Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 29 Mayıs 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 29 Mayıs 1846 Page 1
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a u not TiiB.Gx.onr of o i s a r nuT, tub w b l f a r b op roots STACY. R II It L I N G T ON, V E It M 0 N T, FRIDAY, MA Y 29, 1840. VOL. XIX No. 52. BY II. 1). FARM. Opinions or a 1'ractiual runner llfly joins The character of a complete Farmer. A complete) farmer is n most careful, in dustrious ami frugal, as well us rcp..lablo and useful mail j mill unless carefulness, industry mid economy are united in tlio character, it will lie an imperfect one. Although a far mer cannot live without labor, by labor alone fin never can grow rich and reputable. Much depends upon his living out and per forming certain kinds of labor in the times and seasons when they ought to be perform ed. If he will not cait out his summer duns nor plough those lauds in the fill, which he means to seed in the following spring if he will not put his seeds into the ground eaily, and as soon as the season will admit if ho will not attend to his fences and see th u they aro sufficient and if he will not cut his grass u-hen it is ripe anil do dveryihing necessity n secure it in good older; he uill be per petually hurled from one kind of I ihor to . 1 I Mil 11.. I . I -noiuc am. every one w. . ..... s.ign.ei. ; mlam , ,ipallmEnli onj s:lil, iIB , ,U. ":r "-- .".. V tilled nut; bis corn will lie shortened fur want of being well hoed, and his grass will become dead and dry away in the field. Let every kind of Idbor therefore, be peifointod in duo Season. A complete firmer is also a man of gloat carefulness and solicitude ; without cue, the severest labor on the best farms, will never produce liclies nor plenty. If the firmer will not milk his cows in season see that they arc propeily tended go to the male in the, right lime for the next yeai's profit ; and hat his dairy is noiily and carefully man Hged, lie miy labor without ceasing, will hive r sm ill, pour breed of cattle, and never enjoy a fulness of good butter and cheese. It is care which makes a flock increise an. g itlier and put careu.iiy aim 1.1 uue season, no win nave a short and uiouldv riMji. If he mows, rakes,! and foddeis his ratlin in a raieh s slovenlv . i.: - .t i. i -i. .1 .1. -r ' II ,t t . I. .1 ' .. . 1 1 1 1 , ., I nu iiiii'r. ins ill s win nil luiii'ii 111 nun it'll iii( . 11 1119 Mini 11 t'u uu 1 111 mi (lie 1 ,, winter, and become poor and lo.nv in the spring poor oven, loo poor to do the labor of the season poor cows, wilh liulo or 111 milk, and wretched r.lves and.poor hoises, too feeble In draw, and loo weak lo lide with safety. If bis swine, pouldy and stock io general, nud if his cuts, rakes ami tools of nil kinds, arc not caiufulh' alteuJed to, the farmer can never g.ow Tali and icspeclablo. It is attention which gradually collects fiom various sources, and covers the soil wilh ma nure; it is allenlion w l.ich causes the hills, fields and valleys to yield their increase, and mlvances and completes the most beneficial improvements. There is a third virtue ilhnul the practice of which, the fanner ran never atl iin to sveallh and independence; mean economy. Without this bulb l.bur 1.1 raising, and cue in presciving the f. nils oftheeaiih, aieab solulely thrown aw iy. Kcononiy ii an ex cellent viili.n in any man; it is indispensa ble in the affairs and profession of a farmer. And of this he should never be unmindful wlc'ii ho looks into bis b 1111, his cell ir, or bis garret, or even his pasture ; lo say 1101I1 ing of his fields, mow i.ig I inds and meadow s. Hut farmers, lis well as other men, aio too apt lo forget, that in their p.u sails after rich es, almost every thing depends upon econo uy joined wilh care and industry. v A frug .1, in dustrious man', blessed with but a common shaie of iindcislanding, will undoubtedly succeed and advance hi interests, linnd wbatlie ever expected, when he first si't out in life ; provided no ir pYovidenti il evil should oveitak" him. More is gained by saving tlian by hard 1 ibor. A farmer III .wo fore whoso utmost profits are sm ill and slow, .-is be cannot grow rich suddenly fiom his profession, should be a ri'id and stuady econ omist, lie should consider the saving lie may make in every thing; in his fuel, tools, clothes, meat, drink, and pocket expenses : iibuve all 111 bis Time, which is to so much money in hind, livery day that his neighbor runs down to market on his horse, with a pound or two of huller and a few eggs, if hu slays at homo and keeps steady lo labor, ho gels two if not llneo d ivs ibo Willi.) bio uwiglitiar i.o.' Ills timo and spends his money by ibis imprudent and trfliug pnisuit, he. sives both time mid money.hi dressing and improving his lands, and which demand all his allenlion. There is no leisure hour lo bo found on a firm fiom early in tbn spring, till late in Ihu fill. Through all that whole period, a good far mer knows bow lo spend every hour profita bly on bis lands. He can have no timo to spend in idleness in chilling with peoplu us ihpv nan liv In inLiiur needless visits in utlcndiiitr conns, hoisu races, taverns,! crow to a good sie which blinds forth lY . y V"."1 . 