Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 8, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 8, 1845 Page 2
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' wmm ipibib8B ADDRESS Or THE WHIG STATE CONVENTION TO THE PEOPLE OP VERMONE. Fellow Cilizen,--Tho last address submitter! to you on an occasion liko I ho nrcsent. was ! Ut?d tinder circumstances of great Intrinsic In terest, ami at a crisis pregnant with hopes and fears of a tnnst absorbing and agitating charac ter. It emanated from a convention numerous beyond nil former domestic precedent, and un surpassed In the patriotism and intelligence of its members, and it was promulgated on tho eve of an election tno.-c Important than any that had nccurcd sinco the formation of the government both because it was destined to affect tho inter, est of art increased and still increasing popula. lion, and because it envnlvcil the triumph or do. feat not only of often disputed principles, but ol new, strange and alarming schemes of national policy and sectional agrandizcmont. But though the stake was groat, and the prognostics were threatening, yet such was our confidence in the Intelligence and incorruptibility of tho American people that we scarcely permitted ourselves to dotitit tlio success of our cause, the decisive vie. tory of tho principles for which we were con tending, and the signal overthrow of the various faction's which though acting In combinitlon, agreed in nothing but their common hostility to tho measures of the Whig party, and tho states men who advocate them. But in these anticipations we bave been dis appointed. The long tried stability of our own people led us to repoo a charitable confidence in tho firmness and wisdom of tho citizens of uthor states, which the event shows to have been unhappily misplaced, and while tho freemen of Vermont have abundantly redeemed their ex pressed and implied pledges, uc have witness ed, with mortification and alarm, the defection of numerous Bister states winch every consider. ation of self interest and patriotic duty entitled us In count as our own, and 1 1 to consequent tri umph of the ill. assorted cabal which had con- tried to pain the ascendancy over the craven spirit of t lie larger and less obnoxious portion of its own parly. Wo hive seen the candidate of the cahal selected not because ho wis distin guished J"or the possession of any ono quilily required in tho head or a groat nation, out be cause the very want of them rendered him a fil instrument for the selfish purposes of those who raised him up, elevated to the Executive chair by a great majority of the electoral votes. W have seen the administration thus brought into power, exercise, even before its lenal oreaniza tinn, an influence subversive of every principle ot virtuous liberty, and accomplish by the boldest intrigues and the most b.ircfared corruption, measures hostile to the spirit, anil pmbibly fatal to the permanent existence ol our national char ler and at this hour we hoar in every quarter, Irnm tho citliciai gaz"tto down to its Humblest echo, the note of preparation for a fierce onset upon almost every principle of policy, that makes the federal union desirable. We do not at present propose to give an ox. position nf Iho weakness, wealthy venality and corruption, which have led to so deplorable a result. You arc already sufficiently instructed as to the means, that hate secured the election of a candidate, whose enmity and whoso friend ship to tho nratoction of domestic industry proved by one and the samo document, who was avowedly nominated by southern politicians, because his whole public career had tjivoii ir refragable evidence of the narrowest and most unrelenting hostility to every Northern andev ery National interest, and who was supported by tho Northern Democracy, because in their eyes tho integrity of the Union and the sacred- ness ot the Constitution were but ot small ac c uiiit, when opposed to the temporary, asccn dancy of their party. The late election is matter of history, and like -it ;. ! . r . an insiury, derives us own importance irom us connection with the future, which it influences either as a causo or as a beacon or example. To the past let us then give our transitory re '. and devote our wisojt oflorts and most active energies 10 averting ine evns winch inrei cn, and securing the blessings which may yet emile upon the uncertain future. It will bo well to devote a tnument to a view o( the respective positions of the two great par tics which divided the Union, before we discuss our own proper vocation, our rightful expecta tions, and our duly. Tho dominant party is composed .of different fictions hold together, a one of themselves h is feelingly and forcibly Baid, only 'by the cohesive forco of public plunder,' and it would be impot sible to state any one principle in which they arc agreed, except the comprehensive ono said to have been enunciated by oneoflhoirgreat lights, that 'to too victors belong the spoils ot political warfare. It is easy to see that, however coin, forting their doctrine may bo in tho abstract, In those who hope to profit by it, it is nevertheless attended with pretty serious difficulties in tin; application. The 'victors' are unhappily out of all proportion to the 'spoils,' the candid ites are a hundred fold more numerous than tho oflice,and the number of malcontents must necessarily bj much greater than that of the rewarded. Agree, ing in nothing but (his one principle, which is ol itself an apple of discord, and being destitute of a commanding Head, who might impose fcilcnce and submission upon disappointed or refractory partizns, the prospects of a vigorous and har monious administration of pub ic affairs under the present inefficient Evucutive arc far from fUtterinrr. Hut besides these causes of individ ual heart burning, jealousy .indalienation, there are wider grounds of discord. Tho anti. tariff' politicians ol the extreme South demand that the Lxecutive shall fulfil the conditions of his nom ination, and satitfy the pledges implied in his vvlio'e political lite by exerting his entire per Eonal and official influence, and expanding the energies of his admmitrat;on, in a crusidc against tho rights and interests of the free labor or of tho North, and in the mean time they look cd askance at the Cabinet, and thouulithrico in vited, kept aloof from all participation in the concerns of the national government. On tho other hand, tho ingenious Northern casuists, who round in the notorious letter lo Kauo pro fessions of great ilcvotinn to tho interests of do inestic industry, require a