Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, May 29, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated May 29, 1846 Page 2
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FROM TUB ARMY. From iho New Vmk Tribune, Extra, May 21. The War with Mexico. Two Italtlrs-Tlic American Victorious. I !i()0 Mi-xlciuii klllrd, Only (IS Ami'ilciiiiklllctt nr wound ed. Heath ul' Manr Hlngsiilil Vren, the Mexican General, taken prl -unci-. American Onsiil nnit lti'litrnts t Mntuiiiuras Impel soiled. Gen. AiMa's CuiTvmiiilctiii' In Iho hands if (it'll. Til) lor. lixt liaimc ul l'll Roncrs. Tlioro have been two cngagemciiU between Oanor.il Taylor and Iho Mexican tmojis . tlio first occurring nil Iho ftth iu.il. when Gen. Tay lur was returning from Point I9.1I10I tu his camp mmissioncd officers'. CaptJ Ivor, mi amvimr at tho Imint whore it was sup posed they hail crossed, fminJ Unit tho report was false, that they had not crossed lliero bill hail all crossed nl"u', which was afterwards proved by (.'apt. T's. command being surprised, in which l.icul. Geo. Mason, wilh 0 moil were killed, and two Mounded. The wounded woro sent lo General 1 ay or s. r.amp, the army having no hospital in tho field. Captains Thornton and Hardee, and lcut. Kano inirjculoiisly escaped together with tho rest of the iion-ronimissioiiod officers and men, but were raptured and aro now prisoners of war in Movico. Tim ci-cumtanrps which led lo tho surprise arc these: After Ciiit. Thornton's command had proceeded up the Kio Grande about twenty four in les, and as wns supposed to-bo within about Ihreo tnilcsoftlic Mexican camp, Iliopubic AKUIVAL OP TIIC llHTl'TAMA. Sixteen Days Later from KiiBlanif. opposite Matainoras, In which the JIomc.iiif, .(,.:....'. P. Hull I.. ? nofl unni rnl.iiUmL I1UIIII1QI IIIUI'I Ulll WiUVW . I, Will, ......j -(' . ... . . . , Our army was sleeping on tho field of battle, refused In go any further, and slate,, for Ins . . . I ...... . f. I rnficrm tl.rit 1 in ll- intn millttrV WUft UllflKtCll Wit I on which, hum uay, 'iw ,ne.icaus "en. found dead. Sevoral nieces of Artillery, stntes, &c, wcro captured by the American army. Mnj. Ilinggold' died from a wound received in this action. Tho second balllo took placo on tho 5th int. commencing at li.t t f past three n'rlnrk, P.M., within;) miles of 'IVylor's camp. Tho ir.iou was on tho edge of a ravine, and ono mile from the Ch.ippara', wliich was twelve mill a in widtl . The Mexicans commenced the nciiou with their artillery, which was potted so as lo sweep a narro.v passive, through which (ion. Taylur was nlvaucing. 'hero bointr a swaiupoii llm other h ind, Gen Taylor immediately ordered a charge in the teeth of tho enemy's destructive liie, and tho troops promptly responding, carried the enemy's guns at llm point ul the hajnnol. S.i sudden and impetuous was the attack, tlial Gen. Arista hail not time to s ue his p.ipois. which, Willi all hi correspondent e, fell lulo Iho hands of Geo. Taylor. The action l.i-ted one hour and a half, in which time 51)0 .Mcxit'iiiis were killed or wolin ded, and tho Americans took 'MM prisoners and S pieces of artillery. The Americans bit in Iho action about 0'2 killed and wounded. Among the killed wuiu Col. Mcintosh, Lieut. Cochran hy Iho bursting of a shell, l.icul. luge, and one or two others, whose names are not giieu. Col K me, l.ienis. Gales, terhank, More, Luther, and others were among the wounded. V regret to say that Major Itinggohl, who was wounded on tho "ill nisi, died on iho 10. h, and was buried with military honurs. The total lo.-s of the Mexicans in both actions was at lent 13o(). The Mexican forces amounied lo at least 0000 men, while those of the Aineiieans did nut ex ceed 1G00 men. An exchange of prisoners took place subse quent lo the battle, hy which Capt. Thornton ami Liouls. Hardee and Kane were released. Lieut. Deas was not dem inded Among the prisoners taken hv Gen. Taylor was (ion. Vdga. Tor him two American offi cers wore offered in exchange, but it was do. clned to give him save in exchange lor an nffi. cer of equal rank whenever one should bo taken. ine .Mexican aimy was so comment ol vie reason that the wliule country was infested with Mexicans. Capt. T., however, prorcoded nbniit two miles, when ho came to a farm house, enclosed entire ly by a cbapparal fence, wilh the exception of that portion which bordered on the river, anil this was so boggy as In be impassable ('apt. T. entered this ciiclosuio and approached the house for Iho purpose of miking saiinc inquiry, his rommand following him. So soon as his command had nil entered the enclosure, tho enemy, having been concealed in the cannir.il. about two thousand live hundred in number, completely surrounded linn anil com ini'ticed tiring upon his command. He then wheeled his command thinking that he could charge through tho enemy and pass out whore ho had entered, not however, wnnnni a consul crahlc his. This he attempted but did not sue ceed. the cncniv being loo strong. At this Instant, ('apt. liartleo approached him for the purpose of advising 1 mil how to ovricale theniolvcs. The firing of Ihecncmv still con- tinning, Capl. Thorton's horse, having doubtless ri,.-,it-il .1 ilm,. rat, nu'.iv irilli Mm anil leaned I it.n r.i:uvirril fnn.-r. nlnl tilllllin.il illln .1 liroci. pice, where ha fell, witli Capl. T. under him, where tho latter remained insensible for five or six hours. This casualty placed Capt. Hardee in com mand, who attempted wilh the residue to make his escape by tho rivur, intending on arriving at its mirgin to swim it. In this he failed, finding it so boggy ih.it ho coti'd not got lo it. He then reltirnrd, lakhig the precaution to got nut of dislanco of nuiskulry, dismounted ami exam ined the arms of his men, determining lo sell their lives as ileariy as possible. llcforo he had succeeded, however, in Iho in spection of his arms, a Mexicin officer rode up and asked liini to surrend 'r. Cip. II; replied that he would surrender on ono condition, which was, that if the Mexican General would receive I Item as prisoners of war, and ireat them as the most civilized nations do, he would surrender, but on no other romldioi s. Tho Mexican officer bore this message lo the General coinuiiiding, and returned with the assurance that he would. Capt. II. then for. rendered. 'Cap'. Thornton and Hardee, witli Lieut. Ivine and tho residue of the non.com unsrioucd office r and privalnu of Capt. T'b lorv. that ovorv nrenaraii.m I . . . 1 ,,ln i I command, aro now prisoner of war in Mexico. celebrate it, but all their preparations lull 'into enemy treat them remirkably well. llic hands of tho Americans. Lieut, George Mason was a fine voting officer. In their Ihght imny ol Ihe Mexicans took to ami his death is much regretted. 