Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 4, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 4, 1845 Page 2
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IPIFJIB IPIBIB8B Prom tho Boston Daily Advertiser and Patriot. OODENSBURGII KAIL ROAD. NO. IV. No ncrson can hive rend the three preceding num ber! without being satisfied that the facts, huwever imperfectly stated, most cle.itly make out n prima jacit case. Most renders have probably been rur prised that this project has not before been pressed upon the citizens of lloston, and so strong is the evi dence, that one is di posed to look about and inquire whether there mav not be some mistake in the mat ter. There is no mistake. Tito whole truth has not been told. Facts upon facts might still he staled in confirmation of those already adduced, while not a single objection of the slightest importance can bo brought forward in opposition to the project. There is no way of selling nt the weak point nl n ca-e so certain as by npplvimr to it opponents. Now the city of Portland, and all Central and Southern New York, consider this undertaking as directly at war with their interests. Portland is alarmed lest it should prevent the construction of their contemplated Hail Road to Montreal, and Central and Southern New York oJmit that the Ogdcnsbiitch Road, when com plcted, will draw from its former channel n grcol amount of Wistern trade. If there was a defect in our case, these strong opponents would point it out It OUT project WAS H wiiu aim iiiiiiii.iii iuic uur. nn-j would crv nut ominst it and show its absurdity. They attempt no such thing. On the contrary they arc bound to admit, nnd do admit, tint our case lun answerable. Tho Portland Advertiser, it is true, ob jected to tiecnly miles navigation on Lake Champlain but the twemv hiving been reduced to an easy and certain ferry of Arte, that paper is probiblv satisfied. The Editor of tho New York Courier A Enquirer, after slating many of Ihe prominent points and lending facts nt our case, eonci ides a long article as ioiiows : "We sav cordiillv to Boston, both as to ihe Bur lington and the Oenenshiirgh Hail Bond, as we have before nid about the Western Itnilltoid go ahead you cinnot thrive wiihout our thriving with yni but we siy to the rily of New York with even more em phasis arnnso yourelf lo the emergency be up nnd doing mike ymir rail road to Albany make yoifr Kric rail roid and that right soon, or be content to take the skim-nirk., when it is wrlnn your own op itnn in tnUn Ihe rreitn. of the WVstprn Irnile." Tlmrp is. nerhans. no town in Central New York ihni would bo mnio affected bv a diversion of the Western trade thin Rochester. Snnalrd West of the junction of Ihe Oswego Canal with tho l.rie, t Ins cuv has already been annoveu ny too vveiinno i-auai, ana ; .1nni mm because the I.epilaiiiro will not inter- faro nd tnn ihe current now sellirirr down Ontario. She will 'amor in vain, While our Legislatures arc liberal in promiiliug works or art, ttiev win noi ne hasty in destroying thoo ol mtuie. If it is i heapcr and hotter to forward inerchandi-cby lakes and river? than by cinils, the people will tKvrr submit to n no privntion "f such tmurnl rights and privileges.. It would be expected thit from s ich i souri-e our project would be a-sailed. If it posses ed i weak point, that we.ik point would be ma te uent lo I lie nest nuvnn inr.reei.nt ihe cumulation of the undcrtiki.'.g. - Yet the editor of tho Roebe-ter Daily Democrat, one rih nrmi-lnnl Miners in that citv. in a leading article on this subject ,nftrr sla'ing tnc nriMimcnts in favor of the (gutnbursii lian iionn, concimicsns hmiu. iti,p. nrr. the nrincioil arifiimenis urged in favor of this nw proj. ct. They are plniible some of litems and, on the whole, mine out a prciiv rair .cntl'iri.'nilv so. nl ill events, to awaken the at. tenlun of the people of Western New York, if not of u s:iin If ihe Mid oter i built, unless there i n chingcof policy in the mimgement of the r.nc cinal, its com merce will lnctioulv affectcl, and s,i ihe trade r .!. r.,ii. nf Vii- Yurk. If the line from O.'lens burch to Boston wis now in operation, nnd the tolls upon Ihe r.necinil wero what ihey now are, one half of the produce which now comes il mil Irom unto, In diana, Michigan, Wi-consin and Illinois, would seek that route, because it would not be merely the most -.vna.liil.ina l.nt itpfutcdlv iho rheaocst. But there m it I en rhnngc of policy. Th people's representatives will not be so insinc as to drive. voter iean commerce into 11 Hrui-h clnooil, when its clou Ms. fleet iasccn to he. not nurelv to iiutmveri-li our own Stale treasury, but lo enrich tho treasury of n foreign power, and to nnl.p the commcrciil emporium of nnutber Slat", the gieat mercantile mart of the immense West. ... We shall endeavor to procure statistics in a day or two, to show 1st. How much more it will cost to carry a bit rel of Hour from Chicago lo Ogdenshurgh than fiom Chicago to BulTilo. 2d. How much it costs to catrv a barrel of floui from BufTilo to Albany and from thence to Bo9lon inrl N'nw York and 3d. What it will probably cost to carry a barrel of floor (rom OjJenst urgh to Boston. Those statistics will enable the reader to appreciate Ihe necessity ofu ilungour policy In relation toour public works." These slaiisiies were given in our second number, which tho Democrat has probiblv received bv this time. In speaking of ilic local and Canada bus.ness the Democrat enjst "It is further urged, tint tlie rout would pay, be cause ihere would be n large Meal business done upon it. The counties lir""?'' which il passes, contain a Donnlaiion nftoOOOQ The annual vnlue i f the ngri cultural nro'uctious is sei down at 41,000 000, nnd il,c,r manuficlurrs nt 85,000 010; an exaggeration, in our opinion. Great stress is hid upon Ihe iron ore, lead,cop,ter, marble, soip stone, ipc. &r., found there in rich abundance. The travel of the Upper Province of Canada is also referred to as nn ioiporiant source of revenue! nn-l properlvs for ihere is noduuhi. if n road wasbnilt ihrougli ihe Piovmce, a great deal of fierrhl as well as travel, would seek this ouilei ; fir the ilifir encein lime and expense between tins route and ihe St. Lawrence would be very great." Such are iheviewsof our nnimnents. Thev admit thalourcase is so strong tint il should "nwiikenibe attention of the people of Western New York, if not of Ihe entire Mate." I.rt ihe people of Western, Cmiral ond Southern Xew York quiet their fears. Let them remember lhat the Western country is rapidly increis ingin population nnd in marketable products; lhat Slatesarepeooled almost as fist as they can he estab lished on tin f ice of ihe earlh; that the business of lhat immense territory must be done nl the l".nt ; ond that Boston his a right lo her fair proportion of il. If Boston! s Irustto herself she will Itart il. T. P. C. GEN. VAN NESS'S LETTER. Tlw following letter having at length round ils way lo ihn public. wo givo it lo our read ers as an item in tlio history of the limes in which they may ho supposed to fuel some interest. There is one little statement in it which the writer, we thin!., will find it some, what difficult to verify, viz : lli.it ilio Col lector "actually revolutionized it the Stale of Vermont from a warm federal to a dem ocratic Loco Foco Stale." That would indeed have been an achievement worth boasting of, hut we ralher llrnk his ex-Ex- cellency lias a very vivid rerollectiim lhat the thing icas never done ! No one knows better than ho thai the Slar of the North nev er sols! Tribune. To James A'. Polk, Pruident oflht U. Statu: Sir Il i understood that you nrenbotit to remove irohl ii. t umi i iski-onecror oi ino I'ort oi ww vork any injustice or opptoision lo or upon private Indi viduals? In short, any mal administration or official misconduct ? To all these inquiries there la a univer sally negative response. I will not dwell on what others any but you say yourself, unreservedly, that he is an able nnd upright officer; thai he discharges the arduous duties ol his trust without impeachment or exception; and that there Is not a more efficient txccutivc aicnt under Government. Excuse me for what may possibly be considered, somewhat digres- ve. ... We . then, I renent. what are the reasons for wis removal? Why, wiihout adverting to insignificant tnilus mi l .!