Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, September 19, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated September 19, 1845 Page 2
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execution or henry a. ukeen. Tliis wretched man expiated his horrid crime, ami tlio law was viurMcaled by his death on the gallows, at 4 o'clock jcslorday afternoon at the jillinllio city nf Troy. The irioncr was loil upon I lie scaffold a few moments previous to I ho execution by Inn nf the SherifTs deputies, anil appeared to be engaged ns ho ascended and tin. til the fatal moment arrived, In silent prayer. Ho was cry pile, and appeared tu have suffer, ed much, bill seemed to be resigned to his fate. A prayer was nlKirod by the Rev. Mr. flaldwin, a Itiptist clergyniin of Troy, who attended the prisoner in Ins last innmunts, and (Jrcen, In an audible and somen h it composed tono of voice, Invoked mercy fur his soul. Ho then submitted himself to the Sheriff, tho rope was adjusted, and as the hour of 1 arrived, the drop fell. His death ensued almost immediately, and with but a slight struggle. It is stated that tho condemned made a full confession of his guilt, and acknowledged the justice nf his punishment. The Sheriff was beset for hours by a crowd nf parsons seeking to obtain permission to wit ness the execution. About 301) were admitted within tho prison, and the streets in the vicinity of the j ul were filled with a large croud of people of both sexes, who stood anxiously gaz ing at the prison nails, Kroin tho Troy I'tidgct. Tub rixECUTiON. Tlio mnudaic of tho law bos been fill rilled, tho last office performed, aml tlir. spirit 'of II. G. Green Ins been ushered heforo his .Maker, there, wo hope, to Hfot ihe ruftard so freely held out to all who repent of their sins and hejeve in tho for giveness of Ciod, Tho deceased lias taken little lest lor the last three or four days; nod mailt and diy ho has occupied olinopi all Ins lime in irain.' and sinning Hymns. At 12 o'elock tn-dnv his rilativi s hid bitu a list nnd nffecling farewell, nnd It ft linn with the Ilcv. Mr Van Kleeck of SI. Pa il'i. Chinch, and the Ucv. Mr Hal I win of the Third-Slrcet HapUt Cli'irch, who halo heretofore I iborcd without cciiii2, nnd with succes. to briiii! him to a sense nf hisavvful situation. His larluig Willi Ihu hliirill nnd Ins depones, Messrs. liehmond and Hose, wns extrentelv niTee'linu : before leaving Ins room lie sent lor Air Hose to lul linn cood byo. Tho moment ho en'cied the room ho threw Ins arm-around his neck and kissed him exclaiming 'You hive been very kind to me, you have treated me like a brother for the last 7 months that 1 hnve been under your eh tree t but I must now lenio you, and 1 exhort you to torn to the I.nrd nnd seek a homo in that happy world where all my hopes arc centered.' About a qinrttr to 1 the Sheriff came nn stairs fol lowed by ihe Itev. .Mr Van Kleeck and the Rev. Mr llaldwin, who were shortly succeeded bv the prisoner supported bv Mr Richmond nnd one of his friends. Ho appeared calm mid cilleeledj but owing to the length of lime ho has laid in bed, ho nas unable to support him-elf. When ho arrived at tho callows, he requested the Clergy to sing a erse from a hjmn, commencing willi "Rock nf nses cleft for me. Let me ItiJe nil self in thee." .After which Ihe Rev. Mr tlaldvvin addressed n prayer to the throne of grace, and was followed by Ihe Rev. Mr Van Kleeck imploring divmo forgiveness on the prisoner in nn elon ient slrnin. When ho closed llrcen made a shoit but very affecting prayer, nnd then signified he was ready. The weights then fell, and he was drawn upi nnd after a few spasmodic efforts, ho settled down quietly, still holding his hands graspe I together. After he had hungahoui ten minutes, the Rev. Mr Vnn Kleeul; addressed those present, nnd said "I take ibis opportunity to announce in behalf of tho Rev. Mr Itilil win and myelf, that a full nnd free confession has been made to us by Henry Ci. Green, of the crime of which he was convii ted, and for which he has now been executed ; that he ae. knowledgcd the. jus ien of his tenlencc ; that ho had no hard and unkind feelings towards ilic witne-ses, the pro-eciitors, tho jury, Ihe officers of the law, or the Governor who rcluscd to pirdon him, or to com mute his sentence; that ho wns deeply penitent and humble for his offences against God and man, and thai be died looking for salvation, through Ihe mer its of that Saviour 'uho-e precious blood clcauscth from all sin, nnd 'who came into the world to save sinners, even (he chief.1 "The details of the confession, after being submit ted lo his friends, will in duo lime be laid before ihe .public." After tho body had hung nhout half an hour Dr. Backus, nnd the oilier medical gentlemen pronounced him dead. The pulse was perceptible at the wrist 17 minutes, and a slight tremor of tho heart was also perceptible 'H minute. After hanging about five minutes longer the body was taken down an J given tu his friends by ihe sheriff. Notwithstanding our histe, we cannot let this op. porlunity pa-s without making mention of ihe sol emn manner m whi -h every thins was con 'ucte I bv the sheiilf nnd his excellent deputies, and their kind and christian like treatment to the deceased nnd his friends. SHOCKING DEPRAVITY. Whilo wo are going to press a caso is under going examination before Justice Badger which is creating much interest in this community. Wo have not room, time, or ficls enough to en. able us to give all the details thereof; but, in brief, it is this. List Sunday, Mrs. Livina Arlin, wife of ickariah Arlin.'of this place on her way home from tl.o West I'arish where she had been to visit a 6ick brother, was waylaid by her sister, Almira Arlin, and a .Mrs. Harriett Arlin, wife of Mr. Win. Arlin, (a man now tint in these parti-) a half a inilo north of tho Old North meeting house, and nn st inhumanly bea. ten. Her cries of ".Murder !" brought to her aid two very smart and spirited boys, sons ol Mr. William Speed, who happened to be in the woods near by picking berries, when tlio two vile women fled, and tho boys aided the wounded woman home ono 13 years old, carrying her child and a bundle, and the other aged llvears leading the delirious and staggering muther; delirious from the blows git en, and staggering from bodily injuries received. Tho caso will probably disclose great