Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 8, 1847, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 8, 1847 Page 2
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V BURLINGTON FREE PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 8, 1847. FJR-EE PRESS, hukmngto.v, vt. ntlDAY MO It N' I NO, .TANUABY 8, 1317 " h THE D.1KK AMI TJlOUM.r.Il NIGHT THAT IS rrov us, TitKRi: ts .no Suit ai.ovf. hie horizon T(l GIVE USA OLEAII OF LlrlllT, KXCEriINO Till: tXTELUUKNT, PATlltOTIC WllIO I'AI'.Tir OT THE United States." J)anil Webster. Antl-Shivcry movement in the right qtmrtcr. Nothing i3 moro certain than thntthi' blighting nnJ demoralizing "institution" of Slavery never can maintain itself before the influence of free, liberal, l.oncrt, and thorough, discission, It is in every respect, politically as well as morally, a canker nrnl a cuiso to any people; but in a hundred-fold degree to a people boasting of their intelligence, freedom, anil humanity; and when ever its advocates and defenders will consent to eubnit i s cVn.s, (.') and the question of its bene filial or Injurious efljcls upon their own prosper i'y, to fair and full debit", we h-gin to date its pure and speedy downfall 1 When wo speak of its advocates and defenders, we mean, of course, I'tt'o who oitvi slates, and who suppose them sHvcs f.i bo benef.ttcd by fie. powssion, Wt bMicvc it can b.' conclusively established, even tilths conviction cfai ludcmii.ib'o a pro-lavcrv manas Jitv C Calhoun bimclf.tliat cury in-trc-tof the Slave-holder would to immensely ji-oinotoif hy an abandonment of the system. It w ire an impeachment of the justice and mercy of a bmign Providence, indeed, to believe, other- u se. Goo never ordained that one pmtionof h i in!, igit, b it inf il an I dependent, crea t .res should be so placed in His universe of har monica as to bj under a n.vi'ty,orto be impell elby a preponderance of s-llish motives, tooy- ycj. another portion ! 1 lie monstrous ! very supposition is We find the subjoined paragraph in aletterof, ing article: the Baltimore ccrrcspoi ilent of the X. V. 7'n- The WhipGovrrnor of Ohio, oi midday it before our rcadel.- with inexpres- it nppfnr, rro, th Cincinpati Hetnid, that while tible satisfaclion. Wc cunlldentlv believe it in-' Mr- llb, the Win:; canJulatr (r Governor, vwis ., , - , . , , . ciumpuu H throush fliuo, he became literally, nil i.icale the (.awn cf a brighter day upon our sin- thinsrs to all men. On the lirsme where Abolition (lirkened Republic! We triift that lolk parties was popular, be rame out boldly nenin-t all lllaik . .. . . . . ,. , ., , , Laws, in the inoic southern cuunlirs he liiiiHcd liun t ti.is most interesting and invaluable discus-ion sll m tlr Testimony ami liond-nnd-.-ccurtty law s. will cjilinueit in thetrue siiirit of brotherly love, , lluw coiiteinptible does such duphtity lookin apab . ..:.i. ,i. ,i i ., : , lie man! -.m .vim mo Miiueiu ue?ire 10 imu inc priceice.s gam ot Truth, in tho Dixistov. If the patriotic and intelligent pontic of Marvland should be brought to see the true glory ar.d solid prosperity which would result to tiicm from Ihe abolition of KLvVERi-iu their State, they would achieve for ficnsclvcs a far moiogloiious renown than they could by triumphing on a hundred battle-fields!' Tho following is the paragraph to which wo refer: To every heart imbued with lb- least portion of phihmhropy, the piesent nspert ol things in liiltimoic must b: highly cheering;; a complete revolution in p iblic opinion is being happily iin-iti-d. Sunn- weeks i i , the t-ieito:i,"sA ill tlie.iliuiili.in ,,rsinverv in .Mnry l..ud t nil to the prosp -rity oi the Smte J" w'ns pri pos c I in a d -lutm" society comprised ol highly intelligent in' a. hue the negative tua notdelieieiitiiiingi-nui- li; nn I .r-..fit I, .a . I .' . . .7. rii-e li-ne empluvcd iiii'iimoii.it'ci'inc.'.miovcitihlc n'r-! Biment, that lias thrown n 11 m ol hglit on tbisluther to one-sided question in .Mankind. To surh nn ex tent is the public mind cxriinl, that th- di".eus.sin by conuuoi consent, has been adjourned Irom dnj today, iindis luely to continue fjr seveinl weeks." I'ittriiilisii;. In reading the locoroco pnrcrs nf ,ho (3y an j,, tince tle x1Csi,lM,t Kays Mexico common inJillerent person would inllrthat the only way K,.Jthc inr upon us, we cannot for the life or us in which Patriotism can be exemplified or proved, understand. The arc um-nl cf it is :Fcllovv Is to yir,'ld a blind obedience to the will of dames tr !m i , , i n mi .' - ""i"1""" cneaieu ami swiiiuicii us m a variety oi wavs, ia?nns by which he thru-t the country into war, j for ionjJ time, and we ought, in common decon is declared to bo "moral treason," and giving cv of self-resnect. to liavo declared war urainst "aid and comfort" to the enemy ! Tho locofo-1 cos claim to bo the special frienJs of Ihe United l;tates, and the Whigs are charged as being the special friends or Mexico when not a Whig pa per can be Tound, rrom one end of the Union to the otlier.that has ever uttered a svllable in favor of Mexico during the whole course of the con test! But Whigs presume to question the infallibility of the President. They have presumed to think, and to say, that lie has needle-.-l.v , and by an un-r-mstitutional exercise or owcr, involved the na- uoti in mo urcauiui calamities and the enormous expense, of war. They have ; nfunud to speak th- truth, and to lefute and expose the special pleading or the President in hi message, icla tmg to tho origin or this war, and to deny the uiithorily cCthe President to tend the American Army into a neighboring l'epub!ie,aud thus com mit an actor direct aggression upon it. Senator B. xtov, vv iiiio the Ty ler Annexation Treaty was I. fore thn Sonalc, oll'etcd a looluti.in a,liriiiing "that the incorporation of tin left bank of tho ' Uio tirando into the American Union by vlituo "tf. a treaty witii Texas, rr mprchondirg, as the " said incorporation would do. a arlof l!ie Me.e-"i-n departments of Neiv M .vr i, ('liilniahna, "Ci.aliuila, and Tamau!ipn, WOULD (IK AX ACTOFDIltLCTAGGI'iLS.ION (J.N MUX- ICO.I'Olt ALL 'J'HL CONSKfiUL.NCKSOF ' WHICH Till: UMTLI) .STATES WOULD , " S'i AND RESPONSIBLE." And vet .Aimcs K. I'olk, without the authority or Congress,,;. ;r tr-y thing, n nvuvvsitin his imesage! i. ,i llie Whigsrcjiiwc to say that he lias, there in, arrogated to himself power not cnnfcried by fir, I 'rmstit i, linn, nnil