Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 5, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 5, 1845 Page 1
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m tu NOT TUB CLOUT OF OJQSAU OUT TUB W E L F A II B OF HOMO BY II. . STACY. BUKlTn OTON, L V 13 It M 0 NT,F lIfDAY7 SEP TE MTLMrgTTs-ls. vql' x'IX! "xotuT TUB HAPPY LMIOIUII. BY MBS. L. eiaovBNCY. Saw ye the larmcr at his plough As you were riding by 1 Or wearied 'ncath Ins noon-Jay toil, When summer suns were nigh 1 And thought you that liia lot was hard 1 And did vou thank your God, 'That you, and yours, were not condemn' d Thus hUo a slave to plod 1 Come see him at his harvest home, When garden, Held, and tree, Conspbc, with flowery stores to fill His barn, and cranary. tils healthful children gaily sport -- .Am'd the new-mown hay, Or proudly aid with vigorous arm, His task as best they may. The dog partakes his master's joy, And guards the loaded grain, The feathery people clap their wings, And lead their younger train. Perchance the hoary grandsirc's cyo Tlic glowing scene surveys, And breathes a blessing on his ractj Or guides their evening praise. The Harvest Giver is their friend, The Maker of the soil, And Earth, the Mother, (jives them bread And cheers their patient toll. Come, join them round their wintry hearth, Their heartfelt pleasure sec, And you can better judge how blest The farmer's life may be. NUVER (JIVE UPI Never give up I it is wiser and better Always to hope linn oneo to despair) Fling ofl'thc load of DouU's cankering feller, And break the dark spell of tyranical care; Never givo up t or the burthen may sink you Providence kindly has mingled ihciup. And in all trials or troubles, bclhink you, The watchword of life must be, Never give up I Never give up! there are chances and changes Helping the hopeful a hundred to one, And, through iho chaos, High Wisdom arranges Ever success if you'll only hope on; Never give up J for the wisest is boldest, Knowing that Providence mingles the cup, And of all maxim the best and the oldest, Is the true watch word of Never give up. Never give up ! though the grnpc.ib.ot may rattle, Or the full thunder-cloud over you burst, Stand like a rock, and ihc storm or the battlo Utile shall harm you, though doing their worst, Never give up ! if adversity presses Providcnco wisely has mingled Ihc cup, And the best counsel, in all your distresses, Is the stout watchword of Never give up. WHEN IS A MAN IIUINED? Tho above question will rcceivo different answers from different persons. f?omo will say that a man is ruined, when be has failed in business, or lost all his property. This is certainly one kind of ruin. It is pecunia ry ruin, and may cause much discomfort. But this sort of ruin is not so irretrievable as some others. For instance, ruin of the phy sical constitution by sensual gratification, is a more effectual ruin of the man than any loss of estate. It takes away the power to enjoy an estate, however well invested, anil however suro and punctual thu reception of the income. Hut there is another species of ruin, which, if tbo paragraphs in the news papers may bo relied on, is very common in theso times. A few years ago, theio was much said about many honest men's failing in business tbey were ruined by the hard ness of Iho times. At present, however, wo hear little or nothing in this way. Dm we hear much about honest clerks running away with funds which bad been entrusted to theni. We hear much about attempts to get money by falso pretences by forgery, fraud, and even direct robbery. Fires aro set in our cities and largo towns for the purpose of get ting plunder amidst tho confusion created. If all tho instances recorded within two months should bo counted, what a multitude ; of their arrival, und the next day was set of ruined characters should wo find lo be at apart for their entree, large ! Wo have good laws, but it is evident Tim elegant and athletic forms, the lasto that good laws alone will not save the char-1 f'll, yet not cumbrous dress, tho dignified, nciers oi men. lium lias overtaken thou- Sands, and others nru in :i rnnrsi. nf nn. lion for tho samo fate. This mural ruin ' must bo prevented by oilier means than have yet been tried. Tbo good laws must be ex ecuted. This is absolutely necessary for otherwise the contagion of bad example will perpetuate tho moral pestilence, and cause many who are now safe and sound, to fall victims to the spreading plague. But some thing more must bo done vigilant efforts must bo made to secure 1 ho young from (ho influence of those moral nuisances, which the law is not strong enough to abate. Com plaining of evils will avail little, unless ex ertions aro made to euro them. Evory town and village in tho Statu has characters that aro mined, or arc in tlio way to ruin. Can nothing bo done t kto tiioml Is there not vittuo enough in tho land to encourago serious and earnest efforts? Is it right to suffer the ignorant and inexperienced to bo exposed to trials, before which wo know some will fall, and vet do notliini' but dolo out complaints about thu corruption of llm niri.f It I. ' .1 e . 