Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 22, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 22, 1846 Page 1
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WOT THE GZ.ORV or O 23 S A It BUT T II D WELFARE OF Ii O 171 B BY II. B. STAGY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, MAY 1840. VOL. XIX No. Cl. THE FARM. BEANS, PUMPKINS, HOOTS, AS FIELD CROPS. Corn ami potato planting being despatch ed, attention may bo given to other crops which do not require to bo so early in the ground, or the later plaining of which is not intended with so mucli liazaid Reins. The common white field bean is i so generally acknowledged to be a valuable product, that it is unnecessary to siy aught in its praise : no "committee on uo ins, ev er to our knowledge, made a report that was discreditable to them : (wo mean llio brans, not the committee.) It accommodates itself to almost any soil, giving quite n good jield OS tlis loosest sand: indeed, n poor soil is better adspted to il lluti one that is very rich, ns in tho latter it is apt to make too much vine. As this bean sends nut a legion ol line rosts, it is important tint llio soil in tended f- It, should be deeply stirred and ivj.1l milvAri7ifl- IIM u'nlt.mttnrl tarn nr i. 1 . ,i i ' I i ... rlim mfltitn-n. ic in host, nnil a ilrpcaiiirr nf plaster or ashes round the plants it useful. We should prefer planting in drills fir enough npart to admit of the cultivator being run be tween ; drnp -the 6ood ovorv 3 or 4 inches, it.!.. ........ il :..l.nn ......... 'l'l. .in.. i.iU ,o ,u u iin, n,,,.,,. . u UIIUI LUIIIHU MIA UU UUIIU null IIIU lUIMVlllUi, ." .-.mii.h 'ILS3 Ull IIIU !.UHJU.i Ul IIIW I I though onu hand-pulling of weeds between 'sidenl's message, and hopes wele entertained the pUnts in the drill, may bo required. On j that its wailikn tone would be uioro thin ru u favorablo soil, and with good treatment, 20 echoed from your side of (he water. The to 25 bushels lo tho acre may boexpoclod. Mexican Government, anvious not lo huinhle 1 he vines make excellent winter loddcr lor , 8 icop. Good crops have been obtained by planting in alternate rows among corn. The cost of raising tho crop is comparatively small, whom tho dressings "arc done by the cultivator, and the planting and" harvesting by children. The snull while field beans generally biing SI 50 to SI 75 per bushel, in market, and nlways meet a ready sale. We commend this iaterestmg member of tin; leguminous family, to llio special favor of all cultivators, in tho lull assurance tint they will find it a prontablo cron trial, and it will speak its own merits. Po.vrKtNS. This crop is werthy of alten- (ion, as supplying an excellent tooiJ fur milch cows late in lite fall and winter, and for fat- toning swine for which latter purpoo e lielieva it ns cfleclivo at any other vegetable Wa cannot think it judicious ti pl.nt thi crop among corn, unlew there uo more room assigned it than is usual not that we fear no much for tho welfare of the pnmj.in as f.ir the corn. If any manure can be spared, , lot lot of ground bo prepared and appro priated to the special use of this crop. A moderately rich and sandy snil is preferable. Make saatlsw hills, full a feet apart each way, and put in c ich a shovelful uf compost or oU barn naanuro ; drop 5 or G seeds in a hill, and leave two or three plants to each ; free tho crop Irom weeds while growing, and do not injuro the vines by tho hoe or ether v.'iso, after thev Irtvn commenced running, Cahrots. Judging from tho unprecedented demand for carrot seed (llis spring, (arising, probably, from anticipated failure inthe potato cnip.) tliis valuible root will he fir mole ex tensively cultivated than in any previous year. The soil best suited to this crop is n deep loam, which should be plowed deep and well mellowed before sowing; it is considered useful lo steep the seed ; sow in drills 2 1-2 feet apart, and thin tho plants to 8 or 9 inch es. Use tho cultivator as needed to keep the soil loose and the wecdi. down. Nuver pull tho leaves for fodder. Analysis of the ashes of the carrot shows 45 per cent, of pot ash and soda, 10 per cent, of limu, 2.7 do. of sulphuric acid, nnd 5.M of phmphoiir acid, indicating that this crop has a sliang nffuuiy fur alkalies : henco ashes, cuinmon salt, gypsum, aro appropri ite mauuies.lho'igh compost will be also needed, unless tho ground wns heavily manured fur tho preceJint crop. A good yit Id per acre is 5 DO bushels : crops three, times larger than tins have been repor ted, but crops nndcr, are fdr more coalman than crops over, the first named yield. 1 he kinds most highly esteemed for field culture, ore large White and ihe Lonj Orange. In harvesting, turn ihe eaith fiom tho roots with n plow, and pull by hand. Parsnips. Culler the samo as required for the carrot. 1 his root is not juailv ap nrccialed by fanners. Il is nut inferiar t tire best of cariots for milch cows, it will fatten swiae. whereas -carrots will not ; tni as human food, it is much moro highly n ip.nmei than tho last named rods If we were lo choose from the rout family a subeti lute fur the potato, (which, wo liust, neither we nor our brother cultivators may ever hi forced to do,) wo should, with our present opinions, choose the rarsnip. a currespuu dentof tliis paper wriling'upon tho subject I .1 . .. 