Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 30, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 30, 1846 Page 1
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NOT TUB GLOnV OF O 2. S A B BUT TUB WBLFABB OF BOMB BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JANUARY 30, 1846. VOL. XIX No. :)5. LS-r7Se AST? BO'S rf MATItlMONY. 1 The man must lead a happy life 2 Who's free Irom matrimonial chains, 3 Who is directed by a wife, 4 la sure to sutTcr for hit pains. 1 Adam could find no solid peace 2 WhcntEve was sivcn for male, 3 Until lie saw a woman's face, J 4 Adam was In a happy slate. 1 In all the female race appear, 2 .Hypocrisy, dtceit and pitde, 3 Truth, darling of a heart sincere, 4 Ne'er known in woman to reside. 1 What tongue is able to unfold 2 The falsehoods that in woman dwell, 3 The woilh in woman wo behold, 4 Is almost impercepli! le. 1 Cursed be the foolili man I say, 2 Who changes from his sinul -ness, 3 Vho will nm yield to woman's away, 4 Is sure of perfect blessedness. . tC3To advocate the ladies' cause, you sill read iu I si inu io, m ana 4111 lines, together. DISEASED IMAGINATION. The power of a diseased imagination over the body, or, as it is scientifically called, hallucination, was never perhaps more Strongly verified than in tho ensoof that dis- totulo young nobleman, and extraordinary genius the ynunger Littleton. The story is Well known to most of our readers. He, ono night, saw in a dream a A-onng lady, who told liim that on a certain Sunday evening, at 10 o clock, he certainly would die ; this lie. re lated to some of his intimate acquaintances, nd invited a number of them lo pass tho ppointed evening with him and witness the falsehood of tho prediction. They did so; the evening came, ho endeavored to make himself merry as the hour approached, but it had fastened oil his imagination with a firmer hold than he was aware of ; just before 10, he complained of being indi?posd, proposed to retire, and died in the act of getting into bed. A clergyman, who then lived near Hagley, told the writer of this, that a Dr. Johnson, of whom Littleton speaks in very high terms in nnc of his letters, as a physi cian in his neighborhood, told him, that had he been sunt for in season, ho could have saved him. The Quarterly Review, of last November, contains tho following striking instance. N. Y. Eve. Post. " One of the most striking instances of tho amazing iufiuenco which 1I10 imagination possesses, not over the feelings merely, but upnn the actual stalo and functions nf the limlile .oree'iiz ition, is rr-lated by professor Huleland ; this case is so interesting, mid we may add, so instructive, that we are templed, notwithstanding its length, to lay it beforo our readers." " A student at Jena, about 1G vears of age, having a weak and irritable nervous frame, but in other respects healthy, left tho apartment dining twilight, and suddenly re turned Willi a pale, dismal countenance, as suring his companion that hu was doomed to din in 3G hours, or at nino o'clock in the morning, of thn second day. This sudden change of a cheerful young mind, naturally alarmed his friend; hut no explanation was given of its cause. Every attempt at ridicul ing this whimsical notion was fruitless , and he persisted in affirming that his death was certain and inevitable, A numerous circln of his fellow-students soon assembled, with a view to dispel those gloomy ideas, and to convince him of his folly, by arguments, sstiro and mirth, lie remained, however, unshaken, inanimalo in their company, and expressing his indignation at the frolics and witticisms applied to Ids peculiar situation. Nevertheless, it was conjectured that a calm repose during the nighl would produce a more favorable change in his fancy ; but sleep was banished, and tho approaching dissolution engrossed his attention during the nocturnal hours. Early next morning ho sent for pro fessor Hufeland, who fuund him employed in making arrangements for his burial ; taking an affectionate leave of his friends ; and on the point of concluding a letter to his father; In which he announced tho fatal catastrophe that was speedily to happen. After exam ining his condition of mind and body, tho professor could discover no remarkablu de viation from his usual stato of health, except ing small contracted pulse, n palo counte nance, dull or drowsy eyes, and cold extrem ities; these symptoms, however, sfliciently indicated a general spasmodic action of thu nervous system, which aNo exerted its influ ence over the mental families. The most serious reasoning nil tlin subject, and all the philosophical and medical eloquence of Dr. Hufeland, had not the desired effect ; mid though tho student' admitted that there might be no ostensible cause of death discoverable, yet this very circumstance was peculiar to bis case; and such was his inexorable desti ny, that ho must die next morning, without any visible morbid symptoms. In lliis'di lemma, Dr. Hufeland proposed lo treat him as a patient. Politeness induced llio latter to accept of such oiler, but hu assured tho physician that medicines would not operate. As no lima was lo bo lost, iliere being only 24 hours left for his lilo, Dr. Hufeland deem ed proper to direct such remedies as prove powerful excitants, in order to rouse tho vital energy of tho pupil, and to relieve him of his captivated fancy. Hence ho prescribed a tran? emetic and purgative ; ordered blis ters to lie applied lo both calves ofiho legs, and at the