llmi. i .1 1, r .r.r. 1 .. .,., r.l and pro-perous country into an aggressive war a war1 Tor contjuctt. And for lheu things, which the pen of tho futiim historian will record as rolemnand unquestionib'.o Tkith", Iicofo ruism denounces the Whigs as traitors, and as rendering "aid and comfort" to thn enemy! "Aid unci comfort to the enemy !" Tho infa mous, slander should blister tho tonguo that ut ters it, While such Wines as Taylor and Woiaii.aud Desha and l!iNi.r,ui n, and Wat ion have been adding frcsli lustre to American Arms, and sealill" with their blood their ilmn. lion to their Country, James IC Poll; has been jiving tho most cllicient "aid and comfort" In Mexico, by crmilting her ablest hader, Santa Anna, to pass the American blockade, and as mmc tliecorntnandand ;irwHt' n i f iier armies a proceeding without a j arallcl in (ho annuls of war! It is from this ttep on tiio part of Jumes IC. Pel';', and from the miserable mistvjrcs-nl.t-ti'.ns of the Whigs by the venerable drivellir who daily doles out froth and fustian in the col umnsol Ins official organ.tho MVisii'iii Union, that Mexico has derived "aid and comfort" in re fisting our Army, and has been induced lo de ciino oiifod'ers of Peace. And thus history will record it. Locofocoisin gets tho Country into an unnecessary war, and tho Whigs fight tho billies and win the victoricf, and then aro charg. f.1, hy flock ofiice-holderB, and scrvilu prefrcu, w Ith giving "aid and comfort" to tho enemy ! The mine ol professions. At tho head of the outsldo columns of tho third party (raicri: stands, in staring Capitals, the fid lowing declaration : "The establishment awl porpctnity ofUniver sal Libeitv, our object Tuctii tint we atom GOD'S AUTHOltlTV our standard." 'I'lie moral sene of all well-regulated commu nities instinctively revolts from tho practice of tills habitual, unmeaning, open-mouthed, and vaunting invocation of the name and authority of the Almighty. And especially is this the case where the practice is nccoinpanied by a "dally walk and conversation" in no practical conformity with such an invocation. Then it becomes profanity in one of its most repulsive forms. It has not tho decent covering which hypocrisy gives to sin ! Such a "motto" ns tho one above, for a parti san newspaper, is in poor taste anil worse mo ra ity, . , ,., . if. It soon becomes like a Hiring sign luft . over the shop doorof a bankrupt, wluchnttracts ., .. , .. . . , , 1 your intention by its glitter and show, but ynn enter and liml rn.'s and tMrs! Wc trust the Gazette will live to learn that the character and attributes of God aic not appropriate topics lor a loutish of third-party rhetoric. lint our special object in alluding to this mat ter now is to call the attention ef our readers to an example i.f the kind of war which tho Gazette wages with its "weapon nf Truth." O.i tin lOtli Novj.n'ur fist it quoted a most sctnrilous paragiaph from the lhnanci ator, (a piper openly in favor of a ms-oh'IIon of the Union), complaining that tho Ohio Whig Slate Committee in 1'ieir congratulatory address on the re-ult of the election in that State, said (we use the Gazette V capitals) "NOT A WOHI) ABOUT SL.WEBY, TEXAS, or the BLACK LAWS!" mil charging them with hypocrisy on tlice subjects ucjore mo election. On the '-'ith Nov. tho Gazed e had the follow Now, then, on the 12th of Dec, (fjur weeks ago) "the Wliig Governor of Ohio," whom the Gazette had thus gone out of its way to vilify and slander, deliveied tho Inaugural Address which our readers will find in our columns to-diy. His opinions respecting "Slavery, Texas and the Black Laws" are very explicitly set forth there in. But this third-party Gazette, has not as yet quoted a single paragraph from the Address, nor retracted a particle of its unfounded abuse of Gov. Beer, which that Address exposes ! And this is the way it almost weekly outrages "Truth," and blasphemes "God's, Authoritv !'' 1T. large share of the War pait of tho Pres ident's MehKago is devoted to an enumeration of tilu ntTKr-ivatcd wrongs and injuries ml insults which Mexico has inflicted upon tho Country and its citizens. We are unable to see precise ly the pertinence, or tho object, of this "raw -head and bloody-bones" narration. It would be proper enough ir jrc had commenced war on Mexico ; but what particular nroiuietv there is citizens Mexico lias kicked and culled us an 1 1 iciuens. .vitxico nas i.iuau anu luiicj us, am ),"jr vcars n-;o ; then fore wc are fullv justified in defending our.-elvcs against her, Kuir th-t she has commenced tear upon lis .' I. list honors to the ttaltnnt Kin The remains of this gallant and accomplished soldier, having been icmoved lo Baltimore, from their tcinporaiy rcstiug-phicu on the field oH'alo Mi ,,,,,! , ,!..,( i.,.i ....,i. will, everv mark or aflectionute admiration and ' lesptct. "Peace tu his nhes!" Foremost in the battle-field, ho was among the first and most deeply-lamented, of the victims of tho need-' loss and miserable War into which the usurps- tioiis of a paituan ('resident have plunged the Country. I 2.j"The Sentinel knows a "little girl of 15" who can tench us grammar', and this is the kind of grammar lhat aper u-es in communicating to us the interesting information : ' "We will say that a liule gulof l.'i, ir'io we asked to parsi- the hMUence in ipiistion, iVe. y.! ' 1 When "tlie little suiierer"ca;i parse "who" in the above sentence, send her along. A Kliinpse ol' JJr. Dillingham ngulu 1 ' On Tuesday of last week, Mr. Klfi of Mass. presented in the House ol Ue iresentatlvcs a mc- mon.il Irom the repiesentalives ol the jcarly ni-etiug or the "Society of I rieniU 1 el New Liigland, praying the adoption of speedy mcas I u res to bring the. war with Mexico to a peaceful I termination. I There was nothing in the remotest degree or I a partisan character in the memorial; it simply I praved tho Government lo use its efforts to.pio- ' mote the causoof "Peace on cailhand good-will towards men," and was but an expression of the principles and the practices oftho Society from which it came. It had appended to it nine thou sand names of men us re ectable as any in the Union, who are oppo-ed net solely to this Mexi can War, but to all wars. Mr. Kino muved that I ho memorial be printed, us a mark of common respect to tho memorial j its. To this l.ocrfwoism objected ! Nothing must bo said or printed against war it would j bo treason t Tho printing was