Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 26, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 26, 1845 Page 2
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waioa ihbib OONORESS. I'OKEIUN. Arrival or (lie Itajal Mall Stcamc-r ACADIA. 15 Davs I.athii tw Kcnore. The Knyal M j it StoauiRliip Acadia, dp'. Harrison, arrived at this purl yesterday morning-, aliout I ii'i'tnrk, from Liverpool, via llaliiav. Hho left llio former port iui tlic 4lli Inst , nncl has accomplished her passage in II) day, in eluding the detention nt Halifax. Tito news by thn arrival is deeply interest Ing and highly important. The warlike tone of American journals re specting the claims otthe United Suites to the trhnlr of the Oregon territory had aroused the British press and C.nvernnient. The former come out boldly, and declared Great Hritnin could not and must nut under any circum. stances, relinquish her rights in thH territory, while the latter, in the shapn of Cabinet Coun cils, hid Instead of opening the ports, as was expected, for the admission of foreign grain, hiin vnrv active, according to report, ill prcpar ing for war. The greatest activity pnn.ailcd ni alt ihn ih,c!i card--, and immense warlike preparation.-! were being made such afl had not been known for m ny years. The Con--ol imrket was groatly depressed indeed, we do not recoiled when the quotations of Government securities hive been so low. Ontv a few months since, Consols ere quoted 100. and a fraction over but within the last three weeks they have dropped to Oil a id this pre.v depression is attributed to too warliKc at litmln assumm! hv the United States. The failure of the potatoe crop in Ireland, the ranid decay of potatoes in country, and the threaten1!!;! famine there, wern subjects which alarmed nut only Ireland, but l.ngl.nid. Largo Hirelings bad been held in the prinni. pil cities mid towns, which wore attended by persons of every political pirly, for the purpose of petitioning ministers to advise the Queen to mimmnn her Parliament, that some prompt measures be adopted for the relief of the peo. Jlc. At the same time, the Anti Com Law .Mguo held monster meetings in several towns, for the purpose of convincing the people of the importance of a total repeal of thn Corn Liws. Among the strongest proof of the great advancement of the lMgue, in popular estima tion, will bo found the Iclteis of Lord John Rus sell and Lord Morphel, declaring that their lord ships have changed their opinions, and now be lieve in a total repeal of the Corn Laws. These letters had a great influence on the public mind. Trado in the manufacturing districts contin ues dull. Thn report of the Liverpool Cotton Market for the week ending the 2!)tli ult., slates that Cotton had been in improved demand through out the week, but the market closed heavily, al a decline of 1 2 J. per lb. from previous quotations. With regard to the London Money market, an influential monthly circular says, that before February next the interest ot money will prou ablv be at the rate of 7 per cent. The mini mum rate of ilia Dink of Hngland continues fixed at 3 1-2 per cent. The steamer Caledonia arrived at Liverpool on the evenm" nl the SSih ult., and her mails were delivered in London on the next day. Her news was not considered so important as that taken out by lha Great Western, which J a, ended by moling a postponement and the intelligence which she conveyed, with the opinions of the American people on the Ore rjon question, caused quite a panic. The news by the Caledonia was regarded as of a more pa cific, complexion. The l'resdenl's Message was looked for with the greatest anxiety. It was argued that upon thn sentiments entertained in this docu ment depended the chances of war or peace be tween Great Britain and the United Stales. The N. O. Tropic publishes the following statement derived Irom the Ilavanna Diana of llie 11th ultimo, received by the way of Havanna, concerning the negotiations going on between t i.e governments ol Mexico and the United States: Persons well acquainted' Willi the secrets of the Mexican Government, say llint propositions to that Government Inve been made b) our Consul at the city of Mexico, to settle the boundaries of the two countrie-, (the annexation question being considered setlleJ,) in It e following manner: The U. Stiles to pay on indemnification of -1 or S50UU.0CO; their boundary to be the Rio llraiodel Norte, including part of the S utc9 of Taiiiiulipis, Coahuiln, Chihua hua, and New Mexico. lu.'ciher wilti the cityof Santa IV. The Vera Cruznnu cives the following statement of the loss of territory by Mexico, undir such on arrangement. The whole of Texas 21,000 sq. leagues j Chiliua'iu out of 21,5?G sq. h-ie'ues, she will loose 3 GOO s New .Mexico out nl 11,000 do. she wilt loose G "00: Cohaihuila out of G.00 do, she will loose l.lToj Tamaiiltpas out of 6,400 do. she will loose 2 3000 Total loss, 31 075 sq leagues. The writer of the letters from Vera Cruz docs not believe that the Mexican G-m-rnmenl will accede to such a proposition, at least not for so small an in demmnmtion as 4 or S3.000 000. It is also staled by Ihc sauie. authority, that propositions hare also betn mndefor the acquisition of .Veie California. The boundaries would in that ense be the river Gila which Unites with iho Coterado, near it- mouth, snd empties in the (Julf of California. This stream run- almost due west from the Kocky Mountain-, through the Stale jf Sonora. This acquisition of territory would give us the harbors of ban r rancisco .Monterey, and San Pedro. The Mexican Minister We have learn ed from a reliable sourco the particulars of the nppointmunt of Mr Si.ideix, of Louisiana, as United States Minister to Mexico. It seems that Mr I'arrotl, whose brother is already Consul at Mazatlan, a Mexican port, was sent to the City of Mexico to sound the government ; and lie arcortatned llio lad that they were ready to negotiate itnd wiiiinu to settle all tlic dim culties with the United States for money. He returned to New Orleans the last ofOc'ober, and went immediately to Washington. Mr Slidell, learning the result of Mr Par. roll's mission, made application for the appoint inent, which he obtained. The baHis of the ne collation, wo understand, is the llio Grande for tho boundary, from the mouth to the source and thence a line North to our boundary : aud the sum required, or uluch it was intimated Mould be required, as a consideration, is SIS, 000,00(1, towards winch life amount duo hi Mexico in American claimants will be taken in FniDAr, Dec. The Kfnate has not been in session to-day. In the HuttsK no business whatever was transacted, motion nn'y providing that when llio House adjourns it adjourn to meet on lay next, was adopted. Washington, Monday, Dec. 15. Sfnitb We omll the preliminary proceed. ings (none of great