MEXICANS AFFAIRS. Wo copy 0e following from the N. O. Picayune-. Wc have been gratified by an Interview with Mr Dimond, our former Consul at Vera Cruz, yvfio tailed from that city In Hie U. S. steamship Mississippi on the 30;h ult. Mr Dimond itifoinn that Santa Ana's arrival was daily expected by many persons in Vera Cruz, and I ho country waa ripo for hia reception. A plan nf a new revolution had been publiihed, bared upon the uonslituttnn or 18W7, upon which It w-as sup poied the Federal anil tlio Sanla Am parties would unite. The Federalists were unable to make head against the (internment by them selves j but when joined by Htnta Ana's adher cuts, the success of the two combined could scarcely be doubted. In tins p'an ttio Texas question was slurred over nothing being said about jt. Mr Dimond thought it quite probable that Hinta Ana and Alumn'o would arrive at Vera Cruz'hv the neat Maimer from Havana this, however, vas doubled by some well-inform-ed parlies. . The period for the ecncr.il election had pass ed, and it was not thought that a Miiliicnl num. bernl Congressmen had been elected lo form a quorum. Parades is waiting lor the meeting of Congresi-. In gel psrmtssinn lo lenvn (he seat of Government at the head of 10,000 men avow edly for the llin tlrande but tlio better opinion rcuuied o be that this force was designed for his own protection. The death ol t lie Archbishop was a heavy blow to the monarchical party. Upon his death bed the ambitious prelate regretted, that his life could nut tie spired lo aMst in consummating thu scheme "f tint faction. With him the hopes of the monarchists have died. The Departments are pronouncing against l'.iraJi s in every directum. His heavy demand upon the churches and the Slates have render el him more unpopular than before. It is mil thought lie can maintain Ins power fur my con siderable length ol time. Mr D.mon.l rel ites one or two circu mstanccs whicli aie extremely creditable In Gen. Bravo, who is in command of the forces at era Cruz. Shortly after tlio breaking out of hostilities, a council of war was held at which it was voted to seize the American vessels, then in port, as priZHS. Hot Oun. Bravo would not abide by Ill's decision, t lo allowed several vessel to depart with Ii3avy cargoes, becauc, as he said, "they had entered the port in good failh and they should bo allowed to depot in good laitb." When Mr Dimond got on hnird of the Mis sissippi, there were several .Ifovican v essels an ehored under the ''inn of I he squadron, taken as prizes Upnn being told of thu liberal con duct of Gen. Itravo, Can'. Gregory released the vessels and sent them into port with a lelter to lien, uravo, slating as a rea-on lor sn doing, that ho had allowed American vessels In depirt unmolested from Vera Cruz, Gen. Bravo n-nt an anauer to Chju. Gregory the next day, under a lligol truce, lo Him note, which we have seen, G''ii. Bravo di-cliims any title to praise foi his condiict, on th" sc'ire of magiianiin ity, 'hut m xlestly places Ins actions up m tin broad grounds of nilinnal law, and sanctilv ot private properly belonging to innocent parties In tins connection, too, we may mention that Mr I) inond received every alleiiHon and cour tesy Irom Gen. Uravo and the Collector of Vera Cruz, prior to his departure. It htppencd that on oiio of these vessels re lated by Capt. Gregory, there was a Colonel of the Mevican army a nephew nf Gen. La Vega. Sume doiib's arose as to the propriety of allowing a military prisoner to return to Ins country. Capt. Gregory asked him i( he was willing to give his parole. "Ves," was the re ply. "But," said the Colonel, "I am a prisoner now I was one of the persons who declared for Svnta Ana, and I am now a prisoner sent from Tobasco to the fort of San Joan de Ulua." He waa allowed to go ashore without his parole. The Castle ot Sail Juan" de Ulua is represen ted to be in the highest stato of preparation. A j water battery has been erectod in connection with the uld fort, and they mount between them i two hundred guns of the iargest calibre. It ap pears to be well understood, huwever, in our naval service that the strength of the Castle by ! no means ensures the safety of the city of Vera Cruz. Whenever our government may tletfr. i mine upon an attack upin that city, we siill look for its reduction with as much confidence as we did upon that of Matamoras, and at no very severe cost. Recruiting for the army was going on at Vera Cruz ; hut only a few men, and those of the low. Bit sort, were found willing to enlist. In the city of Mexico, government expresses arrived frequently from the armv; but as nothing of their contents were allowed to transpire of late, tho impression was that the Mexicans had met with disaster. In regard In the large English squadron upon the Pacific. .1r. Dmi'iid h of I lie opinion that those vessels hid been sent out with reference to the Oregon question. He dues not think it probiblo that they Inve any instructions resie :t in the war with Mexico, or the seizure nf Cal ilornia in consequence of tlio war. Touching this nutter, however, there is room for doubt. i . i.f.i .1 n . .! I arge, and if llie other fleets in the P.icfic join it, as was expected by some, it would be a very Jornnuabie lorce, Mr Onnnrii previous to leaving drew up and forwarded to the .U-jxiciii government a remon strance against the order requiring nnr citizens to leave within eight days or withdraw ioio the interior. Tho sixteenth article of the treaty ho. twecn the United Slates and .Mexico, provides tha in case of war, the cituus of each c.outry living nn the sciboird t-liall bo entitled to six mouths, and thou ru-nding in the interior to twelve month notice to leave the country. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. Ry M.itfndie Telegraph to New York. HvLTIM'RE, Wednesday night. Dites from Vera Cruz, In June 1st, have been received at Charleston, by wav nf Havana. The Consuls of the neutral nations, resident at Vera Cruz, had protested against the block ade nf that port. The Mexican Congress met nn I lie 27lh oil, Ex President Bustamenie, being appointed President of the same. It is generally believed Via iuiII l.A alitt.,il Pmal.lnitl It is said lhat Parades will' rmrch oyer to Mat moras, at the bead nf a.Btrnnir armv. thedsr.. est porliot, composed nf the hody i (rnop, call, ed the reserve. 