1 lis sahlo tho river, and were drowned in their altumnis lo ! bolt was rocoL'iii.ed among some articles that Willi 11 Gen. Taylor reached his camp the afternoon after Ins army. Leaving there Ins hole force, lie the next morning loll for Point Isibel and arrived there on the evening of tho IDih ilhout molestation. On Iho evening of the llih ho started back to his camp opposite Maia.noras. We need not e.iy that he and h s army aio in fine spirits. Further information has been received that the American Con-ul and all tho American resident at Matamoraa have been arrested and aont to Saltillo, a small town about SO miles from Mata noras. The steamer Col. Harney arrived from II aios Santiago. She brings official accounts of the second battle. In this second and glorious battle we lost about the same number of men ns in Iho first, but bad more officers wounded. Cant. Walk er willi his heroic baud of Hangers, was the last that tired at (lie Mexicans. The army left him and his comradei on the bank of the river shooting them as they nttcinji c 1 lo cross. To-morrow Gen. Taylor leaves hero lo make an allack on Maiaiuorus, in connection Willi (Som. Conner, who has sent a boat ex pedition up the river. I forgot to mention thai (Jon. Taylor ar rived hero ycsteitl.iy with all our wounded, between 50 and GO, with (Jen. Ilomulus Ue la Vega, ono Muxican dpi. ami two Lieu tenants, who go wall thi5 letter in the Col, Harney. Tho Augusta from New Orleans arrived last evening. I he mules from iMatamnras, some uuu, wcro sent in lo-U.iy, us well us tho Mexican wounded. I should not forget In mention llni all (he shell, ball and grape shot of the Mexicans arc made of copper. were subsequently captured from tho enemy. Kroin tlte N.O. Tropic Third IMniun, 1 P.M. STILL L AT Kit. Tun Oalvkstdn Aimivr.n! The (Jal veston is just in, having loft Urnssos t inliago on ihe evening of lliu lUili. We hasten lo lay Iho nuws by her before our leaduis. From lliu (iaUc.-tuii Civilian oflhc laili. On the morning of the lilih, (Jeucrnl Taylor and his staff, witli llm guard that had brought Unwn tho train, &c. started for hi camp. lie was mul hv an express a few miles from Point Isabel, informing him thai ri,0C0 fresh troops hid arrived in Milamnias 2,000 of which had rrosied over, and 1,1C0 more had ciossed the Rio (iramht at II.it s un near rliu llocachicj, nut inuie tlun 3 miles from Point Isabel. , Gen. Taylor returned lo Point babul once, mid made preparations to leave the next day with such troops as wcro airiviu Tho steamship Galveston landed -150 iiif.iu try, (Itegiiiars anil volunteers ;i tho .ugus la about 200 : Canl.Piico ariived via Padre Island A o in Corpus Clnisti, willi his com liany of 70 mounted Rangers. They all - reached llm Point on the l'M. Tho Telegraph and James L. Day will doubtless land liieir troops, amounting to up ward of 800 at Point Isabel on tho Mill. Great ciedit is duo In Captain Jeremiah Smith, of the steam-ship Cincinnati, anil Capl. R. Mcltaker of tho Monmouth, for the skill, energy and promptness, shown in the management of their boats in transporting troops and supplies across llu 11 iy at ihe Urassos Santiago. Captain Tiiounton. Tbu following is a dotailed account of tho affair in which Capt. Thornton was engaged. It will bu seen that neither of iho accounts heretofore received the ono that dpi. T. was killed, and the oilier that be had returned to Gun. Taylor's camp wcro correct, llu remains a prison ir in the Mexican camp: Surprise awl Surrender of Capl. 7 hnrnlnn's Cummnnd.Uw the evening of tho 2:id nil., Gen. Taylor's spies brought intelligence Ihat about two thousand live hundred Mexicans had crossnd the Uio Grand lo the Texas side above Ihe American Fort, and that about fifteen bun dred had crossed below. Gen. Taylor inunodi atcly despatched a squadron of dragoons lo each place of crossing, fur Ihe purpose of ascertaining uioir position. The squadron nrdvrcd below was in command of Capt. Kcr, Iho ono above was commanded by Cspi. Thornton, and computed of Capt. Hardee, Lieuts. Kane and Masuu, with sixty. one juj. MiLirAtir M ivciif.nm. Iltllimorc, .1 , Ittilf pcist two 1' M. The Governor of our htate, ilioiuas li. frail, nas i-sucu ms proclamation ailing upon tho citizens or Miryl.inil, lroui the ires of IS to !., to enroll themselves under tho flg of their country, in oiderlhat they may bo m readiness to be mustered into the United States service, when exigencies shall require or when Ihe l'rcwuciit shall so order, livo rcgi moiils are required of Maryland as her quota. Carres. Aor;i Anifricnn. Tiie New Orleans papers state that a rcqui sitiou has boon mada by Geo, Gaines upon the jovernors of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Mississippi and Alabama, for 8,400 troops. Wo are not able lo say whelber all those requisi tions have been mule. Wo understand Ihat tho Slc'cs of Kentucky and Tennessee are the only ones railed upon by (ion. Gaines for volunteers-, f which nflic.ial information lias been received bv the War Donirtineut. No man can doubt l lie pilrmiic. feelings l.y which the General has been impelled to nuke these call--, jiui as me War Department Ins already called upon these two Stales for a certain number of troops, the rdurs of Gen. (Jaoies have boon counterman. Jed. 7iio", 'rhurstlmj. Tho lion. C. Dirragh, member of Congress from Allegheny Countv Pa., addressed a note to the War Depirtmenl, a few days since, offering tho service ol lliu " IJuqucsno drays," ol i'ltts burg, to the President of tho United Statcs.- 5i r. 1). was instructed by Iho corps to say that it would bo in readiness to lake up its march in twentv.four hours after orders. The Grays aro said lii be among the finest and best drilled citi- ..II soldiers of Pennsylvania. rim "Forks Infantry." a spirited corns in the vicmilv of Pitlsburg, have also made a tender of their services. rho " llibomn Jickon Guards, a company from the sixth illusion of IVunsylvania imlilia tin: "l ayette Guards ol llrownsville, 1 M., am i volunteer corps in rredurichsburg, a., have volunteered thoir services. G iv. Sliuuk, of Pennsylvania, has tendered t lie President, a full regiment, fully equipped ; Gov. Klwards, of Missouri, has issued an mder, directing one thousand volunteers to bo held in readiness ; and S. Waito has ulljred ono regi ment of mutinied Cherokee?. Two volunteer companies, of sixty men each. have been formed in Washington, 1). C, and another is rapidly organizing. I'lulatl. L'.S.Ua- zctlc. Tho llrilatinia. Cant. Ilowitl, which left l.iv. erpool on tho 0th, was telegraphed at an early hour this morning. I ho news is not important. Tho House of Commons camo lo a division on the fir-t reading of Iho Coercian Hill on the evening of Friday. Tho numbers in its favor were 'J71: against it, litj; majority, 141); ,)I Whigs vutcd In Iho minority. 