VOli. XX. NO. M. Whole 1V0. 1003. lH!ltl lT, FRIDAY I1IOItlVI!V- SKPTE.UIlEft 18, 1810. IVHWSKKIEJS, Xo. M IllTIH TVIJ'PnW l.'Ul''!''' IMIKSSJM1"- H.linsafarm of about 200 acres -mostly ISUKIUiMt lUiN I'Kliii 1 It loi, LUMantMrnt moist, und allnrding good pastur- Br . w. c. (M.AItKi:, CJitor unit Proprietor. Tctmii To Village subscribers who leccivc llie paper by the carrier 3,0iV If paid ill ndvnnre . 2,50 Mail subscribers ami lhoe. who take il at the Office, invariably -V"1 Adverti'Ehevti Inserted on llie cuioinury tenn. From the. Milwnnkle Sentinel. a so.xii roil Tin: ti.mp.s. There once was n time, under Tarlir.ni-rulc, When the rich ami the poor sent their children to school ; When toil was rewarded and genius repaid, And little we thought of a happy l'nr.i: Tradp ! When the laborer cheerfully nikcd nl bi loom, We were honored nliroad and contented at home, And the sail of n commerce thai cauixht every lircee Old not follow lite irnke oflhe tjetts or Tin. .Si I." Rat, alas! wc are likely, o'eihnrdeneil wilh cares, To witness a gloomier state of nlfuirs, With Want, the successor ol prosperous Plenty, The inarch oriniproviiiient 11 1'isliint f.rnle ! for our Snlons in Congress, Irne Democrats had, Have gireii our " svlein' n rap on the Vtelnl, And dnnhlless ihey" ihmkitn capital plan, That I' oily should finish what i-doni began. " Down, down w ilh Protection !" the demagogue cries, And straight at his bidding prixpcrity dies, And the hum of the spindle, inacliiucrv'srnar, Will be heard ill llie w aterf.di's music no more. Yes, the partv has triumphed ! An anthem of pinisc The chivalrj-'loudly to I) ill is shall rai-e, And the "lower t'Mi jhnusan l'' that anlliem shall know. From Uynders, the eajitaiu, to lli'kman, ihe hean. Now joy unreprc.-seil llimuuhoui Uritaiu prevails 111 llie workshops of thielautl.thc liilgcsnt Wales: And the Wane shall their gratitude quiekly rejiay To Viscount .McDullie and llnoii .McKay. As for poor PeniijKania,ileriili'il, heiraje.l, Let her mourn the di:i"i"r h'T ullini;es made ; Fororiee. under iron.l Deiuociatie enntrtd, Already the iiuii hascnlered h 'r soul. When the proud Ship of Slate shall lie wrecked on ihe siiaud. When ruin shall hrood o'er n di'Sohto 1-iiv), When thf grass shall glow up in ill' sheets of our low us, And the sumhiue of 1'ortune yie place to her frowin j When we ilinj: to th" sha low of fu-iiiiie l'aiue, lien wealth h a f.ihh' an I tn-ntness a name, And men of ail el is s lit harden shall t' id. L"t mlmpe for a sav iiiij rein fin KlJIT.AIi ! AVAltK'!:. dy flr.nr.'ir. m.r.niHT. Mon.yy llii.tt lianeof h!is, and source of woe. Whence coin's! ,lhoa, that ihou alt so lutli and fine 1 1 know thy parentag- is hase anil low: iMuit liMiud tlifc poor nn.L duly in a mine. Sure thoit did-l so little contii'nile To this great kingdom, which thou tiowha-t goi, Thai he was fain, wll "li Ihou wa-t ile-titille, Todi thee out of thy d-uk c.neand giot. Then forcing thee, by lite he made thee brinlit: N ly, thou vi gui l!w f ice of man ; for we liaye w ith our stamp and seal tiati-ferreil our riht: Th ju art th man, an 1 nciii luit dro-s to tlue. Man callethtliee hi. w.-ilih, who nrid tlice lieh ; And while he digs i il tl tall- in ih.-thlih. I'oinillig uuiong lie- Mills Iv th" early p ir' of la-t month, we made a slant rcariivt ainivijr the firmcrs ol Nmv l.ob-inon nml vicinity. Our first stop wis with Mr. .M. V. Tildrv," to wlio-e hio. I ': "t"-e of .Mr. I!l'.J. A. ll.tlX. we aie indeb: d for an intrnilurliiiii to sevei.il of Hi" good larnier.-i ol I N'evv-liMvinon, Step'ifntown. &e. We give Ihe following brief notes o tiieprincip ilolij0ftswhii.il attracted our attention. Wool (Inowixu. This is carried on to con siderable extent in this section. On the farm ol Mr. Tit.t)K. anl brothers, there is a llock of 1.300, mo-tly of Saxr.n blond. We saw the fleeces of this years' clip, which are not yet sold. They are generally tif lino quality, and are put up iii very good order, being well clean-ed, and of almost snowy vvhi'oiies.. The average weiuht this season, was o ii ,, jr lleece. The Urgc.-t Heece was tli if of a buck (i lbs. The host buck, how ever, is a throe-vc:.r-nld one. bled by Air. C. 11. Smith, of T irring'ford, Ct.,tlio II vet of which weighed 5 3-1 lb-. lie i a b-iutifn' buck, and his wool is excellent, being line, ol good length, handsomely curved, white, anil of very uniform co'or over'thu w hole body, Messrs. Tildon have aluut SJO acres of land: .109 acres comprise llio home I inn, and tho re inainderis wootl and iiiouutaiii pa-tures, Tho firm is miniged clnelly by a tonint, .Mr. Nelson Tanner, who is al-o a print im nor in Ihe i-hecp anil other stiKk. Wool is considered Ihe staple product, an I no more stock of any other kind than sheep, is kept than is ii"Ce try lo inanago the farm; at present there nro kept .1 horses, I oen, ti cows, ami :i jo'ing cattle. 'J'ho oroduce of h.iy is from -JOJ toL5U tons, aiinual- Alr. Tiltlen's b.irn is snfliciently large to hold all this hay, ami at tho same time affords ample shelter lo all his sheep and oilier stock. It is our intention lo give a inoro particular descrip tion of it next nionlli. In compinv with Mr. Tilden, wo vi-ited tlio mount lin on which arn his principal summer ranges for sheep. It is an elevation of some 190t) feet above tido water; presenting a rocky surface, and rather thin, moist soil, but prodnc inir a toler.iblo muntitv of very nweet and nutri tive herbage. Itappcirs to be, on the whole, well adapted to sheep, and lh"V are generally healthy here. Tim iie.it is never Intense, and nro generally ' tut.iti.-.i nn. tlio air is very salulirioiis. w n were on mo Kiimmit at 1 1 A. M.,au I while the people in the valloy wcio sweltering with heat, tho day, ("111 Aug.,) being one of the hottest of the season we found ourselves ino-tcoinfortaMo under clo-e- lv buttoned coit-. Hut thu purity and hracin tendency of tho air, was most ilelightlul, ami witll a laiw-cupn view ol surpassing oeauiy iiuii great extent, amply compensated us lor tho toil foiiio ascent. Mr. C. W. Hull, of N'ow-Idiunon, has a llock of about 301) choice tine-wisded sheep. Ilo has oeen coiisiderahly nnteil aa lireeoer ot liuuslieep for several years, lu 18 1 1, ho received the first nrnmiiii., .... s! I,...., . ' ' ........ I ,. r. ........ ... ,7,lAi, i,ui;hs,ui 1110 0, 1 . maiu .11 3s iciy s oniiw at rouglikeepsie. Ills slurp nro of small sizPl imt (,f vt,r.. nniibrm ch iracter, aim snow mat very closo attention to Ihe quality of their wool, bus been U-towed ill lireeding. WeiliU not see us woo it li ,.t ii. J.... 11 at Kintlerhook ; we believe it has heretofore sold for about (10 cents er lb. Hi, l,.eces nre, how ever, light, averaging this season but l! lb-, ilo. ve woitlil suggest to Mr. Hull th., ,.:, endeavo ...g to uiereaso the weight of his Heeccs r i ti.,. I il u f . ii ii" l1K'r,r,''"y "' With cf,l.liimice-es,x.clall just alii "C, heen shorn - but homo of them nnnear to I., . bull shorn , iiiithouio u im in np iear to lw ex. rt. tin . iMitti ns to i tiauiv oi wool aim sin,.., DaIKVINu. -An eamiilo of very prulitablo olll.a lairy management was shown u, on thu farm .Mr. ll.tll,(w hose ii.tuio w u h.t o alwv o iiienlionvd) i.onvil) Inge, lie Hoops 'Jl cow?, (or miner n.is mat number in milk-wc think lie 1 1: some dVj cows.) , lie mikes butter, w hich is sentrog'itlirly to llos- ........ I. II.. l... .... ...1.1! 't..l lull IWICC a WCCK. lie lliis uii rMiiim-jn.il til tomerfor it in that city, wlm takes the who! lOiniT lOr 11 111 lOill 11 V, W II" IHIIC- llll- W IMIH-, 1 ...,.t..n..-. .nrli i. iii-li-n n ilu' nunlitv mid ilm state oflhe market will justify. Tho nvemgo lis vc.tr Ins been twenty renls peril). It is put i!o,vn in firkins, w1ile.li linkl 20 to 25 IIh, raeli. Tin; firkins nro made of well sctoned spruce, rleirof sap, firmly imttoorllier,nnd noullv turn ed, in the inanner of wlnl are called the .Shaker peils. Tliev arealloutlier atieatiirlielo. Thev are iilitainecl in llo'lon. and in wo lliulorutood, are mannfaelnreil in Maine. (ironnd roek-sall is used at tlio rale nf about one oz. of salt lo one pound of lmtler. This kind of salt is considered hotter than any other, nnd fur preferable lo the western silt. 'If tlio hntler is ile.iiiieil for lono.l;eepin', a small quantity of lo.if-snirar, (say half an onnen lo Ilm pound of lmtler,) is added to Iho sail and worked in. No saltpetre is now used at any lime .former prac tice havln;: demonstrated iis n-o1osnes, if, In deed, it did not actually injure the hnlbT. Tliorream is chnrnod while it is sweet, or el f irthestloforc anjthiny morethaii n very uyri feriiifnlilion occiirs. Ureal care is taken to exliacl tho hntlermilk, and for Ibis purpose iho butler i llioionolily woikeil with a. brake, ef somewhat similar coiisiriiclion to the ones do., crihed in our June nnd August nimihers. 'J'he cream and the Iniller are kept in a refrioerator. In connection wilh Ihe dairy, .Mr. I bill keeps swine to .rood advantage. They are fed with the skimmed milk, with some vegetables, peas, and a little fjrain at the la-a period of f itleninjr. 'I'h"y are kepi wholly in pens, w ilh small yards iitlached. for the purpose of makin'in muni, lie sold last year over 5:10(1 woilh of pork. This year he lias adopted a ilill'erent course which will piove more pmlitahle. I le sends oirhispijrs i i. railroad to l!n-lon, when Ihev will wib'h from Ml lo 7.i pmiuds each, dre-sed, anil irels for llieiuai iinglilon, eigm cents p,,r pivnul, ilcau . weight. 1 Im is Hi.' eniuve except with a lew gtown hogs, w hirh are designed lo in ike pork I I. iv home rimsiimtiliim I 'ii- 1 i , Mr. 1 1 ill s cows are, evidently good milker-.-- Iheyiiie mo-lly of tin; coannon breed ol Ihe I ada-hol Z mrham U-lo i,U hein ao ,, 'i" a inclu.ling hovoriI heifers only two je-"'- "Id, iverageda loiinlsan a fraction per week, in J il o I- s on grass feed only. .Mr. II. i- conl:-i dent lb u lhevrwill this voir' reach of iiuii in it nev win nn-. ji.tr rc.icli .in.m r.ge ol , liearn -UU m-. to c.iencow. 1 wo s.oiiiii ii no mei uoneu in too proper eon- neclu n, IliUt Hie cniiriung is ilono I y lior.-e pow er lroin lill to 7.1 H)iiuds boing chin noil at once. The churn lued is on the model of (lull's, and the power i- a horizontal wheel, on w Inch tho hoiw stands. The winter food fir tlio cows is chiefly h.iy ; though it has heretofore been .Mr. I kill's practice 10 give them some potatoes towards spring, lie ji'ol'erst'm n,!atooto any other root, but since il 11 h been so ui'icli injured by the rot, the carrot has Itocn re-iiried to as a -uh-!ilnle. It seenis to be the general impression 1 1 it the carrot is the best root to take the place of tho pot.itoe in feed ing stock ; in this we also concur, and are grat ified lo see Iho cultiiio of this vegetable extend ed, wit. l'ro"i llie Cnliivnt r. Slice 'ssful CMrueniiiv Produce ol'One .'.ere. The capability of our soil is but partially uu ders',od. With skillful niaiiageiic nt, it ni'iy lm m i l l lo yi,.. Kro it burtl.e.u nll l rofit lid' -i-turn-, whvie gixiil iii.iilictsareii.ii '.i:V. A l'-.v ihiys -'nice, a p-rson (I am not allowed lo (!'ui. his name for e ir bis landlord will rai-,. his rent!) gave me tho followingastho produce of one acio of land within one mile of the capital, in IS 15. The soil is a tenacious cl.iv, and h is been culli- valid as a canton for inanv ears. but never con- siilereil rem irliahlo lor its lertilily. It iiiu.-t b" reiiieinberedlh.it prices ranged high I i-l year, which will account for ihe great aiu'l lec ned for the articles, viz.. in round munlier.-: llll) bushels polatoes. sold at Is. :ti do com in the ear, lis. 50 (10 It! '(Ill M 50 I t7 1 Oil l! H I l!l 00 PJ (JO 1(1 (111 J(i III) ii.) );i 8 ilo do do do onions, .s. carrots, :). p.irsneps, -s. boets, Us. 81)1) cabbages, 3c. llorK! radish, sold for Fruit do l'igs fed on refuse of garden, S-'(i7 !i:i No inauuro was applieil except what was uiaile by the pigs ; lull the "real produce is n-- by the pigs ; bul Ihe great product) is its. cribed to tho use of oster-shell limo. at an ev - ,. ,,l ,,,m .1. II .-...l nn.. ..., ..... r...l . ii u "i "iiu ... iii.i tin. nn Hill.. HI H'.ll llll lias been pretty exteiisitely used, and tho landt liavo li 'en nearly ipiailrupleil in value in enn-e-, p:eice. lit advertising a farm for sale, ns a ie-1 cimuuendalion ,,ma,n,mutoflin.rc,o,,,yap (Hied I- p irliciilarly set lorlh, as well as the prux- unity or liuieslone. I Ills not I'oni'nilk- Iftirm'n I lu.tir.,,,. 1I...1 ..I , kiln for burning oysUr shell lime lias heeiMTec- ...hi.:.. .. i rf . . " 1 ' ' 'V Vw vi;lrs 11,0 "V11" Jrt ofthe iii) o) .nr. nameriini nuns, wlicro It is aliord- ed at six cents per bushel. 1 am iiilormeil bv the proprietors that their1 ...liu lei,,, inn,., , ,- . . i";""i in n 1111 lr, s lies h no liicre.ise,l very coii-iderably lor tho , past year, und their future iirospect is ouito ll.it-1 tering. .Many ol our farmers have been exper iinentiug with lime, and appear well ...III. II... . . .. I itie.iseii wuu its operation, rsevoinl thoiisaiii lave been taken down the river to enrich Iho "isiiei-. soil, and itis hoped lh.it thoo who have tried il, .elinllier n. 1'. , 1 .,, I', , 1 ...111 iniinie.ito the rc-ults through the ineilium ol tho ,.. i.i fin ..