same limo stimulating clysters lo be administered. Quietly submitting to the doctor's treatment, he observed, that, his body being already half a corpse, all means of recovering it would bo in vain. Indeed Dr. Hufeland was not a litllo surprised, on repeating his visit in tho evening, lo learn that the emetic had but very litllo operated, and that the blisters had not even reddened the skin. Tho caso becomo more serious j and the supposed victim of death began to triumph over tho incredulity of the professor and his friends. Thus circumstanced, Dr. Hufeland perceived how deeply and deflruc lively that mental spasnt.mtist have acted on the body, to produce a degree of insensibili ty from which the worst consequences might bo apprehended. All the inquiries into the origin of this singular belief bad hitherto been unsuccessful. Now only, I10 disclosed tli secret to ono of his inliinato friends, namely, tlmt on the preceding evening ho had met with n wliilo figure in the passago, which nodded to him, and, in tho sanm moment, lie heard a voico exclaiming, "Tho day after to-morrow, at 9 o'clock in the morning, thou shaltdie!" Ho continued lo settlo his do mestic nlT.iirs, made his will, minutely ap pointed his funeral; and oven desired his friends to send for n clergyman, which re quest, however, was counteracted. Night appeared 11 nd he began lo compute the hours lin had to live, till i'u ominous next morning. His anxiety evidently Increased with iho striking of every clock within bearing. Dr. Hufeland was not without apprehension, when he recollected instance in which inert' imagination hnd produced melancholy elleris . but, ai every Hung depended on procras tinating, nr rewriting tlmt hour in which the event was predicted, mill on nppeusing ihu tempest of 11 perturlieil imagination, till rea son had again obtained the. iisceudatii-v, ho resolved upon the following expedient : Hating n 10111m.11j.1111 waiirui, win, H-msru, not to lake the remedies prescribed for him,! 11....: 1 .! . : 1... ...r. 1 (because he seemed conscious of tho superior ngencv of his mind over that of his body,) Dr. Hufeland had resource to laudanum, combined with tho extract of hen-bane; twenty drops of tho former and two grains of tile latter, were given to tho youth, with such effect that ho fell into a profound sleep, from which hu did not nwuko till 11 o'clock on tlin next morning. 1 bus the prognosti cated fatal hour elapsed ; and his friends, waiting to welcome tho bashful patient, who had agreeably disappointed them, turned tho whole affair into ridicule. The first qurstion however, after recovering from this artificial sleep, was "What is tho hour of tho morn ing 1 On being informed that Ins presage had not been verified by experience, lie as sured the company that all 1 huso transactions appeared but a dream. After that time, hu enjoyed a good slato of health, and was completely cured of si morbid imagination, 1 hands, the event would, it is more than prob-1 " Had this youth fallen into less sagacious ablo, have nnsucrcd lo tho prediction ; and the occurrence would have stood as iirefrag ablo evidence of that creed which imagines that the limes havo not long since passed of individual and immediate communication be tween tho world of sense and the world nf spirit. How the fancy originated, it is difi cult lo say ; but it is not less difficult to ex plain die phenomena of dreams. in the Zionomia we met the following well authenticated t ile, which has been verified by Mr. Wadswortb.: " A voung farmer in Warwickshire, find ing his hed!Ps broken, und the slicks car ried away during a frosty season, determin ed In watch for the thief. Hu lay many cold bonis under 11 hay-slack, and at length 1111 old woman, like a witch in a play, ap proached and began In pull up llio hedge ; ho waited till she. had tied her bundle of slick, and was carrying ibem off, that hoj inigiii cunvici ner 01 tuo men, niiu men springing liom his concealment, hu seized his prey with violent threats. After somu. altcrcation, in which her load was left on llio ground, she knelt upon tho biindlo of slicks, mid raising her arms 10 Heaven, be- nealh tho bright moon then at ihe full, spoke to llio farmer, already shivering with the cold, " Heaven grant lti.it thou mayest nev er know again the blessing lo bo warm 1" Ho complained of cold all the next dav, and wore an upper coal, and in a few days. another, and in a fortnight look lo his bvd.Linsn it : von become tired and wearv always saying that nothing mado him warm ;j hu luvereu iiiuisLii who vi.'ry many uiunKcis, ' and had a sieve over his face as he lay ; and from this one insane idea ho kept his bed above twenty years, for fear of llio cold air, till at lengih ho died." "Sauvnges relates 11 similar incident, upon me auinoriiy 01 bacillus Liucitanus, ol a melancholic, who was always complaining of invinciblo cold, till he was subjected by artifice to a quantity of spirits of wino in a slate of combustion ; he was convinced from Ins scnsalions,during this experiment,llial he was capable nf feeling heat, and ihenceforlli his cold left him. Dr. Haygarlh, il will bo in Ihu recollection nf many of our reader', operated very important changes in the bodily functions of several individuals who were, as they supposed, bronchi under tho agency of Pei kin's tractors, in icaliiv re- ly acted upon by pieces ef rotten wood, nr rusty iron ; under ibis supposition, howev er, several chronic maladies, which bail re fused 10 yield lo