Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, June 26, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated June 26, 1846 Page 1
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tee NOT THE GLORY OF O A S A It DDT THE WELFARE OP ROME BY H. B, STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1840. VOL. XX No. 3 THE FARM. OIL-CAKE. omb or the results or TitE ANALveis of on. CAKE, Br THE AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAL AS SOCIATIONS IN SCOTLAND. 1. That the per-ccntago of tho protein Compounds, in the analysis called glutcd and albumen, is nearly equal to what is contain ed in peas and beans, and that, therefore, fur the production of milk for the cheese-dairy, and also for laying on muscle, oil-cakes are as valuable as beans, peas, or clovers. This is somewhat unexpected, inasmuch as the value of oil-cakes in the feeding of stock lias hitherto been supposed to depend very much upon their power of laying on fat : in other words, upon tho per-centage of oil they contain. 2. The proportion of oil in these cakes is greater than is naturally present in any spe cies of grain or pulse usually cultivated. Oats contain as a maximum about 7, and Indian corn about 9 per cent, of oil, but these cakes contain 12 per cent, and arc, therefole, in their ability to supply fat to an animal, supe rior to any of our cultivated grains. 2. These oil-cakes leave six percent, of ash, of which one-third consists of phosphoric acid : 100 lbs. of oil-cake, therefore, con tain 2 lbs. of phosphoric acid. On tho other hand, our common kinds of corn wheat, for example leave only two per cent, ofash, of , which one-half consists of nhosnhoric acid.' or 100 lbs. of wheat contain 1 lb. of phos- Chandler; 'Mavor Harper. New York ; 1 01 ",0 "?r (l- 'or ""T notoriety. As an .11-nv, aukee-edncaled, such welcome to the phoric acid. Therefore, for laying on bone, 1 Gen. Georee l Morris, late editor and pub- ' 5")"ce of tho fluctuations of their fortunes, I firc-sides of private families, as was every or for supplying the materials of bone to ' lisher ol the Now York Mirror; John Wind ""S1" L" ",0 casn of that exalted patriot, where given to a perfect ranetT, was unac growing stock, oil-cake ts twice as valuable t . . . . . at wheat, weight for weight, and more than twice as valuable as oats or barley which are covered with a husk. 4. Again the same reasoning shows that, as grains of all kinds draw their phosphoric acid from the soil, these oily seeds will ex haust the soil of its phosphates to a much greater degree than our corn crops.: 100 lbs of linseed will carry off twice as much of them from the soil as 100 lbs. of wheat. 5. But the same circumstance supplies an additional reason why the manure of full groan store stock fed upon oil-cake is so j much richer than that obtained by the use of any oilier kind of food. It is richer, (a) Because the proportion of the protein compounds (athmncii,&c.) in the oil-cake is greater than the fattening animal can appro priate, and thus niudi (if them passes off in a more or less changed slate, and is mixed with the dune. (b) The oil also is in larger proportion than can at limes be laid on their bodies e en by f iti 'ni .1 u Mock, and this unmiestion- ably contributes to the fertilizing quality of Inn manure. (c) But the full-grown animal appropri ates scarcely any of the phosphates the whole of these therefore, which thu animal consumes in its fund, appears again in its dune. And the oil-cakes being richei in these nhasphafes weight for weight, than anv kind of corn used for food, the dung thus made is , ji... - 1 i- : -...! .. """"'. "' "".". '-u "pun oiiiiu.i ai.j Other kind ol lood. Sowing Cons for Grrcn' Feed and HNTi.il ronuK.i. ore mr inuiier ui iv ue sown at intervals from (be 1st of June to the . . I . .1. 1.1? I I lii 01 j in v, un. s enauiiug 1 111; 1 1 run r 10 nave ; 1 succession of cuttings. It will be fit fur the sickle or scytho in about eighty days frum , owing. For green feed, we should prefer 1 the Southern or hnrso-toolh variety. If the ground intended for il, is not very foul, we sow broadcast tli.ee bushels to the acre, which is allowing something for tribute to tjieir majesties, the crows who, wo suspect, are more easily coaxed ill in driven. Enormous crops of green corn feed have been chronicled, -ranging from thirty to forty tons per acre but we suppose a very fair yield ,on land in moderately good tilth, would be 16 10 20 tons of green feed to thu acre,or four to six Ions of .cured fodder. It seems clear that no other plant cultivated for fod der, can furnish so much and so valuable feed to the acre, and so cheap, as corn. In regard to the kind of corn and the me thod of sowing, there is a difference ofopin- opimon among tanners some contending that it pays to sow in drills, and thus admit of weeding; and some prelerring the INorth IU I" era . .1.. .l,ori. 11... ro... In ll, linlinf1 .t... . - . . . . i. , i. - ..n.. ""'"- lllsti IIK.I. lliui.tin iiic (in iiici i;iusn siiiiiiii;! ;A ;...tIL..I,nd ,nrn i .rrl.a,in milter, and are better relished by cattle, and . La,nd' ",e l",ch of Cal' ,,0Cn frA oiili !. wain. I have visited ihe cities of Si. P.i It is the interest we are inclined to say it is the duty, of every farmer, whether he is ihe owner nf two cmvs nr fnrtv. In nnnrn- nrilln a mem nf land In rnpn for their h.nn. fit. in the season when droughtdeprives them uco! Maranham and Para un tho Amazon, of their succulent