Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 5, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 5, 1845 Page 2
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wm& -pishes THE CROl'3, The following is a summary of the information wo nave garnered irom our exchanges respect llifj the Crops in various Dirts of the count rv. In most parts of A'eio EnslanA tho drouth has been very severe. In tho neighborhood of Boston) beforo tho late rain?, tho fields looked soared and blasted. In sumo instances unripe Corn has been cut up to food the cattle. The Waterbury (Conn.) American says it has no ictuiivuiiijii ui inioseiiiir bucii a uecpiy-pcno tratinjr, Fcatliinu drouth, as nrovails in that vi cinlty. Largo streams, in ordinary times, are now literally dried up water-wheels are at a stand mills and factories deserted wells arc 'broken at the fountain' and cattle aro driven miles for their daily supply ol necessary drink. J he hay crop has been shorn of its usual iinv portions potatoes are stifled and Indian Corn ruined past recovery while gardens havo long since ceased to bo talked about. Tho l.ito rains havo probably put a new f.ico upon vegetation, uul uiu ni(ia mui biiii uu vurv llgnr. III tho Western part of of New-York things look better. Tho Whirr h.iv.i tlo.t "the Crops in that and Allegany Counties never looked better than the present season." The Alleghany Advocato says : "Tho earth groans under the burthen of the products of tho season. The toil of the husbandman has been abundant ly rewarded, and all hearts should be raised gratitude to tho Giver of our ovorv blcsslnrr.' On the Western Reserve, (Ohio) according to mo uicroiami lloratu of tho iy:b, the drouth continues with unabated soveritv. ami the giass. hoppers have done much lujurv. In portions of oomiiiit, nT.irswi II not all 01 I'ortago county, the earth remains uni'ioistened, tho fields pre senting a bare and quite desolate appearance. In somo sections of I'urlagp myriads of h ipors have s ripped the fnlf.'s of every thing green, even to leaves Irom Apple orchards, and the bark from currant bushes. Oats, I'niatiic", Corn and Grass, havo suffered alike from their mischievous depredations. Such is the scarcity of fodder and the bad prospect for wintering rattle, that some of the best and most cttensivo dtiry farmers are dipoiirig of thoir choice ftork uf Cows at from 85 to 30 per head. Others aro clubbing together and making arrangements for wintering their stork abroad, and others con template purchasing Corn in t ho Southern al loys of the State to carry them through the com ing winter. In Northern Wisconsin, a ho learn from the Green Bay Republican, t he Crops particularly Wheat, Com, Oats and Barley are boiler than ever befuro knoivn. The Wheal is heavy, and entirely free from either smut or rtlr. Tho corn is very heavy ; Gras and I'olalocs, how ever, aro almost an cntiro failure, in conse quence of the unprecedented hot, dry weather. It is feared that, if a long winter should ensue, tho cattle will faro bird in Calauiut and a por tion of Fond du Lie counties. Whole fields of Timothy and Clover aro not worth cutting. Wild I'rario Hay is much better. In Maryland the Wheat crop has not only been an abundant ono as torjuintity, but is like wise remarkablo for tho excellence of its quaii. ty. In tho valley of the Susquehanna l'ie pro ducts of numerous farms havo been found lo woigli.sixty-eiglit pounds per bushel. In Fred, erick county, Md. the crop of one farm recently sold to a miller, weighed 03 to 00 pounds per bushel. In Virginia, says the Richmond Whig, "while particular counties and neighborhoods will fall short of an adequate snpply of Corn, tho aggregate crop of the State, in conjunction with large supplies of tho old crop which still remain on hand, especially below lids-water, will not only be ample for homo consumption, but yield a largo surplus for coat transporta tion. West of the Blue Ridge, and Kast of tho falls of the Rivers, the Corn crop is believed to bean average one. In many of the Midland counties it will fall short. I he wonder is that fo much should have boon made in defiance of so unprecedonted a drouth. It speaks well for tho improved mcthr-ds of cultivation. Twenty jenri, ago fiici a drouth would scarcely hae allowed teed corn In bo raised." In Smith Carolina and Georgia the prospect is gloomy. A correspondent writes to the Charleston Mercury from the Warm Springs in Meriwether Co. Ga. as follows ; "The provision crop will fall short fully two thuds, end so far as we had the means of obtaining informs! lion, the opinion wa that tho whole upper country i in about the same condition. The surplus if the old crop in Huiherford, Henderson and Huncombc, N C H in a great degree already exhausted by the demand from this State. Our neonle are nlrcnHu waggons into I enncssec for Corn.lhcreby necessarily enhancing its price to ruinous rales, and utterly pla cing il out or tho power of thc.poorer laboring rlassca toobiain bread. Many of this classnrealrcady hvini! by. Ilia Charily which has not yet quite fniled-but which must fad if relief from some quartet is not af. forded llicm. Tho monied resources of the tinner country are so near dried up that the c anital ! nm rnomr us to relievo our people. It is true they arc emigrating in droves, yet charity cannot sistain the , ., uo impossmic lor your reader lo ro alue the excitement now prevailing amongst all class c-, or id creau without plenary ptoDf the lamentable eonpetition of the farming interest. Tho crop that is now making is almost exclusively confined to the bottom lands tho upland in many places is so total a failure that many are culling down their finl.U i save Ihe stalLs for fodder. Them are hundreds of ,., ,,o, unae ine .-ecu planted. I know mnt rb.-.ju edintry unit j arc called " pood livcra " thai will not make as mnny pecks as they usually make barrels of Corn. Men speak with fur and Ireinblingof the prospects before ibeinnH it, who have Corn Joel and know they will not long he ocuri on lunii mum woo nave none, starving men never have been controlled by rea-on or Ihe law, snd n Hdio il-. iiui iii nofo u,ev ever win tie. " Willi Ihe well ascertained nf il.,. f-,,1.,,,. ; ,i. provision cron. and in viewoftha incvlinhi. n,n... q i"iiccs which a short lime will develops ihe men of upci iv, uiu 1.1.