Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 5, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 5, 1846 Page 2
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r oitmia .tfOUR DAYS LA I'M "fcROM tilMOPK. ' The stfwusliip GrcrJtilaj,.it7inT; ltal(in. arrived lliwmnfniiii rJsjrr mjvj at naif-past u .iiVluck; let a than i!U ihYy's'.fronr J-,iveriewl,haviti sailed tbcn.ce on Iho fjVh.' 1 The steamer Jacob Dell, boarded ..the Great Britain, and taking advantage of ' llm title, ar rived' Hi the dock half an hour in advance of the stctuncT. The form of I ho Oret-on Notice passed by it.'. IT 13 t3 ... ' 1.! .1 ,.. .!...!. . . ' .1 II mu uiiti ouiiiuu is .ngiiiy grail. yinjr, nunc uni' isl., and all a;reo that it ensures i epecdy"a'd dustmen! of the dispute. " The strike amnngjt'thc IWghWArroratiVes'ih, ru building trade continue. The masters are' , inctrtiiisj-it by a counter. combination.. Smith O'Brien, member of Parliament, -cou-tinned in bondage. . Weekly Steam Mills between I'milnul ami nmtF H.u. u aru euauiuu 10 iniuu an an. n'nuncciiicnt regarding the conveyance of nulls 'between this country ami America which' will be hailed with gratification by ilia whole com. intinity. The government have entered into a further contract with Iho British ami North A tneriran Rtyal Mail Ciimpany.thc effect of which is til secure a tccektu ciiinmiimc.Atinti Iwiwenn Liverpool anil the United Statin of- America. A steamer of great power and siz3 will bo dw patched direct from Liverpool to New Vork ov ery alternate Saturday during rcht tnonlhs of me year. I nose trips are to be pit tunned' ad ail vnvaifKH. and irresiicclivn of ths fori' nightly voyage tn Halifax- and B' ; as this litter service will continue putt as at present. wmi uik alteration ol nailing Imin Liverpool as well as from Boston, always on tfiitiirilwjf, in- Mean oi a lived il iv ot llm in mill, a .il present, i nu nujamcm in lhw YnrK wi i:ihn i i departures on Silurday. By Ihia nrraugHineni there will be a steamer fro o Liverpool In .Ainer. , ira every tiaturday, and trom I In; American side !o uvcry Salurdiv, Iho only hoing lb at Boston and New Vork will alternately be the ports of departure. , The Oregon (location. I'riiiii l lie Uuiikiy Times ol Mav 8. ' The rfs'iliitintis mitlinriaing the President ot the t'liit''.) States tu "Tivu nolice for Iho terui'iia tint! of tlir- trr-pon Contention of H'J7, have iimw trrr-iroil the sanction oftlio' I'tosident by a majority of 40 'o M vute. In (spite of I lie excessive discussion to which the Oregon territory has given nan on thenthor side of the Atlantic, and the rvlrcmc reserve which has hitherto been maintained on this, i here is at bottom the same deep ami earnest hope in both countries that this question will be amicably settled, and we trust there is an equal resolution in thn governments nf both countries to make ccry exertion rousistciit with their true intf rest and honor, to terminate tlw con troversy. It is in this spirit that we are willing to ro ceive the notice forlliulcrminatian ol the exist ingconventiiin. in tliis spirit, and with ,an ex jjijrufs recommendation to'lhal effect,1 the rrlu Huns hive been framed ami carried in both hou ses of Congress ; and in the same spirit no do not doubt that the resolution will bo forthwith rcnotved. The allernalivd is now distinctly in ' ilicated. Tie utmost term to which the peace Of tlin WOrlll I-.1II tin tP,,l,,n,.f..t la I itn '.month, if, indeed, circumstances do not bring aboqt a much earlier rupture, unless tho patri tion of the Oregon territory bo Dually settled Within' that period. Never was a heavier re sponsibility incftrred by public men ; never was a grayer question poised in the balance of Prov idi'nec. The provisional agreement under which our pacific relations with the United Sta'.es have mibsistcd for thirty years is to be superseded by a fjnal definition of our respective rights upon the north western coast of America, or to be succeeded by war. The vessel is already loos. eneJ from tho moorings at which she lay in ptr. Tho convention, of j liut ncoupancv i virtually ended ; and thudesiinic of these two .great nations if, indeed, they can be called twain, which have so great a name, a language ifciid a freedom in common with each othej-r-arc expend to the fluctuations of adverse and con .flicting claims. The emergency is doubtless, a .moat serious one j but happily for the. honor ol tmVroutitry, it unaccompanied by none of those feelings of excitement aii'iousst ourselves which Lj ,. .. r. I I . .r. r .. , , 4it,u uuii erwexpu iiio auiirsoi ine worm, and it ttH bo met with the deliberate energy oilmen as 'conscious of our duties as of our strength. . The form in which the resolution has been ultimately adopted by the Senate of the United States. U extremely dignified and beovning, and in this respect it may be regarded -as a triumph of the umderate parly over the violent and ex ccssivo pretensions of tho gonl Ionian wlio act ed with MrAlleu.Iiiilic fiiiol division which look place, 22 votes out of 40 belonged to the whig party; whilst only two whigs voted with the ox" tremo party against tho form m which it was proposed that the notice should bo given. So that, although tho division had noiiing of a party character, the adhesion of the whigs se cured that moderation of language for which it is remarkable. It seem that according tq. the forms of Conretf.llie House of must concur in the resolution as amr uded by the Senatc.and fortius purpose it will undergo some further debate in the lower house. As the no. tice standi In Mr Crittcnd"u's motion, there is not an expression in tho preamble with .which e do not cordially concur; and it forms a strik ing contrast to the pcrcmp'orv and uniualifio'i Mpressions used by Mr Polk'iu his official com munications. In fact, when the Sonate of the United States speaks of the "evil consequences nf the divided allegiance of an American and British popula tion, and of the confusion and conll.rt of nation al jurisdiction" in Oregon, they substantially re. cognize that principle of division which Air Polk has hitherto dvoicd, and they impose on h'ui the prosecution of a negotiation which he has endeavored to render impossible." Thus far, thcu,aud in more respects than one, the American notice materially improves the prospects oT a speedy sell lenient. It recngnizi-s, in general term, the basis up on Which alone such a K.-lllooinnl .