9 1 . f i of "Parsnips fur stock," s ij's he fed a cow on carrots at tho rate ol -'U ids. a my aner wards on parsnips, al tho r ito ol 15 lbs a day. On th Utter feed, the gave neaily doublo the quantity of milk than shu did on the for mer. " The experiment has convinced mo that parsnips are worth more for milch cows than carrots, and after two months feuding, I have discovered no unnlcnimt (win n the milk. PMrsnlnn ih',1 urn ilncr ii, tins snriiie after the.laps stait, or permuted to i;rovv in the cellar and become strong, in either caso will affect llio milk." The Jnrsy Long and largo Dutch aro most esleemod fur field eul- ., .JUG will, a, nuiu IIIU U.,!.t(J UL'IUI II IWUIt!' Manciold Wunzr.1.. Prepare tho land as lP"ul'c,i whose very jealousy would sobn con fer carrots ; sow in drills 2 1-2 feet span, I ve't thom into rivals and implacable enemies; ...A ,1,'ni iln, nlmits lo a fijot anart. Tho Far. she would havo created for hor a vail new mors Dictionary says: "As soon as the niiir loaves begin to droop, they may be .aihered and civen to cattle, but a tuft should i. inf, m ihn centre to carry on tho vegeta- . . il.n rnnis will not increase. Hero wo would ivo a caution founded on ex-' w I have writlcn may como to pass ; hut neriuncu und observation. Tho diooping! he march ofovenls lends onward, to this l,,flves if not Gathered, will decay and fill consummation, and tho parallel events or llio IT- ih'ov have performed their olT.co, and former history of nations confirms it. And therefore to gather then, before they wither,!'1""' Oregon-whon grand events havo in iiitrLi, fa . i,, ,,, .inn ofl' Iresli and I cruised its value, in whoso hands vn it bo l real economy b , t lo p o r anJ ? ,., ,,.,, CjbMt!, ,,as llmiui sZ T-ir o n-placo them, aro Ihe juices r qmr ' ... r.. loot8, nmel, talen ft on I o grov lh o (ho too s. When lot.jer is r.y "" t. .-frilirn. VVOrlll I113IS.1IJ1 a mil il ...w - J - - - - iTro" no ii inu uuiui i.s should remain on the plant ns long as they look fresh and growing ; when near tho time for taking up, tho top "may bo cut off an inch above tho crown of llio root, and v ill bo ex cellent food for cows anil pigs." Tho proportion,!) value of hay, potatoes, Swcedish turnips, nnd beets, for feedinn cat tle, accoidwg to liinhof, whose statements ri.i f i . .... . iiiacriounti 10 agree with his own oxpeu monts, is as follows: 18 tons of mangold- wuizel aro equal lo 15 tons of rutn b.ig.i, or 7 1-2 tons of notatoos. nr .'! .1-1 Ions of pond meadow hay : but it mil. I he observed lh.it 1 lie amount of loots named may bo grown on one acre, whereas the hay named would requiro two or tbrco acres, Of all the roots named, tho beet is considered Hie least ex hausting. Tho sugar beet is tho most nutri tious. New England Farmer. MEXICO. The following information as lo tho state of affairs in Mexico, from a corresnondent jof . LonJon Tjm ndor ciicim. I stances possesses some interest : I Mnxico, Pr.ii. 27. rr,. . . . . . I ho arrival of tho .1 .unary packet fiom I England was looked Iniwaid lo by most peisons hero with considerable nnxiety, as trim, ifinurr ,i.nifI..l.i:n.i .... n.ti,ipiAit r.n... "-"6 "" im : "sell to us powerlul neighbor, hoped to m.ikr some advantageous terms i.i case of a rup ture ; ana, although they make ttu ey make llie er.isp- ing policy of EtH ind"-ils designs on thu E..1 y . Califuriiias, a pretended d fear of its intervon- lion m the attairsol this cuiinlry a constant theme of declamation and complaint, they cannot shut llieir eyes lo die fact that Eng land has always been her steadiest friend. J They cannot forget that England was the first Power lo rrcocnir." their independence. . .ii. in bi iu i-in, 1 1 it-1 1 nn., in i l-iiti ni i- nn int-iim .1.- . I ... J .1. . l.lf. ! Give it a fair,,,,,,, u more dun doubtful wurl.v. aid send out largo capital to wmk their niini'ie distiicn. Later in ihe ihv EupUnd stepped I in to offer her mediation with Fiance j and (even the Tex.it quention would have been honorably arranged by her fir them, if the , absurd pretension, and wavering policy ol the Mexican Government had not fnutr.ited - ' her endeavors Thus, in tho event of a war, limy trusted again In die same influence in their favor, al- ,,;uug ,,1(.ir fftndcl , i;sun,l h ueeii uie revrs ol morning p i hi'ir wholo fiscal reriilatines have been directed again! the introduction of British manufactures ; and j their obnoxious duties on die export ol silver, and their manner of enforcing them, have been diiectnd to paraljtn Hrili.h operations. The result may be seen in die effect produced. Afler 20 years nf an open market, lliitim impoiis have not increased. The export ! from England annmllv to all the porjs of this e ii y. .I. .- ...ii. .. i lummy tan iar snon cl n ii.n.iou sicri?, and instead of British mcicantile houses ex teadiiif ihemce!v'. over tho country, even iu the capital dio number is yearly diminishing, and I am within the nuik when I asserl tint ,i i n , , II . r . tj "...i i- ' , : , . i ...V J.W..IIV. Ull IIU1 V.l.l.-I.l. tlHI I , . Y halever politically might lie tho eff ct of A.neiiran aggression on this country, disheartened. To noiio hul a supremo ga coiuinercially spenking, it would bo beneficial 1 ,,!, does natiiro aremd such finiiiiaikv to the interests ofGrcat Uiiiain. By civine ' a security to property in llio suppression of annual .evolutions, by tho construction of roads, and rendering their transit fieo fiom ihe now constant Mliacks of bandils, by siving lo.erance in relL-ion, nid restraining the be- ' numbing influence of tho pneslhood, tins country, blessed with a splendid climate anl fertile soil, now sunk in apathy and degiads- lion, would put forth its dormant energies, 1 would rune bread stuffs enough lo feed the 1 world and cation to clothe; it, und its vast crojrs of sugar, coffee, tobacco, and other va- .uaiiie iropicai piouucts, would give employ mem io a vast mercantile marine. An lu-1 crease of communication and intelligencn , would creato an appetite for llio wants of civilwation ; and thai period arriving, Mexico 1 wuuia iie a market win tiv o llritis i com- merce, and not, as now, only lufl to those who entered it when dm prospect? were al luring, and only remain rrom die difficulty or divertinj capital rrom a chinnul where il has been once invested. Speculating thus, if America from no good will to us, but following up l.er grasping po licy as the modern Carlhazo. were permitted by European Powers to plant at-any luture day her eagles in die city of Mexico, tho pre ponderance uf the Soul'iern Stales would ho tf) great, the slive holders and cotton glowers en miirh l..n.ml,l ...n ..11!:.... nC 1.. ....... so much brought into collision or interest with tho-iSorlhern, that moro Uin. probably a