(-, imsfiinreA of n neraonil charncter. and of no weight, he is, it is said, not sufficiently popular in New Vntk, whilst a i.me contempimie press, nnu nrr inns nn exnresston mritvetv obtained irom n coi eelion of a few individuals, Intricuely managed, te- solve lhat he is not a genuine Democrat, (of their r.rrp,M whilst nt ihe same lime the cenuine Democ racy of the city and Stale testify to the contrary. i lie agitators are met ana comronieu un mt-ii uwn ground, at their meetings, outvoted, routed, and de feated I Tnc mcrcantilennd business lommuniiy with one acclaim pronounce the merit of the collector I Still, jou siy, as guardian and conscrv.ilor of the pub lic harmony, VOU nre DOOno lo compo-fj lilt iuimi! agi'ation, assuming lhat the removal of a faithful ond nble officer, Ihus pirthlly and facliously sought, will hive the desired cllecl I it I misstate inc case, wish In Itn f.nrrnrlt.,1 ami ndtnonlshed. Well, then, ngain, sir, here is a rncmner oi tnc uue n.i.,r.rti. rtrl 1 ( A iiir-nr-fiii nnoiois (il is unncces- sary to retrospect in detail, for, however honorable Ihe inheritance may tie wncn ii ooes occur, i noi m an ndiocatcot the natural anu necessary niiem uc scent of nncestral meiit.) who, not referring to hi' ed nentioo nnd nrnrpssioonl nursuits in the Slate of New Votk, has Irom luseainest mannoou anu enimoce on the stage of human action, been cmpioycain incpuu lie service of his country I uhn.afier having removed from New York lo Vermont, held with great reputa tion Ihe responsible office of Collector of that SNte diirini! the late war with Great Britain, when the bor der circumstances in the Canadian boundary region were of n criiicnl character, both inn military nod commercial view ; who was afterwards chief Justice ortli.it respectable Male, and lino, lesiucs, an impor tant agency in digesting its jurisprtidentiil code ; who was auerwaros seiecito as uie uninirsiunei ii mc Ilniied Slates, under treatv for establishing and then running the cenlrnl section of the boundary line be tween us and ihcCanadas-n service which the hon ored Albert tinllalin told me himself bad been per formed with " consummate ability," ns was tuny fle veloned in the dinlomilic ngencv which the grent mnn sill seqiieotly conducted, on our pnrl, in London, on Ibnt subject t (nsk that venernble pnlrint himself, now stnnding wilh one foot in his grave, in New York, whether 1 belie or misrepresent liim !) who u-ns Mfii-ru-arils tnivernor of that State. (Vermont.! and actually revolu'ionizid it from a warm federal lo n democratic Slate ; who was then nppointed by Inc immortal Jackson, .iluusler flenipotctitiary lo ppnin, ivherp. nmoim tnnnv n'her iuinorlant dinlomalic set- vices to his country, he opened and ltd the way to ihn final rerntrniiion. bv the narcnt eovcrnmenl nt .Mndrid. nn obtect of groat interest lo 'his country, of tnc ituiepenoenee oi inc pinisn ameuenn couuirie- a tact, which in special nonor ana compliment to him and his countrv. is recited or referred to by the Spani-h government in the solemn inslrui.ients of rtvouuition now on reiord in the archives ol the gov einmen's (inauirc. if von tilease. of vour Mini-ier in Mexico, and he can osccrtnui nnu intoim you nt inp ficl i who his sinco been unanimously (I was going to say, appointed) confirmed by the Senate of the United stales lo tnc mosi imporiant oince under our government, (below the t'nbinel,) Ihe duties of which he h.i pcrfotmcd with ndmirnbte succesas above re cited and admitted (one of the Cabinet lately stated tint in the Collector s appropriate duties, ond Ins in tereo-irse with the Government every thing "went on like clock work ;") who has, in the recent dec lions, wilh an honorable and consistent fidih'y to bis polities and party, hid almost inllueniial asrency in producing existing results ; n man, in fine, win, in a career of fortv cirs past, in all hi' public employ ments, and undcrnll circumstances, has been nn uni rormnnd undevming Democratic patriot. I nsk. tlien ji.nin. is ibis man now to be thrust aside with coniu nely and indignity lo bean object of scorn and contempt, to oraiuy me sen um iiosinoy ! of n clique, one of whose main organs is a little press conducted hy two nnprincipieu ami oincrwise long- nincant, ptccocious young men, proitscs, anu inn er Ihe gnid incc and tuinon nl a ponucai rnarisi e men vho, now presuming wi ll impudent falschaod to at tack the democracy of the Collector, wercin tluir mo- t ber's wombs whpn ne was in ine lull career oi I'eiu- cra'ic public service! Isall ihis now demanded lo frntifv- ihi nersonaldisannointment and Dohtical hos tility ol a corrupt ana wonuiess icw, or in puiwmc ulterior purposes, liolli scllisii ana amDitioiis- or oouii tint I renM. these nilions heretics those oretendcrs. upstarts, ond false prophets, sir he is not orthodox with all our Increasing production, have ruled for year t in the United States. At no time in a series of years has wheal on the sea board been much below the average of 81,15 the bush el; whilein the ports of the Baltic and tho Black seas it has not averaged probably for a like series of years over 90 cents. . ... - As to Indian Corn it Is not consumed at all in Eng. land by human beings and only under particular pressing circumstances is it fed to animals. We cannot therefore but suspect the good faith of those, who knowing the facts in the case, persist in representing that our agricultural products would be benefited by Ihe adoption of free trade theories. How much otherwise the result would be, mav be inferred from this single statement, lhat nndcr exist ing laws nnd hy tho security they nllbrd to capital invested in manuinciuics, a large population wiiu drawn from agiiculture, is fed by those of whom they would otiitrwise ne competitors as producers insieaa cf consumers. The State of Massachusetts striking ly lliustrnie.s mis iruin. Ils bconle are as intelligent, laborious, and Quick to discern their interest as any other. Formerly agri culture, the fisheries and commerce, absorbed all their capital and enterprise. That was in the period of low duties of Ihe prosperity wa enjoyed as a neutral na tion and the common earner of the world. " hen wars ceased, ond peaco restored to encli nation its own share of commerce, the policy of this country necessarily changed with changing circumstances and ihey who before were importers of all manufac tured goods, became, of necessity, manufacturers on their own account. The men of Massichusetts were among the first to go into the new industry nnd withdrawing measurably from agriciiltuie and from commerce, a poriion of the people and nf the capital of the stale was devoted to tinnnficlures. dWhitislheconsequencel Whv.thitn Stnte which formerly sutlicrd, or nil but sufficed Tor ils own sub sistence from its own soil, is now nn importer from other Stales, morn fivornbly placed for agricultural nursuits. ond less favorablv nerhans for manufactures. or more Flour than all foreign nation) Xogttltcr take from tig. Mere is mo estimate t Imported into port of Boston for N2, '3. " bv the Western Rail Road, Estimated amount diisrihnted by Rail Road between the Slate lino nnd Boston, Estimated import into other ports of Massachusetts, Bhis. flour. 