medicine, were materially piiligaled, und at last leiiipoiaiily cuied." Engine op pestruction. Tlin corres pondent of tho Baltimore Patriot, lately vis ited the Arsenal lo witness snmo experi ments t) hand grenades, the invention of Wm. F. Kelcbeiu, of Buffalo : " The grenades are made of thick cast iron formed in a mould, nod so loaded that when thrown ut any thing, and hit, or even when dropped down upon llio ground, they explode Willi a loud report, and carry de struction nil about llicni. A plaru somo loo feet squaro was planked up fur tho occasion into which ihu grenades wcro thrown, ono at a lime, making lerriblu havoc with thn thick oak plank. In every instance the Grenade exploded tho moment it struk whatever it was lliiown at and when dropped to tho ground a distance often feet, il exploded by Its own weight, The Secretary of War, ono of tho Cap tains nf the navy, the Committee on Milita ry Affairs, and pari of llio Commillno on Naval Affairs, of the Houso of Representa tives, and several oilier members of Con gress, were present, and all seemed to bo very much pleased willi tho experiments. The opinion seemed to bo general that the invention was a valuable one, not only for our war vessels but for merchantmen. One of the latter class of ships, or even a small schooner willi even a dozen men on board, well supplied with thoso lerriblu Grenales, would nuver be boarded by piiatus or nny oilier hostile, people, no mailer how many. A singled Grenade thrown into n boat load ed wiih 'boarders,' would send llio boat and those on board into iwifi destruction !" MORMONS, Tho Mormons, it would seoin from recent advices, aro rapidly approaching the charac ter and position of an organized gang of avowed scoundrels, whoso bond of union is tho power it gives them to carry out their villiny, and with whose association the late must ero long, vigorously and effectually in terfere. Tho Quincy Whig of tho 30th ult. gives the details of an attempt mado by tho Mar shal and a company of riflemen to arrest lirighani Young, ihu present head of the gang, ugiiinl ulimn rui imliclmr.iit had been found. The officer went to Nuuvnii, arrett ed tho nun mid boldly horn him olf, in tho face nf a tremendous Mormon mob, threat- p""1 ill re.-iie. At night, niter reaching C irlli.ige ill safely, it was ascertained tll.it their pii-toner, though he had been palmed off upon them as Young, was quite iiiiolher person ! So ill it thioogh tho villanous cun niiig nf the Mormons, their vigilence and courage had been enliiuly thu.iited. They ill first delermiiieil to re I or 11 and arrest the . f , , , , . Yo,,fr concluded to uwa.t further advice- The Whig savs " A Mormon seceder, now at Carthage, has let out several of die secrcls of tho Holy City. Ho says that Brigham Young lives most of the lime in tho third story of tho Temple tho only access lo which is by a ladder from the outside, whiph ladder is tak en away every night, so that tho lordly Brig ham may en joy his rest, unmolested by con stables or U. S. officers of any descrip tion." Tho Temple has been so far completed that the Mormons say the Lord has accept ed it, and granted tho members their " en dowments," which provo to bo u general license lo do as ihey pleased, especially in casting off their wives and taking others. The wholo community uro rapidly becom niing nothing more than a gang of grace less, lawless, pestilent and punishable scoun drels. They have laid nsido tho sanctity under which they formerly cloaked their !jj,",,j,3r' "I'1"'""' stands naked and alone, The law should scatter and crush them at once. The Warsaw (III.) Signal learns that a Mormon named Miles, lias applied lo the commander of tho Hundcock Guard for pro, lection, while he removes his property from the Holy cily. Il seems Ihat he desires to leave the Saints, but, they having threaten ed vengenco against htm, lie is afraid lo re move his goods without having a guard lo shield Him liom violence, KEEL' QUIET. Wn givo tho following extrart.on this sub ject from one of Dow, Jr's. ecrcntric Sur mons, in llio N. Y. Sunday Mercury : " My hearers what 11 li ipiiy stalo of mind is thai of perfect quietness ! I mean us nearly perfect-as this jostling world will admit. How delicious, when our thoughts iu sweetly reposing, all snuggled together, in ihu bosom's warm nest, like a lot of littl piLs in the slraw, wliilo tho mother is away ! How delightful, when all is peace and qiiiet- ness within when not a breezo of envy, jealousy, anxiely, or fear, disturbs the. smooth surface of llio soul's silvery lako ! the col- den hues of heaven aro exhibited, and con- It'iilinent, like a swan, sits smoothing its feath ers by llio margin ! " My dear friends you nil seek for quiet, land vel ynn don't know how. to obtain it. Yoii'frii-litod it awav in vour eapemess lo running after il ; you grow feverish'and in thirsty in your anxiety to search out well springs of its refreshing waters and frco your self in all manner ol nays, because your porcupine will allow neither peace 1101 com fort to dwell within you. " My hearers tho babo cries for quiet, the soldier fights for it, and you will fret 101 it. Now, what is the use of fretting ? To borrow tho language of anolhcr.this is a world ofupsand downs, of crosses and contradic tions. Every day turns up something to disturb the equanimity of one's temper ; but it is worso than useless to fret. Frelling is like caustic applied lo a sore; il inflames, but nuver cures. A fretful spirit is never happy, ami 