dissolution or the Union would violently take place, and two gical republics spring out of tho disruption. Tho Northern Re public having Now York for its commercial port and emporium, and tho Southern New Orleans, would thus form, when rail roads anil steam boats induce a rapid conimunica- tion, compact republics orvvlnl aro now dis jointed and b ucly communicable provinces, Suppose tins woro to occur SJO or 50 years "euir, wnai wnuiu v.rcai iirnain lose iiy u i I confess I see on llio contrary a pusilivo gain, market Tor her over-progressing commerce, ' "I'd ha would command a choice lor tho . raw material, Tor which sho is now mainly dependent on ono source ears may elapso 1 ""'SI elapso soever 'leen to look will, a providmi, ,,yo to the future, and legislate fur posterity is lis j( Will, respect to iho n.nsent slate of .hi. . I J co.inlryvtho recent .evolution docs not seem .. i - - to present greater securities or advancement anil permanence than tho former ones. Gen. Ahnonlo has resigned his post us Minister of War, and has boon succeeded by General i oruei ; anu inuso ci.anccs, occurring so1 shor.lv after .ho formation nf il.n 'Cabinet ' Tornel ; and theso chances, occurring so , ... have given use lo distrust and speculation, The law for calling together the now Con gress, or tho Convocation as it is called, has been published; itpiovulos for tho election of 1G0 deputies, of which tho clergy, com nicrce. and military, each send 20 members lis fuithor provisions would not bo inlorest- ing, more especially as it is mi extremely verbose document. It seems to have given satisfaction ; at all events it hag been re ceived with tho usual npathy, nnd will bo cairii'd out until somo newer plan is struck out by some new adventurer. Among tho singular features presented by tho late revolution is the appeaiance of a ...in.rrl.ieal party here, whose cause is sus- tllini( llU n fl.tu liliiir iie l-.l.l iclm.l T.. - ll.nl . , . . , ,. , , - , tamed by a n-w paper established for thai V. .rj I. II- T. .IJIVJ! al. Ullllll U in. pui pose, called llio Ticmpo. Its articles havo been written with singular vigor nnd ability, and urn attributed to Don Lucas Ala mm, a name known lo many in Europe, and formerly a member of the Government. Uut in the speculations of this party on llio advan- ........ .(.viuiiutuiu ui tin-, ii-ii i wn iiiu nuvtin ,.,,, nf n mm. .. ,.,! ,i, .i,: ..c c. L.jp,, llillC0 ,u ru!c over them, they forget il,.,. ii,r,. ,n.i l,n m ni,.. ... .. ............ .. ... 1 '&"" v ovr i'rmrcs would accept so precarious ... .. , , crown as Mexico would be, unless Furope, in cnlln nftl.nl.ln.lo.! fit... I T.-I. 1 C..... . . U.MII.U ui'i", linn il :il mien in hie .1 lulu 1 litwl . ... , T ,. , T. I efi appendages Deloro mentioned, make n in his dHluibed iepUhl.cstriJ ,luir ,als aro ll.cn of white '" Tin rn'l""" ln braid, conical in shape, surmounted will, n adopt and maintain torvontion, and send bayonets to maintain him It is supposed tint Uuneral 1' iredes tavors ... t..i ..: c .r.: i ...!..t.. -n , "u "u" ""', ., . iM,.,o ; IVI I .1 IVL1 nm:il Iti.KTlt , In. w :i wi.ll. titrvni- . - ( iiiL' man, and although out supposed to bo iii.in of talent, his integrity nnd honest inlcn lions h.ivo never been questioned. Tint he has influence, tho quick result of his I ite political movement is a proof; hut to cjptivaln these sous of Spanish origin so niucii vei ongo is oniiged to no used in pro ....:.... r r'.t i . i . . . " l-rovio isiy, uni expectation, ; JIT," r 1 l,'II Il1.nl Gfimr. llllinrl III i-tinnntv nn.l iiiip.iivemonls aro immediately to follow n ... - ...ii in. .I.llll.- I1IIU reioliilion ; then comes disappointment and ( is ultaily different from the one just now des dissilinf.ieiioii, and already loiquiet spirits cribed ; it is usually of dark blue velvet, aro beginning lo foment new projects. I do inn miim wu si. in n-ivo nn outbreak snon, , hut it will arrive, and it will be a contest for principles; formeily it has merely been a stmagle fir mililniy succession, but a grow ing spirit is springing up of inquiry nnd dis cussion, which must bring into collision mat j ter and mind. W. II ill AM I'OWEIt'S 11 EVE." Tha following description of this beautiful statue is from a ivork called " Thoughts and .Scenes in Europe," I itely published in New York. Tho book is published anonymously, but it is understood to bo from the pen of I.. . ..... ' I Mr. Cilrert of B iltimure. "In execuli, g his Eve, Powers has had Iwenlv or thiily models. From one he took an ankle, from another a shoulder, a frag- ni'-ill ui it ii.iv ill a lllliu , ,11,1 in on mroueii' out, extracting his own preconceived imago ! piece by piece out ol" Nat ne. From such a j ,lnr rvon n enntl anUi ,il.l r,.r..;i I. .ni..,l Willi inslaniaiiL-oos diseermnrni Id. ..', I... tect wheio she comes shoit, and where her siibllo .".pliit of biiaulv Ins wrought itself out. H0 seizis each scrap of perfection, (ejects (,e test, and so, nut of ,i s-oro or models, ro-componiids onu of Natuio's own ori"inali. Such is llio movenieniit. on llio s.n face, tint ,,u s,;l,,, t, 0f wvill , lleen wrolvht rrom within ouiward. Willi such triitli is rondeiod the flexible exnression in.. mriod in fl,.sl, and hloi.,1 hv. ibr. vW .I ,t.