'i'ho accounts from Ireland aro gloomy, and every day adds lo tho misery of tho people In Ihat uulorluuate country, llelora Iho summer is over tlio distress will havo boon greatly ag gravated. "Tho vote on Iho Coercion Ilill is regarded as a mailer of less imporlanco in itself than as ll clears iho road lor Iho litcal measures ol uio Government passing through their remaining stages. List night tho Corn Dill would occupy thu attention of tlio House, and in ten diys from tins time the judgment of tlio Lords on that tin. portant measure will probably bo known. Hope delayed makolh the heart sick. The impedi ments with which that hill lias had lo contend, havo dispirited tho feelings of Iho country cooled tho ardor of its friends, and raised Iho hopes of its antagonists. Hut a bettor faith now reigns. Tho end of the long nnd painful vista is perceptible, and buoyancy is again paramount in breasts of which despair had almost taken possession." fiiitn a scene was cnacled in tho House of Commons between tho Premier and Mr. D'ls- rich. 7'lie latter accused tho former of cheer hi!? a socccli of Mr. Cobden. Tho Premier do uicd it, and Mr D'Israeli sulked. Col. Peel, anxious In restore good feeling, approached the Jewish statesman, lie haughtily waved him off and Col. reel left the I louo in dudgeon. It was supposed (hero would lo a duel. Hut Sir Kobert reel had tho art to convince Mr l Is raeli that he was mistaken, and an apology from the latter was tlio consequence closing the a Hair. Mr Smith O'llricn has been imprisoned fur contempt of Parliament because he would not servo on a railway committee, or do any busi ness not connected with Ireland. As the LT. Cunnells serve on railway committees, this contumacy ofM. O'llricn, who aspires to ho the successor of tho great Daniel, is thought rather ridiculous. The shire nnrkot Is more buoyant. I'ulton sustains the improved feeling that ex isledvihen the last steamer sailed. Sahviluring Ihe week -13,000 ba'es. Imports 13,000 hales below tho simo period last year. Tho American Provision Irado is increasing. 100,000 barrels of ll.iur are under lock in Liver pool which will all ho removed at the low duty when Iho Cum Dill becomes a law. The Iluropoan Tunes is confident tint the Corn Dill will soon pass, both from tho extreme pressure m the corn market and from infurma Hon fruui a higher quarter. The news from America had no visible efl'jc upon I.nghsh securities. Tlio settlement of Oregon on tho tiOlh degree is considered sure. Tno Great Drilain sloaiuor lias been altered and improved. On a trial trip she boat several oilier steamers, and made 1!1 l.'J miles per hour witli steam alone. She was to sail from Liver pool on the 9th inst. Tnc Continent. Louis Phillipps has gained in popularity by the attempt lo shoot him. r Letters received from Algiers slate ihat Abdel Iv ider had once mure outvv ittcd the French generals. There has been an insurrection in the north of Portugal, the insurgents mustered 30U0 men. they showed souin courage, but were imper fectly armed and were mastered by the fovcrn- mcui. S.iain is still the seat of trouble, and ills sua- posed that there begins to be a serious and "en. oral design to dethrone tho political monarch. uruoi reigns in Cracow. There is hardly a Polish noble luft. Austria has made conccn. siuns lo tlio peasants. A partition of ihe repub lic between Austria, Russia and Prussia is talk- choapjiostngo system as intended to keep up nigh taxer. no aikco;n uio ooinuiiiico imcnu cdany change. Mr Nilos, of Connecticut, reported that Iho committee contemplated no change as being ne cessary. The bill was thou laid over until to morrow. The French spoliation bill una then taken up. Mr Morehead entitled lolholluor. As this uloscs he is makinga powerful speech on behalf of Ihe claimants, The llousr.wcnlinlocommiltco oflho whole, Mr Cobb in the Chair, and took up the army propriatipn bill. Mr Tibialis, ot Kentucky, spoke for an hour and maintained that Iho war with Mexico ought to bo vigorously prosecuted to a glorious termi nation, lie Is replying. In Iho course ol his pacch, lo Ihe assaults undo hv Mr G.Davis, and "ir dridcr, nl Kentucky, upon thu adinims tr.ttion fur bringing this war upon us. Mr uromgoo c. ol Va.. loliowcd auu ucicncci: iho administration tho majority in Congress for voting in hasto upon the war bill. Mr D. cited as a precedent the embargo act of 1807, which was passed t tic sailio day Mr Jellerson rccom inonded it to Congress. Mr Washington Hunt, of New 1 orlt, obtain od Ihe floor, amid qnito a scramble for it, and is now sneaking. The debate closes in nail an hour, and the hill is sure lu pass. Mo.viiAY, May 18. In tho Sr.NtTn, Mr. I, vans reported a bill to remit the unties, in certain casts, on railroad iron. Mr Denton desired to inquire in relation to increasing the number of officers ol the general staff. mil to repeal the provision that only ,000 men should be employed in the navy, passed Also, lo increase the number of paymasters IFino officers for members of Congress' j'riciuls 50 members, it is said, have ap- plicd.J L,xcculivo session. Iloust:. Army bill npnionrialions. Mr McKay said two millions iueieaso would bo reninred for subsistence. iVC Mr Sims, of S. C. opposed the amend mont to increase tho monthly pay lo S10, of privates. lie defended Iho administration, but would keep it down lo ?!). Mr Toombs, of Ga., replied with grout promptness ami spirit. Tho march to Iho Rio Grande was an invasion of Mexico, nnd an aggression. Tlio Prcsidenl, ho said, had been guiliy of an net of unsurpation in de claring war while Congress was in session. Tlio soil oflho Rio Grand was Mexican soil. Tho people were Mexican, and had never taken any part in thu Toxin revolution. Mr Chipman, tho Michigan education hatred man, full of lury ad passion against tho Whigs as in duty bound, "all of whom ho was suru had treason in their hearts." This nrinco of, did not like, "low dema- FimiAY, May 2J.