1 1 110 s''1 "own,look up a paper and tried to up- profi, o Td i, ndw ., ,, poari,di!Tcio,,t. Mr. Ilawley took out',, a templa.ion .0 run aside suspicions by ,ug. of do irme w 1 "ood nes If iJ wi l' , A U'.' ," ll,u ",si,ll! of hl Pkvl book, and opening!., stalled back 8""'? "' J ecictary had been I fcl, 2 "'"'"'Ul "lllud!"t! and suspicion toward his clerk. Pinclor look-1 lllc i' lndley 3 pocket and f.slening grass nu 111s euro win .. . tropi u ills i.iiu, , 1 j,M,,r I.IW,..'S ,., ,s .... . . door. .1 1. .1... . .1. r r.i..i.,l . r... .1.,. came here. sir. rose ved lo do t 1 s : lliourr II and the like. Uy iheso means ihe public is s". s:'"' Mr' Ilawley gravely. 'Mr. and Mrs. annually depiived of many ihotismds of bush-' I'-iyne, who I believe play whist themselves, els of polaloes, corn, tons of hay, &c , and should bo mini thoughtful of Iho futuio h ip. individuals themselves become poor, and fall I'iness and habits of their children that to in. into tho worst of habils into idleness, gam- 'tiil10 ''"'in thus into tlio most dangerous a ing, drinking, &c. j m..s',tiient that cn possibly bo devised either There is no kind of economy in tho far-1 fr Ii'" "I'' or Jouni!- ' hope you have not mcr, whicii will not bo well rewarded. Farly i been taught lo pl iy with theso minialure rising will contribute lo his health, and pre-1 CJrds, George V servo bis fields from tho inroads of unrulv ' No sir, I havo nnlv seen llinm.' creatures, which commonly begin their ires' - passes just as tnu uuy urgtusiouawn. Close ' mowing and careful raking, will enable him to winter one cow extraordinary. Feedingl lut Lops bv weeds and other vegctablo sub- stances will cnablo him to pay his slioeiiiaker.i'l 'to, to desttoy their growili, distort ibeir Scraping bis door and barn yards, after rains , limbs, and mako of litem when ihuy arrive and showers, will clolhe his boy. Saving pt maturity, monsters in form and visago. bis early apples, which arc commonly lost) '"'so infant card inventors, as ll.ey poison em.rciywi.ipjr...j.. . . 1 J 1.1 m .-.n ..1 lllO n-I It. net. auenoeu, ... .iim. . - - uru worm tin., tho body. I'hei pay all hi taxes, and spmo part of his lnredi'5 tlio bell. It iusl b Frediick.' libor; If proper caro be taken of ilium. In fine, let a farmer who possesses mdy fifty acres ol, good taiiu who owes uu . w.., ..u who l.a, a common blessing on ihe labors of .hi, lds.trictly a.tond to the manage- inont of his nfi'aiis : live n life of patient in dusliy, and practice agreeable to the princi nles of oi'ono.nv. and I thiol, bo may live tt(; may be excused the baldest of labor leave his boo and spado to tbo next gencra- ! lion, by the limu be has seen fifty years, when most men liegin to think til conuoii, caso ami independence. 'Villi UUV, Olt THE PACK OF CARDS, i IIV rllor. J, II. I.Nf.T.AlMM. Tilt: ULKIMC. In a small upper chamber of one of those numerous a bodes of the eily hop! as a boatd ing house for young cleiks, u young genllo-j nnn was pacing to and fio with an ncita-j (led step and n troubled countenance, lie' was lint more than one mid twenty. His! leaiuies were intelligent ami handsome, and his air gerntcel and picpos.scssiug. Ilislipl conipiesscu wnn en.ulion, unit Ins eyes were sp tikling wilh ihe moistuie of teats. Alirm and anguish boll, combined, seemed to compose, the expression upon his features. Suddenly lie stopped in his doubled walk He icsn iil on nfdcMii r: I will not i cumin to meet it ! lie must soon discover all, nnd my only safety Is in , , i , , t J flight! I tear not a prisons.) much as I fear Ins reproving woids his rop.oachful looU. now can l stand beloio him and meet I. is eyes II iu-iievci ! 1 w.ll lly. Something ! ft,.; Hawloy'sby the acknowledgment of his willuii mo a nobler feeling than fear I gni,, Ho was yet undecided what course to pionipls nm Pi go at once to bis house and Tim merchant had placed the key in confess all. Hut I have not the courage fori ,, oc. anj ,urm,j ;,, Ho n,uncd iho leaf a this. Alas! my poor lalhcr and inohter. ,0 the glass door of the secretary and then H.iuld lo (.. 1 bid never r en a caul. A jjj M, ,,mj u.)0 the knob Uflbo side draw tho door!' he cried, stalling and ur lo open it. j turning pale. 'It may ho he. IIu will soon j At this liniment I'roctor paused nnd rest know all my guilt, for to conceal it is inipos-lC( ,;s ,.u.s ,, n, uitli a look of painful sihle. A step upon ihu stairs ! They come 1 ,rsit.itiuii. All at once it vanished, and a ioi .i.e. i.n i, is )on ,y l would , sez .WMer llawlev 'a room hoo.11 and (ljsi. .. ,. 1 yu lo cjo.11 iqi to his house wid do In, .!... ... 1 , 11 .1 , . 1 ...'.ii.i iiiiu Ivll I IIU .V I V I II. 1 I. . .1 . ... ... uo u.eie, lie ieiilic.1 Willi lorced comnosire. ' 11') listened till her slops had leturno.l. an.i 1 men pressing liu loreliead leaned his head ,,llt was heiu 10 another diawerl' upon the 111 u.lel-piece, and remained a few . What, sir; is il not there!' he cued ris momcnls 111 silence, llisrh st heaved with , ,, ta,lllg j, frolll I,;,,,, ad rapidly ruil strnng e. 110:10.1. His whole person shook. 