-nn l.r. al. tempted, and, by pulling an end to Iho period of j-iiiii ovL-iipancy, ii prepares us io maintain lo the fullest extent tho rights we ilorivi' frmn present occupation, vvnaiever uo the fate cf the pio visional treaties, we presuuie that no one will contest that ih rights and interests vVhichhavo erown up by their mott-ciion and auilmriiv mo sacred, bulb under tho letter nf iIiomj treaties, ami unner me original rights lo which wo now rtfWrt in all their force. Our position as claimants iinnn an c.,,i. inuwith the United Slates fur llm rkirlmii nf ili. wU.!o territory in dispute ia rather -trcnrll,ened ujau i:aKL-iu-u uy inn aDrogation of the treaty, arid ve caiinot iouht that the Ministers of tho t,roun will hi. ready, and upon the receipt of tlitf notice, firmly and exnlicitlv in ileplr,. i.. ...I.: . r ... ... . . . M trTi '!'"r0 a'"1 ",0,e fall) ' convinced hs, that whilst a compromise is twewsary, ana moeeu, our own statement of our claims suggests a division, no .surrender uf loose fiaiins can do attempted. We T Vfcol tmpscious of having advanced any argumcht,' nr. made any assertion, which Is nht ereat y vvilhfn Ihe strictest limits lo which llritifh rights might hard been carried; and below the line which has beert traced for tlje polirv of tins country, llcs nohllngbut inseov'rity and disgrace. il'olbat position we therefore" adhere; wo have no doubt that Ihe Ministers of the Crow n will adhere to It no less firmly, ooufidcnt the maintenance of just rights,' as well as In se. curing peace, they are supported by the uriani Cnotti resolution of the people of England. ..''r"ln ,l,e Morning Chronicle., le decision of iho American Sena. e upon iheours- tmn 51 Jiuring .ine nolhe requisite to lenniiintii 1 he . . 1 t imiiiuin nil i.ll,.... .....I. ' j...... . ....,,, ,c,,, ,r i9a airons evHleuca of a changifor ib better winch lisa recent Iviakcji p ace in ilia pubtw opuiiwn-of, il.o Uniicd Hlales. Tie resold dn .authorizing the notice has bi avKirad to, but so amcoucd as 10 make it very llm llllliilit i,f VV'al,tn(.x.. .. 1... . . 1 ..I i.- v. .1 "-""" " u.ose rigniHiihoy plungeil 111 and swam across; many nfttictn """ "ojk.j .onx tipmof are which I hoy have long been "resalved and deluded followers sinkins into that "sopulclire" u llo'a'; l''.i.Mibill,-mad.isevi pron-rtu .....lamuin. . M . . . nrollli.d ..hedeffuneratesuiis . VW"1" 'nVri'lu. and resolved trt rloxo t'.very iiiciueill which has nrrorm,! I., ,i. . ., ... ,, ...... :. .1" rt debate Lo.iuurrnw- at onoi.Vio.-l iloiitiVriiT wither i will receive "trie rXncTion'W thTniRle,wJieh having htsliorse shot untTof him, J 0tJ,,-Z,TT:l,l"J7hlm W'f.? h r". ,nd ncd "lUHqsjgonles of a mortal' tmhS&'.ljeViTtlt M, Jl-,r,,'.,rSarl' r5,C .UI", .,,',n litent. Tho Senate iIjcImA Its motiteln'lhe DioetLd' ingldbc tn quicken thertrorla ol the two Hovcrn-mi-ats to v lect an "amicable sctlleme'nt" of th dis pute, qrnl it authoring the President to (;ive the ciirtijiitcrMiiii,' liavinf retained tnese worcs.oy a djsilnct vote of 32 opsini:22. The retponsibii ol usiinci roiew st opsinsi a. ne resransiuiiy ui , ,. ,t ,. , , . --, -- . - aivingthe not ice us thrown entirely upW the Prtsi-1 replace; the one (by tlic bye, he has lost quite a dent, and there nre'mantr reasons why he siwnU bo, number lately) lot m his adventure to commu In no haste Id incur il. Ilia unnec-csssry "o refer to nicatc with tho fort, is 4 very creditable one; 7.I r " , irMrtolk, by giving the notice, were to involve the I two countries in a war, ins i-oiiinrymcn woutii uc en-1 titled lo exiiecc that he waa fully prepared for such nn event. Now il is quite notorious that the Unitnl aiaics is not ni prc-cnt in a conuiiion io cngaqc .n a strnsslc with this country, and that sho. would urT,r i severely by provoklmi hostilities., D.saste'rs, ho'wav-1 cr, especially of a kindvluch due prep 'ration iiusht I MVeptevcBted. would call doWB storm' of irttli2n. - nun on ineucausoi ine statesmen wuoscprvcp'tant'y was the causa of tlieni J and I lie apprehension of the popular odium, vvliich would arise nndvr uch cir- rumstanres, will no .Joul.t make the presem govern. ment of the Unitcd'Siatcs panso before la!r'n?a step" winch nitiinl expose tlieni lo it lury. 4 The wholcamountofchanso which has taken plaes , within a couple of mon-ht, in the tone of public reel-1 k-rtiiff the vl.ileuce with whicli the proposition tojivc ma in n!TO"S??LM notice was urged iliriiiign Hie House 01 neprreenra lives a( the beirinninu of tho yenr, and the manner vylilch modcrato men seemed far the lima to be drng Kcd by the current. nxccptiiiR a few repiesen l itivcsof high principle and courase, like Mr Wi't thropnf Massuchuseils, who boldly denouncftl tlie enormity of a war between the two kindred naiions. there appeared nmonp all chs-es of public men a re luclanec to say a vvnrd in favor of peace, 'est it ln u,d liritK, down linnn tlirtin llm ritscrcdit of a leailinc to. iRiiidand. Now, however, it is pretty cleir that the . ,..t.-r.- rf - . . - ,'rI,l",ifei.f!L aileci.led deinonsiration in favor of peace, but fr tlm in-inner in hiiicii nut only ine majoruy oipuuiu: 111,-1. bin lhene6oleiif America, have cmumitled tlieiitacl" upon the nuestioii. .A de-cent mode of escapins from an mueu.'ible position is do-ibtloss Ihe tliulc ncucra! ly rlesiicd, and the rcsilution nbuplol by be 3 iu,e will nrnb.iblv oiriird lhi to all parties. The tip c ciiiaiives uiay, perliaps, reject it, nod it v lo a . uc louucr ine poucyoi "m.i-icriyinaciviii , or -lit v may consent lo it it! ihu belief thatitvvit iima.oa dead letter. In tbi- case Mr l'olk vvill fu.d am 0 excuse for letting it remain a dead tetter, llcln-a elate. I lint lbs notice iiuht lo be (jiven, but l'.vl'I u V Ihu i'gi?laure. If the legislature docs not i'uuu 3 do it'upon its oivu feppopsihiliiy, be may ..C'V Ij :v decline Ihe. nn livMed risk' of so serious art cjiieiitucir from iho Morning Herald. 'Ihoueli .vvedo not nrofesa implicit fauh in Amr: can ilclaralions, it seems likely enough the Ave tlcmi ffovernment is now disposed to renew hcjioi a lions. At the date of Ihe resolution, our i' -tern, ercd kinsmen beyoiut the Atlantic had proliably jus' ccivcii iniLiiigenceoi ine piorsius success 01 our a-- lines in Asia.and 01 nciriiiinpliantlerm.naiien m lu;B,rU(.k llie M arri,,jjod all the bilft'rln hkui war an event vvliich. inasmuch a it leaves us ii,:-1 .... , L ; . . r , , ,. . embarrnsscd and free ioaet Willi elfect, , of con-id- erable importance to ncalculatina nation like v,nu J ca. Indeed, one gentleman, Mr Westcott of t'lun iu ( a staunch stickler, by the way, forth Amcr can i;jt to Oreeon up 10 latitude 51 deg. 40 nun., fnvu.y uo-, cared Ills his niennon to oppose the nonce -ti e"v - ..... . s, . , snspe or lurm, as iiaciy 10 end in a war, Mr v, n en America is wholly unprepared. In fact, a nunc-. , now stand, there is everr urosoeel of reurniii" o e pomi from whence some months since wc sei cm, withoui bavioir madea smile steu nearer to :nv a.l- justincntoflbedi-pute. Mr Polk'a.yani.v mel auo-, gance, not unilesignedly, maue an .alirupi cone. is. ' cf the nerroti-iti ns unavoidabtc. cine 'v beonis. he vvisbnl 10 keep himself in pawer by panrteriif n, 1 'u ami Knetisli jeeline of the American rabblsi bu l mt he ever seriously contemplated war e do no' he- . ilium ihe squeezability of thepihneniiu ter lor m.ii -' in advanlaecoiis terms hereafter; I ut tin c 11IJ 11 1 lie blinil to tho certain destruction of In couinrv mat t must result from actual hosti'ille". W ui inciiis rs-1 ted, a few weeks a2o,t.iat il would exhaust (lies ales' exchucr to furnish nnJ e) .ip a licet copib e of tistins the power of Great Britain fir a min'b. u our proofs wcrefouiided upon the olli 1.1! ex cu 1 ,ui of tho American government. What r' nue. 01 would America enjoy of realizinif ihe hopts 1I11 e.r- lain American legislators have not to ro- n.ulsaie ill Concress, as a bait fur embrnci vvi,- . viz. the acouisiiion of Ihe L'anadas 1 We wo M a '. vi-e them 10 look nearer home, and, win e the:- t. . w ''. I'j'.'or and Pol. Lewis are now cxpect aginationis'riinnineupon tbeplundcrofa rival intiou, , t;g 11 J I'.