-ln tho Stnatc, Mr Fair-1 mm "lAlUFF OF 181 Cold, from Iho Coinmiltno on Naval All'airs, re- . porlcd hack tho bill that had been referred to Tlio Washington correspondent of the them, for building ten slcain warships, wilh P,jhidollliia North Amcricandiscourscsllius n.r.n,..1lt.ntilU I....I.' tn hl,.ii,i. ,1... n.iltn. It.i.l... 1 . ...... ,u...v..,., .......... ,.,.,,..,..,. v.., .,,,,.. i rrriTtinrn In llm Ian II. We o o , tho control of tlio President. Mr Manguin, of tlio samo committee, asked when the chairman (Mr Fairfield) Intondcd to call up the bill lur action. Mr M. (said ho did tint like giving iho Prrsi nir M. Ba n no uiu nni i ko giving i no rrrs - -r-,, ,.' ", 'it,i i,ni,,iu. dent exclusive control of all these important hW'V ' TlTlTu t nailers, reiaung lu una umuriiiuaiu war wan Walker and his Department anil uio nuimnisiraiion .Mexico. to proeuro n certain majority in 1110 iiousc. .or in .. . nr llm nffr.nl nM 10 Ilrilltl IllinillaC UrcrS. IWIICU1- Mr Fairfield said ho designed to call up tho . v,,innmreiir rmnlnvrd. I know not. and enro not,) bill for action on Monday next. The fact that has canvassed thai body pretty thoroughly, wherever tho war uiu put oilier manors in control ot me no was imciy 10 mcci who mvur. m n m mmnsi '"'u T'' ; . , ted lo him a statement, (which has been shown lo u is inoasi.ro a so mr r. saiu .no . res, em 0 , c,nimin!I n rce,pictob1a maioruy in favor of ul.mtl.l lift,-., ll n 1 1 mil nil luiivpp inll.ianscn.iri.nl. . ..' .r .... r..uu.u " -- i .. - .iiclvay 9 uiu. Among ino Qiiiriuaovo certain had it ill Iho others relating lo the war. Voic, were fourteen from iho.Sl.ilo orlNew York. It , ,, , ,. . , i williin my knowbdeo Hint a I rco lrodo nicinbtr li-n nr llirnn rncnl olinnq wnrn rl.irnil. . .. . .. i i i.. !... ...i iiinong mem one uy .ur .iicn caning on rno rrcsidcnt lor Information in his possession, re hopo and trust ho speaks from tlio book. In my despatch by IheTolegrapli 1 expressed some confidenco in regard lo tho safety of the existing tor- I nn. not at hbertv lu say upon what information ibis opinion is predicated, but you know mo well 111". I.Hive to tho designs of France and Fugland to inako Texas an independent republic, which was adopted. 7 ho joint resolution In submit the catn of tho "Louisiana 1 loitma grant. ' and tho patents Issu cd under Ilia same, to Iho decision of the Attor ney General, was taken up and passed two readings. The Senate then took up Iho Iluuso bill to extend tho jurisdiction and laws of tho United States over Oregon. MifWcscott made the motion, of which ho gave notice yesterday, to postpone the whole suboct to the 1st ilonday ot Ueccinucr next. .Mr Denton then took the floor, nnd spoke al great length. Illlllll IlliU .311IIW, I I i.u.i.-iiiu ... ..... tv- sult, made a personal inveslcalion into tho prospect of the voto this morning, nnd informed mo that not more lhan six or tlio delegation count be relied upon. Ho nlsn sniil ho considered the noestion ns stilled "tltsrc xcmldbe no reduction or alteration or the 7'ir ij'l" Mr McKay has nearly, abandoned all hope, ind liioao who at heait behove in tho doctrine of pro tection, but by parly di-ciphno nave been driven to 111. i.i.i..lllnn n.n .....U ..11.1 III , ft II t tt 11 ff . I'llt it tlown ns a fixed fact that wc shall Klin erery doubt ful role til Again I cay, unlr-i a mot uiiprobible reiciion take' place, the Tarill ot Idli, tlio gnat stay ol'.tinciican labor and industry, will be saved. WARS, OFFENSIVE AND DEFEN SIVE. With no oilier Nation should tlio ilistinc For tho Free I'reii. MVMBER THREE. I'ormtrt of Chlttcntltn County t In my last coiuinuuicalion I intimated thai I had something more lu say respecting iho matter of breed ing horses. It was then my intention lu offer for your con'idcration what 1 had to say, immediately t but I havo been prevcnlel until now. I hate ahead? dwelt at sonic length upin two ol the lending causes which have operated, and slill continuo lo operate, tu depress the character of our horses, and have rug gcs'cd, incidentally, the woy to obviate the difficuhiea s as lo give, ere long, to this County, a style of horse that shall look well, go rut.anii trori rigorc-m, in all spots. I now mention A lack of knovlulge amongtt ui respecting ft ntr of breeding, ns nnother cause why tmi hones nrc so much inferior lo wimt they should be, and why they will continue to be so, unless something is done iu a wiser diiection. This lack of knowledge betray it-elf in mndry ways. First, in our not being aware of the ve ry great importance of entire ecunrncis in Ulh Ihe tire and dam. It is a well settled doc. trine, that the deformities nnl ailments of the pa rents will bo inherited hy the progeny. 1 tnnnol do belter hero lhan to adduce the tesiimony of a distin guished foreign veterinarian. He speaks thus : "There is scarcely adi-case by which either of the pa rents is affected, that the foal docs not often inherit ,or at least show occasionally, a predisposition to. ten the consequences of ill usage, or baid wmk, will de scend to Iho progeny. Thcro has been proof upon proof that blindness, roaring, broken wind, sparine, curbs, ringbones, nnd founder, have been bcrjneaihed tl.ffir nfT.nrini, l.ntl, hv sirnflnH it.im. It should lie spoke on the subject of tho tion between Drfamvc and Offensive ar i.kuwise be recollected that, although these blemishes Wo are belter silua- urcgon uounuary. no s.nu it vyas ui pieas- . , , j,,fin.. t .!.,.. In Mn-rAni I in nrrnsa fit llrtl ll UIU III O I II I 'J this controversy. Ho said our treaty with Kus- ted than any oilier Nation in the world to do 6ia never established tho lino of 51 10, ns our (onJ om- 0vvn soil, for tho great and glorious Western boundary, but-ivaa placed thoro by Us r4,asoi) t)at ,,,,,,,,. . Wi,IUS, .1r II. is, as this report clososrspcakmg with every man has a HoMRand a Hearth lode emphasis, and commands groat attention from a fcnJ anJ prolfct. Eel an Invader set foot very crowned audiiorv. upon our soil, and ten thousand Swords too on naval adairs, reported tho bill fn m the would leap from their sheaths, and an linn .Senate, which had been rofercd to it, to repeal jrcj tl0Usaml IJayonets bristln in the air. UIU prutlsiUD III lOU lia,.,l Ujii'i l.iin11 uiu in llm present lUcal limiting Iho naval forco to