1 njt, ;t over, ' The key. Yoi, tal il, fatal kev,' he cried, J ."y,,,, tv0't js empty.' taking I.0111 his trunk a small desk key, and . Tlis is incomprehensible, Mr. Ilawlcy,' sidly upon il as ho held il up, 'this , 13 ansHeied with a well-feigned surprise, key is lo bo m tinth the inslmuienl i.f-uiy I Ulave von no knowledge what has become disgrace. I cannot lly. 'Phis will not help 1 oflllu ., uf mon(.N , ,tlli ad fiV(s tbo mailer. I will lake it lo him and iheic IKu left in this book 1' will clear niyseif by fabebood, or cast my-i ' It is vciy slran-e ' sell upon bis meicy. If I had never seen :i ' h w-.i, placed mi ler your r, irge.' cud I should not now boon tho biink of, I lJ W l.,u in ton iiruiiu, auu iiuainv casi like a cloud over ihe hoiics of mv tiareots. Hut my father rann.rt altogether 'exonerate himself. This utluclion. however, daes not lessen my pio.-eul guili. I will meet Air. Ilawley,' he said wilh sod len lesolution. t .... -.. .t .i.i . . . . . i ' r",vu , . ' a i"i leplacug the small key in bis pocket, he leu Ins loom and descended tho Mair caso tu ihe sueui uour. , , TUB Mf.IiCilAX I". Tlio merchant was seated in his narhu- I suriouuded bv his haniiy family, uhn ui.n. more man usually elated wilh uv : for iMr. uawiey tliat evening relumed, alter I v a .. ninth s absence lo Savannah. 'Mr. I'lortor siyshe will conu light up, sir,' said a seivanl opening the parlor door. ' Al. ! then very well,' answered Mr.llaw ley with a smile of gratification. ' trust, llien, all is light,' hu added in an undei tone. ' l'a, what is that prellv present vou iosi Slid you hiought fur me?' asked a hivelv ch Id uf eleven, as she leaned against him w ill w.lh one arm icstiag upon nis shoulder, and, her sweel facu looking up into his. ' Itwas a pick of geographical cards, CI Ion.' 'Oh, these will hj delightful!' ' I should have likod tl.uui better if they hid been a pack like George I'ayno's,' said young Master Henry llawloy, a iad of four teen. 'And wlnl kind lias Geogo I'avno Tasked his lather smilingly. 'Tboyaro complete playing cards, father, with J icn and King and tuo in and all, on ly ihey aro little duly b:t' of things, no big ger than thu visiting uirdj ladies leave hero when uiolher isn't at home. They aro so pretty too! and Guorgo siys his mother has taiigul bun and I. is brother and sister how- to play whis'l, and his father taught him bow to play l.igh-low-Jack. Oh, I wish 1 had such a park.' ' ' " v"f.v "'llrl1 grieved to hearyoti talk 1 ' I trust that is all you will ever know of mum or ot any catds. i ho invcnlor ofsuch playing cards can ho looked upon only in tho light of thoso lvisteiu sorreiers who give noxious di inks to the rn ili 1 1 mi nl' I lutctt iIkiv r uuicii woro m nmpori on ;s ill. II. .11, lltlll la . .1 . . 1 . ' . 1 Ot It . lu 0llt 0 , , jrawj- . , -1 fallllPr exr.en, ,y nd m 'r,L ,1 r '.' '"! tjstcfulv futnl.L ilbuS.S:;!! ment, by u door leading fiom the hull, the servant ushered in the young man. ' Well, Frodiick, 1 am glad to see you,' said Air. Man ley, extending his hand with uu airol cordiality. 1 I trust you have been quite well, sir,' an swered tlio young man, without looking in his face, but assuming an air of plcasuie ul seeing him return. I have been very well thank you, Ficd rick. I am soniowlml fatigued, however, after so long a journey, everything lias gone well, I believe I1 Yes, sir,' answered tlio young man, in u slightly futloiing manner. Air. llawley no ticed il and looked at him with n quick en quiiing gl nice. 1 1 have sent to vou lor tlio Key to ny pri vate desk. Did vou bring it with ynu 7' ' Yes, sir, hero it is,1 ho lesponded, taking it from his pocket and handing it to him. ' Sit down Fredrick; I wish you to pass the evening with the family in the pallor. wish to deposito first some money in tlio desk that l have brought with me, and then wo will go in and have some music' t'rediick Proctor insula no answer ; but ujth coloi less cheek and :i restless manner bo began to walk up and down the room just as ho h id been doing in his chamber. 1 1 is mind lorlnied between confession ai.d falsehood. Palsutiood might save him confession he Uu know that liu was on die evu ol nun ,i iiiseimuu iiiiiu a-i.u nun t-wu it aaiini itu . believed would. Tho lalter was humiliating I 1 10 Iiiui tlio former would degrade him in Iiis , ...!,,,.; n. !. I... tv.snl.l ftd! in 0;; f , Solii t ton and purpose look its vouiig mm had yielded to the evil instead of thegood su-i'ostions, and resolved to biavo it b.ildlv. ' F.e'drick.' bo exd .ime.l. extending in his , t I ,l, ,. ,,i.,.l,L- "linn- i iliU? 1, iv,. v, ,,r,vo,l . fiu.. I,n,,,l,,.,l ,l,,ll.,r When did you see it in hero safe the last V ' I have not looked into the drawer since vou left, sir.' 'Yet vou have been beie wiiiing every I afternoon two or threu hours, according to mv diicction, in recopying the piivate Idler m"k which was ..early ruined at the fire ul .t... , ItUUIMUlU. 