'I'll-: time f ir ns departure with his army is already lived, but has not been made public. Gen, Bravo will occupy the Pres. iden'tal chair, ad interim. The suspension of psyments continues, and things generally remain in the worst condition. Tho .Mexican government hud called a meet, ing for the purpose of procuring resources, whicli it was believed could hardly be obtained as the clergy are not able to pay the amount of 80CMKK) monthly already demanded by the Gov. eminent: and, nn I'.e nther hand, the nrtnl condition of the "t'Ci.il States is in t such as to einert from Ihem any resources, NeA Orleans papers uf the 8ii, Oth and 10 h in-i., have been received, in which we Hud the follow illL' Gen. 'Taylor's son has left New Orleans for Matsuioras, with his father's brevet cuuimUsion of .Maior General, Tins lady of Capt, Pagp, who was so severely wounded at the batllo nf Palo Alto, arrived at N, Orleans on the Oil, on her way to Point Isabel, to meet her husbaii'l. A letter published in the Delia frnm Pensa cola says, that il ia reported lhat the condition of our suuadron. in relation to lhat ol the f.n glish fleet, which has been increased, is very precarious. It ia also rumored that as soon as the En glish hear of Iho declaration - war againM Mexico, it will be the sip'iaKiMhem.VjJa.ike possession nf the whole Mexican' - and that il is tbir intention to do so. If they do at ' tempt it, look nut for bard knock. Although Com, Sloal's squadron isaojieivhat diminished by the return of old Ironside to tho United Stttei, still he will, no dmiM, when joined by Captain Stockton, give a good account ol him self. The principal porllnn nf the American fleet are now at Jolavord; and the St. Mary's, ral mouth, and a small brig is cruising before Tainpico. , Mr Walker haa Issued orders In grant clear ances lo Mstainntis, thus throwing open North ern ,1exico to Aiueriran manufactures, 7'ne Hon. Henry Mnldleton, who for many years represented us at'the Court of Si. Peters burgh, died at Charleston on Sunday last. Mr McDuftie was elected Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations. The Treaty was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. BRITISH MEDIATION. Tim London .Morning Herald announces tho iletnrintn.it inn of the British government to offer its mediation between the Untied Stales anil Mexican governments, for the termination of the war between the two rnun tiies, anil ulso lo the application of the Cum millee of tin; smith American and Mexican Association in that behalf. Wo now lav lie I'orn our readers a copy nfilm ctiinmiinifa- turn of Mr. I'owles, llie Chairman nf that Ciiminiitee.lo 1 1 io English Secretary of For I'ign AITiirs. It will tie perceived that the Chairman grounds llie. nppe.il nf thn Associ itioi) upon llin interests nf lliiiish subjects, wliich urn injuriously alTi-clt'd by the wiir. lint in iilloilihg lo the causes of llin war, as suited in thn Presidenl a Message to Con gross, lie assumes that it is an aggressivp.anil nut a defensive war, on the pari of the Uni ted Slates. He assumes on the authority of all the maps published previous In the sepa ration of Texas from tho Mexican Republic, that the river Nueces was llin proper boun dary of that province; nod that llie only ground on which the boundary could be ob truded to llie Uio del Noile, is an hcI of the Congress of Texas itself, passed in 183G, when lliat province was in insurrection a gainst ilio parent slate, and its independence had not been acknowledged by any power whatever; and that is upon a tiiln of such questionable validity, ill it tho United States government has ordered its troops lo occupy the territory in question, and has thought fii lo consider an ' attempt In dislndge ihem therefrom, hi on act constituting a declaration of war. This argument wo conceive is not easily answered, but wo do not now present the document on account of any novelty of rea soning in il, hut because it presents the View ol" this controversy which is taken by a re spectable body ol English subjects, and by them presented to the consideration nf their government. It may dim be regarded as ii vie-v of tho subject which is very likely lobo taken by intelligent and disinterest' d per sons abroad, wherever 'hey may be found. Whether the British government is likely lo interpose its offices for llin adjustment of the controversy, aurl if il interpose, is likely lo lake this view iiflho merits (if the question, or in enter at nil into the meiils, urn points which wo do no I propose lo discuss at pres ent. Austin Fimns, June 2, 1940. My Lord Tho Comimtiee nf the Saulh A mcrican and Mexican Ass'iciation take the lib erty to address your Lordship, in cnncquenre nf the intelligence recently received of the Re. public nf United Slates of America having de clared war against the Republic of Mexico. The grievous evils certain to result from this unhappy occurrence, lo all parties carrying on intercourse with, or having interests in Mexico,'1 the Lommittec need not point out to your Lord ship. The blockading of ports; the warning off of vessels now on their way In .Mexico, with cargoes cxpresly provided for that market ; the impeding of returns being made for cargoes previously sent ; the general interruption ol llie pursuits of commerce ; die irregular state of warfare introduced by tho issuing nf letters of marque, often leading lo unlicensed marauding on the seas, are the direct an I unavoidable con sequences of active ho. tilitios between two na tion', respectively situated towards each other as are these two Republics. That a large portion of these evils must fall on British rulijecte from the extensive nature nf their intercourse and connexion with Mexico, your Lord-diip will also he fully aware. The Committee venture to hope, lhat on ex amination ot the grounds on which this decl iri tioo of war ha been issued by the UoitedSlale-, it will be found tint thn grievance nllejed by th il power against Mexico Is not bo