Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, April 24, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated April 24, 1846 Page 2
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warn &wma tii, I)i:hati: in tub iioumi oi' HElMlliSlSNTATlVEts ON TIUJItSDAY. Mr 0. J. Intrersoll saidi Mr S)P.ikrr t I have, (nit I lie few words I desire lo my, in writing, tint there might be no inistcpoit or mistake nlont them. 1 would not a-k i he indulgence of the House for mjr personal vindication, but the occasion involves I lie ino-l precious privilege nf members of this House in which the people are represented Its freedom of speech has been grossly attacked, through me, by n senator, Mr Daniel Websier. Of him ns n senator or e'l individual, 1 have never spoken here. 01 Mr Dan iel Webster's misconduct as Secretary of State, I havo often spoken, inosily lo confute it, in the in stance which provoked him this session with a sever ty which I acknowledge, justifies retort All 1 rise now to do, is to ask the House to indulge me with a word of explanation of snmcresolutions.to which, I suppose, there can hardly be objection. It adopted, 1 presumo they may be nnswetcd by nct Monday i and then I shall pray permission lo epeik on the subject. Ono of them is designed to bring officially bcrore this House the journal or minutes n the Committee on Koreien AITiirs. in February. 1311, when the hon orable gcntlcinia from Massachusetts, .Mr Adanis,J w is chairman of the committee. According lo good precedents and authorities, Urn entitled lo read these minutes to the House, without its leave. Hut, as doubts liny be interlained, I pre fer to obviate all objections by obtaining its sanction in form. These minute will prove that Mr Secretary Web ster nndj known lo members of that committee, by a written comni inicaiion, the President's wish for a special mission to Oreat llritain, which special mi Hon, I think, it will sufficiently appear, was lo settle the Orezon qucstiin, by yielding which, Mr Web ster Ins lately denied nur right to claim. The resolution for informiti in, from the Depart ment of Siale, will biing forth prfs of Mr Secreta ry Webster's mislemeannrs in office, his fraudulent inisipphention and personal use of the public funds, and corrupting party presses wuh the monev appro printed by law tn ilw coiiineni expenses of fore nn Intercoms Wlien dischirged, as lie was. from ihe department to which he was a litre it a disjrace. he was a delinquent a puti'ic ilefnultrr. Undid not nc count for ill public ni tnpv he Iran Intently abstract ed from the ilepnrtmnt nil m ire lha I n year afier ho was expelled Irnm it. nltd not aecouni for most nf it then, hv payinj lurk the money he abstracted, but by vnuchers'lrnin n ituriously bise airents of his choice, who receipted 'or It, lo tu i-xppndr I in man-n-ingpwy presses. Paper-from the D-parlnient nf Slate, si no of them suned by him. will reveal the mystery, of which una nf Ins corrupt agents, fn a let ter lo luoi in irked ' prir.iti," applauds ns Mr Web ster's now an I admirable urnli ifsi-nlinz the North Lastcrn It iun liry q -e-tton, afler( 40 years lilun 'er ing, bouever honet mi'l pairioti -. of Wiishiugion, the Adamses, ..cll'.-rsoii Madison, Monroe, Jackson, and Van U iren, who did not consider ii right to e pen I public moneys in corrupnng Ihe press and the pcop'e. Ii is sickening, if not sal reality, tint a man of fine abilities, as prepnstcrntis'v as profanely miscalled Ood-ltke, should be exposed in his mem and paltry contrivances and associations with notorious! y ha r fellows in the palpably vile misuse of the puhli mon ey. When I spoke iheofl'cnsm- words nf the Secre tary which appear lo have goadollnmto the mad ness generally beiriving the guilty, I hid no idea of the extent of his otKnec. Indeed, I have nit now, fir detection Ins only begun since ho calle 1 me to it. One of his coadjutors writes lo the Secretary of State that he presumes the contingent fund is ample, and the Secrelary's control over it complete. These paper, when made printed documents, will show, also, application nf the same secret contingent fund to the release of Mcl.cod t and allhouch Mr. Webster ii reported lo have said in ihe Senate, thai there was only one letter on that subject, three in one and thesamoday will nppenr. Whether, when possessed of the proofs of Mr Sec retary Webster's malversation, corruption nnd dclin- 3uency, hisnffences will bedecined impeachable mis cmeanors in wilier, conviction for which might re inovo him frrm the Senate, and disqualify bim to hold any office of honor, trust or profit, under the U. Slates, will remain to be considered. Shou'd it prove nece-sary to eo to that extremity, tho similitude will bo wonderful with n great Knglish lawyer, called by a poet the wisest and meanest of mankind. Ii will be perceived that the dcteciion, if I am not mistaken, which mv f inner disclosures may leadtlo merge my indivi lual wrong, and even the injustice done thfoinjh mo to ihe representative, character, freedom and Die privileges of this Housetn lheinue.li preat'T importance of misitemcannr in office. When Conpress sees the proofs I propose to submit, tl ev svill ju Igenll pani'sauddo what is right. It is use less, and would Im vvor-c than ns'e-s for me to apply epithet to Mr Webster. I desire to try him, and bo tried myself, by proofs. I now olfor the following resolution, lowliiih I presume n iw objection will be made. I a-U that they may be read for information. Tho resolutions wore then read. They were fubseqtietitly modified in cne or two particu lars, anil to nave repetition wo give them here as they finally passed, instead nf in the Turin in which they wt rc first proposed. Itcsolrid, That the-Presid. nt of thc United Slates be rcquestid to cause to be furiiisbeii lo this House an account of all payments tnajlc cm President's cer tificates Iroin the fund appropriated by law, through the agency of the State Department, for the contin gent expenses of foreign inlercnurse, since the 4th day of March, 181!, until the retirement of Daniel Webster, Ksq , from the Department ol Stale, with copies of all entries, receipts. Iciteis, vouchers, mem orandums, or other evidence of such payment to whom paid, for what, and part.cularly all concerning the North Eastern boundary dispute, with Great Britain. Also, copies of whatever communications were made from the Secretary of Stale during the last session of the 21sl I ongress, particularly Feb ruary, 1813, to Mr Gushing and to Mr Adams, mem bers of the committee of this House on Koreicrn Af fairs, of the wi-h of the President of the United Stales to institute a special mi-sion to Ureal llritain. Also copies of all letlcron the books of tho Department of Stole to any officer of the United Slates or anv person in New Vork, concerning Alexander McLeorJ. Provided that no document or matter is requested to bo furnished by the foregoing resolution, which, in Ihe opinion ol llio I'resiUent, would improperly in volvc the citizen or sul i-ct of anv foreiirn nower. Itesolted. That the Chairman of the Committeeon Foreicrn Affiirs submit lo this House the ia irnal or minutes ot that committee, during the last session of tie .ui congress. Mr McKay, of North Carulina.objcctcd to the passage of the resolutions, on llio ground that it v. as highly inexpedient to expose the use that had keen made of t lie secret service fund. lie .aid : It has alwavs been the p'.licy of this government to place nt the disposal of l he Presi lent a liind which is denominated the secret service fund ; that is, nu appropriation, annually made for ihe poniintrent ex peuscs of Fore'nu intercourse, has been placed at tho disposition of the I.xccutivc, on I a pail of it can he npplie I to secret service. And lhe.ru is a law on the staiute hook, coeval wiih ihe formation of the cjuv. erunieut, which authorizes n c-ellleinent al iheTrcas ury Dcparlui' nl of ihe accounts for such portion of this contingent appropriations as mav be made on the certificate u( the Prrc-idcut. If the gemlenianjiy hi resolutions, intend lo call forall puiers thai may be on file in relation to tins sub, ecu, tho very obj-cl of Jhi- law authorising these c xprudllures lo lie made will be completely clifei id. And it ui l .l.nij as o ptcccdeiil tu justify a similar irocctuing in all future cases. After tome further retnarl: and the decision of a question of order which was, in the mean time, raised, Mr Ingersnll claimed tho floor, as being still his right, and resumed his remarks, saying : I had put in wri ing, ond that very briefly, all which I thought it was nccei-ary now to refer lo, ond that idlicr tilings might be reserved for llio coming in of cue paper. , i u) iiiioun you cu cms iiause, that my resolution predicates a muss abuse of thai fund. My rco'uiian asserts that Mr Secretory Webster has cxDended through vile scents nan of that fund in cnr. rupting ihe press, and corrupting the parly press for the nut nose of accomplishing the treaty of the No, it. Kastern lloundary ; and the question for this House to decide now is, whether, if there were forty laws from bevond the beirmning of ihe eovernment. anv gentleman would prevent these papers from being brought forward. Sir. this is nn extraordinary eosei this i no common erne. I would be the last man, sir, (and I should have known nothing aloul this but for my connection with Ihe Committee on Foreign Anairs, ono noni wnnl I Know, onu have known about these matters,) I should be the last man lo in terfere with the ordinary application nf thi, secret ser vice money. Hut I will stale what I know to be the fact, and what I presume the chairman of the Com liiiileonf Waya and Means knows In be ihe fact, that from Ihe accession of that e'xtroordinary man, An drew Jackson, in 1829, down lo the departure from Washington of Mr Van Huren, al the expiration of bis pro idential term, not one fsrlliinj of lint money was kept from pubhu vivw and that the private use of it did begin immediately afier Mr Wcbsltr came into ofTiee. Mr McKay here arose and withdrew his objection to the resolutions. Mr Drotngoole, of Virginia, supported tho resolutions by some remarlti charging great corruption mi the adminialration of Mr John Tyler, Mr IJiyly, of the tame flate, followed, urging at some lauglli the impropriety of passing iho resolution?, chiefly on llio gcneial ground uggetted by Mr McKay. la Ibt count of this speech Ibis gentleman read al 1 tin request of Mr U.iyly, the general, law Willi reraftl lo tlic ecctet setvire money, passed in 1703, and ro enacted in 1910, as follow rt : " Where any sum nf money shall bo drawn from the treasury under any law makl.ig appropriations for the contingent expenses of intercourse i l etween the United States and furcian nations, the President shall canselho same lobeduly settled annually with the accnuntimj officers .if Ihe treasury by causing ouch money to lie accounted lor specially in oil in stances wherein the expenditure thereof may, in Ins judgement, be undo pubhei and by unking n certifi cate of the amount of such expenditure ns ho may think il advisable not tospecfy t ond such certificate; shall be deemed a siiffHent voucher fir the sum thcicin expressed to hue been expended." Mrlngersoll. At tha treasury 1 Mr McKay. At tho treasury. Mr Ingersoll. That is nil. Mr McKay (continuing Ins sentence1, all therefore to be found at the treasury would be tho certificate of the President. Mr Ingersoll. Hut in the State Department there would be found tho evidence tho rest of tho sen tence' was lost to the reporter. Mr McKay (resuming.) Il is a very amall amount. The amount of money expended out of the treasury from 132'J down lo 1911, which has been settled up on these certificates of the President, the House would be surprised to learn, is the smoll amount of 5,4C3. (Referring tn tho document which ho held in hi hand) he said the first expendititte, since 1S29, was on the 1th of August, 1812, SI,4G0, and on the 29lh ofJiinc, 1313, 81,1)00 making 85,480, which is the whole sum expended for this service from 1929 to 1 3 1 4 1 and all in two years. That is the official doc ument. After Bomn further discussion, relating chief ly lo a call for llio previous question, which was tnado and subsequently withdrawn, Mr Milliard of Alabama, obtained the floor Mr II Ihard sai I, he exceedingly regretted the un pleasant state of nffiirs Ihe personal collision (for certainly every onu mast sec- tint it was such) which had arisen lelnein a cli lingiiished sciitiorond ihe distinguished gentleman on Ins left, Mr C. J. Inger sol whom 1 take the liberty to call liis fiiend ; a col liini which, however deeply il might a licet these two crciitlemen indtvidi.ally, must nlsn in some measure allecl the co illtry, beeau-o ttie reput ition of each of them, wos in so nc degree the property ol the nation, Still tins milter did not leuitinialely Iclnng to the regular bu-ines.of Iho House Theuforc ho consid ered tint the objection of ,he gentleman fmiii Virgin ia Mr Hivly was fitly and properly made thai no we had nil control over the subject, an I that it didn'i fairly come within the jurisdiction of tins body. Not withstanding thi, he lb night it would ill become the friends of thai distinguished senator lo interpose Ihe slightest obstacle to iheinvesligatinn. Mr Daily. I hnoelhat tho L'cnlleman did not un derstand me as making this oljection as a friend of .11 r Webs er. Mrlldlitrd. I could not be guilty of so gross a misconception. 1 did nut for a moment suppose any thing nf the kind. It i-a misfortune (Mr H. was un derstood to siy, though doubtfully heard), that a man whose intellect and mil ho servi es havo render- el the name of his country illustrious, and have as sociated it aiiroau Willi everything mat is io I e hon ored and loved, should have so few personal and po litical friends here. I am not on terms of intimate friendship wit i that gentleman, but from a casual ac quaintance, 1 have ccu much in In r. to admire. If here is anvllnhg censurable in him, I have not ob served it. Looking to the olfici it intercourse which for some time, I ha I with hint, I should he the mean est and tho most unjust of men, if 1 did not, in the face of the hostility which is manifested towards him here, bear testimony to his scrupulous regard to the public interests, whenever I have had an opportunity to observe ins course. I must think that my honor able and distinguished friend, (Mr Ingersoll who I know believes all that he said, has, under the influ ence of one of these fierce contests of parly which so often arse in this country, taken too harsh a view of some circumstances in the lite of the Senator. Still I repeat, it ill becomes the friends of Mr. Webster to intorpo-e any objection to the passage of this resolu tion. 1 being a whig, and I take ibis occasion to say tint I use the word in no low or hitter partisan sense an that being in n great minority here, I avow my--elf honored in doing batile under that standard. I, for one, will interpose no objection t hut, on llic con trary, I challenge the fu'lest investigation into the conduct of a man