pasture feed; and the day, 1 I'"0 1,180 ue''" " a11 he Pur" 0" U' we predict', ii nut far distant, when tho far- -,eJ states, except New Oilesns and Charles mer who does not ihus do, will be considered, '0 at lean, an improvident manager, if no a t'c! In my land cruises I wrought as a printer ry ordinary husbandman, X. E. Farmer, in Portland, Mo., Concord, N. II., Boston, ' Mass., Hartford, Or., more than twenty years . , ago, in tho officH of my old friend, P. Can- Manure Marino. Be sure to do some- fl(!,i ,)ovv ,,resen,. jew laVen, Ct., New thing, at all opporiunilies, in this most im-, Vork, Newaik, N. J., and Philadelphia. In porlant business; if shghted.it will bo to your .,1,;, ciiy, I assisted tn setting up, from his loss. At every respite you can gel from I m, P.inco Lucien Bunaparle's work on your growing crops, seek for ingredients to American Ornithology. I was also employ augment lh compost heap. Your hog.yard , cj by MilIGW Carey, one of tho oldest prin was probably cleared out in April: has itt,ersanu publishers in the United States, in been replenished with a fresh supply ofpeat, ,in ..stHbiuhments of Poulson, Mrs. L"Bai- run, wooai-.m ..iuuiu, u, ruaus.ue, or other manure-making matonalT If nol, let it be done forlhwith. uury some corn in the materials and thus stimulate the opera tives to work it up.IIogs aro moro product ive properly ns nianure;makers than as any thing else '; if you don't make profit out of (his Uculiy lor wlncn tney nroiouisuuguisu ed, It is your own lauit, not uieirs. parmcr, Some cenllemsn from South Florida, has ",ont o.naii lapped mo upon the shoulder in shown the editor of the Tallahasse Floridan M manner, and asked me if I sugar canes 15 feet in length. Hod used "ere a printer. I answered him in the affir- ..it r . :i- i..n lint tliiiv u-nro inative, llo wished lo know whether I lu ion ui cinm i iiiiiu .wi.jj -- ..j . - Aurn'canes 1 . "Ah, ha V said (ho farmer to the corn, "Oh, hoe!" said tho corn to the farmer. THE ADVENTURES OK A JOUR NEYMAN PRINTER. At tho typographical celebration of tlia birth-day of Franklin, in Rochester, a few I months since. Mr. William A. Welles, a journeyman, gavctlio following sketch of his I lie. He said : " Mr President It has often been remark ed that tlii fortunes of the members of the typographical profession have been moro di versified and precarious than that of any oth er class of men. The changes constantly taking place in their circumstances render them an easv prey to all the vicicitU'lcs of life. Tho printer is an intellectual being. No class of men, in any age of the world, have given evidence of so great a versatility of talent, universal knowledge and variety of reading, as the body typographical. The biography of many printers would ho both amusing and instructive. By way of illustra ting this declaration, I ofier the following crude, rambling rcccollections of a somewhat adventurous journey thus far through life ; not that 1 would, in so doing, claim any no toriety for my many 'hair breadth 'scapes,' but from an inclination to let my fellow craftsmen read a page of my story ; and if any good should result from my experience, to bequeath tho record of the incidents of my timrs, for the amusements of others. 1 served nearly seven vears apprenticeship in the office of the late Alderman Seymour, associated as fellow-workrr.cn, were the late ItS IUIIII ailCUIa, HUt 1 Ul ni 111 una unifvi , Commissiarv General of this State. A. Elliott, the foreman, (one of tho notorious 1... .... ... . . . .. 1 Mirandi Expedition,) and your huniblo ser vanl it this time I pulled the first n.. n.tc r New York American, then edited by s King, James II. Hamilton and Gu - .. . . .... ... c Abo of iho Charles King lien C. Vorplanck. Tho first edition of 'Salmagundi' was also printed in this ofiice, about tins time, Irom tho manuscript nf Washington Irving; in the composition of which I assisted. In Van Wincklu's office, afterwards, I set up the first three numbers ol thu 'sketch Uook, bythc same gilted au- thor. In Boston, I worked upon the Columbian Centinel, for old Ben Russell, wko discharc- e.l mo from his office for drumming Yankee Doodle as I beat ihe last sheet of the inside 1.;. ...,:.. .r.... 1, .....A ed eleven tokens imperial within ihe proceed- nig ten houis: rioni Ii.uton I ont In Fl.iiia it Gould V office, Andovcr, Mass., and was employed in . settins up, from his MS, Gibb's Hebrew Lexicon, which contained nineteen diflWe.it languages, including those usually, klyled dead. . ., .1 i i . . t i AI nits period ni my nisiory i proriireii a midshipman's warrant, and wen. to sea in the frigate Brandy-wine, Com. Moiris. Theshit. sailed from Hampton Road, in S.D embe I803 liavinB on o.n I m m ai pteniDLr, io-j, uaing on ooaro as p.is senger, that illustrious statesman and patriot, va e - a, , - , of " " (;j)i;it Mnrtier, Marquis do Laf.ivi ' ,', Dunn;; voyage ol Va days 1 siw inn. tt.U ..real ix.ml .n;in. Thi- (i enernl rnnferr (( n ,;lrljclHr ,,vor upon 1110 by enti listing ,v caru a tattle snake, an oposMim, n prev snnrre I. a cock rnliin. and a noodle ilotr ihe. last a presr.it from a lady in Philadel- . . - ' . . . phi 1. I was on board the llramlvwino on Iho night of the memorable 2(ilh of Sepleni- ber, 1820, upon which occasion was thrown overboard morn than fifty thousand dollars worm ol property , to lighten the vessel, while 1 in the head of the Bay of Biscay. I When in Portsmouth. England, I h id tho . ..r 1. . .... 