Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 18, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 18, 1845 Page 2
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'lom the Albany Argun, AIIiHOADS. The liiTcs'mcnt of the Surplus Capital of our Country social Influence of Itullronds. II it well known to business men capital is constantly recking channels of imminent. There arefavurite kinds of investment which lor ntiino ftead ily command.the direction of capital. Thus for a te net of years, bank stocks were the favorite invest menu. In many cases, live and six times the whole anuunt of capital was subscribed by persons desirous of permanently investing their funds, but capital now teems seeking other directions. It I' tninifest from the indtislrinus character of our people, that capital will accumulate. It is difficult to estimate the exact per rentage uf increase throughout (he United Siaies, but it accumulates is inamfest from the erection uf new biddings and larger manu factories in nil sections of the country When asked the cause of the improvements now going on in every aection, the reply is readily made! Cap'unl is plenty, and it is seeking a g"od investment. Vet largo real rstatc holders will bmr evidence tint 3 to 4 per ct. is as much return, (after deducting taxes, insurance, and assessments), as they generally receive from what is called improved productive property. Stephen (IIRAfD, tie great Philadelphia merchant, made the remark, from his long experience, that three per cent, was at much as could be expected from improved real estate. Thmiirh Iho ntmn is nnnarentlv so small. yet we mo capital year after year constantly Becking uiai direction, it it evidently a favorite torm lor in vestment of the surplns capital of our country. Manufictories are also largely Liking hold nf the attention of moneyed men. but there is lust and rca- sonauie grounu mr nctici mai inc cnpnni airuauy in vested or now investing in manufactories (except in the iron and Bugar trade) will supply ncarlv all tha fabrics our nation needs At least, if we have not ar rived at that exact stage of adequate production, it is clear that beforo the lapse of many years, all the cap ital will lieembaikcd therein, that profits ill juiify. The important question then arises, whether there liny not be some great outlat for lhc surplus capilnl of our country, alike beneficial to him who invests and to those who may incidentally enjoy lis Inn's. It seems l ns, from looking at the present condition of the world remarking the peculiar passion of our com mercial people of makini.' travelling their first enjoy ment, whan they have a dollar of surplus means, that .Railsoads must be tho great channel for American capital, in which mi'lions upon millions of dollars may bn invested, yielding a fair return to capital, while it may confer priceless blessings upon llio coun try When we look at tho map of the United Slates, it is clear that the mimlicr nUeitdiwr lines ol rail-roads will form an aggregate of ihuim'nds of miles. Five thousand miles nf railway arc now completed in our country, and yet the great line between Portland and New Orleans is not half completed. Kven the short but important route between A'rtr Yui-Annd Albany drags along. That St. oui will vet be connected by railway with Boston and New York, few doubt who have kept their eye on the steady progress of the Western chain. It is also more than probable that an extension of the ll.illunore ami Ohio railroad, from Wliceltni lo C iliiinbjs lull perhaps Indiuapnlts, wi'l intersect the great chain which is to tiuitc the far West with the remote East. Wo allude now only to the main lrun!s of Rail Roads the branches will ftmiul out in all directions. Experience has shown in New Knalantl that these branch roads, which may appear of itisieniti -ant im portance to the capitalist, uiu the beet dividend-paying roads. They are tardy built wilh so much ex travagance ns the main lines, and therefore more adapted to the present railier than the prospective I u siness of their vicinity. As wcprcwiou-ly remarked, 3) or 4 per cent, is as much as can be steadily expected from real-estate. It is generally considered that the a tuple tctmy estate more linn counterbalances this low rale of in terest. Let the matter be ristdly examined, and we believe It will be found that Railroads offer security fully as ample. It is not personal property, (howev er the law may regard it,) on I therefore cannot be run away with, any more than houses or stores. -Secondly, ii is not so liable as houses or stores lo destruction by fire. Its bridge? and depots may be burnt j hut these may be insured, like a'l other real estate. Hut its grading and rails constitute the main investment of railways I yet these certainly cannot he burnt. It may be liable to damage, from flood, but the same or per haps tar greater are the hazards of mills or other man ufactories or warehouses on or near water-coupes Wo think that in every aspect that it may be viewed, Railroads, when properly constructed, oiler seem ily neatly as ample as real estate. Their repairs ate un doubtedly large but this in a great measure arises from the miserab'c, cheap manner in which they orig inally were constructed. Some of them ate not half built. When houses are built in the samo careless and defective way, their repairs arc likewise heavy. Wo have some strong facts to sustain our position. In England, the best built railroads divide the best, be cause repairs do nol (as here.) eat no all I heir nr -fits. Tho Ureal ITcsrern between Bristol and London of up, and informed him that lie had pitted tha haunts of the robbers, longer In any danger from incm aim Having received tne nmomary gtnniii; tion,' retired. From what Immediately after took place, there it every rctton to tutpect a full under landing and a collusion between the guard and tho robbers, fivo minutes nllerwards, while the trav eller were still congratulating each other upon having passed through all tho dangers of the road unscathed, the tiago suddenly stopped in tho mid die of the ravine, and seven or tight big-muKlcJ carbines at onco enlightened them as to the treachery nfllipir parnrr. nnil reminded them of lite mutability of ounces Irom tho purses nf traveller! to tho pockets ol the road-stdo gentry, i ney were poiuciy mviim lo a conference on foot, and, making a men! ol ne cessity, descended from tho stage with as good a grace as possible. The ceremony of searching trunkB i "linrvlmir nvrr " then hriran. While it lasted. Oov. Shannon had an opportunity of observing tho lactic of his new acquaintances. , Around the stage weto foul teen in number, all masked and well armed, each with n carbine, a long knife, a sword and pistols suspended in hells around ine waist, seven remained im norscuacn, wnu vi- liinoa lnunlh.fl rnndu for nptinn in rise of resistance. The others-dismounted, lo search for and telect the booty. In I ho distance were some fifteen or twenty others, stationed as sentinels. The scan n was con iltirtf! tvilh irrnnl nr.tor nnil flnpnrnnl. and OCCompa1 uied with all the politest phrases of the Spanish lan guage. v nen li was over, uaving uuiy nunnnu Shannon's drcss-sword, and expressed their approba tion of its workmanship, they returned it lo hint, to gether with his papers. Then, with many apologies for tho detention they had caused linn, thev took their leave t nol however, until they had asked for htm tho blessfng of God, and invoked in his behalf tho pro tection of the lllcsscd Virgin, "our Lady ofGuada loupe." . Another more amuing scene occurred immediately nrii.rit'nr.l Tliw f,n,t nnrtnrl u ith the first set of ban ditti but a few moments, when another i-ct appeared, in the road. The conductor ot tne siage, nowever continued lo drive cm addressing them, enpossanf, ...1.1. I ... ., .J . .,.'