Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 26, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 26, 1847 Page 1
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I -J w" miRIillVCJTO, FRIDAY MORIMiVG, MARCH SO, 18-1'. Vol. XX.Wo. 41. Whole No. 1030i WW . - 1 1 - ' 1 mj JURLINGTON FREE PRESS Published t BarllnEton.'Vt., Br D. W. C. CLARKE, Editor ani Proprietor, sjormn To Village subscribers who receive the paper by ike carrier, . , If paid in advance, ......... 2,50 Mail subscribers and those who take it at the . Office, invariably, ......... 2,00 AsvEKf uejiemts inserted on the customary terms. T fare Her Still. -,V( Love her still! " !3hc hntli fallen very low 1 'Thou, who knew'st her long ago, Little, little, can's! thou see Of her girlhoods purity : But, though Sin halh left its trace On heronce sweet happy face. And that Innocent maiden brow Droopeth in dark shadow now Thmieli life's glory nil halh lied, And hlc's shame Is her's Instead, Love her still ! Love her ! let no harsh, eold word, Man, Irom lips ol thine be heard ; Woman with no lifted eye Mock thou her deep misery Weep ye tears, give tear alone, To our world-forsaken one. Love her still ! Love her! let her fecliour love Summer showers that fall above Kointinlilooiii, leave with them Freshened leaf ond straightened stein ; - Sunshine uft .loth give, again Illoom the bitter storm both token; And Ih'rn human love ofouis, Hy the world's poor laded (lowers May be foundas deera boon, As Cod'fble'sed rain and sun, Torestore their naliichuc, And their native frairianee too. Love her still ! Rather rou'id her, weep and prny Clasp her, lead her Irom the way She doth journey tenderly, From the wrong and misery, To the better piths where Peace Waited her with sweet n lease From life's lieart-aclie ; nonce mora In her breast the hope ol ore May be lit that blessed hope. Tint with carthlyloss doth cope, Earthly sin and earthly thame, Till ali earth is but a name, And the rescued tool is given With it trcasinc unto Heaven, Oh! bethink ye ol the bliss That will fill jour henrts for this, Loving Friend., what lime ye see Shadow after shadow l!ee I 'rom her pale, sad face what time, tearing inn thought sublime Ye shall kiwie the while je prr.y, To Jlis Angels, Gad doth cay, Love lira situ.. iTavm. CHITTENDEN COUNTY Agricultural Society. The Board of Managers met nt Eagle Hall, Willitton, January ilU, IS 17. Present Air. President, " 1st Vice President, , " Secretary, " Treasurer. MANAGERS. Mr. Newell, Charlotte, " Patrick, Ilinosburg, " Sibley, Wctford, " Stanton, F.sscx, Wells, Underhill, " Sliaw, Jericho. The funds of the Society for 1817 were es. tiniated for 193 members and subscribers for Cultivator, . Sll!S,00 151 do Agriculturist, Hi, 52 Srcmbers, fi2 Debts due, 40 From State, 153 183,00 Motion bv Mr. .Stearns, seconded by Mr. Newell, to olter premiums on difierent grades of cattle. Motion by Mr. Goodrich, seconded by Mr. Patrick, to appropriate certain sums on each class on which premiums wero offered last year, which afterdebate was adopted, and tho follow ing sums agreed to : On Horses, " Cattle, " Sheep and wool, " Swine, ' Field Crops " Fruits and Fruit Trees, . ': ' Forest Trees " Garden Vegetables, " Farming Implements, 5 50,00 " 05 1B0 20 75 SO 5 10 33 " Iluttrr, Cheese, Hugaro: Honey, 40 ' Household .Manufactures fiO Mechanical do CO ' " 0 018,00 Committees were appointed to award pre miums : On Calllej'r. Smith, Mr. Sibley. Wteen A- Woo! Mr. President, Mr. Newell, Mr. Stearns. I'wU Vmr Mr. Slcarns.Mr. Patrick, who' severallv reported, mid their reports wero udopttd. On .Motion of Mr. Newell, all oilier premiums were to bo awarded by Mr. Goodrich and Mr. Stacy. On motion of Mr. Goodrich agreed that all members of the Society nnd their families wear a badge at the annual "show and fair. Motion by Mr. Newell, seconded by Mr. Shaw, that all committees be residents of the Country i adopted. The following committees were nominated nnd unanimously agreed to, ON" IIOttSES. Win. Warner, lliirlinglon ; Uev. John II. Woodward, Weslford; Frederick Fletcher, Tn derhill. OX CATTLE. Harry Bradley, Hurlingon ; David A. Mur ruy, W'illislon ;'Orville Clark, Milton, 0:i WORKING OXEN. )(lIoratio Allen, Weslford; Levi Packard, Jc rixo ; David Cook, Charlotte. OV MEIiINO snr.Er AMI WOOL. Zcnas Skinner. Willistun ; Ilirdey Newel, Charlotte; Joseph Marsh, Uinesburgh, OX SA.XOSV MIKM' ANO Wl)0.. Jonas, (i. Chittenden, Wtllistim ; Lemuel 1!. Piatt,' Colchester ; Clinics II. Cook, Charlotte, O.N CUAUE SIlEEr I LOCKS AMI WOOL. Jitlius H, lloi-lwlck, Jericho ; Holla Cloason, Uichmond; Geurgu Ay res, Milton, nx mvise. C. W. Brownel, Willislon ; P.7.ra Mecch Jr., SKclburne ; Dudley Pitkin, lliirlinglon. Ot IIVTTEll AMI CIIEI'SE. J.K. Drury, Wexford ; Uutiis Parker, I'll derhill ; Koswcll Mason, Uichmond, on riui.n cp.ors. A. O. Whiltemorc, ;lin)i ; Truman Gain rha, Jtrico ; If, S. Morse, fi'irlhurne. OX Fld'IT, A.NII VEnr.TAIII.CS. If. B. Stacy, lliirlinglon; K. (!. Cnlc, llur linglm ; Her'. J. K. Converse, lliirlinglon. 9x xtT.vKnir.s, rr.uiT ami jouest ieees. J!ev. Prnfcsior Torroy, lliirlinglon ; Itev. J. K. Cnnvur.