1 -- r 1. ...u bw , l9 ,,, ulu jjuwvr ui iho menus of law and order and good morals to provide remedies for existing evils. Success may not immediately follow efforl. But if all take hold together and pull tho samo way, improvement would soon bo manifest. Let political and religious party feelings bo laid aside let thcrn bo moro largeness of soul than to think of making capital out of every moral movement, and let every ono Irv to do something lor tho euro oflboso ovils, which aro now so prominent. What next I Tho process nf hatching out eggs by steam is unquestionably a great hen labor saving invention, and yet it does not give saltslaction to a certain class of 'var mints.' It seems that tho cats hivo taken tho matter in hand, and instead of ruisinir kit tens have gone (o hatching out chickens. A lalo tiondon paper says (hat Mr. John Milne, near Oldham, has a female cut which lias hoicked five hen's pggi ; fivo chickens came out of tho eggs. Tho cat takes great care of thorn, and they wnro all alive at the last advices, Maine Cultivator. Honesty is the best policy. Tu the Editor uf the iluflj'o Com. Adv. INDI1N TRADITION. It may interest your rcadcis to know (lie Indian tradition of tlio origin and consequen ces of llie war between tlio Five (afterwards tlic 1 Six1) Nations, und the iiowciful milion of Erics,' win) inhabited the legion of coun try, before its subjugation by tlio combined forces of tlio 'Iroquois,' nnd of tlio stiring scenes which have been enacted on tlio spot where Buffalo now stands, Ki-i.ij-wa-.v.aii. Tlio Erics tvjro tbo most powerful and warlike of all tlio Indi.in tribes. They re sided at the foot of the great bike, (Erie,) where now stands tlic city of Buffalo, the Indian nuino fur which was " Tu-shu-way." When tlio Erics heard of tlio confedera tion which was formed between tlio Mohawks who resided in tlio valloy of that name, tlic Oucidas, tbo Onond.igas, Ilia Caytigas und Scnccas, who resided for tbo most" part upon the shores and tlic outlets of tbo lakes bear ing their names respectively, (called by the French and Iroquis nation) they imagined it must bo for some mischievous purpose. Al though confident of their superiority ovcraiiy other of tbo tribes inhabiting the countries within tbo bounds of their knowledge, they dreaded the power ol the combined forces. In order to satisfy themselves in regard to tbo character, disposition, nnd powerof those they considered their natural enemies, tbo Erics resorted to tbo following means : They sent a frieddly message to the Scn ccas who wore their neatest neighbors, invit ing them to select ono hundred of their most active and athletic young men, to play a game of ball against tbu same number to bo selected by tbo Erics, for a wager which should bo considered worthy of tbu occasion and the character of the great nation in whose behalf tbu oiler was made. The message was received and entertain ed in the most respectful manner. A coun cil of the Five Nations was called, and the proposition fully discussed, and a messenger in duo time despatched with the decision of the council, respectfully declining tho dial lenge. This emboldened tho Eries, and the next year iho offer was renewed, und after being again considered,was again formally de clined. This was far fiom satisfying the proud lords of tlio "Groat Lake," and tbo challenge was renewed (ho third year. The blood of (he young Iroquois could no longer be restrained. They importuned tlio old men to allow them to ucccpt the challenge, and tho wise councils which had hitherto pre vailed, at lust gu way and lhr chnlen;Q was accepted. Nothing could exceed the enthusiasm with which each tribe sent forth its chosen cham pions for the contest. Tho only difficulty seemed to be, to make a selection, where all were so worthy. After much delav, ono hundred of the lloHcr of all tho tribes was designated, mid the day for their departure was fixed. An experienced chief was cho sen as the leader of tho parly, whoso oiders the young men wcro strict y enjoined to obey. 1 A grand council was called, tho parly was! rlllirni.il in llin mnet ol.,.n ............. . I. I serve a pacific course of conduct towards their competitors, and tho nation whose guests tbey weru to become, and to allow no provocation, lion over groat to bo resented by an act of aggression on their part, but in all respects to acquit themselves worthy of the rcpicscntatives of a great and powerljl people-, anxious to cultivate peace and friendship with their neighbors. Under these solemn injunctions tlio parly took up its lino of march for 1 Tu-shu-way.' When tho chosen baud had arrived in tho vi cinity of the point of their destination, n mes senger was sent forwaid to nolifv tho Erics nniiui Dealing ol llicir chief, anil moro than all thu mildest ileiiicinor of iho vniinir Iro quois party, won tbo iidui'ralimi'nf all be- liolilcis. I hey bro t nu arms. Each ono boro a bat. used to throw or strike :i ball. tastefully ornamented, being a hickory stick auoiii live lect ton-;, limit over ut thu end and a thong netting wove into tlio bow. Af ter a d.iy of repose and refreshment, all things wcro arranged for Iho coolest. Tho chief of tho Iroquois brought forwaid and deposited upon tho ground a largo pilo of eleganllv wrought wampum, costly jewels, silver bands, beautifully ornamented moccasins, and oili er articles of great valuo in tho eyes of the sous of tho forest, as Iho stake, or wager, on tho part of his people. Theso woio care fully matched by lh Kiiix willi nrllcles uf equal valuo article by urlicle, tied together and again deposited on tlio pile. The gamo began, and although contested witli desperation and great skill by tbo Eries, was won by the Iroquois, and tlioy boro off tho prizo in triumph (bus ended the first day. The Iroquois having now accomplished the object of their visit, proposed to take their leave, but (ho chief of tho Erics, ad dressing himself to (heir leader, said their young nion, though fairly beaten in thu game of ball, would not bo salisfied unless ibey could havo n foot race, and proposed to match ten of their number against un equal number of the Iroquois party, which was as- seined to, and iho Iroquois were again vie tnrinus. Thn ' lvnnbiv:iiia ' ...Mn.l n. torious. 