610 000 103,000 I00.OO0 120 000 Bbls. flour. 935.000 But we have already seen that Ihe annual overage expori oi ivneii ro on inc world lor a series olvcars, did not exceed 4 millions hiihU nf wheat equal on 5 l.iihel to I lie barrel to 900 000 bbls. flour. So thit it would rem that the demand created in this one ."(ale ror tho ogriciiliurol products of the other Stales, by Ihe successful prosecution of manufactures, has opened o new and more extensive market In nor own overflowing granaries, Ihnn is furnished by all the world besides. Sorely it is not wise for nny interests to attempt lo disturb a system Ihnt produces such fruits. past rill redemption, and for nil limp, n whig statu in enlivening a diminished whig inn jurilyofa lew liuncirtl into ten thousand in '40 and finally, in saddling upon ihn party- in this slate an antediluvian regency infiu enco, which, like ihn "Old Mnn of ihn Sea," in the ilory of Sinbad the Sailor, tilt astride their shoulders commanding them hither and thither, nnd refuses to "down" at the most imperative bidding. NEW SURVEY. We havo been furnished wilh the follow ing statement as the result of the new sur vey between Rutland and this place. From this it will bo seen that the route, instead of being one of insurmountable difficulties, and utterly impracticable, is in fact one of easier grades and cheaper construction than any equal distance in New England 1 The dis tance, it will be perceived, has not been in creased, white tho grades are reduced nearly one-half, and Mr. Gilbert, tho surveyor, de clares his willingness to undertake tho gra ding of 24 miles of it at three thousand dol lars per mile. Assuming these facts to be as stated, we cannot resist tho conviction that the first survey was made in bad faith, and willi a view lo ruin llio route. Whatev er our preferences might be in the premises, wo could not omit to hold up to merited con demnation such perfidy as litis. Mr. Fcllon n I must wash Iiimei.lf nf tlil Irnlisaclinn. nr war with the United States. I , .. .. , , , , lk Hie appearance of the American arpiadron '" eieru.iny uisgrateu in " liminary to a final anil definite trolly of peace: Therefore I, Anson June, Pri anient ' the Republic of Texas and coniinatider-in-Chief of tho Army and Navy, and Militia thereof, do hereby make known these circumstances to the citizens of this Republic, until tho samo con he more fully communicated to the honorable Con f;ress and Convention of Iho people, for their awful action, at the period of their assembling on tho 10th of June and 4ih of July next; and pending (lie said ucllnn, he-virluo nf tho author ity in me vested, t do rnJulrf-clare and pro. claim a cessatiff. nf hostilities, by land and by pea, against the Republic of Mexico, or against the citizens and trade thereof. In testimony wftere.nL I have caused tho Great Seal nf Ihe nonnhTis ttf he hreunto affixed. Done It Washinalon, this fnurlh day nf June in tho year of our Loid one inou. l. b. sand eight hundred nnd forty-five, arid ol the independence ol mo nepi c me lenlh. ANSON JONES. By the President t rJBEN'R rtttEff, Att'y. jcn. ana Aclintr Secretary of Slate. Tho names of tho members elect to the convention aro given, and they aro saiu to embrace ihe most distinguished men. of the country. Most or nil of them aro reported to bo in favor of annexation. FROM MEXICO. Tho U. S. slnon of war St. Mary's, which re turned a few days since from before Vera Cruz, had, we understand, no actual communication with that citv : Ihe officers bnintr imwillinj: to trust tboinsclveis or niee-on shore, nn account nf the prcat virulence of the yellow fever. They learned, however, lhat Iho Mexican Congress hail adjourned for a shnrt time, without having token any decisive steps towards the resistance of annexation, nr mine any preparations lur FROM TEXAS. The steamship New York arrived at New Orleans on the 17lh inst., from Galveston, which place she left on the 14th, bringing news from that place ten days later than Iho ,isl previous advices. The principal event f which we are thus informed, is the issuing of a Proclamation bv President Jones, in which be announces tho conclusion of a trca- . . t i nit; i m to nit; nmiiii tn no' ty with tlie government of Mexico, subject Anna, late President of .Mexico. he is not of the true (that is, our) Democracy' Why sir.if vmi were well atnuainied in rew l ork, you would -i-cil is tho Inse, corrupt misrepresentation of row ctnicnijitiiitr. tools, unwomiy ol uwroeppcior consider.! lion of iihigb-miodiil diul tiriuoit communi ty. Be assured, Mr, Ihe people of the city and Stale of New Vork will not. for I know something of them. tolerate Ihe ignoble slanier. A to tliepretended flg- iianon wntcli iris thoupiitso important to compose, besides that the very removal of ihe col lector may not he unattended wilh agitation the other way, nny'mon of intelligence and olwervalinn knows that if tin; I'res ilent had at any time announced his determination not to reinoie, in forty eight hours time, nil would hive been quiet and composure. Upon the whole, if you are not already convinced, on the principal points in mis case, uy me nnnoratue onil respectable Individ, ml representations and rcmonstrane a made lo von, oihers may -peak out in tones and tlishes of thunder and lightuintr. ihit tnav make Ihe earlh irembleiinder the very feel of thus, who occupy ihe pinnacle nf nieir rouniry s cunsuiinionai eminence; lliose win not heconvulsionsiending lo ravageour pohtical fab rics, I, 'ii lopiuify the political aiinospherc nbout them, and thus to aid in restoriii". imnrovini?. nnd nreserv. Ihe he.ilih of Iho free nnd jirnteciing in-tilutions l hantiv neonln. Should ihe f!i,llir.nr nmt his menus ,lrom considerations ihtlerent from their obhga nous in you, mum proper to prevent the actum com mo'ion of stormy (lemenls, the lowering cloud wil nevertheless not be disnersed. At rest on vour tnfiv perch, I sec you contemptuously recording all ibis from an humble individual benealh j but, sir, you have out vei iearrieo so mucn, mat experience may not teach you u little more. Sir, I repeal lhat I speak freely. Werel to be mule or SVCOnllint on ibis Oct nsion. I u-ni!d fnnsi,lip mv. sc-u loo degenerate, boih ns a man and a citizen of lliat iree ailll exalted htnle over wtnrh vnn hnvn I i honor of nt present presidio?. i am, w;itn nign respect nnd consi leralinn. your iiocuieiii i-nizen, JUI1.1 r, va- iSI'.Sa C. P. an Ness, Hsq , 1 Leg leave lo siy n few words to you on that subject. This shall bo done in terms of resnecli whilst I boast, with a nnde I trim not tin becoming, lhat I have n right lo speak when I behold a serious menace of impending wrong to one in whose fate I am not without some personal intrrest, and in whose ruin there is m be a violation, vou will find, noi only of sound policy, bur also ofihe sicreil principles of both private and public justice. I f., minutely need, and therefore osk nothing for my.elfj and you will near me wuness inni i nove never annoynlor Irou bled you in relation to appoinlinents, excetu for. per haps, about fifteen minutes in ibis one case Vou then treated me patiently and courteously, not saying BUY llliogui yui iH -in, Now, sir, a functionary of your high station, power, and responsibility, in tins iiovernnient. is not in act without reason. Vou are ihe moral and poliiiesl head of o great country. 