-c. Burlington ; David, Head, Colchester. ns aiAri.r. suoAn AMrJ HoneVi 1 Samuel Well?, Underbill; Heman Hosfordi Charlotte ; Marslmll Rogers, Weslford. OX FAHM WrLr.MF.XTS. Jcdcdiali Boyntoti, Uinesburgh ,' John Brad Icy, Burlington; John Allen, Weslford. on liousnnoi.n jiakufactuuks. Sion K. Howard, Burlington ; K. II. Wheeler, Charlotte ; Noblo Locly, Burlington, ON MECHANIC ARTS. George Whitney, Essex ; John S. Patrick, Ilinesburah ! K. G. Johnson, Jericho. Tlio President, Secretary, and Treasurer, were appointed a cotntnittce to determine tlio place for tho show and fair J and to appoint o committee to mako arrangements ana superin tend the same. Show and Fair to ba held on the 22d Sep tember. LIST OF PREMIUMS FOR IS 17. On Horses. Best Stallion past ! years old owned or kept in llio Lonnly the season belore the lair. So 00 2d best do SI 00 Si best do S 3 best 3 year old geld- 3 ing or marc colt, 4 2 Vid be.t do 3 31 do do 55est 3 year old do 3 2.1 best do 2 best S year old do 3 3d best do 2 best 2 year old do 3 2d best do 2 3d best do 1 I best do a best brood marc with sucking cult, !j !!d best do 3 Every one exhibiting any liorso mare or gcl- :1 i n cr of anv aire, will bo rcmiircd to furnish U the committee a written t-tutcmcnt of their ped igree and age, which tlio committee are expect ed to notice in their report, in every case where the animal is a successful competitor for a pre mium ; also whether best lur heavy draught for a roadster or tiie Jlorsc for all uork. On Cntlle. Best Herefordshire jbettraifof any grade S3 00 lin I 2 veals old -1 lest do -3d bett do 1 and upwards SI 00: best Leons!iirc do 1 be"', pair working best Ayrshire do -1 Oxen do 2J best do 3d ben do lib ben do tiest IJurliam do -i best grade or N'a- live do t best IIerefordhiic best pair 3 year old Low or Heifer 3 steers mrukc) 2J best do 3d best do bust pair 2 year old fcteeis (broke) 2J bett do best pur yearling best Devonshire do 3 best Ayrslmc do 3 best Durham do 3 best giade or Na 3 me i:o .i best Milcn Cow of tiny kind 3 2d best do 2 Steers 2d bet do beet 2 j i.n r old heifer best pair fat 0.cn 2d best do best ht Cow Steer pir.de or Xvative 3 2d b( St do 2 bcit 1 car old heiler or IlciW 2J belt do giade or native 3 2 best do 2 The Herefordshire, Devonshire, Ayrshire or Durham cattle, must bo owned and r.ept in the Loutitv at least three months previous to the exhibition. Grade or native must bo raised in llio County. Workinc cattle must bo r.Aisnu in uin countv and exhibited so as to snow uieir uor.KiNG powers, Mrcnctli, sprijrlitlineps, man- ngo.nont &c. Tlio object b.'ing icor.'." not be' in their CYliiuition, tor wliicn purpose a can &c. &c. will be provided. In the case of thorough bred cattle the comtnitteo mnrt have satisfactory evidence- of the purity of blood and full pediyreos given as far as practicable of cacli and all offered for premium, or in case of failure no premium shall be awarded : the object being ))Mrii as well as quality in other rcsjiccli, in the case ol inurough urea sloe,;. On Sheep mid Wool. Best Merino fiuck, 2 vears old and Ibcrt 10 merino Grade Lwes S' 00 2d Lest do 3 3J best Ewes 2 4th best do 1 upwards 0-' 00 2J best do 3.1 best do Ith bet do best Merino Buck, 1 year old 2d best do 3d best do 4lh best do best 10 merino Grade Lambs 4 2,1 best i'o 3 3d best do 2 4th beet do 1 .best 10 Saxony Grnde l.wrs do ! Sd best do 3 3,1 l,et do 2 ith best do 1 beet 10 merino Ewes 5 2d best do 1 31 best do 3 1th best do 2 best 10 merino Lambs I 2J best do 3 3d best do 2 4th best do I best S,i sony Buck 5 2 1 host do , 31 b-st do 3 best 10 Saxony F.wcs 5 2 I beet do 4 31 best do 3 4th best do 2 best lOSnxpny lambs t 2,1 lii-it do 3 3 1 lies t do 2 ith best do 1 best 10 .Saxony Giade i.ainus do 4 2d best do 3 3.1 best do lltihct-t do 1 best llock of Snccp, 50 and upwards 5 2J best do 4 3d best do 3 bet flock of Pheep, 25 and upwards 1 v.i nest do ;i Td best do 2 best floe; of Lambs 25 and upwuids. 5 2,1 best do 4 3d best do 3 In each and eve ry ease except flocks of 25 and upwards tho fleeces that veio i-horn from tho thtcp shall bcixlrltitcd n ith the shecpoffered tor i.rtmium. And ll.o award ol the committee shall bo made alter a careful examination ol both sheep nnd wool. The committee must have satista-torv cvidunce of tin purity of all Merino arid Saxon sheep offered as pure bred or no premium shall bo awarded, unless it is given them under tho denomination ol grade sheep. On Swine, lwiton it. P months oil nnJ upward S3 oo Inrpept fat slaughter Hog to be deter mined at the an nual meeting of of the Sneiety ill January 3l i 2d beFl do 2 best bieading Sow 3 2d best do 8 hist litter of niis 5 ami upwards 3 January 131 $5 00 2d belt do 2 I III making a report on Swine the Committee are purliculurl v requested lonatno ll.o breed lludr value fur fattening early growth we. lho last premium is ofiV-rod to gratify any disposed to r.ne tame nogs, which i not nciicvcd uy a majority of tliu managers to be generally profi table. On Ticld Crops. Best acre of Winter I 3d best do $2 00 Wheal fco ooiicst acre ot leas 2d best do 3J liett do -J ill bett do 2d best do 3 jbest I acre of Iieans 2 J best do 1 best acre of Spring Wheat 2d best do 3J best do 1th best do best acre of Corn best i acre of Potatoes 3 2d bett do 2 3d best do 1 best i acre of Carrots 3 20 nest do 2 31 bett do 1 best i acre of broom Com 2 21 best do 1 best 1 acre of Tiat 2 2J bett do 1 I 2d best do I 3J best do ! -Ith best do 1 bett nen- of Oats 2d best do Applicants for premiums on field crops will bo required to lodge with tho Secretary before the Society's annual meeting in January a de tailed statement of tho soil on which their crops were raised, its condition ami I'ulturo for thrco year previous amount nnd kinds nf miniire, plaster, limo or ashes used modo of nppliea tion, time of sowing or pi inting and quantity of seed modo of culture with manner anil tlmo of harvesting and amount nf crop.; fur nishing satisfactory proof of the t-ime and spe cimens of crops to tho committee. As tlio pre miums uro for tlio crops, largest amounts rannnt always and rcrh ips in few rases entitle an applicant to a premium (particularly tin po- taloes, beans, and carrots, whom thu aiuo ofi varieties greatly vary) as to ascertain tho Iwt ; and most profitable mode of culture is tlio great object of the Society. I On Fruit Trees out! J'niit. Best nursery 2d do 3,00best port of fall pears best Orchard and Fruit ! oi any new variety i best sort of Winter Harden generally j particular reference being had to quality and variety of fiuit and culture of old ftnd young trees, vines &c., cVe. 3 2d do do 3 best sort of Fall ApplcB ol any new variety 1 best 5 ports of fall ap ples 1 5.1 do pears of any new variety 1 best 5 aorta of fall pears 1 do 9 do Winter pears 1 do port