Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 18, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 18, 1846 Page 1
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Vol.XX. ISo. 27. Whole 10. 1010. BUKIilXJTOW, FRIDAY IVIORlVIXtt, DECEMBER 18, 1840. NEW SERIES, No. 85 BURLINGTON FREE PRESS Published at Burlington, Vt By I) V. C. CI.AIIKE, EJitir unit Proprietor. Termsi To Village subscribers who receive the paper by tne earner If paid in advance i.Wrih,rs nn.l those who take it at the OUhe, invariably 2.00 Advertisements inserted on the customary terms. Dickens' New Work. DEALINGS WITH TIM FIRM OF DOMBEY AND SON, Wholesale, Kctail nnd (or Importation. BY CIUHIES PICKENS. l'mt 11. 'Continued cHArrai vi. Paul's Second Deprhatinn. Polly vv.a beet hv so miny misgiving in llio morning, that but for the i;ice.ant promptings of her black-eyed companion, slit; would have abandoned all thoughts of the expedition, an.) formally petitioned for leave to see number one hundred and forty-seven, under the awful shadow of Mr. Dombey's roof. Hut Susan, who was personally disposed in f.ivor of the excursion, and who (like Tony Lumpkin) if she could hear the disappointment 01 otner peopio vviiu toicr tlio Gardens nt n run, nnd bouncing on Jemima, changed babies in a twinkling ; to the unuttera ble astonishment of that young damel, on whom the heir of the Uombey's seemed to havo fallen from tlio clouds. 'Why, Folly !' cried Jemima. 'You ! what a turn vou into given mo I who'd have thought it? 33,00 ; come along in, l'olly ! How well you do look to s,3u I no sure I J ne cniicircn win go nan wuu 10 tee you, l'olly, tint tliey will. That tliey did, if one might judge from the noise they made, and the way they dashed at Folly nnd dragged her to a low chair in the chimney corner, where her own honctapn!o face became immediately the center of a bunch of, smaller pippins, all laying their rosy checks close to it, and nil evidently the growth of the same tree. As to Folly, she was full as noisy nnd vehement as the children ; and it was not until sho wns quite out of hre.ith, and her hair was hinging all about her flushed face, nnd her new rhri-tcn-in" attire was vcrv much disheveled, that any ..." ..i .: .i r...!.. v ...... : KlllSC LOOK p.HCU 111 COllHI-IUIl. I J -11 she allowed no weight to it, and they resolved to go 'a little round.' Now, it happened that poor Hiler's lifo had been, since yesterday morning, rendered weary by the cotiimc of the Charitable Grinders. The youth of the streets could not enduro it. No young vagabond could bo brought to boar its contemplation for a moment, without throwing himself upon the unoffending wearer, nnd doing him a mirliicf. His social existence had been mora like tint of an early Christain than an in nocent child of the nineteenth century. He had been stoned in the streets. He had been over thrown into gutters j bespattered with mud J vio lently flattened against posts. Lntire strangers to his person had lilted his yellow cap ofT hi hcad,nnd cat it to the winds. His legs had not only undergone verbal criticisms and revi ling, but had been handled and pinched. That very morning bo had received a perfectly unso licited black eye on his way to the Grinders' es tablishment, nnd hid lieen punished for it by the mister ; a supcranu.ited old dnnder of savage cy so sacred to humanity, and so salutary in its effects upon our political Bjslcm, wo should ne ver bo induced voluntarily to depart. The existing war with Mexico was ncitherdc- sired nor provoked by the United States. On norof the country, and Insure ample reparation to our injured citizens." The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives made a similar rocom-1 cording to the terms of tho conrention !- T- ,t..t. ..... ,l... il.. il n.. . . - l t r. . . J I inuiiuuuuii. j ii iiiuu i-ir.fik, u..:t r,,.y Miai iney ' "iier uiu imai awarus tor litis amount uau claiments, was a liquidated and asccrtaine 1 1 p' of human liberty, that "the sovereignty of tho debt due bv Mexico, about which there cou'd be h's the contrary, all honorable means were resorted " fully concur with the President that ample made, the Mexican government akcd for a post to to avert it. After years of endurance of ag-1 causo exists for taking redress into our own poncment of tho time of mnkiug payment, nlleg gravatcd and unredressed wrongs on our part, i Innds, and believe that vvc should bo justified in mg that it would be inconvenient to make the .Mexico, in violation oj solemn treaty stiptiln- I the opinion ol other nations lor tuning such a payment at the time stipulated. In the spirit of tho smallest Tuodlo but one remained in her lap, i disposition, who had been appomt-d schoolmaster holding on tight with Lithiums round Irr neck;, b'cau.-o lie did n t know any thing, and wasn t while tlicMinllestTnodlo but two mounted on the 1 I'd for nny thing, and for whoso cruel cane all back of the clnir, nnd mule desperate cll'ort, with one leg in the air, to kiss her round the cor ner. chubby little boys had n perfect facination. Thus it fell out that Biter, on his way home, sought unfrequented paths ; and slunk alone by l.onk ! thorn's a nreltv little lady come to see nairow passages and back streets, to avoid his vnn'cniil I'nllv: '.mil m limv unlit she is! what tormentors. Jteinir compelled to cmcrire into a beautiful little lsidv, ain't .-ho 7' j the main road, his illJbrtuno brought him at last This reference to Florence, who had been where a small party of boys, headed by a fcro- standmg Iiy the door not unobservant ol what nous ii.ui.i; uuie.ier, were ijing in wan lur miy I ....I ,1... nil....!.!... nr tl.A .... .... ' mo.1 IIS nC nlea nv,,ilnmnnt llml mirrlil Im i. pusst'il, Ulll-ULL'U lily ill ll -num. ui i.kj juuiim-i , , . ....... ........ ...w,. ...... ....j. able fortitude, could not abide to disappoint her- .,,lc,P. toward her: and had likowise'lhe ban-' Pen. Thee, finding a Charitable Grinder in the self, threw so many ingenious doubts in the way v edict of leading to the fnrnnj recognition of midst of them uniccountably delivered over, of this second thnught, and stimulated the ongi- jcS Xjnper, who was not quite fre from amis- as it were, into their hands set up a general nal intention with so nuny ingenious arguments, giving that -die had been already slighted. I yell nnd rushed upon him. that almost a soon as Mr. Dombey's stately , 'Oh do come in and sit down a minute. Susan.! Hut it o fell out likewise, tint, at that saw back was turned, and that gentleman was- pur- , please,' P!lid Foil v. 