--I iii ... innili , in, nin I nin- Lultit.itor, lor the U-nelit ol others. There is one fict that has been communicated I I . .1. .1 I.. i . .1 10 nie, w niciiis roiireiy new , 111 regaril 10 1110 ac- t Kill ol lime, ninl tn it is, Us in a lime soil or limo region, i ellect.s nro greatest ,, c .1 : v "M 1' ' 1. (y. .. UliMli.Nl, account for this ? Ilem'iif Am-rk-rin Il!el, i Mining, .ho,'. 181(5. Ctrr I'lowxiis. Asyouaru fond of having llowers in your room, as your garden is fir from r i tn" .1 "i.. ..1..1 ... i how to prcseno cut llowers as loi.o s possible. Tho mo.,t simido rules are, not to put loo mmy !h Z?'' m''''! '"" """" " , 1 wal,'ri ,",llt iHmuih as cm bo e isily taken uii Uawvoii ilm rr,.ii,r,.r ..,,,1 ilm ,.r ,t... ', . --,. oiiiinu, put into ti,o glass every t mo the waler s changetl, will preserve cut llowers in all their an I.. ..,.- ... . . . ... : I of (thuttt., conmJmi nZoin 3. hn tbreoyears. "It was wmide'rfui," ho K.ysWosee 'B liiy-rchart, how the ground would hcue and swell after 'phut stiered theesale ihrough council and tm,loir; every rain." Till Trance's hhuing lurch was buried in the Loire I l.'me, fur agricultural purposes in this'seclion, ,,.,. ),a, (r rival Itom. bat Pylla ; hi- not been very eten-ive!y ined. Judge Duel I Vci, sirip lb" classic gihliug Irom the name, tried some experiments w'ith tho lloldfrbcr" Wh it wus hi Ia7y hie, Ins II nan villa, stoiui lime, Iml could never iKTceivo any lunch-1 h'- S.'ii.ue.craviug lor ihe bread ol fhanie, cial lesul.s from its applic tiou, and .1;, alundoned its use. I'mhihlvif lie had tried it in I (,,,. was the longerninl the harder game -a clay soil, the results would have been ilill'erent. When llurope'sibroiies were made the lonibs of kings In l'ennsvlvania, Delaware and Maryland. limo politics maul !l turn lo wedding-rings!" ly tho tamo elllct.butisnotquiiuioellieavioiu. lViin the Cultivator, llomcily liir Smut iit Wlicnt. Mi!, TucKnil. Tn ascertain tlio most olTec liiD remedy for pintit in wlio.it, wo tried tlic fol lowing expeirinonts in 1811 : Ton snii.trn rods nf sandv loam land wri divl- ,, '. ,, , ,, , , ded into six equal bods. Upon rack wo sowed three - fourths of a quart ofwlieat. Xo. 1 Sown wilh smultVL'rain. Yield, 21-2 uuart", I Jim limit bill lo 1!J !jraiiis. rvo. 2, fsnwn Willi smutty pram, or nillicr, u very few halls of smul,lhc frrain lieingqmleclenn. Yield, I) 1 -2 quarts clean pruin, and u pint screcn Inps. One unul lull lo HiS Trains. , No. II. Smutlv jrrain washed in limo waler and brine. Yield, I 1-2 qts. clean grain. One smut hall lo 170 firains. No. t. Kinulty irrain washed in lime-water and luiiie, and plastered. Yield, -I qts. clean grain, f liio mint hall to 71 ''ruins. No. Tj. Smutty grain washed in lime-wnter and brine, nnd limed. Yield, 7 qts. clean one gill screenings. One smut bill to 1 120 grains. No. (i. Smutty grain washed in lime-water brine, and ley, nnd ashed. Yield, 7 qts. clean, one pint re rcoiiings. One smut ball to 8KJ grains, and Ihe largest growth of straw. Soaking wheat in brino and liming it before sowing, wehive found lulu; usgnod a preventa tive iioaiii-t smut as any which we have used. 1). II. V. Tho waler in which potatoes have been boiled spiinkled over giain, plants, ic, completely destroy-all insects in evcrv stage, of their c.i.t once, from lheeL''rto tho llv. Cnmmonwcnlth. 1'ranl.fnri, (fly) Troiii the London llritnnnia. a m:w pii.ynkt. Till", MODIIIIN OULANDO.-Caulos 1. to VII. f olhiirn. This unik conn sal a happy time lo silence llie re- tirnacli thai 111., soirit nf nni-lrv li:it lii.f.ii .nniliori..l l.v st"ini Ijvrry one will acknowledge here the risiiiL' ol a new siar.deslinetl to move wilh brilliancy in an nihil of its own. " I h" Mmli-ni Orlando" is by turns sinking, picturesque paile'tic, winy, ami grand, nnd ol-pla)s 111 nil llie Hue soul of genius originalily. Shoiildil l-iiltnheeoiiie popular ilcaniiiilylH-from one ,H,.c.n ., ,vf,.a it ho u,i,lli,...j. ,Uih ncer- lain da-s o!' rcadcti the iilwenee ef oeisonahtv anil lliongh, all veins of poc,ry,,d ,,en i ,,ere is true nhilitv th. ie will neverhe wanting novel-. ty in stvl, ami suhj.-a . , 1 "rh" idt;a of his production, nnd the idea merely, ,llr "nter is indebted to Ano-lo. His hero is n travel-, vf hmn ,lnVl.lir , llc.m f,,si,i,jni,y mi nnd by ' sit nnhimt, hy yacht and hy pi.st-cliariot. All his ml-, venluies arc ol llie chy.nil his iharaeicrs i. the time. in Umiihrrli.i:his ml!,r. rniul-oW hues, am! his) I 1 14 1) 1111 nl tltllll llt'f 14 Ml( tihlll nf I'dtif 1 1 1 en lit noi ' Siiln.-ct th.. I'viitliia nf Ilu. minute h i-i ntt a iitllt -urpri-'inn lh.it tlio erof tlic youni; writVr -lioull ilisplny tin tiuNli nf ttint of u ctenm ptift. Tin' vnrornl linlhouuht ui IminI in hand with i'.k inu-tc nf hi- rhviiu. llv h ni(h r careless nor htl n cil ; a -lnvciily hnc, nr n ful-ecni!t'iici',iie it slips liiiui in iK-n. I wile cvpreinn ki'iih ki nnitin him whatever his ihmc, however changeable his nl t Hint one is tempted to think the stam-a lie, manages wit i to inueli tu-o lui'l grace must lie lus i-verv - I i- Ian Mia-'e. 1 i-uingim lunus.an I passing rapuMy irom grave to ' gay, inir " ( irlan.lo k-cs some ol.jcis Hull call tortli si'iious relI,-( lions, some lliat move him to suiilcsnnd ridieiiic. In Paris, tin city of strange contrasts, he liads food i Hough liir his arying humor. The char acter of the capital is splendidly struck out in a single pluii.a . " Varis, thou simile! ihmg. of all things strange ; Voung h.'auty, supi'rannui.led tint ; True In on-, h " .dove, and that one, change ; (llilteiing, yet grim; half diamonds, nml lialfdirt ; Thou inoili I in Iwo i miles ami nn shirt I Thy cotut thy kingdom, mid ihy lil-, a game ; v'oru out ith age, and ct, l,y time unhurt ; I.i.mt wjiltu.it lustii .glirf-y'wilhoultum... Mailh's dul.ea plutuic tel in eJllli's most giidea fritine." His visit to ropt'iiulilcau ninl tho picture gallery of llie pal. ice, oruw i.iriu llie powers in ms saicusui: wu, Here lire a couple ol o portraits: Mot.ir.r.r.. " h-i-e isthatvi-age, sportive, vet severe: 1 ha i hi) ot laiuhler, vet tho-" piercing eves: Thai blow so blight, yl careworn! Ah! .Molieru! 1 see the band that sirij i -d thosimlv di-gui-e, I'orecil monks lo led, and monaiclis to he ; Dal cd the couit wlu-p.T, mid Ihe Jesuit's kmte : Vi-t (all m honor, all that we de-pi,) Leading, po ir lo'd.llll ulirn-benpecked life, And ilyitig on the singe ! Verdict 'A da-hutg wife !' " T u.i.i: KAxn. " One place is vacnut, winch but our can fill, I'rmee iifimperi.il ciaiismen, Talleiraud ! Where is thy cold grey c)e, thy visage chill, Th siieciiiig lip, thy smile supremely bland I Thou fir-t and last of that imperial band, Who swindled niouaiclis, mohi, ami all mankind ! Thy craft, so sweeping, that 't was almost giaml ? Tliy galley niakiugway wilh every wind, l-htuinitig all rocks ninl shoal-, yei nrrer left behind I Yes ! 