rriml. naltty on tho part of tho husband of the injured woman and tho paramount nf tho assailing sis. ter. Ho has left town wo learn j and before he left, it is said, he told a friend that lie was going to Ilurlington. Vt., to liberate Saunders who is there confined for horse stealing and passing counterfeit money. Thojiilor will duwcll to be on his guard. Mrs. Harriett Arlin was arrested on Wed nesday in Northfield, and Miss Almira Arlin was taken in bed at Springfield the samo day whither she had fled to meet, as is supposed, her sister's husband ; as sho wis exporting him there on Thursday, all undoubtedly, bound for Vermont first, and Canada next. Of the guilt of the accused, tho evidenco already in, seems to be ample. Concord jV. . Courier. Mvsterious rnsArrtARANCE or J. B. Goi'cti. This gentleman, who has earned a wide spread reputation as a Temperance lecturer, has been missing since Friday of last week, and his mysterious disappearance has excited great apprehension for his personal safety, lie reach ed this city from Boston tia the Long Island Hail Road, and put up at the (,'roton Hotel. After dressing himself, he started out saying that ho was going to Brooklyn to visit Mr. Hurlbut, a friend of his, but ho has never been thnrn. li.lr lias anv rlun linnn .l,'en..nn.1 f whereabouts since he loft the Croton Hotel. ' It is well known that ho has been in Ihe habit of coursing through tlio I'tvo I'umts, and other places of that kind, in search ofinateriils and incidents for his lectures, and it'is feared that lie may havo changed his mind, and proceeded there instead of going to Brooklyn, and has met with ill treatment at the hands of sotno of tho ruffians who infest thnso places. In Boston, it is said that a reward of 8500 lias been offered privately by some of tho low rum sellerr, lo any ono who would drug him, or disable him from his loeturpa. Mr. Gnugh was last seen at tho store of Messrs. baxton & Miles, in Broadway, nhoro he topped on tho road to Brooklyn, and thence forward, all traces of him are test. lie had with him a handsome gold watch, and a cnnsiderable sum of money, and had made engagements to address a meeting in Albany on Monday and at Montreal subsequently. V. Cour. cj- Enq, Sept. 12. ' Mr. Henry I.iudis, aged 70, died suddenly on the 2dth ul!., while travelling in a stage coach un Ihe National Road in Ohio, near Jcflorson. He was returning home, and had been a few minutes before in apparent health, and engaged in cheerful conversation. Correspondence of the Newark Daily Advctli-ct. THE MODEL STEAM-BOAT OF Tit I! tlNIO.1. I.At.F. ClIAJirr.AlN, ) fileamct Uurlinglim, A ug. 18, 18 15. J We tiro now lying lo, on Liko Champlain, near the boundary of Her Britanic Majesty's North American dominions, and to ono who nev er saw this beautiful sheet of water, with its en chanting scenery on cither side,valleys, villages, churches, colleges, majestic mountains and fields of brilliant military achievements, and its thousand associations of savage nod revolutiona ry remembrance, the bare mention nf where wo aro will cliase-overythmg from the mind but a wish to bo here also. And then, tu bn on board Ciptain Shchman's boat, that beats every thing! It has no parallel. 1 had read ol It I had heard of it often ; but as much as I expec ted lo see from the high wrought description of its neatness, tables, new and entire manage ment, tho reality far surpasses tnv expectation Wo have now been on since 0 o'clock, and watched attentively all day, and not one word havo wo heard from the captain giving orders, and not one syllablo to break tlio silence among the men. Everything is done by signals, which are obeyed with tho utmost precision, and with almost oiectro.tnagnetic promptness ; and even the signals are almost wholly unobserved, ex cept the sound of the bell. Not a mm spits but a neatly-dressed youth with a sponge or mop wipes the nuisance at unco from Ihe clean floor; not a quenched cinder tails upon the deck, but a broom instant ly remotes it. Vet not a word is said. Dinner is announced, or rather cvoYybody is somehow oatod at Ihe table almost before ho knows it and such a dinner ! All is still, and a full corps of waiters dressed in iitnlortn, with beau' tiful light cloth caps, servo you to admiration never speaking to ono another, nor to you, but in a whisper. The sound of a plate or of a spoon ii scarce ly ever to bo heard, and tho cater almost hesi tates lo seize his knifn and fork for fear he shall break Ihu silence. Now this boats all, and fair ly makes gentlemen of loafers. Bui I cannot describo a tent Ii of tho wonders of this steam er. I wish every captain on the Hudson and Sound wore sent to sclmol to ('apt. Sherman. The paints of interest passed to. day, after leaving the little dirty hole of Whitehall, and the more filthy trough of a packet boat under tin command of a miserable Vankco of prete i sious, uerc ton numerous lo mention, and al most all associated with savage cruelty and rev olutionary shrewdness and valor. Burlington is a beautiful place, and we could hardly consent to pass it hut with the hope of a visit on our return. Tho liko at this point is surprisingly beautiful, and Ihe mnuiilain scene ry grand: the Camel's Bick, lowering in Ver mout, and some of the finest summits of the Arnndiic proudly asserting the pre-eminence of the Empire Siale. These mountain heights, cm cither s.de, once gave to the suddenly-lighted fires of tho savage truly telegraphic power, and no small (error In their civilized foes. A night of rain and silenco has just passed, and we ato under way again. Tho lircs have been raised, and every thing put in order before d iy-liglit, and not the sound of ihe human voice has yet been heard from any soul belonging tn tho boat ; and but two or throe rings of the bell. So still and respectfully behaved passengers, I tinier saw any where. Ten of your fellow ciii :ens are on board quite complimentary. It , would almost tnaka a gentleman of a New Vorlt city-republican proper to travail with Capt. Sherman. Tho urbanity, dignily and truly agrecab'e manner of all connected with this floating palace, aro wonderful. Why cannot mop, and women loo, bo always neat, polite, agreeable always accommodating, and easily accommod tcd everywhere ! It would do much toward reforming and making this world happv everywhere. It takes but little tu make other's happy in our