Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 4, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 4, 1845 Page 1
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rate i1h NOT TUB GLOKY OT C3S Alt 2-U T TUB W 13 X. T A E OP HOME BY II. B. STACY. B U R L I N T ON, V H U M O N T, F U I D A Y, JULY 4, war,. VOL. XIX No. 5. " Whatsoever thou flnclcth to du.do it with tlij might.' Darkens thy path before Ihcc7 Press on, still undismayed, Heaven slimes resplendent o'er thee, Though earth is wrapt in shade. And Ho thy Trust, hath given, Willi word from swerving free, The angels of high Heaven, A charge concerning tlice. That thouth Ihy feet may falter, K'en in thy being's mum, And from Hope's burning altar, Thy light may seem withdrawn j Thou yet shall I less in sorrow, The chastening of the rod, Proving thy suro adoption As the beloved of God. Kor from thy self-prostration, Thou shall awake in power, From tears and lainenlalion, To conquest every hour. Strong, in thy perfect weakness", Thy strength shall never fail, Mighty, in holy meekness, Thine arm shnll e'er prevail. From Pisgah's lofty summit, ISthold the promised throne, Press on till thou bast won it, Willi its rejoicing crown. Press on 1 though the earth alluro thee, Till all ils brhrhlncss gone, It may to pain inure thee, " There's rest in Heaven," press on 1 God bless thy youth's bright promise, God gram, that on thy head Gifts glorious and enduring, May evermore be shed. God be Ihy succor given, Thy soul from gloom to raise, Till can! shall lil.en Heaven, In holy works and ways Till, with seraphic feeling. Thy palli in weakness trod, Should view ils close revtahng, The Paradise ol God! From tho Ladies' National Magazine. THE DEATH STMJUGLE. A LEGEND OF THE KEVOLUIION. I1V JAMES II. DANA. The little town of Chichester, situated on tho M river, was oncu far mora impor tant than it is at present ; for whilo every thing else in ibis wide country prospers, it is falling surely but slowly to decay. Many J ears have passed since I visited h, and even then it was n melancholy sight. Mouses which I could reniemher as once inhabited, were lenantles, and often roofless and fields, which when 1 last saw tbem wete waving wit h corn, new lav wbilo and dcsolate.scorcli ed by Ibo rays of nn Angus! sun. Fences wero torn down tenements were limning to ruin tht! skeletons of old sloops lay bleach ing on the shore even an ancient church yard hard by, was turned into a desolate common, and over the whole scone decay appeared to reign with melancholy sceplre. It was dill'erent once, though that was years ago. It lit I only allude tn the place to call to mind how fleeting every thing is in tins care worn world. About a mile back nftho village stands an old, woathcr-bealeti liouso, built o( thick hewn logs, and consisting uf a single loom below, and a narrow gariet above. It now forms the kitchen of a more modern struc ture, but at tho period of the levnlulion, and indeed, until within a few vears, it stood alono. It is a plain old tenement, and stands at right angles with the road. Heboid it, is, or was a garden, stretching down to a little swamp, through which runs a stream of clear, cold water, of which many a time I have drank. An applo orchard onco stood on the right of the house, and a modest barn in front, though limo may have levelled both .these, long since, with tho dust. Hut this is neither here nor there so 1 will go on with my story It was a bright day in early summer, when a young girl stood in tho door of the house, looking anxiously up the road, as if watching for sonic expected one. Tho sun was just sinking behind tho forest trees, pouring his mellow light along the sandy road, and over tho dark sombre green of tho melanchely pines. Kvory thing was in repose. Scarce ly a broatl7tif air stirred the leaves the low ing of cattle was heaid faint Ironi afar the ..f li.. lint.. ...... ..1 ....1. ... ,u , ... .1,, 0o.,, ,.., na,.iiy in 1 the ear, and the hum uf insects growing uy- ery moment moro low, died at last away, ' fond l.nies which only a wifu may use. j other, m iking a gigintic effort, hu threw his Still thu young girl watched. Shu was beau- Jy all 1l1.1t is hulv,' exclaimed llio agon- ! antagonist over the precipice, so that tho out tiful, but it was the beauty of a high resolve, 1 i.r-d inan as ho rushed from bur bed side, ' I law d mgled in llio air, h iving no support and of n proud form. Neither did she, will avengn this on that renegade or die in I but llio hold ho kept upon llio left iirm of his when you looked at her a second time, ap-! ibo uilompl. Hut Ellen must not know of j antagonist. All hopes for thu refugeu was pear so young as shu first seemed. She was j it, I will wait until shu is asleep . -mil then I nnw over, hut ho determined that his foo perhaps oighleen.sho could not be over tweu-1 deiiart 011 my errand. Cud will favor ibulshould perish with hint. Moniunis passed ly, and yet bid 11 not been lor an air tit 1 ri"bl. womanly dignity about her shu might have! r'riio stars wero faint and few that night, passed for a girl of sixteen only. j sis thu bold farmer e.Moi ling fi 0111 tho kind 4 What can detain him V at lenglh sho neighbor a promise of secresy, stole out in said as shading her eyes willi her hands, sho the nir, armed with his trusty piece, and af looked anxiously from the door. tcr looking a moment at thu sky above. The wurds had scarcely been spnken be- struck rapidly actuss the fnrest. In less than fore a figure emerged fiom tho woods up llio an hour be had visited two firm houses and road and wilh a glad smile, sho was rushing obtained three neighbors to aid him in bis do forward a pace or two 10 meet thu comer, sign. Striking into thu heart of thu finest, when suddenly shu checked her steps, shu they pushed on fur several hours without any turned asji,ilo as death, and scarcely ejacu- apparent fatigue, and almost in silence. At Uling 4 Thu Refugee!' she hurried back to length they rinno lo a halt. "lloui. 