1 ho ' fvnukwans,' who resided on Iho Eighteen Mile Creek, being present as friends nnd allies of the Eries, now invited tho Iroquois parly to visit tliein before tlioy leturncd home, and thither thn whole nartv repaired. Tho chief of tho Eries as a last trial of tlio courago and prowess ol his guesls, proposed to select ten men lo bo matched by tho samo number from tho Iroquois parly to wrestle and that tbo victor should des patch his adversary on tbo spot by braining mm wiin a lomaiiawk and boaiing off tbo scalp as a trophy. This sanguinary proposition was not at all pleasing io me Iroquois; tbey however coir eluded to accept tho challonco. with a deter minalion should they bo victorious, not to oxeculo iho bloody part of llie proposition. The champions wcro accoidingly chosen a oeneca was mo first lo step into thu ring and threw his adversary limit! tbu shouts cifj the multitude, llu stepped back and de clined tu execute bis victim, who lay nt bis feet. As quick us thought tbo chief of iho Erics seized tbu tomahawk nnd tit u single blow scattered the brains of hi vanquished warrior over the gruund. His body was dragged out of iho way and another champi on of Iho Enes presented himself, ho was n quickly thrown by ibis more powerful an tagonist of the Iroquois party, und as quick ly despatched by the infuriated chief. A tbiid met tbu samo fate. The chief of iho Iionunis party seeing tbo terrible excitement tint imitated tbo mulli-.! ....I- i . " . rv. ... '! uiuv, jj.ivu ii signal 10 luircat. ivcry man obeyed iho signal, and in an instant tbey were out of sight. In two hours tbey arrived in Tu-sliu-way, gathered up tlio trophies of their victories, and worn on their way homo. This visit of tbo hundred warriors of tbo Five Nations, and its results, only served to increase tbu jealousy of (lie Erics and to con vince them that tbey hud powerful rivals to contend with. It was no part of their policy to cultivate friendship und strengthen their own power by cultivating peace with other tribes. They knew of no mode of securing peace to themselves but by exterminating all who might oppose tbcm; but tbo combination of several tribes, any onn of whom might bo almost an equal match for tbcm, und of whoso personal prowess tbey bad seen such an ex hibition, inspired the Erics with tlio most anxious forebodings. To copo witli them collectively they saw uas impossible. Their only hopo therefore, was in being able, by a vigilant nnd sudden movement, to destroy them in detail With this view a powerful j war party was organized to attack the Sene-1 incut's repose, but pursued them in their cas, who resided nt tlic foot of Seneca Lake, flight, killing without discrimination all who (the present site of Geneva) und along" the fell into their hands. The pursuit was con banks of the Seneca river. It happened that tinned fur many weeks, and it was five nt this time thcru resided among the Erics it ' Seneca who in early life had bcon taken prisoner, und had married a husband of the Eric tribe. He died and left her u widow without children, :i stranger among strangers. Seeing the tcrriblo nolo of preparation for a tcmblo onslought upon her kindred and fiiends, sho formed tbo resolution of appris ing them of their danger. As soon as night set in, taking tlio course of thu Niagara river, she travelled nil night, nnd next morning reached the shoro of Lako Ontario. She jumped into a canoe she found fastened to a tree, and boldly pushed out into the opcu Lake. Coasting down tho lake sho arrived at the mouth of Oswego river in tho night, where a largo settlement of tlio nation resided. Shr.dirocted her teps to tho homo iT I'm bead chief, and disclosed thu object of her journey. Sho was secreted by tho chief, and runners despatched to all the tribes sum moning t he in immediately to meet in coun cil, which was held in Onondaga Hollow. When all woio convened, the chief arose and in tlio most solemn manner, rehearsed a vision, in which ho said a bnauliful bird had appeared to him, und told him a great war pa.ly of thu Eries were pioputing to make u secret and sujden descent upon iliem and Just at t'lat time. Whether tho Yankees destroy ilium ; that nothing could save them'" a ,,,alcl1 l"ur opposition now, wo leave to I ill t !i n I m III Lil ! :i I n r:, 1 1 nf ,.11 ll.o i.ll..c I.. Older, linil WlSCr llC.llJs 10 cl C t L' 1111 i 110 . Wo 'meet tbo enemy before tlioy could bo nblo , to strike iho blow. These solemn announce ments wcro heard in breathless silence. When the chief bad finished and set down, there aroso en immense yell of menacing madness and the earth shook when tho mighty mass brandished high in the air their war clubs and stamped tbo. ground like furious beasts. No titno was lo bo lost ; a body of five thousand warriors was organized and a corps of reserve consisting of ono thousand young men, who hail never been in battle. Thu bravest chiefs fiom all ihu tribes were put in command, and spies iiiiinudi itcly sent out in search of thn em; my, thu wholo body taking up a lino of inarch in the direction from wlienco limy expected un attack. The advance of tho war parly was contin ued for several days passing thro' successive ly the settlements of their fiiends, ihcOnon dagas, the Cayugas, and iho Sunecas; bot they bad