Importance) In order to give as much as possible of the debate upon the res. olutions horetnfore submitted by Mr Cass, re lative to inquiries into the condition ot mo Army and Navy. , Mr Cass, after calling up these resolutions, observed that ho had no intention of going into a discussion of the Oregon title. lie upheld the attitude taken by the President of the United Slates, and designed to civo his firm convic tions as to what would be the probable result. The following wore the chief points made by Mr C. If the last proposition made hy Kngland was indeed her ultimatum, ho regarded war an inevitable, for her most liberal concessions, and our most moderate- clum, kept us asunder by seven degrees of latitude. We cannot submit to .uhitralion. for an arbitrator wnuld have to be chosen from among tho European crowned heads, all of whom wore jealous of Republics, and overawed by our enemy. It is better In fight for the first inch of territory than the last --for the di or silt than the hcarth-stono. There were nucstions of national concernment that might bo held in abeyance, but this Oregon oiieslion was not one of them. Our govern ment had not the power, even if it had the dis posi'ion, to tem the humin tide setting towards Oregon. Our citizens there must he protected. Mr C. here enlarged upon the troubles sure to exist under a double-headed government. He also read extracts from a debate in Iho British Parliament, reported in thn London Morning Chronicle or April fj'li, in which Lord Jonn Ktis sell speaks of thn territorial aggrandizement of this country, if-e. To bis remarks Mr Cop. posed the power of Great Britain, governing one fifth of all the people of the earth, and one. eighth of all the territory all, all gained by the sword ; while we have made but three acquisi tions, all coterminous, and all peacefully grant ed. Ho then expressed a hope that we should get California. Mr Mantum regretted extremely the course of romarkj minted in by the Honorable Senator from Michigan. He opposed the passing ot these resolutions as superogatory ; it was al ready the duty of the committees named to In. form themselves and the country in the premi ses. As a sort of bragging, too, he opposed this course, for one he was willing, frankly, to confide Ibis whole matter to the Executive. Ho thought the Senator from Michigan had strange way of manifesting his coincidence of opinion with the President, j-'ur Ins own part, lie bad read tlic message with no oidinary satis, faction, wherein it treated of thi9 ncgociation, and he had found it characterized by tar more moderation than the pr n'ed organs of tho gov crnment had given the country reason to antic ipite. Ho did not believe war W3s inevitable. If it must coin", and t tay God avert it ! he could assure the Honorable Senator, and those associated with him, there would bo no anti-war men on this continent. Meanwhile, let us have no crimination, no vituperation ; tho people of this cuuntrv needed no surli stimulus to amuse them iu defence of their honor, whenever it is assailed. Mr M. spoke in this strain at some length, d ended by mot ing a postponement of the resolutions, at least until the Senate had chosen its committees, Tho motion to postpone, upon division, was lost. Mr Allen then took the flior, and advocated tho resolutions iu a speech of somo length, and characterised by Ins usual vehemence. Mr Archer replied, and urged the arguments of Mr Mangutn anew, that the Senate should be hrst organized, betore sticli resolutions were passed. He, ton, was willing to confide in the Executive. Ho doprecated tho effect of this discussion upon the country. It was idle and foniisli, no said, lor us to be matting all this splutter, in order that some gentleman mii'bt make a display of their sublimated patriotism to Great liritain and the world. Here Mr Mangutn, in a playful manner, called Mr A. to order. Mr A. observed that he included himself in all which he had said. A message was announced from the Prcsi dent. Mr Archer spoke for somo time longer, and finally (he debate was interrupted by by a mes sage from the House, giving the announcement of Or Peyton's decease. To this last, Mr Jarnagin, of Tenn., made an appropriate response, and the Senate adjourned mankind. He denied that negotiation was ex hausted. Mr. Allen said that whether negotiation was exhausted or not, was not for him to say that was a matter for Great Britain to look to Meanwhile it was our dutilto prcparo tho hearts of the nennle fur the exigency. 4ic. &c. Mr. J, M. Clayton reminded some of the old Sen ators, nl t lie numerous war excitements we had in prist limes, when mere .was quite as much patriotic steam let off and no war follow. ml. He protested against the doctrine of the Senator from Ohio, that it was our duly to prepare tho hearts of the people for war." Mr. Allen asked. 11 would you havetho Gov ernment go to war without the approbation of Iho peeplu ! Mr. Clayton No, but I would havo tho peo pie dictate to tho Government, not the Govern ment to them ; and I protest against all at tempts to lash the people into a war fever by speeches on this floor. Mr. Woodbridgd should certainly voto for his colloanuo'ii resolutions. The proposed in quiry was highly proper. In his section of tho country they had nothing to oppose but naked ncss to a nwminccnt state of preparation on tho other side, Ho saw no good reason for do baling tho subject. Question, question, was called for. Mr. llannogan demanded the yeas and nays, which were called and stood ayes 42, noes 0. In the House, tho Texas resolutions came up as tho order of the day, when tho previous question was at onco sprung upon it, and the House forced to an immediate vote without consideration or debate, and Texas was thus admitted into tho Union, Ml to 50. Deccmbor 17. The Sonato completed the organization of its Committees. Mr. Allen attempted to intro duce a joint resolution for tho termination of the joint occupancy of the Oregon territory, but t lie unanimous consent ot the Senate was not giv en. Tho Sonato proceeded in the choico of a printer, and elected Kichte and Hciss the printers of the "Union" by 27 nut of 49 votes. Ics and heatnn, of the Intclliccticer had 22 votes, Jefferson & Co. 2. The llouso was chiefly employed on the same day, by a protracted debate upon the tiralizatiou laws, growing out of the prcsen'a. tion hy Mr Winthrop, of resolutions upon this subject. FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER, 20, 1915 part payment. IT The Cherokee troubles seem to bo con. tinned anil b'oody. Joseph Swiinmnr and S'oain, Cberoliecs of the treaty party, were killed on tho 2()'b, by a party of jj men; the first was shot live tunes, and the latter stabbed twice thriiUL'li thn heart. On Friday nigh', tho Mill ull-, Tom Waite, a Cherokee, was killed in a barbarous manner, in tin; Cherokee nation. The , circumstances-are thus stated in the Van Burcn Intelligencer. A police parly of Cherobees came In the bouse of Arch Gurlrey, where Waite resided, about the lime be was going to bed, and one of them told linn ho was their prisoner, and that he should go witli t lie in. W. replied lie wished to dress himself then he wnuld go. And as ho raised liinn-elf in bed, ho was shot dead, bis head split open with a tomahawk, and his body horri bly rut and mangled with knives Great oxcitoment prevails, and the (nielli pencer solicits the interposition of National and fciute authority. Tuesday, Dec. 10. Senate.