4 Their h unit is somowheio about here, I 1 ho cause of her emotion was easily ex- 1 havo learned,' said thu husband. 4 1 heard plained by ' the character of her approaching it by chanco from 0110 of their gang, w ho visitor. I buR. rugeesvveroatlhalday.tlio misiook 1110 fur Hill Richards, who, yuu brigands ol llio counlry. Taking advantage know, was supposed to havo no objections to of llio turmoil or llie limos, and tho absence their ways. I shouldn't tin surprised, if the of most ol tho initio population to tho cunli- knowledge of nn possessinglhis information, nental army, they ravaged tho counny alphas led to thu a'ttuck to-night, will, plundering and burning Cmn hn,i,. 111...1.H o ,:,i r ,1... i.b. and even in somo instances, committing per- sonal violence on females. Hiey wero con- .eqnen uy tuu .er ..r u, , , , vviioto cu.inlry. closo now, and wait till they como up.' Of these men David towel, or us ho was j Thu group inslanlly relapsed into silence, familiarly called from tho da.kness of Ids' nud each of thou, taking up u position he complexion, 'Black Davy, was the most hind ,ree, or some fallen trunk in the notorious. Sometimes moving alone, and -vvamp, vvai.ed breathlessly for tl... approach somelin.es accompanied by others, but als!f thu comers, whoso tnid mi-ht Vow bo ways milking his track will, some outrage, lie had gained for himself 11 noloriuly as wide spread as it was tcrriblu.v It was llie sight of this individual which checked the steps of the young girl, and drove her trom bling, to seek refuge in her homo. But her fear, it seemed, soon vanished. She had scarcely crossed her threshhold be- foro us if actuated by sumo sudden recollec tion, slio hastily turned back, and with nn unshrinking face, though n heating heart, confronlcd tho refugee. Whatever was her motive, her fearless demeanor abashed the renegade. Ho stopped .and was silent. ' What want you what would you have sir 1 why do you seek a lonely house like this at such an hour 1 asked tho girl with a flashing eye. Tho abashed Refugee had by tills time re covered his confidence, and with an easy air ho whistled aloud, and then answered tho girl: ' Not so fast, mist f ess, not so fist wo urn hero after your good man, my dear; and though you have been married only a fort night or so, wo must settle our account vviili him. I have signalled tnv men. and you sou thev aro routing. We must search ouri . 13 . .. . . 1 1 noose como on, liovs 1 anil will) these I woiils tho renegade, accompanied bv three rough looking men, who hail just conn; up in answer to his cull, passed iiiln tho bouse. The young wife fur such she was gaz ed nfier them, and lifting her hands on high, iiiur nun cd a thanksgiving that her husband had not yet relumed. In about a quarter of an hour tho men te turned, anil swearing loudly at their ill suc cess, began to seaicli among tho few out houses for the master of tho pl.ice. The young wife meanwhile, though boliaying no sign of fear, stood there, si-nice knowing 1 whether tho enraged ruffians would not the next moment lake her lil'iC ' Hy , this is too bad,' said the leader, after their iinsurcessfnl search; 4 he will cer-1 " was towniils morning w hen two indi tuinly bu hero sometime to-night lot us wait ' viduals emerged upon the edge of an abrupt for ti'o rascally tebel, and shoot him duwn , hill, uriny miles from tho lefugees. One of on his ow n thiCslihold.' S thorn was the captain of llio refugees hii Tho brutal proposition just suited liisdes- pernio followers, and taking up their quar tors wi'hin, they oidered tho young wife to prepare llieui souio supper. Though loath ing lliu sight of her tormentors, and tremb ling momentarily lest her husband should ar rive, she was forced to obey their commands. She contrived however, always to keep the sight of llie door, so as to obtain a view of her husband, as soon as be emerged finm the woods, determining to warn him. at onco to flee, though she heiself would risk her own life bv the generous act. Suddenly she darted towards the door, for her keen eye had detected the one so long inked for, and waving her h.iiulkei chief, she shouted : Fly fly Richnid fly !' ' What tlie does thu j tile mean ? ingrily exclaimed tho leader of thu refugees, rushing after her ; and lifting hii piece, be continued, 'come on, or ou are n dead man.' For an instant tho lm-.li, mil paused, lie saw at a glance thu siliiiliou of affairs, and th.iugb it w us agoity to leave his young wife in such hands, bo knew it would be cerlaiu death fur him to approach llio house. Mis firm principles had Hindu the icTiigeis and lories bis political foes And he knew that mole than once " IJI.u k I) ivy " bad sworn to lake away his life. His only hope ibcie foro was in precipitate relre.it. That no personal injury nuuhl bo offered to his wife, lie felt almost certain, for deeds of that char acter bad never vet been attributed In the piesent leader of the refugees. These thoughts cast a inomeiitarv clelav which had well nigh proved his ruin. The refugeu cap- j lain had aheady raised bis piece, and when I ho saw the husband turn to flee, ho fn cd. J Hut the self devoted wife, at that very in-' stunt, sprang forwaid and struck up the urns-1 NCI, at tlie peril ot Her Hie. l lie Pall whir. ed harmlessly over her husband's head, and in another moment ho was lost in thu sur rounding forest. Theiuflian tinned with a scowl of a demon on his face, and lifting his heavy pieco in llm air, struck down lliu he roic wife. She fell senseless and bleeding lo tho eaith. The Itefngeo gazed on bur a moment, and then with 11 cuise, called his men to follow him in pursuit of tho flying husband. An hour after, the husband returned, hav ing escaped bis pursuers. Language cannot di sci iliu Ins emotions on beholding the con dition of Ids wife. A neighbor chancing to p iss, apparently sumo tun minutes after lliu refugees had dop.iited.discuvured her sense- ess on the ''round. She was now scarcely revived, nud mold wiib ililTu-uliv sneak. I.. . .. 