'This is my sister Jemima, time, l'olly, looking hopelessly along the mid suing his daily road toward the city, his uncon- i,ja a, Jemima, I don't know whit I should ' before her, after a good hour's walk, had said it tenuis son was on his way to Stagg s Gardens, j elerj0 wm, mysulf, if it wus'iit for Su-an Nip. i was of no use going any farther, when suddenly This euphonious locality was situated in n-iper; I shouldn t bo here now hut for her.' she saw this sight. She no sooner saw it than, uttering a nasty exclamation, and giving .Master Dombovto the blac!;-eycd, she started to the res cue of her unhappy little son. Surpri-e,like mi-fortunes,rarcly come alone. The astonished Susan Nipper and her two young charge', were rescued by the bystanders' from under the very wheels of a paing carriage be fore they knew what had happened ; and at that moment" (it was market day) a thundering alarm of '.Mud Hull !' was raised.' With a wild confusion before hor, of people tions,and of every principle of justice recognized ny civilized nations, commenced Hostilities ;and thus by her own act, forced the war upon us. Long before the advance- of our army to the left bank of the Rio Grande, we had ample cause of war against Alcxico ; nnd had the United States resorted to this extremity, we might have ap pealed to the whole civilized world fur tho jus tice of our cause. I deem it to bo my fluty 'tc. present to you on the prosent occasion, a condensod review of the injuries we had sustained, of the causes which led to tho war, and of its progress since Its com mencement. J lil is rendered the moro ncces step. Hut they aro willing to try the cxpen-. forbearing kindness towards n sister republic, mentor another demand, made in tne most so-. which .Mexico has so long abused, the United lemn form, iiponthojustlcoofthc Mexican Gov- States promptly complied with her request. A eminent, before any further proceedings are I second convention was accordingly concluded adopted." between tho two governments on the 30th of No difference of opinion upon the subject is, January, IS 13, which upon its face declares believe to have existed in Congress at that time ; that "this new arrangement is entered into for the Executive and Legislative departments con- j the accommodation of Mexico." By tho terms Stato resides originally and rscnti.illy in ths no dispute, and which she was bound to pay ac-1 gencal mass of the individuals wl.o crmroso nrention. Soon i it- to tne government under tins constitution, as well as tint under the tederal constitution, the people of Texas owed allegiance. Lmigrants from foreign countries, including the United States, were invited bv the coloniza tion laws of the State nnd of the federal govern ment, to settle in Texas. Advantageous terms were offered to inducothern to leave their own country and bvcomo Mexican citizens. Thi invitation was accepted by many of our citizens, in the full faith that in their new home thoy would bo governed bylaws enacted by repre sentatives elected by themselves, and that their lives, liberty and property would be protected curred ; and yet such has been our forbearance, of this convention, all the Interest duo on th" I by constitutional guarantees, similar to thos and desire to preserve peaco with Mexico, tint i awards which had been made in favor of the .1 r ...I .t ,!J .- I -l-l l .1 .1. uiu wrongs oi which we men conijiiaiiieu, aim uiami-iiiis miner mc convention oi me eicveniu which gavorifCto these solemn-proceeding?, not of April, 1SHI), was to be paid to them on the only remain unredressed to this dav, but addi-! thirtieth of April, 1843, and "the principal of tional causes of complaint, of an aggravate 1 sarv. uecnuseol tlio misnppreiiensions which r.hameirr. l,m-nnt-r t..... ,,,i ,i; hive to some extent prevailed as to its origin and Shortly after these proceedings, a special mes scnger was despatched to Mexico, to make.afi true character. The war has been represented as unjust and unnecessary, nnd us one ol ag gression on our part upon a weak and injured enemy. Such erroneous views, though enter tained by but few, have been widely and exten sively circulated, not only at home, but havo been apread throughout Mexico and tho whole nal demand for redrew, and on tho 20th of July, 1837, the demand was made. Tho reply of the Alcxico Government boars date on the twemty ninth of the same month, and contains assuran ces of the " anxious wish" ofthu Mexican gov ernment " not to delay the moment of that final world. A more effectual means Could not havo, an I enilitabln nrlinstment whirli is In IlCetlueviseu lO eiicuunij;u vuuiuj aim pro file said awards and the interest acruitig there on, was stipulated to he paid in five years, in equal instalments every three months." Not withstanding this new convention was entered into at tlio request ol .Mexico, and lor tne pur vvMich existed in the rrpuUic which they had lelt. Under a government thus organized thoy continual until the year 1835, when a military revolution broke uut in the city of Mexico.whicn entirely subverted the federal and Stalo consti tutions, ami placed a military dictator at tho head of the government. Bv a sweeping decree of Congress subser vient to the will of the dic'ntor, the several pose of relieving her from embarrassment, the i ite constitutions were abolished, nnd tho claimants have only received the interest due on the tliiilieth of April 1843, and three of the twenty instalments. Although the payment of the sum thus liquidated and confessedly duo by .Mexico to our citizens, as indemnity tor ac tract the war, than to advocate and adhere to ments, their causo, and thus givo them" aid and com fort." It is a source of national price and exultation that the great liodyofour people have thrown no such obstacles in tne way oi me government tho existing difficulties between the two trover n- kuowledged acts of outrage and wrong, was se- nts."' that "nothiniT should he left undone cured by treaty, tho obligations of which are ev which may contribute to the most speedy and or held sacred by all just nations, yet Mexico States themselves converted into mere depart ments ol the .onlral iiovernni"m. i no pcoplu of Texas were unwilling to submit to this usur riation. Resistance to such tyranny became a high duty. Texas Mas fully absolved from all allegiance to the Central Government of Mexico, from the moment that Government had abolished her State constitution, and in its place substitu- equitable determination of tho subjects which I has violated this solemn engagement by failing I ted an arbitrary and despotic Central Govarn Li..- . ... v.. . r- .i i r.. . ...i !... , Tl... .. ..'ment. nave so seriously cngagco mc aiieniion oi ine,"n n-'iiianiy uj umtu mu jnn;iii. .