deeply rooted, but that the friendly in'erpositiou of good offices between tho contending ptrtieshy an in dependent power, standing in relations of amity and neutrality towaids liolh.ioay be found avail able to remove it. The Pre-ident of the United States, in hia . . . i r e . i. . n , t: , . cures the irinund nf iilTMii'e lo h UihI a Mrt't' ' , -. , nlplipll , , f ... ,,' Stales, placed on the It'll bank of the Rio del Norte, between lhat rivcraud the river Nueces: this act of hostility oil llie pirt of the Republic of Mexico con-iiiuing in iii-ell a "state of war." The President further adverts, in Ins mes sage, to the fict lhat Texts had, "by I he final action ol tho Congress ol 1 1 1 United Siiles, he come n ioiogral pari f the Union." But it is manifest that the integrity of tins part of the Union must be decided by the geographical po sition nf lhat Slate, previous to Us separation from the mother country. There Is not a man in existence, published previous tnlhc sep aration nf the Province nf 7exas, that does not assign the river Nueces as the bound iry nf lhat prov nice. The only act by w hich it is amuioeil that the boundary of Texas could he obtruded to the Rio del Norle, is an act n' the Congress of Texas itself, passed in December 18U0. Tex as being at that time in insurrection against the parent state, and its independence imi having been acknowledged by any power whatever. Upon a title nf such questionable validity it is that the United Stales has thought fit In direct its troops lo occupy the territory in question. I anil In consider the aiieiniu lo ilisnnige then iherfroin as an act tocsliiuliug a decoration ul ! jy .Uexico, f It is lo be remarket', lhat although claiming the whole nf the territory in question b'lween Iho rivers Nueces and Iho river Del Norte to be their own, the Mexicans, so far from provok ing hostility with reopect In I litis disputed ground, had wholly confined themselves to the right bank nf thu Rio del Norte, until the tro ps of I he United States had appeared on Ihe mher side, avoiding therefore on the side of Mexico all cause of irritation. And if, indeed, lliern had been sumo manifes. tation of irritated feeling nn the part of Mexico Willi regard to exa. it might perhaus have been considered somewhat excusable. Seveial hundreds nf llritirh suhjecls are al this timedis nursed throughout Muxicn, carrying nn, under the protection of thn treaty between Great Brit, ainand Mexico, their several legitimate pursuits t" the advantage id ihe country in which they are settled and In their own. ffiheso perhons were found locongregato ihem-elves together in a remote ami thinly peopled province o7 Mex ico, and there to foment sn insurrection against the parent state, then a declaration ..fueparalion and independence, and, luily, an act of annex atinn to the British crown, such a proceeding could hardly be viewed asolherwise Ihan griev ous towards the Republic of Mexico, and not calculated perhaps tu attract a moral sympathy In any quarter. It ia now matter of historical record, that when the signa'ure In the Act of Annexation of Vexaa tolhe United Slates came t bo examined, they were found lo ne nearly all those of strangers, and not on native Tex tins. The Comimlteo of the South American and Mexican Aasociation respectfully bring these eirruinstsnres under the notice nf her majesty's government in the hope that It shall appear, nn an impartial view ol the political relations be tween the United.HlalM.and Mexico, that there is nurause of rupture between the twn parties but siirh as a friendly and respectful interposi tion nfenud offices might remove. Her Mijes. ty'a government mav deem it expedient in en-d-avor. In that character, to put an end to a state ol hostility between the two republics, harrass- Ing and Injurious lo both. 7'ne Committee do not ronrealthat It is from the desire tnprntcct their rnmmercial interests, that they mhlre-s this representation -to your Iviriijiup; mil they trust that that motive com prebends nothing that is not in accordance with the general interests of civilized states. At time when tho desire for the miiutenanco nf peace Is so generally and practically recognized by the powers nf Europe, It cannot be oiit of place for hngliMinieii to express a hope that be tween the Republics nf the Western Hernia. phcro, possessing the most free institution-, and a boundless territory, with all the means within ihinselve nf encouraging and rewarding in dustry and extending civilization and happiness, the elements of strife and discord may speedily be dispersed, and the bondsnf amity and good will be strengthened, to their own common ad vantage, and that of all holding friendly inter course with them. I have the honor, to be, my Lord, Your most faithful servant, J.D. I'OWLES, Chairman of the South American and Mexican Association. The R'rht Hon. the Earl nf Aberdeen, K. T., one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries ol state, &c. etc. ate. AMERICAN SENATORS. The following sketches nf some of the lead mg members of nur Senate, arc from a Wash inglon tetter in the Loudon Morning Chronicle: " I did not arrive in Washington till after the discomfiture of the 'war party,' and ill the calm whicli succeeded there was no oratory awoke. I passed a morning in looking at llie Senate in deliberative eessinn, however. To one who came with a traveller's experience of disappoint ment in the looks nf great oieo.this body of sen ators would, I think, seem a rare collection of impressive physiognomies. Indeed you have but tu know the ordeals through which men pars lo arrive here, to know that most of them a-c spirits (geud or bad) of mark undeniable, and even where nature haa neglected, as she sometimes does, to repeat the inner seal upon the outer man, these trying nrdeals have done it legibly for her. They have all the look of moii who have done more than their share of thinking and struggling, hoping and fearing ; though on the faces of some of the least noble and worthy one finds Byron's recognition of those woo nave 'Sinn'd in some mher world, nndihisis Hell.' You have seen Webster in England, and tho' his 'Olympian front' is the