1 . 1 ,. sliu strove lo smile, and lainlly exlemleil ,nr llnd , wr l,,,.!,-,,,,!. rs.i hi,,, in iliose ot hear u tread coming through tho woodsl' h is it w,i havo found lliem-lio heard, growing moro and ...ore tlislinct, as they aiipio icbed. Dirm-llv vnin. u'erii ru cognized, conversing in a careless tone, then a loud laugh rung across tho night, and a munienlary silonce, onu of thu approaching hand hurst into a som, 4 Now is our liuiB,'vhispDred tho husband to ono of his companions, tako the right hand man, and leuvo tho leader to mo ; ready, fire.' Tho report of their rilles rang sharply through tho wood, and three of tho refugees leaping into tho air fell dead upon the gruund. Tho piece of tho husband Ihshed in the pan, but diil not go oil'. The captain of tho ren egades was unharmed. Spiitigiug back n fuvv steps from lliu roveit, whero Ills assail ants lay concealed, ho shouted, ' Wo are bctinyed we must run for it my boys and before tint unruled, pumier could well understand his intention, bo had turned and lied , follow cil by llmso of his band who still leniained behind. It was no time for hesitation. The Im filed hus band was llio first to dash from his cov- , t'M, and without p losing to see whether the fallen men were dead'or not, ho thundered, ' I' or ward, forwanl pursue (liein lo the .1 ...... 1, I . I I I... .1 ..IT . ur.iiu : .is nu tiunii nu ii.imihi hii in pur lib I' As bo suit, ills eoiiip mi nis hesitated hut a mo ment, and then followed his e. iinple, Thieu of llio refugees hid escaped, but litem vveie four in pursuit. Fear seemed, how ever, to h.tvo seized upon tho runegnlcs, else why should the)' have retreated before n force so little exceeding their own! It is inoliable, however, that they imagined a fir ere iter number of the enraged iuli ibitants were on tho track, for they eonhl sc.ucelv siipimsu tb it four men would lnvo tho lurif ihood to penetrate te their fastness, when their lull number was known to equal a do.- en. H Intever was the motive, however, 'bey continued their flight, their pursueis tho vvliilu piossing hotly in tho teir. pursuer was the injured hnsbind. lluth llio companions of lliu outlaw had already been ovoi taken and slant. I he eagerness of tho husband had oulsliipped the pace of Ids companions, and after a puisuit of hours, he was now on the point of coming up with tho refugee. Tho rapid pace of the two men, pursuing and pursued, biouglit the I liter lo the edge of the abrupt hill before ho was aware of it and he saw tit a glance that further flight was impossible. He turned and betn Id only one foe in sight. Ho could hear the ihouts of thu others, far behind in the forest, and lie rosolvud to grapple with the foremost pursu er, and by deslioying him ellert his escape befuro thu iilbeis came up. He turned at bay. Tho lilies of both the eonibatlants hid been dischaiged in tho pin suit, and they now stood face to fice with no weapons but theii hunting knives', A moment they stood ga.. iog at each niher wiili nil 'heir mutual linu spat Ming in their eyes. ' Vill tin murderer traitor hoarsely ejaculated tho husband,' pala w ith pabsiun, as bo darted at the refugee. The out! iw made no answer, but he scowl ed it moit.il den men at his foe and di awing his knife, awaited the onset uf his antagonist. And it was terrible. Fur a few moments so inre.ssanl weio their thrusts at each other, and so rapidly were these thrusts tniitii illy parried, tint tho eyo could hoi follow the motions of the combatants. Now one no v llie other seemed to lnvo the advantage. I he dry leaves lluw in showers aro 1 lliu contending foes, and tho dust tosn in clouds biding llieui often from sight. Not a word was spoken by either combatant. At length after nnu or two slight wounds on either side, at a desperatu ibriist mado by llio husband, his knifo struck against the iron buckle of his ! antagonist's hell, and was shivered into pie ces. The refugee saw his advantage and raised his knifo to strike. As a last hope his pursuer grasped his wrist. A desperate I stiugglo ensued. Until were men ol great I I...I lli .11ll 11.. I, iviiui iitrnriiK ri.i'nti'. l-u ii woiiou 111 iiis 1 igm iii 111 wiis j,.,, U'ips uiu weaKoru! tne two. .11er a proiracteu con test hu yielded, and in a fierce elTort uncle by tho hush and to obtain thu knife, it flew from llio refugees band to tho distance of siiuin yards. Uy ibis tiniu tlmy had imper ceptibly been drawn to tho very edgo of thu hill, whero a ruggid precipice of sumo fifteen feet, shot perpendicularly down beneath ibeni. Gathering every eneigy for this I isi endeavor, lliu pursuing husband strove lo force thu outlaw over the precipice, and hid 1 parliallv succeeded ill il, vv lieu the gravollv (li 1 1 ...l. .1 t:.i 1 mim - "') "' " ' " " 1 bind ho lustily grasped 11 twig, and with the away, at every emu ul whim lliu ii.tiiK give way moro anil morn. I hu utmost enoris 111 tho viclor to shako off (ho dying man wero in vain, nud hu felt lb it his last hour bad come. Ho hoard no