..,1. I,. Yim mnnnnt. nil iiit;.iie?-iiiit; nuiircic unu , if'tliniT ilmi. thpv were rather too latct that the wotk had been already done lo their hand the toi oory was just over, tne maraei, ftnrt llin nAnil. rlftnil Gov. Shannon lost, probably, on both cxpcdilion in money, clothes, .f-c, to the amount oi ojuu or ouw. Postmasters' Compensation. Tho follow ins; order has been ibsucd by tho Postmaster General, to meet the embarrassments iiKeiy io arise from tho numerous resignations of post masters holding small offices, whoso emolu ments are reduced hy the new law : - men to buy wc-ol, and consequently tlicro is no competition, and only a few sales, and thosj at reduced prices. And this is just what tne wings predicted would bo one ol tho consequences ot Mr. Polk's election. Had Mr. Clay boon oloe ted there would havo been nn increased demand ami an enhanced prlco even from last yoar paid for It this, and for tho plain reason that perma nent protection would have been considered as a settled matter. The Iooo editors very conerally aro shooting their light arrows at tho TaritTof 181'.. And what docs this mean 1 why, In prepare their readers to iru with Polk and Walker to ' reduce' it. They say it don't protect wool. It did so last vcar to a reasonable extent. Hut it is now in different hands and exposed to a different destiny, and thai which is the result of Polk's election they falsely attribute to defects in tho law. Theso thincs woro not so, every body knows, before the law fell into the hands of the Philistines. We lay the above letter from Mr. Polk's Sec retary of tho Treasury beforo our readers, that they may see what the l'olk-Slave-parly aro about. It is a sort of official announcement, and of cotirso to be heeded as such. It won't bo found probably in the Polk prints in Vet mont, just now. Cakduniaiu Post Oftice Depabtment, ) J n v B. ihi.v Ordered. Thai from and after the 1st day of July, 1815, every deputy postmaster who-c commissions on the ni stages of letters at 30 ncr cent., under the act of 3 1 March, 1335, shall fall short of the sum of SG.23 for any one quarter, or the proportional part of Hint sum lor nny traction ot u quarter, De omnunzcu to credit himself, in a separate item in his account current, lor extra commi-sion on ine po-tago oi let ter at '20 oer cent., under the act of 3d March 1345 If thepcutina-tcr bo entitled to the allowance of20 ner cent for nifht service, ho will nol credit the ex tra commission here mentioned, as 50 per cent, is the ul must which can be allowed in any case under the l.iw. Ordered. That cverv deputy nostma'ter whose commissions on the noslape of letters and llewspa pers, and other allowances, shall exceed the sum of 5fi.23 in nnv one nuarter. or the due nrooorlion of the slid etitu tn any )arl,ofn quarter, be authorized to the extent such commission and allowances tan shott of the amount to which such dcnulv postmas ter was entitled Tor the corresponding quarter ot tne fiscal year ending 30lh Juno 1815, to "credit himself in a senaratc ilem in his account current, for such amount ofextra commissions as shall makelhe whole amount credited equal lo the same; the said extra commission tn he subject to the provision contained in lie 41st section of tho act of 3d March, 1815, and to the regulations of the department issued in pursu ance thereof. C. JOHNSON. "LET US ALONE." only 221 miles in length, cost 833.000 000. or 8150. 000 per mile, and that roid now divides 7 per cent. The Liverpool and Manchester railroad, only 32 miles in length, has cost seven millions ofdollars (as much as the original cost cf our Erie cnal, 355 miles in length) or about 8220,000 per mile. That road di vides 10 per cent. I Business and travel must be vet y heavy to justify such an outlay, but let us suppose' that the original capital had not been sufficient to build a first rate road, even with verv heavv receipts. the repairs plight have been so large for a number of years alter its construction as to prevent dividends, and thus mal.e lapjialists think that it was n poor route for a railway. The truth is. and it is a great er ror, very few American railroads commence with capital sufficient to finish their road, and then foto as they are compelled lo borrow money, and likeui'o use all their receipts fer repaitsor construction, years must of nece.-sitv clansn before nnv dividends are or can be paid. Vet It is manifest such tesults bring the rail-road system into disrepute with capitalists who are peculiar in one respect. They do not de mand a high rate of interest, hut they must haveceme return every yeor, or else they will begin to regard ihe investment ns radically defective. Look at ihe r.iil road. in this .Slate even those which arc now in I he most discredit, would have divided 2 or 3 per cent, if they htd started aright, but they have had to borrow or expend pearly all llieir receipts ; consequently to inn nay, iney are non-aivmtnd paying roads. We make these remarks because there is manifest ly a rail-road feeling rising in all sections of the coun try. If this is rightly directed, it'mav be productive of the happiest and noblrsi results. It is much wis r to begin with ihe expectation of a small per centage, than upon anticipations nf large profits. This disap pointment is what has caused ihe too prevalent opin ion that rail-roads are desirable improvements, but they cannot be made profitab'e investments. New England capitalists have found them different, under a right beginning and sound management, and there fore thev take up rail-way slock as a desirable invest- mcnt. and they are now reaping a rich harvest due to tucn nonoraote sagaruy. The recent invention of Coleman's rail-road attach ment, which enables locomotives lo ascend and de acend a steen grade without a stationary engine, is re. garded of considerable moment. It is thought that il will obviate the necessity ol deen cutti-ip through hills, and therefore materially reduce the expense of rousiruuoon. ii is onvious ni onco inai u a goon road can be built at one-half of Ihe present cost, they will be constructed on many routes whetcthe pres ent travel would