rescript confirming their interpretation of that most jesuitical and most shallow epistle, while yot another great section of the party, whoso fortunes depend up on tho ascendancy of tho Van florcn influence. and who are alike indifferent lo all measures of public concern, except the distribution of the good gills at me disposal ol the Executive, de mand the control of all important northern ap pointments, as an indispensable condition of their support to the measures of the administration. It is obvious that Mich incongruous elements can neither be harmonized nor controlled by an executive, destitu'n alike of manly and original independence of thought and action.and all great and imposing trails of character. We may therefore look forward lo a vacillating and tin stable administration, driven about by every wind of doctrine, as the different rival factions shall from lime to lime fluctuate and predominate. The Whig part;-, on tho other hand, though defeated, was never more harmonious or more determined than at the present moment. It n entirely united aa to measures, entirely un pledged as to men. Though represented by many of our wisest statesmen and truost patri ots in tho National Legislature, it is yet both there, ai d in most of tho states, in a decided minority, and can of course expect little share in guiding Ihn movements or directing the pol icy of 1 1 ic National Government, It must for the present, be content with exerting a simply conservative influence, tud if it shall succeed in preventing the abandonment of the eminently wise revenue policy devised and adopted by the twenty-seventh Congress, ilsutmist labors will have beep abundantly rewarded. At iho acccs. ion df, Gen. Harrison in 1S41, almnit every branch of domestic industry was prostrate, the National Treasury was empty, the Government involved in deb', and almost without credit or rnsnurccs. The. WhiL'S. disheartened by the sud den Providential removal of the Chief Executive, nod disorganized by tho defection of his rorisli mtional successors, wero able to retain their ndancv for but a single Congress. To that brief jwriwl of whip power, cramped and thwart ed as It was by tho mcakness and pcrvcrscness of tho new Executive, our country owes its reicuo from wide spread private ruin, and na tional bankruptcy and shame. First and fore most among the restorative and remedial acts of that ever memorable Congress, was tho wise nd salutary tariff of 1:342, a measure which In its tangible and demonstrable results stands wholly without a parallel In tho history of American Legislation. Contrast the long night of embarrassment, depression and gloom, which followed tho feverish excitemont of 1830, en gendered and fostered by the policy of the Jack, son and Van Duron administrations, with the life, and hopo and prosperity to which tho tarilf ot 10 r-j gave birth, and whoso smiles, we still enjoy, (though somewhat dimmed by tho fear of change,) and vnu will allow, that our estimate of its value Is by no means extravagant. So far as any union and concentration of opinion exists among our opponents, it Is principally directed against this ono measure, and there can bo tin uouut that a large majority at least or Iho lead ers of tho administration parly are decidedly nosine lo tho general policy nr encouraning do. mestic. industry, and particularly to the Tariff of 1842, and they aim at its repeal, both because of iis protectlvo'charactcr, and because it is em phatically a whig measure. It Is a matter of some tloubt what precise course the administra tion, distracted as it is by so many'conflicting influences, will pursue, but as far as can now be judged, it may bo considered certain tint the Tariff will be attacked ; and though considera tions of party policy may induce the maliritv to sparo those branches of industry in which the Southern and Middle states are particularly interested, there can be no ouestion that an in. discriminate warfare will bcyiHinmonced against all the peculiar interests of New England. In the first session of tho last Congress, the Tariff of 1812 was nvcd In tho II,-o of linn. resentalivcs, by a maturity of but five only every Whig member sustaining it, and nearly lour-tilths ol our opponents voting lor fllctvay s destructive substitute. I he administration will have nearly as large a majority in the next Con- gross as in the last, the senate is notoriously against us, the Democratic journals, with scarce ly a dissontina voice, are calling upon tho Presi- dent to carry out the will of the taction by whom and for whom ho was nominated, and the leaders of the party in power are no lonirer restrained by the fear or immediate retribution at tho hands of the people. Is there not then the strongest reason to tear that tho most important leatures o! tho I anil ol lal'J will be obliterated or es sentially modified, and do you not already feel the eftects of this wull grounded fear, in tho declin ing price of your only creat stapla 1 As a milter, then, of pride, of interest, and of patriotism, it is obvious, that the chief hope, Iho chief duty", the rp.riT.ri vocation of the Whig partv, is the defence anil support of this child of their own, THE I'KOTEC I'l VE POLICY AS EXEMPLIFIED IN THE TARIFF OF 1312. Wifh proper exertion on our pari, there is reasonable ground of expectation, that this great bulwark of our intkkests will survive the shock it is destined to encounter ,' without such effort, its overthrow is morally certain. Uut there is still pending before tho nation another great question, less important, no doubt, in its immediate results, but or rai greater mo ment in its ultimate bearing on (lie great bul wars of our MDCRTins, the Federal Constilu. turn. You will of cour.