who came into office as a Whig. I will cheerfully vote lor nu rcsoiuiton, onu I trust ihat his ii ilineal friends here will imitate my exam ple. If there is nuylhiiig in Ihe public history ol that senator ol an unwortuy or ciisgracciut character, lei the world know it. The world ouaht to know it. If as the gentleman has intimated. Mr Web-ter has fall en so Iowa to resemble Lord Hacon, not only in the geatnessof Ins intellect, hut m the meanness of his conduct, let the worlJ Know it. It lliero is no foun dation for any of the charges ihat nre made against hlui, then the lime has come when he ought forever to be vindicated trotn ilieui. I no longer wish to hear, as I have so long heard on the stump, charges agiinst a distinguished mem bsrof the Whig party. If ho Ins erred, let the facts l-eknovvn. If nor, let llio slan ler henut down. So far from concealing nnyihing, I court invesiigstion. I hall be delighted (it asm the physcal world) when the storm has passed avvJV. and tho ntmosnhi re has become purei and better, 1 should find that my friend near inn shall have become reconciled to theitislin ginshed Senator, and that both Hcnl'eiiicu should discuver that they have mutti illy lui-understood each other. May we nut hope ihat such a slate of things mny vel come to pass I knovy how little regard is shown to individual repu'aiion in this country ; it is a national calamity t the highest cannot escape any more Inantneluvvc-t. II this distinguished .-senator, whole fame ia bounded nnlv Itv ihe eivdized world. done a great wrong in the disposition of the public lunos, una lias meaniy nppueu incm io ms own per sonal use, let the world under-tind il. If he has not, then, as a man whose sympathies arc ever with Ike weaker parly, I would be glad that it should be manifest. Mr Winthrop then obtained the floor. Ha t-oid thai the honorable mem1 er from, Virginia, Mr Haylv had ventured to say a word in vindication ol John Tyler t and under Ihat example, there would probably be nothing indthcatc in Massachusetts man saying a word in defence of Daniel Web-tcr. Ho did not propose, however, to do so. I do claim (continu ed Mr W ) so far naono so much his junior mav bo allowed In claim, the distinction of being a friend of that Senator; but 1 think Ihat within a day or two past, ho has given sufficient evidence to every body Ihat be is able to defend himself always, and against every charge which may be arrayed against him. I do not Dronoso therrfoie. on this occasion, to enter into any defence of .Mr Webster. I rile in defence of Ihts (louse of the honor. Ihe character and dignity of Ihe House. What are the precise circumstances betore us i The honorable member from Pennsylvania, C.J Ingersol j, on Ihe 9lh of February lasij I believe, ar rayed a series of ch ngc a air nu si n ilisiinguihecl Sen ator fiom M issachuseus I Mr Webslerl. clurins the perusl in vhi Ii he held the nspoir-ilile station uf rncreiary of SMtenf ihe United Mates, w uiun a few clays pnt, these charge have been met and denied, in what form, or with what elleel, it is noi lor me to say. Hut, uoder the mime Inn-t.tir.g or the term- in which ihat ifen nl was mnde, ihe honorahle member from Pennsylvania eiimes forward into the llou-enf IO prcscuiniisc, nun cil-L'nioiioi. in,,, nc ie lor nnv purposes of self-di fence, calls upon the House lo help mm m arraying a new series ol charges upon entirely ditUrciii grounds ngauisl ihe baiue dniiitguishsd cc rotary ol Male. Mr O. J. Ineersoll. ( Mr Winihron yielding the flinr) I desire lo know win ther the yenlleinan has i-aid wiihin n fewdavs, before Mr Webster spoke in the .Sena'e. that the s-Mnrvini? nroeess vvas to lm no- plied in any bodyl Asa man of triilh, I ask him, as lie stands by ine'here, in nnswer ihe question. Mr Winthroti. When the irenllcuinn says that he wishes to nut a nuestion to me as a man of tiuih, I have lo say that be will rct an answer when lam rcaoy iu give ii. .air ingersoll. Ah I .Mr Winihron (continued.) I say he will gel an an sever when I am readv loeiveil. If. however, he de sires to know the fnel, I will say that Mr Webster did dive nrellv eenernl information that lie consider ed these charges unfounded, nnd that ho intended to Drove litem lo be to. And I snv .air Ingersoll. Aiullt.nl. Ihe gentleman saiu was the scnnfyiug proctsi. Wos that said ,' H-vml inie.a. rV.tw v.ni line,- cot It. Mi Winthrop. Will the chair be good enough ,to assert my right lotlie tloor I The Sneaker (who ha J internnsed immediately be fore Mr W.oppealed to him) claimed the floor peremp loruy tor inst gsnllemon. Mr Winthrop. When ihe gentleman from I'enn tyivonta has taken his teal, I will proceed. Mr Ingersoll having rc-umcdhis seal- Mr , inlnron nror-ri!t-d I u-m rlnritma ill ttn. lleman from Pennsylvania with dodnns this ureal question i and now lie turns upon me and asks mo i, 'o conversation vvun someone, 1 used the iimi - icaiiiyiug process i " l believe I did, Mr Ingerscll, Wos it applied lo me 1 Mr. Winthrop. I force! whether il was npplied to you or lo another. I did understand that iho ehar. ces were lo bo riplied In with some indicnation ond force. Whethri Mr Wibster has dnnc to or not, it is not for me to sjy. 1 do not mean to involve my-elf on ihat pitn. I toy that the circumstances under wmcn mis in use is colled upon lo pass these resold lions are these. The honorable member from Penn avlvania arrays a seriesnf charcrs naoint Mr. Daniel Websier, Keeretory of fiale of ihe United Slates in Ihe years 1812 and IS43. Tbrsn cht.riesare denied and replied to t and die honorsh'e member, under ihe immediate sling of ihat denial nnd repulsion, rises in (his House and calls for its aid in arraying an entire ly different and distinct series of chnrcrei upon utterly other and separate issues agninsl the same distin guished perron. Now, dots not the obvious inquiry present ittrlf, Why, if these chorees aie true, they were no! thought of before 1 Why did not that enae of public duly tint sense of public honor wmcn now ealaluranlinneaehinenl.il thai Is ine , , , .. . ' .. . ...... .. .. .k..:;ur.rr..::iJf.." im. CIUVSKI IIIC KrilllCOlBII IIUIII TIIK1IIMI, liU,. Bayly ,u-bail correct, ai I txlier. he ii, in the co- slruelion of llio law, has shown that nnv idea ofthat kind, under s tch circumstances, is futile,) require thai these new charges should be made nt some other mo ment than when, in Ihe beat of blood, when the gentleman smarting under thu sense of imagined or real wrongs 1 Mr Ingersoll. Bex-ousa 1 never heard of them till yesicrday. .Mr Winihron. Sir, these hearings the clay after nn Injury received nre lo bo listened to with an car al most, if not altogether, cli sed. They nre to be taken with many grains of salt these informations thai arc laid the day nfier an honorable gentleman made nn assault upon another In another part of this Capi tol. ,1 think the common rules of candor and fiirncss req lircd that the gentleman should sleep a night or two on tins hearsay testimony, which he tays he heard of only yc-lerday. Mr Ingersoll. Not hearsay. Mr Winthrop. The honorable member has cer tainly means nf no information, hearsay information, not open to all. Air Ingersoll. Not hearsay. Mr Winthrop (continuing.) And here let me pro test ngamsl the introduction of iho amendment of tho gentleman from Kentucky, Mr Ho yd. J The judg ment of the Sccrctnry of Slate is to lie appealed lo on this question. It is to be put wiihin the discretion of the friends ol the honoinblc gentleman fiom Pennsyl vania, whether letters which may bear upon Iho ques tion, shall 12 suppressed under tho pretence that the interest of foreign governments are concerned. I say that, if this House is to instilute a personal process of this kind, if under the instigation of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, iu a moment of passion, this House is to institute a process ogainst the character and famo of a man whose name will live when the names of other pcr.