not in.tifv 825.001) ncr mile. Ii i well known lhat during the last len yeurs the cost of very orncie ni mnnuiaciure nas occn reuueeu even while it has been improved. Hut as vel there baa been no material improvement in ihe construction of railways A better article of cars and locomotives is furnished at a leas expense, hut the railroad is about at expensive at ever. Il is thought that ibis inven. tion of Coleman's may effect a saving in the construc tion of the road-bed, more "material than anything yet discovered. The influence of Railways, both at political and so cial engines, is assuming its just importance in iho es timation of every thinking mind. They accord so well with Ihe advancing and enlightened spirit of the Age, that every feeling of the mind at once tayt, ' Press onward." We also regard them not only as ties of Union tmong ihe States, but as invaluable aids tn travellinz and ao-ial intercourse among the poorer classes, which neither ttazes or canals ran supply. The principle ol lout fares is rapidly gaining grouud among the rail-road companies, as conducive not on ly to Ihe interest of Ihe public, but of the stockhold ers. There is also a rapidity and certainly of travel ling bv railroad which enables Ihe laborer to avail himself of a few hours of relaxation, which is no un important consideration to the industrious, who occa sionally have a day but never a week of spare time. . i t : I ....ii I. - I . I .. u : i in HUB new, !mivajr win us iriiuwi mm a imiaii ihropic eye by every one who is anxious to tee com lorn widely diffused among the masses of ihe People. This is an interesting aii'jcct, and particularly so at this time, at there is a Railway spirit growing in all sections of the Union, which, without rushing into wild speculation, will give a steady and permanent direction to the capital of the nation. RUXAWAV NEGROES. Wc learn from a police magistrate, that CO or 70 runaways passed llirouEh this city last nil hi, en routelat Pennsylvania. They have eloped, doubtless, according to a preconcerted arrangement, from the neighboring counties of 1'rince George, Charles, and f-t. Mary's, in Maryland; and are said to be armed wtth scythes, bludgeons, and some guns. They left tho city by the road leading out through 7ih street, ond are probably, hoping to make good their eeape through the countios of Montgomery and Frederick, Maryland. We. understand that nearly two hun dred citizens of Washington and the vicinity have started in pursuit, who will, doubtless, succeed in se curing rnu-t, if nol all of them. Washington Union. Capture of 31 of the Runaway Negroes We learn that yesterday morning, about B o'clock, a gang of thirty-eight of these negroes were discovered on the r'redcrick road nhoul a fourth tif a mile be yond Rockville. Soon nf'er Ihe alarm was given, the Sheriff of the county, accompanied by a pose of citi zens ol mat village, staricu in ptirstm, ana came within sniM ol them near iaitticrsville. six miles from Rock ille. The negroes then left Ihe turnpike, striking into Ihe woods, and were follou ed closely by Raot. JackMn and ix men, who with the rest of the citizens, were all mounted. The main body ol the pursuers under me suerm posted inemscivcs where it was thought the negroes would again enter the road. They however made their appearance in a largo field, a fourth of a mile from where they had entered ihe woods, and came to a stand. Capt Jack son and Ins companions noon reached them, nnd called out to them to surtender, which they refused to dot and, closing their ranks, commenced snapping pistols, with which many of them were armed, at their pur. nets. Finding that their fire-arms could not be discharged, they commenced an assault with stones and bludgeons, when Jackson fired & wound ed one slightly. Tho whole body then retreated to a suutnp on the oilier tide of the field. Soon after wards, tho main body of tho citizens joined their com panions; and, charging into the swamp, fired a vol ley on the runaways, which wounded eight four seriously and dangerously. Twcnly-lhrie immedi ately surrendered, and tho rc-t mado off. Those who could walk were secured wilh ropes nnd march ed inlo Rockville and lohjcd in tho county jail. The wounded were contcved in a wacon. Hv last ntebt. eight others had been secured nnd lodged in the jail wnu ineir cnmpnniona. tne rcsi are nrnuaoiv re taken ere this. Some of iho negroei say that there is another gang of thirty out, and others deny the statement, i ney eiopea on saiuraay last. jo. Tito now State of Florida has adopted a ban ner on which the abovo words are emblazoned, and tho new Governor, Mutely, addresses tn his loco I'oco brethren oi the Legislature a Ales sage in which ttio doctrine ol nullification or. iu tho smoother cant, 'State interposition' is most unequivocally asserted as matter of estab lishcd law a part of the unwritten Constitu tion nf the country. Indeed, bo very coolly gives notico inai ii ino i arm is not promptly over hauled and rut down tn tho Revenue standard, Florida will nullify and demolish it. Rather a modest beginning, it strikes us, for the youngest and feeblest State of the Union. Thirty years ago, Gen. Jackson mado liis first incursion into Florida, then and formerly a eol. onv of Spain, with which wo woro at nnace locapiuna rensacoia on the pretext that it had become virtually a ritadol and rnllyingpoint iui uiu iuii.iia ui uivdl urilillll, Willi WHICH CUUn. try wo were at War. Ho abandoned it noon af. ter, however I and, Spam being feeble and ab corbed in Kiiropeati war, no serious ennsequen ccs followed. Four year later Gen. J. again in vaued and overran Florida, on the orotoxr (groundless, wo believe) that Iho Creek and Seminole Indians attacked and murdered our borderers and then fled into Florida fur shelter bottcalli the Spanish Flag. Gen. Jackson, in axprcsd violation oi ins orders, attacked and cap tured St. Marks, the Darancas and Pcnsacola, substituting llie flig nnd authority of tho United Slants tor mat oi apain. Uur Government, he. ing called on by Spain for reparation, concluded to adopt and justify tho General's course. Soon after, a Treaty was mado with Spain, whereby we purchased her title to Florida for some five or six millions, due our citizens for Spanish spo liations nf their commerce. Since then, we have had one more Indian War in Florida a war provoked and commenced by our people, originating in land-stealing, abominable frauds and slavery, and which wo steadily refused to close on any terms which did not require the utter expulsion of the Seminolcs from tho Ter ritory. The reason for this was tho proved im. possibility of cherishing Slavery in the neigh, bnrhood of Indians, as the negroes ran away to Ihe Indians and wero harbored by them. So wo drove tho savages to desperation, pursued them through the swamps and everglades, shot some of their women and children, and starred many more, until wo compelled the remnant to submit to exile. The cost nf t'icso various wars