refused, there- forc.by a parly vote of 77 lo 05 ; and along w ith tlie 1 Suisago Sawyers' and infidel l'ettitsof "the party," who thus icfuscd an act of courtesy to a A eio Lii 'Inn miimri.il on such a subject, wo find tlie nanio or 'iu DUiinglnm u( Vermont ! Tim pitch proiiiunili st (,f the liillililc !" It lias been the common impression that when a man has got to bo " a loaTer, a drunkaid, a gambler, a liar, and a thief," lie Ins about i cach ed the bottom. But Mrs. "Elizabeth Peters" of Broom Co, Indiana thinks not. Siic has discov ered iiuother link in llie chain, ns follows : "Left my lied and board last Fnll.ihenby rendeting iny t jpense lighter, my legal husband, John I'l tcm, without cause or piuv oeatiun. All the old niUidj, young gills and widows, of nil ngtsand conditions, nre hereby lore-warned against haiburmg or Hinting him on my til-count, us 1 mn iku imincd not In be bel l accountable lur his debts, or mom .especially his couduci, In cause he is a luifer, a dninksrd, a gambler, n bar, R thief, and Destiny. The "learned Theban" who docs the editor ials for tho Sentinel has had tho following vision respecting tho " destiny" of tho Spatiish-Ainc-tican race. If true it accounts for the success of our arms in Mexico, though It leaves lis a margin for a little wonder that a people " with out spirit, uithout .-ense, without a spark if ani mal courage (!) inferior in every thing that makes men inferior even in mere physical strength" could light so well as the Mexicans fought at Palo Alto, Monterey &c. However wo suppose tho courage they exhibited on these well-fought Holds was " moral courage," which tho Sentinel doubtless considers of a very in ferior ori'e ! But tithe Sentinel's apocalypse : " If there ever was a race doomed to detraction we think il is Ihe SpatiNi-Atnericnn the very vvoist hived under the s.in of w hum there is lis' hope than , oi ino tvgro, even, without spirit, without cnsc,wnii out a sp'ilknl animal noiuage interior m cventlung lllli i""m.s iiii-ii -uii'-i iur even in uieic iii)siciu strength thc-ie docs nut neeenrtobe even the shadow ol a chance lur them. 1 hey must lece le. h-luie the stronger Anglo Savin, as the Indians did bclotc ihcir mvu miccstoi.., from whose qaaliuea iliey have so m- telly dcgtnjiatcd. It is their dcstii.u and tkev must sub nit.'" The idea of the, Indians " receding brf-n ilwir tr.cn ancestors," belongs to tlie Sentinel exclu sively ! ! We think it decidedly the brightest thought we have eicr seen in that miscellaneous journal. Destructive Tire in Ogdcnsbnrgli. The extensive Stables, anil nut-houses of Hon. II. Van Hlnsselaeii, in Ogdon-burgli, X. Y., were destroyed by fire on Sunday the i!7th lilt. Tho buildings were of Stone, and in a quadran gular form, nearly six hundred feet in length. A largo amount of valuable proreilv was con- Biimnrl Tim f lirilnncliosirl, .VWi itt I li t e . boalVofhorned ci' ttie TI.estnble ccne.ined thirlv-oni- hrad or ihcica- I v C ..iii "J ..in . .j .J . soim-o: llienillirtri.ii2hLircilur.il cfgient value, nud mauv valuable boises, and laiire i q.i?iititiIsurvatim,kindsol fowls. The cat le were ! nil burni'd m their stiills Tlic mot valuable can iaip I hoifics were savid, but thiee or fourhorscshavint' been inkiMifiumtliebuilditiR luslied into the (lames nnd ' pcnsli-d. due nuble gloat horse however was Inken i end a inerrv tudettiov h:m. " I Hevritd valuable cainaes were saved, and three wcie lost. Wreck of the I.'. S. lirisom nr, Somers, mid ninny lives lost ! The Somers, which has been for some time past engaged in maintaining, witii great skill and gallantry, the blockade of tho harbors of Veri Cruz, was totally wrecked on the Oth of Decem ber. She was thrown upon her beam ends by a sudden and violent squall which struck her while she was tacking. She sunk in ten min utes ami some 30 of her olliccrs and crow were drowned! Among tiio lost were Acting .Master Henry A. Clemsex, and Passed Miihbiptnan John It. IIy.so:i. A letter from Surgeon J. II. Wr.miiT, which we find in the X. O. I'icayunr gives a iwit interesting and detailed account of this distressing calamity. Dr. Wriuiit was on board the Somers at tho time of the accident, nnd relates tho circumstances which preceded and attended it, with great clearness and appar ent accuracy. We shall in-erthis narrative in our outside columns next week. It will bj remembered tint tli3 Samrs, when under the command of Capt. Mackenzie, a few jcar3 ago, was tho scene of one of the uio-t ex traordinary and tragic events ever recorded in Naval annals. The Speech of Col. Ilnl.er i -n i r- Our readers will rbsi.1 ve in our Congrcssion- Baklr, tiio only Wliig representative in Con gress from Illinois. Col. Baker is now in command or a Uegiment of Volunteers, whom ho left in Mexico, at their urgent solicitation, to resume his !-at in Congress for a lime long enough to enable him to make a Speech, setting fortli tho wants and privations of the Army, and suggesting a method for their relief. On Mon tho 2Sth ii.'., Col. Baker, made his ospected Speech. It is rather the fervid appeal of an en- tliusi.astic soldier, than tho cool argument or' '":""'. l'"l it's, inter- ....... v... m.vwum, ii i.iiuis in I'lOWIU'r colors tho privation and suffering which hnvu wept thausawts of American citizens to prema ture deith, in tlie pestilent climate which they have had to encounter. Col. Baker thinks if the war is not concluded" within the next four month-, it will be almost interminable! Wc will give our readers tho whole of the speech, next week, His vindication of Ihe Wiiig party from the slan lerous charges lirt insinuated by a partisan President, and then re-echoed by a puitis-an press, is complete and triumphant. Mr. WiNiHRor of Mass., is very apt to do, what ho does, i.e.'. The lollovving is tho toast with which ho concluded tho excellent speech that he made at tho Webster Dinner in Philadel phia: 'Tcii'.isylvnnh, may sh' always prove nnliticnlly, ns she is phvucally.a link of iron b.