-. ;.n. ilmt ibr. i.m.i ;irnii ,.rnr... ,0"ifCrrod from such an exterior. Tho or- irans of animal lifo aro at play within lint l.,si!e. mini; ; ibnr,. ! ,,nnil, ,,t. .,!, I... ncaili that healthv riitniulilv uf limb. The ran.iritv nnd wnniloifiil i..inr.. nf al.r. I.mn r,ir, f.ii ,, .iii.,,! , ..,, ..., .,, ,i,;, :,, I Lit, i.i I i. ... ,.,, i.. spile of dial s lioolh feminine roundness of forehead nearly to llio eyebrows, and cut mould, such visible power and springiness aie square ; this samo custom is observed in the frame nnd limbs, that, though now so aiming somo remoto tribes of North Ameri slill, tho figure makes you think of Eve as ' "'i Indians. Tho rest of llio hair is combed bounding over shrub und rivulet, u daz.ling and braided into tho tail, like the inon'sj; picture or joyous beauty. Then ..gain, ns lliu eye passes up to the countenance, with its dim expression uf mingled thought and emotion, tho current of feeling changes, and the human mind, with its wondrous endow- munts, absorbs for awhilo llio beholder. Hut mark J it is by tho power of beauty that ho is wrought upon. Through this, humanity stands ennobled before him. By tins, tho human form and capability are dilated. This awakens delight, breeds" suggestion. By moans or this, (ho effect uf the statue is fnfK ... ... .... various: its siglllhcaiice iiilinilu, lake away its beauty, and all it u blank. The statue ceases lo be. " The head of Evo is a new head. As it is beautiful, it is Grecian ; but it locals uo j c.trck model. Nor Venus, nor Juno, nor Nj0bPl can claim thai she helped to nurso it. j;or i,at; t any known ronn does il carry j ,ile mj, . j summons il to compass a now one. It is a Irusli eiinnation Irom tho deep bosom ol art. In lurm and expression, in feature and contour, in lliu blending of beau ties into a radiont iinilv, it is n now ideal, as pure as it is inexhaustible. I, igVtly it springs into ils placo from tho bosom and shoulders. Theso flow into Iho trunk and in ins, and theso aeain into iho lower limbs, with such graceful strength, that thu wholeness or work .1... 1 1. .. ...... 1. 1' . I. . ..., i .1... IS IIIU lUUa 11. .IV esi lUIISIIUS IISOII iUllung ll.U first upon llio mind of die beholder. To tho hollow of a fuel, in the nail of a finger, every partis finished with the most laborious mi- nutcness; yet nowhere hardness. From her scalleiod stores or lioauly Nature supplied llio dotails: with an infallible eve tho aniit culhid them, and transferred them with u 1 hand whoso firm precision was over guided ' by grace. Tho natural and die ideal bore! blend into ono act, their essences interfused I i. w.iw us., ,,i.,ii . iii.u, iii.i. for (he unfoltltngof a fullMossotn of beauty." I'rom llio Baltimore American. GENERAL APPEARANCE OF THE CHINESE. Wo havo given some description of tho , . i, ,,.,. , ; ,. , ?u""".Er Besses, so vel adapted lor a burn i ing cliinalc, and which are worn ti II miilc i " " . . 1 law III llio illinium. Hut towards Novombcr,wlicn in the square ) broad ensign of America waves in the tho broad ensign of America waves in the blast of the North West Monsoon, thcro is a miivcrsal nnd simultaneous chango in the costumes. Tho chief officer of the province puis on :i winter dress, assumes tho skull cap with its scarlet button, nnd all tho inferi or millions follow his example. Tho ap poaianco of llio lower order is litllo changed, but in tho upper the differenco is apparent. The looso gown is now drawn at the waist, by a sash with fiingcd ends langingdown bJ, . d d ovur , of f ' d .k Qr A , fl . this is worn a largo cape cloth, hut usually of furs. i ui-iuim, iukuii mini inn r.m ui u lamu .,.,, f' ... ,., .,- b:rlll. . e i.- ,i :., ... i i. highly prized. Now it is that the fan caso, watch, and purse, arc seen to the best ad vantage, nnd the blue cap and fecatlct button give a finish lo the winter garments, which those uf the summer want ; for none but gov ernment officers wear hats during tho latter season, excepting those laborers who aro ex posed lo tho snow. The summer habits of llio officers wo must notice for a moment. r c,., i f 1,1.,., -,,r: i ... . MIUII .1 IUIIU iJUnil Ml iuu l:iiu.m uiiuiii;u Ul ,i . ..,: i,1o ,,i ,i, ,i I ""' ' . .,)cnj,ECS jofuro mentioned, make .. ' ' o ... 1 . . :njica,iV(, of !;', ;in( aJornt.j f.itlinrr tittmm nf dimmer crnrlrt linir. IWim. il,o winter their stale-inbes .'"".P ' stll, ,, EilUenng ...agn.hcencc ; ll.oso ol .1... I.: .1. .. . 1. .,..!. t . t. I 1110 uiguesi manunrins nro worheu mi urn- Hint hues, nnd their shoes arc ornamented 'filer. mil. nf itin it.tniili. il rii.ni-.io linii.ir tin. imperial dragon. On the breast nnd back

of somo dresses is nn embroidered bird ; and the neekl.ico of ono hundred and eight largo court beads, of bright agate, quartz or rare wood, nlunvs accompanies a stale costume. .... . . . . . l ho yellow ginlle is allowed only lo nicaiuers 111 IIIV .lllltIIUI i.llllll., Ul ..IIUIII . U Ol ..I II... I I I..... .. nl ...I...... ..'n cli-.ill speak hereafter. Tho mandarin's winter cap filling close to the head, with a broad edgo tinning up all around, and instead of die hair plume, il is furnished with one of scarlet silk. The ball, always worn except in caso of mourning, is red, blue, while, chrystal or gold, iiccc rding to rank, and these varieties, with some other insignia, distinguish tho nine grades nf mandarins. The L'eacnck's foather is nri honor granted fer jiigna! ninrV, and i: is wr'aj'ny of noto ihat such marks of favor are seldom or never bo stowed unless well deserved. The privilege of wearing a slato dress may indeed be pin ch lsed for nn immense sum, hut this confers no lank or honor. The aristocracy of tal ent, and not of wealth, bears tho sway in China. Judging from a few specimens of splendor to be. seen in a city so remote fiom tho Court us Canton, there must ho a deal nf wealth and m ignificcnce at the capital ; and llio acj counts of old travellers, and later embassies, speak of state and pomp worthy of so im mense an empire. Nuver was there n country in which tailors wero knpl so much in chock as they aru in Cnina ; no ono of tho class venluics to orig in no a fashion, for tho costumes of the na tion are regulated al Court, by a board of offieeis, ft oni whose ducreu no one dares to divMMll. The common order of the females dress much like tho men, hut tho visiter who walks from dm foreign factories towards llio west ern prut of Onion, passing through ictircd sheets, only occupied by the houses of wealthy Chinese, will often see ladies walk ing, buaiilifully attired in lich silks, with ch Idren or servants in company. Their dress conceals tho person entirely ; the long gown or toga fits close around the nock, und as looso sleeves enveloping Ihe hands. 