-e understand that we refer to the annexation of Texas. Tho history of our country has no la.'e so black as that which records tliestory of this nefarious scheme. Never did our government so openly set at deli ancc all law, human and divine, so treacherous ly betray tho rights of a friendly and confiding nation, so shamefully disregard the rules of in lernational comity, as in the conception and pro motion of this crjiugand monstrous wrong. Never have men in high placis manifested such weakness, tergiversation and venality, as in this 11a 'rant outrage, which is destined to expose us to the universal enntemp: ot the christian world, and il not to.provol;e the thunders or foreign war, at least to Cxcitc and feed anew the flimes of yet more rancorous and destructive internal dissension amongst ourselves. What particular shanrt tins unhappy question win assume, can not now be foreseen, and of course the position of Vermont in resard to it cannot at present be determined; but this much is clear, it will be her duty, and that of all to whom her interests are entrusted, to oppose the consummation of this great mystery of miqiiily, by every legal and constitutional moans of resistance. There is another great hubioct to which, both because of its increasing and almost overshad owing importance, and its near connection with the principal topics to winch wo have aheady referred, especially to that which we have just dismissed, xvo think it our duty to call your at- Icntion.allhough we have no specific action to re commend concerning it. It is not here tho place to discuss the ethics of slavery, the lawfulness of iho relation of master and slave, tho extent of the right which one human being may have over tho labor or being of another, or the moral or even economical infl icnccs of this system upon the communities where il exists. Nor, howev er well we are agreed with you in thinking sla very lo ho both morally and economically a wronx and an evil, have wo any word of invec tivo or reproach for those who aro blindly stag gering under a burden whirh they cannot bear, and neither will not daro shake off. If Ihcyarc too proud to desiro tn:r commiseration, at "least wo will not nnvy their condition, and whenever theyshill bo roused to a truer sense of their duty and their belter interests, they will recoive our ino-t eirnesi sympathy, and most liberal and energetic aid. Hut however iinwifc nr un. ju-l this constitution may be in its essential fea ture", you are responsible neither for its origin nor for its continued existence within those limits to which your constitutional power docs not extend. Nor is it our placo to affirm or de ny that you aro bound loa moral influence up on this subject. It is only in reference to your political duties, that wo arc at liberty to addrets you ; and though no grounds of political or pri vate expediency can justity you in doiug that which is morally wrong, yet your action as pol iticians is hedged in by limits which you can not, ami ought not, ovurslep. The federal con stitulion makes the government of ejch State supreme in itself, and only provides that its form shall ho republican. Etch Slate then may limit and prescribe the rights, both civil and po litical of all its citizens; and I hough widely different in tiefret Iho exercise of power xvhere by ic limit and deny political rights to women, minors, and transient persons, is, politically speaking, the same in kind as that by which South Carolina excludes tho African race from all political franchises and all civil rights. Tho Constitution gives you no more power over sla very in other States, than it does over the rights belonging to any of tho domestic institutions ; and you are just as incompetent to abolish, lim it or modify Iho powers of tho southern master over Ins. slave, as you aro to define tho rights of ine southern parent over the person or the eor vires of his child. Su lonj then as slavery confines itself within its legitimate territorial limits, it is not a sub. iuct for the political or legislative action of the free States. Hut when it tnor.teps those bounds, and claims to be considered a National Institu tion, and you aro required to assent to its oxloii sion, and the enlargement of the guaranties by which it is pretended that Iho Federal Consti tution sanctions its existence, then, at least its political bearings come fairly within your juris diction. Wo cannot hero discuss the question of constitutional guartniy, a'ld must content ourselves, white wo admit that tho Constitution does recognize slavery as lawfully existing with in the limits of such of tho States aa chuso to allow it, with simply denying -ihat it is adopted as a National Institution, or that tho govern inent or people of the Union aro in any way pledged lo its maintenance or support. Nay, so far were tho framers of tho Constitution from supposing thrir work lo bo a perpetual bulwark of slavery, that it is historically certain that tho compact would never have bean sanctiond, with all its extravagant concession to tho South, had not both lie North and tho South entertained a common hope and belief that slavery itself, with all its attendant evils, would bo at furthermost but of brief continuance. What thon is the political influenca of sla- '. . r . , . very, and what are the political reawni wntcn forbid us lo consent to ttb extension, or to any national measures proposed with a view to its perpetuation I uy tno compromises or tho con stitution, tho anomaly of a representation of properly is admitted in behalf of tho Southern crn states (tor tho laws of thoso States mako slaves not persons but things,) and consequent ly the South is allowed a much greater weight In our national councils than belongs to their free population, their resources, or their physi cal force ; and the same advantage is conceded to all the additional slave-holding territory which has been incorporated into the Union sinco tho adoption of tho Constitution. Every extension therefore of such territory, increases the inequality of tho distribution of power would be of little moment, wore it not that cer tain erroneous views of political economy, nat. urally connected with their peculiar institutions, aro extensively prevalent and influential thru' out almost tho entire South. The prejudices of birth, education and habit, lead tho Southern er to ascribe the superior energy, prosperity,' and intelligence of tho free laborers of the north rather to external causes than to the in herent force of free institutions : and thov aro unwilling to admit that tho comparative un- inriiiiness oi mo South, In spite ol a laorcd soil and climate, and of almost every natural ad vantage, Is in any degree imputable to an crro- noons system or internal policy, ilenco they scolt Hie causo of tins unfavorable contrast in the action of tho general government ; and Iho protective policy, which, though not so obvious ly, is as certainly ucnchetal to tho South as lo the North, is made a scape-gnat, chargeable with all the evils that oppress the South, and the real root of which is to bo Bought in the im mediate and remote effects of their unfortunate institutions. Hence arises a morbid iealousvnf the people and principles of tho North, and this nas ueen tormented by political demagogues, and excited by tho heated and Inlemnerala zea of ultra abolitionists, until it has degenerated in- to a icciiug mat. sometimes assumes the lorrrt of open and avowed hostility. Again, the contempt for labor which