-iwrcu llie Noith and ihe South-" Dciith ol'Scniitor ilarrovv. Again has death invaded tho " rcgnm turns'' and a bright light in our National Councils is extinguished forever 1 Senator Barrow of Louisiana, while in Baltimore, on a temporary vi-it, expiied, after a brief but distressing ill- 1 nes, on Tuesday tho ll'Jth ulto. Tho sad intel ligence threw a gloom over tho city when it reached Washington. It was announced in a mo-t appropriate and impressive manner in the Senate by Mr. Johnson', tho remaining Senator from Louisiana, and eulngiums, upon tho char acter of tho deceased, of touching eloquence and beauty, were pronounced by Senators Ben ton, Breese, mid IIannagan. The Intelli gencer says : The scene presented in the Senate yesterday on the nnnuiiut't'iiieiii in ineueatn in .nr. iMTtr.ow was more nlHitinj than any similar occasion iverdrew forth in i-itbT House of I'liii-ors-s. The dern emotion under which cat Ii bucces-nc S.'inilor paid the earnest tubule lo iilV'Clionaiiil ndiniialiou loth" shining and winning v irluisof ihe deceased, gave (i, the i loqt.ence of speech all llie touclilllli cloiiiieiicc of the heart, and moved maiiyaii rye toteaisi but wlun at length be who stood numngct the neatesl in private tricudriiip to the decras.'ilt and nmongst the highest in esteem nnd nl trnction biiusclf.and lo vvbosi- eloquent bps every face turned in deepened nuiicipilioii when be row, ami, Willi IIIOIMCIICU c)c, imujcii lu rjieiih,uui louim ills own linn henti oveipimeicd nnd ulleianee denied lo him, every heaitmelted in painful sympathy. Mr. Cr.ITTEM'LN. Tho funeral of Senator lUnttovr took place on Thursday. IT Judging fiom the amount of wind in tho columns of that crudito journal, wo are convinc ed that tho Sentinel has employed a " new hand at tho hollows" lately. It cannot bo the " little girl of IS," liocaitse she undcrtlands grammar at least. Itoaton Almnnoc. Wo have received through tho politeness ol tho publisher, Mr. Dickinson, acopy of the "Bos ton Almanac" for 1817. Itisa small duodecimo volume of 1!)0 pages, but contains an Immense amount or useful and interesting matter. To the business men of Bo'lon especially It must possess great value, embracing, as it does, a complete "business directory" besides other mat ters of peculiar interest to them, But It also con tiins an amount nnd species of general informa tion, such as descriptions of tho various and nu merous iiailuoads that find their focus at lies ton, Mid extend, and are extending, their iron nnns afar o!F in almost every direction, together with lecords ef note-worthy events not only In llo'ton but in tho whole Country .during the ear ending Nov. 1, 1810, &c, &c, that render it very convenient and in'.eicsling to eiery body. Wc are certainly much indebted to the indof.iti gable publisher for our copy, which wc icgard as a valuable acquisition lu our means of Infor mation Speaking of the Boston Almanac, icminds us of THE VLB MONT ALMANAC, For which wo are unJcrobligations to Messrs IIasakm, & Palmer of Woodstock, the enter prising publisher-, who have made decided and valuable improvement ju the contents ai.d ar rangomciit of this Almar.ar for 18 17 over that for 1810. It contain, in addition to vv hat ap pears to be complete information icsnccting the political, literart, religious, scientific, and moral "movements" in our own State, much other use ful and valuable matter. Wc notice that it em braces Sir liobcrt Walker's new 1'rco Trade Tariff in exLnso, Schedules and all ; so our far , . , mers no, -.r. i -ikk lay,, uru ueiT,v uiier cslri I in '.racrutt!? it. can stm v Its ucnelicenl i .i i provisions at their leisure during the long wintir ovoninrs. lie think, to be sure, the more they . , of it (both theoretically and practically) the oss (Cy i!e j -Mesrs. IIaskeix & I'almei: deserve credit (or rather "cash ttoun") for tl.o accuracy and fulness of their Almanac, which is evidently got up with no inconsiderable labor and expense. !DWc find the following paragraph in the A'. V. Kicning Post. Wo had the pleasure of cxamatiing a portion ol this truly unique and bca itiful publication, " ill sheets," while it was under the pencil and ijnuf r of the accomplished artist to whose indefatigable inJusiryanJ zeal so much credit is duo fur U completion. Not only the drawing and coloring, but the litho graphing, are all executed by Mr. Ilorxtss, to whoso aitistic talent, and cultivated taste they bear such unquestionable testimony. The fidelity of these iniitati ins of Xature in o ne of licr loveliest and most attractive manifes tations, is very admirable. Mr. llorhixs, seems to have had tho skill to embody the very air oi tho flowers the clement of tho external bcai.ty which he has so successfully delineated. His work is ccartainly the nearest holding or" tl.c mirror up to nature," that we remember to have seen. Tun ncm inotcn Book cr Ftnwrr.' Thi is lhc titl iruae ol the mntt bcauntul publications we have evcrsie.i. It iswluit we lutahl call a portrait gallery ofliic liluie leiiinikahiu rlowels ot our couutiy, Ulld po tw-nutllully Jrnwn mid i:iLvri-d, ns linol tu suptjr fcede llie ncerSMtv irnntronuin2 til'1 liortleulturi.t. The uilist nuthor id tins superb work is John llenry Jlopkiu-, Jr., (son of the llihi'P ol Vinr.nnt, who is wen Known in iiientciary woiiu asnn utile vvrittr niui a man ol llie most rumen i&sie.j in I'.miim ot mil) one bundled copies was puUiahi'd, and tbouyh lla price is ten dullurs, a large pioportiou of tlie uhiion .as alieady been held. A few copies, we believe may )et be obtamt d ol Appleton t Co., '..'00 IJicadwny. .Messrs. .Miuon 'c "'utile. We learn rrom tl.o Mercantile Adiertisrr (X. V.) that tlie linn of Mason & Tliti.e.so exten sively and favorably known asAdvertising Agents ror Citv and Country Papers, has been dissolved, ' in con-equenco or the ill-health or the ji.nior , partner, Mr. Tuttle. .Mr. .Mason continues ' tlie Advertising Agency business on bis owiiac count. Wc hate had no inconsiderable business intercourse with these geiitleiiion, and iiavedc' rived benefits tliercfiom which we hope were re' ciprocal. We trust Mr. Mason will contint'C to prosper in the useful enterprise which owes its origin and successful establishment mainly to tho efforts of the firm of which he has hereto fore been a partner. The Sentinel quotes Ihe e'xtractfrom a speech of WEiisrt:n at tho head of our columns, and opens upon it in thiswise: "The foreiToipif declaration of ihe"God-hkc" Din V is plated ill the bend of llie Editorial columns ot ihe 1'iee l'lcsa. .My Uod! what a light this "fciar plo duces !" We understand that the medical attendant or the Sentinel is now preiciibing crfcct iepne and quiet for his j aticnt. His anxious friend arothcrcfure requested not tu call upon him at present. Ilrinln In tlie "CourtCalcnd.il" of caucs tried at tho last nitiprius termor