1 .. . i. 11. u IUI U Uf. IT it UUC3I U 1 IIUHU IIG I. llllif j - . .. t 0 . . J wine, at a dinner given to Ills Kevin High- es,. .l,l)i.keorCI.ence.ll,en Lord Hinh1.. Admiral of the British Navy, Lady Noel, wifo of Lord Byron, her little daughter Ada, Admiral Lord Bohughrnke, and several oth er dignitaries of the British realm. ... 1 1 , . . 1 1 . rrom cngianu we proceeueu 10 uioratier. We sailed up iho Mediterranean on Urn Eu- ropean , shore, louch.ngal such ports as Cadiz, Port Mahon, Pisa, Naples, Palenso, the coast of Calabria, &c., thou crossing lo iho, Asiatic and African side (if tin: Medilcrranc an, then running down to Gihraltcr. From thu Rock we took the Irado winds and made the Capo du Verd Islands, nnd the Capo of ., I M , . . . , .1... I'll.- r i i. .-- . .. ... .1 ,,uu" ' "KIII.U It) .'ISLeilSlOll .11111 ' w ism. .us. oilier cruising upon uio . p . . c.iast for sis weeks, wn ran over to Stateu iiilos, Ihe Island of St. Calh anna, Santos, Rio tie Jan eiro, Buenos Ayres, Montevideo, on the riv er La Plata; San Salvador, at the head of I tllC Bay 01 All SallllS, Ijllllda.aild I'l rilalll aV) Jo)in Bio i)oane,Billy Fry, Sec, . . Ond dark, gloomy night, in 181S. I found myself in the (now) city of Buffalo, in a bar room, with but a linglo-Vork shilling in ny pocket, about halfsickT.an.d. completely tired nf tho world and printing. While 1 was discussing tho,Llls of life, and ihe inconveni- iV. E.'once ' bel 400 miles from home, in iho wilderness, listening lo tho surges of Lako r.no and tho cravings nf au empty stomach, i . i. i .- would go lo Geneva, and take a situation in his office. I accepted his offer he slipped 510 bill into my ringers and I accompa nied him tu Geneva, and was in his employ mcnt'until my wages amounted to S130, wlion I renewed my adventures. I have been confined in the same dungeon, in tho Carcal of Buenos Ayres, with Don Manual Rosas j the latter gentleman for trea son, and your huniblo servant for slipping a dirk into the ribs of a Goncho who attempt ed to take his lift-. I have danced in the Turtnlia, with Madame Col Coo, daughter of GqAdalcarco mid eaten cassade root willi lKcgroes of tho coast of Africa, from a cocJit shell. I have had an audience wilh Gov. Balcarco in the Castle ol Buenos Ayres, as ono of tho suite of Commodore W. Woolsley, then commanding the U. States squadron on the coast of Bra7.il, and acting Charge at the court nf Don Pedro. I have built a saw-mill and dam across Bear Lake, western Michigan, and been in every station in tho printing business, from devil to the editor and publisher of a ciiy daily. I was elected Vico President of tho first Harrison State Convention ever held in the United Stales, at Niblo's Garden, N. York. As editor of tire Washington County Post I wrote tho first editorial in favor of Harrison for the Presidency. 1 have sipped matin, and kicked my toes amidst tho giddy throng of Buenos Ayrcan lasses upon the Pampas of San Isidro; and have been dashing along the Passea of the Alcmcda, on tho banks of the La Plata, in company wilh Mrs. Ilallet, (the accomplish ed lady of Stephen llallct, printer to (lie eu ...uy u, cep.ieu uauc p .mur to .... Buenos Ayres government, in his coach and four, who was at that time the richest man in ; ,, , uu"n?s Ayr i rinlcis have ncen proverbial, in all ages . ' wc hate this evening assembled to enmmem- '""" i..,,,usU1.,,u. , y.iusu .....a. ten lintn Mils nl'itnlun uccnmliluil Ia fnmninm -I oraie. 1 speaK 01 ucnjamtn "-""i jrmi-cr, who, hy his ''8" r;!e.r of intellect, ro niblc conditio,, of un apront. mnsf nrnftnf sf:ififii, , l,r.. 11 orate. 1 speak of Hcniamtn Franklin, a s virtuous hie, rose fiom the ! mice boy to tho , ",osl culu;u s,i,"0 ' Tin: Koaiiimi Lyon A Fearful Storv. The lions of Africa, as they roam at largo nnd roar for their pre.y among llieir nalivo furests, or crouch in thu deep glens at noon- day, are learlul lo encounter. " I lion haunt- 1 est n'e as a fierce linn," said Job, ages gone by; hut this passage finds a striking illuMra- tion in ihe following feaiful story which is1 related in "Moffat's Scenes in Southern AC- rica :" A ....... 1...1. m. c.i.. 1 gregation, at Be.h.ny, reluming homeward Irom a visit lo Ins liieuils, look a circuitous course.in order to pass a pool, where ho had hoped 10 kill an antelopu to carry homo to his family. Tho sun had risen to somu height (by the timo he ro.icl.e.l the spot, and seeing , no game, ho I tid his gun down on a slnTying rock, ihu back put of which was covered ' ...:.t. .. -....-! r ..... .-r .i i i ri iih smuuci ihu.iii iin.ru uusnus. tie 'wen. to the water, 0Jk a hearty drink, and returned to the rork, and being a little tired, ' f"M l'cp. In u si,,,, I time tho heat reflect- rock awoke him, and opening '..i:. i, r -.""t ""b- iuu,,,hS u.i.ilc hin..'wi.h its eves glafing hi... in his face, and ithin little more than vard of his feel.- .. , r '. ... He s it motionless for some minutes, until he had recovered his presence of mind; then eyeing his gnu, moved Ins hand slowly to ward il ; the lion seeing him, raised its head, and gave 11 tremendous roar; ho made an- other attempt, hut the gun being I ir beyond '"s reach, he gavu it up, as tho lion neemod U'''M aaro of his object, and was enraged whenever he attempted to move his hand. -'O. " r i"' "' wu u- 1 ",!""