scarcely nsed iho last wigwam near thu fool of C.in-an-do-giia (Canaudai- i K":l) Lake when their scouts brought in in telligence ol iho advance of the hi ins, who had already crossed tbo Ce-nis-sc-ii (Gene sec) river in great forco. Tho Erics had not the slightest intimation ol tlio approach of their enemies. They relied upon tho secrecy und culerity of their movements to surprise and subduo tho Scnccas almost with out resistance. Tho two parties met nt a point about half way Uotwecii tlio loot ol Uauaiidaigua L.nk, ilio Ueueseo Kiver, and near tho outlet of two small lakes, near the foot of one which (the Honuyoe,) the battlo was fought. When tbo two parties came in sight of each other, iho outlet of tho lako only intervened be tween them. Tho ontiro forco of tho confederate tribes was not in view of tho Eries. The resorvc corps of ono thousand young moil had not been allowed to ndvanco in sight of the ene my. Nothing could resist Ihu impetuosity of tlio lories at tlio lirst tight ol Iho opposing forco on iho opposito side of tho stream. They rushed through it and fell upon them with trcuienduous i'ury. Tho undaunted courago and determined bravery of tho Iro quois could not avail against such tcrriblu onslaught, and they were compelled to yield ihu ground on tho bank of tbu river. Thu whole forco uf the combined tribes except tho reserve, now became engaged, they fought hand lo hand and foot to fool. Thu battlo raged horribly. No quarter was asked or civen on cither side. As thu fight thickened and bocumo moro dcspcralo, tho Eries, for tho first linio, bo camo sensible of their trim position, NVli.it they had long anticipated bad hucomo a fear ful reality. Their enemies had combined for their destruction, and thuy now found themselves engaged unexpectedly in a strug gle involving not only tlio glory but perhaps thu very eihtence of their nation. Thuy were proud, and hid been hitherto victorious over all their enemies. 1 liotr ......p:nPilil ...fix ..! fin.l iilin..l.wlnn.l l.ti ..II thu tribes; they knew how to conquer, but1 not to yield. All thojo considerations flash ed upon the minds of the bold Erics, and nerved every arm with almost superhuman power. On tlio other hand, tbu united forces of tho weaker tribes, now made strong by union, fired with a spirit of emulation excited to iho highest pitclrsmong tlio warriors of iho difiTeront tribes, brought for tbo first time to act in concert inspiitd with zeal und confi dence by the counsels of the wisest chiefs, and led on by the most experienced warriors of all tlio tribes, Iho Iroquois were invinci ble. Though staggered by llu first desperate struggle of their opi'f nents, tboy rallied at once, and stobun-j(r"t?TGiiiiil. And now the din of battlo risea higher, Ihu war-club, the tomahawk, iho scalping knife, wielded by herculean hands do lemblo deeds of death. Dining the hottest of llie battle, which was fierce and long, Iho corps of the reserve, consisting of tbo one thousand young men were, by a skilful movenient under their ex perienced chief, placed in rear of tlio Erics, on tbo opposito lids of thu stream in am bush. Tlio Eries had been driven seven times across tlio stream, and had as often regained their ground, but thd eighth lime, at a given signal from their chief, tbu corps ol young wariiors in ambush rushed upon the utmost exhausted Erics, with a tremendous yell, und at ouco decided the fortunes of the day. Hundreds disdaining to ily, were struck down by the war-clubs of the vigorous young war riors, .vliosu thirst for the blood of tbo enemy knew no bounds. A few of the vanquished Eries escaped to carry the news of the ter rible overthrow to their wives and children and their old ihiillw'ftu remained at home. But Iho victors did not allow them a mo months before the victorious war nartv of tho Five Nations returned to their fiiends, to join in celebrating tho victory over their lust und most powciful enemy, tho Eries. Tradition adds, that many yeais after, a powerful war party of tho descendants of tho Erics came fiom boyond tho Mississippi, as cended tbo Ohio, crossed the country, and attacked thu Scnccas, who had settled in tlic seat of their fathers at " Tu-shu-war." A great battlo was fought near the present situ of tlio Indian Mission House, in w hich the Erics were again defeated, and slain lo a man, und (heir bones lie bleaching in the sun to (he present day, u monument ut once of tho indomitable courago of tbo "tcrriblo tries," and (heir bruve couquurors, the Seu- ccas. YANKEJi THICKS. REVOLUTIONARY INCIDENT. Common consent is a very queer sponsor. Common consent makes wits of stupidities, fools of wise men, gallants of Josephs, and rascals of honest individuals. Common consent stamped 'Yankees,' in their first (''''-vs' as 'hrowd, incomparablo tricksters, nun iiuiiiiiun consent was pretty near rigut S;,ed olf independence by sheer forco of arms. INow and then fortuno would favor our side witli un extraordinary tiood event or circumstance, but not very frequent ly. It was fight twenty times where it was manteuver successfully once. Tho En glish, always on the look out for ' .squalls' and 'Yankee tricks,' not unfrequently deceived themselves in tlio most ludicrous manner. In tbu month of May. 1811, Sir James Yoo, with .1 licet of vessels lo tho number of thirteen, of v-irious-trzos, appeared off iho mouth of thn Genesee, thrcatenin" to aniiibi latu Rochester, and destroy every improve ment and person in tho vicinity. Great alarm was created bv this. Messengers were sent nut ut once throughout tho country for aid. Tho people wero aroused like tho fiery cross of Ithodcric Dim, tho sum mons sped, and what think ye, was the re suit? In Rochester there wero then just tbiily-lhrcu puoplo capablo of bearing arms,