1 1101 T IIUllUS illUUIILUIvilUi uuw llliill flljl'l of head dicss is singular und usually tliouulil beromini;. The front hair of unmarried fu- males is combed straight buck, with tho ex- emit mi of.n sma norhon. hanainc ovur I he but no partol a lemalo s l.eau is shaved. Wl.on married or shortly before, tho whole hair is combed up, and a falso piece set on dio back of the head, fastened by clasps and 1 pins of gold, or other less precious material, ' according to the wealth of tho fair one. A ' beautiful ornament is sometimes worn by ' 'icl' women, representing a bird with ox- tended wings, which funned of gold or silver fil igree, studded with pearls, and supported by light wires, trembling with tho slightest ' motion, seem lo hover over the head of the i iauy, What peed wo of tho long wide pantaloons or thu upper Chinese ladies! To concoal their Teet I Tiioy havo none for service, nnd hohblu along moro awkwardly than a child first learning to walk. Soon as thu (a- male child li born, .Is leet aro thrust into shoes, am. noiinu iirmiy luuiiu aim rpunu, so that no drouth can ensue. Nature, endcav oi ing lo havo its way, can only produce cx quisito lorti.ro as each attempt proves abor tive. How these lemales ever learn tu stand or movo is strango, yet, as wo before obsorv ed,lhoy may bonietimes be seen in tho streets, 1 supporting their trembling steps will, a slalf. unmcii in ciay 01 uie coniuicieu leei, painted 1 flesh color, and sol into shoos of llio sauiu size i as llioso actually worn, aro sold in Cuhlon as ..it... rri.n I .-... i,,n Til. in,,. il.n ...!... niliiatn... uw imu iu. .. ..nw uiu iiini of tho shoo, and the others, instead of being in their natural positions, uro j immed and driven into llio side of thu Tout, appearing ono directly behind tho oilier. llis just as though thu fool were cut ofT just at die anklo ioint. and llio slump sharpened U a poinl. This custom is exclusively Chinese, and is not fullowed oven by tho Manchoii Tartars, who, being tho last conquerors or China.havo adopted many ul its customs, and whoso '' i.. ....... -, Emperor now wields his despotic sceptre lover one half the human race It would be a vain effort to attempt to describe all the scenes and individual objects of the streets of Canton. Ono might look for years, see some thing pew every day and in describing for get to spenk of many. "Why did you not mention this I" and "why did you not men tion that ?" would bo asked by various per sons, but tho samo things do not fix tho at tention of all observers. Never wero a peo ple, in all probability, moro happy than the vast bull; of the Chinese. Their faces arc not expressive of lively pleasure, but dm more lasting, quiet, contented enjoyment of tho good things of life. But they aro ener getic in gesture, and as there isa severe pun ishment for fighting, two angry Chinese offer tin mousing sight, for they ransack their lan guage for terms of vituperativo harshness, without coming to blow. A shop keeper of whom wo purchased some fans gave us some trouble in altering them. He always undeav od to throw tho blame on his inferior work men, nnd protended to lash himself into an uncontrollable rago at tho carelessness when over wo repioved him for tho neglect. Ho would stamp up and down his shop, whisk about his tail, and burst out with "I havo speakco that man, I have speakee him, ho ono grand foolo. Shall mako alia proper, can do, can do." Tho Chinese aro nlso as extravagant in courtesy as in anger, and at new year, especially, their politeness is car ried so far as lo render them perfectly ridic ulous. Wo see in the open streets, proofs of llio general diffusion of the common elements ol education, judging horn the liuniheis of tho lowest cooSoys who stop to read tho chops or placjrds, pasted upon tho walls of tho houses, and lo see thcin congregate aiound a vender of books, who sits upon tho ground ... ,. ,. ' . i i S- with his littlu collection before him, ofieriiig, snowing anu explaining. One old man in China street was always suiroiindcd. le had a little table with a cage , containing two canaiies, and had also a pack ! of cards. Ho would cover llio cage com- i plotelv.nllow a bvsl.inder lo choose any card, j ...i .f. ' -i...nv . -.i. .1.. i. . .i. .. ,.. in. ii men siiuinu ii wiui inn jiucr. so .iiiruiuy . " "ns ''np" 10 l0"- 110 vnl'IJ uiuii uii.-ii inu v-nyii, inn iiuiu uiiu nuiiiu nup icsi ; and thus the supremo power in Mexico' upon our citizens throughout a long period of out, and select the card at once, never failing p3s.od into the hands of a military leader. I years, rcmi.n unredressed ; and solemn troatiso, to pull the right one. 1 never could observe Determined to leave noeffort uiitiied iu effect , pledg.ng bur public faith for this redress, biro tho slightest communication between the a" amicable adjustment with Muvico, 1 directed been disregarded. A government cither na hird and the man, who wns one of llioso mi- P'r-Shdell to prcscn h:s credentials to the gov- bio or uiiMiihng to enforce tho execution of nor jugglers so frequently seen in Chinese frnmcnt "f 1,jrc- "! ", -' V"1' lreal'C' rj,ls 10 I'orur", une of i,s l,IainMl riii,. -Tnil vilhm.. Iy received by him. Phcro would have been duties. mil s unu vin.ij. - li ss ground for taking this step had Gen. l'aro- Our comnnrre with Mexiao has been almo.t IScar the end ol old Unna street, a niim-1 des come into power by a regular constitutional annihilated. It was formerly highly bciiefichl ber of poor women may bo obscived nl any euceei-sion. Iu that event his adminMration to Loth nalions ; but our merchants have been time, sewing and mending clothes. They would have I een considered but a more ennsti-, deterred trnm prosocnting it by die system of nearly nil have small feet, und it is nn error tutioiial continuance of the goverutnent of Gen. 1 outrage and extortion which tho Mexican au lo suppose that this beauty is confined cxclu- 1 "crrera, and tho refusal of the latter to receive Ihoritics have pursued against them, whilst their sivcly to upper classes. As the rich women nro not expected lo work miirh, and go out but little, they universally follow