moie, even thu shouts, of Ids friends and wilh 11 sickening sens ition, lie fell they h id either lost their way or deserted him. Could lle-y only h ivo anno up, hu might hivii boon saved. He fell tin. twig begin lo yield huhid already slipped half off llio Ii ink, and (ho struggles of thu dying man wero beroiuing moro d.isperalu uvery mo ment. Ilo ga.ed at llio gulf below. Broken limbs of trees, and uprooted pines lay ming led promiscuously together, so ill it to fall into tho abyss would bu certain destruction. The coiinlenaiico of llio outlaw already wore a demuniacal smile in cuntemplaliou of llio ruin lo which ho was dragging Ibo young man. And that bridegroom was there hope for him? Alas! all was gone. Ilo gave one. Iho'l of his hii lo 0110 look Inwards j heaven ono prayo Uh.it his eyes agaim ivcr lo his God, and then ainst llio awful catastrophe bo (ell had comu. Suddenly, how-over, a sharp lepoit, as of a rille, rung wildly in his .us, and at be sauio instant hu felt thu bold uf lliu outlaw relax from his at m. Iloopen- od bis eyes only to behold Ibo dying man shouting liku nn ariovv down tho abyss only to sou his mangled body lying shallured 011 iho trunk of llio trees below. Ill a moment bo was drt.wn ..way from llm b ink. and clasped in thu tirms uf his companions who coining up ut tin. very last moment, 11 111 ny shunting tho outlaw in thu hoarl, rescued their friend from a horrid death. It was 11 q lac night, thai one, ut llio little farm-hoilsn, after thu return of the hardy ad venturers from tluir expedition. Ellen was by this limn ront'ptelely recovered, and a happier evening never was spent by two fond young heai Is than by tho young bridegroom and his bride. The icfigees were from that linio extirpa ted in the vicinity. Hut their memory yet survive s, anil though the Incidents of tins tale, depending hitherto on tradition for preserva tion, aro now known lo few, yet theic nie still living, or weie sumo yeais ago, ono or two tottering pilriirrlis, whose oy cs would kindle, nuil whose bu'-ylt would comu quick as they told uf thu unity's faje. Tho spot vv hern tho lastness of the refu gees was located, is deep in ono of those tangled swamps, which skirt the shores of; the ,M liver, and which aro almost im pervious to the sunshine, and impenetrable to tho foot of man. It is many a long day since the vvriler of this little sketch penetrat ed to it under llio ttiid.incu of an old woods man, and ho will never forget the refreshing draught ho took nt the little spring of cedar water, hard by the site of llie tenement. Tho iiido cabin which tin: outlaws had con structed, had for yenis lain rolling on the earth; the wild deer had trolled gaily over tho spot where il onco stood; young sap lings, and then ruggid trues, had sprung up within the circuit of its lallen walls, and only a few decayed limbers, crumbling vviili nge, and covered with moss, betokened thu posi tion of tho (headed habitation. The hill on which the final encounter of llio cjmbalants took place, is, to this day, shown not far finm a liltlu cieek, emptying into the M riviv , miles from Chich ester. 1 1 is still a bold, rugged, broken prec ipice, though wilinn the last forty years it has fallen considerably av.av through "the action of the snow and rain. The little ravine into which lliu onilaw fi ll, is now half filled up with slides ol'earlb from the piccipice above. Tradition however, slill preseives tho exact spot whero tho last conllicl occoired; and well do wo reniemher tho eagerness with which, in our boyish days, wo listened, as ' wo stood on llie very brow ol the hill, to an old veteran's thiilling account oflhe outlaw's death struggle. A NI-:W AND WONDERFUL, .MACHINE. I'liere is nothing which moro slronglv I characierizes llio power of human ingenuity I .L ...I . , " I than thu invention anil construction ol a su-1 potior piece of mechanism. Tho inventions 1 At nn earlv candlo light the store was re of Aikwiight weie of this n ilnre. !iy the ,y dosed by the faithful acciuntant ; and substitution of mechanical power 111 plaro uf , , so,, !ls , ,j (,011L.i ,)(, sut.v r,.rnf. vc.,i llio n.ind, volition, anil r,Ur iostii-t of , inrreduiou,j merchant commenced llie tho oi,eranvr tl.y lm-i gradually changed v,nfu ,ask f ,-! ov,.r UIU examining all the h tints and iKcup ilions ol a great portion ilm ,,Sm e r.,,- I.i....ir i di n in race Wesivv yeslerd IV ono of these new in veiiliir s, vv Iih h iippe.113 lo us destined to ef fect similar c hanges in due course of time, although uf mm II mole limited extent. It is 11 in ichine for making Tuscan braid, the ma luri il out uf which, as our readers arc well aware, llio giealer poition of tho hats worn by all classes of our female population aiu inado. The world is supplied with this ma terial at present principally fiom Tuscany, whero the plait or braid is made by band. Ev ery peasant girl may be seen wfth a pieco uf this work before her, as commonly as wo used lo find tho Dutch gids in old times with their knitting before ilmm. The plait is made ol a straw ol peculiar fiueurss, which is grown fur llie purpose in the fertilo vallics of llio Amo. The straw is imnoried hero in liundbs of some six inches in longth, and with these little pieces llie machine of which wo aro speaking peifjic.nj.its work, execut ing with one band 10 diivo and lend il, the work of sixteen operatives in nuo day. A mindle ol llieso straws is deposited on , jj(0 lYanie 1 he 111 ;it In no singles them out, rejects the imperfect ones, raises them, spli ces, plaits and cuts them at the proper inci pient, and carries oil, without cessation a conlinuous braid of very regular and uniform texture, and of a delicacy of vvoi kiiianship superior In that which has hithcrlo been ac complished by tho most skilful fingers of Tus cany. Elislia Fil.gerald, machinist, of S5 Chris tie street, ts the inventor of this intelligent piece of vvoi k, which is creditable, in tho highest degree, lo his skill nud p ilieut ineii- nj,v 1 : ,U)rl.v ,,f ...u ., !.....'.: , . ... . ;