and about u hall lo.en camo to help them Truly ii ibrmid iblo aimy to repel an En glish lied and oppose a clover off-shoot of Iho lirilisli lorcos. 1 ho lirst (lung that tho little baud of Americans did waslo throw up a oreasl-worK ruuoand siigtit near a deep hollow, besidu the Lon er Falls. This breast work was called Fort Uender. Tbey then hurried down tho junction of tho Gcncsco nnd Lake Ontario, becauso llicro tbo enemy declared they woulJ land. They left behind Ilium two old men, with several small boys to luniovo tlm woipen and children into thu woods in caso (ho rSrittsTi jshoula land fur the provisions, und the destruction of tho biidge at Rochester. Tho Rochester forces wcro commanded by Francis Iiniwn and Elisha Ely, who ac ted us captains, Tho Americans wcro ele gantly nccoutred in various garments of shapes and makes almost antideluvian. No two men wcro armed with like weapons. Certainly they had nil firo arms ; but tlioy were not fashioned in the samo style. Tho discipline of ilicso troops was as curious as their costumu nnd equipments. Hut if they displayed an awkward front to tho warlike uyo, thuy also exhibited sagacity and cour age two qualities quilu as much needed as a pretty uniform and good tactics. Tho enemy watched thu on-shoio proceedings with considurablo interest. Tlioy beheld, as tbey supposed, numerous bodies of mili tia marching to tho head quarters, and pre paring lo givo ilium ii warm reception. To deceive tho lirilish, (ho forty men had marched and countermarched ihrough tho whole woods from point to point, in such n manner as to convince tho soldiers in the vessels that the wholo country was aroused and preparing for action. Tho lirilish thought it was jiighlimo to bo cautious, and therefore sunt un officer with a Hag of truce to tho shoro. Onu of tho militia captains with ten of iho best looking and most soldier liko men wcro sent to meet the officer. Tho men carried (heir arms as upright as might uu consistent will! llioir plan ol uumg ready f.... nllnn lit, t..,.lli. Il.llil nf llltllr IrifTirnrn The British officer was astonished. Ho' looked all kinds of (hing.i, ulterablo and un utterable, and with a swelling crest said: ' Sir, do you receive a flag of truce under arms. ' Excuso me, I beg you,' sakl tho Ameri can captain, 'wo are not soldiers, only back woodsmen, and know moro about felling trees and following tbo plow, than of milita ry luetics;' saying which tho American, lo rectify his fust error, ordered his men to ground arms. This, of course, still more astonished the Rriton. Ho looked indignant then suspi cious then a littlu terrified, and at last de livered a brief message in haste, nnd inconti nently sought tho Heel again. lie duclured that tbo ignorance of tactics was feigned, to draw tho Commodore into a snare, anil in formed llioso who sent him that some 'Yan kee trick' was under process of develop ment. Tho British wanted tho spoils, but they were too suspicious to attempt a landing, if by making a compromise, they could secure a patt of them. Accordingly another offi cer, with another flag of truce, was sent to parley. Captain Francis Browu was this lime deputed to rcceivo tho officer. Browu took a guard with him. Tho British officer looked very suspicious ly upon Biown und upon the guard. He conversed with the utmost caution, as though no expected either to nnd a trap door or a springing initio ueneatti Ins feet. Alter spending a short time in conversation, the officer suddenly discovered that the width and clumsy aspect of Captain Brown's gar ment betokened something not exactly right. Ho thought that Brown was a regular offi cer of tho American army, and that his regi mentals were masked for somo stratagem, by clumsy and hastily undo ovut clothes. Impressed with this idea, the Britain sudden ly grasped Brown's pantaloons by tho knee, exclaiming hall jocosely, wlulo bo handled the cl ol li most lirmlv. ' What a pity such excellent cloth, should bo spoiled uy a tiuiigiuig tailor. Urown smell out tho subject of Iho officer s movement, and quick willed, ho carelessly replied ' Oh 1 I was this morniticr nrcvonted from dressing fashionable, by my haslo lo meet distinguished visitors,' The officer then nudo a proposition, thai if tlio provisions and stores which might be in and about Rochester, wcro delivered up, Sir James You would spare tho settlements around. ' Will you accept and comply with this offer V inquired tho bearer of the flag of truce. ' Mood hnec deep first ' replied Francis liionti, Willi Miir'.iing cniplioSn. While this parley tho last clause of which was enough to affright the oldest and stnught- est soldier an American officer witli his staff, returning from tlio Niagara frontier was accidentiy seen passing from ono point to another, l lus, with other curious or cumstances, confirmed tlio Britons in tlic be lief that a lari-e American army had cnllcc ted, and that the Yankee officer feigned ig norance for the purpose of enticing tlieni on shore to bo slaiightured or annihilated. They had no proofs exactly as strong as ho ly writ, but tbey were irresolute, undecided, and liigbtened, and they were thus half-con qucred. No sooner had the flag of Iruco got back to the licet than a shower of bumbs and balls was sent from each vessel. The attack was immediately acknowledged with great spirit, llow by u rusty