Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 20, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 20, 1846 Page 1
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Me 4 to "ril NOT 7 IX B GLORY OP 0Z3SAR OUT T Il'c WULPAEB OP no BY II. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, IS4G. I'OUGIVE AND FOIICET. f the actiioh or " ritovEnciAL piiilosopiiv." Wiif- streams nfunkindncss as bitter as gall, HnliMe up from tho heart Ui the lonrrun, And Meekness i, writhin; in torment and thrall, My Iho hands of ingratitude wrung In the heat of injustice, unwept and unlair, Whi'e the anguish is festering; ul, None, none but an anel of God caii dcclaro " 1 now can forgive and forget." Put, if ihe bad sfiiit is cKiscd from the hesrt, And Ihe lips ore in penitence steeped, With the wrong so repented the wrath will depart, Though scorn on injustioo were heaped J For the best compensation is paid fur all ill, When the cheek with contrition is wet, And every one feds it is possible still, At once to forgive and forget. To forget 7 It Is haul for a man with a mind, However his heart may forgive, To blot out all p-rils and dangers behind. And but for the future to live ; Then how shall it bo 7 for at every turn Recollection tho spirit will fret, And the ashes of Injury smoulder and burn, Though we strive to forgive and forget. Oh, barken ! my tongue "-hall the riddle unseal, And mind shall bo partner with heart, While thee to thyself I bid conscience reveal, And Bhow theo how evil Ihou art ; Remember thy follies, thy sins nnd thy crimes, How vast is that infinite debt 1 Yet meicy hath seven by seventy times Been swift to forgive and forget. Drood not on insults or injuries oU, I'or thou art injurious too Co.int not Ihe sum till the total is told, For ihou art unkind and untrue : And if all Ihy harms are forgotten forgiven, Ntw mercy with justice is met, Oh, who would not Kladly take lessons of Heaven, is'or learn to fjrgive and forget 1 Yes, yes, let a man when hi enemy weeps. He quick to receive him a friend t For thus on his head in kindness he heaps Hoi coals to retine and amend ; And hearts that are Christian miro eagerly yearn, , As a nurse on her innocent pet, Over hps that unee hitter lo penitence turn, And whisper Forgive and forget. WATERLOO. It is not without hesitation that I add to a i pcased, and their want of confiJence in the page of history already so i.ik-spaltured as officers strengthened. In the course of the that which records tho cuiiipiign of Water-j morning, Ncy, who hud been summoned by loo ; but having fiitind the English accounts . telogriph, arrived ut head qunrters, and the egolistically incorrect, I have decided to give Emperor, afier acquainting him with tho con a succinct sketch of this great snuggle, pre- ( duct of his protege, ordered him to take two pared fro.n indisputable authority, and con-1 divisions and drive tho British forces back taining some facts not generally know n, ob-I upon Brussels. Forming a staff upon the tained from original documents Ironi the arch-'spot, of officers who wero unknown to him, ives of Franco. i h-j loft for the Q itro Bras, where ha assured Njpoloon left Pari" 12th of June i 1815. and on Did l-lili arrived ai ili tV.m. I tier, where his army had been gradually as sembling, witlt such secrecy that thu enemy had not received tho least intimation of their approach. It amounted to one bundled and fifteen thousand fivo hundred men, with three hundred and ten piecos of artillery ; not as Scott declares, "trained and experien ced soldiers," for most of the veterans had been left in Russia ; but a heterogeneous mass, comprising a large number of invalids and conscripts. In the Imperial Guard alone, which numbered 18,5J0, there wcro upwarus ui i,uuu, who nuu nui ueon uiree .um"imjj a mortal enemy, and they wero months in tho ranks, or even witnessed an , seen fighting hand to hind, in houses which engagement. Immediately after the Enipe-, were, in 11 imes, for the French gave no quar rur's arrival, ho reviewed tho arniv. and is- tor. Officer after officer was sent in Nnv. sued a proclamation, reminding them that iljanl) si last the Emperor, seeing that ho was was tho anniversary of the battle of Marcn-, losing an opportunity of destrovinc tho Prus- go and Friedland, victories which twico do- I.!... I . C I? (.11 ,, -.1 I... VIUUU UIO IftlU Ul lUIUIIU. & SttlUJ IIU "us after Australilz and Wagratn, we were too generous, and confided in tho protesta tions and oaths of princes whom wo left on their thrones, and who now have joined to overthrow tho liberties of Franco. Wo are now on the march to overthrow them, and for all Frenchmen who have hearts, tho mo ment has arrived to conquer or to perish." The soldiors responded with shuuls uf ap probation, but their officers did not appoar , victory which the French had gained Blu to partako of their enthusiasm. Fatigued chcr niinowly escaped with his lifo.tlio Prus- wiiii ionB caiiipaigni.uicy uau uccomo piess- vu win, mi iicnuiui i vigu ui mo restoration, and had lost the greater pait of the resolution 1 and audacity winch had contributed so large ly to tho successes of tho Republic and the Empire. Besides, Louis 18ih, during the week previous lo his departure, had distrib uted among thorn upwards ot two thousand decorations of the orders of Si. Louis arid gagement until tho anivalofhis reserve, un tho Legion of