slave ry engenders impels thoso not bnrn to wealth to seek a livelihood by some less degrading oc cupation, and a very large proportion of tho young men of Iho South pursue the study of politics, not as a preparation for the duo dis charge of the elective franchise, but as a urn- fession which is to yield them a maintenance at tno public charge. The consequence is that the South supplies a much larger number of po litical aspirants and ofiice-seokers (and tho'Blue Book abundantly testifies that they seek not in vain,) than Ihe North. Tho dexterity of these trained partisans, and their unity of action on all sectional questions, give them an induence which can rarely bo resisted, and its force has lately been signally exemplified in tho Buccess of the annexation scheme, a measure notorious, ly and almost undisguisedly advocated as a means of strengthening the political influence of the South, and unsupported by a single argu. ment addressed to tho local and national feel ings of the North. Theso cooperations furnish abundant rea. sons why every Northern patriot, while ration, ally abstaining from all interference with the right or tho proper jurisdiction of the South, should yet strenuously resist every measure tending to the disproportionate increase of a power, which, as experience shows, is almost uniformly directed to the advancement of sec tional interests. We urge theso arguments, in no spirit of hos tility to the South, and with no disposition to deny or disparage tho eminent services which the citizens and tho statesmen of the slavehold. ing States have on many trying occasions run dored to t ho American people. Uut in all this political and legislative warfare, they aro tho assailants. Wo aro but acting in self-defence, in maintaining the ground on which they ori"i nally placed us. Tho enterprise and capital of the Northern States were first employed in foreign commerce, and our agriculturists, seamen and mechanics reaped a rich harvest, during thu continental war that desolated Europe for twenty years af ter tho French devolution. Southern' jealousy then ascribed our prosperity to our navigation and COmmoivo. M , prntr.tinn nf industry was advocated by Southern statesmen, with a view of depressing fureign trade, and rendering Southern labor more profitable, by providing a home market for its products. Th.s change in our pol cy was resisted by tho groat marine States of the North, but the South prevailed. The protective policy was es tablished, tho industry of our laborers, and tho wealth of our capitalists was diverted into new channels, and Providence once mure lias smiled upon our efforts. The Nurth is airain nrosnnr. oils in her new career, and the South still guishus under the canker that is eating out her vitals. Her statesmen have again changed their grounds, and now insist that we shall de molish the fabric erected by our laborers upon the foundation which they reared for us. He. tweeti the systems of free trade and protection, no oouiu nas niaue ner uelioorato ulcclion. Shall wo not now hold her to the alternative she has chosen. Nor do wo by any moans admit, as xvo ham before hinted, that tho protection nf of industry is prejudicial In any section of our common country. The Northern factories con. sumo a vast amount of tho great Southern sta ple, and provide for it a safe and stable market and quick returns; they have discovered and developed its applicability to numerous before unsuspected uses, and of course occasioned a greatly increased consumption of the material, while their competition with the cotton mills of England lends both lo stimulate the demand and keep up tho price. The article s Ihev produco for domestic consumption aro as indispensable at the South as at the North, and foreign and domestic, rivalry has increased the supply and reuuecu wu price oi almost every manufactured article. The protective policy, therefore a system which increases the deiiiand for all raw mate rial, and lowers tho cost of all manufactured articles may well be advocated as a truly na u'juiii, u truiy iuuencan system. In Iho approaching election, no national nues- lion is indeed dirpctly involved, but in the xvisn and faithful administration of the domestic con cerns of our own State, in Iho influence of our examplo upon the politics of other Stales, in the importance nl retaining our long unshaken as cendancy, that wo in iv bo belter orranized and prepared lor another great contest, lo which the rapid flight of time will speedily bring us in all these we may find nrenent motives eono li to arouse the (lagging zeal of all, who, though exhausted by recent labors and depressed bv late defeat, aro yet confident of the goodness of ineir cause. Though it is lawful to bo taught from our en emy, yet unhappily there is little to learn from Ihe party tactics of our opponents, because thorn is little in their organization, their principles, or tic-u LMaiiu i-, in.,, u iiuu jMmoi ciin wnn a sale cnnscienc adopt. One sound lesson, hnwovor, wo may borrow even from them namely, to suffer ourselves to he diverted from our purpose by no collateral issue, to he distracted by no incKorings or strnes oi sotnsii and jealous aspi rants. Let us then return onco more, with uni ted and renewed ardor, to the field of our hun dred triumphs, and victory will once more as suiedly crown our efforts. The published journal of Ilia democratic convention in Chittenden county informs us that the commiltoo reported as candidates for tho Senato, a con phi of names, and that tlio convention accepted die. report and con firmed tho nomination. Quito opproprUlo for n party whose substance is but its nitno. Mercury. Postage. Thn Postmaster of tlio city of iNew-iorK lias Ueciueu and published, that the pnttngo between his office and all of the postofTices in Vermont is five conls only ; with the exception of tho counties of Essex, Orleans, Caledonia, Lamoille, Franklin, and the towns of Milton, West'Milton and West- r.j !.i. r r r'i.:,,..j ...ui.i. v.uh,mj "ninvuucn, .-huh are 10 cents. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP CAMBRIA. Tho Steamstiip Cambria arrived at Bol ton at 5 o'clock on Wednesday evening in an astonishing passage ot 10 day and 20 hours from Liverpool, The Cambria left 'Liverpool on tlio 19tli utt. Tho general newt by ihijtfiVival consists principally ot the shaking aticitica commit ted by tho French In Algeria, whore about six hundred Arabs, who had taken refuge in a cavo, wero suffocated, or burned alivo, by order of a French officer. Wo observn throughout Ihe entire Paris press but ono feeling expressed ono cry ofexecrntion ut tered on this 'infernal' act of barbarity, by which 600 human brings, nearly ait entire tribe, consisting of men, women, and chil dren, were ruthlessly niassacrccd. Fresh disturbances and revolutionary movements hnvo occurred in Spain. A fresh insuricction has broken out in Mount Leba non, Ireland is tho scono of dreadful con flicts. Tho parliamentary intelligence docs not possess much interest. The American Provision market is in a stagnant state, owing to tlio reduction of slocks and the absence of imports. There is necessarily bul litllo business doing, and the quotations aro rather nominal than otherwise. The absence of the requisite supplies of cliecso is felt, as tho article is becoming pop ular, and would command, had thcro been a good supply, fair, if not improving rates. It will bo seen from the market notes that the daily arrivals ate expected to bring fresh stocks, winch will give a stimulcnt to this branch oflrado. Tho quarterly meeting of tho Iron-masters has recently been held in Staffordshire. During the lust few days every description of manufactured iron has been reduced up wards of 20 per cent. The impression at present is, that tho market will sink still low er, nnd somo talk is already current about lowering the wages of colliers. Many of tlio speculations which havo been and still are beforo the public, must, it is clear, be cither abandoned or postponed, and a much less quantity of iron will suffice than was some time ngo calculated upon. Speculation has thus icccived a blow, under the effects of which tho trade is now reeling. The prico of bar iron is now nominally .10 per ton at

tho works. The demand at present is dull, and stocks aro accumulating. The price of American slocks is looking up. The determination of the "drab-colored Pemnylvnnians" to sha'nae their tradurcr lias produced this improved feeling which exists in tho Bourse of Paris as well as Lon don. Our commercial readers in the United States can hardly bn otherwise than pleased ut the prospects held out in our notice in another page, headed "American Stocks in London." Money in tho British metropolis is plentiful and iho rato of discount low. Algicrs. From ihe French troops in Algiers we have accounts of an act of force iinpar.illelled in modern warefare. The fol lowing statement of il is from tho "Aklibnr," a paper published at Algicrs under the di rection of the authorities: "There has just occured in tho Dahara one or tnoio lerriuie events xv Inch deeply afllict II1090 win witness ihem, even when convinced of their fiiclitful necessity, anil when they aro justified in declaring mm cvriyiiiiiiF pos?imo was uone to prevent Ihe ra lasln pbe. It is known that tho corps commanded by Colonel Pelisscr, St. Arnaud, nnd De L'Adniirnnlt have been carrying on combined operaiiona in the ,f-!V.Loni Pf.l'r was tiosv in DursuTna the Uuled Hum, who hire never ycl submitted, a they live in immense caverns hero it would bn madness for troi pi 10 enter. On ihe lBlh .tune, finding them selves closely pursued, the Ouled Riabs flew lo their usual p'aco of refuge, .aficr bavins surrounded Ihe caverns, somo faints were lighted and thrown hv the French troops before the enirance. Afier ibis demonstration, which was made to convince the Arabs that iho French had tho power, if they pleased of suff'caiins Ihem 10 their hiding-places, tho Colo nel threw in letters ofiVrinB to them life nnd liberty if they would surrender thrir arms and their horses. At first Ibey refused, but subsequently they replied that they would consent if the I-rench troops withdrew. Thu con ition was considered inadmissible, and more burnins facots wero thrown. A gieat lumult now arose, and it was known afterwards that it arose from a discussion as to whether there should la a surrender or not. Tho parly oppoed to a surrender curried their point, nnd n few oftha minority nindo their esenDP. Colon,-! Plis.ier wi.hlni, in mar. !.- h es of ihose who remained in the cavern, sent some Arabs lo ihem to exhort ihem 'to surrender. They refused, and some women, whodid n"l partake of the savase fanali' ism of the majority, attempted to fly, but their bust nnds nnd relatives fired upon ihem, to prevent ibeir escape from the martyrdom which ihey bad themselves resolved to suflvr. Colonel Peli-sicr then Mispendcd Iho throwing of ihe burning fagots nnd sent .a French officer to hold a parley with the Ouled Hiahs, but his meneneer was received with a discharireol fire-arms, and could not perforin his mis sion. I his s'nte of thiniti contrnued 1:11 ilia night of ihe lOih, when, losing all patience, nnd no longer having a hope of otherwise subduing these tannin's who loruieu n perpetual nucleus of revolt m mc coun try, tho tiro was renewed nnd rendered intensn. rinr. in? this timo Ihe cries of ihe unhappy wretches, who were being Mifioeaied, wero dreadful, and then noth ing was beard but ihe crackling of the fagots This silence spoke volumes. The troops entered and found 500 dead bodies A'-ont 150. who still breathed, were brought into tho fresh air, but a portion of 1 hem died afterwards." Horrid Affair. Tfie Boston Daily Ad verliser finds in some foreign paper an ac count of a frightful sceno which took placo recently on board an Austrian steamer, the Empress, on its way from Trcbizond to lyonstanliunple. 1 Ins vessel took in passen gers at Slnopa, and, among others, two der vishes from Cindahar, in Afghanistan, who had been expelled from Trebizond and Sam sona. A few hours after the ship had put to sea, the two dervishes, having first repeated dovoutly their prayers before the whole ship's company, rose up wilh sudden fury. One drew out a pistol, nnd tho other a double edged harp dagger or fKHHYom his girdlo, and they both then fell upon the passengers with Iho must determined purposo of mur der. Tlio pislol was fired at a young Greek, who died of tho wound ho received. Tlio murder, then drawing hii largo knife, attack- cu an Armenian with it, and actually ripped up his belly, killing him on the spot. The next victims wero the restaurateur of the ves sel and his winter, who received several se vere wounds from the tlupgor of tho oilier as sassin. Tho ngent of tho steamer, hearing some scufilo, went forward lo inquire the moaning nf it, when ho and a sailor who ac companied him wero assailed by tho furious ruffians, and dangerously wounded -ihe "gent without hope of recovery. All this passed in a fow seconds of timo. Nobody on board was armed, and the scene of terror and confusion among the crew nnd tho passongers surpassed all de scription. Tho captain was writing in the cabin when the alarm