-. Mr Allen gave notice that be would tosmorrow, ask leave to introduce a joint resn lution, advising the President to notify Ureal ilntain wiih regard to Urcgnn Messrs Huntington, Dix and Upham, sever ally presented remonstrances against (lie annex. alion of Icxas: laid on the table. After the transaction of smre unimportant business, tho Chair annnnnced the unfinished business, llie resolutions of Mr Cass, as being in order. Mr Ni es expressed his regret that the resolutions had been so hastily introduced, and especially that they had been accompanied with a debate of a somewhat warlike character. True, he should voto for the resolutions, but be was b mnd, in candor, to say, that they had a more lornndabte aspect than he could hhvc wished, and he feared an unfavorable effect from them, upon the country. He differed from the Senator from N. C, (Mr Mangum,) in thinking that this question was, or could be, lelt with the bxcculive it was no longer with Iho President. it was with us. Mr N. proceeded at length to give Ins views, generally, upon tho question, and said that to tcrininalo the joint occupancy, aud prepare ourselves for defence, were both peace measures. He urged unanimity of action as lite surest preventative of war. Mr. Crittenden saw nothing objectionable in t lie resolutions; he should voto lor them. the remotest probability ot war, it was proper to look to our defences, but he could nowise concur in llie remarks with which these reso bit inns had been accompanied by their mover, If the Senator from Michigan was right, we were on the verge nl war war was inevitable this was his liliL'iia.'e T.tfo-Go's here rose to explain, and several t -.(l r-nli.i nsc.A.t t,nli,ni-n l.!m .ml question m, -..v ........... vu...wW.. ... ....-, Mr. Crittenden. r Mr. C. resumed, anJ Mid he preferred the explanation of the Senator, toj.iy, to his speech yesterday. Wow no unuerstooou nun io say that ilhe notice were given, and iGreat flrit. lain persisted iu her claim to the tcMe of Or. egon, then we shall have war very well, said Mr. C. us all these prerequisites would not be supplied, we should have no war. Ho had never been able to realize mat war wnuio grow oui of this controversy. What are diplomatists i-ney, and onco inoro at llio n pnt In tho vast profound, c fin shivering over our winter fircj i notch cut in the tally slick of our e: and another call In our willing cart humble aid In furthering tho consider kindness of llio gnod and llio beautiful, Como then, yo who havo hearts largo enough to bear even in mind the woeful inequalities in Ihc lot oT mortality ; yo who look with thankfulness uponyour children growing up around you, with tl ho blessings of good cx- umplo, good teaching and a plentiful supply for all their physical wants ; yo who would rejoicu in tho kindly spirit of an enlarged humanity over ono immortal tpirit rescued from vice and ignorance lo swell llio ranks of intelligence and virtue ; oil, all, como lo llio Lcvco of llio benevolent Jndict of Burling Inn, nnd there, for a pittance you shall meet them in fair and goodly array. You shall meet and greet each other nt the opening of tho new year. You shall help to rescue not one, but perhaps a hundred of llio lowly sons nnd daughters of misfortune, who else may pino in ignorance and grow up in ci true Your bounty Inst year bus literally done wonders, shall it now bo withheld! Shall tho door ofhopo be shut, and llio happy pros pt.'cts so pleiisiinlly' tTpTrlrSg before ihn eyes of many a poor but ambilioHS child, go out in uarKncss HnUtoom I lly all that can move tho heart lo pity, wo say no ! Let us rally in crowds lo the gathering, and il any man will como lo us next year at this lime, and tell us he is sorry be went, we will our selves, pay him lack Ins money. P. S. All ibis roes for noihins! Since our paper went to press, we nrenoiifiW that, in consequence of some f.-ilurc a tn the room, the affair is postponed for iho pre-ent. Never mind, nnise your charity, and Keep it warm Mr auoiiier occasion COUNTY COMMISSION EKS. In favor of Licenses. ,WVI,I,YS I.V MAN', SAllUHl, IltlltDMV.V, cali:ii i:. niit-rox, Against Licenses. cnnittiK it. mi I AW, TRIJ 11 AIM CHITTRN DEN, TltUMAN CAI.USIIA. Wc publish a very well written arliclo from a correspondent, on tho subject of li censes. In reference to the present law, we disagree with him, in lolo. Ho niisappre bends its character entirely, and if be is dis pr s;d,we will on some oilier occasion discuss its merits in detail. Our faith in tlic good policy of tho law growt with its growth white wo aro altogether disinclined to under rate the intelligence and sagacity of the men whomatlo! But oAr correspondent discusses tho subject with becoming candor, and on ability which will command attention. GRAND-ISLE CQUNTY. Wo learn that tho following ticket has been duly nominated for loeense Commis sioners in this County. FltANKI.t.N RoniNSON, John Knights, Ira Hill. THE LICENSE QUESTION. On Thursday next tho freemen of this County will again havo an opportunity of passing upon this question, and we hope the occasion will bo signalized by llio attendance of all who taku interest in the subject. The iaw unuer which wet aro now acting, was framed expressly for the purpose of annually embodying and giving force to public opin ion in iho rrspccttvo counties; and surely thero is no safer approximation lo enlighten public opinion, than through the ballot box. Let there bo a full vole then, and lei thai settle this point. But while tho law recog nizes tho will of tho majority as tho found.i- nun oi action in tins manor, it has never theless very wisely left a wide discretion lo tho commissioners, within which it was pre sinned tho interests of temperance -might bp gradually and surely promoted, by progrcs sive restraining measures which should fol low up, and luve referenco to tho progress of public opinion: thus forming a sort of sliding scale, which would adapt itself to the fnriii and pressure of tho limes. But a dif ferent policy has been pursued. A bare majority of votes has been regarded as im posing nn obligation lo disregard entirely thn supposed rights and interests of a largo and respectable minority. No licenses were gran. ied, but every