i.jUO men, with an amendment in relation to the pay of citliccrs, increasing it in certain cases The amendment was adopted. Mr -IfcClclland, from the Committee on Com Hut here our duties and patriotism end.- Wo aro unfilled fur Wars of Conquest. Our habits, intctcsts, mission and destiny ate peaceful. Aggressivo Wars would bo ruin l crcc, reported a bill allowing a drawuicK on ousiy expensive, t-uiujiuau uuvei nniuius, merchandise Imported into the Unilod htates 0f necessity, havo Armies, with all the mate iroui nr us i nori u iiouiii..iii iiu.iiii.ua, iu m; . , ttr . .. iiri.i - ,.,i , f,i ,mrin,. iw.l. rial fur War, 111 readiness. Willi us, Armies, Several motions were hero mado to adjourn, rough-hewn, aro hastily organized, when o but they all failed. mcrgencies demand thoni. Fiance, for cx- Tho House spent some time on private unit , . . , , -no nuorum nrcsonl. aml'l. supporls an Army an hundred ll.ou- Ihe motion to adourn wasiiien resumed, sand strong, lor less money than ono 31 ten cogues !" fCanital 1 Mr Oriiler said peace might have been preserved if Mr Slidell hid been appointed to settle this question exclusively. The ad ministration tlcsiretl war peace would have been preserved with a ilcsirc lo piescrvn it. Tho committee rose and discussed the Post Ollico law. Adjourned. Tuesday, Miy 19.-Tho Skxati, after spend ing some lime in the usual routine business of tho morning hour, took up tho French spoliations bill, and Mr .Uorehead spoko at length in its fa vor ; without concluding, he gave way tu a mo tion that the Senato adjourn. In the llou.-i:, the army appropriation bill was finally passed by a unanimous vote. Wkiine-sday, May 20. In the Senate, the Committee on Fmaiicu reporled upon the bill making appropriations for the support ot the West Point Academy, with amendments. Mr ruriiey oltered a resolution instructing the Committee on Military Afl'iirs to inquire in to the expediency of limiting to the ago of tily ap- and a'ain failed, bv 110 veas to 71 nays A call of the House was asked, and refused. Another motion to adjourn was then renewed and carried viva voce, hy acclaiiuliun, at fifteen minutes past two u clock. Saturday, May 2U. The Siinati: was not in session, and the point of attraction appeared to be the National Fair, which con tinues to he thronged by visitors from nil parts of tho country. In tho House Mr Ileid of N. C. moved a reconsideration of tho vote by which the House adopted the amendment reported fiom the Committee on Naval Allans, to the bill from the Senate, "lo repeal a part of the act making appropriations for thu naval service for the year ending 30lli June, IS Hi," and thousand can be kept up iu America. may not appear in tiio immediate progeny, they fre quently di in the next, nnd even more distant gener ations. Now, fellow formers, if theso things are rratly eo) (and if ou will reflect, you will see Ihat ihey are,) what tan wc expect, where the laws ol breeding re cuher not understood, or chiefly lost sigh I of? where the mare that is halt, blind, crippled, and in all point unsound or diseased, is put to 1 reedingT Tlierem- cdy m this case is simply eoiinrne in both parent. and inthtir progenitors. 2. This lack of knowledge respecting Iho lews of breeding shows itself, in the sticht attention which i pa'd lo adaptcdness of the tire to the dam in respect of size and conformation. The female parenl snoutu un comparalitehj thohrger. And wilh regard lo build, mare thai is dtfective in nn important poini, mouia not be taken to a siro that is himself defeclivo in the very same point. Hy losing sight of ihese simple doc trines many a farmer has been painfully disappointed al tlio results of his efforts-in breeding. Small ewes brcctl misshaped lambs from a buck othuge sise. The same principle holds ;ood wilh regard lo horned cit- t!e. f'o too when the horse is rer large, in compar son with tho mare, tho progeny, most likely, wi'l be a "small chested, long legged, large boned, worthless animal." Such was the effect of iho crop of an im- We,ns an humble individual, aro ready to ported Cleveland Hay, in Md. And such, too, wesihe ed of. Frco Trade is giowintr nnnular in ihn Nntil, years tersons wlutnay receive military r l- ,. . .' .. . .. . in uurujir. ii is cxprcieii mat mo ivin ol iiuimi'iunir. I'russia will at last give his subjects some sort of a constitution. Iho number of German emigrants on their way to the Atlintic ports this seatou has been estimated at 60,0011. I'roni the Philadelphia Imnuircr. A Dreadful Disaster More than a Hundred Lives lost. Capt. bnell, of the barque "Swan." who has arrived at this port from Now Orlcan, has fur- nisiied Iho particulars of a most deplorable dis. aster at tea, by which more than 100 lives w ore los.. It sccui, says thu livening News', tint on tlio ,IJ ol .May, (buiiday,) about four o'clock in tho afternoon, iu longitude ?9a -10, between Havana and the Florida,, tho captain observed something at a distance, which he took to bo a piratical vessul, and immediately ordered the taken up, and received Iheir first, secund, apd guns to no loaded, and in a lew minutes everv third readin thing about the vessel was iu prime order and The Senate then took Ihe French Spoliation ready for action. Hill. Mr .Morehead rose toconclude the speech no vva, however, upon arriving near Iho sup. he commenced yesterday. He is now speak i..... n....b., iii.K.ni.ii hi ma fiu,r,.IIIU UISCUV- I III", Mr Sturgeon presented Iho proceedings of a meeting hold in l.astou, l'a., iu favcr of sus taining tho administration in the war with Mex ico. Mr Wmdliridgo presented a resolution of the legislature of Michigan against leasing mineral lands un hike Suponor. A motion was made lo print, wliich brought up the merits of the ques tion. A discussion arose on this question, iu wli ch Mjrs. Webster, Cars and Wuodbridgc took a put. Tho Senate then took up tho amendment re ported by Committee on Commerce to the bill lor hxing tnc value ol certain turcign coins al Custom Houeo. Mr Dtvis, of Mas-. explained. The amendments were then agreed to and the bill passed. borne private bills linmtho llouso were Ihen sustain our Uovcrnninnt, in any aim every crisis which concerns tho integrity of our Soil or the honor of our Flag. Wo would, if it were uccessary, nail the latter to the mast, while for the former, let Frrcemcn " f (o to lluir graves hku beds j fiaht for a plot, Where in (lie n uiibers cannot try the rnuse; "Which is not tomb enough, and continent, " Tor the slain." Ill this war for 1 exas, since, no mailer ho fund fixed, and so far, "lighter wrong," slrolcli then moved to poslpono llic reconsideration our defences. Hut there let us pause. And until Monday, which was agreed to. there, if common sense has not forsaken our .. .. . - . . i .. .n . , fllr lluralson, irom tno liommiltcc on llulers, lliov win pause. juoany journal. Military Affairs, ropoilcd Iho bill from llic edict produced by ihe introduction ofthesaint breed of horses into i orkshirp, Kng. But when those I--atern horses, tho Haibsond Arabians, were introduced inio Kneland, and crossed wuh those large Cleveland marcs, n race ol horses wns produced ol smaller bone, bat larger musule, of larger lungs, of greater com pactness, anil more parfect conformation if- strength. In this way, came the Jlss-enger, tlio Ohilders, ine Highflyer, tho r.clipsc a race of horses lhal stand alone, Icing in alvan'-ecf iho front rank. 3 Our lack of knowledge with regard lo the law" cf brccdini. shows