1 Yes, sir, and have neatly completed my task ' It is cxtraoidinary tint this money should bivu been taken. Have you kept thu key in vour possession V Yes, sir, unless ils was taken out of my pocket at night by 'someboJy and relumed before morning.' ' Then il is your impression some one b as by some means gol the key and taken tho money ?' ' It would seem so, sir.' Mr. Ilawley fixed his eyes steadily for a moment in silence. I'roctur tried to encoun ter the gaze, but was forced lo diop his eyes ,u l)00r' ' This is very exliaoidinai v. l'rediick,' ho said scvoiely. Tho young man seemed to bo greatly ag itated. All at once he caught Mr. Haw ley's hand mid sunk upon bis knees befjro him. I'ardon patdon, sir !' ho ened in deep anguish. 'Forgive my falsehood, by which 1 hive udded to crimu! I only am guilty! ' Havo you taken ibis money V ' Yes, sir ; and the only atonement that I can uiakti is to cu.ifti my cii. no and throw myself upon your meicy. I abhor myself for attempting to shelter my guilt by resort ing lo falsehood. I have embezzled tho a iiiount, sir.' ' To what pui poso could you havo applied so much money ? Kiso fiom the floor and sit down and let mo bear all.' ' I acknowledge all sir. I havo lost il play.' ' In gaining V Yes sir.' ' Then my suspicions aro ronfirmed,' lie said sadly vet sciiously, Alas ! that lliey aro so. I have long bad suspicion ihat ynu gam bled, Frederick ; but nol being nblo to prove it, 1 resolved lo try you ; lor 1 knew a per' son who gambled would bo templed to cm be.zto money entrusted to them. ' My chiof motive in trying you was to know tlio Ii ulli ul ino Illinois mat readied my ears; for I had it in my heart lo place vou in a moro responsible position than thai you now hold ; in a word lo offer you by and by ihu placo ol junior partner in tho fit in. That you gambled, I could not believe, you havo served mo so faithfully the four years vou Inve been wilh mo. I llieieloro on (put ling homo for Savannah, left in this desk, under your chargo five hundred dolhrs, and desiie.l you to copy mo letter uooii neru in stead of copying it at tho counting room. Thus 1 gave vou ready access to Iho money. My suspicions, alns! nto confirmed. You miy chargo mo with laying a temptation in your way. I did so lo'sivo myself in thu fuluro from injury if you should prove a card uhver. 1 did no wrung lo you. If you wore a man uf iutegiilv, vou wuio safe. If vou moved otherwise 1 was safe. I left so largo an amount, that, il you wcro guilty of taking II, you might not easily replacn it be fore I loturncd. This sad, sad pioof of your guilt is deeply distressing to me. What have you dune with all I lie money V ' It lias nil been lost ul play, sir. I con fess that 1 bavo long been n card player. I havo lost and won these ihrco years past a good deal of money. A week after your iiepaituic 1 lost a liiiu.lrcU Uollars more than all I possessed ; and the gentleman lo whom I lost il, insisted on being paid tbo next day ns ho was to leave for Now Yoik. I wont the next morning, and told him il was out of my power to pay him. Uu swoie, sir, that ho would expose ino unless ho had it before night. In a stato bnidcring on phrensy, 1 came hither and look u hundred dollais liu... lli o pocket hook and paid him. I hoped to restore it ' ' How?' asked Mr. Ilawlcy, in tlio same calm manner in which lie had listened to this developemeiit of guilt. ' I will conceal nothing from you, sir,' an sweied tho young tnnti, with an aspect 1 1 tbo deepest leinmsn and humility. 1 I hoped lo hu able by winning at play lo icali.u tlu sum. tint l was I lost still mo.e, nod incurred debts to those I played with. To icsort lo tho pocket book again and again, after I had oncn drawn upon it, was less ilillic. ill than at first, anil in a few- lays 1 emptied it ol its contents. In despair - , , , 1 borrowed money and fled lo tlio gaming l '." Ilol,os of 'clriuving my losses and i. 'placing tbo niouev. Hut 1 still Inst mole At length the day for your rciurii drew near, and 1 fe.ned lo ineokyou. 1 was oven temp ted to set your bouse on fne lo conceal my crime. ICut God! I was kept fiom this lion id di ed. Fach hour 1 became more and moie wielcbed. 1 thought of dying 1 thought of suicide I At length, lids evening when I heard tliat 3011 bad come in tho cars, I was driven nearly ins 1110 wilh the fears of oxposine. When yourservant came for me, I was iu iiiy 100.11 struggling between a de- llcn, 1 llovv M"'"' " nie.and le- neiniiering jour natural goodness ot lieail, I was conslran led to confess all loou. lint ,,lc Ir!'!ld of acknowledging to you my guilt, caused me to lesort to miserable falsehoods. Sir, have mercy on me ! I am sincerely pen ueni, uu. i u you win spaiu ino irom puiilic cxposuie, fur my fitber's am! mnlher's sake, I am ready lo boar any punishment you seo fit to iullict upon mo.' Thus ending this humiliating confession, the young man again threw himself at iho feel of his employer, and h.iryng Ins horning face in bis bauds, awaited his decision. Mr Ilawley lemained a few moments gazing down upon him in looks in which there were iiiuro giief than anger, lie had discovered with pain thai tho young man in whom lie had placed so much confidence, and whom he was about lo olovalo lo a high degiee of responsibility, was unworthy. ' This is a great ciiuie, I'roctor, which you are gui'ly of. I will send you to the State's 1'iison.' ' I know it, sir I deserve it but for my mother's sake !' 