Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 19, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 19, 1847 Page 1
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Vol. XX. Hfo. '10. Whole IVo. 1030. II lit 1,1 TOY, FRIDAY MOR"VIVU, II A It 1 11 10, 1817. new i:itn:s,...0 ag BURLINGTON FREE PRESS rJ,.W.tB.rltan.V.ttij) Editor and Prop utor. Tcrmsi To Village subscribers who receive the paper by the currier. . If pi'ul in advance, . ij0 Mail siiWirnVrs nml those who take it nt the Office, invariably, '00 AnvsitTtis.tiM inserted on the customary terms. jTarm. From tha Cultivator. Xo'cs of Traveler lu Unglnml. SfAttKETS. Markets are established ami lieM nt stated porioJ-', in ever part of (ireat Hrilain an! Irclanl. Some nf these aro for fat cattlu iilono ; others fur store animals, milch cows, clunp horses, wiuf, I'urcluscrs are thus oiialilcd to select tho stock they may desiro ; the farmer fimls a ready market fir what ho has to dispo-e of, and ran always receive the pay down lor hi? stock, it being the custom so far riR I could learn, always to pay cash at those fairs. Uraln markets arc also held, and the 'same rule prevails. Tlio sales are usually by samples, the buyer and seller each retaining a portion of the sample, to prevent any question as to the qua lity of the grain sold. Xo writings are ti--cd, the purchaser and seller merely striking hands, as evidence of the bargain. I was told that a rase very rarely occurs where the bargain is re pudiated'. The sales are commonly eficctcd by salesmen, who are men of responsibility, and at nil times ftmiliar with the stato of the" market. Many advantages, it appears to me, result from their method nf doing business. The prices arc I .....I...... . tlx. I'li-iiinr nltlnttla tlm m,rbnl nnpn 1 and is not subject to the wiles of the sharper or forestaller. The certainty, too, that ho is sure of titiditi" a silo for hisstock or grain on market lay, and that for each, is an object of no small account. Whether th s svstem. or snmeth n-r . analogous to it, might not bo introduced to ad- i n.cru"s dogr, which are used in driving cattle and vantage in America, is certainly worthy of con- f llC0.P '"'ly remarkable. Tlio sheep are dri sidoration ' ben in small numbers, from 15 to 20 or 110 togo- SMtninr.i.t) Mahki-.t. The Sinithfield Cattle ! Market, in London, held every Monday and IVi-' dav, is the largest, and doubtless the most splen-1 did exhibition of cattle and -heep in the woild. ' I visited this market on market days for several 1 weeks in succession, and the beauty, oxtraordi-1 mry f.ilne", and perfection of the animals ox-' hiliited thorn, was n-rtainlv f:ir sunerinr to what ! I had anticipated. .Monday is tho principal market day, Friday being for tho cattle and sheep unsold on Mon dty,siud such asarrivc after the Monday mark et. The number of fat cattle weekly brought up, ranges Iruin J.S'W) to 5.000 ; and 'sheep, 20 to -15,000 ; calve, 200 to 300 ; swine, from 200 to 500. Tills market is in tho very heart of London, and as there exists a .prcscripliie right to it, it cannot be removed. It i becoming too strait for the increasing wants of this vast me tropolis, which has a imputation nearly mpta) to that of tin state of New-York, and preparations were making when I was there, to enlarge its dimension', by removing a large number of buil dings. The animals are usually all in their pla ces by sii.iri-e, and are required to lu removed by inrce o dock m the atleriioon, when tlio who! ..rnl.n.l ... r it , , , . iWrlVr-, L;l "m "jav.ng very nine , traces of its use. 1 he cattle brought up here rW nvVt , , !'. !' 1 T Tr ar" "vacf!!",-1 . ; . , 1- i i , c",7,.et'"n of raihyays, the cat- n . . -v...i.vm vim,. i.Min- ih7,r,iVrJm0, "J-""1"1, ' - '.,ow, "'-r , J,,.ir,r k' i ' s k , r i i 'i iiib .u,ui Ul lUO limilll ti"nu railways, ay mat tins iiniiciilty only ex ists upon tho narrow guige road's, with 'how much truth 1 am not prepared to say. Mr. Colin in, in one of his number, having given a description of Nmithjicll by night, I took an early opportunity to witness it myself, and 1 ran with truth say, ' the half was no't told me." I take the liberty of giving hisdi-cription, which I'li'si-iii-, io iivm an impression ol tlio scenes "; " . """ I"'1' 113 nns upon paper can "S.MiTiirin.1, r.- V,tm .i.i:i., I the tlillerent detachments almost treading on the heels of each other, bein In tnnhn llinir wnv to tlio place of rendez-votis, through the winding streets of this wilderness or houses, and enter tho great market pi ice by dill'erent and oppo-ite avenues, and like ho,!ilo parties, often meet each other in the verv centre. Then mines tho rnn- ,!;, . ,i. ,. . ' ' , " . "run g oi so many thousands ot sneep to tho several pens; the assorting and licing ;.i,ii. " ",ianu, nc """S'nS'ninvtioiisandfattlc.ilriteii wfre of bid. lu 1SI5, be had 120 barrels of W ..i ''f'wnrandphrerizybytliomeiiand ,,,,,,1; )8n, about 80, and 10 fr 12 bu-.li-rmV,. i r,,t'Pb-'s "f the diuVrent owners or rs f quince--, besides a line supply of peaches, iroers to keep their own and prcent their lu- cherries, grape-, &c. !'.L"i'!,.'!: 'Al"! .tlors ,l10 """"innal leaping , T10 amount paid'for labor, including wall- '"tui. null 1 no ,s.f.:i nn nl knnw, klr.nri.li.f .i 'i . . v.v.i"i ."nuv r""-1 . . ... .i. "."hi ofthe heavy blos over the head and and mw a u, iiurftl'T hi t'lf'lf 1 v v Hi li't n t io miiiw.i sides of the poor crazed anini-.l, : the sh iel s o? the men ; theyellin i iiitii i.'ipi iitt, ..I i. ip...i.. ..r dogs, who 1 nfi . ii 5 J "" i;, :.;,., ,,,r,.,i . ,. "ssi- s..,. ., a. na , Wth ,;.,f ,. ' "'g ,'f r"r111? "nJ tl,c bleating ol tho calves : lorm nir. f t m nrnn. ....... .ttj nin-.-ll tlllll ITllll 111 Willi II sion is allowable, a concert of discordant sounds """"' i utterly ihdiscribablo and hideous, and in the - Swelling or (Jiiain nv Hoii.iw. Tho Edin midst of all this confusion, the darting about of burgh Journal of Agriculture, gives, in tho fol liundreds of torches, carried in tho hands by men lowing table, tho iucrenso of bulk in different looking for their cattlo and sheep, and seeking I kinds of grain boiled for domestic animals to to identify their marks all together present an ! bursting; oxlnhi ion for which it certainly seems diflicult io nun a paralled, and sulliciently gratifying to tho loves of the picturesque in human uflairs." Tho cattlo most valued in tho Sinithfield i market, are (ho Scots, as they are called consis tiiigofl'ollcd Galloway, West Highland cattle. 