old six-pounder had been mounted on a log and bcourcd up for Iho oc casion, and as soon as possible it was let off on tlio tnglisli vessels. A few hours were spent in this manner, and Sir James Yuc, assured thai ho could not bo safe in that vi cinity (and with ouu of his vessels shattered by iho aforesaid log-mounted six pounder,) run down to I'uyllenville, about twenty miles eastward ol Genesscc. There the) learned how tliirly-cight or forty crccii mill tia men had beaten off and prevented a largo British licet from landing, by a sue- ccsslul xniwce Irak. As soon us tbo keen edeo of mortification was worn off, Sir James and all his people laughed at the stratagem heartily, and its re suit. It was a noblo Yankee trick, that. HORRIBLE CHASE. Tho Ladies' National Magazino for July edited by Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, contains tho following thrilling account of a Canadian family, n mother nnd her children, being chased by wolves : A fow vears ago, towards tho closo of a wintoi's day, u mother nnd her children in Canada wcro travelling behind a onu-liorso slodge. Suddenly, from a forest, by which ihoy wero passing, issued a gang of wolves It was a tcrriblo moment when tho mother first beheld theso ravenous animals in full full pursuit behind her ; but she know Iho only hopo was tho superior swiftness of her horse, und so sho retained presence of mind sufficient lo urgo him forward at tho top of his speed. 1 ho noblo animal seemed nwaro of his dancer; ho snorted fiercely on hear ing tho howl of iho wolves, and dashed ahead at a frightful pace. On camo (he hungry animals, and last lied tho allrighted horse, Miles wero soon passed ovor, but miles of trackless waslo yot remained before tho trav ellers would reach Iho lirst village, Meantime tho wolves gained on tho fugi tives. Tlio mother clasped her babes closer lo her bosom, us tho howling animals camo up, and running almost ut tbo sides of tbo sledgo, threatening every moment to drag her and her little ones down, but the terrified hnrso now seemed to gain supernatural speed and on bo dashed wall groat lury, snorting with uffriuht. For a while tho wolves wero left in ihu roar; but his spoeed soon slack uned. and ugain Ihoy gained on tlio sledge Tho horrible idea now occurred to the mother of throwing over ono of Iter children and thus staying fur awhilo tho pursuit, for sho had once heard of such an alternative having oncu been icsorlcd to. Shu urged on the horso again, and once more ho sprang ahead and increased tho dislanco between her and the wolves. Thus for another hour sho continued, tho prey of alternate despair und hope. Now sho seemed in the jaws of death now nn almost preternatural exertion of speed on tho part of the horse gave her a momentary respite. At length tho villags was in sight. But horriblo to reluto, at this moment sho heard n crack as if the sledi'o had eiven uw.iv. Tho runner had broken : she surrendered herself to despair. Through the fast rath- ering night she caught a glimse of tlio farm houses on tho outskirts ot iho village. To dio thus in sight of safety was terrible. Shu looked agonizingly on tho faces of her chil dren, who it cru uotv sobbing; piteously; sho strained them lo her bosom ; she shut her eyes on tho sceno that was to follow. But strnugo to say, thu sledo still held together, . nnd the hmse, recognizing his home, dashed forward at a puce that left tho wolves fin behind. Sho looked up oncu moro ; they wcro now closo to the village, The inhabi tants by ibis lime had become alarmed ; but llie wolves kept up their pursuit to tho verv gato of tho farm-house, uud yielding their r-xpoclcd prey slowly und- sullenly. Tho sledge, on examination, was fuund to bo so much injured that it would inevitably have broken down before another mile. An es capo like this surpasses anything in fiction. ruuTiimi 1'iioii uuugon. WiLLUMnTT Fills, ) Oregon, Oct. 23, Is 11. I arrived hero on the llltli dav of the nresont month, having been on tho way 131 day from Independence, Missouri, which was at least one month longer than wero the last year's compa ny of emigrants. This was owing lo tho unu sual rains that fell during the lirt two months after our departure from .Missouri. .My health is good and has bean during the wholo route The health of the small party that accompanied me U also rrood. The last ihou- sand miles no interruption from the Indiana took place, nur did uvcu a shower of ram fall to lay llie dust. Aoiie ( the families hate vH arrheJ. The furemost are expected to reach this neighbor- liouu in about a week. 1 ho last ran?eof moun tains, called the Cascades, hate never been pissed with wagons. U o wcro live davs pass ing over this raui;R of mountains, and found it by far tho most difficult and fatiguing part of tho journey, uoui ior ourselves aim our horses, i ho mountains extend lo uitlitu a few tnilc.i of this place. I he ruiiL'e rum nearly North and South, I ho Willamott is on the West sido of the mountains. 1 lie ('olumb.a breaks through from Hist to West : it has a number of dain'orout passes, and two falls that cannot bo passed by tho lightest canoe. Our families, waggons and baggage, were carried around the fallsftuc por. tages, houcver, aro nnt lengthy. The settlements of this territory appear to bo in a good and prosperous condition. Uven the last year emigrant.