finest in tho Senate. yet this is the only company in which I ever saw him where lio stood supposably 'among his leilows.' Air. Alien, llie I hraso ol the war par ty, who spe iks with bloody hands, (literally KuncKingolt the skin Irom Ins knuckles by heat ing his desk in his lat argument), looks like a cross between Wi ham Put and an angry cuckat os a tall, peering, wedge-nnsed, cadaverous tl-inlipp'd specimen of irascible timidhy. He walks with a ready.fiir-inaugiiratinn kind'of gaii, and, palp ably, in every ihread he weaves, has the Inw of Ins metal rope-walk fastened In the pres. idenn'vl chair. Mr Crittenden nf Kentucky, whose able crushing of this firework comet, a few days since, was so much relished by men of all parties, is a man of middle stature and plain cxienor, but with a presence expressive of thorough honesty and inevitable penetration. He is, perhaps, the most generally respected and esteemed member in llie Senate. Mr Dil las, the Speaker, (a ei deiant bclhommc) ia a mm of dignity and ability, hut with his small regular features, and massy white hair, be looks like a promoted Antinous in the chair and wig of Rhadamsnlhus. There are several very ele gant men in the Senate. Mr. Archer and Mr. II ly wood more parlicul.irly,and there are two or t tree nf llie e'der members who, seated in llie House of Lords, would really lonk picked by mture lo grace the coronets of dukes A-hley, of Arkansas, for example, and Maugum nf Car olina b-i'li men of great natural aristocracy of presence. "Mr Calhoun is by much the most singular linking man m the Situate. Grcit statesman, evcmp'arv man, and honest p it riot as he is, he looks, at llie first glance, like a phreusicd Indian prophet, breathing after supernatural conflict. lie is lull and thin. His hair and beard are grey, wiry and neglected. His sallow complex mo mid (-earned features are impressed with elf-rcliance, and a superiority more forgetful ihan di-ilaiiiful In nthers. He sits ill thn Senate like a Lucifer, wlune thoughts of rebellion had been overruled powerful and spotless, but still brooding and dread 'd. "Mr Cai-s is another of the senators nf whom von have lately heard a great deal. He is a large, fiiie-l-niking man, with the air nf one 'burn tn authority'- a stamp from iiatnrc,that has been recognised in his various past ofhees, as govern or, foreign m msinr, and senator, and in his pres ent prominence, ss a candidate for the presiden cy, ueuion, ot All. sour i, whose late unexpect ed eceasion from tlio 'Fifly-four-fortys' lo the Forty. nines,' threw such important weight into Hie peace parly, is a stiffened and rusr likeness of L mis Philhppe. Houston, late president of IVvas, is a powerfully built, breadthv, frank featured man, who looks indigenous tn a prairie. ami born to popularity with the upronous. He appears in the street, wearing loosely nn his shoulders a Mexican blanket, a premonitory symbol (say some) of the 'annexation,' upon the promise nf which he is to has his claims to the presidency. These are the senators whose iivui-s have been prominent in the late question so interesting tn England. Perhaps the news of the coining debates may give occasion for mention of others hereafter." OONOBGSS. Monoat, June 15. In llie Senate. In day after Ihe reading nf Ihe journal, Mr Allen in formed the body that he desired to be excused from further iverviceon the Committee on For eign Relation, of which he had been chairman 'The Senator's request was immediately grant ed. The rc6o!uilon offered bv Mr Hannei'.m fi. ing as the day of adjournment of Congress the COth nf July next, was taken up and after a thnrt conversation was again postponed till Monday iieai. The Senate, by a decisive veto, rejected the resolution to sit horeafier at 11 o'clock. A. M Senators having a large amount nf business to transact at the public nfliccs, which are closed befnre the usual hour of adjournment, imposing upon Senators iho necessity of occupying the morning in alleudence at the departments and the various committees. Mr Iix gave notice that be intended to ask theSen.ile to take up the warehousing bill to morrow. 'The hill making appropriations for tho Post Offiee Depart mem was again taken up ; and the discusiion on tho amendment providing for ful. filling Ihe contiact fur Ihe tnnveyanco nf the united stales man Dy steam lines tn Eurnpe, was resumed. 1 he amendment was finally agreed to by a vole of twenty. seven to twenty lour. In the linns t.llie naval appropriation bill was fitiftllu ,.! nn The tariff bill was then, bv a very decided ....... (..La.. ..n II-..: I ' 1 :. , aside, un motion of Mr. McKay, for tie nur pose of acting upon sundry amendments of k'o Hen. ale to ihe Indian appioprialion bill. A discus sion, fv nr.,;" refereuce to the bil', was com menced by Mr Culver. It is still open, but Ihe House have adopted a resolution to close it to rnnrrow. , Tuesday, June 10 In Ihe S'natk. tn day, after lint tmnssciion of the morning businesi, ho Senate proceeded to ballot for a chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relation. After fir ineffectual atttmpta lo chouse ny one by ..,, i,.tii up .nig ur,-ii rcau, 11 was ihiu a legal vote, the ballotting waa postponed till to morrow Mr Sevier and Archer received the largest number nf votes .on each ballotting. A message waa received from tho President in response In thn resolution nf the Senate seek ing information relative to the finances. i 1 1,. ii . i,,.,ierosrnl eilliri was is Ui lilts ninppax;c i , made by Mr McDowell, nf Ohio, In introduce certain reaolutioni on the subject of the Oregon treaty. The supplemental war bill was finally diapoe ed nf. The House spent nearly the whole day on the Indian appropriation bill, which Is yet pending. Wednesdays. June 17. In the Senate Mr Bright gave notice nf a hill In raise the pay of volunteers to ten dollars per mnrilh 'luring war, Mr Cass presented a memorial from artiste asking Congrcsa to purchase Citlin's pictures. Mr Dix, from the Unmmitieo ol t.onlorence on the supplemental vyar bill, reported that the iiMji'my nan agreeo inercoo, an . um u..ii- ciirrence of the Senate. Mr Msngum, one 01 the Committee, disagreed with the report, re reporr, re- earding mine of its provisions as revolutionizing the whole mthtarv service. He moved lliat the rcnort be nrinied .mil the lull be aid nn tlio la. ble. This mi tion was Inst. Ayes 22, Noes 22. A long discussion th n took place, and tho bill was shown to be in Dart unconstitutional and in- congruous. A motion to lMnne the hill until urginf ,, proprje,v antj commercial neces-to-morrow wag Inst, Ayes 20, Noes 29. I he ' ,... r r rannrlu.