1 need not lell you thai. hilt I n is vour duty to promote its physical and political im provemenl, vou ore equally responsible for ils uiornl Inn.Cln Th. mfl.a w.ll 1... n,,n,l uLn i. eoisnre so. A cominunilvof hnoest. honor aide, bioh minded individoil-. will be of tho same character. llesides the intellect, fosier the feelings nnd principles of honor in the one, and you w-HI clevoleihe character of the other, and immortalize it on the rollsof history; and moreover, you will yours.-lf, as ihe ruler, tand oeiore pnsipiiiy in k.oii'ius association won u. uui, sir, on Ihe other hand, cherish and encourage the vi cioua propensiiies of the unprincipled, who can ac ouire disnnciion and siiccis only by the arts of de- t raction from, and depression of, superior merii ; who surround you with their cloaked weapons, most dan gerous toa Ihe mot ingenious ond most honorable! whose insiduous shafts, despatched in ihe dark, speed most surely to the destined and unguarded victim t and you are sure to numiiiaie and mnrttly trie good, honorable, and high-minded. Klevate human feelings. and you ennoble the human character and multiply human blessings) humiliate them, and you sink your fellow-men to degradation, vice and misery. Placard and repel, therefore, the wrctehea who surro-md yon with their intiigues and machinations against menied distinction, and rest only on the firm perpendicular pillars of exalted and virtuous ministers. The Colle tor, it s 'ems u to he removed, This beinjf, from Ihe importance of the port, a subject of some aisiinciiiio. anu miner moro man urumorj puu lie note, as Is obvious Irom numerous demonstration in various q-iarlers not limited hy, or asennatile I ru.rflnnnl nartialilv. there are anxious innuirles for lli reasons of ihe prr.posed step. Is there any defalcation ia ihe public funds? any want of talent, industry, "or efficiency in the niansgcment of the public business 7 under Commodore Conner, is said to have pro diiccil great consternation at Vera Cruz. Rein forcements were immediately thrown into the castle, and expresses started for tho capital, un der the apprehension of an attack. The formi dable force which the United Slates Government has placed in the Gulf, as well as the troops up. on the frontier, as also the decided wilhnjjncs exhibited both by the government and people ol that country for a little tilt at arms, Ins donhllcsp had the effect lo abate the ardor of Mexico in a corresponding rate. The Mexican Government appear" to be threatened with a new conflict of d fTicnlty with France, in consequence of the representative of the latter Government, tojether with Ins secre tary and others employed about the legation, having been maltreated by a party or country men and soldiers. The particulars are not (riv en by the Diario, hut it Inlaid llut the French diplomat has demanded lhat prompt and exem. plary punishment be intlicteil upon the nflenders or that his passports be at nncu civon hull. The most important Intelligence received by the Till is the arrival at Havana ol hen. rtatiu His wife ac- honorable men. By llio survey which has been made be tween Rutland and this place by Mr. Gil bur, il is ascertained that the following grades may he had : G miles -10 feet per mile, 6 " 20 to 30 ft. per mile, 8 " 15 " 20 11 " 10" 15 " " 31 " 0 " B " " 65 Total miles. The reduction of grade as mido by the Survey recently completed will not involve any additional expense. his country four years since now himself driv en irom power and a wanderer. y II 1 1) A V MOKNINO, JULY 4,1315. TIIF.SKASOV, TIIR nit IN CHOPS. run taiiifk ami Tim :oh. liMVS OI-' UNGl.ANU. As usual, about this neriod. rumors and snectiliitlnns abound as to the condition nf ihe erowinir Groin crops in this coumry ond in England, and hopes or enri. are inculcated, arci ruing 10 tne interest ol tlie piriicsi, oi lading crops, or overage crops, of delv ciency in rite English harvest, and of prospective ex port of our own auiulus. The season nn the whole, as far as on examination of the papers over a wide region of our country will I'liiitin-u ii conclusion, ins oeen nvoranie 10 wneai and although in Ohio and Dossil Iv in one or two olh er wheat growing districts the crop will not come up in tnat oi last year, mere is nine reason in doubt mat upon ihe whole the yield will be a full average one. The winter generally was not uufavorable, and the grnin was too tor odvonced in the spring in he mate nallv affected bv the subsequent drought. Moreover the breadth oflan-t devoted tu wheat culture is nnnu ally increasing in a proportion far beyond the relative demand either at home or for exportation, and partial failures therefore, here ond there, will liitle flTcd the general aggregate. ve hue een in various papers a statement pur porting In he ial.en from a recent number of llunt'i Merchant s Momzine. that the wheal growing region of the United Slates now "embraces 500,000 squire miles, or 420 000.000 acres ol laud." 'Ihere is obvi- ou-ly a mi-take in the figuree in ihis sioiement, for iceording lo the Ueport from the Palenl Office, the estimated wheat crop nf the United Stales in 1544, was o iltlo over 9 i 000 000 bushels. IViw at the very low average of 10 boi-helsto ihe acre, nine and a half million nf acres would yield ihis qnaniity, or nboui one 30 b'p-irt ef the number of acres above estimated as iievoiH.1 in wheat cuiiure 1 hew heat cron of the rioted Sto'es mov probably be safely put at 100 000 000 bushels, equal lo twenty minion barrels or Hour, doubting in value tne wnoie cotton crop, nut large as is the production ol w neat, it is noi nnefourih in number nf bushels lhat ol Indian corn, which l ist yt-or exceeded 421 millions of bushels, and constitutes Me great staple of the country. In reference to these two great sources of our agn rulintal production and wenllh. it is sometimes said inai ny a more liherol Torill, in other words bv di uiinishing the duties upon Kuropean manufactured goods, we should proninie I lie exportation of wheat and Indian corn, and consequently the prosperity ol Ihe cultivators of the soil. In iho same sense, it is sometimes argued, that a repeal i f the lliiiish Corn Laws would be advania geoiiotoour agriculture. There is. in our poor judg ment, no lorce, nor semblance of force, in these as sumptions. As a matter of fact, and the seriea nr tlil n,,l.. lished from lime to time by Ihe Treasury Department u ill prove iu that our annual avernee exnort or u,hai and fto'ir lo all ports of ihe world for a long series of .- i . ' it- I - 1 , i . . yesis vtueu inriiis were nntu nnu vtnrn inrms were fow did not exceed four and a half millions of bush. els. and of Indian corn or corn meal noi probably two millions of bushels. Theso are such small fractions of the whole pro duct, as con manifestly exercise little influence upon prices. llut vel a more deci-ive argument against sn ben efit resulting loottr agriculture from reducing duiiea on foreign imports is to, be found in the prbe of wheal in Europe and Asia, ol ports nearer than those of the United States to the marUtsofEngland, which alone is habitually an importer of foreign groin. trihA fnrn Lwi uf Knirlsnrl were reDeoled. Ihe Serf-labor ofPolsnd and of Ku.sia would supply ihe English with wheat at rates much below thoss which, to llio ratification of llio Congress, nnd con- ' companies him, together wilh two daughters and vcnlion of Iho people, by which the ii.de- f tl.roe scrvar.ts. lie came passenger from Vera - ' ' "." Cruz in t ie British Eteaincr Mcdwav, Captain nn,l....n C I... 1 I t , - i.-iiii.-ii.u ui i cans is iiiKiiowicugcti, ana Andrews. nroclainiina in the mean limn n rs.atinn r,ft The Diario do !a Marina of Havana nf the 8lli i .'i.- , , , . . i nisi., mew iiiiiuiiiit:t;s inu arrival inure ui uiu hostilities, by land and sea, against Mexico- Rngisn B,e,lm,r Dec, Captain Hamsley, from This of course disposes of Ihe report lately Kingston, Ja., having nn board, as passengers, brought bv a gentleman to Washington, of "cn- Anastasio DiiMamente, the former I'rcsi. .7 . , . . , , dent of Mexico, now probably on Ins way from an actual conflict between tho armies of the England to his native land. It may be deemed two countries between tho Rio Grande and a singular coincidence that hn should meet, at ihe Nueces. I avan!t the very man who expelled him from

