif of .Veir llnzltind r Fit rehaious leachcts for the limes which try men's souls, because Ihev trained the whole man for triumph in tlie lime of iri.il." Tu this tlie Rev, Mr. I'nvcn responded inn few brief and pertinent remarks. The fifth regular toast was ibis : 5. " 7'ue Common Sdiioln of Xcir .'neon: Ihe best socuiily for the pcrminenco uf uurim'it ilious." Rev. .Mr. Dr.i.t.nws responded in the very hippy manner, and his address was succeed- :d by the tilth regular least : 0. " The Stale of .Vein. Yor.r nol Ireland, nor Cicrnimy, nnr 01 1 I'.nglinJ. nor even New I'.ig'nrtd, bin one oflho" nld thirteen" of the Ilevolulion the Stvte or rsr.w , nine. 7. " The City of .Vir Ycirr: In the wnrds of the I aifled orainr nt llio list nunivers try, with one hind grasp. tig the boundless hirvc sisnf ihe West, and with Ihe oilier ' espousing iho cverl.iung sea." To ibis Mayor IIarpkr responded in a very biief and very happy speech, in which hu demonstrated that ho bad a right tn call himself at least a cousin of llio sons of New England, and which he closed by giving as a toast, Our Cousins of Yankee Lon l .a mighty smart lotofboys: and mi prellier girls u, all creation." This was received with tremendnus ap plause, and was followed by he eighth regu lar toast, as follows: Our Sister Charitable Sjci'tiis ; We welcome them as worthy companions tn the fj-jod wort; of phil.inlhrcipy." To this llio President of St. George s So ciety responded, with litis toast : " The Tinmlr nf l.ibertu .-In XV llicll all are I'll- glims, on this idc, ns well llio other side, uf the wa ter." The President of Si. Patrick's followed with this: " Vtmoul'i fori; tUa BUrKisione it Now r.ng land." This was received wilh shouts of laughler, which weru decidedly increased by llio re- mark of Mr. Waiikrn, who said that bo feared something bad troubled llio sensibili ties of Ids brother of Si. Patrick : if hu had been troubled, ho begged lo make the reply of tho man who was iiskod hy nnntlier if bo might iroublo him to cairy a letter for him, ' Certainly, Sir,' said ho, " for your Iroublo is my pleasure ' Tho I'residont of St. David's Suciely made a few remarks having reference lo llie recent Uerkshitu Jubilee, and closcJ witli this toast : " 77ii T.Juralion nflurde.1 bv New F.ngland to her children, the grand secret of llu.tr skill and success." The President ol Si. Nicholas' Society told a slory in illustration of bis claim to be as good a YiMikeo ns any one presont, and gavo us a toast, , " 77i A'u Kniland Character! llie leaven lhat preserves its freshness It, nil chimin, and if allmved In remain will always icavm uie i u'iiiiiii lunch it so as to hiing fort I, all ils efficiency, j Il is a perilous task profitless, but self-re- j numerating, lie who wields it Ii is, as Walt told Geoigo III., that which nuinsrchs most do covot, power; and this, in tho hands of honest men. was its greatest chirm, ils pow er lo support tho right and castigate the wrong. Il is a perilous, unwelcome, un grateful power hul maledictions fill upon him if ho fail to exercise it aright ! Mr. King clnraclonzoJ tho Press as llio third estate in this country, and its freedom as the indhani County has given about 700 majority in favor of licenses. Only five towns gave majorities against and those on ly an aggregate of dG votes. SNOW. During the past few d.ixs wo have h id a fuw little dustings ol snow, which have served lo Keep sleiglis in countenance though much lo tin ntinnvuncu of horses nml .... 'l'i,.,,-.,l ... , .. .. t. ..i .. I "V "t" h "' 11 ,u UliHl.lr fill of snow- nf spun, f, ,i t , l,,.f. inches I CONGRESS. Mondav, Jan. 0. Tho Senate, lo day transacted much business, though imt very important in ils character. Scleral jivato bills were ordered to be en grossed ; and the bill for the relief of Mary Ilee xide, tho nduitnislratriv of Ihe last will and tes tament ol James Iteesiiic, was passed. Thu 1 Inure was ctcriitiied all clay in Committee of tho Whole in the discussion of the joint re solution lor the re-annexilion of Texas to Iho United Stalest. .1r Winthrnp cmr.mnnrod Ihe debate, and addressed tho committee up lo Ihe expiration of his hour in opposition tn the mea sure. Mr Douglass, of Illinois billowed, and argued the question of annexation, both on i' cnnsiutiiionaiiiy and expediency. Mr t;i,nginan then .v dressed the cotniniUtee vecch of an hour's lengih, ,Vt-., ,ia ly nn tho subject of llin lif-v-.. .siden nl eleelinii. nntl llin kciihi decided by it. Mr. Yancey having obtained the floor, the coiumiitou M-e and reported progress. Mr McKay, from the Committee, of Ways and Aleaiif, reported several appropriation bills, which were road Ihe lir.