company, and this secured, we find it quite difficult to bo unhappy ourselves. IMPORTANT GEOLOGICAL DISCOVE RY. It is well known to those who aro conversant with Ihe mines of broin iron ore, which abound along the base of the Green Mountains from Mouklon tn Bennington, that the immense quan lily of ore roduccd has consisted of detached fragments, and lb it no regular solid bed of ore interslratlied with the rock has heretofore been found. Wo learn that the State Geologist, on a re cent visit to Mitchell's ore in Chittenden, in company with Pres. Hitchcock of Mass., m ox amining the drills which havo been carried in various directions from the shaft, found ore n! these terminating in an immense mass of solid ore, which is blasted out by the miners. An examination of the mass resulted in the discovo ry of tho fart that it was reposing on that varie ty of hme-stoue rock which in many places has been found to accompany the ore, in an inclin ed plane parallel to tin layers of iho rock, while the loose materials above, clays and ochres, are also in parallel beds having resulted from the decay of the archy layers over tho iron ore. The necessary conclusion seems lo bo that this bed of ore several yards thick, is coextensive with tho solid rock, and it is prubable that it will never be exhausted. Tho owners will of course find it advisable lo abandon the expensive ex plorations in other directions, and concentrate their effirta on Ibis field. Wo understand that the origin and position nf thomatiga rcre were also satisfactorily traced out. People's Press. Corre-pondencc of the .V. V. Tribune. FIRES, LOSS OF LIFE, AND GREAT DE STRUCTION OF PROPERTY. Philadelphia, Sept. 77 I. M. At 1 o'clock this nmrninrv- A bavIaxc. 0. L... I.a nut in tho Steam Sugar Refinery of Messrs. " V.HIWI, iii uiu rear oi oecond slrcel, above Arch, a few doors above the Mt. Vernon House. Tlio wboln hoiM stones high, was entirely destroyed, and tvoor " . i - ..wis vwnniuurauiy injur ed. Loss, S'J.5,000. Thn Ml. Vernon House, at ono time was in great danger, and the in mates, after removing their property, lost a great portion. 1 During the above fire, onenf a more calami tnus character occurred in Broad st. It com monced in the roar nf James Clarko's Hotel, near the corner of Broad and Cherry, which spread with great rapidity, destroying ihe exten. sive Comtnis"ion Houses of Craig, Bellas & Co. J. Staufl'er & Co., Silor, Jarvis & Co, and sev eral others whose names I do not recollect. The total loss is put d .wn at 8300,000. Among tho property consumed was 2000 barrels of flour, besides an immense quantity of grain. In tho stables of Clarke wero ten fine horses used for the purpose of drawing the cars lo ihe Inclined Plane, all of which wero burned to death. But tho most serious casuality was the loss of liro and limb by several active members of the tiro Department. Ono man was taken out or the ruins dead, his namo I did not learn. At the Hospital, Daniel Brown lies in a serious condition. Ho will o doubt die. He has his kneo broken in three places his shoulder hro kon, and injured and burned. His life is des. paired of, At the hospital are Daniel Brown, whose kneo is broken in three places. Also, bidly burned. Lannol live. ' Jhn Rubins, a member of the Globe Engine had his right leg and shuuldor brokon, and lies at the Hospital, in a doubtful situation. Mr. James was badly burned taken to the Hospital, but went home, , k,8.'.. Urie8t !'aJ ,ofl '"""l severely cut by tho falling ol the hall of Craig, Bellas & Go's, extensive flour cstablisnment. Ho is also injur ed about Ihe head and body. The walls of the Broad si. fire havo fallen and buried a small boy in tho ruins. Also, a mem ber of tho Wcecacoo. Sudden Death of a Juror. William Car penter. a iuror in thn Oinuo.il n.mrt pi.il delphla, after agreeing lo and signing a verdict .. a tan.- Jusi cioseu, at III o'clock on Wednes day evening last, went home, aud suddenly drop ped down, dead, of apoplexy. He lud been ap parently In excellent health. From the Franklin (Malonc) Palladium. DREADFUL TORNADO. Orent Destruction of Provertu. and Marcer- loun Preservation of Life I List Thursday aiiernonn our town was visited by ono ol the most destructive Tornados, accompanied by hail and rain, ever known in this section nf tho coun try. Tho storm did not last over five minutes, but the work of destruction is truly frightful to contemplate. Fur about three miles in length anil nne-tniirtli in width, houses and barns arc unroofed nnd torn in pieces, fences scattered to Iho four winds of heaven, orchards lorn up by tho roots, and forests literally levelled lo the earth, The tornado commenced its ravages on the farm lately owned by Samuel Smith, de ceased, about two miles west of this village. It prostrated the orchard and lences, and dam aged Ilia houso and barn considerably. From (hence it pursued a Eoutli-cartcrly direction, leaving nothing in its track but tho wreck and ruin. The amount of damago or tho names of all thn sufferers wc havo not learned. Norman Wilcox had tho roof of anew house taken off and the entire building moved about three feel. Jonathan Vninpson had tho roof of a barn torn lo pieces and his fences scattered in all dircc lions. Mrs. Cowan also had a barn badly torn tn pieces, and fences prostrated. Peter Mc Farlan had a largo stack of hay taken up in a body, and carried high above Iho surrounding forests, out of sight. Leonard Conant had be tween two and three hundred handsome maple trees torn up by the roots, and entirely destroyed. Vet the, greatest sufTerer, wo liiiderstaiid, is Tlmman -i'addock. His unellii'g house was nearly ruined ; his barn torn lo pieces ; his orchard destroyed ; his fences, hop house and hop yard completely prostrated. We have heard his loss estimated at seven or eight hundred dollars. Our citizens, with their accustomed liberality, immediately repaired to the scenes of disaster, to aid in repairing damages as far as possible. Wo are happy tn learn that no lives were lost, or Ihe person of any one injured in the least, although many were placed in very perilous .situations. One small building in which were three children, was completely thrown down. Tho children were dug out of the ruins without so much as a scratch upon I hem, to the astonish, ment of all present. Three cows, belonging to Mrs. Cowan, were so completely hedged in by fallen trees that