It appears from this proclamation that the treaty between Texas and Mexico was ne gotiated through the good offices of tho rep resentatives of Great Britain and France, which were tendered unconditionally, no terms or conditions having been proposed by either of the governments, as iho considera tion of tlioir friendly interposition. Captain Elliot, il is stated, arrived in New Orleans llio New York. Tlie following is the Pioclamatton of Governor Jones : A PROCLAMATION. The Executive is nmv enabled lo declare lo the people of Texas the actual slate of their af. fairs with respect lo Mexico, to I he end lhat they may direct and dispose of them as they shall judge best for the honor and permanent interests or the Republic. During ihe course of tho last winter it reach ed ihe knowledge of Ihe Executive, from vari ous sources of inhumation (unofliiial, indeed, but still worthy of attention and credit,) that the late and present Government of Mexico were disposed to a peaceful settlement of the diffi culties with Texas by the acknowledgment of our Independence, upon the understanding that I exas would maintain her separate existence. No action, however, could bo taken upon the subject, because nothing authentic was known tillthc month of March last, when the Represen tees of France anil Ureal Hrilain near llustiov. crnmcnt, jointly and formally renewed i lie offer nf the good offices of those powers with Mexi co, lor Ihe early anu peacelul settlement ol tlie struggle, upon Ihe basis of tho acknowledge ment ol our Independence tiy mat Itepublic. It would have been the imperative duty nf Iho Executive at once lo reject these otTors, if they had been accompanied hy conditions of any kino whatever; uui wnnaiiRniivo waiciuuiness in that respect, and great disinclination to en tangling alliances of any description, or with any power, ho must declare, in a spirit of justice, that nn terms or conditions novo ever oeeu pro posed by the two Governments in question, r either of lliein. as the consideration of their COUNTY CONVENTION. Wo publish in annihcr column tho pro ceedings at Willislon on Tuesday. The nominees for the Senate cro well chosen both men of talents, experienced in legisla tion, and uniting to moro than ordinary de cision and energy of character, an unflinch ing adherence to whig principles, which warms and quickens as adverse fortuno bo lides us and men of less ncrvo grow despond ing. They will receive a cordial support and a triumphant election. nr.Lr.ASB or Thomas W. Dorr. An Act of Amnesty has been passed by the Rhode Island Assembly, at Newport, libera ting Mr. Dorr from prison, unconditionally, and restoring him to his privileges ns a citi zen, upon his taking an oath of allegiance. Tlie vote in the House, on the passage of the bill, stood ayes 53, noes 9. Tlie Providence Journal of Saturday says: "Thomas W. Dorr was released from prison yesterday, in accordance with the provisions of tho act of amnesty. Some of Ids friends, who betrayed and deserted him in the hour of danger, look occasion to man ifest their devotion to him by firing cannon, They aflcrwaids formed n procession, head ed by n drum and fife, nnd escorted him to the house of Hrzekiah Willard, Col. Wales, of course, acting ns marshal." COUNTY CONVENTION. At a mooting of the Whig delegates of the several towns in Chittenden county, held at Williston on Tuesday, the 1st day of July, 1845, for the purpose of nominsling candidates for Counly Senators for (lie year ensuing, Heman Darstow, of Shelburnc, was appoint ed President, and Wm. Weston, Secretary. On motion of Mr. Vansicklin. a committee of three from each town was appointed to present nominations to the convention. On motion of Mr. Weston. Resolved, That a committee of three persons be appointed to re port resolutions for the action of the conven tion. Messrs. Truman Galuslia, tleman R. Smith, and Win. Weston, were appointed such committee. The convention took a recess, to give their committees time lo attend to the duties assign ed them. On the re-assemblirg of the convention, the commitlce appointed to draft resolutions report, cd the following resolutions which were adopt, cd. liuolttd, That although the Whig party in the United States were defeated in 1311, in the election of their favorite candidate to the highest office in the gilt of o free people, still the Whigs of Vermont ore as indomitable as their mountains in Iheir adherence to Wliiir principles, a protective tariff, a di-tribution of Ihe proceed of Ihe public lands among the several States, a constitutional suppression of slavery, a sound national currency, ond an economical admin istration of our government. Iltsohtd, That the annexation of Texas to ihe United Stites, hy joint resolution of the two houses ui uoagre-s, was iinautiiorised and uocoostituuonai t lhat the project was conceived, brought forward, ond consummated, by slaveholders, anted tiy pro-slavery democrats of Ihe free States, for the purpose of strengthening the slave power nnd slnve represent-!- nun in iiiikil-s, twiu lO UlllllU iiib iiuoe-i, iiiuustri oils freemen of ihe free Stales, and tiring them into political nonuige to tne aoutn. tesolrtd, Tint we con only hope fr a continu ance of uur free institutions hy ndhering to those prm ciplesof pistice nod equality which I lie Whigs as a parly have ever advocated and sustained, nnd that we pledge ourselves to ne every honest etTjrt lo extend those principles until the disorgmizing spirit ol loco focoism shall have been banished from our land and our country. liuolttd, Thnt while the Whigs of Vermont take lo themselves no share of the blame for the tale de fcatoflhe national Whig parly, they are in no wise discouraged thereby but being fully in Ihe faiih thit truth jg michty and trill prevail, lcy believe lhat tho time is not far distant when their principles will form the common platform for national action. Tho committee appointed to present nomina tions reported the nomination of HARRY BRADLEY, of Burlington, DANIEL H. ONION, of Milton, as candidates to be supported by the Whigs of Chittenden county for the office of Senators for the year ensuing. Whereupon, the convention resolved to con cur in tho nomination of said committee. On motion of Mr. Vansicklin, tlie convention passed the following reso'ution : llesolted. That we use all fair ond honorable means lo eleel ihe cardidolcs whom we have this day nom- r.. . ' luaiiu iui tjcn.iiors. The conven'ion then adjourned. HEMAN BARS 1'OW, President. Wm. Weston, Secretary. A DOOMED CITY. communication whatever, two and a half cents for every copy of no greater