-.Imv ucij,, ,n da !v, with i miiuerous let them take heed lor New York. Tho Terrible, tie- rc'inie 1 in':: -I nil e!n..f .mil t,ri,-o f.,,,., Uelrihiition, Cyclops, and oihersieamli-Sate, wo. ,1 ,L ,,,.' ' I'r ? n ff0,n be raiher unwelcome .visitant-in tlM-L'i'ert ti:e.' ",0-? I of thn upper Cunan- capital, if they came in warbke rt sc. tint, wrl;'.c', -v n' " 'he .luw ' 1110 .t is thought Ihe have already said, we do not anticipate iinniiii.ov, war's ihe present resolutian wi'l, vvi bout doubt, en! in a renewal of negotiation: The resolution pt'sed byaii.njontyoI26,ontof5voles. ' mmmmm J FROM THE SEAT OP WAR. I OPERATIONS UPON te RIO GUANUK. La lluittTA. (Mexico) May 17. 1840. Her- we aiu within ihe Vice Royally nf Mexico, at a bcautitui utile vinaze on too right bariK lti,i Itravo, eirziit miles from the month. Old Xack God bless him ! has through us on lire nay planted ins toot on tins side ol I lie river. You may bo assured it will not he withdrawn uptil all the indignities nfftredour beloved coun try are amply atoned for. 1 Ins detachment, consisting of live ciwipme of tho 1st Infantry and four companies of Vol. 1 ... ...oi..: : r 1..... i....!. 1 ..m,,,,,,,!,!.;.,,! rvi VIM,.,, nf ih. Xllllliir, l,l,l,lllV IIIU1CU till , H I. I, I .UC1 11 U army. Tho expedition up this river was orig-n-ally 'planned by the General and Commodore lo be it combined movement of the two serv-TP?. Some delays arising from rouoli weather, 'be military part of the expedition started alone th mnrnimr, and after marchim; some ten rri.le- found themselves at this villago which is .it ualcd on the first high and dry laud abovn tl e mouth of tho rivor: a beautiful ridge with nlit bluff escarpment. There beini an IIu 'inter along it is' thought some fortification! u.,i be planned, anil that wo shall be initiated into the art and mystery of throwing dirt nut of a ditch. I he gallant little army which we havo to cm. ulate dug ditches and tkrcvv up-entrenchments for a whole mouth. This riyer is about 80 yards wide, very. ser pentine in its course, and about ten feet, in depth. Point Isabel. Texas, May .18. lSlfi. Ye.- terday Lieut. Colonel Wilson, U, S, Infantry, vvmIi fndr companies of that Regiment, Colonel Delia's Mobile volunteers and two CnmpAu es ot the Washington Regiment of Louisiana vnlun. leers nmounling to 400 men, enwsed this Rio lirando sn t took up their line Its west or right bank for the small town of la llorita,c:glit miles above ; supported by tho U1.1. ted States steamer Neva. C.ntain lVedofct. nn biard of vybich was a small detachment with, a, field piece. . Today an oxpress was received frnm'Col.W. stating his safo and unopposed entrance intu La liurila, where hohaslakon up-pusiticm. Information was received from General Tav lor last evening, that, be intended eros,pg (,vor to lUdtauiuras uarlv today, r.jrly in the nur niii a few cannon were heard. I suppose ho has taken tho place without oppoiilioii, z tin, rciiialiisiif Iho. Mexican army, '.JOOO men, vc s ''" ' " -"!' "",iaod ti r. Ai'-jji yil. two days since in active preparation for n tvcJ ''' ' --lPi'!'-""-J'J,J'',,' to t m 1 ,ny i;-,- t r i to San I'eruaiido, lit) leagues south Ihe hi. joe "f'y "1'"-"r '' 'ng o'her things nf fvo Mjor nut killed, drinninj, nr prisoners, h.ue Hcitkr stw.v.-ilt. In tidd'n'on' n tlio StL'ent force was eil in utler ronliisi"ii lo their homes. Never drt-t .isse I hi h 1,11 in rn,,i ,n'0,. were an army so panic slncken. In the ictrcat , ll' ilm 'lol'-, 11 !h iiK-;h tVnwred to lu'.;o Irom Ihe ballle-fiHld of Ihe O.h, Genera, r.el.i t.w u-o...i .i;p rftorlcr i.rt(,aks of Con and Ainnudia led Iho van on fool throui'l) iho K''- leif '-i '.iv orfor f v,d m 'In chaparral, stripping oft" their clolhossis thev ran, and when they arrived at llio'rtycr had noh'ug on but their ehlrls. streaming in the wind-M I "'e General M. Diazd. la Vega, now a prisoner in vour cilv. who stood maiTfullv at his rxMt.doinrhmdutvunti'cari than fly a coward, o is one of the few prominent . r --, , - men who is highly esteemed by all that kn.iw hlm for his virtues, The regiment of Iiuisiina Volunteers under Colonel Walton are now on board iratisporirVr bo landed to-morrow morning on fjraziw Island, Ihcnco take up their line of march, v.a Sea Hftach, for mouth nf Rio Grande. The blai ce of General Rinilh's command leave iminediattdv aft.r, same destination, to cross ihu river and march Up lo Malaraoras. . I. H, ,The Mexicans Inst 100 drowned" on their rctroa.t crossing the Ilio (iraude ; rwjst o( the wounded, who were delivered up ta lliom by Geu'l Taylor, have since died hy neglect, and want ol hospital means and supplies. Fort Polk. May 13, 1940. I am plnai-ed In see Ihe imtico which too take of Ihe "call. nt Wilkor." Many of hit danurr adventures remain unknojyji, or at leatt.'jutnM Thn iViiVir" iiiu, i-snin nff itiiitiCT llii, Bi-r,tui -v v..w v..w .'M ... v ni ,v nan 11LM1111. ueiier inr is itic niiuaieni ,11 --i-- - - to despatch liuii with a lance and atrip him, Walker used. Ills revuFver with tfffect, jumped oilMieyrJof'rW. ftiid "vreht ahead."' ' Yovjr susreniioti tn.vour liberal citizens, res. pectfngf furnishing Walker with a horso, &e,, to ui, in juktit to us, keg yoti w i make n knn,v 0 vu,,nr rp,.,m,i x,. I . '. . r . an,J hls " as knuivn, than a subscription was opened by the officers, and an order to purchase a norse aim of'.iiinieiit j sent to your city, to uc pcesentcutu linn Ai,ni. . i,oi,',.,.n I.. t,.,,'.i..,,l.i,i ,...1 r , .'. ,, ' : - f(Urnetl uy lh otricers, headed by tieueral lay i rusiuein o co-nniui mm. A. (), I'ii'uyirt' I'.slfa, Miy'iZ. llm. m. ,l,,ii..., n, li,Ir "l. Tnc J-N WAN tf.Mil sstOSEll", , irar.Ktver, May 8, 1840. j "" -ipaivu remnning nere until wio creai Itidiaii trealv which vvil taku place, probibly, nel week, "but an furii lias- rnmo In from ili, the excitinir Intcllisenco of the inurdVr ut Uroonthe Rio Grande an I tho coiiiinoiicrnwiliif hostiliiios with the Mexican's, and t 4ni olTto morrovv nj the direction of .Mat. auinras. The nuvvs lin created the greatest intercht here, and all are anxious to have the treaty over as boon as possible. There is now go-id teasou to beliovo that th Camanrhcs will lie wel represented at the great colmrll. Buffil-j ilnmp, with one or two of his captain, arrived bore the latter put of last , .