Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 25, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 25, 1845 Page 2
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Prom iho New-Yor' Tribune. July 19. TCIUUF1C F1IIR! TWO HUNDltni) STORKS AND UUILD1NOS ON F1IIL! VIVE MILLIONS OK IMtOlM'.ItTY DK-8THOVKDI--8RVRUAI, 1,1 VIW LOST 1 1 Ono of ike most terrific fires that ever occurred in lhi City broke out this morning nbout 3 o'clork. It citigmaled wo believe, in a Soop Clin nil lery in Now street and commutm-ated to tile store along side and thence In the rearof a building in Hroad slriet, which contained a large quality or silt petre. Tho explosion which took place Irom llie i!niiinn of this combustible matter was tieniendou, it was fell and heard in nlmost every part of the City niuo flimcs issuej thrnush the ruins and extended over the entire street, broad as it is, say 100 feet, and communicated the fire to the stores on the opposite side. Kngines No. S and 42. we believe were the first on the spot, and were greatly cxpo-ed nt tho time of the explosion, but t.one of the nvmbers, so far as we could learn, were seriously injured Three of No. 46 are misting. TIo roll was called tier the explosion. No, 1 1 was buried at onetime, but was got out. They are carrying off disabled firemen. Engine No. 22 was attached by hoso and could not bo rescued from the llaniesand was burnt. In Broadway a t half past 4 almost the entire block commencing at Waverlv Hou-c and extending down to bVaver street was in fhmcs. We could only gath er few particulars. 44 Umadw.iy, 4(1. Sevin if- Ilrother, CO. Dwelling ,Houe, 52. Furniture 6'tore, 51. tloorinan, Jr. Win. W. Uranch, S if lien & Ironside, Wavetly Douse. Broad streelan butli sides, commencing nl Nos. 15 and 18 on each side respectively, and extending al most down to llmver street. We can only give the following particulirs i 02 Couklin ii Farringlon, 62J T. Lewith's Cooper nee, 64. U, Rrndy, Crnccr, 63 Sijn, Old Shippers Press, Allred K. Kemp, 56 Tucker & Lirhthiirn. SI Middle- Haip past Koca. When tho fi'e reached No. 49 in flroad street, the tore of John B. Lasala, we thought it would be ar rested in that direction, but wc noticed the Iron shut ter most exposed and nearest the tire was open. We have no hopes of the building. Beater-streU.Kt hslfpast four thorearpart of the lores on the 01st sido of llejvcr-sirer-t, were mostly on fire, ami it was Ihiiuglii dnublful if ilu y would bo wired. We them cutting into the front door of the store nf A. Sebnetrc with an me. , The Merchants' Kachange wus at one time con sidered in danger. Great exertions are making to prevent the fire from crossing Broadway. Wc could not get round to William-street, but un derstand that the fire is rapidly approaching. The Merchants arc removing llie.r goods as fast as possi ble. Exchange place is. on both sides, turned from Broid halfway to William street. The Waverly House ia cntirtly deatroyed, a portion of the furniture saved. Half pait T M.We have this moment re turned from the scene of the Oonfiigralinn, with eje, heart and brain oppros-cd with the sublime mid up palling spectacle. The whole area between Hroa I street, Kxchsnge Place, Ib .ncr street and Uro.idway and up Broadway Jo tho Waverly Iloitc( is one ast amphitheatre of Idood-ie I rtmie -wc-pmc like n hur ricane of fire, falling walls, siiinkeaud tinders dying like gigantic meteors all wavsotonee. The fl lines have approached within rwo'doorsof the Public Store No. 12 Hrond, containing an immense amount of valuable goods of all sorts, and it will hardly be sued The fire, it is believed, will not slop short of William Mrcet and the Exchange; and the licrec wind, which has been raised by the teriific force of the fhmes, is driving the conflagration furiously toward the South and Kast. There is no calculating where it maybe Biipprcsrid, this side of the water. On lironlwar the roof n nil walls of tho Waverlv House have jusl fallen in, ntul the eager dimes are licking about the doors an I winduws of the a 'joining uu'umgi, ana oaring ineir n-.-ry longics toward llic Globe Hotel. Below, the tall nnl costly buildings uuwii iu nusioii sou rrrmoenic uepoi are an in mass oi name ana toon nice nn immense eliss furnace while ever and anon thundrrsu lettering wall, send ing up a column of flame and biiriiiug dut, wlvch spreads like n pail of fire over thsky nod showers a hail-storm ot living coa'a and llnning brands over the crowd which horribly throng and suffocate the treets in every direction for a mile around. The Depot is now on fire, and a trcinendunus rush takes place anion!! the ttamuliiiL-crowd. a a rumor spreads that the building contains a lerge quantity of spirits, ine winu increases us strenutn anil tnry. and now after blowing in a whirlwind nbout the hot est flame, sets in a steady current to the South-Fast. The Adelphia ono of llie loftiest buildings in thia part of the City mii9t inevitably go Indeed, there is little doubt that the whole of Broadway lying be tween Kxchange, New and Beaver streets and the Bowling Green, will certainly be deslrovi-d. This block is almost exactly in the shape of a molar tooth, with the prong lying upward and the lace fronting on the llowlmp Green. The entire block between Broad and New street", from Kxchange to Heaver, is a heap of smoking mid billing ruins. Not n lull. ling is lift sianding On the Southeast corner of Broad and Beaver, which torma the point of a large triangular block of heavy mercantile hou-e one of the most valuable, peihaps, in the city the flames are raging with unparalleled fury, and wc do not sec how a tingle brick is to be saved. The firemen are making, as nlways in cases cf great emergency like this, almost superhuman exer tions, but what can they do against this fearful ene my, which attacks them on every side at once, and aeems possessed with n pirtt of human revenge as it leaps shouting and roaring from roof to roof. Already we fear two of their p-ecious mochines (22 and 3) are destroyed -22 ccttamly. Three firemen are believed to have lost their liyet, and they are sianding nt this moment on all the roofs exposed to the most fearful danger. At ihe lime the first explosion took place, a fireman belonging to Ensine Co. 22, standing on the loof of a house next lo the explosion, was blown, as we are assured by tho Assistant Foreman oi the company, two whole rquarcs before touching tho ground, lie escaped with a sprained ancle. The scene in llroidway near the (ire, in Wall si. South William, Kxchanee Plnce, Rector, Morris and Thames streets, quite defies all allempts at descrip tion. Drays, carts and wheelbarrow, hastily loaded with Ihe most incongruous cargoes, are pushing through iho den-e crowd in every direction, attended by tho sweating., blackened and exciting dtivers. Irish women, with a bed in one hand two or three naked children in the other, run to deposit them on Ihe walk, or wherever there may be a nook for satety. The sidewalk in front of Old Trinity is filled higher than your b'ad with a bulwark of beds, bureaus, chests, tables, kettles, clocks, sauce pans, portraits, vases, gridirona, easy chairs, meal-bags, counter pines, potatoes, and every thing else thai 'was ever aeen or heard of. The Bowline Green ia full of similar materials, while forty or fifty poor families are Irving to dress themselves, washing their faces in the Fountain and hushing the cries of their children. The Elks from Oregon look frightened into lame less, aud cower amid the flakis of lire that fall on evry tide. In the Battery there are acres imon ar-rr-a nf tinii.n. holJ goods scattered upon the grass each little pile oiiriiuuu uy iuu uufuuvrn laimiy. neie is a pine cradle, roughly rocking a pale, squalid looking infant there a group of smutched faces refresh themselves from a broken whi-key-bottle Such a scene has never Deen arcamea or imagined. The glare of Ihe conflagration lies thick and ruddy upon Ihe Bay, and Ihe red light of the new-risen sun mingles ghosttlly with the redder and brighter hue of the flames. The whole 1'ity seems pouring into mm iitri jr uim uivwiig mime!, in a renuy stream. Several of ihe awnings in Bowl ng-grcen were on fire at ono lime ignited by a vagrant ember-but they weie pecdily eximgui-hed without other dam age wnnSE AN I) WOnsiJ'.