11 drives bippiness from all oth er spirits wiih which it conies in cunt tel. I say llieo, if tho woild goes rung, and it does pretty often, don't fiel- If a mm die. its, and then laughs at you, for. 1 verdant one, ui'iko tbo best of it, mid keep cool. If you break your I tt or find your favorite seat al lyceiiin occupied if iho sue upsets, or Jbn cars leave you behind- if the, cook spoils your dinner, or Iho thick headed servant mis-delivers your important mots ige if the 'dear imago of its beautiful lumber,' repays your caresses by thrusting its lingers inloyoiir pi 1I0 of soup, and wiping them on your snow white shirt bosom if banks fail and Stales repudiate keep j our temper. Repeat ihu alphabet, rend thu hundred and niiielcoiilh psilm, do nnd say any thing lovely and of goodreporl, but as you valuo quietness of mind und Iho good temper of others, don't fret. Il is marvelous how much good nature and patience will do towards curing tho ills to which flesh and spirits aro heirs." The Assistant Editor. It chanced during 1 1 mi late summer, that n country ed itor fell ill of a fever. Tho fact was an nounced to his readers, along willi llio no tice lo tho tfiecl, that during hi) indisposi tion the editorial management would bo con fined to an assistant. Well, it turned out that tho assistant contrived (o pleaso tho readers of the Journal bdller than llio chief himself, and they demanded his name. The convalacent editor informed them it would bo impossible for him lo divulge tho name of his uid-ue-camp, out mat no would in llio next number of Iho " Squalter's Thunder bolt and Selllcr's family Guido," present hii.pilrons willi a correct portraitoif iho as sistant. Expectation balanced itself on tip toe for a weekend when the anxiously look ed for Guido appearod at last, lo I and bo hold I at the head of Iho editorial column appearod a full length engraving of a port Iv pair of scissors 1 Underneath wcro print ed in staring capitals "Korrect portrait of the 'Sislant Editor-from life." ABOUT A WILD BOSTON BOY. Tho old people ii snd about Boston, as well as many In tbo cou'itry, know something about " Been Itussoll," the) well known editor, who spent a longer hie in tho wearing toils of thai calling than most editors do, and who died in Huston during Hie pest year at a very advanced ago. Binjamin Russell was a Boston boy, just about tho time that the Revolutionary war broke out. about 1!) years of age. He went to school to the celebrated Master Carter. When tho battlo nf Lexington occurred, Master Car tor said " Hoys, war has began, nnd the schhool is broken up." Thows .gavp throo cheers, nnd ofl'll-.oy startcc b'iCT''Tight ; crossing over to Cambridge, and as Boston was strictly guarded and bcseigcd, they could not return.-- Tiio American soldiers give them quarters in llio college, and there they roni'iincd till Ihe I71I1 of June. ' "On the morning of lint 1l.1v," says Mr. Biy- het, cautions weru hoard 111 the direction of l!"to,, and Cliarlostowu. Siiinething was ex pected, and tho Boys anxious to see the fight, rundown the Cliarlestown road, and placed themselves secure from the musketry, but ex po'edtnthe cannon ball from the ships, and il was a pigh. never to bo forgotten. At twelve the harirci bngan to move from tbo head of Lonj; Wharf over Iho waters, filled with soldier?, who;o burnished arms gleamed bright in Iho sutibpams, wliilo their rich sear. let dresses uazzicu tiis eyo 01 every neinuuer. Bating the sad reuectinn that men of the same lineage, and language, subjects ni me same king, and readers of the same Bible, were about lo Slaughter eac.H other, tho spec tacle was not onlv animating and delightful, but grand imposing and s ihliinc. In three Injurs the b.ittie Had assumeil the most terrific aspect. Tw-ii-p repulsed the Brit- il. "i ne lull was run- ilinir with blood. Tlin peals nf cannon from Ihe ships of war and from tho uarltcries on the land, were reverberating over the waters and through Ihe hills. The houses in Boston and through the surrounding country were shaken with the concussion. Un Ihe lull-tops and I lie hnuse.topp, thousands .nd thousands were viewing this trial of arms with swelling hearts and burning eyes. Shoata burst forth from the men the women trembled and pressed their inf.ints to their bosoms. The roar of the can non, a town in (limes--dead bodies wounnded men blood havoc shouts and ijroan? form ed an assemblage of sounds and sights terrible even in countries inured to all the dread vicis situdes of war, but fraual ' with double horrors in a country in which, unlil within a lew wceli, the gleam of a hostile musket had never been seen. The graphic peu nf Gen. Burgoyno has left tbo picture. The slake was an empire; the actors on one side might be rebel, or they misht bo heroes ; thoy might be disgraced with the halter, or honored with the monu. uient. It was on the cvonfui day, that Benjamin Ruscl, at the ago of 13gainod a knowledge of 3"mo Diinj;, never t.mj .J;.'.S)1 rrj.im.' Smeral of the boys he says, crossed and re crnsscd the neck during Iho battle, Ihat same nect over which an American officer told (Jen. Put in in, no one could inss and live. Gen. I'ut-M nam, who was a "roil favorite with the boys, in Ins eccentric, movements on Ins "long tailed Connecticut horse, often came near u?, savs M.j r Rusi-oll, "an I then we cheered him with an huzii for Did I'ul, a name which loiiow. cd him through Iho wholo course of his service. After tho battle the boys returned to the col. cues. Hitherto they had been living at free