-t and second tirng, and referred to the Ci.in.uiitce oflho Whole on llio s'.atoof the Union. Ti-r,D,vr, Ja 7, The Sennle, to day, med, among others of ess iinpoita'ice, the hill luov idin g for tho ap pointment and regulating Ihe pay of engineers and assiMant etig,iiic;rs 1 1 the revenue scr- yire: the lull lo relinquish tlie revers'onary interest of tho United Hiales in rertain Indian lOfervatiims in iho Stale uf Alalia. the hill to run-ululate and amend the nc'i in relation to the pensions uf wiuuws and or phans of naval ofiu ers, feiinpn, and marines ; ihe bill declaring the assent of Congress to Iho State nf Il'inms lo impose a tov upon all land hereafter Mild by 11,0 United S'l'tes, from and alter the linn nlue'i s.iic ; a'U Hit1 In 1 to cmi- lirrn the sur-vp-y and location of claim (or hind's in the Sla'o of Mf-i-sippi cast of the Pearl river, and .south of .Tin if north latitude. Mr NilCf inlroduced a joint r".-olution, of w Inch pre vious no'ii-chad br en given, fur ll.o admission of Te.vas into the Union a-, a Mate on curtail, condt tuins, find for other purpo-es. It was referred to ihe Committee un I-Voign Relation. It will be found inserted at large in tho rongressmnal column?. Tho Senate rpent a sdiort time in executive session. I'lio House to-day reutnod tho consideration. in Cuiiumtteo of the Whole, of the subject nf annexing Texas lo the United Stale. ,lr Yan cey opened the discussion in an eh quent sj ecrh in favor of immediate annexation, and a m.i-t tMU.-tie reply to the rem irks of Mr Cljngunn nf vesteril tv, vv In u rev o.x uig the cause of tho d'f'' I i f Mr I" iy n Ilu' recent couiest for the pre- i'ei cy. lb- was hi'lowed on ihe same sido by Mr Hay v, who ini'de at, able rmMuutiuiial arg"mfi'. showing the power m I 'to legi-lativo tiraneh of th" gtiverniii ttoadni.t Tex.i. Mr S'ctsnn emu iuded the .1 .v 's debate, tu nn'sining; that the quo-turn ol iiiihes.il ion was line belong. . . 'euli.ir y to th" tr rty ui-iku g pr vrcr in tu safeguard of our liberty, no closed by giv iK. " Tlie races of New Ilollind nnl New l"ng!and : they do honor to'lhcir ancestry." Mr. Wauuu.v, with his ready wit, toplied by giving, ".ImeriVcin Hejtublicininn, which yields all bom igolo an American wg." Several letters wero hero read from invi ted guests; mining them onu from Hon. R. C. WiNTintop, concluding with this toast: ' A'cie ftnvhnd 1-ji : let ihem stind f ii to their principles w Inle they in-ty, rente nliei in j ih il there is no new world lo lly lo, should Liberty be prosir.ueJ here." Then followed tho presentation of a silver cup, once part of llio household implements belonging tn tho Rev. .Ions' Kiiiii.n'so.v, iho father oflho I'llniiui band, ll was brought forward by Mr. Tun.wiui.t., a descendant of tho family, who hul ii in his possession : nt which Mr. W .tiiNr.it raised it roar by saying ho never knew a genlleniiii "more happy in his cups." Mi. Turnbull dr.ink llie nd it , -I, i a, h! it m iivos line slipping however ; nml our friends from iho interior may vcntiue in upon ns. We suv un individual, n few das since, who came nil lliu way fium llonnig. ton on runners; nml we hear of good sleighing in all (he eoiintry around. Pel ivs are uungeroiis. Don't otL'ei ilu. !.; rtnler Wo are indebted of Mcssis. M.vitsil I valuable dorotucin. o Ihe polite attentions nd Urn.vji for Mindly fur which ihev will nr. enpt our thanks. Is Ellsvvurlh's leport out ? ROSTON ALMANAC. This is the Rijouof Ihe season llio noat- tho best specimen esl thing of llio kind, and ol llie ait typographic, ext.un. In addition lo tlio ordinary muter of a pocket almanac, it is a complete Director, for tho city, con taining the name and location of neatly ev ery business man in it, and a largo and h.iud- heallh of Iho Orator of llio I), y in llio silver1 snni" ""'I' f Hoslon and its environs. cup, and in response, Mr. M.tnsil gave this Dickinson his long been celebrated for the most beautiful and felicitous loasl : 1 neatness of his uoik; ntul tho untiring' in- tier John Kobtnwnt tlm true Xew L'nzlind Pn-1 duslry ho brings to bo ir upon tho Improve" livlm 'lr New"! j,','. t ! ,!,Bn! "f Cadl -"S ".ber of ihis pub "wWiedthey had converted some, before t'tey slew licalion, ought to command for it Ulliversal any. Tho company broke up at about ono o'clock, after ono of thn most pleasant and interesting interviews they lud ever enjoyed. f.itor. loimTti DtsTlticT. Tho third ballot in tho fouith district has resulted, as we anlici ted, in iho election of Mr. Dillingham by wh it majority wo do not learn. Thus has tho thiid j)H I V orp'iui7, ition ;iL.iin rpciilrid In the annexation of ui inej . 