of plums of any new variety 1 do do "peaches 1 do Grapes that re quire protection in Winter 1 GO.best hardy or native host 5 sorts of inter apples 1 2d do greatest variety ol ap ples grown by one individual 2 firnptp i greatest variety of fnnt 60 grown uy one indi vidual 2 Tlio foregoing list is intended for best table fruits without rcp-ard to size rfnd tlio commit ted aro particularly requested to pivo the true nmie in llicir report of every variety of fruit on which they nwnnl premiums. On I'orcst Trees. For the best lot of forest trees not les than 1,00, one inch or more in diameter, to be alive and in nourishing condition in Sept, to bo set cither in streets or in fields by roadside 83 2d best do 2 The commiltec will bo expected to take Into account the kind and quality as well as the num ber and situation of such Trees as aro offered for premium and recommend such as uro most prolitnblc to be growii in their report. On nnrden Vegetables nml I'lovvers. FnrbctlVckof Seed- Best Peck Carrots 0,50 hug Potatoes 'Si 1 do do llects 50 do ii heads uabbage ot do do 1 arsnms 50 doG Cnuhilowcrs 50 do do Tlltnim do ( Pumpkins do f Squnlics doO atcrnielons do C, Muknielons do Peck Tomatoes do do Onions 51) Mot Splendid flower 50 do do Hoquct SOGreatest variety and 50j sorts of Vegctnblei 50 grown by one indi 5'j! vldual In awarding premiums on all garden Vcgcta hies excepting for the greatest variety and sorts. yiwU'yin'-tead of size will govern as the objeel is 10 tietcnnino which is Lost lor tabic use. On I'liim Implements. best green sward plow $300 Bet horse cart 02,00 :J do do ox cart t do farm dbl. wagon best stubbl do 2,1 do best cultivator do harrow do f.inuiug-miH do straw cutter do best horse-rnkc do giaitt cradle no nx yoKc .( oows do hoe do pitelifork do axe do 9'') the do cheese crcsa do churn All farm implements must bo mmnfacliircd in lie County and bo made to tho order of and for the uso of tho man who exhibits them, r.r must bo exhibited by tho manufacturer. In no case can a premium be awarded to otto who merely purchases any farming implement and has it for rale. On Hultcr, Cheese, Sugar nml ironcy. Greatest quantity of butter in proportion to tho number of cows, mado in the month of June, from any dairy consisting of ten cows and upwards 1,00 2d do 3 greatest quantity of butter, in proportion to iiiu numour ui tuws, in:iuu in inu iiiuuiii of June, from any dairy, consisting of live cows and less than"cn3 for tho best 25 pounds or more of butter . mauc pruwous to tho lira oi July -1 2d do 3 3d l'o 2 4th do 1 best 100 pounds or more of cheeso fi 2d do 3 ."d do 2 best sample of not less than 8 pounds, of loal sugar maniitjctured irom maple sugar 3 Si '.do 2 to the man who fhall adopt the best method oi increasing the product ol honev, to Lc tested by its practical results 3 An i -i , 1 , r, ., r-, c All exhibiting either Butter, Cheese, Sugar or unev. wi 1 bn rnriinrnil tn fnnns i ihn rnmmittpn Honey, will bo required to furnish the comtnitteo i statement ol tho modo ol inaiiulaclunng and manner of keeping the article exhibited. On Household .llmiiiliicliiiTS Uest one-fmrth round of best 10 yards of Ker sewinssill; 1 00 Feym.Te do $'200 2J best do 50l 21 best do do 1 best pair knit bilk best do or more nf stockmc: do i.V linen diaper do 2 50 2,1 best do 1 75 best do rlcth do 2 50 2d bett ib 1 best do low d 1 1 2d bett do 50 50bcft pound linen 50 iliread do 53 25 2d best do 50 2J best do best do sloves do 2,1 bi-M do b"stiik poekcthaii'J kereluef do 2J best do best peck of cocoons 2J best do best pound or more of reeled silk do 2d bett do best 10 jards or more of lull eloth 2.1 best do bett do flannels 2J best do best do carpeting 2.1 best do best meg 2d best do best table rpread do 2d best do best woollen coverlet 2J best do best linen or cotton 21 beet do uest pair wooden blockiuca do d best do bett do socks do 2J best do ibeft do worsted clockings do 2J bett do best do socks do 50 I 2d bebt do h.-cr .1,, -n.-.!l..., 50 iniltens do 2,1 best dO 50. bett six shirt eollsrs 1 'M Ix'St do &0Lrnt.ttir(.A .!,tr, I.,.. 1 torn do 50 2d best do best U yprdsor more cf broad cloth do 2d bett do best 10 yards of Pat tmett do 2d best do do best linen stockings or socks do 2d best do best cotton do 21 bett do 1 ibett bag worked with vtiuticd or cruel 2d best du All articles in the list of Household Manufac tures excepting ' broad riot Ii, salinelt and kcr peymcro" mutthe mado by families or persons exhibiting tho hatne. In no case will a premium beawarded on cloths as " Housphold Manufac tures that have been spun and woven in fac tories. On Mnchnnirnl jllttdiifiirttirrs best fur hat 8l,01i do 5 batkets do $.1,00 2 1 best do palm 5J 2J bett ito bett ttraw hat i oet i bett 5 bett Micciinens 50 of rint i li J do 2 J best do best pairof calf boots 2d bet do best do do s'aoea 21 bet do best two specimens of tailor uork do 2d bc.l do best single plain har ness do beta double do bi'tt plated double harness do 2.1 liect do ben pjieciiiien black tiiuih work do 2d ben do best tiuirle p.easuic .vni:on do 2.1 bett do best do sleigh do 2d best do In ft 3 do bookbind ing do o 1 1 -j uest it 25 best 5 do, comb, do best 5 specimens of 1 cooper wure do 50, 2d best do 50 jbest blue do litest li theep tkins do best do single do ! 2d bisl do ibcttsideof sole leii I Iher, upiei leather,

