Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, 19 Şubat 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated 19 Şubat 1847 Page 1
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w Vol. XX.Xo. 30. Whole Xo. 1033. BURLINGTON FllEE PRESS Published at Burlington, Vt., By D. W. J. CLAltKE, Editor and Proprietor. Ter mil To Village subscribers who receive the paper by the carrier 83,00 If paid In advance 2,50 Mail subscribers and those who take it at the Office, invariably 2,00 Advertisements inserted on the customary terms From the National Eta. Rnndulphor ltoanokc. ftjOIlX a. WUITTIER. Oh, MothWEarth ! upon thy lap Thy weary ones receiving, And o'er them, silent us a dream, Thy grassy manlle weaving ; Fold soltly in thy long embrace That heart so worn nnd broken, And cool its pulse ol file beneulh Tity s'viJoiWold anloakcn. Shut out from him the bitter word And serpent his of scorning, Nor let til? storms ol yesterday Disturb his quiet morning j Breathe over him furgctfiiluess Ol'nll save deeds ol kindness, And, save to smiles of grateful eyes, Press down his lids til blindness. There,wherc with living car and -ye lie heard Potomac's llowmg, ; And, through his tall ancestral trees, Siw Aatu.n t's sunset glowing. He sleeps still looking to the S est, Beneath the dark wood shadow, As if he still would sec the sun Sink down on wave and meadow. Bard, Sigr, and Tribune ! In himself AllinooJsoI'miuJ contra-ling The tenderest wail of human woe, The scorn like lightning lil.istmg, Tin pathos which from rival eyes Unwilling tears could summon; The stinging taunt, the fiery burst Of hatred scarcely human ! Mirth, sparkling like a diamond, showed, From lips of life-long sadness, C picturing of majestic thought Upon a ground of madness ; And over all Romance and Song A classic beauty throwing; AnJ laureled Clio at Insslde Her storied pages show ing. All parties feared him, each ill turn H.'hi'M its schemes disjointed, As right orlelt gianre And sp.'ctral linger pointed ; Sworn toe of Cant, he smotet itdown With trenchant w it unsparing, And, mocking, rent with ruthless hand Toe rube Pretence was wearing. Toohoncst or too proud tn feign A love be never cherished. Beyond Virginia's border line Ais patriotism perished: While others hailed in distant skies Our Eagle's dusky pinion, lie only saw the mountain bird Stoop o'er his Old.Uominion ! Still through each change of fortune strange, Kackcd nerve, and bruin all burning, His loving laith in mother-land Knew never shade ot turning ; By Britain's lakes, by Neva's wave, Whatever sky was o'er him. He heard her rivers' ru-hiug sound, Her blue peaks rose belore him. He held his slaves : yet made withal No lalse and vain pretences, Nor pail u lyin" priest to seek For Scriptuiul defences. His harshest word-oJ proud rebuke. His bitterest taunt and scorning. Fell lire like on the Northern blow Tnal bent to him in tawuing. He held his slaves: yet kept the while His reverence lor the Human; In the dark vassals of his will He saw but .Man and Woman ! No, hunter ol Gud's outraged poor His Koanoke valley entered ; No trader in the souls ol men Across his threshold ventured. And when the old and wearied man Laid down for his last sleeping. And at his side, a slave no more, His brother man stood weeping. Hn latest thought, his latest breuth, To Freedom's duty giving, With tailing tongue and trembling hand The dying blest the living. Oh ! never bore his ancient State A truer son or braver ! None trampling with a calmer scorn On loreigu hate or lavor : He knew her faults, yet never stooped His pruud and manly feeling To ;uor excuses ot the wrong Ol meanness or concealing. But none beheld with clearer eye The plague spot o'er her spreading. None heard more sure the steps of Doom Along her future treading. For her as for himself he spake, When, his gaunt frame iipbraeing, lie traced with dying liand"UE.uKSE."t And perished in the tracing. As from the grave where Henry sleeps, From Vernon's weeping willow, And from the gray pall which hides The sage ol Moullccllo, Sa from the leaf strnwn burial stone Of Randolph's hmly dwelling, Virginia 1 o'er thy laud of slaves A warning voice is swelling ! And hark ! from thy deserted fields Are sadder warnings spoken, From quench'd hearths, where thy exiled sons Their household gud have broken. The Cuise is on thee wolves lor men, And briars for corn-sheaves gi ing ! Oh! more thin all thy dead renown Were now one hero living ! iiirmtnlnh lmd ahcartv hatred of slave traders. and it is said treated some of ih'in quite roughly who ven tured to cheapen hi"cliattels personal." t3:ethj rem irk-ible statement ot Dr, Parish, Ins medical attendant. I)c SiS. -farm. Science of Jleclmuics, applied to Asricul- turul purposes. cnjs ,,f t10 lwo M)1(!Si iU1j aio ti,,Prinj ,,c c is-, ami already covered with dust, hiiddenly In the construction of the more perfect and rounds to each extremity, by which suiillcrlioles a t.'ri'al hustle seemed to arise in the house ex complex machines used in the arts, the princi-' aro needed fur their reception, and tho poles 1 clainatious, hurryings to and fro, and ut last tho pies of mechanics aro closely studied in giving consequently may bo smiller. Where various maid-servant undo her appearance. "Well, a due projiortion of lightness and strength to forces aro to be resisted, attention must bo given 1 "othsrine," said Jlon iparte, "what has happened; every, part. But in tho tnnro simple and com- to all ; for example, in tho spokes of wagon , 'stlir' house on tiro?" moil 'implements fur tho fanner, mere guess wheels, much strength is required at tho hub (or "My mistress," said the almost breathless wo work too often becomes the only guide. It ap-, still'ening tho wheel laterally ; they must bo "nn brought limn.) from church ill. Wo pears to some altogether trilling, to attempt to strong at the middlo to resist tho contracting w-oro going to callyou when sho brought into the apply with precision scientific principles to tho 1 pressure of the tiro ; and of siillicient size ut world e. line boy, who is as well as you or I." shaping of a hoe-handlo or a plow-beam. Vet tho circumference, where they are apt to Iks I At tho instant tlie clock struck twelve, Bona- a lime rciiertion win mow tiiat u is a matter, not to be summarily rejected The simplest tool, which is constantly used should bo lormed with a view to the best appli cation of strength to effect tho inteutcd purpose. Tho laborer, who makes two thousand strokes with tho hand-hoe in an hour, or twenty thou sand in a day, should not wield a needless ounce nf weiirht ill the implement. If anv nart bo. mnilp mitincessarilv heaw. even to thn amount of half an ounco only, thu forco repeatedly ex- , i . I..... . ....i..... of hall an ounco onty, uiu lorco repeatedly ex- pended to keep this in constant motion, amounts in the aggregate to no less than twelve hundred and lifty pounds a day, or requires a furce equal to tho moving of that amount, which ought to bo exerted against soil and weeds. Again, a farm-wagon usually weighs nearly half a ton ; many of tlioin might well bo reduced 59 lbs. in weight, by reducing tho sizo or altering, the Shape Ot pans vwicru sircngui is iiu. uenmi, sinng-iiiucus oi iar.ii uiiuycs, ivu. uy inaKiii without at all lessening tho strength of the ve- them llat, or narrow and deep, may bo precisely hide. Calculation will show, then, that tho a-'known. Again, tho strength of a round stick mount gained every year, h this reduction, toor polo, (cylinder,) increases as tho cubo of the r.irmpr who drives Ilis wacon on an aver-, diameter increases ; hence a stick 3 inches in mm onlv live miles a day, will be equal to tho rSnvoyance of thirty bushels of wheat to a dii- tattce of forty miles. Similar estimates might be tmido In many other cases ; nnd if all the im provements wore thus made which might be, the whole gain would bo by no means trilling. Wo shall endeavor to illustrate this Bubject by a few examples. In the construction of the simplest tools, as the handles of hoes and axes, rakes ami pitch-forks, a form convenient for gra'ping by the hand, as well as for strength is needed. The common axe-liandlo is usually well formed for both theso purposes the flat shape, for strength, edgewise, and with the greatest width nt the entrance of the socket, where mot strength is required. Fork handles uro often well made, but not unfrcqiicnlly are quite defective in a combination of strength and Itchiness. The createst strcnuth being needed at the middle, where fracture usually takes nlace. tliev should hero be of lamer size, at the same time that full size must bo allowed fo .. perfect fitting of the prongs to. the. jr.fTiu'lc. In lig. 1, a shows a well fortified handle, and b, one badly formed. Hoc-handles, not necdin" much strength, lightness and convenience for the grasp of the hand, should ho mainlv sought. For the latter purpose, there should be an en largement at the upper end. to movent the hind slipping ; the rest should be nearly of equal size throughout. For lightness, the weight should be lessened as much as possible towards the blade, nearly all the motion being in this direc tion, the upper end being in a minner the cen tre of million ; hence it is highly important that the lower part he made as slender as noihle. that tho constant movement be not impeded by a needless ounce. The chief reason that the old hoes, with a large ring or socket attached to the blade, were so much less effective than the best modern hoes, was the largo and heavy lurui ui me. loner pan Ol mo Handle. Jr ij. 2, Figure 2. represents two hoes, a being a well-formed han dle, and b a clumsy one. Hake handles arc ustiallv made sn as to break in tho middle : henre the size should be there increased, and diuiiii-' ished at the ends. The same remark applies to the heads of rakes. Horse-rakes should bo made as light as possible ; tho head or main bar is usually of the same size throughout, but it may be much diminished in weight by an obeivanc"e of tho principles of mechanics. Plow-beams are often unnecessarily cumbersome, the great est strength being needed at the junction of tho mould-board, the least near the forward end, or farthest from the ccntro of motion. It very rarely happens that the beam ever breaks just back of the clevis, henco this part may bo often much lightened. J he limits and character of tins article will not admit of a full or accurate examination of the mathematical principles, applying to the construction of implements and machines ; but a few or tho principles nlinot const nit ap plication may be superficially explained by fi gures, it a uaroi wonu, a, ug. j, is sei, nxeu Figure 3. in a wall, to support a weight at its extremity, it will possess as much strength for this purpose when it has tho form exhibited in the figure, as if of an enual size throughout : that is, a con- siderahtn tinrlinn of a bar of edttal size may bo cut away without lessening its strength. f ho same reasoning obviously