weight lhan one ounce, for any distance. For every additional ounce, one cent I any fractional excess exceeding half an ounce, to be charged as on ounce I but any excess less lhan half sn ounce is not to be regsrded. A namnhlet Is a small unbound printed book. A magazine is a pamphlet published, periodically, in numbers, containing articles on science, literature, politics, news, etc. Newspapers go free for any distance not exceeding thirty miles from thep'ace where printed, when sent by the editors or publishers thereof) il they do not exceed nineteen hundred superficial inches in extent. For any distance beyond thirty miles, within the Slste where published, one cent postage. For any distance exceeding one hundred miles out of the) State where published, one ond a holt cent postage. When a newspaper exceeds nineteen hundred su perficial Inches, it is to be rated with pnmpetet postage. When the article to be mailed is a circular pamph let, or newspaper, it should be so enveloped or folded lhat il can be distinctly seen at the office lobe such, and also lhat it contain no writing, marks or signs to bi-i me tinrpo?e oi v, mien coiiimumcaiions. Jl not done up so as to open nt the end, it is be charged as a letter, by weight. racE rArcos. The Governors of States may send, free of post age, oil laws and reports, whether b uind or unbound ond oil records ond documents of iheir respective States which may bo directed by the Legis'ature of the several Slates to be transmitted lo Ihe Executive nf other Slates, the Governor writing his name there on, with Ihe designation of his ollice ond Ihe kind of books or documents enclosed I Iho packages to be addressed to the Oovernor of ihe Slate lo which il is to bo sent. The three Assistant Postmasters General are au thorized to send, free of postage, any letters packages, or other mailers relating exclusively to their official ddiics. or the business of the Post office Depirtment, to he duly franked by them as on "official business." Deputy postmasters throughout the United States areal-o authorized In send all letters and packages which it mav be their doty, or t'.icy may have occa sion lo transmit to any person or place, which shall relate exclusively to the business of iheir respective offices, or to the Posi office Department. But in ev ery such case the postmaster shill endorse thereon, over his own signature, the words " post office business." Exchange newspapers between nub hshers of news papers may be sent fre. MONEV FOB rCBLISHEOS. The authority heretofore given to postmasters to scod money free of postage to publishers of newspa pers in payment of subscription- being withdrawn, the following regulation is su' sti-uted Money may be left with a Postmaster, in no in stance exceeding ten dollars, for Ihe purpose of being mid to di-tant publishers, if said pnblishers shall sir desi'O for any newspaper or pamphlet deliverable from his office. t The Postmaster may retain one per cent, and give his receipt for the balance, lie i. im- rnediate'y to report the payment, with the names of Ihe parlies, to ihe Postmas cr through whom said amount i to be piid to Ihe publisher, nnd to charge himself imon his " general account with the United Slates," with theamount received, deducting the one per cent. undr the bead of "moneys received for subscriptions," staling the name nf ihe payer, the name of the payee, office where payable, amount, and time when received nnd shall make a full and faith ful return to the General Post Office of all such ca ses at Ihe end of each quarter. When presented, Ihe Postmaster at the office where payoble i to pay the amount in said receipt, deducing one percent, which receipt, afier being endorsed by the publisher, he will forward as bis voucher of payment. He will enter sod amount to nis credit on his general account with the United Stales." under Ihe head of "moneys piid for sobscriplions," giving the piriiculars above slated, nnd lender lo ihe Genual Post Office a full andfaithfut account of the same at the end of each month. WHAT MAV BE KAILED. No packet which shall weigh more lhan three pounds, Round books of anv size are not included in the term "mailable matter," except books sent by Governors of Slates ns aforesaid. AllVEaTlSEP LETTERS. Letters uncalled for ore to be odvertised in the pa per of ihe' town where the office advertising may ! situated, having the largest tireulalion, provided it can be done nt n cost not exceeding two cents on each Idler. Letters are not to be advertised in more lhan one paper, unle-s specially directed by the Post .nosier uencrai. THE FAIR. Tho Ladies should never be foigotten on the 4lli of July. They rendered ihe cause of liberty no unimportant aid during the rev olution by their warm sympathy and active oxerlions in establishing the great principle which thai day proclaimed ; and now, when they invoke its sanctifying influences in be- half of kindly charity, good morals nnd reli gion, who shall turn away Wherever else you go, or whatever elo you do, or want to do, call upon tlie Ladies at Ihe Court House. Dn Lmidni.'h Lr.cTims. We havo re viveil fiuin the publishers Part 4 of Dr, Lnrdni'rs popular lectures on science and url. We have had hut little lime to devote to un examination of the work, hut from the well known character nf the author and pub lishers (Grecly St McElralh) should feel no hesitation in giving it commendation. The style is clear nnd conspicuous, adapted to the popular mind and the subjects aro well il lustrated Willi diagrams. Much praise is due to the publishers for selecting such works in stead of the vile slang with which "Literary Emporiums" arc usually crammed. Every person, who has pursued the subjects treated hy Dr. Lardner, knows tho want and neces sity of plain and practical works of which this appears to bo one. Communications. friendly interposition, Maturely considering the situation of affairs at that time, the Evec.utive felt lhat it was in cumbent upon him not to reject Ihis opportuni ty of securina lo tho people of this country, un. traunneiieu ny condition.', a peacelul, linnorauie and advantageous settlement of iheir difficulties wilh Mexico, if they should eeo fit tc adopt lhat I York custom-house. It belongs to tho his- "SO THERE'S TROUBLE." We trust our neighbors will absolve us from any desire to m ike ourselves officious, when wo lay before our readers the mani festo of Gen. John P. Van Ness, selling forth llie reasons why President Polk should not remove his biuther C. P. from the New modo of adjustment Thus influenced, he accepted tlie good offices of the two powers, which, with those of the (Jin. ted Stales, bad been previously invokr d by Tex as, 'Hid placed in Iho hands of Iheir Represen tatives a statement of conditions preliminary lo a treaty of peace, which he declared ho should wo l!ve read it carelessly if there is any ne rcaiiytofuumii to ne people oi tins country t very cogent reasons urged against the act. for I heir decision and act ion as soon nation-' . . . . . . . ' lory of tho limes, and as llio Sentinel may be n Utile delicate'in the matter, we could do no less, as a mailer of courtesy. The letter was doubtless written after the removal ; but for Iheir decision and action as soon s they were adopted by llio unverntnent ol Mexico, llut ho emphatically reminded those functiona ries for the special notice of their Governments, hat he was no moro than the agent nf the peo ple ; that he could neither direct, control nor infliienco Iheir decision; and lhat his bounden duty was to carrv out their determination, con stitutionally