-lo minutes be fore 8. The following are the boundaries of the Confliiirauon si this moment. Ii i still raging with unabated fury toward llio South Ferryi Down Broad-street to Stone-street, and running uuwii oiunq-piini m 1110 renv. Down Beaver-strect to within three dimr. nfiv.i liam, with the' almost certainly lhat it mutt all go down to William. On Broadway, from the Waverly Hnnso down Broadway lo No. 4. onnosits ihe Bowtin-r.r: ri0i and going down Whitehall-street, which will in all proba tion wo mnvvi iv me uaiiciy. The mainiflecnt block of buildlnra in which Mr Stephen Whitney, Ac. reside, is expected n en. 'I he6e are mim tight or ten of the most beautiful residences in the city. A man wa carried off by two firemen, belonging to No. 15, who had beeome deranged irom his sister tieing iiurni io aeatn, ana llie loss of all Ins property We tried every way to eh names and morn rmnVn lars of this shocking catastrophe, but were totally uuauici The Conflagration Checked Further Par. tleiilara. We at length are enabled to announce lhat the terrible Conflagration which has devastated o important and wealthy norlion of our aim l,. yielded lo Ihe untiring and well directed exertions of our gaiiant rremen is now subdued. Never was fight ao fiercely contested never was battle-field so thickly strewn with wrecks and trophies. We have just returned from our third exploration among the smoking ruins, snd are enabled lo describe accurately Ihe geographical silent of the calamity. Cumin? A ... O.A..1.... .. tln.Ca, k.ill.lln- I . ! .L - II. UUWII piwunir, niv in mi iki,iu,k UUU1I IS IDC tVaVCr lr House, on the corner of Kxcliinco-strect. Next lo Ihe Waverly llnuso was No. 56-a large four story building, oecunicd by Staniford if- Smith as a Cabinet and Chair Factory entirely destroyed. The stock waa very largo and costly. No. 54-occupied by C. Bnoruin, Jr. asanciten-ive Chair Factory entirely destroyed. Slock very large nd valuable. No. 51 occupied by V, I. Branch, Furniture and cxpcn All the above were large four-story buildings, and filled with goodsfrom roof to basement. It i-of course impossible to stale tho exact amount of loss, insur ance, die, as Ihe owners themselves do not yet know how Ihev stand. No, 60 Fine Brick Dwelling, totally destroyed nothing saved. Nos. 43, 46, 4 1, 42. 40. 33, 35. 31, 30, 23, 26, 21. 22, 20, 18, 1U, 14, 12, 10,8, 6, 4, and 2, Broadway, East side, are all swept clean not a frame standing. Among these a largo Looking Glass Establishment, containing nn immense nmonnt of the must costly stock, valued at between $330,000 and 8100,000 all cntirtly lost. The larrre Depot of iho Norwich nnd Worcester Railroad Company was also included In the above full of goods, but the valuo of which we could not learn, The splendid and spacious building known as the Adelphi, was also among tho above together with three or four other largo and fashionable Boarding Houses, aud nuinernunandsome private dwellings, from none of which could any thing of consequence have been saved. The hoarders, fmnsllv strnni?crs spending Iho Summer here) fared especially hard. Al No. 23, a lame private hoarding house (formctly occupied by Mr. David" Hale,) cirncr of Morris-et. This was completely gutted, although the walls were leu stanoing. No. 21, a lame private boardino house every thing destroyed in it, and many of the boarders lost their cloilunc, Ate. c. No. 19 entirely tlctroyed. No. 17 The I eauliful nnd splendid B'uo Granite Iluu-e, with Ihe spacious porch defended bv two cost iron Lions remarked by every body who ever visited New York. This was occupied ht .Mr. liny, and was built with unusual pains and skill by Mr. Mai tin E. Thompson. Ilia completely gono but themassno walls, which are still standing. No. 15 -Elegant three story tnarblo dwelling all destroyed but tho walls. It was owned and occupied by Mr. Hrcvoort. No. 13 Mrs, Barkers rxte,iive boarding house Inside completely burnt walls rtanding. The fire on the Wesl side of Broadway wns here checked, aficr a piganjictrmrgle, and the Atlantic ctence, on llio point of the angle of Broadway and Grecnwtcli-slreel, and several other buildings in thai iuv, were saveu. Mr Augustus Cowderey. a member of JCncino Com pany, No. 22, was killed by the explosion. Ho ia a aid loss. The explosion shattered nearly all the thick plate gla-s in the Exchange, in the Banks nnd Stores In the neighborhood, and even os far as Broad ond Heaver streets. Tho Mavor has i.ued n Proclamation requesting Geo. Sandford lo call out n lody of Horse nnd as many oilier ot llio quinary as was requisite to pre serve Ihepronerlv of the citizens. Ten men have been sent lo ihe Tombs for stealing oi toe i ire. 3 O'clock, P. M. 302 acunixas BcnNFD Down Broadway lo Marketfiild-slieet, on the East. every thinn wni itilrnvr-rt n u-n hnvi nlrn,lv nn. t'oed. Here Broadway becomes Whileiiall-etrecl, ond Nos. 1 and 3 were burnt Ihe loiter only partially. No. 1 was occupied by J, L. Liebcn as a Family Gro cery o. 6 a dwelling. Directly in rear of the burnt nart of Broad way. and curving parallel toil, was New-street, which' only exienneu iroin ueaver to r.xcinnge-eiriet. inise entirely burnt, lo Broadway nn ihe one side nnd Broad street on tneiiilier so Iliat .New-strcci no longer ex i"t. The 'Down-Tumi Reservoir,' or Ca-ometer of Ihe ins Company in this strict, blew up shortly of tcr the salt. petre cxplo-ion. The loss of the Compa ny iiabonl iJIOOOO. There will, however, be no sin- Denftion lo the Mirmtv ol Gas. Exchingo Place ia burnt through from Broadway in lirnii. street and nearly to William-street, occupied by heavy silk ami other importing houses. Brond-Strect was burnt from" Mnrkeffieltl. street (the net So Hh of Beaver. lo Win. NcilsonV Nn. 22, on the West side, nnd Win. II. Franklin's on the cist two wtinic IiIocks, excepnns two large double stores on the Northeast corner nf Beaver, Nos. 87 and S9, occupied by J. C Mullen & Co- John H. Brown if-Brother, and F. Lawrence. The buil lings here were very vaiuauleantl all hid heavy stocks of good-. Meek's Court, n largo and populous hui'ding, occupied by a whole colony of Cominis-ion Merchants was Durnt. it was 31 tiro ad. . Bi'.crsfijld-Mrcet was pirtially burnt from White hall-street, on both sides ihroimh to Broad, u here Ihe street is discontinued. A very larco brick bnu, nn the uirnerof M. and Whitehall-streets fell just as -lu wriij -ir.iiic-, irom wnicn nveorsix persons saved their lives by about ns many seconds. No. 33 Mar ketfiHil, occupied by Mr. Bull, Scald-Bcem muker, ..,. iini)- iiiiiun uesiruyec. Slont'-S'reet was hurned from Xn 3 In Tlronrl.ef on I from No. G to Broad on the other side. ' , carman a carpenlcr-h' p.E3 Broad, was burnt, but Us htah walls are still standing necessarily in a very preen nous condition. South William street ia burnt nn iho IMnntiorli- curve lo No. 8, next door lo Delmonico's, jvhich lat ter was saved hv the most immense prpninm Mm 35 and 39 South William was partially burnt by the .... -.viiii, , iiiiuuiMi iruui nriiau. The Iron Shutters nf the liiflv 8. 