applies to a bar sup ported at the tuiddl, with a weight at each cud. It also follows as a matter of course, that tho sunin slirinp is to be irivon to each part as to the sini'lo one in fiir. 3 : and would therefore be of tbn fi.rin rpiirpsimtpil in fl!T. 4. TIlO shape is not attereu wncn it is suppunuu i .m. ..., with the wcicrht at the middle. Hence tins torin, or one similar, becomes tho proper one lor many purposes in practice, as tor instance, uiu mum nnd Inrs nr notes of ladders, the bars of whip pletrees, fork handles, &c. ; and the hall'lcngth as in lig. 4, for rake teeth, fence posts, f the tongues of wagons and carts, wheelbarrow haiidles. snado handles, &c. This form must however bo modified to suit circumstances, as i for instance, whippletrees must be large etiouglH at the ends to secure tho iron hooks, and wagon tnnmies for the irniiiu" at the end. The axle-. trees of wa"oiis and carts, mu-t not only ua made strongrin tho middle, but also at the en th wheels, when thrown bide ways, oiicrating as lovers to snap them off at tho latter point. The annexed ligure,(lig. 5,) rigUre . 3: shows two forms of a cart axle, rr, unneces sarily heavy, as too often made, and b the im- proveinent. Ladders aro often required to bo very light, but their weight, as usually made, ' may be con-iderably diminished by lesseniii" tho weakened by decay iroin constant exposure to mud and water. The best form is nearly a uniform taper to- wards the oiitide, with a sudden tnlirgeinent at tho outer extremity. i ruie oi very general application in con - struct! do- machines, etc... is. in all rectangular bars or beams, the strength increases ns the breadth, and as tho suuaro of the denth. Thus. ' n timlinr .1 inrlips whip, nml slv inplips dppn fir thick, is twico as strong as a timber 'J inches i.i I i. i .. . :..i ...n.. 1 thick, is twico as strong as a timber 'J inches , wido and C deep ; and one i! inches wido and 4 deep, is four times stronger than one a wido and ii deep ; or if 0 inches deep, it is 9 times strong- 'cr. The same rule will show that a board 12 inches wido and I inch thick, will support l'J, limes as great a weight when cdgowiso as when ( lying Hat. Henco tho increase of strength given to whipplctrees, fenco-no-ts, joists, rafters, diameter is 27 times stroger than a stick of equal Tcnijth one inch in djmotr. lUncet when an increase of si wood, as for tho a ladder, this rule may nnnlied. anv length, did our limits permit however, is merely to direct attention to r nortanco of tho studv. All who construct IT! plemenls should understand the subject thor oughly ; nnd farmers, who must know how to inr? choose good from bad ones, siiouiu oo aoie, as fir as practicable, tn select thoo which are well made, nnd equally strong In all their parts, and avoid thoso which are defective or unnecessarily ciim'jcrsome.withoiit the long and costly process of purchase and trial. Cullita'.or. T. If nccuruev is required, the following rule iste be observed. Tlie bar is to be diminished, in passing outwards from the wall, so that the brcadtli multiplied j - y.r "' renin snail always oenr me same tinmnrliim tn the A,n,7.. . .A- '. 'mm the outer en.l : mat is, u b be the depth ni nny place,-,..... h d must be as the squaic of b c. This is on the sup position that the two vertical sides are parallel ; if, however, the stick tnpers on all sides alike, then b d mut be as the cube of b c. In the former case, the lower edge ol the bar w ill have a cubic parabola us the curve ol its taper, the upper side being straight ; anj in the latter, the curve would be a common parabola. If the weights press on nil parts of the bar alike, the form will be somewhat dilL-reiit. t Strictly speaking, the pressure being on all parts of a fence post alike, it should be in the form oi a wedge, with straight sides. Hence, a fence post of equal width throughout, contains twice us much tim ber as is needed for strength insrcly. From Chambers' Journal. The Parentage and Childhood of Napoleon. IT.OM THE FRENCH OFC BICItOMME. It was 11 o'clock in the morning of tho 15th of Aug., 1709; the bells of the old cathedral of Ajaccio were ringing a full peal, for it was the Foit of the Assumption; nnd tho inhabitants in holiday garb, wcro hastening to tho church. Seiteil near tho window of a houe in St. Charles street were two men. whoeabtractedairshow cd th it their minds were far from tho scone upon which their eyes seemed fixed in apparent obser vation of tho picturesque costume of tho passing crowd. One of them was an old man, in the garb of an ecclesiastic, with noble features, and a profusion of long while hair. Few could gaze on that venerable form without involuntary res pect. The other was in the prime of life, of lof ty statue and martial bearing, with a counten ance strikingly expressive of great energy of character. Ilis attire was that of a gentleman of good family So vou see, Bonaparte,' said tho old man, at length breaking silence, 'you must give up this foolish notion of emigrating. I say nothing of tlio wretclicu life you would lead in England, far from your country and your menus. 