'iwas ilehjhlful, horn thy features placid, To see such lire-llv i-paiks n satiie dart ! The wiia ilroo ' A lla-h of h'hlmii', kilhngwiilioui smart ! I ileum pure pruie ueiu i , , " ,, , , .. ... l cil me, uiini man in oniiu w loiiuii a uean 1 11 presence pervodesall roiitainbleau, but epcci , , ., , llMMUEn' Where Europe's lord was lumhled Irom his throne :, VViricsiunds his couch; ihe table, hid in gloom Win. re liis own nalhil Innen siifned his doom : The chnir.m agony ol spiru scored : kuiii.tiiii.rr nsk mil. iririf i-liiiut- iv Innili I TliVhoaMulsrimnl iwem or c.nuoa roared. Jhtc w s Nupek oil's louib : Aeicvaiii.-hcdciowiuuid sword! - .. i i- . . i I nin not 'iihiyui.' moralist j' and yet, Where basil,,, world u i.-neher-like thai bn-t I hy,slmll ihe lu art through half uiiiitiirv Ircl. - 1 Stnke life, and love, and pence lo turn lo dust I l.ll.i. lfil. It lllli.litl' ll-f.i.i ti (l..,,i 1., tl.n... ' .,., ":.""', vf? ; : , i ie-ns.ru nun iiiiiiii ui ii. iuii.iiiii u smtcsi ll'lowlv. lake iiosteiilv on trust. Drciuu drciims, lauld ensiles iimm winds ami waves. And, niter ailhe down tinning earth's wormy graves," 1 he l'roveiu nl lells ru all to mind another clinrnc ' dr, baldly less celebrated : , .Mii,Anr.AU. Xhw ri.' liefireine the I'lonmeal hills t 1 .1 . e ,.11, 1. , .. 1 1 1 1 10 , 1 nory in unveis, 1 uniui-e 01 f ranee here wine Irom every highway hedge distil,, And hi'-s sole lahor is, losing nnd ilance!' lor 1110 1,1 """ of romance ! The morning cuts jour uiidritl'with the llitr ! Noon bums your cuticle, mid hlinds your ulanec ! The in enuig dews j our very henrt-v eins freeze ! Night is despair the reign ol l'haroah'splaguc ofll Ami !, I pais'.l, to we ilu old chateau j Now Iml a iKnp of ivy-iiutntleil stones j The torlresmil thy f.ilher's .Mirabcim ' Thou man of contradictions ! prop of thrones. The monarch's bin ling ; )d the rabble's king ! 'l''"''''"" . will. se.n.s lor theirsireH:' I pheHame iiiidHorn, but wonder ol llieir age ; vv'lnixiu f ihe siivaue mid the mure : Ycl, the not marrow in reneiiiou s isuies ; - .... .. . . ....'..: , 1 '' h"n' "rr 1 , ""u -"'?""" uliul' A"."""1 AmM w'"' ""ulJt,l,1 "a"ulls V wmre : w ho cni-licd them clay I T!inc nrc llie tribe whoso niiion is, lo teach, Not lenm , interpreters of fate to men. ' Instinct, their thought their tongues, of mighty speech Too fiery lor the slow performing pen. There never rushed the lion from his dell, Housing the ft irest echoes witlrhis roar ; Moreinnikeil by nature for the light; than when This trilie their way to sanguine triumph lore, Ixaving the world in doubt, to dread ihem,or adore." From the IMinghurgli New Philosophical Journal. Arugo on tho Weather. Is il possible, in tho present slulc of our knowl edge, to foretell what Weather il will bo nt a given lime and place I Ilavo wo reason, nt nil events, to. exnecl that tl.M problem w ill one d iv bo solved 1 Jly Mr. Arago, Perpetual Secretary of tho French Academy of Scien ces, iVc, &c llngagcd as I urn, iioth from Inclination and duty, in meteorological studies, 1 hao ollen asked myself if we should cverlm able, liy n re ference to astronomical considerations, to de termine, a year in ad.-.iuce, whnt shall Ihj the state, in a given place, ol the annual temper ature, tho Icmpel-aturr-if each mnnlh, tho quan tities nf rain compared,", ith tlio ordinary menu, tho prevailing winds. &c. I have already laid lieforo iho readers of the Annuaire Iho results of Ihe investigations un dertaken by tho natural philosophers and astro nomers, regarding tho influence of Iho moon anil of comets on thu changes of tho weather. These results clearly show, in my opinion, that the Influences of lin'th these bodies arc almost insensible, ami, therefore, that tho prediction of tlio weatlier can never lie a lirancli ol astrniioniv, proiierly so called. And vet our satellite and comets have, at all periods, been considered as preH)iiderating stars in meteorology. Since the publication of these opinions, I have regarded the problem in another aspect. I have considered whether the operations of man, and occurrences which will always remain lioyonu the raniro of our foresiolit, tmi'bt not Ihj ot such nature as lo ninthly climates nccmenuilly, anil ill a very sensible manner, in particular with regard to temperature. I already perceive that fiefs will aii.wer in the allirurilive. I should have wished, however, not to publish this rc- ult till after I had tim-hcd my inve-tigatious ; ' ' talwI-W tn Im'e Iributed to me, both in Franco and in other countries. Never has a word escaped my lips, ., . ;...,, . ln ,i, r.,,lr. Jhicb I' hue cither 111 priv.ilo or 111 tlio cour-e wliltli 1 Ii.ul delivered for upwanls of thirty years ; never has a line tiillilished witll mv con-ent, authorized anv ll0 to iinaL'ino it to bo mv oninion that it is
... . - . i P"" ' tlio pncnt rtato ol our knowledge. to UIIIKMUICO. Willi :U1V (lCffrcO o! CtTtUinl V, Wlmt weather it will bo a year, a month, a week, I shall even add, a single day, in advance. .May tho indignation 1 havu felt at seeing a multitude of ridiculous predictions appear under my name, not con-train me. bv the force of reaction, to jrhe all exaggerated degree of imtiortanco to ,h(1 ,jtrhiLr causes I have enumerated ! At . i , i : ..!... t . : i-.. i present, I Iielievc that I am in a condition to ile- oncu iroui mj iiucshhiuioos mo imjionaiiL re suit which I now announce. liatever may bo tho progress! uf science, never will observers who aro trust-worthy, and careful of their re putation, venture to' foretell tlio state of the weatlier. I reK'.it, that Iho readers of the Anniiairo ought not to expect to find hero a complete in vestigation of the problem-which I have taken up. .My sole iutentioji is tf lay before them a few facts, which, taken inronjucxllon with those which I shall analyze ill a second notice, ap pear to tno to lend to tills conclusion. ll hrcei) irhnt litinls t Mmn Ti mjrtturrii of tcirs nml Mnnlh tan in our climate. The meteorological state o( a given place, is much less variable than those would lio led to believe who judge of it by their personal sensa tions, liv vague recollections, or the condition ! of the crops. Thus, at Paris, the moan tem perature of years ranges within very narrow I limits. ' The annii'il nioiiii Ipiiitwiralnrn nf l'aris. from I80G to lSJli incliisiie, has liecn enual to 10 . 