10 and 12 South William wcro all that saved the tiro from spreading in lint direction. The paint on them was corrugated uud cuno olTin scales. f,nm inle-iilv of the heal. On Beaver street the (lames swept every thing pret ty clean, from Broadway through to No. 43 oil the Nonh side. (45 heim? still standinrbut rrr-ailv dam aged,) and -No. 46 on the South side. Here the effi cacy of iron roofs and fite-proof shutters was glori ously tested. Nowhere in its course did the Confla gration rage more furiously than here nnd this was nun,?!- me iiiriiui!- pijiiii io ine sao Diis'nessoi the day. The fine block of stoes built bv Mr. Tuns nobly withstood the riirrnaehllienln nf th fnn nn,l boflli-d its most furious assaults. As soon as the Amies had butnt fairly up io these buildinrs, they made a tremendous attack, nud then fell off nl nnr,. the wind lulhil, and the dire contest wns over, al ihouah destruction jiuI devastation still lingerod in different pari nfihc field. As to llie loss by this tremendous Fire, or a perfect nnd complete list of the sufferers, with tho nmonntof insurance, if-c. etc. we have done all thai twelve hours of unremitted labor, beset with all those dilTieuliies nnd posaibilities in the way of procuring accurate in- iiiiiiiuuui! which can ue reaouy coneeivcit. we, oi coinse, do not pretend thai our account is strictly to be rebel on, except su fur as tho geographical extent and general features of the t-alamiiy are concerned. Thet-e wc have seen and accurately stated. The total loss wi'l, we arc pretty well tatisfied, inngefrom 85.000 000 to 810,000,000. The Insnranco inmpaiiies aie losers of Ihe urcatcr portions of this ; and we arc told by a gentleman of experience and knowledse thai in his opinion our heaviest companies have buried one-half their capital in this day's ashes. We arc informed by one of iho officers of the Com pany lhat Ihe National Fire InsurnnrA Pnmmnv lin-o s'annn r.ct, .i. l'.. iv....:. ' ' J10 w illiimibtirB Fire Insurance Company No. 71 Wall street, wo are informed remain with ihiir lull capital, the amount of their losses being very incon siderable. If we had language lo exnrc-s the ndmlmiinn nnd respect which every citizen in New-York feels this moment for Ihe Fibi.men. it would be suite unneces sary. Their praises are in every mouth, and any par ticular mention of (his fir lhat company where all did so nobly, would be invidious as will a superfluous, rtudiccit to say, that never did any body of men in a baltle-lield show themselves more fearless nt danger, more prompr, more skillful, more orderly in the dis charge of ihtir duties'. Wherever the fire raged hot test, thero were the gallant fellows, theit red shins and faces elowlnj as if in emulation of ihe roaring flames and t heir lives exposed to every wildest hazard of which it is possible to conceive. It U indeed sad for us lo be compelled to record ihe death of Mr. Cow derey, one of tho Members of Eugino Company No. 22, w hose engine itself w as totally destroyed by the uir, miu iiuB iwiMto iron skeleton was enrnea io its homeon a dray. Wodil not learn what disposi tion had been made oflho remnin-of vouniCowle- rev nor, in fact, ore wo certain, although we believe thai they wcro recovered. r-cveral olhcr firemen wero mnro or less injured. Francis Hart, another member of'22. was blown hv I he explosion over two f-quares, as has been already stated, and most miraculously escancd'with a snrnin (a severe one) of llie ancle. He was carried on the root. Hieh Kelly, belnnirinff to the Birne comnanv. waa considerably iniund in the head nnd brcaal, by the explo-ion we Ichcvo not dangerously. lunotny waters, same company, slightly injured, in cutting llio door, and thus letting out some twenty or Iwenty.five nf hu companions, who otherwise wuuiu ineviiaoiy nave pertsneo. A chest of drawers thrown from a houso in Green-wich-slreei, jusl above Morris, fell upon the head of a lad, crushing his skull, and killinn him almost in stantly. In (ihtdieuce lo the proclamation of the Mayor, Ihe Military turned out to preserve the proper ly of the citizens, ami a detachment of United Stoles I ronps irom Governor's Island wero sent over and rendered very efficient oi.l lo the Policemen in estab lishing ihe barriers (which u-iu r..,na,t.ni.i.. ...ii t,nni upi) while ihe new Policemen themselves deserve the very greatest credit for the firm yet civil, respectful yet efficient manner in which they performed then difficult duties. A fireman went into a Dutchman's on Ihe corner of Pearl and Beaver-strcets and got some refreshment ening oul snd not paying for it. and saying lhat Ihe Company would settle. The Dutchman ran nficr him an I struck him with a knife or fome other sharp instrument, la vine his head ODen wilh a homlileunkh Several Firemen ihm got together, entered Ihe house ann ueai ine iiuicnman severely, who was at length rescued bv the Policemen. P. S. We have jui been favored by a gentleman with the following list of buildings burnt ! Bioad-streei, nst sde, from No. 15 lo 65) West side from 22 lo 90, lotal C9. Beaver street, Nurth sidfl25 South side 24, tot. I 49. Exrhanire Place, both sides, 26. South William slreel, do. 22. New street, do. 43. Broadway, do. 39. Sione street, do. 18. Marketfield Mreel, do. 31. Grand total of buil- aings aestroyed, ivt. It is now 3 o'clock iusl 12 hours and a half t lore me hire broke out -and we have not another moment lo ilevole lo thepiolonging of our chronicle ofIs ravages. Cabinet ware entirely destroyed. I.argennd Stve Slock of Fashinnnblfl FurnitiirA. Prom ihe Ni Y. Courier & Enquirer THE OREGON QUESTION THE CO. LUMUIA AND ST. LAWRENCE. When ponplo who havo never known Ihe re ality of war, tinr its horrors, and Ihereforo think of it only aa national sum's of triumph present it, as tho path to glnry tho highest career of tiairituisni ami leaning in mo laurej crown iloiJ-botight though i: be of victory j when people, thus inexperienced, accustom them solvea to pronounce the awful word WAR with out a shudder, ami totrcat of it as an alternative to be embraced or rejected merely on grounds ot expediency or calculation, nnu not as one in volving tremendous responsibilities both now and hereafter ; already one of tho greatest se curities for Ihe preservation of Peacd ia rone. This wo apprehend to be too nearly true of ine main ot opinion now in the United States. In the newspaper.!, in general conversation, tho possibility of war is alluded tn in a tone of such careless levity, as really lo become criminal. Nay, wo havo heard gravo merchants, religious men, hazard tho proposition that a war might purity us; mat Willi n long peaco and much prosperity the neoplo had " waxed fat and wick ed ;" and that a litilo of the sterner teachings ot war might be advantageous to correct nation al presumption and check national and individ ual corruption 1 Dreadful to us is this mndo of reasoning, this invocation of certain evil with tho possibility of resulting good j tins assumption that wc, falli ble creatures, may read the ways of Providence, and with our feeblo faculties assay to aid. if not to forestall them, in the moral government of the world. Far other is our view of duty, and as journalists wo know no duty more urgent, no obligation of greater force, than to strive by all rightful means to evpr.l, ibn nocniij -r. silowing ihero is no Justification for, a resort to war in any ot tho embarrassing national ques tions which now beset us. Espscially is this true in respect to the Oregon question, than which no contrstud point ever existed between two nations more perfectly su-cenlihlo of ami cable arrangement. Unhappily the West seems intont upon pushing our claim to the oxtroinest limit, and w ill hear of no compromise. But the West, great aud important as it confessedly is, is not mo vvnoio country j and perhaps, there fore, by proving to other parts of the Union lhat there is an obvious mode of compromising this ui-,uu.