-piyirs, nave come to llie almoal unanimous conclusion that it is the duty of the Stale u iMic, yuie iia muciu 01 proiecuon against the threat ened calamity, in f.ivor of its sufle-ruie children. oimnaiituurgii lias nuopteu the general principle ol "relief lo the people," and invited hrr en.mifr. r. an expression of opinion and a prompt cooperation in the means ofcarring oul the principle." In Florida mi Alabama tho crops are gencr. Bllv nn lin!lnrlln . ! r. - ' , " i '"" ne in urorgia. In Mississippi, nr at least in thn Nnnh.i.i cm part of Iho Slate, reports lead to llie belief inai Bolton uas uecn much injured by the drouth I win the Southern parts of tho Stato accuunti aro moro favorable. In Iuisiana ihe Cotton crop is likely to prove as good if not better than usual. Highly GnAT,nrrNo.Ve clip Ihe follow ing from tho Washington correspondence of the Lvcning I'ost: " Knowing how well you love the Hack tar- ' lw,'ar0.u 2'" E'1,ify Ien thai Mr. Walker, the Secretary nf the Treasury, is unwearying in his certions to collect such sta. ......... ..u....a,ioii in leiercnce lo it, both in its commercial and domestic bnarinrre. tt,.. it up to Iho country in all its depravity j and if f;ia.,,,K, i.iiuiiiiuvciiiuit; uiacii lactswilldn III deed, I may almost announce lo you that th exicralle relic of W'hisaeru is uWw I lso inlormed that equally efficient measures win ue taken to re-cslablish that excellent de. mocratic regulation known as ihn,,, ,.,,, and that its early re-enactment will be urgo'd' upon mo next uongrese. This will doubtless be hinhlv rrratifvlnir in telligenre lo ihe manufacturing population of democratic Pennsylvania, and the wool-grow, era of Now York and tho Fast. Tho whole couiury is coniesseuiy prosperous beyond prccc- limit itmlpp ilia nH;cii.. 1...:n nr. ' . v...,-..Uv, -A.o,i,.- larin. i-oik was elec ted under an implied and almost explicit prom. I go In rarlil.i Dn.n'nn. i ln. !. i . ... ... j.. ...... mi iu ioj H mono : anu now wo are told it is doomed! The lovers of hard currency and low wages, and the admirers of the institutions of Cuba and me aespouc countries of tho old world must al so ba beyond measure delighted at the pros, peels Uf tho speedy enactment of tho Sub-'I'reas ury System that 'excellent democratic rcgu laliuuM More Warlike Moiements.Va understand ( lysine .tJo'Jlle Jlorald and Tribune) that over 8100,000 lefl Ibis cily on Ihe lOih inst., in charge of Purser S. Ramsy, of tho navy yard at I'eusacola, on hoard tho pilot boat Relief, for me uso of tlie-liiyiuo squadrun now conccntratod in the Gulf, - TROUBLES WITH MEXICO. In spoaklng of the chances of troubles with Mexico, tho Now Orleans I'icayuno says : " Tlioro may, or may not bo a collision be tweon Gen. Taylor's command and the Mexi can army, of whom rumored movements wo have fur so many days had accounts. This last named body of mensaid to number sotno eight or ten thousand, may bo advancing towards our troops tlioso who doubt it do not know that it Is nut so ; and it is evidont that they havo had time at Vera Cruz, Motamoras, and oilier towns ou Iho coast of Mexico, to hoar of tho concen Iration of our small body of forces at Corpus Christi. Besides, tho course of Mexico in not coming out at once, and promptly, with a de claration of war, while it was expected, and her gasconade and bravado about tho United States, may all havo bcon intended to mislead us as to her movements, while sho was marching her troops to tho Rio Grande. Wo havo heard it said that the captain oftho ship Queen Victoria, just returned front Aran sas Bay, gives it as his opinion, from what ho saw while there, that there is need and ur emit need, too of reinforcements to General Taylor's command. It is said that the people, or many of them, at least, about Corpus Christi, (many of whom are .Mexicans) aro in tho con fidence If not in tho pay, of thu Mexican nation, and they have sent intelligence of Gen. Tay lor's arrival, position, &c, lo Motamoras. All this, wo repeat, may bo true or untruo i but wo must maintain that it is all right and proper to bo ready for whatever may turn up. Mow humiliating would it bo to loarn that, for want of confidence in tho rumors we hear of the JPHOach of Ion thousand Mexican Boldiers, our bravo litllo band at Corpus Christi had boon either surprised, routed, or cut to pieces I Drptrlnre if the Volunteer Artillery and V f. Troop. nsterdav aflerr.oon. a lari'o num. bor nf citizens assembled on tho Public Sntiare. for tho purpose of witnessing Iho departure of (lie Volunteer Artillery, under Iho command of Alaj ir Gaily. At four o'clock, they proceeded from the Cily Hall throilrrh tho Public Snuarn. wnore iney were saluted liy tlioir brethren In arms with twenty-eight guns.and then escorted in ino narracits. i nov embarked on board tho sleaniship Alabama in tho evening, in company nun uaprain roriio s company of " Native American Artillery" volunteers, and fivo com panies of U. S. Troops of tho Line, all of w hom, wo aro informed, are under tho immediate com mand of Major Gaily. Thu Cannoneers numbered 100 men. and Capt. Forno's company S3, each company hav ing four strong field pieces N. O. Dee, 22J An", Interesting mom CAMrtAcnr. Cant. Squares, of Ihe pilot schooner Argus, arrived hero last night from Camneachv. renorls that on tho 5:h inst. a Mexican man of. war schooner arrived at that port with a requisition on thu Government of Yucatan for troops, and that tho i returned lor answer, thai the Mexicans wont to war with (ho United States, they must fight their own batllos, for they, Iho Vucatanocs, would not furnisli any men. Acre (Jrtcans I topic, l'J!h. The Now Orleans Bulletin thus remarks upon the refusal of Yucatan, to join in the war which Mexico proposes to declare against the United States. The refusal by Ihe authorities of Yucatan to join the Mexican Government in a war against the United States, is an important fact, thai cannot fail to exercise a political influence on current events. Il shows at least the feeling of hostility, which is so clamorous against this country at the capital, and docs not extend to the remolo Departments. Tho provinco of Yu catan has ever been distinguished for its liberal notions. It fought against Sanla Anna, and re sisted tho establishment of Centralism success fully. And for some time past, its position has been ono of almost entire independence of the General Government. Tho event is no doubt within ihe recollection of our readers, that dur ing