1 &c., from Scotland. Theso aro mostly black, i i.e., urn size, exirojneiy tat, their meat richly r " ,anc "; an,?ro sl"-c V eo""nand tlio top of th market. Fheso cattlo nro often uuoiiei hy the ; farmers in England, and the easo of S!5 to 10? aid facility will, iwhichtheytakoonfleshvvhenl : . , . placed in their rich pastures, render them a verv I ""KI,in Cleai. Experiment has shown that profitable breed for tho market. It struck me 1 1,10 '!l!,t dril,v" f""11 the cow is Troni ten to that theso aro tho very animals wo need iii twelve times readier than tho first drawn por Aincrica.insome sections, at least and from ,iu""' or contains from lento twelvo times as fIuenCrlrK.tl,eir 'i -SudlTS, '"'' "e'n- their meat, 1 haMKuta 'T?0 f! . Sa" Teweb.-TIio Amer. tho most profitable breed" of "miiu? 7 m.01 i AKr'clt"nst says. 1'ut tho meat over tho firo introduced. A breed similar tn il,iv C?..' , e"'d WI",cr' ,,nJ "evcr "lr it to boil faster land.IsawinAnglesea.in Wal,., ,, i,C"in,f!, tll!,n, a 0llll fc''nuier, or it will bo hard and cced well there, and arc more nJmor onLV"1" , Vlacill8 " '" roll water and heating any other breed. numerous than gradually is an excellent recommendation ; but Tho Hereford, Short-Horns and lw. I w"ilt '? ,ll.u ol'icct of l"iling it eo carefully with next to tho Scots-. I estee he Hefor 1, ' -e.f-, sim'r,? VMer' lf U h nt or very choice animals for beef. Smno of a, fn, lf 11 0,U " vWenUy as firo can make it is animals nslsaw in the markets were nf ii.L,1 breed. The Sl.ort-Horns aro much n? rousthan any other breed. 1 should Hgo tha't iney wero nearly eijuai in numuers to all tho other classes. They aro tho leading stock In England, and Jliei popularity seems to 1 1 ugh as ever. Several sa es from choice herds took place wlulo I was .in England, at which tho prices ranged very liign. m cine ol liem, Karl 4kl .nn mwl fnwa 6iild rrninkSIOnin 121100 In passing through tho country, cattlo In pre paration lor tlio luarltet are to txi seen on almost ci ...nn. j iii'j- aiu itiiiL-iiei. on inioeps, car rots oil-cake, &c, and no pains or expense Is spared to render them oftho finest quality. The great perfection to which animals bred for beef attain is remarkable. Their aptness to fatten, and the laying on of the llesli on the most valua ble parts has iicen secured, so as to leave little more to bo done to make a perfect animal for that purpose. Tim manner of conducting business market days is different from anything wo have in America. Salesmen havo the charge nf all the cattle and sheep brought to market. They are licensed, and uro allowed a certain price on sale which is about one dollar a head for cattle, and sixteen cents for sheep. The cattle are sold, estimating their weight by the eye, which is done with remarkable accuracy, nnd the sales man settles with the owner, taking all risks as to pay from tho purchaser, on himself. Tho cattle sell, generally, at from fjtTa to $100 their weight averages from COO to 800 lbs., the four quarters dressed. I observed the purchasers of fat rattle, as soon as n bargain was closed, take tici shears and clip oil' the brush of the tail, and place the same in their pockets. The cattle are then marked, and when slaughtered every part of the animal, horns, hoofs, tail, &c, is preserved with as mncli care as the brush of the tail. Oxtail soup is made from tho tail. "J'is said the French in troduced this dish, and if all their preparations are equal to this, there is little danger of an En glishman's siifl'oring, even if he should be obliged for a time to live on French cookery. Milch cows nro brought up to tlio Smithficld market, and are to be seen there every week. though not in large numbers as tho principal market for cows is at Islington, near the great milk establishments of Messrs. Uhode, and Lay cocks. .Most of the cows which I saw were Durham or their crosses, and better cows for milk, in appearance. I never saw. Tliev are preferred in the 1-ondon Dairies, and are found t" yield more milk than any others and the case Wltl! wl".c" thy C!l" u fattened when they fail '? fe',vc 11,0 necessary quantity' of milk, renders Ulc'n vcry desirable for the dairy establishments. " "I'oua. i no sagacnyoi inosnep- llK',r - several I ocks arrive at the same time, allu rcqncn'ly they become niuglcd together ; yt the S ' ' hndoi.t the sheep of his master, and seldom fails or bringing the wanderer back ,0 1,0.ck rcquejitly 1 have seen a dog di- rcciciiio bring forward a sliccp Irom the back ",lc.r ,1(-'r'1 to iv examined by a purchaser, immediately lumps into the lien, and with a bite upon the heel of the sheen .-tarts the animal forward, and he is placed ready fur examination. .Many similar feats are exhib'iUd, shoivingthat they po-sess in a remarkable degree intelli gence, and if they could speak, it seems that of ten they would evince more than their masters themselves. 1 From tin- Cultivator. I.nrge Forming on n .Small Scale. The first premium on farms, of the Middle sex (Mass.) Agricultural .Society, was awar ded the past season to Amos Carlton.of Chelms ford. The manner in which ho lia, in the space of a few ears, brought a farm of tivcnty- I cigiu acres, minuy covcreil Willi wooil, lurcll cs, alders, and huge rocks, ton state of high ! i.tiii.i!.... .......... , , i i , ."iiiMuiiiti, w ub iu i ifm N.'vcnii iiuiliiretl uoi- ars worth of farm products yearly, can hardly raj to bo intcrestiriir. Twelve years ago when he purchased it.there wcro but seroii acres ; tho other twenty one lie ills ,,OUfflt nt ,i(n.reiit times since. The soil is a liuru crave v loam, vorv htmiv : not one aero couhfbe turned smooth' with the plow.- liiiprovcmcnl was commenceilononcacro and a ,,, r ... , ,, ,,t clnnr. nnnn.r , In foiifn t with ilouule wall, hinco lie has iiau the place, ho h is laid about 130 rods of wall. Ho former' ly nought some manure, hut now thiui;-t lie can make it cheaper. He linds meadow mud, well mixed with a seventh partahe, anil a quarter stable manure, quite as good as stable manure. At first lie had but two cows and one hor-e; now, by the improvement in tho fertility of the anu, lie Keeps one Horse, lour cows in summer, anJ live or sixill wintcr witIl three heifers and . . 