Honor, which Napoleon re- 'der d'Erlon, and timo was thus given to thn called, thereby making many enemies. In English to advance and fortify their position fact he had contemplated dismissing all his by cutting loop holes in the walls of tho old chiefs, to ropose rn llioir laurels, and houses. In the afternoon tin received n mn. pplying their places with younger and moro -ilari i? men ; but unfortunately concluded to wait until after tho present campaign. The allied troops, at this time in Belgium, formed two distinct armies, commanded by Wellington and Blucher. Tho first was composed ofono hundred and two thousand five hundred ment not counting eight regi ments recently returned from America, at Ostend, and five others in different garrisons. The Prussians numbered one hundred and thirty-five thousand mno hundred men, ma king a total of two hundred and thirty-five lliuuvanu .....w t.ut.u.ou iiicii. t iiu nuau I1VU urucr lllul Causeu l( 10 WIIUCl aUOUt, IIS uuciiipung iu tiiiti uiu aijumu. inuiui- quarters of tho iwo allied generals wero 'above mentioned, and return lo Qatre Bras, ' ""g0 was dreadful, yet it would have been about forty-two miles apart and that of! where it arrived lalo in thu evening. Thus ' greater had not tho ground beon soaked wilh Blucher was nol as far from the French 120,000 men and 40 cannon were marching I rain, which prevented tho shot from ricoche ye'l Napoleon had assembled this immonse I about between the two winus : wheroas. had I ting, as it would have done, had it been dry K. , i-. i.!- ...1 . .. ... ..... h. 1 1 . . i i i mi i. t, in e .i.. jorce, leu ni iih"ui iu aume ino command nd it was well authenticated that the eneiuv were perfectly ignorant of his approach a secrecy without a parallel in military history. It remained for him to decide whether ho would attack them separately or unitedly ; iho disnaritude of his force led him lo choose tha former, and tho question then arose, of; which lie should attack first I Blucher had went over to Iho enemy. lion, while tho French reserves wcro not yot always retained the military lessons which Noy received orders duiiii" llio nighl to j brought forward. One-ihird of his urmy he learned whon a lieutenant of hussars ac- attack tho enemy at davli-hl on iho lGlh, wer0 disabled, and it required llio utmost ex tive, decided and energetic, if he was not and afler sending off Grouchy, to keep (ho erlions oftho officers to prevent tho ronnin allacked first, ho would hasten lo the aid of j Prussians in check. Nauoleon hastened wilh der from jielding lo despair, for it was dis- Wellington, even though hi had hut two reeimonls undor hu command. 1 hu Eng. lish general, on the contrary, was cool and muiIous nor would he budge an inch with. out all his force woro united in order, no matter how h ally might bo situated. It was. therefore, advisable lo attack Blucher rstand. as il would require at least two day's for the Prussian army lo unite, the EmpeVor hoped, with the aid of his cavalry, under Marshal Grouchy, to fall upon them in llioir encampments, and destroy tho dif ferent divisions individually, after which lio would march upon Wellington. Tho goner ul plan thus decided upon, it was communi cated to tho French officers, and tho army wis ordered to march tho next morning. The division of tho French army nuiresl tho forces of Dluchcr, was commanded by 'oner.il Bourmont, who had been an officer of tho Royalists, during tho civil war in France, afterwards entered the Imperial ser vice, and so distinguished himself as to gain his present rank, lie was never n favorite nf Napoleon's who, learning on Ills return from Elba, tho zeal he had manifested in thn Royalist cause, during hU absopec, lefused U reccivo him,md as only induced to do so by the earnest solicitations of Ncy and Gor ard. On tho morning' of tho fifteenth, his division was on the march ut daylight ho preceding it under pretence of reconnohcr- ing the ground, accompanied by three staff olhcers and two ntd-de-camps six light horsemen and their corporal serving ns es cort. After tiding in advance for two or three miles, he sent back two of his escort, with orders to one of his colonels, and, as soon as they wcro out of sight, ordered the other five to return also put spurs to Ins horse und galloped on, followed by tho fivo officers. Tho astonished corporal' followed at a distance, and saw thu party arrive at the onomy's outposts. They were immediately conducted to Bluchci, who was thus in full possession of Napoleon's plans, which he lost no lime in communicating to Wellington who was in such ignorance of the movements of the French, that he sont on the same day a despatch to tho Emperor Alexander, dis cussing a plan fur the invasion of France. Wellington received Blucher's message at a ball, given by the Duchess of Richmond, at Brussels, while conversing in tho recess of a window with tho Duke of Brunswick, and turned deadly pale. His companion, (who was shot tho next day) rose suddenly with a start, letting fill upon the floor a child who was plajing on his knees the Prince de Ligne, now Belgian Ambassador at Paris. The anger of the tr.iops, on learning this infamous ireuchcrv. was with diflicuhv an. the Emperor ho should bo before night, but upon encountering tile unlisli before rras- nes, hesitated, then routed them, and instead of pushing on, camped there. vJn the nmning of tho sixteenth, Iho