it'clfneain in the fact that we do w foully acquired, it is ours, wc would do- " understand and appreciate the nature andralu ,,,.,. , , , of thorough blood, and the ncce-sily of i's presencein nd that Stale. Let a line a boundary, bo botlj slru anddam, in order to bo sure ofasuperior Senate providing for one assistant paymaster general and three additional paymasters of thu army, without amendment, and with a recommendation lor its immediate passage, and it was referred to lliu Cumuiitteu of the Whole. Mr Daniel moved that tho llouso proceed to thu consideration ol the ptivatu bills re ported Iron) the Oniiinutlec ot thu hole, mid then go into Couiniilleo of tho Wholu mi the privalo calendar, and litis motion pre vailed, and Ihe rest ol the session was devot ed tn piivato business, and ul a quarter be fore two o'clock, thu Iluuso adjourned. WAR WITH MEXICO. ui.oitious victory or Tim amuiuuan Tnooi's The news of the decisive nnd almost un paralleled victories of Ocii.Tayi.or over the progeny. It 1ms long been a well settled doctrine, inn a ioi w ill not always possess the qualities eiiher el us eire- or dam , but on the contrary will, as ficquenlly aa othcriwisc, lake its color, form, action, and general worth, from an ancestor, either immedutcor remote. Hence, both the sire and dam should posses not only a good conformation and style of action, and son well together, in lespect of size, pointt of build, and mote- nv-'iit; but, what is of special importance, tney iiiouio respectively 1 elong to variety of the horse, which has jinre blood whose blood has ntter oeen conlami- Muxican troops, has nlecteified our citizens "'' "J degrading crosses. H-e ihe tincture rf de- UniuisiTiox on 'rut: Governop. ok Pennsyl vania nut 'moors. this evening's mail from Washington city brought a requisition from lliu lion. William C. snrry, Secrelary of War, by order of the President, tinoii the Governor of Pennsylvania! for six iogiinn'.s of trooii-t, to ho inuslerotl into tlio service of the United Stales, and to hold themselves in readiness tu march to the seat of w ar, whenever their terv !Ct' may be required. iho organization of theso truops required hy the War l)u..iriii,oni, in n circular accompany ing Ihe order, is us follows : CiHHpiiiiia loamsht of 1 captain, 1 first lieu tenant. 1 second lieutenant, -1 sergeants, 1 cor porals, M musicians, 01 privates. Regiment tncmuhl if 1 colonel, I lieutenant colonel, I major, 1 adjutant, 1 sergeant major, 1 loiarlermasler rergeaiH, principal musicians. 1(1 companies. Democratic (llai rUbnrg) I'niim ' l'.xtra: Kfquimtion on Nr.w Yoiik tot: seven He tilMENTS. A despatch was received at Albany ,n Friday, from Iho War Department, request eretl Ihat they wcro persons who had been wrecked and were blistered hy the sun in a Irirrihlu manner, and in a statu of nudity lloating upon spars and pieces of wood. There were seventeen m number, all of whom were taken on board and every possible cru taken uf ilium by tho captain and crew of the barque I heir story is as follows : On the lirt o May, Ihe Swedish sloop of-war, Charles Kroin. Captain (ll. G., nf Kind,) sailed from Havana for biveden, with a crew consuming of ono hurt dred and thirty-two men, and when uirMatan zis, having been Inudayu and three nights out, was caught in a squall, which turned the vessel bottom upward-', confining to a watery grave one hundred and tilteeu souls ! Tim vcssul immediately sunk. I he seventeen above alluded to. saved them. solves hy clinging to the spars of iho vessel and pieces ol wood, upon which thoy floated and In the Hewn Mr Smart submitted a resold. lion, instructing tho Committee on Military Af fiirs to report a bill to increase tho pay of vol unteers tu tun dollars a month, and appropriat ing to those serving to tlio end of the war, or dying in tho service, sivly acres of land. A motion ws made to suspend the riilcp, to allo.v the resolution to be considered: lost-ayes 70, noes 7i. Mr King, of Ga., from tho Committee on Na val Affairs, reported a bill fur building l'J war steamers and one iron war frigalu : the steamers to range l'-JOO lo KM) tons, and to carry six or 10 inch calibre, and 'J or more small guns; Ihe frigate to carry 00 heavy guns. The bill also recommending the acceptance nf Itergen's pro posal to build said vessels, and tho appropriation of five millions for tho purpose. I he House Ihen went into Uommiltce ot tnc Whole Mr lioulbm in Ihe Chair, and took up tid buffeted the angry waves for one day nnd night, tho bill making appropriations for the civil aji when thoy were p eked up, almost in a state of diplomatic list-. 'I he motion to strike out i starvation, and brought to this city by Ihe barque appropriation for the Clerk of tho .Metuorologi- e' 1 -..t ..v J ... I, ..... . i.. .1 . .I- Swan, and Jho only officer saved was First I,t. A. !'. I hersnieden, who is Moppiiil' at lllood good s, foot of Walnut street. Lieutenants Sucriii, lllit and lieycnstrulc, wore tho names ol the ullicers who were lost. The above is a brief history of Ihe facts as we iiivu mem irom one ot the crow cal Department in tlio cilice of the Surgeon Genera 'a olhce. was discussed with zeal and warmth. Mr Adams supported, and Messrs. Fumes nf Georgia, and ltalhbun, uf New lurk, wero opposed to tho appropriation. Air Ituliuun is now speaking, and '8 going against sundry, if nut all, scientific and costly Cantaiu Snull has provided them will. lliinrr I lint nut tn .L-.i I .Ul . 1 J I m .V..; , "au,u u,m "a" T,',:,.,av. Mav el In Ihe Senate, to-day j hut uiu iiiiu luuK iLf iiiun. - v : - " it CUIielULT-IUlU UlllUUIlk il uuaiuc-aa wan tiuiisnv tod, A short convcrsatiun took placo relative to iIig rpTulatiou nf iho mineral lands, ami the miatora aDDuared to bo ucnerally convinced of . ' t ! f I'i.- I CONGRESS. I'liunsiiAY, Mav 11. After the Irans.irii,,,, the propriety and expediency ufimin.cdia.lu leg of tho muriiiiiL' business, a thdiitn mrm,,. .... :.. islatinn on tho suliiect. tho Senate sumeahat unexpectedly on" a bill The act establishing the value of certain for r u L' tor t nu ruuoat ot sn itiiu-ii ..r tt... ... u " t co t was uasreu. ' , , .: -.1 .. , . ,.1 . . 1 -11 :t: f,..,l, ... ..... . . , . o iQ.it, uiiiiiiug inu per ou ot service ordisbnrii 1 ' o cousiucrai on oi uiu unt urn ; i" ig thu (.over.ior of tins State to cau o lo bo en - years, as annlT.,1 setlle.neut of claims for French spoliations was rolled and hw'.u in reauiness mr iimnyr u ou ine .-, ; ... .... .,',' --, " ,t ... lr...i l i,l. ,1 1,! romirts ervicn of Iho Uuilcd States, seven ueginients .,.., . Vl . ' : " . . " ,-",,,-,.,;.. rPi,,d i 0D. ,f Vu iintcor lnlantry. ioiico is 10 uo uereai- -. . - . ...,...,',:.'"'"' "" . ., .. ..'