1"". Ho cut eiirhlecu tons of hay the past season from his meadow. Three years since ho built a barn and carriage house, which was forty by forty-eight feet, 'which' ho says, 'I then thouglit was larger than I should ever till ; but I havo this year had to add twelvo feet more to one end.' lie has given much attention to fruit. The original orchard of natural-trees he grafted, and original orcuaru oi iiamrai- thev aro now in full bearing condition, and bo ot:s four times as much of L'ood fruit as ho did t i- i i ' linn linir. ii:is. , i.iin vnnra. iii.nn iiikhit i.ii, .V r. n , ,Z I !ILB .1 H . ftu i.. .. . . .!.. ' 1. 1. '.1 " "' 'h' . . . ipiarier ot ms 'ju acres is covered with rocks, 'I'l.l ;n n...l..... ...I Jms account is conuensei iro tothe committee of the ag, ciety who examined the farm, as 1 .i. n.... ' r ,. . , from his state - ricultural so- published ill -I measures of oats increased to measures. barley 10 It " 13 " 10 Ifi 8 1-2 " buckwheat Indian com w heat beans A good farmer of our ncmiaintanco said that from long experienco he considered tho val uu of : rorn for hn.-s iner..a,.,l ,v l.lll,, i .1.,. ,..i; """ v jj eKree, !,..iiue Ury c're,"nUnc.) ," ," an 'SA? I u n, 77. ".,7 ., "fish su7,oKC Why are stars liko ladies ? Ilccauso they shine , brightest in tho ovcnlnir An otliceron tho eve of battle, seeing ono of In r !J r (3 - ) "Oh! no," answered tho soldier: "I was praying that tlio enemy's shot might lw distribu - ivo uie yrisc money, cillelly atnung tlio olliccrs 1 MECHANICS' INSTITUTE. fili Lecture continued. nVS. FtXTCItER. SUBSTITUTES FoiTl'IUNTED BOOKS. 2. Picture Writing, or Hicroghjltic!. It may seem presumptuous for a mechanic to attempt to lecture an intelligent audience, on ' a subject so little understood, oven by the learn ed , as hieroglyphics. But so largo a portion of the records of past ages wore made in theso characters, and it appears so obvious that a plain and sunplo representation of things by pic tures was the first mode invented by mankind, to record their knowlcdgo for tho uso of posterity or absent persons, that it is neces sary to givo somo account of their ue, in even the most hasty sketch ofthodilFcrcnt methods of communicating thought. I shall attempt noth ing further than a brief description of three ve ry natural and obvious division'". First. Hieroglyphics figuralhc That is, pictures or figures of things, standing for orrcp rcscntiii!r. simnlv. tho thinrrs themselves These are our ordinary pictures: the paintiii" of a man, for tho man liim-olf the likeness or form oftholion, to reprcscntthat well known an imal. Thus the savage, who in his daily hunt. had met an unknown bcat, might represent the strangeness of its appearance, by the best nic- turo ho could draw of its form. This mode could furnish but an imperfect means of ex pressing facts. The necessity of something by which to represent the nualitu of obiccls as unil as tho ejects themselves, early led to a ililiur ent uso of pictorial characters, which constitutes the peculiarity of the second division. liieroghjphics tmpicnl. The word tropical is used hero in the sense in which it is employed in rhetoric, ibe expression, lor instance " The drunkard makes a beast of himself " is a tropical or metaphorical one. In like manner in hieroglyphics tlio picture of a lion drawn to denote strength is termed its metaphorical tio. in.t,.r,:f ;...,....).- .i. i.' '....! ,.. jiiuo iurif;iiuj utin lui-'in , ll lu pillUIS Jiaill- ted a fly, borauso this creature is often so disa greeably familiar. To represent eternity they painted tlio sun nnd moon, because they were eternal elements, &.c. Sic. Under these two dii isions are included most of tho American hieroglyphics. liecent discover ies, and early descriptions of tho Indians of southern America, show that they painted in beautiful colors, and sculptured, on stone and brick, tho representations of their Cods, their king", their heroes, their animals, plants, and whatever objects their fancy dictated or circum stances might require, lu this nrinncrthe Mex ican', particularly delineated the symbols of their religion, accounts of remarkable events, their laws, cii-Umi, nnd habits. Even their mode of chastising their children, is represen ted. Instead of the old fashioned rod, or switch that most of us havo some acquaintance with, they are represented as holding the nose of tho boy or girl over a good smudge, made of some herb, not of the most agrcablo llavcr probably. The Mexicans had pictures answering for al manacs, exhibiting the position of the stars, eclipses, changes of the moon, and prognosti cations oftho weather. Cortes says that Montezuma, presented him with a chart oftho coaston the Gulf of Mexico. They had also some substitutes for newspa pers, for when thu Spaniards first landed on the coast of Mexico, some of the subjects of Monte zuma sent him such a description of the Span ish ships, men, arms, &c. as not only terrified him with tho strangeness of the invaders, but also astonished the Spaniards, themselves, by t.io accuracy of it, when the paintings wero af terwards shown to them. The more northern Indians wero not totally unacquainted with the art of picture writing. Mr. Thompson says, "the only things of "this kind whicli nave attracted much attention in this stato are iih)ii a rock at the west side of a cove, near the month of Vc-t river, in Brattle bom', and are little moro than rude scratches representing birds and other .animals." I have met with a single stray chapter of eight pages, by .Mr. Schoolcralt, which contains more informa tion on the l'lctiiro writing of tho northern In dians, than all other books that 1 have read Ho savs ho has " never conversed with any ol the class of Indian traders and interpreters, to whom the fact of pictorial inscriptions, made in various ways, was not so familiar as, in their view toexcito no surprise or even demand re mark," and that, " It is known that such de vices wcro in use, to some extent, tit the era of the discovery, among most oftho tribes situated between the latitudes of Florida and Hud.