1 would rather remind you of interests sacred, dear to your heart, inevitably compromised by such a step. To quit Corsica would bo to complete the ruin of already shattered fortunes, and to reduce your family to utter poverty." "What can be worse," replied tho other, vehe mently, "than to live upon our nativo soil, en slaved as it is ?" "I comprehend and respectyourgricf, Charles. Believe me, it is with little short of despair I see Corsica in the power of tho French. But we have all done our duty, we have fought manva long year in the sacred, causo of liberty, am! it J was not till aiicr a nam struggle mat we yield ed to numerical weight. Wo have now but to resign ourselves to tho inscrutable decrees of Providence. Tranquility, is re-established, and God will doubtless yet have pity on our unhap py country, and restore it to prosperity. Re main amongst us, Ch tries; the interests of your f unity demand it. Besides, why may you not houseful to Corsica; you, one of its most honor ed sons 1" "l'aoli has been obliged to quit his country in order to escape prosecution. Will the French. think yon, spare ins taillilul companion in arms! "Vou have nothing to fear on that head, Bo naparte; the time of prosecution is past. But even should they attempt to molest you, I Hatter myself tho Archdeacon I.ucieii has influence enough to make you respected." The old mtin who sKike tho Archdeacon Lu cicn, a man of great talent, and highly esteemed in the country was a member of the ancient and illustrious family of Bonainrtes, which had left Italy to settle in Corsica about tho middle of thu lSlhccntitrv. His relative and friend, Charles Marie Bonaparte, was then the head of tho fam ily. Full of courage and energy, ho had strug gled to the last for the national independence. It is well known that thoGenoe driven out from Corsica, had several times applied to tho French to aid them in maintaining possession of the is land ; but tho Corsicans, under the command of a very superior in m, Pascal Paoli, repelled every attack, an 1 after a war of narly 3'J years, the republic oi i.'Mioa, we ir u mo .numerous con-1 i):lllt, he went with his brother Joseph to hunt lest, left to lrince it. ipreten led conquest. lh.s.for hUek nes, or tn t t)io cl.l ssliep- t"!'k I'l'if? in July, 1 M. Paol, refused to sub-, ,orJ, to u. ,,,, thu M.ltiolu, lecj,, j,, w,3cli - "rL1r ,. .., A . l-"'-"'". wno,lIs iu.y im,,,in.ltion delighted. These ram caui3 at the lieau oi t j.uuj men to take posses sion of the island in the name of the king, Louis 1 XV., was completely defeated. But the Count do anx landed wit i ju.uuu soldiers, and, alter a iicro.c resistance, Corsica was sui.j.ig.ueu, anu 1-'Q l.,r l. on.niiilli.l l.f -l nnvnrnnr ll,p Count dc Marbujuf. Paoli took refuge in Kna' land. Charles llonaparte had powerfully aided the ilIulrioiis general, whose secretary ho was, being ever by his sidj throughout the whulo of tho last campaign, together with his young wife, L?titia Riinoliiic. He had returned "to the home of his f itheri in Ajaccio, a short timo before the conversation which wo have just repeated. Bonapirtc rose and was pacinc ihe room, cast ing iiowaud agiin molinc holy glances upon his B ""1 hWnrd. which was suspended over the book- pane, with a lace beaming with delight, and his eves full of tears, threw himself into tho arms of tho archdeacon, "Let us go see tho mntherand child," said the 1 old man. "Well Charles, what say you now to , going in i .ii.uumo i.cuua uau already two children a buy, Joseph, and a girl named Eliza. Accord ing to no old family usage, tho new bom infant received thn namn nf Xntmlpmi t tlmt num.. n.,... I so celebrated, being given to the youngest son ol .I.. l.. :.. I f c l.f . t so celebrated, being g tho family, in honor ol poteou Ursini, distlng military talont. Tho uiiiiui ui unuui ins ancestors, ,a- guished for his prowess and Tho little Napoleon was not baptised till ho was two years old, on the 'J 1st of July, 1771 a delay of not unfrequentoccurrenco in Corsica. 1 ho largo lit irblo font in which he i received tho baptismal waters is still tabe seen in the cathedral of Ajaccio. "Poor child," said the father, as ho returned from the ceremony, "what destiny is reserved for thee, thus born when tho country is ruined !" "When wo have two houses tho rain trets into ono," says an old Corsican proverb. At this period of simple and patriarchal manners, the no- b'est families of the island were satufied with The goi from her vor Sllddpnlf a dispute croup, and maternal i sarv. 'What is tho matte Hona parte. "Mamma, it is naiif to break tho cannon ml "What nut such a t Corns here, Napoleon. vnjj.yj nt to destroy Japoleon In conscious innocence. lie was then am years old ; his black hair, his complexion browned by the sun, and his sparkling eves cav a peculiar character to Ins intelligent counter)'

n ance ; he was little for his age, but well built and stout, and of a robust constitution. "I do not want to break the cannon." said ho : "I only want to take it to pieces, to sec how it is made ;" and ho looked up at his mother triumph antly. "That is nota bid idea," said Madame Bona parte, "but, however, in attempting it yon may spoil the toy. or lose so ns of it. If you are so curious as to examine the mechanism of the can non, beg of your father to take it to pieces for yon, for he will be able to settle it all right again. Meanwhile, that you may not yield to the temp tation, and disobey me, you had better give mo the toy." Napoleon complied with rather had grace ; hut his good humor soon returned when ho perceiv ed his nurse, Saveria,f approaching with a rti'lt baket, in which was a quantity of brocco, (cheese m ide of curdled milk.) Notwithstand ing her ugliness, amounting almost to hideous ncss, Savcria was idolized by the children, es pecially by Napoleon, by whom she made herself at once feared and loved. "Here, my children," said the good woman ; "see what my husband has jut brought you. You may cat as much as you like." The feast was soon over, and tho little bois- orous guests went off to thank the old peasant, who so ouen urougiu tnem nice things ivapo- icon returned to ns mother tin ti onto broat i. " Mamma," said he, " my loster-father is go-1 nomination for Napoleon to the school nt llrien- ing back to his homo ; will you alWu.e tocolne, and for Eliza at the school of St. Cyr. Vou with I.!,., I,. ...ill 1.