! ' ,,,,! rock u" wllicl' llu SJ became s j ' I.... l. 1.1 I.. I - I I I ,J 1, "K" "n '"K0U feet to touch il, and kept moving them aller- I . , , , , nulelv nl.1r.1ifT nnn ulmvi. I lip n inr n,.J '. . . . .. . . , 11,0 V l''"ed and ihe l.ight also, hut the i: ..., .,1 r. 1... ...... .ii 111.111 iiiuiiu IIUI1I 111.3 SIMM. t l.u Mill rose again, and its intense heat soon render- ed his feel past feeling. At noon, the lion rose anil walked to Iho water, only a few jyaids distant looking behind him as ho went, ,.,, ..' i,,.t,r,,... ,i 1.:.. slrclc10lll hiinj l0 ,0 ,is ' , , , a,,d was on the point of springing ., t.j. ' r... 1 ' 1. .... rlri,;n. ..1V lluwll ., 1 01 - w n edge ol the rock. Another night parsed ;. sending off its templing luiies, was causu tho 111 111 in describing it, said he knew not sufficient for a hungry traveller to ho sonic whelheher slept, hut if he did, it must have what impatient. But as all things must come been with his ryes open, for he always siw 10 an end, so thu baking did ; and my hopes iho lion at his feet. Next day, in thu foro- revived, as I saw the skillet receiving n thor noon, the animal again went tu the waier, and . ougli fresh ablution. Largo slices of bacon whilo there ho listened lo some noise uppar- ' were now placed in tho skillet, and tho fry eniljfrom an opposite quartcrinddi.appcar- i"g process commenced in good earnest; edinit.uousl.es. I hu man now made an- herelfort,and sei.ed his gun, but on attempt ing to rise he '(ell, his ankles being without power. Withjhts gun in his hand, ho crept towards the water, and drank, hut looking at hit feet, he saw, us he expressed it, his "Iocs roasted," and the skin torn ofTwith the grass. 1 hero ho sat a lew moments, expecting the lion's return, when ho was resolved to send thu contents of the gun through his head; ii ui as no did not appear, lying Ins gun lo his back, the poor man mado the best of his way, on Ms hands and knees, to tho nearest path, hoping somo solitary individual might pass. Ho could go no farther, when provi dentially a person came up, who look him lo a placo ol sale.lv, from whence he obtain ed help, though ho lost his toes and was a Cripple lor life." Protection m Domf.stic Manufactures. The regular Washington correspondent of Hie iN. i. Courier, usually well iiilurincd,niakcs Ihe following statement, which wnuM seem to show thai 1 1 1 o Administration It already leaning lo the I'mtcctivu policy : "A subject of merriment among mimical am' aleurs, in an order ipsueil by Secretary Bancroft ... .!. I 1 !.. .1 i .. . .. i iw ihu iiiniinu ii.iiu, reiju.rui i.it-ui in, my uuiu Italian music, and plav only 'National airK.'r Tho poor fellows were sadly iuz.letl to obey tlio edict, but having exhausted inn ken lion, die and tlio Star Spangled Banner, they Mrurl; un Jim Crow, and Lucy Long, and ended will., Will you come lo the bower 1 After tins let no one impeach the Secretary of thu Navy for lack of dcinncratic taste as well as sentiment,'' The Duke cf Wellington completed his 77lh year on the let ul!., having been born May 1, 1709. THE AVAILABLE SKILLET. In the winter ol 182-, business led mo to journey in north-western Missiouri, then a sparsely settled and frontier country. Tav ern, ihnv wnrn none, and their substitutes and their substitutes I 'stands,' 'in the phrase of the country, poor.""11"8011 " and far between. I urged my weary horio,l'wl ,,, rM0 forward, over Ihe broad prairie, covered with , 1 or,r,ll,'1 c ... .114 I tmrrliucnrt m snow and mud, during several tedious hours, heading toward a distant grove, and musing all the lime. Tho timber once reached, I may find lodging for the flight, thought I. I soon did reach the grove, and in it found a single log cabin, surrounded by low fence rails, worm laid. The cabin was tenanted hy u young marrird woman and her two children. The husband was fro in home. - As I rode up to the door, the woman came unhesitatingly forward, and, to my inquiry, 'Can I be accommodated with entertain ment for the nightl' answered, 'I reckon so. Wo never turns any body away, whether friends or foes : They are all made comfort ablo at our house. The 'stranger traveller would find old" lodging on this road, if wc didn't keep him it's so far between stands. lit is gono forty miles to mill, but will bo

home to-morrow. I will try to do my best, so you may as well come in.' I thanked tho kind-hearted lady and accepted her invi tation. The truth prompts mo to say, that, not ...,,..u.,.B w.e .erne . w.. poor, and very illiterate, and possessed of withstanding the settlers wcru generally very only a few comforts or even conveniences, a 1.1 1 1 . 1 more open-hearted, generous y disposed, and , 1 11 r 1 t 1 less suspecting people, l nover o.inu This woman, to the eye, was rather at- u lMna it tractive for the country and by her mem, showed that sho was, or lull liorso.ll lo he, nnc of tho 'upper tun thousand'; a fact Tsoon found corroborated. Ilur husband was a can- didato for sheriff, The rude, long pen"," was (lie whole InJusc, parlor, bed-room, pantry, kitchctr, all in one. Having asked for supper, I took my scat nt a respectable distance from tho fire, with no thing to divert my'altcntion from the cook ing operations, and' very curious to see hqw a place of so little promise 'could make com fortable.' . nrst mouon towards mv supper, was 5 "1r,n?V1S " good enough of .is kind. . Into th.s-sk.llet. a handliil ul collec was put; and then the V""a; nrown.ag anc ,n oK.ng ope anon in (he blaze of the fire, the process was soon oor and il" the rnT.iP filled in being well p.ircliudlhe deficenJy was made up it was well smoked. ' - Tho vessel'was notf duly cleansed, filled wilh water, placed over the.