quarters, but New Engenders are very upt to require a qwil pro quo. A srnrino was soon aj vised to make these boys useful. They bad been well taught, they wore good reailerf, good writers, and had some knowledge of Arithmetic. They were attached lo some ol iho companies as elnrlti. "It fell to my lot," nays Mai. Km sel, "to become Ihe clerk of tlia company of Connecticut troops commanded by Captain rut nam. a nenhow of the General. We were sta tioned with other troops, on prospect Hill, where the General was in command. I did duty as a clerk until the ensuing August. One day as I was returning from the commissaries depot, with tho weekly provisions of the forppauy, having four men wl h me, and ril.'ffiiTJ lather and un clo, who had just escaped from Boston. My father had not seen or heard ol me since the 10:h of April. He was o rejoiced to see me, that he was about to shake me for not writing to him. One of the soldiers took fire. "Don't shako that boy, sir," said he, "he is our clerk." An cxulaiiaiion took place, the father and son repaired to Gen. Putnam's tent. At the inter cession of his father. Gen. Putnam released him and gave him an honorable dischargo from his first service as a revolutionary soldier. On the next day his father took him to Worcester, and bound him an apprentice to Isaiah Thomas, the celebrated printer, book seller, editor and pub. hshcr. Master Carter's school bad betn broken up. His career in arms had been arrested by his father, and M.ijor Russell nnwemered a school 111 uhu'h a iiiind like his could not fail to profit. Hit was in ihat school where the highest princi ples of liberty weie taught Ihe printing offico of l-aiah Thomas, in Worcester. This explains Ihe wiy in which Mr Rusfcl became a printer, and afterwards an editor ; and ' very few men havo been as niccesslul or en- J iyeii anoMcumvo an innnroce as tie. ve nave an rcai-on 10 ue graietui mat we uo not uvo 111 such troublesome times, where even young boys wro epuated Irom their pirenls by the lux ards of man Christian Watchman. John Wintiirop, Firtsr GoVERNon of Massachusetts. " Once," says Mather, " it was observable, ihat when he bad dis tributed the last handful of meal in llio liar j ru ,,nto a poor nun distressed by th wolf al llio uoor, ill mat iiisiuui uiuy sjneu a snip armed ut iho harbour's mouth, laden with provisions fur ibem all. Yea, the Govern or soir.eiimt-s mado his own priv.ito purse to bn pulilkk ; not by sucking into it, but by snueezinir out of it ; fur when the pub lic treasure had nothing in il, ho did himself defray llio charges of the public. And hav ing learned that lesson of our Lord, ihat il is belter to give than to receive, lin did, at llio General Court, when ho was a third lime chosen Governor, mako a speech unto this purpose That ho had tecslveii-gratuitous from divers lowns, which ho accepted with much coniforl and content, and he had liku- wiso rutuiveu civillliea irum particular per sons, which bo could not refuso without in' civility in himself; nevertheless, he took I he id with a trembling heart, in regard of uoii s word, and conscious of lus own lulir mines ; and Iherefuru ho desired them that they would not hereafter take it ill if ho re fusod such presents for the time lo come. It was Ins custom, also, to send some of Ins family upon errands, unto iho houses of the poor, about their meal limo, on purpose lo spy ii bother they wanted ; and if it were fuund Ihey wanted, ho would make Ihat ihe opportunity of sending supplies unto them, And thero was ono passago of his charily! that was perhaps a littles unusual : in a hard and very long winter, when wood was very scarce at Boston, a man gave him private in formation that a needy person in llio neigh borhood stole wood from his pilo ; where upon the Governor, in seeming anger, did reply Does he so 1 I'll lako a course with him; so call tho man to me. I'll war rant you I'll euro him ol stealing.' When the man came, the Governor considering that if he had stolen, it was moro out of ne cessity than disposition, said unto him, ' Triend, it is a Ytyveri! winter, and I doubt no oti aro but meanly provided for wood ; wherefore I would havo you supply your self at my wood-pile till this season be over.' And ho then merrily nsked his friends whether ho had not effectually cured this man of stoaling his wood." Delirium. " Never was drunk but onco in my life," said a chap once in my hearing, 'and I never mean to bo again. Tho street seemed lo bo very sleep and I lifted my feet nl. every step as if I was gelling up stairs. Several cart-wheels were making revolutions in my brains, and al ono limo I fancied my head was a large carving and turning cstab lisbmcnl, the lathes of which I was keeping in motion with my own feet. 1 couldn't conceive what was iho reason tho town had turned into such an enormous hill ; nnd what nndo il worse was, that it seemed all the lime In be growing higher nnd threatened to pitch over on me. Stop, stop, siid F, and I'll head this bill yet, or nt least it shan't head mo. I turned round lo go down mid get at Iho bottom; tell me! if Ihe lown didn't turn right round with me heading mo all Ihe lime, nnd presenting Iho high bluff in front of me Well suro enough, tho ground flew un and struck me on Iho forehead ; and us soon ns tho stars cleared away, I commenced climb ing with my hands and knees. Thn next thing I saw was a big brick house coming full split round the corner.and I believe it run r'ghl