the cus tom ; but as the poor females toil like men, it is absolutely necessary that their limbs should he unrestrained. These seamstresses wear enormous spec tacles, giving (hem an owlish appeaiance. And that old fellow opposite lo them looks nivlich clill n.lini .it I II- .,., ,, , 0UCj,PCe i0 lm. iiirection, addressed a note to pendent as heraell, thought proper to unite its koring upon a lirokun lamp shade. IIo has j tho Mexican miuincr ol foreign relnions, under de.tinica wi n our own, she has affected i the art of riveting glass ur earthenwaie, not 1 da'e of tho 1st of March last, asking lo be io- behove that we have severed her r'ghful lerrit - understood by llio barbarian, for tho livets c ived by that Bovcrnnul in the diplomatic ' ry, and in ofli ,a! nro. hinatinns and manifestoc ', appear on one side onlv. They are seen ch iracler to which be had bce.i appointed. The has repeatedly threatened to make war upon ui through tho glass of course, but hoken 1 minister, w his reply, under dale ut tho VI li of for llie purposo ol reconquering Texas. In lb', crockery is so neatly mended that the cracks Marc!l' reiterated ihe argun.eits of bis prede- , m-m tune, we have tried every effort at rccon ire bardie neimnHlilp -,,,,1 tl, mei-il riv,.is cessor.nnd in terms that m iy be considered aa ; dilation. 1 no cup of fuiboaranco had boon ex .ire hardly pe coptib o, and tho metal rivets , Kiv,nj jliel crunj3 of l0 l)l0 overn. inusto.l, even belore the recent information are visible only on the back of the p ate. mont . p,,0,,,0 nf)n Ul)tpJ Slillos, ,onio1 ' from mo fio,ti:r ol the D:l Norte. Uut no.v, lie drills a number of little holes halfthrough n10 application of Mr. Slidull. Nothing, lliore I after roiteiated menaces, Mexico has patsed tho the substance, hammers in the tacks, and lo ! 1 fore, remain. nl for ourauvoy but to dentin 1 his boundary of the I'niicd States, has invaded our the broken article is sound again. So neatly pauperis and return to his o.n country. ; territory, and shed American blood upon tho does ho work, that the fragments of die crvs"-! Thus the fo.criiment of Mexico, though aol- A nerican oil. She has proclaimed that hotiI. tal of a watch mav be joined. Closo by omiily pledged by o'liuul acta in October last io hies have commenced and that the two nations -in. -i snii-nl nf mmntinr, it i nililhm fnr enn. receive and .iccrcd.l an American envoy, vmla- are now at war ?, l 1 lit Id', fie, If! 1 n i lcd ""'" Plipliiod faith, and refused the , fler of j As war exists, and notwithstanding all our of lechonaiy, and a vile, Uigottcd looking Bud-1 .,...,,'!. . .., ,., .......... v... 1 f... i ....i .t ..v.,. i. ,sn!,i r ii.. iidi iiii.ot 13 i iiiviim iiiliii nit inttnai; in- torcst. ho alter passing through llio cat maikol, where nunibcis of doomed quadru peds aro crying iu wicker baskets, we go to tho fuclmics for a cup orShinqiia's most de licious Oolong. CONGltnsS Monday, May 11. In die .Senate to day, as soon as the Journal had been read, the following message from the President of the United Stales was received and read : PIinSlDHNT'S MnsSAGU. 'lo the Senate and Hons: Ilenrescntaliies : 'Phe existing state uf tho relations between .l. IT..:.-., (?.-. I .f 1 !. nnlmn nf l!,,nre.. In ii miixiiin ,1 ll.J commencement "f vour present session, t,0 state of these relations, the causes w hich led to ihe susnonsion of dinlomalic lr.terroursn be. tvv con tho two countries in March, ltjlo. a,,d the long-continued and unredressed wrongs and injuries committed bv tho .Vcxican government on citizens of tho United States in llieir per sons and property, were bncllysot forth. As the facts 'and opinions which were then laid before you were carefully considered, I cannot better express my present convictions ol the condition of all'iirs up to tint time, than bv referring you lo that communication, 'Phe btrong desire lo establish peace with Mexico on liberal ami honorable terms, and tho readiness of ibis government to regulate and ad just the boundary and other causes of dilFcrcncc with that power on such fair and equitable principle as would lead to permanent relations of tho most friendly nature, induced mo in .Sep tembcr last to seek the reopening of dipohnatic relations between tho two countries, livery measure adopted on our part bad for its object tho furtherance of these desirable results. In communicating to Congress a succinct stale mont of the injuries wo had sullerud from Mex ico, and which have been accumulating during a period of more than twenty vears, every ex pression that could tend lo mil une tho pcop'o of Mexico, or defeat or delay pacific result, was I nexanon itself, and is now included vv.ihui om carefully avoided. An llnvoy of the I'. .Slates I nf our Congressional districts. Our own Con repaired lo .Mexico with lull powers lo adjust every existing dilleronce. Hut though reont' on tho Mexican soil,by agreeniont between the two governments, invcslod with full poarrs, and bearing evidence nl the most inenuiy .lis. positions, bis mission has boon unavailing. 'Pho Mexican government not only refused tu receive bun, or listen to his propositions, bin, afler a loii '-conlinuoJ series of menaces, have at last invaded our territory and shed tho blood of our follow. citizens on our own soil. It nuvy becomes my duly to state moro In do tail the origin, progress and failure of lli.it mis. I. lull. In pursuance oi inu iii.iruciiniiNivuu in dnfteenth ut October, 1H15. in Ihe most friendly lerms.lhrough our ronsiil in Mexire, nf llio! Miu. istor of foreign affaire, whclhor iho Mcxiein go - vornmcnt "would recci?e an envoy from the U Stales intruded with full rnwera o vlyiat all the quet.'on in dispute between tl.fi Iwnff" (orinnonts j" ilh the Fiiirance tint "ahoulii the anir be in tho a'lirmalivff, such an enrov would be immediately despatched to Mexico." I'lio Mexican minister, on the lil'lpenth of Octo. Iier, gave an aliin.nl. to answer lo tlrls inquiry, requesting, at the time, that our nival force at Vera Cms might be withdrawn let its