-firo to boil, while my.hostess briskly ground the colleu , .,. - "r S. he bo.linj.wa.er from the skillet set ' J'I'P" rt,1J du ,ls- . I5' "7 c": r.os.ty had become oxci.cd by the double and ' f'"?,e us? .f ' a"d w"h increased jnleTest. Next tlio skillet was ,l"r"01 in) n own, and lliree bullot-shaped '''f" (lo,'ves) "fcorn njeal.set a baking. fllv bnitess I hen Innk a si;il In nntnrtain mo iMv hostess then took a seat to entertain me hy her conversation. On my remarking up on her fuw conveniences, she answered : 'Yes. stranger, that's n4l truth ; but we now do so much bettor th in when we first camo hern it seems, really, quite like liv ing. Then wc pounded our. corn in a hollou stump, and baked our bread upon a chip ; 1 ....- 1:1... 1 -.1... t . . 1. ' ' ' "... . tl(.n JC ijro'l 1110 tliis cron cake best ; but ere new skillet Irom Fort Osige, I felt my fortun.t was made; and could almost use the skitff t for a thou sand things besides baking. Yes, stranger, you may think il queer, but when he brought me this skillet, I was gladder th in if ho had orougni mo tno nesi siik gown 111 01. Liouis I , i,i. 1. . 1 T' 1 'i'1.'1 '"" 50 ' f"1r1',t 6ovs n,e more jB0"'1 "M" "" d"-'S3(;s C0,,M- I I assonted to all my hostess s lid ; but, after all, il was 1. tedious hour, this wailing r..r .1... 1 1 ... 1, .l .ii.ii,. nti.ur 0K.rali4'vl.re v.spe.'.ded. 'My hostess af. ler giving tho 'dodgers' three successive , .1 .1.1 i..i.l ... ..... I Verv ..r....l saiisf tciion. as the boiling coffee. e 1 o which, over a tint lire, was soon ended, and my supper was pronounced' ready Never did a hungry Spartan conin to his dish of soup with a kuoncr relish. Fatigue and wailing had given me true Spartan sea soning : and I cave good evidence of the skill oflho cook, if pirtaking largely of each of tho three components of my supper (cof fee, bread, and bacon) could prove it, each was good of its kind. My hostess entertain ed ma while eating, with panther stories, tales of the Indians, and with instances of Western female heroism ; nonu of which I repeat on this occasion. Again seated by the firo after supper, the skillet, alroady become notorious, continued to attract my attention. Water was liealcil, and tho dishes wero washed in ll. And n - gain water was warmed, and Iho children washed in it faces, hands nnd feet. a - ler was again warmed, and my hostess thor- oughly washed her own feel jn tho same vcs. sel, and all willout any apology i icxl morning, as you may well ifnigine, 1 rodo away boforu breakfast. Tin: Deu. In Now Orleans, children aro often buried in cotlins painted white, and ornamented with bows of ribbon inturmiu gled with fioworH. Wo have hoard no rca- son assigned fortius, but ihero is sunulhing peculiarly appropriate in tho custom. Il speaks oflho innocence of childhood, the pu - rity of infancy, and tho bliss of those whom our Savior said, "Suffur little childen lo come unto mo and lorbij them not, lor of such is the kingdom of Heaven," MR. CATLIN'S COLLECTIONS. Washington June 10. To tho Friends of Art in your city and throughout the coun try, it will be a matter of interest to know ";' " Ucorge Tallin, now 111 fans, lias auuresscu a memorial 10 congress, asking and noble collections of Indian costumes and weapons, may be purchased and protected by our government, that he may be enabled to devote Hie remain der of his life lo its enlargement and comple tion, lie states in this memorial, that his collection "contains nearly GOO paintings of portraiture and customs of forty eight di Hur on! tribes, nnd the most extensive and valua ble collection of costumes, weapons, and oili er manufactures of tho North Ameiican In dians, that has ever been made lo the lat ter department of which several verv valua ble: collections havn been added in England, by purchase;" that he devoted in making his collection "the entire exertions of eight years nf his life, and an expenditure of moro than $20,000;" that during the whole lime hu has labored, he has been stimulated by the am bition of making it the nuclcous of a museum of mankind, to containcvcntually the records, resemblances, and manufactures of all the diminishing races of native tribes in various parts of the globe ;" and that he is extreme ly anxious that it should be owned and pro tected by the government of his own coun try. Mr Catlin is well known to me, and Am,ri k ,,; , , , uncnivocal trsii- niony to his extraordinary laieni, and 10 the ' . ' . , rare and most generous virtues of Ins heart. They will not suspect him of any unworthy niotive,on the contrary they know that he hut expresses his true sentiments in declaring that had he means of support, he would pre fer giving his painting to his own eouutry,lo selling ihem to any other. But unless our government purchase them (and he offers them for the very moderate siiiuof (SG5.000) ft will be iniposiblo lor bun to tullil Ins great object of patriotism and philanthropy, which would reflect such honor on his own country and ho will bo compelled to alienate both himself and his collection. Advantageous offers arc now made to him from Great 11. it- ain, and tho question must soon be decided whether the United States or Great Britain shall possess his gallery and enjoy the benefit of tho efforts ofhisfutuie life. I am gratifi- to be able to say, that as far as I can learn, Ihe members of Congress are very lavorably -inclined