Ihe revolution which broke out there sever al years ago, Yucatan formed an alliance with Texas and r.o-ODcratod with thn 'IVslan (Wt. under Commodore Moore, in waging war upon Moaii'o. The population, wo aro told, aro su. pcrior a- a gioat mass to Ihe rest of Iho Mexi cans. 1 ho proportion of wbitns. nf thn P.nrnnp. an Spanish blood, arn ng them, is greater, and tuutniioii is more extensively amused. J ho people of that province have rfhown a decided capability for self-government, hut their remote- ness nas prevented Ihe exercise of an inlluence that, if exerted, might yet redeem Mexico. Considering the character and tlio position of ucalan, it is not at all surprising that the pub he authorities haie rofu-cd their sinction to hostilities against tho United States. Wo should rather expect them to favor than to op pose tho progress of Annexation. The same reeling, to a groat extent, no doubt, pervades tho liberal and enlightened classes throughout .Mexico. 1 hey ato conscious ol the total in competence of tho Mexican rabble to govern themselves ; and lamenting over tho certain rum which turbulence and anarchy aro brinin" on their country, would gladly we'lcomo tho"ex' tension of Ameriran institutions, and rejoice to see Ihe "area of freedom" advancing iu boun dary South of Tchuantcpcc. EiGrtTr.ENTii Annual Faih of the Ajirr.i can Institute. The Managers of this socie ty announced some tnno since their arrane incuts fcrthe coming annual fair. As t lie sea son for it approaches, it is thought important that the public should bo reminded of what is to bo done. The exhibition will bo opened lo Ihe public on Monday, the 0;h day ol October. IS 13, at P o clocd. M., at Niblo's Garden, Broadway. Con tributions from exhibitors will be received on, Iriday and Saturday oftho previous week. I u insure tho most favorable locations, and Ihe advantages of competition, the articles should be entered on tho books of the Fair, on ono ol thote days. There will bo an opening address, followed by novel and interesting displays of the Pyro technic art. On Thursday tho ninth day of October, a National Convention of Farmers and G.irdincrs, aim oiiK uulturiMs will be held. Circulars, wim ijucnnunH prepareu, will bo issued. Wash ington's Home Doparlnient of Agriculture, re commended by the Institute, and unanimously a?prood by a National Comcntioii held last year, will again be urged. Tor Ihe mconi week, has been assigned tho show of cattle, horses, and other livo Muck, and tho ploughing and spading matches. Fine horses, combining size, strength and tleetness, for wagon and carriage healthy fat cattle and sheep, suitable for market well trained, well matched, and powerful working cattle, and the btst milch cows, will each and all command high premiums. To acrommodato tlioso inter. osied iu tho cattle show, a beautiful plot of Kiuuim iu oecii nxureu uciwcen I wenty-third and 7'wenty.fourlh streets near Iho intersection of Broadway and the Fifth Avenue, with com. modious rooms on tho premises for accommoda ting tho committees. Tlie ploughing and spad. ing matches will bo hold in New-York, or its vicinity, tor particulars, see agricultural cir cular. Tho anniversary and other addresses will also bo delivered in tho course of iho second week. I lie horticultural exhibition of vegetables, fruits, il iwers, &.c, will bo in Niblo's lung promenade, and superintended by eminent horticulluralists. Great varioties of rare seeds havo been, the last year, scattered by Iho Institute over our coun. try, with the express undcretandini'. that a nnr. lion of their products be brought to tho Fair, to nun uiu ouauiius ui too uispiay. Tho great s iloon, and tho second story of the north wine', will, as usual, bo reserved for thn fabrics of Iho factory and workshop, made of cotton, woollen, silk, and all tho varioties of metals and oilier bubstancee, Iho fruits of (hat genius and invention which havo commanded the admiration of the world. Wool. Wo havo heard of a sale Ibis week, of about 14,000 lbs. uf extra fine Wool, made by Mr. Jones of Rochester, N. Y., to Mr. Rider, for Niuiuel Lawrence, li-q, ol ljwell, at 38 cents per pound. WORTHY OF REFLECTION. 'Can it bo that tho constant cuckoo cry of war! war i irom our southern borders is mainly I cca sionod by a number of contractors and specula. tors, who, haying divided tho profits accruing from tho Florida campaign, are now desirous of entering, into another si-ec on Mexican account 7 i ins may or may not bo the case, but the re quisition of one thousand men, only to guard the gulf of Mexico, whllu Iho regulars aro mar died on to the borders of the great North Amer ican desert, to overawe a parcel of half-dressed rowdies, who would rob their commander-in-chief on a review day, while passing down the lines, If ho had any thing about his per son sufficiently valuable to attract tho eyes of cupidity, savors, iu our opinion, of humbug. Oiir schooner is olT tho White House ( we aro informed, by telegraph, that Captain Longbow may bo expected at the city to-morrow. Should his nowa bo of sufficient importance, wo shall issuo two postcripts and an extra at midnight, after all tho women and children havo gono (o sloop, and when it will bo too lato for the mails." Tlioso thoughts, and they aro really worthy of reflection, aro uttered by tho editor of the United Slates Journal, ono of Iho organs of the administration, and it strikes us that tho hints in tho quotation aro not without value. War, we havo ever said, is ono of tho greatest calam ities that can bofal a nation, and in a republic like ours whoso prosperity is dependent on husi ness, and whose existence is due to public vir tue, war h an ovil of incalculable extent. Tho Journal hints that tho Sempronii of the day havo in view some fat contracts. Thov wish to furnish some of the " munitions de voucne," or other requisites, upon which im. mouse profits aro to bo realized, and so they would willingly involvo the whole nation in dif ficulties. Vheso men aro tho canker of a long peace a noaco that ha hrnn ,,u ..wi..- led, that the weeds of a war spirit havo all alomr boon allowed to grow up with it, and often to KYiTOMuuw ii ; anu ii becomes true Americans to look to those deleterious inlluonces. Wo aro not of those who aro afraid of war, because a few lives aro lo bo lost ; these lives, and the lives of every citizen of a rnnnhlh-. am ultvur. in pledge for tho safety of tho nation. But war should not bo promoted for moan purposes, nev or for conquest. 