and purchases to the People of ihe United States has not bpen one farthing short of Fifty Millions nf dollars over and above all they have received for Florida Lands, to say nothing of very many vaiuauie lives. At last we haio been bullied into admitting Florida ns a Slate, though she has nut noar tho population requisite to entitlo her lo admission, tier entire vote at the late excited Election was less than half Out of many a Congressional Dis trict in this and other Free States. And her Constitution contains a clause making Slavery perpetual, and forbidding the Legislature the right to repeal it, which ought never to have passed the House of Representatives. Such aro the circumstances under which Florida was ' annexed' to us and now comes in to the Union. Thorc is no honest working-man throughout tho last twenty years in the land who has not performed five or six days hard la bor, iiiirerompcnsed, for the benefit "of Florida. Let us alone," gay you ! Good faith ! How pass llirougli on love) ground t Such a re sult may be reasonably anticipated, for lltcro Is nothing easier than to draw craucs upon paper, and to talk or a twenty of tlilrly feet grade, even over Mount Holley but to build tho Road is quilo another thing. 1 have seen a sixty feet grade drawn along tho easterly slope of Ml. Holluy, and it really looks quito interesting on paper ; but if 1 should sny, which is iho fut'., that uch a rnido requires on embankment in ono spot, at Ludlow, of ono million cubic yards, that it is nioro llian ono hundred feet high; and more thati, three liunureu tect wiclo at Its uaso ; mat a moun lain torrent must ho arched over nt tho hot torn, by strong and expensivo masonry ; lhat this mass of earth, to ho deposited in one snot, enuals tho vrholo amount moved to con struct tho first 30 miles of tho r itcltUurg Hoad, tho public may form somo idea nl a small placo in tho Rutland Road, known as Jewell Brouk. But perhaps tho Rutland gentlemen will contrivo a bridge, or somo iron tunnel, to scalo this lilllo ravine, and thus removo that objection. Further along, at tho summit, there was on (his CO feet grado an interestinc itib excavation into tho bow els of tho mountain, measuring only eight hundred thousand cubic yards, all earth, of course, and amounting to only ns mucn as was removed on tho first twentyfivo miles of tho Filclibnri? Railroad. But I daro say this, even, will vanish, for though tho ago of miracles has passed, yet it is said Iitttli can remove mountains. I understand that, al ready, in tho imagination of thoso genllo men. tho mountain lieJsbts havo been scaled by a 55 feet grade ; and I should not bo astonished to hear. next, that there was no mountain at all there; that it was all as smooth as the glassy surface of tho sea, freed entirely from clay, from rock, from sliding hanks, from torrents ; and, in short, from nil thoso littlo perplexilcs, which usually beset an engineer in the construction ol a nan road. Wore tho Rutland routo the only route to Burlington, I should say the road should be built, at cvon a heavier cost than 1 have es timated that routo at but, when I am called upon to decide between two roulcs, termina ting at the same place ; which routes present such marked differences in ease of grado and easo of construction, my duly tn myself and tho public, requires, that I should decide as I havo decided : though, in so doing, I sub ject myself to the gross attacks of anonymous writers, and the slanderous comments ol tlioso whoso personal interests are involved in the controversy. There is no limit to the hard names I havo been called, nor to tho bad motives that have beSITiinpiitcd to me but I livo in the hope, Messrs. Lditors, that my own frail bark will ritlo out tho storm, which is gathering in thick darkness around me, mid that 1 may bo ablo, once moro, to put my foot upon terra firnia, and look up to a cloudless sky. Hereafter, should it become necessary, in my own defence, only, I will go a lilllo more at large into an analysis of tho two routes than 1 have gono yet; and I trust I can pre sent such facts as will satisfy my friends, at least, that I am not quite annihilated. Yours, truly, SAMUEL M. FELTON IVTIio Free Press. (Detroit) mourns over the loss of its Now York Herald containing pictorial view of tho Jackson funeral possession. Not much of a loss, mote tamo tngravings, it is raid, wero first need 7 or 8 years ago by the London Illustrated Neics in represent tne procession ai mo coronation ot uueen Victotia. They wero nftcrwards imported into this country for Iho pictorial Urolher Jonathan. Next they wero employed for theCroton Water celebration; J .1 t. m..l . : ! ... x- . I. unu iiiuii unui lur n i yier procession in nuw oik, in tho Herald and Sunday Atlas nnd finally for Ihe Jackson funeral troin I Rather common. Daily Ado. So wo go. Tho funeral baked-meats servo the wedding supper, nnd a coronation cut but aptly exemplifies tho hcartlessncss of thoso hired mourners who swelled the funeral procession of tho chieftain. Alas, ho no longer possessed tho power to bestow spoils, and why should they rcpino that heaven had called him home ! And whercforo should the pally bo taxed with tho expense of a new wood-cut, when the equivocal expres lion of a Tyler torch-light so aptly illustrated their sentiments, and tho occasion. Tho election of Directors of tho Vermont Central Railroad Company is to be made at Montpelicr, on the 23d inst. MR. FELTON AGAIN. The Middlebury Galaxy scorns to mani fest some irritation at tho circumstanco that we should havo measurably exonerated Mr. Fellon from tho "miserable, looso, slip-shod character of the first survey" of tho Rutland route. To all which we havo only to say that it is ii rulo of ours to endeavor to do prompt and honorable justice to every indi vidual to whom we may have attributed acts for which ho is not responsible. Wo thought on further investigation, lhat Mr. Fclton ought not to bo charged with the disgrace of having mado Iho first survey, and so stated. But tho Galaxy thinks otherwise, and says " Now webelieve nothing can be so unjust ns to attcmnt to screen Mr. Fclton in this manner. From the statements given tiy nir. 1 racy ni me uuitana Mcctinir, it appears mat I No survey was made accord inu to tho directions of Mr. Fclton who thoiicht that a course as nearly direct ns practicable should be pur sued, end expressed Ins opinion Iliac liign grades wero nol to very onjectionaute, especially wucrc jargc out lays could thereby be avoided." Very well. Whatofil? Did Mr. Tracy consider himself culled upon under that in struction to avoid'an equally direct and short route, of easy grades, and cheaper construc tion, which is proved to exist parallel with, and almost wilhin a stonc's-lhroogh of the first? If Ac did, tho public will hardly givo it that interpretation. Tho survey of Mr. Gilbert lessens the distance half a mile, gets lid of iho objectionable grades entirely, and it done promptly, we doubt not It will be done. Let