-ou's Bay." Why, then, so little notice of the fact by those who have pretended to write Indian his tory ? Is it because the first settlers had other objects to engross their attention than tho pic ture writing of tho "Salvages?" or is it be- 1 cause tho ASta of tho red man yet remains to . bo written ? l'robably both. Tho work, our puritan ancestors, and the IIIUIV PUUllll lllLWIUIIIKlB tUUII'llA.'lU lllLllli 11111 ' ,, i,.! ,i,.lt ,.,..,i ... ,..ii ..,:. i.. r.inti.i i,r,,r.. ,i,... ... , . .. .h,'-r .;.,, ,'.' L,); i-'i .... - .., . , r gnUued. ' or thev perish with hunger. They were also surrounded by a race of heathen, whom they must either convert or exterminate. Not only this, but, as Cotton Mather ex pressed it, they " had to contend arrainst the wrath of that old usurping landlord of America, .ii,n .i....:i ...i i..i.... . ...v ui.,,, ,,iiif?u uiisuiuiu uiimiiiu was now &r,l disii.rlii-,1 .villi .!, .ii f .n.. J towards ousting himof his ancient possessions neie. jvicn who were at once engaged with a worldoflogs and fctumps, a world of Indians, and a world of evil spirits, would naturally look with contempt on a few rudo scratches on a chip, a pieco of bark, n strip of leather, or even on stone. Esiiecially whenworememlier tho pre iu,i;......,r ii... ii...:..... n it ictua. ' 7 iCTmXV I mo Vf'on and subu,,ed to the il.oi.ld have been said of what lhe? probably re-l T ' ,f i'" Tar,ilflw. B" 'J,nJTTI,e g'irdedasapartor'M.eathenisl,ab;,minationslin.t'0,'Uur;! U'rL""t st-',es ol writing Hence woare nut surprised to find, in the same i ''S)'l'u''" al"1 t,reek- history, a statement or the marvelous surprise Itotlta Stone. Tho Greek part was read and ui uiu inuiaus iviieu iiiey lounu mat v,api.fimilh, , while in captivity, could talk on a leaf, to his, friend, in Jamestown and an account of the perfect ease with which Cononicus sent a dial-' lengo or declaration of war.by u bundle of arrows I neu witu a ratiicsuaKu s skiii; and now quickly bo understood tho reply sent him tho samo skin when liov. Hradlord, i filled with jiowder and balls Mr. Schoolcraft says', "After our arrival at St, Antony's Fulls, it was found that this svs- teinof picture writing was as familiar to the Da- cotali as wo had lound It among tho Aliroiunnn race. At l'ralnu ilu Cluen, and at (Jrcen llay.l'ho Ineroglyphical to.xt. tins lact led tno samo evidences woro otiscrvcd anion t tlio It havine bfen Intimatnl, by a subviiucnt lectur- ert that thr tree imi I make is itiinrottfr. because it is d u ZivLa ""I Wl'Uf'' sijufyiiii; " sacrrd Wlilini; itlnir." I wish to .,,,ia Vhe't!'ll!iiTII'0M. are'""1.i fiilluwini; drtinition by Oswald " In a grncral senr a hif rojjlyphio ii any iiimbol or feme, wliii-h imiv wr.e.,.0..r.fVr':1,,.l'J1.ol'i'.tt." wort: I,, ll,. I, 1 V."' ork i.u 1 ....... ii un my irunin. inenus nnnc n k. mi-rlinn I journeymen ; for the French " jour" means if diii hence "journeyman,'' term originate snplkil 10 those only who wrought by ihe. day. .Mcnomonecs, nnd the Winncbigocs ; nt Chi' cago, among the I'ottownttoinies, and at Ml' chilimakinac, among tho Chippewa and Otta wa'". I Soon nfler tho attention of Mr. bchoolrrall was called to this subject, bo observed imo morning, jul before leaving camp, while on n journey through nn unfrequented and swampy tract, where the nay oeioronis mucin gumes had much trouble ln"findingi the way a small sheet of birch barlt, containing devices, elova ted some 8 or 10 feet on a pole, leaning in the direction they wcro alum to take. Un going up to this object it was found witu the aid of an . llll'l Ml UU.T, U UU tl P, IIIUUllv.1 1 1 Lltl ITI-1IL.IIIUI1 ttll the c rcumWiices of the Party. niL-ht's encamp-'!r ment, &c. 213 lire by themselves. The officer dcsiirnated bv a sword (tig. 1) appears with the gentlemen of the party, with whom lie messed. Tho secre tary, (hg. 2) is drawn with a book in his hand,) the geologist, (fig. 3) with a hammer. Figs, -1 and fi have no distinguishing mark. Figure 0 is Iho interpreter. Figs. 7 and S are Indian guides who appear al-o to have had a tiro or camp by, themselves; they, are represented bare-headed". ! i no nat, says air Schoolcralt, is the character-1 islic universally adopted by the Indian picture writers to distinguish white men. The prairie tinguisli white mill. 1 he prairie , linn ml Inrlnt -A ti ll , ,1 '1 ..ii ,i... i i.i i ... i . .i i iii inj iiuiiiL'is piuuiuuu me nay ojiore, lor niguis entertainment. Un tlio polo directly derthis" bark lotter"' wero three hacks to'i r , .1 . . cate the number of days they ex pected to travel I in thn. ilirnrlmnlfin tut! it ln-iiiml I I bus was the story simply and briefly told, to. inform any of their countrymen who might chance to wander in that direction, ol the num.- I, liernnd character of tlio party. i aiuilw .anguhSr the cut. The Eagle (tig. 10) shows to I".,, H'yi'tn'" language, the finl trttcr.or sound, ''p'' ""!!P'F' ,",, 'i "V i , V otiLI , hun.l. Tho prisoner, being unable to prove what nation the soldiers belong. Fig. i(i -a """" f " f' rsgree,l Me let- 'XasboatS fir shows flint ilirt tlio tnlili.r liml 7. ... ' ler or round, tchicli theu represent. This must " """-'- mmauian, ne snnuiu ne j was soo nU)r vsvc:u,,r nnrsts,,l ,i, n. un reaching the village ot handy t,ako on 0f William, for instance, bo appropriate to repre-1 iho alarm now became general, and on fur tho Upper Mississippi, .Mr. S. found tho figures feiit strength of body, boldness, and fearlessness thcrexaminutioiynarksof blood were traced from of animals, birds, and other devices on the rude of mind, while two lambs mirdit Indiratn penile- the liedroom into tho street coMinsaml wranpiims of their ilea-J. wliicli were ruiiuium aiuuuu un nut, aim upon me open shores of the lakes. Similar inscriptions and , .. ..,...w.. . tti'-i ,,..ni.t .,r