. m. i i ..I. .... iu,.,,-;,. nf ihe volunteers : mii'.'rs iriiiipit;u, ruiateu ciiicuy lu t,c ,,e. nmiura iu ino uiu, anu lu-mouu,. will b required, al winch tune an omccr oi tno U. S. Army will bo sent to muster thoni Into ser vice, at such place as may uo ucsignaiwi. The seven regiments will constitute a forco of about 0.500 officers, linn commissioned ofiiccia, and privates. A'. V. Journal if Commerce. Requisition ui'on ltnnnc Isi.anu. tIio Sc. crelary of War has addressed a requisition to thu Governor ot Hhodo Is'and fur five companion of militia, lo coiiMal uf 77 persons each, includ ing officers, musicians, and privates. The Go vurnor is requested lo notify the Secretary when they shall bu in readiness, and is informed Ihat cral subject nf removals from office hv iln IV. ecutive. The principle discussed ij ono of oh. Clayton makes a reioiud-.T. iu the House, the business specially ssiiqiari vious importance, and we g,vo a full report of 'or llis and the two succeeding days was uins the very animated and able debate. Pending rela'ing to the Territories; but, on a motion by tho debate. Ihe Senato adiourni'd altn i.,ir Mr Dodue. tho snecial order was rais'poncd nil n.ist 1 u chick, wit tout nassititr nnnn n.n an ill l ie tree Ural Pi'in ativc uavs in juue. no Tho llousu was engaged the wholo dav in object of tins' hostponemonl was to enable Mr :..-. :.. 1 . i i,i i. .. ' I m..l... .i...a f.t i.il'o uuuaiu III iuotoiiiivu ui uiu v note Ull thu state I ' uirjiyau m uiu jtpi'iniiii"ii "ii ; appropnatiuns of Iho Union, on tho bill makiii for the support of the army. Satuhpav; ,Hay 10. In iho Senate tr frit, lendeii premnled a petition rsking that Pitts burg and Wheoling bo m.ido ports of entry. ... if......... r.n.r. tl... M.I....... , ' an uuinwit, .iw.i. uiu ...iiuaijr l.lilJIIU!lCC, TC an officer nf the U. H. army will bo sent to take i ported a bill supplementary to Ihe act for pros chargo of iliom whenever iheir services shall bo ecuting the exialing w ar with Mexico, and for required. O.N 5iAt,AcilUrl.rTS. It is understood that a similar requisition has been sent to iho Cover, nor of Ibis State directing him lo hold in rcadi. ness three rcgiinouts, consisting of aboul 1W ,.,,, i l,n ,niitcrnil under anullicor of Ihe U.S. ( aimy at a timo to bo fixed iu a fulute older. other purposes, Several privalo hills wcro pvssetl. Tho hill for adju.ling unsullied prc-cmiitiun land claims was passed, Tho Post Olfico appioprialiun bill was Ihen Uken up. Mr Speight, of Missi.sippi, said he would not uppote the bill, but denuuueed Ihp The llousu went into-Cuniiuilteo of tho Whole on the state of the Union, and took up and raised tho war feeling lo a fever licat. It is gratifying to every American to know, that, however imbecile may he the adminis tration at the head of affairs, the American Flag has been entrusted lo tho keeping ol fearless officers, in whosu hands it will never bo disgraced. Where such men as T.wt.on, Woutii and Twioso command, tho counliy tired not fear, hut a good account will bo rendcicd. Hut this lastvictory bungs with it mourning as well as exultation. Major ItiNcot.t), lhan whom tho American army never had a braver, nor more successful offi cer, fell in kittle, and is now numbered with the dead. The next news from the Rio Grand, will bo looked for with feverish interest. Ib WAR MATTERS. Gun. Scott Ins been placed at the head of the army, and 23,000of the volunteer force about to bo raised is to be sent into the field as soon as possible. The remainder of the 50,000 volunteers will bo held as a reserve, lo call upon as emergency may require. Tlte Union speaks thus of the movements in pro gress : 'The President and his Cabinet a'e now ai'tivt-ly engaged in organizing us military and naalforce un der the recent act ol congress, lie is in constant coin luunieatioii wilh his Sieretane?, and in frequent con sultation, iiil-IiI and day, with his Cabinet. Arrance nunls are making which vvill be announced in duo season; and weentenam little doubt that they will bo toutid satisfactory to the country. The i-lau urthu campaign will devilop itx'lf. In tvvcntv days afirr inc nery lorcu is pa?cu oiruuti inc niuu, we sunn I l .1. .. rrt . .1 . .1.. I n-l. . ., , . ., , . , ' uac lilt. OO.UUU . OlUllli t'l IU ,.IIU IIIC IJITIU. 1 IIUU officer, at the point of, tlio bayonet, implies ho ,ve nm lha fct.nt. of action will probably hard fighting and severo losses ; and it would i be fiist ca led out ; but tnc more distant loinnircrs Q O ... I l.rt l. I.I in In.pri. (II till.!.! ,li.lt- tlmr- lfill.il nrn seem that on this occasion officers, .1s well as ' named. We understand that offers aro pouring iu 1 1.,. i upon Ihe rresiuent. Ainoni iiicm, inai we can call lT.IDAV 3IOKMNG, MAV C9, 1S. CIIFCRING NEWS. We give our readers Jo-day tlio parlicu- irs of another glorious liiumph of our arms in Texas. The account mav be somewhat xagcralud, but there can bo no doubt of a decisive victory lo American discipline and prowess; nnd with a few more such demon strations of the superiority of military scionco nnd discipline over mere bin to force, the Mexicans vvill give up tho unequal contest. If after all the opportunity lliey hive had to rally and combine their strength against our litllu handful of an army, they aro unable lo make any impicssioti uprn it, or even to protect their own works, they can surely have no business iu the field ufter tho arrival oft our reinforcements. It vvill bo observed, however, that our loss is scveie, and partic ularly so, in officers. Hut a victory which gives us tho enemy's artillery unJ a field Sherwood, a brigade from .New Vork, under Gen. Oibbs McNeil. men, sought the post of danger, bo (heir names. iv- i. i., , t ,;., It U 111 u IIHq, IU UU5UIIWH JCII-.IUIUJiii- I'MlfV! I M t-'ST .:.: . . :i.t .1 ..-,. ,.i siiioii iu jiuiu inu uUiiiiiiiS,u., ,.,u,,i,., ui.u Washington, May 20. nearly co-opcrauou iu uiu manor u, men, , d-.0sil,o ,,fr0i on ,l,e part of the friend, of money, UUU mural IIIUUUIIIU , uuu ll IS IIOI IU , 1llcailllllul'iruooii, i u unity uiu nni uuu .vttiL-M, .,, , , nnd lo present an army ill front of the city of .Moi bo doubted that the war will be n short one. co. .e Pf c00i ifIp,-r and wisa beans, however, A largo meeting was held in iho Park, at Hge differently. The road from .Matamorai i. a long . . " . . . , one, and nola vny pleasant oncto travel in suuinier, V... V...1- I ...t- nn. , . ..ir.n. .... .. ' ..