('mill,., rriveo noro wio aiier pin 01 ins week.snd tn-dav Jack llauv. a nolcd internre or -1J ruiitie, ol Hi 1 ittfla-vare tube, ca ro ill niiu o uio uojy v.. uiu v. iiii.uitiie.--, ue,ineu uy old il,nei.i.s ij, j , e.t b ilcd civil chief, be adiijAe.' VV, ' , Ilea Tail, S.tni. tn, and, eliit'- .l.sliri.oOii. This laitor chfuf 1 a, v foiovv, weighing over tivii hun. iliud n utivls, and vvl't, a uunntcuance oxp'O.ssivo ol ooiliyo.1 livinij.-iiiil !ood tiautie. J'fjfJ say, lijrfev j,., tlu;ii 13 not' of their liereoet and inosi rn'otulv.-j urr,ic. Tlu-y j. wii'i ,u, J'-occiiornpce taking the I'.ad, ti H'fcuUi- farje', fo'uwd by . nO. of w J'oen i ,d ch'ldi-e:! ni, 111. iHVr1 iml ' v.miid pi- luvii w'tisj il,e iprr.tacle of vny accoui.t I'do vo-:,;n tat on their huiscb f'-a"i-s1, .mil ustndo vvhilii 'iic.i h'lJ'on v.lmo eringoiif nnanv whejn id J i torvvvhc c , -and .is well might imp UnderUlol in I'luf.o 3 nuire fioiii a lilohnsnno tnf Ihcff -na , spuumeui 01 Luc seiiuj Cirii 111- ci)u iruin uti'ir liorfo. I ho Cornell at once :'"'Htn aicr troiri a ceiicio.11 spring hard by, Utull liresi, ,111,! m half an hour all weru feasting 'heinselvcs Upon butl'-slu meal, the lean pirl'b.Mlcd vlii.'c ilw fat they swalloivcd raw as 0 vvoavd br9ilI r ( j , v , b f , . , , ' .- ., . , , 1 , Willi tieollll H 11. K, no (if le miz-nnmitil . .i,,,l ilhiIV , , '. , . ' , 7 , , "" " -' ir Ittt.e hnusuhold atlJ domestic, manners lil'jcli mtorurt. Mauv 01 the more noted chiefs paid an early 1.., 1 .... H...i.. ...l' :;'V- ' ' r ' ", ' T ' ' ,. ,.... . ---. -J ... w, n.,.,., nsun, ui v t.uvvjy rerover'ng. While there, had a euiokc 011J a thori 'a, I;, appeared friendly enough ariJ .ifcr ' tic visit vtvs ov t:r staged quietly off ta (,cir ,,.,artcr. I i.ii!.ep-l it, .i if... ..l.fn..,, d.-e-sej man uni.i ' the Citntuchcs was old vlopsr.ioii.rvii.' hi'ii'O f, for he had uo'hing on tun a t'o.i,t" low .shirt ; the youtigtir chiefs woie rgej out. tl ml foit.s ,jf titiury .tut! punted in r., ,i .i . .1 .. . ...i Y, - - ' " vvumior- 1,1 .f ) u hmvevur 1 en' , '," "k-lig '.f M iirnt,ir cnstuine of the 'jiMrgiim, vvlia iriavd frtinclf snnplv In n.ut cn'-.r and a pur r.' '-ti'j-, anj also of'the ,JMn j,l?tl .j,,,,., .ie .M,is;pl)1 ,juriri, tj1(J ,,.. 1,.. ,r ,1 ... . ' . . vl '" te 1,0 'at ' " ' ' J't '"Muter, vv ha scorned any u'"',r irarmert ilaui a" ,nere ol rope. .acoesa:ii tvde'iis -,v t Im 'u, m Un-ir full atrciiirth, wlwn M10 cnmifN ivillat once be held and 1I10 he.i n,i.ihli ,0 .,1. u ..11 n. d-rToron. Jr,b,,. To., mi-., f ,i r sdiI 11 rcSd, su far is ilic C.vinauc'ics are con- ""roe), v.. I not V touched if i tiuders-Und the at,' 'IT, 1 ! K,; u ',.;. ,,..1 1,., r.-olv...l ant! -'it; a-, oo i' .-.s r.rrunv'ai.ces will admit, rc..-iil.r tr.ti!r. nf jo.l rc-p'.lW'ioii apoohited to Ti'i-isx inniir.; ideu, a:ij the Cimanchc made to kU,.gai'j n.eniselvcs 110: In cross the borders unli s- .' '.i:il ucruj r. t, oinV.f vv-ii: a 'so Lo allotted to the small tri-et-. -ii r.f n li nn and fear tho f'aiinn elic. ,11 .1 jiro!. ihly itli rjoJ reason. The com-m!!.a-ierg have ecrt-i o'y 11-ed every pvurtion to nj-i'f an 1 "oc vo t'ejtv wi'.i tho w i'd prairie trib, he i;n?u-tnre:l d innuiiiera- T" "' "' ' - " navo 'he.r patieiic 10 ue'ror I vet 1 now bJlieve that Ibev will . - . - . be 1t1.10.eJ !.i uhau treaty which will he of . ica 1 uian'a iruiirMi.LC, more (.specially to the b irdec ,ett Iff.-. ! o-innrrfvv I atari I w ward Cor pt.s Chr.nti. .'.'. r.t r,'..--c-. ,Y, O. Pic co:t&tr.c:s. t Moynxv. May W. In the SrsATE, to-day, af'er t- !,action of rtutina h.isiiwfs, the biii siipplo'iiei.lary in rhu act pravidmg for tlio p,-n( cutiri" 0r ide Mo,, ic.m war was discussed, 11'! tiii. ..J on tfcn lab 0 iiutii to-morrow, vheii .. iv' '.( ac'ej ooop. Mr. Benton thou rostime ! 1, j rem.. !i tpi n t'.e Oregon jurisdics , ilorr bill, and the mor on 'tn'tio-ipiino the further eons.denliiin of th wiirt'e Oregon question un. t.l the firr-t Monday in Dacember next, speaking itliti', twenty iiiiii'jtrvs past ;) o'clock, when ho rave wav (o motion to u-i into oxociitive sea siou. He w.l. co,',i:)ude h;i re. Jew- of the sub. jee't no Ihe day ai' er to morrow. We are com pe'lod to .of;,.iie'iirt publication of Mr li.'s rt'iiurki? lint I to fi.b-rovV. In the Ki t'srj, a jil nt refolti'Itin wt.s intrnduc. j-J bv Mr Itriukeihofi; lendermg to fjeiieral Tjivlor.Iatid ilm army, of occupation, the thanks ot Cinioren h(r JI.eir recent operations, mi the Kuv Grndij, and iiiitliorjziiis; otm umntl.'s addi 1 ytz'fny tn each ti'iu comm'tsioiied orlicer, mu s'eian, sod private belonging to that iirmy on the O'h Iiutaut. Tlw renilution w..s referred tn tlm Conimittee' cf thc' Wholc un the state of thn 'Union. ' Tho d.iv was'apcrtt In rfmim'ltep, in the fur ther I'tubiiloriiliiiii of tho civil and rtlnlwoaticap. prnivaUi, t...i, 'i U'ioiv..iv a gonflaJeul of do", bate, ifjt 0! uuy 5t;-v..v..(ii!J'tuiice. 'J. . -I .. L- I .... 11 vii, iiijv .ii. 11, sere Air re.ircp . 'Svif1' 3 's-Vi Jim I ,.iv iling.fur ihitribo- ''H'1 u' '!' ' ' i'Ji...i Jtl 'i l m iho war j:nnii- . ,",-1--'' '''r itii'son nf h., fcud , w.,i,lU 1 b1" otior to wall for Up, rfil'.ei's .h.-i-fhes lf"tfn "t'l r"esn).., . nr Brln'.rrhn'! with tvil ral Ihe Atljjurned. 1 Wr.DS-E.iuv. May 27. fn the Seait,-. (-,. the morning husiurtss, llm bill supplementary lo the act prr.yid pg for tho prosecution of the war to .Moviei) vas agiiiii laacn up,, and, with a few iinendmeiif, waa ordered to be ongrosscd for a third reading. The Sehatsj th'jn von into ex ecutive K""!on. Is tho Hous, a rrWuthm-wa adopted call, ina on the I'rexidHnt for copies of General Tay. Iir's deplrhus tn re'tiNou tn tho two rccenl vn'tonei'. Toe frebdiiit auswer'ed the call vv On ' t'"-o hours of it being made ; and the inper 'voro leferrcJ to 1L0 ClmntBittce on Mil. itarv Affv's. Tils' ll'm then went Intn rnmoiiilce nn Ihe piyil arfd (linlotutic apnropriatluii bill. At one fi'clAix, carryinf inn thi tnniionof yesterday, 'the rmtimltied proceeded to vote. Three hours were la lion up jp his process, and the bills is n,(t t thn-ueh lm agpfjy. KlTorts were made lo append tn '1. res'rL'vivt) iirnvisiuna in relation to pty and lo.leife. An is always Ihu etsewhen .liW tfll;caf4i bo.Vri the' House, a number nf rVrtr,,WML!i lAnk' MiA.,'n & ..' -r . - .r - 'i - "". VMCCOOI,!.