Addison Co., which we find in tho Brandon Voice of 1'ierduin, tho follow in. record occurs: George Iinpclt, 1 v. Assault and Battery. II. Adams it S. Fanner,) Vi-rvict for plnintilf. Damages 53 50. Tucker and Vhtlp for plaintiff. I'xnpaint fordeieudaut, We believe it i legal to amend according to the Tacts, and wo therefore subjoin an amended record, as follows : Georco liassctt J' ' r . ....... v Assami ana nailery 11. Adams iv. 1 armcr. Verdict Tor Plaintiff. Damages 23,50, Tucker &. Pliclps Tor Plaintiff. Pierpoint A. Peek fur Defendants. Only six errors. Our good friend of the Foicc must trv tobo a litlloinuro exact, ir he kii "steal our thunder." Northern Itnilroml. On Monday the 'JTlli ult.,this road was open od to tho public from Cuncou! to 1 ranhhn, a dis tance of 10 miles. On the Saturday previous party of sonio (100 passed over tho road under nn i invitation from tho Directors, The excursion is very humorously described by tho Editor of th Concord Statesman, who was one of the elect. I In says when tho train reached Franklin it "formed in line on tho top of an embankment at tho Depot," and that, thereupon, "as though it "had been tapped at a dozen points, from the train "came pouring out 11 black mass of humanity and "flowed steadily down the sides of the embank "incut, like so vmny streams if cold molasses"'. Tho Jalitor is of opinion that nt 0110 point, wher.e there is a chortlsh curve accommodating the track tu h bend in the river, thu ''river-ward rail" should bo raised a Icclk to obviale tho vo- Kerishncis of tho turn. Ho thinks the cars "tlopo" some ut tins point towards tho river, which will obliga "timid old ladies," who coino upon it un expectedly, to "let oil' a bit ofn scream ill self- uefence," and that gentlemen will bo w.ti ranted In throwing their arms around tho young ladies, "to site them from discomposure," and adds: "probably in this case, however, the inclination of the road will not bo found to bj ngaintl that of tho gentlemen." This is very irrevcicul jo king, and only to ! excused on tho ground that it was an"unavodablo accident." The Statesman gives the followin" rxtrarl from a Speech by Chas. T. Itussoll nr! Boston, a director : mir l"-ll', in compromi-ing tho conflicting in- , ,. . , . , , , . , , I terests of the 'ov oral sections of tho Uliinn, liow conift;;!,!1 ivfcn." 1 ,ch"crin7v;1 1 v,,,",s r?m pvcrr lhc- OJJpirmile. rnrty-niiif miles reimin to bo done nil ,n,u"i ol "le I'eclaration of American Iiidepen of vviiicli was under cuntmrt, inrlulin the briilra ',ll'e hur-ling fintli into practical operation nyrrllicConiieiMiciitrit lln inuiith nf U'liite river 1 wherever it was pussiblo to give them iinmcdi lwotnrdso lliiqiadnslnJheen rninJ-tcd, tiee,. I Xc clheacv ! ii-ionly l!ii'rli-csiii!,' tobe reai y lor tho rmls Ai. V i ' i 11 r i i ! t.o.i or the ron.l immediaielv beyonil IVnnlllm vvoaU 1 An'' l,nw s,,ouU a Fc"' ,f l,orr '"'m'latl0 1 be opened in tin-(.prim' The principal dillicnhy was ' nn ' S"1'1 lj" "P"11 l'lu decetidants of such the leni'jval ol 2S.000 cuMc yards ol rnel; nt Oranso, 1 men, when, witii the prosperous career of Ohio tae s'lininit, vvlu.-b would be roui,leied in Aucut, and ol the otlier free States of the Nortli-West-ly'ns't'n; Xoveuiben4""' by "r9 ? "Unry before our eye-, and with all the Aiinniienhie nnd linn union had been made with lae veiinotit tenirnl Knilrond, nml by that means uieic nuiiiti, soon nueriiic rmiiplctlonol the Aoith em, be a contuiueushne lo the waters ot lhc lakes." O At tlie late election in Michigan, the re sidence of Jam's 0'. Uirncy, the " third-party" vote "fell off" mote than twenty pe r cent. 1j" We are under obligations to Mr. Marsh, and Senators I'ni.us and UniAM, for valuable public documents. Gov. Itebli or Ohio. Tho follow ing is the noble Inaugural address ftho new Whig Governor or Ohio. It is a '.Might-forward, manly, and fearless expositicn ortho smnj and pitriatic principles on which Gov. Beee wont into tho canvass at tho recent election, and under whose sign lie conquered : INAUGURAL ADDltLSS. Gentlemen of the Sinale iindij llie I louse of llepresentalives ; Tlie past history anil nrcj-ont condition nf tho State ol" Ohio present interesting subjects for the contemplation and instruction or her legis lators nnd Statesman. Hair a eenturv has Tint just elapsed since tho victory or Wayne over the Indians on tlie Maitmec, and the consequent treaty or Greenville, gavolotho Xortli-vve-tcrn 'erritory Peace, and to the tenants of its riisiie abodes assurance of Safety. This irrcat central Vallev of thn Wnst ivne then in all its primeval grandeur, its mountains, lakes, and gull its rivers gliding over cataracts or meandering through va't alluvial mains its boundlcs" prairies nud herds of bufluiocs its fur- U unrivaled in extent and variety, and it. great tribes of aborigines, who, from' lime un known, nan ijecn tiio lords ol this vast domain. The bold outlines of tho scene remain r.nclmiv'- ed and nncli ingcable. The mounatins are here. and the lakes the rivcrs ..till (low in their chan nels, but the bullhloc have been hunted from too I . ... me oecr irom the forest. i.ogan ami 1 eeiimsci are nr, more I lie spit it ol tlmir itoly more to u, than the conquest or a Conti race is broken. Their children have sullenly nent retired beyond tho ' Father of Wate.s,' and lm-1 t mav be thought that theso are subiects be ned the leilscalnini'-knife intlieashe.-ofi esna r. inr,;". i,.ci,.ri i. i: 1 1 ...... It l.l ! ,i I I the jells ol the war-dance, the elorpu nco ol the ; council, anil the incantations of the prophet, ate een and beard no moro ; but, in their stead, ills ol legislation, courts of justice and tern- Ics cr.nscerat.'d to Chri'lianilv. '1 lie aiinalo of ' Man present 110 example vvheie tho triumphs of Civilization, in nr brief a noricd. havo horn ml brilliant and complete. uuruwn Male of Ohio, embracing a very f.i-1 vored portion of this Great Vallev, stands out before tlie eves of ail men, a wonder for her rogre-s 111 population, wealth and power; for icr mctiopo.isof near a hundred thousand smilsr 1 her agricultural and mechanical productions. ! her puliic v.oiks, her colleges, asylcms and schools; and her numil ition of two millions of people, cnjnv ing more of the nece-aries and coinfnrls nl life, and enduring fewerof its priva tions, miseries and wants than any equal nuni- uer ui men 111 anv age 01 1110 world. ( omiand with the urcat re-ources oftho State, 1 le'ent and prospective, even her l.inm lebt or nineteen million-, of dollars is seen, nt a lance, to be cnliri ly under her control. She owns eight hundred miles nf navigable canal-, and is largely interested ill twelve hundred miles of -M'Adami.ed road-, be-ide her stocks in tho chains of railroads w liieii vv ill ere lone: lie com- eted from Lake Erie to the Ohio river. Tho valuation returned under her new leviniio law, bows that she l.n- over four hundred niiliiom.nl lollars' worth of taxable propeitv. And no.iran Lorn within the limits of the Stale orOhio at the ei itd c f the formation of her Con stitution, who has inaiked witii filial iifi'oi 'lion anil pride her every step from that hour uutil the resent no man who I His 1 inr hfiwi nut immi llfT Hll. f(. flllil 111 nr. ...! . n I . .