Iteiiliun as a siipeiinr plero of machinery, finm lliu '.iso ind peifection of ils movement, without rc- gard to its intrinsic value as a productive source of wealth. It winks wilh very liillu fiicliou, can bu moved by thu hand, of a child, co-.ls about two hiindrc-d and fifty do! ...rs, in.,, ias ueen paten.eu in inn uniio.i Stales an. in England, and other parts ol j.; ope. I ho iisu ut the intention 111 tins country has already been sold by tho inven tor for what appears to him a largo sum several thousand dullais but fur a price which will, in reality, heai lint a small pro portion toils actual value. He is nnw-going to Europe, and will doubtless ho able lo dis pose of bis right on belter terms in that coun try, whero Iho merits ul thu invention will lie moro leadily appreciated. Mr. Ellswoiili, former Commissioner of llie Patent office, who, fiom much experi ence, could generally distinguish at unco be tween genuinu and spurious inventions, spoke uf this at thu limu of llio application fur tho patent in Iho highest terms. And any ono win. sues il in opei.iliou as wo did yestelday, cannot fail to bo struck with the singular ox ccllnucn of tho invention, and to wish success sincerely 10 iMr, Fitzgerald, who isono'of our own lolluvv ciiiiuns, Wu wero indebted 10 Mr. Detbridgc, of 27 Aleiehiiits' Exchange, who is thu agent fur llio application of this machine, for U10 opportunity of seeing il in operation. Y. Paper. Mil. IIualv. This guntlenian, witli llio pntlrall ho painted of Gait. Jackson for tho King of llm Fiench, left this place on Thurs day night last for Lexington, wliiiher hu pro ceeds vviili iho view of painting for thu sanio distinguished individual, u pnrlruit of Mr. I Clay. The individuals spucially embraced in us miss nn were, wu neuevn, uen. juvis ..... f.1. ro..., Mr Wnlisti'r. Mr. Adaon. sun, I'll, wiujr, . and perhaps Mr. Calhoun -A'asAui'iV.! H7i., June 11, SCIF.NCL! OF BOOK-KEKl'ING. The Knkkcrhochcr publishes tho follow, ing capital story, under tho caption of Ilooki Keeping, or tho Ricli man in spilu of Him self." If il afford our leaders hdf the amusement wo have deiived from ils perusal, they will thank us for giving it a place in our columns ; Wo aro indebted to a fiiend for tho fol lowing authentic anecdote of an old New York merchant, whuso name, were vo per mitted lo mention it, would sound familiaily in the ears of many of our metropolitan readers : " In old limes it was llio custom of llie merchants of the city of New York lo keep their own accounts in pounds, shillings and pence currency. About fifty years ago a frugal, industrious Scotch mot chant, well known to tho then small mercantile minimi nily of this city, by dint of foitunato com mercial advenliiiu am ecunoniy, been ena bled to sivo something liko four thousand pounds, a considerable sum of money at tliat period, and one which secured to its posses sor a degice of enviable independence. His places of business and lesidenco were, as was customary at that time, under tho same roof. Ho had a cleik in his emnlovmonl . . . - , , v hose leputation as an accountant inspired tho utmost confidence nf his master, vv hose irugai nanus no eimualctl with tile Hue spo il and feeling of a genuine Ciledoni Il was usual for tho accountant to make an annual balance sheet for the inspection nf his master, in order that lio might see wliat had been the profits of his business for tho past your. On ibis occasion the hal.incu sheet showed to the rri dli of llm biicinc ov f , i. i .. i . ... llboiisiiid pounds, which somewhat astonish ed the incredulous merchant. It canna be," said he, "yn bad belter count up ngen. I dinna think I ha' had siu piofilable a bees ness as ibis represents." Tho clerk, with bis usual patience, roex iniined the state ment, and derlaied thai il was " a' light," and that lie was willing to wager his salary "I""1 lls correctness. ' ",uw u.ii pu..ieu merchant scratch ed Ins head with surprise, and comniunred adding up on both sides tho account fur him self. It proved to bo light. " I did n,,' think," slid ho, " that I was worth over four thousand pounds) hut ye ha' made me a much tidier man. Week week I m:n tit' hneu mon, soccossful tl, m I b.id il.'i .! ' Mi,' quarrel wi' mvsel' for beiii" worth! . . ' - . .. 9 ,v thousand instead " Night after night did ho libor in his suit lary counting buuso nlone, to look for llio j Wi'lliam Gifiurd was bound out to a thcema error; but every ex imui.itiuii confirmed lliu j;(,r, aflur mM,s bBrved a number of years in a con ectness of the clerk, until the old Scotch-1 small cmetcr as cabin boy. llemg too poor to man began to believe it possible that be was i purchase stationery, he used lo hammer out as reallv worth " six thousand pounds." Slim-1 s.nontlily as possible small bus of leather, on nlatod by this addition to his wealth, he soon ' wh' ll0 ycd problems with his aw 1. In la. ,. ,. , . .. .1, ,..,..,1:,: , r 1,: . tor vents his critical awl pierced the sou 3 of lull a des ro to improve tho cotillion ol his -, 1icke?8 tcriljbl,i 1 household ; and with that view made pur-1 ' , chase ol new furniture, carpels and other el-, ,. , e-Miicies, cunsis.