-:.. . i.. .1 1. rr . ter to-morrow ? ...ii, ui,,it uiuiu tiiu U1C Lav ai- - " Vou forget, my child, that to-morrow is Easterday, and that we are to set off this evening for Ajaccio. Would not you like to bo present at tho blessing of our house, and to dine afterwords with your grand-uncle, Lu cicn ?" ' But I will be home in two days." " Vou cannot leave us to-day ; another time, perhaps, I will allow you to take this little excur sion.' This prohibition made the littlo Napoleon very angry ; he turned pale with passion, and, stamp ing Willi a most determined air, fie said, " But 1 will go with my . foster-father, and I will not co tfl A.iccio !" ' .Madame llonaparte gave Inm a look of the greatest astonishment ; then resuming her work, said quietly, "Go then; I will not prevent you ; but vou are going contrary to my wish." Those simple words at once calmed the littlo rcbjl. With downcast head and tearful eyes ho threw himself into his mother's arms, eying in a voice broken with sobs. " Pardon me, dear mother, I will never disobey yon any more." M.ldama I.Mitia had thn irrnatost nnwprnvnr Napoleon, who tenderly hived her. Thissune-i rior womin devoted herself to the education of! her children with .1 Jnl ns rpm:irhnlilis fnr its rare judiciousness as forits dnvotedness. Neverihand. In tho first days of tho empire a poor lid woman better discha-ce tho duties of wife . and mother. To great good sense, and an ele vated mind, sho united extruorninary energy of character. Resigned in misfortune, prosperity never dezzled her. In tho midst of tho triumphs of Napoleon, when her children were dividiiiL' amongst themselves tho thrones of Europe, she let law this characteristic expression: " u ho known but that one day I may bo obliged to give bread to all these kings!" In this simple rural life , Napoleon acquired tint robust constitution and those hardy habits which enabled hitn in after life to support the fatigues of war. Restless, lively, and agile, ho passed the greater part of his time in roaming through tho m ikis, or along the picturesque vine- clad plains in tho neighborhood of Ajaccio. Iiressed i it a litt e jielnnc, fa mantlo ol gnat . i.: I I !. I 1 . ..... 1?. 1.1 ...til, .. I,,..., i i,. ! n n,.,l o .ini : i,; hies, and going to look at the reviews of the French troops in tho Alice Marbumf, engrossed him much more than the lessons in reading and wrilj,j pivell i,jm Uv lis llnclei t10 Ab!)0 Kescli. , (wl0 wnM nnJe under the empire,) and tho good old priest nain"d Antonio Duracci. Thus did tho future emperor p iss his first years. I regret to have to tell, for tho s ike of those who aro reluctant to believe in the common placo prosaic childhood of great men, that Na poleon did nothing extraordinary in his infamy. " I was nothing," said ho nf himself, " but an obstinate and curious child." II The llonaparto family are all assembled in the principal apirtmntot tiietr nonso in Ajiccto. and have citliered roniid tlie lire, it being mi' month of December. Mr. Buiaparto seemed depressed and languid ; ho had already in him the germs of tho fatal disease which was des tined to carry him off soui; years alter ; but his spirits appeared to rcviio as ho comtetnplated the peaceful and patriarchal group before him. By Ins side is tho venerable archdeacon ; .Napo' leon and his elder broder aro quietly peeling soino largo oranges of Aregno, and dividing them in Hikes amongst their little sisters. A littlo in tho hick crotind is Madame Letitia. nursing a little addition to her numerous family the future King of Holland. At the lower enJ of the room Savcria is laying tho table for sup:)er ' Aro you not going to Corto ono of these days, Bonaparte .'" said the archdeacon. " I am lint quitosure ; it depends, you know, upon a certain answer. ' Will you not lake me with yon, papa 1 and mo I and mo ?" cried all the children at once. " If I go, I shall probably take Napoleon and I.ucicn ; 1 wish to snow tnem mo House ol ual fori." " Gaffori," said Napoleon, " was not ho a re lation o( ours ?" " No, my eon," said M. llonaparto taking tho boy upon his knee ; " we aro not fortunate enough to leckon him in tho number of our an cestors, Gallon and never forget the natno ! lib il... .n,,.i,;,,J 11...0: deserved well of his country. He was practis-' good certain promises made lo President 1 oik ing as a physician when, in 1750, our country-! (tho consideration of said promises being a pass men, once moro rising against their tyrants,' port to Mexico) ono of which was that, on Ins named him as ono of the threo chiefs elected 'arrival at Mexico, ho would get up a light with under the titlo of " Protectors of the country."i Paredos, and thoreby bring the war between tho GafTnri rncniveil nrdvr tn mirrh C.nrta .M.. II. H. nnd Mexico to a close. Therefore, a native town, and to drivo from it the stranger.' trusl Gamin Genoese thn almost incredible when new was brooch1 tinn, nnd tho mirch of Gallo The (Icnoesc would have seizoi so valuable, to make use of it as