to his propjstls. The Americans in London have sent in tie. ir memorial in his behalf, and the American Artists in Paris, have forwarded -their nieniiiri.il, which is brief, pertinent, and comprehensive. ' I trust this appeal will not bo ineffoct ual thai uur HeprcSuntntives will nnsnt r it wilh fiiendly votes, and that the proposed collection may be transferred to this ciiy by order of government, and placed in (he Gal lery of Art, to bo constructed in connexion with ihe Smithsonian Institution. Mr Catlin will double its value in five years. It will ho of permanent advantage, and of interest and importance to Ihe generations nf coming centuries. Cor. Ar. Y.Jour. of Com. . PASSAGE IN HUMAN LIFE. In my daily walks into the country, I was accustomed to pass a certain collage. Il was no cottage of romance. It had nothing par ticularly picturesque about it. Il liiid iis lit tle garden, and its vines spreading over its front ; but beyond these ft possessed no fea ture likely to fix it in the mind of a poet, or a novel writer, and which might induce linn to people it with beings of his own fancy. In fact it appeared tn be inhabited ttith persons as little extraordinary as itself. A good man of tho house il might possess, but hu was nev er visible. Tho only inmates, I ever saw. wero a ynung woman, and another female in in the wane of life, no doubt the mother 1 he damsel was a comely, fresh, nuld - lonk - ing girl enough, always seated In one spot, near the window, intent on the needle. The old damo was as regularly busied, to and fro, in household affairs. Sho appeared one of those good houso-wives, who never dream rt'Sl "'"I'1 "j .ocf ' "'"l1 S7U 1 1''" I'""--" r I'"". ' d if it b" on polished ,Uzl.j clol and oJna.iiented by bands nt Z7l so noar he road, that llm fire at Iho farther slllf.( ,u, l.-tlo. or (lowers will assume ihe ' treiiHin'ous s z; and -liver 'liv'en.' on tl.o ide end of Ihe room, showed you, wilhout being ,rilliancy oflho steel, and appear like high-1 that rcemlile the kiml, nf an nM-fasliini.ed bu rudely inquisilive, Iho whulo interior in tin; v polished copper. It nuy soinelinies "be roan. Their uaiotsarc encircled wilhgay belts, single mouient of passing. A clean hearth r'equisito lo cleanse iho inutal hy washing h ' and their pantaloons tanned deerskins, and open and a rheerTuI lire, shining upon homely, bin wj,, diliilutl muriatic acid, that thu copper I " "'e .0,"'1"' fT" ,)e '"P"""- e! neat furniture, but whether the damn enjoy-1 ln,,v ulht.ro nutB r,..,jitv ir.i.,, sle(. uls their white linen drawers; altogether they ed, or only diflu.ed the comfiirt, wa. a ,,rob- j ZZIZ ZLu over'a ' ni ihe "V, KrSl lem. 1 passed the house many successive days. It was.11lw.1ys alike, the fire shining briglil ly and cheerfully ,-the girl sealed at hei post by the window, iho housewifu going lo and fro, catering and contriving, dustinp and managing. One morning as I went by,thero was a change ; the dame was seated near her daughter, her arms laid up the table, and her head reclined upon her arms. I was suro it was sickness, which had compelled. her lo that attitudo of repose; nothing less could have done it. I felt that I knew exactly the poor wootiiau's feeling. She had felt a weariness stealing upon her, and borne up, hoping il would pass by ; till loath as she was lo yield, it hid forced submission. Tim next day, when I passed, the room appeared as usual ; the firo burning pleas antly. tlio girl at her needle ; hut her moth er was not to bo seen; unci glancing my oyes llplvarjSi perceived the blind close drawn , ,. u.,ndmv above. Il is so I said lo mv- ' fi Jisuaso is in its progress. Perhapi'it 1 OCCiJ5joll, no gloomy fear of consequence, no cxlronl(, conrern ; and yet who knows how ' it may em)j js ,lls ,a, UPm those clian. . . j . ,1,0 central holt that hold together fimilies; which steal our fueside faces, and lay waste our affections. I passed by, day afterday tho sceno was the same J thu firo burning clean and cheer- 1 lul ; but tho mother was not to hu seen ; 1 tl.o blind was drawn above. At'ltugth I - 1 missed tho girl ; rind in her place appeared auotlior woman, hearing cnnsiduinMti icsem- . bianco to tho mother, but of a quieter habit. It was easy In interpret inn change. D11 !u.uo haft assumed, an aUrming aspect ; th of, daughter was occupied in intense watching. and caring for tho suffering mother ; and the I good woman g sister had been summoned lo her bed-side, perhaps from her family cares,! which no less important un event could have induced her to elude. Thus appearance continued some days. There was a silence around the house, and an air of neglect within it ; till, one morn ing I behuld thi! blind drawn in the room he low, and Ihe window thrown open above. The scene was over; the mother was re moved from her family ; nnd ono of those great changes eflocted in human lid1, which rommeiices wilh so little observation, and leavo buhind them such lasting effects. Yankef. Donin.fi in Austris. A Euro pean correspondent of the New York Herald writing from the capital of Austria, furnish es the following gratifying scrap of news: Vieux lemps has been performing for some time in Ihe Imperial Opera House, nnd his popularity in h city where music of every kind is so closely crinciul, must bu highly Pattering to linn, lie is decidedly a great favorite, nnd is always warmly received. A few evenings ago I was present ut one of Ins performances, and witnessed an occurrence well calcolalcd lo excite the enthusiasm of an American heart. Vieux Temps had. fin- tsl.ed a series ol his pieces with the Carnival ol enice. Me was called out again, when he struck up ankec Doodle with variations, Thisset the who e audience ma peifecl up- roar. "Bravo! ''Amcricaner 1" cried out ono of ihe Austrians; "Bravo!" a hundred others ; and you may well imagine that wej M is ,cllrL.