-nt with the posiiion .,r a iMistakixo -run I r.xr. Somo choll or man possessing the I irge fo.tune of six thou- i" onso Iron, misunderstanding reasons. sand pounds. I'.iinleis and carpen,.,.s wero ' ' io oveu.ngs since, a good l.ousewilo 111 set to tear down and build up; and in a ; l'chr-stor, was greatly surpr.sed and w or .1 : l.mn.v. ...shboii-o in Sim,,, "Clli because tho servant who carried, llie street was renovated in such a degree as to attract tho curiosity and envy of all hisneigh- ' , bors. The doubts of llio old man would still how ever obtiude themselves upon his mind; and ho determined unco moro to maku a thor ough examination of his accounts. On a dark and gluomy night hu commenced his l.ibuis, wilh thu piiiunt investigating spirit of a man determined to proho the m itlur to 1 the very bottom. It was pist tho hour of j midnight, yel bu had not been able lo detect ' a single error; but still ho went on. His heart high with hope, for hu had nearly ly teached the end of his labor. A suspicion sei.fil his 1111111I as to ono Hem 111 lliu account. Uurclut! He h 13 found it. Witli tho ficuzy of a madman he drew his broad brimmed white hat over Ids eyes, and rushed into tho street. The rain and storm were nothing to linn. Ho hurried to tho res idence! of his clerk in Wall st.; leached the door and seized thu hindlo of thu hugu knocker, with which hu rapped until the ri(.jiljorliouil v.as roused with tho loud 11! .mn 'i", ,,nortun.itu clerk poked Id night cap out of an upper window, and de manded, 44 Win's (here I" 44 It's me, you damned scoundrel !" s ti l llie frenzied nier- haul ; " Yc'vc initial up the year of our Ufd (( , iC .,,,.. 1IC, u., t. flct T)U .ldll()ll , ,lu vuar ,,. LorJ among tho items hid swelled Iho turliinn ol lliu merchant somo two thousand pounds liu- vond lliu amount. ILLUSTRIOUS MECHANICS. Ad.un (ho fadic.r uf all human race, was a gardonur. Ho had. however, a tlrango propon sity for lasting unw holo-oinu fruit, which pro blem! very injurious euects, both upon iiunson intl lus oiTspring. 11h was a shipwright and a husbandman ; ho nivigateJ the whole, earth in his ark, and got "seas over" in hi" vineyard. Solomon was an ,ii.im.i;i, .1 'j. nnu nu l...,,,,l.r. I,i conduct, however, was nut always by line and rule, lie trod tho circlo of dissipctmu, was erratic III ins imagiiiaiiuns, aim ii.,icu OWIl IliaXllll'i U'S COIIi-CIUUCU " 'iniSi mind, however, reclauuuil mm, ami 111s repan unco is tho inol beautiful of tho works which ho h is left for tho conlcinplaliuii 111 ma species, The Apostlo Paul was a lent maker, and la bored with his hands at his vocation, while he endeavored to infuse into the minus of Ins fol. low- men, Iho important truths ul ruvoi.iiion. While, ho ecreoned litem with earthly laborna- da from Iho woalhor, hu held abovo their souls 1 i.n ,n ris nf 1 iviuo protectiun. Matthew waa a poor f.elieriuin, lie reliniuili od his humble calling (or that of a uns.ioiriry, nnd toiled assiduously to draw men from the Uory billows of perdition. Qumtus Cuicinnatus was a ploughman, and was nivuked tu ths government and dictatorship of Koine. Hi' labors 111 tno political Imld were successful as.hoso upon ll,u soil. Arsacos was a private mechanic, and wa called to found thu Pathian Empire. Ho built ,,il,r a tinvvorful nation, erected for hlmsnlf mansuloum uf fame, which Is indestructible. TatnerUne, tha I'cinmicror uf Aeii, was also a mechanic; he rough hand Bajazet, and carv ed his way to fortune ami glury. Alassainelle, a Neapolitan fisherman, was raKcd to the command of fifty thousand men, and gave up fish lines (r linos nf bayouctr, and river seines lur seines ol carnage. t , r , i r . , , John fit I.IV'll.in. lit l.tfil,inl'. H-aa n tiitttir. ,m ' ... . .1 i . . i i i . . r I ro oto tho ihgiu.y of king. I lo cutout for bun- sofa bad pwo of work, however, and after-1 . .ii.is u.uiiu iiiu unauiiiuio unu. jug youso uiu not uy won, .uno. the famous Ilishon of Constantia. who had tho largest diocese in that country, was a weaver. He directed his intention lo the habits bath of until and body. Stephen Tucl'nor. a hitter in Uppe Atria, was undo general, and eoniianelod sixty thou can.! of an army, lie made 'nts fur others, but preferred lor hun-clf a chapeau. Wahner, a shoemaker, succeeded him in coin timid, but was slain by Count l'apeiiliciui. He converted his awl into a swurd: ".lis last Etalo was worse linn the first." .Mr. Ediniiml, a baker, of S'orling, in Scoll ind, showed Midi unparalleled bravery in tho .Swe dish warp, under that "thunderbolt of war, Cus taviis Adolphus" that he wa made a general. A maker ot bread might be Mippuscd to know how to rie. Peter the Great, Emperor uf Russia, worked at ship.lmilduig. Ho learned the Russian Ua.ir how lo manage a boat. Charles II., uf Englind, was a tnrnernf ivory, .. ...... u ..it-.,.., ..r s!... . .i . i .- ,.' ..m ..it hi j ,'i .-ji.iiuh ui. en ono iruin Ills morning as! at the lathe. Ho turned his mind, however, to other ninuitctnct.li. which tasked his health, and pi red away his repiitalmu ..... ft, ' . Louis , of I ranee, was one of llio best ( watch. mailers of his reign, lie forrrot the bur. d-.Mis of power, in following the light footsteps of tune, and escaped tho lltittcrings of parasites, on the pinions of chronometers. William IV., of England, was a sailor, mid roc from the Inrecastlo lo the throne ; heiinn aged the ship uf Slate with tmilical a.ld.