-- twi American irovernment :" that the " Mexican I instalments duo in April and July, 1811, under ment. Such were the principal causes of tha Texan i h- governmcnt would adopt, as tho only guides for . the peculiar circum-tances connected with them, I rev,nu.m. i u- penpi- oi i exas at once deter r. .... . . . tJ i. i i . i i... ... . it-iil ..., i tmnen ntinn rei;:in.-e. nun l.o.u !r nrm, it. ' .ii '. , t! xv. ;. .. , am uo su uowii .iiss dipper, n you picasc, quoth Jemima. Susan took the extreme corner of a chair, with a stately and ceremonious aspect. '1 never was so glad to see anybody in all my life; now really I never was, Miss Nipper,' said Jemima. Xitsm rnl.avinrr. tnnk n little more nf the chair. ingl'aul, of course, and Susan leading little j nnj Mnjlej graciously. Florence by tho hand, ond giving h"r such ierks j .)o uti0"your bonnet-strings and make your- a-nu puivcs, irurn unic 10 nine, as cnu tuuaiui.ii.-u sen ;ll i,nme, .Miss iMpper, i)lca(!, entreated Jc suburb, known by tho inhabitants of Stagg's Gar dens by tho name ol Camuerling town; a des ignation which tho Strangers' Map of London, as printed (with a view to pleasant and commodi ous reference) on pocket-handkerchiefs, conden ses, with some show of rea-on, into Camden Town. Hither tho two nurses bent their step8, accompanied by their charges; Richards carry- it wholesome to administer. I The fir.-t shock of n great earthquake had, just at that period, rent the whole neighborhood to tho centre. Traces of its course were visible on every side. Ilou.-es were knocked down; streets were broken through and 'topped ; deep pits ami trenches dugin the ground; enormous heaps of earth and clay thrown up ; buildings that were undermined and shaking, propped by great beams of wood. Here, a chaos of cart--, overthrown and jumbled together, lay topsy-turvy at the bot tom of a steep unnatural hill; there, confused treasures of iron soaked and rusted in something that had accidentally becoma a pond. Every where were bridges that led no where ; thorough fires that wero vv holly im iasible ; Babel towers of chimneys, wanting'half their bight ; tempor ary wooden houses and enclosures, in'thc mo.-t unlikely situatiuns;carca3es of ragged tenements, and fragments of unfinished walls d arches, and piles ot scalloii!Mig,.imiwiiiK'rne tl, ciir..i)tttfnlli' l.nt l.,in!:i. 1..-. .1.- ..:..:l r ..t.l! I l,it-n tionn nkenmnd lie Pmtmt Sllltes Mill! ill inriiuii iiiv i"ii r-i.i... ji ..... mux. in LUIIUIIUI, inu i 4 Ill-si in 1 CI m hiuiil.o.'v .v.. j ..... v. ...... .1,1 -i I -..I'.- . 1 "i i i i . i. ., ' . .. J ,i ! .i!.-i I ... i . i l... .,;i ' tll3 niulst uf the.e niuiortiint atuler.itini nvpnt ngut, mo sacred on canons imposed ny interna- untinip'u w i imiuus , uut mv .. . -- .. , ; ... , .. ... .. ...1, ..r...l 1 1 however, tint ill it lint Tnt tr. n::irf, llintr l,h.r- I1UL ill! ,11 inv.ii , v , ' . - . . . . .Ii..,i.n tlii,iiiciilt-n Ii, lie ntnineiltlv Ililtrintie nnd ready to v indicate their country s honor and in- tional law, and tho religious futh of treaties, , J. ... 'rl. -I !... I i . e i.l juu auciiij unu ami mat" vvnaievcr reason ami justice may oic-1 forests at anv sacrifice. duo t)V .Mexico, iiiil this is have j list cause of complaint nromntness with which our volunteer iorces tato resnect nir each case, vv bo done. The , remedy lor tlio claim nits wlioso cases wero not . 1 . . .. . .1 . ll ' s - . . ..... i e .1 M.l 1... .1. . I..!... y s can, prove assurance was lurther given thai ine decision oi i.Ltiueu nv me jumi ci rushed to the field on their country': To provide ases wero n commission undsr tho Con- not only their patriotism, but their deep comic- the Mexican government upon each cause ofj ventioii ot .prii u, is.i'j, it was expres-iy stip- ';,... .ni. ia inwt. 1 rnrnJlnl f..- ,t1i!i.l rmlrnua It.irl lirtnn ilom I niloil. ' til at Oil bv t 111! si.Vtll article (if tllQ CoilVCntiOll (if I The wron"s which we hive suffered from s'lould bo'commtinicaled to tho government of the thirtieth of Januarv, 1813, that "a new Mexico, almo'st ever since fIij became in inde- the United States by the Mexican minister at convention shall be entered into for the settle-j pendent power, and tho piticrt endurance, with which we navo oorno mem, arc w iuioui a pa railed in the history of moderi. civilized nations. Thero is reason to believe lint if these wrongs had been resented and resisted in the first in Wiichini'ton. ment ol all claims of the government and citi- These solemn assurances, in answer toour do- " ,"."P hu,c" "P"'"1 h0. "'V. . mand for redress, vveredisregarded. Hv making ' '" A,c"'. w.,,,c" V- ? "n'i" . ' . 7A ., i...: i.,.:n.tfrii n,,!..l.,. i.ilu cuiiiuus inn, w hich iiiei in me cuv ui uii' 1111., AlilS-5 11 I l;i , IM1..V-';, Ullll U. 111.11 Wt- J - , , . I , .'v.. ...v...vv - ... I am afraid it's a noorer nlacc than running up an 1 down, and shouting.and wheels sUince, tho present war wight have been avoided. you're used to; but you'll mako allowances, I'm running over them, and boys fighting, and mad ()no outrage, however, penr.itted to pass with hUre ' bulls coming up, and tho nurse in tho midst of impunity, almost necessarily encouraged the The black-eyed was so soft"ned bv this defe--' !l" these dangers being torn to pieces, Florence perpetration of another, until at last .Mexico entiil behavior, that shu cauMit u'n little Miss 1 screamed and ran. She rau till she was exhaust- seemed to attribute to vveakuess and indecision Tuodlo who was running past, and took her to: ed, urging Susan to do the same ; and then, j on our part, a forbearance which was the oil' Jlinbiiry Cross immediately. But whore's my prettv boy V said Follv. 'My pior fellow ? I c mie all this way to see him in his new- clothes.' 'Ah, what a pity!' cried Jemima. 'He'll break his heart when ho hears that his inotlierhasbeen here. He's at school, Follv.' Gone al read v ?' stopping and wringing her hands as she remem-, spring of magnanimity, and of a sincere desire bared they had left theothernurse behind, found,, t0 preserve friendly relation! with a Bister rc with a sensation of terror not to be described, i public. that she was quite alone. , . , I Scarcely had Mexico achieved her indepen- '.Sustn! Susan! cried I lorence, clapping her (ieIlcC) wlnch the United States were tho first hands m tho very ccstacy of her alarm. 'Oh, amon,,Uio nations to acknowledge, when she where are they ! where are thev ! I commenced the svstem of insult and spoliation, iiLiu .iil- ukj i sum .in"... ' i which sho lias over sinco persued. uur citizen. 'Yes. He went for tho first tiiuo veslcrdav, for' hobbling across as fast as she could from op- cri;,aC!i a iawfl,i commerce, were imprison.-d, fear ho should loose any learning. But it's pisiiesiuj oi ur.-w.iy. jj. j ttltl i i . i t ia n r ii "i . . i.'ii rnm I'm , .i,w.o.may,i-oi,y; iiyoucouid oniy stop u . f liT, an,WCred Florence. 