- 1 i . 1 I,,' " i ii! 1 V ' ""'" 1 al evs, over lierlnlls and plains, m hor mine-, Wfirh-liops, aial farm-houses, meeting, even , where, a popnlalu 11 vv ho-e -pirit of enterprise I and iiidi.sirv"cm!i,ictl. all things and never lailfth, canavud lie icahzalmn tint she has , 1 lit ,11st cnic icil incut .othiishi.ld 1 fl.rr future .,.,, , ' " " ------ -- --- grci PC'S .indjrescrity, or fail to sec that her opiiii.ui nave, a- ut clcarul but l.ero and there a f t nt in I er loicsts, cccuiicd hum few sues rlher iirn erne wati r-i r wcr, mil 1 ut just beeiill lo rrcn 1 er ii ixl ni.tlil.lo mint- of iron and fields nfcial. Before tl.e hise f twentv year-, her popu'a ion will 1 ave increased froiii two in leui iniiliuis, and her taxallo propeitv from four hundred millions to a thousand mill iciisof di liars. The cause nf this unexainided 1 rnsi rritv is ns much without a aicllel in histoiv as tho effect. It will icfoui'.il 111 tho natural ri seiners of the Stale, in too security of titles to land, in Ihe early rcteclii 11 aidiileral policy of tl.e Gencr-1 .11 uiniTiimini. 11 win 10 10111111 111 tlie charac ter ufl.er populating who, instead of eiuergin" tl.rr 11 eh h fences 1Y1 m 1 nrl ntlsm t,, 1. ;1 brought with tiiein Freedom. Lnvv. Cbrisii initv' and the arts of civilized lire. It will bo round in her free Con-titi.tion, conferring on her Ex ecutive noitl er patronage, nor tho ico power; an I in her legislation, which in thn main, has been liberal and wi-o. It will lo found in tho Ordinance of 17S7. That L'reat charier nf .Noiui-vv e-tern inierty vva- liero before our filh- ers. It had guiraiitecd to every emigrant Lib erty or Cou-cience Iho right of Trial by Jury nn oumui niui iirpicsi-niaunii anil Hie in violabilitv of I'rivato Property. It had dcelir.Mi that " no law, impairing iho'valiiiitv of contracts previously made without fraud, sluiuld ever have any binding authority v itiiin Iho Terriloiv." And it had (unclaimed that " schools unit the means ol education should forever lo encourag ed ; for the lain reason, that religion, morality and knowhdge are nieessary to good govern- lovio, .mo o,i, iiicsis ui uianiiiuu.'' But, of all Iho irovisions of that ordinance, the most iinpoitant to the cause of hiHnaiiitv.aiid Ihe most leiielicicnl in its o oration njioi'i the ,m mi, iijiois, me napi iness aim mo (iros- perily nrtlio niillieiis who in all lime to come will Inhabit these Slates, is lhat which makes the soil north-west of tho river Ohio forever in capiblcof sustaining a slave. Willi African servitude, as tlie fraincrs or our Government I'tundit within Iho limit r the orignial !.iveho!ding States, tho people ,,r (llllfl I in I'll in. .Inctr,. I.. 1.11. V.. ""' 's iiii-uiiio, i.oi iikii o look ii( on tho subject vv ilh cold indifierence, or ever ceaso In conleinjil.ite with earnest solicitude as men and Americans, Iho course which our brethren of those States, united with u, i lU samo great bond of Union, mav feel if to lie their duty no less than their true interest, to pursue toward lhat opprecd ami down-trodden race ; .1 .1 i nor, much less, tfiat we coiiiiienaiico uio uou trino broaeheil hysnne, that llutnun Slavery is nut In Itself an evil; butbecati'-ovvo look upon it as an institution l'Vond our luri-iliclion, suu ject to the control nit ii- of tho Legislature and ppoplool the several Males wliereln it exists. Tliero thocomcution which flamed our Federal ('ontiliitioii found it, and there they were re luctantly compelled to leave it. B'lt siircly it is matter of reioiciii"' to ns, no less than of honor lo our fathers, that, in hit, iug the foundations of the snnal system hole, where slavery bail nev er existed, thev in great vvi-doni and humanity liedgoit it out, hy a perpetual interdict, and con secrated tho land to Freedom. In contomp iling the history of that period and dwelling upon tho dillicultics which beet 1 a' l" v-niiirmny auu i n-ouuiu beaming upon us, wo compare or rather contrast lance of 1787 willi the Constitution (f the ordinance Texas, the ono perpetually prohibiting Slavery, .ion iiiu- uiiiri pi'rpciiiai pioiiioiLiu 1 ii-i.uuiii . I low can we relied upon the motives and means which brought about tho Annexation of that province with such a Constitution ! a Constitu tion f I'tening slavery furover upon a vast region wherein a neighboring Uopuelic had already 'broken every yoke and let tho oppressed go free.' And how, with tho Constitution of lhc United States in our hand", proclaiming that Congress alone shall have power to declare war, can we behold a President of tlie United States trample that sacred instrument in the dust, deliberately, and without the advice of Congress then in ses sion, involve the country in a foreign war of conquct, and yet not dare give utterance to our indignant condemnation ol his unconstitution al acts! Wheie is tho man who does not know mid fo!th:it this Mexican war i a Presi dential war 1 A warvvliich, before itscntnmencc ment, Congress would nut have declared ! A war begun without adequate cause, and without any groat, ju-tili ible, and commensurate object compatible with tlie intore-tand integrity of tlie Union. A war conducted without wisdom of design at Washington, and relieved fiom utter disaster and public odium only by tl.o prudence, bravery, and brjlliant exploits of Gen. Taj lor and hi gallant army id' regulars and volunteers, who have triumphantly upheld our national ban ner, and won lor thcm-clves imperishable re nown and the gralllnde of their country. In conclusion of this subject, let it never be forgotten, that while the Ircerncn of Ohio will in all