u.iut ii.'iieis h vru im-i wiui ill the Mississippi. ..v... v, Egypt his ever been most justly celebrated, both for the size and splendor of her monuments and tne superiority arid variety ol her symholi- cal inscriptions. Columns ol stone hewn from a solid block, a hundred feet high, a pyiamid of1 tho samo material reouirinir cWfl acres vf' A'roiiH(Z to stand upon, ami other relies of nn i ..m un uiu u si aie oi grcamess, served bull toincieaso tho desire to know tho import of tho engravings on their surfaces, lint until mod-1 cm tunes, they have remained niideciphered enigmas. Men tried to read them on tlio"princi-! pie of other Incroglvnhic.s but with little sue.-, en: Ami 1 1 r m-hi-1.1 nr..t.r ...... II.. . . I cess. And tho wurld had pretty irencrallv set- . . ..... tied upon ho conviction that they were secret so fre.ucnt in our country, would bo represent- j coin being in bis possession, his story was not , weltr1"'-' 1,1 his blood m the bed, and a man and sacred characters, known only by those ,ed by a mountain. For the E wo must take the credited. The certainty or the boatswain's .lis- "'""S "ver lum with a dark .intern in ono who used them. Ancient as aro Greece and ', eagle, which appears on our national banners, I appearance, and the blood at the pier, traced from "f"' '""V '''"loin the other! I ho man scem-ltouie-learned ns were her scl.ol.rs, it is I coin, &c, and is emblematical of freedom. IV , his bedroom, were supposed lobe too evident , 0,1 " 1 s ', ".'l ''',"Lc but his terror supposed that they ever remained ignorant of t. a river would be appropriate, as our country 8" "f" hi- being murdered : and even the jud-e i csl'"f ' aWm""ce oT, ho meaning of Egyptian lueroglypncs-All U as much dislinguislied f.ir mighty rivers as for ' w.n so convinced or his guilt, that ho ordered the I ntlemen soon d.-covered that the murdered theirdescrmtions of them are said tn lm i-mm,. . t..r ii...i ........ ,. i .. ..i .i i ... . person was the strmirer with whom thev bad ind uncertain. . "n"" Researches and discoveries since Uomparle's invasion of Egypt, havo settled tho fact that theso hieroglyphical characters were used as letters Hence iho third division, viz. Hiero glyphics Alphabetic. To represent nu object, or even tho qualities of an o'jject,isn,uitoa different and far moro sim ple thing, than to represent sounds. The sav age may draw the form of a lion, and thu-, re minds his fellows of that animal, or he may paint his chief, accompanied by a figure of the lion, and thus express bis idea' of the Hiwer, boldness, or bravery of tlio head mm of lus trilie. He may represent life by a blazing fig got ; a battle, by arrows ; walking, by si "foot but what shall repeesent a found '. how shall speech be painted ? Tho loudest noisci is not .-een ; bow, then, shall Iho mere idea or recol lection ol' it be inado visible Without following un this thouirht which car- ries us beyond the laud-inirks of hum tu hitory and knowledge, Into the broad ocean of specu lation and l.tble, wo will attempt a brierdescrip tion oftho alphabetical use of Egyptian Idem glvphics, with a few remarks on tho means by which Ibis important di-covery was nude which, in the words of Mr. I're-cott, miy un- doubtedly bo declared ''the greatest literary dis- i covery oi tno ago. ,,, l:.,...,,i.. r ... i . e When digging tho foundation of a rort be i French soldier discovered a block of stono about !l feet long, 2 livt 5 inches wide, and from 10 to l'J inches thick, on which wero inscriptions in dif ferent characters. This stono finally went to England, where plaster casts and f.ic similes wero taken and sent to Iho literary associations of Europe. Thus, by tho aid of modern me chanics arts and science, this slab was virtuil- translated, by learned men, and ascertained to bo nn account ol a coronation, 101 years before theChristian era,and was gener ally 6iippo?ed to bo a translation of tho Envntiaii nart. Willi Hieroglyphic, Creek. this idea tho literati went to work.to decipher tho hioroglyph ical text, and success liuallv crowned their efforts, Tho namo I'tolcmy often occurcd in tho (ircek inscription, and a certain set of characters, en closed by a ring or oval, wero also repeated In to me supposition mat un tno characters tliusMiirrouu- I .led hv thn lino stood for l'tolpini. MSnr inui.1. labor, trouble and disappointment, ninonc the l'nied men ofKurow, which I need not detail, gentleman : demnnstra- t "'at sucli was tlio tact. 1 ha following cut andexiil.inalions.will illustrato liisnrncrji?f.1l. covery. us well as tho hieroirlvnhiral iiiml.. of , . . V wriuir'. 11 w 11 oe seen luai 110 characters ua "ot exactly correspond to tho letters wo uso writing the word. We will therefore spell I'toleuiecs. Tho square correspond with tho letter 1' halfcir cle, 1"; the flower, O; Li on, L ; three sides of a parallelogram, M ; two feathers, K E , Crook, S . The fiat E is omitted Tho Em'titialis liko our I'!'. v!t v'.'.i ... tWRjJ oiuiiui.iiiiiuir, uin.ll u- i.vS'i1 initted the vowels. The '.nSS&i' ,:5 line or oval shows that the characters enclosed represent the name of a King fir Queen. Uliampollion nan tuns obinined seven letters , . .1 , , . characters of an Alphabet an, ill Alpliahel ; and encouraged by this success, he continued his labors with fresh zeal. On an Obelisk which was carried to ho found the same group fl'toleniy) nother somewhat similar, but sullicientlv lilferent to bo apparent that it must bo some other name. Here wcro five characters found in the first, and he finally demonstrated that they spelled Cleopatra, C is represented by the quad- V, rant; I,, as before by the Li- , on : E. as before bv one feather; O, as before by the ' E llower ; 1', as before by tho rj ' square ; A, by the hawk ; T, ., by the hand ; It, by a mouth; , 1 1 egg nt A circlo .it , or fi- nal letter, were understood B by tho Egyptians to repre- , sent tho feminine gender. ' Champollion had now obtained twelve signs or bo understood. Their names and ours, do not crcncrally agree. Tho bird, we should call an Eagle or a Hawk, they called it Mlie', therefore they used it lor A. '1 lie month was 'llho,'-so it stood for 11, And the same of others. The fig ure oftho Lion might remind us, as well ns the Egyptians of the sound of L. We teach our children their letters, sometimes, by saying A stand fir Ape.for Apple. nnd Air. II stands lor Ilutton, for llird, and lk-ar. was nu Arciicr, II was a Ilutchcr. iVe. .tr. .; i ;. ...i .. j't-miia luvuir-uu 11, mill loin llieir leu I'li-iui ui I.H 11.11.1111., in ll. ii i;i;iit luu .