every man that has not already signed, comt up loiAe iror and let those who havo signed sec if they can not raise their subscriptions. , The stockholders autlionscu an extension ui i capital of the Company to 82,000,000; and that the subscribers to this increased capital may hae a fair representation in the board ol Directors, we unncr stand that the Directors havo resigned their offices, to tako effect on Iho 1st of September next. Ilulland Herald, Tho subscriptions on this routo now amount to one million, and Judgo Follett has taken the hooks to Boston, with the confident expectation of filling up tho subscription nt once in that city. ANOTHER DESTRUC I IVE FIRE. Last nisht about 11 o'clock, tho alarm was givon, and a firo found raging in a Plaster Mill, directly in rear of and adjoining, the large Cot ton f actory, immediately below tiio state mm, in tho upper part or Iho city. It soon communi cated to tho Cotton Factory, and thenco to the largo Flouring Mill, called tho City Mill, all three of which buildings were totally destroyed and flic walls fell in, a mass of ruins. I ho ractory was used, at present, for storing wheat and flour, and tlicro was in it an immense quantity of these articles: Tho City Mill was aiso tun ot wneat andtlnur: Tho amount in both, wo are unable to state with accuracy ; but it was snvcral thousand bushels of wheal, and, we understand, some two or three thousand bar rels of flour belonging to Mr. Horaco Herring ton of this city. Troy Post. The mills and factory with machinery, owned by Geo. 11. Warren, Esq,, were valued at $35, 000, of winch 13,000 only was insured. The value of the stock owned by Mr. Horrington was about 20,000 813,000 'insured. So that the total loss may bo put down at 1505,000 or 829,. 000 exclusive of insurance. Wo understand there is good reason to suspect that the firo was tho work ofan incendiary. Tyoy IVit'g. Communications. Ma. Kditob, In the discussion which recently took place in this town, of tho comparative claims of the two contemplated Railroad rnutcs from here to Boston, there was one view of the case which, it ap pears to mc, was not fully and fairly taken. Il was indeed said, that the southern Counties were already reasonably accommodated wilh a maiket, but might it not havo been asserted with truth that tho-c Coun ties, on the completion of the Central Hail Road, would be DBTTEn accommodated vitk a market than the Xorthcustcrn Counties ? Addison and Rutland Counties both he contiguous to Lako Champlain, and their most productive towns are tho Lake towns. The mean distance of transportation may be safely assumed to bo not ovir len miles to the Lake, ond this distance, with the additional transportation from their place of deposit on the Lake shore to Darlington, over the cheapest natural water communication, would not by any means equal the average distance and expense of transportation of the products of the Northeastern Counties to the Depots on the Cenlral Road. The friends of ihe Southern route will doubt less answer, lhat the products of the Southern Coun ties are much greater than on the Central route this admiicrof Nature, at the presents herself in view like these, can and wilt atop to gaze and wonder and admire. In spots bko these, (although 1 cannot tee them to their full extent, in all their bcaaly,) I like to Hand alone, in mute admiration ; a beautiful picture, whether of nature or art, sweet, soul-stirring music, inslrumcntil or vocal, 1 love to admire in silence a word is sacrilege. I know that I have not, that I cannot convey to you and to your readers the idea of the beautiful and true to be teen at Trenton Falls. I wi-li that I was able to, for 1 love to gratify those who love such scenes. I will not cloo without referring to "Tho Rural Resort," " a home," and tho polite, polished and ac complished proprietor, Mr. M. Moore, a gentleman, whoso houas is very neatness, elegance, ease, comfort, pleasure combincd.and will afford o charming surprise. There is such an air of casoand elegance throughout . tho house, from the servants to the accomplished head; tho walls hung with mellow, rich engravings, etch ings, and paintings; furniture in tho sitting roomt and parlors, nice; and one uf Jardine's parlor organt occupict a niche seemingly fitted for it in a back par lor, or rather the .Organ mado for the place. It is a cool summer evening, a nice firoblazcs on tho hearth, and a company arc seated around. Presently the tones of Ihe Otgan swell upon the car, conversation it hushed, all are listening ; during tho earlier part or tho evening a profes-cd musician occupied the stool, he played and executed finely. Afterward the mod est, self-taught proprietor of this delightful "Retrcal" lock his place beforo the Organ, then- we Icarnedllho beauty and excellence of tho instrument; sweet and" melodious, soft ond enchanting strains stole upon our tenses and a delicious stillness reigned triumphant. We feared to 'move almost to breathe. Presently, when the organ sounds had died away, at from the woods, another kind of music ttruck upon tho car. Opening the door, we heard a bugle, the sounds" of which, in the darkness and silence of the night, wero grateful. From a distant room issued the sounds of the violin, where the polite and attentive colored servants were treating their colored friends, servants or the visitors, to a merry, happy dance. Lights from Bowers in the groves added to the enchantment of the scene. Mr. Moore knows what is necessary to make such a place delightful, and he quite perfects hit work. No one can leave tho place dissatisfied ; every one is more than satisfied. To thoso who would learn moro particularly of these falls, I would refer ihcm to tho N. V. Commercial and Spectator of June 26, where 1 saw just now a short ond accurate account of them. They are worth a visit from al most any distance. I should much rather spend a fow days or weeks here than at almost any placo away from nomc. VERMONT. I do not like to introduce money in conncction witli these scenes of nature. Theorgan a mere par lor organ, and for a small House too, cost the enter prising proprietoo of this germ of Hotels thirteen hun dred dollars. I merely advert to this, as some think to get a ffood Church Organ for five or six hundred. 