contin ued presence uiL'I.L aume llio appearance ol inenance ami coercion ponding the negotiations. Plus force was immediately withdrawn. On llis lOdi of November, lil.'i, Mr. John Sliiloll, of Louisiana, was commissioned by me a einoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the Un.tcd'.Slalcs to Mexico, and wa intnistuil uitli full powers to ai.'jiut both llio questions of the Teias buunihry and ol indemnification to our citi.:i in. The redress of the w rouis of our ciIu mis naturally ami 111 eeiJirably blended itself wdli the question ol boundary. The attloment of ih ono question in any correct view of the sulijert involves that uf tlu oilier. I could not, for .1 moment, enter tain l ko thai tlia claiiua of our much injured anu long aunoriug citizens, uin.y ol whu li lud existed for morn linn tnentv vears. slioiild be pnsiponoi., nr separateii irom llie eetticinont ol sirengiiioncu uy ma erection ni held work. A the boundary question. depot has also been established at Point Isabel, Mr. Shdell arrived at Vera Cruz on the DO. h near tho Hrazns Santiago, ihirly miles in rear of November, and w is courteously received bv of the encampinoir. I ho selection of bis posi the authorities of lint city. Il.it llie govern-1 '."n was lieccssarily confided to the judgment inent of Gen. Ilerrora was then tottering to its i of the General in command, fall. 'Piio revolutionary parly hid bo.z'd upon I 'Pho Mexican forces at Mitamoras assunud the Texas question to effector hastun us over-' a belhgerant attitude, and on tho Uih ol April, throw. Its determination lo restore friondl) I Genera! Ainpud a, Hhmi in command, tutilieil relations with the United States, an I to rercive 1 Cencral Taylor to break up his camp within our minister, to negotiate for the i-citlomeut o! twenty f.utr liuiirs.auil to retire beyond the Nuo thin question, was violoutly ass liled, and wn ces rior, and in llio event of his failure to cmi iinde the groat ll.enie of denunciation against ' ply with tbcai' dein mds, announced that ami., it. 1 ho government of Gon. Herrera. there is good reason to believe, was sincerely desirous to receive our nnid-tter ; but it yielded to the I ?,onn raised by its encm.es, and on ihe 31st ol m arr.rouii .vir. iiacn upon . '"'i'kT''"''"'''' '', .T''cVrS"",fn"-v i and ably exposed lu llio nolo o I Mr. Sode 01 , a of Uacemhar ,at t0 1l0 MiKjciln . , 3ior f foreign relation., herewith transmitted. ihal I deem il unnecessary to enter into luilber detail on this portion ol the subject. I'" diys alter the date of .Mr. .S'.doll's note, 'on-Herrera yielded the government to Gen. ,arc,,!f n'"liml1 a "" ,h?"0 h of Decombei resigned the I'residcncv. h s rev. (iluttou was accomplished solely by llio army, i die people having taken little part in the con-1 uui minimi;! nuuill IMU UUCI1 UUUIIIHU COIIC1U- apHi-.il iiiiuuu luuir u.vn go, (.'milium iu. III- sivc, unless an inliination had beeng.von by j doinniiy bavu been made in vain. Our forbesr Gcu. Parcdes of h s desire lo reverse the decis-1 anew has gone to such an extreme n3 to be mis ion of Ins predecessor. j taken in its character. Had we acted with vtg. Hut the government of Generil Parcdas owesi or in repelling tho insults and redressing tho to ils cxitcnrc lo a military revolution, by which i juries inflicted by Mexico al the commencement, the subsisting cniiMiiotional authorities had I we should doulitlesi havo escaped all tho diffi been subverted. Tho form of government was cultio3 in vvlmh we aro now involved. entirely .changed, ns well as ail ihe high fiinr-! tionaries bv whom it was adiniuis'oreil. Uliuor llicso cirri, instance, ilir. O.IUOn, in only ims llie nffor rejected, but the ind.gnitv of . . . i i . ., . us ifjociinn was cuuaiictfii uy uio niiuiiOHi breach uf fai.h in rem.ing to adin.t the envoy who camu because Ibey had bound Ibemselves to recoive him. Nor ran it be said that tho of. for w as fruitless from llie vvaut of opportunity of discussing il; our envoy was present on their own soil. Nor can it be' ascribed 10 a want id siifli'iciit powers ; our envoy had lull powers to adjust every quetlion uf djlhrcnce. Nor was there ronn for complaint that our proDosilions for settlement were unreasonable; permission was not even given uur envoy to make anv r . proposition vvj.alcvcr, Nor cm it bo nliieted that we, on our pari, would not listen to any rea- oonablo terms uf ll.eir suggestion : the Mexican govcrniucnt ruliit".! all neg.itiaiin.i, and have 'ul1-' I II my IllCSSlg at 1 1.6 COUimellCCmOnt of tllC I present scssi m, I iufunned y.iu lh,it. upon Iho i oarnoat appeal both o ihe Oongresa and cuii. I ventiou ol I ex is, I had ordered an efficient mil. ,'try f.ye to tako.ipnvtiu,iW.-lw-eeii I'.e ,Nue ces and t lis Del Norie." 'Plus had become no ecssary, to ieet e. thrcatoiicd invasi in of Texas by the Mexican forces for winch extensive mill tary preparations bad been made. The invasion was threatened solely ImrauseTexai Ind dett r- tuincil.in accordancs with a folemnres dot . n ofi the Congress nf die U.iilJ Sine, to annex herself tu our Union ; and, under tneto cirviim stances, it was plainly our duty tu extend our protection over her ciuzju. and soil. 'Phis force was concentrated at Corpus Chris It, and remained lliore until after I bad received such inclination from Mexico as rendered u probable, if not ccrta.n, tint the Mexican gov ernment vvoulJ rclase lo receive nurenvo). Meantime, Texas, by llie n"ml action of our Congress, ha I become an integral pan nf our Union. The Congress of Texas by its sets ol December 19 Ii, lt?30, had duclarej the Ilml del N .rle to be Iho boundary of thai republic Its jurisdiction InJ boon extsuJad and cxorc.a ed be)ond Ihe Nueces. 