nndcall-tkin.iaeli ,)i-$t snecililen of rn. 50 bi i.'t woik do ' 2.1 bett do 2 be M specimen c f tin J I a c, not li-ss than 1 5 or ruoie than ten 1 best do 50. iiieees do . ben tingle covered 2J best do 51 i-irrhuo do . '-d U-st do '"'" , rf t K,n do do uiii-Iowclara ,bett snteiinen rf 1 wliitewuiih work. not luis limn thru, or over five piere 'ii Ui do 50 iny superior specimens of the Mechanic Arts, t above emtmorntcd,tnay bo presented for pro- not mittrn, which will bo allowed In tho discretion ot tlio committee. Tho premiums on Field Crops will be awar ded at Ihonntiual meeting of tho Society on the first Wednesday of January next. No premium shall ho awarded on farming im plements unless invented or Improved by the claimant, and nossessino some distinguishing property, Which bhall render them preferable to outers oi mo Kino, in common use. No person shall bo entitled to a premium tin less ho becomes a member of the Society at least ten days before tlio fair. In case the funds of the society shall prove insufficient after dcfr.ivln? other necessary ex penses of tho society, tfpay tho full amount of thn nremiums oflbred arid nwnrtlod stich defi ciency or stun wanting slin'i bo decucteu ov nn equal ratio from all the tcveral awards and tlio payment of the balance on sujli shall cancel the award. ,J lint although .U .ffaf Slnnngir3 deem it prudent to adopt such a proviso, it shall be stated that any necessity for the cxcrcio there of cannot exist if tho libcralily of tho farmers and tho friends of agriculture throughout the county, should in any degree correspond with the importonco of enterprise or with tlio incren- sing iineiuM uiuicm wiiiLiju is L'uiicvcu is gain ing ground amongst m. Prize animals or implements at a previous ex hibition will bo allowed to compete for the prizes : but should the same premium hcrtofore gnen mem uo awarueu they will receive a cer tificate tn that effect itisload of tho prize. It shall bo tho duty of committees to make re port in writing of tJio premiums awarded by mem respectively, ui'iaiiing, as Mr as practlca Mr, ilm r,, film, ., i Imnm, .,.. .if. .!'.... i. ' .v , r...v.b... r.w.Lui,ui ui uiiiiujiiii-ijiiiig propcriv oi me prouucis,aiumais,or articles on which the premiums are awarded. The Committees will reserve tho rh'ht to award on second premiums A"rirnltnril ltnnl-j and publications in lieu ofinoiicvin their dis. ' crction. " In no case shall the same compolilor receive I tho fir.t.md soenn.t ,,F,.mi,n r v,;i., I itnals or tho same class-but if tho articles or nnimnh nvbibiind i ,i r. !,..i..., r .!. 1 committee, proved best ho shal receive a ceiti-1 cate to that effect InitiL nrnmimn ,.1,11 msson i the neLt wmpct tor in ,S P In no caw shall tho name, of tho owners of tho several articles or ni ,l. nR rod Vnr ,,rn 11121, , ,i ?, , ,. 1 7" XoMJI "but ,fo n b tU , iS nrlnl , ."'fi . '.".'I1 "tei 1 V ,nI"- 8 t0. 1,10 bCVCTal ... . , ' , , C , wiii,.ui..i iu no auacncu to animals or amcies shown by them, and in a boo!: prepared for that purpose, ho shall Keep a register of tlio corrcpon ding numbers with tho names of the competi tors annexed, and a brief description of the ar ticles or animals ollbrid, to which book no one shall have access until after the awards aro undo, ilioobject bung to lavo as much impaitiahty as possible in tlio award of premi urns. Neither shall the owner be present at the time the Conunitleo aro niak in " their on ni a - ..ii.iiiti0 iui.il cAaiuuiu turns. C. GooDr.icit, Scc'y. W UCII.YMCS' I JTKTITLTE. Cilh Lecture concluded, EVS. FLETCHER, SOliSTI rUTE'Kol'niNTEDOarM?1 3. Written i7o,'.s. Having said thus much of hicrnirlvnhirQ. nml intimated an opinion that their uso may have led to the introduction or invention of letters, as, it is said, such use. verv cWrlv did ostnbli.l, ,t, characters now used 'by tho "Chinese, I have no disposition to on.iniro into tho merits nf ibo trovers in which tho lionor of inventing letters. lias been claimed for l,,m, Abraham! M.wn me i nrcnecians the Ltlnopians, and many ctli- it luuiviouais ami nations. u nen or where letters wore first used Is llttlll lMlT,n.l.A . t.. .1 I .. . Mliismiieli.i1,r.vI,-,,-r. .1 I ""u" 'I'l'llllllill.lllLVIiaVI!! I 1 '" ?, tlmo" 1 rom ECVC,' fxprcs- f s.ons in the Bible, it wo-i!d seem that not only v. ritmir li,,1 i t.n .,r, ,,r l.i. i.t J been in use a long time, An writing, but the art of book-making, even, was ovcr "10 'irst' transversely, so that tlio fibres well known at tho time tho oldest hooks of tlio 1 mat'0 r'S'" angles. They were then wet and Old T ettament wero composed. Job exclaims, ' pressed to produce adhesion. After which the (c. 10,) "Oli that my words were now written ! 'hoots wero beat with a mallet, and rubbcif and Oil that they were printed in a book! That P"lifhed. Laborious as was tliis process of pa lliey were "raven with an irnn nun. nml !-d ;,, por-maltins, it was so important and lucrative a , the rock forever." And Kim. Mnlnn,n a, ought to have been noticed in another place, for a tyrant, who broke into that city in tlio middle "'it's songs u-ere a thousand and rc,"(l Kuics, 1: ''10 tiiird century, boasted that the imnufac "2.) and wlm "spako of trees, from the cedar-1 ,l,re f l'i!rcr' alone, would support his army. troo that is in Lebanon, oven unto the hisaop Cotton paper was introduced into Dumpo in that rpringeth out of the wall ; of beasts, and of l'1C! century, but diJ not become common t fowl, and of creeping things, ani of fishes,'' until the loth century, and about tho middle of who "sought out and set in order three thousand was ncaily superceded by linen paper, nroverbi"' takiiiL' much reilns ,Wi iimir 1 About 1191 raner was first made in Dnirland. I sition. as ho inform-) us ho "sought out a.'rcnl'ible wara'., so mat what wai "written was upiifh! cen words oi trutli," foiini! bis subjects sn in- numerable so much to be learned and sninurli tn bo written, even in his day, that, in a smt of a"d Trance chiefly, till about one hundred years literary despair, ho exclaims" '"mucli study isa'f!"cc At that period (i.e. 172S about) two 25 weariness ol tho flesh'" and '"(." ma!:in.r ,nn 5.' Looks there is no cud." (Cc. 12.) Manuscript's -J I have been found that are supposed to prove that 50 tho Egyptians understood alphabetical writing 25 at least two centuries before the time of Motes, ;j i who it will bo remembered boasted that ho was Jj I in-tructed in all the wisdom of tho Dgyptians, 7s land consequently in the ar t of writing; for he 0 ) i "wrote all , .,u nf. the lrJ" amf'-rcad in the-audience or tho peouie," from "the book of f tlic covenant," and