reached him. Ho showed groat presinco of mind. Hn rocol lecled that on ono of (lie ihe paddle-boxes there was a musket with a bayonet. He sprang at once upon tho paddle-box, detach ed the bayonet from the gun, and with tins weapon fell upon Iho most furious of tho der vishes. Ho pierced liiiu through iho nock, and ho fell dead upon the deck. At the sumo time, ono of iho ship's engineers dashed out the brains nf the other by boating him about Iho head with a bucket. ' The struggle for a few minutes between the two fiends and their ntsaildnts. was terrible. Five, includ ing the dervishes, were killed In this frantic assault of fanaticism, and four others wounded. Tlio dervishes wero sup posed to bo mad with opium ; and consider ed the murder of Giaours as a high religious act or sell-dovotton, for thoy must havo known that they wero rushing to inevitable death themselves. PITTSBURGH. Our manufacturing establishments which were destroyed by tho great fire, havo Indeed been re-built with surprising rapid it , and in a handsome and substantial style, which betokens the energy and sound business condition which has ever characterized the Pittsburgh manufac turers. Messrs. Bakewcll &. Pears have already re. moved their counting-room to their now works, and it is their expectation to recommence the manufacture nf glass on this day week. On Saturday wo were pleased to hear tho sound of the hammer and anvil at the new works of Messrs. Livingston, Rnirgen & Co., Platform Scale and "Kaughphy" Mill manufacturers, at tho corner of Front and Grant streets. Their new works aro very extensive, and aro hand somely and substantially constructed, with fire proof roofs. Messrs. Jones & Quigg, Steel and Coach Spring manufacturers, have been some weeks at work In their newly erected buildings. Mr A. Fulton, Bell and Brass Founder, was one of tho first at work in tho Burnt District. Many warehouses of the largest class, and numerous dwelling houses are already orcupied, and hundreds of others will be ready fur their tenants within the next month. Messrs. Lyon & Shorb, Durbridge &. Wilson, Win. Holmes & Co, K. Townsend & Co.. James Anderson, Pollard McCormick, James Park St Co., black St McKec, all extensive dealers in their various branches, and some hundred of others whose names do not occur to us, are already established in their new ware houses and manufactures. And establishment! not in the liurnt District aro also erecting new Duituings. We noticed come time since I hat the Messrs, Shoenbergors were making largo additions lo their Iron Works in the Fifth Ward. We learn from the Gazette that I hey are about erecting another now rolling mill and forao, which will make three rolling mills and forges belonging 10 ineir estaDiishmcnt. All these things our city may well bo proud of, and it gives us creat pleasure to record them. 1'ittsburgh Chronicle. r FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 8, 1845 FOR GOVERNOR, WILLIAM SLADE. FOR LIF.UT. GOVERNOR, HORACE EATON. FOH TREASURER, JOHN SPALDING. FOR SENATORS CHITTENDEN CO. HARKV BRADLEY, DANIEL II. ONION. WHIG ADDRESS. We bespeak the attention of every reader to iho able and patriotic address of the Whig Stato Convention to the people of Vermont. II is from the pen of one of our ublest men ono who lakes an enlarged view of ih politicul field, and discusses the topics of the day in a spirit of candor 1I1.1t must command tho attention of all right. minded men. Wo have delayed its publication till this late pe riod, for the purpose of having it read with that attention which it intrinsically merits, nnd in tlio hopo that its lofty spirit of patri otism may quicken and animate every Whig in tho dischago of his duly from this timo lo tho day of eleclion. APPROACHING ELECTION. As a parly, the Whigs of Vermont have ever stood upon elevated ground j they have been victorious beyond precedent j and al though our candidate, in the great snuggle at the last election, was defeat ed, unexpectedly defeated j although in ma ny Slates where the Whig parly was in the ascendancy, the Democratic party gained unexpected advanlages, wo bolievo that facts will bear us out in saying that such ndvanta ges were gained by illegal voting that our opponents gained their temporary victory by oross fraud! In all preceding contesls, violent as they often were, and embittered at times by personal as well as political ani mosilies, tho efTorts of Iho contending parties had it far their object to influence the opin ions anu judgment of voters. There might havo been exceptions to this observation j but if iho purity of thoeloclivo franchise had not always been held as sacred as it ought lo be, we beliovo that previous to the last elec lion there had never been a systematic de sign, deliberately formed and carried out, or an attempt seriously made, to control that Iranchtse, nnd disgraco iho ballot-box of free- men, by corruption and fraud. That such an atlempt was made nt iliu last uleciiuu by tho Polk parly, now in power, wo have not a single doubt. Enormous sums of money wero raised and expended not to purchase American voles, but to gainyrcin votes tho .votes of European paupers ! Tho great mass of American cilizens are too indepen dent and virtuous to be corrupted and they voted as they should vote independently ; they voted right. But wo say it, and wo challenge proof lo tho contrary, that to for eigners, and not to our own citizens, do Mr. Polk and Ihe party now in power owe their offices. To prcvont similar deceptive electioneer ing tricks being carried oui in this Slate, is it that wo now urge the Whig party to renewed exertion. We feel confident of success, and shall most surely bo victorious if wo do our duty. Our opponents, flushed with victory at the Presidential contest, and knowing by wlut means that victory was gained, will try the same game at our coming Stato election ; but in tlio apathy of l lie Whigs alone can they have any possiblo chance of success. Uc prepared, then, to meet them, to watch them, AIND TO GUAKD THE BALLOT-BOX ! Bo prepared honestly, faith, fully and fully to do your duty ; be porse vermg, active, vigilant, and you will be safe. iSellows lalls Oatttte, COMMENCEMENT. The annual Commencement of tho Uni versity of Vermont took placo on Wednes day of tho present week. The weather was fine, and the proceedings were witnessed by a numerous nnd highly respectable audience. Many gentlemen of distinction from different parts of the State, honored the occasion with their presence furnishing a most grateful indication of the growing interest which our enlightened and patriotic citizens lake in the welfaro and prosperity of tlio University. Tho general character of tho exorcises was highly respectable. Tlio performances of tho graduating class evinced a high degrco of literary and scientific attainment, and a thorough mental discipline, aliko honorable to the industry nnd capacity of tlio students, and tho unwearied, able, and well directed exertions of their instructors. Tho intellec tual appearance of tho audience, and tho in terest they exhibited in all tho exercises of the occasion, furnish tho most convincing evidence of tho vigorous and healthy growth of tho University, and must satisfy every one that it may already bo ranked among tho most cherished institutions in the land. The Society for Religious Inquiry, and the Phi Si'g, and University Institute cele brated their respective anniversaries on Mon day and Tuesday, The address of Dr. C.