in the caso of tho poor infant ; U Gillori collected omo friends in her lit! and defended herself there for several da tho arrival of her husband to her rescue. evening before, many of her companions, out in tho dreadful struggle, spoke of surreni The heroic woman had a powder cask placed i a lower room, anu seizing a iigiiteu matcii. threatened to set liro to it if they did not hold out. If wo go to Corte, I will show you flic house, Napoleon ; your mother and I occupied it some time before our return home ; vou can see tho marks of tho Ueoncsa balls still in the front of tho house." M. llonaparto had scarcely ccasetl speaking, when Savcria gave hitn a letter, which he has tily perused. " God be praised !" he exclaimed. " What is tho tidings ?" said Madame Letitia. " My love, I am informed of ray appointment as deputy of the noblesse of the Corsican do- minions, i ins must t.-iKe me to l'aris ; and 'Ha miii tnbnmitln r.r j orw 1 He .uirixcu le s me t lat 1 mav bavo bones o , Lmt. iW ihn mimnnmi u. i.ln., t, """" Mi-nun, tuiiniiiivii. i. '.j ."ni.ii " ..' i. ... i, , f ho rrr.itnltnns nilncntinn in Vrfinpn nf fmir linn- dred'Corsican children ?" I no frrni n m sci nn n rnnpnm imir imti. two children. The separation is painful, I know and loci, but it is necessary. Uur littlo prnnpr-1 . . . .... ' n' ... ' ty, tho' so well managed by our good I.ucien, birely stillices lor the support ol the family. Wn sh.lll hpncfifnrtli br frnnil frntn flip pvnpn-p nf Ihr. P'lnxilinn nf 1... I.m- nn.l n-lpl " " L?titi i." said tho areh-deacon. " cannot but approve of the step we have taken. I am not at all apprehensive about Napoleon's future pros poets, lfl h i ve judged him rightly, that child will be the artificer of his own fortunes ; ho will bo the head of tho family. But no time must bo lost in giving him a good education ; nnd notwithstanding all his mother's care, ho can not get it here. He is now moro than nino years old, and ho docs not know a word of French, and hardly knows how to write, in spite of the p tins taken with him by poor Duracci." In this respect ivipoleoii never unproved very much. IIi orthography always left much to bo desired, and ho wroto all alr.lOs ilnrih1o man demanded an audience. Who are vou ?" " Sire I have had the honor of giving lessons in writing to your mijcsty for fiUecn months at the school of Uridine." And a fine pupil you had in me I cannot compliment you much upon him ;" and he granted him a pension lb it as you will," said Madame Bonaparte, who implicitly followed in everything the ad- vice of tho arch-deacon. "I will go prepare the wardrobe of these two dear ones." On the 15th of December, 177U, Madame I.e - " Vou did not tell mo of your having made curious. As last a-, a nolo is printed, Us number ,V c, " i. " C " V , T' ' i , , " anv application, Bonatnrte." N registered by tho machine, tho ligurcs drop- .M:inS.a te"" f " It wa. useless, wliilo uncertain of success. P'"S. "' . cs taking their place, as the 'a"jpXls the ee' fro ni, rv If ' But tho Governor seems grcatlv interested in processor printing proceeds I tho vaults may J P?5 T2 ThZZZ'J Napoleon, whom ho thinks most promising In ! I cen of 8" -h almost iterally by the cord : t ttUM iC a few davslwill set out for Franco with the "incli i of it placed on small carriages ready to i".. J 'r. .. '?! " C"1 ,toU ulJ Uu,s titta and the Abbs Fesch ascended to tho top lull I j aim from a short timo after its establish of tho Greek Church, whence they had a view nient (170S) till 182G, no company v.itht.ur. ot tho wholo gull, and lollowed, with tearlul man six partners was allowed to issue nntts pay eyes, the vessel that carried into France M. Bo- uhlo oiidemiud in Engh'nd or Wales ; and eie'n naparte, Napoleon, and the young Eliza. Na- now, the same restriction and prohibition conii- poleon saw not Ins mother nor Corsica again till uc in mrce witiim ua miles ul Tlie 17'JJ, and then ho was a captain of artillery. "l.n!; ''"gland is the Government Rink, re After remaining some time at tho college of ceiling for Government thu produce of till the Autun where, at a later period, his brothers taxes, loans, &c. and paying the interest on the Joseph and Lticien wero educated, ho entered 1 public debt, the drafts of lfio Treasury, r.nd tfal' the royal military school of Brienno on the L3d other ilopaitiuentsnf Government. For this ser- prti, 177U, at the age ot nine years and a half. Hero ends our task. From the period of his going to Brienno, t'10 history of Napoleon is well known. Who does not renumber tho g.nno of snow bills, and so many other anecdotes, now li?r.oui) popular! His biographers hive left nnthing untouched but his early childhood : the ibuils I have given aro accurately true. To adulterate history, even by the most harm less fiction, is to profane it. A traveller of very recent date mentions that this oak under which Nupoleon so often rested, is still to be seen. t Savirea died about 15 years ago, in the house of Miliui! L' llo.n?, an I her Utile abode at Ajaccio is still standing. Napoleon nlways retained his attachment lor his old uarsc. He sent for her to the Tuileries upoi hiscorounion.and mule her a pre sent of L'&posata, the first vue ol Corsica, w Inch hail, fir a long term ofjears, belonged to ihe llonapitrte family. Nopoleou sp?aks somewhere of a nurse, Mamuiusica Catheriiia, who used lo have continual disputes with her giandmolher, perhaps she is the same person. t Every day at Easter, according to an Italian cus tom interttuced