ascertained and expressed, he it what it michl. Our Representative at tho courts of France and Ureal Britain, in addition lo tho task of streiiglhcninir the friendly dispo. siliona nf those Governments, was also special ly intrtir.lod to press upon their allentioi, that if Ihe people of Texas should determine to put an cud in the separate existence of this coun try, Ihe Executive, so far as depended upon his official action, must and would give immediate and full effect In tlioir will. The circumstances which preceded and led to an understanding with Mexico have Ihus been staled, and the people, speak ing through their chosen organs, will now determine as they shall judge right ; bul in the mean time, and until their pleasure cin be lawfully and consti tutionally ascertained, it is the duty of Iho Ex ecutive to secure to the nation the exercise of choico between the alternatives of peaco with the world and Independence, or Annexation and ils contingencies, and he has, therefore, tu issue me lonowing proclamation : Whereas, Authentic proof has rerently been laid before tne, In Ihe priori lhat the Congress of Mexico has authorised the Government lo opon negotiations and conclude a treaty with I exas, subject to the examination and appro bation Of lhat body - .! r-ikn. il.oi il. Government of Mexico has accepted the con- uiuuna prcicriovu on me part uf Texas, pre and most certainly there is nothing in the pirii of il calculated lo induce n revocaliun. So Cornelius Peter may be considered as on the shelf unless God in his inscrutible wisdom should permit another Tyler to fret out a brief existence. But tho General is mistaken as to his brother's history in Vermont. Unless wo are allogelher misinformed, Mr. Van Ness came into Vermont a federalist, and under federal auspices. He very soon however, went over to the republican side, they having con trol of the offices ; and ho was doubtless sincere in his apostacy," From this time down along, lie was constantly in office, and, very naturally reflected the sentiments of the administration fur the limobeing a republi- tinder Madison, a no-parly man under Mon roe, and a federalist (I) under Adams, It was only when ho lost the Senatorial eloction lhat he undertook the task of revolutionizing Vermont, nnd then succeedod, not in rovolu lioniiing the Slate, bul himself! Sinco lhal liinu liu has been ullernatelyc and against Taov, N. Y., June 22d, 1845. Dear Stacv, The next 4th of July will be long remembered by the citizens of Ilur'ington. They will on thai day enjoy a treat, richer and rarer than has ever before fallen to their lot, I have just learned the fact, and hasten to communicate il to you. The very extensive Menagerie of Messrs. Ojden, Weeks & Co., of Philadelphia, is now on its annual tour through Ihe States and Canada, and will be at Riulingtoncn the fourth of July, I saw ihis exhibi tion while they were in Troy, ond I must say it is the largest collection ever seen in this part of ihe coun try. It contains specimens of almost every animal . and bird which .ve read of in zoologiial or ornitho logical history. Parents and teacher-, at every stop ping place on their route, have eagerly embraced ihe opportunity of visit ng il, vilh those under their J charge, being well ossured that ihe visit would be a 1 lesson in the study of " Nature! History," cf far more benefit lhan months of study of ihe writings of But ton, Goldsmith, ond other historians! because here can be seen nt one time all lhat they wrote so much about. I will not attempt lo describe the perform-' onieo of lltrr Hrieibach, the lion Inmer, who accom panies Ihe exhibition, as I could not find words lodo them justice i you must see them for yourself, or you will not believe what is said about them. As Ihis exhibition is conducted on rules of ihe strictest pro priety and decorum, and combines instruction ond useful informoiion with amusement and pleasure, let tne commend it to your citizens, one and off. The "Troy House," in ihis city, kcpl by Coleman & Itogers, is a large and splendid hotel, capable of accommodating 500 people. Il has recently been en larged, refilled, and furnished in a superior style. The arrivals daily ore between 200 and 300, The bill of fare, servants, Ac. &c, would beor comparison with ony Hole! in Ihe Union, ond Coleman & Rog ers, ore just ihe men lo keep up the regulation o( such a house. If you come this way soon, just stun and see how it is. n, w. Woes come not single-handed, but in bat tallions. Wo are pained to announce the city of Quebec has again been visited by a conflagration nearly or quile ns disastrous ns that winch laid it waslo u few days since. The following from a Quebec slip, furnish some of tlio paiticulars. A deputation ar rived ut Montreal on Tuesday, with n peti tion to tlm Governor for nn immtdiate con vocation of llio Parliament to mako provi sion fjr tho sufferers whoso number and necessities are now entirely be) ond the scope of individual chanties. From the Quebec Gazelle, Jane 30. Another 'I hlnl of ftucbec Destroyed' I On Saturday evening, llio 23ih of June, just one i monin ancr ine urear v ire nl tne am ,ilav, which I destroyed pirt of Si. VnherV an I Si. Johns' Sohorl s nearly all &t, ifocti and tlie west part ot the Lower town 10 uriow nope unte, a lire commenced in St. John Suburbs near the place outside the Glacis, where il stopped on ihe 23ih May. On this occasion the wind was ns strong from Ihe northeast as il was to the west on ihe 23lh May, ond Ihe weather very dry. Al both time- Ihe Fire began to the windward of the den-est nart of the Suhnrh. ond was carried throughout the thickest part of the dwellings to Ihe leeward. The fire has destroyed nearly the whole of St John ond pirt of Si. Iis Suburbs, from Si. John's Gate, ond the northwest angle of ihe wills, nlong the brow of the Co'eou Sle. uenneoe, nearly to the l ower No. 4, and up tu a couple of Streets' below St. Lewis Road. A number of houses in the scattered streets near Tower No. 3, have c-caped, and a few near Ihe core a Aoranam, anu tnrcc or lour in ine vastextent destroyed. We have heard of only one or two lives being lost Although it was in the niirht most nf the inhahiianls. warned by the rapid progiess of the fire of the.3ih of .Hay, made mer escape in nine, wiin a part of their movai les. It was only about 9 o'clock on Sund y morning, that the dunes were exhausted towards the Tower No. 4, by there being nothing more lo burn, nnd by blowing up a number of houses north of the St. Lew is road. A meeting of the General Committee of Relief ap pointed by the citizens ofier the fire of the 2Sih May, met yesterday ol one o'clock, ond ordered distribu tions of provisions, Ac., to the destit'iie. All public buildings were thrown open to the sufferers, end tents were pitched west of Ihe Citadel, bill many persons remained with their effects along ihe wills of the lown and in the fields. Numbers were sent for by their re I laiions, friends, and acquaintances, in the surrounding parishes. 