- RUTtlEits, beforo tho former Society, and the oration of Rev. Mr. Siicdd, before the latter, wero performances of surpassing excellence, both of which will doubtless bo spread be'foro the public. Mr. Shedd's performance was one cvincivo of the highest order of intel lect, and few young men havo been moro successful in impressing an audience with pleasing conviction, that the speaker is master of his subject. Wo havo heard but ono opinion of tho performance Tho exercises of Commencement day wero as follows : Forenoon, MUSIC 1. Prayer by the Pre-hlent. Hl-sic. " 2. Wonder, the seed of Knowledge. Mosr.s Lane, Norlhfield. 3. Self Education Ihe only Education. Azno Barnes, Lawrence, N. V. 4. Tho llappines", not the wealth of the people, the proper object of ihe State. CiuntES Dewey, Montpclicr. 5. Foreign ministers of the Revolution. IIenbv Jay Merrick, Sheldon. 6. Religious doubt not induced by science. Clark Ela Feorin, Holland. Mt'SIC 7. The support of religious institutions as based on the voluntary principle. Orpheus Thomas Lanpheor. Corinlh. 8. The national relation soft he pursuit of a uricutturc. Asa l.vos Hatch, Grand Isle. 9. The popular idea of freedom erroneous. George Goddard Ide, Clareinnnt, N. If. 10. Influence of the middle ages on modern civiliza tion. . Joh-? Gardner Hale. Chelsea. 11. The character of a people determined by its Liiteraiuri'. Leverett liRusii Iaclesdy. rtnrlincton 12. The practical operation of every Go-ernmcnt to oe moaineo iivconsinerannn. ot expediency. Nel-on Starbird. Claremont. N. H. 13. The attainment of the Ideal, the true aim of practical me. Lorenzo Ail is, Burlington. MUJ1C 14. The relation of Stylo to Power in Oratory. James Almon Warveu. Cns'leion. 15. Relation nf the teamed professions to the pro gresa of civilization. Johm James IIaile. Platlsburch. N. Y. IC Idcus as the many and pnpd liy the few. Fecnezer Cutler, Wnterford. 17. Moral excellence esseniiil to ihe perfect orator. Joseph Thomson Dodge, Uarre. MUSIC. Aft trnoon. MCSIC. I. Scholastic attainments not education. William Hknby Wallace, Poisdam, N. Y. 1, Lovp of thu past. Harrisov Stevens Haskell, Tunhridge, 3. The respect lor a nation determined by the char acter of its public men. George Gabv Ricr, Knosburgh. 4. Frcedow of irulh. Alanson Darius iIarbeh, Beekman, N. V. 5. The historical preparation for Christianity. Piiilo Ueckwitii Wilcox, Ticonderoga, N. Y. MUSIC. 6. Patriotism of the Roundheads. Jacob Meriui Clark, Morgan. 7. " Happy is tho nation whose annals aro lircsom" it is Hue 1 Henry aoha.M3 Tennev, La Porte, Ohio. 8. The Revolutions of history grounded in those of mind. Nathaniel George Clark, Montpeher. MUSIC. 9. Degrees conferred . 10. Uenediclion. Kxiused. The exercises of tho Junior class on Tuesday afternoon and evening, wero as follows : Order of Exercisti, Afternoon. MUSIC. 1. Truthfulness of iho Drama. Thomas Leverett Nelsom. 2. Effect of ihe Loss of Freedom on Grecian Lite rature. William Appleton Dodge. 3. Grounds of Interest in Historical Reading. Georgc Mortimer Hall. 4. Relation of Salire to Morality. IIibam Stevens. MUSIC, 5. Destiny considered as nn element of Tragic In terest. Neziah Wright Uliss. 6. Political Influence of the Rcfornimion. Moses Edward Vaid. 7. Compariton of the English, French, and Span ish Colonist-in America. Royal Daniel Kino. 8. Influence of Popular Scandinavian Poetry. Horace Richardson,. 9. The Golden Aea of the Ancient Poets. John Wilder Mat. MUSIC Et enlng. MUSIC 1. Idea of Liberty among the Ancient Greeks. Henby Oscar Houghton. 2. Influence of the study ol Nature in Ihe develope menl of Character. Charles Kinney. 3. The Roman Forum. Lrciu Kneeland, 4. Influence of Historical Recollections on the for mation ol Character. Horace Van Ness Uogve. music. 5. The power of Tacitus as displajed in the delin eation nf Character, James I'sentIss. 6. Tho Institutions of Alfred the Great. Johh Brooks Wheeler. 7. Effect of the intimate study of Nalme upon its impression as a whole. Levi Meeker NoBTiisor. 8. TheAvbenian Agora. Jonathan Allen WAiswaiaaT. music 9. Characteristic of Lyric Poetry. IstAC Sawyer Rclchee. 10. Equality in the Social State as recognised by ChristiHiiily, John Alexander Jameson. 11. Power of the Imagination in giving life to Truth. Louts Richard Lull. MUSIC, On Wednesday evening, Ihe spacious mansion of President Wheeler was thrown open for the reception of company, as wo aro informed, and a very large collection of cilizens and strangers wero entertained in a manner appropriate lo tho occasion, A younger portion of the community cel ebrated tho occasion by a Ball at tho Pearl St, House, in .the cvoning, which was well attended, and wont oflf much to tho credit of thota who conducted it. This is all right. Commencement should bo a holiday a day when old age should forget its grey hairs, and rejoice in view of our religious, literary, and social blessings, and youth lift up its heart and be glad ; a day for hospitality to givo play to its kindli er promptings, and indulge in the luxury of making our fellows happy ; in short, a day when literature, religion, and common tenso should walk hand in hand among men, and join in proclaiming " sermons in brooks, and good in every thing," to hint whoso heart is rightly attuned. SCREWS LOOSE." We find tlio following communication in a late number of tho official paper at Wash ington : VERMONT. I tako pleasure in enclosing you, for publication in tho " Union." the fohowina resolutions nassed bv ilia dcmorralic Stale convention held t Middlebury on iu m.k i--. mi t. . i ini; iviii ins,, iiiey ?pcn ine true aemiicrnuc lect ing of tho hardy sons of tho mountain State, than whom no truer aro lo I e found in Ihe Union, nolwlih slnndin? Ihe maikril neulecl which they havo