Em peror learned that Bluchcr, apprised of his plans, had assembled a portion of his forces and advanced to meet him. Ho immediate ly sunt to Ne.v an order commanding him to detach one of his divisions to fall upon llio enemy's flank while ho attacked them in front, forcing them from the village of Ligny TIlO battle Was OHO of thn mntl llnmiinarv ever known ; ea,ch soldier nnpoarod to be 'fans, gave orders for his reserve guard to nrlv.iti,-.. iuliti.lt l,o ..I. ..,.. ! !!.....!.. advance which lie almost immediately countoimanded. Two hours wero passed in reconnoitering n large corps which had been seen coming a different direction from that which tho expected reinforcement had been ordered to take, anl it was rumored that they weio English, when thoy suddenly wnceieu uuout anu returned. i lie imperial guard which had linen kept reserve. Ihcn advanced to complete the sians were routed, and had Ney sent tho re miorcemenl ordered to cut olf their retreat they would have been utterly annihilated. In the moan time, Ney, with tho other wing of tho army had arrived at Quatre Bras, but from soiuo cause never ascertained, remain ed perfectly inactive until aroused by the i cannon at Lienv. Ha then il,.rli.,,I n n sago from d'Erlon, who informed him, that, having learned thai the Emperor had sent for him, hu had changed his lino of march for tiigny. Not having received tho Emperor's orders, Nov at once despatched an aid to summon d'Erlon 10 reluin to him, and com-1 Divisions of infantry rushed up the slope, to menced tho engagement, which continued engaEB in a destruclivu fusillade, or chargo until night, he having thu advantago.but re-1 lllB bayonet, nnd no sooner had the fraininj from making a decisive chargo 1111- Urilish infantry deployed inlo line to receivo til tho arrival of his reserve. Now it was' ihem, than the word "Kc-forin square pre this battalion that liavins lost its wav. had I Paro 1 receivo cavalry," warned them of the been mistaken bv Nann!nn fur ib Bi,mv. 1 and it was the receipt of Nev's miners - . tney co-operated wilh rvapoloon, they would havo enabled him to annihilate tho Prussiuns had they beon wilh Ney, he could have ilriunn IiipL. ,l. II. 1. 1.1. I..r .l. -..-I uwvrt ,uo uiiiisii, uciurc iiiu arrival of their roinfurcement. Tho blamo is to bo attributed lo Marshal Soult. ' lory despatches were intrusted to nnrsons notoriously incompetent : fndeed one of them his guard lo Quatre Bras, where ho arrived aboul eleven o'clock, and found In Ids ns tonishinent (hat nothing had been done ; Nev ondeavorad the pretence thai he (liouhl all (ho British , forco had arrvived, and feared risking a gon - Ural engagement. The Emperor at 'once , DUi the troooi in mminn. .ml it wu. f,.n,l that tha enemy were in full relreat upon their reinforcements, who had Idkcn postin front of tho forest of Soigny J several skir mishes took placo,and when the French ur rived at tho forest, it was too lato to under take tin engagement, particularly us the ground was so soaked by heavy rains that the men wore up to their uncles in mud, tho cavalry could not manoeuvre, und the artille ry would be useless. So tho men encamp ed, having closely followed up the English, while Grouchy had completely lost sight of the Prussians. Owing to this want of ener gy, and Ncy's unaccountable inaction, this day had boon lost to the French, whilo Wel lington had concentrated his forces, anil Blu cher collected and rc-organized his scatter ed fragments. The position occupied by the allied troops under Wellington had been previously cho sen, as the spot where a last stand was to be madu in defence of Brussels, und possessed natural advantages equalled by few fortifica tions. It was a mile und a half in length, occupying the brow of a curved eminence, whoso inward slope towards tho enemy form ed a deep glacis a strong hedge served as an outwork the Wavrcs road, which follow ed the top of tho ridge, was a broad fosse, whoso encarpement had an elevation of from seven to nine feel, and tho massive old farm houso of Ifougoumont, Hay Saint, and Y'cr la JIayc, wore actual citadels, on tho right, centre and left, from whoso loop-holes thu slope could bo raked by cross-fires. Tho ravine in front of tho lino was so boggy and incumbent with heavy grain crops, that it presented an almost impassabla barrier, while tho dense forest of Soigny, in the rear; prevented all possibility of a retreat, und the English well knew that if they did not keep tho French at bay, their destruction was i-i cvilulile. At ono o'clock in the morning of the 18ih Nopoleon walked ulong tho outposts wilh General Borlrand ; tho rain fell in torrents, and the Emperor became convinced tint Wellington had decided to retreat no further, for ho could distinctly boar the British grcn ndieis breaking loop-boles in the walls of the farm house. A batllo was inevitable, und although the Empeinr had only 05,00!) men lo opposo tho 90,000, ho determined to risk an engagement, on receiving n despatch front Grouchy, written at 10 o'clock the evening previous, slating that thu Prussians were in full retreat, und that hu was in pur suit of them, to prevent their reaching Brus sels or incorporating themselves wilh Wel lington. IIo was also encouraged by a ro port made by General Ilaxo, of the" Engi neers, that the enemy had thrown up no fortifications ; and after a quarter of an hour passed in observing