1 The scene of desolation, distress and ofHiction, and Ihe extent of the calamity are nearly os great as sflct the former conflagration I the value of Ihe properly destroyed probably greater. The population of St. John Suburbs was about ten limits ind. and the pop ulilion ol St. Rochshad mostly found rtfugein Si. I John Suburbs. t Quebec is now reduced to the Upper Town within tlie walls, ond Ihe Lower I own from the M. Lharles below Hone Gale lo Can lllancon ihe St. Lawrence ib( eiient whu-h it nccnnieit. but then more snarslv I built, afier ihe destruction of the Suburbs during the , i-eiaeof 1773. Tho remaining hous-sin the Suburbs ore about as many osihey were half o century ego- ' We have seen ihem snread out so as to contain aboui twenty-four thousand inhabitants, miny of ihem wealthy, most of them proprietors of Iheir dwellings, ana living comioriaDiy. PniVATE EXPRESSES. The establishment of private expresses for the con veyance of any letters, packets or packages of letters, or 'other matter transmi'lable in the United Slates Mail, (newspapers, pamphlets, mneaztnesnnd period icals excepted,) from one city, town, or other place, to onyothcr city town or place in the United Stales between and from ond lo which ihe Uni'ed Stoles mail is regularly iranspi rted under authority of the Post Office Department, is prohibited. So is the causing to be conveyed, or the providing for the enn veance or transportation, by regular trips or nt sta ted periods or intervals, aforesaid, ony letters nr other matter Iransmitlihle hy mail as aforesaid, newspa pers, pamphlets, magazines, and periodicals only ex cepted, Kveiy person ofitnding against this provision, or aidingor ossisiini therein, or nctine as sueh private exprass, shall forfeit nnd pay SloO for each time any letter or letters, picket or packages, or other matter properly transniniible by mail (evcepi newspapers, etc.,) shall or may he by him, her, or ihem, or through his, her or iheir means or instrumentality, in whole or in pari, com eyed. This is not lo prohibit the conveyance of letters, packets, or packages, or other mailer, by private hands, no compensation being rendered or received therefor in any way. or by specii! me-senger employ ed only for the single particular ccca-ion. MILITARY. Our town was enlivened yesterday by the arrival of a 'military detachment from the Norwich University, under command of Gen. Ransom, the distinguished head of lhat institution. The company numbers some fifty or sixty, neatly uniformed, armed and equipped,, as for actual service. They are a very intelligent, fine looking set of young men, whose military discipline would do hon or to West Point, while their correct deport ment and gentlemanly bearing furnishes a fine illustration of the true " citizen soldier." They will remain with us a day or two, and in behalf of our lown, wo bid them welcome. State Convkntion. We aro happy lt announce llio renomination ol the old ticket. Mr. Kditoo, I reod in your paper an account of Ihe "big gun" intended for the Princeton, with re gret ond surprise t regret, Ihot this great country of ours is not able lo manufacture her own weapons of defence) surpri-e, thai our present brag-demacrolic administration should so openly belie all iheir boast ed hostility lo English monopolists, and oil their pro fessions of unbounded love of Ainrricon Indepen dence, as lo go lo England andgelconnons made for our fearless navy. Bul ihis is not Ihe most humiliating consideration The fact lhat we have an administration which pat ronizes the manufacturers of a foreign country In pnference lo those of our own, is not only mortify ing, but is truly alarming. II y sending abroad lor guns lo defend the American rtif as it waves over the heads of American lars, our government or those who admini-ler it have shown not only how lilc manufacturers must expect from ibIr r,np ki every iii3ii)initi,ilioii, tind every prcsidenli.il ( ,ow mmh they hue to fiar from iheir hottility lo candidate, mid is a! llio present moment, wii American inanfaciurcrs ond mechanics. Send lo .... in.,1 t.,r lb., fiiiiirn. Ilui Knglm l lor a gun I O, llruish uld-Brilith whig Ills -revoiuuou.ry hhi .M silenced, because it's a rfrmocraKc mevurel be summed up in having made the Slate, ETHAN- POSTAGE. On and afier July 1, 1815. on a teller not exceeding hall on nonce in weight, tent nny instance not ex ceedim three hundred mites, five cents. When sent any distance over three hundred miles, ten cents. For everv additional weight of half an ounce, or ony fractional excess of less than half an ounce, lliere sholl be charge! on additional postage of five or ten cents, according to ine nistanc-. On letters dropped in the post office for delivery in the same place, two cents each. On Icttero adtertited as remaining on hand there shall be charged, when delivered out, Resides Iho reg ular nosloee. the cost of advertising, which will boon each letter two cents, or four cents if advertised in two papers. What is suljecl to letter postage is defined lobe letters in manuscript or paper of any kind conveyed in the moil by or upon which information shall be asked for or communicated in writing, or by marks or aigns. On all circulars, handbills or adverlissmcnts.which are primed or lithographed on qiarto post or single iip piper, or paper not larger lhan single cap, and which are folded and directed, but left unsealed, two etnis on eacnsneet lor ooy autonce. mien sealed llirse are 10 De raietl as tellers. " Quarto po-t" is the size usually called letter pa ner. asv about len lo eieht inches lo the nmo " tun gle cap " is ihe aite commonly colled writing paper, at i on ii c ii iy emu, mine im i uc page. Where a circular is on a sheet larger than sineli cap, n it lo lie rami nj a pamphlet. As Ihe post us on llieso articles is chargeable nn each copy, pnstmas Iris will carefully examine all packages, and rale the postage HccoruiiiEiy, On all phamphlets. magazines, oeriodicil.. and ev ery other kind and description of printed or other matter, (except newspapers, and except also circu lars, handbills and advertisements. aforesaid.) which shall bs unconnected with any manuscript It should bo remembered thai ihe Com missioner ol 1'atents has given notice thai lifter the 1st of July, when Ihe new post office law goes into operation, no Iellcr ad dressed to his office will be taken out unless tlie postage on it be paid. U. V. M. Rev. Mr. Parker of Burlington, will address the U. V. SI. Temperance Society in the Col- lego Chapel on Wednesday Evening next, at half past 7 o'clock. Citizens of Burlington arc invited to attend. By order of President, JulyS, 1813. G. II. PAUL. CO JIM IB It CIA I. ItKir.HION MA ItKKT, June 23, 1843. Al Market 575 Heef Caille, 10 pairs of Workiop Oxen, 825 Sheep, and 525 Swine. 100 Beef t'ottla unsold. Prices tleef Callle Prices generally have declin ed a few Caltle, however, were so'd at the highest prices paid last week. We quote a few Extra $6; first quality 5 50 3 5,73; second quality, $5; third quality, 4,50 r $5. Working Oxen No sales noticed. Sheep-Small lots from $1,75 lo 2,50 Swine Lots to peddle at retail from i to 6)c. New Vork Cattle Market-June 23. At market, !0."0 Iteef Callle (BOO from the Soulh, 150 I'ows ond Calve-, and 2000 Sheep and Lambs. Paicrs Heef Can le The demand during the lost week woo a linle more active rhan it was ihe week previous, not however, materially aftei-nng the price then current. We quote inferior and middling "quali ties 5 f? tS t prime and extra sorts JC.50 T. Leftover 200. Cows and Calypi Buyers active, and prices con tinue firm at from SU lo $23. Unsold 20. Sheep and Lambs All at market taken. Sheep 1.60 to St 50. Lambs from 1 to SI Hay There has. been a very active business doinf in ihis article since our lasl report, ond holders reahi good prices. Sales wera mode to-day at 60 P 87Jo perewt. Strnyaf. F noil ihe Subscri' cconibe 24ihult, a Red and White Cow, wilh a slar in the forehrail, and horns rather inclined in, about six years old and in molerate order. Whoever will return or g iafor rnolion ra-peclinp said cow Willi's handsomely ra miineratcl. MOOR RUSSELL. July 2, 1845, SwJ