this before the tables, written J", by lho linger of Cod, wero delivered to him. 3 Henco it is obvious that the art of writing is of great antiquity that book-making, even, Fs "old 5,7 I er than tho records of human society." J.ooks in tho sonst-irc ara using tho term havo been made of brass, lead, wood, burk, leaves, wax, leather, linen, silk, horn, ivory, paper, &ic. The law of Cod, was written on Sumo; that of Solon, on wood. The latter, according to some authors, wero engraven on wooden tallots.to constructed that they might bo turned round in wooden cases. In order to give the Atheniitis an opportunity of judging deliberately on a pro posed law, it wasengraten on a tablet and bun" up for tome dayb in the imt public, and frequent" ed place in tho city of Athens. Tho public rec ords oftho Uounii Umpire, so late as the tlmo of the Kmperors were engraven on Brass. Their soldiers wrote their wills on their bucklers or tcabbmls, and in somo cabinets aro preserved tliodisc barges of soldiers written on copper plates. In 1 U!M, n book ofcight leaden leaves four inches long, and thrco wide, was piircln-ed in Koine. Leaden rings were fislenedini the Kick, through which a small leaden rod ran to keep the leaves together. Tho employment atleaics forlho transmission of ideas is ot great antiquity, and is said to lie still common in somo parts of tho world. In Latin, a leaf is called folium ; henco our word folio, anil the me-inlng of haf as applied to a book. Tho smooth Inner bark of trees has been extensively employed for the stuno purpose. The bark nfa certain tree much used tn wrilo upon, was called by the Unmans liber which in Latin means bun's. In order that thee bark books might bo conveniently carried, they wero rolled up; and, in this form rallod tolumtn. this word was afterwards applied to rolls of n.inor and parchment ; hence tlio origin oflhx word iWuirw,, applied to modjrn hooks, though of a dilUrcnt hanc. Our word look, is said to bo derived from tho Anglo-Saxon hoc, meaning tho birch tree, from which bark was taken to write upon. In one of tho publications of the "Iondon Society lor tho dillusion oi useiui Knowledge, t which I am indebted for most of those facts, it is stated, "that thero aro still cxtanlsomo letters, and even love letters, written by tho ancient Scandinavi ans on pieces of hark. A very curious library of tho kind was discovered some time airo amonir the Calmucs j tho books were very long-and nar row, their leaves of thick hark, varnished over; tho writing white on a black ground." Wooden boards, cither plain or covered with wax. wore used long before tho ago of Homer. At first tho bare wood was engraven, with a wood en stylo j tho overlaying them was a subsequent invention, i ho styles were oi mctni, ivory, or bono, one end sharp for making the letters, the other end was filled for erasing, henco our word sty?;, used metaphorically, to signify the choice or arrangement of tho words employed by an au thor to express his thoughts. These boards or thin slices of wood were formed into a book hv means of leather strap' fastened to the back of I the leaves, and from its resemblance to a log' sawn into hoards, was called codex irom which our word code is derived. Such were tho bonks! uscd by tho Koinan boys at school. Tlio richer classes used thin pieces of ivory, instead of wood. Pieces of writing on linen cloth have been found in the Kgvptian mummies. In my wanderings 1 as a 'jour' piintcr, I found myself, ton years ago this winter, striking off COOO copies of tho ' Golden Uiblo In the employment of tho Mor-J mon prophet. In tho nltick of tho temple, was nn Egyptian mummy, purchased of a straggling exhibitor, with something in a glass case said to ( bo nn Egyptian manuscript, found enclosed in , tho windiinr sheet of the iiiummv. ftmith nre-1 n - - 4i . i lu u l ' I his people and the world were not yet prepared , Por l'10 revelation, lint his untimely death has forever deprived antiquarians of the light which i the penetration ol a Jo bmith might liao caston Egyptian lore. iV l,oe"13 of nmer w"e written upon the intestines of a serpent, 111 letters of Gold : this f0".?.1,80 ,e"' lm3.f. destroyed by uro , in Hie lGth century, with tho library ofConstan-, lin,l,ln", ,. , Leather prepared in tlio prccnt manner, soems 'vo been o'lten used bthe Jews.on which to I ' write the sacred Scriptures One copy of tho Lpcntalcuch, written in Hebrew characters, oc- copied 57 skins. Parchment is mentioned by Josephus and oil,-1 ' cr ancient writers as having been' known long 1 bofure the niro of tho Ptnlonnes. Some have .. . - - ,...., ?, . ., r , r ,T. , . 1 ' . ... . . .. ii.. nave uceu written on parclimcnt, or it count not have lasted so many age3 a3 it did. Jlost or, the ancient manuscripts now extant aro written i on parchment. Parchment of good quality was often very scarce. About the yearlliO, ono Martin Hugh, being appointed by a convent to write n copy of tho Bible for their library, could T , v ' I cl cnc V"sPu.rf"f-n 7 I 1 Un N' -H" onTih "! 5 ! , nini for a sinirlnr.nnv of tbo lnldo ! i procure no parchment lor tins purpose in wig' "... " e come now to paper, its history readies back and is lost, with that of letter. "','J most other inventions in the chaos of fablo and unccr- tainty. The Cluneso have used it from tune immemorial. It was common among the Mc.i- cans at tho time io of tho discovery of America, and it is probable that it was mado by the nn cpfit EgyptiansrkThcy w?re cnlobnted for their fino linen, and "some authors think they mado paper from linen long before the discovery of tho papyrus. But so contradictory nre the ac counts oi mo invcntion'ot paper that l am quite at a loss to determine which is the mot probable. 1 as a slave T The Papyrus is a species of Uusli which Bwg 111 '-SJT-t tlio height ol Fovcr.il 'ect. ino nein or uouy was spin in two, ami mo nun 0f, scaly pellicles ol winch it consisted, were pulled In, rl.lnnrtl nIT .!,1. lt,n nnln,r. ..ha.Ha a. ! fn or Etrippod ofl with the point of s ...... ... v j ' 1110 pellicles wero taken oil they were cxten - ! 