8 centigrade (I I c . I l'ahr.) The greatest of i annual means does not exceed the general mean by moro than 1 c .3, ('2 .3 V. :) the low est of the mean annual temperatures has lieen tounil Ih'Iow tlio geneinl ineanonly hy 1 - .1, ft! - . .0 1'.) As far r.da.ns to ineaii' in, nm, I temperatures, systematic meteorologists have, . . . . therefore, no need of foresight to predict only slight perturbations. The causes of disturhanco will satisfy all the phenomena, if they can pro- luce, more or le-s, l - ,5 ol centigrade varia tion, ('2 - -7 V. It is not the same willi regard to llie mouths. I'ho differences between tlio general means and the pirtial iiieansextend, in January and De cember, to 1 and 5 centigrade degrees, (7s to ii - r.i lu foiisoiiuencc of these variations, if we compirothei'Xtreineteniter.ittiresofcach month with tho mean or normal temperatures of all the rest, we shall lind : Tint the month of January is sometimes as temperate as the mean ol the intuitu ot .Miircli. That Iho month of February sometimes re- semhles the mean second lortnight ot April, or the mean Jir-t fortnight of January, That tho month of .March sometimes resem bles the menu of tho month of April, or tho second fortnight in January. That the mouth of April never reaches the toiuiiemturo of thu month of .May. That llie month ol .Mav is preity ireuiieniiv. in the mean, warmer than certain months of June. That tho mouth of June is sometimes, in the mean, warmer than certain nioniiis 01 ngn-i. l'hat tho month of August is sometimes, 111 tire iiie.111, slightly colder than certain months of September. 1 hat the nioutii ot rcptenmer is sometimes, in thu mean, colder tiiau certain moutiis ot October. . . That tho month of Octolier may lie, in tho mean, nearly 3 - . (0 w . -l r.i colder than cor tain mouths of November. That tlio month of November may lie, in tho mean, about .5 1 . ! (uliout 11) 0 . F.) colder than the warmest months of December. That the month of Dci'omlier may bo, 111 tho mean, 7 - . (12 0 . (i 1.) colder than tho month 01 January. Disturbing ciiutc of 'Verrcftrial Temjvralvre irnicn camun or jorernii, Tho atmosphere) which, on a given day, rests upon tho sea, becomes in a short time, in mean latitudes, tho atmosphere of continents, cliielly from the prevalence of westerly winds. Tho atmosphere deiives Its Ieiiierature, in a great measure, from that of tho solid or liquid bodios which it envelopes. Kvorythlng, therefore, which modifies tho normal temperature of the sea, produces, sooner or later, iwrtiirlntiniw in Iho tcinporaturo of continental atmospheres. Are theso causes, which may sensibly modify the temvraturo nf a cou-idcrablo mrtion or tho ocean, placed for ever lieyoml tho foresight of man J This problem is closely connected wilh Iho meteorological question have undertaken to consider. lel us onuouvur to find tlio solu tiou of it. iM one can uouni mat 1110 Icc-liehls of tho iirtiiciiuiv -mo IIIU1IVH9U union bcab exert a marked infliicnec on tlio climaten of F.urope.j In order to appreciate in numbers tho Importance of this influence, it would ho ticrcssany to lake iuln ncfotint at once the extent nnd position of these fields ; hut tlicso two elements, nro no va riable that thoy cannot bo brought under any certain rule. Tho eastern coast or tircctilaml was in former times accessible and well peopled. All of n sudden an impenetrable' barrier of ico inter)sed itself lietwcen it and Kuropc. For many nges (ireenlaml could not ho visited. Aliout the year 1815 this ico tmilerwciu an extraordinary iireak iinr nn. Iiecame scallered In asoiilherly directi'in. and left tho coast free for many degrees of lati tude. Who could ever preilicttlial sucn a ih- iooatioii of the fields of ico would lake place in hucIi a year rather than In another I Tho 'tloatim? ico which ouiiht to art inn-t on our climates, is that known by tho llngllsh nanio of ice liergs. Thoso mountains ol ice romp from the glaciers, properly so called, ol Spitzliergen or the shores of lladin's Bay. They iletacli themselves from the general mass, wilh a noise like that of thunder, when tho waves have un dermined their base, ami when tho rapul conge lation of ruin-water in their fissures produced a sufficient cs'pansicmJo iiiovottbcp JitiC masses and push them forward. Such causes, mid such effects, will always remain boj'ond the range of unman loresijim. ( Those who remember the recommendations , which tlio guides never fail to nUe Untiu no-lto lirnaching certain walls of ice, and tho huge masses of snow placed upon the inclined ridges' tlio surrounding countries were siibiected. The of tho Alps ; tho.-o who have not forgotten that. 1 Sables d'Oloime. for example, and the ncighlior nrcordinirtotlioalfirinationsnf these experienced ins districts, six loaoues in circuit, formed dur- mcn, thu report of a pi.-lol, or even a mere shout, inav priHliico Irightlin caia-iropnes, will aoree i in the opinion I have just expressed. an intcn-c cold of 10 degrees centigrade (I I z Iceliergs ollen descend without melting, even ' l'1 ( interiupted all agricnllunil operations in the to pretty low latitudes. They sometimes cover' districts whirh the liver travcr.-os. In the Sa inimeiise spaces: we may therefore suppose' hies the weather was mild; this little canton es tiiat lliey sen-ibly di-turb the teniK'raliiro of , caned the frost. certain zones of the oceanic temierature, and The following is a still more extraordinary then, liv means of communication, tho tempera-' fact than the preceding, for it takes place. over ture of Islands aim continents. A lew- instances of this will not be out of place. On tho Ith October, 1817, in tlio Atlantic Ocean, Ki 3!) north latitude, I upturn I Jean fort fell in with iceliergs advancing southwards. 1 On the 10th January, 1818, on the west of (ircenspond, in Newfoundland, Captain Day- mont met with Uniting islands. On the billow- ing day, the vessel was wi lirjset with ice that mwiutlet ronhl bu seen even fioin the ton-masts, Thu Ice, for Iho inn-l part, roe iilsmt II ling-1 li-li feet nlmvc tiie water. Tho vessel w as car- ried southwards in this manner for twenty-nine d.ivs. It iliscni'aoed itself in 1 1 37' latitude, lli'O leagues east of Capo Itacc. During this, singular imprisoinnetit, Captain lJ.iymont notic - cd upwards ol a liumlreil iceliergs. On the 28th .March, MS, in II : fill north lati tude. 53- 13' InnL'titiidi) west of Paris, fan- tain Vivian felt, during the whole day, an ex - ces-ively cold wind blowing Irom the uiirtli, which led him to suppose that ice wis ayproach- Ing. And, in fact, on tlie following day, he saw a multitude of Hunting i-l.iuds, which'occupicil a space of upwards ol seven leagues. ".Many of these islands," says he, "were from 200 to J50 Knglisli feet high above tho water. Tho brig Funchl, from Creenock. met with a space of upwards olseveii leagues. " Many ,, i,. , ' . . . , fields of ico on tw o dillerent oceiisio, s, , K.r passage Irom St. John s, Nowfiiundland, to Scot- land; first on the 17th January, 1818, :,t the li-tanco of six leagues liom the part she had lr.o . nml tiflnru-nri ... in I in satin, iiinnlli. 