-', some of whom have been more than nine or ten monthj on their new fartiii, l.avd plent fot tieu.jeUe, and 6uuu to -pare for their country men now on the way. Of brc.ii!, beef, fish, and potatoes of a tujierior kind, we have plenty. The three first mention ed articles are exported. The brig Columbia is now freighted with wheat and tbur, and will tail in a few daya for the Sandwich Islands. A probable trade with the Islands is already com menced. From us they receive wheat, (lour, beef, pork, and lumber. In return, wo receive from them British, Chinese and American man. ufactured articles ; and mulase. suL'ar. coCee. and rice, the growth of the Islands. hlanding m the uoor of my present lodgings, I cancount sixty. two buildiii!.. They form the present village of the city of Oregon. Timber and lumber lay scattered about fur more build, ings, say eight or ten. Several other villages, (one or two of tbcm I have seen,) have boinu pretensions to future greatness, but are quite email as vet. The Hudson Hay Company tnim.ict nearly all the foreign and domestic trade. The Com p a n y derive great profit from the business, and at the f.iiiic lime accommodate the inhabitant of tho Territory, who are all agriculturists and mechanics, without capital sulfiriunt lor com mercial pursuits. On our arrival we found llie country dry and parched. We hate recently had a week of warm rainy weather. The grass has commenced springing up, and looks much l lo jour Wiscunsin prairies in .May. The leaves of such trees as tiled their fohagc, aro yellow and beginning to fall. The kinds thed- ihug tho Icif are oak, a species of maple, aloe, box-wood, hazel, elder, Sec, all simll and scrub by, compared to those in the Slate?, oxcent cl der and alder, which bore grow quite large, Notwithstanding the caso with which the m. cc66aric8if life are Required, Inne'taw a more discontented community, or principally to natural disposition ; nearly all, liko mvtelf, Having iiecn oi a roving, uncontented character before leaving their eastern homes. Tho Ion", tircsomo trip from the States has taught thnin what thev are capablo of performing ami cmlu ring. T hey talk of removing to the Islands, (Jalllornu, t. Inn, and other parts or South Amor, ic.i, with as much composure as oti in Wis- cousin talk of removing to Indiana or .Michigan. Almost iho first man I met on my arrival was J, M. Wicr, formerly of Indium, who pcrv- ed with tno in the Hangers. I also h-ard of l.mcaslcr Ol.i'inan, uhu ia married and tettlcd sumo -10 or GU miles up the Willarnoit. I ex pected to tee him tins neck. It is said that tic is doing well. You recollect tlio lnrgo stories wo used to hear respecting tho immense- size and hoight of timber in this country. Tho largest limber 1 havo f cen is an evergreen of the fir kind. Ono tree that I measured a few days emco i six foot four inches in diameter, and CtW feet long. Tho tree was felled with an ao last rummer. Tho fir is only two kinds, wlnto ami red ,- both L'ood for timber and lumber, and cciicrallr snht easy, making Iho neatest rail fences I havo ov.J or been ; it lias ino appearance oi uoing uur-i. ble. Vbis is tlio tc.ison far sowing whoat ; all tho farmer; aro busily employed, it having boon heretofore too dry In sprout tho grain. The farmer can sow wheat from August until Juno, with a certainty of reaping a fair compensation for his labor. Tho straw of that sown in May grows very short, which renders It difficult to harvest. That sown early, and in cood order, grown largo and long, measuring fivo or bix feet, and in somo extraordinary cases it has been known to measure seven feet in length, Willi a proportionable lungtli of head. I ho grain or berry of all that I have icen is remarkable for its round, plump form, Tbo small Canada corn cnihes In perfection ; oats likewise grow well j Irish potatoes aro ol a lino quality, and yield nbiind mtly. The streams, I am told, never freeze oicr, nor does snow ever cover Iho ground moro than three or fnurdi)sat any one timo during the winter. i ho open or pralrio valleys aro small ; almost all tho uplands are covered llucklv with tho lot- tiesi firs. Thu earth is thickly covered with bogp, underbrush, and tlio malo fern called by soma brake. It grows In iiiinv nlares un toinv shoulders, and so thick I fuund it impossible in somo instances to break through it. I havo crowded all I could on one sheet, winch I send by .Mr. lVrkine, of the brig Colum bound to Oahoe, on tlio .Sandwich Island, whence f hope it will lind Hi way by tho wha lers to Boston or eomu other port'in tho State?. You may not hear from mo aifain until I roach California. JAS. CLYMAN. THU GROWTH OF A.MUBICAN CITIES. Coiiimeict.il IuUiiciicc ol (be tVest. 1'rom tho Albany Argus. Wo havo been bolh Intruded and amused in reading recently Burko'd ' Uuroneau Settle, mollis in America," written in 1?."7 eighty, eight yoara ago. Tbo relative wealth amfpop. ul.uion Of An-riran nlioi Invo i-h muml .. dcrfully uinco then, wliflo iioirvjrniTrpi eeem almust mira:u!uus. Nothmg in tha anualH nf tho world will compare with their advance In population. Uurko say?, "Thoroaro in tho provinces of Now Un gland, lariro towns which driin a r.m. sidcrablo trado. Boston, tbo capital of .Mass. cbusetta Bay, is tbo first city of Now England und of all North America : it contains at least !l,000 inhabitants." This old reminiscence naturallv Invito rn. flection. Boston ij no longer the first citv ir. America. Now York has becoinu tho cummnr. cial emporium of America. Bjstou has pros-. pored, and more than quintupled Us population. Yet tho commanding situatiou cf New York, backed by the enormous trade cf tLe West, has built up a city of 375,000 inhabitauts, (not to iu elude rap.dly growing Brooklyn, with its 