- iii ,i way iioiiuraoio io ootn parlies, and advantageous too especially to certain States a counter influence may bo created to the war itiiiuenconi ine west. It is with this tiew we have heretofore sug gested that possibly by asking from the British (jovernment the concession to us of tho free navigation of the St. Lawrence, as a condition of our concession to them of the north bank of the Columbia, and the free navigation nf that river, tho whole dispute might bo arranged, and great and immediate benefits result especially to those States bordering on the great lakes and their tributaries. There arc some eight or ton States and Ter ritories, including Hew York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, bordennir on those lakes, lhat havo a clear, direct and growing interest in the free navigation ot ine St. Lawrence. Both by nat ural law and the modem practice ol Europe, our right to said navication is iiidisnutabln ; for it ! an admitted right that all dwellers upon the navigable course of a river are entitled to pur sue that river to the ocean, which is tho com. moil Highway or all. The possession indeed, by one peop'e, of botli shores, or tho mouth of a river, has been held to give tho right to that people of contesting its navigation, but unsound, ly, for if tins be true of the rnoutli it would on principle be equally true of any part of its nav. Igablc COIlrSC. atld till! VCrV -rnvnriimonl mvninrr a holt, however narrow, mi both stiles of a river, iingiii control ine roinmorcc and transit on its whole course. A fatuous enntroversv nn thia point, ore irred in 1761, relative lo iho SchelJl, over the n iviirutiun tl w,.c, iho Dutch exer cised j U rIj.ll.Ct loll llll the irrillllnl that thnv nu.n. ed the territory at tho mouth of the river ; but nicy luriiuou ino general claim on this hoad, by proof that the banks of the river throughout its whole course through Holland were artificial raised by the skill and kent tin at iho and constant vigilant supervision of Holland: and on this ground probably, ami because of long usage, Ihe treaty of Minister acknowledged tho exclusive right cf Holland to control the navi gation of the Scholdt. Uut at the general pacification of Europe, af- ler the storms of the French Revolution, and in harmony with tho General Progress which that revolution gave surh impulse this wliolo sub ject was considered and definitely settled at tho Congress of Vienna. In virtue of an article there arranged, and to which tho Euronoan Sov, Cretans and States acceded, the navigation of ll.n iri.tnn lt.n U..I.-1.I. .1.. l II . , b . . ituim, luu umuiui, ino oioscne, i no iviouse, the Nockar, the .Maine, and oilier rivers, was declared free to ail nations residing on their banks subject all alike to the dues or tolls ne cessary to keep up the polico of the river. Eu rope thus rendered solemn judgment that river cuurses should bo tree, and incornoratml lhat judgment into her public law. Why should not the same law obtain hero As regards tho St. Livvrence. tho trirnmnni I seems irresistible. That river is. as it were, a ong strait between the creat inland seas of mir Continent and the Ocean. These inland seas, this ocean both the United Statos and England navigate in equal freedom. For a hundred miles from Lake Ontario this strait is in like manner navigated alike by both nations ; but then ceasing from lhat point to its mouth to wah any portion of the American territory. En 'land claims that as she owns on both sides at the mouth, sho alone can rightfully navigato it. As well might we claim that because opposite Harabarts Island, tho only channel of the St. Livvrence passes within our acknowledged tcr- ritorial lines, wo havo the right to exclude all others from the navigation. Nor is this alto gether a fanciful illustration ; for in the year lOIIR .l. f ' l. . it .... . - me legislature oi .mow l ork having rca son, as it thought, to complain of the policy pur sued in Canada respecting trade on the river and the lakes, appointed a committee to look in. lo the matter : and on the 25th March they mado a report, in tho course i,f which they re commend to the Genoral Government, that, as a measure of retaliation for what were deemed unlrieinJIy commercial restrictions in Canada, they eliuuld exercise exclusive and rnuninrvail. in jurisdiction over the channel of the St. Law. rencc w lion tailing within our lines. During Iho administration of John O. Adams than which no administration more honest. more far-seeing and more wi6e, has ever gov erned this country this subject was warmly 1 ti -.( i r . . ' prvMtru upuiiiiiu untisii uuverninent ; out lliey would not then listen to the claim as one ot right, though avowing willingness to discuss it as a question of expediency. On either ground, as wc have the Columbia to yield, as well as the St. Lawrence to ask, it would seem both practi cable and desirable to attempt the arrangement I1UW. Wo nronnsn linrn tn nrmnnl n l,.Urnni!.A nr tiro past negotiations on this subject. in a loiter from Mr. Clay to Mr, Gallatin, of 10 I, June. 1820. the ricrhl nf thn llrilnl Sum. is thus asserted. UTha Vrt.ll. Im..:..1.l I . I I - . .hiiwii-iiii i.unvsaicaiiiungiuciargesi i,ii.iu .tn. iii uiu ituiiu. i ncy exiena irom ai"OW l 41 mio. i'ii ,nuu sirricn over i u uegrcesollongilu udc, iiuif, uniuiuLu iiiioKuiucr oi inoro ill ffl.OOU suuare nn'ea. Kiohi SiMirnril.t. ITn;.,n ,k lan tree u, ........ ,..u i.itio, in ii, aim uuu leriuurv. border on them. A population already extending two .,,..., u..u um...vi,i,c usjuiiu uu crumple! uireci ly and doeply niieresied in their navigation. They nm .nlirilu .n.ln e.l .u.ilitn il.n .1 .1 .. . -"'-1 v.. .-I 1MB ICIIIIUIIt-B u nm I ! . ... J gi.,.. r; . - . ii.:, i .1 . . . . .1 -in; uiun. mw utiai I'liimii, aij IIIO flglll IO ineir oiiikuiiuii vuiiiiiiwii iu uuiu is cuiiriiiiiieu uy 1110 latin of treaties and rests upon Ihe still higher authority of ... ,wn w, a,,v. i iicbo i cm iukcs ore uimeu oy but one naturol outlet to the ocean, the navigation of Ufhli-tl la i,.,nA.. .11 Mnnl.:.l m,.. .7, . I r -"'."uu i. mi iiiaiiniiiii, nm uuuet along a considerable part ofiis course, joins a i-ommon boun dary between ihe territories of the United Stales and u.v. am, mm iu uiai extent ine light ornaviga- linn is emnvil l.u l.n,i. r-t. - i.-.-i r i .... ..V..J j ., uu umiuq Elates conieno lhat ihev are invested wuh a right to pass from ihese ....-v., .... .i.i.iccu privilege oi navigating which hey exercise through lhat natural outlet to the ocean . ...... ...,,,,,, wiucn oy an moons, none presumes to question. The right asserted, in other words, is lhat their vessels shall be allowed without ................. . , t ,,,ii, uacKiers way Oil llie DO- som of Ihose vast waters, gathered together in no in lonsiderable degree in their own territory, through Ihe vreit f-lnniii-l lift he Rl t.,wr.... ...rr.L .... t.. .. . ... iiu miivii iiaiuie itself has beneficently supplied in the ocean In which Ihey are finally deposited. I he U. Slatcsdonbt claim a right of entry into British portson Ihe SI. Lawrence ogainat British will, and to forco their productions up on the consumption of British suhjecis. They claim only the right ofsaasing those ports, and transporting tueir productions to foreign markets, or 10 tticir own i and as incident and necessary to the enjoyment if that right, they claim ihe privileges of shipping and transhipment, at such places within Ihe British juris diction, and under such rea-nnablc and equitable reg ulations as may be presctibed or agreed upon." This claim was resisted at once by tho British Governmont. i'honjndeed it was originally K resented two' or thre ears before by, wo elieve, Mr. Rush, under Instructions drawn by J. Q,. Adams, as Secretary of State to Mr. Mon. roe, it seemed to take that government entirely by surpriv and in a note of one of the Proto cols held on tho occasion, the whole claim is resisted as inadniiss.ib1i. nnd l'a Irnalnil innrn. over as one 'vTltchm,? sources or any of mem, ot i no nnsstssippi, should U round tone within the British dominions, the American Government would nntconcode toEngland. On