-e-s, and beat her a considerable way up the luibor of Roform. Ittsnj iruin Franklin was a printer, philosopher and slatpsuian. He drew lightnings from Heav en, and left his name m largo Caps upon the annals of his country. His spirit is among till! " George Vasliing'on, Andrew JackFnn and Win. Henry Harrison were fanners. I-'rom the pursuit of agriculture they went forth to pursue the enemies nf their country, and from the fields of Heath gathered the "Golden Immortal." Sir Richard Arkwright, who lin-t conceived the idea of spinning cotton by means of mv c.iunery, passcu inc earner years ot Ins lilo in pursuing the humble occupation of a barber. His genius proved blighter than his razors. John Leslie, Professor of Natural Philosophy in Edinburgh, was the son of a poor fanner in ''"V" Scotland. Ho was empluyed 111 llio ca. n....l.. ..)' l.n..l....... IT!.. I ..... .. n.iriiy ul herdsman. His pencil was a btick and tne ground his slate. Front being Hie com panion u cattle, ho becafne the peer uf iearned 1,l"n. James IV v .,-.., w. .11 early years a ehep- h'-Tii, watched llio s!a-s at nlghi tike iVn prede- ces.-urs of Clia'cJou, ami liku thorn was led by- Ins tivoruo piauci to tno contemplation of llie goodness and magnificence of the works of the . IV-.,,.. ''.' ',d one of her neigld.ors, ca;uu back, and f,'"1 "Mt ; Mrs, TT V " ? , , ' iiisii i. i.,i. is ,fi 111.-1 , iui auu 31 1 ,iiiiui, lilt; inoasnrc. Having always been very parlic ul ir to put into the milk ketllo considerable moro than the exact measure, sho was at a loss lo understand thu cause uf so cruel 11 re mark, so, at once, sho undo a visit lo Mrs. C. in order to get an explanation. The 10 lief of her mind may bu imagined, when .Mrs. C, who was utterly cunloiinded thai such an idea should have been suggested by her, icplied ''Why! I told yoiirinanih.il I liked very much to tako milk of you foi you always gave scripture measure !" Sonio limo since, tho Yankeu schooner Sally Ann, under command of onu Captain Spooner, was beating up the Connecticut riv er. Mr. Comstock, the male, was at his sta tion forwaid. According to his notion of tilings, the schooner was gelling rather too near certain flits which lay along the lar. hoard shore. So aft ho goes to llio captain and with ids ha( cocked on one side, says: 44 Captain Spooner, you arc gelling rather close to llieui '.ue It its ; hadn't yuu butter go about lo winch Captain Jspooner re plied : 44 Mr. Comstock, do you go forward and attend to your part ol llio scuucler; I II attend to iiiiuu." Mr. Comsiock ' mi.zled' foiw.ud in high dodgeeii, 14 Buys," said lie, sen that iru mud-hook all clear for letting go. ., , . ,, 1 ,,.,i. , " A '"v's""i " lcll';,r; LetP' , ... 1 , 1 1 1 sud he. Down went the anchor, out rallied thu clniii, and liku a lli-li the Sally Ann caniu lulling lulu llio wind, and lliuu brought up nil standing. Mr. Cumstnck walked aft, and toiii lijug bis Int very cavalierly, 44 Cap tain Spooner," slid he, 41 m part of llio schooner is ul anchor." Tut: KuLixci Faissiox snto.so t. Dn.vni. Tho following is from Dr. Lever's new work, "St. Patrick's Eve." 44 When Fath er John was giving him tho riles, ho says, 'Phil,' says he, 'how ould aro yo now." and llio other didn't hear him, hut went 011 uiut leiiug lo himself J and the priest says again, ' 'Tis bow ould yo am, I'm asking. 4A bun di ed and forty-throe,' siys Phil, looking up1 at liim. 4 Thu saints bo good to us,' says John, 4suro you're not that ould, a hundred , and fortv-lhreol' 4 A hundred and furly. 1 snveu !' ' 4 Phuw ! he's muru of il a bun-' drod and forlv-seven 1' 4 A bundled and i fifty,' cries Phil, and be gave the foot of lliJ bed a lilllo kick, this way sorra moro and - ho died j and what was il but the. guineas hu w as coiiiitin' 111 a stocking under thu chillies j all Iho while I Oh, inush.i ! how his suul was in llio monuy, and ho going to leave il 1 all ! 1 l.oe.d Father John say, 'it was well 1 :',:, 7 . , , ZYV h ., d I, vv.,,,1,1 they found it uut, for them d lie a cuioon ' , . ' , , 1 laue" 1,IUI" ecl sederunt ; and they wer n all tuck 11vv.1v in a bag that night, mid liurieil by the Pricsl in a saycrei place, where they'll never bo found till the Day of Judgment." CiEot.oov. Mr. I.ivvroiuc, in a lecture on Geology, at Louisville, Kentucky, in speaking of changes in thu earth's surface, said that " The Mississippi river within the last two hundred years has advanced thirty miles Into tt.n r,.ir r v-.i.... . i . win, im .tiuMcu. iviui oucrvai on proves .-. .1... r-,. .... . . . . . T lu"ulc u"i 01 .Mexico lormer y cx'oiide. ng I- up ,,, vv,nro , , nfih G . h All those most boundless bottoms evtendin 1 1 ."" i.iw cwuuii-iii i.,rv oi iiiuinis, once were oc f-nin UlCSOUlll ...... . I ll! - i ii jiuu uj no arm ui mo sea. itus tilling up has been dnno at the expense of the country watered by tho.-o rivers. Hut much llie largest portion of the mineral nutter earned down by the river i conveyed ton great distance intothb uceiin. There it s distribiiteiTIn layers upon lid bed. Laverafler layer i.s thus formed, which, in process of time, by pressure, by chemical af finity, and by other causes, gradually becomes consoliditcd into the hardness of ordinary rock. 'This is the h.story of all the rocka in the west. Every pirt nf tins vast country has, at some po nod, funned a part of tho bed of tho ocean, which then received contributions from other lands, from which all our present rocka have been lonncd, and has subsequently been raised to its prcr-cnt elevation, tbuvo it. This is like wise ilciiionstraled by the ahundanreof organic remains funnel in all uur rucks, all of which are uf niarinu origin. Another cauo of change is the weiring action of rivers all of which in tho west havo excavated I In whole of their channels, through which they now flivv. When they com monced running, their beds wore higher than the highest point along their shores now are; for llie.-e must have miflured some abrasion ;-- lieoce ail the hills in the wpst havo been prudu- ..i... I... ..lb ui iiiv :ai iihii; uui;ii niuuu' CP, ,y ,e aclmn f ,10 .ViUCr-.