7'hoso who would oppose a war on sucli grounds, would bo prompt lo bus Iain it, if tho declaration was founded on ri"ht. V. S. Gazette. MORU DOINGS IN LEXINGTON. Wo learn from tho Lexington Inquirer, ol yesterday, that on Tuesday night, some of Ihe people of that city, occupying no enviable posi tion in society, made a brutal attack upon sever al free negroes, boating them most cruelly and tarring and feathering one of them in the public square. Tho Inquirer speaks of the blacks, who wero sobrulally treated, as men who make an honest living for themselves and families, and ddtnean themselves peaceably and inoffen sively. Tho citizens of Loxington hold a public meet ing on the ! subject, at Iho court house, on Wed nesday, Benjamin Gratz in tho chair. The meeting passed strong resolutions against the outrages upon iho blacks, on iho preceding night, pledged themselves to aid tho city au thorities in detecting and bringing to punish ment tho authors of those outrages, and in 6tip. pressing all subsequent attempts of a similar character, protested against having those shame ful doings connected in any manner with the daylight proceedings of last .Monday, and resolv ed that ton men in cacli ward should volunteer and give in their names, who were to arm them solves and hold themselves ready to unito with tho city police at a moment's warning, and that Iho mayor should bo roouosted tn mlo,.i .nM. other measures as ho may deem necessary Louisiille Jour, VERMONT CENTRAL RAILROAD CO. In Board of Di.-ectors. flnatnn. A,,. on. tai-. the following rosolvcj wero adoptedTiy a'jjnan imous vote .Boston Post. lit SCih III. Tll.lttlin llnacl nf 111 in good faith to tho arrangement made by the Commitlco for Ihe Central Railroad Company with tho Pitch burg Railroad Company, and in accordance with tho terms of subscription, viz. that said railroad bo so located as to oxtend irom some point on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain lo a point on Connecticut river, whore it shall connect with the Cheshire Rail road. SO as tO rocuivn (..lill Itaitrnnil. mwl f.,atn a continuous route from the Lake, via Montpolier, Kccne. and Fitehhurir. tn llnim, o..,l il,,t il, poition of the proposed Railroad lying on Con- iioLiitui rivur, aim connecting wun tlio Unosli iro Railroad, shall be commenced and finished as soon as any part of said road. Resulted, That tho President, Mr. Foster, and llie Engineer boa committee to arrange and set tle with the Cheshire Railroad Co. as to the Point of Connection with uaul rnnit nt llm nitplr est day which is praclicable. uesotiea, I hat a ropy of the above votes bo forwarded to tho President of tlio Cheshire Rail road Company and tho President of tho Fitch burg Railroad Company. A truo copy from tho records. Attest, S. II. WALLEY, JR., Clerk pro tern. SCRAPS. CltESIirnp Itnrrnii. It ...Ml I r 1 , : - lv Viu uu iiurcL'ivuu, by advertisement 111 another column, that Ihe I IJ ra.lnr a nf l.n .!.!. ii-ri. . ........... .,, ,,lu nusniiu iiiiironu aro now ready lO TPCoivn nrnnn.,1. tnm ..t.n.. .1.- f. . - - - a mi yiuill I III, IITSl section of Jlioir road, namely, that part of the route which lies between iho Massachusetts line, and Winchendon, and Keeno, in New 4.i..uiru. ue are giau losee this movement towards the construction of that important branch of this groat continuous line of Roads and we liopo and trust that this enterprise, so important to our city, ajid to tho country ihrou-ii which tho road is tofco located, will bo prose cuted with all Iho vigor and despatch which is consistent with a due regard to its faithful and permanent execution. Atlas. Education. An itinerant lecturer, "down cast, always quoted a wnll known couplet from l'opo in the- following manner: 'T,"iF'l-".','',,i'" f"".1" 11,0 common mind, And with a iwy they drire il , bchindl Cause and Effect. " What aro you doing, my bon said a father lo his boy Billy. '. m0. a w"fct-fern segar, falher; I made it. " I hrow it away this minute ; don't you know that a boy who smokes sweot.fern, will smoko tobacco, and if ho smokes tobacco ho will drink rum. and if ho drinks rum ho will lie, and ir lie lies he will stoal, and if ho steals he will murder, and if ho murders ho will bo hung 1" FACTcmr Girl's Savings. Tho amount of money deposited by femalo. operatives in the Lowell Saving's Bank, is equal to tu-ehe hundred and fifty dollars fur every Faotory girl in the place. Soino of them havo saved two thousand dollars each! tho interest of which, at seven per cent., would support them fur life. Two thousand poor working girls in Now York are bare y able to support themselves without savin" anything. " To Restore Flowers. Most flowers begin to droop and fadoafier being kept durimrtwcnly. four hours in water. Place Iho flowcrs'in scald ing water, deep enough to cover ono-lhird of ho length oftho stem; by the ti,o tho water has become cold, the fl.iwers will have become erect and frcih ; cut oiTtho ends and put the n into cold water. 1 Water for Boston. The last " notion" is o sink an Arlestan Well, to the depth of seven, con hundred feet, at an estimated coat or thirty thousand do lars, will, the expectation orfinding a supply of -hot water" equal to six hundred gallons per minute. uureu TMUE-.?A.v"?';TT,iere aro many h"g In this world will, invisible snouts. Their brisfie, . d wallow in tho miro until hey become filled for tho devil's pork! barrel, into which they go after a hard (cd, Maim Cultirator, ARMY MOVEMENTS. A dotacliment of fifiy artillerists from the post at W'est Point arrived hero on Wed nesday, to tako tho place of the forco sent on tho ship Pacific to Texas. Some dissat isfaction is said to have been felt among Ihe men, in consequence of their chango of posi tion, thoy claiming tc-ijinlisled condi tionally that thoy.Wamain at West The barquo PlioiixT Capt. Bush, of iiimiiioiiu, uu uul'ii cuanerou to transport U. S. troops from OIJ Point to Texas. Tho barque Bachelor was to leave Old Point yesterday, lor Texas. Thn Now Drlnnna Tron'.n nCll.o Oftlk in.l says: "Wo understand tho ship Queen Victoria Was nrrain rharlnrod vralnriliiv. llV tho U, S. quarter master, to convoy troops, w,t. io iransas nay. -i he steamboat Ar kansas Nn. H nrrtvi.rl I... I,.:- . ... (., ,iu,u 1.191 llllll, .', ."(J- ing companies F and G of tlio 7lh Regiment I T c T r.. . 