-,. Ihn ,n.,i.n,r.,l In Aiim 91. Nnfia 10. Mr Haywood reported the House bill ts re. trocede Alexandria to Virginia, and recommend ed its rejection. The Senate proceeded to ballot for a Chair man of the Committee on Foreign Relations. Mr Archer withdrew his name. Messrs. Wob- ster, Sevier and JUcDuffie were the principal candiilale. Mr Webster 'withdrew on the third anu jiiroevier on ine tourtn oanot. un me seventh hallnt Mr McDuffie was elected. 7'lie Treaty was referred lo the Committee on foreign notations. The Senate then went into Executive Sea sion House This beinu tho anniversary of the battle of Banker Hill, it was proposed to take up me dim providing ior me erecuon u; oi"o- umonl to he memory Oen. Warren. J he mo- j j borer. The greatest dilu tion failed. 5 i. i.:. .,..:. i.- fl ICCUIUtlUIl I IT UIIMllllir UIO AUlll WUtlltllC ui I A !..' i . . i 1A.L n( i,. i ,,. r,i... iT;,..i S3,,,.. ,,. ..i.,,,i The amendments to the Indian Appropriation
lo, . ., .... oni wero isKen up. Among inom was an ap- ins uurtiu, tuiun-u 1119 imn, anu mivii 1110 11 propriation to pay the Wyandota for certain im- borers commenced work in the morning, he prnvements upon their land in Ohio, In abandon- walked out with one of ihem, in his interest. ion t!1"' m conlormity with the treaty in a-a-t lie TliMt-lliJlH'Jlii n ncic 1. inn 1 - n. 1 i 1 . . . t . xir; tl it 1 ouuaiu mn-nuinems ui uie rusi wince iim were ihen Isken no in rommitlee. 'The same were concurred in and rcporled to the House. The printing of the testimony before the Web ster impeachment committee w as ordered. A communication fnun the Navy department, and many relating to the Lake Superior miner- ai lanUs, Irom the War Department, were dis posed of, and tho House adjourned. TiifRSDAv. JiniA 18- In the Senate, to-day, after the morning business, Mr Allen's resolu tion to abolish secret sessions was taken up, and. without discussion, was rejected by a vote of 13 lo .13. The Senile then went into executive session. The IIou.sf, during the greater part of the day, was engaged in the consideration ol the tar- ill bill. FntDAV, June 10. In the Senate, to. day, af ter the morning business, nn mo'ion nf Mr Dix. ine iviirt Housing 0111 was lanen up, -r ii ..ni.i..i ..i jfn.u.i.i, a -""-" (""" on., p, 1,1-1 no ps nf the hill 111 a siioei- i of nnwrrl nr so hour. The bill was made the special order for Wednesday next, Mr Dix having offered a few amendments. Aiier spenaing some lime in executive acs- sioo, llie Senate adjourned ti l Monday. llie lluusF. spent the day in debate, in toni inittee of, the Whole on the stale of the Union, on the tariff bill. rOBEIQN, FROM ENGLAND. The steamship Great Western, arrived at New York, on the 15:h inst. She brought out 117 passengers, anu news ten d lys later Ihan has been nereioiore rcreiveii. The President's Message relative tn the war with Mexico had reached Englind, and pro. lureil con8iuerau!e excitement in London anil Liverpool. I he l-orn Uill has passed a second readies in the House 01 liros. nv a ni.iinntv ol 47. I ho teuton market h is somewhat advanced under the influence ol the War with Mexico. The money market was dull and 'liu corn trade not imprnycil. The accounts nf the new pntatnn cron in Ire land, are saiu to uc very enco iraging. The remains of Gansevoort Melville, late U. S. Secretary nf Legalmn at the Cnurt nf St. James, have been sent ho 1 c to his friends. Prince Louis Bmaparle has escaped from prison in tne uisguue m a vvorKinan T1IR OREGON NOTICK. Wilmcr Si Smith's Kurnpcau Times says 'The quesliim of wheihemr not ihe President of the United States had given die notice respect ing Ihe joint occupation nl the Oregon territory to the British government, having termed a con. troversy in the English and American press, wc have the satisfaction of stating, upon the highest authority, that such notice has been given, and that the Great Western carries out, on her pres. ent trip, the answer of tho British government, . . 1 . 1 . ... :. f . ! wmcn we nave reason 10 uuneve, is 01 a cuuciu atury and friendly character, ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA. I'lvc Onys Later fro in Europe. The steamship Caledonia, Capt. Lott, ar lived at Boston, Juno 18, about half past 1 o clock. No events of marked impirtanco had oc curred since the deparlarc of .he Grea, Western, if wo except the progress ol Iho in- surreclion in Porl.igal. This movement had been so successful as to assunrn (he character ofarevolulion. Tho leading Minister Cabral had resigned and his resignation had been accepted, and no new government had been formed at our last advices. The Queen had not been dlsiurl""1. In the exercise of her power in Lisbon, but many nf the provinces were in the hands of the insurgents. Thero was another arrival of the Overland Mail from Bombay at London 011 the 3d inst., but there was no news of importance. American aflairs and particularly the, ",-x- istine war" with Mexico, form a topic of fre quent discussion in tho English and French papers, but no news had been received Irom this side of the water liter ihan that carried nut bv the Cambria of ihe first crossing of the Rio Urando by tho Mexican forces, and the subsequent alarm throughuot llin United Slates, and therefore the speculations of the press are not particularly applicable lo the present statu of allairs. The "European Times" nnlices a rumor that the government of ibis country has asked for tho intervention of the British government tn settle its controversies with Mexico. Il speaks of this at ,ii, hlv improbable, but cop- !..- e . i-v '1 1.1 .1... in..-.: les Irom thn l.r . Ion Herald Iho lolluwing paragraph, wiic , nnouiu. 1 it the British , government hat5'--'ntt -.