-uuim 111 .ach lcttcr. from wliicli it seems, they selected . . ..... J . I such as wcro appropriate to the character of the object whoso name they wished to express. Sup-! pose, for illustration, that tho sound of the letter KM irnnru I iil nn A nn Amdn nu A .nn n I ... i MillU'tiS mn i Liirnrum In liti.l I.i j .. 1 A i.wu in .i .... m -i,, .ui ii . ,n,.iM itiuifl ui llltj , " . milium 11 mm (ii-. Ll'lllliailiuil ..I nrk- huhhiin nrr tr ... ... lltl- mi., i. ' i r i- 1.:. il l'V.t i . i... Ti. .V.. ... t . wui;9in;uiiiiiim'CIIUn. i i ii iiuu'i nu aim jriiii'MjiiLuu i u miii hi iti v ivc. n.-' n mm "uiu-. jui it iinn.iLiL'iit ui vi l , nr:. . 4;..t i . . -jj-; inu (uiiui- um;u iruiu j o uj - j uiiitTPiii ".-""i i .uij niuiiui-, nu aisu arne wiore uay, j,ini vvjen he HvimI with Mm. au, nu in u-u uuuii, lu.ii inu riiuini ui inu luiu'l I ."v.... tttni, .jiii.- i, tia in I'iiiu uil snociieil lo Iiuli could lw represented by the figure of either a Iho bed stained with blood, and every imjuiry af m or a lamb. Might nottwo lions in the name . ter her uncle was in vain. li,m nn. miM imsa nnd nmrniilitrt ilijnnjlfinn I'erhaps somo peculiarities oi tins system may he most brielly illustrated by a rude attempt to ui-uiusi uiii-iii uiusirttieii ny .1 ruuu iiiieiiipi lu . i i ...:..i it- i.: I....,.:., .ii.. , uui iiimui ivnie, lliuiuyiy iniuail , I the word Amerir.'i. hv Konn. u-liinh. liT.inif vi,',. , bolical of idea", would express many nuali'ties or characteristics of our country. Instead of bomo 20 diUl-rcnt characters, for rach letter, as tho Egyptians had, from which to select appropriate symbols, we will suppo-o wo u vn nnli- f.inr P,t ,ii, i,n, , i;.,.. of an Anchor, an Ant, an Alligator and an Arch. .Mountain, .Man, Moon, Month. E, Ev'le, r.ar, Eye, Edifice. It, ltabbit, IJailroad, Ilice, Kivcr. 1, Indian, Infant, Inkstand, Iron. C, Cat, Circlo, Cannon, Corn, To write AMEIIIUA, wo might select from this vocabulary, for the first A.an anchor, which . " : . . mi-,, iii,aiiiiiii , mi uiu in si ... nil 11111:1 nir. v iiii-ii ij c,..r,l,lnl .rr! 'i'i. in.. i.:..i... iuu iii'iiiiiitiiiis, ur i. wiiai oeiier i ti irii i n ! " i.i .i . . in .... we uecii io enar.icien.o me inieiiigenco ol the ji.iiji.i.- iii.ui ui... vii uu iimni.iiiu i i-ur mo wo should select the cannon, ifwo u-nrn u-rlili,,, -.m!.. ,li. ii. tl..., ..I .... ...I-.. I 1 I.,-- ,1.. ,, to tho Mexicans, or Htho writer was a military man ; I prefer a stalk or corn,tn indicate the ag ricultural, rather than the warlike habits or our people. For the final A, wo select the Alliga tor, tmrivo some idea of the unim ilsof our coun try. Thus Tho mark at tho bottom is the symbol for coun try. Tin Egyptians hid threo kinds or styles of writing ; ruro liioroglyplucs, which 1 have been attemptim? to describe tho hieratic or writim? oftho l'riets, and tho IK'inotic, or writing of the I'eople. I lio two latter wero evidently con tractions oftlu lir.-t and aroso from ha-to and carelcs-ness in forming the figures, in ordinary writing. It has been, and still is contended by some that nun was indebted to direct revelation for a know ledio of letters. Others siinno.so that such knowledge was obtained by tho operation of thoso faculties witli which man was endowed by his creator. I have little to do with theories. Hut it certainly appears to 1110 very reasonable to cou- cimioinai loiters migiii navo lieen gradually in troduced by tho unlviToal practice of picture wri ting moro or less common to all nations, unac cpiainted with letters. Although ignorant of ah phabetical hieroglyphics, the Mexicans had a system so ierfect that they wero enabled to de scribe, in detail, overy public and private affair, l'erhaps I ought to iipolgizo for liming devo ted so much tune ton subject, winch until 1 com menced collecting materials for this lecture, 1 h id ever regarded as altogether out of my line, and lieyond my comprehension. Indeed tlio very term hieroglyphic is with us a by-won! todeslg nato anythinjj incomprehensible. My niology 1 havo already indicated. My subject led 1110 here. And when yon recollect I havo not said a word about the Chineso syllabic system nothing of the picture writing of South American Indians, and havo barely alluded to tho Mexican hierogly phics, which' liguro so largely in Air. Stephens' work, and other books in your library, 1 think you will not accuso 1110 of exhausting tho sub ject, however much 1 may havo exposed my ig norance and tired your patience. When wo reflect that picture writing was tho first method practiced by man for recording his thoughts that for unknown ages in somo conn- trios at least, ho was acquainted with no other that this system has been carried to asti-nlsliing ...!.' .1.... 1... ......l... r .,..1..." foribotical 1 it on tho lu 'uniuipo: iwrivcuou uimni-m o uiu uviu. 01 iiiinia tical letters and that it has left its impress tno languago wo speaK and read 11 assumes importance worthy the attention of even mo- U chnnlc. In the figurative, allegorical, and typ' cal language of the bible, every one will perceive greater strength of meaning, and new beauties, by aid of oven slight knowledge ol hieroglyphic. Indeed, without this knowledge, some pao-agc wnnid ne oi tnnhtlul waning. The loth verse of7 N'.iah reads, "Tho bird shall hiss rortheXv'ing her serutoire wa found broken open and hat is in the uttermost parts of the mors of robbed, and Thomas (ie.ldeley disappearing at J 1 ,, , . . "'e ,;'".".m 'la" "ria. hen told that in picture wntinirt ie Ling the King of Atsvria by Arr,the pa'sajro W plain. .., a .,B,i-,HU-,-mU. y n j,,h ,, , . ..i.-. i- ni.-i.iL-iv uii: .i inu .ueAicun iings were designated. 