'I ! .r.. I'l LV, ; didn't know- what I ciid. ! thought they were .It.rnil,' nfl 11- Il .ICK-OVP I. es uf bricks, j -And how does he look, Jemima ? bless him !' .!.l. WTI.,.. ire I mv i '"''.'li'ii.Vl ,,V.,.nlitr I,-; In- the ,urUl nrt .Kid 'I'll show jou.' iin.l iri int fiirins of crine. and trimds straddling f.tllered Follv. a'.nve nothing. Thorj wero a hundred tlnu- 'Well, reallv ho don't look so bad as you'd sup- I -1 ..l nJ ..f . I ?l 1 FIlllu .silup-s .iliu iiit-i;.i 'i .....i. ...v. , irisi.-, it.-Liil null 1 1111111 1. ' , . , . 11. 1 1 . ! wild!- ningled out of their places, upside down, ' 'Ah!' said Folly, with emotion, 'I knew his chattered ol Itself when she was not speaking, Shu vv is a very ugly old womanJirUli red rims - 1 I " .1 ' il. .I.. l..l.l.l i ri'UIUl ULI L-l tJ, ililU a IIIUIUII UIUI IllllllllllUlt unu burrowing in the earth, aspuiug m thu air, Ws. must be too short.' mmldcring in t!ie water, and nniut"lhgible as I llis legs is short,' returned Jemima, 'cspe anydroim. Hot springs and fiery eruption, the ( cisillv behind, but thev '11 get longer, Folly, every usual attend nits upon einuquanes, lent ineirujav Sho was miserably dresed, and carried some sl.1113 over her arm. tiho seemed to navo lot their vessels seized, and our Hag insulted in her ports. If money was wanted, the lawless seizure and confiscation of our merchant vessels and their cargoes was it reailf j-twourca j mil if to accomplish their purposes ii became necessary to imprison the owners, captains and crews, it was done, timers superseded rulers in .Mexico in rapid succession, but still there was no change in this system of depredation. The government of the United States made repeated reclama tions on behalf of its citizens, but thco wero outrages. in the Fresident Van Huron, in his annual message to Congress of the fifth of December, I83i, states, that "although the larger number of ourde tnands for redress, and many of them aggravated caes of personal wrong, have licen now for years betorethc .Mexican givernmciu,and some ington, and of all claims of the government citiz.'n? of Mexico against the United States In conformity with this population, a third convention was concluded and signed at the city of Mexico, on tho twentieth of November, 1813, by the plenqiotcntinries of the two gov ernments, by which provision was made for n- ..T tl.n i iii.iu i nilinnfll fllllillllllllf. lltlll IllllSn fit , -. - i , . f . certaining and paving these calms, in January, tne most oflensivo character a In. ted f g this convention was ratified bv tho Senate AmarlrxJ of the United States, with two amendments, with... a few days past tha an v , spec ...c ;con,m u- manifestly reasonable in their char- months ago, has been received from the Mexican minister, and that " Tor not one ot ourptuuic complaints lias satisfaction been given or otter ed ; tint but one of the cases of persopal wrong has been fivnrablv considered, and that but four rases of Iwth descriptions, out oi an mow mrin acter. Upon a reference of the amendments proposed to the government or .Mexico, tlio same evasions, ditticiiltie and delays were interpo sed which havo so long marked the policy of that government towards the United States. It has not even jet decided whether it would or would tics upon a scrum and permanent found ition. I hey elected member, to a convention, who. In the month of March, H3fi. issued a formal dec 1 iratiou th it lher- '-political CJtinexinn with tho Mexican nation had forever ended, and that tho peopio of Texas do now constitute a free sov KitEiav, and i-.nErEs.ur.NT KF.rvr.uc, and are fully invested with all the rights and attribute which properly belong to independent nations."' They also adopted fir their government a lilieral republican con-titution. About the same timo. and j Sint.iVnna. then the dictator of Mexico, inva " tied Texas with a nuin'rous army, for the pur- ' pose ol siih.lnin ' her people, and enforcing obe dience to his arbitrary and despotic government. On tho twenty-first of April, 1830, he was mot by the Texan citizen soldiers, and on that Jay was achieved by them the ineinorablo victory of Jacinto, by which tliey conquered their in dependence. Considering the numbers engaged on tho respective side, history does not record a more brilliant achievement. Santa Anna himself was .among the captives. In the month of .May, 1S3U, Santa Anna ac knowledged by a treaty with the Texan authori ties in th most solemn form, '-the full, entire, and perfect independence of the republic of Tex as." It is true he was then a prisoner of war. .... . u.u ; , . . . . .1 -- ally presented and earnestly presou, , m ac ', ,,ell rCpea,ejy pres6Ca upo'n its consideration. 1,"er "I"1 '' mr wit!l yet been deeded upon bj - tho .Mex can go vern. ha ft eeconJ tjme thc , that his authority had not been revoked, u,.d ,t, lOCIll. ii.-1-iuviiv .........., . , rnntribiitinns of confusion to the scene. Boil ing water hissed and heaved within dilapidated walls ; whence, also, the glare and roar of flames came issuing forth; and mound? of ashes block ed up rights of way, and wholly changed tho law and custom of tho neighborhood. In short, tho yet unfinished and unopened Rail road was in progres ; and, from the very core of all this dire disorder, trailed smoothly away, upon its mighty course of civilization and im provement. Hut as yet, the neighborhood was shy to own the Railroad. One or two bold speculators hail projected streets ; and one had b-iilt a little, but had stopped among thc mud and ahes to consid er farther of it. A bran-new Tavern, redolent It was a slow, prospective kind of consolation; b it tho cheerfulness ami good-nature with which it was administered, gave it a value it did not in trinsically posse-. After a moment's silence, Folly akcd, in a more sprightly in inner: 'And where's Father, Jemima dear V for by that patriarchal appellation Mr. Toodle was gen erally known in tho family. 'Thero again said Jemima. 'What a pity ! Father look his dinner with him this morning, and is n't coming home till night. Hut he's al ways talking of you Folly, and telling the chil dren about you ;" and is the peace-ablest, patient est, best-teu'ipercdest soul in the world, as ho al ways was and will be !' Thankee. Jemima.' cried tho simple Tolly 101- .,,..., r..,l In- Il.n n1..,li,, ..".,.,, lowed Florence some little way at all events, for iPX,isa ,.r m,iLJ ,..,i t, atnvin sho hid lost her uream ; anu mis mauo tier ug- mn . knipmM fl.r,a .,. nostnoned or evn.1,.,1. licr still, as she stood trying to regain it; work- .... ,- a,i records of tho I)e vartmontof State contain conclusive nrofs of numerous lawless . . , . . .1 acts perpetrated upon the property and persons 1 loo.ed, nesi- 0f our citizens by .Mexico, and of wanton insults le had almost ,,, ,;,., i a,,, mm,., :,,i,: r , ... ..,1 1.