-r.di.Ulon in this nianopr . ) manner The ilatemer ' 11, -de in the London uiorn ing Herald, ihat'-sirt siers have determined lo offer the nieda .lion of the British govern ment lo arrange tho iluTen nces between the United Slates and Mexico, is the most im portant news of the morning, and has excited much interest. Thn tonlion to lender this meditation vy.u communicated to the diplo matic representatives of ihu two stales yes terday, and tho necetaary.. powers. will bo forwarded to Mr. PalTcnTuiit, our minister it Washington, by the Caledonia iteamer, which will sail from Liverpool to-morrow morning. Measures will also be taken to have thu proposition made to llin government of Mexico with the least possible delay. It . imnai unnecessary lo sa v that the univer al hope is, that tin; meditation should prove successful ; for, independent of llie deiiro for a apeedy settlement on the common ground of humanity, there is great apprehension felt that if hostilities were protracted, the mari time states of Europe would run great risk of being involved in llie quarrel. I he first ol theso rumors is pretty evident ly unfounded. The latter is perhaps in tome measure corroborated by tho fact that Committee of thn South American and Mex ican Associalion in London addressed a let p.r under date of June 2d, to the Earl of Auerdoen, pointing out Hie injurious come nucnecs upon British interests of the war be . . , . ... ., !weu" ".: v" counir.es, ana requesting ine nterposuion oi tnu good ollicers ot the Urit nn government, in putting an end to it Some of the English panels which are busy in reproving the United Stales for a desire of torrimrinl mmmnilif Mmoni ur. .ir.n,,.,i,.lu J "'" """ Borneo and Labuan to tho British posses- stoni rorsign oorreiponriencrofthiHai, Park, JunnH 1846. The escape of Princn Louis Napoleon, on the 25lli ult., from Ihu forticss of Ham, cre Hed quite a sensalion here : for it was at fIt ferej he la( confor.,ed another foolish plan for scaling Inmselfon the throne, which would, at the best, cmisn llie punish ment of those seduced from allegiance by the magic of his name. It nppears that llicl'rince, having tailed In nhtain n liberation, or pa rola. to co and visit his dying father, deter mined lo profit by llie admission of a party 0 workmen to the prison, and escape rtis Hs-uiit iu wc irnjcu "us iris icvuliiiiiuii . . s . I some oi ine workmen, as a stranger: nut no neiermineu m iiliku uio niiempi, simvcu on i.:- i i i.:. I...:. i ...i .u. i.. T rpnjer (,;, disguise more complete, he ... r f., I... 1 . 1. ... 1 Linit u n siiuii ii.jiii ma ipimij un 111 ihuui i i i i e i i j u,-r '" u,,e M,,u '". na in the other a large piece of bread. These he eat while his companion gave the counter sign, and as his changed face was nearly hid by ihem and Ihe plank, walked out unsus pected. Post horses were wailing, by which Belgium was sonn gained ; the railroad took him speedily to Ostend, and before sunset he was in England, where he has been received with much sympathy. Meanwhile Commandant Demarle made his prescribed visit to the Prince's chamber at 9 in the morning, where he was met at the door by Dr. Connaii, who informed him that his patient had passed a bad night. Tho Commandant expressed his regret, and in accordance with the Doctor's wishes, sent Lway ,,, workmen employed in the next ..... ,j j . , room, lest their noise should disturb the , -., in..i:,i 4. - a " l""6 i-i.iiiuiii.c w" standing orders, lie returned, and again encountered the Doctor on the threshold, who, pointing to tlio bed. where a person anna renlly lay, said with a long face : 'Ah, Com mandant, you will not, I fear, have many more visits lo make lo the Prince, if ho is kept shut up here. I, who have attended him from childhood, should know his consti tution, and I declare that if ho is not released soon, you will only have his remains tn guard.' inon.yoii wilt ontv nave Ins remains to guard." Dear m-.' replied D,re,'l reerei'u hear you say so !' 'But il is true, and I know vnti would not liko tn be classed Willi Sir Hud son Lome. However, ihu Princn is having a sound sleep this morning, and 1 hope when Im wakes to lind lit ssa much better. This blinded die honest Commandant, and he ac tually wmto a letter to Paris, requesting llie partial liberation ol Ins prisoner; for the idea of being classed with llie ailor of Si. Hele na was very annoying. Five struck, and he again presented himsulf,saying thai this time Ins duty rendered 11 necessary for linn to see the Prince. 'lie would be delighted to re ceive you,' coolly replied the Doctor, 'but it is imnracticnblo !' 'Ilniv imnraclicnhlo V T, Doctor could not refrain from smiling -!,.,,,,,. ,, , ,i, i,j!,i found and an ingeniously constructed lav figure, made ot pillows, with the Prince s night-handkercliief tied around its head. Some say lhat llie Government connived at his escape; hut (he pains taken lo send forth telegraph despatches and set the police in motion, is a sullicient contradiction. Invf.ntouv or CAPTunED PnnrenTr. The following is the inventory of llie prop erty captured fiom llin Mexican army in the battle wliich occurred on iho 9th ol May, about four miles north of Matamoras, made bv order of Gen. Tuvlor: Ordnance and Ordnance Stores. Six 6-p.iuuder cannon field pieces. Two 12-puundcr cannon field pieces. Ammunition boxes for same, containing 49 rounds of 6-poiiudi-r canisters, fixed. Anininniiion boxes, vvnh 7 rounds of can- ' " "-Poun-e dn , b Pr cannier. ?G r"und5 C-ponnder s rap-shol, fixed, . Lumber, Willi mules and harness, belong- ,,,er,",,"J .. ... T,,ree bi,C5 of l"W-matcli and priming H'33 stands of small arms, as follows: 265 muskets with bayonets, ) 24 do without do serviceable 18 scopeltes, ) 78 muskets, broken parts, I unservice 13 scopeltes, do do f able. 100 cartridge boxes. 155, 6 JO rounds musket ball carliidges. 18 lances. 20 swords. 2 cavalry guidons. Entrenching Tools. UU shovels. 10 pickaxes. 10 axes. Means of Transportation. About 5 0 mules. About 450 pack-saddles, with trimmings. A large quantity of cabristar and mats for packing. 20 horses. 15 saddles. 3 spring wagons, with harness. 3 ox carls, with pair of oxen lo each. Subsistence. 