the field with a telescope, dictated the plan of attack j orders- were also sent to Grouchy, to rejoin him, but by soma fatality, which can only lie explained tiy Marshal Soult, they never reached him, nor did others, sent a few hours afterwards. At half past ten tho drums of tho rrench heat out champs, thu sun came out brightly, as it lo witness tho stirring sight ol a bravo en thusiastic army taking their positions fur the coming fight ; the Emperor passed through the ranks on horseback, acknowledged the shouls which greeted him, returned lo hisoW suard, which ho retained as a corns tic re serve, and dismounting gave thn word upon which his destiny depended. " L.n avunl. " Now raged ihe Untile, fierce and long, Mtnund Gaul's prouJ eagles and legions throng, Then forma in column close and strong, " fire?" "Jlmpertur," shouts valhntly. Steady it tiiArch. through fire and smoke, Nor shot nor shell that column broke, Uright victories won iis memories woke, And glory spoke us galantry." The farm-house of Ilougoumonl was soon the scene of a most deadly combat, fur had the French obtained pfssession of it they could have occupied a height in its rear, which would have commanded and tnfdadttl tho Biilish lines. The walls of Iho grounds wcro pierced with loop-holes, through which tho Coldstream Guards poured forth a mur derous fire, which drove back tho French three limes, but the fourth they carried the wall by escalade. " And many wcte the souls Then from tbeir fleshy tenements expelled." Ill less than half an hour, fifteen hundred mon perished in tho orchard only, which did not contain moro than four acres. An attack was then commenced upon lite house, which was soon enveloped in flames, yet (ho com bat continued wilh unabated fury, und liun dieds of tho wounded perished by tho most horrible of deaths, their comrades being too fiercely eagaged lo extricate them from iho conflagration. Tho action was simultaneously carried on throughout tho French line. Columns of artillery poured forth u torrent of round and grape shot, mowing down whole ranks of iho British, which wero instantly replaced, 1 approach of tho cuirassiers, who calloped up , 10 ,'10 very P'n, of their bayonets, vainly anu ,,ilru' 118 sukiij, iikuwisc, irequanuy , buried themselves, and when they exploded i produced no other elluct than casting up a IramnnilnilC rmillllllll nf mild. tremendous fountain of mud At four o'clock tho battlo slill raged with unabated fury, and tho position of the Duke of Wellington had become critical, for he had i been obliged to send all his reserves into oc , heartening to thus stand and bo mtiidured, without being permitted to ndvanco. Tha Scotch division was reduced from six thous and lo less than two thousand men the Gth division had been almost destroyed, without 1 "f'"S a Eu 311(1 now " "id-do-camp brought uews lo Wellington that only a small I fragment of the 5ih division remained, und ihut il was utterly impoisihlo for them to! maintain their ground. "I cannot help it,"' replied tho Duko " they must keep tl"'l ground, with myself, lo the last man. Would lo God that night of Blucher were come." At this moment Ney carried tho farm-house of Saintc Hay by storm, nnd sent to d -inand tho Old Guard of Napoleon, lo pierce tho centre of tho English line. " lis sunt a nous! Jc les ticncV cried -tho Emptier, whilo Sutill and thu other officers of his staff partook of his Joy tho victory appeared certain. It wns in fact reported, at Brussels, that Wellington hud surrendered j and iho crowds of wounded fugitives who poured in, from tho conflict, seemed to confiiiii the ..ews. At six o clock tho municipal auiliounes luid mado arrangements to receir i'iltTCIt army und implore thu mercy of its chief, and the load lo Antwerp was coveiod with Eng lish on horseback and in vehicles, hurrying to seek refugo on hoard of the ships stationed llieie. Tho old Princo of Condu started for Mechlin, while the Duko of Barry, who com manded an army of four thousand French loyalists, instead of retreating on Ghent, which ho was to protect, lo.jk u route across the fields for Antwerp, and did lint stop until ho had marched four leagues. Lcuis XVIII himself mado preparations fur an'inimediatc departure from his temporary capital, and only waited mora authentic accounts of Napo leon's success, to repair lo a vessel which awaited him at Oslend. At the moment that the Emperjr ordered u charge wl'.h all iho't would have gained him (his eucci ss, ,i heavy cannonading was heard upon his llank. Thu ordor was countermanded, for, owing lo the Iroachery or the lukewarmness of Marshal Grouchy, it was now necessary to hold in check Bulow, with thirty ihovcJ 1'iussians and Uluchor was nol fir bicina:im. Bulow was repulsed by Count Lobati, but tho Emperor saw that he had nnw u fresh force to contond against, und determined to hazard u final charge of his guurus, who ad vanced up the slopu in silence, with n firm and sluudy stop, little thinking that in the sunken way which led along thn summit lay the best troops of England. Two heavy I batteries thinned their ranks, but us Ihe men fell, others occupied their places, and thn chosen troops of Franco marched on with n stern and unbroken from, their high bearskin caps and martial bearing giving litem u most imposing appearance. "Then, Wellington! thy piercing tic, This crisis caught of distiny. The lirilUh host bad stood 'lint