into Corsica, every proprietor has nis houe blessed by thepostor. II ll h is been the fishio'i to represent Napoleon as an extraoriliuarychild. Indeed, ll we credit a late histo rian, Naiwleon inu-t have been a littler phenomenon ; tornccorilui'r to him. tha orecocious child, at seven or eight years old, appreciated the beauties ofCorneille, anlcoald rend the tragedy of Nccoinedes tluenlly, without knowing a word ot 1- rencn. it is inus msiory is written. Asm ill town about twelve leagues Irom Ajaccio, where is yet to be seen the embrasure to w hich Ihe in fant boy was bound. A CAPITAL HIT. Tho following resolutions, introduced into tho Illinois llouso of representatives by Mr. Under, on tho 21st ult., excited a loud and general laugh. We suppose they will hardly pass that body : " Whereas, as appears from the Message of President Polk to the Congress of the U. S. Santa Anna has been guilty of tho most black I i.p.rin,) trp'ichprv. in filliiiL' to performand inako Resolved by the House of Repretentativea of oU totlia Onco Hank, nnd Thu extent and vaf bewilder you. Vou glr ways into successive FtiitsT court-yards into other 1 uildimrsT enrxn llntnnli mui 11 t. . ..n .....It tTTTTn cLtin,iiu.i.yi. iLuu, inu saiuu, '.imii wcancu Uliu i exhausted, vou an rrlnd t .rot ..,,1 ..f tl.o lulu-. rlml, In i( 0.,ii8. n.ii. I Some 800 clerks find sheltor under their, mnft. '"l svi uuia ui uiuci cut 11 U 1 .1 LTV '11 S '"""ly"-' "V.'r , "-"-m '-") u- ivi.iuuiis ui u.u mim , J'"'" accommodation ithin its spacious walks. I hero is a printing establishment and a bindery, as well as a liartuictits lor sine timr nnd ronini'i" gold lllld silver. ,, , ... , Tho machine (or printing and i .'.i. ! '. i..ii.i..iiii rnni ii nil siivnf ' I ti .no mn.i ll' "e same time legistorin, the banl: Nearly I nil in mil I I Hit . It. ll... t ... I . V" ""H ,,Ln ',IU Ult m"K " m.rlC(l "d recoined ; it generally being found .' slightly short in weight, in eoiiA-quenco of the 'necessary wear in passing fm, llan.l to hand. I The quantity of gold nnd Mlver that is bro't to I The quantity of Colli 1 t,ieP0 vaulU 11 ml that is kept coiitiiiually in Ihem is enormous. Vou nny sometimes see in the court-vard adioininr. tl, mint nr.n n, mnm ,lr.... drawn" hv two or tlm-o bnrsp,. l.ui ,;,i, ii,i and silver ; and in the appropriate room, which is qnuo a mug one, tne rer.ny coined gold and tiljrr is piled up by millions. This loom is finished with pigeon holes, extending its whole length on either side, closed by fight doors. Theso pigeon on one side are filled with small hags ot specie ; and on the other side, with bmk notes. An order comes for a thousand prounds, a small bag is drawn from its resting place, and tho order is executed. Another comes for 300, OJU in notes ; six small slins of nancr uro hand- . edoutto meet the draft. I. .V 11 I his same Bank of England is a most woiv derful nnd all-powerful imuiicd establishment. Ihe lowest amount of bullion that it his hid in its vaults for many years, was 2 l.- millions pounds sterling, or over 12 millions of dollars and at the present time, it probably his t.earlv seven times that amount i hero is no hank in tho world that ill com. pare with the B ink of England as a bank of de it and circulation. Its greatness m-tv be tit- tribtitcd mainly to thn peculiar favor nf the !'n- 1 tr'i-Ii Government. The Bin!; was founded in "i- mo uiui, receives iiintit jtia'j.yjo a ear, and the use of all balances nf public money in her h inds. The Government is. also a Imrro'wer from the 11 ink to the amount of abovu J'l 1.00!).- 1 000. This furnishes a security to the public for i no payment oi tho notes nt the bank ; lor nil ol this enormous sum must bo sacrificed before the prisate stockholders or depositors of tl.o bank can lose any thing. Notwithstanding the enormous amount of bullion in her vaults, ami tho unequalled advan tages which this bank enjoys from government pitronage, audits unrivalled occupiucy of Lon don, the centre of tho mnnied interests of the world, vet the II inkof England has once at least been compelled to specie payments. This was in 179IM797 ; but its credit was not much affected, for the bank was able, eu'ii then, In show a surplus stock, allor all her debt, were p lid, of no less than XI 5,573,000. audit notes wero consequently regarded as practically a le gal, tender, and kept in circulation. There is something noticeable in tho present position of the Hank ol l-.tigland I'iin inmnnl of bullion in her vaults for tho past two years b:is Iippii nt least double tho nveratro ainnuiit for nst double t ho iiveratro amount lor UV MIliL'UUII UJ IUU IIIIIll IIUI1'lU'M, 03 years previous; while tho circulation of her The Virginia creeper throws out tendrils in notes has not increased in any such proportion. the fonn ol a foot with iiie toes; each toe has a For example, in May, 1810, 'o had I ,l)5g,- largo number of hairs or spines, vthicli entering J20 in bullion, while her circulation was only the small opening of brick or lime, swell and X'.'0,'J58,777 ; and for two years last pist, the 1 hold on ; but when decaying, f hey shrink, and bank has never had less than & 13,205,790 in the plant fall nit". Th vaiulla'a plant t( tlie bullion, and has never had a circulation met West Indies exhibits a similar construction, i.. X'22,157,912 and never but once so high as that. ' cent that it winds itelf an nnd oilier objects. In previous in 1839,'40,'41 and,'42, sue The gastric juice is worthy of remark. It is circulated from 