'iv i -i Mayor, lor the purpose of uiidergoiog an exam- 1 x s' ,nu "lu txlus,ol and perpetuation inalion in relation lo tho tlinn ing a man named i of slavery. Amur and loss or life A young Gor man, named Augustus Van Glahn, who kept a slnro in Ailtoo, camo tolhis city on Wednesday, I aiding and sanctionin irotu mat puce, nnu ueiivcreii niinsoil up to the Augustus Stewart, on tho night oflho 2tth hist I nu particulars, us t.tr as ive ran learn, were that Stewart and a number of others, had made an asfault on Iho store of Van Claim on the night ol'the 2111, and wero liinlly dispersed by the Intendint and po.se of Aiken, and m llie follo viiig night renewed Iho attack, when Van filalin, in self defence, tired al Stewart wilh a double barrelled gun with fatal ellect, Iho wound, ed man uever speaking after receiving the shot, nnd expired in a Hliorl lima thereafter. Van Claim offered to give him-elf up in Aiken, but cognizance was iofusd by Iho justice, when he concluded to coino to Ihi city ami surrender himself. Churlrslan Courier, Dec. 27, Factohv Ciiils. Tho I.nvell Vox Popuh chronicle Iho lucl lint a rich Southern unit, on a visit In ihil city, happened u, find at work, in ono of iho factories-, a beautiful girl, the per fection of his ideal, to whom ha at length was introduced, and finding her all ho desired, by the consent of her friends, and auiul iho con. gratulations of nuny, she becamo his blushing bride, and has gone to preside over his homo in tho sunny South. The realities and romances rf Iho factories are nnny and iuteresling. In connection with llio above, tho Kenne bec Journal very appropriately chronicles llio following bit of tlio " romantic." ft-.. I, .....I l.,e.Un.l.,i ...... Iln rmihl not nviHcl slinnLiniv r,f llm ..n.tt.. i siding at cither end of the central table, nndol the toast-which pledged the members of '' ' enKhKnmr Mie InPME NlCltnr.s. llllltrblpr nf 1X7 1'ho President then gavu tlio it?A regu- thaniul Nichol, of jiontuoullll Kennebec Co., Willie ai worts in a laciory in iiorcnester, Alasf. nemo four jcars since, w.i offered very liberal wages In gn lo Mexico, and engage in a f ictory just esnhh'lied there. Hhe.witb eight ollverr, act opted tho oiler. Whdo there, alio becamo acquainted witli.FERnritA, tha presont rovolliii and successful (Jeneral, with whom i-ho run". Irarled marruige. bho made a . visit tn her lar toast, ns follows: 9, " The United Statu i-Ynunger than century years, but uldcr than live centuries in the devu ope ineiil of those qualities lint constitute national gnat- of 10." ".Yew r.nnland Societies t precursors Ihankseirtngs, wherever rslalili.heil. n nv... f, .l, I I'mI,,!,!-it arannles wilh Ihe uionsletB of llio I'jcilla lo illumine our divelhngs lavery. SPIRIT OF THE TIMES. A Locofoco member Kssr.tr) of the Senate of North Carolina, has been expelled from his seat for Inking tho oath and his seal upon a forged certificate of election. He was duly elected, but bis certificate had not been senl on when tho Legislattue met. It was iuipmiaiit to the parly lhat ho should be in his seat llie next il.iy, us on Ins vote depended tho character of tho officers of the Senate, and possibly llio occupant of the Governor's chair. Enuell, therefore, or somo ciiih for him, furnished him wnh a for ged certificate, unler which hu took his sent, without any tifplmiution, though hu says sub sequently that ho expected it was a forgery; tho fact of which was soon ostablish.id bv iho arrival of Iho cerlificilo from iho sheriff of Onslow. Tho volo of expulsion passed by Iho casting vote of llio Speaker all ihu Lo cofoco members voting in tho negative. P. S. He has sinco been re-elncicd bv his disliicl thus establishing ihu f.ici tli.it (with certain persons in North Carolina,) amia forgery constitutes no disqualification for a Senator. Death