it required several men nearly half a day lo liberate them : not one was injured in the least. Grain of all kinds in the track of the tornado, is quite destroyed. - TRE.MENDOUS-ME I'EOR. Carolinian Office ) Favettkvile, (N. C.) Sept. 12. ( On Monday tnnruintr. between 2 and .'1 o'. clock, most of our citizens were aroused from their slumbers by the sound of a great explo s;on, somen list " resembling thunder. Many awoke out of their slecn, and Ihoutrht that a dreadful thunder gust was at hand ; but on looKingout were much astonished to litid a clear and serene sky. On stirring out in the mornimr. wo found that several persons were acquainted with the cause; wtiicti tney sain was a largo Meteor, which rose much in Ihe direction of sunrise, and rapidly moved Inwards sunsot. It appeared at first, savs ono of our informants, about as largo as a bushel measure, and increased in magnitude rapidly as it approached. Just as it, apparent ly, passed the limits of Iho town, it burst into fragments with an awful explosion, and was seoti nn more. Its whole passage did not occupy nan n inniu.e. Many persons who saw this unusual sirrht. acknowledged themselves frightened. One gentleman, who was at his window at the time. declares lhat it knocked him backwards like an electric shock, and created a sensation which had not then (Tour or live hours afterwards) left him. A friend informs us that while qufptly sitting in his room on Monday, about Jl or 13 o'clock, A. M. he heard an explosion very similar. Lawyers in Limbo. A disgraceful affair occurred at Hudson, . Y, lately, in Iho Court nfUyeraud I erminer, Judo Edmonds presid nig. During the examination of a juror .for the trial of Dr. Biughton, of ami. rent notorily, Mr. Jordan of New Vork, counsel for the doctor, took occasion to correct his colleague, Mr. Storms, .Mr. Van Buren, the Attorney General, and ono of the counsellors for the prosecution, remarked, "One at a time, gentlemen." Mr. Jordan There is but ono at a time. Mr. Van Buren That is false. Mr. Jordan That is a lie. The Attorney General turned round and struck Mr. Jordan in Iho face, which the latter repaid in kind, and a regular boxing match en sued, his honur on tho bench calling loudly for order. Tho combatants were soon separated. Judgo Edmonds gave them a severe lecture, and having sentenced them to twenty-four hours imprisonment for contempt of court, ordered the sheriirto execute the sentence. After apulo. gising to tho court, the presoners were convey, ed to their quarters. A bogus manufactory lias been broken tip in the Western part of the state. Dollars of that description have lately been particularly plenti ful in Rochester inducing a suspicion that the mint frutn which the coinage emanated could not be far distant. Accordingly the police made a sortie, and at Lyons they found tho bogus fac. lory in full operation. The implements were seized, together with about S100 of the hard money, and the coiners brought to Rochester and placed in limbo. Albany Atlas. Death on Board of a Steamboat. Win. D. Waterman, a merchant of Ann Arbor, Mich, igan, who had been on a tour to the South for tho bonefit of his health, and was reluming homeward, died last night on board of the Knickerbocker, on the upward passago of the boat His disease was consumption, with which he had been struggling for h year, and was ro turning to his family and friends in despair. lb. Bitten nv a Rat Extraordinary- Case. A few evenings ago, a young man named Hays, an assistant in tho provision Store of Mr. B Microti, on tho corner of Purchase and Fede. ral streets, went homn in !! Itnnen an,l n,,,n his hand into a clcset, in the dark, felt it seized sharply. Upon withdrawing it he found a large rat adhering lo him so lirmlv that ho could not shako the creature offtill he" had killed it. The wounu ten was inconstueraute, and Air. Hays thought nothing of the mailer till his hand be gan lo swell. Upon calling medical aid, it was found lhat the virus had spread through his sys tem, and he now lies in a very dangerous state. In ihe opinion of the physician, amputation would be useless, and ho can live hut a short time. The swelling in the hand is now subsi ded, and it appears as if withered. Post. Population or Uon-ji n Tim nnfljln. rnn- mercial Advertiser states that the census of that ciiy lias been completed, with the exception of a part of the Fourth Ward, and lhat the result exhibit a population of aS.H-lO. Tho popula tion according lo the census of mil). w., IS . 213. This shows a ratio of inrrnasH i,f.r.r ,,r cent, ill fivo years, and is probably tho largest of any town in the State. The New-Yorker : Nevv-York, Greely & Me Klrath. Few newspapers, if any, were ever more UODular than tfnrarn rtrnoln.'. J... ' : - tivii-.m.L-r, am! many of his old patrons will doubtless be ipu " loam uiai ims paper is io oe revived on Iho 1st of October, in a form diflering somowhat from ihe original. Price 91 a year in advance. Decidedly Good. 'Which is the best house in !' said a gentleman on a steamer, addres. sing a person who he hid been Informed, resid ed at tho place indicated. 'The .House was tho decided response.' 'That' ihe house where all the big bugs slop.' Discovering ar ter night r unrest lhat his informant was the kceptrol Ihe house alluded lo, he desired him to send his baggage to some house where the bugt were not quite so 4, NEWS FROM MEXICO. War Newt Gen. Ilcrrera Elettcd Prt.s itlent Cabinet Appointed, ffc. Tlio WasliingtonJUnion of Monday eve ning lias receivejiBfBjieiliatclies from Mex ico, via Peni4k A" npiinHP gcncnilty prevailed at Vera Crusr.,TioKJi?q; to last accounts, that Mexico would not 'formally declare war oguinst tlio United Slates; and that tho government would Bo alilo lo realize but a very small proportion of tlio loan, if any, which hud been authorized -so low wns the rule of Interest. It was said tluit, in lieu of n declaration, Mexico would carry nn hos tilities vigorously against Texas; and they liilk of making n rush upon Iter with 25,000 men but this was generally considered a sheer fable. Tlio Mail of Iho IStli had brought news from tlio city of Mexico of tlio election of (Jen. Ilcrrera to Ihu Presidency, nnd tlio formation of a new Cabinet, consisting of Manuel Pcna v Pena, (Minister of Foreign Relations,) Pedro Arrnva. (Minisler of War,) nnd Fernandez del Castillo, (Minister of Ihe Treasury ) On iho lGlli August, Copt. Slitilirick, commander of the Untied States ship Sara toga, exchanged salutes with the baltericsof Vera Lruz. Mexico. Tho N; O. Bee lias received tlio Diario del Gabiernu of tlio 11th ull., which contains the official announcement of Gen. IIerrera's election as President, ll is ascertained that he has received tho votes of a majority 6T the twenty-five depart ments. IIo will bo inaugurated on the 20'lh of this month. It seems that tho resignation of lite mem bers of ihe Cabinet was in consequence of un agreement to lhat effect iv nit Hie tempo