body has Irafficed in liquors Out was disposed lo, and, thus far, grand jurors have not felt callod upon lo find bills for theso violations. Tins is a deplorable state of tilings though but of a fulfilment of what discreet men predicted in tho outset and well calculated in bring reproach upon a good laic, a law Iramed for beneficent pur poses, but pcrveited by nial-administration, Under these circumstances, lite question re turns, wh it aro wo to do ? Tho old board is again nominated, with a full endorsement of their past course, and if elected will doubt less persist in it, and wo shall of course have a continuance of tho present stato of tilings. For one, wo shall not give them our vole, Wo helievu the publiq interest, the cause of morals, of law, and nf.lumpcrance, will be promoted by the election of a board who will administer tho law in its spirit, by llio xcr cisti of a sound dhirmon, and a lit I lo of that policy which is found so practically useful in referenco lo other subjects. A moderate number of licenses, roundly taxed, and bav ing reference perhaps lo an annual gradual reduction ol llio number, would be respec . -i . i ... , , i leu. ttiu iaw wuuicj ue noient tn reiireia .. .. .. . l ,,J worth II meycannoi .eu.e ..ue. ..... viulallon. aml .. .., . We should havo no war unless wo plundered .... r . . fc"'" its into one. There is no question ol honor involv ing in lhis"maller. Al all events if war may be, let us not rush recklessly into il, but move firm paced and slow. Instead of giving one year's notice, let us extend the notice to two years; we shall thus show our determination, while we show our preference for peace. In conclusion, Mr. C. was plcaed that the scna. tor from Michigan had su much qualified his remarks of yesterday. Mr. Webster spoke briefly and expressed his concuricnce of opin. ion with Mr. C. He deprecated al) unneces sary alarm. Thero aro two ways in which wo tmy procoed, and ho left it to all tn judge which was the wiser : wo might cause alarm and Shocking Dsath DrcAriTATios-. On Monday afternoon, about 1 o'clock, tno men were employed in chopping tho ice from tho ni.,-..uilmal .tl.-li.J ,.. 1 t.a mplilnarw it. tt.a waci'i,i-cin,.',,-M... ,... .....b..,,,v,j ,,, ...- , , ., , txe factory of Mr. Jacob Noble, in this town, I ttke preparation, or we might quietly pro and as one of them was attcinntin2 lo Ect or 1 ".e.v .. " look insido tho wheel, it moved, almost entirely separating; the bead from the body, between one of the arms and an upright post, operating ex. actly like a pair of shears. The whcul was forced back, and the- corpse extracted tho head .ttarbe.) on v by a oiero ol mm. I ne unior. FIRST BOOKS OF NATURAL HIS TORY. RusciiENncnGER's Sf.iugs. Wo notice these books again, believing that wo shall render a real service to the community, if we shall in any measure be instrumental in directing attention to them. Tho present series is based upon a "Series of Frst Books on Natural History," which were arranged and published by men distin guished in science, under the direction of llie Royal Council of public instruction of France. Tho works before us, however, are not mcio translations from the French. Dr. Riischenbergcr hasgroatly increased llicir value hy his judicious alterations and addi tions. The scries comprises eight volumes, averging 150 f agl-s each, and illustrated by nearly a thousand engravings. Tho subject of the several volumes are as follows : 1. General Notions on Physiology and Animsl Mechanism. 2. Natural History of the Mammiferous Animals. 3. .Natural History of Hints. 4. Natural History of Itrpii'es and Kisbei. 5. Natural History of Moltus,-a. (3. Natural History of Insects. 7. Itoliny. 8. (ieotogy. Eeach voluTna of the scries is n. complete treatise in itself, and lias appended lo il a co pious glossary of nil llio technical terms used in il. Tho arrangement is as accurately lo UoTO Willson of Ilineshurnh, f Willtston, were, on motion, nnou..,, commttten lo prepare nn address to the voters of Chittenden county. Un motion ol Mr. Adams, Kcsolvcu, 1 hat this Convention in behalf of llio friends of Temperance in Ibis County, lender their thanks to our County Commissioners for tho firmness with which tliuy havo discharged their duly during tho past year. (Junvcnlion adjourned lor dinner. 2 o'clock, P. M. Tho Convention rc-asscmblcd. The Committee appointed tn present tho names of nlficers, nominated For President DAN IEL GOODYEAR . f llincshurgh ; For Secretary Elanson H. Witur.i.nn of Char lotte, and tlipy wero unanimously elected. Thn samn committee also it-purled tho names (ifLvmati liiirgess, Joint Hi rrie;. ,unl Wi Math Weston for Count v Committee, and ih-y were elected. The Commiileu further repoiti-d the following resolutions: Jletolred. That the use. f intoxienttn; drinks as a everarc I- iniurinus to llie health, hinnine and well beino of any people, and o-nrlit to I.e di-contin net. ny every lover el ins race, ami mat the trattic in b kii tiriiii.s o icnt to i e ui-eontinut-u. litsolrtd. That we are oono-eil to anv licenses beina ctanted for the sale of inloxieaiinz drinks, cx- c ept lor medicinal and mechanical purr-uses. iiesoltfa, That we nave lull continence in inc nnneiiitpsntioveset forth nnd that wcntcdzeotlelve in ii. irprv hnnnrsihle exertion lo nroeiirO the elec tion of County CommUsioncM xxho are opposed to inc license syMcm. And after discussion Ihey wero tinnnt mouslv adopted. On motion of Charles Adams, Esq. Messrs. George B. Shaw, Tru man Chilleiiden and Trutt.nn Galusha were unanimously renominated for County Com missioners, Mr Stansbtiry offered tho fol owing resolution's : litsolrtd, Tint the of llio Grand Jury of this County to find lit ol nvlrtment for llie notori ous violations of a stili-i-timr Statute Law i f this Slate, is proofeni'iiijh that n creat deal more labor is roq-ii-ito in order lo eorreet a put lie opinion which will tamely tolerate such a gro-s contempt ofoiliciat duty. lltso'.ted, That in the opinion .f this Convention no -elf t-recied -tandard of expedient y, nonal-ed pre--umpliou azainst the con-tiutionality of the law ol the land can tnrni-h anyexc ise lor ineiiciu crate vio lation ot a solemn oalhj and that it -ball he our en deavor tc set this matter in its true I13I1I before the pcop'e. Tho business Committco recommended the appointment of meetings in all the towns prior lo thu election. On motion, the towns represented, then prnceeded to nominate tlu-ir committees, as follows: Al ner Squire, Luther Stone, Win. K. Charlotte-Sherman. iJurlinston N. blc Lovely, John ISar-tow, Ama.