1 . , v.. 0. inquiry, unueriiio command ol major Soawcll. from Tintnn Itr, Tl,n. ,rnnn. wo uniloisland, will go t0 Aransas Bay, in tlio steamship Alabama, which is expected to leavo hero lo day." Tho Norfolk Herald of tlio26th inst. says that the " battalion or Artillery ordcrod from Fort Alonroe to join our army in Texas, consists of companies G, E, I, and D 250 rank and file. Tho officrrs aro Brevet Major John Monroe j Brevet Major Wm. "1M..111 ueon ; Assistant Hiiriri'on J. B. Mi- ci.i r i...... t -..mi u,t;iiS. l. Smead, E. Deas, J. C. Pcmberlon. E. Brad- ioru; onconu L,ieuls. M. Liovell, E. Whit ing, J. Gill, J. P. Johnstone, J. II. Reynolds. All tho officers alluded to the battalion, now absent on detached service, aro ordered to join their companies hero or in Texas." Naval. Wo unders'and that orders wero received hero on Sunday, changing tho des tination of llie frigate Congress from the Pa cific to tlio Gulf of Mexico. The Congress is lo relieve tlio Potomac, now in a leaky condition at Pcnsacola. This latter ship has been ordered to Nor folk, and her crow is to be tiansferred to the frigalo Columbia. Captain Stockton is to proceed lo the GulfofMexico so soon as the Congress is manned. A dfclntchmcnt of 30 marines, under charro of Lieut. Kimimr tnr it, a IT is im- . - --.., .V. 1 . U. ,1 l- ate Congress, arrived hero from Baltimore on Sunday last in llie steamer Georgia. The U. S. schr. On-ka-liy-e, Lt. Com'g. Sinclair, sailed yesterday for Corpus Christi, witli despatches fror.j-e-U, S. Govern- mum It is unrjprstnnrl flint ttin TT R fV I II I ! I U Cumberland, Com. Smith, is ordered from tho Mediterranean deslinalion probably the GulfofMexico; and that Com. Turner is to return homo from Brazil, leaving ono vessel on that station. Norfolk Itcacon. Monc Tnoors rort Texas. In addition to tho company of U. S. Artillery already ordered from Fort Monrno. tlireo other companies of tho same corps icuiiku oruers 10 emuaru lor Texas. Tho barnties Rurhr.lnp nnl i.n..n t 1 & ..III" HtlVU been chartered to transport them. lb. t b iiuuersiunu, says tlio 1U0U1I0 Herald and Trihllnr-. that nvn, nnn l,.,r,.l-.l .1.-.. I " ' v.. ,,u,,u,l,-u llluu- sand dollars led this city yesterday, in charge ui 1 ursur o. uamsay, 01 tlio navy yard at Pcnsacola. on bnnnt thn mini Unai nui:r for the uso oftho homo squadron, now con- t . I ". 1 1 lOllllulUU III II1U UUII, There is rrreat mortality amonrr Hnreo. nn Iins Island. F.lnvpn jfoj . n,i. 1,.. .-,rn-The first Indication ot SrlcSsois their refusal in drink. Hon. Edward Everett and family will return to this country in the steamship which leaves Liverpool for Boston on tho 4th of September. my FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTF.MHER 5, 1845. THE ELECTION. Wo aro happy in again congratulating our readers upon,another Whig triumph in Ver mont. Our returns are as yet incomplete, but sufficient to assure us of the election of a whig majority in both branches of the Legislature. The aggregate vote of tho Stale is materially less llian that of last year, and this falling off, we observe, is more gen erolly on ihe part of tlio Whigs than either of tho oilier parties. ThThaboliiton voto is, doubtless, tlightly increased. We shall not, therefore, bo disappointed should Mr. Sladc lack a few votes of an election by the peo ple His majority last year was but about sixteen hundred. Chittenden County, it will bo observed, adheres with unflinching fidelity to tlio faith of her fathers. Our Senate ticket is elected by a majority twice as large as the average for tho last ten years, and llirico larger than many anticipated on the present occasion ; while Ihe several towns have fully sustained their well-earned reputation for firmness and integrity. The failure to eloct in St. George results from mero local and personal consid erations. Tlicro are no political divisions to disturb that glorious litllo republic, as tlie vole for Governor clearly evinces. Grand Isle Counlyv f sic ploaseil 10 learn, has very handsomely "put herself to rights" by electing a whig Senator, and four of iho five members. VOTES FOR GOVERNOR. Slsde. Kello5c Abo. 407 301 17 29 95 113 13 48 102 130 133 41 133 39 71 145 90 Zll 131 2 42 3 100 El 24 24 3 CO 1C9 37 103 31 101 95 101 86 157 55 49 172 92 101 103 67 3 193 10G 46 81 31 flurlinjion. Halloo, Charlotte, Colchester, Kssex., Jrrico, M1I1011, Richmond, ht'lluirn, Si. George, Underbill, Westford. Wtllision, Huntington, llrandon, Gcoreiii, St. Albans, Grand Isle. VOTE FOR SENATORS CHITTENDEN CO. r-CocqfoCO, Webster, I'eek. Bradly, Onion. 330 403 nuriinzton. Ilolion. 311 il'J 23 94 95 Charlotte, Colchester, no 99 91 132 147 207 93 2 145 61 99 99 20 110 102 94 132 147 211 99 . 2 145 C5 103 90 20 13 134 130 , 35 63 1?3 61 60 90 109 31 104 6 13 I3S 130 33 63 131 53 50 91 no 31 101 6 iw, IlineaWch, lluniinjion, Milton ' Sliclburn, HiclunonJ. Jerico, Underbill,, Wenford, Willnton, Si, Grorgo, 1,729 I.7CJ 1,390 1,126 REPRESENTATIVES. CHITTENDEN COUNTY. Burlington, Charles Russell, w llolton, John Bcdee, I Charlotte, Wm. R. Pease, w Colchester, Jacob Rolfc, 1 Essex, Alatisori Bliss, I Hinesburgh, Lyman Dorwin, w Jericho, David Fish, w Milton, Benj.. Fairchild, w Richmond, Nathan Fay, I Shelburu, William Harmon, w St. George, none Undorhill, Fred. Fletcher, 1 Weslford. Reuben Farnsworth, ab Williston, Sam'l Ilrownell, w Huntington, George Eddy, w Addison County, Vergcnnes, Villa Lawrence, w Fcrrisburgh, D. Middlebrook, w Bridport, J. Frost, w Cornwall, A. Frost, ab. Bristol, W. C. Warner, w N. Haven, S. Langdon, jr. w Salisbury, S. Crook, iv Weybridge, no choice Middlcbury, Saml. Swift, w Riplon, F. Smith, w Hancock, Z. Barnes, w Panton, S. Holland, w Waltham, J. D. Strong, w Leicester, L. D. Jennoy, w Shoroham, B. Howe, w Addison, G. Segar, w Whiting, A. Necdham, I Franklin County. Georgia, Isaac P. Clark, w St. Albans, Orlando Stevens, w Fairfield, B. Barlow, I by 50 maj. Fairfax, Reuben Dewey, w 37 maj. Swanlon, no clioico Highgate, Plnlo Drury, w Franklin, Peter Chase, vr Berkshire, Azra Andrus, I Enosburgh, Chas. Maynard, w Sheldon, Lloyd Mason, I Fletcher, Lucas Holmes, reported whig Lamoille County. Johnson, no choice Cambridge, do Eden, do Hydcpark, Keelcr, I Wolcotl, P. Benjamin, 1 Grand Isle County. South Hero, A. B. Landon, w Grand Islo, Samuel Adams, w North Hero, John Huzen, w Alburgh, S. J. Davis, w Islo L'i iMoll, I Rutland