'I his is a new and beautiful parlor organ, plain, mod est and neat, like the owner and his house. materially lessens iho expense of grading ! I is an ullcry riacic, assertion, an assumption with- we a"o wish you had said that thirty years ago, and stuck to it I Tribune. TAKE WARNING. Politeness or the Mexican Thieves The Union, correcting a report in somo south' ern paper to tha effect that the Mexiran robbers had treated the representative! of Great Britain and the United States rather harshly when they were waylaid, tays that these robbers are very polite, and would acorn to treat a gentleman with aeverily. They only want his mnney i hat's all I which thev takn with great Kind nesi and cordiality. The Union prncoeds to givo an account from the life or Uovernor Hhan non : "Thctcenonf hit interview with ihem, wat some leagues easi of tho cily of Puebla, where the road, not wide enough for two coaches lo pan, runt for a quar ter of a mile through a btrrancade, or ravine, cut like Miml with nernendicular tides. The stane wat accompanied by an escort, furnished him by the Mexican government. But a few moments before they entered tho ratine, the captain of the escort rode Every day brings to light moro fullv Ihe hero tofore partially concealed purposes of tha Po'k and l cxat administration in regard to Ihe Whig Tariff nf 181'J. It was policy in Mr. Polk (o keep this question in the back ground till the Texas iniquity" was utuposed or in part, at least. Having got tho voto of his Darlv in Con gress on this question without much division, his organ has not failed since todechro that the Tariff must be cut down, and tn announce from time to time that Mr. Pi Ik's Secretary of the Treasury was laboriously engaged in preparing a plan for its reduction, or what is tho same thing in eflect, its desTurlion. Latterly some thing more tangible has appeared. It is a bul letin frm the Secretary himself and copied into the Union, the Government paper at Wash ington, from a paper in Miasinsippt, to the editor of which Mr. Secretary Walker had mado the communication. 1 ho Union endorses it, and also in'iiiHtes that tho re.nstablishment of Ihe Sub-Treasury is aimihor purpose in cuntcmpla tion by the parly. 7'Jiu following Is tho bulle tin, copied from the Union : " LF.TTKR FROM HON. It J. WALKICR." Kxtract of a teller to the senior editor of the JiKssis sipptan, uQiea June o, itHi.j It would be iinnossiblo for me to civo vou any ad enuate concent ion of the labors of this office fgecre'a. ry oi nie treasury;; guinea ii io aay, i never nave any leisure. At present, my chief occupation it with ine detain oi Ihe tatill. It mdst be bedvced to thb revenue standard. Kver truly yours, ft. J. WALKER." And now what is the effect upon cotno of tho interests of the people of this design so boldly avowed, and so well understood by many pco. pie: iv u say ii is injurious. Ami now I JVtst year at this time our Slate was full of the aneit nf tho manufacturers uf wool, who naiil for full uiouu iiiurinu somo wiicre in me vicinity of 4U cts. per pound. It is not so now, and whvl i .i. i . . ... iieusiihi; uiu oirirur uiauuiaciurcrs oi mo article know Mr. Polk's hostility and that of a great share of his parly to protection upon this article and the fabrics made from it, and before thev could turn their cloth into money thoy expect io sen our puns open io iirtlisii cloths. They see what hit organ says, and what the Secreta ry Is doing. They see how tho parly have pushed on their purpose in regard to tnnexa. tion, a purpose no moro strongly declared before the election man was Hostility to adequato pro taction. That purioso has bcon nearly tccom plif lied, and why should not tho other, they rea son. The same Tariff law ia in existence which we had last yoar when wool went off at much better prices than it docj this. Then the wool buyers expected the law tn bo pennanenl, for they expected Mr. Clay lo be elected. Mr Polk, by fraud and deception, succeeded, and tbey have now no such expectations, and shape their business accordingly. They do not tvud out To the Editors of the Boston Atlas ; Gentlemen As there have appeared one two communications from Mr. W. B. Gilbert, civil engineer, relative to a portion l mo uuiianu route, wlncli aro calculated put that route in a falso position before the public, I deem it my duly to niako a few words ot explanation in my own behalf. Somo time since, the Ilulland eentlemen called on mo to take charge of their survey. n inu iiiiiu in siariiu mu jjurues, i was very much engaged with my duties on the Fitch- burg road ; and in addition to which, I was lame, and could not go to attend to it per sonally. -The duties of running tho lines, ana niaKing ine surveys, were intrusted to Mr. Chase, formerly of the Eastern road, and to Mr. Tracy, an engineer introduced and recommended lo me by the gentlemen from uuuana. nir. iracy was from Western Vermont, on the lino of tho Rutland road. with and under the direction ef the Rutland gentlemen themselves, and made most of that portion ol the survey which has since created so much sensation in ihe public mind. It was my intention to have gone over the route, and made a report upon il from personal examination but my engagements were so constant ana arduous, that 1 could nol leave them till after the preliminary Convention at Rutland. I therefore, revised, at Charles- town, tho estimates made by Messrs. Chase and Tracy, and sent to Rutland my report, which was oasou upon tiio lino run under the direction or the Rutland gentlemen them selves, by tho enginoer of their own choice It is therefore my estinialo on their own sur vey, and their new route is an entire change of line. The great error was that the eon- llemeii wore anxious that the route should run through their villages, to the sacrifice of the grado of their road and the ease of con structton. I hose gentlemen knew as we then, as they know now. that an easier lin could be found, by runnino down the va lev of Otter Creek, and taking a route remote from their villages but, thi, I suppose, did not comport wnu ineir ideas of the accom modation that u Railroad should afford lo themselves personally. Tho Rutland gentlemen were heard, for several days, by tho Fitchburg Directors ; during which Ihey urged, very eloquently, uiu Huviiinugcs oi ino utter ureek Route. Its feasibility was admitted on all hands and, so far as that portion of tho route is concerned, it need not bave been resurvey ed to establish in grades on a good footing generally. It seems to me, therefore, as though this part of the route had beon seized upon by the genllemon, toproduco an effect in tho public mind favorable to themselves ana aaverse lo me, and those who havo sus tained me. Those gentlemen well know, that tho Mount Holley portion of their routo was the part urged as decisive against them. Why did thoy not then begin lo re-survey that part of the route Why did not Mr. Gilbert, with his magic wand, cleavo Mount Holley asunder, and causo Iho Railroad to FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 1?, ISIS. J-'QR flOYBttNOR, WILLIAM SLADE. KOR LIEUT.. GOVERNOR, HORACE E4T0N. FOR TREASURER, JOHN SPALDING. FOR SENATORS CII1TTENDKN CO. HAHBV BRADLEY, DANIEL. II. ONION. Why did not Mr. Tracy select this location? It doubtless existed then, and (ho presump tion is, that the face of tho country has not materially changed in tho mean time. Tho truth is, Mr. Tracy was incompetent for tho service assigned him, or neglected to do his duty. Tho survey was a reproach to civil engineering, nnd disgraceful to thoso who made it. A New Abticle or ExronT. We are told that a Yankee broom maker in Ohio has leacd twelve hundred acres of bottom land, oti