mom 'gainst thaigo of sivord and lance, Astht-ir own ocean-roc'.? hot. I stance j Hut when thy voice had eaid 'advance!' They wero tbeir ocean's floo !." The imperial guard had appro'ictn( with in sixty yaids of iho riJgei,whi", at the coninrfand of "up, guards, und VV' I" tho British rushed from their plate of conceal ment, with a cheer, and an awful combat en sued. The result was doubtful, when tho fusillade of Blucher's troops in llioir rear awakened ihu suspicious of (lie French, al ready excited by tho recollections of the past week. Wellington's countenance beamed with joy, " ihcro goes old Bluchej at last I" said he, "we shall beat ihem ;" anl he order ed his whole furcu to charge. The French fought with desperation, but ul! at once rose ihu cry ' iioki sonwics frailj ' sauvc ijuV pent." Sixlv thous ind Prussians advanced upon their flank, and the trench army com menced a tumultuous retreat, wilh tho excep tion of a battalion of the imperial guaid, un der Cambronno, who, when summoned to suirender, replied "Le garde neurl el tie sc rend Jias" raising, for the last time, their proud war-cry ol Vive l r.npercur .' the lie . , , - - ,, , , , , - rote phalanx soon fell beneal h the swords of the masses wIid surrannded .hern. I ho

hiiipcror.-i wiinc on his hurso, as if slupified, his lips trembled, . . n iii- 1 f 1 'i 1 and tears flowed down Ins cheeks, while bis , -., e . 1 1- 1 Uu..cra, "... - iw u.-b ,u - niiiirn firniin1 liim in reclcl llin Hll:i-i; nl llin , . i-i , ',,1 . . 1 ingusu cavalry, mi ui iiiilu iiu seciuuu 10 arouso Irom Ins stupor, and, seeing n piuco of artillery in the squaie, oidercd General Gourgaud to firo it. It was lis last com mand, and the last French shot thus fired at Waterloo, carried away llio leg of Lord Uxbridge, who commanded the, British cav alry. Tho Emperor then turned his burse's head towards tho enemy, nnd would havo urged him towards their approaching ranks, had not Soult seized tho bridle, saving, "ah, siro! aro nol ihoy enemy ulrtady happy enough," and hurried him from he field. The exhausted British troops returned lo the bivouac of Iho preceding i.ifhl giving 3 cheers lo the Prussians, who (jissed on in hot haste, and tho ferocious jof with which they destroyed the Fionch arc'.iardly cred ible. The sun had lonrr sinrg'pono down, but no friendly darkness snt!rfre?l.a fugi-' lives, nnd an unclouded moon, near her full, lighted the butchers lo llioir prey. Tho roads wero choked wilh a niintid mass uf soldiers, wounded, wugons, tumfrils and ar tillery, through which not evni the fears of the runaway could open a var of escape, until tho impetuous charge (foe pursuers broke through all impediment, and swept away every thing before thorny A German officer states (hut in tho to.in gfGunappe, alone, six miles from tho field, akht hundred mon lay dead, who had suffuredlhcmsclvcs to be cut down like cattle. Their com mander Gen. Duchesme, who wis cut down by a Brunswick hussar, exclaining " Tho Duko fell the day before yestcruiy and thou shah follow him." It seems, indeed, as if an nexplicablo panic had seized on every heart, and they whoso bravery had a few hours before, ox cited tho warmest admiration of their ene mies, were incapable of Iho least resistance. Worn .out wilh faiiguo, ihay occasionally halted lo recruit their exhausted powers, but llio fearful cry of "tho Prussiais," soon drove ihem on, and when they rescind llio fron tier the scene became moro horrible. The narrow bridgo over tho Sambrti was encum borrd by horsemen, infantry and carriages; Tho stronger unfeelingly thrust asido or tram iled upon the weakur, and whon tho Prussians approached, the passage was bar red by heaps of dead bodies. Many hun dreds who had been congratulating them selves on their escape, were driven into the torronl.and imrished. at a distance of thirty ! miles from (he field of battle. Such was Iho campaign oi naicnoo, which the conquered Emperor ever believed was decided ogainsl him by Fate, for every circiimstanco seemed to couspiro against htm. Had Bourmont nol iraitnrotisly de sorted, he would havo niniihilaled his ene mies at tho opening of iho campaign.l.o would havo crushed ihem nt Ligny, had Ney done his duty ho would have destroyed them at Waterloo, if Gruchy had not left his tusk undone, or if tho ground had been dry e nough lo havo permitted the commence ment uf hostilities a few hours earlier. It is a pleasant two hours walk from Biusscls lo Waterloo; We passed ill the 'suburbs tho residence ot Bcroil, tho violinist and soon entered the" tangled forests of ooig ny, which is fst fulling boneath the axe, thi ground it occupies being sold, in small lots lo the poor,under ihe direction of a National Society for tho protection of industry. On tho oilier side of ibis is thu vilUgo of Wa terloo, in whoso neat church uro quitu a number of beautiful tombs, erected to the memory of those who fell in thu conflict: "The s'ateliest monument of public pride, r.nrichcd with all magnificence cf art, To honor chieftains who in victory died, Would wake Iho stronger feelings in iho hrnrt Than those plain tablets, by the soldiei's hand. Raised to his comrades in a foreign lan.1." Disengaging ourselves witli some difficul ty from a horde of guides nnd relic sellers, wo proceeded on to tho scenu of action. Uieh crops of grain covered tho blood-fat- .. . . t I . . .. cncil lieiu, wuose lopograptiicai