011 a table-then another layer was placed n,'nr il,n iti-c ,ro,c,-nnt, cn ,1,, ,l,o nhrrw 1 branch ol'in.'rchanJizo toAlexandria.tiiat Firm i. I j -"d, to my great surprise, I found tho billowing siatemeni in a noon priiileit in i.ngiaini in io-o uur principal supply ol.,if paper lor nn i a,1(' writing, was from tho continent, IL; rintitig lollaud uimia only ti iiiu pap'T ii-cn in x.ngiuuu i,.ii hoino-m.idii." Since I have been engaged in the printing business, I have heard so much said about thc superiority or Duglish paper, tint I lit tle thought the British primers, less than ICO years ago depended on the French and Dutch paper-makers for their bett p'iper, as we now do, to n very small extent, however, for our fancy or very finest articles on foreign manufacto ries. Tho first paper-mill in this country was built in Massachusetts in 1730. Tho instruments employed to write with by the ancients, of course, varied according to the nature nf tho materials on which tliey wrote. Stone, W'ooJ nnd .Metal required tho wedge, chiol, &c. Tho bodkin or ttyle, already des cribed acted on wax and was al-o employed on bark and leaves to mark out the characters which wero afterwards piinled. A species of reed was used on parchment and paper, as we now use pens. Persons of rank and fortune tucd a cal mut of silver something like modern metalic pons. The eomK)tition and color of Ink wero vari ons Black, red, purplo and bluo and also Sil ver and Cold Inks were employed. Titles, caph tals and emphntic words wero often writlen in different colurs from the rest of tlio book. Previous to tho Invention of the art of print ing no method was practiced for multiplying Iwoks except tlio slow procets of copying. Yet, there wero many books in existence, and the business ot copying was a regular anJ di.tinct profession, requiring great cxperiencennd skill. In (ireece, Home, Alexandria, and other places before tho Christian era, copyitts were numer ous and found full employment. Individuals al so copied books for themselves. In IJomo the copyists were usually slaves who had received a liberal education. The Komansof rank and con sequence seldom wrote thdr own letters. It is said that more than COO persons, at Paris alone, subsisted by cop) ing and illuminating manu scripts nt the time raust appeared dextcroil' with his bi Faust told his Bibles as manuscript, and they wero bought its siic.li. At first he sold them at 000 crowns each, the ordinary pneo of an elf' cantly writton copy ol the bible. By degrees ho lowered the prlco tn thirty crowns As he ' continued to fall in juice, tin I produce copies as Some books say that papor, from the Lgyptian tion of such works, as I havo seen, wore red and i wo the proud and indespensiblo requisites for nanvrus. was not made until the lime of Alex-1 i.t.. . ...t : i i... i ,.,. im,irn,i ollicial station on the first davs of tho RenuhTr, , , , uiuu uin. ill uuuna, 111.1111.' iiut:i;wi iu,,i iiuuuilu i -- - i - ander tlio great, others state that it was known ycars ,rn t10 anpcar as fresli as if jtit laid on; ! 1 " fir"t Congress was a most enlightened and i at tho time that Josenh was carried into Egypt 'i ., lil'mnrr'i cnmi f.ftlm miniunfihtu tin t'r horvtl ! dignified body. In tho Senate were several nf fast as called for, susnlcion was excited mfninst him ; and when It was noticed that, his copies were exactly nunc, an ravis was perplexed and agitated, lie was charged with necromancy, arrested by tho police, nml to save hirnsclf from tho fate, which, at that time, aWailed those Who wero charged with "hatwa to do with the Dccil ho Was obliged to disclose tho art and mystery of printing, nnd to leave Hie city without delay. I introduce this anecdote to give an idea of tlio stylo of writing practised by tho copyists, and to illustrate tho perfection "tliey attained in book making. The art of printing has conferred so man? advantages, that wo undoubtedly ascribe to it the origin of many of tiio nicitios nnd con veniences of hookas which belong to the art of writing. After the parchmentformanu'crlpt books was prepared, tne spaces for pages, Colivjh, itiJO?nt. wore marked out with tho greatest exactncs'illw.sc on one side oi the leat, corresponded with and backed those on tho other side, with tho nicest accuracy; which, by printers is termed 'register.' Then, the writing of tho copvisK Instead of be- ina a careless scrawl, or a 1'ashionnblo rnnninir hand whoso elegance is in proportion to its illc- gibihty, was so unilortn ami systematical us to be successfully imitated by type! which wasdone besuccessfullyimitatcdby type.whichwasdone eo c!ocly that the first printed book wero bo't and sold asminuseript 'Viny wrotu with the skill of the engraver, rather than the carelessness of a modern secretary In a word, their writing was vrinlinc icith a pen. Most of you have probably seen the "Autograph and Genera Jiemarker.'or other specimens of the penmanship ol its author, which show how books might he, but not exactly how they tccrc written j for his style of letters is quite diflerent from thoouscd pre'vinustntho im enlbm of printing. They very much resemble what printers call Ulaclts or old English. Naiah Thomas, tho Worcester tiiiliter. who . . . , , i ..t t . 1 u..v.., .-..w.. m-uu.