-ons whom I will not designate shall havo perished forever, then let no ho-tde Presi dent, or Secretary of State, undertake to discriminate between papers that ore to be produccdand those that arc to be suppressed. Give its nil every letter. The bonornble member had one letter which he called for. Did it prove his case? Did he prove it by tellers writ ten on this subject from Iho earliest daysdown to that on which vvc are now speaking 7 Let us compare the administrations of the Stalo Department in rela tion to ihc-e foreign questions from the time when .air Jt llcrson was nt ns neau to tint oi r nucnansn. Let ii. see what Iho n.o of this secret service money ( the ease of I.ou.sania. as well as in that of the north- conslituti.ni from Ihe moment the public office eastern boundary. If we nre to have anything, let ns expires. I hold nn such doctrine. I hold rny hive the whole. I demand it all and-m behalf of, self, so long as I have the breath nf life in my the distinguished senator si limn I nm pr I this clay llv, nineinble In impeachment by Ihis House ... o ..... r.:..n.l f n,..n....n. i.,.1.,.,.,.1.1 ,.t ,1... . .. ..... .... . country linon Ihe s-lie. Mr Speaker, I have I een betrayed into a moro ex leneleil observation, nnd hove seemingly expressed rnyselfina much more excited mannt-r, than I had elesigncd. I elo not intend lo vote nsniust lhec reso lutions. I hold it to bean act which will remain with tot example, without precedent, certainly, that nn hnnorah'e member of thi House, without under taking lostnte nny specific charere ; withnul designat ing any particular Icilrr with mt fixing upon nny one precise Inct, upon which lo ba-e this second series of accusations, should call upon this IIouc lo run a drag-net through the Stale Department, during n par ticular period. "to sen if he could not hunt up some thing in the shape of evidence to sustain the misera ble slanders which have been before the country for two yrais past, The proceeliug seems to me lo be. beneath the character and the dignity of this House. After remarks on the one side and the other from Mr Holmes, of South I'aro'ina, and Mr Seddon, of Virginia, Mr J. CI. Adams took the floor. Mr Adams asj.ed for ihe reading of the resolution, as modified, which having been read, .Mr I. proceed ed to address the House. Owing lo his position in the hall, nnd the great confusioii vvliich occasionally pre vailel, incrcail by almost incetsant conversations, it vva very tlillicult to catch, otherwise than doubt fully, some of his particular expressions. But the reporter thinks that, nrnbablv. hn will not he far nul of the way in presenting the venerable gentleman as loiiows: ' -Mr Speaker. I wish tins House would . ivesl itself ol every sentiment or fe-ehng connected wuh cticutu- , .1,:. ...ni,;.. ..J ,..,.,.1,1 n. sidcr it os a measure of very great importance, carry- ing out or violating Iho provisions of tho lonstitution of ihe United States. Having made ihisobseivaiion, r , . , e i'ii u,irui;iiit;siiiiir, i-imuiii uu tiioi n,eu no, uiiic from personal considerations of every kind, I say ,, , . ,, , , that I cannot votcrorit hi the form iii which it is now "1C accused should havo notice ol the impeach presenied, j incut ; Hut lie should have nut ice: nf tho evi- l here arc pans oi it asking lor iniormaiinn, wmcn ( I relieve it is the right of ihts llntisc to call for, and towhiLliIliavcnuiilijeeiii.il whatsoever. I helteve, on hearing the resolution read, ns I just now did, foi the first time, havinj: been in attendance on the- enni. mince when the resolution vvas first introduced, I be. hevc, I say, that to Ihosa parts which do not biini! in to question any provisions nf the constitution, or the necessary secrecy lo lo obeived on the part of the Executive, in respect In matters which concern the fore inn relati ms of the country, I sha'l hivcnoeb- jecnon. Hut the first, and as I think, the most materia! part ofthat resolution, rcq tires an exhibition m this House I of the manner in which a fun I has been expended, i hich,.in.Iertlie .o.isiiinttnn and tavvs ot the United Slates, has been hitherto buried in profound -ecrecv. and in respect lo which it was the intention, as'l have always tin lerslood.lbat perpetual seen cy should be maintained. The piiivt-icu is ih.ei n ccrintn sum f money shall he placed at the disposal of the actual 'resident of thn Ifntted Slales. for which no other I account shall he given than by a certificate under the hand of the Pre-ident Inmsclf ihat il has been expend-1 a for Ihe puluic ticnelit, nnd tint document, when carried to the treasury, passes ihe account. I has1 tiien sani, or al icisi tiiumateu ny gentlemen c n tins flior, that llio object of this secret fund it necessary to corruption. Thisjs not so. nuritiL' ilu-time I In.l the honor of occupying thai station. 1 uave a eeitill. cate for tin- cxpendilure of one year's appropriation of this fund, nud it turned out in be altoge'her inade quate to the end to bs accomplished j and there vvas no more cornipnoii in tue wnoie ni the iransicitnn for which that money vvas applied, than there is in the ch bate of this House to-iiav. I do not say what was for. I have never staled lo anybody except to my successor in that office what the money vvas expended for. Itut immediately nfier he- came into office, I made known to him iho object of the expen diture; and he accomplished the purpose! fur which Ihil money was clesmncu, nno ol which I will only say that it wss a treaty of commerco with the Sub lime I'orte. Now, if the House will only recollect for moment what ndvantaco and benefit have resulted to this country from thnt provision of the law giving lo the President of the Unued Siaies,lhe power Joap- r a ccnnin mihi lor ine secrei' see vice money in our ations wiih foreign couniiicsi if thev will reflect what Ihe stale nf things was at that time, and how necessary each a fund vvas to the a"complisi. ment of ihe end which that negotiation with the .Sul tan of Tut key had in view, nllhnugh probably there is not a member nf Ihe House who knew of nnv sjch money having heen so expemted j it, I say, the House will consider these things, am) near in mind with wtiai effect that fund was used, t they will 13 disposed, I initiK, io rcconsioertne opinion inai n is a corruption fund, nnd will hedieve that il may he applied for purposes as fair and honorable as nn y country can require. To ihe objections thus slated lo theadontion nf ihis resolution, 1 must add another that there is any in quiry wdiateverin regard to the secret scrviecto which Ilu iiinil was applied wen relerenc-i to Ihe negona tion in the Ashburlon treaty. This must be altcigctli er struck out before I can vutef.ir the resolution. Mr C. .1. IngiVHill. There is not a word about tho A'hburtnti treaty in the resolution ,llr Adams, .llr hpeaker, one of the inunc tions i nave lo tins resolution is, that it lias tint Iho very tihi'ct which the in iver of, s ivsj it has. It calls upon the riesiiletit logive an account of iimneys expended through the Department of talate, ami charges the in as agnin-t Iho Mecrelv ry nfatate. ftovv, for Iho expenditure of that money tho Secretary nf State, present