over mo, for I don't remember any more. Picayune. RETIREMENT, Thoso who aro always surrounded bv crowd whose waking moments are constantly employed enjoy much less of life, and live loss years than me men ol retirement persons who arc in humble life. If the poor and retired have but a few of tbo luxuries of life, Ihey receive their blessings with a keener relish nnd really enjoy ihe days as they pass. There is a meaning in the remark of Ciiwper "God made the country man mado the town"- and diet ulonx can appreciate' the fdea, whoh'ave retired from the turmoil of business to spend Ihe evening of their days upon some green and shady spot. We hive always looked upon iho owner of a little farm as one of the happiest of men. His wants are few and easily satisfied. Ho hears.not the thousand reports of wrong and outrage Ihat sicken the heart, and it is well. When man cannot alloviato sorrow, it is useless to pain his heart with a laic of distress. It is a fondly cherished thought of ours, atsomc fu ture day, to bo ablo to live beside the green hills and pleasant wuods. With the poet we often repeat : " Dear soliiary groves, where peace forevcrdvvell I Sweet h irlors of pure love and innoceiKCl How willingly could I forever Slav Hcncalh the shade of your embracing greens, l.isl'ning in the harmony of ihu warbling birds, Tunep with the uculle murmur of the slieams Upon whose banl.s in various livery, Tne fragrant ofiVpriii!! of Iho early year, Their heads like j raceltil swans, bent proudly down, See their 011 beauties in Iho chrisial flood. " Such thoughts dwell in our bosom, and wo are lircd of llio noise and bustle of the crouded mart. There is not a day passes, when some thing does not ariso lo vex I lie soul, pain the heart, or perplex Iho mind. The uncertainty of business, me disappelnted hopes, the misfortune of creditors, and a thousand other things aro continually crouding into tho bosom to destroy peace and disturb repose. Fur us. then, rctf- reu, nappy lite : 'O happiness of sweet, retired content ! To Le at once securo and innocent." A Lawvers Wio. A lale English lawyer roceiving a client who was intimate with him, in his library, the gentleman expressed his surprise al the number of wigs that were hanging up. ' Yes, thero nre several, replied the law yer, 1 Ihat pointing to u scratch, 1 is my common business wig ; that, my chancery wig, that my House of Lords wig, and that my Court wig,' ' And pray, sir, where is your honest man s wig ( Oh 1 ' replied tho lawyer, that's not professional.' Influence. Every person has more nr less influence. Thu greater tho talent, the larger thu wealth, Iho higher thu office, the wider will be l.he influence. Remember Ibis, und so live, that your good deeds and daily example may lead lo truth and viitur. Positive and Comparatuv:. Joe Miller, the younger, shows his grammatical knowl edge in tho following specimens .- 1. An at tempt lo poienn yourself is a rash act, but a shcu of Iried h icon is a rasher. 'J. A chowry day is damp, but the refusal of a young lady to marry you is a damper. 3. A soveroign short in weight is light, but a boal for tha convey, anco of goods is a lighter, 4. What you attach lo a window is a blind, but a flisli of lightning in your eyes is a blin ler. 5. I'rince Albert is a lineman, but ono who refines metr.ls is a nrr. 0. A stifT 'ady is prim, but a child's spelling bonk; is a prxmtr. 7. A cracked head is a sanr affair, but a sky lark is a soirer. 6. A negro is black, but ono w ho cleans boots is a blacker. 0. A soldier is bold but a detached mess of rock is a bau)lder. Hr-ianriior LAZiNiss.The follo-vlng Ik the mode of felling trees in Turkey : First the bark is cut around the Irco for the space of two or ihree feet, and Iho trunk is wounded with a knife, Ihe turpentine bleeds from these cuttings for a while, when they set fire to it, and it burns abnut'tfie depth of one inch. The Ireo is again chipped and fired unlil tho wind blows it over. This operation lakes several years. After the Irec is down, the slow habds of thu people are seen in the manner of disposing nf the woud. They take Iho small branches ofT for firewood, and when nothing is left but the trunk, Ihey groove it in such a manner as in hasten its rot ting, nnd in this stain a tree lies (sometimes across a path, which is In consequence turned for a year or two,) until falling to pieces, it is carried sway for firewood. THE ,FARM. SHEEP HUSBANDRY. L. Tucker, Esq. ( havo noticed many articles in your paper, headed " Heavy Fleeces and Fine Sheep." As I have been a wool grower for llio last thirty years, and havo seldom if t-er, in ihat limo win tered less than three Lundjred, il serins not iinntvlper for me also, for onco to sneak on this subject. 