-, u.. in Europe an opporfunity of inspecting books . written before tho era of printing, says he was I strucK with the great resemblance ot a written naco tn one early printed. "At first s-icht 1 tho't tlio work was impressed by types but soon dis-1 covered my error by observing tint the spaces for pages, columns and linos wero all marked out by the rum atw uiv.der.anu lint ll.o letters crowd- cd on each other in many places mom than they 1,1 1 cn.im .avoooiie nan iype uoen tiscu. mjiumy this but Mr. Iliomas shows that our different sh.es of type-from ;"EngliS!,"-the large-t Itim! ucj i Ibw Pr.nltig-to "Erovier, t!i3 size on which ihompson a crmont wa-punted, wero taken from tho scale of sizes established bv the copyists. Of one manuscript ho says, there wero 70 line3on a pago,an I they occnpo.1 exact- ly the same space L does 70 lines of !"iirevicr," k. nnf,.,i ,r,t ,i, ,!;6m r i;., rmm it.. t: . - . .i: run"u pupar ur mice nin-s io ouu oi uruir.ary writing, l et tlio tetter; ed as to look like print ! Vet tho letters were so perfectly form - OJvfCu fu utnr;l) ttc (h$'J WIBaj; tf.Uuli' taVn tlir $tflr cf our KSSJy 2.0VU IB ICC V3jL? GGlrrrf ano ntni pitted, b ttjc sajiD UOlUf.nu Caylou extract of the iiiv iRt of thc first inlcr in nn!:land. Tho small Upe is 'Shrovler size, which shows that books ,f.erf. f;omeiimes written verv small. The Urge were sometimes written very small. The large ...iii'tMnr-iM,. ll ,.' ibn p.inifal lntinrs , , - ,. , , ,, illnmlnatior tlio space it occupies was loft blank by the writer, Thcso illuminated letters wero made in every variety of form, and with nil the ornaments that tho fancy and skill of tho illuminator could sug gest and execute. Different colored inks and gold and silver leaf v.cfo used. Mr. Thomas says "i ho principal colors used in the illumina n-iit i1ni'iisrt.l ln li-n-iivi tuinn from inn 1 1 1 tnt Lnu )y't,er accidents, yet tho ink with 'which ,)l0 ietters wcr0 mJ(le .ini ,10 cnlor3 (lf ,10 ju, mj,ations remain fie.-iiand tmaltereu. tfirst, printed books were in like manner I .. . . ' ... ...... supplied, by tho illuminator, with capital letters, 1 ,,ritcr!, ic ,i10 copyist-.lcaving a space for this , ,llrp0.e. Tilcro inov,. in t,5 Coile-e library 1 1 '. . . . , . ,. . nn old printed book thus illuininated,t ho only one i nave ever seen. he printer of Ibis book left a largo space, like that in the margin, for tho illuminated letter, in tlio ecu-, tro of which, to prevent fiiistake, Im put a cm ill letter for a guide ! as isdone h"rei till was covered I up, or r.urrouniied hv the illuminator as lie chose, ,i ., ii... .'vim ov ino wav, as was rem iriieu oi i it uir, to w.iv. as was rftm lr ceil ot 1'ietiire i t writing, model n printer, seem going back audi"' .t.i ... ,i. ,.., nsf...r.i.ani.in.Tfi.i. vr I .. '. i nave an iiiuminateu magazine; ana tne recent edition ..ninrier's- Bible, and manv other books "?f f,l'c cc'!m- in the drawing-room the os will give an idea of the illuminator's skill, and ! trich leather mi tho head dress ol Miss McIverV business, in the oinament.,1 letters of o:m h chap- l!V llC of ' Vorli, took l.ro Irom the t ban ter or FOCtinn. I havespen nil Annual thiyenr in which tlio letter-press printer left a tiace for a large letter to bo afterward supplied by the Zoolngrnphlc printer. Verily "theio is nothing new under the sun." I have taken some pains to collect facts and anecdotes to show the scarcity and value of man uscripts. And as the alniivlity dollar has in t at all times represented tho tame" amount of prop erty, I havo as far as possible ascertained thc prico of labor, grain, iS.c. nt diffeicut times. The sale of a book was a matter oT to great importance that it was customary to nstt'inble persons of character and note to 'witness the deed. Monev was often lent on tlio deposito if a Look, in the fame in inner as on the depo.-ite ill silver pi He. In fict, luoks were regarded much as jewels ami iirei'ious Mimes now ure in the old world thu pioperty Only of thc higher classes. In 1202 tho Ilishop of Winchester borrowed a biblo in two folio volumes from a rument. And although a bishop of high standing, he was re quired to give a bond for its return drawn up in tlio most solemn and formal manner. In a church ol Dreux, in France, n Kitin bi ble, fairly written, in two volumes large folio, is prei-erved, at the close of which is a latin deed of Gilt. The following is ,i translation ol it : "I.ctall tho sons of the Church, whether iirot- ent or absent, know Hut Thomas Senctcliall, nf St. Gcr ase, halh of his. own free will, giu-u this Library toliml and tlio holy pii to mart r Stephen, for the remitsiun of lu own tins ami thuso ol his w il'o Ilrmelin i, of his son Herbert, and of his daughters Margaret and Fredeburga; tho can ons oftho aforesaid church of tho proto martyr have, therefore, conceded to them the boueiits and prayers of the said church ; and after their removal from this world, the regular celebrations nf their anniversaries in the church, forever. Ol fered by lho hand of Thorn is himself, and by the hand of his wife, oil lho alt.tr of tho proto mar tyr Stephen, on the day cf 'ho nativity of our lird, in tho year of tho incarnation, one thou sand ono hundred and sixteen ; in tho reign ol tlio most pious nnd sincpro worshipp'r ot God. King Louis, VI, son of King Philip 1." So lato as tho tenth century a monk writes to tho Popo requesting of him a copy of Quintilliaii, and of a treatise ot Cicero, saying that a complete copy is not to bo found in France. As to price, I liud but few facts. Plato it said to have paid a hundred minas for three small treatises, (pamphlet I suppose) equal to about i?l,$00. King Alfred in the ?th century gave as muc'i land as 3 ntows could till ford book cd of a bishop. otow inform tip that in 1274 a bible In 9 vols timo,fairly written with a gloss or comment sold for fifty marks, equal to 1C0 dollars ; nnd at thnt time a common tailoring man's wages were 3 cents n day in harvest time 4. Wiieat'lOcUi a bushel. Conscnucfitlva nice Bible cost, less than COO years ago 1,000 bushels of wheat over 300 barrels of Flour for a single copy of the bU utt; , In 1350. the Earl of Safisfmrv hn.miit i cancu Uomcstor s Scolastic History iii.ii i- huiiukuu miliars, mo pay ot lam ci hi lie, wan castie, one ot uicmosl,ia o.iicci in r-ngianu at lhattimo was exact amotiht. Tho Kings Physician had i salary of between 27 and 28 dollars, wftj &Aiv f," Ur,tl1tn.n,,n. r.fn r.. '-Jiai 8 cents a day, their servants or j 4 cents, ,mir wheat was about 20 cea el. So that in 1359. a boss earn have had to