(l. They have a saint for hor Amencans, three or four in number, found 51,S) .,,! ()tl ,ln festival of his birlhdav, hor II rather diflicull lo sit still during the ci.tliu. , ses are Ciirr,l t0 ,, ,,rj(.st) Hm for ' smil siaslic expression of feeling for our beloved s,mli rpc,.jvu thrmigh him the saint's blessing country. At ihe close of the piece ihe ap- ;l u.rfl,ct s(.curi, y .lg(linsl a ,(J m, horst. planso was unbounded. Vieux Temps was fiusi, ;s 1(.,r l0- called out three several limes belbiu the cur-1 Th" ch-rgv 'of Mexico, especially among lam fell, and twice afterwards ; the audience ,. iolvpr nr,ipr. 0r,)r,, !llui frinr,. nr.. .!! each lime receiving him (.landing, and greet- iug him with sounds of applause, whilu near-1 ly all the ladies in llm bousu were clapping call them wide, and the author says thai the their hands lo tlio best of their abilities injunction of celibacy of those dedicated tolhc I here n one box in this h nise, known ns priesthood, is, in Mexico, much more thco thc English box. I cast my eyes towards it, retirally than practically regarded, and found its occupiers silent observers of Thu sireets of Mexico, the capital, divide the scene.pn.bably reflecting on Bunker Hill, t,0 city into squares, each side of a square Lexington, ice. ' MVing a different name, sounding often lo j Protestant ears very much like a violation of Tanning. A recent discovery in the art , the third article nf "the Decalogue such as of tanning lealher has been made by Dr.. tho "Street of Jesus," and the "Street of Turnhnll, of Lundun, which is said in a I tho Holy Ghost." A citizens will tell you French paper 'lo eclipse every thing that has ' that he lives in the Holy Ghosl, or thai he been discovered in the piactical arts for three lives in Jesus - certainly, not alw'ays true, if hundred y ears.' The process is described in j taken the sense in which our preachers uso a communication to the Academy of Scien-'ihesu words. ces. When a membrane intervenes between j Should the churches of Mexico be ran two liquids of different densities, they pro-1 sacked for the means of cai rying on the pres duco two currents, the one outward called cut war, they would supply" almost inralcu extnsmosis and the other inward called en- lablu wealth. The Cathedral of Mexico itself, dosmnsis. By Ibis new physical law the which occupies the site of llm idol temple of currents interchange until they become of ihe Montezuma, could furnish geld enough lo same specific gravity; thus' Dr. Turnbull, .support a powerful army. The altar itself by scwiui; up ihe hide filled with one liquid is made of pure silver.oriiamented with gold, of a cerlain specific gravity,, and (hen im- ' and surmounted with images : these last and mcrsing the hide in another liquid of greateri ihe railing are constructed ofa compound of or lesser density, keeps hp this reciprocal ac- 'gold, silver, and copper moro valuable than lion until such lime as ihu hi Jo is thoroughly silver. An offer was made tecenlly to take tanned. By Ihu ordinary process of tanning this balustrade, and replace it with another it requires eighteen months to Ian an ox hide, of tho same size and workmanship of pnro and four hundred pounds-of bark. Dr Turn-,, silver and to give a million of dollars be bull lans the hide in fourteen days, and with sWes .' The church also possesses immense only one bundled pounds of h.rk. This , endowments in gold nnd silver vases.wailers, process gives un extra weight ol leather, va- candlesticks, precious stones, & p., the most rying from fificeii to twenly-fivo pounds per valuable of which are Mored away in chests cent. C live' skins, which under llm old and chicls. The property n hinh die church prucess require an immersion in the vats five, holds in mortmain, is estimated at fifty mill- six and seven months, are by Ihe new pro- cess tanned in two days. This rapidity of execution is hy no moans attended with in- feriorily to the loilher produced. On iho, contrary, it is said to become much better, , all saturation required for the production of good leather being as fully ell'ecled hy the new as tlio old process. ' Tn WASH IltllV 4VI1 StITI. U IT 1 1 Pm rErl. l)i,slvo sulplulti ofcopper in water, I in the proportion ofonu lo three ; wash iron j or S.;t. with it.anJ it will inst.mlv be enver- ed with reduced copper. I his is best per formed liy npplying tho solution with a brush which must bu followed directly with sponge of clear water. In tliif manner nnv 1 ellcrs or figures may bo drauu with a cam.'