1 might mid another apology for hieroglypliiral knowledge viz: tho firt, tint, at the present day, wo seem to bo going back to the original plan of picture writing. I allude tothe increase of pictures in modern books. Our works on sci ence, history, and even tho bible itself, have be come pictorial. And what is stenography or short hand writing, but hicroglvphical clia'rac lers 7 Liko stenographers the Egyptians olleu omitted tin vowels.:ir.dl.ijra long time sadly perplexed those antiquarians', who. with the Ito setta stone as a key. finally succeeded in unlock ing the mvslery which had so long shrouded I'gyplian hieroglyphic-. From C!nni'j?rs' Journal, fuses ol L'irciiinstniitiiil Evidence. run young &AiLMAKcn. In the year 172I1, a young man who was serv ing his apprenticeship in London to a master pail-maker, got leavo to visit his mother, to spend the Christmas holidays. She lived a few miles beyond l)eal, in Kent. He walked the journey; L'lad to accent the oiler, nnd after spending the evening with his new comrade, they retired to rest. In the middle of the night ho was attacked with his old complaint, and wakening his bedlel iow, he asked him the way to the garden. The boatswain told him to go through the kitchen; but as ho would find it difficult to open tlio door into the yard, the latch being nut of order, ho de sired him to take a knife out of his pocket, with which he could raise the latch. The vc g man did as ho was directed, and after remaining near I.. i,ir i !.. .....i i . i. tin uwiii m nu- .1111 m-1 uiunieu loins nuu, ..t... i noon . . i intention to depart early, was not surprised ; but not seeing her uncle in the tnornini', she went , to call him. She was dreadfully shocked to find ' til tllO C(l!70 of the tlier.llp.nl. l?iiiti.,i it-fiuti... mediately busi-. :nl .,!..: r.,n r .... the young man who slept with him. that ho had i "' j""' '",n e-n.-pt w nu nun, mat. no liau m,i,nitfr.,l il.o .,i ..i .1.. .i... .... i.. l i.t tv nniiuiii mm iniunii uiu mwv uicr ' the pier into the sea. A uTimnt u-i, l.nn.t 1 again-tbiin.aiid he was taken that evening at I his mothers hou-e. On his beiiiL- examined and "'mr', ' J ,iim'V , '.K""U.?L that tlio re--dnb!.mco Iwlwcei nu i.iiniiaii, . ll ill, ll ill ll 'imi in ll ill ills searched, marks of Wood were discovered on his "'"'y.11 cn ""ming m the chimney corner, shirt and trousers, and in hi-mcket wrcre a kuifo 1 om,? l,m"1 !!ftor ,IkT 're,r0 ",' '" of ,!' mid a remarkable silver coinboth of which the Scnllcmeii l-eingawake. thought hejieard a deep landlady swore positively wero her uncle's pro,- i "! 1" "''j"''""!.' i,lJ erty, and that she saw them in his possession on I leP"ff, h Itly awoke Ins friend. They li the evening ho retired to rest with the youn.' , tl"w So'herandUie groans increasing, as ot mm. On thee strong circumstances the nip.nedyingand in pain, they both ni-taiitly arose, fort uuato youth was lound guilty. PrK:i,eded silently to the door of the next He related all tho above pirtieuhrs in h's de-' clli,ml,ur' "" u ll1lc!1 the groans had seemed to fence ; but as ho could not account for the marks nc- 1 Uu. ' uor 1u!"'1 "'"' t ,l7 -?w il ''t in r,r),W,.l ., i,; i. . i . .i the room. J hey entered, but it is imnns.ib b to . " I't. t ,111. itiiii.-? lii.il ill" "ul nil-ill 1 when lm r,.iiirn..,l iil,n I,,., r.. .i. .n... r..i , ,i ...i. i.i . 1 1 luliuiuh iii iiim: ni.ici: 11 i reo i .ivs. .,i 1111, "lllU ut 1 tl,u . "l,oi oeciareu jus luuocence, anu ttiir.i: n. ... tl ...ill. .... .VII..I .... . . .1 1 I"-t..t-.u.ii iii u. ilii niii.il tiuL-i;iiii as-ui t.-iaiuilis, that many nitied him. thoinrh mine doubted llm justness of his senlence. 1'ho executioner, of those days were not o J v.-.-vil .it uiL-ii Litittu us iiiuueni inn's, nor veiei,i - -, ,i . i . , r ,i drops and platlorms invented. 1 ho young man I , - ,, . , . , " ." "".in- wai very tall ; his feet sometimes touched the i -li ps ; for that, hear.nga noise.vvh.ch wassue gnmud t and some ol his friends surrounded the . f.ei ' l"d '' a. ' B t ;f Iwl. struck a "allows contrived to imo the "allows some sun- ''..armed himself with a kmlefor In defence, is.rt as it wassusnimiUI. Afir li,r,.. ,!,,. , -onio sup. n 7 ,r... iii-z-i; iiiLiiui itiu ll .sll'.'llll illil III 11 lltillll, and in tho course of a few hours animation was I restored, and tho innocent saved. When he was able to move, his friends in-isted on his nnitti,," the country, and never returning. He accord- inirlv iniii.lml In- nitrlii ti. ii..ni.7.,,i. i entered 011 board a man-of-war on the point of sailing for a distant part of the world an 1 'is ho changed his name, ami disgui-ed his person, his melancholy story never was discovered. Altera few years of service, during whicli his exemplary conduct was the cause of his pro.no tion through the lower "rades. he was at last made 11 master s nnte, nnd hi s shin heiifpaid I a few more 7.1' the oti'in thu Wist Indies, he and crew were translerred to another inan-ol-war, which had just arrived short of hands from a dif ferent station. Wh it were his feelings of as. touishuient, and then of delight and rest icy, when almost tho first person he saw on lioard his new shin was the identical boatswain Tor whoso murder lie h id been tried, condemned, and exe cuted live ears before! Nor was the surprise .. ii... ..1.1 1..... ...: .1. 1 1 .... 1,. 1 ti. un- riu 111 iri thosuiry ""t""LmJ'V Hrndronrs defence on his trial was the same An explanation ofall tho mysterious circiun-, I1.1 fx-'for,J! l'.1 'mJ ll01,,ri1 11 ",,,i."e ' ".sK.cted stances tnen took place. It appeared that tho ,t",,,no ;'"') ",as transacting: he struck a boatswain had been bled Air a pain in the side 'g . , snatched in, the kinfe tho only vveapon at by the barber, unknown to his neice, on the day 1 ;1" 'lel'''"1 l"nM J en ere.f the room of oi' tho young man'., arrival at Deal; that wheh ' ' . "verred that the terror, be the young man wakened hi..., and retired to the bl '.r,r'1 ,'re '!!crel.v "-H-hngs natural to in yard", ho fiiund the bondage had come oil' his arm .".lC. lls M P,""' on. M''S hor duriii.' the night, and tint the blood was flowing rid a scene. Iho delence, however, could not afresh, lleiu" alarme.1, ho re.,, to go to the 1,0 rol'"l',red as weak, contrate.l with the sev lurber, who lived across the street, but 11 press. ural powerful c.rcum.Uinces against him. Nev gang laid hold of him just as he lelt the public- ur circumstantial evidence so strong, so far house. They hurried him tothe pier, where " w,0,lt: , 1 'vas l""0 "cv,i "f comment their boat was waiting: a few minutes brought lrom ,,lu J"dS?' 111 '"niiuing up thoeyidence; no them on Isiard a frigate then under vvei"h tor ' "H,ni piearcd for extenuation ; and the prionor Iho East Indies, and ho omitted ever writing I "asdeolare.1 guilty by thejury without their oven homo to account for his sudden disappearance! I h'auug tho box. Thus were tho chief circumstances explained hy ! .rau'rd executed shortly after, still de tho two friends thus strangely met. Tho silvor 1 cI',nnS ''" wnB n"1 l,lu murderer, nor privy ;.. . c 1 ... .1 . ... : In lit. 1 ii, nr. I.. ...CM. II l.