- i..i .. ir it n i. ... i..,., Iivn , u, r-i lua, nvi;i, ui h Him onuiijj i.awii'- it, uiurtii. r., y iiinr. i ..i.M.uia m uc m.iii, lions were adopted, pledging llio prompt and 'Vt.e arnevl'irde'! I energetic aid of the slate to sustain thu honor tcrniuii'd to make a demonstration, and will ot us . , . . . own accord have crossed ihe river whenlleu. colt is oflho country in its present emergency. It upon the pround, if it has not crossed beloro. w i r ilh'il wiihnnt ili-itincilon of inrtv and1 Tlio following i the enrollment of troops ordered was cullul without iiitinciion oi party, anu ( ,iy (ha ,Nt,clllivo m ,)0pe,crn sutes, and niu-terine men of all parlies participated in ihe pio- ; eighty-six icunents nnd a-lnlf. At ihr average of juu ttteii 111 a i i-xiiut in , iiii "' s;i, jui uiu hi u," 230 ineiitioiicd by 1110 ibis morning. If the companies are full, tho forco will be equal to, and beyond tho Ma.sichusilts, .llaine. Thu wholu country vvill respond to ! Vermont, 1110 ui making appropna nun tor uio civil aim ,. , ,. , , ,.,-,... p.i , t 1 i-otiiiccoeui, jmln,,.,!!. ,.,"..'1 'r ,1. ..-,,t. Thn ! ll'o resolution of thanks to Gen. I aylor and . iMc j,iallli cecdings, although an ungenerous advantage was taken of the occasion lo introduce into the resolutions what might be regarded as an endoisenietit of the course of the administra tion. vu anu " "u . . : u i. i.:. t ...i , .ewVoik. irie.nor porilOII ot IIIC U.iy was spriu in u tn.-.iy uiu aitditi ll, un uiiuvi ins vuiiiiiHiiiu, u,i iu pcw Jt.r6... deb.Hu on Iho lluory uf storms, the philoso by t(.(t vlc deflates that tho war oncu com- I IViiiuyUnnia, of llacun, and on other theories, nut within Iho! . . ... . ., . MarilanJ. ordinary range of debate, ll was induced by a ' nienced, should bo prosecuted will, vigor. j motion to Btnko out the appropriation of S'J.Odll , No one can dispulo tho soundness of ibis. A I irumia, for Ihe salary of Irofes.or Kspy asn.elcorulogisl , j fuMa ;s ,u niost wai,;llg and I ,1 c.rofi up i In nni rni.,.. it... .K.l.iin hut million iiur. . 1 , . r"u"""i reives to a statement of fact, elicited as lo the tlm inol liotriblo ol ull wars. Andrew II. origin nf iho appropriation, and the ground, up- Micklc, Mayer of llic city, presided, assisted on which it was opposed. The loiuniitieo re. , , numlti of Vice Picsidents and fused lo strike cut iho appropriation by a vttrj- ' blendci vole. bccretraics. fifty tliou-and tnen olderrd by Congress ; Vil-1 1 nnm.tiirp. '2 ltliliun-1. ... .. .., - - - (leoraia. Alubama, Mississippi, Arlansits, Missoun, 111111019, .1 3 2 i 3 Kentucky, 4 Ohio, 0 Mitbissn, 2 Wi'Consai, l Iowa,"'' 1 I'lotida, 1 Louisiana, Texas, 2 Tennessee, 4 Dist of Columbia, 1 bat talion. pj regiment., 500 men eacli 13,000 250 half regiment 13,250 grading blood may come out in the tonl and cause it to be of htllc value. As this mattir of blood is of primary importance in tho business of bridling, 1 would like lo make tlio doctrines which pertain lo it, as clear and forcible 9 they are important, lint what is meant by jfTWrojij lllood 1 This question may be answered in ibis way. Th true Arabian horso is regarded by the best qualified ud.'es, ihe world oier, as superior to all others, in symctry of form, grace, beauty and vijor of its ninvemtnts. In hi-native country, he is cultivated wilh the greatest care, and his bloud is (esteemed lb purrs! and most thorough throughout all nations Under one modification and another, this hich aristo cratic blood has civ en the chief excellence found in the various families of the horse, in the whole citilixeJ world. Across of it, especially by those most re markable rires ever known in Western Europe, ike Darby and Godolphin Arabian, has given to the sev eral varieties of the Kncjuh horse, through the influ ence of climate and diligent cultivation, his great ami well merited celebrity. The Ila:c Horse de-cended nearly directly from Uastern Coursers. This is the case wilh the Hunter, tin Trotter, lha imprared Hackney and Roadster in a modified de gree. Whoever doubts the correctness pf these state ments, will be convinced of their general accuracy hy learning the pedigrcjsof such horses as Marskr, Re gnlees, h'quiit, Guilders, Highflyer, Messenger, E clipse, Sir Archy (justly styled ihe Godolphin Ara bian of America,) Awful, L'dwin Forrest, Riplcn, La dy Sufl'olk, Moscow, and all others of great note, not even cxcepling ihe Original Morgan. Koi example, ihe .'Messenger blood is at thorooch as any known in ibis country or Englsnt. And it if well known lhal more trottershie been produced in t'lat family thanjin any other, Mambrino and Abdslls, son and grandson of Messenger were "trotters and the getters of trotters." iViti Suffolk was by Engin eer and he by .!enrcr. Lady Suffolk's dam was by DonQuixoltc, andhe again by Metttng er. Theiiuit. ia ,l,at",lic tlioro' bred horse enters into ev ery other brccd.in 1 addt,and often ghes to tV,i7 onfj rafue. Even the Canadian, or Norman, French boise, which is compact, when crossed wuh Urge, good blooded, and welt formed marcs, gives good btrsisa horse and sometimes, trotters, "is deeply imbued with tho blood of the Barb laken from SfVin inlo Normandy." Should the question be asked, is the thorough brid horse the best for allusesl we should answer, no. lllood shculd bo modified and tempered to best an swers given end. A charger, hunter, or saddle horse should be lliree-qtiarles bred roadster from half in t'irccfourths,axotding 10 he draft required of him, Ihe best coach horse is bv a mare of soniefblood and a tire of pure or three-fourtbs;a mixture of blood greatly im proves tho mere dray horse. It gnes him belter wind nnd coutsge, and enables him lo cairybisate belter also. A ih Morgan horse is the most relebrsted family in Vermont, 1 am disposed lo subjoin his pedigree, sa attested by the most reliable witnesses under osth. The original Justia Morgan horse, was sired by the True Briton True Briton was sired by the noted imported horse, Traveller Traveller was got hy En glish Eclipse and English Eclipse partook largely of the blood both of the Oaiby and Godolphin Aral i ans. "lie was never beaten, never had s whip flour-i-hed over him, or fell the tickling of a spur, or for a moment disturbed by the speed of a competitor." lie out footed, out siriJt-d, snd outlasted every bor which started egain him. The dam cf ihe old Morgan was by Diamond, he) by Wildair he by imported Wildair, which wsstak 1 en back to England, on account of hw superior escel. ' louee, ai a sue. Young Wildair wss out of sn import ed mare.if- was taken to Vs. when sboat 19yers old The notion that the Morgsn horse wsspsrl French, is a gross m islake-a misiske ihst has dons no small niisihisf.Thtre is nothing so very peculiar and anom alous iu tho blood of the Morgsn horse. He possess ed lush sltaini f blood, snd was sn sicellent cross