rary President when they accepted office under him. The Diario publishes the teller of Cuf.vas, in which occurs tho following referenco to Texas : it is addressed to tho new President : "You are about lo commence a new administration, willi ihe certainly lhat the IlejHiblir, anxious for in ternal tranquility, loves snd respects the constitution al authoriiies, and is resolved In make every sacri fice reoureo by the icarvhich it is neensary to un dtrtake in consequence of tile iniquitous usurpation of the department of Tesas." OREGON AND CHINA WHEAT. There havn been left at our office two new species nf wheal, one called "Oregon," the other " China." It was taken from thn Bloomfield estalo belonging lo Henry R. Smelizcr, near Middletown, Frederick co., Md. The Oregon wheat wns found or dis covered by a missionary travelling through that territory, who brought it lo this coun try in 1839. Mr. Smellzer this yeur raised from four and a quarter acres 212 bushels nnd 43 lbs., which is n fraction over 50 bushels to the acre. This wheat is very hardy, of a beautiful red color, with smooth chaff, heads from 5 to 6 inches long, and avurago from 90 lo 130 grains lo the head. It is believed that it will yield at least 20 per cent, more lo the aero than tho ordinary wheat, from the (act that it has from 15 lo 20 grains moro to the head. Tho history of the Uinna wheat is rather singular. A lew heads wero found in a box of China ware imported from tho north nf China, and the head being so very large and compact the Vdiscovcrer was nirfticCt! to plant them. Mr. o. tniorms us ntai last year ne raiseu i- bushels per acre wiih it, and this year 47 bushels per acre. This is a beautiful while wheat u nd has heads or cars about as long as tho Oregon wheat and about the samo number of grains to ihu lieiid. The .China wheat is of the early kind, and so far has not been injured by smut mildew or fly. Bait. Sun. LETTER FROM MR. CLAY. A gentleman from Baskingridgc, N. J., wrolo lo Mr Clay, somo time since, asking him lo furnish some information on tho cul ture and manufacture of hemp and flax in Kentucky. Mr Clay sent the following re ply, which wo find in the Newark Adverti ser of the 30lh tilt. Ashland, 1-ltli Aug., 1845. Dear Sir : 1 have received your letter. It is not correct, as you supposed, that the culture of hemp andjlij- va introduced in to Kentucky hy me, although for many years I have cultivated hemp, and some times flax. Thero is a very great amount of hemp produced in Kentucky, more than in any other Stale ; but flax is not cultiva ted more extensively than it is perhaps in New Jersey, nor havo our peoplo made greater progress in tho manufacture of linen. There is a great deal of coarsu tow cloth made, but very little fino linen. Now and then a pieco is made in some private family. Thero is no manufacture of linen, either for wearing or bleaching, in lhi Stale. agree icith you that linen ii one of the objects of manufacture, to which the in dustry of our country ought to be in due time applied. 1 urn respectfully your ob't serv't, II. CLAY. Two la dies from Boston, who were bath ing at an inlet on Plumb Island, on Monday afternoon, had a narrow escape from drown ing. One of lliuai Jning fallen down, tho oilier attempted lo get her upon the beach, and in the attempt both were carried beyond their depth. The daughter of one of thn ladies, (Mn. Oakcs, of Boston,) about 13 years of age, who was with lliein, with great presence uf mind, immediately put on the life preserver, which she had with her, and (having practised at Braman's baths, in Bos ton,) being un expert swimmer, boldly swam out to thero, and succeeded in druwing them both ashore. Ono of the ladies she was compelled to draw through the water by the hair of I lie head. The ladies were so much exhausted as to require medical attendance. Neteburyport Herald. Cure fob, an offensive Breath. No body need have an effensive breath. A careful removal of substances from between the teeth, rinsing the mouth afier meals, and a lump of charcoal held in tho mouth, will always cure a bud breath. A lump of char coal held in tho mouth, two or three times a week, and slowly chewed, has a wonderful power to preservb the teeth and purify the breath. The action is purely chemical. It rnnniurniti tlm uotrl nritlmt fViim a rlicrtrilnr. ed stomach, or food decaying about the gums, una it is mis uciJ which ursiroys me leeLli.Jrf. Child, Sam Slick's Idea op a Good Wife. Sim linfl'nl nn "... Kam lllll mUa "w in iiu l Uf JVr MVlfrf ww flitw had a cant eie for tlirtt and fur poor folks lIlQl'sl snsscf. I .. (kt ....... mi mubii uoiicl l0 UIIU mil n til 11 fit Al I . Jill on.il.l. -w tttuvM un in my iio USD Ha J vuuiu lit brush off with his" wings. Bost'm' gals may Lloatl nTlllptp miu.1. 1 iltutv ailinrt nml their tyetalian afrs, and ihotr ears for music but pive nil, llm n:.l I aav llmf hut tin rtlf for dirt, for she's Hfc '(jal for my nionoy. VERMONT CENTRAL RAILROAD. Thrco parlies havo been making a final survey af tho road fur nearly threo weeks, and tho results thus far show largo improve ments upon the preliminary survey. There will bo no grade exceeding forty feet to the mile. The fourth surveying parly was ar ranged tho first of this week, and tho four remaining parlies will doubtless havo been formed ere this sheet is published. The entiro line from Cheshire Oridgo to Lako Champlain huving been divided into eight sections, tho whole road is now in tho hands of tho engineers, and contractois will doubt less have an opportunity of bidding at an early day for its construction. Mr Leonard's survey of tho Gulf routo has been published, with u map and esti mates. Iln reporls the routo favorable for the construction and operation of a road tolerably straight, Ihere being no curve ol a less radius than 1400 