-J, ,.,- coin ueing lounu in 1110 possession ot tno youii" man could only bo explained bv tho conieclure. that when he took tho knife out oftho boatswain's pocket in tho dark, it is prolmlde, as the coin was in tho samemcket it stuck between tho blades oftho knire, and in this manner became the strongest proof against him. , " .......m,,,,,. IIVIIIILIIIII v.,' planation was told to tho judge and jury who uu u.eir return to England, this wonderful ox- tried tho cause, and it Is lirobablo thev inu-i-nif. ter convicted a mm on circumstantial evidence. 11 also made a great noiso in Kent at tho tiuis. We present this case as usually recoanled hy pop ular tradition, without vourliinK lor ils nii'inncy. If true.the jury.it will be observed, had un iuihi! ul'tlu, murder, in Ihe body was not fmuul. We douhi ihm any judge would have sauctioncd euch kiil-shi, ,,, ,. nou vf justice. TlltlllAS OKtltml.EV S CASE. Thomao (Jeddeley lived a a waiter with Mrs, IJatnnh Williaino, 'who kept a public housn rit York. It being a house of much busine, and the mi-tress ery asidious therein, she was ilonmml !,. ,,.n.it,ltt, ..!- ft....nn M..a ...nr... tho same time, nodoubt wa-enteitainedas to the! rnUii.r At,.., .. ,i...i'.,.. Mns, j.ltnu ;nm. ,.,(, t0 York, and worked a lew days for a Precarious subsistence! in earning goods as a porter. .Many accosted him as Thomas d'cddelcy. lie declared he did not know them, that his nnnie was .lames Crow, and that he never was at York before. But this was held as merely a trick to save himself frrmi Ibe consequences of the robbery committed in the house ol'.Mrs. Williams when he lived uith her as waiter. llis mistress w.is sent for, and in the midst of maiiv people, in-lanllv singled him out, called him by his naiip (Tbum.is tirddeley,) and charg ed him with iinf.iithtnlni-h mid ingratitude in robbing her. He was. directly hurried before a justice of the peace, but on Ins examination a! sidutely nllirmi'd that he was m,t Thomas Ced doloy, that he knew no such (ler-on, that ho nev er was at York before, and that his name was James Crow. Not, however, giving a good ac count of himself, but rather admitting that he was a vagabond and petty rogue, and .Mr. Wil liams anil another person swearing positively to his person, he was committed to York Castle fur trial at tho next assizes. On arraignment, he plead not guilty, still de bn "Mrs. V,li', nying that h c was ti jo pf refill lie wh tnkoii for " test breath in alliiming that ho was not Thomas Gcddeley, and that his nunc was James Crow. And to it proved ! Somo time after, the true Thomas (Jeddeley, who, on robbing his mistress, had fled from Vork to Ireland, was taken up in Dublin for a crime of the same stamp, and there condemned and executed. lietween his coin ic tion and execution, and again at the fatal tree, be confessed biin-elf to be the very Thomas fied deley who had committed tho robbery at York for which the unfortunate James Crow had been ex ecuted. We must add, that a gentleman, an inhabitant Dublin at the tuno and who knew Williams, declared i the two men was so exceedingly great, that it was next to impos sible to distinguish their persons asunder. IHIADfOltD THE IXXKEEI'Sn. Jonathan Kradford kept an inn in Oxford shire, on the Iindon road to Oxford. lie boro a respectable character. .Mr. I laves, a gentleman of fortune, being on bis way to Oxford on a visit to u relation, put up at llradford's. Ho there ' J01nei1 company with two gentlemen, with whom i ll0 "I'PI'' . ""' '. conversation unguardedjy i . , ,., ., , , , , . r." I mentioned that ho bad then about linn' a consul. ' i, , , . . , , I enib"". s,I,n 01 '"onoy. Iii duo time they retired ! tQ.t,"'l,r rcwctivo ehauihers ; the gentlemen to 1 v o-'a'dden room, leaving, a is customary with ... . ' . . , P-'i"' their con-ternation on nerceivinir a person . 1 1 hat inir it Minned. and that tho man w in un . .... . . . ,. . ' '( . ' , . . . . , .. .j. .. I """"oru uirict ), illsarnie ri.tnittiiL; iu nun UII.-II iiu-i. 1 lll'V H'lZI'll him of his knife, and charged him with being the murderer. Ho as sumed by this time the air of innocence, posi tively denied the crime,nnd asserted that hecanio ' a" "l:'t minuto entered the room before them. 1 he-o nsi-ertions were of little avail : , I .' , ., - -- , lll U' 111 1tI,1'- custody ill the mormng h:or: a neighUiring justice nf , "'y l.ico. l.radford s-tiH deuuii the mimler.biit apparent Indications of gn.lt, that tho ju-tice hesitated not to make uso ol this extraor- i ',,' ".. ,...', Jlnll"ul"i eiiiiii uu ui iii-i-ii vuiiiiiiiut'u mis nun ui-i This remarkable, affair lncanie a tonic of con- ver.-ation to the, whole country. Bradford was condemned hy the general voice of every com pany. In the midst of all this predetermination, ...I. .....! . ... ,..! I 1. ' '"""'" ""sia-s m wx.nru. Jirautord was 1'r"',?l,,t lo, ,rial 1 !'" 'i"1 lmt. Fuilt'- . N'.0,,li"f? could bo stronger than the evidence of the two gentlemen. Thev testified to the finding .Mr. Hayes murdered 111 his lied, Bradford at tho side of the body with a light and u knife, and that knife, and the h ind which held it, bloody. They stated that, on their entering tho room, ho be trayed all the signs of a guilty man; anil that, 11111 a lew minutes preceding, uiey had heard thu 1 L'roans 01 ine ueceaseu. - ..1 , , i , , , '"-'i"1 " . , uui ne oieu ensue- heved by all. Vet wero theso assertions not untrue ! Tho murder was actually committed by the footman of .Mr. Hayes; and iho assassin, immediately on stabbing his master, rilled his pockets ofhis mon iiy, gold watch, and snuir.box.and then escaped back to his own room. This could senrr,.!.. . - .uuiu ritllllTr m.w 'wi etlected, as after-circumstances shovv , - ftl, tuoro than two seconds lvforo llradford's en tering the unfortunate gentleman's chamber. The world owes this information to remorse of conscience on tho part of the footman (eighteen months after the execution of llrndford) when laid on a Ivd of sickness. U was a dutli.sl iv HMileiice, and by that death tlio law lo.t il Mv tim, It wcro to bo wished that this nevVWH