'If you did not think of her when you coniiiiiiled this crime, why do you wish or expect ino to regard her feelings V ' True sir, true. I have been too guilty to deserve any clemency al your hands. Hut if I am sunt to piison, let my father and mother answer themselves. Let llieni bear equally wilh me, tho guilt and degradation !' hu slid, wilh warmth, and in accents of bit ter icp'roach. 'Why do J on speak thus of your parents 1 Havo vou lost all filial respect and love V demanded Mr. Ilawley with surprise and displeasing 'No, no, but my parents aro In blame for all ibis guilt 1 havo inclined. They taught mo lo play cards when a child, and by the enticing wilchery ol Iho play i navo ucen led step by step in gambling, until all h is resulted in my i.iin. Do you nol see that my parents mo to blame I 'I do,' answered Mr. Ilawley, and he ro mcmbored what his son had a Ii. tie while 'I irn sutprised Ijtat pa rents should placo cards in their children's haitds. Thev had bolter fed you on poison bread.' 'You seo, now sir, why I Inve reflected upon them. From that lime I became fund of my litllo cards, and was taught by my mother and father tbo moru ndymtngcous points of the game: and as I showed great aptitude, lliey were proud uf my skill nnd readiness. As I grew up I became a whist player. Oilier games 1 naturally learned, and gay company after I came to this cily, opened the way lo gaining. Tho result is, that I am now arraigned before you of rob ing you ol fivo hundred dollars lo pay debts lo gambles, lesl I should lie exposed to the world. Thcicfore, sir, did I say, let my pa rents beai equally with mo ihe guilt and de gradation.' I am sorry fur you, I'roctor ; I pity you though I bhuuo you, nnd do not c vrulpatc you from the full weight ofynur guilt. Your parents were guilty, and it is in you, lliey should sec tlio fruits uf their folly and sin. I shall let tho law take its course, (f you bad not lesortedto falsehood, but openly and candidly come to mo without wailing lu bo sent for, and acknowledged your guilt, with tho mitigating circumstances you have just slated I should havo had confidence in your reformation. The gambler is farther I'. oui r..'1'oi. ...lion even than the drunkard, heeaiiso what ho does hu does in thu light of sobriety and roason. I do not ai rest you liecauso ot the loss ol thu money. I h it I am willing to loso for tho eaily knowledgo I have discovered of your depiaviiy. Igno rant of what I now know, I might havu Iosi thousands hid I taken ynu in partner ship. I shall lock you in this loom while 1 gu for an officer.' Tho voting man made no answer. He stood silent and gloomy, ns if overwhelmed wilh horror. Tho rinsing door aroused lii id. Then I am (o be sent to prison. The crisis has anived, and I am a felon. Ho it so I Hero arc pen and paper.' He sal down to write. 'To my I'ATilcn and MoTitnn : I write to von under urrcst foi embezzling from Mr. llawlev. fivo hundred dollars!' 'For wli ul tor wh .1! you will ask. 1 answer, to pay g hling debts. Yes, I am a gambler! 1 have been 1 a gambler for three years. 1011 first taught 1110 bv Vour example, to love cards. You first bought me a niiniatnro,pnck for myself and brother I lint we might not iinniiy you whiht you'weio at whist. You taught 1110 the game. You praised my skill. I learn ed other games as I grow older, and thought lo excel in these also. I came lo the cily a skilful homo taught card player. I soon learned to play lie. e tor money; Iho result is, I have stolen money fiom my employer, and a prison and degrcdalion ore before me. What rendeis Mill liioro i.gnrav.iliug. is tlio knowledge of the facl, thai .Mr. (law ley was about to lake me into the firm. Now all my hopes in life aro dashed to thu earlh. You I chargo with being ihu author of my fill. I have resolved not lo live 40 wiiness my own infamy. God forgive ou, il IS inure than I can do! ' Youl dtgiadcd son, F. I'nocTon.' That i.igbl tho embezzler was conveyed lo prison. The next morning wlien the keeper euteied the cell ho found him hang ing by iho neck - Dcadl lie had s'ranglnl himself with bis pocket handkerchief. Ibo feelings of his parents when ll.ey loomed bww' - ' 1 his letter, accompanied in tho sjinie mail , willi tho intelligencu of Ins suicide, wo leave ! to the imniapiniilion of our readers, to whom wo submit ihe whole subiuct fur serious I consideration, foi wo fear lliciu am to hoi found llntli!ur -mil mi.twire nnitallv null. I ty with the parents of Frederick I'.ocior. Wn h.ivn unle i..iili..iv, in tlmw ilm 1 evilsof Card I'laijing, under the guise of, Wnist, Doing taiigl.t under Inn pitemal. roof of the juvenile members of thu family. SOMETHING FOR TllIC I!OYS. BY THE " LCAr.NEU LLACKSHlTH." Roys of Ameiica, you and the boys of Great Hril iin will delciniine the character was desiroyed, and all vestiges of its former nud iho Fxpcntivc knew that the occupa and condition of mankind, twcntv-fivo years inhaliilanls aregone parts of ij,,,, f t,0 Ijrt Gri'iide would be regarded as Irom ibis evening. The world is looking es, Scr., remain, but the inhabitants have all a hostile act. forward nith em nust expectations and hope perished by cold. One of our cotemporaries ' tir ; i lo the lime when the government shall he , in referi ing lo t liu gloomy subject, says : Ml'. ' U .lit