labor 13, and one of his jnursSA M& uj pay iorn ringio tO0K oi History and tins icu than COO years ttgo. About tho commencement of the 14th ecrrtnr there were only four classics in tlio royal libra- rvnf l',rl. I .l. C. . l-JI. .i ry ofp.iris; and tho few tracts which at thai. tun" constituted the Library of the L'nivetsity of Oxford, were chnihrd or lucked In chests in thd choir nf.Sr. Mary's Church. In llngl.iud, a'bonl SO0 years ago a man gsv a load of Iny fura single leaf of St. James l.pu" tics. Similar in.fanccs might ho mentioned to il luMruto the sr-ircity und high price of writtert books, and to nhow tli.it the rich only could pM ses or read them, hut I will not occupy your time farther. Four huvlred vcars ago tho com- ume'i weann ot a mirnvr ol lords and nobles. eipnl to t'i. in tubers of the IiHitute, could not- i . i i ,i p t- ..... ,u- umuum. ui ilmuui mimor winch ourlitth library already affords; and moy;. chanics ut tint lime no more thought of having'4: book", tlm wo now think of possessing tli iswcU am! other cosllv itiv-tovs of tovaltv. Cf)lMF"CI'MI'"T OF Till' 'L OUStUimOUa VDOUCVUmCWF or THE fNITtlf) STATES. Wasmxgtox's UnsinKxcK i.v Nnw Yowf,J Mr.mHuK From the Custis lic-olLclions and Private iMK$ wioiVs if the Life and Character cf ' Vtathington On the 30th of April. 17S0. tho Constitutional tJ Government of the L'nitcd States begin, by tlio S! inatirruration of Ci.orce Washington as l'rosi- 1 dent of tho United States', in tho city of Nov lnrK. This is tho nearest j In tho then limited cMent and improvemont imitation of Cax-1 of tho city, there was some difficulty in selecting ton's type, and of 1 a mailoti far tho residence oftho Chief Magis tho writing of tho tr.ite and a household, suitable to his rank and coplst,that can be station. O-good's lionse, a mansion ofier mo made by tho type in ' derate extent, was at length fixed upon, situated thisolficc. Itisan in Cherry street. Thero "the President became) domiciled. His domestic family consisted of -J1 L w. .Mrs V ashin-'ton. the two adopted children, Mr L"nras princip il secretary, Colonel Humphreys, w,"n ,srs' '-"J a,K.1 ,'"on' f ecretaries, ana rersons visiting the house in Cherry street at this time of day will Wonder how a wilMmg so" small could contain the many and ruighty spirit that thronged its hails in olden days. Congress, Cabinet, all public functionaries in the com mencement ot tlio Government, were selected from tho very elite of the nation. Pofc" pttlxi' otism, commanding talent, eminent services, the member- of the Congress of 1770 and signerts of the Declaration of Indeiiendencc llirhsrcjl llenrrl.ee, who moved the Declaration, Johrf Adams, who seconded it, with Sherman, Morris, Carroll, ccc. The levees of tho first President were attended by these illustrious patriots and statesmen, and by many others of tho pitrii.ts, statesmen, and! soldiers, who could say oftho Revolution 'na- mparsfui;" while Humbon of foreigners awl strangers of distinction crowded to tho seat of the Cener.il Government, all anxious to witness the grand experiment that was to determine Iww much rational liberty mankind is capable ot en. joying, without said lilerty degenerating into licentiousness. Mrs. Washington's drawing-rooms on Friday night--, were attenled bv tho grace nnd beautv ew i orK. On (mo of lhe.-e occasions an ' incident oceurod which mi incident occured which might have been attcn- . i lnd 111 lir!HHC r.nr,n.. rl.t'tn to the low- 1 : ' .,........-. v. lelier, to tho no -mill al inn of the comntrnv.- Mijor Jackson, ai.l-de-camp to tlio President, with great prcsenco of mind, and equal gallantry i'ew to the fescue of the lady, nnd, hv clappina the burning plunios between his hands, cxting iiilied tlio Hume, nr.il tho drawinfcom went on I as usual. I Wa-hinctnn preserved the habit, as well in public as in private life, of rising at four o'clock and rctireing to l'd at nine. On Saturdays Jw retted somewhat from his labor, by either rid ing into the country, attended by a groom, or with his family in his coach dm'tvn by six lior- S 'S, Fond of horses, the s' lliles of the President were always in tho linett urtler, and his equip age excellent both In ta-!o and quality. Indeed so long :iz" as the davs ot the wco regal! court of Lord Botetourt at Willi imsliurg , in Virginia wo find that there exitted a rivalry between thet equipages of Col, Byrd. a magnate of the old regime, and Col. ' Washington, the gray agiinst the biys. Bishop, tho celebrated body servant of Braddock, was the master of Wash ington's stables. And there were what was termed ?is7m hors's in times fM ihys. At cock-crow the stable boys were at work ; at un risot.ie Bishop stalked into the tt.ibles, a mus." Im handkerchief in his hand, which he applied to the coats of lho animals, and, if the lligMesl .tain was perceptable uimnlhe muslin, up went tho lukless wights oftho stablo lioys, and pun ishment was administered instniiter ;tfur .to) thrt veteran Bishop, bred amid tlio iron dicipline of llurepean armies, mercy for anything likb a h'eachofdiity was altogether out" of tlm ques tion, i i TI13 President's Mublcs in Philadelphia wero under, tho direction" of German John, and tlio grooming of the white chargcM w ill rather sur prise the moderns. Thn nipht beforo tho horses wero expected to bo rode, thev were covered en tirely over with a paste ff w'liich whiting w tho principal cotripoitrnt part; then tho animals wero swathed in bodvcloths, and left to sleep upon clean straw, In tho morning tho compo sition had bertime b ird, was well ruld In, and curried and blushed, which prnce?s Rave to tho coat, a beautiful, g'osiy, and palMIke appear' anre. The hoofs were then blacked and polish ed, tho mouths washed, loath picked and clean ed ; and, llio leopard-skin housings being prop, erly adjusted, the white chargers were led mjt for snrvice. Such was the grooming of ancient tir.irts. There was hut one theatre in New York itt G'lnti.imi on tht fourth F"t i 1 1