1 commenced early with half Plood merinos ; und in IS21, I selected twenty ewes from a lot of full blooded meri nos, in Walerlown Cl. About 1814, out late Chief Justice, H. Skinner, purchased a lot of full blooded merinos, from his native country Litchfield, Ct., then called the Hum phrey sheep. In 1824, he purchased a Sax ony buck. Tho scab got into his flock, and in his absence to tho Southern Slates, by neglect of good care, a largo number of his flock of five hundred, died and fortunately ,1 some would say, his Saxony buck among tho number. On his return in 1827. I pur chased his entire flock of ewes, about one hundred and fifty. I have bred from the full blooded marino since then, and mostly from bucks Irum Consul Jarvins' flock. I have had three bucks and a few ewes out of llio Shaker flock, Enfield, N.H. iMy manner of improving my flock lias been Iho lulluwing No observing wool-grower can have fail- ed to notico thai as great differences exist I among sheep as to llio lengih, thickness, and fineness of wool, us of llio hair of llio cow The first caro of a good dairy-nut) is lo se lect his cows best for milk, quality, and quantity. Breed is a second object. By proper crossing of these selections, our best breeds of calllo are produced. I havo had ewes apparently out of the original stock, and at three years old, producing but three pounds of wool, and a miserable, lamb ; anoth er of the same age, and in the samo order, shearing fivo and a quarter pounds, and raising a good lamb. The fleece of tho first will be short, thin, and of a rotten dandly appearance. The other long, (hick, and of fine, silky, lively appearance. This last I breed from, ns long as good keeping will enable me lo do. 1 havo now nu ewe 18 years old, with a likely lamb by her side, and another 14 years old that has raised a lamb, this car, with as much grain ns both would cat, which at 7 months old, weighed ono hundred and nine pounds. From n flock ofllira bund,-.-.'! and ',wei:i,,l select an nually, one hundred for breeding, in the spring, before sheering, two years old, and upwards. From this selection, I mark twenty or thirty of thoso that havo thick, long fine wool, free from gum or jar, or any appear anco of coarse wool, or hair on iho flank or tail, Thu female part of tho increase of tho selection, are preserved ; witiiout this attention lo marking the best ewes before shearing, the best of the flock will be dis posed of after shearing. I givo my ono hun dred ewes six quarts of corn per day. My. lambs seldom have nny grain. Tho remain der of the flock havo no grain. All are housed in llio winter, and have ac cess to good water and sail, at all times. I have many owes which, from old ago, shear light fleeces. Yet my wholo flock of over three hundred, yield four pound four ounces per head. I havo no ten lo thirteen pound fleeces. My heaviest buck fleeces weighed tight and a half pounds. Thero is but little known as to tbo weight of wool from the fleece. I tried the exper iment onco upnn two bucks. Ono weighed over eight pounds and llio other 1G 1-4 lbs., both in tho same order und washed alike. The largest' fleece weighed,afierbetng cleans ed, 3 1 2 pounds and llio oilier four pounds. I do nol believe a fino wooled sheep can be produced in Vermont ihat will in one year yield six pounds of well cleansed wool. 1 hopo your correspondents will send you the amount ol tho flueces well cleansed, and the price their wool now brings this year. I sold my last years clip the 8lh of last March, and this years clip last month. Tho aver age price of both clips is 39 1-2 cents. Dur ing Ihe last seven vears it is ns follows: My clip of 1842 and '43 sold in 1833. at 34, 3G, and 40 conls. I fear not iho West. Tho increase of sheep, (fine sheep,) does not keep paco with iho increase of population. Fine wool yields a batter profit to thu farmer even al this lime, than any other agricultural business. This is the fust time I have spoken. Therefore excuso my long jam. John S. Pettuionc Manchester, Vt. Albany Cultivator. MIXED FOOD FOR STOCK. Wherever tho science of feeding is cor rectly understood, a mixture of food is given 10 domestic animals. Thero is thrift, healih, and comfort to this practice, nnd economy, and general advantage lo tbo owner. Good hay is undoubtedly ono of llio best and most economical kinds of food in ibis country, as 11 contains the different elements of nutrition in nearly ihe proportions tequired ; and when land is cheap, and labor comparatively dear, and especially where iho sod is adapted lo il, grass is, perhaps, the most economical food for general uso. Do I (hero are many exceptions lo this rule. Working horses and oxen require something in addition to hay something containing more nourishment In a smaller compass, and admitting of morn rapid digestion. When this is Ihe case, the most economical food consists of cut hay, slraw or chad', nnd meal or roots cut and mixed with the hay or straw; and ibis is given much mgre economically, when wet up fur a day or two beforehand, and allowed partially to ferment. Slraw and grain, especially if the latter bo ground, and entirely adequate to answer all the require ments of working animals. Grain alone ia not sufficient for Ibis. It is too much con. densed, and other coarser food is rcqoi.ite to distend (he stomach, and preserve lis heal thy action. Straw is found lo answer an ex cellont purpose for this obiocl, and ll, moro .i- ., . r . . 