4 sacks of rice. G sacks nf salt, 9 sacks of beans. 6 barrels nf flour. 3 sacks of flour, 2 lacks of sugar. 2 sack of bread. 3 kegs of lard. 3 stones for pounding corn. 1 sack of pepper. Personal Uaggagt of Officers. Portfolio, writing desks, canopy and oth- er baggage ol General Arista package containing orders and oflicial correspondence nno topographical sketch of route, from Malumorns to Uarita ; and ono plan or the, position of tho American forces opposite Matamoras, &c. &c. Personal hugjage of Gen: La Vega, Scc. One clothes-bag and roll of bedding, mark ed J. VV. Marlines. 4 mess-chests. 7 rolls of bedding officers1 baggage. 2 canopy frames. One chest, apparently belonging tn a staff officer, containing "Order book of Division of the North," diary of events, maps, &.C. (Signed) Francis Zeoura, &c. Misceltaneout. 16 sack of coin. 1 anvil, 1 blacksmith's vice. 1 bar of iron. 1 bag of iron axlclrees, two sots. 1 bag of mallets. 1 box blacksmith's tools. 2 boxes containing carpenter's tools. 2 bags felles and spokes. 1 hag containing jars of tar. Twn large boxes nl band instruments one containing also 18 uniform coats for musicians. 2 bass drums. 16 coiuinnn drums. 3 water ensks. 1 large copper rauldron. 10 large iron camp-kettles. 32 large I in camp-kettles. 7 iron pnls. 1 medicine chest. 3 bundles of cot-frames and cots pos pital furniture. One chest, containing officers' luggage, and 95 dollars in silver ow ner not known. The Board in making their repnrl have to add, that llie Inventory is very imperfect in consequence (if the constant additions made throughout the dav, and brought into camp and depi sited, after the pnperty had been counted bv the Board. GOUVERNEUR MORRIS, Capt. 4th Infantry. C. II. LARNARD, Capi. 4lh Infantry. BENJ. ALVORD, 1st Lieut. 4th Infantry. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNF. 26, 1846. CONGRESSIONAKONVENTION. Tlie Whigs of the Thiid Congressional District of Vermont, are invited to meet in District Convention, at the Town Room, in Burlington, on Tuesday, thn SEVENTH DAY OF JULY NKXT, nt 10 o'clock A. M., to nominate a Candidate to represent the District in the Congress of the United States. HARVEY BELL, 1 LYMAN CUM.MINGS, District ORLXNDO STEVENS, f Committee. ALBERT C. DUTLER, J SENATORIAL CONVENTION. Tlio Whijs of the County nf Chittenden are requested to meet at tho Toji Rmm in 1 ",, ,.7n f , J !ljlon. on I ULSDAV ,thcSL LNTII DAY OF JULY, at 2 o'clock P.M., lo nominate. Candidates for Senators to repre sent said County in the next State Legisla ture. LYMAN CU.M.MINOS, ) n , WILLIAM IIAItMO.V. "ny nivin L-tcn I Committee. (' . I T I IS 1 I O II 1 J June 21. 184C. DISTRICT CONYETION. Tho day assigned for this mecling was changed, for sufficient reasons, by die com mittee, after a part of our edition nns worked off, week before tho last. It was corrected las, week; but lestany should be misled by tho change, wo take occasion again lo remind our friends of llin day July Seventh, al this place. Wo hope loseo a general atten dance from all parts of tho District. Addi son and Franklin, wo are i-svnred will be fairly repres'-nled. TO FARMERS. If you want the ne plus ultra of a Churn, call on Lnvt ll, in Stetson's building, Clirucli street. From three to five minutes appears lo be aboul the average lime with this ma chine; though in an experiment nur better half made vvilh il a day or iwo since, the pro cess was accomplished inside, ol two minutes, by the watch; while a siinilir amount and quality of thu raw material resisted ihe most pertinacious efforts of an old fashioned "dasher" fur nearly two hours. Try il ; the Dairv Maid will cull you "blessed." Mr. Lovt'll has also a handsome assortment of other farm and garden implements, which deserve the attention of cultivators. THE QUESTION SETTLED. Tho Oregon Treaty has received the sanction of the Senate, and is probably on its way to England, for the royal sanction. The treaty is short contains but five arti cles, and they are as follows : Articlt I. Flies the territorial boundary between the United Stales and Great llrili la.Wrst of ihe horky mountains, on the hue of 49 degress, nil il reaches Queen Charlotte's Sound, and Ihen lliroush iheSirails of Kuea 10 the ocean, whiih gives to Great Britain, Van Couver'slsland. Art. 2 Declares lh nf vigslmn of ihe Columbia river, un 10 where it strikes the line of 49', lohefne to the Hudson's It - y Company, during the continu ance uf us charier. Art. 3. The rivers, ports and hart ors north of 49 0 to be free 10 ihe commerce; of bo-h nation-. ArM. Indemnity for ihe fori s and trading stations of the Hudson'- IIjt Company, soulh of 49, and of Ihe A me riesns north ol Ihe .ame, if any there be. Art. S. Indemnity for rriale urooerin nl rini.na or .uhjecis who may besouih.or n-rlh of 49 ,if they wish (0 retire within lluiruwh territory. Fortification or Washington. The Haiti, more Sun gives the following as a plan to forti fy Washington in case of war; "An army might be raised sufficient to keep nffSatan himself, upnn the f dlowing plan ; Let Ihe President innaunro three vacancies in any of the Departments. In three diya a sufficient number of office-seeker would arrive to swal low all the troop that Victoria could mucter, without pepper or salt. INTERESTING DOCUMENTS. Wo are indebted lo the polite attention of our old friend, IIenrv STr.rr.Ns, Esq., of Darnel, for copiesof the official papers touch ing tho christening and baptism of our belov ed Stale. Tlioy liavd never before been published, and will now be read with thrill ing interest by every indirldual who inherit! but the smallest tithe of that unbending prin ciple and patriotic bearing which animated and sustained our forefather on the occasion alluded lo. These dqcume'rits should be read in every town and village throughout the state on the approaching 4lh-of July, and a salute of one gun for each name, fired in honor of the old heroes. In reference to these men, Mr. Stevens, in his letter to us, remarks: " How hapyy I should bo if the descendant "of those named in the proceedings at Wind " sor would furnish mo with a short hiogra " phy nf their ancestors the town, i&e., to " which they severally belonged are any " oflhoin living T il so, where." This sug gestion is so reasonable and appropriate, w cannot doubt it will be promptly responded to by all who duly appreciate the service and sufferings of the illustrious men who carved out fur us the rich blessings, civil, political, and religious, wliich wc now enjoy. These papers weie dug out from among the old rubbish at Washington, last winter, by Mr. Stbvkns, and their existence is now for tho first lime 11 mile known lo thn public The State is under great obligation lo Mr. Stevens for his services in hunting up and arranging official papers and other testimony touching ihe origin, pingress, and final con junction of the struggle, which resulted in givingto the American Switzerland the proud individuality of which we so justly boast. We hope to see the state do justice lo itself, and to Mr. Stevens, by purchasing these pa pers, and putting them in a shape to make them available to the community at large. When this is done, the world will be satisfi ed that the early seniors of Vermenl were men of no common mould. For a mere handful nf men to resist the combined effort of New York on the one side, and N. Hamp shire on the other tu be repulsed, if not re jected, by the homo government, and men aced by a foreign foe, involved the exercise of no common sagacity, and an amount of nerve and energy, with which we are not familiar. But so it was. While maintain ing an open war with the neighboring states, ! they protected the whole linn ol our frontier. by keeping on terms with the common ene my, while at the same time they rcnlertd more efficient aid to the government which discarded them than either of the States alluded to. Thu official correspondence with Washington some f which is among these interesting papers-goes to demonstrate this, beyond a doubt. Rut wc arc detaining thu reader. VERMONT I-KCI.ARATIO.V. "In convention of Ihe Representatives Irnm the sev eral count es nnd towns of Ihe Ne-v Hampshire gnnia, holiteo st vVesimiiister, January 15, 1777, by adjourn ment. Il'ncrras, the Honorable the Continental Centres did, on the :h Ioy s f Juty la-r, decisis the United Colonics in -America 10 he free and independent of ih crown of Great Britain; which declaration ws most cordially acquiess in. And whereas hy the said dee Ii ratio n, the arbitrary nets nf ihe ciown are nul and void, in America, t.'onseqiienily, ihe jun-diciion by said crown granted to ihe New Voik government evif the people on the Sew Hampshire grants is totally di-solved. ItV thtrtfort, the inhabitants, on said tract of land, arc al present without law or government, and may be truly said to be 10 a stale of nature consequently a right remains lo the people on sail Grants, luiorm a government best suited 10 secure iheir properly well being and happiness. VC Ihe debates from the sev eral i-ouniics and low ns on said tract of land, bounded as tollows: South on the north line of ihe .Ma nsm-hii I "" H'1' F-"' n Connecticut River j North, ea rfinirti linn VV., t . . . 1 m is cramend, ZeZ ".TZ 1 purpose of forming o irselses into a distinct septrsi ,a.r, u.-ingniFcniiira ai nesiminsier, do make and publish the following Dtchration. vizi "1 till we Will at o limes hrreafier rn.;a.. ..... selves as n free and independent S'ate, capable of ret; ulaiini; our internal police, in all and every respect whatsoever. And thai the peopleon said Grants hate Ihe sole, exclusive, and inherent rii-ht of ruling and' governing ihenuelve-, in such manner and form sa ia Iheir own wisdom shall (hunk proper, nol inrouia tant or repugnant many resolve of the Hoaor.ble lh Continental Congress. Furlhcrmote, wc declare by all the lie. which are held sicred onion; nwi, lhat we w ill firmly stand j and support one another m this our de. Iiraiion of a Slau, and endeivoriug ss much a. in us h-a to sun. press unlawful routs and disturbances whatever Also wc will endeavor tnB.,u, to erv individual his life peice and properly, against oil unlawful inva ders of ihe same. Lf'tl'J, we hereby declare, lhal we are at all time, ready, in conjunction wiih our brethren in the United btates of America, to do our full propomon in main lamina and supporting ihe just w,r, aroinsi ihs ty rannical tnvasionsof the niim.ien.l Heels and armies, as will as any other foteign enemies, seat with .. ' J pre purpose to murder our Mlow brethren, and what ore nno .worn 10 ravage our defenceless country. The suid Slate hereafter to l called b ihs nam of Nov Connecticut." Extract fiom the minute. HtA ALI.t.N, Cirrfc, In Convention of the Representatives from toe sev eral counties and towns in the New Haaan.kirt Grams holdenat Wesimin.ler, ISth ol January Im by adjournment, Voted unanimously, Thu it i.tha ardent wish of this convention that each tow,, in this District would send Delegate or Delegates, to ihe next silling of ihisj Convention, those towns lhat have nol chose any IM.- ., and send. This Conven.ion is adjourned lo the r, ednesdaycf June next. ,0 be held .1 ,he M,in. House ,n Windsor, .1 nin. o'clock m th. mornm. KltrifM from iha v suiuuirp. IRA ALI EN, Cirri. Nin-rcident. lhat have a de.ir. to attend th. above.Conven.ion.are hereby notified rf.he m,, sad Convention was formed topou-rn the Iniernal Polic of said Di-irK, and thought pr.per, l0 fc District into a Sta-e. - in 1 STE OF VERMONT. 1 In Clcr-eral Convention, Winds, r, June 4, 1777. J H'aereo,, ihis Convention, did.',! their sriiion in Vteilminsier, ihe 15ih .'syf January last, amor other thinrjs, declare ihe dislrict of land commonly called and known by tho name of the New ilamp. shire Grams, 10 be "a free and independent Slate, capa ble of regulating their own internal police in all and every respect whaisoi ver, and lhat it ahouM bakoowa thereafter by lha nam of New Conawcrii-ut." And whereas, by nifresccidinl, or tkrough aaistakt, tho sai) declaration alone, was r-uhlitirt in tht Con necticut Connnl. No. 634, dated March Ike 17ik, 1777. without assigning ihe reasons whkh nupelled ttx in habitants 10 such separation. And tthsrsas, ihia Convtnlhn have b inforutstt lhat a dietrtt of land lying on Ihe Suauthionah Riv. "T. i.