or p.it, is no moro responsible than you or I, The law itself requires ihat it i-hall be expended by order ol Ihe President himself. It docs not un through tho Secretary of Slate. I'he order which I is. jucd tn thai effect for thn whole sum of money was noi Known tn l no necretary nl Slate at I be lime I made) it, any more than it vvas lo vnu an hour ago. Thu Secretary of Slate was 'not al Ihe s3at of government at the lima I directed the negotiation, lie vvas not hero for niniilhs afterwards. I do not know that he knows lo this day for what Ihat money was nxpeiiileil. The law itcelf gives In Ilia President alone Iho now ur of expending it : and it is no more necessary that il should pass through the hands nf ihe scc v.nl hia'e lhan that it should pass Ihrou this House. This is ono nf my reasons for oh jecling to the adoption nllhc resolution. It can i.ol bring tho niliirmnlion it calls lor ; and if n ia lo produce any clk-rt at all, it must bo addres see! lo .Ur John Tyler, and not In the Secretary ol Slate, or lo ine present rrcsiueni ; lor nroha bly the present President knnivs no more than you or I, lor vvnai purposes mo money was ex pended. It does not, I repeal, go through Iho Secretary of State. I do noi know but whit the 'resident may authorize the Secretary nl Slate to expend tho money. That may have been the lart in lliu present rase, uul lor tl Ihe Presi dent himself ia responsible ; and if the gentlo WW intends tn impeach any body for Ihe expen diture uf ihat money, il must be John Tyler, and not llaniel XYelislcr, Mr C, J. Ingersoll. I am anxious In say ihat in an mis Dimness, so lar as I Know, I r rv or i conduct has been irreprnachahlo, and that my s'.-js., I v , 1. 1- ii y -Jcuceaij WiluauuSCU thai power. Mr Adams. Whether the Secretary abused enae pom-i io inn, i win not eiueiuriaKc at pros inn iv ... , .... enae ii I o mu nil nnvv . mill In u,u I. Ill .In ...... .I.- if 1... 1. I .1 er io auunu n, n was uy llio oruer OI Ii a lunsr I :. :. . .. . ... r- . . ,, , , . . 1 bo President of the United States, who ahlrTb had tho nttlhnrily In expend Iho money. I he Secretary of State had no more power In upend a dollar of it than you or I, Air .Speaker, have tu-day, Whatovur expenditure was made by tho Secretary of Slate, or through Ihat do psrtment, must have bec made, and could be

made in no oilier way, than by an order from tho President. Iln is the responsible person, and if thoro has been any corruption In Iho expendi ture of tho money, which I do riot In tho slight est degree oiispncl, Air Tyler la (ho responsible person, and he it is who is to be called upon tu account for it. I say, therefore, that If you send Iho resolution to tho President of the United Slales, it is extremely probable that ho may an. sever tint ho knows nn metre abuut it than you do. It docs not fulloxv tlwt because I rommtinl. calcd to my Immediate ntfcresaor for what pur pose I li.nl ordered an expenditure of Ihis money not through the Department of Stale, but Ihrniifli other channels that olhor Presidents may havo done so. Under tho law winch Ims been read by Ihe chairman of tho Committee nf Ways and Moans, (Mr McKay,) this mnnny i lo be accounted for by a persot.al certificate from Ihe President, having tin more reference In the Department of Slate than In the Dflinrtnimit of tho Treasury, and perhaps not sa much. He is authorized and required to certify In tho no counting officers for certain sums of money ex pended, with his approbation, for certain ptirpn. see, and that certificate Is In answer fur all Ihe innro minute delnils required iu all nthor amounts settled at tho Treasury Department, Thai cor lificalu ho must give, ami he is responsible for it, as I have always held myscll rosponsiblc to tho country for all lime, so long as I live, for llio ex penditure of that money, And here I lake occasion to say that I differ with I lie gcnllctnan from Virginia, (Mr Ilayly,) and. 1 believe other ireutlnninn vvhri have stared , ,0 , f impeachment has passed, by the ,,r every thing I did during Ihe lime I held my . " " 1 public, office Mr ll.tyly. I not the judgment, in case of impeachment, removal from office 1 Mr Adams. ,l?i, disqualification to hold any ofltco of honor, trust, or profit under the United Slates forever afterwards a punishment imich greater in my opinion than removal from office. It clings to a man as long as he lives; and il any public, officer ever put himself in a position to ho tried by impeachment, be would have very little of my good ontnion, if ho did nut think dis qualification from holding ofllce for life a more severe puiii-liuipiiulian mere removal from of fice. I hold, therefore, Ihat every President of the United Slales, evi-ry Secretary of Slate, uveiry eiiiecuT nupcacil'iuiu eiy cue laws en cue country is as liable, twenty years afier his office has expired, as he is whilst he continues in of. fiete ; and if such is not the cafe, if an officer could thus ward nlT the pains of iiiipcaithmenl, what would he the value of tho provision, or w hen do you suppose discoveries would be- undo lint would render impeachment effectual 1 I speak with reference to tho provisions of the cnnsiitn. tinn, and lo the greit object rnntcinpl.i'ed liv these provisions and I now say that if ono tenth or Iho charges against the person who is here k j impeachment, in my humble . , . ., ' i , i . . i judgment, is Ihe course which ought In he pur sued by this House ; and that in thai prncei-s of impeachment the usual requisites of justice In every man charged with licinotis crimes and n -i.n..i.i i. i.a. ..i i.n. nonce in on ornugni against linn ; mat tie nny have Iho means of defence before Ihe bar nf this House; and lint he may not bo reached by sule blows by applications for what may be dragged up out of tho Department nf State, when ho was in lint olUce, to injure him in the public mind, probably fur services of the first importance to Ihe country. As lo other parts of ihe resolution, calling for copies of pipers in relation tn a fee probably pant to a lawyer to the elelcucc nl a miti on trial in tho Stfto of New Vnrk, or oilier tilings, doc umenls w hich may possibly bring up the broken lrllin, nU rmifl1(., between Iho government of ,t . i o. . . i .t - r.i s-. . " ,J .."'"'P.1' plains and the governor of the -Stale II isuvv I ill lv .1, ill il lion , iiitm-cn wineil I uu liovo had much better br suffered to elumbor, as they have dono for ininy years pal, whin connected with the charge of cnrruptinn.I should be very reluctant to give my vote fur such a call. As to the negotiation on the Ashhurton treaty, I have no doubt that there wore transac- lions passed between llio proper departments, some parts of which may bo brought to light by a call on Ihe departmaiit nl Mate. Hut If Ihe secret features of ihat negotiation are lo bo call, cd for and laid before the Mouse, I expect you ill have calls foriiifnrmatinn, of which you will find nn trace in Iho department of Stale, and Inch will imphcite, so far porhips as even to expose In Ihe chance of public retistire, those by no moans included in the rei-olulions. There is probably much secret histnry connected Willi that negotiation and that treaty, which 1 believe' it would be quite as well In sutler tn pass into 'Olivinn. llut if they are In no nrougiii lortn, I hall vnto Ihat all may bo brought forth, anil then I think we shall have public speculation resting on uther persons bcsulcs ilia secretary of State. S.i far as concerns the charge of corruption against a Senator of thn United Slales from in own immediate