tho Scioto river, near Columbus, and planted the entire plot in broom corn, with tho view to ex port the crop in England, where he intends lo proceeil himself, and engage in the-manufac turing nf brooms, taking with lum tho wood for out foundation. Let any man take the map and trace the handles, and the machinery used for tho DISCUSSION. A meeting was held by adjournment at the Court-Hotise on Monday and Tuesday, for the purposo of discussing the compara tive merits of thu two contemplated railroad routes to Boston. Tho discussion was lis tened to with marked attention by a large and very respectable audience, from this and tho neighboiing to'vrmfr-- Among the speak ers on the occasion, wero Messrs, Pomeroy, Smalley, Wheeler, Marsh, Phelps, Linsley, and others. In the hands ofsuch men, any subject must receive a thorough inves tigation, and it is needless to say that such a subject, on such an occasion, was discussed with distinguished ability, But, after all, wo havo no reason for believing that any person has changed his opinion in conse quence. "A man convicted against his will, is of the same opinion still , and while few or nono have changed their opinions, all havo doubtless gono away armed wilh new arguments in favor of thoir respective routes. CENTRAL ROAD. Tho stockholders in this company it will bo observed, proposo to organise the compa ny by an election of ofTicun at Montpelicr on the 23d, Tho subscription has already reached lhat point at which it is considered good policy to close the books and proceed wilh the work. According to tho present arrangement, this road is to bo continued down Connecticut River, so as to connect with the Fitchburg road at Charleston or Bellows Falls. In tho mean time, tho stock has been subscribed for a road from Concord to Lebanon, and il is to bo immediately put under contract. So that wliun tho Central road reaches the mouth of White River, the connection wilh Boston will bo accomplish ed, whether the down rivor portion ot tho road is constructed or not. Detroit, July 7. A fine flock of sheep, numbering several hundred we should jiuluc, were brought ncross the river on Saturday. Wool must soon be a leading article in this ttate, Adc. All accounts agrco in representing sheep culture in the Slates of Ohio, Illinois, Mich igan, and the West generally, as steadily and rapidly increasing, and tho time is not distant when wo shall havo to share the wool market with our western neighbors. Thev can doubtless, produce the article from thirty to fifty per cent. less than us in N. England, and it will bear transportation better than any other article lliuy have lo send cast. Flocks aro readily multiplied ; and those boundless prairies once slocked with sheep, will produce a competition in the wool mar ket that must drivo us to the wall. Hence it is well enough lo cast about and sec what wo aro to look to as a staplu a few years hence. tho respective routes through Vermont : the Cenlral runs 21 miles further in the State than the Southern, and the country tributary lo it is vastly longer and more proJucthc than those two counties ; and let it not be forgotten that those two Counties will be also tributary to the Central route, and that, as we haic before asserted, uith less distance nnd expense than iho Northeastern and Eastern Counties. The grace wilh which the rcpic-scntatiics of the Southern coun ties interposed their claimsto farther accommodation, to tho exclusion of the Counties out of which " Hur linglon has grown rich" (but which arc very fair for all other purposes,) may be jtAcd of by those wile) will lako the trouble and spend one moment in the in spection of the map of Vermont, and not a longer pe riod in reflecting on the subject. J Railkoads. Proposals have been issued for grading, masonry and bridges of 27 miles, or Iho three fust divisions, of Bratlluboro' railroad, extending from Fitchburg to Atltol. and as decisions wero to ho mado on tho 12th of July, it may bo anticipated that ground will bo broken before August. liraltlcboro' LaalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRalaRaBi . unin M 1.1. Mil JTHBH ,..'..' ... . I- Mr. Felton, it will be observed, has conio out with a vindication of his agency in the survey of the Southern routo, Ho is entitled to a hearing, and we-llietoCoro transfer hit article to our columns. We understand that all the remaining stock in the "Northern Rail Road"Company (from Concord to Lobanon,) was taken up tho nieht before last. Tho canilal to which the Company is entitled is a million and a half ofdollars, and $900,000 had boon suuscnu ed beforo tho books wero oponod in this city. Tho residue and $100,000 over the amount required were promptly subscribed here. RAI We have received from the clerk no report of iho Erocredinst of the meeting of the ttockholdert of the ske Chainpliin mil Connecticut river Rail-Road, held at this plca on h 3d intt., and consequently can live no delaiU. We can ttate, however, lhat ihere was a very large and spirited meeting, and the utmost harmony prevailed. Hon. Timothy t oilet of Burlington, Kim'l llakcr, Vergennes, Ira Stewart, Middlebury, Charles I.insley, do. Ji hn A. Conant Ilrandon, Chester Granger, 1'ittsfirld, Geo. T. Hodges, Rutland, II. N. Fullerton, Cavendish, Wm. Henry, llcllowt Falls, wirn rtmun Directors. Upon footing up tho books which wero returny) to .. -.. ; :. ......... ....I .k. Aoni tnn li-.l IHO UOmmiMIUnCrB, Il oijuoivu iw,,uu au luun .iirnfil. and Ihere are still some boots out. Energetic nicasutct wcie taken lo havo the stock in Vermont made up t" 1,000,000 the present cek, and if our friends appreciate the impojiancc ol having TrCsto.s Kalis, N. Y. (U miles from Utica.) Ma. Stacv, Pear Sir: This is my Jirst visit to Schenectady, a new world opens to my view. The valley through which we pass from Troy to Utica at this lime lool.s to mc beautiful ; the scenery varied and ever varying ; the fields, the trees, the moss cov crcd rocks, all clothed in their deep, deep green alt seemingly clothed lo their heart's content, look smil ing in joyousncss. Who can help admiring the love liness of the scene 7 Utica appears to me a pleasant city, tho scenery diversified as it is by lulls and dalesi by river, rocks, and mountains, by beautiful field k' flowers, shrubbery and trees, fine residences, stores' public buildings, and an active population of industri ous thousands, is altogether attractive and delightful. New Hartford is four miles from Utica. In going to this place you pet a view of the Insane Asylum, a very large and beautiful building, of grey granite, sit uated a little out of the city of Utica. The ground" attached to the institution are beautifully laid out, and well arranged for the use of the inmates. New Hart ford is a pretty country town, with somo cotton man ufactories, and a population of about four thousand. When iho country was first settled, it was expected that this would be a large place, but Utica loll it far behind " long, long ago." I