this point Mr. Clay thus categorically instincts Mr. Gallatin : ', In regard to th? Mississippi, (ihe case put by the British Plenipotentiaries,) iffurther exploration shall develope a connexion between the river and Upper Canada, similar to that which exists between the U. States and the St. Lawrence, tho American Govern ment, always faithful to principles, would be ready to apply lo the, Mississippi the doctrine which it holds in regard to its preat northern rival." What however is loss known probably, even by public men, and what we have forgotten, un til re-examining the correspondence on the sub. ject, altho' douhtlosi some general impression remained nn our mind, and prompted the sug gestions wo have made In relation to the free navigation of the Columbia in the same des patch of Mr. Clay to which wo are referring .j r.m vvjdoh ivr aro nuotimr. Mr. Gallatin was expressly instructed to say that if the branrli of the Columbia flowing from the north should lall within British limits the free navigation of tno river would be conceded. Wo give the extract. " The American gnvernmeit has not contended, and does not mean to contend, for any principle, Iho I ene fit of which in analogous circumstances it would deny to Great Britain. Anordimly wIA retpect to the branch of the Columbia which rhes north of the par allcl r49, (should that para'lel be mutually ogreel on as tho biundary between tr.e territory of "the Iwo Powers.) a cate anatoqout to that of the St. Lawrence will be preten'ed. And vou hare heretofore been in structed, tn the erent ofilal branch iefng narieabti within the llrithh lerrttoru. to .tlnutate for tht riWi of natieatin? the CohmLia to Ihe Ocean, in behalf y fjruiwt suojccis. From all this it will seem that it ii by no means now ground wo are urging, when we propose that the free navigation of tho Columbia shall purchase the free navigation of tho St. Liwrenco and wo submit that the government States around tho water have a deeper interest in acquiring the latter than in withholding the the former. If to this be added, ns compensa tion to tho fat tcesl, for relinquishing uncertain claims upon Oregon north of 49 that a friend ly effort, unobjected to in anv ouartcr. mav be made to at quire in "the fitie tetriporatn region of upper iaiuornia, as much nearly as we cede in the barren north of Oregon, and wilh it a noble harbor and sea coast the way docs seem to be open for an honorable, an advantageous, and above all a peaceful arrangement of the Oregon dispute. Montreal, C. E-, July 12th, 1815. The utmost alarm nud exeitomerit prevail here, in consequence of tho recent attempts at incendiarism, no less than seven having been mado within the last few days. Fortunately, the fires have, iu almost every instance, been extinguished by timely vigilance. The fire companies are constantly on the alert, and several of the engines stand ready horsed all night. In several parts of the city tho inhab itants have formed themselves into patroles for the protection of each.other's property. Five individuals aro in custody, charged with incendiarism. The stock on hand of Spring dry goods is now greatly diminished, though wo fear not on favor able terms for the importers. Thn lumber trade still continues brisk, al though many of the Qunbpc merchants will bo heavy losers this year fifconecinionco nf havinn entered into contracts list fall at lower rates than they can now purchase at. This, howev er, tells in favor nfthe lumberers, and the whole valley of tho Ottawa is in an active and flourish, ing condition. Thero is a good market opening in that district for American cured provisions', which aro at present in considerable demand. There are more ships in harbor hero than over before known at this time of year. A constueraiiie portion ot last year s stock of flour is still on hand, and although a gorjd deal is held on English account, tho ho'dors of the residue aro anxiously expecting the next mail, and thero is much speculation as to the proba bility of a late harvest in England. Sales are now made very irregularly, but the quotations may fairly stand at 2ts. to 21s. 2J. and a firmer feeling generally prevails in the market. There havo arrived at Quebec 300 more ves sols than up to the corresponding date last year. The news from Texas appears to have created a greater sensation here than in tho United States. The Governor General has been serintialv in. disposed, but ho is now sufficiently recovered to attend to his official duties, Me yesterday laid too cd.-ur stone of tho now high school of this city. Fir.Es, At Hanover. N. II.. on Sum! ido Rll, Inct Iho lumen nt M.1 1V1II.'. 'I- -- " - "- lunj. . una, ii lOlllirv, a fow rods south easterly of tho Dartmouth Hotel, ai luiirumvu, luyuiner wiui iwo uarns, a val- nalitn home, envnn l,ni. ntnkl n , . r '",, vll ui inn tuns ui copperas and a quantity of hay and oats. The fire wasjeaused by boys playing wilh fire works, and occurred about four o'clock, P. M. The Potatoe Blight. It appears by the following article from tho last number of the Massachusetts Spy that symptoms of this dis ease are already making their appearance. "It grieves us to say that the blight which caused such destruction to tho potatoe crop last yoar. has thus early commenced its ravages the present season. Wo have examined a field belonging to Gov Lincoln, which wo aro assur ed exhibited a perfect Iv healthy appearance on the 3d iust. On the. 5th, portions of the vines showed indications of diseai-c, and on the 7th, about ono half of them wero moro or loss shriv elled, many of tliom shrunk to one half of their former dimensions, and some of tho leaves al ready turned brown and-erearly dry. Tho pota toes wero of tho red variety, sometimes called the peach blows. The seed was eolected, and in a lino aud apparently healthy state. Wo opened one of the hills most affected with the disease, and found the seed still sound and ap parently healthy. Some of tho new set potatoes were about tho size of a robin's egg, and looked well. So far as wo observed, the diseaBo ap. pcared to commence at the upper part of the From the St, Louis New Kra, July 7. The pending treaty between the commission ers of tho United States and the Pottawattainics has been broken off. The Pottawatamiesovvn about 5,000,000 acres of land whirh tho government desired to pur chase at 10 cents, but the chiefs would not take less than 10 cents per acre. Tho principal objectinn to the Pottawattamies was that they did not desire in remove to the south sido of tho Missouri, in the vicinity of the Pawnees and other hostile tribes. FROM TURK'S ISLAND. Captain Pitman, of the prig C. E. Piatt, eleven days from Turk's Island, re;ts that the great fall of rain at Grand Key during the last month has destroyed tho prospects from the salt ponds for some months. There Is but little salt at Grand Koy and it is held at 93. Salt Key has not su fie red so much, as ihe rain was confined chiefly to the former place. The markets are abum'antly supplied with American nroduco. A British. American vessel was wrecked at the Cayens, freighted with a gcnetal cargo of provisions. 