appearance , neiguuors, aro patterns 01 neatness; anu , b" w ......... ...mlln.iU uu. has been otilirely changed by tho lemoval uf1 the touch of their hind in the expulsion Orforel!' f" my "phmin, tho principal ob llin earth used in constructing an immense! every kind of nuisance is visible all over Jocls in plowing uro, to expose as much as mound or tumulus, on tho spot where the 1 prince of Orange was woundod crowned , by a Belgian liun, cast from cannon taken it, thn Iiittln. ultnun liniwl i litrtif.rl liuva ril . France, ns inviling the arniv uf Antwerp. The farm-house of Ilougoumont still retains marks of the conflict, and in its chapel whoro the flames wero superiiaturally extinguished on reaching the altar!) am to bo seen the nutographs of Byron and Southoy. So says ihe guide-book ; but our partv wore expell-' ed befuie I could discover them, by three 1 i,ljry peasants, wlio insisted upon ih'u pay- J ment of two francs a head Having already been fleeced by a man who hadnolilelv in vitod us into his garden, lo seo llio tomb e-! i-ected over the lee of Lord Uxbrid". wo' demurred, and made our escape under n running fno of "hot wolds " which camn near being exchanged into a coniual ol cold sloe). By way of vengeance, Pierre gave live in Western New ork, where prices aro particles, ch-isj to n flock ol ducks, and a virago, who j comparatively low, enliiely away from the, In rei1rj 0 j plowing I would ro came to the rescue with a knife in her hand, ; peculiar advantages ufmaiket which nearness ' nnrki S011lu proportion ou'uhttobe ob eiicounlered a verdant Englishman, whom to gieat cities gives. served between the depth of plowinc, tho she seized by the collar, thinking he belong-1 Now, let no one lay that these remarks are nJturu of ,,, soiIi suusui, amj ,le ,;, ed to our party. IIo protested his inno-i mado at tho wrong season of ihe year, and 0r,n.,nuru annually spread. I have wil cuusu in chqicn cockneyisnis, which, wilh that nothing can bo done fur neatness and i nB,,Hj where old pasture land, of a sandy our wills ol'lauehicr flt tbfc scenic, add-! order in the winter. The sanio gonerul rule, ; i,.m i, ,,, ,,' ,,' a':,, I eititl. Cull In tllo -nrlm. ..'rolli I I . -i ( I ..ak- t ilybelitneho would have been entitled to, finite number of applications. The euro of the pension grunted for llioso wounded at , domestic animals in winter, needs pre-cnii-. Waterloo 1' had a posseo ol his friends notinently the application of this rule. No ani arrived in time lo save his ears. hnal can thrive well in the midst of dirt. Even I counted upwards of forty Enclshmen j a pig does not love dirt for dirt's sake he during the half day I was on'tho field, for, only happens to be so much of a philosopher,; thoy appear In regard it as a Mecca to or rather stoic, that he is willing to endure which all shun d perform n tu LTimacu. and listen to Iho " vonderful h iclnevoniciils of I. olr Lin 1, . . " nc .,.ir,-:,i,.,l I... ';,.,'.i,..,di M .. . n..,, " !. ,..ti.. r , ,-,.i,..l.l.. .... I J """" " "-"V !" III. IU.U. Ill siu nes, who walits about 111 an undress unilorm, Horses and calllu aro oiten negiccteu in and who is recommended by he all-power- cleanliness. We have actually known some ful Murray. At his house is a museum of who did not clean tho m inure from horse relics fur1 "sale, duly authenticated, (by his stables fur moiilhs, allowing It gradually to certificate,) and ho is cunning enough lo re-' thicken under foot with the accumulating jit quire every purchaser to inscribe his resi- j ter till a foot in thickness, and reasoning doncn in a" register, that no two of tho same, doubtless as llio boy did who combed his hair 'ouiinniv iiu suiu 10 nei"nuors. oumu 01 , uin-o u inuuui, am u.ivih.hv.u ,lU iWords ,aiJ n"0 nc but 'torture and trouble from thu operation , iirliclesl',1(j s,ld)' J !;,;,, he endured daily by oilier people. A fa ,ook , ,,, , auuj ,0 M'w.o does his own chores, can hardly a sort may lie sold to nei"hbors. Somu of ,,,ul 11:11 ii'iin-a lur tin i-aeiu 110111 a tiiririu"i i ,, ,.,:. 1 i. .1 . 11 box, particularly as Iho recent rains had I.:... ..... r.. 1.. r .:.i . enabled mo to find several fragments I .... of . shells in the ravines gratis i'ho hotel was miserable, and lo odd to our discomfort we wero kept uwako until the small hours of morning, by a praly of tipsy fellows in the next room, who patriotically persisted in repeating tho words of Rule Britannia, in a most democratic manner each ono select ing tho tnno and lime that pleased him bcsl. Ono of ihem was tho oldest sou of a Peer, and another held a commission in tho Guards ; but none had any idea ol music or ot pro priety. S. P. P. (lommanders. DMibn Keillf Vandjmme (Sjranl Infnnlry, ..1G.2;0 ..21,100 ..13 030 ...li.OOO ..12,120 Cavalry 1,500 500 1,500 1,000 1 130 ..103:10 Artillery !)?0 1U0 7G0 700 10:0 !),L0 Imperial Guard.. Reserve Infantry.... Cavalry 63,620 20.IC0 .Ulillfry Sappers and .Miners. ...7,020 ...2,200 Tolnl 115 300 t Infantry 79, 100 1 Cavalrv, 15.600 ! Artillery and Hnjintcrs, 7,500 Total 102,500 men, Willi 253 pieces nf cannon. tlnfanlry.lUMOOi Cavalrv. 22 000. S French 113,500 1 Allies. 233,000 difference 120,. 