County. Brandon, E. N. Briggs, w Sudbury, C. W. Horlon, 1 Caledonia County. Hardwick, Wm. Blair, I Orange County. Topsham, C. P. Bill, 1 Orange, A. Houghton, I Newbury, Buchanan, 1 Brookficld, no choice Williamstown do Randolph, do Bradford, do Versliire, do Corinth, Darling, I Royalton, J. S. Bowman, I Thulford, Gillell, 1 West Fairlee, S. Thomas, I Chelsea, P. C. Jones, 1 Washington, Burton, w Washington County. Montpelicr, J. T. Marston, I Wailsfield, no clioico Nortlifield, Hadley, I Berlin, Phelps w I'laiuficld, N. Townsend, 1 Barro, Tilden, 1 Middlesex, Holden w Roxbury, Shaw, 1 Waterbury, Carpenter, 1 Calais, N. Cliaso I Worcester, no choice Woodbury, A. Town, I Morctown, D. Harris J BURLINGTON. The whigs of this town havo verv hand somely responded to our suggestion of giving uicir representative a " well-rounded major ity." His iiiHjuriiv over tho loco candiiltn was 104, and 48 over scattering and all. Of me scattering voles, lull one half wero cast by whigs : so the 104 may he set down as Iho fair whig majority of iho town. This is what wo have always claimed : hut our on. ponents have as uniformly contended that uur usuai majority was the result ofefTun and extraneous influences. "Only let the pcopie como up to the polls in their own way," said tlio locos, "and act in accordance with their real sentiments, and wo shoud carry tlie town by fifty." The experiment has been fairly tried. Neither party organ ized this year; but people came out and voted "on their own hook." And the result shows that tho usual efforts of the two parties amounts to nothing more than check-mating each other, without affecting tho result. Wo presume thereforo that there will be no more caviling about tho fatt of Burlinelon's beinir each of tho three hundred and sixty-five days ol Iho year a whig town. iinv. a. a. iNuuniOL,L,. C?"Wo observe with much pleasure that tho University al Cambridge at its lale com mencement, conlerred the degree of Doctor 01 umnity upon tho Rev. George G. Ingcr- toll who was for twenty two years Pastor of the First Congregational (Unitarian) Church and Society in this town. ithout going out of tlio sphero of a no- lilical journal to canvass tho merits of relig ious doctrines, wo can truly say that we rejoico at tin: compliment, alike honorablo as it is to tho University and to Mr. Inger- sou. Seldom has it been nnr Ini In monl o Clergyman who at once enjoyed and deserv ed so largo a share oftho respect and admi ration oftho community in which ho resided, boili in and out of his own Socitlv, as Mr. ., and able and faithful as ho has been in lllaillluiniilf llin views urlm-l, nn.a ,.... Iho pairons and authority of the University, wo lumcivu umy couiu naruiy liavo dispensed an honor with moro propriety than this. Lesson from a Slave ri,n .i;i. r . widelv ciri-lllalinir nannr Katnn ..I...I I i why lio was led to the habit of fillinr It is slice! Willi short, racy articles, replied, thai his object was to secure readers, and that ho had profited verv essonliallv from thn l,,'n, r i.' said Jho could without fatleue, hoe an acre uf corn a dav. 'if onl niim.j 1.. -u.. its !' The bint la .k . . . u . a i j 71 7, ,u ""Mper con tributors, and indeed to all writers and speakers, iaketime to be short. ' Communication. OUR OWN MOUNTAINS. Mi. Stacti Whils reading in your paper the graphic description of Suwarrow's passage over the Olarus, I conld not help thinking oftho tendency of our travellers lo go over Ihe Atlantic to see tho won ders of Nature and Art in the Old World, leaving equally wonderful manifestations in Ihese depart mcnls behind them unseen and undescribrd. Those of us who do not travel, but depend upon information from others, nro less ocquiintcd tlio nntnral beauties of our own country nnd State, than with many of tlie cascades, rocky defiles nnd mountain tops of Italy and Switzerland. Permit inc. then. through Ihe medium of your paper, lo direct tho at tention of the admirers of Nature lo a passage, not through tho Alps, but through the Oretn Mountains of Vermont, which has not attracted Ihe attention of any witter, although it is ono of the greatest natural cuno-ities in Vermont, if not in New Ennland. Ful low me through this noss. and if vou do not find where the forces of nature have been exerted upon so magnificent a scale as they wero In llie elevation of ine Alps, you will find contrasts as striking and scenery equally wild and romantic. In fact, ibero is not a placo in Central Vermont that will not show as great exhibitions of human industry and persevctanem as any of tho mountainou parts of Europe. Follow up tho Winooski, the Oiler, or the Lamoille rallies, anu thriving villages wnl appear ol almost every turn of ihoslrcam. Look a litllo higher upon the hills, and they aro covered wilh flocks and herds or look ing slill higher, far up the mountain side mny be seen the little "clearing," surrounded with evergreen liui-l-cr, and a tidy log hou'e in tha centre. In this re gion, a few hours will lake ono from beautiful mead ows nnd luxuriant vegetation, to barren rocks and perennial Ice, by a transition as rapid as will be found in any country. Some weeks since, in company with several ladies snd gentlemen. I proposed lo take a trip tn the "Notch" of tho Green Mounlaius. a remarkable de pression about two miles south of tho Bummit of Mansfield. There was some he-itancy among Ihe ladies hen they learned that on their part it was on experiment, no lady having os yet ever passed the mountains at this point. In approaching the pars Hum nm viunuy 01 i.aite inampiain, mere is a con unucd ascent for twenty miles, but so uniform that on tievuiiuii 01 several nunarca icci is overcome in a carriage or upon horse-back, without scari'tly per ceiving it. We ore then at tbe beautiful site of Mr. Stephens, ot the very I ose of Mansfield. The pros pect from this point is imposing beyond description. The whole side of this mountain, which is more than a mile in length, rises before you, terminating at an elevation of over four thousand feel upon the "Vorlh ond South, in the bold rocky summit of the "Nose" and "Chin," whilo a broad belt of spruce timber ha ngs like a saddle upon tho depression between Ihem, ond runs far down into the basin 10 the West till it is finally lost in Iho lighter green of the beech and maple. Contrasted with this nnd the heavy-woodtd rejion north of it, is tho rocky Spur, which stands out in bold