time to come, as they have in all-times past, cheerfully march to the field of battle at the call of the constituted authorites of tlu country, they will not fail, by word and deed, by llie "ballot box and all other constitutional means in their power, to hold these functionaries lo a strict ac countability forever.' violation of the trust com mitted to their hand's, and especially for every infiaetiou of that great ConsMtulion, to which we are indebted, not merely forlibeily, but for 0ur national exislence. nnd wliich is worth inli iw.ijiiii; i.Lin;iitii lu lliu litllL-iai mil t' I illlll.'IU, and that Ohio ha, no right, either tlirounh the Mes-age.s ol her executive, or the re-olutions of lier Legislature, to express her opinions con cerning them. But Ohio is not an isolated State she is one ola great confederacy or si'ter States. As such, he h is pasted her solemn judgement upon tbe'e and otlier great questions of National Policy, nnd it is for that reason that I have lelerred to them. It is for that reason that I T'cl called upon, in heriiame, to prote-t against the repeated exer cise ol the ielo poitxr, which sees nothing in all fie West enn-t tutic.nil or worthy of its regard but snags and sand-bars, and w hich for years has been ob-lructing the healthful channels of legislation, nnd swallowing up. one by one, nil the iiowers of the Government, just as these fa vorite objects ol its protection have been choking upour rivers, and engulfing our steamboats, our commerce ami our Hvs. She has also entered and proclaims her protest ngiiiittlial odiou and olt-rojected Sub-Treasu ry system, re-enacted at the last se ion of Con gress, not only because it derange- the Curren cy, renders the public treasure in-cenre, and iiiagnilie.slhe powers of thn scll-con-tituteil mon arch of the United States', but because it inev itably tend-to drain the specie of tlie country from Ohio and all tho interior States of tlie Un ion, to tlie great seaport, where tlie reveiiue of tho nation aie collected, and wheie, according to thocon-titutional veto sy-tem of administer ing tho government, tliey'aie to be disbursed also. Ohio fuilhcmioie claims the right to declare that, by iea-011 of her great natural resources for inaniilactuiing, her sui pr.1hn11d.1nce of food 1 . ' . . aim lier scarcity ol fabrics, her inland position, w10r0 (bo cost of ihe 10rtati1.il of foreign .mods, and eseeciallv oftl,,. nvnnrtniion of her ,,,. n a,. ricnltnrr.l or,.',l,., 1...... n ...,.,ii.i ,,rm0 forevera heavy tax upon her labor, she 1..., Wn induced tii'inin.t l.,r.r sum- i,. ma. r.,,.,.,,; 1 1 :...i .7. :,. n,.., , ,,,,,,.,., ,.,, ,l-Ci.lICill 0111.-011-. J 11.11 ;,;,, the older (-tabli-lmients of some of lier si-tcr fctale- these branches or industry are in 1 that infant state rennirimr Protection. That she 1 raii,Umin I..,.,!,,,, mnrhet for l,nr great staples excel t in seasons of starvation abroad like tho present. Tint she inu-t have lliuue-MauufactHres and a Homo Market. That she will never submit to Free Trade and Direct Taxation. Tint the people were pro-perous under the Turin" nf 1S12; nnd that she believe that notonlv the revenues of the country but all her industrial interests demand its immediate restoration. Deriving what lesson-of experience wo may rrom the pro-cut condition and past history ot the State or Ohio, lier true policy seems to be siiiliciently olivious. She requires no important measures or legislation at the present session of lierlienoral Assembly. Iatliergro.it Currency and devenue laws, deliberately snictioned as they have been by the voice of lier people, stand, with such indispensa ble amendment-, if any, as experience lias shown to be ju.-t and necessary, Let her colleges, nvium, and schools conti nue to receive at your hands -uch con-ideralioii and supiioit as their great importance demands, and 1 especially recommend the appointment or a Sui erinlendeiit of Common Schools. la't her plighted l utli lie maintained inviolate, by upholding the laws already enacted, provi ding llie means fur tho j ayin"nt not only of the Interest, but the principal of her debt. By re liaining finmall farther works of internal impro veireut by tho State, until tlie debt be paid By strict economy in tho administration of all the departments of tl.o Government. By offering to actual settlers such seasonable reduction in tiiepriccsof the canal lands, and giv ing to them, on pa) incut of the annual into-ro-t, such lime far t'ie liuuidation of tlie princi pal, ns will bring nlniut their sale and improve lii"iit, that the region live miles wide on each side of your .nrth-wetorii Canals may no long er be a" wilderness. By short sessions ol the Geneial Assembly, and' restraining within rea sonable Imiiiuh the desire for innovation upon legislation both general ami local. Ict those enactments very proi erly by uni versal coii-ent denominated 'the lllack Lvvvs of Ohio, bo repealed. 'I hey are impolitic, unjust and inhuman ; ut war with the genius of our free institutions and tho spirit of tho ago in which wo live. There i one other (object which I would re commend to the special consideration of the U- gislaturc. Itisa fact well known, that a ques ti..n nriiin.. Pi i .d . .n Llii'nnn 11 i ... lion of jurisdiction has arisen between Ohio ami Virginia, the latter claiming to the top or tluj hunk on the Ohio side of tho river a claim wholly inadmissible and which can never ho ac ceded to hy this State. Tho question is still un decid 'il. 'There is danger that other collisions will arise between the authorities and people of Oiiioandtho.se oftho States possessing the op positc shore of the river, which may di-turhtho harmony so deiralilo to maintain with our sis ter, and especially our border States. The ques tions of juri-diction and boundary, if not other wise amicably adjusted, must sooner of later hi determined by a resort to the Supreme Court of tho United States in the mode prescribed by tb.o Constitution for tlie settlement of controversies between different Stutcs. It is much better, if it can lm done, to settle these questions amicably, and in such a manner a be1! to promote tho con venience of tlie poople on both sides of the river, th nt) resort to litigation. I, therefore, recommend that the General As sembly of Ohio propose tlie appointment of Commissioner", with full power to make settle ment both with Virginia nnd Kentucky, by se parate compacts, of the questions of boundary ; and, also, oftho use, navigation and jurisdiction of and over the Ohio river, or the settlement of cither of the-e questions. Tho compacts thus entered into would 110 doubt readily receive tho assent uf Congress, in conformity with tho 10th sclimi or tho ht article or the Constitution of the United Slates, and tints become binding. I am induced the more cheerfully to propose this amicable mode of putting forever at rest these complicated and delicate questions, from tho assurance winch I feel, founded upon tho known patriotism of both Virginia nnd Kcntuc- l;y,nnu their UHpo-mon, as mamleteil on many occasions, to promote tlie harmony of the States I r il. l'..:.. .t.. .1.