Ui:riiTMr.NT, II ii5on, I on your shoulders. All the wealth of sci- would lequiio no very "vivid imaginuion to ! , . JjniHry 1IJ, 1 enco and progress of ages; inventions, sur- imagine the appalling" sense of desirurlio ', i . ' Slr : ' nni directed by the liesident lo passing all that havo vet originated in the which bleached iho features and chilled ihe instruct you lo advance and occupy, w lib Iho mind of man, and which shall it hearts of those unhappy colonists when thev troops tinder v.iur roniiiiand positions oi or were, the ends of tho earth together; and begin to realize their forlorn rondition.wheii ntar the eaU bank uf the Kio Del Aorte, make one's life and thoughts ubiquitous and the cold rapidly increasing and their I. irbors ' as ils il C!m '"' c'vel"y "one wl1'' -immortal; railroad chariots, running ' like j became permanently blocked with iceberg':, ' r,,,'ru"l'u 10 ,,m s"',s"" a'"1 ,lie rp"'" the lighlnings'lhiough the central regions of and the genial rays of the sun were ohscur- , ullic1' "ur movemenl.s must be made. Irom Asia and Africa, now haidly explored; com-! ed by fogs when ihew inters Iiec-imc for iho iIk i!tt!S '"-''lolbro piesented to ibis de morce with naiions "and seaports now scarce- first lime intensely iiid, dice. less and drua- i I'-""'""-'"!, it is piesumed I'oint Isabel will ly known by name to the civilized world ; ry ; when tlui summers were also col,, .,,,,, b' yoiisideied by you an eligible position. enlerpiises of christian benevolenre, nf wide- the soil unnroduclivn when mountains were ',''1'5 P0'"'. or S()I1IU 01,0 "'" Bl"' points' reaching philanthropy, lo which the present aro mere clew-drops to u liver; power of mind, acting with iho aliiihules of omnipotence upon brute force and barbarous men all these elements of moral might will bo put into ourlnnds when you si. ill come to ho tho men of tho Anglo-Saxon race. Now, boys of America, would you be fust and foremost among iheso men ? Would you stand befo.o the whole race as thu cap tains of their salvations from systems of des potism that has, crushed them in the dust ? Then let thu first act of your iidminisliation ho lo abolish an old pagan custom that has beggared iho woild nnd filled it with igno rance, misery and vice. I mean ihu whole war-system, especially tlio preparations for war in time 'of peace. And let your ch irily begin at home. Look into the ledger of the Untied Slates, and see how this war-bieed- iug system has swallowed up the revenuo of tho country since the levoluiion. From 171)1 to 1S-J, thu aggiegalo of our expouditmes, with less thin tlneo yeais ul aclu il wail ue, Sooo.-,riKll : and SS().- 002.S-M iil'i hi .11 in I. t. .1. 1 ii r, sum was thrown away in compliance witli that old heathenish maxim, " In time of peace prepare for war" ; all swallowed up by tho army anil navy, wlucli ilurmg Ilia whole penod, did not sivo a life, or add an inch tn lite territory, or a cent to llie wealth, or thu slightest iota lo the true lion- or, glory and happiness of tho Union. Just think of it for a moment during a pe- tied uf about ! J years, all tho oilier ex - ponses of carrying on ibis Onveriinient a- uioililieu in uiu wiioii: in o-ji ,iuot.ji , while tS05,0'J2.8M imm thrown into the bottomless gulf of w:ir preparations in time of peace!!! I ake jourslalo and sen how you could huvo disposed of vast .-.uu. ui I..UUII, ....... ol poor laboring people in tins unu other countries. Tho great liiio Canal, extending from Albany to Hullaln, a distuitni of miles, cost originally 6", H3.793. It was consid ered almost the wonder of- tho ago when it was opened. The wholo country held a kind of jubilee at ils completion; and cities and towns grew up t.s in u sinnle uight.whcio .. r. .,-r. . ....ii,;,... I.',., ..... rul.ivated wilderness.' Now how iinny ol such public winks as might have been const, ucled for the sum which tho United States expended upon war-pieparalio..s in 10 years I Mr. Whitney, who pinioned Congress for permission to build .a railroad fiom l.ako Michigan to thu Pacific ocean, affirmed that the magnificent wotk would not cost over $50,000,000. How miny ofsuch railroads might our Government havo buill, had it devoted lo llieir construction what it lias up proprialed lo prospective destruction of hu man beings I Ouo more problem in connection wilh ibis snbjocl,nud I have donu. From 18Jo lo . vernments, the following Instructions aro gitr 181!!, thu Government expended on the na- jP, by the Soctetary of War lo Gen. Tuy val establishment S15,)f.'J .5 18, nearly nine if0r : millions more than lor ibo whole civil list for ' Whilo avoiding, ns you havo been in 10 years! Now, boys, will you not lell strutted lu do, nil aggressive measures lo those who call themselves men, bow miny wiirdj Mexico, as long ns thu relations ol . . fr,ai ,,. t. nnlil it IiiLii In I : . I i 1. 1!.. I .1... merchant snips, vu m. .., - eain ibis W.UUU a year net piouis tor each ship If ynu assist a innu in cl.c.