commonwealth anno highly honored by his fellow- citizens not only for the services rendered in Iho negotiation of that treaty, hut for many oilier public services of the firs', importance, I, for my part, havo no objec tion lo cull for any thing in thn Department of State, hecau.se it is mv full belief Ihat any thing which is elicited hy that inquiry will operate far more to justify him, than tn sustain any charges against linn. Hut, I repeat, if this call is to bo made as to the employment of t lie secret service money, in the course ofthat negotiation, it must ho mule not on the Department of State, hut upon the President of iho United Slates. The present President, I think it extremely probable, hough it may not bo so, will say Ihat he knows no more about the application of the eocrol ser. vico money al that tnno lhan this llnusc knows. I herefnro the information requested cannot tie furnished. And if the call is made upon the Department, Ihon I say it will not answer the purpose ; because it is tho President s order which is to bu inquired into, and tint any thing which necessarily passes through, too uepiri- ment nf State. If Mr Webster employed one dollar cither In send an exorcss In New York, or to pay llio district attorney lo conduct llicile- Icnco ol ,Mcl.eod, or for any other purpose, lie could not have done so without an order Iruiu the President, for which the President, and nd Iho Serletary of Stale, is responsible. It, there fore, I ho gentleman from Pennsylvania will come nrvvard with an avowal that it is his purpose lo impeach Mr Tyler as President of Iho U.S., auu tuai no calls lor inloritiatiou lur lliat purpose I Into no oljection. Mr Ingorsnll was hero understood lo say (though the reporter only conjectures) that is a Uislllicl resolution. Mr Adairs Well, if lint is a distinct rcsnlu. tinn, the call is proper upon the PrcsidutU tnfur. nish copies of llio pip-;rs (as 1 understand il) in thu Department ol Stale in relation to tho ncgu- lt.it ion of tho Asbiirlon treaty. Mr Ingersoll It is not for that. Mr Adams Well, then, I cannot see for what lawful purpose it is, I cannot vole for it. Iain willing to call on the Department of State for any thing there, whether on tho negotiation of the Ashburlon treaty, or in relation to llio pro. ceedings in the case uf Me. Lend, or for the cor- respotiiienco with the governor of New York I hero was undoubtedly, as I well knew at the 'ZSST governor of New Vort, ; and 1 do not kumv but what we shall hear of it in duo tnno as casting, 1 J' l-cinous, l-ciiutj ceoniiw e me auiiuntsiralionof that day. It is ttoll knnwn that theru vvas a collision of a serious and dan- genius inline between the administration of the United Slales and Iho novernor of New York. at a lime when an intimiie friend nf mine, one of Iho best men in Iho world, Mr Sovvard, was governor; and I think it possible that in that correspondence which is called fur here, il will be seen that there were different views enter- talned by Air Tyler, the head of tho nilmlnistra linn, (Ihntigli communicated thrnugh tho De partment of Stale, and Governor Seward. Ono of the most unforltiunla circumstances attend, ing tho Ihon stalo of things was this very collis Inn between tho general government and the government of New York ; and it was n point upon winch 1 was infinitely more apprehensive lhan I was as to tho t'iffieiiill'y with Great Britain. Now, it ia well known that tho gentleman from Pennsylvania was very much dissatisfied with tho negotiation ofthat treaty. It is well known, for ho said so here, time and again, that he wanted to take thu sonsn of the House upon il ; and he once said Ihat Ihe ratification of the trea ty depended on this House. Air Ingersoll. And tho proposition was put doevn by the previous question. Air Adams. Then you udmit you made it! .Ur Ingersoll, I do. .Mr Ad mi Well, vnu remember the fate nf vciur p-npnsilinii, lln'ii ; and vvn all kmnv whit ins been tin? fate nl n'j nop turn unci-! tn tin' treaty lint Ii in tins ll'iu'e tetitl tho other. We , all know thai ihe "advice;" for .is r.itifieatint' wa , given by a vrrv large in J in'y. I low far a rein , nant nf tciithility on Ihe lni'S In tde in the; op. position tn ill it treaty may h ive; operated on the unliil of tho genllennu in inducing hint to oiler i a lesoliitiou tn revive tins control ersy, It is not fur me In inquire. Nor is il very important. I Iu disclaims all personal resentment r ani mosity, .Mr Ingcrsnll was understood to say, I have made no such disclaimer. Air Adams. Well, I understand Ihe gentle man to do so. If ho now withdraws it, that ground is gone; and I suppose the House will give a little less confidence to his patriotic de nunciations of a Senator in the oilier end of the canitol, if it is satisfied that they arise as much from personal animosity and resentment, as from a desire lo promote the good of the coun try. Mr Speaker, I believe I havo given to the House my most material objections to tho adop linn of this resolution as it now stands. It must be very much tared down to call for documents from the Department of State, which must, as a matter, of course, he there, before 1 can vole for it ; nut Hint I oppose it on account of the gen. lleman .who is, iu substance, impearhed before Ihis House; for, (as my honorable colleague, Air Winlhrop, says) he "is perfectly able to jus. lily himself, and whenever an attack upon him is made, I would rather be any where than in the place of him who makes it. In regard In the proceedings of this govern ment, in i he case of AlcLcod, every gentleman here at that time (in IS 11, I think,) will recol lect how anxiously, Imw Iniig, and how ably nn both sides, all these questions wore at that time delisted in this House. The final conclusion of it evas very signally manifested, tint only by the dufeat of every proposition against tho treaty, or its negotiator, hut by the piaie "f an art ot tlongres. now' Iho l.iwof tho laud, ascertaining and removing friiin all possibility nf question, tint winch had constituted the L'raml difficulty in tho rase. Mr Ingersoll. Will the gentleman allow me to ask Into a question, Air Adams. I will allow Iho gcnllemui lo I ak me a quctinn, il he will allow me tn sit down I and ti it lo answer linn. ... I..,., Whereupon .Mr Adams took his scat. Mr Ingersoll. I wish In ask the gentleman whether lie recollects that a genllennu from New Vnrk, who then represented Ihe Ulica district (Mr I'ioytl,) moved a resolution of in quiry on this subject, upon which I and others spoke, and Ihat, too, was put down hy the previ ous question. Wo never got a word of answer from the Executive on this subject, .Mr Adnns. I refer the gentleman to the journal of Ihe day. Mr Ingersoll. I havo already examined the journal. I wish the gentleman would do like wise. After some further discussion, chiefly on the part of Mr Yancey of Alabama, and his colleague Air Millard, the previous question was moved and carried, and after an amendment the reso lutions in the words given above, were passed bv a vote of K!0 to 23. &i?iT?:rrr ;ii)ju i muuvu. t FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, I31G. THE TARIFF. Tho American people have now before llicin the real intentions of Mr Polk's admin istration tovvnid. the manufacturing anil in dustrial interest of the county ; and they can now jotlgo how truly they were nduiniiishfd ill it llio e li-rl i.m of James K. I'olk w as to In itio signal for, iinil tin- ioi-.iiis of, di'strnv. ing the liiiilTnf 1842, hy which our notion vv a regaining what situ had