111:1. Ill that CoUlurv recour.e has heen hail. Inr an .-" '1 .1 t.t ............................. , - - - . .;. .' ,, 1 ior iiru iiie-ieniciti , nut to o iIm'o a titu.lc -J7 311'. Tho hrst held was upwartlsol explanation, to tho buriuiig of forests. The j ; i con-h'e. three leagues broad, and its limit in a northern l ifts do not always appeartongroexactly with ,. '.' .. ,?.. ,:, ,.- T , " . , diri ct 011 could not lie seen. Tlio second, like- mis supposmoii. 41ms, on me 11, in October. wi-o very extens ve, hailiiii iniiienso iceberg m l ', aiii'teiioc, clonus oi sucn obscurity cov- : ... ' ' , " . itse,,tre 1 crc.1 tho shv, that 't w onpos.,il,lo, rvon nt I lmnd autographs as apothecaries make up On tho' DOtb March, 181S, n sloop of war, : noon, to see in what direction ""- ;- s. j J'h-S: 1 liiVVZ:7--"iil-.,. 1 li-i "i?t .-"i1-1 iVLV"'? The riv, pas.e,l between two largo islinds of The-e clouds covered n -pace of 1J0 leagues Ilm.t.r; jf for .1 specimen 'orhH llo.iting"icein degrees of north latitude. in length liy b( hro.ul. Ihey seeuieil lo coino 1 1., y(nhl piobahly h no sent a pl.i-tercast Onl!d April, 1MIS, hieutenint I'arry met from Ubr.idor, a country-Very thinly wooded :; ()fit. King Ceorge tlio 1'oiirth and the Duke of With iceliergs in .12 20 of north latitude. I and they presented none of tho ch iracters ol j Vorki Um lt.ir .lulo,rr.1),s wpro rCfll,es,te,l This year (1815) the Kngli-h vessel Itoehe-1 smoke. I for a kcep.-ake, royailv favored the applicant fort continued enclo-ed, at the end ofApril and, On the 2d Julv, 1S11, clouds similar to the , wit, H)n(, , lbvW Kn.rlish exercises. begiuningof.May, for twenly-one coll-ecutivo alsivo surrounded some ve-sels in the open sea NVilh r(1.inl tf) lnv mv mrticular practice, I days, in a mass of floating ice, which ran along on their way to tho l iver St. l.ivvrence. 1 i v0 ortt-ti traced an nuto.miph with my will thebink of Newfoundland, advancing to the great ob-curity la-ted froiu the evening or the ;i, r .,ick on the sea-satuC I also seem to rc sonth. d till lho i.lternoon .if the 3d. member writing one will, my fore-tinger on a 'J'ho sea is much less easily heated than the , U H.h regard to the object we have here ill (lltv ,.,1,, an, am Uy ;m(, j C0JM Jq ;t land, and that, in a gieat measure, besuu-elbo view, it I- ol little mi.rt.inco whether we a.-- ui,- t!0 p,lu,ke ofa candle on the ceilino-. I wuti.r is dianbanoii.s. 1 li ervtliiut'. tberefore. cnlie these cloud-, cubo as Ihey are ol com- i -...,. .,.ii,i.,.. nt 1 ... .11 :i.t!i.i """ I, . . .. 1 which can-es the diaplmneity to vary con-idcra- blv, will prmluco seli-ible changes in tho tempo- ratureofthe sea, immediately after in thu teiu - ! ner.ilnre of ice oceanic atmosphere, and. some- .1 .".r.i... .1'. wnai later, 111 me leuijH'niiiiru 01 ine coiiiiiieiuai ilmo.-pbere. Do causes exist, indeiienileiitly ol what science discovers to us, which may inter fere with tlio transparency of the sea to a greiu extent ? Iettho follow ing Iv my answer: .Mr. Scorcsby has shown, that in northern regions, the sea sonielimes assumes a very ue cided olivegreen color ; that tin- tint is owing to to Allien.) that it was ascribed to tho matter lie-,n,.,lii-:i. nml other minute iiuiiiialciilii! : und thai 1 longing lo Ilu) tail of a comet, which, it was al- wherever the green color prevails tlio water po... scsse.s very little diaphaneity. Mr. fScore.shy occasionally met wuu green bands, which were from two lo throe degrees of latitude (lid to Ml leagues) 111 length, and Irom III to 15 leagues broad. Thu currents convey these bands from 0110 region lo another. Wo mu-t suppose tint these do not alwiys exist ; for CapUin I'liipps, in the account of his voyage to Snitzberren, 111 ikes no mention of them. As 1 liavojust einieu, me green nun oisupie portions ol the sea imt-t Ik'Coiuo liealeil In a manner dillerent from the diaphaneoiis parts. This is a cause ofv.ir'ution in tho temperature ... .. ..1 ..t-,. I... ...1 . ..I..: i- . WHICH call never noeiinjccicu 10 1 aiciii.uioii. e can never know lieliireliatid whether, in such and such a year, lhe.-e countless in) nails ol aintual- culai will Ihj more or less nrnlilic, nml what will be tho direction ol their migration southwards. Tho pho-phorescenco of tho sea i- owing to to iiiiiiuto iiniiuals of tho medusa kind. Tho phosphorescent regions occupy largo spaces sometimes ill one latitude, sometimes 111 another. Now. as the water of the pbo-phore-cent spices is quite lurbid, and as its diaphaneity is almost pivtin.lv destroved.it may liecome, by ils abnor mal heating, a' cause of notable disturbance in tho temneraturo of tho oceanic and continental atmospheres. Who can foresee tho intensity of lis cnuso o Iliernnc variation ( who can ever know beforehand tho place which it occupies J l,ot us suppose tho atmosphere immobile, and orfectlv clear, l't us supioso, moreover, that thosoirit.u everywhere, in 1111 equal degree, absorbing and emissive ptoperlies, anil the same r micit v for heal : we should then observe ihroiiul'ioiit the vear. us the effect ofsolar uction a renol.iranil uiiinterriipled series of increa-ing teninonitiires. audit corresisiiidiiig series ofde creasing teiiqiiTatures. Kiicli day would have ils iabloteiiusoratures. L'nder every determined I ol. the days .d" the maximum iuid minimum! .' ,, 1 .:. .1.. .i. I invan 011 milt of heat would mi resnectivelv the same, This regular and hypothetical order is di-tur-lieil by tlio mobility of the atmosphere ; by clouds mom or less extensive, and moro or less perma nent ; und by the diverse projiertiesol'tho ground. I1UI11.U IHO Ull'llllllllll, Wl Ill-Ill I -H.-HIIH. ,11 ,llt IIWI i !. ..r.i ... .......11, I .....,., .li.t,. - Ill.ll llv.ll III ,1 II , IIIW.I.I.., ..I,.. Ilillc, . (lie, in - , - ' i "III bing causes do not act in tlio same way in every W -' inust.tlierelure.exfvct that thu drying up place, weiuavexsH'tto see tho primitive figures' kike will modify Iho climate of the neigli dill'erently inoililusl ; to li.nl coniunilivu inc.' l'"iit region; and that a vast iiiiiiid.Uion, itris qualities of tcmjieruliire where, from the iialuro '"'(.' h"" iho iuiexi'ted ruj.turo of a Ivarner, of things tho tno-t (lerfect equalily inlght have " ill producu fur a tuno an opHi.