-l copper figures become, bluo firt ; nnd while ihe steel becomes blue, tlin copper lakes a gold color, but is restoied again by diluted muriatic acid. jYirir York Scicn'ific Amer ican. Or.r.AT HniTAiN. HI10 holds Gibcraltar, Malta' and t lie Indian l.lai.d', by which tha comma. ids Ihe whulo maul nf the .ifod.terauean and the commun cation with Iho Il'ack Sea; the Cape of (IiinJ Hope and the ielaml of Si lle'e la, by which flie cnuiinand Ihe way to lndii; Ihe .Maiiritup.llio inland nf Ceylon, & other important po.'uinua in the HifI, which give her the coin mind of all southern Anil, as well as nf tho ler ritorieH and commerce nf Iho l'.inhY. Ap proaching our own contmci t tdic ho'ds Morion, da, a 6tmng ranile in our front, rommandiug our whole Southern trade, including that of the liulf of Mexico ; Trinii! Jil, at ihe inmilh t.f the Oronoce, and In Iho windward of 1 1 id priuclpil West India Inland ; hich gives her tlio coin mandoft'iu Ctribean Sea, ami with the Talk laud Ii-U.uU, nlurli she has recently taken, of ll.n it hole front of South America and llm wav to tl.o Pacific. To the northeast she holds No va Scnlh and ("ano Breton, which fecure the Canada! from maritime allark, rom namla the .N'mvfouiidland and Iho liulf of Si. Inwrenre fisheries, and ckcrcUe the same cniilrnlline in- llueuco upon our Alla.n ic coat which the Iiih. tio.it of a fortreoj luvo upon its curtains, Thse ..tipiirta.it positions, held by a comparative mittll lorco, enable her In exercise a military mtiuence over the all tirs of nations equal to live millions of men under arms. Those posilions are greal outworks, tvhenco ).., projects her missi es . f l'.t, h,0,lUum0a lo. Con- ' (ships of war) upon ihq mas ef every wind, I 'i"""t ,b . , ' and maintains, it I mav be allntved tl.o otpres. sinclor. aj.iinl l let long, and a couple of slim, a cross lire upon llm surface nf the whole' monkeys,V, .jA'gular species, fiom the Uio "lobe. To co.nplete the entire military com-IS'egro, a 'srii .iin up the Amazon. The mind nf th whole eM; ho roquircs nnly 1I10; island of Cl.ilue, and a go;"d inul station at or. c is b,icki,lm j, C0VI,r,,u .;, a',0f, furi near ho mouth of the C U,,,,,JI' '.'''"KTIiCy stand about ihrfeel hlSh, and are S'Ka'- 1830, MEXICO. Tho following extracts fiom the recently published work on Mexico, hy Hon. Waddy Thompson, late U. S. Minister to that coun try, will bu read with interest at the present lime : Tho Catholic Ritual maintains precedence among the Mexicans, in consistency with the natural prune ness of every ignorant people lo pay regard to external symbols and the out ward pomps of religion. As to any rational idea of true religion, or any just conception of its divijin author, the great mass of the people are little moro enlightened llian were their ancestors injhe timo of Montezuma, and llieir reliainnjjS'ery little less an idola try than that of the giotesque images of stone and clay, ofwhich it has taken the place. A productive source of revenue is the church ; and it is slated that one-fourth of the proper ty of the country is in the hands of the priest- llflod. ' A :i mn:in uf micuiif n,nnn. ...... iMr Thompson, ' I would not give the single institution of 'masses' and 'indulgences' for ., i,P11n, r.l,n ,), nr il, ,!,.,! r, ,t, po(vl.r 0f ,aMlion p0,,P.,cd )y anv govern, monl. Qfall tho artifices of cun'ninu and vpnaliiv m nvmn ,nnnv frm rr..,l,.l.,. weakness, there is none so potential as a mass fr ,le UPni.fit 0f souls in purgatory. The Mexicans have a saint for an occasion, and t, .,..; ,t. ,:,.., .,, i.: t,i. ....c.i , t,n virion.. 'vrv ,, r tl.n, l,,va .Veral nieces in their houses.or females who ions. As leg.irds the ornaments of thu churches, says Mr. Thompson, il would be the wildest and most random conjecture to attempt an estimate nf the amount of the precious iiietals will. drawn fiom lbs useful pu poies of the .trts it currency of the world, and wasted in decorations as incompatible i ith good taste as with that humility which Iw.isibo most striking feature in thu charac- .. f.t..T..... ,- . ter of the Founder ul our religion. A correspondent of the N. O. Tropic writes from the Went hank of the Iln Grande a very interesting letter : There have iiit Ptnnned in (!nl. IV-lim.' nr.. 1 i . ,i. T- . r i "-e "r "M,r .Mean, v nil are JUM I Torn , ,i P'' T"' ' i .J?!0,i .I""".'" ' i ' ".I the ascendancy tn Iho armv, and had Arista as a prisoner. Tins was Ampuiha'a efiort from the instant he readied M itamnra. Afior tho bat tle of the Otli.he being I lie firM man lo learo the hittle field in the retreat, anJ before any one irrived at Ins ijuick heels, reported that Aris'a liid.botr.ived tlm Army to 1 lie Americans. This Report ifc sprci' along. the" road toward .Monte fy, and no doub the tro.ps have gladly taken advantage nf fucI. an idea, 10 tave thcmelves from the shame nf defeat. After sixty miles in land, says one ol the Mexicans, plenty of corn ran bo found in the cminln, on the roar toMon. t irv, and "cattle enough to feed a million if wan led." "Will the Mexican army come back hero?" asked Col. Twiggs. ".'o ! never come back." The repoit of the latest news from tho inte rior of Mxeico is that Parade is not at Ihe head nf an army approaching this place, and that Am. pudia is nut, as has been reported, ono hundred miles from here 'entrenched ;" nn 'lie contrary, hu is tly.ug into the interior, a 11 J will most like ly paializn Ihe people as he progresses, by the news of the deleat of "the grand army nf the ttlMCan nation." These Mexicans went into battlo with 1 horde of unpaid soldiery in llieir rear, who had the prospect of plunder held nut to llieiu as a reward lor llieir survives. Arista's .ml, Opt. Nagreel. told ("ol. IVigps that these unptid so'diory j'liinJereJ their oifn dead after llm I, it 1 lo of the 8 b. The throats of our dra. goons who full 111 lb it battle Were all cut after they it ere dead, and otherwise mutilated in their bodies. . ,, . EN liFll,.C,ini. Umnn. nflm monkeys are entirely white, mcept the head o