-.ting ullicm, dull t if he cheats in return. CUANUIiOF CMMATK. Gnr.r.Nt.tMi...Gnglisti anli.pirians are pur suing iiilerestinginq. uiies relative lo the orig inal settlement of Greenland, and llie charac ter of ils soil and climale. It was supposed oricmully n have been count; clod wil l nur continent, but it has been distinctly nscei '''ined that il ij separ.a'cd from the Amcric.i vuMiiiii-iu uy a wiuu i i.annel railed Uavis' straits, and extends beyond 78 degiees ol The most extraordinary facl about Green land is the wniidetful change ofcliniatuii has undergone. Il.inei. soils havo been tod lim ed by emigration and industry, and rold cli mates changed into warmer latitudes by dealing Iho woods and lolling in the lays of inosnn; nut wo have 110 instance on record of settlements originally in warm cli. nates. ..,.1 c..:,r..t ..:... .." ii ,lml Iroilful soils becoming in ccnluries rold, ll; barren;. mil etsuch has been 1. 10 case wnn ureenl unJ. The rmit.iiy, al though now consisting of little else than bar ren locks, mountains covered wilh snow and ice, and valleys filled w ill. gl.17.ic1s ; iilihough ils coast, now lined wilh lloes of ire, and chequered wilh icchoigs uf immense si.e, was mice easily accessible, and ils soil was fiuil ful, and well lepaid tlio cult.vilor of the earth. This country was discovered by the Scan divaniaus, towards the close uf the IO10 cen tury, and a settlement was effected on the easiein coast in tne : year, hy n cmnp-.- ny of adventurers fiom Iceland, under ihe command ol 1.11c l ie Ited. hnngrants llock- 1 . . . . . . ivt ill 011 '"'tner Irom Iceland and N01 way, and the e,,r"H ' '-"ropean enterpiiso nud civilizi- "" apP"'"''" on oiueient pails nl tlio roast. co ony was established in t.reculand, and .i. .... . .n ,u go on aim prosper. i nil ino , climate must have been mild and ihu soil' we cither from the fact that in MOO I tbei e were not less than 1D0 ilkigos. 2 nar- ll"'s lwo monasteries, and lor 400 years iiiuiu .la '."vHu .uiu 1 1 1 uiii.iu.u mercantile in the roiiuti y. intercourse with tho Danish provinces and i October (lGih,) General Taylor is in huropc, but in MOG everything di mgud a 1 pruned to ' approach as near tho Western wal ol ice hairier rose along the const, and ,.in!; f 0 (;raJu ils ciicumslimces will no binding could be efiecied, and up lo ihe pgmiit,' l'tll CeillUIV tllO Whole Coast was blockeJ llV ! Wo nniv rnmn ... n mn.l inmnrlnnt lellpr. iinsurmotiiitablo harrieis ul ice vrgelalioii no longer crowned w ith foresls, but coveied with snow and ire throughout the vear, and valleys filled will, glazieis w hen the wonle.l j inhabitants of the woods and witois were desdoyed or exiled by the seveiitv ef iho weather, and the places supplied perhaps by monsluisofa huge and fiightful chaiacter.' John Q' tscy Ab.wn is a a poet as well as orator. The inllovi n.j; hues wen; written by in the If. ol Uepresontitie--,anJ l.u.deJ bv nun a iew wcjic- ami, wlu.e sitting at nit desk in... mi .nr. iHinuoriioll ot ijiiio: "Mitter mil mini!, ui)steriou one, i i "in t It threeco-c yenM on I 'crt ! Wliero 1 e'er Iho ilirenl nf lid- was spun Where I wln n r-.Ii, ml Indus, azam ! A'u.'i'luy r; ij I the ,:uiilt sn p.i'sj, The doubt Thou only em'st tel.eic . l.o' me, tij so'ac my ilirfy-t, Hy to thy ti -ptl! and celievi:!" The ."rlililiiry Corrosiiondeitcc. 'Tho Washington coi respondent of tbo N. . .-. f . , . r , . i 11 ''M",: luminous i.n: louow ing iui.iiui.s- BU siaiunient oi ine inii.iaiy coriesponuence j sunt by the President to the two Houses of I Congress i 1VU r,,.u) u;m cal,.n,0 ,h balance 0r.1(. furnished I, v il. I.e- , :,!. , it.,:,..,! sine i ilu. II. ,. .,fi C,,,,,.,,. ,, m,i.,,. I ;. ,..,i,i t, ,,t ,)y ,,Vl,,v llll(K, ,,, '.,, It.. j,, t.(MllllrV) I j,, m.,n: ,1Jt Vnun the ofiici il recoid, cvoiV . ..; .... ,,. ,...,, ,. ,,,.,. .1S f ,b,. ll0V(ll.,inn - ,hisTe.ui or Mexican Avar, livery sensible in in. uf no ivssity, and fiom piinciples nf nationality, i.ripiiesccs in ihe annex itiou of Tevis lo Iho United .Stales; hut when Texas was annex ed tho law ul Congress declared, and th. congress anil L,iineiitio.i ot I'evis ngree. t, lt j0ll1 I.iry should bo thu subiecl uf lice, Hi. .lion. We s'.iall see wb il nli.c rvuucc ihero w its of the letter or spnil of thu I .w. I shall ciiiidenso tho cnriespoudenre with bruviiy, but stale every facl lairlv. I be bil lowing is tlio first IcderwheiotboHio Grande is mentioned,' W.n Dix.vuT.Mn.vr, July S, IS 1.1. U.r: t ins ilepirlmeni is inioruieu iu.u M..xicii h soimi iiiilit.iry csliil.lisliim.ns on ,'" 5"'c "J '" '- J fur son.o have been. ... tho actual ' occupation oj iter troops, m i'.uj."s !tho inst.urliiins heretofore received, you trill be careful to avoid any acts of aggression . ' . I .. V . 1 .11 . t . unless an actual state of war should ctist. Thu .Mexican forces at thu posts in their possession, and which havo been so, will not be disturbed as long as the relations of peace between the United Slates ami Mnicn ch tinuc. WM. L. MAUCY. Hug. Gen. 