400. To corroborate this asseriion, an observatory still remains ahoui sisty flel high, which was creeled by order of the Kins of iho IVellieilanHs, lo announce tha approach of Ihe enemy, but ih Trench arrived before It could be completed. It ! nol true that llonaparle ascended il, there being no ladders or any other meant left lo go up. V Knchih, liehjiaus. nnd a lew (lerinans. "I'oneours do fatalues inomicst Journeo in cininrehonsiblo! V B-l-ill en trahiuon, n'y a-l-il eu quean malheur Ktpourlant tout co qui tenait a I Thai ileie avaiteia accompli 1 Singulcur campaigns, on j'ai vu trois fois 'cchapper do mcs miins le Iri omphe assure de la franco," Napoleon. Lard for London is being put up nt Springfield, Mass, in hogs bladders, the form in which the best London uilhlo is sold. The packages rcsomblo ostrich's regs, und command fifteen cents por pound in London. Good naturo is moro agroeblo in conver sation than wit, and eivai a certain air lo ihe cnuntcuauca which is moro amiable than beauty. The population ol Hussia.according lo the late census, is 62,500,Oi;0 ; yet there is ev- idenlly less wealth and strength than in Ihe United Slates. About two millions of die Chinese live in lloalinr? houses ip the vicinities nf the laree cities; water being cheaper than land for building lots. the From Iho Cultivate NEATNESS IN Wu have somewhere heard tho that with thn pood farmer, every thing t? way to his business thai ulilily is all, mm appearance nothing ; lioncu you uro nut to expect neatness about his dwelling, his door yard being cul tip into mud by the farm wagon and tho manure call, and thu conti guity uf barns, pig pens, and kitchen, such us convenience, and nut freedom fruni the peculiar odors ol hog-yard and lich manure heap, may dictale. Now, lo speak bluntly, this is all nonsenso. It so happens, thai in farming, neatness and lluift almost invaiiahlv go together. The same love uf order which prompts tho farmer to clear his yard of broken barrels, old hoops, fragments of boards and slicks of wood, and whatever else defaces and defiles his premi ses, also prompts him lo have n place for every thing and ovory thing in its place, w hich is calculated to bear upon real and substan tial profit, Soino of tho very bcsl farmers with whom wo aro acquainted, whoso omiuent succoss and heavy profits, sop irate them in this res nprt in tinlil rliiiiicinn frnm thn st nf thnir .. .11.. , . llioir farms. Their door-yards show that the master is "at home;" thu barn-yard, which is not so noar the house that all tho butler and clinnin niamif.icfnrnd U flavnrud wilh t!u i.'f- 1 lluvia, exhibits the same neatness, oven whnio 'all ihe refuse of other places is collected fur enriching in due time the rest of the farm. A firmer nfour acquaintance, with ICO acres, in whose farm-yard wu could scarcely ever discover a wisp of straw in thu wrong place, remarked "O, I don't attempt to makci a great deal from inv farm I expend so much in improvementsthat my clear profits uro only about u thousand djllars a year." cockle, docks, and ches, obtain no foothold, nmjiuui ui iiiusu Hem mi uiuia, in mu iiuiusj .i r.t . r. , r...i,i nor ulonn whoso fences a solitary elder tiush of nettle 15 ever seen, raised twenty-seven hundred dnllais worth of farm produce at llio prices of 1844 : and both of these farmi'is in CrM.IO ctl.ll.a r. I- V.trl.llmn ll.l Mil !l1mn1 111. dirt for the sako of a soil nnd cool Dud in summer ; for it has been found lliat ihesn an - 1 i in 1 1 ilirivii In-ttcr iiii'l fatten much faster ' ..-bon Loin i-li.an niwl tsell curriciL 1 once a uioiilli, and was astonisueu uiai sucn could armer afford to keep his horses so finely ns tho gentleman of woalth, who Ins n man lor no other pur pose ; but every ono should havo his stable floor perfectly clean at least twico every day, onco in the morning, and ouco at night be fore tillering, and uftener would bu better. Ilemembor that tho oficuer ft is dono the easier it is accomplished. Thero aro many oilier particulars where neatness may bo attended to in winter. Gate hintros and nato faslenings often need rep lir, that ihoy may shut like clock work : boards becomo loose on old barns and board fences; tools become awkward for uso, and need ie modeling ur renowing; and many oilier small matters, in doors and out, ruquiro attention. Wo aru aware that loo many of our readers, who aro already examples for others, such hints as the preceding arc nut applicable to such wu can s iy 111 it they need tint read ihem likn thu man who chiseled on iho slonu at the foidini; plan-, "When the water comes to this slouc, it is unsifu to cross." OXEN POK PLOWING The advantage of oxen in farm labor, de pends 7nuch on their discipline, ll'lliey uro of Iho right form and spirit, thoy may bo trained to walk as fist as horses, and will do as much at the plow, excopling perhaps iu 'the very hottest of weather. Thero ure some oxun that will ovou stand thu hnal in tho field as well as horses. The first pre mium for plow ing nt thu stalo plowing match at Poughkeepsic.in 1844, was given lo a man who used a middline- siod pair of oxen. Thoy did their work quicker und better than any other team, and there wore several pair of largo horses. Il was u very warm day. but tho oxen wero less worried, and were evidently ahlu to perform moro iu a day, than the horses, In ihu report of llin committee on plow- ing with siuglo teams at iho Essex Co.! (Mass.) exhibition, wu find thu following ro- marks, by the chairman, J W. l'roctoi. II is proper toobjurvotliat thero were uiatche wiih Iwo yoke of oxen as well ns ono yoko, and also a match with horses. The quan