- I D 1 0 1 1 0 V. ftllU ffered. One reduction of the pay id another took away 1 mi pay 11 congress did not adjourn oy ine iu ... .. . . -.1 nn.l 01 juiy.. utuer amendments 01 similar tenuen cy were Introduced, ami the conimittee, finally wearied out With their apparently interminable number, and with the burden and heat of a ses sion of many hours' duration, found itself with out I'rjuorum, and, ex necessitate ret, rose. The bill will no doubt receive final action to-morrow. Thursday, May 29. In tho Senate, to-day, a resolution was submitted tendering Ihe thanks of Congress lo Major General Taylor and Ills' command, for their gallant and heroic services oil the Tcxai frontier ; also, requesting the President to present him a"s"ord in the uamoof tho republic. Tho resolution was laid over, after a guncral expression in favor of its object. Mr. Ronton resumed his remarks on tlie Oregon territory or jurisdiction bill, concluding with the offering of a resolution in favor of re committing the bill to tho commilteon the Judi ciary, with certain instructions, which, after a short conversation, was laid over till Monday next. In the IIousk, the civil and diplomatic appro priation bill was finally passed, and also the bill in relation to the mail service in Texas. The House also passed, by a unanimous vote, of joint resolution of thanks to Major General Taylor and his gallant as army. It is in a form uiiieringiroui i.iai nercluloro introduced. IV.iDAr, May'SfJ. In the Senate r-.fter me preseiiinnim 01 petitions, Mr UanilP"a'i cai en up 1113 resolution suumittoil yestenl ,y, pro. vidmg for the adjournment of C'nngroas on the Odtli of July next, upon which a fhoit discussion ensued. A C"iinlcrable objection lo tho roso Intiou was rained on the ground that no action had heen taken upon the taritr. unon which (jucstion, hs one of the Hetutora justly remark, od, this Congress is pledged to the country. Others opposed it, because 111 their opinion the prcbent pojitioo of curLatT.iira-vitli Mexico and Great llniain foib.d at preM-nt, the designation of any special day for an adjournment, Tlr.' les'ulutioit was finally laid over until Mondav week, a motion In t.i v il on the table having been negatived yeis 19, nays 'J7. The Senate s ands adjourned 10 ;lotirJay next. In tho llott-i, a joint resolution was passed, providing for the appointment of a select com mittee of live members of tho House and two of tho Senate, to visit West Point Academy during the examination of the cadets, which common ccs on the firot of June, and to inquire into the abuses alleged to exist in that institution. The resolution was introduced by Mr Burt.

Tho House then proceeded, after repeated eflorts by Mr Daniel, to tho consideration of private bills ; but this order of business' was suddenly put aside, and the House went into committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. A long debate, embracing a great many incidental matters, took place on the bill making certain additions to the pay department of the army. No action was taken ; but a resolution by Mr Haralson to close tho debate in half an hour is pending. Saturday" May 30. The Senate did not sit on Saturday. In tho House, a resoluti in wan adopted clos ing all debate on the hill from the Senate, con cerning Paymasters in the Army, in two hours after it is next taken up in Conimittee. The House went into Cuinimttoo of the Whole, Mr Hamlin in the Chair, and took up the bill con corning Paymasters, in the Army. ' i After much discussion and voles upnn a mul litude of amendments, Mr McKay proposed a substitute for tho whole bill, which was adopted by tho Conimittee, and tho Speaker then re sumed the chair. The substitute bill was road. It provides sim ply for three Paymasters who shall bo appoin ted by the President, with the consent of the S'snate, and servo until the Act increasing the rank and tile ot the army is repealed. Under tho operations of the previous ipicstion tins bill was piscd. A motion for adjournment was then made, and Iho yeas anJ tuvs were called upon it, and the vote stood yc-asC-j, nays 00. After a motion to go into Committee of the Whole, 011 which no quorum vote J, an ndjouru moot wis again nuncd, upon which Ihn yeas anJ nays wcro again called, and were ayes 49. noes SI. ' A motion for a call of the House was then m ide and rejected, and the House adjourned. DIVISION OF THE STATE OF NEW YOKK. A correspondent of tho Albany Evening Jottrnnl proposes a division of thn Statu ol New York intihtwo distinct und sovereign iiiomhers of the Confederacy. The editor of that paper, without fully endorsing or recommending the proposition, seems nev ertheless io look fovoriihly upon such divis ion us csicul.ileol o countervail s)iitliern power in flic national government, nnd inti mates a possibility that Pennsylvania, too, may undergo u like piocess. The pioject meets with full favor from the Syrucus Journal, which says " We bo ic-ve it w"l 00 fo nj upon investigation, 0 p ac.r.b, ind oe icnt-st inetnure. All that part of - "state be u.v be -J i j paral.el, r muing very near littio-ih vi.ida .esorMil.iv a, Ulslei-and 0 tihess caurnie-, wniiiri very co'iveninly form an indepen dent stale bv Us.- f, a )ioputa' on nearly as 'ante us !iai of .Vntsie!:u-I!s, .nil rapidly- increaiiij; rcp'otrn-t! h Congress bv n-.o Senators and miio Itrp-viHit'ii.vob -rh iho great commercial cinpori ui.i for ,! ecu. rc anti rauiial 1 Tlic b. aneu of llie coa.'i' undcrt ;jii ficunt and eup'ion.ous naiuo ol ONT t'.tIO would siitl form a noble, with a popa aiuii c'ose pon two in I'.ou, mid more homo. sviiUHis 1.1 vl.arau.C'. svi.ipubies, business pursuits, u..J ii.tctsts, thai, luo wt'ole Siate is now. Ncw Vfian wou'l csseiiiiaitv- bv a f.'omintreiarsia'e Omtvsio, Ag'itu tnral. Theie sef ins now In ho irre conci'pab'e ci ircri'r.ccsbe'wi'cn the City anil County, w'ico iliiMlissoluiiun of our cni and 110 iticjl bonds i.i!'.; .1 . bli'erate." It will be seen that our Syracuse colcm porary assigns lo that portion of the State which is lo retain tho presont name "the great commercial emporium" for a Y hat cily or vilui' h o be ihu cap! il ol llm "State ofOntarin," ii has not yet inform ed us. L'ussibly Syracuse, It tvas fpi rseen ly tho IVamers of ihe Con stitvit urn that the subject of the division and tlio consolidTitioii iif Slates would coino up. The lii it subdivision of section ut" tlio 4lli Aiti. Ic, piovides for cases in llie follow tilt; iciuis: " iN'ij iikvV State shall be formed or orccteif " vvi. bin the juiisdiclioii of any othnr State, ' nor any Stale bo formed by the junction "ol two or moro Suites or parts of States "without 1 lie convent of (he Legislatures of " tlio Mates concomcd, at well as of Con " cress. The attempt lo multiply the members of our national couli-tleracy by llie dismember ment of old Slates for llie formation of new with the avowed design of giving additional power to n particular portion of tho Union, is, in our opinion, extremely qucstionablo policy. Jf successful at tho North, what shall h'nder thn South also from seeking and ob taining a division of the laree Stales of Geor gia, North Carolina, Virgin! 1 and Alabama t llatlier let Iho members of tho Union re main as they are. Evidently any effort lo dismember Stales mint lead lo jealousy and confusion, nnd bo productive of no possible omul 7.'nL.l... ,1 .. b ,w.m,.(i nmwjiuiii Goon Justick.