'A. Tavi.oii. On the UOih of the same month, w.ll. eel any change of relations between tho two go. "m'.,iu rM.i uciweeu uiai iu,hiimis. i.n Uiulod Males, you ur- expectu.l lo occupy, protect, and defend the terriloiy of Texas, In the extent thai it has been occupied by thu neonlo of Tex is. fWhenwas the HinGrande occupied by the people of Texas 1 The' Hio Gratido is claimed lo bo tho boundary be tween tbs two countries, and up to ibis boun dary yon are lo extend your protection, on ly excepting any posts on the eastern sido, Ibeieof, which are in the nctuul occupancy of Mexican foices, or Mexican sctlleme'nls, over which the republic of Texas did mil cx (iicise jurisdiction at (lie peiiod of annexa tion, or shortly befoie thai event. It is ex pected that, in selecting the eslablisbineiils for jour troops, you will approudi as near the boundary line thu Ilio (jiande as pru dence will dictate.' I lute-is the beinni.ig of the wrong done to Mexico, and Ihe real cause of the war which is now going on, and which must he prose cuted with tho enliie energies of ihe nation. Had (he army rem lined at Corpus Christ'., (though upon the west bank of ihu Nueces,) there would havo been no conflict uf arms. Tlneo weeks later, in a letter dated Aug. 231, ("heral Tavlor is instructed to regard the trussing uf the liin (Irnndr. as an inva sion nf the United Stairs, and the com mencement of hostility. In the same leltcr (Jen. 'Pay lor is empowered lo call on tho Governois of Alabama, Mississippi.and Lou is! uiu for any volunteer f.nco he may desire, and thu (juvernors of those three Slates,nnd of Tennessee and Kentucky, tlneo days af ter, aie made acquainted wilh tbo authority thus conferred on Geneial Taylor. August If) General '5'uvlor is again told , by thu Sccielary of War that crossing tho .j m-nude will bo regarded as war, added : It is . Mexico having thus commenced hostili .Mvw nig lino uiuiiniii. " ' i.w....- tieS) j0 may, in vour discretion, should you MVU a sufllrienl force and in a condition lo ' 1 , sn cross the Hid Grande, disperse orenp- 1 iro ,,0 f,,rces line to invade Texas Uufi.Mt ihe lunciion of Hoops uniting Tor that l c... .1...: t';nn. nn either side of that river, and, il deemed practicable and expedient, lakn and hold possession of Matamoias and other places ! d,n,tC il...i .!. nf War. "i'l'0:"'10 'V'"i"""r,ls ",lJ i,'"-'r' "" 1,1 "1B vicinity of Latedo, aie suggested for your consiileiatioii. ' In the positions you may tiko in carry ing out these, and other movements that may he made, tbo use of the Hio del Norlo may bo very convenient, if not necessary. Should you lo exercise the tight which the United States have in common nith Mexi co lo the fine navigation of this river, it is probable that JIluco would interpose resistance. You will not attempt to enforce . this right without further instructions.' Thu directions above copied had been giv en in on the loth of the previous June, and Hen. Taylor, in a despatch dated October dili, gives his reasons for not do ing" so. lining no eiiLineer force, and but lew of ii.fin'iy, hu did not think it prudent In nuke lli" allempl. Tho following in tetesiing e Iran is ill the sinio despatrh. ' Mciico having yet made no positive declaration of war, or committed any overt act of 'hostilities do not feel at lilicrly.uudi r' "-'; --t -,v, ....... ,.. i,,srC ton, particularly those ol July h.n, to mako ( jorwara move to inc. nio drantlc, without authority from the War I'ciiartmcnt. In case a forward movement should bo' ordeied or auihoiized, I would recommend the nrriipation o! I'oint Isabel and Laredo,' as best adapted In the purposes of observ- ' ing the of the river and covering llie frontier seilleniet.ts uf Texas. I'oint Is- abel is tirressihle by water, and ran be safe ly orrupied by two brig ides of infantry, wilh a suitable I'm re of field artillery. On the of the steamer Harney, I sbill order a raiel'ul reronnoisince uf Hrazos Santiago, as a recessary preliminary measure to tho occupition of I'oint Is il.el.' ' Tho following not veiy p' rophelic post-, sciipt is in the letter of October -1 : ' I'. S. Il is proper to add, ihat should any nuxiliiiy forco be required, 1 propose to diaw il wboily friiniTexas. I do not conceive Ihat it will he' necess iry, tinder any cir cumstances', to call for volunteers from thu United Slates. Z. T.' . In a letter wrillen niiio d is s later, or sev en inn. ..lis ngo, Gen. Tay lor writes advisj-. lory nnd timely, as follow j: ' I cannot urge loo siinncly upon the De- pirtment lbs necessity of occupying those posts l.efoielhu warm w ealher shall set in. A lug. i amount ot sickness is, 1 lear, lo bo apprehended, with every precaution that can bo laken ; but the infoi in ition which I ob t tio, leads me lo believe tliat a .summer movement will ho nllcudid with great ex pense of health and life. As in Floridalho winter is tiie best season' fur operations in IVxas.' V "' Ifthuse olllri il extracts, sdreied rather at .. ! I : ... ... .1.. .... railllillll dill Willi eeslg.l iu mum iii.iinii uj.-i nn the Cxeriidve, do not prove the falsehood oflbo inessigcof Iho I'lesident, and thu law of Cingrcss derlariug 'war to have ethtetl by the act if Mexico, no language of mine can do il. Surely, while seruritig men and in.iney, and uniting in every measure of de fmire'iii behalf of tho country, Congress, by tho acfjui soncu ol even a silencp,is nol bound lo nppiuvn of all the Kxeculive has dono in dedaring war of bis own accord, upon bis own responsibility, anil in utter contempt ol thu icstrainls imposed upon him by the con slilulion. c

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