161-2 to 18 14 millions of no a tasteless, colorless, inodorous, limpid fluid, liko tes, with bullion in her vaults varj ing from 9 water, and is adapted, In dill', rent animals, to 1-1 to 2 1-2 millions ;and for lfl years in sue- different purposes. In tho hyena and other car cession, between 1802 and 1817 incliisiie, with im orous animals, it will dissolve dead flesh. bullion varying from 9,(130,970, to JJ2,03G,9 10, (These creatures then lite upon olhcr animals, tho lank had a circulation of from X15,ISfl,SS0to and even bones nre soluble in their gastric juice, 27,397,900. It would seem, therefore, that wliilo it will not dissoho vegetables at all. On tho bank is anticipating somo criis in business j tho other hand somo animals live entirely on ve affair which many occasion a heavy drain on' getables, and their gastric juice will not 'dissolve her stiecie. It has been suggested that tho Hi-' animal food. rectors are apprehensive ol the railway specula Man cannot alter the nature of an animal by lions, or of some other mania, should money bo- j changing its food, It will still bclongjo tlie fa come plentiful, as it might bo made by a free is-1 inily. In this particular, hoes are belter in-true sue ol their notes. Certain it is that there mu-t ted. When they lose tbeirquccn bee which is be some pretty powerful c.iuso operating on the an entirely different animal from the working men who control tho afl'.ilrs of tlie Bank of En- bee-ifyou present another to them within tenty gland as shrewd monied menus there uro in four hours, they will not acrei t ol her nor obey tho world to induce them to hoard up specie, her. They prefer taking an ordinary grub, before as they have of late, while they are curtailing it becomes a llyer.and feeding it with a particular proportional' thir circulation. larfood, and treating it in a particular way nad ; . i.vswirrrrH tnJ tiltur L .1 .Iiili iiu'WWM trov them. In ad.filioii to this tliov l.aTe! or eol'R. hicn can bo suddenly thrown down . . . r ' . 1. texture of their eve. tlie Iea-t sneck ofdn-i ,,,,! . :, . . - ...'.., .,. . - ' ' " .L ' " " '" 7 ' 'r", " , "1L '"".'fx , ' ,i ,, V:.e.V. - "l0. ., . .... . . v 111 U,L l.'L , , ", fCl , , V ti T a r"' erj' "V blototakediist. I he coitui'r ,11 the horse's nvr U Vou all know, if you lake a pound of iron, and m iko of it i rrJ n f,t i. ."Vi ! " " ' i, k',- ho"OW I"'1' 1 J"'" ' TC Enfa ',er ' ,fn.r?- ! Y 7 " w ' ,i:, ',B ,,,kl'". a'!'',t '?e of this ilso. lo.ig K-fura iii.ill.ematiriaii- h id discovered . ;' ,uu" " hu.ui .is are Ik.Uow. 1 10 mm oi "" large, because they must bo "rom' to move i.iair largo wings ,tl, sufficient velocity ; but they must also be light, in order to float easily upon the air. Birds al.-o illustrate another fact in philosophy. If vou tako a hai;. make it air-tight, and put "it under water, it will support a large weight, say an hundred pounds. But twist it, or diminish the air in it, and it will support i'o such weight. Now, a bird has such an air bag. When he wi-hes to descend, he cotnpres-es it at will, and falls rapid Iv; when he would rise, he increases it, and floats with oa'e. lie al-o h is the power of for cing air into the hollow part: of the Lcdy, and thu-to assi-t his (light. The same thing may be observed in t'-hes. They also haieanair b ig to enable them to rise nr sink in the water till they find their teirperature. If they wish to rise, they iiiTea-e it ; if the) wi. h to sink, they comprivs it, nnd down they go. Sometime the fish, in sinking, makes too strong an effort to compass it ; then down he goes to ihe bottom, and there remains tnrther.'-t of hi life. Floun Icr.s end some other fish, hao no air-bag ; and -n they are never found dinting on tho surface, Kit muslalv. a be taught :u the bottom. In this wayaiethe principles of science ap dii Itanlirotewry thing. Vou wish to know low to pack tho gu'atest amount of bulk ill the mullcst fpuce. The forms of cylinders loaie laigespices Letv.ce.i them. Matl.i tnalicians libured hard f.ira long to find what figure "ould ! used so ns to lo-e no space ;and at last found, that it wa t'ie sixided I'giir.". nnd nl-o 'hat a thice-pl.ine mdii.g in a siiut, finned tho stroiigc-t roof or door. TIip huney-heo discovered t e samo t'dngs a goodv.'l i'eago. Honey comb is undo iipiifci..-sidi'd figure, and tho ron! is built wilh three-p'.ii:3 surface coining to u joint. If a ile.'iblo ic.' t'l lie emptied of air, its sides will Ik) almost crushed together by the pressuro of the surrounding almost here. And if a tube pirtly filled with fluid, he emptied of air, the fluid will rise lo the In,'. Th' !iee understands ibis, and when I.e comes to Ihe cup of the tall honey suckle, and fur!.-; tluit ho cannot reach the swe'tt m liter tit its bottom, ho thrurds in his body, shuts up tho flower, cn I then exhaust.- Ihe air, and so jios"escs l.uus df nf tiie Ju-t and honey of tho fmwer. The feet of the-and lizard aro I constructed on a similar priicipbvand t-y-t1nn I walk with amen l.i- c ceiling. Their fect !'.r0 "0,!,u' "''j"" a vacuum beneath I them, and so they haiethe pios-urc of theatmos- I are so made as to create a vacuum beneath Lie them to hold on. The cat has the arno imwer to a less extent. Plants requite tho sunlight, and soma flowers turn themselies towards the sun, uittraiels round from eat tu uvt. The s-in!!or.-er does 1 '". a'" sO does a field of clover. TIlO f.lCtS. . a" "oi jci . P a' . '"e reason oi "l," a'1' --miciiiii- iiiicrisung. . IHlllO, 13 ' 11.1 .(. 1 .1 . 1