- There it somo virluo left in the Courts vet. if thev have ceased to con vict for murder. Jacob Clough plead guilty in tho Municipal Court of Boston, to a charge oi cruelly to Ins two horscttmd. was tentcn red In nay a fine nfri'ehlv dollars, and ho imptisonrd in the house of correction fur lour rusjatht.. M ' eacTi"goiiig beyond the other, were oflore of the number proposed the reduction of tofourdollyJeiemiandanotherU MEXICO. Tho New York Tribunn publiaJintlw fol lowing statistics or Mexico, whicli- will bo found interesting nt tho present time. It will be seen thai that distracted and unlian- 11 v republic contains the plirsicnl elements of a great and powerful nation, ncveriiiciess, alio furnishes a. striking exemplification of the Hull) thaUruo national wealth nnd greatness must consist in tlio spirit and virtue of tho people : and that degradation, misery and dishonor, may easily dwell where iho skies aro most scrono, fie soil most lertile, and the bowels of tho earth teem with gems and gold. "According lo tho best authorities wo havo been ablo to consult, tho population of Mexico in 1842 was 7,i200,UOU, of vrjiom 4,000,000 were estimated as Indians; 1, 000,000 whites; GOOD blacks; 2,000,000 of various castes, such as fumbos, Mulattoes, Vc. In the city of Mexico there are several Collegiate Institutions of respectable grade and standing, and within tho last few years Schools havo rapidly multiplied throughout luo entire Kopuuiic. About M) newspapers are published in the Cities and various Prov inces. Tho population of tho Republic is made up, in round numbers, as follows : Mexico, 1, 100.000 073.000 GGO.000 B80,000 510,000 500,000 500,000 320,0110 1273,000 2-,U,0n0 160,009 150,000 I50,(mt U0 000 120,000 liO.UO) I HO 000 IO0 0O0 73.000 70000 60,000 fiO.OOO Jal sen, I'ucbla, Vucatuiii ttuanajuato, Oajaca, Michoacan, San l.ui I'otosi, Zicatcca-, Vera Cm, Duranyo, ('lnii.ilmua, Snaloa, Chiapas, So. una, fjucrctozo, Nuevo I.con, Tamaubpa. t'oahuila, A puis Calicn'w, Ta' asco, Nuevo Mexico, la'i'orina, 35,000 Tliu Exports from the Republic of Mexi co amount lo about 820,000,000 annually. Not less than S12.000.000 of silver are coin ed in Iho various Minis, of which thcro aro somo six or eight in the Republic." ENGLISH NEWS. The steamer Ilibernia arrived at Doslon. on Monday last, bringing Liperpool dates to 1110 iyth Way icn days later than Ihe news brought by the Great Britain, the details of which will bo found in another column. - The news is not of leading importance. American affdirs has been mado more the subject of discussion in tkc interval since our previous advices than thev had been during the lew preceding weeks, llm text of most of thn ncwspaperdisqtiijitions being the passage of iho Oregon notice. The movement of Gen. Taylor from Corpus Christ! towards tlio Rio Grande, seems lo havo been watched with some atlenlion, and live probability of un nrmed contest between this country and Mexico, is alluded to by several papers. The House of Commons had been occu pied by the corn bill until the 1-lih, when it was passed lo a third reading by a majority of OS. The discussions as to its fate in tho Lords, although made moro frequent by the bill having passed into tho handsof that body, do not present any more tangible grounds for the formation of opinions than were furnish ed bv our former advices. With regard to preparations ofihe English Government for the settlement ofllie Oregon question, we havo nothing but the statement of tho London Times of iho 14ili, that "it is probable that Mr Paktnham will bo at once " empowered to bring tho controversy to a "prompt and final issuo" save what may be found in the following announcement of the European Times : No w the scene is lo lo sl.ificJ-iae ore goin; to con ributo our fuel o malcria , already so inlirmalory. It is recited that twenty euniier-, two crficams two!j iwo bombardiers, un ier the com uiand iOaptain Ulacliwoo I, are to i despatched by Tf iT.h ;jm,1" ''' their war-steamer, the Terrible, lo Oreaon early month; the vessel s ic ,ue an adequate, piy of gun. ad store." and 3900 excavators are to be sent o the sa.nn .le.i;,,'. all poss bio speed. Thn furco and these 1, aro profe-scdly sent 10 the Hudson B.v Company ', erritory, but it mouM be usel.-s. to aim's o ir eyes lo the act that the bare inm.unc-.iiint of .-uch an'ei" pedmon, while tho tcrnlo-y in ques.ion forms the subject of negoiialion be.ween the two liovcrnmen is calolatcd to prujuce no -ma'l excueincnt in ."meri ca nmonsst the pirties who have been si ri "0 zealously to fan the sinoalilenni; cube. s into a bFa'e. Whether l..u expedition has been underlain with U.eapproba.o of he America a Gaserniucnt or not we cannot -ay. .Most In ely t has. The b. lief ctnl (.round ihjt all proba l.ili,.cs of a war are s end and that Mr. 1'ol.e has impl cil eonSdence in the eon linuance of peace, as he has made no prepsra i" for r0,"."'."- v!ew ,ha "PeJ"!"" " which we haw referred, as tlio sorest proof that the respective cov-e,-nments iniercsicd in ine quc.i.on hive a ready to an undersiandm! wh c 1 w ti nti,. u . , Utt at rest all apprchensio... R7J Jr,,. ".Cli " " Z illi." 'n uf 0Uur ""Wliani.e.ouMiis may be rudely s locked by ,,lch a s unniary and unlooked-for pro eedin?. Theafla r, in ..II p.o ability, will dig,, further infocnaiiou, and a new hsht cs.. ot r" 1 ,0 t Tiib'-Coiin nit.i." passed to a third read ing on the loth ull., by a vote of327 to 229 . majority in favor of ihe bill !)S. ' Lord John Kusscll, in tlm course of this debntc, said ; . I consoler lb.) this incisure ,h tend to rai-e ,),. country amoug the ,J11B 4, ' fcelingi ceiuis. oiani .v ai! boouYwi! . ltl,. 1 . : V " ZlfuZ ..'JJVI!' ""m ,h0i"f the United '. aim l trust .tie convention or n.aiv ei.;i. i n He that bouiidsrv wilt lX the o,eu lejfn Al" lunate connexion b-tween ui ' tli . ... reln" I Ilia n and A merica on any bloody fie'd whatever. -Loud cheer.) Sir, u1tht, aoeb maybe . - r --, imuiu ii p.- uya ereat major ity here, wil Bie their assent, I shall ?n, my hearlr support to liui luoiwn for the third reading. (Ureal cheering.) Sir Robert Peel lata in the evine re ferred io this course of remark of his former opponent, as follow: llie noble lord f J. Riise!n hm !,.. ..... .1. dicua.hris which hse threatened the maintenance of ............. m , ,. . main will tWDrouchl 10 a forunata close. Mr, 1 1 ink I canappc.l course which we harepursued, ncsinst somoobloouv some iniscniisiruci.on, some nsiiiualions. thai vie were abandoning Ihe honor of IbiscoiihlryJl ihiulVi canappeal 10 ihe pint expenenrsoril.i tlovfrn.iieni that it has been out earnest dcane, by tn "jTjVt FRIDAY MORNING, JUNK 5, 1846. with the national honor, to maintain reh.tions with every country on the fare of the globe. This principle, so Ion; as we arc imrusted wiib the management of public affairs, will conlinutf to inHitmcc us in respect to Iho ,etllemcnt of our un lortanate dillerencea with tht United Stales. (Cheers.) From "this it will be perceived that the idea of ,k furnishing as with clolhes" is tho ruling motive of the English government. To ac complish this she has stricken down her corn laws, and with this in view, sho will not per mit the Oregon question to disturb ihu ad justment of a policy in which llie govern ments of both