of a Veteran. Mujnr Ueniiimin Russell, tho veteran Piinier mid Edilor of Ihe old Columbia Centinel,' died in Rbston friends in Maine, last mumicr, during which 0,1 Saturday morning, aged 83 years. Hu the rectiicd fiequent letter!, from Ferrera. was widely known and universally respected. power, air i -i eo li. bomli lib'auicd the llnor lor to iiurrow. WroNrsiAV, .Ian. 8. The most impo-tant business whieli occupied llie attention ot the Senate, tn-diy, w.n the hill to e-lalilifili the Siuithsoiii in InsliMile, for the inriea-e and il, Uu - it ci of knowledge ainnng men. Mr. Cho.ile orciip ed the alluultotri f the Sei ii'e in a vcrv.tb!e speech in favor of tho genttr.il objects id the lull, lie is opposed, h'Hvc ver, 'o the e.',ililihi lent of a perm ineiit sy-teui of piofetsorpliips, such as is propu.-ed by Ihe bill; lliat is, prole.-iors of niiuril history, r.heuu.-lr, geulngy, astnuioiny, and fiieh other. ,i ihe wants of .science nnv require. Ilo is in favor of appropri iti"g-n in ij ir portion of the ac cruing intere-t ($:(l,U(H) annually) to the pur. chase of a inaguiliceiit library for the use of the nation, and of h iv ing a system of occasional lectures by learnnd and seientifij men. Mr Woodbury favored the suggestion, in a few remarks of occisuuiil lectures. He is, hmv. over, an advocate for permanent prulessorship, lo a certain extent particularly as relates to agriculture and for appropriating about half of the accruing interest to ihe purchase of a na tional library in connection with the institute, lie advocated tho rerninniitineiit of the bill, with the view of renmdehiig it to accord with tho views throw ii out. Mr Tappan adioralcd a permanent establishment, such as- was provided for in the lull. The bill was fin illy postponed till to-morrow. In tho ww, Mr Dromgnole, nn leave, in. trodiired a bill declaring llie as-sent of Congress to tho loruntiou of a new Slate within the juris, dirlion of the republic of Texas, and providing inr the adiiiis-inn of such Slate into Iho Union". This h 11 i similar in it terms, and is based on ihe same pr nciples and the same circumstances ils were embraced in Ihe acts cf Coligrcts by which Kentucky and Vermont were admitted into the Union. Tlio House resolved itself into a Ciiinunttce of Iho Whole, (Mr. Ibipkm., of Virginia, in the clnir,) and resumed Ihe con s. deration cf llio joint resolution for tlm rem. nexatinn of Tox.i. Mr Caleb II. Smith, nf Indiana, who had tho floor, addressed tho com inittee, up to the expiration of his hour, in oppn. silion to ihe measure. Mr Owen, of Indiana, followed, and argued in favor of annexation. Mr Hamlin, of Ohio, hiving obtained Ihe floor, Ihe cctnmittce rose and reported pn gross. Tjilrsdav, Jan. 9. Tho Senate was occupied, In-dav, in discus sing and maturing tho bill for iho establishment of the Smithsonian Institute. It was finally recommitted, with tho view of amendment, to meet tho views of the several senators who had ppoken yesterday and tn day upon the fuhject. The Sonne then adjourned over nil .Monday' Thc-question of the annotation uf Texas was continued as tho subject of d ctission in the House to-day, and was debated by Messrs. Ham. hu of Ohio, and Hrengle, in opposition to the measure, and by .Messrs. Weller, and Carv of Uune. tu favor of it Mr .Sample of Indiana bav-tig obtained Iho floor, the committee rose and reported progress. A numberof petition.. &c., wero presented and referred under the rules, as usual. Fridax, Jan. 10. Tho .Snie did not il to day. The llousr. at early hour, resolved itself into a ( omuiitlee of the Whole on ihe Slate or tho Union, and reeumed the rim-idcratii n of the j nut tesobiiiom, fr ,,0 reanncxalion of lexas. .Ur.SimpIo addressed the rotumiitce in opposition i.i the resolutions, and Mr Dean poke in f o r favor, lr Kennedy of .Wary, land next obtained Iho floor, and the" committee roso and reported progress. Previous lo ..ini, into (.oiunnticn of the Whole, Jr Halo gb. nutted a proviso to be appended as an amend, ment to etil.cr of Ihe propositions before lha committee; iho object of which is to divide lexas into two parts, in one of which slavery is to bo forever prohibited. Objections heitii mule, Ilu. propositi,,,, was not received: an3 on the million uf Mr II. lo i.usped the rules to admit It Iho motion was rejected l.y yeas H nayt. 63; net a majority of tvvo.thirds. '""