tity of ertiuud was ihu same, one-fourth of an acre, in the three matches, but ihero was bai little difference, in tho lime occupied iu doing thu work though one of llio single teams of ovou plowed their land some min utes soonor than any of ihe horso teams. Mr. Proctors remarks aru deserving partic ular attention as bhowing the capability of oxen in plow inc. and also lor a suggestion contained therein in reference to the sub-soil pi I " From Iho icexperirucnts wo lenrn that to"! plv the soil, plow to do not entirely times, our modes of prel lure will erelong bu essentiaiTT the iisr of the ub-aoil plow. In thn Coun" ty ofWnrrrati'r, where 'l o management oT land and tenuis is uuders'ot J as null us in any pirt oflhi; common wealtn. tun pre miums arc limited to oiv pair of cattle with, out a driver." Culliualur. PLOWING. Theio is yet an undecided point amongst many fanners relative to tho bust manner of laying the firrow slice. Some cuntend fur turning it completely over, i. o. laying it quito flat ; and othurs, that it is most advand.oeous to plaoj u-'Ch slice in such manner that its outer edge may extend u little over l ie in- I1PI PltfTM flf'tlll. fltrrrMtS lllllxll UT. rtrmrn tin. possible lo Iho atmosphere, mid lay thu land so that the harrow may in tho most effectual manner raise thu mould to cover the seed. I heso objects .no the inoio readily accom- , li'ueu u) plow tng land ol every description, j (excepting dry sindy soil,) with a fuirow sllCL' 7 inches deep nnd about 101-2 broad ; ! Ihojuiruw shcu will form an angle of about i'J Plowing stiff clayey lands previous to (ho , selling in of winter, isofgnoat benefit, cx- losing the surlace lo tho frost, which niel lows and reduces it in a manner infinitely , superior to what could bo accomplished by ii.u r un mj wj.i.i iii.uns ui niun. Dry sand v soils should not be plowed in lides, but turned completely over, and kept as level us possible. Such soils, if 1 rendered louse and liidliehl by cultivation, will hu imp.hU million "nf ib..; f,...;i,.,t.,,. If .1 . . . . . . . fur oaH, that tint crop failed. Now, there appears to mo lo be two reasons for this fail ure : It: ihu first placo tho subsoil brought lo tho smface to form tho seed-bed, must have been infertile und cold. In thu second place, the dry tenacious sward being placed under the seed-bed, iho moisture of thu soil was quickly evaporated. The rand obiect I ufdeep pulveiizatiun, is lo cause the earth lo , retajn ludt umj n,is'ture, so necessary to the healthy growth of vesHablus of every de scription. J. Jl'Intosh in London ' Ag. Gaz. A FARMER'S LIFE. I wish I could see iu all our farmers a dis position to magnify their calling ; but I havo been grieved in many a farm house, lo listen to lamentations over what they term their 'hard lot.' 1 have heard thu residents upon ,i noblu farm, all paid for, talk about drudge ry, and never having their work done, nnd fuw or no opportunities for the ihildien; and havo especially been sorry to hear the fe males lament over the hard fate of soino promising youth of seventeen or eighteen, who was admirably filling up his duties, and training himself fur extensive usefulness unci influence. They have ma Ju comparison be tween his situation, coaisely clad and work ing hard, and coming in fatigued, with sonio college cousin or young man ho has clerked it in a store, (ill at length the boy has become disatisfied, and begged off fioni iiis true inter ests and happiness. I am conversant with no truer scenes of enjoyment than I havu witnessed in Ameii can larm houses, and even log cabins, whero tile father under ihu influence of enlightened Christianity, and siund vieus of life, has gone with all his family, as ihu woild term it, into the woods. Tim land is his own, and ho has every induivincnl to improie it; ho finds a healthy employment fur himself and family, and is never ul a loss for materials to occupy Ins mind. I do nut lliink llio physi cian has moro occasion for reseaich ihan tho farmer ; Iho proper food nf vegetable nnd an imal will ulouo constitute a wide and lasting fit Id of investigation. Tho daily journal of a fanner is a source of much inlciest to him self und others. Tha record of his labon, In. .-,,, c.t.l,, nl'lii.- t, i n w.j.'v-u.i w. .fug,, it, in u ll ll ll n U Ilia fears, llio opinions of his neighbors the result of exueiinienls, tho entire mini total of his operations, will prove a deep source of pleas ure lo any thinking man. II the establish- nient uf agricultural societies, and tho catllo i shows ufoiir country sliuuld have the tdTeci i of stimulating ouo farmer in every town to manage his land and stock upon the bcsl prin ciples of husbandry ,lhero wuuld be a wonder ful and speedy alteration in ihu piodurls of the rarlh, because comparison would forco itself upon his friends and neighbors, and his example would ho certainly beneficial,' for preiudice ilsell will "ive away to profit, Choul's Address, The rich aro often Iho enet Uvea no earth. They toil, and labor and calculate, and aro rill ed w'uli anxiety all (heir da)s and all they get in return is a simpln suhsitteiu'c, a cutlin, and a winilinj! sheet, and a few pretended 'n ourner, whon ihoy die, who lliink less of them thsn their estates. The best fertilizer of any soil Is a spirit of indiistiv. enterpFie and intelligence without llhif, lim. bone, 'gua.no, or other manure, will be of little ute