'A glorious thing this reduction of postage," said a fellow the other dsy ; " I get half a dozen dunning letters novy where I got one formerly." GENERAL JACKSON'S LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT. Extract of a tetterfrom Nathtilte. dated June 7, to a gentleman in H'ajifngfon. 'Tho last will and testament of the old hero was this day approved in our county court, and is of pub lic record. He commences by giving his body to the dust- whenen it rain. 1.1 .n n I .. i , ; - m i ""mi i uiu iimi gave it, &c., devoting his e-tate, first to the payment of two ilehts. 1111 nnn nf tit (Yin ...l,U t .V , . - wu.wv, nn inn-rest, oorrowco Ol General Plaochc, of New Orleans) another of 810, 000, with interest, borrowed of Blair if- Rives t snd the balance to his son, Andrew Jackson, jr., wilh the exception of a few servants to his grand-children. "The sword presented him by Iho Stale ofT-nues-see, he gives io A. J. Donelson, (his nephew,) now charge d'aflatrs at Texas. Tho sword presented him at rfew Orleans, he leaves to Andrew Jackson Uofiee, tho son of his old friend General CofTcc, The sword presented at Philapelphis, ho leaves to his graidson and namesake. The sword and pistols which ho ear ned llirnilnh thn flrili!. .nJUI.. ....... U. I .. . uu iiuiuii i-nis, III; iva.CS IO uen.R. Armstrong. The pistols of Washington, by htm Dtven In T.n'tiVAftA m-A I... f .. r ...... - ... .' I I i I mm ur uniuiL-iiu ivi:ii iu Jnckon, ho leaves to George Washington Lafayette, Ihe son of Gen. Lafayette. Sundrv other presents made him during his long and eventful career, aro left wuh his adoptol son. with instructions to him, that, in Ihe event of war, thev shall, upon tho restoration of nrflee. hn rlltnli,,lnrl nmnnn.l .1 -1, I , -1 - ...UI.K3 ,IUU wnu !lill imvo conducted themselves most worthy of their country tn the lonflict. in the oniniun of thetr 'rniinirvmcn and Ihe loilies.'" FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 23, 1845. FOR GOVERNOR, WILLIAM SLADE. - FOR LIKUT. GOVERNOR, HORACE E T ON. FOR TREASURER, JOHN SPALDING. FOR SENATORS CHITTENDEN CO. IIABItV BKADLtY. DANIEL II. ONION. THE DAY IS DAWNING. The democracy of tho country will experience the same delight that we havo felt this morning, when ihey learn lhat the old fashioned republican doctrine of "rotation in office," for which ihe United Slates oiiniaf has so earnestly contended, is alout lo be thoroughly carried out. Wc have, hitherto, constant ly given our readers the most tindoubting assurances lllSt till. Prnct.lcnl ,....,.1.1 .1.. 1.1. ...I l-J . ... ,. ..vluk,,. nu,.,u uu ma wnuie uiuy io me democratic parly in this particular; lately, however. mo ucuijrs, ni-ing bo "uangcrous," we nave had some misgivings as to tho future etTeeta of this pro erasima ion wo now give our fears to'lho winds "The winter of our discontent," will toon bo "mado glorious summer." The above from tlio Washington Journal an administration paper of llio Calhoun stump will carry consolation to tlio hearts of those patriots who are anxiously waiting for llio old shoes of the ancient and lionora bio incumbents. Tliero are other evidences of a niovo by the new President, for liiaown benefit, and wo perceive the evidences of a little sensation in this quarter. Mr. Secre tary Walker has addressed tlio following cir cular to each of the heads of buroaus in his department : "Sin You will furnish mo without delay, with the names of all the Cletks in your office; their compen sation, and Ihe date of their commission." This is regarded as preparatory to a now application of the rotary system, and ono rumor assigns twelve years as the term agreed upon in cabinet council, ut which official con nexion with tho government ought to cease, while another authority cuts it down to eight neither of which pciiods would interfere with llioJTjJer officeholders in this state. So wo think thero is no occasion for ularm here. The truth is, Polk is putting in for another election. An articlo in the Rich mond Enquirer breaks ground on tins sub- tecl, and urges tho necessity of his oleclion to save the party from tlio ruinous rivalry of Calhonn and Van Buron; and the official paper at Washington, we observe, puts back thu soft impeachment but very kindly. A rulo of this kind would cnablo Mr. Polk to put asido many of the influential old friends of his rivals, without noise, and niako pl.ices for those upon whom he could rely. Those of recent appointment, can ho more easily impressed with the necessity ofnvoidine a break-up in the party, and we ahair.oonjsee almost entire unauinuty among the office holders in favor of Polk's re-election, if thero should bo a few obslinato cases, the " second section" will supercede llio rule, and no words made. But we presume thoy will all bo cautious how they ubtiso Mr. Van Buron. Vun Ness tried that. When Van's fortunes' wanpil. Iin stood aloof when defeated in tho nomina tion, he ventured to exult, and say hard things and when Polk was elected, swung his hat and considered all at safe. But alas ! Hardly had tho new administration pot into power before Van Ness felt the long arm of tho Kinderhookor reaching behind the Pres ident and pushing him from his seat in tho Custom House ! THE COLLECTORSHIP. The St. Albans Messenger says there is quite a stir in that quarter on this subject, and we infer from what we seo nnd heir that there is quite a rush for the office, since mo promulgation of the eight years princi ple. The Messonger gives tho following, as tlio complexion of tho contest in that region: One portion of the " Democracy" favors the ore- lensinnanr Mr llnnu,...nunrh...l... .u.i , e- i, . I ...... w M,r,uri wnuuin a acputv collector under Col. Hyde. Another portion is very jnxKius lor tne promotioa of Wvttys Lyman, Ksq of Uurlinglon, member of iho Baltimore convention and nm riirni-in,.f., .I..... .i.t.- . . - . kciu, vl ulia 8iale, Another portion of ihe loco focos is disposed to urge the claims v. ...w .,u,i, duiiTi aflirs ui oi. flioans, while many aredenrous that Col, Hyde may be an exception to ............ ,,. ,-ullk , i cone-see lias adopted. Vte.ofcourse, wash our hands o ony rcsponsib luv growing oul of ihese mailers, but have a choice and a right to express thai choice. Our presences ore do cided y in favor of our townsman, Hon. John Smith, h rant.lin rnunlv h.i .. I In i ,. , ..... ,,, , uatn "rounn lone enoush t and it is lime that notice bo taken at Wash- nifciwii vi uui icauing men. And has not Mr. Lyman "stood in tho back-ground long enough 1" Answer us that.. If ihero is to bo a chango, we should liko to understand upon what principle of party ethics tho eminent qualifications und services of Mr. Lyman aro lo bo disregard ed. We thall see, probably. But, is it quite so sure Miat Mr. Hyde is lo bo remo ved I 'The now rulo, if wo comprehend it. contemplates an uninterrupted occupancy of eigiu years, last past. The fact that a man may havo held an office for that periqd ma- ny yean, will not be construed so as to de bar him from serving out an annoimmnnr upon which ho has jusl entered. Col. Hyde has held tlio office two years, and is entitled to it six more, by tlio rule. CONFLAGRATION IN NEW-YORK. Tho details of this appalling disaster en gross our columns to-day. It Is now belivcd that tho terrific explosion, which imparled such destructive energy to tlio flames, was caused by gun-powder. Wo hear from several sources that there was a largo quantity of this article, from forty to tizty kegs, stored in tho warehouse where the explosion took place 1 It was to have been shipped, as wo understand, (or somo foreign port, but llio vessel sailing unexpectedly the powder was brought to tho storo and tliero deposited, A young man who saw the carman driving his load lo the storo re monstrated wilh the owners on tho subject, and spoke of the danger of accumulating so largo a quantity of gunpowder in a crowded part of the city. But ho was told, in reply, to " mind his own business." On Saturday. after the firo, ho was offered a large sum of money by these satno owners if he would keep this circumstance secret. He rejected tho offer, and immediately went to the May or and mado affidavit to the facts, where upon the owners wero forthwith arrested. Such is the slory as wo gather it from a gen tleman of this city who was in New York ut tho time of the fire. As regards the main fact, of there being powder in llio store, it is confirmed by other accounts. It will bo a fearful thing fur these owners, if it shall turn out that in flagrant defiance of a city ordinance Ihey hud stored in their premises sixty kegs of gunpowder, which taking" firo, scattered death nnd destruction for many blocks around. Albany Journal. Pensioners. It will bo seen, by refer ence to the advertisement, that pensioners residing in tho Counties of Franklin und Chittenden aro to bo paid hereafter at Mont pclicr, and those residing in Windham coun ty, at Poultnoy, instead of Montpclier. CONVICTION FOR MURDER. Henry G. Green, who has been on trial for somo days past at Troy, N. Y. for the murder of his wife in September last, has been convicted and sentenced to be execu ted on the 10th September next. The case seems to have been ono of unmitigated atro city. It appears that he commenced dosing her with arsenic only fuur d.ijs after his marriage, and lollowccl it tip Irom day to day till ho accomplished his fell purpose. She to have been aware lhat she was - ,,. , anil a low hours before her death, in seems trayed presence of Green, made disclosures to those around her, and called upon him to slato if she had dishonored him, or in any way given provocation for the perfidy. He gave her a full acquittal, and of course denied tho facts; but they wero fully substuncialcd on the trial, as wi ll as others, which site was proceeding to relate when death sealed her lips. ft? Tlio Union, speaking ol tho new mission to England, says that " Mr. McLnc will remove somo difficulties in tho way of negotiation," ond further sujs that " he will scarcely return lo the United States until he cither sees the question settled, or sees that it cannot be settled at all." This language by sonic is thought to imply a pacific dispo sition at Washington. ft?" Tho Boston Atlas states that the amount of subscriptions to tho Vermont Cen tral Rail Road, nt 1 o'clock, Saturday, was S2.459.000. Tho books wero to be closed when tho subscriptions name up lo $2,500, 000. Communication. To the frlcnds.of the Central Itallroad In Vcr. mom, irom tnclr friends ot the Northern Itallroad in New Hampshire. It is with feelings of pleasure thai we announce to you at this time, that the sum of 1500,000, named as i tho capital htock in iho charier of the Xotihern Road, : is all tubteribnt and te hookt elotrd. In doing this' wo aro als happy to be able lo sute, from a thorough 1 knowledge of ihe facts as ihey cit, thai the torn f above named is amply mnWnl lo build and furnish this road from Concord lo ihe Veicrn line of our ' Stale, near Ihe mouth of White Uiver. Wc are sns. lained iu this opinion by some of the most eminent practical llailroad men in .Vcw I'.ng'arid. Wo ore Ihe more peculiarity graiilied in makintr this announcement, from thefact, thai from ihe fiist commencement ol this work, down lo the present hour, we have had to encounter a spirit of opposition that never hesitated to sloop lo any set, however unfair or ungenerous, that would teem to give pro mise lo defeat or retard us. It is well known to you all lhat, for certain causes, the Legislative policy of this Slate has for some years past, until quite tccrnlly. been opposed lo the intro duction or funhcr extension of works of this dc-ciip-lion within the borders of Ihe slate. To bring about a revolution of this unwise policy, was Ihen the first all-important elep lo be performed. Il was done! ami the friends of the "Northern llailroad" wero the "advance guard" lhat effected it. Others, coming forward at the hour of victory, have endeavored to I decry our efforts, and appropriate to themselves the I benefits that should come lo us. They must fail in the attempt. Sooner than any other, will ihe shrill 1.1 ram ui our engines oeneara irom Ihe West banks of the C'onneclieut. .luny years sooner than any other road will ever reach your natural outlet, the mouth of White River, shall we be there, ready to receive and transport over the samo route you have so long traversed, to the same favnriin MuL.i. vnn have so long been annually accustomed to visit, the , passengers and products of your enterprising and fer tile slat,!. FrienJa of ihe Central Road brethren in a com mon cause alike in feeling and interest wo stretch forth our arms to you across the Connecticut. Are you ready lo join hands wilh us there, and pcrpeluato wun uonus oi iron lhat union and fellowship, first ward this great undertaking Ifsince then, when looking upon tho contest in which we hare so long been engaged, there have been moments of doubl, when you have alino-t succumbed lo despair, when you thought lhat we lagged in our endeavors to achieve a triumph, in ihe result of which you fell deep an interest, be assured that nover for a moment havewe lost sight of the great object to bo attained ( and though it limes we may have moved more slow ly, it was lhat in llie end our success might be more firmly and tecurely established, I. N. V. Lebanon, N. II., July I2th, IS15. Warlike It is said that an order reached the post at Baton Rouge on Thursday for 100,. 