was kindly, hospitably ar.ifplejsantly entertained at this place by a family lo whom I had letters of introduction, who have been isidents of the placo from its catly telllcnicnt. At lica I found some old, and made some new acquain tances, who rendered my visit very pleasant, and I I ahall leave gratified with my slay there. I drove over hero yesterday and paid my first vi-it to Trenton Falls, Oneida Co., N, Y. While riding along oyer a road not much improvcJ by a two day's rain, the thought came inlo my mind, that perhaps the tails wcie hardly wotth the time, trouble ond expense of the visit. How agreeably disappointed do I find my self. Having consigned my horse to tho care of a po lite and attentive hostler, at " The Rural Resort," I exchanged my clothes for those tho most worn, my hat for glazed cap, thin for thicker boots, put on an overcoat, and taking a small silk umbrella which has cen my companion for " ten years and more, and ravelled several thousand miles with me, saving me rom many a wet jacket, passed together with an ac- uaiutancc. from the door directly into the iorei. A ew rods brought us to the bank, ond descending with a boy who offered himself as guide,) some hull- red hii-ns or more down live lltgiilt ot ttaire, we bund ourselves at the brink of a river in a rocky hastn. The river, swollen and furiout from a long ontinued rain, the view up and do n the stream, over head and on either side, altogether awakened feelingt of astonishment, wonder and admirations 1 could stand heio and gaze, and wonder and admire for an indefinite period of time. We passed on, by a narrow rock path, which has been blasted at great expense, and in many places chains are fastened along tho mighty wall, to afford security and perfect saiely to the most timid, There are several falls and rapids, all worthy of a visit i in truth, every moment there is something wild, wonderful and new. I feel tne paucity of my pen and language lo desenbo these beautiful and ever-varying scenes. They must bo iewcd Ihey cannot be described The river or stream is called tho " West Canada Creek." Il it a large branch of iho Mohawk the largest, I am told, beforo its junction. I mentioned that it was swollen by rains. This made the rapids and falls appear more grand and interesting, and alto moro difficult of access. My companion at tome tpott crept along on his bands and knees, and I had to stoop and crouch and lay close to the rocky tide. (The billows were furiout, the footpath narrow, and patted tome points ihtl I should connder danger- i to those subject to dizziness, blindnest, lc. At one point the ttream patsed over Ihe path, and the guide and my companion turned back. I passed on through the water, and soon reached the dry rock path again. In passing two of the largest falls Ihe spiay gavo ua a good welling. My "old umbtclla' protected ine much, and I cnl il back by our guidi to our companion, and il saved him from much of the ihoMer bath, Tho walls of solid, overhanging rock vary in the passage up Ihcte numerous tails trom 40, CO, 100 lo -00 feet in height, in some placet bare, an tome covered wilh green most, lines, shrubbery, tall cedars, presenting contlant, changing, diversified, 1 beautiful viewt. There are many pointt where an purpose, brooms made from the American corn, arc so much superior, for various uses, to any thing to bo had in England, that thoy have become, willnn a lew yearn past, quite a lavnr- lie in that country, and are now exported thither in largo quantities. Tho Washington correspondent of the Haiti I'atriut writes thus : It is stated here that Messrs. Blair ami Rives will bold themselves in readiness to revive tho "Globe" the moment they receive the proper indications that Congress will sustain the enter prise. Sad. A woman residing at SO Pearl. stcct, N. Y. was horribly burnt, on Wednesday morn in?, by her clothes taking fire from a campheno lamp w htch exploded in her hand. It is scarce ly hoped that she can recover. When will peo ple le.irn to use greater precautions wi'h cam phenc, or else toabandun it altogether Tiib Dumb Tauomt to Speak. Tho Lexington Obscrvor states that Jacob F. Todhunter, born deaf and dumb aged twenty five years, has been taught to articulate by his instructor, Robert T. Anderson. Tho editor was incredulous, when he heard thb statement, but Jacob called on him, bade hin "good morning," mado himself distinctly un derstood in conversation, and read a chapter in the Biblo wilh easo and clearness. Ne-.v Bedfoi:d. Although this town may bo considered small, numbering only 1U,0()0 inh.ibi tents, yet its real estate is valued at Sl'JOUO,. 000. being -SlOO to each man, woman, and child New Bedford has 240 vessels engaged in tho whale fisheries. NOTICE. Tho subscribers to the Central Rail Road are requested to meet at Prouiy's Hotel, this eve ning, at half past 7 o'clock, consult with refer ence to tho organization of C. R. R. Co. ot Montpelicr on the 23 inst. Friday, July 16, '45. COMMERCIAL. URIGIITON MAHkCKT.July 7, 1S43. At market. BOO head Ueef Cattle. D yokes of work ing Oxed, 40 Cows and Calve', and 1500 Sheep, anJ Pbices Reef Cattle. We quote extra Cattle tG: first quality, 5,75; second quality, 85 Ji $3,25. Working Oicn. Sales noticed at $70, $72, $73, and $32. Cows and Calves. Salca made at $19, $21, $26. $30, 834, and one 842.50. . r-nccp. uid snecp, si.ji ie r-,uj. L.amt, Irom 81,50 to 82,25 f? 2;75, N. Ii. The above prices were casuv obtained for the first and extra quality. Bfiffl dl, On the Till inst., Ciiables Hehak, infant son ot Charles P. and Maria S. Allen, aged 10 mouths. In tins town, at the residence of C. B. Mills, nn Ihe 12lh intt., Mr. Solomon Wiieaton, aged about 28 yeais. Printers iu New Yoik and Vermont ara requested, i&c. At Rouse's Point, N. Y., on the morning of the 15th inst., Scsas, ihe beloted wife of Ralph Rawdon, Esq., aged 50 years. In Westford, June 33d, Jerome Wood, eldest sort of Widow Augusta Joslin, aged three years and nine months. This lovely bud, so young and fair, Called hence by early doom, Just came to show how svtcel the flowers- In Paradise would bloom. Wc saw thee bloom m childhood's verdnni nunn. Ai blooms the rose, juti opening to the sun ; aiiu line ine rose-uua, early ntpp d wiih frost, Thou lcfl'tt us mourning when we loved thee most. DOCT.GEO. F. LEMON, FROM NEVY.YORK, OPERATIVE & SURGEON DENTIST, RESPECTFULLY mformt tha eitixent of Burling, 'ton tnd vHnilv, that he will be happy lo wait upon them at PROlTlVS HOTEL, or at their dwellings. July 18, 1845. VT. CENTRAL RAILROAD. Till: Stockholders of Iho VERMONT CKNTKAr. 1UIL1I0D COMPANY are hereby no, Bed ic. meet at M, COTRIUVS, in Montpelicr, on the 23d ol July in.t., at one oUock, A. M., lor tho purpose of etc. ting even Dire. toryof said tympany. (iivcn under our nanus mi . unv jhijt, iiu, UIIAnur.o i fl.i.ii JOHN PUCK. WYLLYS LYMAN. DANIEL BALDWIN, K. I JKWKi r, Commit. sioncrt. ANDREW TRACY, LEVI B. VILAS,

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