- nv .mi , .i .Mm oi uiv i-niuii, mui. 1110 oner win, uvinem, be, met in tho same cordial spirit of amity in which it originates. The able and detailed statement or ouraf f'airs already given to you at tho present session l-y my Immediate predecessor, who, during a peritd or fir moro than ordinary dil'.icultv, has discharged his high duties with so much fidelity and patriotism, renders it unnecessary that I should, 011 the prcciit occasion, say more.) With these very brief and general recommen dations, therefore, I confidently commend tin interests of Ohio to tho wisdom ol her Legisla ture, praying that Almighty Being who rules in the armies ol Heaven, and among the inhabitants or the earth, who guided our fathers to tho shores of the new world, who made bare His arm in our dcfeiic.' on the battle-fields of the devolution, and went out before our pioneer ancestors into this western wilderness as a cloud by day and a pillar ol fire by night, that He will nut visit upon ns our manifold national trans gresMous, that He will give to our rulers wisdom and to our people peace, and that in all time to cmie Ho v. ill bo the God of our children, asin the d lys orold He was the God or our lathers. Dec. 1L-, 1S1G. WILLIAM BEBB. CO.M.M UN ICA.TIO.V. To the Editor of the Free Press. Slit As the public mind is now much occupied with Bail-roads, it would, I think, be granting to many of your leaders if you or some of your scientific subscri bers would give us, through our v niuable paper, some plain nud practical information, relative to the diction or lesistance lo bodies moving over a level track, and the proportionate increase ol force required lo move th,- same weight over an ascending grade from leicl to sixty Itct ; and also why short but severe grades, on what arc called undulating reads, are tolerated, while a long gi ade hut no higher is objected to 1 Or, in other words, ua given quantity wilh a given power can bi moved 12 Hides per hour over a grade of 00 feet to tho mile for one mil-, why not for one-and-twen'.yrniies? M. Wo should bo glad if we were able to give tlie interesting and valuable information suggest ed by our correspondent, lie is probably well aware, however, that the subject ol tiio lalue of gradients on agiici! line of railway lias been ex amined with some thoroughness by scientific Engineer-, an! that the solution or the problem has been arrived at by mean, or algebra'u formulai and e ii:itions. .Mr. Chaiiees Ellet, a distin guished Civil Engineer in Philadelphia, in a se ries of very able paper3 communicated to tho Journal of the Franklin Institute som3 tim- since, examined at length and witii gre'at clearness and forre, the question of the "co-t of transportation on railroads," which, of course, involves a con sideration of the lalue of gradients, as well as of the value of dm; tho amount and character of t'ie business to be done &c. &c. Our correspon dent, and any of our readers who feel an intere-t in tho matter, can probably find the Journal of tho Franklin Institute in the Mechanics' Library, and in thevolumes U,r lSli-3, and -1, they will find tlie papers alluded lo. Wo suppose it is undeniable that no imariahls value can be a igned to grades that is, that no formula can b3 adopted which shall be of universal application to all railroads, and thus enable ns to lesolve, by equation, the alnt,act value of gradient-. The data which must enter into and govern the solution of the problem ne cessarily vary with the circu mstances of each particular road. Our correspondent will hardly vv i-h to be understood, we presume, that "We iW or tho "increase if force" required to over come an increase of "friction," is the only ques tion to bo determined in estimating the impor tance or high or low grades. A grade tint might be almost unobjectionable on ono road, mightba in the highest degree objectionable on another, so inconsiderable i-thc influence friction ulont in determining tiie question. Mr. El'.et, in tho examination to which wo have referred, arrives at certain conclusions that are well calculated to surprise those u ho are in experienced, or ignorant, in railroad matters, among whom we include ourselves. For exam ple : ho assumes a road of 30 miles length a limit grade of AO root freight G0,000 tons, of which 10.000 tons is to nscf nd tlie grade, gross weight of cars, freight, .and passengers 130,000 tons-, number of through pas-engcrs 20,000, and the power of the engines equal to the coin- I ..r-iiin ....... , , .. I . ,... ,, i?rli ,,, ,' .. . V w, .' ' ''."""Sll e values provided by I ll lta in equation, 1st. 1 hat, in order to rc-duee. i in urn oi uw iuiis yios- uu a lev el, un Uiesc da- tho maxi.imm or limit gradient ten feet, it would b -advisable to expend but SJO.000 ; 2d. That in order lo roduco the length of this road one miie,U would be advisable to expend 3 1,000: 3d Thn J on such a road, the value rf ten Jeet in the pradt .-..mms.y m mite inadis tame of 30 miles "a fact," as he pointedly ob serves, "that should prompt us to boon ourguard "when we attempt to reduce the grades of a road "by an increase of distance, before wo havo ex "aniined well into the character and amount of "the trade to be accommodated." Wo suppose, also, that tho relative value of 'undulating road-" and roads of a "long grado" of similar acclivity, is tn ho determined"by a va riety or circumstances. The grades might bo so dimmed on tho hitter line, for instance, that au.. illiary power could U so employed as to render the expense oftmn-portation less than on the tin dulating road, oilier things being equal, Our correspondent will readily see this. But wc have said more than we intended to,

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