countries aro united. England is not moro anxious to 11 furnish 119 with clothes" than our administration is lo havo them. As to "furnishing idem with bread" when the American farmer is content to labor for less than tho half-fod Jialf-clolhcd serfs of iho Baltic, then may wo do it; and perhaps not then I for locality is against us. The Baltic region would, in a majority of cases, supply any sudden demand' before wo were apprised of it ; but, as a rule, England will produco her own bread, and merely call upon the rest of tho world to mako up an occasional deficiency. Licenses. Tho people of New York havo recently passed upon this question in their respective primary assemblies, by ,1 direct vote, yea or nay, nnd tho result is a very decisive no. 1 No license,' is tlio vote that comes from almost every town, and not tinfrcquenlly from every town in a county. It is estimated that scvcn-tcntlis of the towns and cities havo taken ground against licenses. Il, is proper, however, that another fact should bo statod in connection with this re sult, viz : that the vote is a very ntengrr one. The objects of this election were lo clectdcl egatus to a constitutional convention, and de cide upon I he license question ; but a revis ion of tho fundamental law, und a radical change in the long established policy of the State, arc not in these days subjects of suf ficient importance to divert thp uttenlion of tho masses from their every day pursuits, while a minor municipal election would have rallied a multitude at tap of drum. The truth is, wo talk very largo of our republican priv iliges, and live but poorly up to them. And this wo say with particular reference lo llie better informed portion nf community. Any ono who lias had much to do with political 1 canvasses, knows how exceedingly difficult it I is to secure tho attendance of this class cl community 11 1 important elcptions like ihat alluded to. The right lo volo involves the duty tho duty to examine the subject in is- 1 sun fn n,:iLrn nn mt linni.., atxl !.l.,. 1 Ia. I ... ..... w M. I . II. U I l'F,,.l, and then express if, through the ballot box. Tho man who fails to do this, is recreant to bis principles and false lo tlio oalh with which he sealed his citizenship. The blood and treasure wo are now pouring out in Mexico, is but thu price we pay for such a dircleclion uf duty. INCIDENTS OF THE BATTLE. We find 111 our southern exchanges, full details of the recent brilliant actions near tho Rio Grande. Of course wo shall not repeat the narratives already given ; but wo find many incidents connected with tho fight which.will bo read with intetcst. A young officer who was engaged in llie thickest of the bailie, wiites to the Baltimore Ip.lrlnl a ..ri. nr,l,', .L.,1. f ,1... ...I. ..I.. h ,. . u. m .v.j ,.....,v nk.vil ui lliu lltriu transaction. Hi: was sent from Point Isabel to announce to Gen. Taylor, then on his march, the urrival of Ccm. Conner's licet. Ho armed himself to the teelh, mounted his favorite mare, and reached the army just in time lo share in tho toil and glory of the day He says : At half past II, ihe enemy opened their batteries, nnd how awful wisyibc scene j ihe bolls Hew in every direction, and iheTSilled and wounded hy on nil hind-. I was attached to a 10 ladruu of Dragoons, qi,( ncted for somo time as Aid-de-Camp lo Colonel Twigss. 1 felt perfectly cool, and in truth minded il no more than eating breakfast. About 20 minutes afn-r the commencement of the act. on, poor Major itiugirolil was struck by a m pound shot, and mortally wound ed ho ba since died. 1 had lent him my pistols un poing into the lisbl. The shot struck onebot-tcr.eut H and the pi-tol ui two nieces, cut all the flesh nfflhe upper pari of the Majir'a thigh, pi-scd through iho shoulders ol bis horse, cut iho other pistol in two, and the flesh orl the other Ihiah. lie fell from his horse and I.icut. Sberer ollered lo assist him but ho said "no, sir-ltl meslai go on-you hare enough toilo go ahead. The action las led al out two hours, and the enemy retired. We rested on our arms until 3 0 clock, and lln-ii commenceil the action again, nnd fought them till night closed the scene of carnasc. We slept on the field of battle, amid the dead, dying and wounilel, without refreshments, upon the bare ground, and with our arms by our i-ides. In this cn gigement I lost my mare, in cxiricaiing myself from a parly of seven Mexii-ans who had fited al me while executing an order on tho extreme left for Col.Twi"gs 1 snapped her shoulder in wheeling lo shoot a Mexi can who rushed at mo with a lance. On the neat day, the enemy made a show, but re treated and look up iheir position in a thick under growth, haying every advantage. We commenced tho lubt ; ibe most awful ever known j nnd the old officers ay equal only to New Oilcans or Fori Krie i I was in the front rank during the whole tishi, and God, escaped without a wound, tlio' unhorsed, a hall through' my coil and my horse strm k. We whipped ihcm to death. 1 look the sword of a Cap Uiu.just wouuded by me, and mean io keep ityou tfha 1 SCO .lie Ironbe- i.n.t r .u- , L... ....... 1,,.. I I l ,i-i t i.'.u,,., ,,11-uicilllll inildolpli tuUely won as much glory as any officer ontbe tield-heis a glorious fellow. We lost some tew oiTici is and men. Among i,o oflicers were per Lieut. Inge-be had ju-l jouuit, and was killed in the i.uijjeoii me cnciuj-s oatleriesi I cliarged by bjs 'de,aiid was unbor-eil, and doiibi less ihu escaped. 1 am loo grateful, lirslfor tho oppoituuiiv of bene,' in the light, and then to escape iiuhuil. Of iho bombar.liiient oftlio camp, anoth er correspondent of the same paper, gives this information, vv hich Jitters materially from preceding accounts : "As win as the victory waa complete and sceurc. we marched inlo our fori, which bad been summoned to surrender, un lera Ihn aiol the last penalty of war, and lauud that tiuriiiv r,ur absence of len das, Ihcy had receivod ,omr 1500 of llie enemy's shells, w hicli they could nol return for the want of the munition I bey absolutely buried themeelret in the ground toetcayc the shells, tehich tore etery thing I rum the surface to yiccrs. WimI ammunition our troops in the fott had, thev intended to reserve for Ihe last atrugjlo, each officer and man having made up his mind to die at bis pott rather than yield. ou may imagine how we were received," The officer from whoso letter ihe first quo tation was made concludes his loiter ihut : "The H'ar is done." They never ean fight again, and have dispersed so nil uneasiness is now at an end. I must tell you a piece of bad luck (hat happen ed in Camp Taylor, four bomb shells fell inlo my tent (where tho store are) from llie enemy's bailery, and two exploded, knocking every thing lo pieces a shot alruck a basket of and smashed il lo atoms, and then went through a barrel of niola-aes, and such a scene of molasses and champagne you never did see fortunately, no one was hurt. 