- ..-!..... l ..... r.,.ll.r.. n,l.i,,.l t " " , I ' ?.. Z ! ito edect the Gth article of the UUUUI iviiivsn ujr iiiu wiiiiim.j ... J ....... tSSJI novvernf tho Executive, communicated this opin- '''" .! ,. . , ,, ... I ,n r ,,,res, in Hie mess-, referred to. in . h.ic.i . tho history of the vvrong. winch we ..... .u . - - - B1I t.lrrt nn, m hi r d : " Or. a rnretul and deliberate " r---,-v . .... .. 1 ten tlirriliirli :i InniT series nfv eaumi moil oi uiu tuiin-iu-, v."' iui.-i.ui,,.-- ,. ,. - -. i r.;.,, r fi, ;:,;, nondence with the .Mexican government.) " and ' , hu ' . ', ' PZ sii-orin.r 1, .nirit ,,,no!f..s.,.,l In- the .Mexican : a'." ",sultii wu ,1.avo. b".r,,?' ' great aggravation "... .. ,. ,,. ,- i ,i,,. ... j ol them consi-ts in tho tact, th it while the IJni .r. .: i... r.n: ...r...; ... ' hv viriun oi in s ireaiv. ne oiiiainea ins parson- iaiiii ui ire.iiius, idiiinj; vr ruiuiiig lu citrrv t . ll I ll i l A convention ot ; ' -" -y V'" "r the armv which had invaded I exas under hu mg her shrivelled yellow lace anu tnroat into all s irts of contortions, Florence was afraid of her, am: tating. up the street, of which she reached the bottom. It was a solitary place more a back road than a street and there was no ono in it but herself and tho old woman. ' 'You needn't be frightened now,' said tho old I woman, still holding her tight. 'Come along i with me.' '1 I don't know you. What's your name ?' ' asked Florence. '.Mrs. Brown,' paid the old woman. 'Good Mrs. i Brown.' 'Are they near here ?' asked Florence, begin- r iinunmui ui.mi-h;- in,., i nanhee, .lenuuia. crieu on.- suiii- ii , ,,:,,,,, i, i, ,i of fresh mortar and size, and fronting nothing at delighted by the speech, and disappointed by the ""'g l" "u ''tu. .,,-, ., r . M . ,11 lmdialcen for its si The Railway Anns: !.. 'husan am t lar on; said Good Mrs. Brown , hut that might be rash enterprise and then it ();, ,.ou ncedn tlhnnk me, Folly, said hersis- tor giving her a sounding hi's upon thu check, and then dancing little Paul cheerfully. '1 say the same of you sometimes, and think it too.' In spite of the double disappointment, it was imnoi-ible to regard in tho light of a failure a vi -it which was greeted with such a reception hoped to sell drink to tho workmen. So, tho Uxcavators' House of Call had sprung up from a beer shop; and tho old-established Ham nnd Beef Shop had become Tho Railway Kating Houe, with a roist leg of pork daily, through interested motives of a similar immediate and 'and the others are close to her, 'Is any body hurt ?' cried Florence. 'Not a" bit of it,' said Good Mrs. Brown. The child.shcd tsars of delight on hearing this, to our national Hag. The interposition of our government to obtain redress was again and again invoked, under circumstances which no nation ought to disregard. It was horcJ that the-e outrages would cease, i and that Mexico would lie restrained by the laws which regulate thc conduct of civilized nations , intluir intercourse with each other, alter thc 1 treaty of amity, commerce and nivigition of the I 5th of April. 1831. was concluded between the , two republics ; but this hone soon proved to be vain. 1 ho course ol seizure and confiscation ol the property of our citizens, tho violation of their ler-onsand tho insults toour flag, pursued by .Mexico previous to that tune, were scarcely sus pended lor even a brief period, although the trea ty so clearly defines the rights and duties of tho command returned in pursuance of this arrango- 1 patiently endured from Mex-! "T j .i ? . 'Tm, ro r - . g series of years. So far from day that the ha tie of San Jacinto w;i ivjufii, umn uv: )icviu imur, .ucaicu never nti!jtMe(l the power to rcconqiKT Tew. In thn laiimiKm of thn S cr3t.irv o! Satn nf thn n is ei, m; ......... ....... . , ..,..:,,- nrnrv ,t ,,,,a.,r.iuni;e.i:utes, in a d spucn to our .vunister m return tne sunject as it . ow sianus, i , B!rln,in atv.,. ,,.. i,wn Pn.til,iv.. I -M -xieo, 1111 lerdite ol t!., n wliram it Im ntur til ilnrii t HI1011 IhC IIIUO. LI it I . P . . .V . . . ' 1 t. i , . .. c . lint fii.i "t vain . om tiovea in t-eck mr roi res lor moJe. and thu measure of re.iro-ss. iiaauie J 1 " t .1 " . . . ... 1 11.1. t ivrtmtFsi. nnvv oiitr.i'-'P' u-pn r.nTutanth nr.- Un ted t hat time, adopieu compiuory , ; r- 1 i 7- r , uiHiiu i.m.,ai uui , 1 j winch havo contintu'tl to increase our measures, and aken redress to their o n - j,,,, util, ta swcU ,,ie mnolml of hands al our d.ll.culties w ill. Meuco , d i probably have been long since a Iju- e Uil " ' Stllt3 wercci,nducting a lawful commerce with to cnmiilicate these dilticiiities, and render an ,i .,, ::.i ,i, i,i ,..,, .iii:,,t,. . ii,,,' . respective parlies that it is impossible to misun .1.,, ..1.1 un i,t ,,ur,,n.i.ili derstand or mistake them. In less than seven went along-particularly "at that industrious , 'rs after conclusion of that treaty, our . ' . . ... I wrifilMni-P. Inil lineninn c i iitnlor-i hi,, flint. .11 popular description, hodging-house keepers fn the si'ters talked hopefully about family mat were favorable in like manner ; nnd for the like tors, and about Hiler, an 1 about nil his brothers reasons wero not to be trusted. The general be- and sisters; while the black-eyed, having per lief was very slow. There were frowzy Hold, formed several journeys to Banbury Cross and and cowhouses, and dunghills, nnd dustheaps, ' ,ick, took sharp note of tho furniture, the Dutch and ditches, and gardens, and summer-houses, ' clock, t,0 cupboard, tho caFtle on thomintle and carpet-beating ground, at tho very door of piece vvith red anJ green win lows in it, suscep the Railway. Little tumuli of oyster shells in tible of illuininatio.i by a candle-end within ; and the oyster season, and of lob-ter shells in the the pair of small black velvet kitten, each with lobster season, and of broken crockery and faded a lady's reticule in its mouth ; regarded by the cabb i go leaves in all seasons, encroached upon 1 Start's Gardeners as nrodigiea of imitative art. its high places. Fosts. and rails, and old cau- Tin conversation soon becoming general lest tho tions to trespassers, and backs of mean houses, 1 hlack-cjed shojld go o.Tat scora nnd nitches of wretched vegetation, 'tared it out i eastie. that vonmr l-idv related to , Nothing was the hotter for it, man- of every thing she knew concerning Mr. or thought of being so. If tho miserable waste Domboy, his prospects, family, pursuits, and ground lying mar it could have laughed, it would character. Also an exact inventory of her per- have laughed it to scorn, like many of the niiscra- nonal wardrobe, ami some account of her princi- bla neighbors. nal relations and friends. Having relieved her Stagg's Garden was uncommonly incredulous. xnn of the.