000 ball cartridges and a large quantity of am munition for field pieces, a travelling forgo equipments, fsc, to be sent to the frontier. AVtf Oileans Pkayunt. bt'friin hv Olir follmra mmv v..ri.nn1 I.. !. n..l.. Biases ot .hi. woik you c me forward'.nd .poke,,ry;, "' whea ""P '"'"'s well ; the head fills vn..t. r.. nt iuimu,miu "f"" well, and somo sma pieces are near y ready o Z mlt ., IZ ;TlCme,m' 'm by , yW C0Un,el, I cul' 'he Jj"'n!ng town we. is where vou made strong our hearts and hands to carry on- m. n i r 'mi..?.,. ' , n. FIRE AT RUTLAND. On the night of the 11th instant, the Tavnm and nut-buildings of Mr. Warner, the Store and Dwol!inpI!ouso of James Porter, and a Store and dwelling-house owned by H. R. Thrall, Esq. situated on tho east side of Main street, oppo. site the Episcopal church, and near the centre of East Rutland village, wcro entirely destroyed by fire. The particulars, as we learned them from an eye witness, are, that the fire origina ted in tho barn, in the rear of Mr. Warner's Tavern, which soon communicated to the house and other buildings. It was first discovered about a quarter before 12 o'clock. Great exer tions were made by the citizens to arret t'.ia progress of tho fire, and for a time it was sup posed impossible tu save any of the buildings; on tho etst sido of Main street. The stores of L Daniels, D. I. Bell, James Barrett jr Geo. T. Hodges, Robbins, the Franklin .Hotel, and several offices, were principally cleared of their contents, iiythe prompt and cfhcient aid or the citizens, accompanied with two et.gines, the progress of the flames was arrested on the south at Mr. Daniel's store, and on tho North at the house of Mrs. Butler. Considerable property besides the buildings was destroyed, among which wero our horses ; ono of them a valua ble horse belonging to Stephen Dow, of Leices ter, one owned by a traveller, and two belong ing to Mr. Warner. The loss was estimated at from ten to fifteen thousand dollr.rs. Wo have not lcaMtd the amount insured. The fire is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary, as there had been no fire about the barn for several days. Voice of Freedom. Excitement in Iowa. On motion to post pone Ihe trial of William and Stephen Hodges. charged with having murdered ono John Miller at uurliugton, Iowa, too uerman citizens be came excited, met and passed a resolution, of which they informed the Court by a committee, that if the case was postponed one day they would take the law into their own hands. The Cnur' stood firm, and on the proper affidavit of the prisoners, the case was laid over until that day. On the day of trial, tho Germans swarm ed into Burlington, armed and resolved to exe cute their projected resolve. The testimony aeainst the prisoners was direct and conclusive We have not heard the result Sun. O Wo are much gratified in learning from private sources that the Rev. George Alien, late of Newark College, Delaware, has been chosen Professor of Languages in tho Univer sity of Pennsylvania. Mr. Allen was Rector of the Episcopal church of St. Albans a few years since, and his superi or scholarship, his urbanity and fervent piety won for him the esteem of a largo circle of friends. In the new sphere of usefulness to which he has been promoted by the partiality of Pennsylvania friends, ho will, doubtless, gain fresh laurels as a scholar, do much go id as a Christian, and reflect much credit upon the In-' dilution lo which ho is attarhed. No friends can more heartily rejoice at any good fortune that may bo showered upon Pruf. Allen, than thoe he has left in Northern Ver mont. St. Alhans Messenger. XT The Frederick (M,l.) Herald of June 9 says: "Ourcrop'of V'ieat and Rye are all off, I S"'?'1 "pI.'m""" "l'- L" "'e 8tack i yard and mow. the Harvest is a heavy one, j and its benefits will be felt by every class of our community" Communication. TWILIGHT MUSINGS. The lovely twilight now draws on apace, And now a gorgeous canopy of cloud Of sunset hue, o'crhangs Ihe western sky, When royal Sol, wrapt in his rainbow robo Of azure, gold, ond deepest violet, Vet lingers on I -e verpo of parting day. Fit hour for silent, retrospective glance, To hold communion wilh "the guest within," And stand arraigned at Conscience's secret bar! H.ilh the recording angel traced on high One word or deed lhat shall abide thai day Of solemn trial ? Haiti ihe grateful prayer for daily bkssiogs given, been wafted up As incense sweet before the Eternal's throne 7 Or do tepentant tears, o'er misspent timo And moments lost, now uuavai'ing flow? The noise and tumuli of iho day hath ceased The wayward passions of the soul ale hushed, And all is calm : . . Melhinks 't were such an hour, When in Beihsaida s vale there siood A congregated multitude, in awe ! There was the patriarch, on whose brow ihe snow Of fourscore winter- lay. Vet reverently Ili ear drank in each word, nnd his full heart Lifted itself in praise, that ere he slept The sleep of death, his oged eyes had 6cen The Star of Judah rise I There noble forms, Of lofty pride and manly beauty, stood, As humble learners of Ihe w ay of life I And Judah's daur-hlers their meek brows unveiled, Amid that breathless throne, intent to win Those blessed words, like Hermon'sdew distilled Upon the softened heart ; while o'er their cheeks The fiutb ol wonder stole I There, loo, was seen The matron grave, hushing with whispered word, And chiling look, the young child al her side. 'Twas s lence all, seve sighing ihro' the palms, The tw ihghi breeze lhat fann'd their burning browst And the low ripple ol ihedalk blue waves, And ihe tumultuous h-ating of their hearts ! The earnest eye, and Ihe slight parted lips, Their x-mpl llenlwri fukriand ihiTPlhry stood; Chained to ihe spot in Jrep and strange amaze. He b-lore whom the l.s:ern .Magi bowed, And offered up their homage snd thiir gifts. Then stood among thai crowd in lowly guise, Amid the faithful tew Hut one was gone: John, the forerunner of the promised Christ ; And ihej had cot ,e into that desert place To wvep awhile and pray .' 'Twas all in vain ; The eager crowd had followed them from far. And now they pressed around, and waiting, huira On i erv word lhat 'scaped-the lipa of Hint ho told ihem wondrous things. Nor heeded thev The lemrthenitin shnil.iu- nn it, km : i. flu soon their spirits f.uM for want of food, " Kor divers came from far." . T'"n came the Twelve, The chosen Twelve," and to their Master spake, "Send ihem away, that ihey may buy them foodi rot see, the day is spent." . , Hark the reply: " Give ye ihem tood lo rat." And then ihey urged Their scanty store, unmindful all ol Him Who g'tvelh to the ravens when ihey cry, " WhnM arc the cattle on a thousand lulls." here; " Where n.- your loaves, ye faithless? bring them And Ihev "i-u. bro'l nnd placed beforetheir Lord. Then lou.ing up to heaven, "he bles-cd and brake, And rave to his disciplo-;" and thty gave To all that wondering crowd, " biead lo the full 1" Kor like ihe widow of Jarepla's oil. It failed them not i , , There, sealed on the grass, With yon broad temple-roof of sky above, See them partake their innnna-U-e repast s A crystal spring, from its clear, sparkling depth", Allayed ibeir thirst, and many a fainting heart Went up in silent gratitude lo Him Who spread a table in Ihe wdderness. M. U. The above lines I found in my room, and without asking leave I copied and now forward Ihem to you for publishment. They were writ trn by a young lady, an orphan, aged about 20. This is her second effusion, written whilst at tending school. Sho is now teaching the dis trict school in tho district where I am visiting amongst my frionds who left Vermont before my remembrance. This a line farming coun- visited this Dart of thft rmmtrv. sei-nmnanied bv his accomplished lady, last fall, and they both won, as they deserve, the good opinion of this community. In relation to individuals, i maito ' no gratuitous statements, havit-g enjoyed very little, if anv. personal acouainlance with them. Perhaps it may be allowable for me to say thua much of what I hear. I slept at Canandalga, and spent a few hours there in Iho morning, viewing the place. It if a very pleasant place, situated at the ft ot of the Lake of the same name. Tlwre are 4 or 5 churches. 0 banks, a court house, and two good hotels. I should jud'o the population to be) about 3,000. The Lake is a pretty sheet of wa ter I to 2 miles wide and 18 or 20 miles Ions;. The farms around the lake aro under good cul tivation. This p'sce is a delightful one for pri vate reaidcncci. The villages of Kast and West Bloomficld do not appear very attractive. The grave yard it