feet and grudes mod erate. The highest is 43 feet per mile for 2S miles ; the next 42 for 4 miles, nnd one of 40 feel for 5 miles. Tho highest grade it is said may bo reduced to 40 feet on a re survey. Tho estimated cost of tlio road, with a single track with a Trail, is only SI 9,427 per mile the rails being put at $83 per ton. Watchman. Saratoga and Whitehall Railroad. The Albany Argus of iho 3d rust., says that this important road will be under con tract by October next, nnd remarks that it will be "of no mean importance in enabling the city oj New York to tap the great chain of northern railroads by which Hot' ton is making giant efforts to secure a mas tery of the trade of the West." Fill DAY MOftMNO, SEPTEMHF.ll 19, 1315. COMMON SCHOOLS. Wc will again call the attention of our readers to this important subject. The meeting of last week was moro numerously attended than tho former one, and from the manifestations on that occasion wc are led to believe that this subject will not bn al lowed to slumber again until some decisive action is had, looking to the ultimate and speedy renovation of the whole system. The meeting stands adjourned to 7 o'clock this evening, at the Court (louse, and wc must invoke tho citizens of Burlington to manifest one tithe of the interest in this sub' ject that they would in a cattle-show, a car uvan, an Ethiopian concert, or a street or gan. Either of these would fill a house, or assemblo a multitude ; and yet soirowftilly wo say it the education of our children, and the expenditure (or rather squandering) of untold thousands which the tax-gatherer is now abstracting from our pockets, will hardly command an audienco that would justify a speaker in addressing it ! The boy is too busy with his marbles, iho young miss with ihe fdshions,the father with mullicaulus, and tho mother with '(moral reform," the merchant with tape auj buckram, mid the professional man with 'magnificent' schemes, to be diverted from their respective pursuits by secondary considerations like lh!s I Why should this be so I Let any man of middle agu who has a family, commune houestU with himself for ono moment and he will find that ho is living almost solely for his children. The stimulating motive is there. For them ho toils, in them he hopes, upon them he leans, (ero hu is awaro of it,) to them ho looks fur thn perpetuation of his own good namo and fame, nnd in them he is to realize something of what ho himself might have been, had he have had early ad vantages. And what, in the catalogue of "early advantages," is to be named in com parison with that of schools, -common schools, for hero the mass are to find their education 1 Of what consequence is the few dollars, more or less, that hu hopes to leave his child, compared with his early education and train ingl Less than dust in the balance. And yet, hotveu parents trouble themselves or know any thing about the schools to which they send their children ; and how fewer still, when convinced of ihe crying necessity of reform, can afford a moment's lime or thought to tho subject, or even lend their countenance to those nhodu ! "Tis strange, 'lis passing strange." MAINE. Tho election returns from this State aro not quite complete. Enough is known, however to render it certain that there is no election of governor. Anderson, the loco incumbent, lucks somo two thousand of a majority. The House is whig, hy a small majority, and the Senate is yet doubtful. There is strong reason to hope lhat the whigi will have control of tho State, and elect their governor. VISIT. The "Boxer Engine Company No. 3" in this villago, on tho lllh inst.. accented an invitation from their Plallsburgh neighbors to spent the day with them. They wero welcomed as the Steamboat touched the wharf, in a very cordial and ap propriate manner by Hon. Levi Plan, who was replied lo by a member of tho compa ny. A procession was formed and the com pany, preceded by the Pittsburgh Volun teer Engine Company with tho Engines of both, marched through tho principal streets and back to iho bridgo where our boys gave ihe Plattsburgheri a touch of their "var mint," by squirting tho "bloody Saranac" through two hose-pipes, over the neighbor ing buildings. At two they dined at Mc Kce'a Hotel, and after a short but agreeable call at the residence of Col. R. G. Stone of the Republican, they returned in the Wi nooski, arriving here ubout six. Tho "Box er Company" are under great obligations to Col. Stone, for his unwearied exertions in making their visit pleasant as also to Col. Stafford and his staff, who, willi Col. Stone, escorted Ihe company as far as Port Kent on their way home. On their return the company marched through St. Paul, Pearl and Church streets, displaying their striking uniform of red shirts nnd white overalls, (similar to those used In Now York) worn by forty two ablo bodied men, who looked as if they were capable of doing good service, when occasion calls fur their exertions. Wo hope they will show themselves-sucb..proficicnls in the use ol Iho beautiful "Lxlingutsher" commuted to their care, that our citizens may feel that tho cry of firo is not tho stiro signal of de struction. THE FAIR. Wo hopo every man, and his wife, will attend tho Fair next week. Wo nro led to expect a larger and holler collection of an imals than wo had last year, and wc hear from various sources that there is to ho a brisk competition in tho lino of domestic manufactures. Tho season has been rather unfavorable for horticulture, but we imagine the exhibition of fruits & vegetables will indi cate pretty clearly that there is no danger of a famine in thu land. The ploughing mulch will afford a good opportunity lo show off somo of those fino red oxen, and ut the same time demonstrate what it is to hold ami drive. Fivo dollars ill pay well for plough ing an eighth of an acre. Two days will afford amplu timo to go through with the whole, without crowding; and Iho proposed sale un the lust day, will, we are led to hope, add an important feature to these occasions. Rev. Mr BntotiAM, will address tho public; and he is too much of a practical man not In instruct, as well as entertain us. Slack up ull business then, and duly honor the Far mer's holiday. THE VERMONT SENATE. The result of the election of Senators is as follows : Whig. ... 2 ... ...3 ... ...4... ...8... .... 