-o disclo.-ures, the partook of shrimps It"a littlo row of hou'cs, wilh little squalid , and porter, and evinced a disposition to swear patches of ground bafore them, fenced off vvith I eternal friendship. old doors, barrel stave, scraps of tarpaulin, and Little Fiorenco hcrclf was not behind-hand in dead bushes; with bottomless tin kettles an le:.-- improving tho occasion; for, being conducted liausted iron fenders, thrust into the gaps. Hero forth by tho young TooJIos to inspect somotoad- the Stagg's Gardeners trained scarlet beans, stools and other curiosities of the Gardens, she kspt fowls and rabbit, erected rotton uminor- entered with them.hcarlund soul.onth? formation houses, (one was an old boat.) dried clothes, nr.d of u temporary breakwater across a small green fnoked pines. Some were ofoi.inioii that Stagg's nool lhat had collected in a corner. She was Gardens derived its namo from a deccwed cup-1 still bu-ily engaged in tint labor when sought itahst, one Mr. Stagg, who had built it fur his and found by Susan ; who, such was her sen-e delectation. Others, who had a natural tastofor I of duty, even un lertho huminiziiig influence of tha country, held that it dated from thou rural , sliriuiii, delivered a moral address to her (punc times when tho antlcred herd, under tho famil- j mated with thumps) on her degenerate nature, iar denomlnition of Staggses, had resorted to I wiiile washing her face and hands; nnd prcdie its shady precincts. Be this as it unv. Stng" ! ted that the would bring tho gray hairs of her fain- Gardens whs regarded by its nonulation as a s.i. I il,- it, with sorrow to the urav e. Alter soino delay, occasioned by a pretty long conn- so comment vvero uiey generally of its oiil' out-, ,l.., i.iieniew uIiovl sta rs on necuiiiarv sub- mouth an 1 wondering whether tau .virs.urown if thero wore such a person, was at all liko her. To le continued. PUEMfi S1i.T'S MES.SACfE. Fdhu-Cilizcns rf the Nutate and of the llnusec f Ilrpreseulal'ues In resuming" your labors in the service of the , t1(J (j,, St;lt(1 fiCdpiC, It Is a Slll.jeci oi cuiliaiui.iiiu.i ..tub ...uiu i-isb'-cn no porioil in our past history, when all nnd turn sar.ithe elements of national prosperity have Uhmiso related to Jemima ii sum-1 fully developed. Since your last session, no aitlicling ui-pensaiion nas vi-ueu our cuuuiry ; general good health has prevailed ; auunuanco bor in al i , branches, l5 receiving an ample ro , , .,,,, , m lh for- Inj n'ir.1 ii'liile tn i.f-rit nil. science, mil the arts. . ... " . . J. grievances had become so intolerable that, in the opinion of Fresident Jackson, they should no longer be endured. In bis mc-s;ige to Congress, in February, 1837, lie presented them to the consideration of that body, am! declared that 'the length of time since some of the injuries have been committed, tho repeated and unavailing ap plications for redress, the wanton cliara'ter of soni3 of the outran? upon the property and per sons ot our citizens, upon the omccrs an t tl ig ot independent of recent insults to tins government and people, by tho hue cx traordiniry Mexican minister, would iti-tilV, in tho eyes of all nations, immediate war." In a spirit of kindness and forbearance, however, lit recommended reprisals, as a milder modo of ro- ur.'ss. lie declarel that war should not be used tuus nations, urie commit- amicable settlement of them the more cmbirras- iug. That .such measures of redre?s, under similar provocations, committed by any of the powerful nations of Europe, would have been promptly resorted to by the United States, cannot he doubted. Tho national honor, and the pre. servation of the national character tlirouhiut tho world, as well as our own self-rcsioct and the protection due to our own citizens, would have rendered such a resort indispensable. The history ol no civilized nation in moaern nines has presented, within so brief a period, so many wanton attacks upon the honor of its flag, and md upon thu property and persons of its citizens, as had at tint time been homo by the Tinted States from the .Mexican authorities and people. Hut Mexico wns a sister Republic, on the North American continent, occupying a territory con lii'iious to our own, and was in -a feeble and dis ity, commerce, and navigation, many of them hive suffered all the injuries which would have resulted from oien war. This treaty, instead of affording protection to our citizen, has been the means of inviting them into the ports of Mexico, that they might be,as they have been in numerous instances, plundered of theii proper tv anJ desrived of their person il libjrty, if they dared init on their rights. Had tho unlawful xieo, un lerdite ol the cigiitli o July, is 12, .Mexico ni.iv have clto-en to consider, and may still choose to consider Texas a having been atall times since 1S35, and a still continuing a rebellious province; but the world has boon obliged to tike a wry dili'ercnt view of tlej matter. From the time of the battle of San Ja cinto, in April 18:10. to tho present moment, Texas has exhibited the tame external signs of national independence a Mexico herso.f, and withquiteas much stability of government. Practically free and independent, acknowledg ed as a political sovereignty by tlio principal powers of the world, no hostile foot finding rest within her territory for six or seven years, and Mexico herself refraining for all that p.'riod from any lurther attempt to rc-estiblish her own an- s, ..III-:. 1. 1 l.l ,!!, . , ,, , . , - ,,, ..." r ...i i,.: ieu, ii ii can i.u nniiuruuiv uiomeu, anu auueu, ' rapidly enlarging tho means of social happ - it , ocourrca t0 m()-,,. considering the as. 1 lie rruiireii ui ur cuuiury mi.ur.;-i , i:.: " r t . . 0 recr of greatness, ot only in tho vast extension t Jr?,"1. 1 ' . . T.i i . : i ' .. V ."3 ' are ness of our territorial limits and tho rapid increaso of I wo should act with both wisdom and moderation, .rpose, as the event has proven, i mien- , - M . .,otpon,ng the reparatio which we le-1 , . . M . ;il and wiicl. was so justly d u I hu , . . w nfln'tiliti .h. ,1 a ion, uft.-r inoretni. a yea s delay, .