'e hsve just had to-day a reinforcement of 200 men ; but they are loo late) tlieia will bono more fighting. Another correspondent tays Ilia! tho Mex icant fought like devils, but wcro boatcn nt all points. The Union publishes several extracts from Mexican and Vera Cruz papers, coucerniug consistently friendly reft. recent affairs at the teat of war. Gen. Ca nales on tho 8th April, writes lo Ampudia thus : . "The Yankee are still in front ot Matamoris do ing as the monkeys lo. If we throw up a fortifieaimi, they throw up another." xiniiwowii This Imitation of monkeys has been carried still farther by the "Yankees in front of Mat- umoras,"or moro probably by this time in ils centre. When the Mexicans firtte c non ball, they firo firo : when llie former kill one soldier, they kill two, and so lo the end of tlio chapter. Probably Gen. Canalctwill mention lliis'in his next despatch iho' Am- pudia needs but little information on this head. Tho "ncptiblicaB.Monitor" of Matamo ras, after giving an account of tho interview between Gen. Worth and Gen. Vega, indul ges in the following admirablo specimen of Mexican rhodomontadc: - "This bcin? over, the fire was about to b opened by our batteries, this honor being disputed among the valiant soldieis who cover them ) but h was ne cessary to suspend a proceeding tugseted by enthu siasm, ina-much as,there being a pretty deep river in tervening, Ihe bayonets and spears, vhick art Itn arms most drsadtd by the contemptible enrmyin front, these umpicstionablo advantages over him could not be used, and all that could be dono was to exchangs cannon shots, leading toannselcssefTusionofblood," ttc.ctc. "Although the enemy are Mipciicrr in num bers, his excellency ficneral Mcjia, and tin soldiers, have shed patriotic tears on seeing the deep river whicli prevents them from cutting lo pieces the per fidious invader." It ml- Roads in New Hami-shire. The Clarcmont Eaglo recommends another routo for a rail rotid from tho Connecticut river in New Hampshire towards Boston, viz. pro ceeding through that town, Unity, Lompster and Washington, and to unite with the Wil ton road, nnd through it with the Nashua and Lowell. Concord Rail Al a meeting of iho stockholders of thu Concord Rail Road at Nashville, on Tuesday last, Mr Gilmore, tho President, read the anntnl report, which exhibited a continued favorable condition of tho read. The report was ncccpled. The clerk of the Corporation then read a communication from the President addressed to the Directors, declining a re-election ; whereupon the following resolution was of fered by Richard II. Aycr, Esq. of Hooktet, and unanimously adopted : Ilesolred. That we learn with regret that Addison Gilmore, Kscj., has deemed it necessary Io dclius aciing as President or Director, of Ihe Concord Rail Koad oq hceouiit of having recently been called to discharge the dutiesnf I'rcsidcnt of the Western Kail Road thai wehighly apprec'iale the great nd impor tant services he has renileied lo thi- Koad from the first co umenceoient of the enterprise, and regret the necessity that deprives us of his valuable services for the future-thai vvn tender our lhanks lo him as stock holdi r-, for the impartial, elli -ienr, nn I hahlysalis faclory manner in which he has discharged the sev eral duiic3 devolving upon bun in connexion wntithij Koid, so honorably to himself, nnd profitable lo u. and would exp.ess our, best vvihes for hi continue,! success and prorpenty in any spheie of duty lo which he may be called. Voted, That tho Clerks be requested lr furnish Mr Gilmore with a certified copy of this resolution. The meeting then proceeded in the etiniro of Directors for tho ensuing year, and the following gentlemen were chosen: I suae Spalding, of Nashua ; Josiah Slickney, of Boston; Charles H. Peaslee, Concord; Rob ert Read, Mnnchi'Sler ; Uriel Crocker, Bos ton; Alanson Tucker, Derry; Emmons Ray mond, Boston. At n subsequent meeting of llie Directors, Isaac Spalding, Esq. was chosen President ; N.P. Lovcring, Esq. of Boston, Treasurer; and Mr Charles II. Pcasler, Clerk. NonTiicnN Rail Ro.d. At the annual meeting of llie stockholders of Ihe Northern Rail Road, held ;il Concord, or. Wednesday, the followini; gentlemen were elected Direc tors, viz Gcorgo W. Nesmilh, Franklin ; Nathan Carrtith, Solomon Wilds, Boston ; Timothy Kendiick, Lebannon ; Cliallt Theodore Russell, Boston ; Francis N. Fisk, Concord; Barnabus B. Bavid, Amherst. The operations of this Rail Road aro going on rapidly. From thelioston Daily Adverti-er. Cheshire Ii.ULHo.v.n, Not noticing in your paper any account of the late annual meeligof the Cheshire Railroad Company, at Keene, it may be gratifying to the stock holders at a distance lo learn that great har mony existed in all the proceedings. All iho.' votes necessary to confirm the doings of the' Winchendon Corporation for uniting both into nne.the Cheshire Koad, extending from the junction in Ashbuniham to Connecticut River were adopted unanimously. A very favorable and satisfactory report was read.of Ihe progress of the road, in the various sec tions. The old Board of Directors were chosen, with pood unanimity, (substituting Mr. Thomas Thaeher of Boston, in place of Mr. Timmins, who declined,) on the ground, that though thrru was. a manifest dilTerenco of opinion touching questions in relation lo roads above was of ihe first inirunlanfe, in so great an undertaking as ours, then should be harmony in our councils. Mr. Edwards, being called on, gave a delailsd ac count of the acts of the Board, actuated as they have been in relation to roads contem plating a connexion with us. The following Resolution vvassubniitled,wilh some remark favorable, by A. A. Parker, Esq., of JViii william, und supported by Chief Justice Par ker nnd others, viz : u Resolved, as thn deliheratf sense oflh Stockholders of the Cheshire Railroad, Thai every reasonable facility should be given for n connexion with tho projected road through Rutland, lo Burlington, as originally contem plated." I trust lhal the way will now be speedily opened to determine tlio Diiectorsof the Di rectors of the Rutland to proceed in letting portions of iheir road, and from what I can learn this is tho earnest desire of the Boslon stockholders, who will cheerfully nice! iho. assessments on their stock. A Cheshire Stockholder. Central Railroad. Mewrt. Eggletion, Barker fc Co., the experienced and efficient " contractors on tho 1st and 2d Divisiont of tho Central Railroad between Montpelier, and Burlington, are, we arc happy to learn, prosecuting this work with remarkable ant) Ihe utmost possible dispatch. There are al ready hands employed in every town this tide of Burlington, Ihe number being about 2,000, which number will bo more than dotibled.ihe moment the commissioners appointed bv tha Supremo Conn, to appraise damages, have performed their duly. Laborers are swarm ing on lo the lino of the Hood for employ ment, and under the management of the able contractors, thu "work goci bravely on."- VI. Patriot. t' . . r