relief, and extends two thousand feculown, the .ortnwestern angle of the mountain. The iew ot the mountain is as varitd as the s'ates of the atmos pherc, nnd the inhabitants abojt its baso remarking this fact make use of it as ajrntiiml barometer, so that the old " (Irecn Mountain lioija" who hae resided in sight of it for 30 or -10 jcirr, wi'l prci'ict the chan ge in the weather as accurately as will the sailor boys upon the ocean from their baromuer. Fair weather will follow when the outlines of objects upon its sides arc distinctly visible, I ut when "old .Mans field puts bis cap on," which consists of n heavy ir- regular and silvery mass of clouds about his summit, men ram will surely be the result. Lcaving'Mr. Steven's for Iho Notch, we entered the woods and began ascendinu at the rate of frnm llirco to five hundred feet to the mile, which with the hcatora hot summer's day, and the logs snd under brush, rendered it quito laborious. Tho courso was Sjuibeast up the valley ofa small stream which lias its source in the very summit cf the IVoich. The timber, which was ot first beech and maple, was soon changnl for sprues or n largc'sire, with a foliago so dsnsc that we could see but a few rods about ls. As we arew near the Nouh, the valley diminished in width, till at last an al nipt mounlain on the right, and a perpendicular ledge on the leO, crowded us into the rivulet where it was necessary to wade over its I ebbly bottom, or jump from stone lo stone. For the last sixty rods the ascent was more rapid, over a confined and broken mass of rocks, under which tho rivulet disappears, and is ofterwards recognised by an occasional murmur coming up from the deep fis sures below. Aficr a f.itiguiog walk of more than two hours to gain a distance of two and a half miles, the mmniil of the ravine was attained. I say sum mil, for tho ravine stieicheJ completely over the Mountain in the form ofa semicircle, with the sum mit of the arc to the .orlh-eust and elevated about one thi)uand fiet aliovf its extremities upon the Kasl and West. From this place jou may look down to tho East or West, and up upon the "Voith or South, and nothing will meet the eye but evergreens and rocks, thrown together in strange confusion. The destcnt to the East is much more abrupt than theas centjiad been, into a valley below, which, turning to the South, brings directly before you, nnd lut a few rods distant, an immense perpendicular wall of rock, many hundred feel in height, lt denied almost im possible to accomplish this portion of tbe descent, which is over primitive boulders of mica shte. from a small size lo that of many hundred tons weight. These, at some former lime, had been detached from the overhanging ch.i; ond precipitated into the gorge below, filling it seventy feet above its original level. SomelarRC trees, with a few scattering bushes, ore now growing upon tho-c rocks, indicating that it must have occn many years, if not ages, since tbcv were detached from the cliff by the united agency of trieciuiiuii ana irosi, or Dy some convulsion of nature. The dampness of ihe fituation, with the extreme heat that prevails for a few hours in the middle of llie day, sustains a vigorous grow th of moss, which so covers all the rocks and cavities between them, that the de scent is not only difficult, but dangerous. Al every step it is nece-sary to stop to reel out a spot for the next siep, making it the labor or hair an hour to go a few hundrwl feet, .liter descending in this manner 75 feet, we arrived al tho "Ice House," as it is appro priately called by the mountaineer, for so excluded are the ra-s or the sun that solid deposits of ice may be round in midsummer. This is a remarkable cave formed by an immense rock SO reel in length, which fell in such a manner, that while its lower edge rests u.on the rocks, uppT ln upon llin rtifl thus forming a roof inclined at nn angle of forlv-live da. grers with tbe floor. It can be entered from the west over a floor of loose stones, but descending ns you enter, you soon arrive at a large rock 15 feet in height, which blocks up the Eastern entrance, and makes il difficult to pass u ithoui the assistance of ropes or lad ders. When within this cave one h as nn almost pain ml reeling of insecurity at beholding a roof of many tons weight supported by such seeming unstable pil lars. From the " I if House," it is still down into a narrow vale through whieh anoiher stream runs to the East. A short distance farther and this stream makes a broken fall or nearly 100 ft. inio a second vale through whieh it courses, ond finally finds its way to Ihe allies below. The formidable barrier of rocLs which first came into view at the summit,, continues Us course? parallel to tho stream for one-fourth of a mile, wbero il assumes the still more threatening as pect of an overhanging clill'of 12C0 ft. high, and has projected a long line or huge rocks at its base in Ihe valley below. If I should indulge in geological speculations as lo Iheorigin of this notch over the mountain,! could easily imagine that wl.en the forces were in operation thai raited Mansfield to its present elevation, there was a vast fissure created in the cru.t of the earth at that point. We have only then lo.suppoie thai these forces were moro efficient unticr Mansfield than South of it, to have Ihe mountain elevated while that South of the fissure remained behind. The action cf water then wore off and deepened ihis fissure and some sub sequent convulsion rolled in the rocks which render its present passage so difficult. The inhabitants ol this ex tensive basin lo Ihe east ol Mansfield have long had their eyes upon Ihis pats at a feasible and more direct route to Ibe waters of Lake Champlain. To effect this object they have Iways been compelled to past the mountiint br the tiicuilous counts ol WjnoxwU river upon the south, or tho Lamoille on the north. About 40 years tinea they actually worked a road through iho pats, but in Ihcir dread of the rocks In Ihe vicinity of Ihe "Ic House," they went so high upon the mountain as to render their road impastablc. I have learned, howev. er, that they havo recently had a new route surveyed which pas-cs directly through Ihe "Notch," which irever completed, will make one or Ihe most grand and imposing roads in Now England, and open the ws tot many a visitor to tho remarkable natural beauties or Ihis region. COMMON SCHOOLS. It