-, uka intn longer. Instead of taking redress into our own hands, a new negotiation was entered up in vvitu fiir promises on tho part ot .Mexico, out wuu tne real purpose, as tne event wis pn,tu, m nitely I' minded ue,rotl-llloll suited in the convention of tho 11th of April, 183ft," for the adjustment of claims of citizens of the United Status oi America, upon tho gov ernment of the Mexican republic.'' The jiint board of commissioners created by this conven tion, to examine and decide upon these claim, was not organised until the month of August, 1810, and, under the terms of the convention, they wero to tcrminato their duties within eigh- seizures of American property, and the violation , .'r.".v 1 " V, la"a!T ' 11 C:"T,1 , 8,lr ofper-onal liberty of our citizen, to sav noth-1 P"".j: '."'! . llnegra, (tho Secrota ingoftho insults to our flag which have' occur- r' ofl-oreign Affair, of Mexico) "complaining r.-d in the port of Mexico, taken place on the th'1' tint whole pv.oj citizens of the tinted high seas, they would thetnelvo long since w its government, have teen favoring have constituted a state of actual war between ! the rebels of i ex.i, an l supplying them with the two countries. In so long sutl'ering Mexi- vessel-, animuint.or,, and nioney, a if the war co to v.olato her mo-t solemn treaty obligations, for the reduction of the province of U-xas hid plunder our citizen ofth.-ir propjrtv, and im- heen constantly prosecuted by Mexico, and hor iri.m their nr.,s,viil,n.n;,r,lin,; tbem anv, success prevented by the-e influences from redro.s. wo have failed to perform "one of the I abroad." In the, anu despitcl. the Secretary of .... .. .' ,.,,1 flH,,j 111..., ....... lliVS .1... ITntliiJ UIII....-1 1.1. lb nillU 1U.JI, 1IIC UIIIV'.II is an independosi xieo; and that trado a state of influence to bankruptcy. The proud mm commerce vvim citiz-i. m u uovernineni n mu of American citizen, which ought to pro- , war vvith .Mexico cauno on that account, bo tect all who bear it, from insult and injury , regarded a, an interrourso by which assittanca ii.r,,.,t,n, ii.rt ...r.ri.1 iiuj u, no si.rli and succor are given to .Mi'mckii reucls. Tho tection to citizens in Mexico. Wo had am- wh!c currentol Air de B,..-in.-gra's remarks run xieo loll" before 1 '" ",u '"" u.iecuoii, as ii ui'i inuepeiiuonce oi nleveii then I exas nan no' ueju a'-iioivii-jg-'i. ll nas uecn ,llw" . . I...I....I it ...,...l fTl 1.-.-1 :.. our own intids, "-:"" " ," ... .mi. until Mexico her-elf became tin aggre-sor, by j reinon-irauco in.i pro.est el .viextc. .it In hn.til,-, nrrav and Mei d iil' 1,1 " -'ny im -.riauce, ri ed, induced Congress to forbear Invading our thn hlon.l of our citizens. Such are the grave causes of complaint on the pirt of the United State against Mexico can- which .Mr ile liicauegra i-min; nn, llow nec sariily from that recuiiition. tie spaki of l'exa, as still being 'an integral put of the tor- . Ill ... ine i. linen iil, ill .ii.iiii i ., ii .1,. ,, w.... ,,.,i t - i, j. , , , es which existed long bef,rro the annexati.ui of ntr' ol th.! McMean It ,publ,e ;' but lie cinnot :red grove not to be withered by railroads; und somo delay, io confident vvero they gcnorallv of its Ion living any such ridiculous inventions, that tho jects,' between Folly and Jemima, an interchange ...iCnr lliim!PVilVL'ieii,lr 'it ,l,i. ......... ...1. I . . '. . ..... i li 1... ....I ..II in..-.., w... ...... j ..... - "1II1--1, woo was nt latiies was again uiiecieu lor t-ony n m .i undcrstoisl to take the lead In the local miliiir-s of the Gardens, had publicly declared that on the occasion of tin) Rallro id opening, if it ever did open, two of his boys should ascend the flues of his dwelling, with instructions to bail tho failure with derisive jeers from tho chlinnoy-pots. To this unhallowed spot, tho very i: ime of which had been hitherto carefully concealed from Mr. Ilontbey by Ins sister, was hlllo 1'aul now liornn by Fate and Richards. 'That s my houae, Susan,' said Fully pointing it out. 'Is it, indeed, Mrs. Richards,' said Susan, con-ilencendinglv. 'And thero'H my sister Jemima at tho door, I do declare !' cried l'olly, 'with my own sweet, precious b iby in her arms !' The sight added such an extensive pair of wins I'J Folly's impatience, tint she sctoffdown this timo retained her ou n child, and Jemima lit tlo Faul, and tho visitors took leave. But first the voung Toodle. v ictiins of a pious fraud, wero deluded into repairing in a liody to a !....!..! ... it....:... .. . . ... ...fl.c fr,-iin lint lln i,. I-Vii.r nt' the ei.,li. our papulation, but in resources and wealth and , f It ' n o 3 were co,,;! In preliminary dis- in the happy condi ion of our people, .s without , onr own nn , ayM M luUJ CU5sions on Wloiis and dilatory ,K,i.s, i.aised example in the htstorj "t nations i , f Mexico, as well as to protect our own by the Mexican commissioners ; and it was not As the wisdom, strength, and beneficence nf ', f. ... ......n ,i. ,r ii..m.i. imn ih.i i , . , ....... . ... i i, i nation it cnaracicr iruui renriucu, nils onoortu-' """ ...w..... .'..i...., .w..., , our reo n-ui. i.h i ri i u , , ,eery . u itv should bo given with the avowed design -and commenced the examination ol the claims of r...l ... ..!.. !.......):... .!.-. !i..n..a n.ui,i Atuvii'ii Piiurteen ruinlli. . . . ;,,. j lull pri'l.u.uimii in; ......u-u.aii; s.u.si4tllon, ,n. .iifcvii w,... g.... . ....... tlves to patno.Lin. Mf it should not be obtaitied on a repetition of the nly remained to examine and decido upon t!ie Our devout anJ Miiccra acknowledge nls 1 ' - ,.. ... , .,,,' ..,.,....1 ' t ,r,li,v,t,..l rases. Intn,, month .i j- f i. I .1 UU111 lllll IlillL. 1U 119 IIIU 1 LLU II IL'IIU I I IL linm.iuui uiki vvn,.,.. ...-. are due to tno gracious uiver oi an goou.iorino, i, ...! .n.,i,lnr, m,i,,i. i .!,.' nf IVI.:,rv. I81i tlutermof I are i.ue 10 ., . K..ii...... .., er gu, u, ,r ,.u , , , autorizng reprii,, numberless blessings which our beloved country I nM of tho'inva, forco r tlfo United Sta and the of Febuary, 13 12, tluterin of the cnnimisii m cnioys use of tho'nnval force of tho United States, by ! expired, leaving many claiim undisjiosed uf for ihn F.vec.nlive. against Mexico, to enforce them. I want of lime. The claims which vveio allowed It a source oi l n i satis action o Itnow hat . , f alefusal by tho Mexican goverr.: ! by tho board, and by the umpire authorized by tho relations ol t e ln.ted h a tes vv.ll, all othe , amicable adjustment of the the convention to decide in case of disagreeing nation, with a single exception, are of tho most ... . , ' ii i... r....t.. . Am,., ,-nn e,.,,,.,,i. , ,, , ., c:.l.. nii..i,n i i l liniiers ill oouiruiuisv ih-uutii in, ui.uii ano- ui;ii, vvn i..u v.. w... amicable character. S ncerely attached t maio frf)m Ollo b!oCrs, amounted to two million tweuty-sk 1 of our vessels of war on tho coast of Mexico." policy of peace, eatly adopted and hteadily pur, commerce with every foreign rower. 1 he spi-; - . ''; b V " ' " - V,'" , " ' ,,;, t.laim W,U.,, laJ bcen examined and rit and nanus oi uiu i..