here tofore received, nnd ore now r editing, at the hands of tho prtstnl ndministrntion. Il appears sutTicient to exciuue a uemncrat Hum oHico u he noils Irom Vermont, nnd of the only tico democrats from that Stato holdinz office in Wnhin!Mon. one has already been made to eivc way. This may be policy, but its justice I beg leave lo quctmn. A VEII.IIU.NT DEMOCRAT. Hero followed the resolutions of iho lato convention, which, it will bo recollected, went tho whole length in endorsing annexa tion, Polk and his anti-tariff principles ; and it is in view of this truckling subserviency to southern men and southern measures, that this despairing office-seeker gives vent to his agony. But tho " official" takes it coolly, and responds in the following laconic note: Our corro'Dondentis here mooting a nupvtinn wtWrti it is better on every account to avoid. Put forth t o claims oi ine tiatdy sons or the Green Mounlains as much as you please j but wearo awaro thai the other branch oi tho cateaory has given rise lo much exag geration, and would call for more room for ill discus sion than we could well aflord il. Wo presumo it will bo fully salisfuclory to tho Vermont " Democ.ncy" to learn that this administration ' cannot well afford room' to consider their claims a subject which it is lictter on every account to avoid !' Job was a patient man ; but Locofocoism is pa tience itself. Potatoes. The Northampton Courier says "th prospect now is that the pntatoe crop will bo very light. The blight has commenced in every direction and unless some immediate remedy is applied it will he more general than last year." In our immcdiita vicinity wcIibvc heard of no complaint as yet. A farmer in Alstcad, however, informs us that indica tions ofdiscase appearing in a large field of potatoes on Ins farm, he took up a few lulls, nnd found the same rough appearance on the vegetable exhibited by th) disease last year Claremont Eagle. There is reason lo (ear that wo are again lo suffer severely from this disease iho pres ent season. Wo are told (lint it has already manifested itself in Weslford, and same oth er of tho adjacent towns, and wo think that wo discover the premonitory symptoms in our neighborhood. But wo trust that few persons will be so foolish as lo borrow trouble about iho matter. Like thn weevil, tho rust, nnd the mildew, this distemper will doubtless have its day, and then pass on in its com missioned round. Our hills aro again vocal with iho reaper's song, und bending fields of ripened grain that wave us welcome on either hand, proclaim an approaching return ol that important element of prosperity, a tcheat crop. Seldom lias iho crop proved finer, nnd never, perhaps, as much upon the ground. The corn crop is uncommonly fine in tins region, oats fur, Inn ley good, and hay full mi average. Under these rircnm stances, that must be an illy assorted lump of Immunity that can draw on n long face and grumble, merely because potatoes, like many other earthly blessings, urn doomed to perish without using. ORDINATION. The Ordination of the Rev.OLtvcn W. II. Pr.n- over the First Congreeatiunal Church and So. if ly in immiiuiuu, win iaue piacc on I nursuav, the Mth day ol August instant. A procession will be fjrmod at Iho Court House at eleven o'clock, A. M and proceed to tho Church. After Ihe services at tho Church shall have closed, tho procession will again be formed, and proceed to Ihe American Hotel, where a dinntr will be provided for tho occasion. The Annexation of Texas. Tho Washington l7;n'o;i of Monday evening con tains extracts from tho despatches of Major Donelson, our Charge in Texas, announcing the ratification by tho Convention of tho people of that country of the Annexation resolutions of our Congress. Theso des patches wero brought direct from Austin, by Gen. Besancon. We understand that ihe Secretary of War of Texas is now upon the frontier, for the purpose nf maMng a new treaty wilh the Indians. The frontier people do not apprehended an incursion from iho Mexican troops. War from thai quarter is looked upon as contingent upon the result cf the Presidential election in ihat country. No positive information seemsjm have been recent ly reccned at Austin, of the position of ihe Mexican troops. Our Charae was looking for accounts, by an express from the frontier i but it is believed that lew or no American troops had ciosed Ihe Rio Grande. It was said lhat General Arista had not crossed the liver with his force, and probably did not mean to make tho attempt. A small corps of Texan Rangers were operating in Ihe country be tween Austin and the western frontier. Military Ahrements. The V. Stale- troops at th me narrates, ana at tne lower cotton press, are making preparations for their visit lo Texa- with great activity. The veteran Gen. Taylor, wilh a foresight peculiar to him, and a peculiar knowledge of a portion of the people he will havetodeal wilh. to wit: mo Indians amongst whom lie has spent mty-nve years of his active and military life i nrovilins every thing necessary to carry out the iew nf the government. On Saturday, company K in' the 3d Artillery, unuer commaud f Lieut. Ilragg, arrived from Charleston, all well. This afternoon Ihe steam ship Alabama will start for Cornus Christi. She will lake Geo. Taylor and his slafT on l the 31 regi ment f ihe Infantry. Tho ships Qnwn Victoria mid Suviah will follow shortly afterwards perhaps before Thur-day. The Victoria will take a portion of the -till Infintry, and enmpmv I. 3d Artillery, all under the commaud of Capt. Page, of 4th Infantry a vrteian nflicer, than without whom few know the Indian character better. Ths Suviah tikrt the real of the 4lh rcg. .V. O. Jrfrrionion, July 21, "Oiideii Reigns at Wausw!" Tho government paper at Washington is happy lo announce lo its readers that the internal dissensions and commotions in the ranks of tho " unterrified Democracy" have assumed a peaceful aspect, and that harmony will, ere long, take the placo of discord. How is the difficulty settled I Are the " spoils" to bo equally divided between the two contend ing factions t Have the Van jacks yielded to tho " handful of Calhoun men?" Wa rather suspect not. Hun. GEonaB P. Marsh, of Vermont, wo regret to learn, has been suffering se verely from an affection of the eyes. He it temporarily at least deprived of sight, and although thcro is but lil'.lo prospect of recov ery for a considerable length of lime, yet it is hoped that he will not bo permanently blind. The loss of hissevicesin Congress would be severely felt at tho next session, sheuld he be,so unfortunate as not lo recover. AT. J', Express.