'Phe country bet, e i that river and Iho Del Norle had been repr sontcd i.i tho C.mgrets and in the convenlioi. of Texas, Ind thus liken par. in the art of an gress bad in ireover, Willi great unanimity bv the act approved December S)Ut, IS 13, rn'ug- iii.ed the country huvnid thuNurici a a art o our territory by including it wuiiiiiouran rev eiiua system ; and a rvieuuo oftVer, resi-c within that district, has beon appunted by ami w.th llie advice and consont ol the Sonx'.o. li became, therefore, of urgent necessity to pro vidg fnr tho dofui.ee uf that portion nl hur coun try. Accordingly, on die thirleeu'.h ul January last instructions were issued lo thfjguneral m romniand uf these troops to eccupy the lofi hank of the Dal Norle. This nvor, which is .. u souinvvcs.ern uounuaryu .no I mvatfi.,,, was ihreatoned : npon it;ind in lis i.n- mediate vicinity, iu tho judgment uf high inditi- 1 ry experience, arc th'a proper slations for the' l-nun ins qiiii.ur pro'octiiiT forces fthe government. I i adill linn to lli. important consideration, soveral oth ers occurred to induce tli s movement. Among those nro facilities alijrileil by the p .rls at Uraxos isa.ViSgo aiul tiie in 'Uth of the Dei Norte for llio reivqiti"nfaidiesjy sea, tho monger and mo e lie.ihhfu1 inJ.ury pnsmonyM'l-rawjiV' ici.rc obtaining a readr and a more sb'indahl supply of prnvialnua, wier, fuel, anil fora-e, and the advantages which are affirded by r.e Del Norte in forwarding supplies to such p ts as may bo established in llio interior, and upon thi Indian frontier. The innvennn's of Ihe troops to tho D;l Nor lo was mido by tlie commanding General under pnitive inslriii iieiis to abstain from all ago-rc-sive aids hmaids Movico or Mexican citizen", and to regard the relations between that repub lic and 1 lie United Slates as peaceful, unless she linnld declare war, or comtni! acts uf hostility i idicat.ve of a slato nf war. lie was sppnally directed to proioet private properly and reaped pei'miml rights. The army moved from Corpus Christ! on the llili of M in-.h, and on the 23th of that month" arrived on llio left Lank nf tlin inrtp. nn. coiiiina.idmg u,. i. i.aiin.iu-! ..iiuiu i, uui;4iiiii;u Ull pas, lion, which has since - been and arms alons, must decide Ilia onoslion. l!ut no open act of hosli'ity was commuted until tl.o "1th of April. Do that dav, General Ar.ta, who had succeeded to the rommind uf tho Mexican mri-os, i-oiiimonraicu io ucnerai layior inr. "i'"3 , J""1.1,1"6! coinmoJ' alld fclmulu pioserule them. " A par y of dracoon", of mtyuwe men and officers were on the same day despatched from the American camp up tho llio uel rvoite, on its lett bank, to ascertain whether the Mexican troops hud crossed, or wero preparing to cross the river, "bee.amn en gaged .vith a largo b idy of these troops, and af ter a s'mit ufi'-nr, in which some sixteen woro killed and wounded, appuar to have been aur- roumbd -and rnmpullcd lo surrender." 'Phu grievous wron. porpetralod by Mexico Instead of this, however, wo have becn 'c 1 crling our best ellorls to propitiate her gotd will. uni imii iu iimis, il llllliuil as mug- self, wo are called upon, bv every consideration I..f.l ...i . .. ...i.i. .1 !. of duty and pur.otisni, lo vindicate, with dccis ion, lliu honor, tho rights, and the interests uf our coun'ry. Anticipating tho possibility of a crisis like that vhieh has arrived, instructions wero given in August last, " us a precautionary measure," against invas on, or threatened invasion, author izing Gei.tr il Taylor, if tho emergency rcqirr od, to accept volunteers, not from Texas only. but Irom the Mate ol Louisiana, Alabama, .Mi.. sissippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky : and corres. . . . . .. .i i i .i. en 'luiug leuerH vvure ao.uesseu iu uiu rL-spui;- live covernors of tli. se .States. 'Pheso inslruc- 'ions weir repeated ; and in January last, soon after the incorporation of "Texas jnio nur union nf Staler'," Oenaral layior was further "author ia:d by the President ii. link a requisition up. on ihe executue ol that Siato for such of its m.htia force a. may be needed lo repel invasion or to secure the country against apprehended mva.-i hi." t)n the "d d.iv of March, he was agi.u raoiindcd, ".u llio event of tl.e approach ,. unv (!oniderab!e Mexican force, pruinpily and elH. iently to use the authority with whirli ,o was clothed t call to him such au i i iry forces as be might need." War actually exisiing.and our territory having been uivadeJ, (leneralTay. lo-, punuiiillo auiliorily invested in bimbymy direction, his called on the governor of Texas lor four regano'iti of State troops two to ba iiinuiii.il, and to to serve on foot ; and oa tho gosernor nf I. iuis ana for four regiments of in. lautry. t he .snt lo him as soon as practicable. In furtlia-r tinJira'mn of our rights and de. tonce ol ourtirnlorj',1 invoke the pron p a-iin of eas lo recogmiu tho existence of tin war, ind to place at the dispositirn of tho Exe cutive the inaans of prosecuting Ilia war with vigur,anil thus has'euing die restoration of peace Po tlvsrii ! I rreumitieiid that authority slioul.' be g.seo tn c. I u.tw the pub.ie sarvico a lar,'e liiidy nf s ,iluu'L'r" tn serve for not less lli.nihi -to twelte nionihs unlesj sooner d schargod. . v.ilunlesr tarce is, beymid question, inorc cfll ci"iit than iny other defccriptiun of citizen so -dies; and it is not to be doubled dial a ilun.br far bes mil i n it required would rsadily rush t ihe field upon tho call ol their country. 1 fur (Vr leeninuiend that a liberal provis on be ina" for aiisiaimng nur enlire military force, and mi iiisliing it with supplies and munitions of war. Ttis most enerjBlic and prompt incisure-, and ilia immediate apparauce Inarms of a li-;; and nerpoveorin,r loree, aro recoinmcnrlcd i Congress as the tn.nt certain and efficient means of bring, ng la' esuting colli.sion with Mexitn to a spri'dy and rutcusiful larinin-llion. Iu making llieo reco'iimondalions, I doe proper In ilyi'aro lh.lt it is my anxious desiri n mtty toleruu i.ito h.i.lililics specdily.bul io bin. all mat ers in ilispti1 between this govornine. and Max ico lo anearlr aiidainicalloadjiutm. and, ui ibis view, I will be prepared to rent- -never Mailed shall bo rea,' --'..;, .,, .;. '"'''' lpo..lione. or to mike propositir, 01 '"'r ott'1, ... 1 transmit licrovvith a copy of tho corrcsp.-