40,- nl.fl ..I . - . , uuu.y iiere 111 iioi inero wore not i!U,UUU, l'lnladcduhia likowiso has run ahead of Boston, while Now Orleans, in forty-five years, under tbo spelling lido of tbo Valley of tlio Mississip pi, has already grown into a migblier city than To what mar this change bo attributed 1 Is it not clearly to the influence of lhn wnslnrn trade, which 6ems to bo a mine ot woalth and power and population almost beyond human cal culation . In thu days of Edmund Burke, tho is, n urn nine Known, it was relerrcd to only as a vast wilderness. America was Men bounded by tho Allcghanies. Even in such speculative minds, as Burke's, the settlement and future glory of tho Valley of tho Miss;ssip. pi were scarcely alluded to. To their miuds, there seemed laud enough on this aide of tho Alleghaiues for a hundred ycara to come. No monarchist could fully appreciate tho pro-res. sive povver and cnterprizo of the Anglo-Saxon race, perhaps we may rather say, of Anglo-Sax. on freeman. A hundred yoar3 have not elapsed, and our people have already crossed the Alls, ghantcs, and advanced their r.ttl,.,noni. . ,i,n sand miles beyond that mountain barrier. No fancy was so wild as to imagine such a prog ress iu 17o7; but that very txumsion has built up the great cities of America. The settlement of Western New York tnd O no forced the construction cf the Erie canal, which literally united the waters of ibe western seas with the Atlantic ocean. Fur only twen ty yoars, the wealth of the teeming west has poured down that avenue, and already it ha placed New lork on in mercial emporium uf America. Philadelphia and Baltimore have advanced under the samo impetus, while Now Orleans has marched wilh a railway rapiuity to commercial greatness. Cincinnati, in that once wilderness vallev. .ifm, the lapse of fortv-five years, contains thriving popuiaiion oi .j,uuu inhabitants. Even St, Louis, a thousand miles west of the A!leh nies, is already rivalling Cincinnati. And Tilts burgh, the iron citv cf the West, is becoming a second Birmingham. It will be remarked ss among the estraordi. nary influences of western emigration, lhatthero is not a city on the seaboard but what looks to the West as the only resource of its future growth. To Fecuro tho western trade, is ro garded of far more importance than the mines uf .Mexico and Brazil. .Moved by this unerring conviction, we ,ce Portland, in .Maine.by mcana of the St. Iivtrence and Atlantic railway. Torts, mouth, in New Hampshire, by a railway con necting with the Concord and Burlington rail road, and Bastun, with its iron arms, stretching to Lake Erie and Lako Champlain, striving in an honorable rivalry, to divert a portion of'lho Western trade from New York. Farther South we perceive Baltimore struggling for the Wcs tern trado with Philadelphia, by means of rail ways and cansls and Sjvantndi with Cbirleb ton. In Virginia, Richmond is making a "iant struggle to pierce tbo Bluc-Uidgo with a canal or railway, in order to reach the rills of that western current, which moves on liko the w. tors of ihc Nile, enriching tlic soil upon which it overflows. Boston is already reaping the ad vantage of its Herculean labors, to reach the) heart of the West. It is but three ycirs lineo tho opening of the Western isilway to Albany, and yet its influence upon that city has been not less remarkable llian ibe opening of tho Eri Canal was on New York. The following tables of fact will confirm this position. In December, 1811, the Western railway was opened for travel. Since that epoch, a htllo moro than three years ime clap, scd, and look at tbo change in Boston valuation : 1611. Boston. Bcal csMte, Persnnil, isn. Real, Personal, 1811. Roil. 00 )ti:),fK10 3G,013,G03 arj S09.500 11,223,S00 09,100,COO 103,730,300 72.013,000 10.102,300 118.150.30O Personal, An increase nf S J0.2.'iO,000 in onlv 3 tears. which Is (he more enorinuiiF, as it is an adranea of ono-fiftb (20 per cent.) nn tho wholo valua lion. Now let u turn to Now York, after tho opening of tho Erie canal. That great work was opened in 1323, and let us compare tho valuation of that year with the thud vcai there, after: 1S23, real end pcrsonul estate. 6101,100,018 1320, " ' 107,117.781 1827, 112,211,020 139, " 111,010,533 An increaso of near S13.000.000, or 12 por cent., In thn same lime as Boston inrrcafcd its vilualion 820,000,000. Thco figures aro an ii resistible illustration of th infiuoiico of tha Western trade, whether oblalncd bv canals or railways, in adding to tho wealth cf tho Atlan tic cities. New York, if nho wills, cm still hold her present command over tbo Western trado. But this will require immediate efforts, such ss will (est tho energies of hor merchants. Ho is blind who docs not boo that at tlio present time ebo is menaced by a spirit of competition on tha pari oi woaiiny, enterprising and powerful cit icf, such as nover before occurred in her past history. But with an effort bo holds tho gamo in tier naniK I no W estern trado is a nnzo worthy of thoso who would struggle for tha col lossal commercial power of America. A city sustained by that trade, can never languish, for Iho increase of production of tha Western States is almost boundless. Its city must be fir greater thin even Alexandria or Thebes. So long aa New York remains at tho head nf tho western trade, whore our State pride and her own rctiiinanillug position justly placo her, it must irrcs stibly advance in wealth, influence, and population, until she will bo known not only as the greit city of America, but as the great city of the world.