-a CrooLer. CocAwler Joseph Culver, Win, I!. Minis m, Sim. eon lliue Milton Alfred Lad.l, Uijah Ilerruk, Win. . Ilex nold-. j;sj Che-ter Iiigiabam, Silas Wetlierlee, Ly man N. Williams. II .7iVon Wm. Miller, Hiram I). S ni:h, Jon is G. Chilicndon. llincsburgh Austin Beecber, John Wheeler, Da vid tlooilycar. Jtricho Jubn Lyman, Andrew Warner, S. C. Wilherbee. Richmond Rolla Ck-a-on, Ezra B. llreen, Saul Bi-hop. Voted, That tho County Contmitteo ap point the Town Committees in tho towns not represented. Votccl that the Committee chirped with preparing an address, cause the same in be printed 111 a cirenhr, and distributed through the county. Voted, That tho proceedings of this Con vention be published in the papers of this village. Convention adjourned. DAN'L GOODYEAR, Pres't. Elsnion 11. WiiccLr.n, Scc'y. Communication. Till: LICENSE LAW. couft. It mav then bcdccided lint 1 us aw in stilutional. Wo should therefore now provido for such an administration of the law that in the event A such a decusion the smallest amount of injury may do uono 10 me. rmnts or our know citizens ana tne colour of law be borrowed as Iitllo as may be to sanction injustice, v. il llio law s constitutional, 1 believe that it should be administered in a temperate and conciliatory tninntr, for 1 he 6nko of law itself, for the sale of nil laws that ths reverence for law, liuni scminicui w uc u encuiu no cu nvntcu as l ue Inchest patriotic nnd religions urine, winch should be c11ens11c.11 until it becomes an interest, and which is thoonlya-sitranceof whnle-omo nnd nhidinc lawsl may not be impaired or rooted out. It should he thiisndininisteri'd: hut Ihc transient tniv be iilentilied Willi the law itself, an I the animadversion, wh ch are nuc 10 inc one, tie dangerously extended 0 tho oilier. It is a fact well known, that in thecountv the law has been liicrnlly passive. That al the fir-t election the inclemency of I tin season, the novelty of the law itself, tho ignorance on llie part ot nme of what nnijlit bo the eond tet of tie! commissioners who were elected, and the e.xpetatinn-imonr other that their cour-e would be mild nnd not irrilnt no courteous nnd not censorious rczitlatice and not rrn!ir -wero raues winch contiibuted powerful V to their election. Their hire tunionties. llio deen anu 11 ner nosioiiv 10 inc law nnti 10 ttieir conteni nl n,-d acts whin 1 nervai e.l tho wholo cotinlv even. evidence conclusive that tho citizens were not pre. pared for such n Iiw tint lis found innns wero not nid wln-re Ihey should hsve been laid, that i. in their affections nnd respect, Accordmely llio law went quietly to sleep. Those win had sinned beforo in ettlmr nnd u-in? continued to Ein in the sime way, nnd worso than ever. Tho sad spcclnclc was witnessed of a community openly xiolalm its own law, nndthnt almost btfire its pases vcro dry Irom the press. The cau-e rf temperance, sacre'd and beautiful, did not pa-s without a revival of antiquated scoffs and censure. If wo would revive ibe feeble elements of tbi- law let ns so orovidofor its adminis tration that it may elicit the respect at least of the ereat uouv 0 tno countv. Let 1 not bo so auniims tcredasto subserve the nirtv an I destructive nur poses ofawakrning bad passions, of stimulating low anJ shameful cvasnns, anJ of casting "wpers.ons upon the cause, win,-n it was intended to protnote. 4. lie the administrati m nt t n- aw in other res pects what it may, the particular restrictions, wbieh arc to bedrnwn around theii3a of the Licenses, which the Ann Liccns na party proposo shall he -jr-inti-d will form a syslom of survillancc nnd espionage, whose fruits will I e worse than many ot the evils of inlempcranrc. It will be a system winch will open to the supervision of tho cummissioneis iho most delicate conditions of domestic and indiiidiial privacy! nn invasion 1 f which mav be more to be feared than tho breach of law uselt. buch a system is diametri cally opposed lo the spirit of our insnt ilinns, and to tho aianiiy of the cause of temperance itself. Su h a system, neiiber tho morals nor Iho self respect nf a community enn lona abide. Such a system, even lh most upri4hl cuardiaiis of the public inorils and of the.rown, can Ions con tuct, and remain pure and hinoa'ile. 5. lly the cotirso which I advocate, the came of temperance, the origin and purpose of ihc law, will be best ndyocnted. It is yet a question wheiher or not the subjVcl of Temperance coui'-s within the ordinary sobere oflefiishiion. Mnnv of it nr.lunt and warm est Inends deire to see it P-fi to take its ph -o amnti2 t'.ie religious convictions of society, and na' lowered to the mere level 1, f the -t.ilutes. They di-sire to see 11 the free expression ol a refine I. nnd elevated, nnd nil comprehending prinrijile, wliieh shall bo habitually and reverently acknowledged by nil men, nnd not to reiprd il as the mere committd nftlielody politic They desire to see it o s-rve la- Ih ' law of self denial, and not ns the result nf lejal coercion. They therefore believe lint could the cause speak its wants, it woul I ask to bn let alone by the government, and to he left 10 the care of moral persuasion. C. A different c lursa under this law is not neecs'a ry lo protect society against the existencoof disorder ly and disreputab'e places of indulcence Tiio com mon law con'ains the powcrof abating -u-h places as nu sanscs. 7. If thecoinmm law is ro be administered ' y the prevention of (reuses, the hreachrs of tho law must bo punished or tho lawiiself tit nlnnduned. If the fanner course shall be ptirsihd, our courts will be crowueu wun proseculions, llie state will besuijecled to a lari:c and unusual and useless expense. Hut more, far more than this: a fountain will bo en sealed, whoso bitter waters will flow fori!, lo poi son nod destroy. I Intred, social nn I civil discord wilt ensue, nnd time alono can brin2 healini; winijs. I believe that Ibe above reasons if rightly cunsHered, will convince evrrv smcire mind of llicir i'lsucc. Thoso whom the Lipens.ns Party propose to ilcct as Cominiseirners nro W. Lynnn, Samuel lloardman, an I Calrt, II. Hirton, wno Invo I een chosen without reference to their tio'iticit print iplcs. The v are known to be sliKtly temperate in llicir view s, and d.sposed ; so to administer llio law irolcc'.ed as to subserve lb 1 best interest of the county nnd ofnicicty. j Vo irs wiih respec', I a rnn:::D cr temi-craxcs. the dock-yards were never so cin mcnt the munitions of wnr were never on so larger. scale and why is llusT Kngland is nt otaca with all the world, but the language ol her Councils l, ic have a Uimcult quutlun tj sit'lo wiih the united Slatcsl I will make this letter ttir.ri, that jou may be able to find room for itj for although hastily nnd feebly written, It may ha numi hitlc indurnco at Wash ington. Lviry oilier subject sinks into Insignia cinco nt thf side of ihe Oregon question. It will be a long time before any communication can ajiin 1 0 sent to America. It will bo a long lime bjforc you can know ol the political movements here; but that you may bo fu'ly informed tcspccling tht efToct of recent American news. I