-ito cllecl. been looked for. i If any one should exclaim against mo on Nothing is better calculated lo show the ex- s-'ciug mo register causes, each ol which, lakeu tentoflheso combined dUturbing causes, than ''.v itself, does nut stem cipible of piuduciugn Uic compatision of mem ejiochs, indicating tho ery yreat ellbct, my redy would he We have maxima and minima temperatures in difiereul places. The followingnrn soiiio of the result: .Maximum, .inimmini St, Oolhnrd, (in years,) Uoine, (III years,) Jena, (IS year-,) Petersburg, (111 years,) Paris. llth A. Sliblice. ",. JgJl alter 1st ice. Clh Aug. Bill Jan. 1st Aug. tlil Jan. aid July, rilh Jan. ISlh July. 1 Ith Jan. I Ifi ! IS days alter ) tlii- soUiice. I II II clays nlier the soMiep. pi ( Id days after I llie sol-lice. 2j .'i'ldaysallcr (SI ycar,) I he solsiiec. o localities, Theo dillerences heloiiL' lo Hut when concealed local circiuii-tances ex ert so much Influence, is il not natural to think that the modifirallons which thev receive from the hand of man may sensibly alter, in the. in terval of a fewvears, tho meteorological type ol every town in liiirope ? 1 have shown (hat local circumstances wlich are latent, or at least faintly characterised, may exert sensible and constant inlliioncea on Iho manner in which tin; maxima and minima nl temperature are di-tribaled in tho year. When science sluill bo nut in oos.-esslon of exact ami comparable inetcrnlogical observations, made simultaneously in ilill'erent places; when Hies" observations shall lie rrupulou.-lyanil puhcioiis. Iv ili't-esleil. wo slw.ll vorv prnbablv find licit cir cumstances nl locality will occupy a much more prominent place in science than natural phiheo. poors seem now iiiseo-en in aiiriiuiLu 10 iiieui. It would not bo dithcult for me, at this moment mention circumscribed districts which have completely e-caped the severe colds to which ing the winter ol 1703 and I'll I, a kind oftlier- tnai oa-is. i ne.iure was iro.eiinear its mourn year. There is in Siberia, M, lirman Ins informed us, an entire district, in which, during the win ter, the sky is miisliintlv clear, ninl where singlo particle of snow never falls. 1 urn w Ming In overlook thopertuibations of I thu terrestrial temperatures which may be con- Heeled with a greater or le- abundant emi-sion of light or solar licit, whether llie-o variations ofeinis-ion depend on the number of stsits w Inch are accidentally sc iilerei! over the sun's surface, . nr whether they origin ite in soineotlier unknown i cause; Imt it is impossible for me not to draw i the reuder.s attention to the ob-cu rations to which our atmosphere i. from time to time siib- 1 ject, witiioir any as-igninie ruie. ine-e on- scuration-, liy preventing the light and solar heat from reaching the earth, inn-tili'turn considera bly the course of Ihe sea-ons. 1 Our atmosphere is oll"nocenp'od,nver specs , ol con-uleraiiie extent, ny siili-tances vvlncli lna-: tonally interfere with its transparency. These j mailers sometimes proceed from volcanoes in a, statu of eruption. Witness the immen-e col-i umnot asiies wmcn. in tlicyear lor.'.alterji.tv- ing been projected from tlio rr.itfr if Hn s.Ianil St. Vincent, ton great height, caused at mid- ' day a d.tiknuss like that of night in the island urnnof ashes which, in tlicyear lSlU.alterJt.iv - i ii , .i ., ,i,, -u ol I rbadoes. lhe.-e clouds of dust appear, horn lime to time in regions where.... volcano exists. Cana- ila, inparlicular, is siiliject to sitcli phenomena, , . I , , , .1 , i .1 I (iletely ob-tructing the solar ray-, to the burn - mg ot b.rests and savaiiu.ihs, or to ein in.itioi.s , from the earth. I heir formation, and their nr - rival ill a given place, will remain equally hi 1 ii.,, ,.r...i;..i;.,,.. ,.r . i..,. ...n... n... ... ... .-..vm..,. n.,, 01 icinper.iiure, me meteors 01 every kuiu which maybe caused bv these clouds, will never Im pointed out belbieh.iud ill our meteorologif.il al manacs. Tho accidental darkening of the air, in 17(15, embraced so elen-io a space, (from I-ipland leged, had mingled Willi our atino-phere. It is "' ''l0 question to maiiitain that an ace idem ; ","' ui niiiuippnere, wmcn enaonii n-. for a period of nearly two months, to look at tho sun nt mid-day with llie naked eve, was without intliiriico 011 lerre.-trial teiniH iatures. Forests cannot fail to exercise a -ons'ihlo in th. once 0.1 tho tonipcr.itnte of tho surrounding reoions : liecauso. or ex imnle. snow remains there for a much longer time than in llie oien I country. 1 ho destruction ol lore-Is, therelore, ought In produce a iiiodil'.c.itiou in our climates. In given iu-t.inces, what is llie precise inllu encesof foro.sts,ostiniuteil by tho centigrade lliei ino.neter Tho question is very romplicateil, and has not hitherto l.cn solved." lu all very mountainous regions, the valleys are traversed by pelindirnl diurnal breezes, par ticularly seii.ihle in .May, June, July, Augii-t, and Septemlier. Theso breezes ascend tl 0 val leys, fiom seven or eight o'clock in tho morning to three or four in the afternoon, the lime when thev reach their greatest force, and from four o'clock in thu morning lo si or seven in llie evening. For the mo-l part Ihey blow "with the force of a decided wind; they must, therefore, exert a sensible iiilluence on the climates of the countries w hii iillo around tho-o valleys. What is tho cause of the.-o breezes F.very tiling concurs to show that tho cau-e is to lie found in tho manner in which tho solar rajs warm llie central iuis where the-o valleys in itiate. Suppose this iuass to bo naked, then you have a certain olivet ; substitute tufted forest for arid rocks, ami the phenomenon will assume another character, at least witli regard to inten sity. This is one of the twenty ways in which the clearing of woods ntfects climates, lieforo put ting Ins bauds to tho task of arranging his pre- dictions, Ihe manufacturer of almanacs ought, mercloro, to enter into a correspondence with all ilm mini .cullers ol everv coiintrv. all tho wood-cutters of every counlrv. In North America, tho interior of llie contin ent does not enjoy, in the Mime latitudes, tlio Mime climate as the coasts. II y tho inllueiicu of 1 ikes, ibis dill'erenco disappear-, witll ro-oct to nil the points where tho di-tanco from these - - , . I I I - ! irreat masses of water is not consideralilo. to con-ider an iulluenco as n whole, and in every case the orturb.ilioti.s which it is our object to explain, lire far from being to extensive as the public supposes. According to Howard, tho Men ti temperature1 of lmdoii exceeds thai of Iho neiglilroring country, uIkiiiI it Centigrade degree (1 5 . 