-im.iu ie i.iiuia- .-- i , , .-.-. . ' bleto thu maiiitcnanco of such international "o vvrongs whicii we niu.ui ereu ironi ..lexico, . l ndherinir to this vvisu nolicv. a "d reronimeiided that another demand for re- 1 , .. . 1 1.. I .... 1 I.T !..,.. I.. P.... I inon-auil luiJimimn-u .i'iu iiiiii-nuiuuu. ain.iuu sixty eight cents. Thero were pending before tin umpire, when the cominisiion expired, ad- chandler s -hop in tho neighborhood, tor tho "- IV"" . ,, 5 paction ot our national interests re hrn.?J.,yi'0',UV,rslCVul,l,:,!em our notional the coast was ipii o clear, l'olly. lied: Jemima 11 tne , maintain-1 i -uiing niter her mat 11 they con . only go round "Y"" 'n -..bnitof noromnro. toward tl.n Citv li.iinl ,. ,1,..;, ... ... 'i. il, ed at any h izard. lhoj admit ot no compro wouMteturet011,eet little Hiler U, Jy - I .... 'Do you think we might make timo little round in that dir. Ttinn ., .. ?' l'olly, when thev l.alir.,1 im.u 1, ,1. 'Why not, Mrs. Richards (' returned Sus; u getiing on toward our dinner know,' said l'olly. ltlltluncll l..l rnnilnrn.1 I lnn n - . .......... v4 .ijiuiiaiiiiji. i.tu.a j .1 . . r 1: lhan indifferent to this gravo consideration, to peaco for more than thirty yean. From a poll awarded bv the American ceintnissioner, nnd I h id not been allowed by the MrVica.i co 11 nis sioncrs, amounting to nine hundred und twenty ci('ht thousand six hundred and twcnly-.-even dollars and eighty-eight cents, upon which he did not decide, alleging that his authority had ceased with the termination oftho joint commis. t bo scruiiu bu-l 1 ' ''"tions not for tl... equity andninderation "hm. 1 es.des hose claims, ere vv ro u 1 s too strupuiouMj anu 1 ivn oV,l in..-,r,u,. o Amcr can citizons, amounting to three mill- ur vigilant vindication, "" ."""; i-'V ' . :. . ..V, , .'"'t i,r,. l..lre,l ,md thirtv-six thou, I I inn 1 tvi in. u .- nreliiniuary ami paramount duty obviously con- j dress should he tiiade ueiore authorizing war or P. . , .1 ......I..: 1 ,!, 1 irm.N renrisals. The Committee on l orcign Relations t tho Mohair, in their report, eay : Alter such . demand, should prompt justice be refused bv the .Mexican government, we may appeal to r.Il ni'i 1.1:111 -. .... ...... t . ... r. in... nr. mil oi u i vii,'ii. ,...i.i. iw. . .... .. to -o a' collision and ccninci win loreign 1 oners , 8oek fein fr ollr won " 'Hundred and thirty seven dollars and live ceius, VLulred I sometimes b -como ....avoidablo. huch has been I ' toj , '""n; ' V 'fi ' which had h-.-eu submitted totho board, and u.h.ii 1 I our serupulous adherence to the dictates 01 jih- i'ir' r..n.... ...i.-... which thev had not time to decide belore their '-' 11,1 menceTne1;;; of tta nion; inTciear1 S , udjournment. lima vou steauiiy anu i ..u.u. ... f.r. ......... , ,,-. n. lie r.omm ttnn rmnmt .l..l,i Thn knm of two million tvvcntv-six thousand Tex is totho Americiii Union ; and yet uiiimi. I...I by tho love of peace, and :i ungninimoiN tn .d.'ration, we did not ad ipt those measures of redress which, under such circumstances, are thn justified resort ol'injured nations, The annexation of Tex is totho United States constituted no just cause of offence to Mexico. The pretest that it did so is wholly in;ouivto it, anJ irreronciliblo with well authenticated facts .connected with tho revolution by which iexas b w ime independent of .Mexico. Tint this may ' ! fu more unnifost, it may bo proper to advert 1 to the causes and to tho history oftho principal I orents of that revolution. ' Texas constituted a r!ion of tho ancient province of Louisiana, ceded to the United St ites by Franco in I8U3. In tho year lSl'.Uhe ! United Sla'es, b tho l brida tie ty, ceded to Spilu all tint part of Louisiana withm the pres ent limit, of Texas; and .Mexico, by the revo lution which scperatcd her from Spain, and ren dered her an independent nation, succeeded to tin; rights oltho mother country oyer this terri tory. In tho year 18J1, Mexico established a federal constitution, under which the Mexica 1 republic, was composed of a nuiiilior of sover eign State, confederated together in a federal Union simlir to oar own. Rich of these States had its own executive, legislature and judiciary, and fornll except federal purposes, was a inde pendent ortliv general government, and that ol thc other States, as is Fciinsvlviinia or Virgin ia, un ler our Constitution. Texas and Coahui la united and formed ono of theso Mexican St t's. The Stale Constitution which they adopted, and which was approved by thu Mexi can Confederacy, asserted that thoy were '-free and independent of the other Mexican United tev'naK ".t "ch !"" l?"i'ly,"'' and of every other power and dominion . "1. ".irt".-1 for more than thirty year.. From a noli- a-optenai may v m-i.....y w .nmicate me no- eigiii - vvnit.oevcr; ana prociaunva t:w great pnnci ,u Lu.n.uT.auu.., ru but understand that the United States do not so regard it. The real complaint of Mexico, therefore, i, In substance, neither more nor less than a com plaint against thu recognition of Texan indepen dence. It may he thought rather lale to repeat tint complaint, and not quito just to confine it to the United Stite, to Die exemption of Lug 1 ind, France, and Belgium; unle-s the United Sutcs, having ken the first to acknowledge tho iudeK. n.lencc of Mexico to be blamed fr setting an example lor the recognition of that of Texas." And he udded. that "the constitu thin, public treaties, und tho laws, oblige tho IVe.-ident to ngard Texas as an independent State, and its territory a, no part of tint territory of .Mexico." Texas' had been an independent state, with an organized Government, delving the power of Mexico to mertnmw or reconquer hnr, for more thin ten venr.s b'fore Mexico com. 111 'need tho present war agaiiit the United States. Texus had given such evidence to thn world of her ability to maintain her separata existence us an independent nation, that sho had neen tormatiy as such, not only by the United States, but by several oftho principal1 Fowers of Kur...o. Tlieso powers had entered into treaties ol amity, commerce and navigation with her, Thoy bad received and accredited her ministers and other diplomatic agents at their respective courts, and they had commissioned ministers and diplomatic agents on their part to the government of Texas. If Mexico, notwith standing all this, nn,l her mter inability to sub due or reconquer Texas, still stubbornly refused to recognize her a an indeiendeiit nation, she was noiij the less soon that account. Mexico herself had been recognized as an independent nition by tho Un.ted etato, snj by other Ffw. ers, miny ycir K'foro 3patn, rf lihi'h, b?f?T

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