havo prepared a -other letter, in which I haveirouaht into one view tlic opinions of the principal Kn?hsh journals on tht Oregon Tiestion, and oilier mailers. The'c opinions are valuable, ns showing ttio sentiments of English men. They aro valuable, as they exercise nn influ ence over, not only tho people, nut over uriusn statesmen. Who can doubt, when tho otnciai organ of Oovarnmcnl rays that Mr. Polk will insi-t, in hit Message, upon the wnole of the Oregon, and ihs official organ hero repbes i "If wecrftdd If.fer .'hi. so monsirous a proposition was likely to be made by the American government, we should I e disposed to regard tt, ns wehopcit uotild he trented, as a virtual declaration of uar azainst thi country ?" VVhocan doubt tho influenreui sith language! language not made use of without t'eep reflection. I will not encroach farther on your valuable space. but subscribe myself, Your most obedient servant, Per Stcimtr .lcac'ia. Extracts from tendon and Anrpool paptis, r ciittd per SicamsMp Acadia. Tin: oiti:ii. uunsiioN. The following is from the leading arliclo in the Loudon Tunes of Dec. 2. Ma. EoiToa :-0n Thursday ol the ensuing week, will return the annual ilcc ion oi Commissioners of scientific as in the large and expensive works 1 Licenses for this county. Shall, or.shall not, licenses upon the same subject, and thoso who enter 1 be sranted to a moderate number, and sufficient to upon Ihe study of natural historv, will. ,10 J sati.fy the wants of the communny, according .0 ' , llawj is Ihc qucslion v. Inch forms the existing i-sue. aid oflhcse lilllo volumes will have llio sat-1 Thefeaiures which belong to this issue, can scarcely Ijfaclion of finding that they were right at ! have been unnoticed, even by the most careless eye. the outset, and will nol as thev proceed, have II contains elements Inch intimately concern boib w " f lo,. anil hinssla nAn.itnlli. tit tl.n 1 1 1 ,1 ill . 1 1 must; ui tan mm niuiuia lcui-uiim mm (il a cuiiai to unlearn much winch tbey bad been at the an(J welfare of ,le w fa icu,ar. Sure. pains lo leatrf,. Wo will not expatiate upon the utility or the pleasures of an acquaintance with Natur al History. No reflecting man, whatever his employment or pursuit in life may be, needs be told that knowledgo nf Nature is use ful knowledge and who among us has turned bisnyo thoughtfully upon the things of nature by which he It surrounded, thu rock, tho soil, tho vegetation sprinqin out of it, tho fish of the sea, the fowl of thu air, and thu living peace and welfare of the country 111 particu! ly no j'ut man, no faithful citizen, whatever may be bis power over the success of either side of this issue, run examine il with olher than n rleen nnd livelv in. teres!, orawiit its results with other than a profound nr anxiety. AnJ no person whose right and privilege il wilt be to vote at the approaching contest, and who seeks to make a conscientious use. of bis vote, will study this issue for any purpose oilier to deter mine us merits, anJ, hon bv his vote and influence he may best sus sin them. I was opposed to the pre sent law of licenses for sato of spirituous liquors at, both on account of the principle which lit at tho f. e. , ,a ,f ihe class of laws of which ihi is one, 1111J be niss of tin conse quence which I feared would follow its passage. I Correspondence of tho Boston Atlas. r. N GLAND. f,o.N-D("N, Dec. 3J, 1815. with thb U.v!tcd Statej, Ins been tho leading and most exciting t. pic of the press and the public for the last fortnight 1 although the mora pV eific lone of the American papers received by the steamer Caledonia, on Saturday list, ins within the last three days considerably allayed the war panic. Government is, however, I am assured by different well informed parties, making the nio-t arrive and extensive preparations m tho dock-yards, that this country may be ri-ady nt a moments' notice, to main tain Ihe rights nf Great Hritnin to the Oregon Terri It is argued lint British Ministers should no things that move upon tho earth, without being painfully conscious of Ilis ignorance nf have since Irequemly studied tho former, and have 1 1 , 1 1, !,.., 1 .. 1, . 1 found no reason to change my convictions, neither know t Wo may add that these "First Books" have been grotted with universal commen dation by the periodical press, and hive re ceived llio hearty approbation of many of our most disling,uishoJ professors and teach ers. They have already been Introduced into llio public schools of several of the have llie taller ilmppi lined my expectations, laws are not new in the history of legislation Such They longer suffer themselves to be trilV-l wiih by the ca prices of an " American rabble" that however strongly opposed 10 war ihe mors reflecting popula tion of tho Atlantic cities may I e, and however wil ling lo compromise a most diflirull questnn, yet, as it is not in the power of Pre-ident I'otk and his od iscrs, even if it were their wish, to settle the Oregon question upon ihe terms proposed by Great lb tain, it is imperative on llio Biitisb government to main tain her rights, whatever the consequences may be. I think that I have staled tho ca-ein nsimplo man ner. I look at the question from different points. I siudy attentively the popular feeling on Ibis subject intheUni'ed Slates, and I watih the effect of the expression of that feeling, in tho American govern ... .1.. ..m... :.i . t - t .1 . ..j u- r 1 1 ...:.L .1. . . J- ' '"ci l" U'sta, t"o 1'uuuv. itiiuu ,.i ,.i.i , a.,u w 11 Eeue.u iy ue iuuuu cucvai svi.ii iuue per ous , . , . . , . , c n , . n t . ,, , . ,. . I am firmly convinced, that neither Sir Robert Peel when the theory of law giving was least enlightened when the consciences of men were considered as being the legitimate property of the body politic, and the right of private judgement upon speculative sub jects of behavior was not recognized. They will be found usually lo have sprung from that selfishness of power which seeks to guard itself even by the most Slates, and we earnesllv hope lltat they may 1 J",ou nra n' fP"'" nto ibe atla.r, of . .