will bo observed, by reference to anoth er column, that Dr. Palmer proposes to lec ture on this subject at tho Court House, Mis evening. Our schools deserve moro thought and aclivo effort than has been bestowed upon them for years past, and wo are happy to find a man of Dr. P.'s standing and la. onts devoting himself to tho subject. Wo havo listened to him with much satisfaction on a former occasion, and wo doulit not our readers generally will find themselves enter taiocd and instructed. The Magnetic Telegraph through Ner Jersey will bo completed by the 1st of De cember, lt will also bo completed from Baltimore to Philadelphia in November. These are the calculations j if ihey are ful filled, there will be a continuous line of Tel egraph from Washington to New York by tho time Congress assembles. The impor tant business of the next session will be re ported in Now York, by this arrangement, in fewer hours after its transpiration,! when it has heretofore taken days for it to reach us by Mail or Express. We can scarcely realise this thing. It takes one'i breath away to think of such rapid transmis sion of intelligence. Tho idea of thought, news of tho last importance, official des patches, &c. &c, flashing, quick as light ning, hundieds of miles over the country, from station to station, and from cily to city, is one that makes tlio mind stagger a little. Fnost Mexico Direct. Rv thn nr,:1 of the barquo Ann Louisa, Capt. Marshall, k uuvices irom V era Cruz to the 3d of August aro received, not so lale by two days, as those received through the New Orleans papers. The intelligence is warlike in ap pearancemore so than tlio last accounts via New Orleans gavo reason to expect. Tlio accounts from the cily of Mexico aro to the 30th of July. Orders had been issued for tho Mexican troops to advance and tako up a position ten leagues beyond the Rio Bravo this we havo from a most authentic source. And farther, it was expected at tho city of Mexico that hostilities would follow this movement of the forces. Coptain Marshall reports that the Government were linking great prepirations for war. Amone other tluni'S, they had taken all tlio guns and mu nitions of war out of tho San Jum de Ulloa, lest they should fall into the hands of the Americant I . A larse number of troops had marched to the fron tier ol lexas. The whole force, when assembled, was under rthe command of General Butamente. They say IlicUnile-d States are sending troops into Texas, and that ihev, the Mexicans, will march .... T'.. . v UJ .w t.asmngton. with out declaring war. ' Jt was reported altera Cruz thai the Mo.Usin S?S5ISJL1"1 11""'1 'he bill authorizing a loan of - .-,v,. v. . ,?, nuncver, , mnugni io ue a mis take, as Vera Cruz letters of the 4th and 6th speak of the bill asstill under discussion, nnd the city of Jlexico papers of the 30lh ult. arc lo the snme effect The hope was that ihe money could be obtained in Lnslind. It wastlie opinion or prominenl men nt Vfra Cruz Almonte wou'd ho elected President, in which case they supposed that war would be inevi table. The Ann Louisa brings 819,793 in specie. J. T. ., i( t-aajciicvi 111 iier, as Dearer of despatches. The Tariff and War If a war wilh Mexico ensues, remarks Iho Richmond Whig wilh equal truth and force, it will in crease the annual expenses of tho Govern ment not less certainly than 20 millions of dollars. Already wo may anticipate an immenso augmentation of expenditures, in preparation, in the creation and transmission of munitions of war to the frontiers, in the equipment and marching of troops, and in lliu now direction given to Naval operalions. What, under these new circumstances, will the Anti-Taiitl' party propose to do? Thev profess to be willing lo support a Ketenue Tariff-one which shall provide for the wauls e.f (iovcrnmenl.and noth ing beyond a principle, 111 whieh.on different prin ciplei, we perfectly coincide with ilirm : But, if in-te-jd of 20 millions of Itevenue, 30 millions are rue sari7, what will they propose then to do 1 Increase the Tarifr to the Revenue standard ! We should be glad to hear from that party in the present prospects of the country. Tho police of New York has recently been fortunate in ferreting out evidence to establish important charges against certain individuals. The following is one of them, the others aro of the same character: " Officer A. M. C. Smith, after a week' unwearied invesligaiion of iho circumstan ces over which Timo had in a measure thrown its mysterious curiam, arretted on Monday evening, under the direction oftho Chief of Police, Catharine Coslello, alias Maxwell, and her reputed husband William Maxwell, charged wilh tho murder of a fe male in Fnhmnrv l.iet Tim f , .... .1 . ' .-oi. 1 1 ... v. 1 s nin 1 ni's - On tho 14th of February. 1845, a box was street, between i ulion and John, and taken 10 Jersey Cily, where it was secreted in tho rope factory of Maxwell. That night tho bodv of a VOunf fnmaln lvt,n It '.. .1 J , j-,. , . I -"v it i iiiuigcu had died at Madame Costellos' residence in Lispenard street, through mal-practice, was deposited in a sack, and conveyed thence- ... - .,,. .u.cacj -iiy.wiicre it was placed HI a box and ulnn,,,n,l Jl:. 1 Idams & Co's Express office, and by them forwarded agreeably to the following direc lion : "Samuel Whitney, Woodstock.Ver mont, caro of Peter Dudly, Concord, N. H. 1-roni information given officer Smith some (lays ago, ho was led lo believe that a certain man was cocnlzani nf il,n r,.. 1 limply arrested him, and though he denied ul 1 ...... 11 , . 6 . .... b...,i. MniH.tuju no was detained in con finement till ho finally confessed the mailer, and staled that before ho nailed the covr to llm box ho looked at the body and found il lo be that ofa very pretty femah, wilh black eyes and a profusion of rich black hair, ap . .1.. 1. . 1 r iMiuniiy an cngnsii girl. I Here is a second cliaree ar-ninul llipgn nprsnni. vrlurh lnvnlva. in its guilt a third person." The American Journal of Insanity states that there aro S3 asylums for the insane in ihe Uni ted Stales, containing two thousand seven hun. drod and sixty. three patients. Rhode Island and New Jersey are building asylums. Dela ware. North Carolina, Louisiana, Alabama. SI la- su-sippi, Missouri, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Amansas, are uesiuuie ot any men stttr lishment.

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