2 ... Loco. llenmngton,., Winitliatn,... WmJ-or...... ICutland, Addison...... Orange Chittenden,. . Washington,. Franklin Orleans...... I.aimalle Essex Grand Isle,.. Caledonia,... .Co.. .- t 23 7 Last year the Senate st lod 20 Whigs, and 10 Loco. THE HOUSE. So far stands, 117 Whiss 09 locu?, 9 !id party, and HO tow ns not represen ted. Ihlf a dozen towns not heard from. Whig ma;, last year, 5G. Death ok Judge Story. The Honor able Joseph Srony,of the U.S. Supreme Court, died at his residence in Cambridge, on the lOlli inst. after n shoit illness. His disease wns the same that cut short tho life of Mr. Lcgare. strangulation of tho inles lines. Tho funeral look place on Friday, attended only by individual friends. He was buiried at Mount Auburn. Judgo, Story received his oppointmcnl from iSjjr. MadUon, and had held it more "than thirty year?. "His death has been suit ably noticed in ihe Courts. At a meeting of ihe Suffolk Bar, Mr. Webster moved re solutions, and was appointed tn deliver an Eulogy. THE CABINET AND THE TARIFF. Washington, Sept. 11. Vou Have been in formed lhat there have been Cabinet meetings constantly for the past two or three vveets Ihe meetinss having been held sometime for jctcri succcssiie uViys aud long meetings at tint somo having been lour, live, and more hours in dura tion. All the quid mines have been very busy guessing what was in iho wind miiiio think it U the war with Mexico others tint it is the Oregon rpici,tion others, the consideration of -in extra Session touie one thing and tome another. It is neither one nor Ihe other of lhec various subjects on which ihey havo been so long aud so frequently c.losjtn I together, ll is on Ihe subjtct of the Domestic Policy to lv pur sued by the Administration ! And of all the va. rious questions involved, none givet them so much trouble and anxiety as the Tariff. Tins is their difficulty. And the Free-Traders need not imagine that their Utopia is going to be re alized by the present Administration, The Cabinet is deliberating wh it compromise the President shall recommend. -Tribune. Communication. Ma. Forron: Permit mo lluough your popcr to call the attention of the Mechanics of Ilurlington to tho lascitute ond its Library, as a means of useful ness much needed undone which if che-ri-hed as its impirtnuce deserves, and managed ns it should be, cannot fail ofdoing much good. I am rejoiced lo know thai this subject is viewed in its proper light by many of our most judieious men, Mechanics them selves who having escaped the shoals and rocks so many and various in the waif tde'young, especial ly when among strangers, as most young mechanics are, and arrived at stations of safety and respectat il- ily, they are willing losct up all the beacons ihey can on the track behind them. Though net needing its aid themselves and not having time to lc instru ments ol extending its benefits to those w ho do, ihey cheerfully do what ihey can't encourage us by their names and influence, and pay their part for its sup poil. .Ve are grateful lo all such, and hopo ue shall continue to receive their countenance as wc shall try to deserve it hoping to see their numbers very much increased from tho rant.8 of those who have seemed hitherto to suppose that none need support it but those who need its aid. The friends of the soci ety however must not look for brilliant success or startling results. Frogre-s, cither inmorals or habits of thinking is accomplished only slow degress nnd ihe patient use of all proper means. The true se cret of success is perseverance. Vou and I, Mr. Kditor, have each for himself been an appren tice, ond a journeymen, nnd therefore may be sup posed tu know scmeihing of those two classes of men for whose benefit in a grcal measure the Insti tute was founded. My own conviction is that the great leant of this class is books i on 1 1 believe tins to lie true none the less, because ihey themselves are not aware of it The want Ins been so coinp'etc, and so continued, llul they need lo have, not only the means of improvement put into their bands, but lo have the first relish for tluir u-e imparled by oth ers. They never find any ditficulty in filling up all leisure hours wiih idle frolic, or more hurtful incipi ent disipntion, and need only to be left lo themselves logrow up i.'norsnt and uncultivated, if not vicious and degraded. A printer's boy, it is true, has moie meant of improvement thrown into his way than most others. Tho Printer's "Devil," like his great prototype haB free access lo the tree of knowledge, and daily dealing out its fruils to others, it would be strange indeed did tie not, like him, discover that " it was a tree lo be de-ircd lo make one wise." My first attempt at working from home was in a Bindery, and a taste for reading was very early form ed, which I sometimes iadulged at ihe expense, of my ears, for Ihey tingle yet when I ihink how 1 used to catch ii' for reading the sheets thai it was my daily duty to fold. 1 subsequently served a six years ap prenticeship lo my present business, and daring Ihe first four years, my master's hbraiy consisted "in psrl" of a History of Algiers, two old novels, anJ ihe 'masonic minute!.' All my leisure time could uot be devoted to tlicc.asmany an improper and dangerous imimacr, and many a wild frolic could testify. In my fjiitth year an old association which had, timeout of mind, lain in the "tomb uf the capulets," was rais ed from Iho dead, and my master bought a share In tho'Vergenncs Social Library,' an Institution formed for the public good, and to carefully framed that but very few of the oforcsaid public i ould ever get one of its books. The admission feo Was 320, and Iho an nual tax of 81,00 was yearly sdJed to the fee for ad musion, mating the barrier In the way of new mem bers constantly higher. '1 he library contained no now books, but then reading old ones wa in those days a little moro InstiionaMo than it is now, and as mere was somo very good old works there, "Uicharif wis himself ajain." When 1 look back, os 1 oflin do, to those limes and ask for the reasons why some of my comrades of llioso days, aye, and of llwit nights too, so toon readied a drunkard's grave, while others came out of iho fire unscathed ana lived to fill decent places in so ciety and enjoy tlio respect of their fellow men? I attribute ihe difference mainly, under Providence, la host i!d books. "'Tu greatly wise to talk with our past hours ( And ask them what report they bore to Heaven Tluir answers furm vviial men eiptntnct call." Dut, sir, I need not tell you of the conservative power of books, cither in Ihtir direct influence on the mind or in their indirect, hut not kss potent action as a means ofoccuping I lie mill I in moments of leisure, to the exclusion uf in re questionable means of excite ment, or to stale I lie cove fairly in la.v- tetmi, it is DOOKS rjmii SMALL UEfcK, H at. During the 20 years that I have been acquainted jn Uurhngton, I have seen many youn? men yie'diogft' the temptations that fell in the way of all forming habits winch promised any thing but good j and did we know of their subsequent career no doubt we mijlil traco many, like poor fiicnd II , to a Wei tim grsvi, the victims of disease, osiravaied, it may be, by habits of dissipation first formed in iho Beer a'aops of Ilurlington, and many more lo the still more sad vagabondism of S. S , ihe ia of strong drink. And yet, sir, alter deducting all these there would still be mny over whom we rnighl rejoice wiih gral itude to Heaven, ond with pride point the young to their bright career as a stimulus lo their own ambition. Examples of these aro numerous, ond so far at I possess the means of information, I lovo to hunt them up. 1 think, widi satisfaction of W , th primers boy, now o successful merchant and filling but recently a seal in the Legislature of Ohio ; or K , the clock-maker's apprentice, now the re spected and cherished Pastor of a church in the first city in the Unions of S , who lefi here a sad- dler'-opprentice, ond is now nn attorney, second to but few, if indeed to any, in tho State, certainly to nono at our own bar. Vol still, as nn "adhering" mechanic, I glory must in those who have succeed ed, as such, instead of going into olher walks of hie. Of this class the number is neither few nor small. But for the present a single example must suffice J have recently been to New Vork and determined la hunt up some friends whom I had known here a few J " - "o"- "Klr""'tW tu II. B L.IUIIiei I UDIIItl venrei firvrt no- innranimai t l. t from Oolchcsier and Milton I found1 them and r.. ,. .. . ,.: i i ix . i ., ...un, .v, ,,,v M-tll. Ul, mc aui. l -i-.-n.l ;.. ,i i i . . m iho magnitude uf their operations was day by day unfolded to mo. They employ constantly 60 men aided by a 10 Horse nigine, an J produce on on's'er age one Piano Korte per day. Having single custom ers who make lulls annually from $10,000 to $20,000' for supplying- the South and West, and selling they di I a few diyi since 20 instruments in a single day. We sir, in Vermont, vviih our limited means and contracted views, nre ready to exclaim "who is sufliciimt fur these things ?'' ana that they s- lately but ti'itid boys are sufficient, shows "that some things can be done as viell as others" if you only get a Yankee to do them. In conclusion, 1 woIJ ssy to nil members of Ihe Bocicty ptritrtrt, ond to all others comu forward and join us. 1I us make ills'1 Institute whit it ruiptii iirt,., an npsjcialion for mu- lual aid, acquainlnnee and improvement, for ihe bn It of all worthy mechanics, old or young. Let us t ideavor lo Ihruw around all the young men coming: among us such a healthful influence lhat hereafter when wc arc rejoicing over Ihe suce'ess in life cf any of the Ilurlington I1o)f, truth shall net compel us ter siy that they, became what they ore, not by the aid of, bnt in srito uf the influence throw o around litem. Our library now contains about 150 volume, well re 'p:led, from the best standard religious works to the "Lad New Novels." We aie about making our an nual pitreliase of Hooks, and in ihe mean lime appli cation for membership may be made lo the Directors. Persons jiining now will escape the as-essinent for this fill, as lhat his already been levied, cotologues of ma library with a primed constitution, given gra tis to those that wish llicm, at the library. ej. --'sp' .-,;;f.-5fV CATTLE SHOW AND FAIR. The second Annual I-Mr of the Chittenden Counly Agricultural Society, will be held at Burlington on the 31th aud -3th of September instant. The first d iv of the Pair will be devoted to tho examination of all aniinalr products and ar ticles exhibited for premiums. All persons inten ling lo exlribit animals are requested lo have thcni on the ground by ten o' clock in thu forenoon of tho first day, with hal ters or ropes for tying them. No bull of the age uf two years and upwards, will be admitted on the ground without a ring iu hisnose and h liter thereto attached. l'laces will be provided for sheep and swine, and suitable yards for cattle. All branches of domestic industry and the Me chanic arts should be represented, and provision; will be made for the exhibition of domestic fab rics, mechanical improvements and implements) of every variety. All ariiinilf, farm implements, agricupuraf products, except liiiltcr and Cheese, will be ex hibited on the Camp Ground. Uutter, Cheese Hooey, Sugar and domestic fabrics will bo ex hibited at thu Court House. Ladies wi 1 find provision made for tlie die play of their indiisty and taste, for silk fabrics needle work, home-made cloths, flowers, ttc.U the Court House. No pains will bo spared to render this branch of the exhibition satisfactory. Indies of tho different towns are invited to exhibit articles of tho above description. 1 ho second day of the fair will be devoted to ploughing iii-itchcs, lo commence at 0 o'clock A. M,; the delivery of an address, by Ilev. Mr, Bingham, of Williston,at the Court House, and the awarding of premiums. 'lie premiums will be awarded immediately after tho delivery of the address. A business otfico will be provided on the ground and tho several enmmittees lo award premiums are requested tn meet at the business) office at 0 o'clock in Iho morning of .the first day. 71io committee nf arrangements will bo con staidly in attendance at tho business office. All articles of domestic manufacture, horti cultural products, baiter, and other articles ex hibited, if desired bv tho owners thereof, will be deposited in Ihe Court House nn the evening of the first ehy, where Ihey will be safely kept until after the premiums are awarded, when public sale uf such articles as are for eile will take place. Premium Uutter and Cheese, will probsbly command good prices. V. H. 1'ENNI.MAN, Presidmi !-'ept. 17, 1815. as- i