-.'I nnuil, lift I. Is hv lin Infl-ilis n nnsun.,nAn 1, speedily find their way into the bands of our young fiiends in Vermont. For sale by C. Goodrich. LICENSE COMMISSIONERS. At a meeting of inhabitants of Chitten den Countv in favor of granting licenses to Tavern keepers and retailers, nt llio Court I my childhood, even, 1 Inve been an ardent lover of every command, which issues fromthe throne, echoes the yoiceof tyranny. It is nol less a consequence that conscientious but misguided zeal may be more unjust and mischievous than Ihc royal dictor. I hajebicn for many years pa-t tho member of a temperance so ciety in this town. During a long period before my membership, I believe I faithfully ol served lbs most rigid principles of ihe cause of temperance. I'rom filiate deceased was a blacksmith, named Daniel Coreiii. and 'U eart of sge. . datriar'a ( Ca.) journal. He dep recated the effect ol false a'ann upon the bus. ines of the country. Mr. Sevier agreed fully with Mr. Csss, and gave it as h's humble opinion that wo eboulJ have war. Mr. Berrien declared war to lie In- ossiMo. If Great Britain and the United States wcie to Ko lo war about this barren and frozen tract of land, Ihf would deserve the execution uf cupy its legitimate position 111 pushing conquests ol public opinion, whilo tho law wnuld yel stand ready to lake possession of. and hold each inch of ground as il shall . be yielded (o tho influences of truth and right reason. THE CHARITY SCHOOL. It seems scarcely credible to us that the year lias coma well nigh round lo its dying hour! Yel alas I so il is. It seems ns if il were but last week, that we discharged the pleasant duly of pointing our benevolent cit izens lo the school-room filled with tho res cued children of poverty, who were mutely imploring a continuance of llio kindly aid which bad opened to them the door of knowl edge. Yet here we aro again. Once more our restless earth has swung round through tho fields of spare on her never-ending jour- House, in Burlington, on llie 23th day of December, 1845, for tho purpose of select ing three suitablu candidates for County Commissioners. Doctor John Pkck was chosen Chairman and W. H.Cuktis was chosen Secretary ine cause, nave auuuren anu reverenct-u tt. os con taining llie noblest and happiest issues which could concern tho temporal and lasting welfare of my fel low men, in everycondiiionof hfe. Increasing years have given me increase of failb. Besides us succe.s in olher parts of llio country, it has wrought miracles . 11. mis oiuie, inn. 1. iib net-L-9snies are riguiiy suiaieu I anti ila hlnh nnd rtftiente ridfirt.ina tn llin nnai-isnM. Voted to n-cuinniend WvLI.VS LYMAN of' of men aie observed, nnd sacredly (as they have thus Biirliiiglnn, Samuel Boardman of Milton, and Cauf.d K. Barton ol Charlotte, to the freemen nf Chittenden Countyas suitable persons for said Commissioner'. Volcd, Thai Timolliy l-ollcll, Isaac far been, and as they should continue to I el observed it will yel work mirnetes in this. Stale-, Possessed of my particular vies, I could not observe the passage nnd rITectsot the law without fear nnd trembling, tint at it is now among our slatine-, oneonly anxie ty should be so toact lint its evil qualities may be BiitKueu,ann us goon ones, 11 sucn 11 uas, may ue oe Warner and llarrv Bradlv be a commilleo I "'".P"1- The object of ihoso who are disiingui.hed varncr anu liarry urauiy ue a con,n'',le't ,10 Anti Licensing Party, is toelnt t'ommistion- 10 tin vacancies aim d.j uui 1..0 uujcii u. ' era wtioso iiuty 11 snau ue, 1st. 10 allow no sates this meeting. Voted, That ihn doings of litis meeting be published in both papers piinled in Bur lington. JOHN PECK, Chairman, W. II. Curtis, Scc'y. ANTI-LICENSE CONVENTION. At a Convention of tbe inhabitants of Chittenden County, opposed to Licenses for the tain of intoiicutiiig djinks, held ul the ol ninluous honor for oilier thin for medical, ihemicn and mechanical purposes i 2d. errant no licences, ex cept for a numbep, winch shall bo no larger than to conlorm Hi Ilia most nam letter of the law) 3d, to require of those who obtain licenses to preserve and remler to ihe Commissioners, accounts of the auanti lies sold, ol Ihe time nf tales, and of the names of ihe Durehsiers. and to self lo those onlv. who shall fur. nish reason-lufticienl to entitle I linn to purchase of Ihe tufliciencf of which reasons Ibe vendors tra to be Iheiudcrs. The object i.f tho-e who aredrtignated at lbs Licensing Party, it to elect Comuiiisionert who hill grtnt license 10 1 moderate extent, tnd to thote only whost chirtclert tt cttrtcnt, in addition In tht penalties of iht law, will bi a sufficient gusnnty that nor his political opponents, will submit lo be tossed about by every wind and wave from America. They will not submit to the demands of President Polk, nor will they heed the ever-changing war-cry of his party. They are preparing for the worst that out come: and whether tho rrcsiJent s .vies-nge, wnica it row probably on its way to this country, breathes peace or war, the Oregon question must be settled, and speedily stilled. There must bo no delay, no tampering. Upon this point, I tepcat, tlic Premier and Ins colleagues have decided. They ftel, and perhaps too justly, that they have been trifled with. It is far from mv intention lo call forth a war excite ment in the United States. Il is my earnest nUh to nllay it ; but at the same time, it is my duty to warn my countrymen of llicir rangerous position render ed more dangerous by their own injudicious, not to say .vicked, threats towards a powctful nation, like Great Uritain, What ata denominated " the American govern ment organs," have recently published several war like articles) whether for the sake of a 1,1 lie tempo rary popularity with tbeunrillfctingmillii n, or to ns certain how they would be received in Hngland, it is impossible for me to .ny 1 but these articles in the official organs do, most unquestionably exercise great influence over reflecting minds here. Wheiher Mr. Polk dictates or approves thesa articles is of no consequence; 1 hey appear in the "qj;.ciai journal al Washington at least su' h it is rallied, tnd ns such ilis recognised in America nnd Kngland. Brit ish statesmen carefully read these articles nnd their advice in the Cabinet Councils is founded upon the watlike sentiments which they contain 1 it will not avail anything to utter such sentiments today and recall them to morrow. This has been done too of ten already. The llrit sh Government has been too often trifled with in this way. Tho lime is come when the question of peace or war will be decided j lint question, be assured, will not be put ofl'any lon ger. Il deranges the regular channels of commerce it hat a serious influence on Government securities, and detroyt all the kind tmptthies which exist be. If thu momrntonsq teslion of pence or war between the I'niled Htitc-s nnd Gieat nntatii was to be decided in Tanuel Hall, in the e'lty 1 f lli.slon, or if the emi nent statesman who belongs emcliaticallv 10 New I nngland, and who tepresents in theso dark and evil nays tun of iter iraiu ions ol .imr-rtrnn freedom, vvert still at the bead of ihe Cabinet of Washington, slight indeed would our apprehensions be as to the result of tne uregun negoiiati in. liut, in nil things, air. Web ster and the men (f Massncbusetts who npp'auded bis humane nnd enfiahti-ne I cl.