mice- Inst hv the mis- cr.ihlt! inlet fe-ri'iico uf llio gnternini'iit with tin-corri'ticv nf ihe Million. Aido fioin the lill'iisinii of 'vt iillli, tlicin is cvidciiro nil around us of llut inciensi'd mid increasing prosperity nf the rounlrv. Everv month thai . i . . .tv ' . . ii l . ..... ii u i-ii iii is iiuo.vuu o u pur-nr, sous iho nu 1 ' pnisei Bui tt hat availelh this witli the archi tects of ruin 7 The simple fact of our pros perity is sufficient reason with the slavcocra cy for a crusade upon the policy which gives lo fice labor the benefits of if own market. Measures havo been taken to spread before Congress such proofs ol tho I'lTicacy of llio manufacturing system as can he gathered, but il behooves those who would stand by the country and its Into independence, lo make I slrot'g demonstration of the efficacy of the i auvi t ui iiiuioiiiiiiuu j i iitc 1-iin.ot-j ui lliu t . -cr i . .i r i r tariff, voto onlv in giving aid to ihe funds of, 1 - " the nation, but in securing a gradual improve' ' r . i- i -ii ii ment in our manufactures which will enable tlit ni ulliiniilely to compete wiih tho world. We fear the country is not uwako to tho im portance of the crisis. TUE NOTICE. TO TEltMlN.tTE THE OIIEOON CONVENTION. Tho long pending debato on the question of giving nolico for thn lerniinalion of the convention ttith Grcdl llritain, under which iho Oregon territory remains freo and open to thu citizens nud subjects of both pawers, was brought to n clnsi) in lliu Senate on Thursday list, by a decisive voto uf 40 lo 14. By this votu a resolution was adopted which aulliurizes thu President to give such notice, as by tho terms of llio convention will annul il, on tho expiration of Ivtclve iminlhs. Tho resolution so adopted is based on thai which was passed by llio House of Represen tatives, on the 9th of Fehruary, after adehato of equal duration with that which has occur I r,i i ,i, .,. l,i nntin.lv rlnmneil in ! i " l""r8 GO U,k to ,1.U i llouso for its concurrence in tho amendment. ',s concurrence, as the change is not very material in substance, will probably ho ob tained. The resolution, whilo it authorizes tho President lo give tho notice, properly leaves it to his discretion to give it or noi, os he may judge expedient, and leaves the responsibili ty where it is placed by the constitution, of conducting llio cgotiation, nnd purV-uing the necessary mcnsircs fur llio nmicablrV. settle ment of the difficulties and disputes fliclwccn llio two countries respecting llmsaWl territo ry. It remain lo be Set-n-iiVut will be lite ciTocl of this resolution, anil of the notice which llio President will probably feel con strained lo give iu purstifWo of il. This may of course depend much upon the terms in which tho nolico is given, and upon thu prjposiliotts with which it is accompanied." If given in a spirit according with that ex h,n..,wi :,. it,,, immi t& ilm resolution, nnd . - O V. U .,, ,,,W ....- . I.IIH. known tn I.e. nntermmcti II V ffmniofitV of thonCSn"!' P"Per C0" Senalc, il will ofcourse ho accompanied witli ,i r. .,.,, il.n noomiaiion. nnd .. .......... ,.b prnli.ilily with n new proposal of setllonii'iit This iiciiuvil, unless ihe; views of llio L'ri'si dent hiive liiTii iiiairii illy til ingril, sinret lliu dile-of the List currrspondr'nee, we think is tint likely to he one which will he iifrpptrd by iho British Guvurniiient, Such proposi tion, however, whatever it may be, il is pre sumed Mr I'.ikenhani, lifter llin public re buke which hi! lately received frnni Sir Rob ert Peel, for taking lliu responsibility of de ciding, in a former case, will be transmitted to lliu British Government for its considera tion and decision. There will be an oppor tunity which the British Government may perhaps avail itself of, of presenting sulti malum. Should they so decide, what is to prevent that ultimatum taking the place of the convention which tho act of our govern inenl is about to abrogate 1 Boston Daily Advertiser. Washington, April 18. In the House of Representatives the bill to extend thn Laws of the United Slates to the Oregon Terrilo ty, as amended and passed in committee of the whole, was taken up nnd passed without I any further material amendment. The Joint Resolution from the Senate au thorizing the giving of llio nolico was taken up, nnd Mr Owen moved that ihe House con cur therein, with the following amendments : Strikeout the words, "and immediately directed in reneeved ell'irts for the ninteal Iu settlements nf nil their .'ill'-Teuees and disputes in respect to -aid Icrrito ry," nnd, iu lieu thereof, to insert, ' diroctel in the im portance of a speedy adj.istuient of nil tin ir ddleR'Hces and uispute- it respect to said territory." Also, tii strike out tin; 21 Ui'solulion, nn (I in icil ,lt.reof ,0 jscrt . Sec. 2.1. And be il further en.aclcri, That ihe Prrs- ,'tn.' 's antliorized and reqiestcv '"m" "o- iii i-ii ei i-e-rnuiene ine niriee r niilie-u by the sail second arlicle fit the nbroeatioii of the said Contention of the Cili of August, 1SC7 Mr Owen moved the previous question, which was sustained. Thn amendment was agreed to yeas 98, nays 87. Tho question was llien taken on the pass ing of the resolutions as amended, nnd the motion was agreed to yeas 14-1, nays 41. SIXTEEN DiYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Boston, April 21. -The steamship Cale donia, Captain Loll, arrived at East Boston, at 12 o'clock, having heen telegraphed at 9, A. M. As iho was going into tho slip, in consequence of running a little loo far on one side, she grounded, so ihat to avoid the delay of getlinff into dock, the ferry boil came alongside and took off her passengers and mail. She brought from Liverpool 101 pas sengers, of whom 2G were left at Halifax, and 13 vvero taken on hoard at that place. Tho C.iledonii has niado her passage in a lilllo less lhan sixteen tl,i. We have re ceived by her our files ol London papers to the 3J inst., and of Liverpool to the 4th. Wo tvero indebted lo Mr. Argraveslhe pur ser of thu ship, and lo Mr. .Win Ison the engineer, for pipers in anlicip.ilinn oftlio de livery of the mail, and also to Messrs. Il.im- lll'll sV- Cel. j The iie-tv is n il p trti'-ti' irly impnitaitt. j Tho attempt nl revolution by thn Pole s, as i vvas iinlicipaied from i In- beginning, has , proved a failure, and it was in a great nieas- ,lr ... , , , , - I ...s. si.ifiiu-.vu, ,e ems ciuuuiiess mo resuii of a cuncert considerably extended, but Un . . , . . , iictu:il inovfiucnts have been a good deal ox- An overland mail from India has arrived bringing advices from Bombay to Match U, which appears in the London papers on Ihe 1st inst. The principal news is from the Punjaub, where llio British forces to the number of 20,000 men, on thu 10th of Feb ruary fought a bloody battle with the army of tho Sikhs, estimated at 3C.000, and oh tained a decisive victory. Tho Sikhs were driven across the Suilcj at Sobraon, with tho i em nrr loss of 10,000 men in ki cd and wounded. , . , . ' uul,ului jnfl 1,7 mn.n. nf n til..