1 over, tuuiains me pnospuates in largo pm - portions, which aro essential lo supply tho osseous materials fcr llio wasting of llio bones. There is great saving in iho culling ol llirr bay nnd straw, in two wnjs. The animals do not waste il by dragging it out of their mangers and trampling it under their feci, and limo and labor are saved ihem in masti cating it. They obtain their supply of food readily, and then lie down to digest it. Fer mentation, also, develops Ihe nun itive mailer, und leaves much less work fur the stomach lo pel form, nnd tins, by saving muscular ex ertion, leaves moro strength with tho animal to be expended on his ordinary work. The samo principle holds with milk cows, sheep, swine, and even poultry. If tho food bo given to Ibeni in a form more easily adapted to assimilation in iho animal system, the gieater produce of milk, wool, flesh, &c, they can yield from tho samo quantity. Culling, bruising, grinding, fermenting, and cooking the food, all lend much lo fil il for easy and rapid digestion, and whenever it can be thus prepared, without loo much expenditure of labor, il should be dune. By adopting a mixed food, much of ihtr coarser products of Ihe farm can be woiked up, which are now suffered lo be added to Iho manure heap. Indeed, scarcely any of the vegetablo productions of thu farm, need be suffered to run lo waste, till they have first contributed all (he nutriment they "contain, to tho support of animal life. It is Irnc by mixing them with manure, ihey afford whatever valuu they have lo the next crop, when incorporated uilh the soil. ut "hat can be more absurd, than again lo undergo the labor of raiding for Iho use of tbo stock, nhat ou have already secured ? Straw and hay aro frequently useful lor le taining the valuable portions of the manure, which, from the defective system nfsaving it, would otherwise ye wasted ; nnd when this is tho case, they are valuable for enriching the soil far beyond the materials they pos sess in themselves for this purpose. But this waste need not occur, even witiiout the uso of Iheso valuable materials. Tho loss which is now sustained from iho leaky floors of stables, may bo avoided by making them tight and using conductors, which will lead the liquid manure into reservoirs, which may either consist of lurf, peat or earth, which will nbsoib and retain il ; or tanks where the manure may be mixed with ashes, plaster, or peal, where it will ferment for future use. The comfort of the calllo may be equally secured as with straw beds, by so arranging the floors as to havo them at all times per fectly dry and the shelter mado sufficiently warm. If llio above arrangement are all carefully carried out, and roots and grain are provided in sufficient quantity lo make up the requi site nutriment essential to the stock, in a properly condensed form, and easy of diges tion, large quantities of animal products from the farm, may bo greatly augmented, much to the profit and satisfaction of the farmer, Amcr. Agriculturist. Take c.nr. that vour stock is not n.vi'osF.i). Llebeg, tho celebrated German chemist, asserts that "our clothing is lo be considered in Ihe light nl an ciiuivaleni for a certain amount of food." In all situations where tliu body is kept waim and comfor table by llio protection of suitable garments, tho demand for food, in order to sustain tho natural functions of tho system, will be less than the protection is scanty, or but ill-adapted In subserve the purpose for which il is designed. Now tills observation applies with no less lorcu to the management ol domestic animals than to tho management of our selves nnd children, A cow forced to stand exposed lo the weather in inclement seasons, to reposo on the cold giound, or in barn or hovel wheio the piercing night blasts havo fieo access, necessarily requires a larger amount of food than ono caiufully sheltered and provided wiih a comfurnialable stall and bed. Tbo difference in Ihe amount of food consumed by animals treated in ihe different syles above indicaled, by actual and repeal ed cxpannienls, is found lo bo from twenty five to ono hundred per rent. In favor of iho latter I But this is not all, exposure Inrpi fies and emasculates the system, paralixes the functions of Iho stomach, and opens a door for ihe introduction of many a fearful disease. An animal habitually exposed lo cold, -usually fills away. If a cow, "she shrinks her milk ; " if an ox, ho will expe rience n loss of vivacity, und bucomo stupid and inurt, nnd but feebly prepared to an swer tho loo often exorbitant drafts made upon his muscular powers under the joke, Curious. The Buffalo Medical Journal says, that Dr. Beech of Gaines, N. Y., as requested to examine the body of a cow that had died suddenly, without any appa rent disease, except being distressed for breath for a short limo before she died. In taking out tho heart his finger was pricked with what proved 10 be ihe point of a large darning needle, that had entered llio right ventricle just below the centre, had passed directly I li rough, and was fixed across rho left venlriclo through iho middle, uith Ihe point sticking out on (lie left side a quarter of an inch. Dr. Beech supposed thai ihe cow swallowed the needle al least two years before, and that it h id been f r 11 long time in the substance of llio heart. Yankee Rovers. At iho New England dinner ut Washington, on the 2d ult,, Judge Woodbury sajd : " At this moment an emigrant from the shores of tho Winuipiieogeu Lake in New 1 1 jm nubile, holds a hipli rank in the navv !.. O.id A nnlliup fYnni ilia can, a .lain U ,U9I'I ....V.,..., ' ,..w B.....V .i.ti,, has manufactured canon for the Sulimc Porto in thu dock-yards and tirmories of Constan tinop'o ; and within n month I parted with one of her hardy and intelligent mechanics, on his way lo Mexico, where he and his fa mily havo built cotton manufactories, moro thaa 500 miles west of llio capital of Mon tezuma ; on rivers that fall into ihe Pacific. Ask, likewise, who established ihe great stage lines in that kingdom, and you will find il was another emigrant fioni thy nionn- luini nf llio Granite Slate, und llin rarrisoei - which now run over the ground where Cor- '. u...i .. i...;i. ;.i iie 1na11.1n.-u iu iviui,j vug uum unori un Mho banks of the Merrimtck or Ihe Hudson," 1