-, instead of hav. ing been elevated, and aro from this circum stance termed hills of degradation. It was shown that the sea and land gradually change places, that portions of the earth aro gradually rising and encroaching upon the soa, while ethers are as gradually sinking and are encroached upon by tho sea. A recent elevation of tho country through which the Missouri flows was supposed to be the cause of the rapidity and muddiness of its current." Nr.vv and hiror.TANT Invention A Mao nktic I'msti.no Trixar.AHt The application of this hidden and myoteriuus powers, to tho purposes of the rapid transmission uf intelligence is yet in its infancy. There is now- in this city, a telegraph moved by the power of electro magnetism, which perforins that which, in our boyish days, we would not have believed, if wo had read it in tho Arabian! Nir.hts. Wo havn j seen a specimen of printing clone with the usual letters ol the alphabet, and as legible to a child as the clearest type, which was cvr.uied atone end of a magnetic wire, through a direction given at the other. It is true, as incredible as the s'aiemniit miy seem, that a man might, if the wires were laid, now sit at New York and, with more rapidity than our beet compositor can set type, print at .New uncins a letter or des- I mtth in 1I10 ordinary letters uf our lanftiue. I In. s, few-tl 1V4 th. 3 invention vvd! be made mora (jenerallv Known, when we wi.l be, at liberty to i pnoak of it irturu luliy. At picsent arran"oinonts a-o making for iho perfection of the patelits here and m Europe. The telegraph itself we havo not seen, and in riukin.r ibr jrird to it are obliged to.ak a mB incautious ly from horesay. Hut a. far p. our ln,uir,e3 g0 there is no reason to doubt thn rbn,. that have been made to us on this s ibi,., , .,. as the practicability of the thing itself, now ih it h is been discovered, carries no improbability upon the face of it, it need not be cmcstioned. The effects of this invention can hardly be an- ticipitetl. Tlie substitution uf iho usual alpha bet lor llie hieroglyphics of .Morse s telegraph, an important and valmble improvement uonn one of the most wonderful discoveries of the age. lU. l'Oil. Navoleon's Attempt to pass the Red Sea. Tne author l Eoihcn, or Traces of Trav el, after mentioning several speculations as to the point at which the Israelites passed the Red So 1, ono of the suppositious being that thsy had traversed only a sin ill creek at the northern extremity, near Suez, proceeds as follows: 'lNioleoii, when at ouii, made an attempt to follow tho supposed steps uf Moses by pissing thu crock at tins puiut ; but il teems, i.-cording lu tne testimony 01 me people at uez, ttiai no and Ins horso'iien managed the mailer in a way mare reseinbli-g iho failure of the Egyptians, than the success of the Israelites. According ti the French account, Napoleon got out of tho dilliculiy by that warrior-like presence of mind which served bun so well when the fate of na tions depended on tho dcciiou of a moment.- I te ordered his horsemen to disperse thcmsclrett in all directions, in order to multiply the chan ces nf finding shallow water, and was thus ena bled tu discover a line by which ho and hid pvoplo were extricated. The story told by tha peoplo of Suez is very different. They declare that .N'apulcon parted from Ins horse, got thor oughly submerged, and was only fished eut by the people on shore. I bathed twice at the part ass gned to the Israelites, and the second tuna that I did so, I chocc tho tune of low water, and trieJ to wall; across ; but 1 soon found myself out of my depth, or at least lu water so deep tint I could only advance by swimming.' A CourttMENT and A Kcni'KFjJNic!at of Iho Charleston Mercury having asserted 4 the only way to luuch the sensibilities of tho North em men is touch their pickets," l'rentlco saye "tho sneer is a very contemptible one. That editor ought lo know that it is a very easy I'liug i" iuucii int.- uuinris ui .soiiueni men - Let a case of distress be presented lo them.and I 1 4 uis'i mo wv iv.ct;iiis,u ill 1 IJUUU ailU I ,,luir poois ai0 iUUched al onco and touched deeply. No sooner was tho d.stre-sing tale of tho Pittsburgh fire circulated at the North, than the pockets uf the citizens of Philadelphia, New Yuri; and 1! istnu were touched to llie tune of nearly 1(1(1.0(10. If there is a way tn ths sen sibilities of Northern men through their pockets, there is also a way lo their pockets through their sensibilities. If either the pockets or the sensibilities of the Charleston " chivalry " have been touched by the Pitteburgh calamity, we Invs,' not icceived Iho interesting intelligence." IlAr.Mt.Ess Explosion. Thi Fourier Asso ciation at Bates's .Mills, Ontario county, waa or. gaiuzed about a year ago, has exploded. No lives were Inst. No blame atlarhed to the Oantain or hands. Tha Association vrns rnll.s,! ihe "Ontario Union." It was formed under tlie most flittering auspices. Tho brethren of the Phalanx adopted this wild system of social ccon. o.ny and period npialily, iii the full belief that frtrura workinga would meet their mom "Sl" ''"P". d prove to all manincl thM p , nt,,i onB yelu t us fnltc(1 tlerv -i'i,, rm'on" is dissolved, and the Brethren will fall back into iho old track, ashamed it May be, but surely wiser men than they wero belore. The 1"8"" '3 " hard onu.no which wo trust few bo ""'Pvllod tu learn vim. C,tzt. 'lro were 401) buildings puf up in. the city ,:ol .Montreal in lbia. ast year risinj u7 ahJ ,,,,, Mr lMr lwu Tho city ar 700. lKr.,cli . mirLot house SOIt leet in lenclh. of hewn bto.ie, to cowl 1.0,000. Every thing I kcuve.