-.. et,. I e ., and C7 pieces of artillery. The loss of tho ! British was 2,383 officers and men killed and . . , " lu""u wounded, including among iho former tho veteran and gallant Major General Sir R. Dick, two Lieutenant Colonels, two Cap tains, and nine Lieutenants. By an earlier arrival, March 21, news was received of another battle fought at Aliivnl, on tho Sullej, by the. Enclih forces under Sir II. J. Smith. Thu Sikhs tvero defeated with lliu loss of C9 pieces of cannon. The British loss was -100 in killed and wounded including four oliicris killed. Tho latest overland ni ill brings advices from Cinlon to Jan. 31, ten el lys later lli;tu the sailing of ihe R iinh.iw, tt hicli arrived last week at Now nrk. Tho last instalment 0f Iho Chi iieset indemnity was paid, and by the lerms of thu treaty Iho EuglMi tvero tu i-v.ic-ualo thn Island of Chusan, But the Chinese had refused iho admissiun of foreigners into Canton, who aro pelted wiilt sloncs piled up at tho gates for tho purpose, if they attempt to enter. A notification in llio government paper intimates that Chusan will ho retained until tho city is opened, and that a despatch from Sir John Davis to Keying gnvo him no lice of this determination. It is staled that Admiral Sir Thomai Cochrano had discovered in ,ho I,land of Formosa in abundant supply of coal but fow miles from tho shore, of excellent ouali ly. This will he of immonso advantage to lien ateam navigation nn l.. " vw"" "", ihut mlj e-oal can ho delivered at Hong Kong at two dollars n ton. - Tho Corn Bill on the 27ih ol March, pi$ ed lo a second reading in the llouso of Com- 'mons, it being iho fourth night of llio debate, by o roto of 301 lo 21C, majority 88. I ho niajorify consisted of Consora!iYCi 102, Liberals 202. Minority Conservatives 208, Liberals 8. 1'nired SS, nbsont Conservative 2D, Liberals 47, Speaker 1. vacant seat tolnl 058. Tun Anjtfii.. " I ! ontRm"ra'dviccs from ihe arinjr 0" Occupation, lo March "9. Gen. Worth 'iis sent across to llio llio Grande with a communication addressed In General Mejia, and despatches to the American Consul at M.itanmr.is. A boat came over and carried lint General across the ferry. Gen. Mejia soul Gen. de Li Veg.i lo meet him, saying lli.it lliu chief in command could only receive the chief in command. Gen. Worth being ordered to deliver his despatches in person, returned with them. Tho Mexicans creeled during the night, a small breast work near the ferry, ir which was mounted a twelve pounder. Gen. Tay lor moved his encampment four miles down lite river. It was reported that Gen. Am pudia was expected ilh G000 troops, in ad dition to 2 or 3000 already there. These numbers are probably exaggerated. Communication. TIMGIsV HINTS TO PARENTS. At the last session nf our state Legislature, u fasr was enacted with epecial reference to our common schools. It seeks their improvement. To as-rare this end, we have already appointed one superintend ant for the Stnle, ono for each County, and one cr moro for every town. Here then is the machinery which the law supplies. It is capable of doinjf good execution. Our summer schools nre soon lo com mence, nnd we ore lo lest the 'wisdom of ihe law. As n Stale we have been foiled in onr attempts to I iiiii'i wi v loiiiiuoo awns-is uuiing ine rase tenor rn- teen j cars, while our si-ler Slates have left ns fir ia ihe rear. I Tu ihe citizens ol R irlinglon, of all Vermont, it is now n qucs ion of nocouirnnn interest. Shall or fresh cfforis in behalf of coinui' n schools b suc cessful, or s'nll it fail as former ellorts, of a kindred l nature, have done 7 Shall our schools, those impor tant bulwarks of our flee institutions nur Commen Schools hitherto ihe pride and flory ofievvEni- , land, n pirl and parcel of our nnr stral inheritance, shall thcy.ain.ng the green lolls nnd on Ihe vere'ant ei of erm ml, bu left to themselves nnd die I il lo parents, to all parents, that ibis que-lHin comes """,e "" oruunry lorce. .oihing valuable ran oo accomplished wiihoul your co-opeiaiwn. There arc a few things which ton unisl do or Ihis new at tempt to improve cauiuion schools will m-e-t with a signal failure. Ui-se few llunr ill you read, re member nnd elo, ami ihis vt ry summer shall witnain the I ei-ianin; of n mijhly revolunon in the condition of these schools, where the great mass of our 'hi dren arocduca'cd. 1. l-cl no pressure of I usiness or trivial can-e de lain you from the mcelins called for transiting lb business in Jour dislrici. This business concern every citizen and has demand on the attention of every man who 'makes Ibe sliehlcst pretenona to patriotism, philanihr-py, or benevolence. At roar District school moelings are formed ihe germs of im provement or decay. 2. Procure the best men m Iho district for ronr prud?ni,al committee. The best ,,, j me,; for that office, an o flee noi lo be despjs.d but honored, since he who holds it, docs as it were by prax,, wield an in.lueneo lo bo f,l, on ym comImmil cr ,h, wrldvt humanity, don l0 lh(. ,,,, arnc,,,,- all who rc-ide in 0r d.sltic, there i, on. Ihat un- ers and, 3 ,,,, rf fc good school ,s, le, Inn, be your P,den.,nl committee. 3. If pos,b!c -c id your children to school ; yes. lo he con,.,,.,,, so),,,,,. , kowhow many parent. feel on tins -object. They regard .he common hool. a unsafe places for their children. Thi, is the feel ing of many nolle and he-hminded ra , .,, there is foundation for this feeling. The moral a. well a. the intellectual character of oar school., ha. been truly deplorable. Uul i, need not be so. Ther. w a remedy, and it , at hand. Our publK aehols, hi Burlington . throughout the Cou ily and Stale, may be hithpnrtrk-d undeleted. It j, inJccd ' woik, but it must be done. I, may be accomplished true here-as jn other mitter. " many hand. ,nak. hjhttvoik." I!ut if only a few are . I.. , I,- ""'i ' " lane iioirj- it i oar, an I .his few were n3amst wind and ticV, car nrcZ gres must hp slow. 1 I nA the,, ,n, every parent who has scho'.r. to bo at sc houl during i!, reason, ,), fir gooj t.nchrr, use your lullucme to do this, lei school house be pul tn proper orJcI) 4r)d lhcn ? fc wauhfu ,,K,lanc.-,scnd ,r, c,lU l0 thc ,cboo? etesioned by our t ommonwealth lor all ciildrtn tV i you apprehend dancer lo ,our chi'd from iniroej. cng h.m to he school a, i. now is, I beseech , a set a. once about its legeneraiio,,. If our school. ar. Places unsuitable and dangcrou for your children can they be nfe and proper places for if,. ,iZ of yourneigbors7 vjy ,U from n moments ren.pti.n:i,i.,. V. if" '-""i"Miiiom ine priciir ftr snpporiing private cUo0U, , the e.teni we d? in Burlington, namcrou,, fearful and vt3e tftrlj ;!: must arise. " A Kbieno to Tcblic School coNGnnss. Saturday, April H.sE?AIETi . . ution calling for coptcs of a ,y tZJi"0' between the two Government 0 "ZttM9 controversy, "fil-red a long time .-Xfr? J . Clayton, was passed on a call of 7l? v j Nays. Vea ao Navs 19. r e''" ' generally voted again',, ,,, PJhlZ"tT egon men. The two Tetas si.,,,, y ",e,0r the Itesolution. bc,,i"rs vo' tn thc surplus fund now- i i. ' " " '"ut csteutinii ?ntin of the National Do. r1 8nd lb Mr Allen ollbred a resolution astir., r , ition relative to the l!,..i, . .. . ' ""'"t for infor- mv con.o of c..rrespon.le.,i"B i :'ce,,,n4T ...cut on this subject fro,,, 16llT. TP? mono,, of 5,r Wter 1M ' " ' Or, "niHi-iiiM III Mm rv w 'ion to ll, luttoncneredte: I'd. The niecial nnlo. ,.r ,1.. I'lielp, unci ,hat ,s f "P r has the lbor. .3 slrL. U'MC lpli.m,vti,o passed over. ' " ""1' "I ttould b After soco lalk about a.ljorni ssenalc went un,, it... , , . 1 "'"", hers v'vho ,J ' c Lr ed mI' u',Nr Va"cJ "al unpatriotic I S't ' tti'h ler or an abs ,,'s enafor w.Jcfe''Ce,e" "f0" The House then took , 1,,n".n,M reP'y- on which ihov ,? UP ,,',e 1 "va,e 'ender on tt inch they were engaged till they idjoum. .t;y2T'llp:IL 1!!--S- r" "-e Sen. suggestmii'of .uA.Ui" XuiVb! taken on "tho Mr Huntington addresseJ Iho Senate on tha special order, sir Upl.a.n. who bad Iho noorfrorn ..'P0,e'. Mr Huntington was in favor r ,k. nee in amodifiod form, and desired its poilpoli.