-qnrnce on a recent o -casion. are not oni v Ihe opposition, but the oppo Siics of Mr. P)Ik nnd the pany which brought hitn into power. We admire tlu-ir sentiments, w e concur in their arguments i but we cannot forget that thest are the sentiments a id arguments of a defeated mi nority. The more strem.ously Ihey declare 'them s;Ives for peace, th greater must be iheir nnpreheo- siunotwir. '1 hey nroie-t, but i-an Ihey cllecluailv resist? Will the near approach of so great and shauitfut a disastet as war between two s ich States for s 11 h an object .is die Oregon letritory sober the madmen who are dining us to this eMreiuilvl Ate. we, tn short, 10 believe lint the pre londerance 0. numerical sirenstli in Ihe Union, whieh is recognised ns the sole legi'imnte basis of n popular pjwer, is with Mr Webster or wiih Mr Pol!. 7 To these questions tho .answer Ins already been given by the most unequivocal te-umony that of events. After havint; trouoht to a close llie question of the North Kastern bound.ry of tho Unlcd States a eiiieslt"ii inlintiely mnre pres iiib anil embarrass ing than that of Oregon hy a trialy w huh dues tht highest honor to tho lemp-r and patriotism) of Ihe Governments of both Siaies. lb ugh it was stigma tised ca a c ipitulauon by a fartious opposition, Mr. Webster retired from ibe Cabinet. I'lom thai instant Mr. Tvler nnd his ndvi-ers lu slip the Democratic parly iu full career against the territorial rights of neighboring nation-. In an incrediolv short period of tunc the rju-stion of the annexation of Texas was urged on, in si I'e of tbe counter dcclarnlions of tht Whips, of -llf. Ulay, el iWr. VWc-sler, find even oi .nr. Van I'urer.. lly the 941110 mean?, nnd In the samt spirit, tho oc-upation nf Oregon was ilinned upon Iht cars nt the populace until it became a passion; ani rights so distant nn 1 uornnn 1 inai iney miani wen have been f.irgotien fur nuothi-r half a century, wera araggct turiti to ue cotiunuca lor uy panics anu 1.7 nations. We knov what w-3 the result e f the opposition lo Iho nnnexaiion of Texas. 1 ne parly which resisted that measure wassirong enough to defeat the first il tempt in th Senate; and for some tune it seemed to struggle wiih nn equal chance of -uccc-. I'm it wat beaten; nnJ that defeat not only s-amtied a deep and lasting crime on the policy of the L'nion, but it pre pared the way for future excesses, it blnnttd the con siieneo of Ihn people, it uhrtted tl.e.r appetite for plunder, it laid prostrate men who. like Mr. Webster, s'lll speak of the consequences of annexation ns "tht mo3t mournful nnd most awful reflection," nnd it rait ed to oirice Mr. Polk. Now here ts tbe broad states of the Uni n. I ut in Massachusetts, would a declara tion "that there may yet boa hope of resistance to tht consummation of 1 1..- annexation of Texas," havt been received with enthusiastic applause. So rapid is the declivity of democratic 1 pinions, that it U scarcely safe 10 protest 111 the present hour ngainst iht triumph of a mens ire which iho wisest and worthittt statesmen of the Union denounce ns infamous nnd im praclicab'e less than two years ago. If ibis has teen the march of the Texan question, there ts no reasons except the apprehension of a collision wnh Hngland, which can more effccually restrain the Union from hurrying to a conclusion with reenrd tn Oregon. Tht inflilen -eof Mr. Webster nnd his pnrly will not bt more ablo to eheck Iho latter o nrige than to prevent the tinnier one. We iniylu, indeed, hope that iftbert was any p.-ospect ol Mr Web-:er's return to office, ht would, if any American .ilimster can, bring lt,e Ure eon nrgnnaiton lo n successful termination. Hut there is nut the slmhtest probability nfsuch a change in parlies as would eonnct .Mr. Webster with Iht th'.i'f magistrate of the Un'.,i ; and even if there were, we obsirvo that Mr. Wibster spenlsof tho partn in of the trriuorv 1 v tbe extension of tht IDlh paial'cl of latitude to the Pacific as the extrrmt bunt of oncession lie says that proposition hat been mad.-10 ihe Hmisli tji.vernmcnt three times in 1313, in 16? 1, and 111 T.i; it wa-so made, and it wts each time deliberately refused by the cabinet of Lon don. Mr Webster might have added, had he known ihe fact, that the same proposition has been made, for the fourth time by ihe American Government in this present year 181.: and (10 use the words ofour own cirrespon ent.) "Mr. Packimrham having d'clined Iht propositir ., Mr. liuchinin thereupon withdrew it." Tina slat .tent, wln.h has been nnd bv our crrrrt pondent e 1 the fa'di of a rumar. is vvr believe, pre cisely cor -ci. 1 ne interruption nt tne negoiianon an m "an inci ent 01 truing importance ana uned," but from the rerusal of the British ojoin iss-.e nn the proposal of the 49- h def. as nn equitable compromise." On thit -lant point, the ' Genevcse Traveller," hat usiaLcn the feelings ofthe Uriush Muvttrf notarise easily ex -Ilimster of lat tu,' most tm certainly and of it circunifi on three actual al ofthe II ley of th Hut we 1 been ma topic 111 1 with ad Ihe grou thercst I of ils pre posed vv Tho British people t for to accept under exi-tinM' '- " ed ces an offer which we deliberately reiecti inner occasions, and which involves iht idonment ofilic most important settlement son's liny Conipnnvand of ihc whole vat I'olumhii is altogether out of the question, vc no doubi that ihc tact that this offer hat nnd nol arceptrd will form a conspiciioot President's message, nnd will furnish him wnnl nrcumenis for violent measures, on I that his government has cone to ihe fur ut of concession by reiterating the proposal ei-eisnts. That such measures will be pro 'n not entetiain the slightest doubt, r.rticle of which Iho foregoing is tht principal pari, concludes with expressing tht opinion that the joint occupation will be termin ated bv the order of Congress, that the Ameri cans aro free tn establish their jurisdiction wherever their settlements aro formed, ai Great Britain has already done by the extension of Ihn jurisdiction ol the Cmirls of boundary lo the flnglish settlements on the- Columbia, and tint 111 these two measures there is nothing to render war inevitable. The Paris Courrier Francois, in an article on iho Oregon controversy, maintains that neither I-jiifrland nor Ihe United States is entitled toUt claim to the Oregon territorv, and that const quently the occupation of it by either of I hot powe-rs would bo nothing- more nor lest than an usurpation which all civilised nations would b justified in preventing". The question of"takinf posses.on," it contends, ought ti. be laid atidt and replared by that of "provisional proteclotv ate," and that tho choico of a nationality ought to bo abandoned to tho futuro people of the Oregon. "Thcmereacl." concludes the Courrier Prtnctit, " D(di'scoiinc,of esplonnj, or of rstnblishinf ontt self upon rerisin points of a continent, doet nol eta. slilutem tbsolute right over it. For nations tt wtl for private inaiviauniB ,i,o .ijjni prupnetortntp ss

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