8r') The diflerence between Iho two tcniicraturc is not the same at all seasons'. As Ari'iwnAril. Thomas food, beinir an plied toby some curious impertinent for an an' tograph, "complied wilh the rnpiestas follows! ".Sir lam much flattered by vour request, and ipiit: willing to accede to it; but, unluckily) you have oiu'ttted lo inform mo of the, sort of thing you want. Autographs are nfm my kinds. Some persons chalk them nn walls; others ins scribe what miybn Culled aulo-litliographs, in sundry colors, on llie Hag-slonrs, tjeiillemeit in love delight in carving their Holographs oil the bark oflrees; us other idle fellows are apt lo bark nnd hew them on tavern benches ami rustic seals. Among various modes. I have seerl a shop-boy ilribhlo his authograph from a tin of w.ilrron a dry pavement. Tim autographs; nf the charily hoys are written oil large sheets of pajwr, illuminated with engravings, and are technically called ' pieces.' The celebrated .Mis Itillin used to distribute aulograph among her vi-itors, which she wrote with a pen grasped between her teeth. Another, a (h'rinan pheno menon, held the implement with hi toes. Tho .Man in the Iron .las; Scratched an autograph wilh his fork on a silver pi ate, and threw it out of the window. Huron Trenck smudge on? with a charred stick: nml Sihio I'ellico, with his foro finger dipped in a mixture of soot and waler. Lord Chesterfield wrote autographs on win. ilows with a diamond pencil. So did SlrWalter Italeigh and Queen IllizaMh. Draco, when Themis requested a few sentences for her Al bum, dipped his stylus in hum in blood. Katlst used the same lliiid in the autograph ho liartered with .Mophistopholos, ''l0 I0,r,.Ws write their Shp irgotua backward ; and omo of tho Orien tals u-ed to clothe them in hieroglyphics. An ancient llgvptiau, if asked for Ids nutograph, tare' of what .Mrs. Mala i ro i calls 'An allegory ,, tI, l,,.,,, of the .Nile.'' Aster, the archer, volunteered an autofrninh ami sent it ban-r into PliilipV right eye. Some individuals are o chary woiim iroinoiy nave sen lo llie collector a pic- 1" . II.. .I..V- . .... ,. 1 of their handwrilingas to bestow, when rcipiest ed, only a mark or cross: others more libeial ly adorn a specimen of their penman-hip with such extraneous nourishes a- lt cork-crew, a serpent or a eircinnb"iidihus. not to mention such caligraphic fancies as eagles, ships and swans. Then again, there are what may bo called .Mo-aic autograph i.e. inlaid with coc-klo-.-hells, blue and while pebbles, and tho like, a lime gravel walk-. Uur oraiiilmothers work- ' 0,1 their autographs in canvass samplers; and I 1:te seen one vvrought out w ith pin,' heads on a luifo white pincushion 1 tlius: welcouc sweet DAr.r.V. MApVi'nw, "When the swecthen 1 rr-r,.,L.j-te-il liis -tutivrrmh i namelv "a coiin'o i n.ln'p ,J, '',0' re.,ij,j t' , W,1CU BW0ClIC!lrt or Jr, joIm j.mlt and explained what it of lines or ,-o, with his i ... ii, nu ic-oiicii uini ne won ii leave it to llcr in hi, m, rJm .M hmv u was iMono with L,mirm.,t.rnii i hi-left arm ' j i,lV0(,,,,, , ' ..,,, .i.... i ..I i , ... i .. . . . - , ,, r. ',, , ' -tranger Ing how i i i, ". ,i i , , i II..II, mil rviiiL-uiiiij; inl- ,i n.- , l.ll -C 1 1 UIIH 'H 1 . ,,, m.0 ,.. children with a thread of tr(, u,0 ,m (.ii0-T cr nt-t duinpliii". Then it ,nvi ,nL. vvil, vt.,rPt;,hles My "little girl drew iier autograph tho other day in 'lnn-tarc! and cress. Domestic servants, 1 have observed, aro fond of scrawling autographs on a tea-board with the slopped milk. Al-o of scratching them on a solt deal dres-er, Iho lead of thu sink, and, above all, the quick-ihersido ofa looking-glass-a surface, by thu bv quite ir.vi-lihle to any ono that can write, ami doe- not bite his nails. A friend of mini' p)s.,e-ses nn autograph -'KK.UEMiih.t Jut IIo-kivs' done with a red hot poker on the hick kitchen door. This, however, is aw kward to hind up. Another but a young lady possesses a book of autographs tilled just like a tailor's pattern liook with samples of .'tuli'aud fuctiau. The foregoing, sir, are but a few ofthe varieties ; and the questions that have I occurred to me in consequence of your only na ming the genus, and not the species, have lieeit innumerable. Would the gentleman like it short or long, for Doppeldiekius. llie learned Dutch man, wrote an autograph font friend, which tho latter published in a quarto volume. Would ho prefer it in red ink, or black or supiMso he had it ill sympathetic, so that he could draw me out when lie pleased 1 Would he choose jt on white, ptperj or tinted, or embossed, or on common brown paper, like .Maronct Hi's Would he like it without my name to it as somelsnly favored mo lately Willi his autograph in tin anonymous letter I Would ho rather it were like Cuv Fau's to Lord .Monteiglo (iut Spring Ilice, in a feigned hand .' Would he relish it in tho ari-tocratical stjle, i. e. paitinlly or totally ille gible .' Would lie like it in case lie shonld'iit like it una slate ! With such a maze to wan der in, if 1 should not take the exact course yon wish, you must blamo the short and iii.-ullic.ont clue you have mlorded inc. In the mean time, as yo'u liaej not forwarded to mo a tree or a table, a paving-stone or a brick wall, a look ing glass or a window, a (onboard or a silver plate, a bill stump, or a l.tek-kljchen door, I presume, to conclude, that yoif want only a couiumii jvii-iiik-sind-iacr autograph ; and in the absence ol any particular directions for its transmission, fofin-t.il.ee, by a carrier pigeon or ip a firo-halloou, or set adnlt in a bottle or porwagou or favored bv .M r. Wnghnrn or by telegraph, I think the "liet way will bo to send il to you in yni', I am, sir vour mo.t obe dient servant, THOMAS HOOD. Hatiii'.u Sevt.kk. The llaltimoroAmcrican, a -iht that usually judges very correctly, says: The luthorof the two million Message, and tho velnei of Ihe Spoliationf llill, when ho finds his true level umoiul the public men of the coun try, vv ill discover no ono lioneuth hint; in com jiarison, Jolm Tyler will Iki reckoned a States man. A I.ixuutsT. A gentleman was remarking In the presonco of soino rustic tlio other day, that ihe Italians lud no'-w" in tlieirjaugusgc. "How then," enquired ono of iheiniSj they inaiwjo to tjioll wagon 1"